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TIPS PARA LA PARTE DE USE OF ENGLISH

Succeed in doing = Manage to do

I didnt succeed in convincing him to come = I didnt manage to convince him to come.

Likely= probable. Unlikely=improbable.

No es probable que mis hermanos vengan en tren. Mi brothers are unlikely to come by train.

Wish= ojal. Va seguido por un sujeto y por un verbo en pasado o en pasado perfecto.

I wish I had married you. Ojal me hubiera casado contigo. Jane wishes she spoke Italian. Ojal Jane hablara italiano (Jane quisiera hablar italiano).

Too = demasiado. Enough = suficiente; lo bastante.

I am too short to play basketball = I am not tall enough to play basketball.

Had better = mejor ser que. Would rather = preferira. Los dos van seguidos por infinitivo sin TO

You had better train harder if you want to finish the marathon. I would rather watch a film than play cards.

Spend, invest y bet: gastar, invertir y apostar (dinero) siempre van seguidos de ON. //Trabajar en algo es tambin Work ON something

I spent ten pounds on a Spanish dictionary. Julia is working on a new book. She will publish it by September.

Estar interesado en algo es to be interested IN something.

Do you really think she is interested in your stamp collection?

Acusar de algo es to accuse someone OF doing something

Are you accusing me of stealing that painting?

Suggest (sugerir) y Mind (importar) van seguidos de gerundio

John suggested booking a hotel in Barcelona. I dont mind having to wait until tomorrow.

El verbo to mean, adems de significar, significa hacer algo a propsito.

Im sure Mike didnt mean to offend us.

By oneself = on ones own

Mary spends the evenings by herself, listening to music = Mary spends the evenings on her own

Prevent significa impedir. El uso es prevent someone f rom doing something.

I wish I had prevented him from harming himself.

A tiempo: on time.

Why do you never arrive on time?

Im sure = Must cuando must es probabilidad y no obligacin.

I sure William is living now in Paris. William must be living now in Paris.

SO va seguido de adjetivo; SUCH A va seguido de adjetivo + sustantivo.

The film was so boring that I almost died. It was such a boring film that

HAVE something DONE or GET something DONE se utilizan cuando hablas de una accin que has recibido como si la hubieras hecho t.

I had my eyes checked yesterday and the doctor says I need glasses. Me revis la vista ayer y el mdico dice que necesito gafas.

IN CASE significa por si; IN CASE OF significa en caso de.

Im learning German, in case my company sends me to Berlin. In case of heavy rains, the match will be postponed.

Algunos phrasal verbs muy comunes en los exmenes de Use of English:

Put up: alojar. My sister puts me up when I go to Bilbao. Put up with: soportar. How can yo put up with his bad manners? Run out of: quedarse sin. We ran out of wine, so I had to go downstairs to by some. Turn down: rechazar. I had never turned down a job offer before.

Turn out: resultar. The trip didnt turn out as exciting as whe had expected. Turn into: convertirse, volverse. Sometimes dreams turn into nightmares. Look forward to + gerund: tener muchas ganas de. She is looking forward to meeting her new flatmates.

TO BE KEEN TO significa tener muchas ganas de, desear; TO BE KEEN ON, ser muy aficionado a algo, gustar.

Im keen to hear all the story. Jane is not very keen on Japanese food.

HARDLY es un adverbio que significa apenas, casi no ; el verbo SIEMPRE va en modo afirmativo cuando aparece en la frase.

After the race, I could hardly breathe. You hardly know Peter, how can you say those things about him?

HARDLY ANYONE significa casi nadie; HARDLY ANYTHING, casi nada y HARDLY EVER, casi nunca.

I can see hardly anything without my glasses. She hardly ever gets up early. Hardly anyone remembered his birthday.