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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.

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CHAPTER 1

AUTOMATIC SIGNALLING

1.1 INTRODUCTION

Automatic block working is a system of train working in


which movement of the train is controlled by the automatic
stop signal. These signals are operated automatically by the
passage of trains in to through and out of the automatic
signalling sections.

1.2 FEATURES

Automatic block system

 The line shall be provided with continuous track


circuiting or axle counters.
 Block section is divided into various small-
signalling sections.
 Each signalling section is governed by an
Automatic stop signal.
 Each signalling section is further divided into
berthing and overlap track circuit.

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 2

1.3 ADVANTAGES

 Line capacity increases.

 Less dependence on human agencies.

 Automatic stop signal can be passed at `ON' position as


per General Rule 9.02 , after stopping one minute by day
and two minutes by night.

1.4 Automatic stop signal

 Automatic stop signals are multiple


Aspect colour light signals.
( 3Aspect/
4 Aspect stop signals)

 Aspect of Automatic stop signal


are controlled by the movement of
train.
Letter ‘A’ in
black on white A
circular disc

Fig no.1

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 Numbering of signals -Normally odd nos. for up direction


and even nos. for down direction.

 Automatic stop signal is provided with `A' marker.

Semi Automatic Stop Signal


 Semi Automatic stop signal can work as
a manual stop signal/ Automatic stop
signal.
 Semi Automatic signal is provided with
illuminated ‘A’ sign.
 Illuminated 'A' sign will lit when signal
is working as Automatic stop signal.
 Illuminated ‘A’ sign
White A
will not lit when signal illuminated A
is working as a manual letter ‘A’ against A
stop signal. black
background
A
 Controlled by king
lever/ knob/ switch.

 Cascading arrangement- When a Fig. No.2


colour light signal is showing a particular aspect and its
lamp of that aspect fuses then signal becomes blank. To
avoid this condition, cascading or cutting in arrangement
in the lamp controlling circuit is provided in such a way
that if a lamp fuses the signal can be restored to next
restrictive aspect.
Example. If green lamp fuses (when signal is displaying
clear aspect), then the more restrictive yellow aspect can

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 4

be lit or if yellow lamp fuses (when signal is displaying


caution aspect) then red aspect can be lit.

 Red lamp protection: It is provided to avoid the passing


of train in no light condition of a signal. In this case the
rear signal will show ON aspect, when signal ahead is
showing no light.

1.5 LEVEL CROSSING GATE IN AUTOMATIC


SIGNALLING SECTION :

LEVEL CROSSING GATE:

In Automatic signalling area, the signal controlling


movement over LC gate are semi-automatic signals. Semi
Automatic gate signal will be in "ON" position, when gate
is open for road traffic.

Level Crossing Gate signal (when no point in the route)

 Yellow circular disc with ‘G’ letter in black and


illuminated ‘A’ letter against black background are
provided.

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 5

 Illuminated “A” sign of the


Semi-Automatic gate signal will lit
when the level crossing gate is closed
against the road traffic and signal is
working as an Automatic stop signal.

Letter ‘G’ in black on yellow


circular disc

white illuminated letter ‘A’


against black background

A
A G
A
A

Fig no. 3

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 6

Level Crossing Gate signal (when


points are in the route)
 Illuminated ‘A’ and ‘AG’ sign are
provided on gate signal..

 Illuminated “A” sign will lit when


level crossing is closed against road
traffic and points in the route are
correctly set and locked and signal is
working as an Automatic stop signal. A A
G

 Illuminated ‘AG’ sign will lit when


points in the route are correctly set and
locked and LC gate is defective and
signal is working as an Automatic stop
signal. Fig no. 4

1.6 Lamps mostly used in colour light signal are


tabulated below:
SR. REF. RATING PURPOSE
NO. TYPE VOLT/WATT
1 SL18 12V/24W 2 pole single filament for OFF
. aspect.
2
2 SL 21 12V/33W 2 pole double filament for ON
. aspect.
3
3 SL33 110V/25W 2 pole single filament direction
. type route indicators.
4
4 SL35 A 12V/24W Triple pole double filament
. parallel for OFF aspect.
5

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 7

5 SL35 B 12V/33W Triple pole double filament in


. parallel of same capacity for
6 ON aspect.

CHAPTER 2

AUTOMATIC SIGNALLING CIRCUITS


Automatic signalling circuits are mainly of two type i.e.
Siemens and Q series type.

2.1 SIEMENS TYPE

a) Circuit with Mini Relay Groups ( Provided in Auto


location )

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9
1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.5
I. When the train is on 1 AT and signal S3 is showing green
aspect. The relay status for signal S3 shall be as under:

Relay Status Relay Status Relay Status


S3 RECR  S3 HHATPR  S3 DR 
S3 HECR  S3 PR  S3 BR 
S3 HHECR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 DECR  S3 DHHECPR  3 ATPR 
S3 HATPR  S3 HECPR 
S3 TPSR  S3 HHR 
S3 DATPR  S3 TCR 

S1 S3 S5

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 8

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT


Fig No.6
II. The train passes signal S3 and occupies 3T (Train is
occupying 1AT and 3T). Signal S3 will show red aspect.
The relay status for signal S3 shall be as under:

Relay Status Relay Status Relay Status


S3 RECR  S3 HHATPR  S3 DR 
S3 HECR  S3 PR  S3 BR 
S3 HHECR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 DECR  S3 DHHEPCR  3 ATPR 
S3 HATPR  S3 HECPR 
S3 TPSR  S3 HHR 
S3 DATPR  S3 TCR 

S1 S3 S5

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT


Fig No.7

III. The train has cleared 1AT and occupied 3 T only. The
relay status for signal S3 shall be same as previous
condition II.

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 9

S1 S3 S5

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT


Fig No.8

IV. The train occupies 3T and 3AT. The relay status for

signal S3 shall be as under:

Relay Status Relay Status Relay Status


S3 RECR  S3 HHATPR  S3 DR 
S3 HECR  S3 PR  S3 BR 
S3 HHECR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 DECR  S3 DHHEPCR  3 ATPR 
S3 HATPR  S3 HECPR 
S3 TPSR  S3 HHR 
S3 DATPR  S3 TCR 

S1 S3 S5

1T 1AT 3T 3AT5T 5AT


Fig No.9
V. The train has cleared 3T and occupied 3AT only.
The relay status for signal S3 shall be as under :
Relay Status Relay Status Relay Status
S3 RECR  S3 HHATPR  S3 DR 
S3 HECR  S3 PR  S3 BR 
S3 HHECR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 DECR  S3 DHHEPCR  3 ATPR 
S3 HATPR  S3 HECPR 
S3 TPSR  S3 HHR 
S3 DATPR  S3 TCR 

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 10

S1 S3 S5

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT


Fig No.10

VI. The train passes signal S5 and occupies 5T (Train is on


3AT and 5T). Signal S5 will show red aspect. The relay
status for signal S3 shall be same as previous condition
V.

S1 S3 S5

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT

Fig No.11
VII. The train has cleared 3AT and on 5T only. The relay
status for signal S3 shall be as under :

Relay Status Relay Status Relay Status


S3 RECR  S3 HHATPR  S3 DR 
S3 HECR  S3 PR  S3 BR 
S3 HHECR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 DECR  S3 DHHEPCR  3 ATPR 
S3 HATPR  S3 HECPR 
S3 TPSR  S3 HHR 
S3 DATPR  S3 TCR 

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 11

S3 S5 S7 S9

1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T


Fig No.12

VIII. The train occupies 5AT. (Train is on 5T and


5AT). The relay status for signal S3 shall be same as
previous condition VII.

S3 S5 S7 S9

1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T


Fig No.13

IX. Train has cleared 5T and


occupies 5AT only. Signal S3 will display yellow
aspect. The relay status for signal S3 shall be as under :
Relay Status Relay Status Relay Status
S3 RECR  S3 HHATPR  S3 DR 
S3 HECR  S3 PR  S3 BR 
S3 HHECR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 DECR  S3 DHHEPCR  3 ATPR 
S3 HATPR  S3 HECPR 
S3 TPSR  S3 HHR 
S3 DATPR  S3 TCR 

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 12

Fig No.14

X. The train passes signal S7 and


occupies 7T (train is on 5AT and 7T). Signal S7 shows
red aspect. The
relay status for S3 S5 S7 S9

1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T


Signal S-3 shall be same as previous condition IX .

S3 S5 S7 S9

1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T

Fig No.15
XI. The train has cleared 5AT and
occupying 7T only. The relay status for signal S3 shall
be same as previous condition IX .

S3 S5 S7 S9

1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T


Fig No.16

XII. Train occupies 7AT (train is


on 7T and 7AT). The relay status for Signal S-3 shall be
same as of condition IX .

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 13

S3 S5 S7 S9
1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T
Fig No.17
XIII. Train has cleared 7T and
occupies 7AT only. Signal S3 will display Double
Yellow aspect and signal S5 will display yellow

aspect. The relay status for signal S3 shall be as under


:

Relay Status Relay Status Relay Status


S3 RECR  S3 HHATPR  SDR 
S3 HECR  S3 PR  SBR 
S3 HHECR  S3 DECPR  TPR 
S3 DECR  S3 DHHEPCR  ATPR 
S3 HATPR  S3 HECPR 
S3 TPSR  S3 HHR 
S3 DATPR  S3 TCR 

S3 S5 S7 S9

1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T


Fig No.18

XIV The train passes signal S9.


Signal S9 shows red aspect. (Train is on 7AT and 9T).
The relay status for Signal S3 shall be same as previous
condition XIII .

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 14

S3 S5 S7 S9
1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T
Fig No.19

XV. Train has cleared 7AT and


occupies 9T only. The relay status for signal S-3 shall

remain same as previous condition XIV.

S3 S5 S7 S9

1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT


Fig No.20

XVI. Train occupies 9AT ( train is on 9T and 9AT). The


relay status for Signal S-3 shall remain same as
previous condition XV.

S3 S5 S7 S9

1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT


Fig No.21
XVII. Train has cleared 9T and
occupies 9AT only. Signal S-3 will display Green
aspect, signal S-5 will display double yellow aspect
and signal S-7 will display yellow aspect. The relay
status for signal S-3 shall be as under :

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 15

Relay Status Relay Status Relay Status


S3 RECR  S3 HHATPR  S3 DR 
S3 HECR  S3 PR  S3 BR 
S3 HHECR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 DECR  S3 DHHEPCR  3 ATPR 
S3 HATPR  S3 HECPR 
S3 TPSR  S3 HHR 
S3 DATPR  S3 TCR 

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 16

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT


Fig No.22
RELAY STATUS FOR DIFFERENT TRAIN
MOVEMENT IN AUTOMATIC SIGNALLING
S3 HATPR

S3 DATPR

S3 PR

S3 DHHECPR

S3 DR

3 TPR
S3 RECR
S3 HECR
S3 HHECR
S3 DECR

S3 TPSR

S3 HHATPR

S3 DECPR

S3 HECPR
S3 HHR
S3 TCR

S3 BR

3 ATPR

Remarks
Position of Train

1AT ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-G
1AT/ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ S3-R
3T
3T ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ S3-R
3T/ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ S3-R
3AT
3AT ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ S3-R
3AT/ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ S3-R
5T
5T ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-R
5T/ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-R
5AT
5AT ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-Y
5AT/ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-Y
7T
7T ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-Y
7T/ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-Y
7AT
7AT ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-YY
7AT/ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-YY
9T
9T ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-YY
9T/ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-YY
9AT
9AT ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-G

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 17

(b) Circuit with Main Signal Group


S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.23
I. When the train is on 1 AT and signal S3 is showing
green aspect. The relay status for signal S3 shall be as
under:

Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status


S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 
S3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 
S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 
S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT


Fig No.24
II. The train passes signal S3 and occupies 3T (Train is
occupying 1AT and 3T). Signal S3 will show red aspect.
The relay status for signal S3 shall be as under:
Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status
S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 
S3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 
S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 
S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 18

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.25
III. The train has cleared 1AT and occupied 3 T
only. The relay status for signal S3 shall be as previous
condition II.

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.26
IV. The train occupies 3T and 3AT. The relay status for
signal S3 shall be as under:

Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status


S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 
S3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 
S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 
S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.27
V. The train has cleared 3T and occupied 3AT only. The
relay status for signal S3 shall be as under :

Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status


S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 

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S3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 


S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 
S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.28
VI. The train passes signal S5 and occupies 5T (Train is
on 3AT and 5T). Signal S5 will show red aspect. The
relay status for signal S3 shall be as under :
Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status
S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 
S3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 
S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 
S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.29
VII. The train has cleared 3AT and on 5T only. The relay
status for signal S3 shall be as under :
Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status
S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 
S3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 
S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 20

S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 


S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.30
VIII. The train occupies 5AT. (Train is on 5T and 5AT).
The relay status for signal S3 shall be as previous condition
VII.

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.31
IX. Train has cleared 5T and occupies 5AT only. Signal
S3 will display Yellow aspect. The relay status for
signal S3 shall be as under :

Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status


S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 
S3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 
S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 
S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 
S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.32

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 21

X. The train passes signal S7 and occupies 7T (train is on


5AT and 7T). Signal S7 shows red aspect. The relay
status for Signal S-3 shall be same as previous
condition IX.

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 22

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.33
XI. The train has cleared 5AT and occupies 7T only. The
relay status for signal S3 shall remain same as
previous condition X.

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.34
XII. Train occupies 7AT (train is on 7T and 7AT).The
relay status for Signal S-3 shall remain same as
previous condition XI.
S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.35
XIII. Train has cleared 7T and occupies 7AT only. Signal
S3 will display Double Yellow aspect. The relay
status for signal S3 shall be as under :
Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status
S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 
S3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 
S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 
S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 23

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.36

XIV. The train passes signal S9. Signal S9 shows red


aspect. (Train is on 7AT and 9T). The relay status for
Signal S3 shall remain same as previous condition
XIII.

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.37
XV. Train has cleared 7AT and occupies 9T only. The
relay status for signal S-3 shall remain same as
previous condition XIV.

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.38
XVI. Train occupies 9AT ( train is on 9T and 9AT). The
relay status for Signal S-3 shall remain same as
previous condition XV.

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 24

1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.39
XVII. Train has cleared 9T and occupies 9AT only. Signal
S-3 will display Green aspect. The relay status for
signal S-3 shall be as under :

Relays Status Relays Status Relays Status


S3 RE(Mn)CR  S3 GPR1  S3 GPR3 
3 HECR  S3 GR2  S3 GR4 
S3 DECR  S3 RE(Mn)CPR  S3 HHECPR 
S3 GYR  S3 DECPR  3 TPR 
S3 GLSR  S3 GR3  3 ATPR 
S3 GR1  S3 HECPR 

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CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 25

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig No.40
RELAY STATUS OF DIFFERENT TRAIN
MOVEMENT IN AUTO. SIGNALLING

S3GR1
S3GPR1

S3GR2

S3GR3

S3GPR3

S3GR4
S3 RE(Mn)CR

S3 HECR

S3 GYR

S3 GLSR

S3RE(Mn)CPR

S3HECPR

S3HHECPR

3ATPR

Remarks
S3 DECR

S3DECPR

3TPR
Position of Train

1AT ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ S3-G
1AT ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ S3-R
/3T
3T ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ S3-R
3T/ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ S3-R
3AT
3AT ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ S3-R
3AT ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ S3-R
/5T
5T ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ S3-R
5T/ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ S3-R
5AT
5AT ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ S3-Y
5AT ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ S3-Y
/7T
7T ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ S3-Y
7T/ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ S3-Y
7AT
7AT ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-YY
7AT ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-YY
/9T
9T ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-YY
9T/ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ S3-YY
9AT
9AT ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ S3-G

Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 26

Symbols used in Siemens circuit

↑ Front contact of normally up Relay

↑ Back contact of normally up Relay

↓ Back contact of normally drop Relay

↓ Front contact of normally drop relay


Note –Typical Automatic signalling circuit using Siemens
main signal group is shown in Annexure I and a
typical signalling circuit using Q series relays is
shown in Annexure II.

Cascading / cutting in arrangement-

Relay status Aspect

I. GR1 AND GR2 ↑ DECR↓ Y


II. GR1↑, GR2↑, GR3↑, GR4↓ G
III. GR1↑, GR2↑, GR4↑, GR3↑ YY
IV. HECR↑, HHECR↑, DECR↓ R

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 27

2.2 Q series type

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.41
I. Train is on 1 AT and signal no. S 3 is showing green
aspect. The relay status for signal S3 will be as given
below:
Relay Status Relay Status
3 HR  3 ATR 
3 DR  3 HECR 
3 HHR  3 HHECR 
3 DECR  3 RECR 
3 TR 

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.42
II. Train has occupied 1 AT and 3T-signal S3 will show Red
aspect and its relay status will be as given below:

Relay Status Relay Status


3 HR  3 ATR 
3 DR  3 HECR 
3 HHR  3 HHECR 
3 DECR  3 RECR 
3 TR 

Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 28

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.43
III. Train has cleared 1AT and occupying 3T. Relay status for
signal S3 will be same as above as previous condition II..

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.44
IV. Now train is on 3T and 3 AT. Relay status for signal S3
will be same as above except 3ATR↓

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.45
V. Train cleared 3T and occupying 3AT. The relay status for
signal S-3 will be same only 3TR will pick up 3TR↑

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.46
VI. Now train is occupying 3AT and 5T, signal S5 will show
red aspect. Relay status for signal S3 will be same as
above as per previous condition V.

Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 29

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.47
VII. Train cleared 3AT and occupying 5T only. Relay status
for signal S3 will be same as above as previous condition
VI except 3 ATR .

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.48
VIII. Train is occupying 5T and 5AT. Relay status for signal S3
will be same as above as previous condition VII.

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.49
IX. Train cleared 5T and occupying 5AT only. Signal S3 will
display yellow aspect. Relay status for signal S3 will be
same as given below

Relay Status Relay Status


3 HR  3 ATR 
3 DR  3 HECR 
3 HHR  3 HHECR 
3 DECR  3 RECR 
3 TR 

Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 30

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.50

X. Train is occupying 5AT and 7T. Signal S7 will show


danger/red aspect. Relay status for signal S3 will be
same as above.
S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.51

XI. Train cleared 5AT and occupying 7 T. Relay status for


signal S3 will be same as previous condition X.

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.52

XII. Train is occupying 7T and 7AT. Relay status for signal


S3 will be same as previous condition XI.

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 31

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.53

XIII. Train cleared 7T and occupying 7 AT. Relay status for


Signal S3 will be changed. Signal S-3 will display double
yellow and S-5 will display yellow.

3HHR ↑ 3HHECR ↑

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.54
XIV. Train is occupying 7AT and 9T. Signal S9 will display
Red aspect and relay status for S3 will be previous
condition XIII.

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.55

XV. Train cleared 7AT and occupying 9T only. Relay


status for S3 will be previous condition XIV.

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 32

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.56
XVI. Train is occupying 9T and 9AT. Relay status for
Signal S3 will be previous condition XV.
1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.57
XVII Train cleared 9T and occupying 9AT only. Signal S3
will display Green, Signal S5 will display double yellow,
Signal S7 will display yellow and Signal S9 will display Red
aspect.

Status Relay Status


Relay
3 HR ↑ 3 ATR ↑
3 DR ↑ 3 HECR ↓
3 HHR ↓ 3 HHECR ↓
3 DECR ↑ 3 RECR ↓
3 TR ↑

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Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 33

S1 S3 S5 S7 S9

1T 1AT 3T 3AT 5T 5AT 7T 7AT 9T 9AT

Fig. No.58

RELAY STATUS OF DIFFERENT TRAIN


MOVEMENT

Position S3 S3 S3 S3 3 3 S3 S3 S3 REMARK
of train HR DR HHR DE TR ATR RE HE HH
CR CR CR ECR
ON 1 AT ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ S 3 –G
ON 1AT ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ S 3- R AS 3 DECR
& 3T DROPS
ON 3T ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ S3 –R
ON 3T & ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ --DO--
3AT
ON 3 AT ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ---DO--
ON 3AT ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↓ ---DO--
& 5T
ON 5T ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ -----DO-----
ON 5T & ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ---- DO-----
5AT
ON 5AT ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ S 3-Y

5AT &7T ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ -----DO----


ON 7T ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ S 3 –Y
ON 7T & ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ---DO--
7AT
7 AT ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ S 3-YY,
ON 7AT ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ---DO--
& 9T
ON 9T ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ S 3 -YY,
ON 9T & ↑ ↓ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ----DO----
9AT
ON 9AT ↑ ↑ ↓ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↓ ↓ ↓ S 3-G

Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 34

CHAPTER 3

MAINTENANCE OF AUTOMATIC
SIGNALLING
3.1 To carry out day to day maintenance in Automatic
Signalling section, following maintenance handbook
prepared by CAMTECH/Gwalior may be referred.

Name of handbook Publication No.

Colour light signal CAMTECH/S/CLS/1.0

Siemens point machine CAMTECH/S/SPM/1.0

IRS point machine CAMTECH/S/IRSPM/1.0

DC track circuit CAMTECH/S/DCTC/1.0

Power Equipment CAMTECH/S/PQ/1.0

Lead acid battery CAMTECH/S/1-96

Electric lifting barrier CAMTECH/S/ELB/1.0

Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 35

3.2 DO’S and DON’TS

3.2.1 DO’s

 As far as possible bulb must be replaced during


morning period since mostly bulb fuse during first
5 hours.
 Check due date of overhauling of track relay. if
due, it should be replaced timely.
 Apply glue epoxy on the rail and fish plate of
joints to avoid shorting due to iron fillings and iron
powder.
 Check time delay circuit is working properly.
 Always work carefully as train traffic is on higher
side in automatic signalling territory.

Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 36

3.2.2 DON’TS

 Forget to take the no load current of signal


transformer.
 Forget to close and lock the back cover after
completion of work.
 Discharged Battery excessively.
 Add impure distilled water and acid in the batteries.
 Bypass the regulating resistance of track circuit at any
time.
 Disturb the antilittering arrangement of track relay.
 Forget to give disconnection memo to on duty
ASM/CASM at for time of attending failure.
 Adjust the track circuit beyond the limit of track
circuit parameters.
 Commence maintenance work of point without
telecommunication with ASM/CASM.
 Try to replace any part of the point machine or
associated wiring without proper disconnection
notice.



Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling
CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 1

Annexure II
Q-series Aspect control circuit of a Automatic Stop Signal

3 DECR

3HR 3HHR
3 DR
HHG
3 HHECR
3HR 3HHR

3 DR DG

3 DECR

3 DR

HG
3 DR

3 HECR
3 DECR

3 DR

3 DECR
3 DECR 3 HECR 3 HHECR RG

3 HR
3 RECR

Maintenance
3 HR
handbook on March.2001
Automatic signalling

3 HHECR 3 HECR 3 DECR


CATECH/2000/S/AS/1.0 2

333

Maintenance handbook on March.2001


Automatic signalling

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