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Indian wars and Westward Expansion Rationale: Moving westward had always been part of the United States

ideals from the thirteen colonies until we were a continental nation. However, we today see this as a docile and normal event. This expansion, however, had many consequences for the native Americans who called the middle of the nation home, the plains, the north east and the remainder. Their suffering led to battles and wars with the troops of the US. Providing students with the full story is the goal of this lesson. Curriculum Frameworks: USII.40 Analyze the causes of the continuing westward expansion of the American people after the Civil War and the Impact of this migration on the Native Americans. NCSS: 3 People, Places and Environments- Learners examine where people, places and resources are located why they are there and why this matters. Learning Objectives: SWBAT: identify the battles of Little Big Horn, Wounded Knee, Red river wars and Geronimo, Sitting bull and General Custer. Explain how the expansion westward forced the native americans to give up their land and caused clashes and wars with US troops. Teaching Methods: Maps, Technology and research, Oral Presentations Procedure: 10-15 min=Opener: Map of the united states on the board (projector or overhead) o Where were citizens moving to after the civil war? Show where they already were (CA, East, South, Old west) o Show a map of westward movements o Why do we think they were moving there? Homestead acts- Land for farming was pretty much free Tabula rasa-blank slate- no one lived there o Did no one live there? Who lived there? Or who called that area home? Natives- Follow the buffalo o With Natives living there what issues can you forsee? War, fighting, niceness? etc o Show a map Native American battles and wars Introduce activity: Students will be researching the different battles of the time- I will select 4-7 battles, people or events that are important and the teams will pick them in order to do some research on them o 1: Present the goal- Students will be researching to learn more about the time and then they will present to the class so that they can teach their classmates about their event o 2: Present topics: Wounded Knee, Little Big Horn, Red River Wars, Sand Creek Massacre, Red Clouds War o 3: tell students what they are looking for: Information about their battle or person, what happened, why it happened, who was in it (native tribe and US forces) important indivduals. o 4: Put together presentations o 5: Present to class

Assessment: Student presentations will be graded as a group. I will provide a blank not named peer evaluation strategy as well. Materials: http://www.learner.org/interactives/historymap/indians4.html http://detectiveindianwars.weebly.com/ ------ Main Project site

Alternate Procedure: Notes on Indian wars and battles o Focus on treaties and the breaking of the them by the US that caused war and fighting Activity with the song Buffalo soldier by Bob Marley o Hand out lyrics to students- Play song through once. Ask students to take a minute to try and figure out what he was singing about Black soldiers forced to fight for the US Natives called them Buffalo soldiers due to their curly hair o What is he describing? o What do we know about African American soldiers throughout history? Write a poem or a song about something we have learned or something from US I o Indian wars, Reconstruction, o One to two verses that is all.

Buffalo Soldier
Songwriters: Williams, Noel George / Marley, Bob Buffalo soldier, dreadlock rasta: There was a buffalo soldier in the heart of america, Stolen from africa, brought to america, Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival. I mean it, when I analyze the stench To me it makes a lot of sense: How the dreadlock rasta was the buffalo soldier, And he was taken from africa, brought to america, Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival. Said he was a buffalo soldier, dreadlock rasta Buffalo soldier in the heart of america. If you know your history, Then you would know where you coming from, Then you wouldn't have to ask me, Who the 'eck do I think I am. I'm just a buffalo soldier in the heart of america, Stolen from africa, brought to america, Said he was fighting on arrival, fighting for survival; Said he was a buffalo soldier win the war for america. Dreadie, woy yoy yoy, woy yoy-yoy yoy,

Woy yoy yoy yoy, yoy yoy-yoy yoy! Woy yoy yoy, woy yoy-yoy yoy, Woy yoy yoy yoy, yoy yoy-yoy yoy! Buffalo soldier troddin' through the land, wo-ho-ooh! Said he wanna ran, then you wanna hand, Troddin' through the land, yea-hea, yeaea. Said he was a buffalo soldier win the war for america; Buffalo soldier, dreadlock rasta, Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival; Driven from the mainland to the heart of the caribbean. Singing, woy yoy yoy, woy yoy-yoy yoy, Woy yoy yoy yoy, yoy yoy-yoy yoy! Woy yoy yoy, woy yoy-yoy yoy, Woy yoy yoy yoy, yoy yoy-yoy yoy! Troddin' through san juan in the arms of america; Troddin' through jamaica, a buffalo soldier# Fighting on arrival, fighting for survival: Buffalo soldier, dreadlock rasta. Woy yoy yoy, woy yoy-yoy yoy, Woy yoy yoy yoy, yoy yoy-yoy yoy! Woy yoy yoy, woy yoy-yoy yoy, Woy yoy yoy yoy, yoy yoy-yoy yoy! /fadeout

Be the expert: Native American Wars and Battles I going to be an expert on

Notes: 10 Key points from the reading are

One problem this topic created in America is

5 key vocabulary words for my topic are

Three questions I have about this topic are 1. 2. 3.

A symbol that would represent this topic is

This topic is important to American history because...

One to two sentences that summarize my topic are

Sand Creek Massacre

Battle of Little Big Horn

Massacre at Wounded Knee

Red River Wars

Red Clouds War

Category Information

Group Work

8 Graphic Organizer is completed with all required information Individual worked very well with the group. Helping to complete all areas of the project at a high level

Presentation

4 Graphic organizer is missing key information in several places Individual Individual did worked well not cooperate with the group. very well with Helping to the group. Did complete most not participate areas of the in many areas project. of the project. Neglected a Allowed others very small to do most of portion the work All group All but one All but one members group members group member participate in participate in participate in the the the presentation. presentation. presentation. Presentation Presentation The has all has most of the presentation important important has little information information. important and goes above Visually information and beyond engaging. and some visually unnecessary information. Presentation is minimumally engaging

6 Graphic organizer is missing some information

2 Graphic organizer is incomplete and mostly empty Individual did nothing during the project. Allowed others to do all of the work.

One group member presents the project to the class. Information is good, but lacking important details. Visually ok.

Final Score___________ out of 24