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Crochet symbols & terms:


Symbol:


British term:


American
term:
Description:
Basic stitches:

chain
(ch)
chain stitch
(ch)
Make a first chain. Then yarn over hook and draw through a loop on the hook to
make one chain.

slip stitch
(sl.st)
slip stitch
(sl.st)
Insert the hook into the stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, draw
this loop through loop on the hook. When a number of chains have to be joined
into a circle, the circle closed with a slip stitch.

double
crochet
(dc)
single
crochet
(sc)
Insert the hook into the given stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, (2
loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook (1 loop
remains on hook).

triple
double
crochet
(tr.dc)
double
single
crochet
(d.sc)
Insert the hook into the given stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop,( 2
loops on hook), yarn over hook, insert the hook into the same stitch, yarn over
hook and draw through a loop, (4 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw
through 4 loops (1 loop remains on hook).

tunisian
simple
stitch
(tss)
tunisian
simple
stitch
(tss)
1 row (outward): insert hook into second chain from hook, yarn over hook,
draw loop through and leave on hook, * hook into next chain, yarn over hook,
draw loop through and leave on hook, repeat from * to end of row.
2 row (return): without turning the work, yarn over hook, draw through a loop,
*yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook, repeat from * to end of row.
3 row (outward): 1 turning chain, miss first loop, * insert hook into next loop,
yarn over hook, and draw loop through, repeat from * to end of row.

chain-
double
crochet
(ch.dc)
chain-single
crochet
(ch.sc)
Insert the hook into the stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop
(2 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through a first loop on hook
(2 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook (1
loop remains on hook).

reverse
double
crochet
(rv.dc)
reverse
single
crochet>
(rv.sc)
Insert the hook into the second stitch to right of hook, yarn over hook
and draw through a loop ( 2 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw
through 2 loops on hook (1 loop remains on hook).

half treble
(h.tr)
half double
crochet
(h.dc)
Insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a loop, (3
loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 3 loops on hook (1
loop remains on hook).

treble
(tr)
double
crochet
(dc)
Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw
through a loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2
loops on hook, yarn over hook and draw through remaining 2 loops on
hook (1 loop remains on hook).

double
treble
(d.tr)
treble
(tr)
Yarn over hook 2 times, insert hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw
through a loop ( 4 loops on hook), yarn over hook and draw through 2
loops on hook, yarn over hook and draw through next 2 loops on hook,
yarn over hook and draw through remaining 2 loops on hook (1 loop
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remains on hook).

Decorative stitches (clusters, popcorn, puff stitch, bullion stitch):

3 treble
cluster
3 double
crochet
cluster
Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch to be worked and draw the
yarn, yarn over hook and draw through 2 loops on hook (1
incomplete treble/double crochet), * yarn over hook, insert
hook into same stitch and draw the yarn, yarn over hook and draw
through 2 loops on hook, repeat from * 1 time, yarn over hook and
draw through all loops.

6 treble
cluster
6 double
crochet
cluster
Work 6 incomplete treble/double crochet in the same stitch
then yarn over hook and draw through all loops.

2 double
treble
cluster
2 treble
cluster
Work 2 incomplete double treble/treble in the same stitch,
then yarn over hook and draw through all loops.

3 double
treble
cluster
3 treble
cluster
Work 3 incomplete double treble/treble in the same stitch,
then yarn over hook and draw through all loops.

5 treble
popcorn
5 double
crochet
popcorn
Work one chain and 5 treble/double crochet in the same stitch.
Take the final loop of the last stitch worked from the hook and
insert the hook into the one chain before the group of stitches,
then into the dropped loop and draw the yarn through.

7 treble
popcorn
7 double
crochet
popcorn
Work one chain and 7 treble/double crochet in the same stitch.
Take the final loop of the last stitch worked from the hook and
insert the hook into the one chain before the group of stitches,
then into the dropped loop and draw the yarn through.

4 half treble
puff stitch
4 half
double
crochet puff
stitch
Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch to be worked and draw yarn
up 0,5 - 1 cm, *yarn over hook, insert hook into same stitch and
draw yarn up, repeat from*3 times, yarn over hook and draw
through all loops.

6 half treble
puff stitch
6 half
double
crochet puff
stitch
Yarn over hook, insert hook into stitch to be worked and draw yarn
up 0,5 1 cm, *yarn over hook, insert hook into same stitch and
draw yarn up, repeat from*5 times, yarn over hook and draw
through all loops.

bullion
stitch
bullion stitch
Yarn over hook the required number of times, usually from 10 to
12 times, hook insert into stitch, yarn over hook and draw loop
through, yarn over hook and draw through all loops on hook, finish
by working a chain.
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Flower from
puffs or
clusters
Flower from
puffs or
clusters
1 row: work 1 treble / double crochet in space of 3 chains below, 3
chains, 1 incomplete cluster in third chain to right of hook, 1
incomplete cluster in space of 3 chains below and 1 incomplete
cluster in next space of 3 chains below, yarn over hook and draw
through all loops (3 clusters decrease). Then work 3 chains, 1
cluster in third chain to right of hook and 1 treble / double crochet
in space of 3 chains below.

2 row: 1 treble / double crochet in stitch below, 3 chains, * 1
cluster in top of 3 clusters decrease below, 3 chains, repeat from *
1 time, 1 treble / double crochet in stitch below.
Picots:

picot of 3
chains
closed with
a slip stitch
to the
previous
stitch
picot of 3
chain
stitches
closed with
a slip stitch
to the
previous
stitch
Work 3 chain/chain stitches. The final chain is joined to the work
by working a slip stitch into a previous stitch to right of hook.

picot of 5
chains
closed with
a slip stitch
to the
previous
stitch
picot of 5
chain
stitches
closed with
a slip stitch
to the
previous
stitch
Work 5 chain/chain stitches. The final chain is joined to the work
by working a slip stitch into a previous stitch to right of hook.

picot of 5
chains
closed with
a slip stitch
to the 5th
chain
picot of 5
chains
closed with
a slip stitch
to the 5th
chain
Work 5 chain/chain stitches. The final chain is joined to the work
by working a slip stitch into the first chain.

picot of 5
chains
closed with
a double
crochet to
the 5th
chain
picot of 5
chain
stitches
closed with
a single
crochet to
the 5th
chain
Work 5 chain/chain stitches. The final chain is joined to the work
by working a double crochet / single crochet into the first chain.
Crossed stitches:

crossed
treble stitch
1x1
cross double
crochet
stitch 1x1
One method is to miss a stitch, work the
given stitch in the next stitch and then the
given stitch in the missed stitch.

Another method makes a crossed stitch
which is separate from its pair. Miss 1
stitch, work the given stitch in the next
stitch and with the hook behind the stitch
crossed
double
treble stitch
1x1
cross treble
stitch 1x1
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crossed
treble stitch
2x1
cross double
crochet
stitch 2x1
just worked, insert it into the missed
stitch and work the given stitch.

These are worked on the longer crochet
stitches without actually crossing
them. Using a double treble / treble
stitch, yarn over hook twice and insert
hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw
through a loop, yarn over hook and draw
through 2 loops ( 3 loops on hook), yarn
over hook and insert hook into given
stitch, yarn over hook and draw through a
loop, yarn over hook and draw through 2
loops (two legs made), * yarn over hook
and draw through 2 loops, repeat from* 3
times.
Work number of chains required to begin
to work the second arm. Yarn over hook,
insert hook into center of previous stitch
draw through a loop, * yarn over hook
and draw through 2 loops, repeat from* 2
times.

crossed
treble stitch
1x1,
separated
by 2 chains
cross double
crochet
stitch 1x1,
separated
by 2 chain
stitches

crossed
double
treble stitch
1x1,
separated
by 2 or 3
chains
cross treble
stitch 1x1,
separated
by 2 or 3
chain
stitches
Half-crossed stitches
These are stitches on two legs

1 half cross
double
treble
1 half cross treble
Yarn over hook twice and
insert hook into stitch, yarn
over hook and draw through a
loop, yarn over hook and draw
through 2 loops ( 1 incomplete
treble / double crochet ), yarn
over hook and insert hook into
given stitch, yarn over hook
and draw through a loop, yarn
over hook and draw through 2
loops (1 incomplete treble /
double crochet) - two legs
made, * yarn over hook and
draw through 2 loops, repeat
from* 3 times.

1 half cross
quintuple
treble
1 half cross quadruple treble
Yarn over hook five times and
insert hook into stitch, work 1
incomplete double treble /
treble, yarn over twice, insert
hook in next stitch and work 1
incomplete double treble /
treble, * yarn over hook and
draw through 2 loops, repeat
from* 5 times (1 loop remains
on hook).
Increasing stitches:

2 double
crochet
stitches
worked in a
single stitch
2 single crochet stitches worked
in a single stitch
These are stitches working in
the same stitch of previous
row/round.
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Increasing stitches:

2 double crochet stitches
worked in a single stitch
2 single crochet stitches worked
in a single stitch
These are stitches
working in the same
stitch of previous
row/round.

2 chain-double crochet
stitches worked in a single
stitch
2 chain-single crochet stitches
worked in a single stitch

2 half treble stitches worked
in a single stitch
2 half double crochet stitches
worked in a single stitch

2 treble stitches worked in a
single stitch
2 double crochet stitches worked
in a single stitch

2 double treble stitches or 2
triple treble stitches worked
in a single stitch
2 treble stitches or 2 double
treble stitches worked in a single
stitch

3 or 5 treble stitches
worked in a single stitch
3 or 5 double crochet stitches
worked in a single stitch

2 treble stitches separated
by 2 or 3 chains, worked in
a single stitch
2 double crochet stitches
separated by 2 or 3 chain
stitches worked in a single stitch

2 double treble stitches
separated by 2 or 3 chains,
worked in a single stitch
2 treble stitches separated by 2
or 3 chain stitches, worked in a
single stitch

3 treble stitches each
separated by 1 chain,
worked in a single stitch
3 double crochet stitches each
separated by 1 chain stitch,
worked in a single stitch

group of 2 double treble and
3 triple treble stitches each
separated by 3 chains,
worked in a single stitch
group of 2 treble and 3 double
treble stitches each separated by
3 chain stitches, worked in a
single stitch
Decreasing stitches:

2 double
crochet
stitches
decrease
2 single
crochet
stitches
decrease
Work the given incomplete stitches then draw
yarn through all loops on hook.

For example, 2 treble stitch decrease / 2
double crochet decrease. Yarn over hook, insert
hook into stitch, yarn over hook and draw through
a loop, ( 3 loops on hook), yarn over hook and
2 tunisian
simple
2 tunisian
simple
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stitches
decrease
stitches
decrease
draw through 2 loops on hook, yarn over hook and
insert hook into next stitch, yarn over hook and
draw through a loop, ( 4 loops on hook), yarn over
hook and draw through 2 loops on hook, ( 3 loops
on hook), yarn over hook and draw through
remaining 3 loops on hook (1 loop remains on
hook).
3 tunisian
simple
stitches
decrease
3 tunisian
simple
stitches
decrease

2 half treble
stitches
decrease
2 half
double
crochet
stitches
decrease

2 treble
stitches
decrease
2 double
crochet
stitches
decrease


3 treble stitches
decrease
3 double crochet
stitches decrease


2 double treble
stitches
decrease
2 treble stitches
decrease

3 double treble
stitches
decrease
3 treble stitches
decrease

6 double treble
stitches
decrease
6 treble stitches
decrease

2 puff stitches
decrease
2 puff stitches
decrease

5 long half
treble stitches
decrease
5 long half double
crochet stitches
decrease
Or for example, 6 long half treble stitches decrease / 6 half double crochet decrease. Yarn
over hook, insert hook into stitch to be worked and draw yarn up 1 cm, *yarn over hook,
insert hook into next stitch and draw yarn up, repeat 5 from* times, yarn over hook and draw
through all loops.

6 long half
treble stitches
decrease
6 long half double
crochet stitches
decrease

Relief stitches:
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relief double
crochet worked at
front
relief single crochet
worked at front
These are worked by taking the hook round the stem of a stitch.

A relief front stitches is made by wrapping the yarn over the hook, taking the hook from the
front and from the right to left round the stitch to be worked and then completing the stitch
normally.

A relief back stitches is made by wrapping the yarn over the hook, taking the hook from the
back and from the right to left round the stitch to be worked and then completing the stitch
normally.

relief double
crochet worked at
back
relief single crochet
worked at back

relief half treble
worked at front
relief half double
crochet worked at
front

relief half treble
worked at back
relief half double
crochet worked at
back

relief treble worked
at front
relief double crochet
worked at front

rrelief treble
worked at back
relief double crochet
worked at back


relief puff stitch from
2 half treble worked at
front
relief puff stitch from 2
half double crochet
worked at front


relief puff stitch from
4 half treble worked at
front
relief puff stitch from 4
half treble worked at
front
Back and front loop of chain stitch:

double crochet
worked in back loop
of chain stitch
single crochet worked in
back loop of chain stitch
This crochet technique is used for relief work. Insert the hook into
back or front chain stitch of previous row and work given stitch.

treble worked in front
loop of chain stitch
double crochet worked in
front loop of chain stitch
Working circularly:

ring of yarn ring of yarn
Loop the yarn around knitting needle a few times and then make one
stitch to connect them. Then work a given stitches into circle. Join the
last stitch to the first stitch by a slip stitch.

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this symbol indicates how
many times loops yarn
around the knitting needle
this symbol indicates how
many times loops yarn
around the knitting needle


this symbol indicates the size
of knitting needle
this symbol indicates the size
of knitting needle


ring of 1 chain ring of 1 chain stitch
Work turning chains and one chain / chain stitch. Insert hook into last
chain from hook and work a given stitches. Join the last stitch to the
turning chain by a slip stitch.

working circularly like spiral working circularly like spiral
In work does not join rounds, working without turning chains, the last
stitch work in firs stitch.
Addition symbols:

the first red chain is the
beginning of the foundation
chain
the first red chain stitch is the
beginning of the foundation
chain
Making a first chain: first make a slip loop. Take hold of the crochet
hook in the right hand and insert it through the loop. Draw the loop
through and leaving the hook in the yarn, pull the short end to close the
loop round the hook.


the number of
row/rounds
the number of
row/rounds
Crochet can be worked in rows or rounds. When working in rows the
work is turned, as in knitting, to start a new row. Many patterns, such as
hats, begs, socks or baby booties, are worked circularly (or in rounds). In
work the last stitch of each round is connected to the first stitch with a slip
stitch.

these symbols indicate
the amount of chain
stitches of arch
these symbols indicate
the amount of chain
stitches of arch
When working with arch of chains / chain stitches in many patterns
crochet hook, usually, insert into space below. Thus, a stitches engulfs a
chain stitch from every quarter.

spikes, these symbols
indicate in what row or
round work given stitch
spikes, these symbols
indicate in what row or
round work given stitch
These are made by inserting the hook below the row previously worked.
A loop is draw through and up to the height of the current row and the
stitch is then finished normally.

this arrow is shows
where motifs to
connect with one
another
this arrow is shows
where motifs to
connect with one
another
The motifs to connect with one another by slip stitch or double
crochet/single crochet.

these arrows indicates a
space in which to insert
hook
these arrows indicates a
space in which to insert
hook



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How to follow crochet a diagram:
The terms are presented in next key: British term / American term.
Let us consider the diagram of simple openwork pattern:



Every stitch has an own symbol:Each stitch has the sequence one after another.

The work begins with the chain foundation of 16 chains.

1 row: 1 turning chain, 1 double crochet / single crochet in second chain from hook, * 3 chains, 2 chains miss, 1 double crochet / single crochet in next
chain, repeat from * to end of row.

2 row: 3 turning chains, 1 chain, 1 treble / double crochet in the space of 3 chains bellow, * 4 chains, 1 double crochet / single crochet in the space of 3
chains bellow, 4 chains, 1 treble / double crochet in the space of 3 chain bellow, repeat from * 1 time, 1 chain and 1 treble / double crochet in double
crochet / single crochet bellow. - chain / chain stitch - double crochet / single crochet - treble / double crochet



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3 row: 1 turning chain, 1 double crochet / singlr crochet in treble / double crochet, * 3 chains, 1 double crochet / single
crochet in the space of 4 chains bellow, repeat from * 4 times.

4 row: 3 turning chains, 3 chains and 1 double crochet / single crochet in the space of 3 chains bellow, * 4 chains, 1 treble
/ double crochet in the space of 3 chains bellow, 4 chains, 1 double crochet / single crochet in the space of 3 chains bellow,
repeat from * 1 time, 2 chains and 1 treble / double crochet in double crochet / single crochet bellow.

5 row: 1 turning chain, 1 double crochet / single crochet in treble / double crochet,* 3 chains, 1 double crochet / single
crochet in the space of 4 chains bellow, repeat from * 3 times, 3 chains and 1 double crochet / single crochet in space of 6
chains bellow.

Repeat rows 2-5.

Let us consider the diagram of round motif:



- chain / chain
stitch

- picot of 5 chains closed
with a slip stitch to the
previous stitch

- slip stitch


- double crochet
/ single crochet

- treble / double
crochet

- double treble /
treble









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The work begins with the chain foundation of 5 chains and joining it to a ring with slip stitch.

1 row: 9 tuning chains, * 1 double treble / treble in ring, 4 chain, repeat from* 6 times, slip stitch to fifth chain of 9 chains.

2 row: 1tuning chain, 1 double crochet / single crochet in same stitch, * [1 double crochet / single crochet, 1 half treble /
half double crochet, 3 treble / double crochet, 1 half treble / half double crochet, 1 double crochet / single crochet ] in space
of 4 chains bellow, 1 double crochet / single crochet in double treble / single crochet bellow, repeat from * 7 times, slip
stitch to turning chain.

3 row: 13 tuning chains, * 1 double treble / single crochet in the second of three double crochet / single crochet bellow, 8
chains, repeat from * 6 times, slip stitch to fifth chain of 13 tuning chains.

4 row: 1 tuning chain, * [ 3 double crochet / single crochet, picot of 5 chains, 4 double crochet / single crochet, picot of 5
chains, 4 double crochet / single crochet, picot of 5 chains, 3 double crochet / single crochet ] in space of 8 chains bellow,
repeat from * 7 times, slip stitch to tuning chain.