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For JEE Main

Introductory Exercise 5.1


1. w
1
= weight of cylinder
w
2
= weight of plank
N
1
= normal reaction between cylinder and plank
N
2
= normal reaction on cylinder from ground
N
3
= normal reaction on plank from ground
f
1
= force of friction on cylinder from ground
f
2
= force of friction on plank from ground
2. N = normal reactions
w = weights
3.
4. Force
F
x
F
y
F
1

4 30 cos
= 2 3 N
4 30 2 sin = N
F
2

4 60 cos
= 2 N
4 60 2 3 sin = N
F
3

0 6 N
F
4

4 N 0
5. Taking moment of forces about hinge force A (so that
moment of hinge force becomes zero).
Clockwise torque of W = anti-clockwise torque of T
w
l
T l
2
30

= ( sin )
or T w = Ans.
6. Net force in vertical direction = 0
T w cos 30 =
or T
w
=
2
3
Ans.
7.

= F
x
0
F = 3 60 10 60 0 cos sin
F = 10.16 N Ans.
= F
y
0
R + = 3 60 10 60 0 sin cos
R = 2.4 N Ans.
8.
Chap ter 5 Laws of Motion 1
w
1
N
2
N
1
N
3
N
1
w
2
f
1 f
2
w
1
N
2
N
1
N
3 w
2
N
4
N
3
N
w
T
w
T
N
30
a
a
a
30
60
60
60
R
3 N
10 N
x
y
60
F
SOLUTIONS
T
T
a
A
mg
a
B
For A T ma cos 45 =
or T ma = 2 ...(i)
For B mg T ma = cos 45
mg ma ma =
or a
g
=
2
Ans.
Substituting in Eq. (i), we get
T
mg
=
2
Ans.
Introductory Exercise 5.2
1. (a) a =
Net pushing force
Total mass
=

+ +
120 50
1 4 2

= 10
2
m/s Ans.
(b)
120 1 10 = = R a
R = 110 N Ans.
(c) F ma
net
= = ( ) ( ) 2 10
= 20 N Ans.
2. Since surface is smooth, acceleration of both is
g sin sin , = = 10 30 5
2
m/s down the plane
The component of mg down the plane ( sin ) = mg
provides this acceleration. So, normal reaction will
be zero.
3.
N
mg
=
4
is given
mg
mg
ma =
4

a
g
=
3
4
Ans.
4. Constant velocity means net acceleration = 0.
Therefore net force should be zero. Only two forces
T and mg are acting on the bob. So they should be
equal and opposite.
Asked angle = 30 Ans.
T mg = = = ( ) ( ) 1 10 10 N Ans.
5. T mg ma
mg
sin sin = = 30
2
T mg sin = ...(i)
T mg cos cos = 30
or T
mg
cos =
3
2
...(ii)
Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
=

tan
1
2
3
Ans.
and T mg = =
7
2
5 7 N Ans.
6. a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
=
+ +
8
1 2 1
= 2
2
m/s
T
B
8 1 2
1
= = T m a
B
( ) ( )
T
B
= 6 N
T
A
T m a
A
= =
2
2 2 ( ) ( )
= 4 N Ans.
Introductory Exercise 5.3
2 Mechanics - I
1 kg
120 N
R
a
mg
a
N
mg
q
T
30
mg
T
30
q
a
30
1. m g g g
A
= + ( ) ( ) ( ) sin 2 2 30 as a = 0
m
A
= 3 kg Ans.
2. T g
4
4 = and T g
1
1 = ( ) as a = 0

T
T
4
1
4 = Ans.
3. a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
=

+
2 1
2 1
g g ( )
= =
g
3
10
3
2
m/s
After 1 s,
v at = =
10
3
m/s
At this moment string slacks ( ` ) T = 0
String is again tight when,
s s
1 2
=

10
3
1
2
1
2
2 2
t gt gt = ( ) g = 10
2
m/s
On solving we get, t =
1
s
.0
3
Ans.
4. a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
=
+
+
F 10 20
1 2
( ) F = 20 N
=
10
3
2
m/s Ans.
Introductory Exercise 5.4
1. 2 kg 2 2 T a = ( ) ...(i)
1 kg 10 1 2 = T a ( ) ...(ii)
On solving these two equations, we get
T =
10
3
N
and 2 2
20
3
2
a T = = = m/s acceleration of 1 kg
block
2.
T Ma = ...(i)
Mg T Ma = ...(ii)
On solving these two equations. we get
a
g
=
2
and T
Mg
=
2
Ans.
3. a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
=

+
=
30 20
3 2
2
2
m/s
2 kg T a = = 20 2 4
T = 24 N
Now, Mg T = 2
M
T
g
=
2
=
48
10
= 4.8 kg Ans.
4. m
1
T m a a a = = =
1
2 0 3 2 ( ) ( . ) ( ) 0.6 ...(i)
m
2
F T m a = 2
2
2T a = 0.4 0.2 ...(ii)
On solving these two equations, we get
a =
2
7
2
m/s Ans.
Chap ter 5 Laws of Motion 3
1 kg u = 0
g
10
3
m
3
s
1
2 kg
g
s
2
2 kg
2 T
a
mg = 10 N
2a
T
1 kg
M T
a
mg
T
M
M
2 kg
3 kg
2 T
2 T
P
2
T
P
1
T
a
a
P Stationary
2
and 2
12
35
T = N Ans.
Introductory Exercise 5.5
1. a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
a
Mg
m m M
=
+ +
1 2
...(i)
m
1
N m g cos30
1
= ...(ii)
N m a sin 30
1
= ...(iii)
z
From Eqs. (ii) and (iii), we get
a g
g
= = tan 30
3
Substituting this value in Eq. (i) we get,
M = 6.83 kg Ans.
2. (a) With respect to box (Non-inertial)
X X u t a t
x x
= + +
0
2
1
2
= + X t t
0
2
10 5 Ans.
V u a t t
x x x
= + = 10 5 Ans.
(b) V
x
= 0 at 2s = t
0
(say)
To return to the original position,
time taken = = 2 4
0
t s Ans.
3. (a) In car's frame (non inertial)
a
x
= 5
2
m/s (due to pseudo force)
u
x
= 0
a
z
= 0
u
z
= 10 m/s
Now apply, v u at = + and s s ut at = + +
0
2
1
2
in X
and Z-directions.
(b) In ground frame (inertial)
a u a
x x z
= = = 0 0 0 , ,
and u
z
= 10 m/s
4. Relative to car (non-inertial)
a
1
is due to pseudo force
a
x
= + = ( ) 5 3 8
2
m/s
Block will stop when
v u a t t
x x x
= = + = 0 10 8
or at t = 1.25 s
So, far t 1.25 s
X X u t a t X t t
x x
= + + = +
0
2
0
2
1
2
10 4
V u a t t
x x x
= + = 10 8
After this u g
s
> 5
2
m/s as u
s
> 0.5
Therefore, now the block remains stationary with
respect to car
5.
N f mg cos sin 37 37 + = ...(i)
N f ma sin cos 37 37 = ...(ii)
On solving these two equations, we get
f = 3.6 m
=
9
25
mg Ans.
Subjective Problems
4 Mechanics - I
30
N
m
1
a
30
u = 10
2
a = 5 m/s
(due to pseudo force)
m
s
x
2
a = 5 m/s
1
2
a = u g = 3 m/s
2
k
a
x
u = 10
x
m
s
mg
37
q
f
37
a
37
N
T
2 a
F 2T
m
1
m
2
a
30
m
2
m
1
a
M
a
1. See the answers.
No friction will act between sphere and ground
because horizontal component of normal reaction
from rod (on sphere) will be balanced by the
horizontal normal reaction from the wall.
2. See the solutions
3. See the solutions
4. (a) At P
At P, F T
T
2
45
2
= = cos ...(i)
w T
T
= = cos 45
2
...(ii)
At Q, F
T
1
2
= ...(iii)
From these three equations, we can see that
F F w
T
1 2
2
60
2
30 2 = = = = = N Ans.
5. N
A
cos 30 500 = N ...(i)
N N
A B
sin 30= ...(ii)
On solving these two equations, we get
N
A
=
1000
3
N
and N
B
=
500
3
N Ans.
6. T w
1
45 cos =
and T
1
45 30 sin = N
w = 30 N Ans.
7. N F = = 40 N
f mg = = 20 N
Net moment about C = 0
Anti-clockwise moment of f = clockwise
moment of N
( ) ( ) 20
20
2
40

= x
or x = 5 cm Ans.
8. w = 100 N
(forces in horizontal direction) = 0
T f N + = cos sin 30 30 ...(i)
(Forces in vertical direction) = 0
N f cos sin 30 30 100 + = ...(ii)
(moment of all forces about C) = 0
( ) ( ) ( ) T R f R =
or T f = ...(iii)
On solving these three equations, we get
T f = = 26.8 N
and N = 100 N Ans.
Chap ter 5 Laws of Motion 5
30
N
A
30
w = 50 g = 500 N
N
B
w
T
1
45
T = 30 N
2
f
mg = 20 N
C
F
N
x
w = 100 newton
T
30
C
30
f
30
N
F
1
T
45
P
F
2
Q
w
9. H T
T
= = cos 60
2
...(i)
V T + = sin 60 40 ...(ii)
= M
0
0
40
2
60
l
T l

= ( sin )
or T =
40
3
N Ans.
H =
20
3
N
and V = 20 N
Net hinge force = + = H V
2 2
40
3
N Ans.
10. (a) a =
Net pushing force
Total mass
=

+ +
=
100 40
6 4 10
3
2
m/s
(b) Net force on any block = ma
(c) N a = = 40 10 30
N = 70 N Ans.
11. (a) T a T T a T a
1 2 1 2
10 20 60 30 = = = , ,
On solving, we get T T
1 2
10 30 = = N, N Ans.
(b) T a T a
2 2
20 60 30 = = ,
On solving, we get
T
2
24 = N Ans.
12. (a) T g a
1
2 2 =
T g a
1
2 = + ( )
= + 2 ( ) 9.8 0.2
= 20 N Ans.
(b) T g a
2
5 5 =
T g a
2
5 = + ( )
= + 5 ( ) 9.8 0.2
= 50 N Ans.
13. (a) a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
=
200 16
16
9.8
= 2.7 m/s
2

(b) 200 50 5
1
= T a
T
1
200 5 50 = 2.7
= 136.5 N Ans.
(c) T g a
2
9 9 =
T g a
2
9 = + ( )
= + 9 ( ) 9.8 2.7
= 112.5 N Ans.
14. Force diagram on both sides is always similar.
Therefore motion of both sides is always similar.
6 Mechanics - I
T
1
a
a
10 kg
T
1
T
2
a
T
2
60 N
20 kg
30 kg
T
2
a
60 N 20 kg
a
30 kg
T
2
2 g
1.9 kg
0.1 kg
T
1
2
0.2 m/s
5 g
1.9 kg
0.2 kg
T
2
2
0.2 m/s
2.9 kg
T
1
50 N
5 Kg
200 N
a
9g
7 kg
2 kg
T
2
a
40 N
N
a
10 kg
mg = 40 N
H
V
O
T
60
For example, if Monkey accelerates upwards, then
T g > 20 . But same T is on RHS also.
Therefore, bananas also accelerate upwards.
15. T T T T
A B
= = 3 ,
In such type of problems
a
T

1
| | | | a a
B A
= 3
or a a
B A
= 3 , as a
A
and a
B
are in
opposite directions.
16. X X X
A B C
+ + 2
= constant on double differentiating with respect to
time, we get,
a a a
A B C
+ + = 2 0 Ans.
17. X X
A B
= sin ...(i)
Double differentiating with respect to time, we get
a a
A B
= sin Ans.
18. a a a
r 3
6 = + = ...(i)
a a a
r 2
4 = = ...(ii)
On solving these two equations, we get
a = 1
2
m/s
19. a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
=
+
+ + +
=
( ) 3 4 2 1
3 4 2 1
4
2
g
m/s Ans.
4 kg 40 4
1
= T a T
1
24 = N Ans.
3 kg T T a
1 2
30 3 + = T
2
42 = N Ans.
1 kg T a
3
10 1 = ( ) ( ) T
3
14 = N Ans.
20. P
2
2 2
1 2
T T = T T
1 2
= ...(i)
1 kg T a
2
1 = ( ) ( ) ...(ii)
2 kg T a
a
r 1
20 2
2
=

...(iii)
3 kg 30 3
2
1
= +

T a
a
r
...(iv)
On solving these equations, we get
T T
1 2
120
11
= = N
a a
1
2
120
11
= = m/s
a a
a
r 2
2
2
50
11
= = m/s
Chap ter 5 Laws of Motion 7
q
A
X
A
X
B
q
1
a
r
a
a
a
r
2 3
2 kg
3 kg
2T
2
P
2
P
1
a
1 kg
T
1
T
1
a
r
a
r
a
2
a
2
T
2
T
2
T
2
Fix line
A
B
T
X
C
X
B
X
A
C
Monkey
T
20 g
Bananas
T
20 g
2 T
A
2 T
B
T
T
or a
2
2
50
11
= m/s (downwards)
a a
a
r 3
2
2
70
11
= + = m/s (downwards)
21. T Mg Ma = sin 30 ...(i)
2 2 2
2
Mg T M
a
=

...(ii)
solving these equations, we get
a
g
=
3
Ans.
22. T a = 1 ( ) ...(i)
10 1 = T a ( ) ...(ii)
On solving these equations, we get
T = 5 N Ans.
23. 2 50 5 T a = ...(i)
40 4 2 = T a ( ) ...(ii)
On solving these equations, we get
a =
10
7
2
m/s or
g
7
Ans.
and 2
20
7
2
a = m/s or
2
7
g
Ans.
24. Figure (a)
N mg = = 40 N

s
N = 24 N
Since, F N
s
<
block will remain stationary and
f F = = 20 N
Figure (b)
N mg = = 20 N

S
N = 12 N and
K
N = 8 N
Since, F N
S
> , block will slide and kinetic friction
( ) = 8 N will act.
a
F f
m
`=

=

=
20 8
2
6
2
m/s
Figure (c)
N + = 20 60 N = 40 N

S
N = 8 N
and
K
N = 4 N
Since, F N
S
> , block will slide
Kinetic friction ( ) = 4 N will act.
a
F f
m
=

=

=
20 4
6
8
3
2
m/s Ans.
25. a
f
m
g = = = 3
2
m/s
(a) Relative motion will stop when velocity of
block also becomes 6 m/s by the above
acceleration.
v at =
t
v
a
= = =
6
3
2 s Ans.
(b) S at = = =
1
2
1
2
3 2 6
2 2
( ) ( ) m Ans.
26. 2 kg block has relative motion towards right.
Therefore maximum friction will acts on it towards
left.
f N = = = ( ( ) ( ) 0.4) N 1 10 4
a
1
2
4
1
4 = = m/s
a
2
2
4
2
2 = = m/s
8 Mechanics - I
T
a
4 kg 2 a 5 kg
40 N 50 N
2 T
N
mg = 60 N
20 N
20 N = F
a
f = mmg
1 kg
a
T
1 kg
T
a
10 N
M
a
m
g

s
i
n

3
0

2M
2T
a
2
2 mg
T
(a) Relative motion between them will stop when,
v v
1 2
=
u a t u a t
1 1 2 2
+ = + ...(i)
2 4 8 2 + = t t ...(ii)
or t = 1 s Ans.
(b) Substituting value of ' ' t in Eq. (ii), either on
RHS or on LHS, common velocity = 6 m/sAns.
(c) s u t a t
1 1 1
2
1
2
= +
= + = ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 2 1
1
2
4 1 4
2
m Ans.
s u t a t
2 2 2
2
1
2
= +
= + = ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 8 1
1
2
2 1 7
2
m Ans.
27. Relative motion of 2 kg block is towards right.
Therefore maximum friction on this will act towards
left
f N = = = ( ) ( ) ( ) 0.6 N 2 10 12
a
2
2
12
2
6 = = m/s
a
1
2
12
1
12 = = m/s
(a) Relative motion between them will stop when,
v v
1 2
=
or u a t u a t
1 1 2 2
+ = +
or + = 18 12 3 6 t t ...(i)
(b) Substituting value of ' ' t in equation
(i) either on RHS or on LHS we have, common
velocity = 4 m/s Ans.
(c) s u t a t
1 1 1
2
1
2
= +
=

( ) ( ) 18
7
6
1
2
12
7
6
2
= 12.83 m Ans.
s u t a t
2 2 2
2
1
2
= +
=

( ) ( ) 3
7
6
1
2
6
7
6
2

= 0.58 m Ans.
28. N = 20 N = applied force

S
N = = 16 N
and
K
N = 12 N
Driving force F mg = (downwards)
= 20 N
Since, F N >
S
, block will slide downwards and
kinetic friction of 12 N will act in upward direction
a
F N
m
=

K
(downwards)
=
20 12
2

= 4
2
m/s (downwards) Ans.
29. f N mg
max
= =
= 0.8 2 10
= 16 N
Block will not move till driving force F t = 2
becomes 16 N. This force becomes 16 N in 8 s
For t 8 s
a = 0
For t 8 s
a
F f
m
t
=

=

max
2 16
2
a t = 8
i.e., a t - graph is a straight line of slope +1 and
intercept 8
corresponding a t - graph is shown below
30. N mg = = 60 N

S
N = 36 N

K
N = 24 N
Driving force F t = 4
Block will move when,
F N
S
=
Chap ter 5 Laws of Motion 9
3 m/s 2 kg
12 N
a
2
1 kg 18 m/s
12 N
a
1
+
45
2
a (m/s )
t (s)
8
8 m/s
2 m/s
1 kg
a
1
2 kg
4 N
+
a
2
4 N
or 4 36 t = t = 9 s
For t 9 s
a = 0
For t 9 s
At 9 s block will start moving. Therefore kinetic
friction will act
a
F N
m
t
K
=

=
4 24
6
=

2
3
4 t
a t - graph is a straight line
At t a = = 9 2
2
s m/s ,
The corresponding a t - graph is as shown in figure.
31. N mg = cos 60
=

= ( ) ( ) 6 10
1
2
30 N

S
N = 18 N

K
N = 12 N
Driving force F mg = sin 60
=

( ) ( ) 6 10
3
2
= 52 N
(a) Force needed to keep the block stationary is
F F N
S 1
= (upwards)
= 52 18
= 34 N (upwards) Ans.
(b) If the block moves downwards with constant
velocity ( , ) a F = = 0 0
net
, then kinetic friction
will act in upward direction.
Force needed is,
F F N
K 2
= (upwards)
= 52 12
= 40 N (upwards) Ans.
(c) Kinetic friction will act in downward direction
F ma
3
52 12 6 4 = = ( ) ( )
F
3
88 = N (upwards) Ans.
Objective Questions
Single correct option
1. a
mg F
m
g
F
m
=

=
m m
A B
> a a
A B
> and A will reach earlier
2. a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
=
+
+ +
=
( ) 2 2 2
2 2 2 3
g g
FBD of C
mg T ma
mg
= =
3
T mg = = =
2
3
2
3
20 ( ) 13.3 N Ans.
3. T g
A
= = 10 100 N
T T
B A
cos 30 =
T
B
=
200
3
N
T T
B C
sin 30 =
T
C
=
100
3
N
10 Mechanics - I
F
F1
m N
s
5
2

N
F
2
m N
K
5
2

N
F
3
m
N

=

1
2

N
K
a
a
mg
F
F = air resistance
T
mg
a
C
2
a (m/s )
t (s)
9
2
4. a
mg T
m
g
T
m
=

=
a g
T
m
g
mg
m
g
min
max
= = =
2
3
3
Ans.
5. a =
Net pulling force
Total mass
=

+
=
10 10 5 10
10 5
10
3
2
m/s
5 kg T a = = 5 10 5
50
3
T =
200
3
N
This is also the reading of spring balance.
6. Since 2 30 mg mg sin =
System is stationary
FBD of m T mg =
7. t
S
a a
=
2 1

t
t
a
a
1
2
2
1
=
2
1
1
1
=

g
g g
K K
sin
sin cos


as, sin cos = at 45
On solving the above equation, we get

K
=
3
4
8. F mg mg
1
= + sin cos
F mg mg
2
= sin cos
Given that F F
1 2
2 =

( sin cos ) ( sin mg mg mg + = 2


mg cos )
On solving, we get tan = 3 Ans.
9. Only two forces are acting, mg and net contact force
(resultant of friction and normal reaction) from the
inclined plane. Since the body is at rest. Therefore
these two forces should be equal and oppsite.
Net contact force = mg (upwards)
10. During acceleration,
v a t
F
m
t = =
1 1
1
1
F
mv
t
1
1
= ...(i)
during retardation,
0
2 2
2
2
= = v a t v
F
m
t
F
mv
t
2
2
= ...(ii)
If t t
1 2
= then F F
1 2
=
t t
1 2
< then F F
1 2
> and
t t
1 2
> then F F
1 2
<
11. Angle of repose
= =

=

tan ( ) tan
1 1
1
3
30
So, particle may be placed maximum upto 30, as
shown in figure below
h R R R = =

cos 30 1
3
2
Ans.
12. Net pulling force F g g
1
15 5 =
F g
1
10 100 = = N
Net stopping force F
2
5 10 = 0.2
= 10 N
Since F F
1 2
> , therefore the system will move
(anticlockwise) with an acceleration,
a
F F
=

+ +
1 2
15 5 5
= =
90
25
2
3.6 m/s
15 kg block
15 10 15 15
2
= = T a 3.6
T
2
96 = N
5 kg block
T a
1
5 10 5 5 = = 3.6
T
1
68 = N

T
T
1
2
68
96
17
24
= =
Chap ter 5 Laws of Motion 11
30
R
30
h
a
mg
T