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UNIT 3

 Ibrahim’s Memory:
What is Ibrahim’s memory like?
He has got a very good memory for some things for
example; He is good at remembering names. This is very is very
useful for him, because he is a teacher and he often needs to
remember students’ names. So, if he had 40 students in a new
class, he'd know all their names by the end of his second lesson
with them. You may say “That’s very clever! How does he do
that?” It’s quite easy. He asks each student to say their name
while he looks at them. He repeats the name, then he closes his
eyes and say the name three times to himself. After this he goes
around the class and says all the names aloud the students are
very surprised if he gets their names right.
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 Ali’s Memory :
What is Ali’s memory like?
He has photographic memory for numbers. If he looked at a
list of people’s phone numbers, He could repeat them to you a
few minutes later. That must be useful. How does he do that? He
doesn’t know but he has always found it very easy. Ibrahim
tested Ali, Ibrahim showed Ali a list of ten names and phone
numbers, He looked at them then Ibrahim hid the numbers and
read out the names on the list and immediately Ali said them
back to him. Ibrahim was surprised and said, ”The human brain
is really incredible, isn’t it”
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 The Human brain
Brains compared with computers
You have something that is more complex than the most
powerful computer. With it you can see and smell flowers,
remember holidays, feel pain, hear your favourite singer’s voice
and think. This thing, which is in your head and weighs a kilo, is
your brain.
How the brain controls what we do
Your brain has about a hundred billion (100,000.000.000)
cells, and controls everything you do. It receives information
from your senses, analyses it, then sends messages. For
example, when you put your hand
29 in hot water, you think. “That
hand, then immediately sends a message back to your hand,
Take your hand out of the water."

The importance of all the senses


Our senses often work together. For example, try the
experiment. Cut a piece of apple, banana and orange. Close
your eyes, hold your nose, then taste the fruit. Can you taste the
difference between the fruits? Probably not. This is because
when you eat something, your brain receives messages from
your mouth, eyes and nose.

Examples of what the brain can do


Your brain also stores past, memories and this makes
learning and remembering possible. At the same time, your
brain controls your breathing, your heart, your body
temperature and your digestion.

It's important to guess


When you hear a sound, your brain tries to guess where it is
coming from. So, if you hear a ringing sound and see a
telephone, your brain may guess that the telephone is ringing.
But if someone picks up the phone and the ringing sound
continues, your brain will guess again. Maybe it's a mobile
phone or a film on TV.

Holes and bails


If you look at the picture, you will see an X made of balls.
Around the X are holes. If you turn the picture the other way,
you will see that the X is made of holes and around it there are
balls. Why is this? Scientists say that our brains always think
that light comes downwards, perhaps because sunlight comes
down. Now look at the picture again where is the lightest part of
each ball or hole?
 Definitions
1- Class :‫طلب فصل دراسى‬
- A group of people who study together.

2- Incredible (adj) :‫غير معقول – ل يصدق‬


- Difficult or impossible to believe.
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3- Password :‫كلمة الســـر‬
4- Photographic memory :‫ذاكرة فوتوغرافية‬
- Being able to remember something by looking at it.

5- Repeat :‫يردد – يكرر‬


- Say again.

6- Analyse (v) :‫ُيحلل‬


- Examine or think about something carefully to understand it.

7- Breathe (v) :‫يتنفس‬


- Take air into your lungs and let it out again.

8- Cell (n) :‫زنزانة‬


- A small room in a police station or prison where people are
kept.

9- Cell (n) :‫خلية‬


- The smallest part of an animal or plant that can exist on its
own.

10- Pain (n) :‫ألم‬


- The feeling you have when part of your body hurts.

11- Powerful (adj) :‫قوى‬


- Having a lot of physical power, strength or force.

12- Temperature (n) :‫درجة الحرارة‬


- How hot or cold something is.
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Vocabulary
* power (n) :‫– قوة‬: ‫طاقة‬ * mind :‫العقل‬ * brain :‫المخ‬
* powerful (adj) :‫قوى‬ * distance (n) : * surprised (adj) :‫مندهش‬
* date (n) :‫تاريخ‬ ‫ * مسافة – عن بعد‬complex=complicated:
* free time = spare time: * pen-friend :‫صديق مراسلة‬ ‫معقد‬
‫ * وقت الفراغ‬senses (n) :‫حواس‬ * gas (n) :‫غاز‬
* immediately (adv) : * heart (n) :‫القلب‬ * suggestion (n) :‫إقتراح‬
‫ * فى الحال‬phrase(n) : * digestion (n) :‫هضم‬
* sunlight (n) :‫ضؤ الشمس‬ ‫عبارة – شبه جملة‬ ≠ indigestion :‫عسر هضم‬
* list (n) :‫قائمة‬ * memories (n) :‫ذكريات‬ * remember :‫يتذكر‬
* credible (adj) :‫معقول‬ * badly (adv) :‫بشكل سئ‬ ≠ forget :‫ينسى‬
≠ incredible :‫غير معقول‬ 31
≠ well :‫بشكل جيد‬ * eyesight :‫نظر‬
* together :‫معا‬ * calculator :‫ألة حاسبة‬ * ambulance :‫عربة إسعاف‬
* (digest(v)– ed– ed):‫( * يهضم‬disappoint(v)–ed– ed): * (concentrate(v)– d – d):
* digestion (n) :‫هضم‬ ‫يخيب أمل‬ ‫يركز‬
* digestible (adj) : * disappointment (n) : * concentration (n) :‫تركيز‬
‫يمكن هضمه‬ ‫ * خيبة المل‬concentrated(adj) :‫ُمركز‬
* digestive (adj) :‫هضمى‬ * disappointed (adj) : * address (n) :‫عنوان‬
* aloud (adj) :‫صوت عالى‬ ‫ * خائب المل‬around (adv) :‫حول‬
* ( attach (v)– ed – ed ) : * boastful :‫تباهى‬ * e-mail :‫بريد إلكترونى‬
‫ ( * يوصل‬continue (v) – d – d ) : * ( guess (v) – ed – ed ) :
* (believe (v)– d – d) :‫يعتقد‬ ‫يستمر‬ ‫يخمن‬
* glasses (n) :‫نظارة‬ * easy (adj) : ‫سهل‬ * keep fit :‫يظل لئقا‬
* gym (n) : * (receive(v) – d – d):‫( * يستلم‬pronounce(v) – d – d):
‫ صالة ألعاب رياضية‬: recent (adj) = modern * ‫ينطق‬
* (hide(v)– hid– hidden): ‫ * حديث‬pronunciation (n) :‫نطق‬
‫ * يختفى – يخبئ‬recently (adv) : ‫حديثا‬ * (hold (v) – held – held):
* holes (n) :‫حفر‬ * holiday (n) :‫أجازة‬ ‫يمسك‬
* idea (n) :‫فكرة‬ * information :‫معلومات‬ * learning (n) :‫التعلم‬
* ( imagine (v) – d – d ) : * maths (n) :‫رياضيات‬ * light (n) :‫ضؤ‬
‫ * يتخيل‬memories (n) :‫ذكريات‬ * light (adj) :‫خفيف‬
* message (n) :‫رسالة‬ * memory (n) :‫ذاكرة‬ * reply to :‫يرد على‬
* modest (adj) * partner (n) :‫شريك‬ * second (n) :‫ثانية‬
= humble:‫متواضع‬ * pain (n) :‫ألم‬ * (send (v) – sent – sent) :
* conceited (adj) :‫مغرور‬ * painful (adj) :‫مؤلم‬ ‫يرسل‬
* possible :‫ممكن‬ * pick up (v) :‫يلتقط‬ * special :‫خاص‬
* receptacle (n) : * downwards (adv) :‫لسفل‬ ≠ public :‫عام‬
‫ * وعاء – حامل‬terrible (adj) :‫فظيع‬ * specific (adj) :‫محدد‬
* store (n) :‫مخزن‬ * (touch(v)– ed– ed):‫( * يلمس‬delete (v) – d – d):‫يحذف‬
* (store (v) – d – d) :‫ * يخزن‬useless (adj) :‫بل فائدة‬ * sure (adj) :‫متأكد‬
* control (v) :‫يتحكم‬ * title (n):‫ * عنوان مقال أو كتاب‬come from :‫تأتى من‬
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Note The Following
* easy to remember :‫ * يمكن تذكره بسهولة‬learn + ( ‫ ) شئ‬+ for a test :
* make sure (v) :‫يتأكد‬ ‫يتعلم شئ من أجل الختبار‬
* by the end of :‫قبيل نهاية‬ * good at :‫جيد فى‬
* key to :‫مفتاح لــ‬ * bad at :‫سئ فى‬
* concentrate on :‫يركز على‬ * terrible at :‫فظيع فى‬
* get ( hot / cold ) :‫يزداد حرارة – برودة‬ * turn + (‫ )شئ‬+ the other way :
* take out of :‫يخرج‬ ‫يقلب الشئ رأسا على عقب‬
* taste the difference : ‫تذوق الفرق‬ * memory for :‫ذاكرة لـــ‬
* do experiment :‫يقوم بتجربة عملية‬ * answer to :‫ردا على‬
* do well :‫يؤدى جيدا‬ * help me with :‫ساعد فى‬
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? ..… What is the difference Between

* Sound (n) :‫) صوت ) الشياء‬


* Voice (n) :‫صوت النسان‬
Exs:
- The sound of the engine is terrible.
- Amr Diab has a sweet voice.
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* ( remember (v) – ed – ed ) :‫يتذكر شئ بنفسه‬
* ( remind (v) – ed – ed ) :‫يتذكر شئ بواشطة شخص‬
* ( mention (v) – ed – ed ) :‫يذكر‬
Exs:
- I remembered to close the door.
- Mum reminded me to do my homework.
- Can you mention some European countries ?
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Verbs & Nouns
Verbs Nouns
Close a door & a window & a shop & your eyes & an e-mail
Guess someone’s age & the answer to a question
& the result & the place
Receive a letter & an e-mail & a phone call & a message
& a guest & a present & a visit
Send a letter & an e-mail & a message & greetings
& an invitation & a postcard & a cable & a telegram
Have a shower & a bath & a meal & a drink & a discussion
& an accident & lunch & a rest & a headache
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Language Functions
( 1 ) Offering Help :‫عرض المساعدة‬

* I will + ‫المصدر‬
* I will do what I can to + ‫المصدر‬
* I can + ‫المصدر‬
Exs:
- I will lend you my dictionary.
- I will do what I can to help you learn the new vocabulary.
- I can show you how to make 33a list of the new words.
( 2 ) Giving Advice : ‫إعطاء النصيحة‬

* You should + ( ‫) المصدر‬


* You shouldn’t + ( ‫) المصدر‬
* You mustn’t + ( ‫) المصدر‬
* If I were you, I would + ( ‫) المصدر‬
* If I were you, I wouldn’t + ( ‫) المصدر‬
Exs:
- You should learn vocabulary for the test.
- You mustn’t neglect the new words.
- If I were you, I would study hard.
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Accepting & Not Accepting Advice
‫قبول أو رفض النصيحة‬
Accepting Advice Not Accepting Advice
‫قبول النصيحة‬ ‫رفض النصيحة‬
- OK. I will. - I don’t think so
- I think you’re right. - No, I won’t.
- Certainly, I will do. - Certainly, not.
- That’s right.
- Yes, I should.
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( 3 ) Suggestions : ‫القتراحات‬

* Why don’t ( you / we ) + ( ‫ ) التصريف الول‬+ …. ?


* You could + ( ‫ ) المصدر‬+ ….
* ( What about / How about ) + ( v + ing ) + …. ?
Exs:
- Why don’t you make a list of the new words ?
- You could repeat the words to learn them.
- What about making a vocabulary book ?
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( 4 ) Expressing opinion :‫التعبير عن الرأى‬

* I think + ………………………
* I think you should + ( ‫ ) المصدر‬+ ……………
* In my opinion + ………………………
Exs:
- I think Ali plays the guitar well.
- I think you should study for 34 the test.
- In my opinion, students should learn new vocabulary.
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Writing e-mail
Layout
To : ‫إسم المرسل إليه و عنوان البريد الليكترونى‬
……………………………………
From : ‫إسم كاتب الرسالة و عنوان البريد الليكترونى‬
……………………………………
subject : ‫موضوع الرسالة‬
…………………………………
Dear …………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………
………………………..…
……………………………………………………………………………………
………………………..…
……………………………………………………………………………………
………………………..…
……………………………………………………………………………………
………………………..…
……………………………………………………………………………………
………………………..…
Sendername
‫إسم الراسل‬

……………………………………………………………………
To : ahmedfadel20002002@hotmail.com
From : Ali_Salem@yahoo.com
subject : My news
Dear ahmed
I did very badly in my last English test because I didn't know enough
words and phrases. My parents were very disappointed. The problem is
I'm terrible at learning and remembering vocabulary. Do you have any
suggestions? I hope you can help me.
Best wishes
Ali
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Language Functions
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Talking about our own abilities in English, we should
sound modest rather than boastful about what we can
Senses :‫الحواس‬

Sight ‫الرؤية‬ [ beautiful / ugly / blunt / rotten ]

Smell ‫الشم‬ [ delicious / fishy / rotten / sour ]

Feeling ‫الحساس‬ [ blunt / cold / hot / sharp / smooth ]

Hearing ‫السمع‬ [ beautiful / noisy / quiet ]

Taste ‫التذوق‬ [hot / salty / smoky/ fishy/ delicious]

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Questions & Answers
1- What is the thing that you have in your head that is more powerful than the
most powerful computer?
----» It is my brain that is more powerful than the most powerful computer.
2- What can you do with your brain?
----» You can see, smell flowers, remember holidays, feel pain, hear your favourite
singer's voice and think.
3- How much does the brain weigh?
----» It weighs a kilo.
4- How many cells does your brain have?
----» It has about a hundred billion cells.
5- What does your brain control?
----» It controls everything you do. It receives information from your senses,
analyses it, then sends messages back.
6- What happens when you put your hand in hot water?
----» My brain receives the message "very hot" from my hand, then immediately
sends a message back to my hand ' Take your hand out of the water".
Why is it difficult to taste different fruits if you hold your nose and close -7
?your eyes
----» Because our senses often work together.
?What happens when you eat something -8
----» When I eat something, my brain receives messages from my mouth, eyes and
nose.
?How does your brain help you learn and remember -9
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----» My brain stores past memories and this makes learning and remembering
possible.
?What five senses does the brain receive information from -11
----» The ears, the eyes, the skin, the mouth and the nose.
?Do we all like the same things that we see, hear and taste? Why -12
----» No, we don't like the same things that we see, hear and taste because of
individual differences.
?Which of the five senses, do you think, is the most important -13
----» I think "sight", is the most important of the five senses.
?How would life be different without the sense of sight -14
----» Life would be very difficult. We wouldn't be able to read books, watch TV,
enjoy nature or cross the street.
?How can we help people who have lost one of their senses -15
----» By having specially trained teachers who are able to deal with them and
develop their knowledge and skills.
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Creative Questions Creative Questions


? Why do brains think that light comes downwards -1
----» Because the natural light from the sun always comes from above.
? Do we all have the same things that we see; hear and taste -2
----» No, each one of us has his own opinion.
? How can we help people who have lost one of the senses -3
----» By inventing devices that will help them to make up for what they have lost.
? How does the brain help us to learn and remember -4
----» It acts as a store for past memories.
? What happens when you put your hand in hot water -5
----» The brain receives a message saying the water is very hot and sends a message
back to the person saying “take your hand out of the water”.
Why is it difficult to taste different fruits if you hold your nose and close -6
? your eyes
----» Because the brain won’t receive any messages.
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Grammar
If :‫إذا – لو‬
If ( Zero )

If ( Zero ) Present Simple Present Simple


‫مضارع‬ ‫مضارع بسيط‬
‫بسيط‬
Ex:
- If we heat a bar of metal, it expands.
- If water is frozen, it turns into ice.
- If I feel tired, I go to bed.
. ‫تستخدم الحالة الصفرية للتعبير عن أحداث واقعية أو حقائق علمية‬ -
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If ( 1 )

If ( 1 ) Present Simple (will / can / may) + ( ‫) المصدر‬


‫مضارع بسيط‬

Exs:
. ‫تستخدم الحالة الولى للتعبير عن حدث مستقبلى‬ -
- If Ali trains hard, he will win the match.
. ‫تعبر عن عمل توقعات ووعود فى المستقبل‬ -
- If I find his phone number, I’ll ring you.
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If ( 2 )

If ( 2 ) Past Simple (would / could / might) + ( ‫) المصدر‬


‫ماضى بسيط‬

Exs:
. ‫تستخدم الحالة الثانية للتعبير عن موقف خيالى أو غير حقيقى‬ -
- If you fell, you would hurt yourself.
. ‫تعبر عن شئ غير محتمل حدوثه‬ -
- If I had a lot of money, I’d buy a new car.
. ‫تعبر عن إعطاء النصيحة‬ -
- If I were you, I’d give up smoking.
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If ( 3 )
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If ( 3 ) Past Perfect (would / could / might) + have + P.P
. ‫تعبر عن مواقف مستحيلة لنها لم تحدث فى الماضى‬ -
Exs:
- If he had run quickly, he’d have won the race.
- If he had played well, he wouldn’t have lost the match.
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: ‫ نتبع الخطوات التالية‬.... ‫ ( لربط جملتين‬If ) ‫* عند إستخدام‬
. ‫ نحدد الرابط بين الجملتين‬-1
‫ يحذف‬... ( so & therefore & thus & consequently ) ‫ إذا كان الرابط بين الجملتين‬-
. ‫الرابط ول نعكس الجملتين‬
. ‫ يحذف الرابط ونعكس الجملتين‬... ( because & since & as ) ‫ إذا كان الرابط بين الجملتين‬-
. ( If ) ‫ تحديد الحالة لــ‬-2
. ‫ نستخدم الحالة الولى‬..... ‫ إذا كان زمن الجملة الولى مستقبل أو أمر‬-
. ‫ نستخدم الحالة الثانية‬..... ‫ إذا كان زمن الجملة الولى مضارع‬-
. ‫ نستخدم الحالة الثالثة‬..... ‫ إذا كان زمن الجملة الولى ماضى‬-
. ‫ ننفى المثبت ونثبت المنفى‬-3
( ‫ ( هى الحالة الولى‬If ) ‫) من الممكن الستغناء عن هذه الخطوة إذا كانت الحالة المستخدمة لــ‬
Exs:
* Perhaps he will come tomorrow. If so, I’ll meet him. ( If )
----» If he comes tomorrow, I will meet him.
* Hurry up or you won’t catch the train. ( If )
----» If you hurry up, you will catch the train.
‫لحظ‬
‫ تتغير جملة واحدة من الجملتين من‬... ‫ نحذف الرابط‬... ( or ) ‫إذا كان الرابط بين الجملتين‬ •
. ‫حيث النفى والثبات‬
* He doesn’t take any exercise, so he is fat. ( If )
----» If he took some exercise, he wouldn’t be fat.
* She didn’t study hard, so she failed the exam. ( If )
----» If she had studied hard, she wouldn’t have failed the exam.
* He isn’t rich, so he won’t buy the car.( If )
----» If he were rich, he would buy the car.
‫حالة الستحالة‬ ‫لحظ‬
. ‫ ( مع جميع الضمائر‬were ) ‫ تحول إلى‬.... ( am / is / are ) ‫إذا كان فعل الجملة الولى‬ •
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If

In case of Without = But for


+ ‫تحل محل‬ ‫تحل محل‬ +
( v + ing ) & ( Noun ) ( If ) ( If ) ( v + ing ) & ( Noun )
Exs: ‫فى الثبات‬ ‫فى النفى‬
39faculty of medicine. ( In case of )
* If he studied hard, he would join the
----» In case of studying hard, he would join the faculty of medicine.
* If she doesn’t attend the party, she won’t see the movie star. ( Without )
----» Without attending the party, she won’t see the movie star.
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Without = But for

If it weren’t for If it hadn’t been for

Exs: ‫فى الحالة الثانية‬ ‫فى الحالة الثالثة‬


* Without his apology, I wouldn’t forgive him. ( If it )
----» If it weren’t for his apology, I wouldn’t forgive him.
* But for playing well, El-Ahly wouldn’t have won the cup. ( If it )
----» If it hadn’t been for playing well, El-Ahly wouldn’t have won the cup.
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Unless = If not
‫ نعكس حالة إحدى الجملتين ) سواء كانت فعل‬... ( If ) ‫ ( بدل من‬Unless ) ‫عند إستخدام‬ •
) ‫ مع ملحظة الحفاظ على الجملة التى تلى‬... ‫الشرط أو جواب الشرط ( من حيث النفى والثبات‬
( Unless
. ‫) أى فعل الشرط ( مثبتا‬
Exs:
* If you didn’t read the book carefully, you wouldn’t understand it. ( Unless )
----» Unless you read the book carefully, you wouldn’t understand it.
* If Ali studied hard, he would join the faculty of medicine. ( Unless )
----» Unless Ali studied hard, he wouldn’t join the faculty of medicine.
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Note The Following
If

Should Were Had


( 1 ) Should :
: ‫ ( وتصبح القاعدة كالتى‬If ) ‫ ( بدل من‬Should ) ‫ من الممكن أن تحل‬-
‫فى الحالتين‬
‫الولى والثانية‬ Should + ( ‫ ) المصدر‬+ ( ‫) الفاعل‬
Ex:
* If she studies hard, she will get high marks. ( Should )
----» Should she study hard, she will get high marks.
40
2- Were :
: ‫ ( بطريقتين‬If ) ‫ ( بدل من‬Were ) ‫ من الممكن أن تحل‬-
: ‫ ( موجودة فى الجملة تحول الجملة بالطريقة التالية‬Were ) ‫ إذا كانت‬-1
‫فى الحالة الثانية‬
Were + ( ‫ ) الفاعل‬+ …………..
Ex:
* If she were a doctor, she would help us. ( Were )
----» Were she a doctor, she would help us.
: ‫ ( غير موجودة فى الجملة تحول الجملة بالطريقة التالية‬Were ) ‫ إذا كانت‬-2

Were + ( ‫ ) الفاعل‬+ to + ( ‫) المصدر‬


Ex:
* If he trained well, he would win the cup. ( Were )
----» Were he to train well, he would win the cup.
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3- Had :
: ‫ ( وتصبح القاعدة كالتى‬If ) ‫ ( بدل من‬Had ) ‫ من الممكن أن تحل‬-

‫فى الحالتين‬ Had + ( ‫ ) الفاعل‬+ …………


‫الثانية والثالثة‬
Ex:
* If he had played the match well, he would have won the cup. ( Had )
----» Had he played the match well, he would have won the cup.
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Review A
Interviewer : Mike, can you tell us something about yourself?
Champion : Yes, sure.
Interviewer : Where are you from?
Champion : Well, I was born in Texas and lived there until I was 17. Now I live
in New York.
Interviewer : And do you work there?
Champion : Yes, I do, but I also work in many other places.
Interviewer : And is it true that you earn all your money from your memory?
Champion : Yes, that's right. I do shows all over America and in other parts of
the world.
Interviewer : So, what do you do in your shows?
Champion : Well, I answer people's questions. But before I begin,
I introduce myself to everyone who conies to the show. They tell
me their names and where they're from.
Interviewer : How many people come to your shows?
Champion : Oh, five or six hundred - sometimes more. Last night there were
more than a thousand people.
Interviewer : Really?
Champion : Then / make a promise, I tell people that if they ask me a question
and tell me their name, I'll remember their name and use it when I
answer their question. If I forget, I'll give the person 1,00 dollars.
Interviewer : And how much do you have to pay at the end of a show?
Champion : Nothing. I've never had to give any money. At a show two weeks
ago, I forgot someone's name for a few seconds, but then I
remembered it.
Interviewer : Mike Champion, thank you very much for talking to me.
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Friends
Abdullah and Ibrahim have been friends for a long time. They are the same
age. Their families are good friends. They go to the same school. They both want
to go to university and become teachers. They both enjoy athletics and swimming.
Ibrahim is good at science and Abdullah is better at English. This is useful
because they can help each other.
Their families go on holidays together. They spend a lot of free time
together. Last year, they went on a fantastic sailing holiday. They have very
42and relaxed person while Abdullah gets
different characters. Ibrahim is a calm
excited and worries about everything.
They hope they will always be best friends and when they become parents
and grandparents one day, their children and grandchildren will play together
and be best friends, too.
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Questions and answers
1- How long have Abdullah and Ibrahim been friends?
----» They have been friends for a long time.
2- Do they have different or similar characters?
----» They have different characters.
3- What did Ibrahim and Abdullah use to do when they were children?
----» They used to play together.
4- How do you explain the fact that Abdullah and Ibrahim are such good
friends?
----» They like doing the same things. For example, they both enjoy athletics and
swimming.
6- How are the characters of Abdullah and Ibrahim different?
----» They are different as Ibrahim is a calm, relaxed person while Abdullah gets
excited very easily and worries about everything.
7- How do their families meet?
----» They sometimes go on holiday together, so they spend a lot of free time
together.
8- What is Ibrahim's hope?
----» He hopes they will be best friends and their children and grandchildren will
play together and be best friends, too.
9- What is your idea of a friend?
----» A Mend should be helpful, sincere and thoughtful.
10- Do you have a best friend? How is he / she special?
----» Yes, he is helpful and always gives me useful advice.
11- Do you agree that we are often best friends with people who are very
different from ourselves?
----» I agree because if a friend is good at one subject and the other is good at
another subject, they can help each other. If their characters are different, they don't
always agree with each other but they are best friends because they integrate.
12- What is your definition of a good friend?
----» A friend is someone I know well and enjoy spending time with. He cares for
my problems and helps me to solve them.
43
13- Do you think it is good to sometimes disagree with your friends? Why /
Why not?
----» I think it is good to sometimes disagree with my friends so that everyone
knows the best to do.
14- Do you have a friend? How long have you known bun / her?
----» Yes, I have a sincere friend. I have known him for a long time since we were
at primary school together.
15- What is your friend good at? Are you good at the same things?
----» We are not good at the same things at school. My friend is good at science
and I am better at English, so we can help each other.
16- What is your friend like? Is this the same as you?
----» He is funny and optimistic. He is not the same as me because I'm nervous and
worry about everything.
17- What are your hopes for the future? Will you be friends in the future?
----» We hope we'll always be best friends and our children and grandchildren will
play together and be best friends, too.
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