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Piping

Sample 12 B31.3 Process Piping Calculations

October 17, 2008

PVEng

Pressure Vessel Engineering 120 Randall Dr. Suite B Waterloo, ON N2V 1C6

PVE Sample Vessels

Jakub Luszczki Laurence Brundrett P. Eng. Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd. Sample 12

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 Contents Page Cover 1 Table of Contents 2 Summary 3 Material Properties 4 0.375" Pipe 5 0.5" Pipe 6 0.75" Pipe 7 1" Pipe 8 1.5" Pipe 9 0.25" Threadolet 10 0.5" Flange 11 0.75" Flange 12 1" Flange 13

Revision(s)

Rev

Description

Date

By

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Pressure Vessel Design Summary

3-Nov-08

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 PVEng Customer Piping Vessel Part Number Sample 12 Drawing Sample 12 Job
 Maximum Internal pressure, psi Maximum External Pressure, psi At Temperature, ºF 800 0 100 Maximum Temperature, ºF Minimum Temperature, ºF At Pressure, psi 100 -20 800 Test Pressure, psi At a Minimum Temperature of: ºF For a Minimum Duration of: 1200 68°F 1/2 hr

Maximum Allowed Working Pressure

Maximum Design Metal Temperature

Hydrostatic Test

Spec A-106 Gr-B

20,000

No

No

No

0

Primary Material of Construction Allowable Stress Material Normalized Material Impact Tested (not required per para. 323.2.2) Non-Destructive Testing required per 341.4.1(b)    Corrosion Allowance

 ASME B31.3 Code 2006 Edition None Addenda A-1 Materials None Code Cases Required
 1 Material Properties ver 4.01 3-Nov-08 Page 4 of 13 2 3 Piping <- Vessel 4 5 Design Pressure: 6 800.0 <- P, internal operating pressure at top of vessel (psig) 7 0.0 <- mPa, external operation pressure 8 Water <- Operating Fluid 9 0 <- h, fluid height (ft) 10 1.000 <- rho, fluid density (1.0 for water) 11 Design Pressure = P + 0.4331*rho*h = 800 + 0.4331 * 1 * 0 mDp = 800.0 12 13 Hydro Test (ASME B31.3-2004 - 345.4.2) pressure measured at top of vessel, rounded up 14 Test Pressure = P * 1.5 * MR = 800 * 1.5 * 1 mTp = 1200 15 16 Material Properties (ASME B31.3 Table A-1) 17 100 <- mTemp, design temp ºF Test at ambient temp Material Where Used Ambient Design Strength Max ºF 18 Strength Strength Ratio 19 CS Spec A-106 Gr-B pipes & tubes Pipe 20000 20000 1.000 1100 20 CS Spec A-105 forgings Flange 23300 23300 1.000 1100 21 CS Spec A-234 Gr-WPB forgings Fittings 20000 20000 1.000 1100 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 Min Ratio (MR) = 1.000 45 46 47 48

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B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

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ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

 Piping Vessel 3/8" SCH 40 pipe Description

Dimensions:

 0.675 Do [in] - Outside Diameter 0.091 t [in] - Nominal wall thickness 0 Corr [in] - corrosion allowance 800 P [psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

 FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material <=900 Temp - Temperature Range (°F) 20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi) 1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress) 12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%) 1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values: Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.091*0.1 = 0.011 0.091-0-0.011 = 0.080 0.675/2-0.08 = 0.258 0.258*2 = 0.516

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

800*0.675/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.013

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(0.675-2*0.091+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.010

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.013,0.01) <= 0.08 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

 tMin = Max( ta,tb) CkD = tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.013,0.01) = 0.013 0.013<(0.675/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

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B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

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ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

 Piping Vessel 1/2" SCH 40 pipe Description

Dimensions:

 0.84 Do [in] - Outside Diameter 0.109 t [in] - Nominal wall thickness 0 Corr [in] - corrosion allowance 800 P [psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

 FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material <=900 Temp - Temperature Range (°F) 20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi) 1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress) 12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%) 1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values: Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.109*0.1 = 0.014 0.109-0-0.014 = 0.095 0.84/2-0.095 = 0.325 0.325*2 = 0.649

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

800*0.84/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.017

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(0.84-2*0.109+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.013

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.017,0.013) <= 0.095 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

 tMin = Max( ta,tb) CkD = tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.017,0.013) = 0.017 0.017<(0.84/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

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B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

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ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

 Piping Vessel 3/4" SCH 40 pipe Description

Dimensions:

 1.05 Do [in] - Outside Diameter 0.113 t [in] - Nominal wall thickness 0 Corr [in] - corrosion allowance 800 P [psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

 FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material <=900 Temp - Temperature Range (°F) 20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi) 1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress) 12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%) 1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values: Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.113*0.1 = 0.014 0.113-0-0.014 = 0.099 1.05/2-0.099 = 0.426 0.426*2 = 0.852

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(1.05-2*0.113+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.017

800*1.05/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.021

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.021,0.017) <= 0.099 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

 tMin = Max( ta,tb) CkD = tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.021,0.017) = 0.021 0.021<(1.05/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

1

B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

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ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

 Piping Vessel 1" SCH 40 pipe Description

Dimensions:

 1.315 Do [in] - Outside Diameter 0.133 t [in] - Nominal wall thickness 0 Corr [in] - corrosion allowance 800 P [psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

 FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material <=900 Temp - Temperature Range (°F) 20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi) 1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress) 12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%) 1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values: Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.133*0.1 = 0.017 0.133-0-0.017 = 0.116 1.315/2-0.116 = 0.541 0.541*2 = 1.082

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(1.315-2*0.133+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.021

800*1.315/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.026

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.026,0.021) <= 0.116 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

 tMin = Max( ta,tb) CkD = tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.026,0.021) = 0.026 0.026<(1.315/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

1

B31.3 Pipe and Shell ver 4.03

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ASME Code B31.3 2006 Edition

 Piping Vessel 1-1/2" SCH 40 pipe Description

Dimensions:

 1.9 Do [in] - Outside Diameter 0.145 t [in] - Nominal wall thickness 0 Corr [in] - corrosion allowance 800 P [psi] - design pressure

Material and Conditions:

 FerriticSteel Material? - Select Material <=900 Temp - Temperature Range (°F) 20,000 S - allowable stress level (psi) 1.00 E - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress) 12.5% UTP - undertolerance allowance (%) 1.0 W - Weld Joint Reduction Factor

Table 304.1.1 Values: Do
t
Long Seam
Length

Y = PVELookup("Table30411","Lookup",Temp,"FerriticSteel")

0.40

Variables:

UT = t*UTP nt = t-Corr-UT Ri = Do/2-nt d = Ri*2

0.145*0.1 = 0.018 0.145-0-0.018 = 0.127 1.9/2-0.127 = 0.823 0.823*2 = 1.646

Interior Pressure: 304.1.2

800*1.9/(2*(20000*1*1+800*0.4)) = 0.037

tb = P*(Do-2*t+2*Corr)/(2*(S*E*W-P*(1-Y))) 800*(1.9-2*0.145+2*0)/(2*(20000*1*1-800*(1-0.4))) = 0.033

ta = P*Do/(2*(S*E*W+P*Y))

Cktmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt

MAX(0.037,0.033) <= 0.127 = Acceptable

304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure Conditions: 304.1.2 (b)

If either of the conditions below are not met, special consideration of factors such as theory of failure are required

 tMin = Max( ta,tb) CkD = tMin<(Do/6)

CkP = P/(S*E) < 0.385

MAX( 0.037,0.033) = 0.037 0.037<(1.9/6) = Acceptable 800/(20000*1) < 0.385 = Acceptable

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B31.3 Branch Reinforcement ver 1.4

 13 ASME Code B31.3 2006 edition 22 Piping <- Vessel 15 1/4" Threadolet on 3/4" pipe <- Description 16 17 Header / Run:

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28 Spec A-106 Gr-B
20,000
800.0
0.4
1.050
0.113
12.5%
0.000
1.00 Branch:
29
Spec A-105
30
23,300
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0.4
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0.875
34
0.250
35
12.5%
36
0.000
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1.00
38
90.0
40
Reinforcing:
41
47

<- Material

<- Sh, allowable stress level

<- P, pressure

<- Yh, Table 304.1.1

<- Dh, outside diameter

<- Tht, wall thick (total)

<- UTh, undertolerance (%)

<- Ch, Corrosion

<- Eh, efficiency of header at nozzle

<- Material

<- Sb, allowable stress level

<- Yb, Table 304.1.1

<- Db, outside diameter

<- Tbt, wall thick (total)

<- UTb, Undertolerance (%)

<- Cb, Corrosion

<- Eb, efficiency of shell at nozzle <- B, angle (degrees) 1
3-Nov-08
Page 10 of 13
Db
Tb
t
Leg41
Leg41
Shell
Th
Nozzle

Fig328.5.4E(1)

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50

0.250

<- Leg41 [Leg41*0.707 >= tc]

Acceptable

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Pipe Thicknesses:

 Th = Tht*(1-UTh) = 0.113*(1-0.125) with UT Th = 0.099 Tb = Tbt*(1-UTb) = 0.25*(1-0.125) with UT Tb = 0.219 ThReq = P*Dh/(2*(Sh*Eh+P*Yh)) = 800*1.05/(2*(20000*1+800*0.4)) ThReq = 0.021 TbReq = P*Db/(2*(Sb*Eb+P*Yb)) = 800*0.875/(2*(23300*1+800*0.4)) TbReq = 0.015 Variables: Lfour = Min(2.5*(Th-Ch),2.5*(Tb-Cb)) Lfour = 0.247

= Min(2.5*(0.099-0),2.5*(0.219-0))

 65 done = (Db-2*(Tb-Cb))/Sin(B) = (0.875-2*(0.219-0))/Sin(90) done = 0.438 66 dtwo = min(Dh,Max(done,(Tb-Cb)+(Th-Ch)+done/2)) dtwo = 0.536 67 = min(1.05,Max(0.438,(0.219-0)+(0.099-0)+0.438/2)) 68 Tc = min(0.7*Tbt,0.25) = min(0.7*0.25,0.25) Tc = 0.175 69 70 Reinforcement: 71 Aone = thReq*done*(2-sin(B)) = 0.021*0.438*(2-sin(90)) Aone (required) = 0.009 72 73 Atwo = (2*dtwo-done)*(Th-ThReq-Ch) Atwo (in header / run) = 0.050 74 = (2*0.536-0.438)*(0.099-0.021-0) 75 Athree = 2*Lfour*(Tb-tbReq-Cb)/sin(B) Athree (in branch) = 0.101 79 Leg41^2 = 0.25^2 = 0.05 + 0.101 + 0.063 AfourW (in welds) = 0.063 81 Atwo+Athree+AfourW Total reinforcement= 0.213

18 B16.5/16.47 Flange Ver 2.5

19 ASME B16.5 & B16.47-1996 ASME B31.3

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WeldNeck

3-Nov-08

Page 11 of 13 #VALUE! Max press @100ºF [p1]
Max press @100ºF [p2]

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 Piping <- Vessel 1/2" RFWNF <- Description

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 SA <- Category Forged <- Material Type SA 105 <- Material 400 <- Pressure Class 0.50 <- Nominal Size

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Nominal -

C-Si

Table - 2-1.1

Max Temp ºF - 1000

Pod, pipe OD - 0.840

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40 Operating Conditions

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800.0

0.000

Flange Welds:

20000

23000

0.622

1.00

Weld Strength:

<- T, temperature ºF

<- P, pressure, psig

<- Corr, corrosion allowance

<- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange

<- B, flange bore

<- E, weld efficiency Acceptable
990
990
 69 Min Sa = MIN(Sp,Sf) = MIN(20000,23000) Min Sa = 20,000 71 Max Weld Stress = Sa * E = 20000 * 1 Max Weld Stress = 20,000 72 Weld Load = POD^2*pi*P/4 = 0.84^2*pi*800/4 Load = 443 73 Weld Area = Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4 = Pi*(0.84^2-(0.622+2*0)^2)/4 Area = 0.250 78 Weld Stress = Load/Area = 443.342/0.25 Stress = 1,771

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Acceptable

18 B16.5/16.47 Flange Ver 2.5

19 ASME B16.5 & B16.47-1996 ASME B31.3

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WeldNeck

3-Nov-08

Page 12 of 13 #VALUE! Max press @100ºF [p1]
Max press @100ºF [p2]

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 Piping <- Vessel 3/4" RFWNF <- Description

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 SA <- Category Forged <- Material Type SA 105 <- Material 400 <- Pressure Class 0.75 <- Nominal Size

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Nominal -

C-Si

Table - 2-1.1

Max Temp ºF - 1000

Pod, pipe OD - 1.050

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800.0

0.000

Flange Welds:

20000

23000

0.824

1.00

Weld Strength:

<- T, temperature ºF

<- P, pressure, psig

<- Corr, corrosion allowance

<- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange

<- B, flange bore

<- E, weld efficiency Acceptable
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 Min Sa = MIN(Sp,Sf) = MIN(20000,23000) = 20000 * 1 = 1.05^2*pi*800/4 Min Sa = Max Weld Stress = Load = 20,000 Max Weld Stress = Sa * E 20,000 Weld Load = POD^2*pi*P/4 693 Weld Area = Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4 = Pi*(1.05^2-(0.824+2*0)^2)/4 Area = 0.333 Weld Stress = Load/Area = 692.721/0.333 Stress = 2,083 Acceptable

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18 B16.5/16.47 Flange Ver 2.5

19 ASME B16.5 & B16.47-1996 ASME B31.3

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WeldNeck

3-Nov-08

Page 13 of 13 #VALUE! Max press @100ºF [p1]
Max press @100ºF [p2]

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 Piping <- Vessel 1" RFWNF <- Description Select Flange SA <- Category Forged <- Material Type SA 105 <- Material 400 <- Pressure Class 1.00 <- Nominal Size

Nominal -

C-Si

Table - 2-1.1

Max Temp ºF - 1000

Pod, pipe OD - 1.315

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100

800.0

0.000

Flange Welds:

20000

23000

1.049

1.00

Weld Strength:

<- T, temperature ºF

<- P, pressure, psig

<- Corr, corrosion allowance

<- Sp, allowable stress, pipe

<- Sf, allowable stress, flange

<- B, flange bore

<- E, weld efficiency Acceptable
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990

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 Min Sa = MIN(Sp,Sf) = MIN(20000,23000) = 20000 * 1 = 1.315^2*pi*800/4 Min Sa = Max Weld Stress = Load = 20,000 Max Weld Stress = Sa * E 20,000 Weld Load = POD^2*pi*P/4 1,087 Weld Area = Pi*(A^2-(B+2*Corr)^2)/4 = Pi*(1.315^2-(1.049+2*0)^2)/4 Area = 0.494 Weld Stress = Load/Area = 1086.504/0.494 Stress = 2,200 Acceptable

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