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Answers to Paper 1

1 C

2 D

3 C

4 B

5 C

6 A

7 A

8 A

9 B

10 C

11 C

12 A

13 C

14 C

15 C

16 C

17 D

18 B

19 C

20 C

21 B

22 D

23 D

24 B

25 A

26 D

27 D

28 A

29 B

30 B

31 C

32 B

33 A

34 C

35 D

36 D

37 B

38 D

39 A

40 A

41 A

42 B

43 A

44 B

45 A

46 C

47 A

48 D

49 A

50 B

MARKING SCHEME

Question

 

Answer

Marks

 

No.

 

1 (a)

P = Lifting Force

1

Q = Weight / Gravitational Force Attraction

1

(b)

P = Q

1

(c)

Lifting Force / P

1

 

Total

 

2.

(a)

300 s

1

 

(b)

 

Pt = ml

 
 

100 x ( 1050 – 300) = 0.5 l

l

= 150 000 J kg -1 m(with unit)

2

(c)

Heat supplied is used to break up bonds between molecules

 

Heat is not used to increase kinetic energy

 

Total

5

3.

(a)

Parallel circuit

1

 

(b)

Mk 1 – all symbols correct Mk 2 – circuit is correct

2

 

(c)

The brightness of lamp J = lamp K = lamp L = lamp M

1

 

(d)

The voltage is the same

1

 

(e)

One bulb blow , other bulbs can still lights up

1

 

Total

6

4.

(a)

 

The process where induced current / e.m.f in a conductor

1

 

when the conductor experiences flux.

a change in magnetic

 

(b)

(i)

Solenoid experiences a change in magnetic field. induced current / e.m.f induced in the solenoid

An

1

 

1

 

(ii)

A : North pole - 1m

 

1

 

B :

South pole - 1m

1

 

(c)

(i)

Increases

 

1

 

(ii)

The magnitude of induced current increases // the rate of change of the magnetic flux increases

1

     

Total

7

   

Change of momentum/product of Force with time of

1

5.

(a)

impact

 
 

(b)

(i)

Force on the watermelon in Diagram 5.1 is larger than the force on the watermelon in Diagram 5.2

1

 

(ii)

Time of impact on surface A is shorter than time of impact on surface B

1

 

(iii)

A

shorter time of impact will produce a larger force

1

 

(c)

 

The change of momentum of the watermelon in Diagram 5.1 is equal to that of the watermelon in Diagram

1

 

(d)

 

Sponge/carpet/towel/cloth/grass & other suitable materials

1

 

(e)

 

1.

Body will be hold back by the seat belt when car stopped

1

 

suddenly

 

2.

The seat belt will lengthen slightly, the impulsive force

inflicted on the body will be less

 

1

     

Total

8

6.

(a)

 

The light which has one wavelength / one colour

 

1

 

(b)

 

Wavelength of red light > Wavelength of blue light

 

1

   

The distance between consecutive bright fringes for red

1

 

(c)

light is more than that of blue light./ The distance between consecutive bright fringes for the same light are constant.

1

 

(d)

 

The longer the wavelength, the longer the distance between consecutive bright fringes

1

 

(e)

(i)

The distance between two consecutive bright fringes will

1

 

decrease

 
 

(ii)

a

is inversely proportional to x

1

 

(f)

 

Diffraction // Interference

 

1

     

Total

8

7. (a)

(i)

Temperature , resistance

1

 

(ii)

Lines drawn on the graph. -1.35

-

1

(b)

(i)

Output,R

 

1

 

0

1

1

1

 

(ii)

OR

 

1

 

(iii)

  (iii) 1

1

(c)

(i)

To control the current flows into the base terminal.

1

 

(ii)

At night, no light fall on the LDP, resistance, R of LDP . As R , the voltage, V across the LDP also . V across the base circuit > V min , this will switch on the transistor and the collector circuit works.

1

1

1

 

(iii)

The voltage 6 V in the collector circuit will not light up the bulb.

1

   

Total

 

10

8 (a)

 
8 (a)   2

2

(b)

 

Real, diminished, inverted

1

(c)

(i)

1/f = 1/u +1/v

 

2

v

= 15 cm

 

(ii)

m = v/u

m = 0.5

1

(d)

(i)

Objective lens = convex lens Y Eyepiece = convex lens X

2

 

(ii)

Power of convex lens X > power of convex lens Y

1

 

(iii)

  (iii) 3

3

   

Total

12

9 (a)

(i)

Angle between incident ray and normal line

1

 

(ii)

Increase the angle of incidence,i, then angle of refraction,r will also increase

1

Keep on increasing the angle of incidence until angle of refraction is 90°

1

The angle of incidence is called critical angle

1

Increase the angle of of incidence more than the critical angle

1

The ray will be reflected.

1

4/5

 

(b)

Density diagram 9.2 < density diagram 9.3

1

Refractive index 9.2 < Refractive index 9.3

1

Angle of refraction in diagram 9.2 > angle of refraction in diagram 9.3

1

The higher the density the smaller the angle of refraction

1

The higher the refractive index the smaller the angle of refraction.

1

 

(c)

   

Suggestion

Explanation

Use refractive index of outer layer is less than the refractive index of outer layer

So that total internal reflection can happen in the fiber optic.

Use high flexibility material

so that it can be bend

Use strong material

do not break easily

Use thin material

Lighter // can be use in small area

10

Low density material

Lighter

   

Total

20

10(a)

 

A resultant field due to the combination of the magnetic field due to the current in the conductor and external magnetic field // Diagram

1

(b)

 

M1

Number of turns in D10.2 is bigger angle of deflection of the ammeter indicator in D10.2 is bigger the reading of spring balance in D10.2 is smaller as current flows is bigger, force acting upwards is bigger the reading of spring balance is smaller as ,the force upwards that act on the coils is bigger

1

M2

1

M3

1

M4

1

M5

1

(c)

(i)

M1

Force acting on the cooper rod moved the cooper rod towards the magnet

1

M2

1

 

(ii)

M1

the cooper rod vibrates as current change direction

1

M2

1

(d)

(i)

M1

When the current flow into the coil, magnetic field is produced. And forces are produced Catapult field is produced The forces are in the opposite direction These pair of forces produce the turning effect on the coil.

1

M2

1

M3

1

M4

1

 

(ii)

M1

Increase the strength of magnet / add more magnet increase the strength of magnetic field Increase the number of turns in the coils to increase the magnitude of force Increase the magnitude of current to increase the magnitude of force / increase the strength of magnetic field

1

M2

1

M3

1

M4

1

M5

1

M6

1

   

Total

20

11(a)

(i)

Weight is the gravitational force acts an object.

1

 

(ii)

Upthrust = weight of the boat

 

1

 

(iii)

 

- Sea water is denser

1

- Boat displaced less sea water and gain the same upthrust . Therefore boat sinks less in sea water

1

1

(b)

(i)

Upthrust = mass of sea water displaced

1

 

= mg

= Vρg

1

= 250 X 1080 X 10

= 2.7 X 10 6 N

1

 

(ii)

2. 7 X 10 6 = V X 1000 X 10 V = 270 m 3

 

1

1

(c)

(i)

 
 

Specifications

 

Reasons

Small stem

 

Increase the sensitivity where the scale divisions are far apart so that small changes in density can be detected.

and long.

 

8

Glass wall

 

Do not erode and small adhesive force.

Large

High upthrust /displaces more liquid/to be able to float easily.

diameter of

 

bulb.

 

Lead shots

 

Hydrometer can stay upright.

 

(ii)

-

P is chosen

 

1

-

Small and long stem, glass wall, large diameter of bulb and lead shots used.

1

   

Total

20

12(a)

(i)

The time taken for half of nucleus radioactive material to decay.

1

 

(ii)

Fast moving electron / electron

 

1

 

(iii)

Geiger-Muller tube

 

1

(b)

 

-

800 --------->

400 --------->

200

----------> 100

 

----------> 50

//

 

14 days

14 days

14 days

 

14 days

 

1

No. of T 1/2 = 4

 

-

4

x

14 days / 64 days

 

1

(c)

 

- The state of matter of radioisotope is solid.

1

- Easier to handled.

 

1

- Emits gamma-ray.

1

 

- Penetrating power is high.

1

- Long half-life.

1

- Last longer.

1

     

- The most suitable radioisotope is Cobalt-60.

1

- Because the state of matter is solid, emits gamma-ray and long half-life

1

(d)

(i)

The process of breaking up of on heavy nucleus into lighter nucleus.

1

 

(ii)

 

-

Neutron bombarded a uranium nucleus // Diagram

1

 

-

Three neutrons produced // Diagram

1

-

The new neutron bombarded a new uranium nucleus // Diagram

1

-

For every reaction, the neutrons produced will generate a chain reaction // Diagram - 1m

1

 

(iii)

E = mc 2

   

2.9 x 10 -11 =

m x (3.0 x 10 8 ) 2

1

m

= 3.22 x 10 -28 kg

1

   

Total

20

PAPER 3

   

Section A

 

1(a)

(i)

Angle of incidence.

1

 

(ii)

Angle of refraction.

1

 

(iii)

Glass block/refractive index of the glass block/density of the glass block….

1

1(b)

(i)

Value of r values correct ----- (2) or 3 values correct ------(1) values and below -------(0)

2

4

5

2

(ii)

i/ 0

r/ 0

sin i

sin r

20

13

0.34

0.22

30

19

0.50

0.33

40

25

0.64

0.42

50

30

0.77

0.50

60

36

0.87

0.59

1) All quantities i, r, sin i and sin r correct --2) Units for all quantities correct ---- 3) * All values of sin i correct ----- √√

* 1 value of sin i incorrect ------

* > 1 value of sin i incorrect ------ 0

4) * All values of sin r correct ----- √√

* 1 value of sin r incorrect ------

* > 1 value of sin r incorrect ------ 0

5) Consistency of decimal point for sin i --- 6) Consistency of decimal point for sin r ---

Score

Mark

7

– 8

5

5

– 6

4

3

– 4

3

 

2

2

 

1

1

 

0

0

5

1(c)

 

On the graph paper.

5

   

Total

16

1(d)

 

Sin r is directly proportional to sin i .

1

2(a)

(i)

1 …………………………………

R increases linearly with I

(1)

1

 

(ii)

1

- Extrapolated line shown to intercept at I

-

0.2 A -1 ------------------------------(1)

axis---------(1)

2

 

(iii)

r = 0.5 ---------------------------(1)

2

2(b)

(i)

- Show a big on the graph to determine the gradient------------------(1)

- The correct

y

2

from the drawn ------------------------(1)

- m = 0.4 A -1 -1 ------------------ Ans + unit --------------(1)

3

 

(ii)

1

0.4 =

, ----------------(1)

E E = 2.5 V --------------------(1)

2

2(c)

 

1.

The connection of the wires must be tight.

The circuit is switched off whenever the readings were not taken from the meters. This is to reduce energy loss from the cell.

2.

1

3 (a)

 

1

Menyatakan inferens dengan betul Pressure depends on volume// Volume influences pressure

1

(b)

1 Menyatakan hipotesis dengan betul. When the volume decrease , the pressure increase ,

1 menyatakan tujuan dengan betul

1

(c)

(i)

 

To investigate the relationship between volume and pressure

(ii)

1 menyatakan pembolehubah manipulasi dan bergerakbalas dengan betul Manipulated : volume

 

Responding

: pressure

1 menyatakan pembolehubahyang dimalarkan dengan betul Fixed : mass of gas // temperature

(iii)

1 menyatakan alat radas dan bahan Syringe, clip , thick rubber tube, bourdon gauge .

(iv)

1 menyatakan atau melukis gambar rajah susunan radas.

 
 

(v)

Menyatakan kaedah mengawal pembolehubah manipulasi

The piston of the 100 cm -3 syringe is adjusted until the volume of air in the syringe at atmospheric pressure.The other end of the rubber tube is connected to bourdon gauge and the pressure of the air in the syringe is read on the gauge.

1 The piston of the syringe is pushed in until the enclosed volume is 98 cm 3 / V 1 .

4(a)

(b)

(c)

(vi)

(vii)

(i)

(ii)

1 Menyatakan kaedah mengawal pembolehubah bergerakbalas.

The pressure on the Bourdon gauge is recorded.

1 Menyatakan ulangan eksperimen

The steps is repeated for an enclosed volume of 96 cm 3 /V 2 , 94 cm3/V 3 , 92cm 3 /V 4 , 90 cm 3 /V 5

1 menyatakan kaedah menjadual data dengan betul tajuk//symbol dengan unit yang betul

Tabulating data

Isipadu,V/cm 3

Tekanan,P/ Nm -2

1/V

, cm -3

98

/V

1

   

96

/V

2

94

/V

3

92

/V

4

90/V 5

1 menyatakan kaedah menganalisa data dengan betul

P ( Nm -2 )

/V 3 92 /V 4 90/V 5 1 menyatakan kaedah menganalisa data dengan betul P (

V (cm 3 )

1 Menyatakan inferens dengan betul Magnetic field strength depends on the number of turns

1 Menyatakan hipotesis dengan betul.

The magnetic field strength will increase when the number of turns increase

1 menyatakan tujuan dengan betul To investigate the relationship between magnetic field strength and number of turn on the coil

1 menyatakan pembolehubah manipulasi dan begerakbalas dengan betul

10

1

1

manipulated : number of turns

responding

: magnetic field strength //number of small iron pin

1 menyatakan bembolehubahyang dimalarkan dengan betul Fixed : size of current// type of core

1 menyatakan alat radas dan bahan Retort stand, soft iron core, connector wire, PVC insulated copper wire, small iron pin, ammeter, rheostat , battery/ power supply

1 menyatakan atau melukis gambar rajah susuan radas berlabel.

Soft iron core turns small iron pins
Soft iron core
turns
small iron pins

retort stand

1 Menyatakan kaedah mengawal pembolehubah manipulasi

The soft iron core is wound with 20 turns of insulated copper wire and set up as shown in diagram above.

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

1 Menyatakan kaedah mengawal pembolehubah bergerakbalas. The switch is turned on and the rheostat adjusted until the ammeter Reading is 1.0 A. The beaker containing small steel pin then brought near the iron core. Count and record the number of small iron pin attached to the soft Iron core.

1 Menyatakan ulangan eksperimen Repeat the experiment by winding the soft iron core with, 30 turns, 40 turns, 50 turns and 60 turns.

(vi)

(vii)

1 menyatakan kaedah menjadual data dengan betul

tajuk//symbol dengan unit yang betul

Number of turns, n, turns

Number of pins attached, n /pieces

20

/ n 1

 

30

/ n 2

 

40

/ n 3

 

50

/ n 4

 

60

/ n 5

 

(vii) 1

menyatakan kaedah menganalisa data dengan betul

number of pin n / pieces

(vii) 1 menyatakan kaedah menganalisa data dengan betul number of pin n / pieces Number of

Number of turns/turns

JAWAPAN TAMAT

10

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