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Anastncio Ariel Macucua A Learners Guide to Approaching Verb Tenses, First Edition: Published in March 2014

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Anastncio Ariel Macucua
A Learners Guide to Approaching Verb Tenses, First Edition: Published in March 2014
E-mail: anastariel@gmail.com

An important note to the Learners
Verbs and verb tenses are central aspects to any spoken or written language. However, they
have always appeared to be very challenging to Learners of English as a Second Language.
Therefore, I designed this booklet, which I hope will help you to approach these language
aspects in a simplistic way to learn them successfully so that you can communicate fluently in
English. The booklet introduces and discusses the Past Simple Tense. At the end, you will be
surprised to find a comprehensive list of Irregular verbs with their past tense as well as their
past participle.The idea is that this list will serve as reference whenever you are puzzled.
As you will see, there is also a variety of texts and activities which will help you practise these
aspects integrally. I have tried my best to make the stories and activities in this booklet
interesting, clear and challenging. I just hope that, with fair work, you get the most out of it. It is
also my hope that while the booklet itself is small, the learning and vision grasped in its pages
are large.
dr. Anastncio Ariel Macucua
(Foreign Languages Expert, BA and IT Technician)
Proof read by: dr. Valdemar Benedito Quive
(English Teachers and highly experienced educational practitioner)
Anastncio Ariel Macucua A Learners Guide to Approaching Verb Tenses, First Edition: Published in March 2014

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Web Site : anastariel.mywibes.com For Interactive Resources: anastariel.mywibes.com/alc/key4english
E-mail Address :anastariel@gmail.com
Mobile Phone :(+258) 82 95 95 874 (+258) 84 2180 125

The past simple tense
We use the past simple to talk about the specific time when something happened in the past. When we
know when such things happened.
The past simple is the same for all subjects: I/you/He/She/it/we/you/they played football yesterday.

Past Tense of Regular Verbs
Most Regular verbs: add ed:
For example: Start Started Want Wanted Finish Finished Change Changed

Regular verbs ending in e: add -d
Examples: Live Lived Hate Hated

Regular verbs ending in consonant + y: change y into i and then add ed
Examples: Study Studied Marry Married Cry Cried

Regular verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant double the last consonant:
Example: Stop Stopped

Task: Write the Past Simple of the Regular Verbs below and find their meanings in a dictionary.
Infinitive Past Simple Meaning Infinitive Past Simple Meaning Infinitive Past Simple Meaning
Need Needed Precisar Move Close
Start Manage Follow
Taste Listen Play
Test Love Loved Amar Please
Wait Climb Question Questioned Questionar
Want Believe Remember
Count Answer Live
Depend Agree Open
Show Move Stay

Past Tense of Irregular Verbs
There are no rules for irregular verbs. Irregular verbs, as the name suggests, obey no rule, each one of them
forms the past in a different way. If you want to use them you should consult the list at the end of this
booklet.

Past simple Interrogative form
We use DID as the auxiliary Verb in questions with the main verb in the infinitive.
Affirmative Interrogative
He worked Did he work?
They went home. Did they go home?
We enjoyed in the party. Did we enjoy in the party?
Anastncio Ariel Macucua A Learners Guide to Approaching Verb Tenses, First Edition: Published in March 2014

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Past simple Negative
We use DID as the auxiliary Verb with the Negative particle NOT in Negatives.
Affirmative Negative
He worked He did not work.
They went home. They did not go home.
We enjoyed in the party. We did not enjoy in the party.

NB. Remember that the Verb TO BE and Modal Verbs do not use DO or DID:
He was ready. Was he ready? He was not ready.
We were afraid. Were we afraid? We were not afraid.
She can go. Can she go? She cannot go.


Task 1: Write sentences with the past simple forms of the verbs in the box below.
Catch write Win Sleep build learn bring find send cut lose

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

Task 2: Write the dialogue in the past tense. Give the correct past tense forms of the verbs in brackets.
Last Saturday, I (go) ________ to the cinema. I (watch) _________ a good movie. I (walk) home. I (drink)
_______ a glass of juice and I (do) _________my homework. When I (finish) __________ the homework, I
(go) __________ to visit a friend. We (play) _________cards. Then,he (take) __________ me to a party. When
we (arrive) __________ at the party, people (be) _______ very happy. They (invite) ___________ us to dance
and we (join) ________them. It (be) _________ fantastic!

Task 3: Answer the questions in the past tense.
What did you do before you went to school?
a) I (wake up) ____________ very early and I (make) _______________my bed.
b) I brush (brush) ____________ my teeth and then I (take) __________ a bath.
c) I (get) ___________dressed and then I (have) ___________ a cup of tea.
d) I (kiss) ___________my mom and I (give) _________her a warm hug.Then I (tell) _________her goodbye.
e) I (run) __________to School and I (arrive) ___________ on time.
Anastncio Ariel Macucua A Learners Guide to Approaching Verb Tenses, First Edition: Published in March 2014

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Mr Mikidadi
When I finished standard 6 I was chosen to continue my studies at a boarding
school. The school I went to was a long way from my home. When I arrived at the
school, I made friends with Juma Mikidadi. He came from a nearby region. Juma
became a very good friend of mine.
During the Easter holidays, the students whose homes were not far from the school
were allowed to go home. Juma invited me to go with him to his home. We asked
the headmaster for permission and he let us go.
Jumas father, Mr Mikidadi, gave us a warm welcome.
A chicken was killed for us to eat. Lunchtime came. All the children in the house gathered together. A big mat
was spread for us to sit on. A plate of rice and a bowl of chicken curry were brought. There was silence. My
month watered. For a little while, we waited for Jumas father to join us.
Soon he came.He took the bowl and poured the curry on the rice. Lets eat boys. Were feasting today. Its
your day,Jumas father said, with a chicken leg in his mouth. He put the bowl which contained chicken
beside him. After two or three handfuls of rice he would take some meat and eat it. We, the boys ate only the
rice. Mr Mikidadi hadnt given us any meat yet. He would always say, Lets eat, boys. Were feasting today.
Mr.Mikidadi ate all the meat except the wings and some of the insides. Then he started giving each of us
some small pieces. Some of us got bones. I got a piece of the inside. I saw my friend Juma getting a wing.
After he had given us the meat he told us to keep it in our left hands. Nobody was to eat immediately. We
had to finish the meal and then eat whatever each of us had got.
Jumas father drank a glass of water. Then he washed his hands. He was satisfied. In a minute or two, we
also finished the meal. Then we started eating what the old man had given us. That was all.
A story from Tanzania
1. Read the text about Mr. Mikidadi again and Underline all the verbs that are in the past tense.
a) Give the Present simple of such verbs in a well structured list.
b) Example: Finished Finish Went Go made - make

2. Write ten sentences in the past tense using the verbs in your list. Use the expressions: Yesterday, Last week,
last month, last year, the day before yesterday, when, last weekend and last night.
Anastncio Ariel Macucua A Learners Guide to Approaching Verb Tenses, First Edition: Published in March 2014

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The Past simple tense of Irregular verbs
Infinitive Past simple Past participle Meaning

To Awake awoke awoken Despertar
To be was/were been Ser/estar
To be born was/were born been born Ser nascido
To be wrong was/were wrong been wrong Estar errado
To beat beat beaten Bater
To become became become Tornar - se
To begin began begun Comear
To bite bit bitten Morder
To blow blew blown Soprar
To break broke broken Quebrar
To bring brought brought Trazer
To build built built Construir
To burn burnt burnt Queimar
To buy bought bought Comprar
To catch caught caught Agarrar/Apanhar
To choose chose chosen Escolher
To come came come Vir
To cost cost cost Custar
To cut cut cut Cortar
To do did done Fazer
To draw drew drawn Desenhar
To drink drank drunk Beber
To drive drove driven Conduzir
To eat ate eaten Comer
To fall fell fallen Cair
To feed fed fed Alimentar
To feel felt felt Sentir
To fight fought fought Lutar
To find found found Encontrar
To fly flew flown Voar
To forbid forbad forbidden Proibir
To forget forgot forgotten Esquecer
To forgive forgave forgiven Perdoar
To get got got Conseguir
To give gave given Dar
To give up gave up given up Desistir
To go went gone Ir
To grow grew grown Crescer
To have had had Ter
To hear heard heard Ouvir
To hide hid hidden Esconder
To hit hit hit Bater
To hold held held Segurar
To hurt hurt hurt Magoar
To keep kept kept Guardar
Anastncio Ariel Macucua A Learners Guide to Approaching Verb Tenses, First Edition: Published in March 2014

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Mobile Phone :(+258) 82 95 95 874 (+258) 84 2180 125

Infinitive Past simple Past participle Meaning

To know knew known Saber
To kneel knelt knelt Ajoelhar
To leave left left Partir/Ir
To lend lent lent Emprestar
To light lit lit Acender
To lose lost lost Perder
To make made made Fazer
To meet met met Encontrar/ Conhecer
To put put put Pr/Colocar
To ring rang rung Tocar
To rise rose risen Surgir
To run ran run Correr
To say said said Dizer
To sell sold sold Vender
To send sent sent Enviar
To sit sat sat Sentar
To sing sang sung Cantar
To smell smelt smelt Cheirar
To speak spoke spoken Falar
To spell spelt spelt Soletrar
To steal stole stolen Roubar
To sweep swept swept Varrer
To take took taken Levar
To teach taught taught Ensinar
To think thought thought Pensar
To understand understood Understood Entender
To wake Woke Woken Acordar
To wear wore worn Vestir/Usar
To weep wept wept Chorar
To write wrote written Escrever



I wish you success in the English Language Learning. You may always contact me for consultancy.

Yours sincerely Anastncio Macucua

Anastncio Ariel Macucua A Learners Guide to Approaching Verb Tenses, First Edition: Published in March 2014

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Web Site : anastariel.mywibes.com For Interactive Resources: anastariel.mywibes.com/alc/key4english
E-mail Address :anastariel@gmail.com
Mobile Phone :(+258) 82 95 95 874 (+258) 84 2180 125

English phrasal verbs
Integrated Phrasal Verbs

Exercises

Fill in the correct form of one of the phrasal Verbs from the box.

1. Betty needs to find a blouse that ____________ her new skirt.
2. It was difficult for her to _________ with her studies because of the pregnancy.
3. My girlfriend is ____________ my support to pay her university fees.
4. The bus stopped and I ____________.
5. The bomb ____________ by accident in the hands of the terrorist.
6. Dont ___________ too late. Tomorrow is a school day.
7. I ____________ at her blue eyes and told her that I loved her.
8. I ________ the new words ______ in the dictionary.
9. The airplane to Paris __________ an hour late because of the fog.
10. Jane speaks English too fast, you cant ________what she says.
11. The babysitter ____________ my child when I was away.
12. I cant _________________ Tina, she always disturbs me on test days.
13. Can you ____________ the light please? Its too dark in here.
14. My car ______________ on my way to school. Therefore, I got late.
15. My parents ____________ before my birth, so I just live with my mother.
16. Jacob ______________ too late today. He was drunk yesterday.
17. Peter ______________ university because his father couldnt pay anymore.
18. The meeting has been _____________ till next month.
19. Could you ______________ this application form please?
20. Mary ______________ put away her books when she finished studying.

Task 2. Match the phrasal verbs with their corresponding synonyms
1. Put off a) switch off
2. Call off b) postpone
3. Look up c) despise
4. Look down on d) cancel
5. Turn off e) search
1. Got off
2. Looked at
3. Fill in
4. Looked up
5. Took off
6. Broke down
7. Put up with
8. Carry on
9. Broke up
10. Woke up
11. Turn on
12. Figure out
13. Stay up
14. Gave up
15. Put away
16. Put off
17. Went off
18. Counting on
19. Goes with
20. Looked after