Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

Piping

Sample 12 B31.3 Process Piping Calculations

October 17, 2008

PVEng

Pressure Vessel Engineering 120 Randall Dr. Suite B Waterloo, ON N2V 1C6

PVE Sample Vessels

Jakub Luszczki Laurence Brundrett P. Eng. Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd. Sample 12

1 of 13

Table of Contents

3-Nov-08

Page 2 of 13

Contents

Page

Cover

1

Table of Contents

2

Summary

3

Material Properties

4

0.375" Pipe

5

0.5" Pipe

6

0.75" Pipe

7

1" Pipe

8

1.5" Pipe

9

0.25" Threadolet

10

0.5" Flange

11

0.75" Flange

12

1" Flange

13

Revision(s)

Rev

Description

Date

By

1

2

3

Pressure Vessel Design Summary

3-Nov-08

Page 3 of 13

PVEng

Customer

Piping

Vessel

 

Part Number

Sample 12

Drawing

Sample 12

Job

Maximum Internal pressure, psi

Maximum External Pressure, psi

At Temperature, ºF

800

0

100

Maximum Temperature, ºF

Minimum Temperature, ºF

At Pressure, psi

100

-20

800

Test Pressure, psi

At a Minimum Temperature of: ºF

For a Minimum Duration of:

1200

68°F

1/2 hr

Maximum Allowed Working Pressure

Maximum Design Metal Temperature

Hydrostatic Test

Spec A-106 Gr-B

20,000

No

No

No

0

Primary Material of Construction Allowable Stress Material Normalized Material Impact Tested (not required per para. 323.2.2) Non-Destructive Testing required per 341.4.1(b)

Normalized Material Impact Tested (not required per para. 323.2.2) Non-Destructive Testing required per 341.4.1(b)
Normalized Material Impact Tested (not required per para. 323.2.2) Non-Destructive Testing required per 341.4.1(b)
Normalized Material Impact Tested (not required per para. 323.2.2) Non-Destructive Testing required per 341.4.1(b)
Normalized Material Impact Tested (not required per para. 323.2.2) Non-Destructive Testing required per 341.4.1(b)

Corrosion Allowance

ASME B31.3

Code

2006

Edition

None

Addenda

A-1

Materials

None

 

Code Cases Required

1

Material Properties ver 4.01

 

3-Nov-08

Page 4 of 13

2

 

3

 

Piping

<- Vessel

4

 

5

Design Pressure:

6

800.0

<- P, internal operating pressure at top of vessel (psig)

 

7

0.0

<- mPa, external operation pressure

 

8

Water

<- Operating Fluid

9

0

<- h, fluid height (ft)

10

1.000

<- rho, fluid density (1.0 for water)

 

11

Design Pressure = P + 0.4331*rho*h

= 800 + 0.4331 * 1 * 0

mDp =

800.0
800.0

12

13

Hydro Test (ASME B31.3-2004 - 345.4.2)

 

pressure measured at top of vessel, rounded up

 

14

Test Pressure = P * 1.5 * MR

= 800 * 1.5 * 1

mTp =

1200
1200

15

16

Material Properties (ASME B31.3 Table A-1)

 

17

100

<- mTemp, design temp ºF

Test at ambient temp

 
 

Material

Where Used

Ambient

Design

Strength

Max ºF

 

18

 

Strength

Strength

Ratio

19

CS Spec A-106 Gr-B pipes & tubes

Pipe

20000

20000

1.000

1100

 

20

CS Spec A-105 forgings

Flange

23300

23300

1.000

1100

 

21

CS Spec A-234 Gr-WPB forgings

Fittings

20000

20000

1.000

1100

 

22

             

23

             

24

             

25

             

26

             

27

             

28

             

29

             

30

             

31

             

32

             

33

           

34

         

35

         

36

         

37

         

38

         

39

         

40

         

41

         

42

         

43

         

44

Min Ratio (MR) =

1.000

45

46

47

48

1

B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

Page 5 of 13

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping

Vessel

3/8" SCH 40 pipe

Description

Dimensions:

0.675

Do [in] - Outside Diameter

0.091

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness

0.000

Corr [in] - corrosion allowance

800.00

P

[psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel

Material? - Select Material

<=900

Temp - Temperature Range (°F)

20,000

S

- allowable stress level (psi)

1.00

E

- Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)

12.5%

UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)

1.0

W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values:

Do t Long Seam Length
Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.091*0.1 = 0.011 0.091-0-0.011 = 0.080 0.675/2-0.08 = 0.258 0.258*2 = 0.516

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

800*0.675/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.013

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(0.675-2*0.091+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.010

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.013,0.01) <= 0.08 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

tMin =

Max( ta,tb)

CkD =

tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.013,0.01) = 0.013 0.013<(0.675/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

1

B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

Page 6 of 13

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping

Vessel

1/2" SCH 40 pipe

Description

Dimensions:

0.840

Do [in] - Outside Diameter

0.109

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness

0.000

Corr [in] - corrosion allowance

800.00

P

[psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel

Material? - Select Material

<=900

Temp - Temperature Range (°F)

20,000

S

- allowable stress level (psi)

1.00

E

- Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)

12.5%

UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)

1.0

W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values:

Do t Long Seam Length
Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.109*0.1 = 0.014 0.109-0-0.014 = 0.095 0.84/2-0.095 = 0.325 0.325*2 = 0.649

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

800*0.84/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.017

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(0.84-2*0.109+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.013

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.017,0.013) <= 0.095 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

tMin =

Max( ta,tb)

CkD =

tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.017,0.013) = 0.017 0.017<(0.84/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

1

B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

Page 7 of 13

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping

Vessel

3/4" SCH 40 pipe

Description

Dimensions:

1.050

Do [in] - Outside Diameter

0.113

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness

0.000

Corr [in] - corrosion allowance

800.00

P

[psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel

Material? - Select Material

<=900

Temp - Temperature Range (°F)

20,000

S

- allowable stress level (psi)

1.00

E

- Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)

12.5%

UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)

1.0

W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values:

Do t Long Seam Length
Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.113*0.1 = 0.014 0.113-0-0.014 = 0.099 1.05/2-0.099 = 0.426 0.426*2 = 0.852

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(1.05-2*0.113+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.017

800*1.05/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.021

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.021,0.017) <= 0.099 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

tMin =

Max( ta,tb)

CkD =

tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.021,0.017) = 0.021 0.021<(1.05/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

1

B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

Page 8 of 13

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping

Vessel

1" SCH 40 pipe

Description

Dimensions:

1.315

Do [in] - Outside Diameter

0.133

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness

0.000

Corr [in] - corrosion allowance

800.00

P

[psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel

Material? - Select Material

<=900

Temp - Temperature Range (°F)

20,000

S

- allowable stress level (psi)

1.00

E

- Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)

12.5%

UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)

1.0

W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values:

Do t Long Seam Length
Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.133*0.1 = 0.017 0.133-0-0.017 = 0.116 1.315/2-0.116 = 0.541 0.541*2 = 1.082

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(1.315-2*0.133+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.021

800*1.315/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.026

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.026,0.021) <= 0.116 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

tMin =

Max( ta,tb)

CkD =

tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.026,0.021) = 0.026 0.026<(1.315/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

1

B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

Page 9 of 13

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

Piping

Vessel

1-1/2" SCH 40 pipe

Description

Dimensions:

1.900

Do [in] - Outside Diameter

0.145

t [in] - Nominal wall thickness

0.000

Corr [in] - corrosion allowance

800.00

P

[psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

FerriticSteel

Material? - Select Material

<=900

Temp - Temperature Range (°F)

20,000

S

- allowable stress level (psi)

1.00

E

- Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)

12.5%

UTP - undertolerance allowance (%)

1.0

W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values:

Do t Long Seam Length
Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.145*0.1 = 0.018 0.145-0-0.018 = 0.127 1.9/2-0.127 = 0.823 0.823*2 = 1.646

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

800*1.9/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.037

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(1.9-2*0.145+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.033

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.037,0.033) <= 0.127 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

tMin =

Max( ta,tb)

CkD =

tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.037,0.033) = 0.037 0.037<(1.9/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

12

B31.3 Branch Reinforcement ver 1.4

13

ASME Code B31.3 2006 edition

22

Piping

<- Vessel

15

1/4" Threadolet on 3/4" pipe

<- Description

16

 

17

Header / Run:

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

Spec A-106 Gr-B 20,000 800.0 0.4 1.050 0.113 12.5% 0.000 1.00
Spec A-106 Gr-B
20,000
800.0
0.4
1.050
0.113
12.5%
0.000
1.00
Branch: 29 Spec A-105 30 23,300 31 0.4 32 33 0.875 34 0.250 35 12.5%
Branch:
29
Spec A-105
30
23,300
31
0.4
32
33
0.875
34
0.250
35
12.5%
36
0.000
37
1.00
38
90.0
40
Reinforcing:
41
47

<- Material

<- Sh, allowable stress level

<- P, pressure

<- Yh, Table 304.1.1

<- Dh, outside diameter

<- Tht, wall thick (total)

<- UTh, undertolerance (%)

<- Ch, Corrosion

<- Eh, efficiency of header at nozzle

<- Material

<- Sb, allowable stress level

<- Yb, Table 304.1.1

<- Db, outside diameter

<- Tbt, wall thick (total)

<- UTb, Undertolerance (%)

<- Cb, Corrosion

<- Eb, efficiency of shell at nozzle <- B, angle (degrees)

1 3-Nov-08 Page 10 of 13 Db Tb t Leg41 Leg41 Shell Th Nozzle
1
3-Nov-08
Page 10 of 13
Db
Tb
t
Leg41
Leg41
Shell
Th
Nozzle

Fig328.5.4E(1)

48

50

0.250

<- Leg41 [Leg41*0.707 >= tc]

Acceptable

51

52

53

56

57

58

59

60

Pipe Thicknesses:

Th =

Tht*(1-UTh)

= 0.113*(1-0.125)

with UT

Th = 0.099

Tb =

Tbt*(1-UTb)

= 0.25*(1-0.125)

with UT

Tb = 0.219

ThReq =

P*Dh/(2*(Sh*Eh+P*Yh)) = 800*1.05/(2*(20000*1+800*0.4))

ThReq = 0.021

TbReq =

P*Db/(2*(Sb*Eb+P*Yb)) = 800*0.875/(2*(23300*1+800*0.4))

TbReq = 0.015

Variables:

Lfour =

Min(2.5*(Th-Ch),2.5*(Tb-Cb))

 

Lfour = 0.247

= Min(2.5*(0.099-0),2.5*(0.219-0))

65

done =

(Db-2*(Tb-Cb))/Sin(B)

= (0.875-2*(0.219-0))/Sin(90)

done =

0.438

66

dtwo =

min(Dh,Max(done,(Tb-Cb)+(Th-Ch)+done/2))

dtwo =

0.536

67

= min(1.05,Max(0.438,(0.219-0)+(0.099-0)+0.438/2))

 

68

Tc = min(0.7*Tbt,0.25)

= min(0.7*0.25,0.25)

Tc =

0.175

69

70

Reinforcement:

71

Aone =

thReq*done*(2-sin(B))

= 0.021*0.438*(2-sin(90))

Aone (required) =

0.009

72

73

Atwo =

(2*dtwo-done)*(Th-ThReq-Ch)

Atwo (in header / run) =

0.050

74

= (2*0.536-0.438)*(0.099-0.021-0)

 

75

Athree = 2*Lfour*(Tb-tbReq-Cb)/sin(B)

Athree (in branch) =

0.101

79

Leg41^2

= 0.25^2 = 0.05 + 0.101 + 0.063

AfourW (in welds) = 0.063

81

Atwo+Athree+AfourW

Total reinforcement=

0.213

18 B16.5/16.47 Flange Ver 2.5

19 ASME B16.5 & B16.47-1996 ASME B31.3

20

WeldNeck

3-Nov-08

Page 11 of 13 #VALUE!

Max press @100ºF [p1] Max press @100ºF [p2]
Max press @100ºF [p1]
Max press @100ºF [p2]

21

22

Piping

<- Vessel

1/2" RFWNF

<- Description

23

24 Select Flange

25

26

27

28

29

SA

<- Category

Forged

<- Material Type

SA 105

<- Material

400

<- Pressure Class

0.50

<- Nominal Size

31

32

33

34

35

Nominal -

C-Si

Table - 2-1.1

Max Temp ºF - 1000

Pod, pipe OD - 0.840

39

40 Operating Conditions

41

42

43

44

46

49

50

51

52

68

100

800.0

0.000

Flange Welds:

20000

23000

0.622

1.00

Weld Strength:

<- T, temperature ºF

<- P, pressure, psig

<- Corr, corrosion allowance

<- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange

<- B, flange bore

<- E, weld efficiency

Acceptable 990 990
Acceptable
990
990

69

Min Sa =

MIN(Sp,Sf)

= MIN(20000,23000)

Min Sa =

20,000

71

Max Weld Stress =

Sa * E

= 20000 * 1

Max Weld Stress =

20,000

72

Weld Load =

POD^2*pi*P/4

= 0.84^2*pi*800/4

Load =

443

73

Weld Area =

Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4

= Pi*(0.84^2-(0.622+2*0)^2)/4

Area

= 0.250

78 Weld Stress = Load/Area

= 443.342/0.25

Stress =

1,771

79

80

81

82

Acceptable

18 B16.5/16.47 Flange Ver 2.5

19 ASME B16.5 & B16.47-1996 ASME B31.3

20

WeldNeck

3-Nov-08

Page 12 of 13 #VALUE!

Max press @100ºF [p1] Max press @100ºF [p2]
Max press @100ºF [p1]
Max press @100ºF [p2]

21

22

Piping

<- Vessel

3/4" RFWNF

<- Description

23

24 Select Flange

25

26

27

28

29

SA

<- Category

Forged

<- Material Type

SA 105

<- Material

400

<- Pressure Class

0.75

<- Nominal Size

31

32

33

34

35

Nominal -

C-Si

Table - 2-1.1

Max Temp ºF - 1000

Pod, pipe OD - 1.050

39

40 Operating Conditions

41

42

43

44

46

49

50

51

52

68

100

800.0

0.000

Flange Welds:

20000

23000

0.824

1.00

Weld Strength:

<- T, temperature ºF

<- P, pressure, psig

<- Corr, corrosion allowance

<- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange

<- B, flange bore

<- E, weld efficiency

Acceptable 990 990
Acceptable
990
990

69

71

72

73

78

79

Min Sa =

MIN(Sp,Sf)

= MIN(20000,23000) = 20000 * 1 = 1.05^2*pi*800/4

Min Sa = Max Weld Stress = Load =

20,000

Max Weld Stress =

Sa * E

20,000

Weld Load =

POD^2*pi*P/4

693

Weld Area =

Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4

= Pi*(1.05^2-(0.824+2*0)^2)/4

Area

= 0.333

Weld Stress = Load/Area

= 692.721/0.333

Stress =

2,083

 

Acceptable

80

81

82

18 B16.5/16.47 Flange Ver 2.5

19 ASME B16.5 & B16.47-1996 ASME B31.3

20

WeldNeck

3-Nov-08

Page 13 of 13 #VALUE!

Max press @100ºF [p1] Max press @100ºF [p2]
Max press @100ºF [p1]
Max press @100ºF [p2]

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

31

32

33

34

35

 

Piping

<- Vessel

 

1" RFWNF

<- Description

Select Flange

SA

<- Category

Forged

<- Material Type

SA 105

<- Material

400

<- Pressure Class

1.00

<- Nominal Size

Nominal -

C-Si

Table - 2-1.1

Max Temp ºF - 1000

Pod, pipe OD - 1.315

39

40 Operating Conditions

41

42

43

44

46

49

50

51

52

68

100

800.0

0.000

Flange Welds:

20000

23000

1.049

1.00

Weld Strength:

<- T, temperature ºF

<- P, pressure, psig

<- Corr, corrosion allowance

<- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange

<- B, flange bore

<- E, weld efficiency

Acceptable 990 990
Acceptable
990
990

69

71

72

73

78

79

Min Sa =

MIN(Sp,Sf)

= MIN(20000,23000) = 20000 * 1 = 1.315^2*pi*800/4

Min Sa = Max Weld Stress = Load =

20,000

Max Weld Stress =

Sa * E

20,000

Weld Load =

POD^2*pi*P/4

1,087

Weld Area =

Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4

= Pi*(1.315^2-(1.049+2*0)^2)/4

Area

= 0.494

Weld Stress = Load/Area

= 1086.504/0.494

Stress =

2,200

 

Acceptable

80

81

82