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Introduction

1.Describe your experience in teaching both children and adults. Teaching English to children has been a challenge, not only because Im teaching a second language, but their different needs and also because Im teaching children and teenagers in the same group and sometimes there is chaos, because the teens already understood and children need more input. With adults teaching it is easier you dont have to struggle with them because they already passed through the whole process of being a student and they set goals and have reasons to learn a second language. 2.Based on what you read and your own experience, whats FOR YOU the most important difference between teaching English to children and to teenagers or adults? I think the only differences are the needs and priorities each social group has. 3.In your opinion, is it easier to teach children or adults? Why? For me is easier to teach adults because it requires less effort in planning the lessons, not mentioning that they have many skills and motivation to learn faster because they are in developmental stages of their learning. 4.Whats the difference between the learner-centered and learning centered perspectives? Learner-centered learning is focus on the child lesson planning. This approach limits the children learning, leading to children failure to learn. Learning-centered perspective.- teachers have success in what they teach because they focus on fun activities and maximize learning. *teachers have to do what the child may not be able to do. 5. How would you describe your teaching practice? What methods do you use and why? What strategies have worked better for you? What strategies havent worked for you? Why do you think this happens? I would say that my teaching practice is similar to the learner centered, at first they are eager to learn and participate, but not so often they lost interest on the activity and I get lost too, I implement games and activities that involve TPR. The strategies that involved TPR havent worked for me and thats weird because they are kids and they like to be in constant motion. The strategies that have worked for me are the ones when I use flashcards or games like hot potato.

II design a comparative chart where you briefly but completely explain in your own words the following theories:

Comparative chart Cognitive and Developmental theories Piaget Bruner Howard Gardner Caine and Caine His theory focus mainly on how Scaffolding and Routine. Gardner with his theory It is based on the structure children acquire and understand This theory is based on solving goes beyond the definition and function of the brain. knowledge, and its divided into problems in an easy way. of intelligence and sets his Brain-based learning 4 stages. According to Piaget Beginning with new tasks for theory where intelligence suggests that its very children acquire knowledge from children, adults need to catch its not only about problem- important to know how the environment that surrounds the attention of children, solving. the brain works, the them, but this learning does not divide the task into simple Gardner says that not principles of natural involve adults interaction with steps and set a goal, so the everybody learn the same learning suggests that children. Its just children and children can continue with it. things through the same when the learner their surroundings. Its like solving a puzzle, the process and also states that experience something first step is to find edge every person has different realistic. pieces, help the child put the talents and that not pieces altogether, once everybody has the same Children have the edge ready, success in task as others. the child has to find the There are people gifted to matching pieces (the easiest do music, but that doesnt way would be finding pieces mean they are good of one side of the puzzle with dancers. the same color of the edge In other words Gardner side and continue doing the explains that brains are same with other pieces). organized differently and each intelligence has its own development ways. Social Learning Theory Vygotsky Bandura Vygotskys theory focus mainly on the social interaction, This theory states that children learn by observing their unlike Piagets theory, Vygotsky establish on it that social environment; people, animals, etc., these ones are considered as interaction comes before development; for example the role models, children copy their parents or other family first time children interact with a pencil they observe it and members behavior. Children even imitate the movements and then they develop the pencil function. sounds of animals. It is like they are playing monkey see, monkey Vygotsky involves adults in the learning development. do. A perfect example would be a father that is fixing his car/truck and his two years old son start doing the same, but with his bicycle or mother a mother that is putting her make-up on and her little girl do the same just to look pretty like her mother. And also when a child sees a dog or horse and begins to imitate its sounds and movements According to Albert Bandura children social interaction is through the process of imitation.

Inquiry Learning Dewey Deweys learning theory establishes the teacher with the role of a facilitator and encourages students. Students have to be involved and apply their previous knowledge and do some research. This theory helps to awake in young learners the curiosity to acquire, clarify and apply in normal life. Critical Theory Friere and Mclaren Critical social theory is not a traditional learning theory this discipline applied in education tries to enlight students, to encourage them to think broad going beyond of what capitalist education had thought learners, research, do not settle with the first impression, develop free-minds and acquire an education of quality. Postmodern Perspectives These theories do not provide new knowledge, but challenge students to build their own ideas with the knowledge they have learn so far by talking and sharing their opinions with their peer group.

III. Personal experience. 1. Write a brief essay (2-3 pages) where you reflect on the theories studied regarding your own teaching practice. Do any of the theories apply to your teaching practice? Why? Do you think any of them would work in your teaching practice? Can you effectively apply these theories in the REAL practice? Why or Why not?...