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Varian AA140/240/280

Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers
Specifications
Flame AA instrument versions
AA140/240 External PC-controlled Atomic Absorption spectrometer fitted with 4 lamp positions and choice of manual
or automatic lamp selection. AA240 is true double-beam and AA140 is single-beam. Supplied with SpectrAA
Base software.
AA240 FS Fully automated PC-controlled true double-beam Atomic Absorption spectrometer with Fast Sequential
operation for fast multi-element flame AA determinations. Features 4 lamp positions and automatic lamp
selection. Supplied with SpectrAA Base and PRO software versions.
AA280 FS High performance PC-controlled true double-beam Atomic Absorption spectrometer with Fast Sequential
operation for fast multi-element flame AA determinations. Features 8 lamp positions with 4 supporting
UltrAA lamp operation (requires optional external control module), automatic lamp selection, automated
burner adjuster and factory-installed SIPS supply (simply plug in SIPS pump module for SIPS capabilities).
Supplied with SpectrAA Base and PRO software versions.
The AA140/240/280 series flame AA instruments are suitable for manual flame analyses, and vapor
generation using the VGA-77 Vapor Generation Accessory. They feature:
Automatic wavelength and slit selection
Wide-range photomultiplier tube
Choice of burner type (air/acetylene or nitrous oxide/acetylene)
Universal Mark 7 flame atomization system
Deuterium background correction
Automated flame analyses and graphite furnace analyses possible with additional accessories
Factory-installed UltrAA lamp looming optional (standard on AA280 FS)
PCI-IEEE interface card supplied
Graphite Furnace AA instrument version
AA240 G Fully automated PC-controlled true double-beam Atomic Absorption spectrometer dedicated to graphite
furnace AA determinations with the GTA120 Graphite Tube Atomizer and PSD120 Programmable Sample
Dispenser. Features 4 lamp positions supporting UltrAA lamp operation (requires optional external control
module), automated lamp selection, automatic wavelength and slit selection, deuterium background
correction and a wide range photomultiplier tube. PCI-IEEE interface card supplied. Supplied with SpectrAA
Base software.
Zeeman AA instrument versions
AA240 Zeeman External PC-controlled Atomic Absorption spectrometer dedicated to Zeeman graphite furnace AA
determinations using the GTA120 Graphite Tube Atomizer and PSD120 Programmable Sample Dispenser.
Features 4 lamp positions supporting UltrAA lamp operation (requires optional control module
either external or factory fitted integrated supply) with automated lamp selection and a wide range,
high sensitivity (R955) photomultiplier tube. Supplied with SpectrAA Base software.
AA280 Zeeman High performance external PC-controlled Atomic Absorption spectrometer dedicated to Zeeman graphite
furnace AA determinations using the GTA120 Graphite Tube Atomizer and PSD120 Programmable Sample
Dispenser. Features 8 lamp positions with automated lamp selection, integral UltrAA lamp supply supporting
operation of 2 UltrAA lamps plus support for an additional 2 UltrAA lamps using an external control module
(optional) and choice of photomultiplier tube (wide range, high sensitivity R955 or ultra high sensitivity,
short range R4332). Supplied with SpectrAA Base and PRO software versions.
The AA240/280 Zeeman series instruments are suitable for graphite furnace determinations using Zeeman
background correction, and vapor generation using the VGA-77 Vapor Generation Accessory (requires the
VGA for Zeeman adaptor and the ETC-60 Electrothermal Temperature Controller for atomization).
They feature:
Automatic wavelength and slit selection
Zeeman background correction
PCI-IEEE interface card supplied
Power and gas connections kits supplied upon nomination of country of final destination in all cases.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
Flame AA Hardware
Feature AA140/240 AA240 FS AA280 FS
Optics: Narrow beam optics match flame and furnace profiles. Fully sealed optics feature quartz-overcoated
mirrors for enhanced protection.
The AA240/240 FS/280 FS feature a Rotating Beam Combiner, which alternately passes the sample or
reference beam into the monochromator for maximum light transmission.
Wavelength range: 185-900 nm 185-900 nm 185-900 nm
Optical bench: Optics mounted on a reinforced flat plate with a fitted deep-drawn cover for protection from dust
and vapor.
Monochromator: Automated self-calibrating Czerny-Turner monochromator with microstepping driver for enhanced
resolution. PC-controlled wavelength selection and peaking.
Focal length: 250 mm 250 mm 330 mm
Wavelength repeatability: 0.04 nm 0.04 nm 0.035 nm
Wavelength slew rate: 2000 nm/min. 2000 nm/min. 2025 nm/min
Grating: Holographic diffraction grating with 1200 lines/mm Holographic diffraction
blazed at 240 nm. grating with 1800 lines/mm
blazed at 240 nm.
Dispersion 3.1-2.3 nm/mm Dispersion 1.6-0.8 nm/mm
Detector: Selected wide range photomultiplier tube for maximum signal to noise performance
type R446 type R955 type R955.
Slits: Automated slit selection. Automated slit selection
Settings: 0.2, 0.5 and 1.0 nm plus reduced Settings: 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and
height 0.5 nm slit for graphite 1.0 nm plus reduced height
furnace operation 0.5 nm slit for graphite
furnace operation.
Lamp support: 4 lamps mounted in fixed positions 8 lamps mounted in fixed
Fast lamp selection using mirror. positions. Fast lamp selection
Manual or automatic operation using an automated mirror.
(automated lamp selection standard on AA240 FS).
All lamps operated simultaneously in Fast Sequential mode
Accommodates single or multi-element, coded or uncoded lamps.
Compatible with high-intensity UltrAA lamps.
Lamps secured by the base without restraining clips or power cables. Lamps automatically switched off at
the end of analysis. Users can elect to leave the lamp on at the end of an autorun. Automated pre-warming
of next lamp in sequence.
Optional UltrAA lamp looming available Factory-installed UltrAA lamp
looming supports up to 4
high intensity UltrAA lamps
Requires optional external
control module.
Background corrector: High-intensity deuterium background corrector covering wavelength range 185-425 nm. Corrects up to
2.5 background absorbance. 2 ms response. Electronic modulation with automatic gain attenuation for
improved beam balance. Deuterium lamp easily aligned and replaced by the user.
Internal air purge: Barb fitting provided on rear of spectrometer module to enable connection to a supply of clean, dry air.
This enables internal purging of the instrument to maintain a positive flow of clean air through the
instrument. This excludes dust and corrosive vapors, enhancing corrosion protection in rigorous conditions.
FS operation: Optional Supports Fast Sequential operation, enabling multiple elements to be
measured in rapid sequence in a single sample measurement,
without the need to re-analyze the samples for subsequent elements.
Requires PRO software (optional on AA240).
Gas control: Automatic or programmable. Hammer programmable gas control standard.
Automatic gas control preset oxidant flow and variable fuel flow adjusted using manual flow meter
adjustments. Automatic oxidant change-over.
Hammer programmable gas control PC-controlled gas flows with automatic setting of gas flows for each
element. Automatic oxidant changeover. Features unique fast response Hammer solenoid valve for rapid
regulation and setting of selected gas flow.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
Flame AA Hardware continued
Feature AA140/240 AA240 FS AA280 FS
Flame safety system: Separate ignite and flame-off buttons. Eight safety interlocks monitor burner type, burner correctly fitted,
liquid trap, pressure relief bung, flame shield, flame operation, mains power, oxidant safety reservoir
and deuterium lamp cover. Internal gas connections made automatically without external gas hoses.
Separate upper and lower flame shields and a chimney protect against heat and UV radiation from the
flame. External adjustment of all burner and spray chamber controls. Violation of any safety interlock
either inhibits flame ignition or extinguishes existing flame.
Burner adjuster: Manual adjustment of burner height PC-controlled burner adjuster with
automatic setting of burner height
for each element.
Burner height automatically
adjusted to the optimum setting
when switching between elements
in Fast Sequential mode.
Flame atomization: Universal Mark 7 atomization system supplied as standard.
Spray chamber: Fluorinated high density polyethylene Mark 7 design suitable for aqueous and organic solutions.
Mixing paddles: Removable twin-headed mixing paddles fitted inside the spray chamber for better mixing and extended
operation with high dissolved solids solutions.
Impact bead: Externally adjustable glass impact bead for optimum sensitivity and best precision.
Optional Teflon bead for HF applications.
Nebulizer: Adjustable nebulizer with inert platinum/iridium capillary and PEEK venturi for corrosion resistance.
Liquid trap: Integral liquid trap with magnetic float interlock.
Burner: Incoloy air/acetylene burner with Teflon corrosion shield. Provides external burner rotation.
Optional nitrous-oxide/acetylene burner.
Typical performance: Absorbance > 0.9 with precision of < 0.5 % RSD from ten 5 second integrations for 5 mg/L Cu standard.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
Zeeman AA Hardware
Feature AA240 Zeeman AA280 Zeeman
Optics: Narrow beam optics match flame and furnace profiles. Fully sealed optics feature quartz-overcoated
mirrors for enhanced protection.
Wavelength range: 185-900 nm 185-900 nm
Optical bench: Optics mounted on a reinforced flat plate with a fitted deep-drawn cover for protection from dust
and vapor.
Monochromator: Automated self-calibrating Czerny-Turner monochromator with microstepping driver for enhanced
resolution. PC-controlled wavelength selection and peaking.
Focal length: 250 mm 330 mm
Wavelength repeatability: 0.04 nm 0.035 nm
Wavelength slew rate: 2000 nm/min. 2025 nm/min.
Grating: Holographic diffraction grating with Holographic diffraction grating with
1200 lines/mm blazed at 240 nm. 1800 lines/mm blazed at 240 nm.
Dispersion 3.1-2.3 nm/mm Dispersion 1.6-0.8 nm/mm
Detector: Selected high sensitivity R955 Selected high sensitivity photomultiplier
photomultiplier tube for maximum tube for maximum signal to noise
signal to noise performance. performance.
Slits: Automated slit selection. Automated slit selection
Settings: 0.2, 0.5 and 1.0 nm plus Settings: 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1.0 nm plus
reduced height 0.5 nm slit. reduced height 0.5 nm slit.
Lamp support: 4 lamps mounted in fixed positions 8 lamps mounted in fixed positions
Fast lamp selection using an automated mirror. Fast lamp selection using an automated mirror.
Accommodates single or multi-element, coded or uncoded lamps. Compatible with high intensity
UltrAA lamps.
Lamps secured by the base without restraining clips or power cables. Lamps automatically switched off at
the end of analysis. Users can elect to leave the lamp on at the end of an autorun. Automated pre-warming
of next lamp in sequence.
UltrAA lamp looming fitted as standard for Factory-installed UltrAA lamp looming supports up
use with external control module. to 4 high intensity UltrAA lamps. Integral control
Optional integral control module supports module supports 2 UltrAA lamps as standard,
2 UltrAA lamps. with support for 2 additional lamps using an
external control module.
Zeeman background corrector: Features electronically modulated (twice mains frequency) transverse AC electromagnet with peak field-on
strength of 0.8 Tesla during Read period. Less than 5 ms response time between background and atomic
measurements with 3 point polynomial interpolation of background signals for enhanced correction
capability with rapidly changing background signals. Corrects up to 2.5 background absorbance.
Background correction available across full wavelength range. Magnetic field strength PC-controlled over
range 0.10.8 Tesla, enabling optimization of background correction for enhanced sensitivity and reduced
interferences. Magnet field strength locked during measurement minimizing effect of mains voltage
variations. Coil sealed against moisture and corrosive vapors and fitted with a magnet temperature interlock
for over-temperature protection. Complies with International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation
Protection (ICNIRP) guidelines for exposure to time-varying magnetic fields.
Furnace safety system: Three instrument safety interlocks monitor mains power, magnet connected and magnet temperature.
Five additional furnace safety interlocks monitor inert gas pressure, cooling water pressure and temperature,
graphite tube presence and transformer temperature. Violation of any safety interlock either inhibits Zeeman
furnace operation or terminates furnace firing.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
SpectrAA Base software
User interface: Features Varians innovative worksheet concept for data display. Analytical results are presented in a
spreadsheet format of samples (rows) and elements/wavelengths (columns). Each worksheet cell provides
the concentration or absorbance (intensity) result for each sample and element result with a simple click of
the mouse. Datalog displays the history of events including instrument parameters used, all analytical
results and any software messages.
Methods and sequences: Entry of the element symbol recalls recommended method parameters (including recommended
temperature program for furnace methods). Method search facility. Measure up to 999 randomly selected
samples for up to 30 methods. Analytical method Cookbook information available for each element.
Programmable delay before start of any method for system stabilization. Optional tube condition or
tube clean facility at start of each furnace method. First measurement at start of sequence can be either
Calibration Zero blank, Calibration, Reslope or solution. Pause autorun at any time and restart from
any method/sample. Interrupt autorun for measurement of any element/sample combination without
pausing the autorun using Random Sample function. Options to store signal graphics during analysis.
Sequence completion options include control over lamps, flame and alarm.
On-line cookbook: Analytical methods cookbook information displayed for each method in the Method window.
Includes typical calibration graph and list of alternative wavelengths with comparative sensitivities and
any other analytical recommendations.
SRM Auto-optimization: Surface Response Methodology (SRM) auto-optimization routine can be applied to optimize graphite
furnace parameters for any selected elements. The SRM Wizard models the absorbance as a function of the
ashing and atomization temperatures and sets the recommended optimum parameters into the method.
Measurement modes: Absorption or flame emission using PROMT, Integration, Integrate Repeat, peak height or area, furnace
PROMT height or area. Pre-read delay variable from 0-999 secs. Up to 20 replicates with read time from
0.1-30 secs. Minimum Signal Facility skips to the next sample if the first measurement is less than the
specified minimum reading. Different number of replicates can be selected for samples and standards.
Sampling modes: Supports manual or autosampling with flame, furnace and vapor operation.
Pre-emptive sampling: Allows the software to calculate the time required for sampling and reading when using flame
autosampling. When enabled, the software will move the probe to the next sample while a reading is in
progress. The reading is completed using the remaining solution in the transfer line. This reduces the
pre-read delay, improving the productivity of flame analyses by up to 15 %.
Smart Rinse: When enabled, the software will monitor the absorbance signal during a rinse until it falls below the user
defined minimum absorbance, or the rinse time has elapsed. Once the min. absorbance value is reached,
the next sample is automatically presented. Smart Rinse automatically optimizes the rinse times, eliminating
contamination and improving sample throughput when using flame autosampling.
SIPS support: Supports both single pump SIPS-10 or dual pump SIPS-20 Sample Introduction Pump Systems.
Weight and volume correction: Optional during run. Also allows correction for pre-analysis dilutions. Correction factors may
be imported in ASCII format.
Internal standard correction: Corrections can be applied on-line in Fast Sequential mode to improve precision and accuracy by correcting
for physical differences, sample preparation errors or long term drift. Program the system to monitor the
absorbance of a selected internal standard analyte and apply corrections to all elements included in that
measurement. Requires optional PRO software.
Calibration and blank correction: Up to 10 standards with separate Calibration Zero blank and multiple Reagent Blanks. Calibration in
Concentration, Bracketing Standards, Standard Additions and Direct Abs readout. Signal Expansion factor
of 0.1-100 available in all calibration modes. Choice of 8 least-squares calibration algorithms from New
Rational, Rational, Linear, Quadratic and Cubic (weighted fit or forced through zero). Calibration goodness
of fit data display can be viewed or printed for compliance with GLP requirements. Programmable
recalibration and reslope rates for each method. Built-in excess curvature and inflection tests provided
with user-selectable error action options including Stop; Continue in Abs or Switch to Next Method.
Create a Reference Calibration from any current calibration. This can be displayed and overlaid with the
current calibration to help assess goodness of fit.
QC Protocols: Ten Quality Control tests for flame, vapor and furnace AA: QC Blank, QC Standard, QC Spike, Matrix Spike,
Lab Control Sample, Duplicate, Precision (replicate %RSD), Correlation Coefficient and Detection Limit tests.
Each test offers action options in the event of test failure, including: Stop; Flag and continue; Retry, flag
and continue; Recalibrate and repeat; Switch to next method. All data is date and time stamped. QC Tests
may be performed at a defined rate (based on solution or replicate measurements) and/or added
manually into the sequence. Optional PRO software extends QC Protocols supporting further flexibility
from a simple equation editor and extended capabilities that allow testing to US EPA and US CLP protocols.
Other international compliance standards can be easily met by customizing QCP.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
SpectrAA Base software continued
Data display: Customize the display with a choice of up to four windows selected from: Worksheet, Signal graphics,
Calibration graph, Data log. Can also display push buttons, current method status block and large replicate
display boxes providing a display of concentration, mean absorbance, mean background and precision
(%RSD). Data log displays all data including instrument parameters, time and date stamps. All replicate
readings and error messages (where applicable) are displayed in a scrollable window for review of previous
results at any time. All graphics are displayed in real time. Signals and different calibration algorithms can
be overlaid for comparison. Graphics cursor displays atomic absorbance/intensity with time/concentration
and temperature. Zoom signals for detailed analysis. Independent scaling of absorbance, time and
temperature axes. Wavelength scanning with scan rate variable from 5-250 nm/min.
Data handling: All raw data, signals (when selected), method and sequence parameters are stored in one worksheet file.
Furnace data is stored in both height and area. Weight, volume and dilution correction factors can be
applied before or during the analysis. Editing of results by masking replicate or solution results and post run
modification of peak measurement mode with automatic recalculation of edited result. Calibration data can
also be edited by masking standards. Post-run application of alternative calibration algorithms. Full unit
conversion facilities are available allowing reporting of calibration standards in one set of units, while
reporting sample results in another set of user definable units.
Data import/export: Data can be exported during or after analysis in ASCII and PRN file formats. In addition, current data can
be transferred directly into third party software using Microsoft Active X/OLE technology, which uses
Windows COM control to allow bi-directional flow of data. This supports manipulation of data from the AA
using other applications running on the desktop, and provides capability for remote control of the AA.
Reporting: Reports can be printed automatically during or after analysis or manually at any time. User-selectable
sequential or multi-element formats. Reports can be customized to include: calibration results, calibration
graphs, method parameters and notes, mean concentration, mean absorbance, precision (% RSD and/or SD),
replicate readings, mean background, date/time, correction factors and signal graphics. Print preview facility.
Administration: Provides access to the usage counters enabling you to track the operating hours of lamps (HC and
deuterium lamps), electrodes and pump tubing. This enables you to reduce downtime and running costs,
and assists with GLP compliance. The usage counters also enable you to track replicate and sample
measurements. Allows library (customized) methods to be deleted.
Allows access to the software configuration settings. Custom Rack Wizard allows user to program the SPS
autosampler to use custom racks by defining the rack location, rack grid and tube positions of the rack/s.
Optional password protection available covering worksheets (adding/deleting methods or editing existing
methods and sequence parameters), data editing, deletion of results, creating custom racks and software
configuration.
LIMS support: Data can be directed to a serial port for real time transfer to LIMS in ASCII or PRN file formats.
Weight/volume and dilution correction factors may be imported in ASCII format. Sample labels and sample
select marks (samples selected for analysis) can be imported in ASCII format.
Help system: Context sensitive help with extensive indexing and cross referencing on key words plus comprehensive
multimedia content including video training materials for ease of use and enhanced productivity.
Optional software
PRO version software: Optional software providing additional capabilities for Duo operation (simultaneous flame & furnace
operation), Fast Sequential AA operation for fast multi-element flame AA determinations, Internal standard
correction capability and additional QC capabilities including the capability to customize QC tests.
CFR version software: Optional software which assists users to achieve compliance with the requirements of the US FDA 21 CFR
Part 11 ruling covering audit trails, electronic records and electronic signatures. For further information,
request publication no. 8510191800 titled "21 CFR Part 11 Electronic Records Electronic Signatures-
Compliance with Varian, Inc. Spectroscopy Instruments" from your Varian office or representative, or
download this from Varians web site.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
Computers
The following configurations are suitable for operation of the SpectrAA software
Minimum: Intel Pentium III 500 Mhz processor, 256 MB RAM, 17 inch super VGA monitor, graphics card supporting
1024 x 768 resolution, 4 GB hard disk, CD-ROM drive, sound card and speakers, at least 1 USB port,
at least 1 serial (RS 232) port and Windows operating system.
Recommended: Intel Pentium 4 2Ghz processor, 512 MB RAM, 17 inch super VGA monitor, graphics card supporting
1024 x 768 resolution, 40 GB hard disk, 24 X CD-ROM drive, 16 bit sound card and speakers, at least 1 USB
port, 2 serial (RS 232) ports and Windows operating system.
Operating system: SpectrAA worksheet based software is compatible with Windows 2000 (Service Pack 2) or Windows XP
Professional (Service Pack 1) operating systems running on external PC with mouse or keyboard control.
Note: The PC must have 1 spare PCI expansion slot for the PCI-IEEE interface card.
The computer must be certified to at least one of the following standards to ensure the electrical safety is
not compromised: UL 1950, CSA C22-2 No. 950-95, ICE 950 or ICE 60950, EN 60950
Accessories
Flame autosampling: SPS series Sample Preparation Systems provide fast, random access, X, Z, theta arm movement using a
serial (RS232) interface. SPS3 provides capacity for 1 standard and 3 sample racks. SPS2 provides capacity
for 1 standard and 2 sample racks. Racks may be exchanged during analysis for unlimited sample capacity.
Choice of standards racks available suitable for use with either 16 mm O.D. test tubes (SPS3 supports up
to 11 tubes; SPS2 supports up to 10 tubes) or 29 mm O.D. centrifuge tubes (SPS3 supports up to 6 tubes;
SPS2 supports up to 5 tubes). Any sample rack can also be used for standards. SPS series are supplied
complete with 60 position sample racks for 16 mm O.D. test tubes (SPS3 is supplied with 3 racks; SPS2 is
supplied with 2 racks). SPS series are compatible with low cost, autoclavable polypropylene sample racks.
The Custom Racks Wizard enables you to handle your own rack types. Probe contamination is eliminated
with the integral peristaltic pump (optional on the SPS2) which provides flow through rinsing of the probe.
SPS3 includes variable pump speed control. SpectrAA software provides a visual representation of the
layout of all standards, samples and QC solutions defined in the sample racks.
Traveling rinse: Traveling Rinse option for the SPS3 provides improved productivity. With the Traveling Rinse, the rinse
station is built into the tip of the probe, allowing external and internal rinsing of the probe as it is drawn up
from the solution. This ensures the most rapid rinse out possible, improving sample throughput.
Sampler cover: An optional environmental enclosure is available for the SPS series. This can be purged, minimizing sample
contamination from airborne contaminants or can be connected to an exhaust outlet, enabling removal of
any corrosive or toxic fumes during sampling.
Dilution and sample preparation: On-line diluter available for the SPS3 (factory fitted option) for pre-mixing of samples prior to sampling,
or on-line over-range sample dilution. SpectrAA software automatically and serially dilutes the samples
until the analyte result is in range. Racks may be dedicated to empty dilution tubes or empty tubes may be
placed in the sample racks.
Optional Roboprep software enhances dilution capabilities with off-line sample dilution and preparation
of multi-element standards and reagent addition.
Diluter features precision 20 mL syringe with Teflon holding coil. Dispenses 0.02-125 mL with total dilution
volume of 125 mL. Maximum dilution ratio of 1:200. Smart Mixing ensures homogeneity without splashing.
Programmable syringe speed, rinse volume and mixing period. Typical error for a 1 in 20 dilution to a total
volume of 20 mL <2.0 %. Optional Sample Premix capability enables solutions prone to settling to be
automatically mixed prior to sampling for measurement.
On-line calibration and dilution: Single pump SIPS-10 and dual pump SIPS-20 provide on-line multi-point calibration for flame AA from a
single bulk standard. Immediate dilution of over range samples with Smart Rinse to eliminate memory
effects. SIPS-20 totally automates flame standard addition analyses, adds modifiers, spikes samples on-line
and introduces internal standard for on-line correction in Fast Sequential mode.
Enhanced flame sensitivity: ACT-80 Atom Concentrator Tube increases sensitivity of flame AA by 2-3 times for a number
of air/acetylene elements.
Lower detection limits: UltrAA lamps are high intensity boosted discharge lamps, which can be used instead of conventional hollow
cathode lamps. Emission intensity is 5 times higher, and sensitivity is increased by up to 40 %. UltrAA lamps
use a separate boost discharge within the lamp, powered by a separate control module (either external
or factory fitted internal supply). This can power 2 lamps simultaneously. Fixed boost current eliminates
need for optimization.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
Accessories continued
Graphite furnace: GTA120/GTA-110 Graphite Tube Atomizer (including Zeeman versions) are fully automated Constant
Temperature Zone graphite furnace systems. They provide gas, water and electrical requirements for furnace
and sampler under software control. Permanently connected to furnace workhead by umbilical cable.
Features Dynamic Feedback Temperature Control with cooling water temperature compensation for
enhanced temperature accuracy without external sensors. Up to 20 temperature steps per program with
temperature programmable from 40-3000 C. Heating rate is software controlled with maximum ramp rate
of 2000 C/s. Choice of 2 inert gases with PC-controlled flows.
GTA120 has internal flow variable from 00.3 L/min. Fixed external gas flow of 0.5 L/min. with PC-controlled
boost flow of 3.0 L/min. during atomization. 2 stage external flows reduce gas consumption by up to 40 %
and provide enhanced tube lifetimes. Typical tube lifetimes exceed 5,000 firings for Cu using an atomization
temperature of 2300 C.
GTA-110 gas flow is variable from 03.1 L/min.
Solid titanium furnace workhead for maximum corrosion resistance. Graphite tube enclosed in an inert gas
atmosphere by a one piece graphite shroud located in the furnace workhead. The workhead features quartz
end windows for high light transmission. Rapid release mechanism for easy tube replacement. Five safety
interlocks monitor inert gas pressure, cooling water pressure and temperature, graphite tube presence and
transformer temperature.
Compatible with a wide range of graphite tubes including pyrolytically coated partitioned tubes and
universal tubes with integrated platform. Tube and electrode firing counters provided.
Furnace autosampling: PSD120 Programmable Sample Dispenser for GTA120 Graphite Tube Atomizer provides capacity for up
to 50 samples in disposable 2 mL microvials, plus up to five central 25 mL vessels for blank solution,
bulk standard and chemical modifiers. Automatically prepares up to a 10 point concentration or standard
additions calibration from one bulk standard. Premix mode provided for use with manually prepared
standards. Automatic addition of up to three chemical modifiers with pre/post or co-injection of the
modifier. Automatic over range volume reduction reduces sample volume by a user determined dilution
factor enabling re-determination of over range samples. Multiple injection up to 99 times preconcentrates
samples for enhanced sensitivity. Hot Injection for Fast Furnace Analysis, with injection temperature
programmable from 40-200 C and programmable injection rate. Dispensed volume variable from 1-70 L.
Repeatability of dispensed volume < 1 % RSD (5-70 L). Air segmented solution pick-up. 1L pressurized
rinse vessel. Flow through capillary rinse system after each injection. Ultra stable mounting mechanism with
position lock.
Optional high capacity carousel provides capacity for up to 130 samples in disposable 1.1 mL microvials,
plus up to 5 central 10 mL vessels for blank, bulk standard and chemical modifiers.
Tube-CAM: The Tube-CAM furnace viewing camera is a factory fitted option (installed into the instrument).
Tube-CAM allows real time viewing inside the graphite tube. This enables accurate setting of the probe
dispensing height and allows you to confirm the optimum drying and ashing temperatures during method
development. Tube-CAM also captures still images or records videos during analysis.
Furnace viewing and exhaust: The furnace viewing and exhaust option mounts on the rear of the sample compartment. When connected
to an exhaust system, this removes fumes produced during furnace operation at source. Features two
LEDs and mirror to assist tube and sampler alignment and improve viewing with Tube-CAM. Connects to
instrument accessories port. Interlock inhibits furnace operation if mirror is exposed.
Vapor generation: VGA-77 modular continuous flow Vapor Generation Accessory for determination of Hg, As, Se, Sb, Te, Bi
and Sn at g/L concentrations. Typical precision 1-2 % RSD with sample throughput of 60-70 samples/hour
determined in triplicate. Compatible with the SPS series autosamplers to enable automated sampling and
unattended hydride analyses when used with the ETC-60. Features plug-in plumbing modules which can
be dedicated to specific hydride chemistries. Spare hydride modules available, enabling rapid change-over
between elements with incompatible chemistries, avoiding cross-contamination.
Unattended hydride analyses: ETC-60 Electrothermal Temperature Controller is an electrically heated quartz cell which increases sensitivity
of hydride determinations by 30 % compared with flame hydride determinations. Consists of control unit
with built-in touch panel keyboard and workhead with user replaceable cell. Control unit provides default
temperature programs for each element which can be edited and saved. Thermocouple temperature control
from ambient to 999 C. Couple the ETC-60 with the VGA-77 and the SPS series autosamplers to enable
unattended hydride analyses.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
Recommended environmental conditions
Instrument storage: 5-45 C at 20-80 % relative humidity, non condensing.
Instrument operation: < 853 m, 10-35 C, 8-80 % relative humidity, non condensing.
853-2133 m, 10-25 C, 8-80 % relative humidity, non condensing.
Electrical requirements Mains supply 100/120/220/240 VAC 10%, 230 VAC +14% -6%, 230 VAC +6% -14%
for AA140/240/280: 50 or 60 Hz 1 Hz. Power requirements detailed in following table.
Gas requirements for Air supply: Clean, dry and oil-free at pressure of 245-455 kPa (35-65 psi).
flame operation Recommended pressure 350 kPa (50 psi). Typical consumption 13.5-20 L/min.
Acetylene supply: Instrument grade (99.0% pure) packaged in acetone at pressure of 65-100 kPa
(9.5-14.5 psi). Recommended pressure 75 kPa (11 psi). Typical consumption 1.5-8.0 L/min.
Nitrous oxide: Instrument grade (99.5% pure) at pressure of 245-455 kPa (35-65 psi).
Recommended pressure 350 kPa (50 psi). Typical consumption 11-16 L/min.
Fume extraction: Spectrometer must be located under an extraction system providing flow of at least 6 cubic metres/min
(200 cfm) at 16 mm water gauge static pressure. Exhaust must be ducted to an external vent.
Electrical requirements 208-240 VAC 10%, 50 or 60 Hz 1 Hz. Rated current 15 A single phase.
for AA240/280 Zeeman and Surge current of up to 40 A for approx. 1 sec. reducing to 20 A for up to 10 sec. in any
GTA120/GTA-110: 1 or 2 minute period. Power requirements detailed in following table.
Cooling water requirements Mains supply or recirculated (preferred) with flow rate of 1.5-2 L/min at 175-210 kPa (25-30 psi).
for GTA120/GTA-110: Maximum pressure 210 kPa (30 psi). Recommended temperature range 18-25 C (65-78 F).
Maximum permissible temperature 40 C (104 F).
Gas requirements Argon or nitrogen (dry 99.99% argon preferred) at pressure of 140-200 kPa (20-29 psi).
for GTA120/GTA-110: Recommended pressure 140 kPa (20 psi). Maximum consumption 3.8 L/min (3.1 L/min. for GTA-110).
Gas requirements for VGA-77: Argon or nitrogen (dry 99.99% argon preferred) at pressure of 300-400 kPa (42-57 psi).
Recommended pressure 300 kPa (42 psi). Maximum consumption 0.1 L/min.
Weights, dimensions and power requirements
Item Weights Dimensions Power Consumption
Unpacked Packed Unpacked (W x D x H) VA
kgs (lbs) kgs (lbs) cm (inches)
AA140/240/240 FS 56 (123) 97 (214) 79 x 58 x 59 (31 x 23 x 23) 170
AA240 Z 56 (123) 80 (176) 79 x 58 x 59 (31 x 23 x 23) 3500*
AA280 FS 75 (165) 106 (234) 79 x 58 x 74 (31 x 23 x 30) 225
AA280 Z 61 (134) 92 (203) 79 x 58 x 74 (31 x 23 x 30) 3500*
SPS3 15 (33) 31 (68) 49 x 30 x 51.5 (20 x 12 x 21) 75
with optional Diluter 18 (40) 34 (75) 57 x 30 x 51.5 (23 x 12 x 21)
GTA120 power supply 41 (90) 76 (167) 24 x 60 x 59 (10 x 24 x 23) 3500*
GTA120 Zeeman power supply 52 (115) 87 (192) 24 x 60 x 59 (10 x 24 x 23) 3500*
PSD120 6 (13.2) Incl. with GTA120 30 x 38 x 31 (12 x 15 x 12.4) Supplied by GTA
VGA-77 5.5 (12) 11 (24) 32 x 21 x 27 (13 x 8 x 11) 20
ETC-60 5 (11) 9 (20) 26 x 26 x 8 (10 x 10 x 3) 550 max.
SIPS-10/20 9 (20) 15 (33) 28 x 29 x 22 (11 x 11 x 8.5) 80
Electronic control module ** 22.5 x 38.5 x 10 (9 x 15.5 x 4)
UltrAA lamp 7.5 (16.5) 11 (24) 24 x 14.5 x 35.5 (9.5 x 5.7 x 14) 150
control module (external)
* The Zeeman AA and GTA will draw surge currents in excess of the nominal rating in
normal operation (refer to the recommended environmental conditions listed previously).
** Installed on rear of spectrometer (unless optional supply built into the instrument).
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
Further information
For further information on environmental conditions and utility requirements, refer to the Varian publication
Varian AA systems pre-installation manual, publication number 8510119300, available upon request from
your local Varian office or representative.
Ordering information
For part numbers and other ordering details, please consult your Varian office or representative,
or visit Varians web site at www.varianinc.com
Safety
It is Varians policy to manufacture safe products and to meet all legal requirements governing the design,
manufacture and sale of safe products. Some or all of the following hazards may be present: high
temperatures, high pressure gases, explosive gases, UV light and electricity. Each product is designed to
protect operators from potential hazards. Varian supplies instructions which describe the correct procedures
for the operation and maintenance of each product.
Varian atomic absorption spectrometers are designed to determine the concentrations of trace and major
elements in solution.
The Varian AA instruments are certified to comply with the EMC and LV directives of the European Union.
Varian Zeeman AA instruments also comply with the guidelines established by the International Commission
on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) for occupational exposure to time-varying magnetic fields.
Varian customer support policies
Warranty: Varian AA instruments are provided with a full one year warranty according to Varians standard terms
and conditions (may vary according to location). The customer is solely responsible for selecting a Varian
instrument to achieve their desired results or for particular applications.
Hardware support: Five years from date of last unit manufacture. After this time, parts and supplies will be provided on
an as available basis.
Software support: Software upgrades to fix nonconformances or safety problems will be issued free of charge.
Software upgrades that include additional functionality will attract a fee.
Telediagnostic capability is available for some instrument models. Availability of Telediagnostic support
may vary according to location.
Varian AA140/240/280
Atomic Absorption
Spectrometers Specifications
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