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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level



CHEMISTRY
5070/01


Paper 1 Multiple Choice

October/November 2005

1 hour
Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet
Soft clean eraser
Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)





READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the answer sheet in the spaces provided unless
this has been done for you.

There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions.
For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and
record your choice in soft pencil on the separate answer sheet.

Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.
You may use a calculator.






















This document consists of 14 printed pages and 2 blank pages.
IB05 11_5070_01/2RP
UCLES 2005

[Turn over

2

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05
1 Which of the following is a pure compound?
A ethanol
B petrol
C steel
D tap water


2 Substance X melts at 53
o
C and boils at 100
o
C. It does not dissolve in water and it does not react
with water.

Which diagram shows the method most suitable for separating X from a mixture of X and water?

heat
water out
water in
heat
heat
mixture
mixture
mixture
D C
water out
water in
mixture
B A
glass
beads



3

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05 [Turn over
3 The coverplate is removed from the gas jars shown in the diagram. After several days, the colour
of the gas is the same in both jars.

oxygen
cover plate
bromine


Which statement explains this change?
A Oxygen and bromine gases have equal densities.
B Oxygen and bromine molecules are in random motion.
C Oxygen and bromine molecules diffuse at the same rate.
D Equal volumes of oxygen and bromine contain equal numbers of molecules.


4 The diagrams show an experiment with aqueous ammonium chloride.

solution X
mixture
aqueous
ammonium
chloride
poured in moist litmus
paper
heat


A gas, Y, is produced and the litmus paper changes colour.

What are solution X and gas Y?

solution X gas Y
A aqueous sodium hydroxide ammonia
B aqueous sodium hydroxide chlorine
C dilute sulphuric acid ammonia
D dilute sulphuric acid chlorine

4

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05
5 Which two gases each change the colour of damp red litmus paper?
A ammonia and chlorine
B ammonia and hydrogen chloride
C carbon dioxide and chlorine
D carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide


6 The atoms P
31
15
and S
32
16
have the same
A nucleon number.
B number of electrons.
C number of neutrons.
D number of protons.


7 The diagram shows the arrangement of electrons in a molecule of compound YZ
2
.

Z Z
Y
outer electron of a Y atom
outer electron of a Z atom
key


What are elements Y and Z?

Y Z
A calcium chlorine
B carbon oxygen
C oxygen hydrogen
D sulphur chlorine


8 Which two statements about a covalent bond are correct?

1 It can be formed between two metal atoms.
2 It can be formed between two non-metal atoms.
3 It is formed by the transfer of electrons between atoms.
4 It is formed by sharing electrons between atoms.

A 1 and 3 B 1 and 4 C 2 and 3 D 2 and 4

5

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05 [Turn over
9 Which statement explains why sodium chloride, NaCl, has a lower melting point than magnesium
oxide, MgO?
A Sodium chloride is covalent but magnesium oxide is ionic.
B Sodium is more reactive than magnesium.
C The attraction between Na
+
and Cl

is weaker than that between Mg


2+
and O
2
.
D The melting point of sodium is lower than that of magnesium.


10 Four substances have the following electrical properties.

substance property
W does not conduct under any conditions
X conducts only in aqueous solution
Y conducts in both the molten and solid states
Z conducts in both the molten and aqueous states

What are these four substances?

W X Y Z
A HCl S NaCl Pb
B Pb HCl NaCl S
C S HCl Pb NaCl
D S NaCl HCl Pb


11 What is the ratio of the volume of 2 g of hydrogen to the volume of 16 g of methane, both volumes
at r.t.p.?
A 1 to 1 B 1 to 2 C 1 to 8 D 2 to 1


6

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05
12 The diagram shows the electrolysis of a concentrated aqueous solution containing both
copper(II) ions and sodium ions.

solution


Which metal is deposited at the negative electrode and why?

metal deposited reason
A copper copper is less reactive than sodium
B copper copper is more reactive than hydrogen
C sodium copper is less reactive than hydrogen
D sodium copper is more reactive than sodium


13 The energy profile diagram below is for a reaction P + Q R + S.

0
R +S
P +Q
H
3
H
2
H
1
energy


Which statement is correct?
A The activation energy of the reaction is (H
3
H
1
).
B The activation energy of the reaction is (H
3
H
2
).
C H is (H
1
H
2
).
D H is (H
1
H
3
).


7

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05 [Turn over
14 The rate of the reaction between a given mass of calcium carbonate and an excess of
hydrochloric acid is studied by collecting the carbon dioxide in a graduated syringe.

The results are shown in the graph.

0
0 1 2
time / min
total volume
of carbon
dioxide / cm
3
3 4 5 6
20
40
60
80
100


How much time is required for half the calcium carbonate to react?
A 0.95 min B 1.5 min C 2.0 min D 3.0 min


15 Ammonia is made by a reversible reaction between nitrogen and hydrogen.

The equation for the reaction is shown.

N
2
(g) + 3H
2
(g) 2NH
3
(g) H is negative

What is the effect of increasing the pressure in this process?
A Less ammonia is formed.
B Less heat is produced.
C More ammonia is formed.
D The reaction slows down.


8

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05
16 Separate samples of hydrogen peroxide are added to aqueous potassium iodide and to acidified
potassium dichromate(VI). The iodide ions are oxidised and dichromate(VI) ions are reduced.

What colour changes are seen?

potassium iodide
acidified potassium
dichromate(VI)
A colourless to brown purple to colourless
B brown to colourless purple to colourless
C colourless to brown orange to green
D brown to colourless orange to green


17 In which line in the table is all the information correct?

reaction at electrode electrode product
A 2X

X
2
+ 2e

cathode metal
B X
+
+ e

X anode metal
C 2X

X
2
+ 2e

anode non-metal
D X
+
+ e

X cathode non-metal


18 Which two reagents could be used to prepare the insoluble salt copper(II) carbonate?
A CuO(s) + Na
2
CO
3
(aq)
B CuO(s) + MgCO
3
(s)
C CuSO
4
(aq) + Na
2
CO
3
(aq)
D CuSO
4
(aq) + MgCO
3
(s)


19 Which statement does not describe a property of a weak acid in solution?
A It forms a salt with sodium hydroxide.
B It has a pH of between 8 and 9.
C It is only partly dissociated into ions.
D It reacts with sodium carbonate to give off carbon dioxide.


9

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05 [Turn over
20 Which products are formed when dilute hydrochloric acid reacts with the substances shown in the
table?

substance products
A iron iron(II) chloride + hydrogen only
B iron(II) carbonate iron(II) chloride + carbon dioxide gas only
C iron(II) oxide iron(II) chloride + oxygen gas only
D iron(II) sulphate iron(II) chloride + sulphur dioxide only


21 Which pollutant increases the growth of algae in rivers and streams?
A chlorine
B heavy metal ions
C nitrate ions
D sulphur dioxide


22 When chlorine water is added to a colourless solution of X, a dark brown solution is obtained.

What is X?
A KCl B KI C NaBr D NaF


23 Many properties of an element and its compounds can be predicted from the position of the
element in the Periodic Table.

What property could not be predicted in this way?
A the acidic or basic nature of its oxide
B the formula of its oxide
C the number of isotopes it has
D its metallic or non-metallic properties


24 The element with a proton number 12 has similar chemical properties to the element with the
proton number
A 2. B 11. C 13. D 20.


25 What is the mass of aluminium in 204 g of aluminium oxide, Al
2
O
3
?
A 26 g B 27 g C 54 g D 108 g


10

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05
26 Which process does not result in the formation of both carbon dioxide and water?
A addition of a dilute acid to a carbonate
B burning ethanol
C burning methane
D heating crystals of hydrated sodium carbonate


27 Experiments are set up to investigate the sacrificial protection of iron.

iron nail
water
iron nail
water
iron nail
water
copper magnesium zinc
X Y Z


In which test-tubes will the iron rust?
A X only B Y only C X and Z only D Y and Z only


28 One mole of compound X gives three moles of ions in aqueous solution. X reacts with ammonium
carbonate to give an acidic gas.

What is compound X?
A calcium hydroxide
B ethanoic acid
C sodium hydroxide
D sulphuric acid


11

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05 [Turn over
29 The diagrams show the reactions of three different metals with dilute hydrochloric acid.

dilute
hydrochloric
acid
dilute
hydrochloric
acid
metal W metal X
dilute
hydrochloric
acid
metal Y
bubbles of
hydrogen


What are metals W, X and Y?

W X Y
A copper magnesium zinc
B copper zinc magnesium
C magnesium zinc copper
D zinc magnesium copper


30 Which statements about the pollutant carbon monoxide are correct?

1 It is a colourless, odourless gas.
2 It is formed by incomplete combustion of natural gas.
3 It reacts with haemoglobin in the blood.

A 1 and 2 only
B 1 and 3 only
C 2 and 3 only
D 1, 2 and 3


31 Which gas is not produced when hydrocarbons are burnt in the internal combustion engine?
A carbon dioxide
B carbon monoxide
C hydrogen
D nitrogen oxides


12

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05
32 Cholesterol is an organic molecule that occurs in the blood stream.

What type of compound is cholesterol?
A an acid
B an alcohol
C an alkane
D an alkene


33 The diagrams show four hydrocarbons P, Q, R and S.

H C
H
H
C
H
H
C
H
H
H
P
H C
H
H
C
H
H
C
H
H
C
H
H
H
Q
H C
H
H
C
H
C
H
C
H
H
H
R
H C
H
H
C
H
C
H
H
H
C H
H
H
S


Which two hydrocarbons are isomers of each other?
A P and Q B P and S C Q and R D Q and S


34 When ethanol reacts with ethanoic acid, the ester ethyl ethanoate is formed.

C
2
H
5
OH + CH
3
CO
2
H CH
3
CO
2
C
2
H
5
+ H
2
O

What is the formula of the ester formed when methanol reacts with butanoic acid (C
3
H
7
CO
2
H)?
A C
2
H
5
CO
2
C
2
H
5

B C
3
H
7
CO
2
C
2
H
5

C CH
3
CO
2
C
3
H
7

D C
3
H
7
CO
2
CH
3



35 Which of these polymers is a protein?
A (C
2
H
3
Cl )
n

B (C
2
H
3
NO)
n

C (C
5
H
8
O
2
)
n

D (C
6
H
10
O
5
)
n


13

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05
36 Which natural resource is being depleted by the manufacture of plastics?
A air
B fossil fuels
C metal ores
D water


37 Which statement is true about ethanol?
A It is formed by the catalytic addition of steam to ethene.
B It is an unsaturated compound.
C It is formed by the oxidation of ethanoic acid.
D It reacts with ethyl ethanoate to form an acid.


38 Which element is least likely to be found in a macromolecule?
A carbon
B hydrogen
C oxygen
D sodium


39 What is the catalyst used in the preparation of ethyl ethanoate from ethanol and ethanoic acid?
A concentrated sulphuric acid
B nickel
C vanadium(V) oxide
D yeast


40 A macromolecule is made from the two monomer molecules shown below.

C C
O
HO OH and
O
HO OH


What is the macromolecule?
A a carbohydrate
B a polyamide
C a polyester
D a protein


14

5070/01/O/N/05
BLANK PAGE

15


Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

5070/01/O/N/05
BLANK PAGE

16


University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department
of the University of Cambridge.

UCLES 2005 5070/01/O/N/05

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V
I
V
I
I
0
8
5
R
b
R
u
b
i
d
i
u
m
3
7
1
3
3
C
s
C
a
e
s
i
u
m
5
5
2
2
6
R
a
R
a
d
i
u
m
8
8
T
h
e

v
o
l
u
m
e

o
f

o
n
e

m
o
l
e

o
f

a
n
y

g
a
s

i
s

2
4
d
m
3
a
t

r
o
o
m

t
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

a
n
d

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e

(
r
.
t
.
p
.
)
.
a
X
b
a

=

r
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

a
t
o
m
i
c

m
a
s
s
X

=

a
t
o
m
i
c

s
y
m
b
o
l
b

=

p
r
o
t
o
n

(
a
t
o
m
i
c
)

n
u
m
b
e
r
K
e
y
*
5
8
-
7
1

L
a
n
t
h
a
n
o
i
d

s
e
r
i
e
s

9
0
-
1
0
3

A
c
t
i
n
o
i
d

s
e
r
i
e
s
D
A
T
A

S
H
E
E
T
T
h
e

P
e
r
i
o
d
i
c

T
a
b
l
e

o
f

t
h
e

E
l
e
m
e
n
t
s

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