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~1 ~

Hrpa a XonpeH ua uuskux


nuHu1ax
Bmurpmaa Huoro, urpan, kak skcnep1
Aa1opm: 3p Munnep (Ed Miller),
Qsaup Cknaucku (David Sklansky),
Mecou ManuHy1 (Mason Malmuth)
Hpopykunn Two plus Two Publishing
Hepaoe nspanne
B1opo 1npax HnaapL 2005
~2 ~
Hrpa a XonpeH
ua uuskux nuHu1ax
Bmurpmaa Huoro, urpan, kak skcnep1
Aa1opm: 3p Munnep (Ed Miller),
Qsaup Cknaucku (David Sklansky),
Mecou ManuHy1 (Mason Malmuth)
Hpopykunn Two plus Two Publishing
Hepaoe nspanne
B1opo 1npax HnaapL 2005
~3 ~
Copepxauue
3p Munnep 8
Qsaup Cknaucku 9
Mecou ManuHy1 11
HoveHy s1a kuura ... Qsanq Cknanckn 13
Baepeuue 16
Kak nonusoaa1ucn s1o kuuro 18
Hac1u nepaan: Teopun urp 20
Hpepncnoane 21
O1kypa 6epy1cn penLrn 22
OynpaHen1anLnme ocnoam 1eopnn nrp 25
OxnpaeHan npn6mnL 25
Hpnnn1ne peuenn a asap1nmx nrpax 27
Hpnnn1ne peuenn a nokepe 28
3aknkuenne 29
Cneunqnueckne 1epHnnm nokepa 31
Lancm na 6ank (Pot odds) 32
Ho1enunanLnme uancm (Implied Odds) 34
O6pa1nme no1enunanLnme uancm (Reverse Implied Odds) 36
Uennoc1L 6anka (Pot Equity) 38
Onpepenenne pasHepa 6anka (Counting the Pot) 39
Cnyuanme n nesaancnHme co6m1nn 41
Hocnecnoane k paspeny Teopnn nrp
Hocnecnoane
43
Hac1u a1opan: Hrpa ua npeqnone 44
Hpepncnoane 45
Teopnn nrpm na npeqnone 46
Ta1oaan nrpa npaannLnan nrpa 46
Hnoxne pykn n no1epnnnme penLrn 48
Tpn 1nna pyk 49
Pykn c1apue napm 49
Cnekynn1nanme pykn 50
Mounme pykn 51
Cnna poHnnnpoaannn 52
3nauenne nosnunn 52
Caoc1aa nenapnmx pyk 53
Baxnoc1L opnoHac1nmx kap1 55
Yxop o1 poporoc1onunx oun6ok 56
Posmrpmu cna6mx pyk 6es nosnunn 56
Xonopnm konn co cpepnnHn pykaHn 57
3aknkuenne 59
Ka1eropnn pyk na npeqnone 60
KapHannme napm 60
Monc1pm (AA n KK) 60
BonLune napm (QQ, JJ n TT) 60
Cpepnne napm (99, 88 n 77) 60
~4 ~
Menkne napm (6622) 61
OpnoHac1nme kap1m 62
BonLuo opnoHac1nm Bpopae (AKsATs, KQs, n KJs) 62
Manm opnoHac1nm Bpopae (QJs, KTs, QTs, n JTs) 62
OpnoHac1nme 1ysm (A9sA2s) 63
OpnoHac1nme koponn (K9sK2s) 64
OpnoHac1nme canskn
(T9s54s, J9s64s, Q9s96s, Q8s n J7s) 64
Mycopnme opnoHac1nme pykn (nk6an opnoHac1nan
pyka, ne ynoHnny1an a npepmpyunx rpynnax) 65
PasnoHac1nme kap1m 66
BonLuo pasnoHac1nm Bpopae (AK, AQ, AJ n KQ) 66
Manm pasnoHac1nm Bpopae (AT, KJ, QJ, KT, QT n JT) 66
Mycopnme pasnoHac1nme pykn (nk6an
pasnoHac1nan pyka, ne ynoHnny1an panee) 67
3aknkuenne 67
PekoHenpaunn no nrpe na npeqnone 68
Ta1oam c1on (Onon cHo1pn1 a cpepneH 35 nrpokoa) 71
ysoam c1on (qnon cHo1pn1 a cpepneH 68 nrpokoa) 72
HeckonLko kopo1knx saHeuann k pekoHenpaunnH 73
3aknkuenne 78
Hocnecnoane k paspeny Hrpa na npeqnone 80
Hac1u 1pe1un: Hrpa nocne qnona 81
Hpepncnoane 82
Hopcue1 ay1oa 83
Henonnme ay1m (Partial Outs) 84
O6pa1nm npnkyn (Backdoor Draws) 85
O6pa1nm nepekyn (Redraws) 87
O1nocn1enLnan nosnunn 88
3aknkuenne 88
O6napyxenne ckpm1mx ay1oa 90
Ynpaxnennn co ckpm1mHn ay1aHn 91
3aknkuenne 93
Ouenka qnona: ro1oame pykn 94
C1apuan napa n oaepnapa 95
He nepekynnme pykn 95
Hpnkynnme n o6pa1no npnkynnme pykn 97
Hapm, ko1opme HenLue c1apue napm 99
[ae napm 102
Ce1 103
Tpnnc 103
3aknkuenne 104
Ouenka qnona: npnkynnme pykn 106
Hpnkynno qneu 107
Hpnkynno c1pn1 110
BonLune npnkynnme pykn 113
~5 ~
3aknkuenne 115
BonLuo 6ank npo1na HanenLkoro 6anka 116
Ouenka pasHepa 6anka 116
Oco6ennoc1n nrpm npn HanenLknx 6ankax 117
Oco6ennoc1n nrpm npn 6onLunx 6ankax 118
Arpeccnanan nrpa c norpannunmHn pykaHn 118
Hpoponxenne nrpm c Hep1amHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn 119
3aknkuenne 121
3aun1a aaue pykn 122
Oun6ounm konn 124
3aun1a npnkynnmx pyk n nokynka ay1oa 125
Korpa pes ne saunuae1 aauy pyky 127
Korpa na qnone nepam nrpok cneaa o1 aac penae1 6e1 128
Korpa 6ank ouenL 6onLuo 129
3aknkuenne 131
[enaeH pes, pnn nonyuennn 6ecnna1no kap1m 132
Korpa npoaopn1L npneH no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no kap1m 133
1enne pyk n nonyuenne 6ecnna1no kap1m 135
Hcknkuennn npn npoaepennn npneHa
no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no kap1m 137
[eueaoe ackpm1ne 138
3aknkuenne 141
3aHepnennan nrpa (Slowplaying) 142
3aknkuenne 143
Pykn c payHn oaepnapaHn 145
3aknkuenne 148
Hocnecnoane k paspeny Hrpa nocne qnona 149
Hac1u ve1aep1an: Hrpa ua puaepe 150
Hpepncnoane 151
[enaeH 6e1 na pnaepe pnn yaennuennn pasHepa 6anka 152
[enaeH 6e1 pnn yaennuennn pasHepa
6anka, korpa npnxopn1 onacnan kap1a 155
3aknkuenne 157
Hrpa na pnaepe npn 6onLuoH 6anke 159
3aknkuenne 161
Hoxop sa oaepkonnaHn 162
[ae 1nnnunme cn1yaunn pnn konna 164
3aknkuenne 165
Korpa am ne xo1n1e oaepkonnoa 166
3aknkuenne 169
Hocnecnoane k paspeny Hrpa na pnaepe 171
Hac1u nn1an: Pasume 1eHm 172
Hpepncnoane 173
Posmrpmu oaepkap1 174
Ouenka oaepkap1 174
Oaepkap1m npepnoun1ak1 neckooppnnnpoaannm c1on 175
~6 ~
O6pa1nm npnkyn ycnnnaae1 oaepkap1m 176
Oaepkap1m npepnoun1ak1 Hano npo1nannkoa 176
[enaeH na qnone 6e1 177
[enaeH na qnone konn nnn pes 180
Hrpa na 1epne 182
3aknkuenne 183
OopHnpoaanne na npeqnone 6onLunx 6ankoa 185
Tys-koponL ne 1onLko npnkynnan pyka 186
3aknkuenne 187
[enaeH na qnone nysoam konn 188
Hn1epnpe1aunn 1enopanxenn 190
Cna6an a1aka 190
Oc1opoxnan nn1epnpe1aunn
1enopanxenn npn 6onLunx 6ankax 191
3aknkuenne 192
HHnpx 194
Hocnecnoane k paspeny Pasnme 1eHm 197
Hac1u mec1an: Kou1ponuume aonpocm no urpe 198
Hpepncnoane 199
Kon1ponLnme aonpocm: Hrpa na npeqnone 200
Kon1ponLnme aonpocm: Hrpa na qnone 206
Kon1ponLnme aonpocm: Hrpa na 1epne 220
Kon1ponLnme aonpocm: Hrpa na pnaepe 230
Hocnecnoane k paspeny Kon1ponLnme aonpocm no nrpe 238
Hac1u cepuHan: Bonpocm u o1ae1m 239
Hpepncnoane 240
Hrpa na npeqnone 241
Ka1eropnn pyk na npeqnone 244
PekoHenpaunn no nrpe na npeqnone 246
BonLuo 6ank npo1na HanenLkoro 6anka 248
3aun1a aaue pykn 250
[enaeH pes, pnn nonyuennn 6ecnna1no kap1m 252
Pykn c payHn oaepnapaHn 253
[enaeH 6e1 na pnaepe pnn yaennuennn pasHepa 6anka 254
Hrpa na pnaepe npn 6onLuoH 6anke 256
Hoxop sa oaepkonnaHn 257
Korpa am ne xo1n1e oaepkonnoa 258
Posmrpmu oaepkap1 259
OopHnpoaanne na npeqnone 6onLunx 6ankoa 261
[enaeH na qnone nysoam konn 262
Hocnecnoane k paspeny Bonpocm n o1ae1m 263
3aknmveuue 264
Cnoaapu Fnoccapu 265
~7 ~
3p Munnep Qsaup Cknaucku Mecou ManuHy1
[nn ceropnnunero nokonennn nrpokoa a nokep Texacckn XonpeH
nanne1cn acero nnuL nrpo. Kaxpm penL pecn1kn 1mcnu nap1n a XonpeH
na nnsknx nnHn1ax nrpak1cn no aceHy Hnpy poHa, a nrpoamx koHna1ax n a
Hn1epne1e. D1n nrpm Hory1 npnnocn1L aaH xopouyk npn6mnL, ecnn am
xopouo nrpae1e. Ho 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa nrpae1 cna6o n kak cnepc1ane,
oc1aannk1 caon penLrn sa nrpoamHn c1onaHn.
Knnra Hrpa a XonpeH ua uuskux nuHu1ax: amurpmaa Huoro,
urpan kak skcnep1 noppo6no o6Lncnne1 ace, u1o neo6xopnHo sna1L pnn
1oro, u1o6m amnrpmaa1L a 1aknx nrpax. B o1nnune o1 6onLunnc1aa knnr o6
nrpe na nnsknx nnHn1ax, a1a knnra nayun1 aac arpeccnanoHy n
a1akykueHy c1nnk, a ko1opoH nrpak1 ace npoqeccnonanLnme nrpokn. K
1oHy xe, a a1o knnre ne npoc1o pacckasmaae1cn o 1oH, kak aaH nrpa1L
arpeccnano, ny n nokasmaae1cn, kak npnnnHa1L npoqeccnonanLnme
peuennn na Hnorouncnennmx n pe1anLno paso6pannmx npnHepax.
Hrpa a XonpeH ua uuskux nuHu1ax nayun1 aac pyHa1L 1ak, kak
pyHak1 npoqeccnonanLnme nrpokn. B knnry aknkuenm cnepykune 1eHm:
no1enunanLnme uancm, uennoc1L 6anka, cnekynn1nanme pykn, nosnunn,
snaunHoc1L opnoHac1nmx pyk, knaccnqnkaunn pyk, nopcue1 ay1oa, ouenka
qnona, 6onLune 6ankn npo1na HanenLknx 6ankoa, saun1a pyk, kak
co6pa1L HakcnHyH pener na pnaepe n posmrpmu oaepkap1. B pononnenne,
nocne nsyuennn amnrpmunmx c1pa1ern, am cHoxe1e npoaepn1L caon
naamkn na 6onee ueH nn1npecn1n kon1ponLnmx pykax, ko1opme
nosnakoHn1 aac c o6unHn n cneunqnuecknHn peuennnHn npn nrpe a
XonpeH. Bm6epn1e caoe peuenne, a sa1eH cpaann1e ero c paccyxpennnHn
aa1opoa n nx nrpo.
B knnre npepc1aanenm caHme coapeHennme npen, nsnoxennme
npoc1mH n nonn1nmH nsmkoH. D1o caHoe nonnoe n noppo6noe
o6uepoc1ynnoe o6cyxpenne cneunqnkn nrpm a XonpeH na nnsknx
nnHn1ax. Baun npo1nannkn npoun1ak1 a1y knnry, napeeHcn, u1o am 1oxe.
Hocanae1cn
PaHoupy u MuHu Munnep
~8 ~
3p Munnep
Dp Mnnnep ampoc a HoaoH Opneane, u1a1 ynsnana. On nonyunn
c1enenL 6akanaapa no qnsnke, n a1opyk no nnqopHa1nke n
anek1po1exnnke a Maccauyce1ckoH TexnonornueckoH Hnc1n1y1e a 2000
ropy. Hocne ropa npenopaaannn on nepeexan a PepHonp, u1a1 Baunnr1on
n yc1ponncn na pa6o1y paspa6o1unkoH nporpaHHnoro o6ecneuennn a
Mnkpocoq1.
B non6pe 2001 on yanekcn noamH xo66n n anec napy co1en ponnapoa
pnn nrpm a XonpeH a Hn1epne1e na nnHn1ax $1$2 n $2$4. Hocne 1oro,
kak on nponrpan cao nepam c1ek, on peunn ynyuun1L caon snannn o
nokepe n nauan nsyua1L knnrn n c1a1Ln na ca1e Two Plus Two
Publishing LLC.
On yuac1aoaan a o6cyxpennnx na qopyHax ca1a
www.twoplustwo.com n uepes neckonLko Hecnuea c nnxao aepnyn cao
nponrpmu, nrpan na nnHn1ax $4$8 a Hec1no nrpoao koHna1e.
K nnaapk 2003 on nepeuen na nnHn1m $10$20 n $20$40, a a
Hap1e yuen c pa6o1m, cpenaa nokep caoe ocnoano pa6o1o. K 1oHy
apeHenn on yxe cHennn na qopyHax caok ponL naunnakuero nrpoka,
nuyuero coae1a akcnep1a, na ponL onm1noro nrpoka, pakuero coae1m.
Hocne 6onee ueH uec1n Hecnuea ycneuno nrpm a okpec1noc1nx Cna1na,
on nepe6pancn a ac-Berac, rpe n npoxnaae1 a nac1onuee apeHn. B 2003
ropy [ok1op Anan LonHekep (Alan Schoonmaker), aa1op Hcuxonorun
nokepa, nosnakoHnn Dpa c [aanpoH Cknanckn n MeconoH ManLHy1oH.
PesynL1a1oH a1oro nap1nepc1aa c1ano poxpenne panno knnrn.
Ceropnn Dp o6muno nrpae1 na nnHn1ax o1 $10$20 n po $30$60.
Ho nnorpa Hoxe1 nosaonn1L ce6e noka1a1Lcn no okpec1noc1nH ac-Beraca
n nonrpa1L na nnHn1ax $2$4 n $6$12.
~9 ~
Qsaup Cknaucku
Ha ceropnnunn penL, [aanp Cknanckn aa1op noHep opnn, nnuyun
knnrn o nokepe.
KpoHe pean1n knnr o nokepe, [aanp cnnn paa anpeoqnnLHa n nspan
6onLuoe konnuec1ao c1a1e o6 nrpe. Ero ceHnnapm-akcnpoH1m no nokepy
acerpa nonyuak1 aoc1opxennm npneH, aknkuan ceHnnapm, un1aeHme nH
a Tapx Maxan (A1nan1nk Cn1n) n na eHnnona1e Mnpa no Hokepy a ac
Berace.
Hosxe [aanp oprannsoaan koncynL1aunonnyk pa6o1y pnn kasnno,
nropnmx ca1oa a Hn1epne1e n koHnann, nponsaopnunx nrpoame
yc1poc1aa. On nepaano nso6pen noayk nrpy Poker Challenge, ko1opan
ckopo nonan1cn a kasnno.
Caoe nonoxenne a nropnoH coo6uec1ae [aanp onncmaae1 1peHn
aeuaHn:
1. Oak1oH nanne1cn 1o, u1o on nsnarae1 caon npen nac1onLko npoc1o,
nackonLko a1o aosHoxno (nnorpa a coaa1opc1ae c MeconoH
ManLHy1oH), necHo1pn na 1o, u1o a1n npen uac1o copepxa1 rny6okne,
y1onuennme n ne acerpa oueanpnme nonn1nn.
2. Oak1oH nanne1cn 1o, u1o aeun, o ko1opmx on roaopn1 n nnue1
aepnm.
3. Oak1oH nanne1cn 1o, u1o a nac1onuee apeHn 6onLuan uac1L ero
poxopa cknapmaae1cn ns poxopoa o1 asap1nmx nrp (o6muno nokep,
no nnorpa 6nakpxek, c1aakn na cnop1, nouape, anpeonrpm,
npopanxenne kasnno nnn 1ypnnpoa a kasnno).
Hoa1oHy 1e, k1o nonarae1cn na coae1m [aanpa, snak1, u1o on caH
nHn nonLsye1cn.
Qpyrue kuuru Qsaupa Cknaucku
XonqeH Hokep (Holdem Poker)
Teopnn Hokepa (The Theory of Poker)
Honyuenne c1aakn c nonoxn1enuno oxnqaeHo npn6mnum
(Getting The Best of It)
Cknanckn o Hokepe (Sklansky on Poker)
Hokep, nrpm n xnsnu (Poker, Gaming, and Life)
Cknanckn pacckasmaae1 o Bnskqxeke (Sklansky Talks Blackjack)
Typnnpnm Hokep qnn onm1nmx nrpokoa
(Tournament Poker for Advanced Players)
Asap1nan nrpa n xnsnu (Gambling for a Living)
B coaa1opc1ae c MeconoM ManuMy1oM
XonqeH Hokep qnn onm1nmx nrpokoa
(Holdem Poker for Advanced Players). B coaa1opc1ae c MeconoM
~10 ~
ManuMy1oM
CeHn-kap1ounm C1aq Hokep qnn onm1nmx nrpokoa
(Seven-Card Stud for Advanced Players)
B coaa1opc1ae c MecenoM ManuMy1oM n PaeM 3nn.
~11 ~
Mecou ManuHy1
Mecon ManLHy1 popnncn n ampoc a Kopan Ie6nc (Coral Gables),
u1a1 Onopnpa. B 1973 ropy on nonyunn c1enenL 6akanaapa nayk no
Ha1eHa1nke Texnnueckoro Ynnaepcn1e1a Bnppxnnnn, a a 1975 sakonunn
pok1opckyk nporpaHHy. Pa6o1an a Bkpo no Hepenncn (United States
Census Bureau) a 1979 ropy, po6npancL po noaoro Hec1a nasnauennn a
Kannqopnnn, on oc1anoanncn nepenoueaa1L a ac-Berace. TaH on 6mn
Hrnoaenno ouapoaan asap1nmHn nrpaHn, ko1opme c1ann ero rnaanmH
xo66n.
Ho npn6m1nn a Kannqopnnk on o6napyxnn, u1o nokep nanne1cn
neranLno nrpo. On nauan nrpa1L a neko1opmx o6uec1aennmx nrpoamx
koHna1ax, a 1akxe nnorpa amesxa1L a ac-Berac, rpe nrpan a nokep n
6nakpxek. B 1981 ropy on nepeuen na pa6o1y Ha1eHa1nkoH a Northrop
Corporation n nepeexan a oc Anpxenec. TaH on cHor ypoane1aopn1L cao
nn1epec k nokepy a 6onLunx nrpoamx koHna1ax Gardena, Bell Gardens n
Commerce.
B 1983 ropy a xypnane Gambling Times amxopn1 ero nepaan c1a1Ln
QoHuuupoaauue kap1, ocuoauoe opyxue a Bnskpxeke. B 1987
ropy on oc1aann pa6o1y a Northrop Corporation pnn 1oro, u1o6m naua1L
kapLepy npoqeccnonanLnoro nrpoka n aa1opa knnr n c1a1e o6 asap1nmx
nrpax. On ony6nnkoaan 6onee 500 c1a1e a pasnnunmx xypnanax n
nanne1cn aa1opoH n coaa1opoH 14 knnr. B opno ns nnx, Teopun
asap1umx urp u ppyrue 1eHm (Gambling Theory and Other Topics),
on nm1ae1cn npopeHonc1pnpoaa1L, noueHy 1onLko Hanoe konnuec1ao
nkpe nannk1cn ouenL ycneunmHn nrpokaHn. B a1o knnre on snakoHn1
un1a1enn c konuenune ueopuopopume cHemauume c1pa1eruu
(non-self weighting strategies) n o6Lncnne1, noueHy ycneunan nrpa
nanne1cn qak1nueckn 6anancoH Hexpy ypaue n Hac1epc1aoH. [pyrne
knnrn, rpe on amc1ynae1 coaa1opoH a1o XonpeH Hokep pnn onm1umx
urpokoa (nanncana coaHec1no c [aanpoH Cknanckn) n CeHu-
kap1ovum C1ap Hokep pnn onm1umx urpokoa (nanncana coaHec1no
c [aanpoH Cknanckn n PaeH 3nn). Bce knnrn cepnn pnn onm1nmx
nrpokoa cun1ak1cn ocnoaononarakunHn pa6o1aHn no a1nH nrpaH.
Ero koHnannn Two Plus Two Publishing npopana 6onee
800.000 akseHnnnpoa knnr n ceuac nacun1maae1 28 nspannmx knnr. D1n
knnrn npnsnanm nyuunHn a caoe 1eHa1nke n pe1anLno nsyuenm 1eHn
nkpLHn, ko1opme o1nocn1cn k asap1no nrpe cepLesno.
Qpyrue kuuru Mecoua ManuHy1a
Teopnn asap1nmx nrp n qpyrne 1eHm
(Gambling Theory and Other Topics)
3cce o nokepe (Poker Essays)
3cce o nokepe. ToH 2 (Poker Essays. Volume II)
3cce o nokepe. ToH 3 (Poker Essays. Volume III)
~12 ~
3cce o Bnskqxeke (Blackjack Essays)
Bmnrpmmnme konennn a HpnkynnoH nokepe n Hoy6onne
(Winning Concepts in Draw and Lowball)
Asap1nan nrpa n xnsnu (Gambling for a Living)
B coaa1opc1ae c /aanoM Cknanckn
XonqeH Hokep qnn onm1nmx nrpokoa
(Hold'em Poker for Advanced Players) B coaa1opc1ae c /aanoM Cknanckn
CeHn-kap1ounm C1aq Hokep qnn onm1nmx nrpokoa
(Seven-Card Stud for Advanced Players)
B coaa1opc1ae c /aanoM Cknanckn n PaeM 3nn
Bpommpm Mecoua ManuHy1a
Teopnn nrpm a koc1n (Fundamentals of Craps)
B coaa1opc1ae c Hennn HyMncoM
Teopnn nrpm a nokep (Fundamentals of Poker)
B coaa1opc1ae c Hennn HyMncoM
Teopnn nrpm a 21 (Fundamentals of 21)
B coaa1opc1ae c Hennn HyMncoM
Teopnn nrpm a anqeonokep (Loomis Fundamentals of Video Poker)
B coaa1opc1ae c Hennn HyMncoM
~13 ~
HoveHy s1a kuura...
Qsanq Cknanckn
Bm pyHae1e nerko nannca1L xopouyk knnry o6 nrpe a XonpeH na
nnsknx nnHn1ax? Hnuero nopo6noro. Ecnn npo1nannkn, c ko1opmHn am
c1anknaae1ecL a 1aknx nrpax, nHek1 ouenL nnskn ypoaenL Hac1epc1aa, 1o
a1o aoace ne snaun1, u1o o6Lncnenne 1oro, kak nx no6expa1L, Hoxe1 6m1L
nanncano na 1akoH xe nnskoH ypoane.
K 1oHy xe, ocnoanme konuenunn, neo6xopnHme pnn no6epm nap
1aknHn nrpokaHn, cyuec1aenno o1nnuak1cn o1 1ex, ko1opme neo6xopnHm
pnn no6epm nap onm1nmHn nrpokaHn a nrpax na 6onLune c1aakn.
Hpo6neHa eue n a 1oH, u1o caHme aennkne nrpokn nHek1 Hano onm1a a
1aknx nrpax. [axe 1e, k1o sannHae1cn 1eopne nokepa, nHek1 npo6neHm
npn nanncannn xopoue knnrn o6 nrpe a XonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax, ns-
sa o1cy1c1ann npak1nueckoro onm1a nrpm na a1nx nnHn1ax. Onn snak1
ocnoam, no ne snak1, kak nx aqqek1nano npnHenn1L na npak1nke.
D1o ocnoanme npnunnm, no ko1opmH nnk1o (no kpane Hepe, po
nac1onuero apeHenn) ne nanncan npeaocxopnyk knnry o6 nrpe a XonpeH
na nnsknx nnHn1ax.
[nn 1oro u1o6m npopena1L 1akyk pa6o1y, am ponxnm 6m1L xopounH
pacckasunkoH, nHe1L onm1 a 1aknx nrpax n 6m1L npeaocxopnmH nrpokoH a
nokep. Hpn a1oH opnoro yHennn nrpa1L na a1nx nnHn1ax a nnkc, ne
poc1a1ouno. k6o, k1o xopouo nrpae1 na nnsknx nnHn1ax n ne Hoxe1
nrpa1L na cpepnnx n amcoknx nnHn1ax, naaepnnka nHee1 sany1annoe
npepc1aanenne o6 ocnoaax nrp a nokep. Cnepoaa1enLno, 1akan ny1annua
o6nsa1enLno o1pasn1cn a nk6o c1a1Le, nanncanno 1aknH uenoaekoH o6
nrpe na nnsknx nnHn1ax. Moxno cpena1L amaop, u1o nk6an knnra o6 nrpe
a nokep na nnsknx nnHn1ax 6ype1 copepxa1L oun6kn, ecnn ona 6ype1
nanncana uenoaekoH, ko1opm ne amnrpmaae1 na 6onee amcoknx nnHn1ax.
Kak n o1He1nn panee, 6onLunnc1ao onm1nmx nrpokoa a nokep nn6o
nHek1 ouenL HanenLkn onm1 nrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax, nn6o ne nHek1 ero
aoo6ue. Ho pasnnunmH npnunnaH, Hnorne ne naunnann caoe aocxoxpenne
k cnaae c nnsknx nnHn1oa (Mecon ManLHy1 n n paa 1aknx npnHepa).
BonLunnc1ao aennknx nrpokoa a nokep nHek1 npo6neHm c 1eH, u1o6m
cansano o6Lncnn1L, kaknH o6pasoH onn npn6mnLno nrpak1 na amcoknx
nnHn1ax. Ho a1o xe npnunne onn ne cHory1 o6Lncnn1L, kak nrpa1L na
nnsknx nnHn1ax, k 1oHy xe ecnn onn a nnx paxe ne nrpann.
Mecon n n pec1an1enLno snaeH, kak o6Lncnn1L, kak n noueHy Hm
no6expaeH, a nrpe c nysoamHn nrpokaHn, c ko1opmHn Hm nnorpa
c1anknaanncL, nrpan na amcoknx nnHn1ax. O6 a1oH ec1L uenan rnaaa a
naue knnre XonpeH nokep pnn onm1umx urpokoa. Ho 1epHnn
nysoam ne nanne1cn cnnonnHoH 1epHnna nnoxo.
1
Hrpm c 6onLunH
konnuec1aoH npo1nannkoa, nrpakunx yxacno na nnHn1ax amue $5$10
_____________________________
1
Hysoaue nrpokn, nrpakne na aucoknx nnMn1ax, sauac1yk nrpak1 ynan1enuno
xopomo na nosnnx kpyrax 1oproann.
~14 ~
nou1n ne ac1peuak1cn n Hm pepko nx anpenn.
Oak1nueckn, Hm noc1aannn nepep co6o sapauy nannca1L a1y knnry
ne 1ak, kak Hm o6muno nncann. PanLue Hm cun1ann aaxnmH 6mc1pee
nayun1L naunx un1a1ene nrpa1L npn6mnLno a XonpeH na amcoknx
nnHn1ax. Mm xo1enn, u1o6m onn nn6o aoo6ue nponyckann nrpm na nnsknx
nnHn1ax, nn6o, nonrpaa na nnx neHnoro n nonyuna npn6mnL, nepexopnnn
na 6onee poporne nnHn1m.
Bmno pae rnaanmx npnunnm, no ko1opmH Hm ns6erann o6yua1L nrpe
na nnsknx nnHn1ax. Hepaan npnunna a1o pek n npepnonaraeHme uaeame,
penakune 1akne nrpm, aonpekn oxnpannnH, 6onee xec1knHn, necHo1pn na
cna6oc1L npo1nannkoa. B1opo npnunno nannnocL, 1o, u1o Hm ne xo1enn
npenopaaa1L nnoxne npnamukn.
Me1opm, ko1opmHn sapa6a1maae1cn caHan amcokan npn6mnL na
nnsknx nnHn1ax, ne pa6o1ak1 na nnHn1ax amue. Eue 6onee aepno n
o6pa1noe y1aepxpenne. TaknH o6pasoH, Hm paxe ne xo1enn o6 a1oH
ynoHnna1L. Mm xo1enn, u1o6m naun un1a1enn nrpann n amnrpmaann na
nnHn1ax o1 $10$20 n amue. 1o onn koneuno n penak1. D1o npnunna,
no ko1opo naun knnrn nac1onLko nonynnpnm.
Tak u1o xe nponsouno, u1o sac1aanno nac nepecHo1pe1L caon
asrnnpm? Hpoc1o nokep npnuen na 1eneanpenne n a nn1epne1. Tak kak
nk6o, un1akun a1y knnry, npekpacno nonnHae1, o ueH n roaopk, 1o n
ne 6ypy oc1anaannaa1Lcn na noppo6noH o6Lncnennn a1oro aonpoca. Bce
u1o neo6xopnHo ckasa1L, 1ak a1o 1o, u1o nnqopHaunonnm aspma a nokepe
cpenan nrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax 6onee xnsnecnoco6nmH cnoco6oH
sapa6a1maa1L xopoune penLrn. Hn1epne1 pae1 aaH aosHoxnoc1L nrpa1L
6onLue pyk a uac, no1oHy u1o am Hoxe1e opnoapeHenno nrpa1L pae nnn
1pn nrpm. Bm Hoxe1e nrpa1L a nn1L pas 6onLue pyk, ueH npn nrpe a
xnayk. Hnkc, am ne ponxnm paaa1L uaeame. Cpena1L ceuac okono
$50,000 a rop, nrpan na nnHn1ax $3$6, ne 1ak yx n cnoxno. 1o
kacae1cn nrpoamx koHna1 knnnkepa n Hep1enn, 1o ceuac a nnx nrpae1
ropaspo 6onLue nnoxnx nrpokoa, ueH korpa-nn6o npexpe. K 1oHy xe,
nnoxne nrpokn 1enepL nonannk1cn n na 6onee amcoknx nnHn1ax. K
npnHepy, na nnHn1ax $6$12 n $10$20 onn ne 1akne yx n pepkne
roc1n. D1o eue opna npnunna, no ko1opo Hm 6onLue ne HoxeH o6xopn1L
HonuanneH a1y 1eHy.
Epnnc1aennan npo6neHa saknkuae1cn a 1oH, u1o n Mecon, n n
nHeeH ne6onLuo onm1 nrpm na c1onax, nonnoc1Lk sanonnennmx nnoxnHn
nrpokaHn. Ho a1o ne 6onLuan npo6neHa. TonLko na opnoH unc1o
1eope1nueckoH nonnHannn nrpm Hm 6m Hornn o6Lncnn1L oco6ennoc1n
nrpm n npneHm, u1o6m nrpa1L na a1nx nnHn1ax naHnoro nyuue, ueH
Hnorne aa1opm, ko1opme k nac1onueHy apeHenn npo6oaann amnonnn1L a1y
sapauy. Ho, ne nHen nonno nnqopHaunn o 1oH, kak nkpn nrpak1 na a1nx
nnHn1ax, Hm 6m, ne cHornn nonnouenno nepepa1L a1Hocqepy a1nx nrp.
D1o kak pas 1a o6nac1L, rpe eue opnn nau coaa1op Dp Mnnnep,
uyac1aye1 ce6n kak pm6a a aope. Dp Mnnnep nanne1cn uenoaekoH, ko1opm
ne 1onLko nrpae1 a nokep na ypoane akcnep1a na nnHn1ax $15$30 n
$30$60. On eue n ouenL 6mc1po noamcnn cao ypoaenL, co6npan cao
~15 ~
6ankponn nHenno na nnsknx nnHn1ax ($2$4 n $3$6). On 1akxe
npekpacnm nnca1enL n saHeua1enLnm napenL. Bmnycknnk
Maccauyce1ckoro Texnonornueckoro Hnc1n1y1a. H rnaanm aa1op nauero
ca1a www.twoplustwo.com. Ecnn am peun1e nsyun1L, kak nyuue acero
o6mrpmaa1L nnoxnx nrpokoa, ko1opmx am ac1pe1n1e na nnsknx nnHn1ax, 1o
1akoe o6yuenne napo naunna1L nHenno c a1o knnrn, n am Hoxe1e paxe ne
coHneaa1Lcn a naueH coaa1ope.
~16 ~
Baepeuue
D1a knnra ne pnn noanukoa. Mm ne 6ypeH o6Lncnn1L aaH npaanna
Texacckoro XonpeHa, nokasmaa1L, kak un1a1L kap1m na c1one nnn yun1L
aac npen1nqnunpoaa1L na1coame koH6nnaunn kap1.
2
Mm ne o6cyxpaeH,
kak am6npa1L c1on, ne pacckasmaaeH, kak co6pa1L 6onLuo 6ankponn, n
ne yunH a1nke1y sa c1onoH.
D1a knnra 1akxe ne nanne1cn n c1pa1erne pnn noanukoa. Mm
cneunanLno ne nopuepknaaeH aaxnoc1L 1a1oao nrpm na npeqnone. Mm
ne nanoHnnaeH aaH o neo6xopnHoc1n, ns6era1L nenpnn1noc1e nnn ne
npepynpexpaeH o6 onacnoc1n 6ecuenLnoro noc1onnnoro ypaannaannn
c1aaok cna6mHn pykaHn.
Mm ne roaopnH o6 a1nx aeuax ne, no1oHy u1o onn ne aaxnm, a
no1oHy u1o npepnonaraeH, u1o am yxe snae1e o nnx. Yxe nanncano Hnoro
knnr, o6yuakunx ocnoanmH npnnunnaH amnrpmunmx c1pa1ern npn nrpe
a xonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax. Onn nopuepknaak1 neo6xopnHoc1L naunna1L
nrpy 1onLko c nyuunHn pykaHn n npoponxa1L 1oproank nocne qnona
1onLko c cnnLnmHn pykaHn. Onn o6pauak1 n qnkcnpyk1 annHanne
noanukoa na caHmx popornx oun6kax: ec1ec1aennoe xenanne nrpa1L
Hnoro pyk n ouenL uac1oe xenanne npoaepn1L pyky npo1nannka.
D1n knnrn pnn noanukoa a ocnoanoH penak1 xopouyk pa6o1y pnn
c1ap1a noaoncneuennmx c1ypen1oa na ny1n k no6epaH. Onn sakpennnk1
nonnHanne 6onLunx oun6ok n 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa, un1akunx a1n
knnrn, 6ypy1 coaepuenc1aoaa1Lcn n nepexopn1L ns paspnpa noc1onnno
nponrpmaakunx a paspnp 6esy6m1ounmx n paxe neHnoro npn6mnLnmx
nrpokoa, ecnn 6ypy1 nrpa1L 1onLko a npoc1mx nrpax.
D1a knnra naunnae1cn 1aH, rpe sakanunaak1cn knnrn pnn noanukoa.
Haua uenL nayun1L aac kak ns xopouero nrpoka cpena1L ce6n akcnep1oH,
ns ckpoHnoro no6epn1enn ueHnnonoH. Mm xo1nH nayun1L aac amxnHa1L
ns npo1nannkoa ace po nocnepnero nennn.
1o6m noHouL aaH cpena1L a1o, Hm aaopnH neko1opme noame
1epHnnm n nonn1nn, ko1opme am aepon1no nnkorpa panee ne
paccHa1pnaann. Oak1nueckn, neko1opme ns nnx eue nnkorpa ne
ny6nnkoaanncL.
Knnrn pnn noanukoa o6muno saunuak1 c1nnL, ko1opm Hm 6m
oxapak1epnsoaann kak 1a1oam, oc1opoxnm, o6oponn1enLnm. B nnx
o6cyxpae1cn aaxnoc1L npepynpexpennn n yxopa o1 popornx noayuek. Onn
y6expak1 aac aospepxnaa1Lcn o1 no1enunanLno npn6mnLnmx cn1yaun,
ecnn nonm1ka ncnonLsoaa1L nx Hoxe1 noc1aan1L aac a coHnn1enLnoe
nonoxenne. Hx npnopn1e1 nayun1L aac saunua1L ce6n.
Mm saunuaeH 1a1oam, no arpeccnanm n a1akykun c1nnL. Mm
cocpepo1aunaaeHcn na a1ake npo1nannkoa, nHekunx cna6me pykn
6onLue, ueH na saun1e co6c1aennmx cna6mx pyk. Koneuno, nk6o
a1akykun nnan ponxen 6m1L nopkpennen connpno saun1o, n ypokn,
_____________________________
2
O6o aceM a1oM au Moxe1e npoun1a1u a knnre /aana Cknanckn XonqeH nokep
~17 ~
amyuennme a knnrax pnn noanukoa ace 1akxe uennm. Ho, ecnn am Hoxe1e
no6epn1L, nrpan o6oponn1enLno, n ecnn am xo1n1e 6m1L nyuunH, 1o am
ponxnm a1akoaa1L!
[axe npn1oH, u1o a1a knnra ne pnn noanukoa, naunnakun nrpok
Hoxe1 naua1L c nee. Mm onncmaaeH aaxnme qynpaHen1anLnme
npen (1a1oaan nrpa na npeqnone, pacue1 uancoa, o6cyxpaeH, korpa
nacoaa1L c 6esnapexno pyko n 1.p.). Hpoc1o noanuok ponxen 6ype1
nsyun1L a1y knnry 6onee 1ua1enLno, ueH k1o-1o nrpakun poc1a1ouno
xopouo, u1o6m poc1nuL nopo6nmx pesynL1a1oa.
KpoHe 1oro, necHo1pn na nasaanne Hrpa a xonpeH ua uuskux
nuHu1ax, npen, nsnoxennme a a1o knnre, uennm npn nrpe na nk6mx
nnHn1ax. Mm nayunH aac, kak amnrpmaa1L HakcnHyH pener a nk6mx nrpax
c nrpokaHn, nrpakunHn Hnoro pyk n yanekakunxcn 1oproane c nnHn.
Hrpm, nopo6nme nrpaH na nnsknx nnHn1ax c1ann o6munmH nanenneH na
cpepnnx nnHn1ax n yxe ac1peuak1cn paxe na amcoknx nnHn1ax. Mm
pec1an1enLno, nnorpa o6cyxpaeH nonn1nn, npncyune ncknkun1enLno
nnsknH nnHn1aH, 1nna annnnnn peka, no 1onLko ne ace yun1maak1
coae1m no cneunqnke a1oro nnHn1a. Heko1opme nrpokn, paxe
npoqeccnonanm cpepnnx nnHn1oa, Hory1 npoun1a1L a1y knnry 6es
nsyuennn Hnornx uennmx ypokoa.
Honynnpnoc1L XonpeHa ceuac pac1e1, npnanekan aonnaHn noamx
nrpokoa, 6onLunnc1ao ns ko1opmx nrpak1 cna6o. D1n noame nrpokn
cpenann 6onLunnc1ao nrp naHnoro 6onee nysoamHn n naHnoro 6onee
npn6mnLnmHn, ueH korpa-nn6o panLue.
HecHo1pn na 1o, u1o amnrpmunan c1pa1ernn, paspa6o1annan pnn
1a1oamx, 1pypnmx nrp npounoro 6ype1 npoponxa1L npnnocn1L npn6mnL n
a noamx ycnoannx, ona yxe ne 6ype1 paaa1L HakcnHanLnyk npn6mnL.
1o6m ncnpaan1L a1y cn1yaunk, am ponxnm npncnoco6n1L caok c1pa1ernk
k noamH ycnoannH, a oco6enno ncnonLsoaa1L oun6kn, coaepuaeHme
aaunHn nysoamHn npo1nannkaHn. Mm nanncann a1y knnry pnn 1oro, u1o6m
nayun1L aac pena1L a1o.
Aa1opm 1akxe xo1n1 no6naropapn1L pok1opa Anana LonHekepa sa
noHouL a pepak1npoaannn a1o pykonncn. Bnaropapn pok1opy Anany naun
cnoaa, npen n 1eopnn ampaxenm ncno, kpa1ko n ponxnm 6m1L nonn1nm
aceH.
KpoHe 1oro, Hm ponxnm no6naropapn1L [eaa Knapka, [xeqa
Iannana, n pok1opa MnHn Mnnnepa sa nx aknap n nonnHanne. Mm
6naropapnH Kpnca Daanca n Iapn Onc1a11a ns Creel Printing sa pnsan
o6noxkn n ppyrne nnnkc1paunn pnn a1o knnrn, 1akxe Hm 6naropapnH
aecL nepconan Creel Printing, noHoraaueH naH a a1oH npoek1e. Mm
6naropapnH Ka1pnn ns Portraits Today sa qo1orpaqnn. Mm 1akxe xo1nH
no6naropapn1L acex yuac1nnkoa qopyHa www.twoplustwo.com sa nx
koHHen1apnn, yuac1ne a pe6a1ax n noppepxky.
~18 ~
Kak nonusoaa1ucn s1o kuuro
Tak kak Hnorne 1eopnn, ko1opme am ac1pe1n1e a a1o knnre, Hory1
okasa1Lcn 1pypnmHn pnn nonnHannn npn nepaoH npou1ennn, Hm
pekoHenpyeH cnauana npoun1a1L knnry uennkoH, nepep 1eH kak
aosapaua1Lcn k npou1ennk o1penLnmx rnaa. Bm Hoxe1e o6napyxn1L, u1o
1eHa packpm1an nosxe Hoxe1 noHouL aaH nonn1L nnqopHaunk,
npoun1annyk panee. 1enne knnrn uennkoH noHoxe1 aaH oxaa1n1L ack
kap1nny cpasy n nosaonn1 yanpe1L uenoc1noc1L naue c1pa1ernn.
Kak 1onLko am nouyac1aye1e, u1o npepc1aanennm Ha1epnan ycaoen
xopouo, npn1e a paspen Kon1ponLnme aonpocm. HonnHa1L Hnoxec1ao
a6c1pak1nmx 1eopn n sna1L, korpa kakyk ns nnx npnHenn1L a1o ouenL
pasnme aeun. Mm paspa6o1ann kon1ponLnme aonpocm pnn 1oro, u1o6m
npoaepn1L aauy cnoco6noc1L npnHenn1L coo1ae1c1aykune 1eopnn a
c1anpap1nmx n aaxnmx cn1yaunnx. Mnorne cou1y1 a1o1 paspen caHmH
uennmH pnn ce6n.
Hrpa, ko1opyk Hm paccHa1pnaaeH, nanne1cn nnHn1nmH xonpeHoH
(ecnn ne ykasano nnaue). B ne npncy1c1ayk paa 6nanpa, o6a cneaa o1
pnnepa. Hepam (Hanm) 6nanp c1on1 nonoanny nnn opny 1pe1L a1oporo
(6onLuoro) 6nanpa. PasHep acex c1aaok na npeqnone n qnone paaen
pasHepy 6onLuoro 6nanpa. A pasHep acex c1aaok na ue1aep1o n nn1o
ynnue (nasmaaeHmx eue, kak 1epn n pnaep) paaen ypaoennoHy
pasHepy 6onLuoro 6nanpa. HanpnHep, pnn nnHn1a $4$8, Hanm 6nanp
paaen $2, 6onLuo 6nanp paaen $4, c1aakn na npeqnone n qnone paanm
$4, a c1aakn na 1epne n pnaepe paanm $8. [nn nrp c ppyro c1pyk1ypo
(no1 nnHn1 n 1.p.) neko1opme npen n 1eopnn ne nopxopn1, noa1oHy aaH
nyxno 6ype1 anec1n a nnx nsHenennn.
B aaxnmx Hec1ax knnrn n a npnHepax pyk Hm a kpyrnmx cko6kax
ykasmaaeH pasHep 6anka. Ha npeqnone n qnone Hm ykasmaaeH ero a
Hanmx c1aakax (MC), na 1epne n pnaepe a 6onLunx c1aakax (BC). Tak kak
c1pyk1ypa peka a pasnmx nrpax snaun1enLno Henne1cn, 1o Hm coo6uaeH
pasHep 6anka, nepep 1eH kak pek 6ype1 asn1. Korpa Hm nepexopnH c
Hanmx c1aaok na 6onLune, 1o Hm okpyrnneH snauennn a c1opony HenLue
6nnxaue nonoannm. Ecnn pasHep 6anka nocne okonuannn 1oproa na
qnone paaen 9.5 MC, 1o pasHep 6anka na 1epne 6ype1 paaen 4.5 BC, a ne
4.75 BC. Hpn xenannn, am Hoxe1e a1y no1epk npn okpyrnennn cnnca1L na
aqqek1 o1 peka.
O6pauaeH aaue annHanne na cnc1eHy npepc1aanennn c1ap1oamx pyk
(oco6enno a rnaae o npeqnone).
1. KK o6osnauae1 nk6yk kapHannyk napy kopone.
2. HanpnHep, KK nnn KK
3. A8s (c HanenLko anrnncko 6ykao s), o6osnauae1 nk6yk
koH6nnaunk opnoHac1noro 1ysa n aocLHepkn. HanpnHep, A8 nnn
A8.
4. KJ o6osnauae1 nk6yk koH6nnaunk koponn n aane1a pasnmx Hac1e,
~19 ~
nanpnHep, KJ nnn KJ
5. Bykaa T o6osnauae1 kap1y pecn1ka (o1 anrnnckoro ten).
Takxe nnorpa Hm ncnonLsyeH 1epHnn 1ys nyc1mmka. D1o1 1epHnn
o6osnauae1 nk6yk pyky, copepxauyk 1ysa n nk6yk Henkyk kap1y 1nna
1pokn nnn uec1epkn.
Mm pyHaeH, u1o neko1opme nkpn cpaann1 coae1m, pannme a a1o
knnre c coae1aHn, ko1opme Hm paaann a knnre XonpeH nokep pnn
onm1umx urpokoa. Heko1opme cn1yaunn Hm pekoHenpyeH
paccHa1pnaa1L ns o6enx knnr. D1a pekoHenpaunn nn a koe Hepe ne
o1pnuae1 npepmpyun coae1 n ne npo1naopeun1 eHy. B knnre XonpeH
nokep pnn onm1umx urpokoa Hm npepnonaraeH, u1o aaun npo1nannkn
nrpak1 poc1a1ouno xopouo. B a1o knnre, Hm npepnonaraeH, u1o
6onLunnc1ao aaunx npo1nannkoa nrpak1 onpepenenno nnoxo, 1ak kak
nrpak1 Hnoro pyk n yanekak1cn 1oproane ce6e a y6m1ok. Pasnnunme
ycnoann sapaun Hory1 npnaec1n aac k payH pasnnunmH amaopaH a
cn1yaunnx, ko1opme kaxy1cn nou1n npen1nunmHn! TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn am
naxopn1e paa npo1naopeuaunx ppyr ppyry coae1a, 1o anannsnpy1e
noaepenne npo1nannkoa, pnn 1oro, u1o6m na1n npaannLnoe peuenne.
Eue Hm pyHaeH, u1o neko1opme un1a1enn 6ypy1 a 6onLuo c1enenn
konuen1pnpoaa1L caoe annHanne na rnaae, nocanuenno c1pa1ernn nrpm
na npeqnone, oco6enno na payx 1a6nnuax, npepnoxennmx naHn.
Besycnoano, napy1cn n 1akne, k1o cpaann1 naun pekoHenpaunn c
pekoHenpaunnHn ns ppyrnx knnr, n 6ype1 nm1a1Lcn peun1L kakne
pekoHenpaunn nyuue. Mm ne pekoHenpyeH aaH a1oro pena1L. Bm npoc1o
no1pa1n1e apeHn. [o 1ex nop noka nrpa npe1 ouenL 1a1oao n npo1nannkn
ne o1aeuak1 na pesm c pasnoHac1nmHn pykaHn, npoc1o ne1 cHmcna
am6npa1L Hexpy opnnH na6opoH npaann n ppyrnH. HonnHanne 1eopnn
nrpm nocne qnona Hoxe1 cyuec1aenno yaennun1L aauy npn6mnL.
Hpoun1a1e 6mc1po Ha1epnan no nrpe na npeqnone n cocpepo1ouL1ecL na
1oH, u1o nanne1cn 6onee aaxnmH.
~20 ~
Hac1u nepaan
Teopun urp
~21 ~
Teopun urp
Hpepucnoaue
O6uensaec1no, u1o nrpa a xonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax, kak npaanno,
nysoaan. Heko1opme nkpn pyHak1, u1o onn cnnukoH nysoame: Hnk1o ne
nacye1. D1o npeapauae1 nrpy a no1epek. D1o noxoxe na 6nnro. D1o
osnauae1, u1o ynL1pa nysoaan nrpa aaunx npo1nannkoa Hoxe1 kaknH-1o
o6pasoH npenn1c1aoaa1L aaH, nonyua1L npn6mnL na pnnnno pnc1anunn,
kak nanpnHep, npn nrpe a koc1n nnn 6nnro.
Takoe y1aepxpenne, koneuno xe, a6cyppno. ysoame nrpm na
nnsknx nnHn1ax nannk1cn no1enunanLno nan6onee npn6mnLnmHn n
poc1ynnmHn (a ouenke amnrpannmx c1aaok a uac). Mac1epc1ao nac1onLko
aaxnm qak1op na nnsknx nnHn1ax, anpoueH, kak n na amcoknx. kpn,
cpaannaakune a1n nrpm c nrpo a koc1n, nponrpmaak1 ne no1oHy, u1o a
nnx nenLsn amnrpa1L, a no1oHy u1o onn coaepuak1 Hnoro oun6ok.
ac1L nx npo6neHm saknkuae1cn a 1oH, u1o onn ne paccHa1pnaak1
nokep, kak nrpy na penLrn. Onn anpn1 ycnex a amnrpmue paspaun, a ne a
cyHHe amnrpannmx pener. Hponrpmu c kapHannmHn 1ysaHn onn
aocnpnnnHak1 kak 6ankpo1c1ao, paxe ecnn onn nrpann 1eope1nueckn
npaannLno. Ecnn am xo1n1e c1a1L ycneunmH nrpokoH a xonpeH, ns6era1e
npnpepxnaa1Lcn 1ako 1oukn spennn.
3
BHec1o a1oro, aocnpnnnHa1e nokep 1eH, ueH on ec1L na caHoH pene
nrpo na penLrn. BnapenLum kasnno ne pacc1panaak1cn, korpa knnen1
amnrpmaae1 pyky a 6nakpxeke nnn nap1nk a koc1n, nnn amnrpmaae1
pxek-no1 y opnopykoro 6anpn1a. Onn snak1, u1o noka onn npoponxak1
1oproaa1L qnukaHn, npn6mnL nens6exna. Onn yc1anoannn npaanno pnn
kaxpo nrpm, ko1opoe pae1 nH npenHyuec1ao. Hoka nkpn npoponxak1
nrpa1L, anapenLum kasnno 6ypy1, a koneunoH cue1e, amnrpmaa1L a
coo1ae1c1ann c nopHo, coo1ae1c1aykue a1oHy npenHyuec1ay.
B xonpeHe na nnsknx nnHn1ax ncnonLsye1cn 1o1 xe npnnunn. D1o
nrpa na penLrn. Ecnn am xopoun nrpok, 1o ne nHee1 snauennn, u1o am
nponrpann opnn 6onLuo 6ank ceropnn nnn nn1L HanenLknx saa1pa. Mm
nonnHaeH, kak 1nxeno na6nkpa1L, kak opnn sa ppyrnH 6onLune 6ankn
yxopn1 k nrpokaH, ko1opme amnrpann na kpane pnckoaanno koH6nnaunn
kap1 y aac. Ho nnorpa aosnnkakune 1pypnoc1n, ne ponxnm amaopn1L aac
ns paanoaecnn. [o 1ex nop, noka am nonnHae1e ocnoanme npnnunnm nrpm
na penLrn n npnnnHae1e npaannLnme peuennn, no6epa 6ype1 nens6exna.
D1a rnaaa o6Lncnne1 ace aaxnme acnek1m nrpm na penLrn, ko1opme am
ponxnm sna1L, u1o6m 6m1L ycneunmH a nrpe a xonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax.
_____________________________
3
Eonume o a1o aaxno 1eMe Moxno noun1a1u na c1panne 171 Hcnxonornn nokepa
Anana LonMekepa.
~22 ~
O1kypa 6epy1cn peuuru
Ecnn 6m ace aaun npo1nannkn npeaocxopno nrpann a nokep 1o,
ckopee acero am ne cHornn 6m amnrpa1L na pnnnno pnc1anunn. HouaHn,
korpa aaH 6ype1 np1n kap1a nyuue, ueH o6muno, am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L.
Korpa aaH 6ype1 np1n kap1a xyxe, ueH o6muno, am 6ype1e nponrpmaa1L. B
n1ore, nesaancnHo o1 1oro, kak am nrpann, am ne cHoxe1e amnrpa1L na
pnnnno pnc1anunn. Oak1nueckn, ecnn 6m am nrpann a kasnno nnn eue a
kakoH-nn6ypL Hec1e, ko1opoe 6epe1 pek, 1o am 6mnn 6m o6peuenm na
nponrpmu 1ak, kak ecnn 6m am nrpann a pyne1ky, koc1n nnn keno.
Kaxu en1 aame npnunn o1 nrpu a nokep na nnnno
nc1annn noc1ynae1 o1 omnok n npeckasyeMux ec1an npo1nannkoa.
eH Hnorouncnenne n rpy6ee nx oun6kn, 1eH 6onLue pener am cHoxe1e
amnrpa1L. Heko1opme nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax, ko1opme nso acex cnn
nm1ak1cn no6epn1L a nrpe, pyHak1, u1o na amcunx nnHn1ax onn 6m
po6nnncL 6onLunx ycnexoa. Ecnn 6m n 1onLko nonan a nrpy, rpe ace 6m
yaaxann Hon pesm, n 6m c1an aennknH nrpokoH. D1o pasHmunenne,
npnpyHannoe HnornHn nponrpmaakunHn nrpokaHn a6cyppno.
[enLrn amnrpmaak1cn npn ncnonLsoaannn oun6ok. Korpa aaun
npo1nannkn coaepuak1 oun6kn, am Hoxe1e sapa6a1maa1L penLrn. Ecnn
aaun npo1nannkn ne coaepuak1 oun6ok, 1o am ne sapa6a1maae1e penLrn.
BonLun no1enunan pnn nonyuennn npn6mnn acerpa npncy1c1aye1 a
nrpax, rpe npo1nannkn penak1 uac1me n poporoc1onune oun6kn.
kpn yua1cn nyuue acero, ncnonLsyn npak1nky n o6pa1nyk cansL.
Ecnn 6m am xo1enn ynyuun1L caoe Hac1epc1ao nrpm a 1ennnc, 1o nounn
6m na 1ennncnm kop1 n nauann 6m o1pa6a1maa1L nopaun. Bnauane am 6m
ne nonapann no Hnuy. 3a1eH, am 6m neHnoro o1koppek1npoaann caon
panxennn: naunnann 6m panxenne pake1kn neHnoro panLue nnn neHnoro
nosxe, am6npann 6m ppyryk 1paek1opnk panxennn pykn. HayunauncL
nonapa1L no Hnuy, am o6napyxnaae1e, u1o ace aaun nopaun npy1 a ce1ky.
Bm 6m nauann pa6o1a1L nap 1eH, u1o6m Hnu nepene1an uepes ce1ky. D1o1
noa1opnkuncn npouecc: koppek1npoaka, na6nkpenne pesynL1a1oa,
am6op cnepykue koppek1npoakn, ocnoaannm na aaunx npepmpyunx
pesynL1a1ax, a koneunoH cue1e, ynyuuae1 aauy nrpy. Bm naunnae1e
amnonnn1L nopaun, 1ak kak aaH xoue1cn n kypa xoue1cn.
D1o nopHanLnm npouecc o6yuennn uenoaeka. K coxanennk, a
nokepe a1o1 npouecc aoo6ue ne pa6o1ae1. HeHepnennme pesynL1a1m a
nokepe uac1o pacxopn1cn c aaunHn pec1annHn. Hnorpa aaH na qnon
npnxopn1 cnnLnan koH6nnaunn kap1, am penae1e c1aakn, c1pon1e
orpoHnm 6ank, no na pnaepe npo1nannky appyr npnxopn1 cuac1nnaan
kap1a. Bm pec1aoaann npaannLno, no pesynL1a1 aaH ne npaan1cn. B
cnepykun pas am nrpae1e kak noanuok, no na pnaepe nHenno k aaH
npnxopn1 uypo. Bm pec1aoaann nenpaannLno, no pesynL1a1 aaH ouenL
npaan1cn. D1n npo1naononoxnme pesynL1a1m sany1maak1 aau Hosr n
noHak1 ec1ec1aennm npouecc o6yuennn. Cnyuanan npnpopa nokepa
okasmaae1 cyuec1aennoe aospec1ane na 6onLunnc1ao nkpe xenakunx
nayun1Lcn xopouo, nrpa1L a nokep, npoueccm o6yuennn c1anoan1cn
~23 ~
nac1onLko nepeny1annmHn, u1o 6onLunnc1ao 6pocae1 yun1Lcn. C a1oro
HoHen1a onn nepec1ak1 coaepuenc1aoaa1Lcn, onn nrpak1 a caoeH
co6c1aennoH c1nne, nonnoH yxacnmx oun6ok. H a1o yxe naacerpa.
Co6c1aenno roaopn, a1o opna ns npnunn, noueHy 1ak Hnoro nkpe nnoxo
nrpak1.
HpaannLnm cnoco6 o6yuennn nokepy saknkuae1cn a nonnHannn
1eopnn n npoaepke npaannLnoc1n posmrpmua pykn, nesaancnHo o1
pesynL1a1a konkpe1no paspaun. He naunna1e nrpa1L coHnn1enLnme
koH6nnaunn kap1, no1oHy u1o am amnrpae1e 1onLko opnn pas. He
npekpaua1e saunua1L xopoune pykn pesaHn, 1onLko ns-sa 1oro, u1o
k1o-1o noc1onnno npnnnHan aaun c1aakn n co6pan, coaepueno
neaepon1nyk koH6nnaunk. D1o 1nnnunme npo6neHm nrpokoa na nnsknx
nnHn1ax. Onn nonyuak1 1akoe pacc1poc1ao o1 nrpokoa, penakunx
xonopnme konnm (na pnnnno pnc1anunn penLrn, anoxennme a xonopnme
konnm, npeamuak1 nonyuennm o1 nnx poxop a nrpe, a noc1onnnm
y6m1ok) n sa6npakunx 6ank, u1o nepec1ak1 nrpa1L arpeccnano. H 1onLko
penak konn. Onn acerpa am1nrnaak1 cuac1nnayk kap1y. Ho kpane Hepe,
n HenLue no1epnk npn 1ako nrpe. O1enunue nponrpumn ne aey1 k
nponrpumy na nnnno nc1annn. K neMy aee1 naccnanan nrpa. Hsyun1e
1eopnn, nsnoxennme a a1o knnre, n npnHenn1e nx, ne o6pauan annHannn
na epnnnunme pesynL1a1m.
C1pannoe npepnonoxenne o 1oH, u1o aaua npn6mnL Horna 6m 6m1L
6onLue, nrpa am npo1na 6onee onm1nmx nrpokoa, 1akxe nponanne1cn a
noayuke, ko1opyk nokep noc1aann pnn aauero Hosra. CaHm yxacnm
pesynL1a1 a nokepe a1o 6ap6n1, korpa am 1epne1e orpoHnm 6ank, ko1opm
amnrpmaann naaepnnka. Korpa am c1anknaae1ecL c yxacnmH pesynL1a1oH,
aau Hosr roaopn1 aaH, ns6era1e nopaxennn. HanpnHep, ecnn am
o6oxrnncL, 1o aau Hosr roaopn1 aaH ne po1parnaacn po neukn. D1a
peakunn Hosra nm1ae1cn noHouL aaH, no a nokepe ona 1onLko sany1maae1
n aepe1 k sa6nyxpennnH! Bap6n1m uaue acero ac1peuak1cn a nyuunx
nrpax. Honm1ka ns6exa1L 6ap6n1m, nrpan 1onLko c xopounHn nrpokaHn
a1o caHoe xypuee, u1o am Hoxe1e cpena1L.
[pyran uac1L npo6neHm a1o 1o, u1o Hnorne nrpokn, paxe xopouo
nrpakune na nnHn1ax noamue, ne nonnHak1, kak npncnoco6n1L caok
c1pa1ernk pnn nrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax. Onn nso acex cnn c1apak1cn
amnrpmaa1L nerkne nrpm, no cornauak1cn c 1eH, u1o 6ap6n1m cLepak1
aecL poxop. Oun6kn aaunx npo1nannkoa cospak1 no1enunan pnn
nonyuennn 6onLuo npn6mnn, no ecnn am nrpae1e nenpaannLno, 1o ne
cHoxe1e a1o ncnonLsoaa1L a caonx nn1epecax. Ecnn au ne noexae1e na
nnnno nc1annn, 1o a1o ne snaun1, u1o aamn npo1nannkn coaepmak1
ouenu Mnoro omnok. Hn1e npnunny a cee. K cuac1Lk, nocne 1oro kak
am npoun1ae1e a1y knnry, am pacc1ane1ecL c a1o npo6neHo.
Mm nanncann a1y knnry, no1oHy u1o xonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax pae1
xopoun npnpoc1 poxopoa na anoxennme nnaec1nunn. Onm1nm nrpok
Hoxe1 amnrpmaa1L 1mcnun ponnapoa a Hecnu, nHen 6ankponn a neckonLko
1mcnu. D1a aosHoxnoc1L cyuec1aye1 1onLko no1oHy, u1o aaun npo1nannkn
nrpak1 yxacno nnoxo. Ecnn 6m am nepeknkunnncL na nrpy, rpe
npo1nannkn yaaxak1 aaun pesm n am Hornn 6m nopanny1L koro-1o o1
~24 ~
pykn, 1o aaua nopHa npn6mnn pesko ynana 6m. A snaun1enLnm a a1nx
nrpax pek, cLen 6m oc1aauykcn npn6mnL, n am 6m oc1anncL nn c ueH.
Pay1ecu, u1o aamn npo1nannkn ne nacyk1, ecnn onn nepec1any1 a1o
ena1u, 1o au pasopn1ecu.
~25 ~
4yupaHeu1anuume ocuoam
1eopuu urp
Hokep ue nanne1cn asap1uo urpo. Bm, koneuno xe, cnmuann
a1y qpasy o1 ppyrnx nrpokoa. BosHoxno, am n caHn 1ak roaopn1e. K1o 6m
nn roaopnn a1y qpasy, a pec1an1enLnoc1n noppasyHeaae1cn cnepykuee:
Ha pnnnno pnc1anunn kaxpm nonyuae1 paanoe coo1nouenne nnoxnx n
xopounx koH6nnaun kap1. Ho6epn1eneH na pnnnno pnc1anunn aac
penae1 ne ypaua, a aaue yHenne nrpa1L nyuue npo1nannkoa. B koneunoH
n1ore ace nnoxne nrpokn nponrpmaak1, a xopoune oc1ak1cn c npn6mnLk.
D1o neckonLko Hnorocnoano, no, 1eH ne Henee, nan6onee nonno o1paxae1
cHmcn qpasm Hokep ue nanne1cn asap1uo urpo, aknapmaaeHm a
nee 6onLunnc1aoH nrpokoa. Opnako aaH 1akoe cokpauenne nn k ueHy, 1ak
kak nepaoe y1aepxpenne ne aepno. BepnmH nanne1cn a1opoe
y1aepxpenne. Hokep asap1nan nrpa.
Oak1nueckn, a1o 6esonacnoe knnue, y1aepxpakuee, u1o nokep ne
nanne1cn asap1no nrpo, Hoxe1 cnpoaounpoaa1L aac coaepua1L
cnc1eHa1nueckne oun6kn. Onm1nme nrpokn a nokep penak1 caon penLrn a
ocnoanoH 1ak xe, kak nx penak1 kasnno, 6ykHekepm, nrpoame koHna1m n
nk6me ppyrne nkpn n oprannsaunn, sapa6a1maakune na asap1nmx nrpax
na pnnnno pnc1anunn. C kaxpmH peuenneH onn c1apak1cn yaennun1L
nopHy caoe npn6mnn.
OxupaeHan npu6mnu
OxnqaeHan npn6mnu a1o cyHHa pener, ko1opyk am amnrpae1e
nnn nponrpae1e a cpepneH, penan c1aakn. Hpepnoxn1e caoeHy ppyry
cmrpa1L a nrpy open peuka. Ecnn Hone1a ynape1 peuko aaepx, on
sanna1n1 aaH $1. Ecnn Hone1a ynape1 opnoH aaepx, 1o am sanna1n1e eHy
$1. Baua oxnpaeHan npn6mnL o1 a1o c1aakn paana nynk. B nonoanne
cnyuaea am 6ypn1e amnrpmaa1L $1, a a ppyro nonoanne cnyuaea
nponrpmaa1L no $1. B cpepneH a1a c1aaka 6esy6m1ouna. [nn 1oro u1o6m
amuncnn1L oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, aaH neo6xopnHo amuncnn1L cpepnee
snauenne acex aosHoxnmx pesynL1a1oa c yue1oH aepon1noc1n amnapennn
kaxporo ns nnx. B pannoH cnyuae Hm nHeeH 1onLko paa aosHoxnmx
pesynL1a1a: (+$1) n (-$1). Kaxpm pesynL1a1 nHee1 aepon1noc1L
amnapennn paanyk
1
/
2
. TaknH o6pasoH, aaua oxnpaeHan npn6mnL
(o6osnaunH ee EV o1 cokpauennn anrnncknx cnoa expected value)
6ype1 paana 0.
0= ) ( ) ( 1
2
1
1
2
1
|
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+ |
.
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\
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HpepnonoxnH, u1o aau ppyr peunn aaH nna1n1L no $2 sa amnaauyk
peuky, a am npoponxae1e eHy nna1n1L no $1 sa amnaauero opna. B a1oH
cnyuae aaua EV 6ype1 paana $0,5
0.5= ) ( ) ( 1
2
1
2
2
1
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+ |
.
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\
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~26 ~
Hpn nk6oH 6pocke Hone1m am nnn amnrpmaae1e $2 nnn
nponrpmaae1e $1, no a cpepneH am 6ypn1e amnrpmaa1L nn1Lpecn1 uen1oa
sa opnn 6pocok Hone1m. Touno 1akxe Hoxno paccun1a1L n EV aauero
ppyra, ko1opan 6ype1 paana: -$0.5.
-0.5= ) ( ) ( 1
2
1
2
2
1
|
.
|

\
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+ |
.
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\
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Ecnn am amnrpmaae1e nn1Lpecn1 uen1oa sa 6pocok, 1o on ponxen
nponrpmaa1L nn1Lpecn1 uen1oa sa 6pocok. [enLrn ne nonannk1cn
nno1kypa n ne ncuesak1 nnkypa. Ecnn opnn uenoaek nHee1
nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, 1o a1opo ponxen nHe1L
o1pnua1enLnyk, a cyHHa acex oxnpaeHmx npn6mne ponxna paann1Lcn
nynk.
Bo1 6onee cnoxnm npnHep, ko1opm npn6nnxenno nnnkc1pnpye1,
kak oxnpaeHan npn6mnL pa6o1ae1 a nokepe. Bm c payHn ppysLnHn,
AnanoH n Be11n, peunnn cmrpa1L na penLrn, 6pocan ky6nk. Ecnn ky6nk
amnapae1 c1oponaHn o1 1 po 5, 1o am nna1n1e Anany $1. Ecnn amnape1 6,
1o Anan sanna1n1 aaH $6. Ecnn amnape1 1 nnn 2, 1o Be11n sanna1n1 aaH
$5. Ecnn ky6nk oc1anaannaae1cn a pnanasone o1 3 po 6, 1o am sanna1n1e
Be11n $2. Anan n Be11n ne penak1 c1aakn no o1nouennk ppyr k ppyry.
O6o6unH a1n poroaopennoc1n a 1a6nnue.
Bmnaamee
vucno
Ho6epa uap
AnauoH
Ho6epa uap
Be11u
Huc1m
amurpmm
1 $1 +$5 +$4
2 11 +$5 +$4
3 $1 $2 $3
4 11 $2 $3
5 $1 $2 $3
6 +$6 $2 +$4
Kaxpm ns a1nx 6pockoa ky6nka 6ype1 paaa1L naH opnn ns uec1n
pesynL1a1oa. HponsaopnH amuncnenne n nonyuaeH EV paanoe $0.50.
) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( . 4
6
1
3
6
1
3
6
1
3
6
1
4
6
1
4
6
1
50 0 |
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+ |
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+ |
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+ |
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\
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+ |
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.
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=
Bm oxnpae1e amnrpmaa1L a cpepneH no nn1Lpecn1 uen1oH npn
kaxpoH 6pocke ky6nka. Ecnn am sapa6a1maae1e no nn1Lpecn1 uen1oa sa
kaxpm 6pocok, 1o Anan n Be11n aHec1e ponxnm nponrpmaa1L a1n
nn1Lpecn1 uen1oa. [aaa1e, amuncnnH nx oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL:
EV
Anan
= 17 0
6
1
6
6
1
1
6
5
. ) ( ) ( = = |
.
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\
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+ |
.
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\
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EV
Be11n
= 33 0
6
2
2
6
4
5
6
2
. ) ( ) ( = = |
.
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\
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+ |
.
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\
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B cpepneH sa 6pocok Anan 1epne1 17 uen1oa, a Be11n 33 uen1a.
BHec1e onn 1epnk1 nHenno 1e nn1Lpecn1 uen1oa, ko1opme am
amnrpmaae1e.
~27 ~
Hpuun1ue pemeuu a asap1umx urpax
1o6m na pnnnno pnc1anunn amnrpmaa1L penLrn a asap1nmx nrpax,
am ponxnm pena1L c1aakn, am6npan aapnan1m c nonoxn1enLno
oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk n ns6era1L pena1L c1aakn c o1pnua1enLno
oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk. HHenno 1aknH o6pasoH kasnno penae1 penLrn.
Kasnno npepnarae1 saknkua1L pasnoo6pasnme napn, no nou1n ace onn
pak1 saaepennk nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL kasnno, a nrpoky,
cnepoaa1enLno, o1pnua1enLnyk.
4
B neko1opmx asap1nmx nrpax am Hoxe1e npnnnHa1L 1onLko opno
peuenne onpepenn1L pasHep caoe c1aakn. HanpnHep, npn nrpe a
nop6pacmaannn Hone1m nnn 6pocannn ky6nka, am 1onLko nop6pacmaae1e
Hone1ky nnn 6pocae1e ky6nk n no1oH, a saancnHoc1n o1 pesynL1a1a nn6o
penae1, nn6o nonyuae1 coo1ae1c1aykune amnna1m. Ananornuno am
penae1e a pyne1ke, cnauana penae1e c1aaky na opno nnn neckonLko uncen,
a no1oH 6pocae1e uapnk. Baua oxnpaeHan npn6mnL onpepenena
ncknkun1enLno c1pyk1ypo amnna1m n pasHepoH c1aakn. Ho a ppyrnx
nrpax, 1aknx kak 6nakpxek n nokep, y aac ec1L aosHoxnoc1L npnnnHa1L
pononnn1enLnme peuennn. Bo acex a1nx nrpax npaannLnmH peuenneH
nanne1cn 1o, ko1opoe yaennunaae1 aauy oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL.
[onyc1nH, am nrpae1e a 6nakpxek, n aaH npnxopn1 na pykn
uec1epka n nn1epka, ko1opme pak1 a cyHHe 11 oukoa, pnnep nokasmaae1
6 oukoa.
5
Y aac ec1L na am6op 1pn pec1ann: oc1anoan1Lcn, sanpocn1L eue
opny kap1y, ypaon1L c1aaky. 1o6m peun1L, kak nyuue cmrpa1L, am
ponxnm nocun1a1L oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL kaxporo am6opa.
Oc1anaannaancL, am napee1ecL na 1o, u1o y pnnepa 6ype1 nepe6op.
On ponxen na6pa1L ceHnapua1L oukoa nnn 6onLue, on nnn na6epe1 nx nnn
nepe6epe1. Ecnn on na6epe1, 1o on o6mrpae1 aaun opnnnapua1L oukoa. Bm
amnrpae1e, 1onLko a 1oH cnyuae ecnn on nepe6epe1. [axe c uec1Lk
oukaHn (pnnep uaue nepe6npae1 c uec1Lk oukaHn, ueH c kako-nn6o
ppyro kap1o) on ne nepe6epe1 HenLue ueH a nonoanne cnyuaea. Tak kak
pnnep 6ype1 no6expa1L aac 6onLue, ueH a nonoanne cnyuaea 1o,
oc1anaannaancL, am 6ype1e nHe1L o1pnua1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL.
Ecnn sanpaunaae1e eue opny kap1y, 1o am Hoxe1e amnrpa1L payHn
cnoco6aHn. Ecnn aaH npnxopn1 nnoxan kap1a (o1 1ysa po nn1epkn), 1o am
Hoxe1e oc1anoan1Lcn n onn1L napen1Lcn na ero nepe6op. Ecnn aaH
npnxopn1 xopouan kap1a (o1 uec1epkn po koponn), 1o am Hoxe1e
oc1anoan1Lcn n amnrpa1L, ecnn on nepe6epe1 nnn co6epe1 pyky HenLue
aaue. C a1o c1pa1erne am acerpa no6expae1e, ecnn pnnep nepe6npae1,
n nnorpa no6expae1e, ecnn am co6npae1e pyky 6onLue, ueH y pnnepa.
_____________________________
4
Hnora npenaMepenno, no uae neyMumnenno, kasnno npenarae1 nrpoky neckonuko
c1aaok c nonoxn1enuno oxnaeMo npnunuk nn nrpoka. Hpnpoa a1nx c1aaok
naxon1cn ane 1eMa1nkn a1o knnrn. Eonume ysna1u o a1oM Moxno a knnre /aana
Cknanckn n Mecona ManuMy1a Asap1nan nrpa n xnsnu (Gambling for a Living)
5
Bu Moxe1e ynan1ucn, u1o npnMep ns nakxeka enae1 a knnre o nokepe. Enakxek
nyume nnnkc1pnpye1 a1o1 MoMen1, 1ak kak nakxek naMnoro npoe, ueM nokep. B
nakxeke au Moxe1e 1ouno auuncnn1u oxnaeMyk npnunu nn kaxo pasaun. B
nokepe au a1oro cena1u ne Moxe1e.
~28 ~
D1o pec1ane nosaonne1 aaH amnrpmaa1L 6onee ueH a nonoanne cnyuaea,
1aknH o6pasoH, peuenne sanpocn1L kap1y nHee1 nonoxn1enLnyk
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL.
Ecnn am ypaanaae1e, 1o am 6epe1e eue opny kap1y (1ouno 1ak xe,
kak ecnn 6m am sanpaunaann eue opny kap1y), a 1akxe ypaanaae1e
c1aaky. Ecnn am npnnnHae1e peuenne ypaon1Lcn, 1o am ypaanaae1e
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL aapnan1a c sanpaunaanneH kap1m.
Oc1anoaka nHee1 o1pnua1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, sanpoc
kap1m nHee1 nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. B a1oH cnyuae
ypaanaanne aepe1 k ypaanaannk oxnpaeHo npn6mnn npn sanpoce kap1m,
noa1oHy nrpa1L nyxno aapnan1 ypaanaannn, 1ak kak on yaennunaae1 aauy
nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL.
Hpuun1ue pemeuu a nokepe
AnanornunmH o6pasoH o6c1on1 pena n a nokepe. [nn 1oro u1o6m
amnrpmaa1L am ponxnm nrpa1L HakcnHyH nrp c nonoxn1enLno
oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk n ns6era1L nrpa1L c o1pnua1enLno oxnpaeHo
npn6mnLk. Kaxpm pas, korpa 1oproann poxopn1 po aac, am nHee1e
aosHoxnoc1L am6pa1L opno ns 1pex aosHoxnmx pec1ane: nac, konn nnn
pes.
6
Y kaxporo a1oro pec1ann ec1L caon oxnpaeHan npn6mnL. Baua
uenL npoc1a, neo6xopnHo am6pa1L epnnc1aennoe peuenne c HakcnHanLno
nonoxn1enLno oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk.
Onpepenn1L snauenne oxnpaeHo npn6mnn pnn konna nnn pesa
sauac1yk 6maae1 ouenL cnoxno, a pnn naca nerko. D1o acerpa nonL. Korpa
am nacye1e, am rapan1npye1e, u1o 6onLue nnuero ne amnrpae1e n ne
nponrpae1e. Ecnn 1onLko konn nnn 1onLko pes nHee1 nonoxn1enLnyk
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, 1o am ne nacye1e. Ecnn konn n pes (aHec1e) nHek1
o1pnua1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, 1o am nacye1e. BaH oc1ae1cn 1onLko
cpaann1L konn c pesoH n cpena1L nyuun am6op.
7
Kak Hm o1Heuann panee, neko1opme nkpn o1pnuak1, u1o nokep
nanne1cn asap1no nrpo. Hpe6maan a a1oH sa6nyxpennn, onn paxe ne
sapyHmaak1cn o aosHoxnoc1n yaennuennn nonoxn1enLno oxnpaeHo
npn6mnn, u1o npnaopn1 nx k cnc1eHa1nuecknH oun6kaH.
Ha nx asrnnp packpenouennme nrpokn asap1nm, a 1o apeHn kak
amnrpmaakune nrpokn ns6erak1 asap1nmx nrp. [nn nnx asap1nan nrpa
osnauae1 pnckoaa1L penLraHn na Hanoaepon1no koH6nnaunn kap1
nHekue ne6onLuyk napexpy na no6epy. Onn penak1 c1aaky, 1onLko
1orpa, korpa yaepenm a no6epe n nacyk1 acnkn pas co cna6o pyko.
HanpnHep, Hnorne nrpokn nokep ne asap1nan nrpa ne nk6n1
_____________________________
6
Ee1 Moxno paccMa1pnaa1u kak pes, ecnn 1ekyan c1aaka paana nynk. Ananornuno
Moxno paccMa1pnaa1u n uek kak konn npn nyneao 1ekye c1aake.
7
/nn ncnoc1n, nac ne enae1 aamy oxnaeMyk npnunu paanyk nynk, on 1onuko
nosaonne1 aaM a nko MoMen1 nrpu caec1n oxnaeMan npnunu k nynk. CkaxeM no-
pyroMy, Mnorne pemennn o nace a nokepe nannk1cn npaannunuMn, no1oMy u1o onn
enak1 oxnaeMyk npnunu nrpu a enoM ne 1ako o1pna1enuno, kak npn pyrnx
aapnan1ax nrpu.
~29 ~
pena1L pes na npeqnone. Onn ne xo1n1 pnckoaa1L pononnn1enLnmHn
penLraHn, ecnn qnon ne npnpy1 nyxnme nH kap1m. Onn nnkorpa ne
penak1 pes c AK. Mne nyxno y6epn1Lcn, u1o n co6epy napy, nepep 1eH
kak n pnckny pononnn1enLnmHn penLraHn. B konue konuoa, AK acero
nnuL npnkynnan pyka. Onn paccHa1pnaak1 pes, kak onpoHe1unayk
asap1nyk nrpy, kak am6op packpenouennmx nrpokoa.
Dkcnep1m pyHak1 no-ppyroHy! Onn cun1ak1 oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL
konna n pesa o1penLno, a no1oH am6npak1 aapnan1 c caHo amcoko
poxopnoc1Lk. HpepnonoxnH, u1o am nrpae1e c nn1Lk npo1nannkaHn, n am
cun1ae1e, u1o aaun AK amnrpmaak1 a cpepneH opnn pas ns ue1mpex.
0.5= ) ( ) ( 5
4
1
1
4
3
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[nn ynpouennn pacue1oa, npepnonoxnH, u1o am noc1aannn ace
oc1aaunecn y aac penLrn (nounn aa-6ank). Hoa1oHy, penan pes, am
pnckye1e opno c1aako pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnrpa1L nn1L (1ak kak am
nrpae1e c nn1Lk npo1nannkaHn, ko1opme ponxnm o1ae1n1L konnoH na aau
pes), n amnrpmaae1e opnn pas ns ue1mpex, cnepoaa1enLno, aaua EV
(oxnpaeHan npn6mnL) o1 c1aakn 6ype1 paana 0.5 c1aakn.
[axe ecnn am nponrpae1e a1y nrpy, 1o am, cpenaa, pes sapa6o1ae1e
6onLue, ueH na npoc1o cpenae1e konn. D1o npnHep nrpm c HakcnHanLno
oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk.
Mm npepnonoxnnn, u1o am noc1aannn ace aaun penLrn a 6ank
(nounn aa-6ank), no1oHy u1o nocnepykune c1aakn yxypunnn 6m aauy
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. Hokep cnoxnan nrpa. D1o1 npnHep ponxen 6mn
y6epn1L aac a 1oH, u1o 6ananLnan nrpa nanne1cn oun6ouno. Yxop o1
asap1nmx nrp ne nanne1cn nopHanLno c1pa1erne. Dkcnep1m ne Hmcnn1
ynpouennmHn ka1eropnnHn, Co6npa1L nn npnkynno c1pn1, [ena1L nn
pes c xopoue koH6nnaune kap1, Hrpa1L nnn nacoaa1L.
8
Onm1nme
nrpokn snak1, u1o nokep asap1nan nrpa. H o1 a1oro nnkypa ne peneuLcn.
1o6m yaennun1L aau poxop na pnnnno pnc1anunn am ponxnm
nocnepoaa1enLno, uar sa uaroH, am6npa1L xopm, yaennunaakune aauy
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL.
3aknmveuue
B neko1opme pnn am 6ype1e pena1L ace, kak o6muno, nrpa1L c
HakcnHanLno aosHoxno oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk, no aaH ne 6ype1
npnxopn1L nyxnan kap1a, nnn 6ype1 npnxopn1L xyxe, ueH o6muno. B
1akne pnn am 6ype1e nponrpmaa1L. B ppyrne pnn am 6ype1e pena1L
oun6kn, am6npa1L aapnan1m nrpm ne c caHo amcoko oxnpaeHo
npn6mnLk, no, necHo1pn na a1o am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L, no1oHy u1o aaH
6ype1 npnxopn1L kap1a naHnoro nyuue, ueH o6muno. Ho, a koneunoH
n1ore, nonyuennme pesynL1a1m nokaxy1 aaH oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL aaunx
___________________________
8
Hosxe a knnre Mu nokaxeM, kaknM opasoM Hrpa1u nnn nacoaa1u, yyun pocknM
aupaxenneM n opaenneM k name nn1ynnn, neno aurnnn1 c 1oukn spennn
oxnaeMo npnunn. Hoa1oMy a1o yxacnu coae1.
~30 ~
peuenn. Ecnn am nocnepoaa1enLno 6ype1e am6npa1L nrpm c caHo
HakcnHanLno oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk, 1o am sapa6o1ae1e Hnoro pener,
nrpan a nokep. Ecnn am nocnepoaa1enLno 6ype1e coaepua1L oun6kn, 1o
6ype1e a nponrpmaa1L. Hrnopnpy1e pesynL1a1m n cocpepo1ouL1ecL na
npnnn1nn peuenn, yaennunaakunx aauy oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. D1a
knnra nayun1 aac pena1L a1o, a penLrn nosa6o1n1cn caHn o ce6e.
~31 ~
Cneuquveckue 1epHuum nokepa
B nokepe, kak n a nk6o ppyro asap1no nrpe, aaua ponrocpounan
npn6mnL nnn no1epn saancn1 o1 aaue oxnpaeHo npn6mnn. Kaxpm pas,
korpa am peuae1e cpena1L nac, konn nnn pes, am ponxnm paccun1a1L
aauy oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. 1o6m yaennun1L cao amnrpmu, am ponxnm
nocnepoaa1enLno am6npa1L peuennn c caHo amcoko oxnpaeHo
npn6mnLk. D1o 6mno 6m nerko cpena1L, ecnn 6m am Hornn 1ouno
paccun1a1L oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL kaxporo aapnan1a.
Bo Hnornx asap1nmx nrpax 1ounoe onpepenenne oxnpaeHo npn6mnn
kaxpo aaue c1aakn nanne1cn aneHen1apnmH penoH. HanpnHep, a
aHepnkancko pyne1ke ec1L 38 uncen: 18 kpacnmx, 18 uepnmx n 2
senenmx sepo. Korpa am penae1e c1aaky na epnnc1aennoe uncno, aaH
nna1n1 35k1. Cyuec1aye1 1 uanc ns 38, u1o uapnk oc1anoan1cn a
nueke c uncnoH, ko1opoe am6pann Bm. Ecnn am c1aan1e $100 na uncno
16, 1o a cpepneH am nponrpae1e 37 pas ns 38, n amnrpae1e $3500 opnn
pas ns 38. TaknH o6pasoH, aaua EV pnn a1o c1aakn paana $5.26.
$5.26= ) ( ) , ( 100
38
37
500 3
38
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B cpepneH am na c1aake a $100 1epne1e $5.26. [nn 1ako npoc1o
nrpm kak pyne1ka am Hoxe1e amuncnn1L oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL nk6o
caoe c1aakn anno1L po nennn.
K coxanennk, nokep ne npoc1an nrpa.
9
Bonee 1oro; y aac ne1 ace
nyxno nnqopHaunn. Cyuec1aye1 paa aaxnmx anpa nnqopHaunn, ko1opo
y aac ne1:
1. Kap1m aaunx npo1nannkoa.
2. 1o cpenak1 npo1nannkn a o1ae1 na aaun pec1ann. (Bm 1akxe ne
snae1e, kakne kap1m npnpy1 na c1on, no am 1ouno Hoxe1e amuncnn1L
aepon1noc1L nx nonanennn, 1akxe kak Hm 1onLko u1o amuncnnnn
aepon1noc1L nonapannn uapnka a nueky c aaunH uncnoH).
Ecnn y aac na pykax AK, a y aauero npo1nannka napa paH, 1o aaua
oxnpaeHan npn6mnL, 6ype1 kopennmH o6pasoH o1nnua1Lcn o1 cn1yaunn,
korpa y aauero npo1nannka 6ype1 napa 1ysoa. Bm 6m Hornn nonpocn1L ero
nokasa1L aaH kap1m, u1o6m o6nerun1L aaun amuncnennn, no on, aepon1no,
ckope acero o1kaxe1cn. TaknH o6pasoH, 6onLunnc1ao amuncnenn
oxnpaeHo npn6mnn a nokepe 6asnpye1cn na nornuecknx npepnonoxennnx
o kap1ax aaunx npo1nannkoa.
10
KpoHe 1oro, aaua oxnpaeHan npn6mnL saancn1 o11oro, kak nrpokn
6ypy1 pearnpoaa1L na aaun pec1ann. Ecnn am cpena1e pes 1o, u1o
_____________________________
9
HaM noaesno, u1o nokep ne npoc1an nrpa. Ecnn u uno nnaue, 1o kaxu nrpan u
xopomo, n au nnkora ne cMornn u nonyun1u npenMyec1ao n aunrpa1u a koneunoM
n1ore enurn.
10
B1n nornueckne npenonoxennn ocnoauaak1cn na ncnxonornn (snannn npnauuek
aamnx npo1nannkoa) n Ma1eMa1nke (snanne aepon1noc1no uac1o1u, nrpaeMux pyk).
~32 ~
6ypy1 pena1L aaun npo1nannkn, nacoaa1L nnn ypaannaa1L?
Hoa1oHy aaua oxnpaeHan npn6mnL o6muno 6ype1 nsHenn1Lcn a
saancnHoc1n o1 nx o1ae1nmx pec1an.
HecHo1pn na ace a1n nepeHennme, a1o noHorae1 paccun1a1L
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL aaunx pec1an n nocnepoaa1enLno npnnnHa1L
npaannLnme peuennn. B a1oH paspene Hm aaepeH neckonLko ocnoanmx
1epHnnoa, ko1opme noHory1 aaH npoaopn1L 1akne pacue1m.
Uaucm ua 6auk
(Pot odds)
Uaucm ua 6auk a1o o1nouenne 1ekyuero pasHepa 6anka k
pasHepy c1aakn, ko1opyk am ponxnm ypaann1L. HanpnHep, ecnn am
ponxnm ypoann1L c1aaky a $4 n a 6anke a nac1onuee apeHn naxopn1cn
$40 (aHec1e c aaue c1aako $4), 1o 1orpa aaun uancm na 6ank 40k4
nnn 10k1. Lancm na 6ank caHm aaxnm qak1op, onpepennkun
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL nrpm. HanpnHep, oxnpaeHan npn6mnL a pyne1ke
cyuec1aenno nsHenn1cn, ecnn 6m aaH peunnn sanna1n1L sa amnrpmu 20
k1 nnn 50k1 aHec1o 35k1, 1ouno 1akxe n a nokepe aaua
oxnpaeHan npn6mnL cyuec1aenno nsHenn1cn, ecnn uancm na 6ank
nsHenn1cn c 8k1 na 4k1 nnn 14k1.
Korpa am nm1ae1ecL co6pa1L npnkynnyk pyky, 1o uancm na 6ank
Hory1 noHouL aaH peun1L, u1o nyuue pena1L konn nnn nac. [onyc1nH, y
aac na pykax
n na 1epn npnxopn1 eue opna kap1a, o6pasykuan npnkynno c1pn1:
Bm nrpae1e opnn na opnn. Bau npo1nannk cpenan 6e1. Y aac ec1L
ocnoaannn nonara1L, u1o y nero na pykax, no kpane Hepe, napa aane1oa.
1o am ponxnm cpena1L, nac nnn konn?
D1o saancn1 o1 uancoa na 6ank. B konope naxopn1cn 4 kap1m (4
1pokn), ko1opme papy1 aaH na1coam c1pn1. Hnkakne ppyrne kap1m ne
noHory1 aaH amnrpa1L. B konope 46 neo1kpm1mx kap1, am anpn1e 6 ns 52,
1aknH o6pasoH, na pnaepe aaH npnpe1 1poka 4 pasa ns 46. Ecnn Hm ne
yun1maaeH nocnepnn kpyr 1oproann, 1o y aac ponxnm 6m1L uancm na
6ank 42k4 nnn 10.5k1 pnn 1oro, u1o6m aau konn c1an
6esy6m1ounmH.
0 = (4)(10.5)+(42)(-1)=42-42
~33 ~
Ecnn aaun uancm na 6ank HenLue 10.5k1, 1o paxe ecnn am
nonyun1e ypaunyk kap1y, a1o ne onna1n1 aauy nnaec1nunk a
epnnc1aennyk c1aaky. Ecnn uancm 6onLue 10.5k1, 1o 1orpa konn
amropen, n am ponxnm nrpa1L po konua.
11
[nn 1oro u1o6m amuncnn1L nyneayk 1ouky (1ouka a ko1opo poxopm
paanm pacxopaH) uancoa na 6ank na ue1aep1o ynnue amnonnn1e
cnepykune 6mc1pme uarn:
1. Paspenn1e 46 (konnuec1ao neo1kpm1mx kap1), na konnuec1ao ay1oa,
ko1opme am nHee1e.
2. Bmu1n1e epnnnuy. D1o npeo6pasye1 aaun pesynL1a1m a qopHy
uancoa.
HanpnHep, 10 ay1oa qak1nueckn paanm 3.6k1. (46 pennH na 10,
nonyuaeH 4.6, n, amun1an epnnnuy, nonyuaeH 3.6).
TaknH o6pasoH, c naunHn ue1mpLHn ay1aHn na pmpnaoH c1pn1e Hm
amnonnneH cnepykune pec1ann 46/4 = 11.5 n amun1aeH 1. HonyuaeH
10.5k1. [nn npnkynnmx pyk c payHn ay1aHn aaH nyxno nponsaec1n
cnepykun pacue1, 46/2 1 = 23 1 nonyuaeH 22k1, a1o nyneaan
1ouka okynaeHoc1n naue c1aakn. Bnnsy naxopn1cn 1a6nnua, a ko1opo
nokasanm nyneame 1oukn uancoa na 6ank na ue1aep1o ynnue (1epne) pnn
npnkynnmx pyk co snauennnHn o1 opnoro po aoceHnapua1n ay1oa. Bm
ponxnm sanoHnn1L a1n uncna, nockonLky am 6ype1e nonLsoaa1Lcn nHn
poaonLno uac1o. K 1oHy xe a1o ns6aan1 aac o1 neo6xopnHoc1n noa1opennn
opnnx n 1ex xe apnqHe1nuecknx pec1an sa c1onoH.
12,13
Konuvec1ao
ay1oa
Hyneaan
1ovka
maucoa ua
6auk
Konuvec1ao
ay1oa
Hyneaan
1ovka
maucoa ua
6auk
1 45k1 10 3.6k1
2 22k1 11 3.2k1
3 14.3k1 12 2.8k1
4 10.5k1 13 2.5k1
5 8.2k1 14 2.2k1
6 6.7k1 15 2.1k1
7 5.6k1 16 1.9k1
8 4.75k1 17 1.7k1
9 4.1k1 18 1.6k1
O6pa1n1e annHanne, u1o npn6nnsn1enLno nocne aocLHn ay1oa,
nyneaan 1ouka uancoa na 6ank c1anoan1cn nac1onLko HanenLko, u1o
_____________________________
11
B nameM npnMepe mancu 10.5 k 1 npnnnsn1enuno oenenu kak esyu1ounue.
Hosxe Mu oncnnM, u1o nc1nnnan nyneaan 1ouka mancoa k anky naxon1cn ee nnxe.
12
B1n uncna npenonarak1, u1o au aepon1no aunrpae1e, ecnn nonyun1e onn ns aamnx
ay1oa. /anume no 1ekc1y Mu ocynM, kak aec1n cen a noonux cn1yannx.
13
B1n uncna kacak1cn 1onuko cneyke kap1u. Ecnn au xo1n1e nocun1a1u mancu nn
koMnnann kap1, k ko1opo au xe1e ae kap1u, sarnnnn1e na c1panny 107 knnrn
XoneM nokep o1 /aana Cknanckn.
~34 ~
qak1nueckn nk6o 6ank na ue1aep1o ynnue npepnoxn1 aaH npn6mnLnme
uancm na npnkynnmx pykax. TaknH o6pasoH, am nou1n nnkorpa ne 6ype1e
nacoaa1L npn aocLHn ay1ax, 1ak u1o no1pypn1ecL sanoHnn1L a1n snauennn
pnn npnkynnmx pyk. CaHme aaxnme snauennn a1o npnkynnme snauennn
pnn Hanoaepon1nmx koH6nnaun.
Heoueanpnoc1L pannoro na6nkpennn nanne1cn uennmH qak1opoH
pnn npaannLno c1pa1ernn. Hsaec1no, u1o a nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax
6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa penak1 konn co cna6o pyko anno1L po pnaepa.
Takne nrpokn ne 6ypy1 sanoHnna1L a1y 1a6nnuy, onn ne 6ypy1 ouennaa1L
caok oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. Onn 1onLko 6ypy1 pena1L konn. Onn ne Hory1
poxpa1Lcn 1oro HoHen1a, korpa yanpn1, u1o xe npnnec nH pnaep, n
onn, koneuno xe, ne 6ypy1 ynycka1L caon sauac1yk Hnsepnme uancm ns-
sa kaknx-1o opno nnn payx Henounmx c1aaok.
Korpa k nnH npnxopn1 cnnLnan npnkynnan pyka (aoceHL nnn 6onee
ay1oa), nx nnc1nnk1 pena1L konn coanapae1 c npaannLno c1pa1erne. Onn
6ypy1 cHo1pe1L pnaep, ne cnpaunaan saueH, a no1oHy u1o ponxnm. Ho
korpa aaun npo1nannkn nHek1 cna6me npnkynnme pykn (Henee aocLHn
ay1oa), Hory1 nn onn, penan konn yun1maa1L npn6mnLnoc1L a saancnHoc1n
o1 pasHepoa c1aakn n 6anka, 1.e. caon uancm na 6ank.
HpepnonoxnH, u1o am nrpae1e na nnHn1e $2$4 n na 1epne 6ank
paaen $44. Bm nHee1e c1apuyk napy, a aau epnnc1aennm nysoam
npo1nannk 4 ay1a, u1o6m o6mrpa1L aac. Ecnn am cpenae1e 6e1 a $4, 1o a
6anke 6ype1 yxe $48 (qak1nueckn pasHep 6anka nnkc aaua c1aaka) n
uancm na 6ank y aauero npo1nannka 6ypy1 paanm 48k4 nnn 12k1.
Tak kak a1o 6onLue nyneao 1oukn pnn ero npnkynno pykn (10.5k1
pnn 4 ay1oa), 1o on penae1 cao konn c npn6mnLk.
TenepL npepnonoxnH, u1o am nHee1e payx npo1nannkoa, opnn
cpenan 6e1, a a1opo ace eue pepxn1 npnkynnyk pyky c 4 ay1aHn. B
nauane a1oro kpyra 1oproann a 6anke 6mno $44, c1aaka aauero nepaoro
npo1nannka nopnnna pasHep 6anka po $48. Ecnn am cpenae1e pes, 1o
6ank yaennun1cn po $56, 1o cyHHa konna pnn aauero npo1nannka c 4
ay1aHn yaennun1cn po $8. Ero uancm na 6ank 6ypy1 paanm 56k8 nnn
7k1. Ero konn ne c1an npn6mnLnmH. Ecnn on 6ype1 pena1L konn
panLue, 1o 1eope1nueckn on no1epne1 penLrn, a coo1ae1c1aenno am n aau
a1opo npo1nannk nonyun1e penLrn.
14
Lannan ponn aaue npn6mnn a
nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax cospae1cn nrpokaHn, penakunx konn aHec1o
naca. XonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax a1o sauac1yk nrpm c npo1nannkaHn,
ko1opme a1akyk1 co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn.
Ho1euuanuume maucm
(Implied Odds)
Opnako 1onLko uancm na 6ank ne Hory1 1ouno onpepenn1L aauy
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. Bm snae1e, u1o 1oproann npoponxn1cn (nanpnHep,
na pnaepe) ecnn am nnn aaun npo1nannkn co6pann caok pyky. D1n
___________________________
14
B peknx cnyuanx 1onuko onn ns aac nsaneue1 auroy.
~35 ~
pononnn1enLnme c1aakn annnk1 na aennunny oxnpaeHo npn6mnn aaue
pykn. HcnonLsyeH nau npepmpyun npnHep. Y aac na pykax
na c1one:
n y aauero npo1nannka kak HnnnHyH napa aane1oa. HcnonLsyn 1onLko
uancm na 6ank, Hm amuncnnnn, u1o onn ponxnm 6m1L paanm 10.5k1
pnn 1oro, u1o6m aau konn 6mn npn6mnLnmH.
Ho Hm ne yun1maann 1oproank na pnaepe. Ecnn am ne nonyun1e
nyxnyk kap1y, 1o am cpenae1e nac na c1aaky npo1nannka, 1aknH o6pasoH
am ace paano no1epne1e 1onLko opny c1aaky (c yue1oH 1epna). Ho ecnn am
co6epe1e caok pyky, 1o aaH naaepnnka 6ypy1 amropnm pononnn1enLnme
c1aakn na, nn1o ynnue. Ecnn aau npo1nannk nHee1 1onLko napy aane1oa,
1o am Hoxe1e amnrpa1L opny pononnn1enLnyk c1aaky. Ho ecnn on nHee1
cnnLnyk pyky 1nna ce1a aane1oa, 1o on Hoxe1 o1ae1n1L pesoH na aau
6e1, n am no1epne1e 1pn n 6onee c1aaok.
C 1ako npnkynno pyko a1o1 pnaep 6ype1 pnn aac 6esy6m1ounmH.
Bm nnuero ne 1epne1e, ecnn ne npnkynae1e nyxnyk kap1y, no Hoxe1e
sapa6o1a1L opny nnn 6onee c1aaok, ecnn co6epe1e c1pn1. Mm ne
npnnnHann a1o ao annHanne, korpa onpepennnn nyneayk 1ouky.
Ho1euuanuume maucm a1o uancm na 6ank, yun1maakune
6ypyune c1aakn. Konn pac1 npn6mnL, ecnn aaun no1enunanLnme uancm
amue nyneao 1oukn, paxe ecnn uancoa na 6ank nepoc1a1ouno.
HpepnonoxnH, am nm1ae1ecL peun1L pena1L konn npn pmpnaoH
c1pn1e nnn ne1. B 6anke nepep 1epnoH $36 n aau npo1nannk penae1 6e1
$4. TaknH o6pasoH, aaun uancm na 6ank paanm 40k4 nnn 10k1, u1o
neHnoro nnxe nyneao 1oukn 10.5k1 pnn aaue npnkynno pykn c
ue1mpLHn ay1aHn. Lancm na 6ank roaopn1 nac. A u1o xe roaopn1
no1enunanLnme uancm?
[nn 1oro u1o6m paccun1a1L no1enunanLnme uancm, am ponxnm
nopcun1a1L, kak Hnoro c1aaok aaH ypac1cn co6pa1L na pnaepe, ecnn am
co6epe1e pyky. Hnorpa y aauero npo1nannka 6ype1 cna6an pyka n on
caonH konnoH acero nnuL npoaepn1 aauy c1aaky. Ho nnorpa y nero 6ype1
cnnLnan pyka, n on 6ype1 pena1L pes neckonLko pas noppnp, 1epnn a
o6ue cnoxnoc1n o1 payx po nn1n c1aaok. Hoa1oHy, am npepnonarae1e,
u1o a cpepneH am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L 1.5 c1aakn. Tak kak am nonyun1e
na1coayk koH6nnaunk, ecnn co6epe1e caok pyky (1.e. aepon1noc1L 1oro,
u1o k1o-1o yaepe1 y aac a1n c1aakn, o1cy1c1aye1), am ponxnm npn6aan1L
a1n 1.5 c1aakn k pasHepy 6anka, u1o6m amuncnn1L no1enunanLnme uancm.
Tak u1o npn6aaL1e $6 (1.5 c1aakn) k $40 a 6anke, n am nonyun1e
~36 ~
no1enunanLnme uancm 46k4 nnn 11.5k1. B 1o apeHn kak aaun
uancm na 6ank paanm acero nnuL 10k1, aaun no1enunanLnme uancm
pann aaH connpnyk nap6aaky. 3naun1, am ponxnm pena1L konn co caonH
pmpnamH c1pn1oH.
O6pa1ume no1euuanuume maucm
(Reverse Implied Odds)
Hoka Hm o6cypnnn cansL 6anka n no1enunanLnmx uancoa 1onLko a
npnanske k npnkynno pyke na 1epne. D1a cn1yaunn nanne1cn caHo
npoc1o npn pacue1e aaunx uancoa na no6epy. Ecnn am co6npae1e pyky,
am amnrpmaae1e, ecnn ne1 nponrpmaae1e. Ho 6ank n no1enunanLnme
uancm aaxnm pnn kaxpo pykn: pnn ro1oao pykn, pnn npnkynno pykn n
paxe korpa am ne snae1e anepepn am nnn napo nm1a1Lcn co6npa1L
npnkynnyk pyky.
Korpa am nm1ae1ecL co6pa1L na1coayk koH6nnaunk, aaun
no1enunanLnme uancm, kak npaanno, nyuue uancoa na 6ank. Bm uac1o
6ypn1e nHe1L 6esy6m1ounyk cn1yaunk, nopo6nyk 1o, u1o Hm nokasann a
npnHepe c pmpnamH c1pn1oH. Bm nnuero ne 1epne1e, ecnn ne nonyuae1e
nyxnyk kap1y, n penae1e penLrn, korpa co6epe1e caok pyky. Coaepuenno
npo1naononoxnan cn1yaunn nponcxopn1, korpa am nHee1e cna6yk ro1oayk
pyky, a 6ypyuan 1oproann no1pe6ye1 aaunx pener. B a1oH cnyuae aaH
npepc1on1 nHe1L peno c o6pa1nmHn no1enunanLnmHn uancaHn. Hnorpa
o6pa1nme no1enunanLnme uancm Hory1 npeapa1n1L pyky, amrnnpnuyk
amropno (no uancaH na 6ank) a y6m1ounyk.
D1o cnyuae1cn npn cnepykunx o6c1on1enLc1aax:
1. ManenLkn pasHep 6anka.
2. Bm ace eue aepe1e 1oproank na npeqnone nnn qnone. D1o snaun1,
u1o ace 6onLune c1aakn 6ypy1 pena1Lcn nepep ackpm1neH.
3. Y aac cna6an ro1oaan pyka, ko1opan Hoxe1 6m1L ceuac n nyuuan, no
ona Hoxe1 nponrpa1L 6onee cnnLno pyke.
HpepnonoxnH na 6onLuoH 6nanpe k aaH na pykn npnunn
Eue paa nrpoka aounn a nrpy, Hanm 6nanp ypaannn c1aaky (a
6anke 1enepL 4 Hanmx c1aakn), am penae1e uek. CHo1pnH qnon
On pan aaH c1apuyk napy. Manm 6nanp penae1 6e1 (a 6anke 5
Hanmx c1aaok). Bm ponxnm nacoaa1L.
Honyuennme uancm na 6ank 5k1 amrnnpn1 npnaneka1enLno.
~37 ~
Takne uancm npepnonarak1, u1o aaH poc1a1ouno amnrpmaa1L a 17%
cnyuaea, pnn 1oro u1o6m aau konn 6mn npn6mnLnmH. Ho aaun nc1nnnme
uancm naHnoro xyxe, ueH 5k1.
Ecnn aaua pyka ceuac nanne1cn nyuue sa c1onoH, 1o apnp nn
nrpokn c nnoxo pyko npnHy1 yuac1ne a 1oproane. Bm Hoxe1e nonyun1L
opnoro nysoaoro nrpoka, ko1opm sanna1n1 aaH co caoe HenLue napo,
no ne oxnpa1e nonyun1L Hnoro c1aaok na 1epne n pnaepe.
C ppyro c1oponm yuac1ne 6onLuoro konnuec1aa kap1 a nrpe Hoxe1
pa1L aaunH npo1nannkaH: napy c1apue aaue, c1pn1 nnn qneu. Ecnn
npo1nannk co6epe1 caok pyky, 1o am ne 6ype1e sna1L o6 a1oH, n 1orpa yxe
am 6ype1e nepennaunaa1L.
H a saaepuenne, am yxe Hoxe1e 6m1L nosapn, ecnn y koro-1o ns
npo1nannkoa ec1L oaepnapa nnn pean1ka c nyuunH knkepoH. Ecnn a1o 1ak,
1o am onn1L 6ype1e nepennaunaa1L na 1epne n pnaepe.
Cyuec1aye1 ouenL 6onLuo uanc, u1o am 6ype1e 1eH epnnc1aennmH
nrpokoH, ko1opm onna1n1 6onLune c1aakn na nospnnx ynnuax 1oHy, y
koro am co6npanncL amnrpa1L. Bm Hoxe1e pena1L npn6mnLnm konn
1onLko a 1oH cnyuae, ecnn ace aaun penLrn ypy1 a aau konn, n
o6pasye1cn cn1yaunn, korpa am npe1e aa-6ank (a a1oH cnyuae am pope1e
po ackpm1nn 6ecnna1no). Ho 1ak kak am ne Hoxe1e a1oro cpena1L, 1o Hm
roaopnH, u1o am nonyuae1e o6pa1nme no1enunanLnme uancm. H a a1oH
cnyuae o6pa1nme no1enunanLnme uancm ne nac1onLko amcokn, u1o6m
npoponxa1L nrpa1L aauy pyky. HopaepeH n1or, no1enunanLnme uancm
nokasmaak1 nonnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL aaue pykn, aknkuan ace
c1aakn aaunx npo1nannkoa. Hopcue1 6ypyunx c1aaok Hoxe1 nepeHec1n1L
ouenky oxnpaeHo npn6mnn aaue pykn a nk6oe nanpaanenne:
1. C npnkynno pyko, oco6enno, ecnn peuL npe1 o npnkynnoH qneue
nnn npnkynnoH na1coaoH c1pn1e, no1enunanLnme uancm nosaonnk1
cpena1L npn6mnLnm konn, paxe ecnn uancm na 6ank ne
onpaapmaak1 ero. Oco6enno a1o aepno na qnone, korpa anepepn
eue paa paynpa 1oproann na 6onLunx c1aakax n ec1L npo1nannkn c
ro1oamHn pykaHn, xenakune npoaepn1L aaun kap1m n xopouo aaH
sanna1n1L. Hopcun1a1e, ckonLko am cHoxe1e co6pa1L 6ypyunx
c1aaok n npn6aaL1e pesynL1a1 k pasHepy 6anka pnn 1oro, u1o6m
paccun1a1L no1enunanLnme uancm.
2. Co cna6o ro1oao pyko, oco6enno npn HanenLkoH 6anke, o6pa1nme
no1enunanLnme uancm nnorpa amnyxpak1 aac nacoaa1L, a 1o apeHn
kak uancm na 6ank poc1a1ounm pnn npoponxennn nrpm. Bm 6ype1e
onnaunaa1L nyuune uyxne pykn ropaspo uaue, ueH k1o-1o 6ype1
nna1n1L aaH. Korpa 6ank HanenLkn n ec1L amcokn uanc, u1o aaun
kap1m yxe nponrpann nnn na cnepykunx kpyrax 1oproann k1o-1o
co6epe1 pyky nyuue aaue, 1o pyky c napo, o6pasoaannyk kap1aHn
ne amcokoro poc1onnc1aa, napo c6pacmaa1L.
~38 ~
euuoc1u 6auka
(Pot Equity)
Bank n no1enunanLnme uancm, nonesnme nnc1pyHen1m pnn 1oro,
u1o6m ouenn1L aauy oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL npn am6ope peuennn, u1o
nyuue cpena1L: konn nnn nac (ne uaue ueH, korpa am peuae1e u1o nyuue
cpena1L 6e1 nnn pes). PasHmunennn o 1epHnne euuoc1u 6auka
Hory1 noHouL aaH npn am6ope peuennn, kak nrpa1L: konn/nac nnn
konn/pes.
Baua uennoc1L 6anka nanne1cn ponnapoamH (nnn nsHepneHmH a
c1aakax) akanaanen1oH npouen1a o1 6anka, ko1opm am oxnpae1e
amnrpa1L. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn 6ank copepxn1 pecn1L c1aaok, a y aac ec1L
npnkynnan na1coaan koH6nnaunn kap1, amnrpmaakuan a 20% cnyuaea, 1o
pnn aac uennoc1L 6anka paana payH c1aakaH (20% o1 pecn1n c1aaok).
PasHmunennn o uennoc1n 6anka ouenL nonesnm, korpa a nrpe
npncy1c1aye1 Hnoro ak1nanmx nrpokoa. D1o nonesno a 1pex 1nnoamx
cn1yaunnx:
1. Korpa am paccHa1pnaae1e aosHoxnoc1L naca, 1o uennoc1L 6anka
nosaonne1 aaH nsHepn1L, kak Hnoro am nponrpae1e nnn o1 uero am
o1kaxe1ecL, ecnn cpenae1e nac. Cpaannaan ponk aaunx anoxenn a
6ank po naca c uennoc1Lk 6anka, am onpepenne1e, nackonLko a1a
ponn uenna. Hpepc1aanH, u1o y aac ec1L npnkynnan pyka, ko1opan
6ype1 co6npa1Lcn a pecn1n npouen1ax cnyuaea. Ecnn pasHep 6anka
paaen 5 c1aakaH, 1o aaua uennoc1L 6anka paana 0.5 c1aakn. He
c1on1 saunua1L 1akyk HanenLkyk uennoc1L 6anka, ecnn aaH
npnpe1cn sanna1n1L sa a1o, uenyk c1aaky. He 1pa1L1e uenyk c1aaky
pnn 1oro, u1o6m saun1n1L nonc1aakn.
2. Korpa am paccHa1pnaae1e aosHoxnoc1L npepoc1aanennn
npo1nannkaH 6ecnna1no nnn peueao kap1m (nanpnHep, npn
saHepnenno nrpe), o6Lepnnennan uennoc1L 6anka aaunx
npo1nannkoa nosaonn1 aaH nsHepn1L, ueH am pnckye1e, ecnn am
nponrpae1e. HanpnHep, am nrpae1e opnn na opnn, n 6ank copepxn1
uec1L c1aaok. Y aauero npo1nannka npnkynnan pyka, c ko1opo on
6ype1 amnrpmaa1L y aac a pecn1n npouen1ax cnyuaea. Uennoc1L
6anka npo1nannka coc1aanne1 0.6 c1aakn. Ecnn am papn1e eHy
6ecnna1nyk kap1y (kak npn saHepnenno nrpe), am nopapn1e eHy
ponk 6anka, paanyk 0.6 c1aakn. D1o1 6mno 6m uenecoo6pasnmH,
ecnn 6m am uyac1aoaann, u1o a pesynL1a1e Hoxe1e amnrpa1L y nero
a cpepneH 6onLue 0.6 pononnn1enLno c1aakn (aosHoxno, no1oHy
u1o am npepnonarae1e, u1o on 6ype1 pena1L konn ceuac nnn
6neqoaa1L a konue, paxe ecnn on ne npnkynn1 nnuero k caoe
koH6nnaunn).
3. Korpa am nHee1e cnnLnyk npnkynnyk pyky (kak npaanno, na qnone
nnn npeqnone), aaua uennoc1L 6anka nokasmaae1, u1o aaH
amropne cpena1L pnn yaennuennn npn6mnn: 6e1 nnn pes.
HanpnHep, na qnone aaH npnuen npnkynno na1coam qneu npo1na
ue1mpex npo1nannkoa. Bm nHee1e 35% uanc co6pa1L aauy pyky na
~39 ~
pnaepe n npn6nnsn1enLno 35% uennoc1L 6anka. Ecnn ace ue1mpe
aaunx npo1nannka o1ae1n1 konnoH, pnn 1oro, u1o6m nocHo1pe1L
1epn, 1o am anece1e 20% pener, no uennoc1L 6anka pnn aac 6ype1
paana 35%. D1o nokasmaae1 npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka, 1ak kak
am nonyun1e no 15% co acex c1aaok na qnone. eH 6onLue pesoa
na qnone, 1eH 6onLue pener am nonyun1e.
15,16
D1o nocnepnee sananenne o uennoc1n 6anka oco6enno nonesno npn
o6pyHmaannn peuenn a nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax. TonLko a asap1no
nrpe am Hoxe1e yaennun1L caok oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. B nokepe, pnn
yaennuennn oxnpaeHo npn6mnn o6muno penae1cn pes, korpa am nHee1e
npenHyuec1ao a uennoc1n 6anka, aHec1o 1oro, u1o6m pena1L konn. BaH ne
o6nsa1enLno nHe1L nyuuyk pyky pnn 1oro, u1o6m pena1L pes pnn
yaennuennn npn6mnn, aaH poc1a1ouno xpa1L, korpa am co6epe1e nyuuyk
pyky na pnaepe. Cnepoaa1enLno, am ponxnm uaue pena1L 6e1 nnn pes na
qnone c cnnLno npnkynno pyko (nanpnHep, npnkynno payxc1oponnn
c1pn1 nnn npnkynno qneu) n aoo6ue am ponxnm pena1L pes c kap1aHn
1nna
na npeqnone, ecnn po aac nnk1o ne cpenan pes. B o6enx cn1yaunnx,
oxnpaeHm amnrpmu 6ype1 6onLue, ueH aaua npn6mnL na pnaepe.
Onpepeneuue pasHepa 6auka
(Counting the Pot)
D1n 1pn 1epHnna uancm na 6ank, no1enunanLnme uancm n
uennoc1L 6anka noHorak1 aaH onpepenn1L oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL aaunx
nrp. Bank n no1enunanLnme uancm, noHorak1 aaH peun1L, kakan
oxnpaeHan npn6mnL 6ype1 y konna: nonoxn1enLnan nnn o1pnua1enLnan
(n, cnepoaa1enLno, ponxnm nn am nrpy npepnouec1L nacy, ko1opm am
penae1e acerpa, korpa oxnpaeHan npn6mnL paano nynk). Uennoc1L 6anka
noHorae1 onpepenn1L kakoe pec1ane, pes nnn kon, npnnece1 aaH 6onLue
oxnpaeHo npn6mnn.
[nn 1oro u1o6m aocnonLsoaa1Lcn nk6mH ns a1nx nnc1pyHen1oa, am
cnauana ponxnm onpepenn1L pasHep 6anka. PasHep 6anka annne1 na aauy
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL n na kaxpoe peuenne, ko1opoe am npnnnHae1e. H
ponxen cpena1L konn nnn nac? H ponxen cpena1L pes nnn 1onLko konn?.
[nn o1ae1a na a1n aonpocm, am ponxnm nou1n acerpa cnauana cnpocn1L:
_____________________________
15
Hnora, copaa qnem au ace paano ye1e nponrpuaa1u. Ho nnora au ye1e
aunrpuaa1u n, ne copaa qnema, a copaa nno c1apmyk napy, nno a pyro pasaue
ae napu. /nn ynpoennn, Mu npenonaraeM, u1o a1n ae aepon1noc1n ypaannaak1 pyr
pyra.
16
B1o ne coaceM aepno. Mnoro pesoa Mory1 ykasuaa1u na 1o, u1o y onoro ns aamnx
npo1nannkoa cnnunan pyka, nanpnMep ce1. Ecnn a1o 1ak, 1o au Moxe1e copa1u cao
qnem, no a n1ore nponrpae1e, ecnn na c1on npne1 napa kap1 onoro noMnnana.
~40 ~
HackonLko aennk 6ank?.
Bo acex npnHepax nrp a a1o knnre, Hm paeH 1ekyun pasHep 6anka
na kaxpm aaxnm HoHen1 nrpm. Mm penaeH a1o no payH npnunnaH:
1. D1o ypo6no pnn aac, korpa am un1ae1e npnHep. Bm ne 6ype1e
nepecun1maa1L c1aakn a 1oproane, u1o6m onpepenn1L pasHep 6anka.
Mm cpenann a1o pnn aac.
2. D1o nanoHnnae1 aaH, u1o am ponxnm yun1maa1L pasHep 6anka npn
kaxpoH peuennn, ko1opoe am npnnnHae1e. Mm ykasmaaeH pasHep
6anka a neckonLknx 1oukax onncannn posmrpmua koH6nnaun kap1.
Korpa am nrpae1e, am ponxnm 6m1L a coc1onnnn cpena1L 1o xe
caHoe (o6muno nerue cun1a1L c1aakn, a ne penLrn), n am ponxnm
ncnonLsoaa1L a1y nnqopHaunk kaxpm pas, korpa am npnnnHae1e
peuenne.
B nko MoMen1 apeMenn au acera onxnu sna1u, ckonuko ener
naxon1cn a anke.
~41 ~
Cnyvaume u uesaaucuHme
co6m1un
enoaeueckn Hosr no1pncaku npn npen1nqnkaunn o6pasoa. Mm
pncyeH sarorynnnm na nnc1ax, u1o6m npepc1aan1L a6c1pak1nme npen, n
kaxpm rpaHo1nm uenoaek nonnHae1 nx kak cnoaa. Mm HoxeH Hrnoaenno
npen1nqnunpoaa1L nkpe, 1onLko nocHo1pea na nx nnua, paxe ecnn nx
aneunoc1L cnnLno nsHennnacL, n Hm ne anpenn nx Hnoro ne1. Kaxpm
ysnae1 a1n cnoxnme o6pasm nerko n rapan1npoaanno.
Hnorpa naun upesHepno qana1nunme Hosrn naxopn1 o6pasm 1aH, rpe
onn qak1nueckn o1cy1c1ayk1. Heko1opme ns nac anpn1 nnua na yne nnn
qopHm xnao1nmx cpepn saesp. Koneuno, nnk1o ne aepn1, u1o na yne ec1L
cneunanLno amnoxennoe nnuo uenoaeka n u1o saespm cneunanLno
pacnonoxenm 1ak, u1o6m 6m1L noxoxnHn na 6mka nnn nLaa, opnako a1n
noxnme o6pasm pasanekak1 nac.
Ho nnorpa nkpn anpn1 noxnme o6pasm n cun1ak1, u1o onn peanLnm.
HanpnHep, nkpn npnnnHan 1a6ne1kn nnaue6o, uyac1ayk1 ce6n nyuue n
penak1 amaop, u1o a1n 1a6ne1kn amneunnn ace nx 6onesnn. B a1oH cnyuae
Hoxno y1aepxpa1L, u1o 1akan oun6ka a pa6o1e naue cnc1eHm
pacnosnaaannn o6pasoa nonesna.
Opnako korpa a1o nponcxopn1 a asap1no nrpe, nepeny1maanne
noxnmx o6pasoa c peanLnmHn, npnaopnno Hnornx k kpaxy. Mnorne nrpokn
nHek1 1enpenunk napenn1L cHmcnoH coaepuenno cnyuanme n
nesaancnHme co6m1nn. Onn oun6ak1cn, penan a1o. Kap1u, cannue a
nko nokepno ceccnn, aconk1no cnyuanu n nesaancnMu o1 kap1,
cannux a npeuynx ceccnnx.
17
BonLunnc1ao nkpe nrpakunx a nokep, oxnpak1 u1o-1o, u1o
nepaano nponcxopnno, aepne1cn. HanpnHep, ecnn onn na npo1nxennn ace
ceccnn nHenn nn1L npnkynnmx qneue n co6pann nx ace, 1o onn oxnpak1
co6pa1L n cnepykun npnkynno qneu, npnuepue nH na qnone.
Ananornuno nponcxopn1 n a cn1yaunn, korpa nkpn ne Hory1 co6pa1L qneu
nn1L pas noppnp, onn oxnpak1, u1o ne co6epy1 ero n a uec1o pas.
Kaxpan nrpoaan ceccnn nanne1cn nesaancnHmH co6m1neH. Kap1m a1o
kycoukn nnac1Haccm. Onn ne nHek1 nnkaknx snann, nnkako naHn1n,
nnkakoro kocHnueckoro nnana. Onn saunqpoaanm n nepe1acoaanm pnn
kaxpo nrpoao ceccnn. Kycoukn nnac1Haccm naaepnnka ne Hory1
croaopn1Lcn npo1na aac n paaa1L aaH no ue1mpe nnkn, ne paaan nn1yk.
[axe ecnn aaH npnunn kap1m na qnone, n ne co6panocL na pnaepe
paapua1L npnkynnmx qneue noppnp, 1o cnepykun npnkynno qneu ace
paano nHee1 1ako xe, kak n acerpa, 35% uanc co6pa1Lcn na pnaepe.
_____________________________
17
Cnyuanoc1u qak1nueckn nMee1 c1poroe Ma1eMa1nueckoe onpeenenne, n npoecc
nepe1acoakn kap1 ne nponsaon1 cnyuanoe pacnpeenenne 1exnnueckn. Onako nn
acex npak1nuecknx ene au Moxe1e paccMa1pnaa1u xopomo-nepe1acoaannyk konoy,
kak cnyuanyk. Eonume o a1o 1eMe au cMoxe1e npoun1a1u na c1panne 169 a knnre
Mecona ManuMy1a Teopnn asap1nux nrp n pyrne 1eMu.
~42 ~
He1 1ako aeun kak sapepxka qnona. Ecnn aaH aese1 nnn
npnuna xopouan nonoca, 1o a1o ne snaun1, u1o am ypaunnaee ppyrnx sa
a1nH c1onoH n nonyun1e xopouyk pyky a 6ypyueH. Heaepno ampaxenne
K1o-1o acerpa co6npae1 pae napm, korpa y Henn 1ysm nnn Kaxpm
co6npae1 caon qneun, a n ne Hory co6pa1L cao. Hapa kopone ne
nanne1cn Harnn1oH 1ysa n ne kaxpm, y koro paa ay1a no6expae1 aac.
Hpounme pesynL1a1m ne annnk1 na kap1m, c ko1opmHn am 6ype1e nHe1L
peno a cnepykunx paspauax.
Haun Hosrn nso6penn ack a1y epynpy pnn 1oro, u1o6m o6Lncnn1L 1o,
u1o Hm ce6e ncno ne npepc1aanneH a6conk1no cnyuanme co6m1nn c
o6pasaHn, ne nHekunHn nnkakoro cHmcna. Ec1ec1aenno, u1o korpa am
nponrpmaae1e, 1o naunnae1e pyHa1L, u1o kap1a ne npe1, a korpa
amnrpmaae1e, 1o a1o pec1ane ypaun. Ho 6m1L ec1ec1aennmH ne osnauae1,
u1o a1o nonesno. Oc1anoan1e aaue yc1poc1ao pnn pacnosnaaannn
o6pasoa, nepep 1eH kak ono naune1 roaopn1L aaH: He1 nnkakoro o6pasa!
He1 nnkakoro o6pasa!.
~43 ~
Hocnecnoaue k paspeny
Teopun urp
Kak 6mno saHeueno panee, nokep asap1nan nrpa. k6o, k1o
roaopn1, u1o a1o ne 1ak, nnn y1aepxpae1, u1o korpa on nrpae1, 1o ne
ncnm1maae1 asap1a, ne nonnHae1 nokep nac1onLko xopouo, kak ponxen.
Hokep asap1nan nrpa, no1oHy u1o no 6onLue uac1n aaun pesynL1a1m
neonpepenennm. D1o osnauae1, u1o nnorpa am 6ype1e nrpa1L naHnoro
nyuue, ueH o6muno, a nnorpa naHnoro xyxe. Bm Hoxe1e paxe nponrpa1L
nrpokaH, ko1opmH eue yun1Lcn n yun1Lcn, u1o6m poc1nuL aauero ypoann
Hac1epc1aa.
Ho u1o o1nnuae1 nokep o1 Hnoxec1aa ppyrnx asap1nmx nrp, 1ak a1o
aaua oxnpaeHan npn6mnL, a ko1opo am Hoxe1e 6m1L yaepenm. Bm
poc1nrae1e uero-1o, ncnonLsyn a ocnoanoH oun6kn, ko1opme penak1 aaun
npo1nannkn, no1oHy u1o penLrn npnxopn1 o1 nnx. HHenno noa1oHy 1akne
npen kak oxnpaeHan npn6mnL, uancm na 6ank, no1enunanLnme uancm,
uennoc1L 6anka nac1onLko aaxnm. C ppyro c1oponm a1o 1onLko
neko1opme ns nnc1pyHen1oa, a ko1opmx am nyxpae1ecL pnn 1oro, u1o6m
6m1L ycneunmH.
Ho ec1L 1akxe ppyro nnc1pyHen1, nannkuncn ouenL aaxnmH. D1o
nonnoe nonnHanne XonpeHa n kak nyxno nrpa1L na nnsknx nnHn1ax. Tak
u1o npoponxa1e un1a1L.
~44 ~
Hac1u a1opan
Hrpa ua
npeqnone
~45 ~
Hrpa ua npeqnone
Hpepucnoaue
Ckaxn1e, kak uac1o, am coaepuae1e 1akyk aonnkuyk oun6ky, kak,
pena1e uek nnn nac a nrpe c ponnL qneuoH na pykax. Xopouo, cornacen,
u1o a1o ouenL poporan oun6ka, 1ak kak am 1epne1e aecL 6ank, ko1opm
Hornn rapan1npoaanno amnrpa1L. H ace xe, am Hoxe1e coaepua1L a1y
aonnkuyk oun6ky noc1onnno n, 1eH ne Henee, oc1aaa1Lcn npn a1oH
ycneunmH nokepnmH nrpokoH. D1o no1oHy u1o am nonyuae1e aosHoxnoc1L
cpena1L a1y oun6ky 1onLko opnn nnn paa pasa a rop. [axe ecnn 1akan
oun6ka o6xopn1cn aaH a cpepneH a $100 sa pas, 1o a rop am no1epne1e
acero nnuL o1 $100 po $200. Xopoun nrpok nerko aocnonnn1 no1epn o1
1ako oun6kn caoe 6nec1nue nrpo.
PaccHa1pnaaeHme o1penLno asn1me oun6kn na npeqnone o6opy1cn
aaH ne ouenL poporo. Ecnn am penae1e konn c pyko, c ko1opo napo
nacoaa1L, 1o, oueanpno, u1o 1akan oun6ka 6ype1 c1on1L aaH ne 6onLue
c1onHoc1n konna. HanpnHep, am nrpae1e na nnHn1e $2$4, n o1ae1nnn
konnoH na ue-1o pes c
(a1o unc1an oun6ka) aaua oun6ka 6ype1 c1on1L aaH ne 6onLue $4,
ko1opme am no1pa1nnn na 1o, u1o6m cpena1L konn pesa.
18
Ona ne c1on1
paxe c1onLko, no1oHy u1o nnorpa am 6ype1e npoponxa1L nrpy pnn 1oro,
u1o6m amnrpa1L c a1o koH6nnaune kap1. TaknH o6pasoH, 1eope1nueckan
uena uac1n $4, ko1opme am no1pa1nnn na konn, aosHoxno (a naueH
npnHepe) coc1aanne1 uy1L 6onLue $1 nnn $2. Mm ace-1akn napeeHcn, u1o
am ne 6ype1e o1aeua1L konnoH na pesm c koponeH n pecn1ko (n ppyrnHn
noxoxnHn pykaHn), no1oHy u1o 1orpa am ne cHoxe1e no6expa1L na
pnnnno pnc1anunn. Kaxpan o1penLnan oun6ka na npeqnone nepopora,
no na npeqnone am npnnnHae1e peuenne kaxpm pas, korpa aaH cpak1
kap1m. H ecnn a cn1yaunn c ponnL qneuoH am Hoxe1e cpena1L oun6ky
neckonLko pas a rop, 1o oun6ok 1nna konna co cna6mHn kap1aHn na
npeqnone am Hoxe1e cpena1L na npo1nxennn ropa pecn1kn 1mcnu. Ecnn
npepnonoxn1L, u1o oun6ka c nysoamH konnoH c1on1 a cpepneH $1, 1o
noc1onnnoe noa1openne 1ako oun6kn na npo1nxennn ropa o6ope1cn aaH
6onee ueH a $10.000! TaknH o6pasoH, connpnan, 6esoun6ounan nrpa na
npeqnone, nanne1cn cepLesnmH qak1opoH pnn poc1nxennn ycnexa na
pnnnno pnc1anunn a nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax. D1a rnaaa nayun1 aac
ns6era1L amcacmaakunx 6ankponn oun6ok na npeqnone n sanoxn1
connpnm qynpaHen1 pnn no6epno nrpm a xonpeHe.
_____________________________
18
Ecnn nepaan omnka Moxe1 sac1aan1u aac ena1u ononnn1enunue omnkn a npoecce
anuneme nrpu, 1o o 1ako cn1yann Moxno roaopn1u, u1o ena omnkn onume enu
konna. Ho a ec1an1enunoc1n, a a1oM cnyuae, au cenann neckonuko pasnnunux omnok,
nepaan ns ko1opux Moxe1 c1on1u ne onume ueM c1onMoc1u c1aakn.
~46 ~
Teopun urpm ua npeqnone
HpaannLnm am6op pyk a1o qynpaHen1 no6ep a xonpeHe. He nHee1
snauennn, nackonLko xopouo am nrpae1e na nocnepykunx kpyrax
1oproann, ecnn am uac1o axopn1e a nrpy co cna6mHn pykaHn, u1o npnaopn1
aac k nponrpmuy na pnnnno pnc1anunn. K cuac1Lk, nsyuenne 1oro, c
kaknHn pykaHn nyxno pena1L nac, konn nnn pes, nanne1cn caHmH
npoc1mH uaroH pnn 1oro, u1o6m naua1L amnrpmaa1L Hnoro n c1a1L
ueHnnonoH.
D1a rnaaa paspenena na 1pn uac1n. B a1o (nepao) uac1n
o6cyxpak1cn 6asoame npneHm nrpm na npeqnone. B ne Hm o6pauaeH
aaue annHanne na neckonLko c1anpap1nmx oun6ok n nokasmaaeH, kak nx
ns6exa1L. B payx nocnepykunx uac1nx (onn 6onee noppo6nm), Hm paeH
pekoHenpaunn, korpa n kak nrpa1L pasnnunme pykn. Hocne npou1ennn
onpepenennoro coae1a a nocnepykunx uac1nx, aosapaua1ecL k a1o
uac1n. Hoc1apa1ecL nonn1L, kak o6une npnnunnm npnaopn1 k uac1nmH
pekoHenpaunnH. Oco6enno aaxno ocHmcnn1L ocnoanme 1epHnnm. Ecnn am
1onLko sanoHnn1e npaanna posmrpmua pyk, no ne cHoxe1e
npncnoca6nnaa1Lcn k nsHennkunHcn ycnoannH nrpm, n aHec1o 1oro, u1o6m
noneHnory amnrpmaa1L am 6ype1e ace eue panekn o1 kauec1aenno nrpm
npnnocnue c1a6nnLnyk npn6mnL.
Ta1oaan urpa npaaunuuan urpa
Epnnc1aennme pykn, no6expakune a nokepe a1o cnnLnme pykn.
Ecnn y aac a1opan nnn 1pe1Ln no cnne pyka, 1o npn ackpm1nn Hoxe1
o6napyxn1Lcn, u1o am nnuero ne amnrpann. Bm1L uy1L nyuue cpepnero a1o
ne aau am6op, no1oHy u1o 1akoe nonoxenne nnuero aaH ne pae1. D1o
snaun1, u1o c1ap1oame pykn uy1L amue cpepnero ypoann, nHek1
1enpenunk 1epn1L penLrn na pnnnno pnc1anunn. Bm6npan c1ap1oame
pykn, oc1anoan1e cao am6op na neckonLknx, ko1opme pak1
nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. Ecnn pyka ne nokasmaae1, u1o ona
Hoxe1 npnnec1n npn6mnL, 1o ee ne1 cHmcna nrpa1L.
CnnLnme c1ap1oame pykn npnnocn1 Hnoro pener. Eue neckonLko pyk
npnnocn1 ckpoHnyk npn6mnL. BonLunnc1ao pyk nponrpmaae1 na pnnnno
pnc1anunn. D1o pykn uy1L amue cpepnero, uy1L nnxe cpepnero n cpepnero
ypoann. Ha cnepykue c1pannue Hm npnaopnH rpaqnk cpepne
poxopnoc1n kaxpo ns 169 c1ap1oamx pyk. Pykn pacnonoxenm a
cnepykueH nopnpke: o1 caHmx npn6mnLnmx cneaa, po caHmx y6m1ounmx
cnpaaa. O6pa1n1e annHanne, kak 6onee cna6me pykn 6mc1po 1epnk1
poxopnoc1L.
~47 ~
D1o peanLnme pannme onm1noro nrpoka, ko1opm nHee1 6asy pannmx
na 60.000 cmrpannmx pyk.
19
Koneuno xe rpaqnkn payx pasnmx nrpokoa
ne 6ypy1 1ouno noa1opn1L ppyr ppyra, a rpaqnk noc1onnno
nponrpmaakuero nrpoka 6ype1 cyuec1aenno o1nnuae1cn o1 npnaepennoro
npnHepa. Ho ns a1oro rpaqnka Hm yanpenn, u1o cnnLnme c1ap1oame pykn
nan6onee npn6mnLnm n ec1L eue ne Hnoro pyk, ko1opme Hory1 paaa1L
ne6onLuyk npn6mnL.
[oxopnoc1L pyk cnnLno Henne1cn a saancnHoc1n o1 o6c1on1enLc1a.
Ecnn am naxopn1ecL na a1opo nosnunn, a nrpok c nepao nosnunn cpenan
pes, 1o 1onLko nn1L nnn uec1L pyk Hory1 6m1L npn6mnLnmHn. Ecnn am na
6a11one nocne 1pex nnHnepoa, 1o uenmx 50 pyk ns 169 Hory1 6m1L
npn6mnLnmHn. Ho, 1eH ne Henee, paxe npn caHmx 6naronpnn1nmx
o6c1on1enLc1aax am ponxnm am6pacmaa1L 6onLunnc1ao pyk. Hpoc1o
cpepnne c1ap1oame pykn ne nac1onLko uac1o c1anoan1cn cnnLneunHn
pykaHn, u1o6m koHnencnpoaa1L c1onHoc1L nrpm na nnx.
_____________________________
19
B npnaeennoM npnMepe konnuec1ao pyk neoc1a1ouno, u1ou onpeenn1u nopMy
npnunn konkpe1no pykn, no oc1a1ouno nn 1oro, u1ou nokasa1u oyk 1enennk.
Yaennuenne nncxonero aqqek1a a rpaqnke a npaaoM nnxneM yrny ne coo1ae1c1aye1
ec1an1enunoc1n. B1o pesynu1a1 orpannuennn pasMepa nsopaxennn a npnMepe.
~48 ~
Hnoxue pyku u no1epnuume peuuru
Opna oco6ennoc1L, ko1opan o1nnuae1 nrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax o1 nrp
na cpepnnx n amcoknx nnHn1ax a1o 1o, u1o nrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax nHek1
1enpenunk nokasmaa1L nrpokoa, ko1opme nrpak1 Hnoro pyk n nou1n
aa1oHa1nueckn npoponxak1 nx nrpa1L na nospnnx ynnuax.
20
Ecnn 6m
aaun npo1nannkn orpannunnn ce6n 1onLko npn6mnLnmHn pykaHn, 1o a
6onLunnc1ae paspau oc1aaanocL 6m paoe nnn 1poe ak1nanmx nrpokoa.
ac1o1a, c ko1opo pasmrpmaak1cn paspaun, a ko1opmx npnnnHae1
yuac1ne Hnoro ak1nanmx nrpokoa, ykasmaae1 na 1o, u1o aaun npo1nannkn
nrpak1 Hnoro nepen1a6enLnmx pyk.
Ho onpepenennk, nepen1a6enLnan pyka aosapauae1 nasap HenLue
pener, ueH a nee nnaec1npye1cn pnn 1oro, u1o6m ona aouna a nrpy.
21
Pasnnua Hexpy nnaec1nunnHn n aosapa1aHn, pnn 1aknx pyk, nasmaak1
no1epnnnme penLrn. CkaxeH 1ak a1o pononnn1enLnme penLrn, ko1opme
nrpok papn1 kaxpoHy nrpoky, amnrpmaakueHy 6ank. D1o noxoxe na 1o,
u1o on nrpan nnn cnnLnyk pyky, nnn pyky c nyneamH oxnpanneH
npn6mnn, no 6pocnn pononnn1enLnme penLrn a 6ank, kak 6onyc
no6epn1enk. Ecnn am po cnx nop ne anpn1e, nackonLko a1n penLrn
no1epnnm, 1o npepc1aaL1e ce6n uenoaekoH, npoxopnunH HnHo nokepnoro
c1ona n 6pocakunH penLrn a 6ank aHec1o opnoro ns nrpokoa. BaH aaxno
nonn1L, u1o 6ank yaennunaae1cn, ecnn sa c1onoH ec1L k1o-1o, k1o nna1n1
6onLue sa aosHoxnoc1L nocHo1pe1L qnon, ueH c1on1 ero 1ekyuan pyka.
B 6onLunnc1ae nrp na nnsknx nnHn1ax neckonLko aaunx
npo1nannkoa uac1o 6ypy1 nrpa1L nepen1a6enLnme pykn. Kaxpm ns a1nx
nrpokoa cy6cnpnpye1 6ank pononnn1enLnmHn penLraHn. D1n
pononnn1enLnme penLrn n coc1aannk1 6onLuyk uac1L aaue npn6mnn n
po6aannk1 poxopnoc1L HnornH pykaH. [axe 1akan cna6an pyka, kak a1a:
6ype1 poxopno, ecnn a 6anke yuac1aye1 Hnoro nysoamx nrpokoa. Opnako,
_____________________________
20
Heko1opue nrpu na cpennx n aucoknx nnMn1ax 1oxe coo1ae1c1ayk1 a1oMy onncannk.
21
OxnaeMan npnunu cpenee snauenne o1nomennn acex aosMoxnux pesynu1a1oa k
aepon1noc1n a1nx pesynu1a1oa. PaccMo1pnM ynpoennu npnMep. HpenonoxnM, u1o
aama pyka nMee1 cneykne aosMoxnue pesynu1a1u: nac na qnone, nac na 1epne nocne
konna a ony c1aaky na qnone, n aunrpum anka pasMepoM a nn1u c1aaok. Hacoaa1u na
qnone au ye1e a 60% cnyuaea, nacoaa1u na 1epne a 20% cnyuaea n a oc1anunux
20% cnyuaea au ye1e aunrpuaa1u ank. He cun1an aamnx nnaec1nn na npeqnone
(Mu nocun1aeM nx a kone), npn nace na qnone au nnuero ne 1epne1e, nacyn na 1epne,
au nponrpuaae1e ony c1aaky, aunrpuaan ank, au aunrpuaae1e nn1u c1aaok. Bam
cpenn oxnaeMu oxo o1 nnaec1nn coc1aan1 0.8 c1aakn:
0.8 = ( 0.6) ( 0) +( 0.2) ( -1) +( 0.2) ( 5)
Tak kak na npeqnone au nnannpye1e nnaec1npoaa1u 1 c1aaky, a a anunemeM
npoecce nrpu aepny1u 1onuko 0.8 c1aakn, 1o annyk pyky Moxno cun1a1u ne
pen1aenuno. Eonee nopono o pacue1e oxnaeMo npnunn n ee annnnnn a nokepe n
pyrnx asap1nux nrpax Moxno npoun1a1u a knnre /aana Cknanckn Honyuenne c1aakn c
nonoxn1enuno oxnaeMo npnunuk (Getting the Best of it).
~49 ~
ee poxopnoc1L ne poc1a1ouna pnn 1oro, u1o6m pyka cun1anacL
npn6mnLno.
22
[enan pes na npeqnone, oco6enno korpa ace aaun npo1nannkn
cpenann yxe no opno c1aake a 6ank, am ypaanaae1e o6uyk nnaec1nunk a
6ank na npeqnone o1 kaxporo nrpoka. Tak kak neko1opme ns aaunx
npo1nannkoa nrpak1 nepen1a6enLnme pykn, 1o a1o yaennunaae1
konnuec1ao pener, ko1opme am oxnpae1e amnrpa1L a cpepneH.
23
C
nyuunHn pykaHn uaue pena1e pes, ne orpannunaa1e, a yaennunaa1e
caoe nonnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL.
Tpu 1una pyk
Ec1L 1pn 1nna npn6mnLnmx pyk na npeqnone: pykn c1apue napm
(top pair hands), cnekynn1nanme pykn (speculative hands), Hounme pykn
(powerhouse hands). Heko1opme xopoune pykn coue1ak1 a ce6e
xapak1epnc1nkn acex 1pex anpoa.
Pyku c1apme napm
Han6onee snaunHme pykn c1apue napm coc1on1 ns payx 6onLunx
pasnoHac1nmx kap1, nanpnHep:
Baun npo1nannkn po6aannk1 uennoc1L 6onLunnc1ay 1aknx pyk, xo1n
neko1opme ns nnx, ckopee acero, nepen1a6enLnm, ueH pen1a6enLnm.
Takne pykn amnrpmaak1 Hnoro HanenLknx n cpepnnx 6ankoa,
co6npan c1apuyk napy n ypepxnaan ee po konua paspaun (a nnorpa
ypepxnaak1cn anno1L po pnaepa, paxe ne co6paa c1apuyk napy). Hnorpa,
co6paa c1apuyk napy na qnone, aaH npnpe1cn saun1n1Lcn, aosLHn1e na
saHe1ky a1o1 nynk1nk. [oaonLno uac1o onn ne ynyuuak1cn, noa1oHy am
napee1ecL amxn1L na 1epne n pnaepe na qone npo1nannkoa c npnkynno
pyko. Kak 1onLko npo1nannk npnkynn1 caok pyky, on 6ype1 ncnonLsoaa1L
6onLune c1aakn 1epna n pnaepa, u1o6m Hrnoaenno nakasa1L pyky co
a1opo c1apue napo (c1apuan napa co cna6mH knkepoH). TaknH
o6pasoH, a1n pykn penak1 Hnoro pener na pannnx kpyrax 1oproann
(npeqnone n qnone), korpa onn nHek1 6onLue uancoa na no6epy. Ha
nospnnx paynpax 1oproann, npo1nannkn, oxnpakune caoe kap1m,
nacyk1, ecnn nnuero ne npnkynnnn, n penak1 pes, ecnn npnkynnnn.
Hpnkynnme pykn o6muno nHek1 npenHyuec1ao na 1epne n pnaepe.
24
_____________________________
22
Eu1u oxono n u1u pen1aenuno a1o aa pasnnunux nonn1nn. Ecnn c1onMoc1u pykn
paana $4, a ee oxonoc1u paana $3, 1o ona ne Moxe1 u1u pen1aenuno.
23
/aonkoe aneua1nenne o1 a1oro y1aepxennn. /enurn aunrpuaak1cn n nponrpuaak1cn
nocne qnona 1ouno 1akxe kak n nepe nnM. Kora ank onumo, Mnorne nrpokn yy1
nMe1u aosMoxnoc1u nrpa1u anume, n aama pyka ye1 aunrpuaa1u ne 1ak uac1o no
cpaanennk c cn1yane, a ko1opo au ne enann pes.
24
Ho a1o ne acera 1ak. CMo1pn pasen Pykn c ayMn oaepnapaMn
~50 ~
Hpn npounx paanmx ycnoannx, pykn c1apue napm nrpak1 nyuue
npo1na Hanoro konnuec1aa npo1nannkoa. C1apuan napa kap1 6ype1
nyuue, aepon1ne acero, npo1na payx nnn 1pex nrpokoa, no ne
npo1na uec1n nnn ceHn. Kak Hm roaopnnn panee, 6onLuo n
Hnorouncnennm 6ank o6muno amnanne1 nrpokoa, nrpakunx cna6me n
nepen1a6enLnme pykn (a1n nrpokn anocn1 pononnn1enLnme penLrn a
6ank). B 1o apeHn kak 1oproann c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH npo1nannkoa a
6anke o6ecuennaae1 aauy pyky, o1nocn1enLno neko1opmx ppyrnx pyk,
aaua nonnan oxnpaeHan npn6mnL Hoxe1 npoponxa1L yaennunaa1Lcn sa
cue1 pononnn1enLnmx pener. Hyumne pykn c1apme napu (AT, KJ n
pyrne) nMek1 1enennk nsaneka1u onume npnunn ns ononnn1enunux
ener, ueM 1epn1u npn 1oproane c onumnM konnuec1aoM npo1nannkoa.
Onn, peanLno, penak1 6onLue pener npo1na Hnornx cna6mx pyk. Bonee
cna6me pykn c1apue napm, nanpnHep K9 n A6, uaue nponrpmaak1 a
6onLunnc1ae Hnorouncnennmx n 6onLunx 6ankax, ueH co6npak1 npn6mnn
o1 pononnn1enLnmx c1aaok. Hoa1oHy, korpa a nrpe Hnoro npo1nannkoa, 1o
nyxno kak Hoxno ckopee ns6aan1Lcn o1 nx cna6mx pyk.
C cnnLno pyko c1apue napm, Bm, kak npaanno, ponxnm pena1L
pes. Pyka 1nna
no6expae1 ropaspo uaue 6onLunnc1aa ppyrnx pyk. Mnorne ee no6epm
cnyuak1cn 1orpa, korpa 1ak nnk1o n ne co6pan xopouyk pyky (nyuue, ueH
napa 1ysoa nnn kopone). Ecnn 6onLunnc1ao aaunx npo1nannkoa nrpak1
nnoxo, nonyun1e c nnx pononnn1enLnme penLrn a 6ank na npeqnone, po
1oro, kak onn ysnak1, u1o na qnone nH nnuero ne npnuno.
Cnekynn1uaume pyku
Cnekynn1nanme pykn coc1on1 ns Henknx, cansannmx kap1.
ManenLknx nap 1nna a1o:
n HanenLknx opnoHac1nmx cansok (payx kap1, o6pasykunx c1pn1oayk
cansky), 1nna a1o:
Cnekynn1nanme pykn sauac1yk ne nHek1 npenHyuec1aa, no onn
yHek1 co6npa1L cnnLnme pykn n 6onLune 6ankn. ManenLkan napa
npeapauae1cn a cnnLnyk pyky, korpa na qnone co6npae1 ce1.
OpnoHac1nme canskn npeapauak1cn a cnnLnme pykn, korpa na qnone
~51 ~
co6npak1 qneu, c1pn1 nnn npnkynnnn kap1y. Hocne qnona,
cnekynn1nanme pykn uac1o pasmrpmaak1 ne no npaannaH, ecnn onn
co6pann na qnone ouenL cnnLnyk nnn npnkynnyk pyky. Ha 1epne Hnorne
nrpokn Hory1 1nny1L Hep1ame pykn npo1na cnekynn1nano pykn (npo1na
c1apue napm onn, kak npaanno, Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky 1nny1 pepko).
Cnekynn1nanme pykn Hory1 cpena1L Hnoro pener na 6onLunx c1aakax
1epna n pnaepa.
Cnekynn1nanme pykn nyuue acero nrpa1L npo1na 6onLuoro
konnuec1aa npo1nannkoa. Onn cospak1 cnnLnme pykn, ko1opme co6npak1
6onLune 6ankn. Hrpa c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa, ycnnnaae1 a1y
HouL, Hnorouncnennme npo1nannkn cospak1 6onLuo 6ank. Hpo1na
epnnnunmx npo1nannkoa cna6me cnekynn1nanme pykn 1nna 65 n J8
ne Hory1 co6pa1L poc1a1ounoro konnuec1aa pener, u1o6m onna1n1L ace
caon no1epnnnme na qnone n npeqnone nnaec1nunn, noa1oHy, a 1aknx
cnyuanx, onn nannk1cn nepen1a6enLnmHn.
D1n pykn, oco6enno, caHme cna6me ns nnx, nHek1 npaao cHo1pe1L
qnon npn caHmx HnnnHanLnmx anoxennnx. Tak kak onn uac1o ne
co6npak1 cnnLnyk pyky, 1o onn 1epnk1 penLrn c kaxpo pononnn1enLno
c1aako na npeqnone. Bonee cnnLnme cnekynn1nanme pykn, HanenLkne
kapHannme napm n 6onLune opnoHac1nme canskn 1nna T9 n amue,
Hory1 nosaonn1L ce6e onna1n1L pae c1aakn, u1o6m nocHo1pe1L qnon (no
uaue onn npn6mnLnm 1onLko npn opno c1aake). Bonee cna6me pykn anpa
75, kak npaanno, ne Hory1 nosaonn1L ce6e onnaunaa1L pae c1aakn, n,
nou1n ao acex cn1yaunnx, nn opna ns a1nx pyk, ne Hoxe1 nosaonn1L ce6e
nna1n1L 1pn, a 1eH 6onee ue1mpe c1aakn, sa aosHoxnoc1L nocHo1pe1L
qnon.
Moume pyku
Heko1opme ouenL cnnLnme pykn Hounme pykn, 6epy1 nyuune
kauec1aa ns kaxporo anpa pyk, n nn y opnoro ns anpoa onn ne 6epy1
xypune kauec1aa. BonLune kapHannme napm 1nna
n 6onLune opnoHac1nme kap1m 1nna
uac1o o6pasyk1 c1apuyk napy, no 1akxe onn o6pasyk1 1akne Hounme
pykn kak ce1 nnn qneu, coo1ae1c1aenno. B 1o apeHn kak pasnoHac1nan
pyka c1apue napm ponxna saunua1Lcn na ue1aep1o n nn1o ynnue, a1n
cnnLnme pykn nHek1 no1enunan, u1o6m pena1L penLrn na acex kpyrax
1oproann. Onn npekpacno nrpak1 kak npo1na 6onLuoro konnuec1aa
npo1nannkoa, 1ak n npo1na epnnnunmx npo1nannkoa. C nnHn am ponxnm
~52 ~
pena1L pes, u1o6m ncnonLsoaa1L a1o npenHyuec1ao.
Cuna poHuuupoaauun
Hnorpa a xonpeHe na npeqnone, o6une kap1m c1ona Hory1 cospaaa1L
ynnkanLnme o6Lepnnennme pykn, ko1opme nasmaak1cn
poHnnnpoaannmHn. D1o nponcxopn1, korpa paa nrpoka nonyunnn
opnnakoayk c1apuyk kap1y, no y opnoro ns nnx, a1opan kap1a c1apue,
ueH y ppyroro. HanpnHep, ecnn nepaoHy nrpoky npnunn na pykn
a a1opoHy
1o roaopn1, u1o nrpok c AQ poHnnnpoaannm. Ecnn npnpe1 1ys, 1o AQ
cpenae1 a1opyk c1apuyk pyky. B 1o apeHn kak caHa no ce6e pyka AQ
nanne1cn ouenL xopoue, ona c1ane1 nnoxo, ecnn y koro-1o ns
npo1nannkoa okaxe1cn AK.
Eue 6onee onacnan qopHa poHnnnpoaannn nponcxopn1, korpa opnn
nrpok pepxn1 kapHannyk napy 1oro xe poc1onnc1aa, u1o n c1apuan kap1a
npo1nannka. HanpnHep, KK u KJ. Hrpok c KJ a orpoHno
onacnoc1n. [nn 1oro u1o6m no6epn1L, on ponxen co6pa1L nn6o paa aane1a,
nn6o c1pn1, nn6o Hanoaepon1nm qneu.
Pasmrpmaa1L poHnnnpoaannyk pyky nepep qnonoH poporoe
ypoaonLc1ane, oco6enno ecnn a 6anke Hano nrpokoa. Hpo1na payx nnn
1pex npo1nannkoa, nrpok c nyuue napo no6expae1 naHnoro uaue. Korpa
am nrpae1e pyky, nap ko1opo poHnnnpyk1, 1o aaun uancm co6pa1L
nyuuyk napy yHenLuak1cn.
B 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke poHnnnpoaanne ne c1onL
onacno. Korpa a nrpe uec1L nnn ceHL nrpokoa, c1apuan napa amnrpmaae1
pexe, a aosHoxnoc1L co6pa1L c1pn1 nnn qneun, c1anoan1cn 6onee uennmH
kauec1aoH. B nrpe c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa, pyka QJ o6muno
npn6mnLna, paxe ecnn opnn ns aaunx npo1nannkoa cpenan pes,
ykasmaan na cnnLnyk pyky.
Ho, 1eH ne Henee, paxe a nrpe c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa, pnn
pyk 1nna KJ, poHnnnpoaanne nanne1cn cepLesno nenpnn1noc1Lk. Bes
cnnLnmx nepcnek1na na c1pn1 nnn qneu, onn nHek1 cna6yk koHnencaunk
sa apep, npnunnneHm poHnnnpoaanneH.
3uaveuue nosuuu
Hosnunn nanne1cn a1opmH no aaxnoc1n koHnonen1oH uennoc1n pykn
~53 ~
(caHmH aaxnmH koHnonen1oH nannk1cn aaun co6c1aennme kap1m n kap1m
aauero npo1nannka). B nocnepne nosnunn (na 6a11one) y aac ec1L paa
npenHyuec1aa na acex kpyrax 1oproann:
1. Bm Hoxe1e na6nkpa1L sa pec1annHn npo1nannkoa, noka ouepepL
xopa pope1 po aac. Ecnn onn penak1 konn nnn pes, 1o y aac ec1L
aosHoxnoc1L c6pocn1L pyky, ko1opan a o6muno cn1yaunn
amrnnpena 6m nopHanLno n xopoue pyko. Ecnn onn cpenann uek,
1o sa HanenLkne penLrn am Hoxe1e nosaonn1L ce6e ao1n a nrpy n
co cna6o pyko.
2. Baun npo1nannkn nepep caonH xopoH ne snak1, kakne pec1ann am
npepnpnHn1e. Ecnn onn cpenak1 uek, 1o, u1o am 6ype1e pena1L 6e1
nnn uek? Ecnn onn cpenak1 c1aakn, 1o, u1o am 6ype1e pena1L konn
nnn pes? Onn ponxnm 6ypy1 pena1L amaopm o 1oH, kakne kap1m y
aac na pykax, a saancnHoc1n o1 aaunx pec1an. Hnorpa nx amaopm
6ypy1 oun6ounm, 1orpa am 6ype1e sapa6a1maa1L na nx oun6kax
penLrn.
Bnpe1L pec1ann aaunx npo1nannkoa na npeqnone ouenL aaxno. Co
cnekynn1nano pyko Bm, koneuno xe, xo1n1e ao1n a nrpy c
HnnnHanLnmHn penexnmHn anoxennnHn. BaH ne nyxen saamuennm
pesaHn n pepesaHn 6ank. HaxopncL a nospne nosnunn, am yxe snae1e
o 1oH, u1o 6ank saamuen, po 1oro, kak ouepepL xopa pope1 po aac. Bm
nonyuae1e aosHoxnoc1L npnnn1L npaannLnoe peuenne. Ecnn xe am
naxopn1ecL a panne nosnunn, 1o aaH npnxopn1cn 1onLko porapmaa1Lcn o
pec1annx caonx npo1nannkoa; noa1oHy, nnorpa, am 6ype1e oun6a1Lcn n
nponrpmaa1L penLrn. KpoHe 1oro, ecnn aaun npo1nannkn penak1 pes, 1o
a1o cnrnannsnpye1 o 1oH, u1o k1o-1o ns nnx nHee1 cnnLnyk pyky,
poHnnnpykuyk nap aaue pyko. Pyka 1nna KJ Hoxe1 6m1L npn6mnLna
npo1na cna6mx pyk, no, nrpan ee npo1na cnnLnmx pyk, am 6ype1e
nponrpmaa1L penLrn. Ecnn y aac amropnan nosnunn, 1o am Hoxe1e
ac1ynn1L a nrpy, snan, u1o pykn aaunx npo1nannkoa cna6m.
Ha qnone ouenL aaxno anpe1L konnuec1ao npo1nannkoa n nx
pec1ann sa c1onoH, a 1akxe 1o, u1o onn npepnpnHy1 a o1ae1 na aaun
6ypyune pec1ann. Uennoc1L c1ap1oao pykn a snaun1enLno c1enenn
6asnpye1cn na 1oH, ckonLko pener am oxnpae1e na ne sapa6o1a1L;
6onLuan uac1L a1oro sapa6o1ka o6pasoamaae1cn na c1aakax, ko1opme am
penae1e na qnone n nocnepykunx kpyrax 1oproann. HaxopncL a xopoue
nosnunn na qnone n nocne, am Hoxe1e sapa6o1a1L 6onLue pener, nou1n co
aceHn pykaHn.
25
TaknH o6pasoH, ouenL Hnoro pyk nannk1cn
npn6mnLnmHn, a cnepoaa1enLno n nrpakunHn, ecnn am naxopn1ecL a
nospne nosnunn, a ne a panne.
Caoc1aa uenapumx pyk
B nrpe c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa, nyuuan pyka aoo6ue 6ype1
naxopn1Lcn Hexpy napo n qynn-xaycoH. Bce nenapnme pykn nHek1
_____________________________
25
HcknkuenneM nannk1cn pykn, ko1opue au Mornn u pasurpuaa1u neqoM.
BosMoxnoc1u noc1aan1u caon enurn nepauM, nanonee aaxno nn neqa.
~54 ~
opnnakoam uanc co6pa1L pae napm, ce1 nnn qynn-xayc. Ho cnne onn
o1nnuak1cn, a ocnoanoH, caoe cnoco6noc1Lk co6pa1L c1apuyk napy,
c1pn1 nnn qneu. Ec1L 1pn aaxnmx caoc1aa (a nopnpke aaxnoc1n):
1. Cnna c1apue kap1m (aepon1noc1L c1apue napm)
2. OpnoHac1nme kap1m (aepon1noc1L qneua).
3. Cansannme kap1m (aepon1noc1L c1pn1a).
Bce nenapnme pykn Hory1 6m1L ouenenm no a1nH caoc1aaH.
26
HanpnHep, pyka AQ nHee1 6onLuyk cnny c1apue kap1m, opnoHac1na,
no nHee1 ne6onLuyk cansannoc1L (ona Hoxe1 co6pa1L 1onLko opnn c1pn1 c
o6enHn kap1aHn). Pyka 87 cansanna, no ne nHee1 cnnm c1apue kap1m
n ne opnoHac1na. Pyka A7 nHee1 ne6onLuyk cnny c1apue kap1m,
opnoHac1na n ne cansanna.
Kak npaanno, nenapnan pyka ponxna 6m1L cnnLno, no kpane
Hepe, ponxnm co6nkpa1Lcn paa caoc1aa ns 1pex, u1o6m ee c1onno nrpa1L.
Pykn 1nna T4 n 76 c1on1 ouenL Hano. Pyka T4 opnoHac1na, no ne
nHee1 cnnm c1apue kap1m n nnkako cansannoc1n. Pyka 76
cansannan, no ne nHee1 cnnm c1apue kap1m n ne opnoHac1na. Bm1L
opnoHac1no nnn cansanno a1o uennoe caoc1ao, no 1onLko opno
caoc1ao ne penae1 pyky nyuue, ueH pykn cpepne cnnm.
27
Cnna c1apue kap1m aoo6ue caHoe aaxnoe caoc1ao. Takne pykn
kak AK n AQ ouenL cnnLnm, necHo1pn na 1o, u1o onn pasnoHac1nme n
Hory1 co6pa1L 1onLko opnn c1pn1. D1n pykn nannk1cn 1eHn pepknHn
ncknkuennnHn ns npaanna payx caoc1a, c ko1opmH Hm aac
nosnakoHnnn uy1L amue. Pykn c ne6onLuo cnno c1apue kap1m, 1akne
kak K9 ne nannk1cn ncknkuenneH ns npaanna payx caoc1a. Pykn c
payHn 6onLunHn kap1aHn naHnoro cnnLnee pyk c opno 6onLuo kap1o,
1oHy ec1L pae npnunnm:
1. Onn Hory1 o6pasoaa1L c1apuyk napy c nk6o ns payx kap1.
2. Korpa onn o6pasoamaak1 c1apuyk napy, 1o onn acerpa co6npak1
koH6nnaunk c xopounH knkepoH.
Cpaann1e, KQ c A7. Pyka KQ o6pasoamaae1 c1apuyk napy,
kak c koponeH, 1ak n c paHo. Pyka A7 o6pasoamaae1 c1apuyk napy,
1onLko c 1ysoH, a 1o apeHn kak ceHepkn o6pasoamaak1 c1apuyk napy
ouenL pepko. KpoHe 1oro, korpa 1ys co6epe1 c1apuyk napy c 1ysoH, 1o
1akan napa 6ype1 ouenL ynsanHa, 1ak kak y npo1nannka Hoxe1 okasa1Lcn
1ys c nyuunH knkepoH (nanpnHep, AT). Pyka KQ pepko nponrpmaae1 koHy-
1o c 1ako xe napo, no nyuunH knkepoH.
28, 29
_____________________________
26
Fapn Kapcon, a caoe knnre Honnan knnra o xonqeH nokepe (The Complete Book
of Holdem Poker) na c1panne 145 npnaon1 noxoxyk cnc1eMy caoc1a.
27
Pykn 1nna 87, ko1opue nannk1cn onoapeMenno n onoMac1nuMn n cansannuMn,
snaun1enuno cnnunee cpenero ypoann.
28
B1o y1aepxenne c1anoan1cn ropaso Menee aepnuM, ecnn npo1nannk enae1 pes.
Hrpokn cenaamne pes, sauac1yk nMek1 na pykax AK nnn AQ.
29
Eonume o a1o 1eMe Moxno npoun1a1u na c1panne 138 knnrn Honnan knnra o
xonqeH nokepe (The Complete Book of Holdem Poker), aa1op Fapn Kapcon.
~55 ~
Pykn 1nna AJ, nHekune cnnLnyk uennoc1L c1apue kap1m, pa k
1oHy xe, eue n opnoHac1nme, cun1ak1cn opnnHn ns nyuunx.
Baxuoc1u opuoHac1umx kap1
B 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke, opnoHac1nan pyka ropaspo
nyuue, ueH ee pasnoHac1nan konnn. Ecnn aaH npnuno pae opnoHac1nmx
kap1m, 1o y aac ec1L uy1L HenLue 6%, na 1o, u1o po pnaepa am 1ouno
co6epe1e eue 1pn kap1m, nyxno aaH Hac1n. D1o npoaounpye1 neko1opmx
nkpe pena1L yHosaknkuenne, u1o opnoHac1nme n pasnoHac1nme pykn
npn6nnsn1enLno paanm a caoe uennoc1n.
D1n nkpn oun6ak1cn. He cHo1pn na 1o, u1o a 6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea
am ne co6epe1e qneu, no korpa am ero co6epe1e, aaua npn6mnL 6ype1
orpoHna n aosHec1n1 ace npepmpyune no1epn. BonLunnc1ao opnoHac1nmx
pyk npeapauae1 y6m1kn a npn6mnL. Oneu o6muno nac1onLko cnnen, u1o
o6mrpae1 acex aaunx npo1nannkoa, paxe ecnn am nauann nrpy a paspaue
c uec1Lk nnn ceHLk npo1nannkaHn. Heko1opme 6ankn, co6npaeHme
qneuaHn, orpoHnm po nenpnnnunn. Bmnrpmu neckonLknx ouenL 6onLunx
6ankoa nokasmaae1, kak cnnLno pasnnuak1cn no cnne opnoHac1nme n
pasnoHac1nme pykn.
30
OpnoHac1nme kap1m 1akxe npepoc1aannk1 n ppyrne npenHyuec1aa.
OpnoHac1nme kap1m na qnone nHek1 6onLuyk uennoc1L, ueH
pasnoHac1nme. Hapa kap1 acerpa ynsanHa, no a1axe napa, nnkc
npnkynno qneu coc1aanne1 rpeHyuyk cHecL. Takxe, na qnone am Hoxe1e
co6pa1L o6pa1no npnkynno qneu, ko1opm po6aanne1 uennoc1n cna6o
pyke co cpepne napo nnn pmpnamH c1pn1oH.
eH cnnLnee aaua pyka, 1eH cnnLne n arpeccnane am ponxnm
nrpa1L nocne qnona. Ecnn aaua pyka copepxn1 npnkynno qneu, 1o am
Hoxe1e pena1L 6e1 n pes, aHec1o ueka n konna (nnn naca). Bm 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L neko1opme pykn, ko1opme naunnann pasmrpmaa1L kak
npnkynno qneu, no a n1ore, co6npann ppyryk koH6nnaunk. Bm 6ype1e
sa6npa1L 6ankn, korpa nn y koro ns npo1nannkoa ne 6ype1 xopoue pykn,
npoc1o, penan 6e1, paxe npn1oH, u1o am caHn ne co6pann pyky. Korpa
aaua pyka pasnoHac1nan (ne1 no1enunana pnn qneua), y aac o1cy1c1ayk1
1akne aosHoxnoc1n.
Hannune opnoHac1no pykn pae1 aaH npenHyuec1ao a 6anke c
6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa, a 1o apeHn kak pasnoHac1nan pyka, uaue
acero, npnnocn1 aaH nponrpmu. Ecnn npo1na aac nrpae1 uec1L
npo1nannkoa, 1o sna1e, u1o y neko1opmx ns nnx ec1L opnoHac1nme kap1m.
Korpa am nrpae1e pasnoHac1nme pykn, nopo6nme a1nH Q9 n A4, am a
nauane nrpm npepoc1aanne1e aaunH npo1nannkaH cnnLnoe npenHyuec1ao.
[axe onm1nme nrpokn, o6muno ne Hory1 npeopone1L a1o nauanLnoe
npenHyuec1ao, no1oHy, u1o cna6me pasnoHac1nme pykn poc1a1ouno uac1o
nponrpmaak1. 1o6m nrpa1L pasnoHac1nme pykn onn ponxnm 6m1L ouenL
_____________________________
30
C pyro c1oponu, ecnn onoMac1nue kap1u yaennunaak1 aamn mancu na aunrpum,
ckaxeM, c 16 o 20 npoen1oa, 1o a1o ne 4- x npoen1noe, a ckopee 25 npoen1noe
yaennuenne!
~56 ~
HounmHn, nopo6no a1o
pnn 1oro u1o6m npeopone1L any1pennne coHnennn. Ecnn am coHneaae1ecL,
nrpa1L nnn ne nrpa1L pyky, 1o nrpa1e c opnoHac1nmHn kap1aHn n nacy1e
c pasnoHac1nmHn.
31
Yxop o1 poporoc1onux omu6ok
BonLunnc1ao nrpokoa coaepuak1 na npeqnone pae ocnoanme
oun6kn. Onn nac1onLko poporoc1onun, n aosHoxnoc1L nx cpena1L,
nac1onLko nerka, u1o nrpokn, cknonnme coaepua1L a1n oun6kn pas sa
pasoH, ne 6ypy1 nonyua1L npn6mnL na pnnnno pnc1anunn. HepeuncnnH
nx:
1. Posmrpmu cna6mx pyk 6es nosnunn, oco6enno cna6mx pasnoHac1nmx
pyk.
2. Xonopnm konn (o1ae1 na pesm) co cpepnnHn pykaHn, nap
ko1opmHn no1enunanLno poHnnnpyk1.
Posmrpmm cna6mx pyk 6es nosuuu
Mnorne pykn 1pe6yk1 oco6mx ycnoan nrpm, u1o6m 6m1L
npn6mnLnmHn. Heko1opmH pykaH nyxen ne saamuennm 6ank, neko1opmH
nyxen 6ank c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa. [nn ppyrnx nyxen 6ank c
epnnnunmHn npo1nannkaHn. Pannnn nosnunn 1pe6ye1 o1 aac pec1an po
1oro, kak am ysnae1e pasHep 6anka. HanpnHep, ecnn am axopn1e nnHnoH
opnnH ns nepamx c pykaHn 1nna J9 nnn QJ, 1o am paccun1maae1e na
1o, u1o a nrpe ne 6ype1 pesoa nocne aac. Ecnn pes ace-1akn cpenak1, 1o
aau konn c1anoan1cn nepen1a6enLnmH. Bm 6ypn1e ponxnm o1aeua1L na
pes (6ank 6ype1 cnnukoH 6onLunH, pnn 1oro u1o6m nacoaa1L), no no1oH
am 6ype1e coxane1L o 1oH, u1o ne cpenann nac na nepao c1aake. Bxopn a
6ank opnnH ns nepamx c norpannunmHn pykaHn, am neaonLno Hoxe1e
okasa1Lcn a onacno cn1yaunn.
Bm ponxnm ns6era1L nrpa1L cna6me pykn c pannnx nosnun eue n
no1oHy, u1o onn nHek1 1enpenunk o6pasoamaa1L norpannunme pykn na
qnone (ace, paano oc1aaancL cna6mHn). BonLuyk uac1L poxopa
norpannunme pykn 1epnk1, ecnn pasmrpmaak1cn 6es nosnunn. Pyka J9
uac1o 6ype1 na qnone o6pasoamaa1L cpepnkk napy, npnkynno pmpnam
c1pn1, o6pa1no npnkynno qneu. Bm xo1enn 6m yanpe1L ue1aep1yk ynnuy
c 1aknHn cna6mHn uancaHn na no6epy. Ecnn am na qnone nonyun1e
pmpnam c1pn1, 1o on sauac1yk 6ype1 npn6mnLnmH, no npn konne a opny
c1aaky. Ho korpa am ne a nosnunn, am Hoxe1e o1ae1n1L konnoH na 6e1,
nepep aaHn, no no1oH am Hoxe1e nonyun1L pes n pepes sa co6o. Ecnn
_____________________________
31
HecMo1pn na a1o y1aepxenne, onumnnc1ao onoMac1nux pyk ace-1akn cpacuaae1cn.
HoMnn1e, u1o cpenne onoMac1nue pykn 1nna J 6 n 84 c1on1 Mano.
~57 ~
a1o nponsope1, am onn1L 6ype1e xane1L, u1o o1ae1nnn na nepam 6e1 n
6ype1e amnyxpenm pena1L nac, u1o6m ne nna1n1L pae pononnn1enLnme
c1aakn.
32
Cna6me pasnoHac1nme pykn cyuec1aenno nponrpmaak1 6es
nosnunn. Pykn 1nna KT upesamuano ynsanHm npn poHnnnpoaannn.
Takan pyka, koneuno, Hoxe1 co6pa1L neHnoro c1pn1oa n qneue, no
koponk n pecn1ke npo6neHa1nuno 6ype1 co6pa1L xopouyk c1apuyk napy.
C1onHoc1L pykn KT cyuec1aenno napae1, korpa ona okasmaae1cn nnuoH k
nnuy c 1aknHn pykaHn kak KQ, AT, nnn JJ.
Hpo1na kaxpo ns a1nx pyk KT Hoxe1 co6pa1L napy, no ona 6ype1
cna6o ns-sa knkepa. B nocnepne nosnunn am Hoxe1e nonnsn1L aauy
ynsanHoc1L o1 cnnLnmx pyk npo1nannkoa, nrpan 1onLko paspaun 6es
pesoa. B panne nosnunn, 6es pononnn1enLno nnqopHaunn, amcoka
aepon1noc1L, u1o nocne aac a nrpy Hoxe1 ao1n npo1nannk c
poHnnnpykue pyko. HaxopncL na pannnx nosnunnx ns6era1e nrpa1L c
norpannunmHn pykaHn, oco6enno c pasnoHac1nmHn kap1aHn.
Xonopum konn co cpepuuHu pykaHu
D1o a1opan rnaanan oun6ka. Xonopum konn (Cold Call) a1o konn
payx nnn 6onee c1aaok, korpa am eue ne anocnnn pener a 6ank (O1ae1
konnoH na pes c 6nanpa nnn opno aepnyauecn c1aakn, korpa am
aounn nnHnoH ne nanne1cn xonopnmH konnoH).
Korpa k1o-1o penae1 pes, 1o o6muno a1o ykasmaae1 na cnnLnyk
pyky.
33
Ecnn am naxopn1ecL na 6onLuoH 6nanpe, 1o am Hoxe1e
oc1aaa1Lcn a nrpe 1onLko c poc1a1ouno cnnLnmHn pykaHn, ko1opme
nosaonnk1 aaH o1ae1n1L na pes pepesoH (npo1na 1a1oaoro nrpoka,
ko1opm cpenan pes a1o kapHannan napa o1 1ysoa po aane1oa n AK). Ecnn
ec1L aepon1noc1L, u1o 6ank 6ype1 6onLunH n HnorouncnennmH, 1o am
Hoxe1e cpena1L konn n c neckonLknHn ppyrnHn pykaHn, neckonLknHn
HenLunHn kapHannmHn napaHn n neko1opmHn cnnLnmHn opnoHac1nmHn
pykaHn (nanpnHep, QJ). [ae nnn 1pn ppyrnx pykn (AQs, AJs, KQs)
naxopn1cn na rpannue npn6mnLnoc1n (nannk1cn norpannunmHn pykaHn a
panno cn1yaunn). Bce oc1anLnme pykn nyxno c6pacmaa1L. D1o osnauae1,
u1o am ponxnm nrpa1L upesamuano 1a1oao, ecnn k1o-1o sauen nepep
aaHn pesoH.
34
Mnorne ns aaunx npo1nannkoa ne nHek1 nn snann, nn pncunnnnnm,
u1o6m a 1aknx cn1yaunnx nacoaa1L c 6onLunnc1aoH pyk. Onn 6ypy1
o1aeua1L na pesm na unpokoH pnanasone pyk 1nna KT n J5. D1n
konnm yxacnm n c1on1 aaunH npo1nannkaH npnnnunmx pener na pnnnno
pnc1anunn. Oak1nueckn, a1a oun6ka nanne1cn caHo poporoc1onue,
_____________________________
32
/axe ecnn nocne aac un 1onuko onn pes, aaM ace paano ye1 xanu caoero nepaoro
kona, n a annoM cnyuae aaM npne1cn o1aeua1u konnoM na pes.
33
Bu, koneuno xe, ye1e c1anknaa1ucn n c 1aknMn npo1nannkaMn, ko1opue enak1 pes
na mnpokoM nanasone pyk. Hosxe Mu pacckaxeM, kak nrpa1u c 1aknMn npo1nannkaMn.
34
C onee 1a1enunuM ocyxenneM a1o nen Moxno nosnakoMn1ucn na c1panne 20
knnrn /aana Cknanckn n Mecona ManuMy1a XoneM nokep nn onu1nux nrpokoa
(Holdem Poker for Advanced Players).
~58 ~
nockonLky aosHoxnoc1L ee coaepua1L nonanne1cn pas sa pasoH. Hrpokn,
cknonnme coaepua1L a1y oun6ky, 6ypy1 ee coaepua1L poaonLno uac1o, o1
20 pas n 6onLue sa opny ceccnk.
HanpnHep, am a cpepne nosnunn n aaH na pykn npnunn
Hrpok a nosnunn UTG, nannkuncn 1a1oamH n nnuennmH
aoo6paxennn, penae1 pes. Hepep aaHn ace cpenann nac. Bm ponxnm
nacoaa1L. Kak npaanno, AT cnnLnan pyka. Ecnn 6m nepep aaHn nnk1o
ne cpenan pes, 1o pesoH, aosHoxno, saxopnnn 6m Bm. Ho, k coxanennk,
am yanpenn pes o1 1akoro npo1nannka, n nonnHae1e, u1o aau npo1nannk
nHee1 pyky nocnnLnee. Ckopee acero, on nHee1 c1apuyk kapHannyk napy,
o1 1ysoa po pecn1ok, nnn cnnLnoro 1ysa (nanpnHep, AK, AQ). Ecnn a nrpe
oc1ae1cn acero paa nnn 1pn uenoaeka, 1o am nonape1e a 6onLuyk
nenpnn1noc1L. Bepon1no, am 6ype1e nrpa1L npo1na snaun1enLno nyuue
pykn, c pononnn1enLnmHn penLraHn a 6anke o1 opnoro ns payx nrpokoa.
Ecnn aaH nocuac1nnannocL okasa1Lcn a 1ako cn1yaunn c 1a1oamH
nrpokoH, 1o sanoHnn1e, a pannoH cnyuae on naxopn1cn a xopoue
nosnunn, u1o6m amnrpa1L y Bac HakcnHyH pener, a 1o apeHn kak Bm,
naxopn1ecL a nnoxo nosnunn n amnrpae1e y nero HnnnHyH pener.
HocHo1pn1e, u1o 6ype1, ecnn na qnone npnxopn1 1ys. Ckopee acero, am
sanna1n1e eHy na acex kpyrax 1oproann po pnaepa, ecnn y nero c1apun
knkep, a 1o apeHn kak on, ckopee acero, cpenae1 nac panLue, ecnn
okaxe1cn c HenLue kapHanno napo.
[axe ecnn on penae1 pes c xypunHn pykaHn, nanpnHep kak KQ, 1o
aaH ace paano npnpe1cn nacoaa1L. Ecnn 6m am o1ae1nnn na ero pes,
npepnonaran, u1o y nero na pykax KQ, 1o, ckopee acero am nonann 6m a
nnoxyk cn1yaunk, 1ak kak y nero na pykax Hory1 okasa1Lcn ppyrne kap1m,
cnoco6nme noapepn1L aaue pyke. Hnorpa, korpa y nero na pykax 6ype1
napa 1ysoa, 1o aau konn npnaepe1 aac k yxacnmH pesynL1a1aH. [nn 1oro,
u1o6m rapan1npoaanno o1ae1n1L na pes, aaua pyka ponxna amrnnpe1L
nyuue no cpaanennk c pnanasonoH pyk, na ko1opmx on Hoxe1 cpena1L
pes (ne 1onLko a cpaanennn c ero nnoxnHn pykaHn).
Ecnn y aac na pykax 6ypy1 pasnoHac1nme AT, 1o am nonape1e a eue
xypuyk cn1yaunk. Korpa aaua pyka opnoHac1na, 1o aac nnorpa Hoxe1
ampyun1L qneu. C pasnoHac1no pyko y aac ne1 sanacnoro aapnan1a,
u1o6m nH aocnonLsoaa1Lcn, korpa nrpok, cpenaaun pes, 6ype1 kpyun1L
aac. Oak1nueckn, epnnc1aennan pasnoHac1nan pyka, ko1opyk am Hoxe1e
ce6e nosaonn1L npn o1ae1e na pes a1o AK (ny Hoxe1 eue n AQ, ecnn
nrpok, cpenaaun pes, nrpae1 nysoao). Yrposa poHnnnpoaannn poaonLno
cepLesno o6ecuennaae1 aauy pasnoHac1nyk pyky, paxe AQ (ecnn nrpok
1a1oam). Opnako, Hnorne ns aaunx npo1nannkoa a 1akoH nonoxennn,
6ypy1 o1aeua1L konnoH na pes co caonHn opnoHac1nmHn n
pasnoHac1nmHn AT. D1o rnaanan oun6ka, ko1opyk am ponxnm yceppno
ns6era1L. Hnkorpa na npeqnone ne o1aeua1e xonopnmH konnoH na pesm,
~59 ~
ecnn y aac pasnoHac1nan, nerko poHnnnpoaannan pyka.
3aknmveuue
Mnorne ns nonn1n, nsnoxennmx a a1oH paspene, nannk1cn aecLHa
1pypnmHn, oco6enno rnaaa o no1epnnnmx penLrax n c1apue nape npo1na
cnekynn1nanmx pyk. Bepon1no, am ne noHe1e nx a nonnoH o6LeHe cpasy
nocne npou1ennn. Ho am noHe1e nx co apeHeneH. A noka ypoc1oaepL1ecL,
u1o am c1ann ns6era1L payx poporoc1onunx oun6ok: posmrpmua 6onLuoro
konnuec1aa pyk ns panne nosnunn n xonopnoro konna c pasnoHac1nmHn
pykaHn (ncknkuan AK n AQ, c ko1opmHn am Hoxe1e cpena1L pepes). Ecnn
am 6ype1e cnepoaa1L a1nH npaannaH n amyun1e Ha1epnanm o6 nrpe nocne
qnona, 1o am naune1e cnc1eHa1nueckn o6mrpmaa1L nnskne nnHn1m.
Hocne 1oro, kak am na6epe1e neHnoro onm1a, aepnn1ecL k a1oHy
paspeny. Hepeun1a1e rnaam, ko1opme am ne nonnHann. A6c1pak1nme
nonn1nn 1pypnm pnn aocnpnn1nn npn o1cy1c1ann npak1nueckoro onm1a.
TonLko aau nnunm onm1 noHoxe1 nyuue nonn1L 1o, o ueH roaopnnocL a
a1o rnaae. Ecnn aaua uenL nayun1Lcn nrpa1L ouenL npn6mnLno, 1o aaH
npnpe1cn paso6pa1Lcn n xopouo ycaon1L ace npen n 1eopnn, nsnoxennme
amue.
~60 ~
Ka1eropuu pyk ua npeqnone
B a1oH paspene Hm pacnpepennH pykn no rpynnaH c o6unHn
nrpoamHn xapak1epnc1nkaHn. B npepenax rpynnm pykn Hory1 no cnne
cyuec1aenno o1nnua1Lcn ppyr o1 ppyra, no 1exnnka nx posmrpmua nocne
qnona n o6un pncynok nrpm, opnnakoam. [nn kaxpo rpynnm Hm
onncmaaeH on1nHanLnme nrpoame ycnoann n o6cyxpaeH, u1o Hoxno
oxnpa1L nocne qnona. 3a1eH Hm paeH rpy6me pekoHenpaunn, korpa n kak
nrpa1L a1n pykn.
KapHauume napm
Mouc1pm (AA n KK)
D1o pae caHme cnnLnme pykn a xonpeHe n nx cnna ne saancn1 o1
nosnunn. Onn xopouo nrpak1 kak a HanenLkoH n neHnorouncnennoH
6anke, 1ak n a 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke. Onn xopouo nrpak1 a
naccnanmx n arpeccnanmx nrpax. Hpo1na epnnnunmx npo1nannkoa onn
6ypy1 amnrpmaa1L ne ynyuuancL. Hpo1na 6onLuoro konnuec1aa ak1nanmx
nrpokoa, onn, ne ynyuunauncL, amnrpmaak1 yxe ne 1ak uac1o (xo1n
poc1a1ouno uac1o), no sa1o snaun1enLno aospac1ae1 nx no1enunan
6onLuo pykn. Korpa na qnone aaH 6ype1 npnxopn1L ce1, 1o nnorpa am
6ype1e amnrpmaa1L 6onLuo 6ank, co6paa qynn-xayc nnn ce1. C 1aknHn
pykaHn am ponxnm nou1n acerpa pena1L pes n pepes, ne saancnHo o1
xopa npepmpyue 1oproann.
Bonumue napm (QQ, JJ n TT)
D1o xopoune pykn. Onn xopouo nrpak1 a nk6mx nrpoamx
cn1yaunnx. B ocnoanoH onn o1nnuak1cn o1 Honc1poa 1eH, u1o, ne
ynyuunauncL, amnrpmaak1, ne 1ak uac1o. Onn poc1a1ouno cnnLnm n 6ypy1
amnrpmaa1L paxe npn nonanennn oaepkap1 na c1one. He nrpa1e po6ko
a1nHn pykaHn na npeqnone, xo1n 6m ns-sa 1oro, u1o6m oaepkap1a ne
Horna o6mrpa1L nx.
Bm ponxnm pena1L c a1nHn kap1aHn c1anpap1nm pes, ecnn po aac
eue nnk1o ne cpenan pes. Takxe, npaannLnmH 6ype1 o1ae1n1L pepesoH,
ecnn po aac 6mn epnnc1aennm pes.
Cpepuue napm (99,88 n 77)
D1n napm 6nnc1ak1 a payx cn1yaunnx. Hepaan, a1o korpa a nrpe paa
1pn ak1nanmx nrpoka n noxoxe, u1o y aaunx npo1nannkoa cna6me pykn.
B 1ako cn1yaunn onn poc1a1ouno cnnLnm, u1o6m amnrpa1L pen1a6enLnoe
konnuec1ao 6ankoa, paxe ne ynyuunauncL. Onn oco6enno xopoun, korpa
na pykax aaunx npo1nannkoa naxopn1cn kap1m HenLuero poc1onnc1aa,
ueH aaua napa.
D1n napm aecLHa amropnm npo1na nn1n n 6onee nrpokoa. Korpa am
co6npae1e ce1, neko1opme ns aaunx npo1nannkoa, ckopee acero, 6ypy1
nHe1L opny napy. k6o nrpok c opno napo na qnone 6ype1 nrpa1L
~61 ~
npo1na aauero ce1a. Ecnn a1n nrpokn 6ypy1 nna1n1L aaH konnaHn n
pesaHn, 1o aaua cpepnnn napa c1ane1 ouenL npn6mnLno. Korpa am
co6npae1e ce1, am npepnoun1ae1e, u1o6m nrpa aenacL nysoao n
arpeccnano. ysoaoc1L rapan1npye1, u1o Hnorne nrpokn 6ypy1 nrpa1L
npo1na aac ce6e ao apep. Arpeccnanoc1L yaennunaae1 aepon1noc1L 1oro,
u1o am nonyun1e 6onLue c1aaok c kaxpo ynnum 1oproann. Mnorne ns
caHmx 6onLunx 6ankoa a xonpeHe, amnrpmaanncL a nysoamx n
arpeccnanmx nrpax cpepnnHn napaHn, co6npaaunHn na qnone ce1m.
B panne nosnunn aaH nyuue saxopn1L nnHnoH. Ecnn xo1n 6m opnn
nysoam nrpok sape1 nnHnoH nepep aaHn, am Hoxe1e cpena1L pes ns
nospne nosnunn. C1apa1ecL nrpa1L c ouenL orpannuennmH konnuec1aoH
npo1nannkoa n npo1na cna6mx pyk. Ecnn paa nnn 6onee npo1nannka aounn
nepep aaHn nnHnoH, 1o aaH 1oxe nHee1 cHmcn axopn1L nnHnoH, u1o6m
nonm1a1Lcn oprannsoaa1L 1oproank c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa. Ecnn
k1o-1o aouen pesoH, 1o am 6ype1e nacoaa1L, ecnn ne yaepenm, u1o a
6ank aopy1 eue neckonLko nrpokoa. Bm xe ne xo1n1e nrpa1L opnn na
opnn npo1na 6onLuo napm. Opnako ecnn a nrpe yxe naxopn1cn 1pn
nrpoka n 6onLue, cHeno o1aeua1e konnoH na pes. Bm napee1ecL
amnrpa1L 6onLuo 6ank, co6paa ce1.
Menkue napm (6622)
He ynyuunauncL, a1n napm ne uac1o no6expak1 paxe y opnoro nnn
payx npo1nannkoa. Bm napee1ecL amnrpa1L 6onLuo 6ank ce1oH nnn
qynn-xaycoH. yuue acero onn nrpak1, korpa nrpa nysoaan n a Hepy
arpeccnanan. ysoaan n naccnanan nrpa 1oxe npneHneHa, no a a1oH
cnyuae am ne co6epe1e Hnoro pener a 6ank, ecnn co6epe1e ce1.
35
Hpn
1a1oao nrpe, korpa po qnona poxopn1 2-4 nrpoka, a1n pykn npnnocn1
Hano npn6mnn.
Bm ponxnm cHo1pe1L qnon, sa opny, HakcnHyH pae c1aakn. Bm
6ype1e co6npa1L ce1 na qnone npn6nnsn1enLno a 12% cnyuaea. Tak kak
am uac1o 6ype1e nacoaa1L nocne qnona (ecnn ne co6epe1e ce1 nnn
cnyuanm npnkynno c1pn1), no korpa am co6epe1e ce1, aaH nyxno 6ype1
co6pa1L kak Hoxno 6onLue pener a 6ank.
K cuac1Lk, nrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax, nou1n acerpa nysoame. B
6onLunnc1ae nrp am Hoxe1e nrpa1L a1n pykn c npn6mnLk ns nk6o
nosnunn, ecnn po aac ne 6mno pesa. yuue acero axopn1L, korpa a nrpe
yxe 1pn nrpoka n 6onLue, a pannnx nosnunnx nyuue nacoaa1L. Ecnn
nepep aaHn k1o-1o cpenan pes, 1o am ponxnm 6m1L yaepenm, u1o a 6anke
6ype1, nn1L nrpokoa n 6onLue. BaH nyxen 6onLuo 6ank, pnn 1oro, u1o6m
koHnencnpoaa1L pononnn1enLnme penLrn, ko1opme am co6npae1ecL
anoxn1L na npeqnone. Hpo1na oco6mx nrpokoa, ko1opme acerpa
rapan1npyk1 anecenne 6onLuoro konnuec1aa c1aaok na qnone (a nnorpa n
na 1epne), am Hoxe1e, npn cnyuae, o6o1ncL n HenLue ueH nn1Lk
npo1nannkaHn.
_____________________________
35
C pyro c1oponu, au uae cMoxe1e copa1u ce1, 1ak kak nMee1e aosMoxnoc1u
nonyun1u ecnna1nyk kap1y.
~62 ~
OpuoHac1ume kap1m
Bonumo opuoHac1um Bpopae
(AKsATs, KQs n KJs)
D1o ouenL cnnLnme pykn. Onn uac1o co6npak1 c1apuyk napy c
cnnLnmH knkepoH. D1oro o6muno poc1a1ouno pnn amnrpmua. Bypyun
opnoHac1nmHn, onn 1akxe nnorpa co6npak1 c1apun qneu, cnoco6nm
amnrpa1L 6onLuo 6ank c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa. Onn opnnakoao
xopouo nrpak1 kak npo1na Hnornx, 1ak n npo1na epnnnunmx npo1nannkoa.
Onn 6nnc1ak1 n a naccnanmx, n a arpeccnanmx nrpax.
Ecnn pesoa ne 6mno, 1o o6muno am ponxnm pena1L pes c nk6o ns
a1nx pyk. Ecnn nrpa 1a1oaan, 1o c panne nosnunn Hoxe1 okasa1Lcn
nonesnmH sa1n nnHnoH. 1o6m co6nasnn1L npo1nannkoa c 6onee
cna6mHn pykaHn ao1n a nrpy. Ecnn nepep aaHn 6mn pes, 1o nyxno 6m1L
oc1opoxnmH c AJs, ATs, KQs, n KJs. Bm Hoxe1e 6m1L poHnnnpoaannmHn,
nrpokoH cpenaaunH pes. [ena1e konn 1onLko a 1oH cnyuae, ecnn nrpok
saxopn1 pesoH c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH pyk, nnn ecnn a 6anke yxe ec1L
neckonLko ak1nanmx nrpokoa. C AKs n AQS BB Hoxe1e nrpa1L npo1na
1a1oaoro pesepa. C AKs am o6muno o1aeuae1e pepesoH.
HpnHeuanne, kacakueecn 1a1oamx nrpokoa penakunx pes: nk6o
1a1oam nrpok, penakun pes, xpe1 amcokokauec1aennyk pyky pnn
1oro, u1o6m sa1n a nrpy pesoH. Heko1opme ns nnx snak1 o aaxnoc1n
nosnunn. Tako nrpok nonnxae1 1pe6oaannn k pyke pnn pesa a
saancnHoc1n o1 nosnunn, oco6enno, ecnn on nepam axopn1 a 6ank. Ecnn y
aac na pykax AJs, a snakun o aaxnoc1n nosnunn 1a1oam nrpok penae1
pes c UTG, cHeno nacy1e (ecnn y aac ne1 yaepennoc1n, u1o a 6ank
aope1 eue neckonLko nrpokoa). Ho, ecnn a1o1 nrpok, nepamH axopn1 a
6ank c nospne nosnunn, 1o c AJs am ponxnm o1aeua1L pepesoH.
[nanason pyk, c ko1opmHn on Hoxe1 ao1n pesoH c nospne nosnunn,
ouenL unpok.
Cyuec1ayk1 1a1oame nrpokn, ko1opme ne perynnpyk1 pnanason
caonx pyk a npnanske k nosnunn. Takne nrpokn nHek1 1enpenunk 6m1L
cna6mHn n naccnanmHn. Pes penak1 1onLko c ouenL cnnLnmHn pykaHn (o1
kapHannmx 1ysoa po paH). Hpo1na 1akoro nrpoka aaH npnpe1cn
am6pacmaa1L AJs, ne o6pauan annHannn na nosnunk 1akoro npo1nannka.
Ero pes acerpa nokasmaae1 pyky Honc1pa, 1ak ns6era1e nee.
Manm opuoHac1um Bpopae
(QJs, KTs, QTs n JTs)
D1n pykn cnnLnm npo1na nrpokoa co cna6mHn pykaHn. D1n pykn
co6npak1 c1apuyk napy c npnnnunmH knkepoH (xopouan pyka, ecnn ona
ne poHnnnpoaannan). C1apuan napa o6pasoaannan a1nHn pykaHn n pnpoH
ne c1on1 no cnne co c1apunHn napaHn, o6pasoaannmHn pykaHn ns
pnanasona 6onLuoro opnoHac1noro Bpopaen. HanpnHep, ecnn na qnone
caHo c1apue kap1o npnxopn1 pecn1ka, a y aac KTs, 1o eue Hory1
npn1n 1pn oaepkap1m, ko1opme o6mrpak1 aauy napy. 1o6m xo1L kak-1o
~63 ~
koHnencnpoaa1L a1y cna6oc1L, onn co6npak1 c1pn1m neHnoro uaue, ueH
pykn 6onLuoro opnoHac1noro Bpopaen. KpoHe 1oro, onn Hory1 co6pa1L
c1apun qneu n amnrpa1L 6onLuo 6ank.
Hcxopn ns 1oro, u1o nx no1enunan na nonyuenne c1pn1a ycnnnncn, a
no1enunan c1apue napm ocna6nncn, a1n pykn nk6n1 6onLuo 6ank. Ecnn
aaun npo1nannkn 6ypy1 nrpa1L cna6me pykn ouenL uac1o, 1o pykn Hanoro
opnoHac1noro Bpopaen c1anoan1cn poc1a1ouno npn6mnLnmHn, paxe ane
npnanskn k nosnunn.
Ecnn 6ank ne ncnopuen pesoH, 1o c panne nnn cpepne nosnunn
aaH nyuue sa1n nnHnoH. BaH xe npaan1cn co6npa1L nysoamx nnHnepoa
sa co6o?! Hs nospne nosnunn am Hoxe1e sa1n n pesoH, nesaancnHo
o11oro, ckonLko nnHnepoa okasanocL a 6anke. Hs-sa qneueaoro
no1enunana, aaua pyka xopouo nrpae1 a 6onLuoH 6anke. Opnako u1o6m
nrpa1L npo1na pesa, am ponxnm y6epn1Lcn, u1o a 6anke 6ype1 Hnoro
ak1nanmx nrpokoa.
OpuoHac1ume 1ysm (A9sA2s)
OpnoHac1nme 1ysm xopoune pykn a nysoamx nrpax. Onn nHek1
npnnnunyk cnny c1apue kap1m (1ys) n Hory1 co6pa1L na1coam qneu.
Onn, a oco6enno A7s n nnxe, nyuue acero nrpak1 a nysoao n naccnano
nrpe. B nysoao nrpe, onn 6onLue acero penak1 pener, korpa co6npak1
na1coam qneu. HecHo1pn na cnny c1apue kap1m, opnoHac1nme 1ysm c
Henko kap1o nannk1cn knaccnuecknHn cnekynn1nanmHn pykaHn.
Hoa1oHy, 6onLuan uac1L nx poxopnoc1n ocnoaana na cnoco6noc1n, co6pa1L
qneu.
1o6m 1aH ne pyHann Hnorne nrpokn, no c1apunnc1ao knkepa ouenL
aaxno. Pyka A9s naHnoro nyuue pykn A2s. Bo-nepamx, napa pean1ok
ckopee amnrpae1 npn ackpm1nn, ueH napa paoek. Bo-a1opmx, pean1kn
sauac1yk poc1a1ouno, u1o6m amnrpa1L aony knkepoa, paoka 1akyk
aony ne amnrpae1 nnkorpa. BonLunnc1ao nysoamx nrp nokasmaae1
nrpokoa, ko1opme nrpak1 nk6oro 1ysa, nesaancnHo o1 1oro, opnoHac1nm
on nnn pasnoHac1nm. Korpa na qnone npnxopn1 1ys, 1o nrpokn sauac1yk
nHek1 u1o-1o noxoxee na A6 pasnoHac1nme. B 1aknx o6c1on1enLc1aax,
c1apun knkep a1o rpannua Hexpy amnrpmueH n nponrpmueH
(y6m1koH).
Heko1opme nrpokn oun6ouno pyHak1, u1o pykn A5sA2s nyuue, ueH
pykn A9sA6s, no1oHy u1o c nnHn Hoxno co6pa1L koneco (c1pn1,
o6pasoaannm kap1aHn A2345). Boo6ue-1o, aosHoxnoc1L koneca
nonesna, no ona ne npeoponeaae1 cnny c1apue kap1m y A9sA6s.
Pyka A6s n A5s, caHme cna6me pykn a1o rpynnm (no1enunan
koneca c1on1 neHnoro 6onLue, ueH opna c1ynenLka a cnne c1apue
kap1m).
36
Ecnn nrpa naccnanan, 1o am Hoxe1e nrpa1L nk6yk ns a1nx pyk
ns nk6o nosnunn a 6anke 6es pesoa. B neHnoro arpeccnano nrpe
nrpa1e 1onLko A9s n A8s, paxe ecnn am a pannnx nosnunnx, no nacy1e,
_____________________________
36
Eonume o a1o 1eMe au Moxe1e npoun1a1u a knnre Fappn Kapcona Honnan knnra o
xoneM nokepe (The Complete Book of Holdem Poker) na c1panne 151.
~64 ~
kak 1onLko yanpn1e pepesm. Ecnn ne 6mno pesa, 1o axopn1e c a1nHn
pykaHn nnHnoH co cpepnnx n nospnnx nosnun. B nospne nosnunn, nocne
neckonLknx nnHnoa o1 nysoamx nrpokoa, am Hoxe1e c pykaHn A9s n A8s
ao1n pesoH. C1apa1ecL amknpmaa1L a1n pykn, ecnn nepep aaHn
cpenann pes. Xonopnm konn pesoa c a1nHn pykaHn, korpa a nrpe
oc1ae1cn opnn paa nrpoka, nannk1cn o6ue n poporoc1onue oun6ko.
OpuoHac1ume koponu (K9s-K2s)
D1o cna6me, cnekynn1nanme pykn. Onn nHek1 nesnaun1enLnyk cnny
c1apue kap1m. Hoka nap aaHn ne poHnnnpyk1 (o6uan npo6neHa a1nx
pyk), napa kopone 6ype1 amnrpmaa1L Hnoro 6ankoa.
Onn snaun1enLno cna6ee opnoHac1nmx 1ysoa, rnaanmH o6pasoH, ns-
sa 1oro, u1o napa 1ysoa c1apue napm kopone.
37
Onn 1pe6yk1 nysoamx n
naccnanmx ycnoan nrpm, pnn 1oro, u1o6m 6m1L npn6mnLnmHn. Tak xe,
kak n c opnoHac1nmHn 1ysaHn, c1apun knkep penae1 a1n pykn 6onee
uennmHn. Pyka K9s poaonLno cnnLna, a 1o apeHn kak K2s a 6onLunnc1ae
cnyuaea nepen1a6enLna.
B nysoao n naccnano nrpe, am Hoxe1e sa1n nnHnoH c K9s ns
panne nosnunn (no ne c K8s n HenLue). C6pacmaa1e ace a1n pykn a
pannnx nosnunnx. Ha 6a11one am Hoxe1e axopn1L nnHnoH c 6onLunnc1aoH
a1nx pyk, ecnn po aac a 6ank aounn nnHnoH paoe nnn 1poe cna6mx
nysoamx nrpokoa. C a1nHn pykaHn nnkorpa ne o1aeua1e na pes
xonopnmH konoH.
OpuoHac1ume cansauume kap1m
(T9s54s, J9s64s, Q9s96s, Q8s n J7s)
D1o ace cnekynn1nanme pykn c Hano cnno c1apue kap1m. Hx
uennoc1L a cnoco6noc1n co6npa1L qneun n Hnoxec1ao c1pn1oa.
38
D1n pykn
npepnasnauenm pnn nysoamx n naccnanmx nrp. Haccnanan nrpa aaunx
npo1nannkoa nocne qnona, nanne1cn nan6onee kpn1nuno pnn caHmx
cna6mx ns a1nx pyk (87s-54s, T8s-64s, J8s-96s, Q8s n J7s). Ha qnone
aaH uac1o 6ypy1 npnxopn1L cna6me npnkynnme koH6nnaunn: npnkynno
pmpnam c1pn1, cpepnnn nnn Hnapuan napa, nnn o6pa1no npnkynno
qneu. C a1nHn pykaHn am ne cHoxe1e npo1naoc1on1L arpeccnanmH
npo1nannkaH, ko1opme, sauac1yk, 6ypy1 amun6a1L aac ns 6anka caonHn
6e1aHn n pesaHn.
B 1o xe caHoe apeHn, naccnanme npo1nannkn, 6ypy1 paaa1L aaH
aosHoxnoc1L nonyun1L 6ecnna1nme nnn peueame kap1m, npepoc1aannn
_____________________________
37
HecMo1pn nn na u1o, neko1opue nrpokn yMak1, u1o a1n pykn cnau, no1oMy u1o qnem
c 1ysoM naMnoro cnnunee qnema c koponeM. Ho a1o ne 1ak. HecoMnenno, qnem c 1ysoM
neckonuko nyume, no caMoe aaxnoe pasnnune Mexy A9s n K9s, saknkuae1cn a cnne
c1apme kap1u. B1o ocoenno nponanne1cn, ecnn au conpae1e napy na 1epne nnn
pnaepe, npn1oM, u1o na qnone aaM npnmen npnkynno qnem. Ee koponn nponrpuaak1
1ora, kora na c1one nonanne1cn 1ys.
38
HMe1e a any, u1o ueM onume upka a canske, 1eM Menume c1pn1oa au cMoxe1e
copa1u. HanpnMep, 98 Mory1 copa1u ue1upe c1pn1a, a 1o apeMn kak J 8 Moxe1
copa1u 1onuko aa c1pn1a (ncnonusyn oe kap1u).
~65 ~
6onLue uancoa pnn nonyuennn nyxno kap1m. BaH, 1akxe, nyxna
aosHoxnoc1L, yanpe1L qnon sa opny c1aaky. 3a pepknHn ncknkuennnHn,
am ne cHoxe1e npeopone1L poporoansny payx nnn 6onee c1aaok, u1o6m
nocHo1pe1L qnon.
C6pacmaa1e ace a1n pykn, ecnn nrpa ouenL naccnana. Korpa ec1L
aosHoxnoc1L (pesm na npeqnone conpoaoxpak1 ne 6onee 10% paspau),
saxopn1e nnHnoH 1onLko cnnLneunHn ns a1nx pyk (T9s n J9s) ns pannnx
nosnun. Co cpepne nosnunn, axopn1e nnHnoH c 50% nyuunHn ns a1nx
pyk, ecnn am yaepenm, u1o a 6anke 6ype1 Hnoro ak1nanmx nrpokoa n nocne
aac ne 6ype1 pesa. Ha 6a11one am Hoxe1e nrpa1L nk6yk ns a1nx pyk sa
opny c1aaky. [ena1e nac paxe c caHo cnnLno pyko ns a1o rpynnm,
ecnn na npeqnone nepep aaHn 6ype1 pes, nnn a 6anke 6ype1 Hano
nrpokoa.
Mycopume opuoHac1ume pyku
(nk6an opnoHac1nan pyka, ne ynoHnny1an panee)
k6an opnoHac1nan pyka, ne ynoHnny1an amue, nanne1cn cnnukoH
cna6o, u1o6m sa nee 6mno pen1a6enLno nna1n1L opny c1aaky. Ecnn am ne
na 6nanpax, 1o nacy1e c nnHn, a nk6o cn1yaunn, ne paspyHmaan.
Bxoxpenne a nrpy c HycopnmHn pykaHn, ouenL pacnpoc1panennan o6uan
oun6ka a nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax. D1n pykn ne amnrpmaak1. Hs6era1e
nrpa1L c nnHn.
39
_____________________________
39
Ha a11one, kap1aM Q7s Q2s a neko1opux pasauax Moxno cena1u ncknkuenne.
~66 ~
PasuoHac1ume kap1m
Bonumo pasuoHac1um Bpopae
(AK, AQ, AJ n KQ)
D1o nyuune ns pasnoHac1nmx pyk. O6muno onn co6npak1 cnnLnyk
c1apuyk napy. Bce pasnoHac1nme pykn nHek1 apoxpennyk anneprnk na
paspauy c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH ak1nanmx nrpokoa, no a1n pykn
amnrpmaak1 poc1a1ouno uac1o a nrpax npo1na Hnorouncnennmx cna6mx
nrpokoa. Onn cnnLnm n a naccnano n a arpeccnano nrpe. Pykn c1apue
napm amnrpmaak1 6onLuoe konnuec1ao 6ankoa, noa1oHy, am ponxnm
npnae1c1aoaa1L axoxpenne a 1oproank na npeqnone 6onLuoro konnuec1aa
cna6mx nrpokoa.
Bm Hoxe1e ao1n a nrpy nk6o ns a1nx pyk ns nk6o nosnunn.
[ena1e pes nk6o ns a1nx pyk, ecnn po a1oro ne 6mno pesoa.
40
Oc1epera1ecL, ecnn k1o-1o penae1 pes nepep aaHn, ecnn y aac ne AK, 1o
ec1L yrposa okasa1Lcn poHnnnpoaannmH. Tak u1o, npnro1oaL1ecL c6pocn1L
nk6me pasnoHac1nme pykn a o1ae1 na pes, kpoHe AK. C AK pena1e
pepes. Ecnn am saHe1nnn, u1o nrpok uac1o penae1 pesm c 6onee
cna6mHn pykaHn (AT, KJ, n 77), ne amknpmaa1e AQ. O1aeua1e
pepesoH. Ecnn nrpok HanLnk, n penae1 pesm c 1aknHn pykaHn, kak K6s
n 33, o1aeua1e pepesoH c AJ n KQ.
Manm pasuoHac1um Bpopae
(AT, KJ, QJ, KT, QT H JT)
D1o norpannunme pykn, ko1opme nrpak1cn 1onLko npn
onpepenennmx o6c1on1enLc1aax. Onn npepoc1aannk1 aosHoxnoc1L co6pa1L
pykn co cna6o c1apue napo, 1ouno 1ak xe, kak a cn1yaunn c HanmH
opnoHac1nmH BpopaeeH. TeH ne Henee, 6es npenHyuec1aa opnoHac1nmx
kap1, a1n pykn ne ouenL npn6mnLnm. yuue acero nx nrpa1L a paspauax c
HanmH konnuec1aoH nysoamx npo1nannkoa. Ta1oame nrpokn nHek1
1enpenunk saxopn1L nnHnoH c 1aknHn pykaHn, kak AQ, AJ n KQ, n
poHnnnpoaa1L nap HanmHn pasnoHac1nmHn pykaHn. Hoa1oHy, nepep 1eH,
kak cpena1L konn, o6pa1n1e annHanne na 1ex npo1nannkoa, ko1opme
aounn nnHnoH nepep aaHn. B ocnoanoH, pykn Hanoro pasnoHac1noro
Bpopaen cna6m. Ho onn co6npak1 Hnoro c1pn1oa, u1o pae1 aosHoxnoc1L
nsaneka1L amcokyk npn6mnL npn HnorouncnennoH 6anke.
C6pacmaa1e ace a1n pykn a pannnx nosnunnx, sa ncknkuenneH AT n
KJ a nysoamx nrpax. B cpepnnx nosnunnx am Hoxe1e nrpa1L AT n KJ, ecnn
nepep aaHn yxe saunn a 6ank neckonLko nysoamx nrpokoa.
Ha 6a11one, ecnn ne 6mno pesa, am Hoxe1e nrpa1L nk6yk ns a1nx
pyk. Ecnn a 6ank sauno Hano nrpokoa, 1o pena1e pes (oco6enno c AT n
_____________________________
40
Ecnn a anke yxe Mnoro nrpokoa, aosMoxno nn1u nnn mec1u nnMnepoa, axon1e 1onuko
nnMnoM c AJ n KQ. aame npenMyec1ao na npeqnone nanne1cn nesnaun1enunuM,
o1nocn1enuno Mnorouncnennux nrpokoa. Bam konn ae1 aaM c1pa1ernueckne
npenMyec1aa, ko1opue noMory1 aocnonnn1u neonumyk 1eope1nueckyk no1epk (ns-sa
1oro, u1o au ne enann pes), paspeman ourpa1u npo1nannkoa nocne qnona.
~67 ~
KJ), u1o6m nonm1a1Lcn c6pocn1L 6nanpm. Hpo1na neckonLknx nnHnepoa
axopn1e 1onLko nnHnoH. Xonopnm konn c 1aknHn pykaHn na npeqnone,
nanne1cn nan6onee o6ue n nan6onee poporo oun6ko. Ho cyuec1ay, c
a1nHn pykaHn 6ype1 nenpaannLnmH axopn1L a nrpy, paxe npo1na nysoaoro
pesepa. Tak u1o ne pena1e a1oro!
Mycopume pasuoHac1ume pyku
(nk6an pasnoHac1nan pyka, ne ynoHnny1an panee)
Haua pekoHenpaunn pnn a1nx pyk ne nrpa1e nx! O6pa1n1e
annHanne, u1o a1a ka1eropnn copepxn1 pasnoHac1nme 1ysm (A9A2) n
pasnoHac1nme canskn (T954). Bm uac1o 6ype1e anpe1L, kak npo1nannkn
nrpak1 nx, no a1n pykn nepen1a6enLnm. Hrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax o6muno
nysoame, coo1ae1c1aenno cna6me pasnoHac1nme pykn c1anoan1cn a 1aknx
nrpax eue cna6ee. [o 1ex nop, noka am ne c1ane1e Hac1epoH nrpm na
npeqnone, aaH nyuue ns6era1L nrpa1L c a1nHn pykaHn aoo6ue.
Ha 6a11one, aosHoxno ncknkuenne pnn pyk A9, T9, n 98, n 1o
1onLko sa opny c1aaky. Ho paxe a a1oH cnyuae, 1akne pykn nHek1
norpannunyk pen1a6enLnoc1L.
3aknmveuue
3nan, k kako rpynne npnnapnexn1 pyka, am 6ype1e sna1L ee
npenHyuec1aa n nepoc1a1kn. B cnepykueH paspene Hm paeH oco6me
pekoHenpaunn pnn posmrpmua aaunx pyk. [nn a1nx pekoHenpaun Hm
npepnonaraeH, u1o am nrpae1e a 1nnnunme nrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax
nysoame nnn naccnanme, nn6o uy1L-uy1L arpeccnanme. Ecnn nrpm, a
ko1opmx am yuac1aye1e, 6ypy1 snaun1enLno o1nnua1Lcn o1 npnnn1oro
npepnonoxennn, 1o aaH npnpe1cn Hopnqnunpoaa1L naun pekoHenpaunn.
Hsyuennme a a1oH paspene nonn1nn, noHory1 aaH cpena1L npaannLnme
nsHenennn.
~68 ~
PekoHeupauu no urpe ua
npeqnone
B a1oH paspene Hm paeH pekoHenpaunn no nrpe na npeqnone c
kaxpo xapak1epno pyko a c1anpap1no cn1yaunn. Mm nepeuncnnH
pykn, c ko1opmHn cnepye1 nrpa1L a onpepenennmx nosnunnx, n paeH
pekoHenpaunn o aosHoxnoc1n cpena1L pes c neko1opmHn ns nnx. D1n
pekoHenpaunn ne nannk1cn xec1knHn npaannaHn pnn nrpm na npeqnone.
PaccHa1pnaa1e nx kak 1penaxep pnn coaepuenc1aoaannn nrpm na
npeqnone. Korpa am uyac1aye1e ce6n a nrpe neyaepenno, o6paua1ecL k
a1oHy pykoaopc1ay pnn nrpm na npeqnone no yHonuannk. Onm1nm nrpok,
ko1opm nonnoc1Lk nonnHae1 oco6ennoc1n nrpm na qnone n npeqnone,
6ype1 uac1o o1knonn1Lcn (a npaannLnyk c1opony) o1 a1nx pekoHenpaun.
Heo6xopnHo ckasa1L, u1o Hm cepLesno anannsnpoaann a1n
pekoHenpaunn, n Hm nonaraeH, u1o onn o6ecneua1 nyuuyk nrpy no
yHonuannk, pnn kaxpo pykn a c1anpap1no cn1yaunn. O1knonenne o1
a1nx pekoHenpaun aosHoxno 1onLko 1orpa, korpa am o6napyxn1e u1o-1o
nec1anpap1noe a caoe nrpe nnn cn1yaunn. HanpnHep, am Hoxe1e nrpa1L
pyky, ko1opyk Hm pekoHenpyeH c6pocn1L, ecnn po a1oro am nrpann
upesamuano naccnano. C ppyro c1oponm, am Hoxe1e sa1n a nrpy
pesoH c pyko ko1opo penann nnHn, ecnn na 6onLuoH 6nanpe cnpn1
upesamuano 1a1oam nrpok, nnn am Hoxe1e cpena1L nac, ecnn ouenL
1a1oam nrpok aouen a 6ank.
Bm ne ponxnm o1knonn1Lcn o1 a1nx pekoHenpaun, npnHennn caok
co6c1aennyk pacunpennyk c1pa1ernk nrpm na npeqnone. B npo1nanoH
cnyuae, Bm, kak npaanno, 6ype1e ne npaam. HanpnHep, ne saxopn1e ouenL
uac1o nnHnoH c pykaHn, c ko1opmHn Hm pekoHenpyeH pena1L pes, ns-sa
caonx pasHmunenn: H ne nk6nk aknapmaa1L penLrn, noka ne yanxy
qnon nnn H pyHak, u1o pyka ATs, nn npn kaknx ycnoannx ne Hoxe1
6m1L pesoao pyko. Mm pekoHenpyeH pena1L pes no onpepenenno,
xopouo o6pyHanno npnunne. Hocne paccHo1pennn acex aaxnmx
npnnunnoa, Hm npnunn k amaopy, u1o a1o nyuuan cxeHa nrpm. Ecnn am
noaepn1e amckasmaannnH: D1n pekoHenpaunn cnnukoH 1a1oame. H Hory
nrpa1L naHnoro 6onLue pyk, 1o 6ype1e nenpaam, n na pnnnno
pnc1anunn no1epne1e Hnoro pener.
Eue xoue1cn ckasa1L, u1o Hnorne ns a1nx npneHoa nrpm 6nnskn no
cyuec1ay. Pasnnune a oxnpaeHo npn6mnn, ckaxeH, pesa nnn nnHna c
ATs a nosnunn UTG, ouenL Hano. O6c1on1enLc1aa nrpm Hory1 sac1aan1L
aac npepnouec1L opnn npneH nrpm, ppyroHy. Han6onee ropnune pe6a1m no
nrpe na npeqnone, a ocnoanoH, nponcxopn1 npn o6cyxpennn aapnan1oa
peuenn c HanenLknH pasnnuneH a oxnpaeHo npn6mnn. HanpnHep, 6mnn
npnaepenm 6ecuncnennme apryHen1m na 1eHy, kak nrpa1L pasnoHac1nme
KQ ns nosnunn UTG. Tmcnun uacoa, no1pauenm, na o6cyxpenne a1o 1eHm
6mnn no1pauenm anyc1yk. Hpn c1anpap1nmx ycnoannx, pasnnune a
oxnpaeHo npn6mnn Hexpy pesoH n konnoH, upesamuano Hano. Hoka am
nrpae1e ne ouenL xopouo, am6epn1e opnn aapnan1 peuennn n nrpa1e
1onLko ero.
~69 ~
H aoo6ue, ne 1pa1L1e cnnukoH Hnoro apeHenn na paccHo1penne
onpepenennmx pec1an na npeqnone. Ecnn am no1pa1n1e orpoHnoe
konnuec1ao apeHenn na ananns, 1o ace paano npnpe1e k amaopy, u1o
aapnan1m npepnoxennmx naHn pec1an, ouenL 6nnskn no caoe
poxopnoc1n. yuue ncnonLsy1e a1o apeHn pnn ynyuuennn aaue nrpm
nocne qnona. Hocne 1oro, kak am npnnnuno nayun1ecL nrpa1L na
npeqnone, 6onLunnc1ao aauero pononnn1enLnoro amnrpmua 6ype1
qopHnpoaa1Lcn o1 ncnonLsoaannn oun6ok npo1nannkoa npn nrpe nocne
qnona.
O1 noanuka am uac1o Hoxe1e ycnmua1L xano6y: H ne nonnHak! H
pasmrpmaak ace kap1m npaannLno, no n po cnx nop ne amnrpmaak. On
Hoxe1 6m1L npaa. On, aepon1no, poc1a1ouno xopouo nrpae1 na npeqnone,
no ero naamkn a nrpe nocne qnona HnnnHanLnm. Cocpepo1ouL1ecL na
aaxnmx aeuax. Bmyun1e connpnyk, npoc1yk cnc1eHy nrpm na npeqnone,
n sa1eH nepexopn1e k coaepuenc1aoaannk caonx cnoco6noc1e a nrpe
nocne qnona. Kak 1onLko am nayun1ecL xopouo nrpa1L nocne qnona,
aosapaua1ecL k rnaae o6 nrpe na npeqnone n o11aunaa1e caoe
Hac1epc1ao. D1o1 cnoco6 yaennun1 aaun amnrpmun eue na a1ane
o6yuennn.
B saaepuenne, korpa Hm paspa6a1maann a1n pekoHenpaunn, Hm
c1peHnnncL cpena1L nx npoc1mHn n kopo1knHn. HpaannLnan nrpa nanne1cn
uenmH koHnnekcoH peuenn, no Hm noc1apanncL ynpoc1n1L aespe, rpe a1o
npepc1aannnocL aosHoxnmH. Ecnn paa peuennn paanm no poxopnoc1n, no
opno ns nnx nosaonnno naH ynpoc1n1L cnc1eHy, u1o6m o6nerun1L ee
nsyuenne, 1o Hm penann am6op a nonLsy npoc1oro peuennn (nnorpa, sa
cue1 HanenLko ponn a oxnpaeHo npn6mnn). Hoanukn Hory1 ncnm1maa1L
neko1opme 1pypnoc1n a aocnpnn1nn, ns-sa upesHepno npoc1o1m, no Hm
peunnn ne ycnoxnn1L.
D1n pekoHenpaunn paspa6o1anm pnn nonnoro c1ona (c1on, sa
ko1opmH opnoapeHenno nrpae1 10 uenoaek) a nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax.
41
D1n pekoHenpaunn o6ecneunaak1 naccnanyk nrpy npn neko1opo
arpeccnanoc1n na npeqnone (o1 15% po 35% 6ankoa nrpak1cn c
pesaHn), n 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa nepepepxnaak1 caon pykn a 1oproane.
Ecnn nrpa, a ko1opyk am aounn, 6ype1 o1nnua1Lcn o1 a1oro ua6nona, 1o
a1n pekoHenpaunn ne 6ypy1 1ounm. Mopnqnunpy1e pekoHenpaunn,
npopanra1e pykn, ko1opme am nrpae1e xopouo n y6npa1e pykn, ko1opme
am nrpae1e nnoxo. HanpnHep, ecnn c1nnL aaue nrpm ouenL naccnaen, 1o
nrpa1e 6onLue cna6mx opnoHac1nmx kap1 ns panne n cpepne nosnunn.
Ocnoanme paspenm ponxnm pa1L aaH 1aeppm qynpaHen1, u1o6m cpena1L
a1n nsHenennn.
Mm paspennnn a1n pekoHenpaunn na pae uac1n: pnn yHepenno
1a1oao nrpm, a ko1opo qnon cHo1pn1 a cpepneH 35 ak1nanmx nrpokoa,
n pnn nysoao nrpm, a ko1opo qnon cHo1pn1 a cpepneH 68 nrpokoa.
42
_____________________________
41
/nn nrpu na kopo1koM c1one (c1on, sa ko1opuM onoapeMenno nrpae1 6 uenoaek)
npenonoxn1e, u1o nepaue ue1upe nrpoka cenann nac.
42
Onpeenennn, 1a1oau n nysoau, o1nocn1enunu. Hrpa, ko1opyk Mu nasuaaeM
1a1oao na nnsknx nnMn1ax, na aucoknx nnMn1ax nasuaanacu u neckonuko nysoao.
~70 ~
Ecnn nrpa, a ko1opo am okasanncL, naxopn1cn Hexpy a1nHn payHn
apxe1nnaHn, 1o nrpa1e 6onLue pyk, ueH pekoHenpoaano pnn 1a1oao
nrpm n HenLue, ueH pnn nysoao.
43
KpoHe 1oro, ecnn nrpa sa c1onoH
nonnoc1Lk coo1ae1c1aye1 opnoHy ns aapnan1oa, no posmrpmu kako-1o
onpepenenno paspaun npe1 no ppyroHy aapnan1y, 1o a a1o paspaue
ncnonLsy1e pekoHenpaunn pnn a1oporo aapnan1a. HanpnHep, sa c1onoH
npe1 nopHanLnan nysoaan nrpa, a ko1opo qnon cHo1pn1 a cpepneH 68
uenoaek. Ho a panno konkpe1no paspaue, am naxopn1ecL na 6a11one n
kpoHe aac ec1L eue 1onLko paa nrpoka: konnep n pesep. HcnonLsy1e
pekoHenpaunn pnn 1a1oao nrpm. BaH ne1 neo6xopnHoc1n sanoHnna1L
onpepenennme pekoHenpaunn. CaHme aaxnme paspenm o6 nrpe na
npeqnone a1o 1eope1nueckne paspenm. D1n pekoHenpaunn paspa6o1anm,
1onLko pnn 1oro, u1o6m am c uero-1o nauann.
H, nakoneu, ecnn am nnuero ne sanoHnnnn o6 nrpe na npeqnone, 1o
1orpa sanoHnn1e a1n ue1mpe ocnoanmx npnnunna:
1. B panne nosnunn nrpa1e 1a1oao n neckonLko cao6opno a nospne
nosnunn.
2. C nyuunHn pykaHn pena1e pes.
3. Hrpa1e 1onLko caHme cnnLnme pasnoHac1nme pykn.
4. Hrpa1e ouenL 1a1oao, ecnn nepep aaHn k1o-1o cpenan pes.
_____________________________
43
3aMe1u1e, u1o Mu ne cornamaeMcn c oenpnnn1uM auckasuaanneM: Hrpa1e
1a1oao, kora ace nrpak1 nysoao n naoopo1. /ec1an1enuno, ec1u neckonuko
onpeenennux cn1yan, a ko1opux a1o y1aepxenne aepno. Ho ono ne pao1ae1 a nrpax
co cnauMn nrpokaMn.
~71 ~
Ta1oam c1on
(Onon cHo1pn1 a cpepneH 35 nrpokoa)
Pauunn nosuun
Hepame 1pn Hec1a cneaa o1
6nanpoa
Cpepunn nosuun
Cnepykune 1pn Hec1a sa
panne nosnune
Hospunn nosuun
Opno Hec1o nepep 6a11onoH
n 6a11on
Ecnu ue 6mno pesa
HrpaeH: AA77, pae
nk6me opnoHac1nme kap1m
o1 pecn1kn n amue
(nanpnHep, AKs, QTs n
1.p.), AKAJ n KQ
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA-TT,
AKsAJs n AKAQ
Ecnu ue 6mno pesa
HrpaeH: k6me napm,
AKsA2s, KQsK9s, QJs
Q9s, JTsJ9s, T9s98s,
AKAT n KQKJ
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA99,
AKsATs, KQsKJs, AKAJ
n KQ
Ecnu ue 6mno pesa
HrpaeH: ace pykn, ko1opme
am 6ype1e nrpa1L ns
cpepne nosnunn nnkc
87s54s n nk6me pae
pasnoHac1nme kap1m o1
pecn1kn n amue (nanpnHep,
KT, JT n 1.p.)
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA99,
AKsA8s, KQsKTs, QJs,
AK-AT n KQ
Ecnu 6mn pes
HrpaeH: AA-TT, AKs-AJs,
KQs n AK
HrpaeH pepesoH: AA-TT,
AKs n AK
Ecnu 6mn pes
HpnHenneH 1e xe
npnnunnm, ko1opme am
ncnonLsoaann 6m a panne
nosnunn, o1aeuan na pes.
Ecnu 6mn pes
Rpureuner fe xe npnnunnm,
ko1opme am ncnonLsoaann
6m a panne n cpepne
nosnunn, o1aeuan na pes,
sa ncknkuenneH 1oro, u1o
ecnn 3 nrpoka aounn a 6ank
(pesep n 2 konnepa), 1o
pena1e konn c nk6o
kapHanno napo n QJs-
T9s.
Ecnu 6mnu pes u pepes
HrpaeH: AAQQ n AKs
HrpaeH pepesoH: AA
QQ n AKs
Ecnu 6mnu pes u pepes
HrpaeH: AAQQ n AKs
HrpaeH pepesoH: AA
QQ n AKs
Ecnu 6mnu pes u pepes
HrpaeH: AAQQ n AKs
HrpaeH pepesoH: AA
QQ n AKs
Manm 6naup Bonumo 6naup
Ecnu pesa ue 6mno
HrpaeH: Bce pykn, ko1opme am 6ype1e
nrpa1L ns nospne nosnunn nnkc pae
nk6me opnoHac1nme kap1m
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA99, AKsATs,
KQsKJs n AKAQ
Ecnu pesa ue 6mno
HrpaeH c pesoH: Bce pykn, ko1opme am
6ype1e nrpa1L pesoH c Hanoro 6nanpa
Ecnu 6mn pes
Te xe ocnoanme npnnunnm, ko1opme am
ncnonLsoaann pnn nrpm a panne nosnunn,
o1aeuan na pes, kpoHe acex kapHannmx
nap, ko1opme Hoxno 6ype1 nrpa1L, ecnn
eue, xo1L opnn nrpok kpoHe pesepa
aope1 a 6ank.
Ecnu 6mn pes
HrpaeH: Bce pykn, ko1opme am 6ype1e
nrpa1L ns nospne nosnunn sa opny c1aaky,
ncknkuan cna6me pasnoHac1nme pykn AT,
KJKT, QJQT, n JT. Oc1aanne1e a nrpe
ace kapHannme napm n Hnoro opnoHac1nmx
pyk, AKAJ, n KQ *
HrpaeH pepesoH: AA-TT, AKs n AK
* Mnorne pykn nrpak1cn npo1na kpaxn
nanoa, axe na aucoknx nnMn1ax, re
aosec1ane peka nesnaun1enuno.
~72 ~
Rysoam c1on
(qnon cHo1pn1 a cpepneH 68 nrpokoa)
Pauunn nosuun
Hepame 1pn Hec1a cneaa o1
6nanpoa
Cpepunn nosuun
Cnepykune 1pn Hec1a sa
panne nosnune
Hospunn nosuun
Opno Hec1o nepep 6a11onoH
n 6a11on
Ecnu ue 6mno pesa
HrpaeH: k6me napm,
AKsA2s, KQsK9s, QJs
Q9s, JTsJ9s, T9s98s,
AKAT n KQKJ
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA99,
AKsATs, KQsKJs, AKAJ
n KQ (D1o ace 1e xe pykn,
ko1opme nrpak1 a cpepne
nosnunn, a 1a1oao nrpe.)
Ecnu ue 6mno pesa
HrpaeH: Bce pykn, ko1opme
nrpak1cn a panne nosnunn
HrpaeH c pesoH: Bce
pykn, ko1opme am 6ype1e
nrpa1L a panne nosnunn
Ecnu ue 6mno pesa
HrpaeH: Bce pykn, ko1opme
am 6ype1e nrpa1L a cpepne
nosnunn nnkc K8sK2s,
Q8s, J8s, J7s, 87s43s,
T8s53s n pae nk6me
pasnoHac1nme kap1m o1
pecn1kn n amue
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA88,
nk6me pae opnoHac1nme
kap1m o1 pecn1kn n amue,
A9sA8s, K9s, AKAJ n
KQ
Ecnu 6mn pes
HrpaeH: k6me napm,
AKsATs, KQsKTs, QJs,
JTs, n AKAQ
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA99,
AKsAQs n AKAQ
Ecnu 6mn pes
HpnHenn1L 1e xe npnnunnm,
ko1opme am ncnonLsoaann
6m a panne nosnunn,
o1aeuan na pes.
MnnnHyH ue1mpe nrpoka
aounn a 6ank nepep aaHn:
H, ecnu 6mn pes
HrpaeH: k6me napm,
nk6me pae opnoHac1nme
kap1m o1 pecn1kn n amue,
nk6o opnoHac1nm 1ys
(A9sA2s) n T9s76s.
Takxe AK n AQ.
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA-TT,
AKsAJs, KQs n AK
Ecnu 6mnu pes u pepes
HrpaeH: AA-TT, AKsAJs,
KQs n AK
HrpaeH pepesoH: AA
QQ n AKs
Ecnu 6mnu pes u pepes
HrpaeH: AA-TT, AKsAJs,
KQs n AK
HrpaeH pepesoH: AA
QQ n AKs
Ecnu 6mnu pes u pepes
HrpaeH: AA-TT, AKsAJs,
KQs n AK
HrpaeH pepesoH:
AAQQ n AKs
Ecnn HenLue ue1mpex
nrpokoa aounn a 6ank, 1o
cHo1pn1e pekoHenpaunn pnn
1a1oaoro c1ona
Manm 6naup Bonumo 6naup
Ecnu pesa ue 6mno
HrpaeH: Bce pykn, ko1opme am 6ype1e
nrpa1L ns nospne nosnunn nnkc pae
nk6me opnoHac1nme kap1m
Hrpa1u PesoH: AA99, AKsATs, KQs
KJs n AKAQ
Ecnu pesa ue 6mno
HrpaeH c pesoH: Bce pykn, ko1opme am
6ype1e nrpa1L pesoH c Hanoro 6nanpa
Ecnu 6mn pes
HrpaeH: Bce pykn, ko1opme am 6ype1e
nrpa1L a panne nosnunn npo1na pesa
HrpaeH c pesoH: AA-TT, AKsAJs, KQs
n AK
Ecnu 6mn pes
HrpaeH: Bce pykn, ko1opme am 6ype1e
nrpa1L ns nospne nosnunn sa opny c1aaky,
ncknkuan cna6me pasnoHac1nme pykn AT,
KJKT, QJQT n JT*
Hrpa1u PesoH: Bce pykn, ko1opme am
6ype1e nrpa1L pesoH c Hanoro 6nanpa
* Mnorne pykn nrpak1cn npo1na kpaxn
nanoa, axe na aucoknx nnMn1ax, re
aosec1ane peka nesnaun1enuno.
~73 ~
Heckonuko kopo1kux saHevauu
k pekoHeupaunH
Mnorne nrpokn Hory1 6m1L ypnanenm 1eH, u1o Hm pekoHenpyeH
uac1o nrpa1L Henkne kapHannme napm c pannnx nosnun n nocne pesa.
C1anpap1nan nrpa na nnsknx nnHn1ax npepoc1aanne1 npeanLnme ycnoann
pnn a1nx pyk. Hapm pacuae1ak1, korpa amnrpmaak1 Hnoro pener ns 6anka,
nocne 1oro, kak na qnone co6npak1 ce1. Tak kak Hnorne ns aaunx
npo1nannkoa nrpak1 cnnukoH Hnoro pyk n nepepepxnaak1 nx, 1o aaun
ce1m 6ypy1 nHe1L 1enpenunk co6npa1L 6onLune 6ankn. Korpa am
poc1a1ouno yaepenm, u1o, no kpane Hepe, opnn, nnn eue nyuue, korpa
neckonLko, nrpokoa, 6ypy1 conpoaoxpa1L aac anno1L po pnaepa, 1o
Hoxe1e axopn1L nk6o napo sa opny pae c1aakn. Ho ecnn aau c1on
1a1oam, 1o nyuue orpannuL1e cao am6op a panne nosnunn ceHepkaHn
nnn amcue napo. Ecnn axoxpenne a nrpy 6ype1 c1on1L 1pn n 6onee
c1aaok, 1o nyuue nopnn1L ypoaenL eue amue (o1 pean1ok n amue). Ho a
c1anpap1no nysoao nrpe na nnsknx nnHn1ax, am ponxnm nrpa1L
nopaannkuee 6onLunnc1ao aaunx kapHannmx nap.

[ena1L xonopnm konn a nrpe am ponxnm ouenL pepko, oco6enno
ecnn am okasanncL nepamH, nocne pesepa. HanpnHep, Hm pekoHenpyeH
pena1L xonopnm konn a 1a1oao nrpe 1onLko co cnepykunHn pykaHn:
AQs, AJs n KQs. Korpa a nrpe yuac1ayk1 1poe nnn 6onee ak1nanmx
nrpokoa, 1o nnorpa, xonopnm konn Hoxno pena1L co cpepnnHn n HenknHn
kapHannmHn napaHn, a 1akxe, c opnoHac1nmHn canskaHn. Co aceHn
ppyrnHn pykaHn, ko1opmHn am Hoxe1e nrpa1L npn uyxoH pese, am
penae1e pepes.
1o6m am opnen1npoaanncL a 1oH, c kako nepnopnunoc1Lk aaH
npepc1on1 pena1L xonopnm konn, nanoHnnH, u1o kaxpan ns a1nx
opnoHac1nmx pyk cpae1cn opnn pas a 110 paspau. [nn 1oro u1o6m
o1aeua1L xonopnmH konnoH, am ne ponxnm 6m1L na 6nanpe, a UTG n k1o-
1o nepep aaHn ponxen cpena1L pes. Bce a1n ycnoann co6nkpak1cn a
20% paspau. TaknH o6pasoH, pena1L xonopnm konn aaH npepc1on1 opnn
pas na 550 paspau. Ecnn am nrpae1e axnayk, 1o am nrpae1e
npn6nnsn1enLno 35 pyk a uac. TaknH o6pasoH, cn1yaunn c xonopnmH
konnoH y aac 6ype1 aosnnka1L opnn pas a 15 uacoa unc1oro nrpoaoro
apeHenn.
[axe ecnn am po6aan1e konnm c HenknHn kapHannmHn napaHn,
opnoHac1nmHn canskaHn n pononnn1enLnmHn konnaHn npn nysoao nrpe,
1o am ace paano ne ponxnm 6ype1e pena1L xonopnme konnm uaue, ueH
opnn pas a 1pn uaca. Ecnn am o6napyxn1e, u1o penae1e xonopnm konn
1pn ue1mpe pasa sa ceccnk (a cpepneH), a1o snaun1, u1o am penae1e ero
neo6ocnoaanno uac1o. 3naun1, am nrpae1e cnnukoH Hnoro pyk npo1na
pesa a1o rpy6euan oun6ka, nnn am nrpae1e ouenL naccnano c
cnnLneunHn pykaHn a1o ne 1akan rpy6euan, no ace-1akn oun6ka.
~74 ~
Opna ns nepamx aeue, sa ko1opo am ponxnm na6nkpa1L a nepame
pnn caoe nrpm, a1o uac1o1a xonopnmx konnoa. Bo apeHn nrpm, am
yanpn1e Hnoro nrpokoa, ko1opme penak1 xonopnm konn no pecn1L,
paapua1L, a 1o n nn1Lpecn1 pas sa ceccnk. He1 c1pa1ernn, ko1opan paxe
kocaenno, 1pe6ye1 1ako uac1o1m xonopnmx konnoa. D1n nrpokn npoc1o
o6nnLno cnnaak1 caon penLrn. Hun1e nx, no ne noppaxa1e nH.

Ecnn a 6anke nepep aaHn 6mnn pesm n pepesm, am ponxnm nrpa1L
upesamuano 1a1oao, paxe ecnn am ne yaaxae1e pesepoa. Hpo1na
c1anpap1nmx npo1nannkoa nrpak1 1onLko AAQQ n AKs. Hpo1na nysoamx
pesepoa am Hoxe1e po6aan1L eue JJTT n AK. Ecnn na npeqnone 6onee
30% pyk nrpae1cn c pesaHn n pepesaHn (ykasmaae1 na 1o, u1o pesm n
pepesm nannk1cn ouenL nysoamHn), am Hoxe1e nrpa1L eue 99, AQs
ATs, KQsKJs, n AQ. Ecnn am ouenL xopouo nrpae1e a 6onLunx 6ankax,
1o am Hoxe1e paccna6n1Lcn eue 6onLue, no npnpepxnaa1ecL
opnoHac1nmx pyk c 6onLue cnno c1apue kap1m. [axe ecnn aaun
npo1nannkn nannk1cn upesamuano nysoamHn nnn HanLnkaHn, 1o am ace
paano ne Hoxe1e nosaonn1L ce6e nna1n1L no 1pn nnn 6onee c1aaok sa 1o,
u1o6m nocHo1pe1L qnon.
KpoHe 1oro, pnn 1oro, u1o6m nrpa1L pykn ATs n KJs npn6mnLno na
1pex c1aakax, am ponxnm 6m1L ouenL yaepenm a noa1opneHoc1n aaunx
npo1nannkoa. Ecnn y aac ne1 1ako yaepennoc1n, 1o nyuue cpena1L nac.

[o cnx nop, Hm o6cyxpann pykoaopnune npnnunnm pnn cn1yaun,
rpe pes penancn po 1oro, kak ouepepL xopa poxopnna po aac. Ecnn pes
6ype1 pena1L k1o-1o nocne aac, 1o pena1e konn c nk6o pyko (ecnn k
aaH aepnynacL opna c1aaka). HanpnHep, ecnn am axopn1e nnHnoH c
nrpok sa aaHn 1oxe penae1 nnHn, a cnepykun penae1 pes, 1o ecnn k aaH
aepnynacL 1onLko opna c1aaka, acerpa konnpy1e ee.
Ecnn k aaH aepnynncL pae c1aakn (pes n pepes), 1o napo nrpa1L
1akxe 1a1oao, kak n npn xonopnoH konne. Bank 6ype1 6onLue, noa1oHy
am Hoxe1e nrpa1L, neHnoro nysoao, no ns6era1e pyk, ko1opme nerko
Hory1 okasa1Lcn poHnnnpoaannmHn. CkaxeH, am saunn nnHnoH ns UTG,
cnepykun sa aaHn nrpok 1oxe sauen nnHnoH. Hrpok a cpepne nosnunn
penae1 pes, 6a11on penae1 pepes. BonLuo 6nanp konn (a 6anke 10.5
MC). Bm ponxnm pena1L konn, ecnn y aac na pykax
n nacoaa1L, ecnn y aac na pykax
~75 ~
C kapHannmHn aocLHepkaHn (nnn nk6o ppyro kapHanno napo),
pononnn1enLnme penLrn a 6anke o6ecneunaak1 poc1a1ounyk poxopnoc1L,
u1o6m nonpo6oaa1L na qnone co6pa1L ce1 npo1na ue1mpex npo1nannkoa.
Opnako, necHo1pn na 6onLuo 6ank, AJ ckopee acero, okaxe1cn
poHnnnpoaanno pyko. Hoa1oHy pena1L konn ne amropno.

Mm pekoHenpyeH pena1L pesm na 6onLunnc1ae 6onLunx
opnoHac1nmx pyk cnepykuero 1nna
n
D1n pykn cnnLnm a nk6o nrpe, no nysoame ycnoann a nrpax na
nnsknx nnHn1ax, penak1 a1n pykn 6onee uennmHn. Ecnn a 6anke eue ne
penancn pes, 1o c a1nHn pykaHn am ponxnm pena1L pes nou1n acerpa n
ns nk6o nosnunn.
44
Bm uac1o coaepuae1e aaxnyk cpenky, korpa penae1e pes na
npeqnone. Korpa y aac ec1L npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka, aau pes
nHee1 nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, no1oHy u1o am 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L 6onLue, ueH aaua ponn a 6anke. Ho a1o1 pes, o6muno,
opnoapeHenno yHenLuae1 aauy oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL a nrpe nocne qnona.
Ec1L neckonLko npnunn, no ko1opmH a1o nponcxopn1, no caHo aaxno
nanne1cn 1a, u1o am npnansmaae1e ce6n k 6anky.
CkaxeH, am nrpae1e npo1na npo1nannka, ko1opm acerpa 6ype1 np1n
po pnaepa, nesaancnHo o1 1oro, kakan y nero pyka. B saancnHoc1n o1
qnona, pnn npoc1o1m npepnonoxnH, u1o nnn am nnn on 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L a opnoH cnyuae ns ue1mpex. Takxe, npepnonoxnH, u1o am
Hoxe1e Hrnoaenno onpepenn1L, k1o naxopn1cn a nyuue cn1yaunn, nnuL
asrnnnya na qnon. Ecnn am ne penae1e pes na npeqnone (a a1oH cnyuae
6ank na qnone coc1aan1 pae c1aakn) korpa y aac nyuuan pyka, 1o na aau
6e1 na qnone on cpenae1 konn, n am sapa6o1ae1e penLrn. Ecnn y aac
nnoxan pyka, 1o na ero 6e1 am cpenae1e nac (no1oHy u1o aaun uancm k
6anky nepoc1a1ounm). TaknH o6pasoH, am nonyuae1e c1aaky c
_____________________________
44
B 1a1oao nrpe c a1nMn pykaMn Mu pekoMenyeM axon1u nnMnoM c panne nosnnn.
Ho axe a a1oM cnyuae, pes kak MnnnMyM paaen e1y no no1ennany oxonoc1n, a
nnora n neMnoro nyume.
~76 ~
nonoxn1enLno oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk, nocne qnona. Bm nonyuae1e
npn6mnL, korpa on penae1 konn, a on ne nonyuae1 npn6mnL, korpa am
nacye1e.
TenepL paccHo1pnH a1y cn1yaunk, no npn ycnoann, u1o am na
npeqnone cpenann pes. Bank na qnone coc1aanne1 ue1mpe c1aakn. Korpa
y aac nyuuan pyka, am 6ype1e pena1L 6e1, on 6ype1 pena1L konn, n am
6ype1e nonyua1L penLrn cnoaa. Ho ceuac, ecnn on penae1 6e1, 1o aaH
npnpe1cn pena1L konn, yun1maan pasHepa 6anka. TenepL y aac 6onLue ne1
nonoxn1enLno oxnpaeHo npn6mnn, 1ak kak am o6a nrpae1e opnnakoao.
Epnnc1aennan npnunna, no ko1opo Hm pLnno npepnaraeH pena1L
pes c 6onLunHn opnoHac1nmHn kap1aHn, saknkuae1cn a 1oH, u1o onn
nnkak ne c1papak1 o1 a1oro. Onn npnkynak1cn na qnone nac1onLko uac1o,
u1o am 6ype1e xo1e1L nrpa1L c nnHn ane saancnHoc1n o11oro, 6mn a 6anke
pes nnn ne1. HanpnHep, c pyko KJ, am 6ype1e sauac1yk nonyua1L na
qnone, no kpane Hepe, pae oaepkap1m n o6pa1nm npnkynno qneu.
Eue sa opny c1aaky, aaH uac1o npnpe1cn cHo1pe1L 1epn, ane saancnHoc1n
o11oro, 6mn pes a 6anke nnn ne1. Bau pes na npeqnone nHee1
nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, no1oHy u1o a1a cnnLnan pyka
amnrpmaae1 6onLue, ueH ee ponn. H ona ne xep1aye1 6onLuo oxnpaeHo
npn6mnLk nocne qnona, no1oHy u1o am sauac1yk 6ype1e ponxnm
npoponxa1L nrpa1L, nesaancnHo o11oro, kak Hano a 6anke pener.

[nn nysoamx nrp Hm pekoHenpyeH nrpa1L a cpepne nosnunn, 1e xe
caHme pykn, u1o n a panne. Bm Hoxe1e 6m1L ypnanenm, u1o Hm ne
po6aanneH pykn, xo1n aaua nosnunn ynyuunnacL. Pasnnua Hexpy aaue
pen1a6enLnoc1Lk a panne n cpepne nosnunn a ouenL nysoamx nrpax
nnaennpye1cn. Ha a1o ec1L pae aecknx npnunnm:
1. B 1a1oao arpeccnano nrpe, a panne nosnunn, am ponxnm nrpa1L
HenLue pyk, no1oHy u1o k1o-nn6ypL nocne aac Hoxe1 sa1n pesoH.
3auac1yk, a1o 6ype1 orpannunaa1L 6ank 1peHn nnn ue1mpLHn
nrpokaHn, n sac1aann1L aac pena1L paonyk c1aaky sa 1o, u1o6m
nocHo1pe1L qnon. Ycyry6nne1cn a1o eue n 1eH, u1o am 6es nosnunn.
Horpannunan pyka, 1nna
ne cnnLno amropna, pa n 1o, a 6anke 6es pesa. Ecnn k1o-1o nocne
aac cpenae1 pes, 1o 1akan pyka c1anoan1cn y6m1ouno. B 1akoH
cuenapnn, am nponrpmaae1e penLrn. A ao1 a cpepne nosnunn, nocne
aac, oc1ae1cn HenLue nrpokoa, n aepon1noc1L pesa noa1oHy,
yHenLuae1cn. TaknH o6pasoH, am Hoxe1e nrpa1L 6onLune
konnuec1ao pyk.
Opnako, a nysoao nrpe, 1ako kouHapnm cuenapn
Hanoaepon1en, no1oHy u1o, ecnn k1o-1o nocne aac cpenae1 pes, nn1L
nnn 6onLue nrpokoa 6ypy1 o1aeua1L konnoH nou1n acerpa. Bm
~77 ~
6ype1e npekpacno pasmrpmaa1L Q9 sa pae c1aakn po 1ex nop, noka
6ype1e nHe1L Hnoro npo1nannkoa. B nysoao nrpe, aaH ne1 cHmcna,
6on1cn kouHapnmx cuenapnea, noa1oHy am Hoxe1e nrpa1L 6onLue
pyk c pannnx nosnun.
2. B nysoamx nrpax, pannnn nosnunn qak1nueckn npepoc1aanne1
npenHyuec1ao, ko1opoe ne Hoxe1 npepnoxn1L cpepnnn nosnunn.
Hocne qnona, am sauac1yk saxo1n1e cpena1L uek-pes, nn6o pnn
saun1m caoe pykn, nn6o pnn noc1poennn 6anka, ecnn am co6pann
Honc1pa na qnone. ek-pes a cpepne nosnunn a paone 1pypne
(HenLue no1enunanLnmx nrpokoa cpenaaunx 6e1 nocne Bac) n Henee
aqqek1naen, 1ak kak nrpokn, ko1opmx am xo1n1e am6n1L, yxe
cpenann uek n 6ypy1 uaue nonyua1L aosHoxnoc1L o1ae1n1L konnoH
na opny c1aaky nepep 1eH, kak ouepepL xopa pope1 po aac. Ecnn
onn o1ae1nnn konnoH na opny c1aaky, 1o o6muno onn aa1oHa1nueckn
o1ae1n1 konnoH n na aau pes.
BosHoxno, cyuec1aye1 neckonLko norpannunmx pyk, ko1opme
c1anoan1cn neHnoro npn6mnLne a cpepne nosnunn. Ho, c uenLk
coxpanennn npoc1o1m naunx pekoHenpaun, Hm nrnopnpoaann nx.

Korpa Bm, nepamH axopn1e a 6ank, ns cpepne nosnunn 1o, ckopee
acero am 6ype1e nrpa1L npo1na opnoro nnn payx npo1nannkoa. B
pesynL1a1e, neko1opme pykn, ko1opme npepnoun1ak1 6onLune n
Hnorouncnennme 6ankn, oco6enno Henkne napm n Henkne opnoHac1nme
canskn, c1anoan1cn neamropnmHn. HanpnHep, o6muno Hm pekoHenpyeH
nrpa1L 22 a cpepne nosnunn. Ho ecnn am 1pe1n o1 6a1ona n po aac
eue nnk1o ne aouen a 6ank, 1o aaH nyuue cnacoaa1L.
KpoHe 1oro, aaH npnpe1cn pena1L pes c pykaHn, c ko1opmHn am 6m
xo1enn sa1n a nrpy nnHnoH. HanpnHep, co cpepnnHn napaHn n
opnoHac1nmHn 1ysaHn, aaH nyuue 6mno 6m nrpa1L nnn a 6onLuoH n
HnorouncnennoH 6anke, nnn npo1na opnoro payx 6nanpoa. Hpo1na
6onLuoro konnuec1aa npo1nannkoa am napee1ecL noc1pon1L cnnLnyk
pyky. Hpo1na 6nanpoa, am 6ype1e uac1o no6expa1L ne ynyuunauncL. C
a1nHn pykaHn, korpa 6onLuo n Hnorouncnennm 6ank Hanoaepon1en, n
ecnn aau pes sac1aan1 6onLunnc1ao npo1nannkoa cpena1L nac, pena1e
o1kpm1m pes (axoxpenne a nrpy nepamH, no ne 6e1oH, a pesoH). Korpa
am penae1e pes, kpoHe cokpauennn konnuec1aa npo1nannkoa, am
nonyuae1e eue n uanc amnrpa1L 6nanpm 6es 6opL6m.

Hs nospne nosnunn, ecnn am nepam nrpok, axopnun a 6ank, am
ponxnm nou1n acerpa pena1L pes. Papn uanca, 6es 6opL6m ykpac1L
6nanpm, c1on1 pnckoaa1L pononnn1enLno c1aako. Opnako, 1eH ns aac,
k1o snakoH co c1pa1erne nrpm na npeqnone pnn nrp na cpepnnx nnHn1ax,
npnpe1cn cyuec1aenno nanpnuLcn, pnn 1oro u1o6m ykpac1L 6nanpm na
nnsknx nnHn1ax. B nrpax na 6onLunx nnHn1ax, am ponxnm uaue 6pa1L
6nanpm co cna6mHn pykaHn 1nna 75 nnn Q9, c opnoro xopa. B nrpax
na nnsknx nnHn1ax am6pacmaa1e a1n pykn. Ec1L paa aaxnmx pasnnunn,
~78 ~
ko1opme amnyxpak1 aac perynnpoaa1L aauy c1pa1ernk:
1. B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax, nrpokn, naxopnunecn na 6nanpax,
o6muno nrpak1 6onee cao6opno. H ckopee acero onn 6ypy1 o1aeua1L
konnoH c norpannunmHn pykaHn, snaun1, kpaxa 6nanpoa
c1anoan1cn neamropna.
2. B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax, pek amue. HanpnHep, na nnHn1e $15
$30, pek o6muno npn6nnsn1enLno paaen $4. Ecnn am penae1e pes
c 6a11ona, n 6onLune 6nanpm o1aeuak1 konnoH, 1o 6ank 6ype1
paaen $70. Pek o1 6anka a nrpe na nnHn1ax $15$30 opnn na
opnn coc1aanne1 $4 n paaen acero 5% nnn HenLue. Ha nnHn1ax $3
$6, 1a xe caHan 1oproann co6npae1 a 6ank $13. B pannoH cnyuae,
pek coc1aan1 nonnmx 10%. Tak kak 6ank, ko1opm am
amnrpmaae1e, ns-sa peka c1anoan1cn nponopunonanLno HenLue, 1o
aaH nyxno 6onLuee npenHyuec1ao pnn 1oro, u1o6m nrpa1L.

BonLunnc1ao nrp ncnonLsye1 Hanm 6nanp, ko1opm nanne1cn
nonoanno pasHepa 6onLuoro 6nanpa. HanpnHep, a nrpax na nnHn1e $4
$8, Hanm 6nanp o6muno paaen $2, a 6onLuo $4. B a1o c1pyk1ype
6nanpoa am Hoxe1e nrpa1L poc1a1ouno cao6opno sa $2. Mm pekoHenpyeH
aaH nrpa1L nk6yk kapHannyk napy, nk6me pae opnoHac1nmx kap1m n
nk6me pae pasnoHac1nmx kap1m o1 pecn1kn n amue. O1nouenne
no1enunanLnoro pasHepa co6pannoro 6anka k aaunH nenocpepc1aennmH
nnaec1nunnH (aaun no1enunanLnme uancm) yaennunaae1cn apaoe, no
cpaanennk c nosnunnHn, korpa am ne na 6nanpax. Ypaoenne aaunx
no1enunanLnmx uancoa npeapauae1 Hnoxec1ao nepen1a6enLnmx pyk a
pen1a6enLnme (npepnonarae1cn, u1o am xopouo nrpae1e nocne qnona).
Heko1opme nnHn1m ncnonLsyk1 Hanme 6nanpm pasnnunmx
nponopunonanLnmx pasHepoa. HanpnHep, pnn nnHn1a $3$6 ncnonLsye1cn
Hanm 6nanp a $1, u1o coc1aanne1 1/3 uac1L 6onLuoro 6nanpa. [nn
nnHn1a $5$10 Hanm 6nanp o6muno paaen $2, a1o 2/5 pasHepa
6onLuoro 6nanpa. Hpn 1aknx pasHepax 6nanpoa am ponxnm nrpa1L
6onee 1a1oao, ueH Hm pekoHenpoaann Bmue. Mm npepnonaraeH, u1o na
HanoH 6nanpe am 6ype1e nrpa1L 1onLko 1e pykn, ko1opme nosaonne1e
ce6e nrpa1L c 6a1ona.
3aknmveuue
HcnonLsy1e pekoHenpaunn ns a1o rnaam kak ocnoay pnn aaue
npeqnon c1pa1ernn. Hpncnoco6L1e nx k aaueHy ypoank nrpm. [axe ecnn
neko1opme pykn am 6ype1e nrpa1L no ppyroHy, ueH Hm npepnonaraeH, ne
o1knann1ecL o1 ue1mpex o6unx npnnunnoa, o ko1opmx Hm pacckasann
aaH a nauane a1oro paspena:
1. B panne nosnunn nrpa1e 1a1oao n neckonLko cao6opno a nospne
nosnunn.
2. C nyuunHn pykaHn pena1e pes.
3. Hrpa1e 1onLko caHme cnnLnme pasnoHac1nme pykn.
~79 ~
4. Hrpa1e ouenL 1a1oao, ecnn nepep aaHn k1o-1o cpenan pes.
Ecnn am naune1e napyua1L naun pekoHenpaunn (nrpa1L pykn ne c
1ex nosnun, ko1opme pekoHenpoaanm naHn), 1o a1o npnaepe1 k ouenL
poporoc1onunH oun6kaH. Hapyuenne naunx pekoHenpaun, a koneunoH
cue1e, npnaepe1 aac k nponrpmuy.
~80 ~
Hocnecnoaue k paspeny
Hrpa ua npeqnone
HpepnonoxnH, u1o am capn1ecL sa c1on, rpe nrpak1 na nnsknx
nnHn1ax, n am ne snakoHm c aaunHn npo1nannkaHn. TaknH o6pasoH, am ne
yaepenm, kakyk c1pa1ernk am6pa1L. [nn nrpm sa 1a1oamH c1onoH, nnn
pnn nrpm sa nysoamH c1onoH?
Coaepuenno oueanpno, u1o ecnn am 6ype1e ncnonLsoaa1L c1pa1ernk
pnn 1a1oaoro c1ona, 1o am no6epn1e n a 1a1oao n a nysoao nrpe.
KpoHe 1oro, ecnn nrpa 1a1oaan, a am 6ype1e na pannnx nosnunnx nrpa1L
1akne pykn, kak Henkne napm nnn opnoHac1nme 1ysm (ko1opme sa
1a1oamH c1onoH nrpa1L ne ponxnm), 1o a1o 6ype1 aaH c1on1L neHnoro
pener na pnnnno pnc1anunn. Hs a1oro cnepye1 amaop, u1o a 1ako
cn1yaunn nyuue 6m1L koncepaa1nanmH. Ho Hm ne cornacnHcn c a1nH
coae1oH.
Hau coae1, am ponxnm cnepoaa1L nysoamH pekoHenpaunnH po 1ex
nop, noka ne 6ype1 pokasano o6pa1noe. [eno a 1oH, u1o a nrpax na nnsknx
nnHn1ax, Hnoro ckoaannmx n neonm1nmx nrpokoa. Hx neyHenne nrpa1L
npnnece1 aaH pononnn1enLnme penLrn a 1e HoHen1m, korpa am ponxnm
nrpa1L pononnn1enLnme pykn, n coxpann1 aaun penLrn a 1e HoHen1m,
korpa am a1n pykn ponxnm 6ype1e c6pacmaa1L.
BosLHn1e sa ocnoay cnepykuee npaanno, nrpa nysoaan po 1ex nop,
noka ne pokasano o6pa1noe. HoHnn1e, uenL a1o knnrn HakcnHnsnpoaa1L
aauy npn6mnL. Mm xo1nH, u1o6m am sapa6a1maann 6onLue, ueH
HnnnHanLnan sapa6o1nan nna1a.
~81 ~
Hac1u 1pe1un
Hrpa nocne
qnona
~82 ~
Hrpa nocne qnona
Hpepucnoaue
B xonpeHe na nnsknx nnHn1ax peanLnme penLrn amnrpmaak1cn n
nponrpmaak1cn a nrpe nocne qnona. Hrpan 1onLko nyuune kap1m, am
Hnoro ne sapa6o1ae1e. Dkcnep1m cao ocnoano sapa6o1ok penak1 na
npeaocxopnue nrpe nocne qnona.
KpoHe 1oro, ecnn nrpy na npeqnone nerko ouenn1L kak xopouyk nnn
nnoxyk, 1o ouenky nrpm na noc1qnone (nrpa nocne qnona) cpena1L kypa
1nxenee. HocHo1pn1e na a1y pyky c 1oukn spennn nnoxoro nrpoka. Hepam
nrpok axopn1 nnHnoH, cnepykun penae1 pes. OuepepL xopa pouna po
nauero repon. Y nero
n on penae1 konn. Bce nocne aac cnacoaann. OuepepL xopa pouna po
6nanpoa, n onn cpenann konn. nHnep cpenan konn (B 6anke 10 MC). Ha
qnon npnuno
paaan eHy cpepnkk napy n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu, ace po npeqnon
pesepa cpenann uek. Hpeqnon pesep cpenan 6e1. Hau repo o1ae1nn
konnoH.
Hau repo nHen paa ny1n pnn npaannLno nrpm. Ho on am6pan
1pe1n oun6ounm. BonLunnc1ao nkpe nerko onpepenn1, u1o na
npeqnone on coaepunn oun6ky. Coaepuenno oueanpno, u1o c Q7, pena1L
xonopnm konn a1o oun6ka. H, naHnoro HenLun npouen1 nrpokoa nape1
ero oun6ky na qnone. [a. Hs payx oun6ok, ero oun6ka na qnone, caHan
xypuan! HpaannLno nrpo nanne1cn pes! Konn nnn nac nannk1cn
rpy6mHn oun6kaHn! HecHo1pn na 1o, u1o 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa nm1ak1cn
nrpa1L xopouo, nrpan 1a1oao na npeqnone, penak1 ouenL poporne
oun6kn nocne qnona, no1oHy, u1o ne snak1, kak cmrpa1L nyuue. Ecnn am
nonann a a1y ka1eropnk n ne cHornn na1n oun6ky, ne oropua1ecL. D1a
rnaaa nayun1 aac aceHy neo6xopnHoHy pnn nrpm na noc1qnone, u1o6m am
c1ann amnrpmaa1L a nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax.
~83 ~
Hopcve1 ay1oa
OuenL uac1o am 6ype1e pena1L amaop, u1o am nHee1e ceuac ne
caHyk cnnLnyk pyky. Hnorpa aaH 6ype1 npnxopn1L npnkyn na Hanm
qneu nnn c1pn1, n 1orpa, qak1nueckn nk6an napa Hoxe1 aac o6mrpa1L. B
ppyro pas, aaH npnpe1 oaepnapa, no am nopospeaae1e, u1o aac yxe
o6ornan npo1nannk c payHn napaHn. Bcnkn pas, korpa am nosapn,
peuakuee snauenne npno6pe1ae1 1ounm nopcue1 ay1oa.
Hopcue1 ay1oa onpepenne1, kakoe konnuec1ao kap1 pac1 aaH nyuuyk
pyky. Hnorpa, nopcue1 ay1oa aneHen1apen. HanpnHep, y Bac
a na c1one
Bm, koneuno, nonnHae1e, u1o aaua pyka ne caHan nyuuan. Hn opna
ns pyk npo1nannkoa ne Hoxe1 6m1L Hnapue aaue. Ho, a 1oxe apeHn,
aoceHL kap1 (ue1mpe 1ysa n ue1mpe uec1epkn) Hory1 npn1n na pnaepe,
u1o pac1 aaH na1coam c1pn1. Hnkakne ppyrne kap1m aauy pyky ne
ynyuua1. HoHnHo c1pn1oamx kap1, 1onLko ue1aepkn n nn1epkn Hory1
ynyuun1L aauy pyky. Ho Bm-1o nonnHae1e, u1o napa ue1aepok nnn
nn1epok ouenL pepko 6ype1 nyuue, npo1na 6onLuoro konnuec1aa
npo1nannkoa. TaknH o6pasoH, aaua pyka nHee1 aoceHL ay1oa.
Pepko 6maae1, korpa nopcue1 ay1oa nanne1cn 1aknH npoc1mH penoH.
B 6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea a1o 6ypy1 kap1m, ko1opme ynyuua1 aauy pyky, no
ne papy1 aaH na1c. Korpa a1o nponcxopn1, aaua pyka Hoxe1 ynyuun1Lcn,
no ona ace paano oc1ane1cn a1opo. HanpnHep, npepnonoxnH, u1o y aac
QJ, a na c1one 9842. e1mpe pecn1kn co6epy1 aaH c1pn1, no
1onLko 1pn ns nnx co6epy1 aaH na1coayk koH6nnaunk. Kap1a T pac1 aaH
c1pn1. Ho ona pae1 1pe1Lk uepay na c1on, ko1opan Hoxe1 koHy-1o noHouL
co6pa1L qneu.
B pononnenne k pecn1kaH, nk6an paHa nnn aane1 papy1 aaH
c1apuyk napy. C1apuan napa 6ype1 amnrpmaa1L Hnoro 6ankoa, no n Hnoro
pyk Hory1 o6mrpa1L aauy c1apuyk napy. Ecnn npnxopn1 paHa, 1o k1o-1o,
nHen JT, Hoxe1 co6pa1L c1pn1, a k1o-1o, nHen Q9, co6pa1L a1opyk napy.
Ecnn npnuepuan paHa okaxe1cn uepaoao, 1o k1o-1o Hoxe1 co6pa1L n
qneu. Oak1nueckn, k1o-nn6ypL, yxe Hoxe1 nHe1L napy, ko1opyk am
1onLko napee1ecL co6pa1L.
B a1oH npnHepe, am nHee1e 1pn ay1a, ko1opme penak1 aac
neno6epnHmH (1pn pecn1kn), opnn ay1 k poaonLno cnnLno pyke (T), n
eue uec1L ay1oa pnn aosHoxno no6epm (1pn paHm n 1pn aane1a).
~84 ~
Baua cnepykuan sapaua coc1on1 a 1oH, u1o6m nepeaec1n a1n ay1m c
pasnnuno uennoc1Lk a opno uncno, ko1opoe am cHoxe1e ncnonLsoaa1L
pnn ouenkn aepon1noc1n aaue no6epm.
Henonume ay1m (Partial Outs)
Kap1m, ko1opme ynyuuak1 aauy pyky, no ne co6npak1 aaH na1coao
koH6nnaunn, nasmaak1 nenonnmHn ay1aHn. B neko1opmx cn1yaunnx onn
6ypy1 co6npa1L aaH nyuuyk pyky. CkaxeH, aaH na pykn npnuen
na c1one
Y aac opnn npo1nannk, n cypn no ero npepmpyue nrpe, am Hoxe1e
npepnonoxn1L, u1o y nero na pykax nnn napa kopone, nnn napa paH. Ecnn
y nero kapHannme paHm, 1o am 1nne1e Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky, no ecnn
y nero koponn, 1o y aac ec1L 1pn ay1a (oc1aaunecn 1ysm). Ec1L, npaapa,
eue opna aepon1noc1L, u1o on nHee1 ppyryk pyky.
45
Hoa1oHy, yHenLunH
ay1m 1ysoa, a nonoanny. D1o no1oHy u1o, a nonoanne cnyuaea 1ys cpenae1
aac no6epn1eneH, a a nonoanne ne1. Bm ponxnm nrpa1L a1y pyky 1ak, kak
6yp1o ona nHee1 1.5 ay1a.
46
PaccHo1pnH cnepykun npnHep, y aac na pykax QJ, n cnepykune
kap1m 9842 nexa1 na c1one. Kap1a, T ne noHoxe1 aaH co6pa1L
na1coayk koH6nnaunk, no ona pae1 uennm ay1, 1ak kak poaonLno uac1o
aau npo1nannk ne 6ype1 co6npa1L qneu, 1o aau c1pn1 6ype1 nyuue
pyko.
47
Ay1m k c1apue nape c1on1 snaun1enLno HenLue, no1oHy u1o
o6mrpa1L c1apuyk napy snaun1enLno nerue, ueH c1pn1. Kap1m Q n J
c1on1 eue HenLue, 1ak kak npepoc1aannk1 pononnn1enLnme aosHoxnoc1n
pnn no6epm a nrpe.
TaknH o6pasoH, am Hoxe1e a nonnm ay1 ouenn1L 1onLko T, a paH n
aane1oa HenLue, ueH no nonoanne ay1a sa kaxpm.
D1o1 pacue1 pae1 aaH 1pn yaepennmx ay1a, opny uennyk kap1y
_____________________________
45
Ec1u 1pn koponn (K, K n K) o ko1opux nnuero ne nsaec1no. Ee ec1u 1pn aMu (Q,
Q n Q), o ko1opux 1oxe nnuero ne nsaec1no. TaknM opasoM, ecnn y aac ne1 nnkako
pyro nnqopMann o pyke npo1nannka, 1o, anonne nornuno npenonoxn1u, u1o y nero
nnn kapMannue koponn, nnn kapMannue aMu.
46
Cneoaa1enuno, aamn mancu na ank onxnu u1u kak MnnnMyM 30 k 1, u1ou
cena1u konn, a anno cn1yann a1o neaosMoxno.
47
Hnora, asnpyncu na konnuec1ae npo1nannkoa n xoe posurpuma pykn, au Moxe1e
oc1a1ouno oc1oaepno npenonoxn1u, u1o T coepe1 koMy-1o qnem, a a1oM cnyuae, aam
c1pn1 ne nanne1cn cnnuno pyko.
~85 ~
c1onHoc1Lk nou1n a opnn ay1 n uec1L kap1 o6ue c1onHoc1Lk a paa nnn
1pn ay1a. Baua pyka c1on1 npn6nnsn1enLno ceHL ay1oa.
[axe ecnn kap1a noHorae1 co6pa1L aaH na1coayk koH6nnaunk, am
ponxnm cun1a1L ee 1onLko kak nenonnm ay1, ecnn k1o-1o eue nHee1
1akyk xe pyky kak y aac, 1o am nopenn1e 6ank. Takan cn1yaunn uac1o
aosnnkae1 c opnokap1ounmH npnkynnmH c1pn1oH. Ecnn y aac A6, a na
c1one KQJ4, 1o kaxpan pecn1ka pae1 aaH na1coayk koH6nnaunk. Ho,
ecnn am nHee1e neckonLko npo1nannkoa, 1o y opnoro ns nnx Hoxe1
sanpoc1o okasa1Lcn 1ys. Bm Hoxe1e co6pa1L caok pyky, no amnrpae1e
1onLko nonoanny 6anka (nnn paxe opny 1pe1L). Ecnn 6m am snann, u1o
k1o-1o 1nne1 1akyk xe pyky, 1o nocun1ann 6m kaxpyk pecn1ky sa
nonoanny ay1a. Ho Bm, Hoxe1e amnrpa1L n aecL 6ank, ecnn npnpe1
pecn1ka, noa1oHy, ue1mpe pecn1kn ouennaak1cn a paa 1pn ay1a.
Bm ponxnm yun1maa1L uac1nunme ay1m, korpa nopcun1maae1e ay1m.
Ecnn am 6ype1e nx cun1a1L sa nonnyk c1onHoc1L, 1o am 6ype1e
nepeouennaa1L caok pyky, n uac1o pena1L oun6ounm konn. Ecnn am
aoo6ue ne 6ype1e nx yun1maa1L, 1o am o6ecuenn1e caok pyky n 6ype1e
uac1o nacoaa1L.
O6pa1um npukyn (Backdoor Draws)
Hoka, ao acex npnHepax, npnaepennmx a a1o uac1n, pec1ane
nponcxopnno na 1epne. Korpa am oxnpae1e npnxopa payx kap1, aHec1o
opno, snaun1, y aac ec1L aosHoxnoc1L nonyun1L na pykn o6pa1nm
npnkyn. O6pa1nm npnkyn 1pe6ye1 npnxopa nyxnmx kap1 na 1epne n
pnaepe. HanpnHep, y aac o6pa1no npnkynno qneu, ecnn y aac na pykax
pae opnoHac1nme kap1m, n opna kap1a, nyxno aaH Hac1n, npnxopn1 na
qnone. Ha ue1aep1o n nn1o ynnue ponxnm npn1n pae kap1m nyxno
BaH Hac1n, pnn 1oro, u1o6m Bm co6pann qneu.
O6pa1nm npnkyn co6npae1cn poaonLno pepko, noa1oHy n uennoc1L
ero poaonLno nnska. HanpnHep, ecnn aaH npn 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH
6anke na pykn npnunn
a na qnon npnunn
1o a a1oH cnyuae uennoc1L aaue pykn ouenL Hana. Bau epnnc1aennm,
pasyHnm uanc co6pa1L nyuuyk pyky a1o co6pa1L o6pa1no npnkynno
qneu (uepaoam). Hs copoka ceHn neo1kpm1mx kap1 na 1epne, pecn1L kap1
uepaoao Hac1n naxopn1cn a konope. Ecnn uepaa npnxopn1 na 1epne, 1o a
konope oc1ak1cn pean1L kap1 uepaoao Hac1n ns copoka uec1n
~86 ~
neo1kpm1mx kap1. Hoa1oHy, uanc, u1o na 1epne n pnaepe npnpe1 uepaoaan
kap1a, paaen (10/47)(9/46) = 1/24. Hoa1oHy, pnn 1oro, u1o6m aaH
co6pa1L, o6pa1no npnkynno qneu, aau uanc na 6ank ponxen 6m1L paaen
23k1. Ecnn a1o aau epnnc1aennm uanc amnrpa1L, 1o 6ank ponxen
6m1L orpoHnmH, u1o6m Hoxno 6mno cpena1L konn. Ho 6onLuoHy cue1y,
uancoa na 6ank 23k1 o6muno ne poc1a1ouno (1onLko, ecnn am ne
nounn aa-6ank), 1ak kak aaH nnorpa npnpe1cn o1aeua1L na opny c1aaky na
1epne. O6pa1nm npnkyn nan6onee aaxen, korpa on po6aannk1 uennoc1L
pykn, ko1opan nHee1 ppyrne uancm na no6epy.
HanpnHep, A4 nHee1 6onLuyk uennoc1L, ecnn na qnon npnunn
K84, a ne K84. epaoaan aocLHepka pae1 aaH o6pa1no npnkynno
qneu, no y aac ec1L n ppyrne ny1n pnn no6epm. Cnepykun uar ponxen
onpepenn1L konnuec1ao po6aanenno uennoc1n, ko1opyk pae1 o6pa1nm
npnkyn.
Panee Hm nocun1ann, u1o o6pa1no npnkynno qneu pae1 naH uanc
na amnrpmu 6anka 23k1. Pyka c opnnH ay1oH nHee1 uanc, ynyuun1cn
na pnaepe 2/47, a uancax na 6ank a1o coc1aanne1 22.5k1. Hoa1oHy,
o6pa1no npnkynno qneu c1on1 npn6nnsn1enLno opnn ay1. Oak1nueckn,
o6pa1no npnkynno qneu c1on1 neHnoro 6onLue, 1ak kak ecnn na
ue1aep1o ynnue nyxnan aaH kap1a ne npnxopn1, 1o am Hoxe1e cpena1L
nac (coxpann1e opny c1aaky). KpoHe 1oro, ecnn am ace-1akn co6epe1e
qneu, 1o sauac1yk aaun npo1nannkn paxe ne 6ypy1 nopospeaa1L o6 a1oH
(1ak kak qnon ne npepnonaran a1oro), n am cHoxe1e amnrpa1L
pononnn1enLnme c1aakn na pnaepe. PeanLnan uennoc1L o6pa1no
npnkynnoro qneua paana 1.5 ay1aH.
O6pa1no npnkynno c1pn1, neHnoro cnoxne, 1ak kak ero uennoc1L
saancn1 o1 konnuec1aa pmp. Bes pmp (nanpnHep, QJT) on c1on1 c1onLko
xe, ckonLko n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu. O6pa1no npnkynno c1pn1 6es
pmp co6npae1cn npn6nnsn1enLno a 4.5% cnyuaea
0.045 ~ |
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46
4
47
8
46
8
47
8
nnn a uancax na 6ank 21.5k1.
48
C opno pmpko, o6pa1no npnkynno
c1pn1, c1on1 okono opnoro ay1a. Bepon1noc1L ero npnkynn1L, paana 3%
nnn a uancax na 6ank 33k1. O6pa1no npnkynno c1pn1 c payHn
pmpkaHn (nanpnHep, QT8), ouennaae1cn a non ay1a. Bepon1noc1L ero
npnkynn1L, npn6nnsn1enLno paana 1.5% n a uancax na 6ank coc1aanne1
66k1. Hnorpa Baua pyka nHee1 neckonLko cna6mx o6pa1nmx npnkynoa.
HpepnonoxnH, BaH na pykn npnunn cnepykune kap1m
_____________________________
48
Hepaan qopMyna ( 8/ 47) ( 8/ 46) , npec1aanne1 cnyuan, kora Bu npnkynae1e koponn
nnn ean1ky na 1epne (8 kap1), u1ou a1u BaM ayxc1oponnn npnkynno c1pn1 (8
ay1oa). B1opan qopMyna ( 8/ 47) ( 4/ 46) , npec1aannk1 cnyuan, kora Bu npnkynae1e
1ysa nnn aocuMepky na 1epne, u1o ae1 BaM npnkynno upnau c1pn1 (4 ay1a).
~87 ~
na qnon npnxopn1
Y Bac na pykax pae oaepkap1m, o6pa1no npnkynno qneu n o6pa1no
npnkynno c1pn1 6es pmp. Hn opnn ns Baunx o6pa1nmx npnkynoa, no
o1penLnoc1n, ne nHee1 6onLuo cnnm, no na 1epne Bm Hoxe1e oxnpa1L
npnxopa 22 kap1, ko1opme Hory1 snaun1enLno ynyuun1L Bauy pyky
(pecn1L uepaoao Hac1n, n 1pn koponn, paHm, aane1a n pean1kn ne
uepaoao). Hopcun1aeH ay1m. [ae Baun oaepkap1m ouennH aHec1e a 1pn
ay1a (npn6nnsn1enLno no non ay1a sa kaxpyk ns uec1n oaepkap1), Bm ne
ponxnm cun1a1L nx sa nonnme ay1m, no1oHy, u1o c1apuyk napy uac1o
o6mrpmaak1. O6pa1no npnkynno qneu n o6pa1no npnkynno c1pn1,
ouennaaeH a 1.5 ay1a kaxpm. Baua pyka ouennaae1cn npn6nnsn1enLno a
uec1L ay1oa.
O6pa1um nepekyn (Redraws)
Korpa na c1one ec1L pae kap1m pnn ynyuuennn pyk aaunx
npo1nannkoa, 1o aac Hoxe1 o6o1n o6pa1nm nepekyn. Ecnn y aac ec1L
aosHoxnoc1L ynyuun1Lcn na 1epne, 1o n aaun npo1nannkn pepko 6ypy1
1nny1L Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn. O6muno, cyuec1aye1 onpepenennm
uanc, u1o aac nepe1nny1 na pnaepe. B uenoH, npncy1c1ane o6pa1noro
nepekyna na qnone, yHenLuae1 uennoc1L nk6oro npnkyna. Ho, neko1opme
npnkynnme pykn, 6onee uyac1an1enLnm k o6pa1no nepekynnennmH pykaH,
ueH ppyrne.
Ecnn aaH na pykn npnunn cnepykune kap1m
na qnon npnxopn1
1o a 1ako cn1yaunn aau npnkyn ne ouenL uyac1an1enen k o6pa1noHy
nepekyny. HpepnonoxnH, u1o am ceuac nosapn. Y aac ec1L nn1L ay1oa,
u1o6m ynyuun1Lcn. HesaancnHo o11oro, kakan kap1a npnpe1 na ue1aep1o
ynnue, aaunH npo1nannkaH 6ype1 o1nocn1enLno 1pypno 1nny1L cao
npnkyn na nn1o ynnue.
HocHo1pn1e, kak kon1pac1npye1 c npepmpyunH npnHepoH a1o1. BaH
npnunn 87, na qnone npnxopn1 972. Bauy pyky ynyuuak1 1e xe
caHme kap1m, no 1enepL am c1ann naHnoro ynsanHe co c1oponm
o6pa1noro nepekyna. HanpnHep, ecnn am ynyuun1ecL, nonyuna na 1epne
~88 ~
8, 1o nk6o npo1nannk, y ko1oporo na pykax ec1L pecn1ka, uec1epka nnn
uepaa, 6ype1 nHe1L npnkynnyk pyky, u1o6m amnrpa1L y aac. [axe ecnn
aaH npnpe1 1pe1Ln ceHepka, 1o nk6o, k1o na qnone nonyunn npnkynno
c1pn1 nnn qneu, 6ype1 nnorpa nepe1nrnaa1L (nepekyna1L) aac. C payHn
nnn 1peHn npo1nannkaHn, cyuec1aye1 6onLuo uanc, u1o paxe ecnn am n
ynyuun1ecL, 1o, ckopee acero, ace paano, nponrpae1e.
O6pa1no nepekynnme pykn okasmaak1 cepLesnme nocnepc1ann paxe
na uennoc1L npnkynnoro c1pn1a nnn qneua c oaepkap1aHn. Cpaann1e: y
aac KQ, na qnone T92 nnn y aac 98, na qnone 652. B o6onx
cnyuanx, y aac npnkyn k na1coaoHy pmpnaoHy c1pn1y n payH oaepkap1aH.
Opnako, pyka c KQ, snaun1enLno cnnLnee. Ecnn am co6epe1e napy c
koponeH nnn paHo, 1o 1onLko 1ys Hoxe1 cpena1L npo1nannka cnnLnee na
pnaepe. B cnyuae c pean1ko n aocLHepko, npo1nannkn nHek1
aosHoxnoc1L ynyuun1Lcn c noHouLk nn1n oaepkap1.
KpoHe 1oro, ue1aepka nnn 1poka, noHory1 co6pa1L koHy-1o c1pn1.
Bm ponxnm oc1opoxno nrpa1L pykn, ko1opme nannk1cn ouenL ynsanHmHn
k o6pa1noHy nepekyny.
O1uocu1enuuan nosuun
Baua nosnunn o1nocn1enLno nrpoka penakuero 6e1, 1akxe
sa1parnaae1 uennoc1L cna6mx npnkynnmx pyk. D1n pykn, a ocnoanoH,
npn6mnLnm npn opno c1aake, n c1anoan1cn nepen1a6enLnmHn npn payx n
6onee c1aakax. Ecnn nrpok, penakun 6e1, naxopn1cn cpasy sa aaHn, 1o
am 6ype1e nrpokoH, saaepuakunH 1oproank. B a1oH cnyuae, am
rapan1npoaanno cHoxe1e nocHo1pe1L ue1aep1yk ynnuy acero sa opny
c1aaky. Ecnn Hexpy aaHn n nrpokoH, penakunH 6e1, ec1L eue ak1nanme
nrpokn, 1o, nocne 1oro, kak am cpenae1e konn, ec1L uanc, u1o k1o-1o ns
nnx cpenae1 pes. eH amue a1o1 uanc, 1eH HenLuyk uennoc1L nHee1
aaua npnkynnan pyka. HanpnHep, 1ekyun npnkyn Hoxe1 6m1L
npn6mnLnmH, ecnn ec1L acero 10% aepon1noc1n, u1o nocne aac 6ype1
pes, n c1anoan1cn y6m1ounmH, ecnn ec1L 50% aepon1noc1L pesa. eH
nyuue aaua o1nocn1enLnan nosnunn, 1eH HenLue aepon1noc1L pesa, a,
cnepoaa1enLno, uennoc1L aaunx cna6mx npnkynnmx pyk amue.
Hpak1nueckn, nrpan c ouenL cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn (Henkan
kapHannan napa 2 ay1a, nnn epnnc1aennm o6pa1no npnkynno qneu 1.5
ay1a), am ponxnm 6m1L a6conk1no yaepenm, u1o nocne aac ne 6ype1
pesa. [axe, ecnn uancm na 6ank paanm 25k1, u1o6m npnkynn1L caok
pyky sa opny c1aaky (1akan pyka neHnoro npn6mnLna), 1o yrposm pesa
poc1a1ouno pnn 1oro, u1o6m npnnn1L peuenne o nace. Ecnn am nHee1e
npnkynnyk pyky nocnnLnee (4 ay1a n 6onLue), 1o aosHoxnm pes, ne
ponxen nyra1L aac.
3aknmveuue
Mnorne nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax noc1onnno nrpak1 caon
npnkynnme pykn c oun6kaHn. Onn penak1 konn co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn
pykaHn, ko1opme nyxno am6pacmaa1L. A cnnLnme npnkynnme pykn onn
~89 ~
nrpak1 naccnano, Hory1 paxe am6pocn1L nx, aHec1o 1oro u1o6m pena1L
pes nnn konn. Mnorne ns a1nx nrpokoa paxe ne npepc1aannk1, kak Hoxno
onpepenn1L uennoc1L caoe npnkynno pykn. Onn nonarak1cn 1onLko na
aesenne n napek1cn na cnyua.
D1o1 paspen cnc1eHa1nsnpye1 nopxop k onpepenennk uennoc1n
npnkynnmx pyk. Korpa na qnone aaH npnxopn1 npnkynnan pyka, am
ponxnm:
1. Onpepenn1e kaxpyk kap1y, ko1opan Hoxe1 pa1L aaH nyuuyk pyky.
Bm ponxnm 6m1L annHa1enLnm, no1oHy u1o nnorpa nyxnyk kap1y
Hoxno n ne saHe1n1L.
2. Peun1e, kakoaa aepon1noc1L pnn kaxpo kap1m, cpena1L aac
no6epn1eneH. Opnn kap1m pak1 aaH na1cm n nonnme ay1m. [pyrne
kap1m, nanpnHep, oaepkap1m, ne acerpa penak1 aac no6epn1eneH,
noa1oHy nk6me kap1m, ko1opme Hory1 npnaec1n k paspenennk
6anka, ponxnm 6m1L nopcun1anm, kak nenonnme ay1m.
3. O6pa1n1e annHanne na o6pa1nm npnkyn. Ecnn y aac ec1L o6pa1no
npnkynno c1pn1 nnn qneu, po6aaL1e coo1ae1c1aykuee konnuec1ao
ay1oa k uennoc1n aaue pykn.
4. Peun1e, kak aennko annnnne o6pa1noro nepekyna, ecnn am co6epe1e
caok pyky na 1epne. BosHoxnme o6pa1nme nepekynm yHenLuak1 a
uene aauy pyky.
5. Ouenn1e aauy nosnunk. C 6onLunH konnuec1aoH ak1nanmx nrpokoa
nocne aac, cna6me npnkynnme pykn 1epnk1 uennoc1L, 1ak kak aaH,
aosHoxno, npnpe1cn o1aeua1L konnoH na pes.
B nauane, korpa am ace a1n npaanna naune1e npnHenn1L na
npak1nke, aaH 6ype1 1nxeno. Ho co apeHeneH, a1o c1ane1 aaue a1opo
na1ypo, no1oHy u1o opnn n 1e xe packnapm am 6ype1e anpe1L cnoaa n
cnoaa, n y aac o1nape1 no1pe6noc1L a npoaepennn opnnakoamx
amuncnenn kaxpm pas.
Mnorne nrpokn paccHa1pnaak1 npnkynnme pykn c nppaunonanLno
1oukn spennn. [pyrne nrpokn noan1 caok npnkynnyk pyky kaxpm pas, a
n ne Hory npnkynn1L 6y6ny, ko1opan Hne 1ak nyxna. B pesynL1a1e, onn
naunnak1 nrpa1L caon pykn nenpaannLno. HcnonLsyn nornueckn nopxop k
onpepenennk uennoc1n aaunx npnkynnmx pyk, npepc1aanennm a a1oH
paspene, am naune1e npnnnHa1L napexnme n akonoHnueckn amropnme
peuennn pnn npoponxennn caoe nrpm.
~90 ~
O6uapyxeuue ckpm1mx ay1oa
Korpa y aauero npo1nannka na pykax kap1m, ko1opme Hory1 6m1L
noppenko, 1o y aac uac1o Hoxe1 6m1L 6onLue ay1oa, ueH a1o, kaxe1cn
na nepam asrnnp.
49
am ponxnm nayun1Lcn naxopn1L a1n ckpm1me ay1m.
HpepnonoxnH, am na 6a11one n y aac na pykax
[aa nysoamx naccnanmx nrpoka cpenann nnHn, n am cpenann pes.
Bnanpm n nnHnepm penak1 konn (6ank 10 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
Bce penak1 uek po nrpoka, naxopnuerocn cnpaaa o1 aac, ko1opm
penae1 6e1. Bm penae1e pes. BonLuo 6nanp penae1 xonopnm konn na
pae c1aakn n nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, 1oxe penae1 konn (6ank 8 BC). Ha
1epne npnxopn1 3. Bce po aac penak1 uek, a am penae1e 6e1. BonLuo
6nanp penae1 konn, a ao1 nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1 na qnone, penae1 pes
(12 BC). 1o am ponxnm cpena1L?
Hoxoxe na 1o, u1o npo1nannk co6pan pyky, cnnLnee, ueH y aac, no
uancm na 6ank 12k1. Bau naccnanm npo1nannk apnp nn 6m penan
uek-pes na 1epne HenLue, ueH c payHn napaHn. [nn 1oro u1o6m peun1L,
kak nrpa1L panLue (konn nnn nac), am ponxnm nopcun1a1L caon ay1m.
Ec1L 1pn oueanpnmx kap1m (aane1m), ko1opme Hory1 6m1L ay1aHn. Ho a1o,
naaepnnka, ne epnnc1aennme aaun ay1m.
HosaonL1e naH npepnonoxn1L, u1o aau npo1nannk nrpae1 nac1onLko
packoaanno, u1o Hor naua1L nrpy c nk6mHn payHn kap1aHn. Ero
aosHoxnme pykn pnn 1oro, u1o6m on co6pan pae napm: K9, K5, K3 nnn 95
(93 n 53 Hanoaepon1nm, no1oHy u1o on penan 6e1 na qnone). On 1akxe
Hor nHe1L na pykax napy kopone, pean1ok nnn nn1epok n co6pan na
qnone ce1. Ho a1o Hanoaepon1no, 1ak kak on o1ae1nn konnoH na aau pes.
B neo1kpm1mx kap1ax ec1L eue paa koponn, no 1pn pean1kn, nn1epkn
n 1pokn. TaknH o6pasoH, y nero Hoxe1 6m1L na pykax K9, K5 n K3 a
kaxpoH uec1oH cnyuae; 95 a pean1n cnyuanx; ce1 ns pean1ok nnn nn1epok
a 1pex cnyuanx kaxpm n ce1 ns kopone a opnoH cnyuae.
Y aac ec1L 1pn ay1a, u1o6m o6mrpa1L K9 (1pn aane1a). Hpo1na K5 am
_____________________________
49
Kap1a na 1epne nnn pnaepe Moxe1 noena1u pyky (cena1u ynyumenne
eccMucnennuM, ns-sa 1oro u1o, axe ynyumnamncu, pyka nponrpae1), ecnn ona nnn oe
aamn sakpu1ue kap1u, nepec1ak1 nrpa1u. HanpnMep, ecnn y aac K4, na c1one K74
(y aac ae napu: koponn n ue1aepkn), 7 na 1epne noenuaae1 aamy pyky. Bama pyka
1enepu ynyumnnacu o ayx nap: koponn n ceMepkn. Ho ue1aepka nepec1ana nrpa1u.
O1nocn1enunan cnna aame pykn yMenumnnacu, 1ak kak 1enepu nko koponu c knkepoM
c1apme ceMepkn ye1 ourpuaa1u aamn kap1u.
~91 ~
nHee1e 6 ay1oa (1pn aane1a n 1pn pean1kn). [ean1ka co6epe1 ero pyky.
Ecnn npnpe1 pean1ka, 1o am 6ype1e nHe1L pae napm: koponn n pean1kn c
aane1oH. Y aauero npo1nannka 1oxe 6ypy1 koponn n pean1kn, no c
nn1epko. Y aac ec1L pean1L ay1oa, u1o6m o6mrpa1L K3 (no 1pn aane1a,
pean1kn n nn1epkn). Y aac ec1L aoceHL ay1oa, u1o6m o6mrpa1L 95 (paa
koponn, 1pn aane1a, 1pn 1pokn). Hpo1na ce1a y aac nonL ay1oa.
1o6m npn6nnsn1enLno onpepenn1L, ckonLko aqqek1nanmx ay1oa y
aac ec1L, am Hoxe1e paccun1a1L cpepneasaeuennoe snauenne acex
aosHoxnmx pyk npo1nannka n aaunx ay1oa npo1na kaxpo ns a1nx pyk.
D1o snauenne npn6nnsn1enLno coc1aan1 5 ay1oa.
5 ~
[
1 3 3 9 6 6 6
0 1 0 3 8 9 9 6 6 6 3 6
+ + + + + +
+ + + + + ) )( ( ) )( ( ) )( ( ) )( ( ) )( ( ) )( (
Tak kak aaun uancm na 6ank 12k1, a konnuec1ao ay1oa 5, 1o
npaannLnoe peuenne pena1L konn.
50
Bm ne cHoxe1e 6mc1po amuncnn1L a1o snauenne, korpa 6ype1e
naxopn1Lcn sa nrpoamH c1onoH. Opnako am ponxnm sna1L o 1aknx
aosHoxnmx pykax npo1nannka, kak K3, npo1na ko1opmx y aac ec1L 9
ay1oa. Ecnn 6m am ne nocun1ann a1n ay1m, 1o peunnn 6m nacoaa1L. To,
u1o Hm yunn a1n ckpm1me ay1m, nsHennno aaue oun6ounoe peuenne na
npaannLnoe.
Ynpaxueuun co ckpm1mHu ay1aHu
B nnxenpnaepenno 1a6nnue panm pecn1L c1anpap1nmx cn1yaun, a
ko1opmx npncy1c1ayk1 aaxnme ckpm1me ay1m. [nn kaxpo pykn
onpepenneH, ckonLko y aac ec1L ay1oa pnn no6epm n ckonLko pnn nnuLe.
Hop 1a6nnue naxopn1cn peuennn. Honpo6y1e na1n caHoc1on1enLno
peuennn pnn kaxpo pykn n no1oH cpaann1e nx c naunHn peuennnHn.
N Bama pyka
Pyka
aamero
npo1uauuka
Kap1m ua
1epue
1. A2 A8 AK74
2. A2 A8 AK94
3. AK K3 KT73
4. K9 K3 KT73
5. AQ 33 JJ84
6. A2 AT AAQ6
7. A2 AT A883
8. A2 A3 A882
9. QQ 33 AA73
10. AK 33 8222
_____________________________
50
OopMyna (6)(3) a aumeynoMnny1oM ypaanennn oosnauae1, 6 cnocooa, ko1opuMn aam
npo1nannk Mor nonyun1u K9, yMnoxennue na 3 aamnx ay1a npo1na a1o pykn. OopMyna
(6)(6) oosnauae1 6 cnocooa, ko1opuMn aam npo1nannk Mor nonyun1u K5, yMnoxennue
na 6 aamnx ay1oa k a1o pyke, n 1..
~92 ~
1. A2 npo1na A8, na c1one AK74. Y aac 3 ay1a pnn
amnrpmua (1pn paokn) n 6 ay1oa pnn nnuLe (no 1pn ceHepkn n
ue1aepkn). Korpa na c1one ec1L opnn knkep, 6onLue ueH knkep
aauero npo1nannka, 1o o6pasoaanne na c1one eue opno napm c
nk6o ns payx Hnapunx kap1 (na c1one), npnaepe1 k 1oHy, u1o knkep
aauero npo1nannka c1ane1 noppenannmH. O6pauaeH annHanne, u1o
npnxop na c1on napm kopone, ne noppenmaae1 ero knkepa.
2. A2 npo1na A8, na c1one AK94. Y aac 3 ay1a pnn
amnrpmua (1pn paokn) n 22 ay1a pnn nnuLe (opnn 1ys, 1pn
koponn, no ue1mpe paHm, aane1a, pecn1kn, no 1pn pean1kn n
ue1aepkn). Korpa na c1one ec1L paa knkepa, c1apue knkepa aauero
npo1nannka, 1o o6pasoaanne napm c nk6o ns kap1 na c1one,
noppenmaae1 knkepa npo1nannka. KpoHe 1oro, nk6an kap1a, ko1opan
npnpe1 na c1on n 6ype1 c1apue knkepa npo1nannka, cospac1
cn1yaunk, npn ko1opo ace 1pn knkepa na c1one, 6ypy1 c1apue
knkepa aauero npo1nannka.
3. AK npo1na K3, na c1one KT73. Y aac 9 ay1oa pnn
amnrpmua (no 1pn 1ysa, pecn1kn n ceHepkn) n 0 ay1oa pnn nnuLe.
k6an napa na c1one, 6onLuan, ueH Hnapuan napa aauero
npo1nannka, noppenmaae1 ero pyky. Tak kak aau knkep 1ys, nrpae1
acerpa, 1o am 6ype1e no6expa1L acnkn pas, korpa pyka npo1nannka
noppenana.
4. K9 npo1na K3, na c1one KT73. Y aac 6 ay1oa pnn
amnrpmua (no 1pn pecn1kn n pean1kn) n 3 ay1a pnn nnuLe (1pn
ceHepkn). Bau knkep nrpae1, korpa pecn1kn o6pasoamaak1 napy, n
ne nrpae1, korpa napy o6pasoamaak1 ceHepkn. Ecnn y aac o6onx
6ype1 pae napm, 1o aau knkep ne cHoxe1 nrpa1L n nonyun1cn nnuLn.
Takxe, kak a npnHepe c pyko N1, c1apuan kap1a na c1one, amue,
ueH aau knkep ocna6nne1 aauy pyky.
5. AQ npo1na 33, na c1one JJ84. Y aac 12 ay1oa pnn
amnrpmua (no 1pn 1ysa n paHm, no uec1L aocLHepok n ue1aepok) n 0
ay1oa pnn nnuLe. [ae c1apunx napm na c1one, noppenmaak1 napy
aauero npo1nannka.
6. A2 npo1na AT, na c1one AAQ6. Y aac 1pn ay1a pnn
amnrpmua (1pn paokn) n 14 ay1oa pnn nnuLe (no ue1mpe koponn n
aane1a, no 1pn paHm n uec1epkn). Ecnn y aauero npo1nannka ce1, 1o
nk6an napa na c1one 6ype1 co6npa1L eHy qynn-xayc n noppenmaa1L
nk6oro knkepa. Ecnn na c1one ec1L opna kap1a, c1apue knkepa
npo1nannka, 1o nk6an kap1a na pnaepe, c1apue knkepa npo1nannka,
pae1 pae c1apunx kap1m c1ona, n knkep npo1nannk, ne 6ype1 nrpa1L.
7. A2 npo1na AT, na c1one A883. Y aac 0 ay1oa pnn
amnrpmua n 15 ay1oa pnn nnuLe (opnn 1ys, no ue1mpe koponn,
paHm n aane1a, n pae aocLHepkn). [aoka ne noHoxe1 aaH, 1ak kak
am yxe nHee1e pae napm, 1ysm n aocLHepkn. k6o 1ys nnn
aocLHepka 6ypy1 co6npa1L aaH o6onH opnnakoam qynn-xayc.
k6an kap1a, c1apue knkepa npo1nannka, noppenmaae1 ero pyky.
~93 ~
Korpa paa nrpoka nHek1 c1apuyk napy n eue opny, no 1onLko
o6uyk, napy na c1one, 1o a1o sauac1yk npnaopn1 k nnuLe. k6an
kap1a, ko1opan na pnaepe npnpe1 na c1on, n 6ype1 c1apue knkepoa
o6onx npo1nannkoa, pac1 nnuLk.
8. A2 npo1na A3, na c1one A882. Y aac 2 ay1a pnn amnrpmua
n 42 ay1a pnn nnuLe (ace oc1aaunecn kap1m). Hapa aocLHepok
noppenmaae1 aauy nnxnkk napy, 1aknH o6pasoH, ceuac am nHee1e
1ysm n aocLHepkn c paoko. Bau npo1nannk 1o xe nHee1 1ysm n
aocLHepkn, no c 1poko, n on ceuac anepepn aac. [aoka na
pnaepe co6epe1 aaH qynn-xayc n ne ynyuun1 aauero npo1nannka.
k6an ppyran kap1a, noppenmaae1 pyky aauero npo1nannka, n on ne
cHoxe1 aac no6epn1L. [axe 1poka noppenmaae1 ero knkepa, 1ak kak
oc1aanne1 aac c 1ysaHn n aocLHepkaHn n c1apunH knkepoH c
1poko, y o6onx.
9. QQ npo1na 33, na c1one AA73. Y aac 4 ay1a pnn
amnrpmua (no paa 1ysa n paHm) n 0 ay1oa pnn nnuLe. Tpe1n 1ys
noppenmaae1 1pokn aauero npo1nannka.
10. AK npo1na 33, na c1one 8222. Y aac 7 ay1oa pnn no6epm
(no 1pn 1ysa n koponn, n opna paoka) n 3 ay1a pnn nnuLe (1pn
aocLHepkn). [aoka na pnaepe noppenmaae1 pyky aauero
npo1nannka, oc1aannn ero nrpa1L c1on. Ecnn na c1one o6pasye1cn
napa aocLHepok, 1o a1o noppenae1 ero napy, no 1akxe noppenae1 n
aauero c1apuero knkepa 1ysa. A a1o nnuLn.
3aknmveuue
Opna ns nepamx yc1anoaok, ko1opme pak1 ce6n naunnakune nrpokn
a xonpeH, a1o c6pacmaa1L pykn co c1apue napo nnn oaepnapo, nocne
nonyuennn pesa na 1epne. Onn paccyxpak1 cnepykunH o6pasoH,
Hpo1nannk nHee1 pyky c payHn napaHn nnn cnnLnee, noa1oHy n nyuue
coxpank caon penLrn n cpenak nac.
Ha pnnnno pnc1anunn 1akan yc1anoaka Hoxe1 ane1e1L a koneeuky.
Bo-nepamx, nx npo1nannkn 6neqyk uaue, ueH onn nopospeaak1. Baun
npornosnpyeHme nacm na pes na 1epne, cnpoaounpyk1 paxe naccnanmx
nrpokoa nnorpa nonyra1L aac pesoH. Mnorne nrpokn, xanykunecn na 1o,
u1o nysoame nrpokn nepe1nrnaak1 nx 6onLune napm, qak1nueckn caHn
cnnukoH uac1o nacyk1. Ho, paxe, ecnn 6m onn noxenann y6epn1Lcn, u1o
pes na 1epne osnauae1, u1o y npo1nannka pae napm nnn nyuue, 1o pasHep
6anka sauac1yk ouenL aennk, pnn 1oro, u1o6m Hoxno 6mno a nk6oH
cnyuae pena1L konn. C oaepnapo, am nHee1e, kak npaanno, 8 ay1oa, pnn
1oro u1o6m amnrpa1L y koro-1o. Co c1apue napo, am Hoxe1e nHe1L po
pean1n ay1oa. Hannune ckpm1mx ay1oa, Hoxe1 uac1o noHenn1L nac na
konn. Korpa am nopospeaae1e, u1o am yxe nosapn, acerpa cun1a1e
kaxpm ay1, ko1opm am Hoxe1e nonyun1L. Ecnn am 6ype1e
nepocun1maa1L ay1m, 1o am 6ypn1e 1epn1L penLrn, nacyn cnnukoH uac1o.
~94 ~
Oeuka qnona: ro1oame pyku
Mnorne nrpokn cpaannaak1 caok pyky c kap1aHn na qnone n 6mc1po
knaccnqnunpyk1 ee. Onn pyHak1 Y Henn c1apuan napa nnn Y Henn
npnkynno c1pn1. H pasmrpmaak1 kaxpyk c1apuyk napy n kaxpm
npnkynno c1pn1, opnnH n 1eH xe cnoco6oH. D1o1 nopxop cnnukoH
ynpouen. Ec1L Hnoro nepeHennmx, ko1opme nsHennk1 uennoc1L c1apue
napm nnn npnkynnoro c1pn1a (nnn nk6o ppyro pykn). D1o1 paspen n,
npepc1aanennme nnxe no 1ekc1y npnHepm neckonLknx pyk pasnoro 1nna,
nokaxy1 aaxnoc1L pasnnun. Kaxpm npnHep npepnonarae1, u1o am
nrpae1e sa 6onLuo 6ank.
51
HpnHepm, a npepenax opno n 1o xe
ka1eropnn, nepeuncnenm a nopnpke y6maannn cnnm. Korpa payH pykaH,
npncaanaae1cn opnnakoam panr (nanpnHep: cnnLnan pyka nnn
norpannunan pyka), 1o a npnHepe, ko1opm 6ype1 paccHa1pnaa1Lcn
nepamH, paccHa1pnaae1cn 6onee cnnLnan pyka. HcnonLsy1e a1n rpy6me
nn1epnpe1aunn pnn panxnpoaannn pyk.
Mouc1p
Baua pyka poc1a1ouno cnnLna, ona 6ype1 amnrpmaa1L
a nopaannkueH 6onLunnc1ae paspau.
Ckonuen1pnpy1ecL na qopHnpoaannn 6anka, ne
pacnyrnaan npo1nannkoa.
Oveuu cunuuan
Baua pyka amnrpmaae1 a 6onLunnc1ae paspau. Ecnn
6ank Han, 1o, Hoxno nonm1a1Lcn yaennun1L ero,
aHec1o 1oro, u1o6m am6naa1L npo1nannkoa. Ecnn 6ank
6onLuo, 1o, aepon1no, aaH nyuue 6ype1 saun1n1L
caok pyky.
Cunuuan
aue acero am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L na npeqnone nnn
qnone. Hpn HanenLkoH 6anke am ponxnm nacoaa1L
pepko, a 1akxe am ponxnm nm1a1Lcn saun1n1L caok
pyky.
Horpauuvuan
Y aaue pykn ec1L uancm na amnrpmu. Ecnn am
npepnonarae1e, u1o Hoxe1e yc1pann1L npo1nannkoa,
1o pena1e 6e1 nnn pes. Ecnn y aaunx npo1nannkoa
pykn cnnLnee aaue, 1o nacy1e. Xopouan nrpa na
norpannunmx pykax a1o npnsnak ouenL amcoko
kaannqnkaunn nrpoka.
Cna6an
Baua pyka nHee1 coHnn1enLnme uancm. Bm Hoxe1e
cpena1L 6e1, ecnn npo1nannkn kaxy1cn aaH cna6mHn.
Ho, a ocnoanoH, aaH nyuue nacoaa1L, ecnn k1o-1o
peHonc1pnpye1 arpeccnk, oco6enno, ecnn 6ank ne
ouenL aennk.
_____________________________
51
Uennoc1u pykn nsMenne1cn a nrpax onn na onn n a Manouncnennux ankax. Hkan
napa nanne1cn sauac1yk xopome pyko, axe ecnn ka1u na c1one acennk1 yxac.
~95 ~
C1apman napa u oaepnapa
Korpa y aac na qnone o6pasye1cn c1apuan napa, 1o sauac1yk am
nHee1e pyky amcuero panra. Heko1opme c1apune napm 6ypy1 nyuue, ueH
ppyrne. Takxe, ac1peuak1cn c1apune napm, ko1opme nerue nepe1nny1L,
ueH ppyrne. Hpepc1aanneH aaueHy annHannk neckonLko npnHepoa.
He nepekynume pyku
Korpa na qnone y aac ne1 o6pa1no npnkynnoro c1pn1 nnn qneua, 1o
am napee1ecL, u1o aaua c1apuan napa nanne1cn nyuue, n 6ype1
oc1aaa1Lcn 1akoao, n nocne 1epna, n nocne pnaepa. C ne6onLunHn
uancaHn na ynyuuenne, aaua pyka uyac1an1enLna k ne6naronpnn1nmH
ycnoannH.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o ouenL cnnLnan pyka. Y aac c1apuan napa c HakcnHanLno
aosHoxnmH knkepoH. Ecnn y aauero npo1nannka ne1 napa 1ysoa, ce1a nnn
payx nap, 1o y aac nyuuan pyka. KpoHe 1oro, na c1one ceuac ne1 kap1,
ko1opme Hornn 6m noHouL npo1nannkaH nonyun1L npnkynno c1pn1 nnn
qneu, 1eH caHmH, penan Hanoaepon1nmH nx nonanenne na 1epne n
pnaepe. Hpo1nannk c ceHepko nnn paoko (ne o6nsa1enLno, nHekun a
caoe pyke 1ysa) nHee1 nn1L ay1oa. He1 ppyrnx pyk, nHekunx uanc
onepepn1L aac. [axe npo1na ue1mpex nnn nn1n npo1nannkoa, aaua pyka
na pnaepe, a 6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea, 6ype1 oc1aaa1Lcn nyuue.
Y aac na pykax AT, na qnon npnxopn1 A62. D1o cnnLnan pyka,
am nHee1e c1apuyk napy c npnnnunmH knkepoH. Bepon1no, y aac nyuuan
pyka, no oc1epera1ecL 1oro, k1o penan pes na npeqnone. Ecnn y nero na
pykax 1ys c 6onLunH knkepoH, 1o y aac ne1 uanca amnrpa1L. Hpnkynno
qneu o1cy1c1aye1, oaepnapm, aaue c1apue nape ne yrpoxak1. Ecnn
aaua pyka ceuac nyuuan, 1o, aepon1no, ona 1ako n oc1ane1cn po
pnaepa.
Y aac na pykax AT, na qnon npnxopn1 T62. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Bm nHee1e c1apuyk napy c HakcnHanLno aosHoxnmH knkepoH. Bepon1no,
y aac nyuuan pyka. Bepon1noc1L npnkynnoro qneua o1cy1c1aye1, no k1o-
1o Hoxe1 nHe1L oaepkap1m, no o1nouennk k aaue nape, n eue k1o-1o
Hor nonyun1L pmpnam c1pn1. HeckonLko pyk Hory1 nHe1L o1 ue1mpex n
6onee ay1oa. Cnoaa, oc1epera1ecL 1oro, k1o penan pes na npeqnone.
OuenL amcoka aepon1noc1L, u1o y nrpoka cpenaauero pes yxe ec1L
~96 ~
oaepnapa. K 1oHy xe, a HnorouncnennoH 6anke, aaua pyka, ckopee acero,
6ype1 nepe1nny1a.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cnnLnan pyka. Y aac oaepnapa. Ecnn k1o-1o ne pepxn1 na pykax
aocLHepky nnn napy kapHannmx kopone, 1o aaua pyka nyuuan.
Bepon1noc1L npnkynnoro c1pn1a n qneua o1cy1c1aye1. K1o-1o c koponeH
nnn kapHanno napo Hoxe1 nHe1L paa ay1a (knkep ne ynyuun1 koponn,
1ak kak aaua napa 1ysoa, ace paano c1apue). Ec1L npepnonoxenne, u1o
k1o-1o 6ype1 1nny1L Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn. Ecnn y koro-1o ns
npo1nannkoa aocLHepka, 1o y aac acero paa ay1a na ynyuuenne. B a1o
cn1yaunn am nnn anepepn, nnn nosapn. Ecnn am anepepn, 1o am nou1n
acerpa 6ype1e no6expa1L, paxe ecnn a 6anke 6ype1 nn1L n 6onee
npo1nannkoa. Ecnn am nosapn, 1o am 6ype1e nponrpmaa1L, ecnn ne
caepun1cn uypo, ko1opoe na 1epne nnn pnaepe nopapn1 aaH 1ysa.
Y aac na pykax A6, na qnone npnxopn1 642. D1o norpannunan
pyka, necHo1pn na 1o, u1o am nHee1e c1apuyk napy c caHmH cnnLnmH
knkepoH, nk6an kap1a na 1epne (kpoHe kap1 o1 1ysa po uec1epkn)
npepc1aanne1 pnn aac onacnoc1L. Oaepkap1aHn, a pannoH cnyuae,
nannk1cn kap1m a pnanasone o1 ceHepkn po koponn. e1aepkn n paokn
Hory1 noHouL koHy-1o, k1o co6pan na qnone cpepnkk nnn Hnapuyk napy.
Hn1epkn nnn 1pokn cospapy1 na c1one pmpnam c1pn1. [oaonLno uac1o
6ype1 ac1peua1Lcn cn1yaunn, korpa k1o-nn6ypL ns npo1nannkoa yxe nHee1
na pykax oaepnapy. Ecnn oaepnapa coc1on1 ns 6onLunx kap1, 1o 1ako
npo1nannk cnrnannsnpoaan 6m aaH o6 a1oH, caonH pesoH na npeqnone.
Ho, Hnorne nrpokn ne penak1 pes c kapHannmHn napaHn o1 ceHepok po
pecn1ok. Tak u1o, npo1na aaue c1apue napm, coc1onue ns uec1epok,
k1o-nn6o ns npo1nannkoa poaonLno uac1o 6ype1 nHe1L oaepnapy. Hpn nrpe
npo1na ue1mpex nn1n npo1nannkoa, am uac1o 6ype1e nponrpmaa1L.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
~97 ~
D1o norpannunan pyka. Y aac c1apuan napa c caHmH cnnLnmH
knkepoH, no ona nerko ynsanHa. Tpe1Ln nnka Hoxe1 noHouL koHy-nn6ypL
co6pa1L qneu. Hpnxopnune nnkn nou1n acerpa 6ypy1 saronn1L aac a yron.
[aHa, pean1ka nnn ceHepka, co6epy1 na c1one pmpnam c1pn1. KpoHe 1oro,
ec1L aepon1noc1L, u1o k1o-1o npnkynn1 pae napm, na nnsknx nnHn1ax nkpn
uac1o nrpak1 pykn: JT n T8. [axe npn1oH, u1o aaua pyka ceuac nyuuan,
ouenL aennka aepon1noc1L, u1o k1o-1o a n1ore nepe1nne1 aac. Ecnn am
nosapn, 1o aaun uancm na ynyuuenne ouenL Hanm. Ecnn na qnone k1o-1o
nonyunn c1pn1, 1o am ckopee acero nponrpae1e. k6o, y koro a pyke
pean1ka, a a1opan kap1a o6pasoaana napy c nk6o ns kap1 qnona, nHee1
Hnoro ay1oa pnn 1oro, u1o6m o6mrpa1L aac, n noa1oHy, uac1o 6ype1
peHonc1pnpoaa1L cnnLnyk nrpy na qnone. D1o cospae1 1pypnoc1n pnn
u1ennn pyk aaunx npo1nannkoa n yaennunaae1 aauy aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L
oun6ky, nrpan na ue1aep1o nnn nn1o ynnuax. Hoamuennan aepon1noc1L
1ako oun6kn eue 6onLue yHenLuae1 uennoc1L aaue pykn.
Y aac na pykax A4, na qnon npnxopn1 AT9. D1o cna6an pyka.
Y aac c1apuan napa, no ne1 knkepa. Ecnn am ne nonyun1e ue1aepky, 1o
caHoe nyuuee, na u1o am Hoxe1e paccun1maa1L a1o nnuLn c uyxnH 1ysoH.
[ae amcokne cansannme kap1m (pecn1ka n pean1ka) onacnm. [axe ecnn
6onLue nn y koro ne1 1ysa, 1o oc1ae1cn eue Hnoro npo1nannkoa, y
ko1opmx ec1L cpepnnn nnn Hnapuan napa, nnn npnkynno c1pn1, nnn
npnkynno qneu. B HnorouncnennoH 6anke Hory1 6m1L neckonLko
npo1nannkoa c xopounHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn. Uenm 6ank amnrpmaa1L
am 6ype1e ouenL pepko, o6muno aac 6ypy1 nnn o6mrpmaa1L, nnn, a nyuueH
cnyuae, pena1L nnuLk.
Opnako, c 1aknH o6pa1nmH npnkynoH, kak o6pa1no npnkynno qneu,
c1apuan napa neHnoro yaennunaae1 caok uennoc1L. Y aac ec1L paa
cnoco6a no6epn1L a panno cn1yaunn. Hepam, ecnn aaua pyka nyuuan
ceuac n cHoxe1 oc1a1Lcn nyuue po okonuannn posmrpmua paspaun.
B1opo, ecnn pyka ynyuun1cn. Hannune o6pa1noro npnkyna Hoxe1 nnorpa
cpena1L pasnnune Hexpy pen1a6enLno n nepen1a6enLno pyko 6onee
ouy1nHmH. TaknH o6pasoH, a a1oH npnHepe, ecnn 6m pecn1ka nnn pean1ka
okasanncL 6m uepao, 1o aaua pyka nepeHec1nnacL 6m ns ka1eropnn
cna6mx a ka1eropnk norpannunmx pyk.
Hpukynume u o6pa1uo npukynume pyku
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
~98 ~
D1o ouenL cnnLnan pyka. Bm nHee1e c1apuyk napy c ouenL xopounH
knkepoH n npnkynnmH qneueH. B ocnoanoH, aaua pyka 6ype1 nyuue.
Ecnn aaua pyka ceuac ne nyuuan, 1o y aac ec1L uanc, ko1opm Hoxe1
noHouL aaH o6o1n ue-1o ce1 nnn pae napm.
52
Hpnkynno c1pn1 y
npo1nannkoa neaosHoxen. Bm 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L a 6onLunnc1ae paspau
paxe a 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke.
Y aac na pykax QJ, na qnon npnxopn1 QT4. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Y aac c1apuan napa c xopounH knkepoH. Bm 1akxe nHee1e o6pa1no
npnkynno c1pn1 n qneu. [ae oaepkap1m Hory1 o6mrpa1L aauy pyky, no
nk6o 1ys nnn koponL na 1epne, npeapauae1 aau o6pa1no npnkynno
c1pn1 a npnkynno c1pn1. K 1oHy xe pak1 kpoHe npnkynnoro c1pn1a, eue
n npnkynno qneu. D1o kpenkan pyka, ko1opan uac1o 6ype1 no6expa1L
neynyuuenno, a nnorpa 6ype1 ynyuua1Lcn, n c1anoan1Lcn ouenL cnnLno
pyko, o6mrpmaakue Hnorne pykn.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cnnLnan pyka. Y aac na pykax c1apuan napa c payxc1oponnnH
c1pn1oH n o6pa1no npnkynnmH qneueH. Baua c1apuan napa ouenL
ynsanHa, 1ak kak ue1mpe ns nn1n a1nx oaepkap1 Hory1 o6mrpa1L aauy pyky
(pecn1ka saaepuae1 noc1poenne aauero c1pn1a). Bes npnkyna 1akan pyka
nepec1ae1 6m1L cnnLno. Bes npnkyna n co cna6mH knkepoH, nanpnHep c
93, 1akan pyka aoo6ue ne nHee1 nnkaknx nepcnek1na na npoponxenne
nrpm. Ho a pannoH cnyuae, aaun o6Lepnnennme aosHoxnoc1n, poc1pon1L
c1pn1 nnn qneu, penak1 1akyk pyky cnnLno.
Y aac na pykax A8, na qnon npnxopn1 A62. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Y aac c1apuan napa c norpannunmH knkepoH n o6pa1no npnkynnmH
qneueH. Hnkakne oaepnapm nnkoHy ne cHory1 pa1L napy c1apue aaue,
o1cy1c1ane o6pa1noro npnkyna n nannune y aac o6pa1no npnkynnoro
qneua, penak1 aauy pyky cnnLno. Ecnn k1o-nn6o ns npo1nannkoa nHee1
knkep c1apue aauero n Hoxe1 o6mrpa1L aac, 1o, a caok ouepepL, am
_____________________________
52
/ae napu Manoaepon1nu na c1one c nac1onuko paspocannuMn kap1aMn, no npn nrpe c
nysoauMn nrpokaMn aosMoxno ace.
~99 ~
Hoxe1e amnrpa1L, nonyuna aocLHepky nnn 1peqoame kap1m.
KpoHe 1oro, pae kap1m na c1one, HenLue aauero knkepa, cospak1
npepnocmnkn pnn 1oro, u1o6m aau knkep na pnaepe ace-1akn nrpan.
53
TaknH o6pasoH, am uaue 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L, ueH nonyua1L nnuLk c
npo1nannkaHn, nHekunx knkep Hnapue aauero.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o norpannunan pyka. Boo6ue-1o, a1a pyka nyuue, ueH noxoxan
pyka ns npepmpyuero npnHepa (AJ na qnone JT8), no1oHy, u1o a
a1o pyke y aac ec1L A. B 1ex cnyuanx, korpa aac o6mrpmaae1 1pe1Ln
nnka na 1epne, y aac nonanne1cn npnkynno na1coam qneu. B
npepmpyue pyke y aac ne 6mno aosHoxnoc1n nonyun1L npnkynno
na1coam qneu.
Hapm, ko1opme Heuume c1apme napm
Korpa y aac na pykax HenLuan napa, a ne c1apuan, 1o aepon1noc1L,
u1o am nHee1e nyuuyk pyky, cnnLno yHenLuae1cn. O6muno am nrpae1e
1akne pykn npn payx o6c1on1enLc1aax:
1. Hnk1o ne nokasan caok cnny, n ec1L aepon1noc1L, u1o aaua pyka
nyuuan.
2. Bank 6onLuo n aaunx uancoa na 6ank poc1a1ouno, u1o6m 1nny1L
caok npnkynnyk pyky n c1a1L no6epn1eneH.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o ouenL cnnLnan pyka. Y aac cpepnnn napa, knkep 1ys n npnkynno
_____________________________
53
CMo1pn pasen Henonnue ay1u, ko1opu nopono packpuaae1, nsnoxennyk Mucnu.
~100 ~
na1coam qneu. Ecnn nn y koro ns npo1nannkoa ne1 paHm, 1o y aac
nyuuan pyka. Ho, paxe ecnn y koro-1o ns npo1nannkoa n ec1L paHa (kpoHe
AQ), 1o y aac 14 ay1oa (1pn 1ysa, pae pean1kn n pean1L uepae), u1o6m
amnrpa1L. [axe a 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke am 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L.
Kak npaanno, c 1ako pyko na qnone am ponxnm pena1L pes n
pepes, paxe npo1na 6onLuoro konnuec1aa npo1nannkoa. C 6onLunH
konnuec1aoH ay1oa am 6ype1e nHe1L 6onLuyk uennoc1L 6anka, paxe npn
o1cy1c1ann nyuue pykn.
Y aac na pykax 32, na qnon npnxopn1 Q82. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Y aac Hnapuan napa c HnapunH npnkynnmH qneueH. Oueanpno, u1o a1a
pyka ne nac1onLko cnnLna, kak a npepmpyueH npnHepe, no ona poaonLno
kpenkan. Baua Hnapuan napa 6es knkepa, apnp nn 6ype1 nyuue pyko
(ecnn 1onLko am ne nrpae1e opnn na opnn), no y aac ec1L uenmx
ue1mpnapua1L ay1oa. Kaxpm pas, korpa na qnone aaH npnxopn1 napa n
npnkynno qneu, am nHee1e cnnLnyk pyky.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cnnLnan pyka (xo1n n naxopn1cn a caHoH nnsy a1o ka1eropnn).
Y aac na pykax kapHannan napa, ko1opan naHnoro Bmue cpepne napm.
Ecnn aaua pyka ceuac nyuuan, 1o am apnp nn 6ype1e nepe1nny1m.
TonLko opna oaepkap1a Hoxe1 nonan1Lcn, a npnkynno qneu n c1pn1
o1cy1c1ayk1. Ho, ecnn y koro-1o koponL, 1o y aac acero paa ay1a, u1o6m
npnkynn1L paHy.
Y aac na pykax A7, na qnon npnxopn1 K72. Y aac norpannunan
pyka. Cpepnnn napa n 1ys knkep. Moxe1 6m1L, am nHee1e nyuuyk pyky.
Ecnn ne1, 1o y aac ec1L eue nn1L ay1oa k payH napaH nnn ce1y n o6pa1no
npnkynnoHy qneuy. Ecnn cpaannaa1L a1y pyky n pyky ns npepmpyuero
npnHepa, n ecnn y npo1nannkoa na pykax ne1 koponn, 1o paHm cnnLnee,
ueH ceHepkn, n onn nepekynak1cn HenLunH konnuec1aoH oaepkap1. Ho
ecnn y koro-1o ec1L koponL, 1o a1a pyka cnnLnee, 1ak kak am nHee1e
6onLue ay1oa.
Y aac na pykax
~101 ~
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o norpannunan pyka. Y aac kapHannan napa c1apue cpepne napm.
D1a pyka coue1ae1 a ce6e cna6oc1L no o1nouennk k oaepkap1aH nopo6no
pyke ns npepmpyuero npnHepa (A7) n nexaa1ky ay1oa ns npnHepa c
napo kapHannmx paH. Hpn1oH, u1o napa aocLHepok c1apue napm
ceHepok, a1a napa nano nnxe no panry, ueH napm A7 n QQ.
54
Y aac na pykax QQ, na qnon npnxopn1 KJ8. D1a pyka cna6ee
norpannunmx pyk. Bm nHee1e pyky c napo, c1apue cpepne napm. Moxe1
6m1L, am nHee1e nyuuyk pyky. Ho, 1pn 6onLune kap1m n pae nnkn na
qnone, onacnm. D1o noamuae1 aepon1noc1L, u1o na qnone koHy-1o Hoxe1
npn1n pae napm, npnkynno c1pn1 nnn qneu (xo1n a aaue pyke n
naxopn1cn paa c1onnepa pnn Hnornx, ns aosHoxnmx c1pn1oa). Ecnn aaua
pyka ne nyuuan, 1o y aac acero paa ay1a n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cna6an pyka. Y aac Hnapuan napa n pmpnam c1pn1. Bpnp nn
aaua pyka nyuuan. Ecnn aaH npnxopn1 pean1ka, 1o nk6o npo1nannk c
payHn 6onLunHn napaHn nnn paHo o6mrpae1 aac. Ecnn aaH npnxopn1
paHa, 1o nk6o npo1nannk c 1ysoH co6npae1 c1pn1, c1apue aauero. D1a
pyka 6ype1 co6npa1L a1opocop1nyk pyky uaue, ueH nyuuyk, n a
6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea aaH npnpe1cn pena1L nac.
Y aac na pykax 66, na qnon npnxopn1 QT5. D1o cna6an pyka. Y
aac kapHannan napa, c1apue, ueH Hnapuan napa. Y aac naaepnnka ne
nyuuan pyka. Bm anpn1e, u1o npo1nannkn Hory1 co6pa1L qneu, c1pn1, nnn
nonyun1L opny ns ceHn oaepkap1. Ecnn am nosapn, 1o y aac acero paa
ay1a, u1o6m ynyuun1Lcn. Opnn ns a1nx ay1oa (6), pae1 1pe1Lk 6y6ny pnn
qneua na c1one. B 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke aaua pyka yxacna
(Baun uancm na 6ank pnn 1oro, u1o6m nonyun1L cnepykuyk kap1y 30k
1, 1akoe nnorpa cnyuae1cn).
_____________________________
54
Hoonu npnMep pasnpancn na c1panne 88 knnrn /aana Cknanckn Teopnn
nokepa.
~102 ~
Qae napm
[ae napm, paxe c Hnapue kap1o na c1one, nannk1cn o6muno
cnnLno pyko. HHen pae napm na qnone, am nou1n acerpa 6ype1e nHe1L
nyuuyk pyky (ncknkuan cn1yaunk, korpa a1opan napa o6pasoaana
kap1aHn na c1one). Uennoc1L a1nx pyk 6onLue acero Henne1cn npn
nannunn na c1one aceaosHoxnmx npnkynoa.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o ouenL cnnLnan pyka. Bm nHee1e pae nyuune napm n o6pa1no
npnkynno qneu npn pasnoHac1noH c1one. Epnnc1aennan peanLnan yrposa
pmpnam c1pn1, ecnn npnpe1 aane1 n pecn1ka.
Y aac na pykax Q3, na qnon npnxopn1 Q93. D1o cnnLnan
pyka. Co c1apue n Hnapue napo. Bm ynsanHm 1onLko a 1oH cnyuae,
ecnn na c1one 6ype1 o6pasoaana napa pean1ok, 1orpa aaua 1poka
okaxe1cn noppenanno. KpoHe 1oro, na a1oH c1one aosHoxno o6pasoaanne
npnkynnoro c1pn1a n qneua y aaunx npo1nannkoa. C payHn napaHn, am
acerpa nHee1e ue1mpe ay1a, pnn nonyuennn qynn-xayca.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o norpannunan pyka. Baun cpepnnn n Hnapuan napm ynsanHm,
ecnn na c1one 6ype1 o6pasoaana napa ns nk6mx kap1 n y npo1nannka ec1L
c1apuan napa. Hnkc, ouenL cansannme kap1m c1ona, a a1oH cnyuae, pae1
6onLuyk aepon1noc1L na 1o, u1o y npo1nannkoa ec1L npnkynno c1pn1 nnn
qneu. Kap1a 1epna 6ype1 cepLesno sa1parnaa1L uennoc1L aaue pykn.
Kap1a pnn c1pn1a nnn qneua, naaepnnka cHec1n1 aauy pyky c nosnunn
nnpepa, n oc1aan1 aaH napexpy 1onLko na ue1mpe ay1a. C ppyro c1oponm,
nyc1muka, nopmHe1 uennoc1L aaue pykn. Bm Hoxe1e xpa1L po 1epna,
pnn 1oro u1o6m npnnn1L peuenne kak nrpa1L aauy pyky (cHo1pn rnaay
~103 ~
3aun1a aaue pykn).
HecHo1pn na no1enunanLnme cna6oc1n 1aknx pyk, ecnn aaunH
npo1nannkaH na qnone ne npnunn nyxnme kap1m, 1o nk6me pae napm
ouenL cnnLnm. Uennoc1L a1nx pyk cnnLno Henne1cn a saancnHoc1n o1
cn1yaunn.
Ce1
Ce1 a1o kapHannan napa, k ko1opo npnxopn1 kap1a na c1one. Ce1
acerpa nanne1cn ouenL cnnLno pyko. Ecnn kap1m na c1one ne cansannm,
1o paxe Hnapun ce1 nanne1cn Honc1poH. Ha c1one co cansannmHn
kap1aHn, ce1 ace paano pae1 aaH xopoune uancm na amnrpmu, kak
koH6nnaunn nyuue pykn c xopounH uancaHn, pnn 1oro, u1o6m o6mrpa1L
c1pn1 nnn qneu.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o Honc1p. He1 nnkako neo6xopnHoc1n am6naa1L npo1nannkoa.
55
Bm ne nHee1e nnkaknx peanLnmx yrpos paxe c nn1Lk npo1nannkaHn a
6anke. Bm 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L a ouenL amcokoH npouen1e cnyuaea.
Y aac na pykax 77, na qnon npnxopn1 T76. D1o ouenL cnnLnan
pyka. Ecnn k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa ne co6pan na qnone c1pn1 nnn ce1 ns
pecn1ok, 1o y aac nyuuan pyka. Baua pyka ynsanHa pnn npnkynnoro
c1pn1a nnn qneua, no y aac ec1L xopoune uancm, pnn 1oro, u1o6m
amnrpa1L a1y pyky.
Tpunc
Tpnnc a1o napa kap1 na c1one c nopxopnue kap1o a aaue pyke.
Tpnnc o6muno nanne1cn ouenL cnnLno pyko. Ho on cna6ee, ueH ce1 no
payH npnunnaH:
1. K1o-1o eue Hoxe1 nHe1L a1o1 xe 1pnnc, no co c1apunH (nnn
cnapennmH) knkepoH.
2. Hapa kap1 na c1one coo6uae1 kaxpoHy, u1o k1o-1o co6pan 1pnnc.
Y aac cnnLnm npnkyn pnn 1oro, u1o6m o6mrpa1L c1pn1 nnn qneu, a
_____________________________
55
BaM ne acera npne1cn cnoynnen1u na qnone. Hnora, anaenuu koponn nnn
aocuMepkn Mory1 oprannsoaa1u ouenu ypnyk 1oproank. C pyro c1oponu, 1pn koponn
ouuno na qnone pasurpuaak1cn cnoynneeM.
~104 ~
1akxe, ec1L aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L nnuLk c 1eH npo1nannkoH, y ko1oporo
c1apun knkep.
56
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o Honc1p. Y aac 1pnnc c nyuunH knkepoH n o6pa1no npnkynnmH
qneueH. Bm nou1n naaepnnka nHee1e nyuuyk pyky. Bac Hory1 o6mrpa1L
1onLko kapHannme koponn nnn K4. Hpnkynno c1pn1 nnn qneu
nepoc1ynnm aaunH npo1nannkaH. Ecnn 6ank ne aennk, 1o ne1 nnkako
neo6xopnHoc1n am6naa1L npo1nannkoa.
Y aac na pykax 87, na qnon npnxopn1 977. D1o ouenL
cnnLnan pyka. Ecnn y npo1nannkoa ne1 ceHepkn co c1apunH knkepoH nnn
ne1 kapHanno napm pean1ok, 1o aaua pyka nyuuan. Ckooppnnnpoaannme
kap1m c1ona pak1 aosHoxnoc1L opnoHy nnn payH npo1nannkaH ue1mpe n
6onee ay1a.
3aknmveuue
B a1oH paspene Hm nocan1nnn ouenL Hano apeHenn anannsy 1aknx
cnnLnmx pyk, kak pae napm, ce1, qynn-xayc n kape. Mnorne nrpokn
kaxy1cn osa6ouennmHn, o6yuancL nonyua1L HakcnHyH o1 a1nx pyk.
Oak1nueckn, xopoun posmrpmu cnnLneunx pyk a1o nerko
npno6pe1aeHm naamk. D1n pykn npnxopn1 pepko, no korpa onn npnxopn1,
1o nyxno ouenL noc1apa1Lcn, u1o6m cmrpa1L c nnHn nnoxo. [ae rnaanmx
oun6kn a xonpeHe:
1. CnnukoH 6onLune anoxennn a 1oproank npn cna6mx pykax n
HanenLknx 6ankax (ouenL nysoam posmrpmu npeqnona nnn o1ae1
konnoH na c1aakn npo1nannka na noc1qnone c 6esnapexnmHn
pykaHn).
2. Heypaunan saun1a 6onLunx 6ankoa (aHec1o npoponxennn 1oproann
nrpok penae1 nac, nnn nop aospec1aneH arpeccnano nrpm
sa6maae1 saun1n1L pyky).
C HounmHn pykaHn am ne 6ype1e ponycka1L a1n oun6kn. He
nepexnaa1e o6 nsaneuennn pononnn1enLno c1aakn na aaunx pepknx
Honc1pax.
_____________________________
56
HpenonoxnM, y aac na pykax 32, na qnon npnxon1 K33, y aamero npo1nannka
T3. Bac oornann, no au nMee1e 15 ay1oa, u1ou cena1u nnuuk (no ue1upe 1ysa,
aMu n aane1a, n 1pn koponn). n1a1e pasen Ckpu1ue ay1u.
~105 ~
BHec1o a1oro, yun1ecL 1ouno ouennaa1L cnny caoe pykn 1onLko c
opno napo. Mnorne nysoame n ne a Hepy arpeccnanme nrpokn penak1
oun6kn nHenno specL. Hpn nonyuennn c1apue napm nx saknnnnaae1, n
onn cpaxak1cn c 1peHn ue1mpLHn npo1nannkaHn na c1one co cansannmHn
kap1aHn, ko1opme cepLesno o6ecuennnn nx pyky. Onn penak1 n konn, n
pes a HanenLknx 6ankax c ouenL coHnn1enLnmHn napaHn, c pykaHn,
ko1opme apnp nn nyuune ceuac, n eue 6onee Hanoaepon1no 6ype1 1o, u1o
onn ynyuua1cn k pnaepy. B 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke neko1opme
c1apune napm Hory1 6m1L poc1a1ouno cnnLnm pnn pesa n pepesa.
Heko1opme ne1. Yun1ecL naxopn1L pasnnune.
~106 ~
Oeuka qnona: npukynume pyku
B npepmpyue rnaae Hm paccHo1penn ro1oame pykn, n o6cyxpann,
kak kap1m na c1one (cansanm kap1m nnn ne1) annnk1 na uennoc1L a1nx
pyk. B a1oH paspene Hm npopenaeH 1o xe caHoe c npnkynnmHn pykaHn.
57
Mm ncnonLsyeH 1e xe ycnoann n ukany ouenkn, u1o n a npepmpyue
rnaae. HcnonLsy1e a1n nn1epnpe1aunn pnn panxnpoaannn pyk.
Mouc1p
Hpn6nnsn1enLno a 50% cnyuaea aaua npnkynnan pyka
6ype1 amnrpmaa1L, paxe npo1na 6onLuoro konnuec1aa
npo1nannkoa a 6anke. [ena1e pes n pepes pnn
yaennuennn poxopnoc1n.
Oveuu cunuuan
Baua pyka a 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke 6ype1
amnrpmaa1L 6onLuyk uac1L paspau. Ecnn 6ank
HanenLkn, 1o qopHnpy1e ero, ne am6naan
npo1nannkoa. B 6onLuoH 6anke saunua1e ynsanHme
ay1m, oco6enno oaepkap1m. B nk6oH cnyuae, am
ponxnm nrpa1L arpeccnano c a1nHn pykaHn.
Cunuuan
Baua npnkynnan pyka amnrpmaae1 cyuec1aennoe
konnuec1ao paspau. [axe ecnn 6ank HanenLkn, 1o, ace
paano, peuenne nocHo1pe1L 1epn n pnaep, a
6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea 6ype1 npaannLnmH. Bm ponxnm
6m1L 1aeppo y6expenm a 1oH, u1o 1nne1e Hep1am
npnkyn, u1o6m cpena1L nac.
Horpauuvuan
Baue npnkynnan pyka 6ype1 nnorpa amnrpmaa1L. A a
ocnoanoH, a1n pykn nHek1 Hano ay1oa, nnn cnnLno
noapexpenm o6pa1nmH npnkynoH, nnn 1nny1 yxe
Hep1am npnkyn. Bm 6ype1e uac1o nacoaa1L, ecnn 6ank
HanenLkn n cn1yaunn na c1one kaxe1cn aaH
ne6naronpnn1no. Kak npaanno, 1epn Hoxno 6ype1
cHo1pe1L a 1ex cnyuanx, korpa 6ank 6onLuo. Hnorpa,
ouennaa1e aosHoxnoc1L 6e1a nnn pesa, ecnn a1o
Hoxe1 ynyuun1L aaun uancm na no6epy.
Cna6an
Baua npnkynnan pyka nHee1 Hano ay1oa n 6ype1 uac1o
nponrpmaa1L, paxe ecnn am ynyuun1e caok pyky.
OuenL pepko am Hoxe1e nm1a1Lcn ykpac1L 6ank, penan
6e1. He pena1e konn, ecnn 6ank ne ouenL aennk.
_____________________________
57
Pasnnune Mexy npnkynno n copanno pyko nanne1cn ycnoanuM. Bce copannue
pykn nMek1 onpeenennu no1ennan nn ynyumennn. C pyro c1oponu, Mnorne
npnkynnue pykn nMek1 neko1opyk ennoc1u, kak n copannue pykn, axe ecnn nx
ennoc1u onpeenena c1apmnM koponeM. Heko1opue pykn, kak napa c npnkynnuM
qnemeM nnn c1pn1oM, aknkuak1 a cen xapak1epnc1nkn oonx anoa. Heko1opue nrpokn
aknauaak1 cnnmkoM Mnoro cMucna a a1o pasnnune. HanpnMep, onn Mory1 o1kasa1ucn
nrpa1u arpeccnano c npnkynno pyko, no1oMy u1o onn ee ee ne copann. Hrnopnpy1e
coae1u nkoro uenoaeka, ko1opu ye1 pekoMenoaa1u aaM nrpa1u npnkynnue n
copannue pykn no-pasnoMy, ocnoauaancu 1onuko na nx nasaannnx. C 1oukn spennn
c1pa1ernn, 1akoe pasenenne nanne1cn aooe eccMucnennuM. Fnaanoe, nackonuko
uac1o aama pyka ye1 aunrpuaa1u npn ackpu1nn.
~107 ~
Hpukynuo qnem
Hpnkynno qneu nanne1cn cnnLno pyko. CnnLnee, ueH kaxe1cn
6onLunnc1ay nkpe. Hpnkynno qneu, npnuepue na qnone, a 35%
cnyuaea co6npae1cn na pnaepe. Bm ponxnm ouenL pepko pena1L nac, ecnn
na qnon npnuen npnkynno qneu. [axe HanenLkn 6ank na npeqnone
okasmaae1cn poc1a1ouno 6onLunH, pnn 1oro, u1o6m ne pena1L nac. Hnorpa
nonyuak1cn cn1yaunn, korpa na c1one okasmaak1cn 1pn kap1m opnnakoao
Hac1n n ue1aep1an kap1a y aac. D1o 1oxe npnkynno qneu. Ecnn a
npnkynnoH qneue sapec1aoaana 1onLko opna kap1a aaue pykn, n ona
Hana, 1o am ponxnm onaca1Lcn aosHoxnoc1n nponrpa1L npo1nannky, y
ko1oporo kap1a c1apue. Ho paxe ecnn aaun kap1m Hanm pnn npnkynnoro
qneua, no y aac na pykax nx pae, 1o am ace 1akn 6ype1e uaue
amnrpmaa1L.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o ouenL cnnLnan pyka. Y aac npnkynno na1coam qneu n pae
6onLunx oaepkap1m. [oc1a1ouno uac1o am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L paxe a 1oH
cnyuae, ecnn qneu ne 6ype1 co6pan. BaH 6ype1 poc1a1ouno npnkynn1L
1ysa nnn koponn. Hpo1na HanenLkoro 6anka, AK nanne1cn nyuue pyko, n
6ype1 amnrpmaa1L paxe 6es qneua.
Y aac na pykax A6, na qnon npnxopn1 J94. D1a pyka
naxopn1cn nocepepnne Hexpy cnnLno n ouenL cnnLno pyko. Hpnkynno
qneu co c1apunH 1ysoH a1o acerpa cnnLnan pyka; ne 6o1ecL nrpa1L
c1apun qneu. Hnkc, y aac ec1L oaepkap1a.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cnnLnan pyka. Y aac ec1L opna kap1a, pakuan aaH npnkynno
na1coam qneu, k 1oHy xe y aac ec1L eue n oaepkap1a. Korpa na qnon
~108 ~
npnxopn1 ace kap1m opno Hac1n, 1o paxe nysoame nrpokn naunnak1
nrpa1L 1a1oao. Hs-sa a1o 1enpenunn, am uac1o Hoxe1e sa6npa1L 6ank
6es ackpm1nn, ecnn 6ype1e nrpa1L arpeccnano. Hpnkynno na1coam qneu
c opno kap1o Henee uenen, ueH c payHn kap1aHn, 1ak kak am ne cHoxe1e
snaun1enLno yaennun1L pasHep 6anka ns-sa c1paxa npo1nannkoa, u1o k1o-
1o pepxn1 na1coayk koH6nnaunk kap1.
Y aac na pykax J9, na qnon npnxopn1 K75. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Y aac npnkynno qneu. KpoHe 1oro, ecnn nn y koro ne1 koponn, 1o am
Hoxe1e amnrpa1L 6ank, co6paa napy c aane1oH nnn pean1ko. Yu1n1e, u1o
arpeccnanm posmrpmu a1o pykn Hoxe1 sac1aan1L o6napa1ene AJ nnn
QQ cpena1L nac. C1anpap1nme nrpokn pasmrpmaak1 a1y pyky naccnano,
ns6eran nysoamx knnen1oa. Ecnn 6ank 6onLuo, 1o nyuue nonm1a1Lcn
am6n1L npo1nannkoa.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cnnLnan pyka. HecHo1pn na aaun HanenLkne kap1m, am 6ype1e
opepxnaa1L c1anpap1nme no6epm, co6npan qneu. B o1nnune o1
npepmpyuero npnHepa, y aac nou1n ne1 nnkakoro uanca amnrpa1L 6ank,
co6paa napy. He1 nnkaknx npnunn, u1o6m saunua1L a1y pyky, pasae, u1o
pasHep 6anka ouenL 6onLuo. Ecnn pasHep 6anka pec1an1enLno
6onLuo, 1o am Hoxe1e nonm1a1Lcn am6n1L epnnnunme 6y6nm, 1nna 9,
ko1opme Hornn 6m aac o6mrpa1L, ecnn 6m na 1epne n pnaepe npnunn eue
pae 6y6nm. Bau uanc amnrpa1L a1o1 6ank 6es ackpm1nn ouenL Han,
no1oHy u1o acerpa nape1cn nrpok, ko1opoHy npnunn na qnone nyxnme
6onLune kap1m.
Inaanoe pasnnune npn ouenke cnnm pyk c npnkynnmH qneueH (pae
kap1m y aac n pae na ne cnapennoH c1one), saknkuae1cn a aosHoxnoc1n
no6epn1L c napo, ecnn ne co6pancn qneu. Cpaann1e cnepykune pykn
A6 c Q6. Haxopn1cn neko1opme nkpn, ko1opme, pncky1npyn na 1eHy,
kakan ns a1nx pyk nyuue, ocnoanmH pasnnuneH cun1ak1, u1o qneu co
c1apunH 1ysoH nyuue qneua co c1apue paHo. Coaepuenno oueanpno,
u1o qneu co c1apunH 1ysoH acerpa nyuue, ueH qneu co c1apue paHo,
no qneu c paHo nponrpmaae1 qneuy c 1ysoH ropaspo pexe, ueH napa
paH, nponrpmaae1 nape 1ysoa. Kap1m A6, nyuue, ueH kap1m Q6, sa
cue1 1oro, u1o ecnn qneu co6pan, ne 6ype1, 1o 1ys Hoxe1 co6pa1L
c1apuyk napy. Bcnkn pas, korpa aaH npnxopn1 npnkynno qneu,
paccHa1pnaa1e uancm na no6epy c aosHoxno napo.
~109 ~
Y aac na pykax T9, na qnon npnxopn1 J44. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Hapa kap1 na c1one o6ecuennaae1 aauy pyky. Ecnn am co6epe1e qneu na
1epne, 1o nk6o npo1nannk c payHn napaHn (kapHannan napa, nnn aane1,
nnn o6pasoaanne napm c kap1o 1epna) nHee1 4 ay1a (pae ue1aepkn n pae
kap1m co6panno napm), u1o6m co6pa1L qynn-xayc n amue. k6o nrpok c
1pnncoH ns ue1aepok nHee1 10 ay1oa (1pn aane1a, opna ue1aepka, 1pn
kap1m 1epna pnn o6pasoaannn napm), u1o6m co6pa1L qynn-xayc n amue.
KpoHe 1oro, nrpok, nHekun opny 6onLuyk uepaoayk kap1y, nHee1 ceHL
ay1oa pnn 1oro u1o6m co6pa1L qneu, c1apue aauero. D1o nso6nnne
o6pa1nmx npnkynoa osnauae1, u1o paxe ecnn am 6ype1e co6npa1L cao
qneu, 1o ace paano nnorpa 6ype1e nponrpmaa1L c nnH, no ace-1akn uaue
amnrpmaa1L.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o norpannunan pyka. Oc1epera1ecL c1onoa co cnapennmHn n
6onLunHn kap1aHn. kpn nk6n1 nrpa1L 1akne pykn, kak JT. Ha 1aknx
qnonax am 6ype1e 1nny1L Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn, uaue o6munoro. Ecnn
na 1epne npnpe1 eue aane1 nnn pecn1ka, 1o aaua pyka, ckopee acero,
aoo6ue nnuero ne 6ype1 c1on1L. B a1oH npnHepe pec1ayk1 ace o6pa1nme
npnkynm ns npepmpyuero npnHepa, no 6onLune kap1m na c1one pak1
aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o pykn, ko1opmx am 6on1ecL, qak1nueckn o1cy1c1ayk1
y npo1nannkoa.
B ocnoanoH, am ponxnm npoponxa1L nrpa1L c npnkynnmH qneueH,
paxe ecnn na c1one nexa1 cnapennme kap1m. Ho ecnn na qnone
pasaopaunaae1cn neuy1ounan 1oproann, 1o nyuue cpena1L nac.
Y aac na pykax AJ, na qnon npnxopn1 K95. D1o norpannunan
pyka. Y aac 1pe1Ln no cnne na1coaan koH6nnaunn kap1, opno kap1ounm
npnkynno qneu n oaepkap1a. Y aac paa npnkyna (opnn c 1ysoH n opnn
npnkyn na qneu), no, nn opnn ns nnx ne nHee1 cepLesnmx uancoa na
no6epy. Baun npnkynnme pykn nou1n Hep1am, ecnn opnn npo1nannk nHee1
koponn, a ppyro A. C HanouncnennmHn npo1nannkaHn a nrpe, y aac ec1L
nennoxan aepon1noc1L amxn1L. Ecnn npo1nannkoa a nrpe Hnoro, 1o aennka
aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o nH na qnone npnunn nyxnme kap1m, n am 1nnn1e
Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky.
Y aac na pykax
~110 ~
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cna6an pyka. Y aac 1pe1Ln napa n cna6m opnokap1ounm
npnkynno qneu. B nrpe opnn na opnn uennoc1L aaue pykn poc1a1ouna
pnn npoponxennn nrpm. Ecnn aau npo1nannk nHee1e c1apuyk napy, 1o y
aac ec1L 11 ay1oa (pae pean1kn n pean1L 6y6en) pnn amnrpmua. Ecnn y
nero 6y6na, c1apue aaue, 1o 1orpa aaua napa uac1o 6ype1 nyuue
pyko. EHy nonapo6n1cn ypaua, u1o6m co6pa1L napy kap1 c1apue aaue n
nonyun1L 6y6ny c1apue aaue nnn co6pa1L qneu. Ecnn am po6aan1e
npo1nannkoa, 1o uennoc1L aaue pykn c1peHn1enLno ynape1. CaHoe
6onLuee, na u1o am Hoxe1e paccun1maa1L a 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH
6anke, 1ak a1o na paa ay1a, n qak1nueckn Hep1am npnkyn.
Hpukynuo c1pu1
Hpnkynno c1pn1 poaonLno cnnLno nsHennk1cn a uene. Oueanpno,
u1o payxc1oponnn c1pn1 cnnLnee pmpnaoro c1pn1a. Heko1opme pmpname
c1pn1m Hory1 6m1L ouenL cnnLnm, a 1o apeHn kak neko1opme
payxc1oponnne c1pn1m Hory1 nHe1L 1akyk nnskyk uennoc1L, u1o
npoponxa1L nx 1nny1L, 6ype1 akonoHnueckn ne amropno. Cna6me nrpokn
o6muno ne nrpak1 npnkynno c1pn1, ccmnancL na 1o, u1o a1o poporo.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o ouenL cnnLnan pyka. Y aac payxc1oponnn na1coam c1pn1, pae
oaepkap1m n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu. Hn y koro ns npo1nannkoa ne1
npnkynnoro qneua. C aoceHLk ay1aHn k na1coaoHy c1pn1y n eue uec1Lk
k c1apue nape am 6ype1e uac1o amnrpmaa1L.
Y aac na pykax JT, na qnon npnxopn1 AQ8. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Y aac ec1L paono pmpnam c1pn1, ecnn npnpe1 nk6o koponL nnn nk6an
pean1ka, 1o a1o noHoxe1 co6pa1L aaH na1coam c1pn1. Hn y koro ns
npo1nannkoa ne1 npnkynnoro qneua. Bpnp nn am amnrpae1e, ecnn
~111 ~
o6pasye1cn napa c aaunH aane1oH nnn pecn1ko. Takan pyka, ckopee
amnrpae1 c uec1Lk npo1nannkaHn, ueH c payHn.
[aono pmpnam c1pn1 xopouo aaopn1 a sa6nyxpenne aaunx
npo1nannkoa. Mnorne nrpokn, yanpea na c1one 1pe1Lk kap1y k qneuy,
cpenak1 aa1oHa1nueckn uek, no 6ypy1 pena1L 6e1, korpa am yxe co6epe1e
c1pn1. Onn ne anpn1 yrposy. ([ean1ka ne amrnnpn1 oco6enno onacno na
1akoH c1one). O6muno, am 6ype1e nonyua1L 6onLue pener o1 1oproann c
1ako pyko.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cnnLnan pyka. Y aac payxc1oponnn c1pn1 n oaepkap1a, n
o6pa1no npnkynno qneu na c1one. k6an aocLHepka, kpoHe uepaoao,
noHoxe1 co6pa1L aaH na1coam c1pn1. Ho AQ no6Le1 aaun kap1m, ecnn
npnpe1 koponL.
KpoHe 1oro, am Hoxe1e co6pa1L cao c1pn1 na 1epne, no nponrpa1L
qneuy na pnaepe. Ho cpaanennk c npepmpyunH npnHepoH, aaua
oaepkap1a pae1 aaH 6onLue ay1oa, no am nHee1e HenLue ay1oa k na1coao
koH6nnaunn kap1, n aaun kap1m ynsanHm pnn nepekyna. B o1nnune o1
npepmpyuero npnHepa, a1o1 npnkyn uyac1an1enen k pasHepy 6anka.
Y aac na pykax KJ, na qnon npnxopn1 T94. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Bau npnkynno c1pn1 nanne1cn acero nnuL pmpnamH c1pn1oH, no y aac
ec1L pae oaepkap1m n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu. BonLunnc1ao nrpokoa
nepoouennaae1 1akne pykn, kak a1a. Onn pyHak1, o6 a1o pyke, u1o ona
nHee1 acero ue1mpe ay1a, n ne cnnLnee ueH nk6an ppyran pyka c pmpnamH
c1pn1oH. Oak1nueckn, 1pn connpnmx npnkyna, pak1 aaH xopoune uancm
na no6epy.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
~112 ~
D1o cnnLnan pyka. Y aac ec1L opnokap1ounm payxc1oponnn c1pn1 n
oaepkap1a. Ha c1one kap1m 1pex pasnmx Hac1e. Bm, aepon1no, amnrpae1e
nnn nonyun1e nnuLk, ecnn na c1on npnpe1 aocLHepka. B 1o xe apeHn
koponL noHoxe1 co6pa1L aaH na1coayk koH6nnaunk kap1, o6mrpmaakue
nk6oro o6napa1enn aane1a (1ak kak y nnx a c1pn1e c1apue kap1o 6ype1
koponL, a 1o apeHn kak y aac 1ys). Hpn nonyuennn na c1on koponn, am
Hoxe1e c1a1L yuac1nnkoH 6onLuo 1oproann, oco6enno, ecnn y opnoro nnn
neckonLknx npo1nannkoa okaxe1cn aane1. Boo6ue 1o, opnokap1ounm
c1pn1, npn ko1opoH aaua a1opan kap1a Hoxe1 co6pa1L na1coayk
koH6nnaunk, c1on1 snaun1enLno popoxe, 1ak kak am nHee1e aosHoxnoc1L
nonyun1L 6onLuyk 1oproank o1 npo1nannkoa, ko1opme 1oxe co6npak1
c1pn1, no nponrpmaak1 aaue na1coao koH6nnaunn kap1. KpoHe 1oro,
ecnn npnpe1 1ys n y aac o6pasye1cn c1apuan napa, 1orpa a1oro sauac1yk
6ype1 poc1a1ouno pnn no6epm.
Y aac na pykax 87, na qnon npnxopn1 AT9. D1o norpannunan
pyka. Y aac Hnapuan uac1L payxc1oponnero c1pn1a. Lec1epka noHoxe1
co6pa1L aaH na1coayk koH6nnaunk kap1. Ho ecnn y koro-1o KQ nnn Q8, 1o
nonanenne na c1one aane1a, ne oc1aan1 o1 aac n Hokporo Hec1a. KpoHe
1oro, ecnn na 1epne na c1on npnpe1 koponL nnn paHa, 1o aaun ay1m na
aane1a ocna6eaak1. HanpnHep, ecnn na 1epne npnxopn1 Q, a na pnaepe
J, 1o nk6o npo1nannk c aocLHepko o6pasye1 c aaHn nnuLk. k6o
npo1nannk c koponeH o6mrpmaae1 aac. C payHn HenLunHn kap1aHn na
c1one y aac ouenL Hano napexpm na amnrpmu c napo. D1o1
payxc1oponnn c1pn1 cna6ee ppyrnx.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o norpannunan pyka. Y aac na1coam pmpnam c1pn1 n o6pa1no
npnkynno qneu. B nysoao nrpe y 1ako pykn poc1a1ouno cnnm, u1o6m
nocHo1pe1L 1epn. Bonee 1oro, ecnn a 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke
ace po aac cpenak1 uek, 1o aaH c1on1 sapyHa1Lcn nap 1eH, u1o6m cpena1L
6e1.
D1o penae1cn pnn 1oro, u1o6m 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa c pykaHn,
poHnnnpykunHn nap aaue pyko, cpenann 6m nac (nanpnHep, A9, JT,
QJ, ko1opme nHek1 no pae oaepkap1m). Ecnn 1akne pykn c6pocn1, 1o y aac
nonan1cn uanc amnrpa1L a1o1 6ank napo kap1.
58
_____________________________
58
Hoonu npnMep c onee noponuM oncnenneM Moxno na1n na c1panne 168 a
knnre /aana Cknanckn n Mecona ManuMy1a XoneM nokep nn onu1nux nrpokoa.
~113 ~
Y aac na pykax T3, na qnon npnxopn1 J98. D1o norpannunan
pyka. Y aac ec1L opnokap1ounm payxc1oponnn c1pn1. C 6ecnonesno
a1opo kap1o, a1a pyka ne ouenL xopoua. Hn paHa, nn ceHepka, ne
noHory1 co6pa1L aaH na1coayk koH6nnaunk kap1. Bm neuac1o 6ype1e
nponrpmaa1L, co6paa c1pn1, no uac1o 6ype1e nonyua1L nnuLk. Ecnn a
HanenLkoH 6anke okaxe1cn neckonLko nrpokoa c co6pannmHn pykaHn, 1o
aaH nyuue cpena1L nac. Bennka aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o am 6ype1e 1nny1L
npnkyn acero nnuL po nonoannm 6anka.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o cna6an pyka. Y aac Hnapuan uac1L pmpnaoro c1pn1a na
cnapennoH c1one c nepekynoH. Ecnn y nrpokoa ec1L na pykax KJ, QJ nnn
AT, 1o am 1nne1e Hep1am npnkyn. Kap1a Q, Hoxe1 pa1L koHy-nn6ypL ns
npo1nannkoa qneu, ecnn am ace-1akn co6epe1e nyuuyk pyky, nonyuna
paHy na 1epne, 1o y aac Hory1 6m1L eue npo1nannkn c 1pnncoH aane1oa n c
ouenL xopounHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn. Bm 6ype1e uaue nponrpmaa1L c
1ako pyko, paxe ecnn nonyun1e paHy.
Y aac na pykax 54, na qnon npnxopn1 T87. D1o cna6an pyka n
y aac Hnapuan uac1L pmpnaoro c1pn1a. Ecnn am noHae1e uec1epky, 1o
nk6o npo1nannk c pean1ko no6epn1 aac.
Bonumue npukynume pyku
BonLune npnkynnme pykn o6Lepnnnk1 npnkynno c1pn1 n qneu.
[axe npn nannunn ne6naronpnn1nmx o6c1on1enLc1a a1n pykn cnnLnm. C
6onLunHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn am ponxnm pena1L pes n pepes. Mnorne
ns nnx poc1panaak1cn na pnaepe 6onee ueH a 50% cnyuaea.
Y aac na pykax
na qnone npnxopn1
~114 ~
D1o Honc1p. Y aac payxc1oponnn npnkynno c1pn1 n npnkynno
qneu c payHn oaepkap1aHn. Y aac 21 ay1 pnn 1oro u1o6m co6pa1L
koH6nnaunk ns c1apue napm nnn amue! [axe 6ank c 6onLunH
konnuec1aoH ak1nanmx nrpokoa am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L 6onee ueH a 50%
cnyuaea.
Y aac na pykax 98, na qnone npnxopn1 JT4. D1o ouenL
cnnLnan pyka. Bm nHee1e npnkynno qneu n Hnapuyk uac1L
payxc1oponnero c1pn1a. [axe npn1oH, u1o paHa oc1aanne1 aaH Hnapuyk
uac1L c1pn1a, a qneu y aac ne na1coam, y aac ec1L 15 ay1oa pnn 1oro,
u1o6m amnrpmaa1L a 6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea.
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
D1o ouenL cnnLnan pyka. Y aac npnkynno na1coam qneu, pmpnam
c1pn1 n oaepkap1a. Y aac paenapua1L ay1oa na npnkynno c1pn1 n qneu, n
1pn na c1apuyk napy. Opnako, aaun ay1m na 1ysa ynsanHm co c1oponm
nrpokoa, y ko1opmx Hoxe1 6m1L 1ys c 6onLunH knkepoH. Ecnn 6ank
6onLuo, 1o aaH napo nonm1a1Lcn sac1aan1L npo1nannkoa c 1ysaHn
cpena1L nac (qopHnpyn 6ank, ko1opm am uac1o 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L).
Y aac na pykax T2, na qnon npnxopn1 J97. D1o cnnLnan pyka.
Y aac npnkynno qneu n opno kap1ounm pmpnam c1pn1. O6muno am
6ype1e amnrpmaa1L, ecnn npnpe1 uepaoaan kap1a (pexe, ecnn npnpy1 pae
uepaoamx kap1m). Eue aepon1nm nnuenme ncxopm, ecnn na c1one 6ype1
nonann1Lcn aocLHepka. Oc1epera1ecL arpeccnn co c1oponm npo1nannkoa
(oco6enno ecnn a1o nopHanLnme naccnanme nrpokn). Ecnn k1o-1o ns
npo1nannkoa yxe co6pan ce1 nnn c1pn1, 1o uennoc1L aaue pykn
yHenLuae1cn.
Xo1n ace amueynoHnny1me pykn aecLHa cnnLnm, n am ponxnm
nopnn1L 6ank na qnone na neckonLko c1aaok, oc1epera1ecL 1a1oaoro
naccnanoro nrpoka, ko1opm naune1 pena1L pesm opnoapeHenno c aaHn,
y nero Hoxe1 6m1L ce1. Bce a1n npnkynnme pykn snaun1enLno ocna6nenm,
ecnn y koro-1o ns npo1nannkoa ec1L ce1. Ce1m pepkn, n a 6onLunnc1ae
cnyuaea am ne ponxnm 6on1Lcn nx. Ho am ponxnm nepe1n na
saHepnennyk nrpy, ecnn napaanncL na opnn ns nnx.
~115 ~
3aknmveuue
Hpnkynno qneu n c1pn1 aoo6ue-1o xopoune pykn. Onn c1anoan1cn
ouenL uennmHn a nrpax npo1na nysoamx n neannHa1enLnmx npo1nannkoa.
D1n nrpokn yaennunaak1 6ank, noka am 1nne1e npnkyn, n uac1o
npoponxak1 nna1n1L, korpa am yxe co6npann pyky. B 6onLuoH n
HnorouncnennoH 6anke cnnLnme npnkynnme pykn nrpa1e arpeccnano.
Yc1panenne npo1nannkoa sauac1yk ynyuuae1 aaun uancm amnrpa1L 6ank
napo. Bm 1akxe nonyuae1e npn6mnL, ecnn ace aaun npo1nannkn penak1
konn. CnnLnme npnkynnme pykn amnrpmaak1 6onLue o6munmx pyk.
B 1o apeHn kak cnnLnme npnkynnme pykn ouenL uennm, neko1opme
npnkynnme qneun n Hnoxec1ao npnkynnmx c1pn1oa cna6m. BypL1e
oc1opoxnm c aaunHn cna6mHn n ynsanHmHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn. B
6onLunx 6ankax, nnorpa, am 6ype1e pena1L 6e1 nnn pes co cna6mHn
npnkynnmHn pykaHn, u1o6m ynyuun1L uancm na no6epy nnn npnkynn1L
6ecnna1nyk kap1y. H ne pena1e pesm co aceHn sa koHnannk. Cna6me
npnkynnme pykn no6expak1 ropaspo pexe, ueH cnnLnme. Korpa na qnone
aaH npnxopn1 npnkyn, 1o 1ua1enLno ouenn1e ero cnny:
1. Kakoaa aepon1noc1L poc1pon1L pyky n ace paano nponrpa1L?
2. Kakoaa aepon1noc1L amnrpa1L, ecnn am co6epe1e napy?
3. Kakoaa aepon1noc1L paspenn1L 6ank, ecnn am co6epe1e c1pn1?
4. Ec1L nn y aac o6pa1nm npnkyn, npnxopnun aHec1e c aaunH
rnaanmH npnkynoH?
5. C kaknH 6ankoH Bm, ckopee acero, no6epn1e? C HanenLknH 6ankoH,
nnn aaH nyxno eue npnrnaua1L nrpokoa?
Hpnkynnme pykn Hory1 6m1L ouenL npn6mnLnmHn a nrpax na nnsknx
nnHn1ax. Yun1ecL ouennaa1L nx nac1onLko 1ouno, kak n oc1anLnme aaun
cnnLnme n cna6me pykn.
~116 ~
Bonumo 6auk npo1ua
Haneuukoro 6auka
Han6onee aaxnmH qak1opoH pnn paccHo1pennn npn npnnn1nn
nk6oro peuennn a nokepe nanne1cn pasHep 6anka. Pykn a nokepe nHek1
uennoc1L, ko1opan nenocpepc1aenno saancn1 o1 pasHepa 6anka. Ecnn na
qnone aaH npnpe1 ponnL qneu, a a 6anke acero $10, 1o cpena1e 6e1 n
na6nkpa1e, kak kaxpm nrpok penae1 nac. B n1ore, aau ypnan1enLnm,
cnyuakuncn opnn pas ns 649.739 cnyuaea, papoc1nm 6e1, npnnece1
aaH acero $10. Ecnn na qnone aaH npnpe1 pmpnam c1pn1, a a 6anke
6ype1 $220, 1o aaua cna6an npnkynnan pyka 6ype1 c1on1L
npn6nnsn1enLno $20, u1o a paa pasa 6onLue, ueH cpenana pnn aac pyka
Honc1p. 1o6m npnnn1L peuenne pena1L pes, konn nnn nac, am ponxnm
sna1L uennoc1L aaue pykn. CaHoe nepaoe, u1o nyxno cpena1L pnn
onpepenennn uennoc1n pykn, a1o nocun1a1L pasHep 6anka.
Oeuka pasHepa 6auka
PasHep 6anka onpepenne1cn o1nouenneH uennoc1n 6anka k pasHepy
1ekyunx n 6ypyunx c1aaok. Bank a $100 nanne1cn 6onLunH a nrpax na
nnHn1ax $4$8 n kpoueunmH na nnHn1ax $40$80. B a1o knnre Hm
onncmaaeH pasHep 6anka a konnuec1ae c1aaok, a ne a qnukax nnn
ponnapax. Mm npepnaraeH aaH, korpa am nrpae1e, cun1a1L 6ank 1ouno
1akxe. Paccyxpennn c ncnonLsoaanneH 1epHnna c1aaka npn
onpepenennn pasHepa 6anka, nosaonn1 aaH nepeHeua1Lcn no nnHn1aH, ne
o1anekancL na nepecue1 a penLrn.
B a1o knnre Hm nnorpa paeH onpepenennm coae1 pnn nrpm npn
6onLuoH 6anke, n pasnme coae1m pnn HanenLknx 6ankoa. K
coxanennk, ne1 nnkako c1anpap1no ue1ko nnnnn, ko1opan pesko 6m
npoaena rpannuy Hexpy a1nHn payHn 1epHnnaHn. Tounm pasHep 6anka
pnn npnnn1nn npaannLnoro peuennn, o1nnuen pnn kaxpo cn1yaunn. On
saancn1 o1 uncna nrpokoa, cnnm aaue pykn, c1nnn nrpm aaunx
npo1nannkoa (nanpnHep, arpeccnanm nnn naccnanm, xn1pm nnn
npnHonnnenm) n ppyrnx napaHe1poa. Bo Hnornx paspauax, 6ank
naunnak1 cun1a1L 6onLunH, ecnn opno ns cnepykunx ycnoan aepno:
1. Ha npeqnone a 6ank aounn uec1L nrpokoa.
2. Ha npeqnone 6mn pes, n a paspaue yuac1aye1 ue1mpe n 6onee
ak1nanmx nrpoka.
3. Ha npeqnone 6mn nopLeH na 1pn c1aakn n 6onee.
4. Ho kpane Hepe, paoe ns aaunx npo1nannkoa noc1onnno poxopn1
po pnaepa.
D1n npaanna ne xec1kne n ne acerpa 1ounm. Onn paspa6o1anm
1onLko pnn 1oro, u1o6m nepepa1L noanuky o6un cHmcn, aknapmaaeHm
naHn a 1epHnn 6onLuo 6ank.
~117 ~
Oco6euuoc1u urpm npu Haneuukux 6aukax
B HanenLknx 6ankax ouenL poporo saxopn1L co cna6mHn pykaHn
paneko. Bm Hoxe1e cpena1L 6e1 c norpannunmHn pykaHn pnn 1oro, u1o6m
nonm1a1Lcn ykpac1L 6ank, no ecnn k aaH npnxopn1 pes, 1o nacy1e na
qnone neHepnenno (nnn na 1epne), ecnn ne ynyuunnncL. Ecnn npo1nannk
penae1 6e1 nnn pes, 1o am ponxnm 6m1L ouenL yaepenm, u1o y aac
nyuuan nnn cnnLnan npnkynnan pyka, pnn 1oro u1o6m cpena1L konn. D1o1
nopxop oco6enno aepen, korpa na 1epne c1aaka ypaanaae1cn. Mnorne
nysoame nrpokn noc1onnno coaepuak1 opny n 1y xe oun6ky a HanenLknx
6ankax (penak1 konn co cna6mHn pykaHn). Ecnn a HanenLkoH 6anke nepep
aaHn ac1ane1 am6op: npoponxa1L nrpy nnn nacoaa1L, 1o nacy1e.
HanpnHep, am naxopn1ecL na 6onLuoH 6nanpe n y aac na pykax
[aa nrpoka saunn nnHnoH, Hanm 6nanp konn, am uek (4 MC).
Hpnuen qnon
ko1opm pan aaH c1apuyk napy 6es knkepa. Haccnanm nrpok na HanoH
6nanpe cpenan 6e1. Bm, koneuno xe, ponxnm nacoaa1L. Y aac c1apuan
napa, no ecnn y Hanoro 6nanpa nnn y koro-1o ns oc1aaunxcn ak1nanmx
nrpokoa, 1oxe pecn1ka, 1o y aac oc1ae1cn 1onLko 1pn ay1a. Kap1m na
c1one, a neko1opo c1enenn ckooppnnnpoaanm; ec1L aepon1noc1L npnxopa
ue1mpex oaepkap1, ko1opme Hory1 o6mrpa1L aauy c1apuyk napy. [axe
ecnn aaua pyka ceuac nyuuan, 1o cyuec1aye1 ouenL Hnoro uancoa, u1o k
pnaepy aac nepe1nny1. Cpena1L nac c nyuue pyko a HanenLkoH 6anke
HenLuan oun6ka, ueH cpena1L konn c 1peHn ay1aHn.
Korpa 6ank HanenLkn, am ponxnm 6m1L 6onee npnpnpunam k caonH
cna6mH npnkynnmH pykaH. CkaxeH, am saunn nnHnoH c panne nosnunn c
JT. [aa nrpoka nocne aac 1oxe cpenann nnHn, Hanm 6nanp konn,
6onLuo 6nanp uek (5 MC). Onon Q84, pae1 aaH pmpnam c1pn1 n
o6pa1no npnkynno qneu. Manm 6nanp uek n 6onLuo 6nanp 6e1.
Baun uancm na 6ank pnn konna 6k1, no am ponxnm nacoaa1L. Ecnn 6m
am snann, u1o nocne aac ne 6ype1 pesa, 1o konn 6mn 6m akonoHnueckn
o6ocnoaan. Baua pyka nHee1 poc1a1ounyk cnny 1onLko pnn 1oro, u1o6m
nocHo1pe1L cnepykuyk kap1y acero sa opny c1aaky (uancm na 6ank 6k
1, nnkc no1enunanLnme uancm). Ecnn 6m ak1nanme nrpokn nocne aac
cpenann 6m konn, 1o aaH 6mno 6m eue amropne. K coxanennk, nk6o ns
1pex oc1aaunxcn nrpokoa Hoxe1 cpena1L pes. Hnorpa, pae 1pn c1aakn sa
aosHoxnoc1L nocHo1pe1L 1epn, nannk1cn ouenL poporo nna1o sa pnck
Co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn a HanenLkoH 6anke, am ne nHee1e
~118 ~
npaaa na oun6ky. Ecnn ace npe1 no nnany, 1o am nonyun1e HanenLkoe
aosnarpaxpenne. Ecnn k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa neoxnpanno penae1 pes,
snaun1, y nero ec1L pyka, npn ko1opo am 6ype1e 1nny1L Hep1am npnkyn,
nna1a sa oun6ky 6ype1 ouenL aennka. Hs6era1e pnckoaa1L co cna6mHn
npnkynnmHn pykaHn a HanenLkoH 6anke.
Oco6euuoc1u urpm npu 6onumux 6aukax
Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, npnHn1e Hepm k yaennuennk caoero
amnrpmua. [nn a1oro am ponxnm:
1. Hpoponxa1L nrpy c norpannunmHn pykaHn, ko1opme am 6m
am6pocnnn npn HanenLkoH 6anke.
2. HcnonLsy1e aosHoxnoc1n am6n1L npo1nannkoa, ecnn am nHee1e
ro1oayk nnn npnkynnyk pyky.
3. Hpoponxa1e 1nny1L caok npnkynnyk pyky, paxe ecnn y aac
aosnnknn nopospennn, u1o ona yxe Hep1aa.
4. aue pena1e konn na opny c1aaky na pnaepe, paxe ecnn nou1n
yaepenm, u1o aaun kap1m o6mrpmaak1.
Arpeccuauan urpa c norpauuvumHu pykaHu
HanpnHep, npepnonoxnH, u1o am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe n y aac na
pykax
e1mpe nrpoka saunn nnHnoH, n 6a11on cpenan pes. Manm 6nanp
nac. Bm konn, nnHnepm 1oxe (12.5 MC). CHo1pnH qnon
Bm penae1e uek. Bce po 6a1ona 1oxe penak1 uek, 6a11on penae1 6e1.
Bm ponxnm cpena1L pes. Y aac cpepnnn napa n o6pa1no npnkynno c1pn1.
Bm ouennaae1e caok pyky a nn1L ay1oa (aosHoxnoc1L qneua n cansannme
kap1m c1ona neckonLko nonnxae1 uennoc1L aaue pykn). [nn nn1n ay1oa,
aaH nyxen 6ank 8k1, u1o6m npoponxa1L nrpa1L. Ceuac o1nouenne
c1aakn k 6anky coc1aanne1 13k1, u1o nosaonne1, no kpane Hepe,
cpena1L konn.
Ho pes a panno cn1yaunn nyuue konna. Baua pyka ceuac Hoxe1
6m1L nyuue, ueH y nrpoka cpenaauero ne npeqnone pes. Y nero Hoxe1
6m1L 6onLuan kapHannan napa nnn AT, no on 1akxe Hoxe1 pena1L
aa1oHa1nueckn 6e1 c neynyuuennmHn oaepkap1aHn, nanpnHep, AK.
Eue 6onee aaxnmH nanne1cn 1o, u1o pes yaennunaae1 aaun uancm
na no6epy. BaH nyxno, u1o6m 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa cpenano nac. Ecnn am
~119 ~
nHee1e nyuuyk pyky a a1oH 6onLuoH 6anke, 1o ceuac nk6o nrpok c
1ako HenouLk, kak oaepkap1a, yrpoxae1 aaue nape ceHepok.
[axe 6es nyuue pykn, am ace paano xenae1e, u1o6m kak Hoxno
6onLue nrpokoa cpenann nac. Oueanpno, am 6m xo1enn, u1o6m nrpokn n c
nyuunHn pykaHn cpenann nac. Ecnn am penae1e pes, 1o nrpokn, y
ko1opmx cnnLnan ceHepka, nnn cna6an pecn1ka, nnn kapHannme aocLHepkn
nnn pean1kn, Hory1 ncnyra1Lcn, u1o aaua pyka cnnLna, n cpenak1 nac.
[axe ecnn a1o cnyuae1cn ouenL pepko, 1o ace paano, nepcnek1naa
sac1aan1L nrpoka c nyuue pyko cpena1L nac a 6onLuoH 6anke ypaunm
xop. Bm 6m xo1enn noc1ynn1L eue 6onee 1onko n sac1aan1L cpena1L nac
o6napa1ene uec1epkn nnn pean1kn. Ecnn am na ue1aep1o ynnue
noHae1e aocLHepky, penan pae napm, 1o nk6o npo1nannk c a1nHn payHn
kap1aHn nonyun1 payxc1oponnn c1pn1. C 1ako cna6o pyko, aaun
uancm na no6epy snaun1enLno yaennunaak1cn c kaxpmH am6maunH ns
1oproann nrpokoH. Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, 1o nnaec1npoaanne
pononnn1enLnmx c1aaok a 6ank, yaennunaae1 aaun uancm na no6epy.
Hpoponxeuue urpm c Hep1amHu
npukynumHu pykaHu
Hpn 6onLuoH 6anke am sauac1yk ponxnm npoponxa1L nrpy, paxe
ecnn aaun uancm na amnrpmu npepc1aannk1cn aaH HpaunmHn. Hokepnm
qonLknop roaopn1, u1o 1nny1L Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn a1o yxacnan
oun6ka. B pesynL1a1e, Hnorne aa1opm npepnarak1 nacoaa1L c npnkynnmH
c1pn1oH n qneueH, ecnn na c1one ec1L napa. Heko1opme npepnarak1
nacoaa1L paxe c npnkynnmH c1pn1oH, ecnn na c1one ec1L pae kap1m opno
Hac1n. Ha caHoH pene, a1o1 coae1 aoo6ue oun6ounm a 6onLunnc1ae
cn1yaun, oco6enno korpa 6ank 6onLuo.
Korpa am penae1e nac c xnamHn npnkynnmHn kap1aHn, am 1epne1e
npouen1m o1 6anka, ko1opm coo1ae1c1aye1 aepon1noc1n saaepuennn
aaue npnkynno pykn (n amnrpmua). Ecnn 6ank copepxn1 12 c1aaok, n
am a 30% cnyuaea co6npae1e caok npnkynnyk pyky n amnrpae1e, no ecnn
am cpenae1e nac, 1o no1epne1e ponk 6anka npn6nnsn1enLno paanyk 1peH
c1aakaH. Ecnn am penae1e konn c Hep1ao npnkynno pyko, 1o am
1epne1e opny c1aaky. Cnepoaa1enLno, 1nny1L Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky
peueane, ueH pena1L nac. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn 6ank 6onLuo, 1o am
ponxnm 6m1L a neko1opo c1enenn yaepenm, u1o 1nne1e Hep1ayk
npnkynnyk pyky, nepep 1eH kak cpenae1e nac. Ha6nkpenne sa cnnLnmHn
c1aakaHn npo1nannkoa, ne nanne1cn poc1a1ounmH canpe1enLc1aoH. Ecnn
na c1one nexn1 napa kap1, 1o nrpok penae1 cnnLnme c1aakn ckopee ns-sa
1oro, u1o on co6pan 1pnnc, a ne qynn-xayc. [nn 1oro u1o6m cpena1L nac,
aaH nyxno pononnn1enLnoe, oco6oe canpe1enLc1ao, u1o npo1nannk co6pan
qynn-xayc. Bes 1akoro canpe1enLc1aa, pena1L nac c npnkynnmH qneueH
npn 6onLuoH 6anke 1onLko no1oHy, u1o na c1one ec1L napa, nanne1cn
oun6ko.
HanpnHep, am a cpepne nosnunn n y aac na pykax
~120 ~
[aa nrpoka saunn nnHnoH, am penae1e nnHn n 6a11on 1oxe penae1
nnHn. Manm 6nanp penae1 pes. BonLuo 6nanp n ace nnHnepm
penak1 konn (12 MC). CHo1pnH qnon, na qnon npnxopn1
On pan aaH npnkynno na1coam qneu n oaepkap1y. Manm 6nanp
penae1 6e1. BonLuo 6nanp nac, o6a nnHnepa penak1 konn. Bm penae1e
pes. Ba11on penae1 nac n Hanm 6nanp pepes. O6a nnHnepa penak1
konn, am 1oxe penae1e konn (12 BC).
59
Ha 1epn npnxopn1 J, o6pasyn
napy na c1one. Manm 6nanp penae1 6e1 n nepam nnHnep ceuac penae1
pes. B1opo nnHnep penae1 nac (15 BC).
D1o1 6onLuo 6ank nacun1maae1 15 6onLunx c1aaok. BaH nyxno
o1aeua1L payHn c1aakaHn, u1o coc1aanne1 7.5k1 pnn konna. Ha c1one
nexn1 pae napm, 1aknH o6pasoH, Bm, aepon1no, 6ype1e 1nny1L Hep1ayk
npnkynnyk pyky. Ho am ponxnm pena1L konn. O6muno, pesep 6ype1
nHe1L ne 6onLue, ueH 1pn aane1a, n am 6ype1e 1nny1L xnayk npnkynnyk
pyky. Tak kak 6ank ouenL 6onLuo, am ponxnm 6m1L a6conk1no yaepenm,
u1o 1nne1e Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky, u1o6m npnnn1L peuenne cpena1L
nac. Hcxopn ns 1oro, u1o nnkako aosHoxnoc1n y6epn1Lcn a a1oH, ne1, am
ponxnm pena1L konn.
O6pa1n1e annHanne, u1o ecnn am co6epe1e qneu, n aaua pyka 6ype1
nyuue, 1o na pnaepe am ponxnm co6pa1L eue opny 6onLuyk c1aaky. D1o
koHnencnpye1 1e cnyuan, korpa opnn ns aaunx npo1nannkoa 6ype1 pena1L
pepes na 1epne.
HpoponxaeH paccHa1pnaa1L a1o1 npnHep, am penae1e konn n Hanm
6nanp konn (18 BC). Ha pnaepe npnxopn1 6, co6npan aaH qneu, n
o6pasyn a1opyk napy na c1one. Manm 6nanp penae1 uek n nrpok,
ko1opm na 1epne penan pes, penae1 6e1. Han6onee aepon1nan pyka,
ko1opyk on nonyunn na 1epne a1o 1pn aane1a. TaknH o6pasoH, co6pannm
aaHn qneu 6ecnonesen, ecnn am npaannLno npoun1ann npo1nannka, n on
na pnaepe co6pan cao qynn-xayc. TeH ne Henee, am acerpa ponxnm
pena1L konn pasHepoH a opny c1aaky, a 1akoH rpoHapnoH 6anke,
coc1onueH ns 19 6onLunx c1aaok. On Hoxe1 nHe1L aane1oa, no on Hoxe1
nHe1L n npoc1o 6onLuyk kapHannyk napy. On Hor pena1L pes na 1epne c
npnkynnmH qneueH. A Hoxe1, 6onLuo 6ank cnpoaounpoaan ero na 6neq.
Hn opnn ns a1nx cuenapnea, ckopee acero ne nop1aeppn1cn, no a1o
_____________________________
59
Ee onn pes, ocoenno, ecnn a1o kan, 1oxe nanne1cn cnnunuM ec1aneM. Bu
naxon1ecu a xopome nosnnn n y aac cnnunan npnkynnan pyka, n 1pn nrpoka enaamnx
konn. Bam pes yaennunaae1 ank n ae1 aosMoxnoc1u npnkynn1u ecnna1no kap1y na
ue1aep1o ynne.
~121 ~
npekpacno. Ecnn am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L acero nnuL a 5% cnyuaea, 1o
nonyun1e HanenLkyk npn6mnL. Hou1n neaosHoxno npoun1a1L qynn-xayc y
npo1nannka c 95% aepon1noc1Lk. He pena1e nac a 6onLuoH 6anke ns-sa
opno c1aakn na pnaepe, ecnn ec1L ne6onLuo uanc, u1o am amnrpae1e.
3aknmveuue
Hpn nrpe c HanenLknH 6ankoH cyuec1aye1 1enpenunn k 1oHy, u1o6m
nacoaa1L c norpannunmHn n cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn, 1nna Hnapue
napm nnn pmpnaoro c1pn1a. Bm Hoxe1e pena1L opnn 6e1 co cna6mHn
pykaHn nnn npoc1o o1aeua1L konnoH c cnnLnmHn pykaHn. Ho ne pena1e
konn co cna6mHn pykaHn.
B nysoao nrpe, 6onLunnc1ao pener, ko1opme am penae1e a
HanenLkoH 6anke, npnxopn1 o1 nrpokoa, ko1opme o1aeuak1 konnoH na
aaun c1aakn nnn co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn nnn co a1opocop1nmHn pykaHn.
Ypoc1oaepL1ecL, u1o am ne ynyckae1e a1n c1aakn.
B 6onLunx 6ankax nrpa1e norpannunme n npnkynnme pykn
arpeccnano. [ena1e konn kak Hoxno uaue, paxe ecnn aaun uancm na
no6epy HnnnHanLnm. B nysoao nrpe, 6onLunnc1ao pener, ko1opme am
penae1e a 6onLuoH 6anke, npnxopn1 o1 npo1nannkoa, penakunx nac a
o1ae1 na aauy arpeccnanyk nrpy. Oun6ounm nac c xnamHn npnkynnmHn
pykaHn c1on1 ouenL poporo. Cpena1L nac na pnaepe a 6onLuoH 6anke a1o
epnnc1aennan xypuan oun6ka, ko1opyk am Hoxe1e cpena1L.
~122 ~
3au1a aame pyku
CaHan poporoc1onuan oun6ka, ko1opyk am Hoxe1e coaepun1L a1o
cpena1L nac c pyko, ko1opan nHee1 cnnLnm uanc amnrpa1L 6onLuo
6ank. Korpa am coaepuae1e a1y oun6ky, 1o 1eope1nueckn ona c1on1 aaH
6onLuyk uac1L 6anka, a a1o ouenL poporo. HanpnHep, y aac ec1L 40%
uanc na 1o, u1o am amnrpae1e 6ank, a ko1opoH 10 c1aaok. BaH nyxno
ypaann1Lcn c opno c1aako, no am penae1e nac. Bm noxapnnuann
sanna1n1L opny c1aaky n no1epnnn a n1ore 6onee 1pex c1aaok, no1oHy u1o
c1onHoc1L aauero konna coc1aanne1 3.4 c1aakn (4 c1aakn, ko1opme
coc1aannk1 40% o1 pasHepa 6anka Hnnyc uac1L c1aakn, am coxpannnn,
o1kasaauncL o1 konna). Cpaann1e, ckonLko am nna1n1e npn oun6ounoH
konne, c 1eH, ckonLko am oc1aan1e a 6anke, ecnn cpenae1e nac. [axe 6es
napexpm na no6epy, c1onHoc1L konna o6ope1cn aaH caHoe 6onLuee a
opny c1aaky.
Oak1nueckn, 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa na nnsknx nnHn1ax, pepko
coaepuak1 a1y oun6ky. B 6onLuoH 6anke 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa
nnc1nnk1nano poxopn1 co caonHn npnnnunmHn n npnkynnmHn pykaHn po
ackpm1nn. TonLko nrpokn, nonarakune u1o 6onLuo nac nanne1cn
npnsnakoH onm1no nrpm, coaepuak1 a1y oun6ky. Onn o6peuenm co
apeHeneH, sapa1L ce6e aonpoc, noueHy n npoponxak nponrpmaa1L, ecnn n
nrpak kak akcnep1.
[pyran oun6ka, ne Henee poporoc1onuan. Ona nac1onLko o6uan,
u1o am 6ype1e anpe1L, kak k1o-1o coaepuae1 ee nou1n na kaxpo pyke a
nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax. D1a oun6ka saknkuae1cn a neyMennn san1n1u
cnnunue pykn a onumoM n MnorouncnennoM anke.
[nn 1oro u1o6m saun1n1L caok pyky, am ponxnm pena1L 6e1 nnn
pes. Bau 6e1 ponxen amnypn1L nrpokoa co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn
peua1L, u1o onn am6epy1: nac nnn nepen1a6enLnm konn. k6o nrpok,
penakun nepen1a6enLnm konn co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn, penae1
a1o ce6e ao apep.
60
B a1oH npnHepe, am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe n y aac na pykax
[aa nrpoka saunn nnHnoH, Hanm 6nanp ypaannn, am penae1e uek
(4 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
_____________________________
60
Kora konn npo1nannka ne1 eMy ao ape, aaM, o1 on ne1 na nonusy. Hnora
npo1nannk Moxe1 cena1u nepen1aenunu konn, ko1opu n aaM ye1 c1on1u ener, a
a1oM cnyuae auroy nsaneue1 1pe1n nrpok. B1a, o1nocn1enuno nec1anap1nan cn1yann
ne onxna cnnuno sa1pony1u aamy oyk c1pa1ernk. /axe kora aam npo1nannk
no1peye1 c aac enurn na konn, au onxnu sana1u caok pyky pesoM. Bu no1epne1e
enurn na nnnno nc1annn, ecnn nosaonn1e eMy ena1u konn 1onuko sa ony c1aaky.
~123 ~
Manm 6nanp penae1 uek, n am penae1e 6e1. Ecnn nrpok,
cnepykun nocne aac, pepxn1 a caoe pyke
1o aau 6e1, saunuae1 aauy pyky. On Hoxe1 am6pa1L nac nnn konn. Ecnn
on penae1 nac, 1o aaun uancm amnrpa1L 6ank yaennunaak1cn. Bm 1enepL
amnrpae1e naaepnnka, paxe ecnn npnpe1 uec1epka.
Ecnn on am6npae1 konn, 1o on nna1n1 opny c1aaky sa 1o, u1o6m
amnrpa1L nn1L c1aaok (pasHep 6anka) nnkc nk6me pononnn1enLnme
c1aakn, ko1opme on naco6npae1 na nocnepykunx kpyrax 1oproann. Ho, 1ak
kak ero uancm na 6ank 10k1, u1o6m poxpa1Lcn uec1epkn na 1epne, 1o,
penan konn, on, 1epne1 caon penLrn. Bau npo1nannk naxopn1cn a
cn1yaunn, korpa on Hoxe1 nponrpa1L Hnoro nnn neHnoro. HesaancnHo
o11oro, kakoe peuenne on am6epe1, on ace paano nponrpae1. 3aun1a
aaue pykn a1o nckycc1ao c1aan1L aaunx npo1nannkoa a 1akne cn1yaunn.
Hnorpa, npoc1o cpena1L 6e1 6ype1 nepoc1a1ouno, n aaH npnpe1cn
ycnnenno nopa6o1a1L, u1o6m saun1n1L caok pyky.
HpepnonoxnH, u1o am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe n y aac na pykax KT.
[aa nrpoka saxopn1 nnHnoH, n nrpok na 6a11one penae1 pes. Manm
6nanp nacye1. Bm penae1e konn, paa nnHnepa 1oxe (8.5 MC). Onon 1o1
xe K75. Bm penae1e 6e1. Hrpok c 98 1enepL Hoxe1 npnnnHa1L
pasnme peuennn. B 6anke 1enepL 9.5 c1aaok aHec1o nn1n. Y nero ace eue
10k1, u1o6m poxpa1Lcn uec1epkn, no ero cn1yaunn snaun1enLno
ynyuunnacL. Ecnn on penae1 konn n nonyuae1 caok uec1epky, 1o on
naaepnnka amnrpae1 6ank. On Hoxe1 1akxe asn1L c aac eue pae-1pn
6onLune c1aakn (nnkc, aosHoxno, neckonLko c1aaok c ppyrnx nrpokoa),
npexpe ueH am noHe1e, u1o on nepe1nnyn aac. Ecnn on co6epe1 caok
pyky, 1o on eue Hoxe1 oxnpa1L amnrpa1L 9.5 c1aaok 6anka nnkc, kak
HnnnHyH, eue ue1mpe (pae ypaoennmx Hanmx c1aakn) o1 aac na ue1aep1o
n nn1o ynnue. Y nero ec1L uanc 10k1, u1o6m poxpa1Lcn caoe kap1m,
no on amnrpae1 HnnnHyH 13 c1aaok sa caok nnaec1nunk a opny c1aaky,
ecnn on okaxe1cn ypaunnamH. B pannoH cnyuae, ero konn nanne1cn
pen1a6enLnmH n aau 6e1 ne saunuae1 aauy pyky.
[nn 1oro u1o6m saun1n1L caok pyky a 1ako cn1yaunn, aaH napo
nrpa1L 6onee 1onko. Hrpok na 6a11one penan pes na npeqnone. Tako
nrpok o6muno 6ype1 pena1L 6e1 na 1akoH paanoH qnone kak a1o1. Mnorne
nrpokn 6ypy1 pena1L 6e1 aa1oHa1nueckn c nk6o pyko, n o1cy1c1ane y
nnx koponn ne 6ype1 nH noHexo. Bm Hoxe1e ncnonLsoaa1L a1y
1enpenunk, u1o6m saun1n1L caok pyky. Ecnn am penae1e uek, n o6a
nnHnepa penak1 uek, 6a11on, ckopee acero, cpenae1 6e1. H ao1 1enepL am
~124 ~
penae1e pes. [nn 1oro, u1o 6m nocHo1pe1L ue1aep1yk ynnuy, nrpok c
98 okasmaae1cn nepep am6opoH: pena1L nac nnn konn, 1ak kak eHy yxe
npnpe1cn o1aeua1L na pae c1aakn. Tak kak a 6anke 11.5 c1aaok, a eHy pnn
konna nyxno anec1n a 6ank pae c1aakn, 1o ero konn cnoaa c1anoan1cn
nepen1a6enLnmH pnn nero. ek-pes uac1o sanae1 aamy pyky, kora
npoc1o e1 c a1nM yxe ne cnpaanne1cn.
Omu6ovum konn
Heypaunan saun1a aaue pykn, a1o nou1n acerpa oun6ka. D1o
nponcxopn1, korpa npo1nannk nHee1 aosHoxnoc1L 1nny1L caok npnkynnyk
pyky c npn6mnLk, aHec1o 1oro, u1o6m cpena1L nac (nnn nna1n1L cnnukoH
Hnoro sa caok npnkynnyk pyky). Hnorpa on 6ype1 nepe1nrnaa1L aac.
Korpa a1o 6ype1 nponcxopn1L, 1o am 6ype1e 1epn1L uenm 6ank, ko1opm
ponxen 6mn 6m1L aaunH. Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, 1akan no1epn amrnnpn1
paspyun1enLno. eH 6onLue a 6anke ak1nanmx nrpokoa, 1eH 6onLue am
yaennunaae1e caok oun6ky, 1ak kak uac1o nosaonne1e 1nny1L caon
npnkynnme pykn payH nnn 1peH npo1nannkaH aHec1o opnoro.
Hcxopn ns 1oro, u1o neypaunan saun1a aaue pykn, nanne1cn
snakoao oun6ko pnn 6onLunx n Hnorouncnennmx 6ankoa, 1o,
cnepoaa1enLno, aaua nrpa na qnone ponxna 6m1L ouenL arpeccnano.
Korpa nrpok naunnae1 npepyrapmaa1L aaun npaannLnme 6e1m, 1o am
ponxnm naunna1L nrpa1L 1onLko pes nnn nac. Ecnn aaua pyka ouenL
cnnLna, u1o6m pena1L nac, pena1e pes. [ena1L konn nou1n acerpa
oun6ouno, 1ak kak am 6ypn1e ne a coc1onnnn saun1n1L aauy pyky.
61
HanpnHep, am na HanoH 6nanpe, a nysoao nrpe, na nnHn1e $4$8.
Y aac na pykax
Lec1L nrpokoa axopn1 nnHnoH, am penae1e konn a $2, 6onLuo
6nanp uek (8 MC).
CHo1pnH qnon
_____________________________
61
Hpeoc1aanenne aamnM npo1nannkaM emeaoro manca nn au1nrnaannn nx npnkynnux
pyk a ManenukoM anke, ooe1cn aaM ne 1ak yx n oporo. Kora a anke naxon1cn,
1pn nnn ue1upe ak1nanux nrpoka n ne uno pesoa na npeqnone, 1o au nnora onxnu
ena1u konn. Mu ne yeM anume ocyxa1u a1o1 cenapn, 1ak kak a nysoaux nrpax na
nnsknx nnMn1ax on cnyuae1cn peko. Opa1n1ecu k c1panne 93 a knnre XoneM nokep
nn onu1nux nrpokoa /aana Cknanckn n Mecona ManuMy1a, nn 1oro, u1ou onee
nopono osnakoMn1ucn c 1akn cenapneM. Ec1u 1akxe ee aa aaxnux ncknkuennn:
1. Y aac Manenukn npnkynno c1pn1 nnn qnem es oaepkap1. B annoM cnyuae aaM
ne nyxno sana1u caok pyky, 1ak kak aamn mancu na noey saknkuak1cn
1onuko a aosMoxnoc1n copa1u caok npnkynnyk pyky. Hpn pyroM pasan1nn
cou1n au ye1e a ocnoanoM nponrpuaa1u.
2. Eank nac1onuko orpoMen, u1o pes na qnone, ropaso Menee aqqek1naen, ueM
pes na ue1aep1o ynne. CMo1pn1e pasen Kora ank upesauuano onumo
nnxe a a1o uac1n.
~125 ~
Y aac c1apuan napa co cna6mH knkepoH. Bm penae1e uek, napencL na
1o, u1o nocnepykuan 1oproann nokaxe1 aaH, kak aennka aepon1noc1L
1oro, u1o aaua pyka nyuue. Bce po 6a11ona penak1 uek, 6a11on penae1 6e1
(9 MC).
OuenL aepon1no, u1o aaua pyka ceuac nyuuan. Ecnn 6m xo1n 6m y
opnoro ns nnHnepoa 6mna 6m paHa c nyuunH knkepoH, ckaxeH QJ nnn QT,
1o on 6m cpenan 6e1. Ba11on 1oxe Hoxe1 nHe1L nopo6nyk pyky, no on co
caoe nosnunn npn 1ako 1oproane uac1o 6ype1 pena1L 6e1 n co cna6mHn
pykaHn. On sanpoc1o ceuac Hoxe1 nHe1L n kapHannme pean1kn, n
A8. Oak1nueckn y nero Hoxe1 6m1L eue 6onee xypuan pyka. Mnorne
nrpokn a 1ako cn1yaunn 6ypy1 pena1L 6e1, co6paa napy paoek, nnn nHen
pmpnam c1pn1, nnn ne nHen aoo6ue nnuero.
Ceuac a 6anke pean1L c1aaok. Bm onpepennnn, u1o aaua pyka
ceuac aosHoxno caHan nyuuan, n nac a1o ne aau am6op. AnL1epna1nao
nacy nanne1cn npoponxenne yuac1nn a posmrpmue pykn. Bm ponxnm
pena1L pes. 3a aaHn uec1L nrpokoa, y ko1opmx cna6me npnkynnme pykn.
Y nnx Hoxe1 6m1L aocLHepka nnn paoka (5 ay1oa), nnn pmpnam c1pn1 (4
ay1a). Bau konn ne cHoxe1 saun1n1L aauy pyky o1 a1nx npnkynnmx pyk.
Hnorpa, y 6a11ona 6ype1 knkep c1apue aauero. Hnorpa, opnn ns
nrpokoa, cpenaaunx uek na qnone, saHann1 aac a noayuky. B 1aknx
cnyuanx am Hornn 6m coxane1L, o caoe nonm1ke pesoH cnac1n c1aaky.
Ho acerpa noHnn1e, kak am ponxnm saunua1L caok pyky: [ena1e pes,
korpa am ponxnm cpena1L konn, a1o 6ype1 c1on1L aaH opny c1aaky.
[ena1e konn, korpa am ponxnm pena1L pes, opnako, a1o Hoxe1 aaH
c1on1L uenoro 6anka. OuenL npoc1o sanna1n1L opny pononnn1enLnyk
c1aaky n nocne a1oro am Hoxe1e sa6pa1L uenm cnyuanm 6ank.
3au1a npukynumx pyk u nokynka ay1oa
Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, am ponxnm nac1ounao saunua1L aaun
cnnLnme npnkynnme pykn, oco6enno aaun npnkynnme qneun n c1pn1m c
oaepkap1aHn. Bm xo1n1e no6epn1L, ecnn y aac o6pasye1cn napa. Baua
napa 6ype1 nHe1L ropaspo 6onLue uancoa, no6epn1L na pnaepe, ecnn am
amnypn1e koro-1o c6pocn1L cna6me npnkynnme pykn na qnone.
HanpnHep, am a cpepne nosnunn n y aac na pykax
[aa nrpoka saunn nnHnoH, am 1oxe penae1e nnHn. Opnn nrpok
nocne aac 1oxe penae1 nnHn, nrpok na 6a11one penae1 pes. BonLuo
6nanp n ace nnHnepm, aknkuan aac, penak1 konn (12.5 MC). Ha qnon
npnxopn1
~126 ~
Onon pan aaH npnkynno na1coam qneu n pae oaepkap1m. BonLuo
6nanp penae1 uek, nepam nnHnep penae1 6e1, a1opo nnHnep penae1
konn (14.5 MC). Bm ponxnm pena1L pes.
Bau pes yaennun1 6ank, ecnn paa nnn 6onee npo1nannkoa cpenak1
konn. C payHn oaepkap1aHn n npnkynnmH qneueH y aac ec1L 15 ay1oa,
u1o6m ynyuun1Lcn po c1apue napm nnn na1coaoro qneua. Hpo1na payx
npo1nannkoa, am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L a 1 ns 3 cnyuaea, noa1oHy am
ponxnm pena1L penLrn na pononnn1enLnmx c1aakax, ko1opme npo1nannkn
6ypy1 anocn1L caonHn konnaHn.
Xo1n am n ne aospaxae1e npo1na konepoa, yaennunaakunx 6ank, am
ace-1akn npepnoun1ae1e, u1o6m npo1nannkn nacoaann. Ecnn na 1epne
npnpe1 pean1ka, 1o am 6ype1e papoaa1Lcn, u1o konnuec1ao npo1nannkoa
yHenLunnocL. B a1oH cnyuae, c 1ako c1apue napo, y aac uaue 6ype1
nyuuan pyka. HecHo1pn na 1o, u1o aaua napa pean1ok nerko ynsanHa.
Ecnn na nn1o ynnue npnpe1 kap1a HenLue pean1kn, 1o aaua napa
pean1ok, ckopee acero, amnrpae1 6ank.
Ecnn aHec1o pean1kn npnpe1 1ys, 1o aosHoxnoc1L nepe1nny1L aac na
pnaepe cepLesno yHenLun1cn. Ho aaua aepon1noc1L nonyun1L nyuuyk
pyky 1oxe yHenLuae1cn, ecnn konnuec1ao npo1nannkoa a 6anke ne
cokpa1n1cn. K1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa Hoxe1 pepxa1L c1apuero 1ysa (pesep
na npeqnone sanpoc1o Hoxe1 nHe1L 1akoro), nnn co6pa1L pae napm,
nanpnHep c pykaHn A4 nnn A2. BaH nyxno, u1o6m ace nrpokn c a1nHn
pykaHn cpenann nac. HanpnHep, ecnn aau pes na npeqnone, sac1aan1
nrpoka c AK cpena1L nac, 1o am nonyun1e paa ay1a (oc1aaunecn 1ysm).
Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, nnaec1npy1e penLrn a pononnn1enLnyk c1aaky,
ecnn ona noHoxe1 aaH kynn1L ononnn1enunue ay1u.
D1o ouenL aaxnoe nonn1ne. Mnorne nrpokn nooupnk1 caonx
npo1nannkoa oc1aaa1Lcn a 6anke, ne o6pauan annHannn nn na u1o, noka
1nny1 caok npnkynnyk pyky. Onn nonarak1, u1o yaennua1, 1aknH o6pasoH,
cao amnrpmu, korpa poc1pon1 caok pyky. Onn ne xo1n1 no1epn1L nn
opnoro knnen1a. Onn npaam a 1oH cnyuae, korpa yxe nonyunnn na1coam
qneu n 1orpa a 6anke npepnou1n1enLno nHe1L 6onLue npo1nannkoa. Ho
onn sa6maak1, u1o qneu Hoxe1 n ne co6pa1Lcn, opnako, onn Hory1
ynyuun1Lcn opno nnn payHn napaHn. C 1ako pyko am 6ype1e
no6expa1L ropaspo uaue, ecnn a 6anke 6ype1 ouenL Hano npo1nannkoa.
Takxe, am ponxnm 6ype1e nnorpa pena1L pes, korpa aaua
npnkynnan pyka ne nac1onLko cnnLna, kak a npepmpyueH npnHepe. [axe
ecnn aau pes ne 6ype1 nanpaanen na yaennuenne 6anka n yaennuenne
aaunx uancoa na no6epy, a pac1 acero nnuL neckonLko npouen1oa pnn
1oro, u1o6m oc1aaa1Lcn npn6mnLnmH. HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n y aac na
pykax KQ. Tpn nrpoka saunn nnHnoH, am penae1e pes. O6a 6nanpa n
1pn nnHnepa cpenann konn (12 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1 T94. Y aac pae
oaepkap1m, pmpnam na1coam c1pn1 n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu. Bce
~127 ~
cpenann uek po nrpoka, naxopnuerocn cnpaaa o1 aac, ko1opm cpenan 6e1
(13 MC). BaH cnoaa nyxno pena1L pes. Y aac 4 ay1a k na1coao
koH6nnaunn, 6 ay1oa k c1apue nape n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu. Ecnn
aau pes ne yaennun1 6ank, 1o aaun 1pn cna6mx npnkyna aHec1e, pak1
aaH npnnnunm uanc co6pa1L nyuuyk pyky, npn nrpe opnn na opnn. Tak
kak 6ank 6onLuo, am ponxnm saunua1L cao npnkyn k oaepkap1aH
pesoH.
Korpa aaH npnxopn1 npnkyn k 6onLuo pyke (npnkynno na1coam
c1pn1 nnn qneu), 1o pasHep 6anka nokasmaae1 aaH, kak am ponxnm
pasmrpmaa1L ero. Korpa 6ank HanenLkn, 1o am ns6erae1e yc1pann1L
npo1nannkoa. Bm nonyuae1e 6onLue poxopa o1 npo1nannkoa, ko1opme
onnaunaak1 aaH caon a1opocop1nme pykn, noHnHo 1ex pener, ko1opme yxe
nonoxenm a 6ank. B 6onLuoH 6anke, ynyuuenne aaunx uancoa na
no6epy, nanne1cn 6onee npn6mnLnmH. 3aunua1e ynsanHme ay1m a
6onLunx 6ankax.
Korpa pes ue sauae1 aamy pyky
Hnorpa, pes na qnone ne 6ype1 saunua1L aauy pyky. Korpa 1akne
cn1yaunn nponcxopn1, 1o aaH oc1ae1cn 1onLko pena1L konn na qnone. Bm
nnannpye1e sann1Lcn saun1o caoe pykn 6e1oH nnn pesoH na 1epne,
ecnn na neH npnpe1 6esonacnan kap1a. O6muno a1o nponcxopn1, korpa
6ank 6onLuo, a kap1a, npnxopnuan na ue1aep1o ynnue Hoxe1 nanec1n
6onLuo apep aaue pyke. HanpnHep, am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe n y aac na
pykax
[aa nrpoka axopn1 nnHnoH, k1o-1o co cpepne nosnunn penae1 pes.
Ba11on penae1 xonopnm konn, Hanm 6nanp nac, am konn. nHnepm
1oxe konn (10.5 MC). CHo1pnH qnon
Bm nonyunnn pae Hnapunx napm. Bm penae1e uek n ace po pesepa
uek, pesep penae1 6e1. Ba11on penae1 konn (12.5 MC). Ceuac am
ponxnm pena1L konn.
BonLuo cansannm qnon 6ype1 paaa1L HnornH nrpokaH npnkyn.
Ecnn am ceuac cpenae1e pes, 1o opnn nnn o6a nnHnepa a nk6oH cnyuae
o1ae1n1 aaH, n na 1epne am ace paano 6ype1e nrpa1L npo1na ue1mpex nnn
nn1n npo1nannkoa. KpoHe 1oro, cnna aaue pykn nesnaun1enLna
(norpannunan pyka), no1oHy u1o paHa, aane1 nnn pean1ka Hory1 nanec1n
aaH cokpyun1enLnm ypap, nk6an uepaoaan kap1a Hoxe1 cpena1L 1o xe.
Tys nnn koponL, 1oxe nnox pnn aac, 1ak kak onn Hory1 pa1L nrpoky,
cpenaaueHy na npeqnone pes, pae c1apune napm nnn napy n npnkynno
~128 ~
c1pn1.
yuun nnan saknkuae1cn a 1oH, u1o6m cpena1L ceuac konn a
napexpe na 6esonacnyk kap1y na 1epne. Ecnn na ue1aep1o ynnue npnpe1
nyc1muka, 1o nepeknkuaeHcn na c1pa1ernk uek-pes. Ecnn 1epn paspyun1
aauy pyky, 1o aaH oc1ane1cn cpena1L 1onLko uek nnn nac (xo1n, nnorpa am
cHoxe1e pena1L konn, a saancnHoc1n o1 onpepenenno kap1m, 1oproann n
pasHepa 6anka). B nk6oH cnyuae, ceuac aaunH npaannLnmH peuenneH
6ype1 konn na qnone. Korpa npnpe1 6esonacnan kap1a, aaun npo1nannkn
ne 6ypy1 oxnpa1L o1 aac uek-pesa, a a1oH cnyuae aaH nyxno 6ype1
nokasa1L arpeccnk. Ho ecnn o6c1on1enLc1aa cnoxa1cn 1aknH o6pasoH (na
1epne npnpe1 onacnan pnn aac kap1a), u1o aaH oc1ane1cn cpena1L 1onLko
uek nnn nac, 1o am nponrpae1e HenLue. C ouenL ynsanHo pyko, ko1opan
Hoxe1 uac1o paspyua1Lcn na 1epne, n ko1opyk am ne Hoxe1e nerko
saun1n1L, aaH sauac1yk npnpe1cn xpa1L, u1o6m cpena1L pes. Ec1L eue
paa c1anpap1nmx cuenapnn, npn ko1opmx pes na qnone ne cHoxe1
saun1n1L aauy pyky. B a1nx cn1yaunnx aaH 1oxe npnpe1cn poxnpa1Lcn
1epna:
1. Korpa na qnone nepam nrpok cneaa o1 aac penae1 6e1.
2. Korpa 6ank ouenL 6onLuo.
Korpa ua qnone nepam urpok
cneaa o1 aac penae1 6e1
Bm na 6a11one n y aac na pykax
[aa nrpoka axopn1 nnHnoH, n am penae1e pes. O6a 6nanpa n
nnHnepm konn (10 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
Manm 6nanp penae1 6e1. BonLuo 6nanp penae1 nac, no o6a
nnHnepa konn (13 MC). Bank 6onLuo n aaua pyka ynsanHa. Bm 6m
xo1enn saun1n1L pyky. Ho ecnn am cpenae1e pes, 1o a 6anke 6ype1 15
c1aaok, npn1oH, u1o npo1nannkaH aosapauae1cn 1onLko opna c1aaka.
Honyuna uancm 15k1, konnm o1 acex 1pex aaunx npo1nannkoa,
naaepnnka 6ypy1 akonoHnueckn o6ocnoaanm. k6o npnkynno c1pn1,
oaepkap1m, napa, co6pannan na qnone, npnkynno qneu Hory1 pena1L
konn sa opny c1aaky c npn6mnLk.
[axe ecnn Hanm 6nanp cpenae1 pepes, n nopnnHe1 po 1pex
c1aaok, 1o am ace paano eue a onacnoc1n. B a1oH cnyuae nnHnepm ponxnm
6ypy1 pena1L konn payx c1aaok, no n 6ank yxe 6ype1 17 MC. HHen uancm
8.5k1, y nnHnepoa 6ypy1 akonoHnueckn o6ocnoaannme konnm na
~129 ~
Hnorouncnennmx cna6mx npnkynnmx pykax. A ecnn y Hanoro 6nanpa eue
n cnnLnan pyka, 1o am Hoxe1e okasa1Lcn paneko nosapn.
Tak kak pes nnueH ne noHoxe1, pnn saun1m aaue pykn, 1o aaH
oc1ae1cn 1onLko cpena1L konn. Ecnn na 1epne npnpe1 nnoxan kap1a
(oaepkap1a, nnkoaan kap1a nnn kap1a pnn c1pn1a), 1o aaH npnpe1cn nrpa1L
oc1anLnyk uac1L paspaun oc1opoxno. Ecnn na 1epne npnpe1 6esonacnan
kap1a, nopyHa1e o pese. Baua pyka, ckopee acero, amxnae1 1onLko c
opno npnxopnue kap1o. Hoa1oHy, ypaoennm pasHep c1aakn na 1epne,
penae1 aau pes 6onee aqqek1nanmH.
Korpa 6auk oveuu 6onumo
HpepnonoxnH, am a cpepne nosnunn n y aac na pykax
[aa nrpoka saunn nnHnoH, n nrpok cnpaaa o1 aac cpenan pes. Bm
pepes. Ba11on xonopnm konn na 1pn c1aakn, 6nanpm nac, nnHnepm
konn. TenepL, nrpok cnpnun cnpaaa o1 aac, penae1 ue1aep1yk c1aaky,
ko1opan nasmaae1cn kan. Bce penak1 konn (21.5 MC).
Ha qnon npnxopn1
Bce po nrpoka, cpenaauero na npeqnone kan, penak1 uek, on penae1
6e1. Bm penae1e pes. Bce penak1 konn (15.5 BC). Ha 1epn npnxopn1 2.
Bce aaun npo1nannkn penak1 uek, am 6e1. Bce penak1 konn (20.5 BC). Ha
pnaep npnxopn1 8. Baun npo1nannkn onn1L penak1 uek. HecHo1pn na
onacnm pnaep, am penae1e 6e1, no1oHy u1o a 1akoH 6anke ace
npo1nannkn 6ypy1 pena1L konn, c ueH nonano. Ba11on penae1 pes. Bce po
aac penak1 nac. Bm penae1e konn. Ba11on nokasmaae1
n pmpnam c1pn1, ko1opm poc1ponncn na pnaepe.
D1o1 1nn pykn pacc1panaae1 Hnornx nrpokoa na nnsknx nnHn1ax. Onn
npaannLno c1pon1 6ank na npeqnone co caoe ouenL cnnLno pyko. Onn
penak1 pes na qnone n 6e1 na 1epne, 1onLko nponrpmaak1 na pnaepe
opnoHy ns npo1nannkoa, ko1opm nepe1nnyn nx kpane pnckoaannmHn
npnkynnmHn pykaHn. ero onn ne nonnHak1, 1ak a1o caoe oun6ouno
nrpm nocne qnona (n noamuennan nysoaan nrpa npo1nannkoa specL ne
npnueH), ko1opan c1onna nH uenoro 6anka.
~130 ~
Hocne caoero saepckoro konna (xonopnoro konna na 1pn c1aakn) na
npeqnone, nrpok c J7 nrpan caok pyky npaannLno. Ha qnone, pasHep
6anka paannncn 24.5 HanmH c1aakaH, korpa 1oproann po6panacL po nero.
EHy pnn konna nyxnm 6mnn pae c1aakn. On nHee1 pmpnam c1pn1 c
uancaHn 11k1, u1o6m nonyun1L nyxnyk kap1y na 1epne. B nrpe
coo1nouenne ero c1aakn k 6anky coc1aannno 12k1, snaun1, konn on
cpenan npaannLno. Ha ue1aep1o ynnue a 6anke 6mno yxe 16.5 6onLunx
c1aaok, korpa 1oproann nopouna k neHy. EHy nyxnm 6mnn uancm acero
11k1, a y nero qak1nueckn 6mno 16.5k1, koneuno xe, on onn1L
penan konn npaannLno. [eno a 1oH, u1o nrpok c kapHannmHn koponnHn
nponrpan, no1oHy u1o neypauno nm1ancn saun1n1L caok pyky.
On coaepunn oun6ky, korpa cpenan pes na qnone. Ero pes cpenan
pasHep 6anka paanmH 24.5 HanmH c1aakaH. Oc1anLnmH nrpokaH pnn
konna nyxno 6mno anocn1L no pae c1aakn. O1nouenne c1aakn k 6anky yxe
coc1aannno 12k1. Tako pasHep 6anka yxe ne saun1n1 pyky o1 cna6o
npnkynno pykn. Oak1nueckn, na qnone, ne 6mno nnkakoro cnoco6a
saun1n1L ero pyky. 1o6m on nn cpenan, nk6o nrpok c pasyHnmHn
uancaHn penan 6m npaannLnm konn n cHo1pen 6m 1epn.
62
CaHm nyuun uanc pnn saun1m 6mn na 1epne. Ecnn 6m on na
ue1aep1o ynnue noc1aann npo1nannkoa nepep neo6xopnHoc1Lk anocn1L
pae c1aakn, penan xonopnm konn, 1o, naaepnoe, on 6m cokpa1nn
npo1nannkaH aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L xonopnm konn co cna6mHn
npnkynnmHn pykaHn, 1aknHn kak pmpnam c1pn1.
HpepnonoxnH, u1o na qnone on aHec1o pesa orpannunaae1cn
konnoH. Ecnn konn penak1 n ace oc1anLnme nrpokn, 1o a 6anke 6ype1 13
6onLunx c1aaok. Ha 1epne, ace po nrpoka cpenaauero 6e1 na qnone,
penak1 uek, nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1 na qnone, cnoaa penae1 6e1. Hrpok c
payHn koponnHn penae1 pes. Ceuac a 6anke 16 6onLunx c1aaok, n
nrpokn, xenakune npoponxn1L nrpy, ponxnm 6ypy1 anocn1L no pae
6onLunx c1aakn sa konn. Ceuac o1nouenne c1aakn k 6anky pnn 6a11ona
coc1aanne1 8k1, a eHy (pnn pmpnaoro c1pn1a) nyxno HnnnHyH 10k1
(a aepL aosHoxen eue n pepes, noppesakun uancm 6a11ona). Konn na
qnone n pes na 1epne saunuann kapHannmx kopone, uero ne cpenann
pes na qnone n 6e1 na 1epne.
KpoHe 1oro, pes na 1epne 6ype1 uac1o poc1aaa1L pykn c HnapunHn
n cpepnnHn napaHn, amnyxpan nx pena1L nac. Ecnn 6m npo1nannkn
o6napa1enn 1aknx pyk snann, u1o nrpok, cpenaaun pes, nHee1 1onLko
napy kopone (a ne ce1), 1o, nonyuna uancm 8k1, nx konn n paxe
xonopnm konn payx c1aaok, npn 5 ay1ax, 6mn 6m npaannLnmH. K cnoay,
pes na 1epne ne 1onLko saunuae1 o1 nrpokoa, ko1opmH nna1n1L opny
c1aaky sa konn amropno, a pae ne1, nnorpa on no6yxpae1 npo1nannkoa c
cnnLnmHn pykaHn, nHekunHn ace ocnoaannn pnn 1oro, u1o6m cpena1L
konn na pae c1aakn, cpena1L nac.
[enan pes na qnone, am amnyxpae1e nrpoka cpenaauero 6e1 na
qnone, na 1epne pena1L uek. Korpa 6ank yxe ouenL aennk, saun1a aaue
_____________________________
62
HcknkuenneM Mornn u c1a1u nrpokn c opa1no npnkynnuM qnemeM n c1pn1oM.
~131 ~
pykn na 1epne c1anoan1cn 6onee aaxno, ueH pes pnn yaennuennn 6anka
na qnone. Ecnn ank upesauuano onumo, 1o aosepxanne o1 pesa na
qnone, yaennunaae1 aamn mancu nonyun1u e1 na 1epne.
63
3aknmveuue
Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, qokycnpy1ecL na 1oH, u1o6m amnrpa1L ero.
He nm1a1ecL cnac1n c1aakn norpannunmHn pykaHn. He nrpa1e naccnano
cnnLnmHn n npnkynnmHn pykaHn, u1o6m co6pa1L 6onLue knnen1oa.
Paspa6o1a1e c1pa1ernk saun1m caoe pykn. Ecnn am naxopn1ecL a
panne nosnunn, ouenn1e aepon1noc1L, c ko1opo nrpok a nospne
nosnunn Hoxe1 cpena1L 6e1. Ecnn aepon1noc1L amcoka, paccHo1pn1e
aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L uek-pes. Ouenn1e, nackonLko aennk 6ank, n
poc1a1ouno nn 6ype1 aaH cpena1L pesa pnn 1oro, u1o6m k1o-nn6ypL ns
npo1nannkoa cpenan nac. Ecnn nepoc1a1ouno, 1o xpn1e 1epna.
Bmnyxpa1e npo1nannkoa co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn nonapa1L a
nys-nys cn1yaunn. Korpa aaun npo1nannkn nponrpmaak1, am
amnrpmaae1e.
_____________________________
63
Heko1opue nrpokn ne cornamak1cn c coae1oM, u1o npn orpoMnoM anke nyume ena1u
pes na 1epne, a ne na qnone. Onn y1aepxak1, u1o koponn nMek1 npenMyec1ao a
ennoc1n anka, noa1oMy pes na qnone aurone. Onn npaau, koponn enak1 enurn
npn kaxoM ononnn1enunoM pese na qnone. Ho Mu ne y1aepxaeM, u1o ena1u pes na
qnone ne aurono, Mu y1aepxaeM, u1o ena1u pes na 1epne naMnoro aurone. Hnora
au onxnu aosepxa1ucn o1 nonyuennn Manenukoro npenMyec1aa na qnone, ecnn ec1u
aosMoxnoc1u nonyun1u onumee npenMyec1ao na 1epne. Pes na 1epne c 1ako pyko
naMnoro npnununee, ueM nonyuenne ono c1aakn. Bu onxnu pnckoaa1u neMenenno
npnunuk na qnone, u1ou yaennun1u manc cena1u ycnemnu pes na 1epne (/axe,
ecnn au ne sac1aan1e nrpokoa cena1u nac, nocne caoero pesa na 1epne, 1o pasMep
anka, ko1opu au ye1e aunrpuaa1u, ace paano ye1 onume, ueM, ecnn u au
enann pes na qnone).
~132 ~
QenaeH pes, pnn nonyveuun
6ecnna1uo kap1m
Mnorne nrpokn nHek1 npnamuky pena1L uek nepep 1eH, k1o penan
pes na npepmpyueH kpyre 1oproann. Ecnn k1o-1o cpenae1 pes na
npeqnone, 1o neko1opme nrpokn na qnone cpenak1 uek nesaancnHo
o11oro, u1o npnuno na c1on. BHec1o 1oro u1o6m cpena1L 6e1, onn cpenak1
uek nnn konn co c1apue napo n paxe c 6onee cnnLno pyko. BoncL
cnnm, npopeHonc1pnpoaanno nrpokoH, cpenaaunH pes, onn
nnc1nnk1nano penak1 uek.
D1a npnamuka eue cnnLne nponanne1cn na nospnnx kpyrax
1oproann. Uennoc1L pykn cnnLno nsHenne1cn Hexpy nepamHn payHn
cpannmHn kap1aHn n cpannmH qnonoH. Mnorne nrpokn npnsnak1 a1o n
ns6aannk1cn o1 npnamukn pena1L uek nepep nrpokoH, cpenaaunH pes na
npeqnone. Opnako, na nospnnx kpyrax 1oproann, a 6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea,
am ace paano 6ype1e na6nkpa1L, nackonLko xnayua a1a npnamuka, pena1L
uek. TonLko c opno kap1o na 1epne, uennoc1L pyk nsHenne1cn
o1nocn1enLno ne cnnLno. Hrpok, ko1opm na qnone anepepn, o6muno
6ype1 anepepn n na 1epne. Hrpokn pearnpyk1 na a1o1 qak1, penan uek
nepep uenoaekoH, ko1opm peHonc1pnpoaan caok cnny na qnone.
[axe korpa k1o-1o ynyuuae1cn na 1epne, 1o poaonLno uac1o on ne
penae1 6e1. On xpe1, u1o arpeccop, penaaun c1aakn na qnone, 6ype1
pena1L c1aakn n na 1epne, 1aknH o6pasoH, on napee1cn saHann1L a
noayuky n nrpoka cpenaauero 6e1, n nk6oro ppyroro nrpoka, ko1opm
okaxe1cn Hexpy nnHn.
64
Bm Hoxe1e ncnonLsoaa1L cknonnoc1L nrpokoa pena1L uek, nepep
nrpokoH, cpenaaunH pes na npeqnone. HanpnHep, am naxopn1ecL a
nospne nosnunn c npnkynno pyko. Bm nnannpye1e konnnpoaa1L c1aaky
na qnone n cnepykuyk c1aaky na 1epne. aaua o6uan uena sa npocHo1p
payx kap1 coc1aan1 1pn Hanmx c1aakn, opna na qnone n pae na 1epne
(no1oHy u1o na 1epne pasHep c1aakn ypaanaae1cn).
Ho Bm, aHec1o 1oro, u1o6m na qnone cpena1L konn, penae1e pes.
Hrpok, penaaun pes na npeqnone, aepon1no, cpenae1 konn na qnone n
uek na 1epne. B coo1ae1c1ann c npnamuko, ace nrpokn cpenak1 uek, n
ecnn aaH na 1epn ne npnuna nyxnan kap1a, am 1oxe penae1e uek n
_____________________________
64
Ha saMe1ky. Mnorne nrpokn, neoxnanno enakne e1 na 1epne, ne nMek1 1oro, u1o
onn nMn1npyk1. HpenonoxnM, aa nrpoka samnn nnMnoM, a11on cenan pes n oa
nnMnepa konn. Ha qnon npnxon1 J 74. Oa nnMnepa enak1 uek, nrpok, cenaamn
pes na npeqnone, enae1 e1. Tonuko onn nnMnep enae1 konn. Tepn 4. HnMnep e1.
Ckopee acero, y nero ne1 ue1aepkn. Ecnn u on nMen ue1aepky, 1o ero nnc1nnk1 1onknyn
u ero curpa1u uek-pes c ero cnao pyko. Bepon1no y nero nnn ae Menkne napu nnn
npnkynnan pyka. Ckopee acero, y nero T9, n conpanne qnema sanecno ero na 1epn.
On naee1cn, u1o y nrpoka, cenaamero pes na npeqnone, oaepkap1u n, ncnyraamncu,
u1o on ye1 1nny1u Mep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky k ce1y, cenae1 nac. Ecnn y nrpoka,
cenaamero pes na npeqnone, ae onumnx napu, c pykaMn 1nna AJ nnn QQ, 1o a
onumnnc1ae cnyuaea on onxen ena1u pes.
~133 ~
6ecnna1no cHo1pn1e pnaep. D1o1 npneH nosaonne1 aaH yanpe1L pae kap1m
sa pae Hanmx c1aakn.
Bm na 6a11one n y aac na pykax
Tpn nrpoka axopn1 nnHnoH, am 1oxe. Manm 6nanp konn, 6onLuo
6nanp uek (6 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
Bm nonyunnn payxc1oponnn c1pn1. O6a 6nanpa penak1 uek. Hepam
nnHnep penae1 6e1, paoe oc1anLnmx penak1 konn (9 MC). Bm ponxnm
pena1L pes. Ecnn nnk1o ne o1ae1n1 pepesoH, 1o na 1epne, ckopee acero,
ace cpenak1 nepep aaHn uek. Torpa am 1oxe cHoxe1e cpena1L uek, ecnn na
1epne ne npnuna nyxnan aaH kap1a. D1o1 pes nHee1 eue opny uennoc1L.
[enan pes, am nonyuae1e uancm 3k1 (a nrpe 1pn npo1nannka), a 1o
apeHn kak am nHee1e uy1L xypune uancm, ueH 2k1, u1o6m co6pa1L
caok pyky.
Korpa npoaopu1u npueH no
nonyveuum 6ecnna1uo kap1m
D1o1 npneH nan6onee aqqek1naen a naccnanmx nrpax.
Hpepnocmnko pnn a1oro npneHa nanne1cn npepckasyeHoc1L, u1o
noaepenne nrpokoa sa c1onoH 6ype1 naccnanmH, ecnn am cpenae1e pes na
qnone. eH 6onLue aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o aaun conepnnkn o1ae1n1 1onLko
konnoH na aau pes n cpenak1 uek na 1epne, 1eH uaue am ponxnm
coaepua1L nonm1ky nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y. HanpnHep, ecnn am
a6conk1no yaepenm, u1o ycneuno nonyun1e 6ecnna1nyk kap1y (Baun
conepnnkn acerpa 6ypy1 1onLko pena1L konn na qnone n uek na 1epne), 1o
am ponxnm kaxpm pas npoaopn1L npneH no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no
kap1m, ecnn y aac ec1L npnkynnan pyka, c ko1opo am a o6muno cn1yaunn
penae1e konn. Ecnn aaua npnkynnan pyka poc1ona 1oro, u1o6m sa opny
c1aaky nocHo1pe1L opny kap1y, 1o ona nou1n acerpa poc1ona 1oro, u1o6m
sa pae c1aakn nocHo1pe1L pae kap1m.
65
Kak 1onLko nrpa c1anoan1cn 6onee arpeccnano, am cpasy xe
ponxnm c1a1L naHnoro ns6npa1enLne npn am6ope HoHen1a pnn
npoaepennn npneHa no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no kap1m. B ouenL
_____________________________
65
Ec1u neonumoe ncknkuenne, kacakeecn opa1noro npnkyna. C a1nMn pykaMn au
Moxe1e nrpa1u na qnone, no ecnn au ne nonyunnn nepao kap1u ns a1oro npnkyna na
1epne, 1o anuneman nrpa c1anoan1cn eccMucnenno. /nn opa1noro npnkyna n pyrnx
cnaux pyk, aosMoxnoc1u nocMo1pe1u 1epn sa ony c1aaky onee enna, ueM cMo1pe1u n
1epn n pnaep sa ae c1aakn.
~134 ~
arpeccnanmx nrpax, npn npoaepennn npneHa no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no
kap1m, na aau pes, aaH Hory1 o1ae1n1L pepesoH na qnone nnn 6e1oH na
1epne. C cnnLnmHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn, 1aknHn kak npnkynno qneu nnn
kauec1aennm payxc1oponnn c1pn1, 1akan nepcnek1naa aac ne ponxna
cnnLno 6ecnokon1L. Tak kak a1n npnkynnme pykn npnxopn1 poaonLno
uac1o, 1o am Hoxe1e c nnHn 1ak xe uac1o pena1L pes pnn yaennuennn
pener a 6anke, npn a1oH, nonyuenne 6ecnna1no kap1m Hoxno
paccHa1pnaa1L kak pononnn1enLnm 6onyc. Ho, korpa y aac cna6me
npnkynnme pykn, 1akne kak Hnapuan napa nnn pmpnam c1pn1, 1o am ne
cHoxe1e cpena1L pes 6esnakasanno. Bm ponxnm onpepenn1L, nackonLko
aaun uancm npoaec1n pannm npneH, ycneunm, n nepeaeunaak1 nn onn
uancm na nonyuenne nenpnn1nmx nocnepc1an (a cnyuae pepesa).
Hepcnek1naa sanna1n1L 1pn c1aakn aHec1o opno sa 1o, u1o6m nocHo1pe1L
na kap1y 1epna, ne ouenL npnn1na. Onna1a paxe payx c1aaok na qnone
Hoxe1 npnaec1n aac k y6m1kaH, ecnn npo1nannk o1ae1n1 aaH konnoH na
qnone n cpenae1 6e1 na 1epne.
Hpo1na naccnanmx nrpokoa ne c1ecnn1ecL npo6oaa1L nonyun1L
6ecnna1nyk kap1y paxe co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn. Baun
conepnnkn 6ypy1 poc1a1ouno uac1o pena1L uek na 1epne, u1o6m nonyun1L
koHnencaunk sa 1e pepkne cnyuan, korpa na qnone koHy-nn6ypL ns nnx
npnpe1 cnnLnan pyka, n onn sanrpak1 arpeccnano. Ho ecnn am yanpn1e
arpeccnanyk nrpy co c1oponm aaunx npo1nannkoa, 1o Hrnoaenno
npekpa1n1e caon nonm1kn nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y npn cna6mx
npnkynnmx pykax. Takne nonm1kn nauny1 npoaannaa1Lcn ouenL uac1o n
c1any1 Henee amropnmHn, ueH npoc1o konn sa opny c1aaky.
HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n aaH na pykn npnunn
Opnn nrpok sauen nnHnoH. Bm cpenann pes. O6a 6nanpa n nnHnep
o1ae1nnn konnoH (8 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
Manm 6nanp penae1 6e1, 6onLuo 6nanp nac n nnHnep konn (10
MC). Bm ponxnm pena1L pes, ecnn nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, naccnanm, n
konn, ecnn arpeccnanm. Bau o6pa1no npnkynno qneu n c1pn1, n pae
oaepkap1m pann aaH pyky, ko1opan nosaonne1 sanna1n1L 1onLko opny
c1aaky. Bm ponxnm 6ype1e cpena1L nac na 1epne, ecnn ne ynyuun1ecL, n
ecnn k1o-1o ns nrpokoa cpenae1 6e1. Ecnn am yaepenm, u1o npneH c
nonyuenneH 6ecnna1no kap1m cpa6o1ae1, 1o npoaepn1e ero. Becnna1nan
kap1a noHoxe1 amnrpa1L aaH 6ank, ecnn na pnaepe am nonyun1e paHy nnn
aane1a.
Hpo1na arpeccnanoro nrpoka am ponxnm pena1L 1onLko konn. OuenL
aepon1no, u1o ecnn arpeccnanm nrpok yxe cpenan 6e1 na qnone, 1o am
~135 ~
nonyun1e o1 nero, n pepes na qnone, n 6e1 na 1epne. Ho y aac ec1L
aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L npn6mnLnm konn n sakpm1L 1oproank. Tak
cpena1e a1o.
Ecnn 6m na qnon npnunn 973 (pae uepam aHec1o opno), 1o Bm,
koneuno xe, penann 6m pes, paxe npo1na arpeccnanoro nrpoka.
Hpnkynno qneu n oaepkap1m a1o cnnLnm npnkyn. BonLue ne nyxno
onnaknaa1L pes, aaua pyka ynyuun1cn 6onee ueH a 50% cnyuaea.
66
Ha caHoH pene, ecnn nrpok, cpenaaun pepes, arpeccnanm, 1o am
ponxnm pena1L cnepykun pes (oco6enno, ecnn a1o kan). ArpeccnanoHy
nrpoky poc1a1ouno nonyun1L napy nnn npnkynno c1pn1 pnn 1oro, u1o6m
naua1L arpeccnanme pec1ann. Baua pyka ouenL cnnLna no cpaanennk c
1aknHn koH6nnaunnHn. Baun ue1mpe c1aakn na qnone Hory1 oc1anoan1L
paxe arpeccnanoro nrpoka n na 1epne on Hoxe1 cpena1L uek, a am
nonyun1e 6ecnna1nyk kap1y, ecnn neo6xopnHyk ne nonyunnn na 1epne.
Hoa1opneH, korpa aaua npnkynnan pyka cna6a, aaH nyuue nrpa1L
npo1na naccnanoro conepnnka. Korpa y aac cnnLnan npnkynnan pyka, aaH
ne o ueH 6ecnokon1Lcn, n a 1ako cn1yaunn aaH npepnou1n1enLne nHe1L
arpeccnanoro nrpoka.
CnnLnan npnkynnan pyka penae1 penLrn c kaxpmH pesoH na qnone.
B 1aknx cnyuanx npepnou1n1enLne nrpa1L c npo1nannkoH, ko1opm
noppepxn1 aaue c1peHnenne n noHoxe1 aaH yaennunaa1L c1aakn po kana.
Ecnn am yanpn1e, u1o naccnanm nrpok nonoxnn 1pn nnn ue1mpe c1aakn a
6ank, 1o sna1e, HenLue ce1a on na pykax ne pepxn1 (epnnc1aennan pyka,
ko1opyk am 6on1ecL c cnnLnmH npnkynoH). Arpeccnanm nrpok Hoxe1
amnoxn1L ue1mpe c1aakn a 6ank na ropaspo 6onLueH pnanasone pyk.
eH 6onee naccnanm aaun npo1nannkn, 1eH c 6onee cna6mHn
npnkynnmHn pykaHn am Hoxe1e nm1a1Lcn nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y
pesoH. C arpeccnanmHn nrpokaHn, nm1a1ecL nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk
kap1y 1onLko c ouenL cnnLnmHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn, c ko1opmH am 6m ne
aospaxann nonyun1L a o1ae1 pepesm.
H1euue pyk u nonyveuue 6ecnna1uo kap1m
Hpn nonyuennn 6ecnna1no kap1m cyuec1aye1 opnn nepoc1a1ok.
Ecnn am co6epe1e caok pyky, 1o npo1nannkaH ne coc1aan1 1pypa
npoun1a1L ee. HpepnonoxnH, am cpenann pes na qnone, no1oH uek na
1epne. Ecnn qnon copepxan pae opnoHac1nmx kap1m, 1o aaun
na6nkpa1enLnme npo1nannkn cpenak1 amaop, u1o y aac npnkynno qneu.
Ecnn y nnx 1oxe ec1L npnkynnan pyka, a na pnaepe npnxopn1 nyc1muka,
1o onn, 6neqyn, Hory1 cpena1L 6e1.
HanpnHep, npepnonoxnH am na 6a11one n na pykax y Bac
_____________________________
66
Y aac 6 ay1oa na c1apmyk napy n 9 ay1oa na qnem, acero 15 ay1oa na aonoe
ynyumenne. K 1oMy xe, ec1u ee aosMoxnoc1u ynyumn1ucn o c1pn1a.
~136 ~
[aa nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, am 1oxe. Manm 6nanp nac, 6onLuo
6nanp uek (4.5 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
BonLuo 6nanp penae1 6e1, n o6a nnHnepa nacyk1. Bm penae1e
pes, 6onLuo 6nanp konn (4 BC). Ha 1epn npnxopn1 8. On uek, am
nonyuae1e 6ecnna1nyk kap1y (4 BC). Ha pnaep npnxopn1 8 (nnn nk6an
ppyran nyc1muka). Ecnn y aauero npo1nannka HenLun npnkynno qneu,
nanpnHep, QJ, on Hoxe1 nonm1a1Lcn 6neqoaa1L n cpenae1 6e1. Bm
cpenae1e nac, n on ykpape1 6ank.
Ecnn 6m, aHec1o a1oro, am 6m cpenann konn na qnone, no1oH konn
na 1epne (npepnonoxnH, u1o on npoponxan 6m 6neq), 1o, aepon1no, on 6m
oc1anoanncn na pnaepe. Ecnn na pnaepe on cpenae1 uek, 1o am 1oxe
Hoxe1e o1ae1n1L uekoH n amnrpa1L co c1apunH koponeH.
TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn am napaanncL na na6nkpa1enLnoro n
pyHakuero npo1nannka, 1o ncnonLsy1e npneH no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no
kap1m oc1opoxno. ek na 1epne nokasmaae1 aauy cna6oc1L, n Hoxe1
nosaonn1L koHy-nn6ypL ns npo1nannkoa cpena1L 6e1 ne c nyuue pyko.
67
Hnorpa ampaua pykn, npn nonyuennn 6ecnna1no kap1m, Hoxe1
cpa6o1a1L aaH na pyky. D1o cnyuae1cn, korpa aaua npnkynnan pyka
o1nnuae1cn o1 oueanpno npnkynno pykn (o6muno o1 npnkynnoro
qneua). Ecnn na pnaepe na c1on npnxopn1 1pe1Ln kap1a opnnakoao
Hac1n, 1o am sauac1yk cHoxe1e ykpac1L 6ank, nHn1npyn sakonuennyk
pyky.
HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n y aac na pykax 98. Tpn nrpoka aounn
nnHnoH, n am cpenann nnHn. Manm 6nanp konn, 6onLuo 6nanp uek. (6
MC). Onon T74, pan aaH payxc1oponnn c1pn1 (no c payHn uepaaHn na
c1one). Manm 6nanp uek, 6onLuo 6nanp 6e1, n opnn nnHnep konn. Bm
penae1e pes. Manm 6nanp nac. BonLuo 6nanp n nnHnep konn (6 BC).
Ha 1epn npnxopn1 2. Baun npo1nannkn penak1 uek, n am nonyuae1e
6ecnna1nyk kap1y (6 BC). Ecnn aaun npo1nannkn naun1anm, n snak1 o
npneHe no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no kap1m, 1o onn Hory1 npepnonoxn1L, u1o
y aac pae uepam, a ne 98. Ecnn na pnaepe npnxopn1 K, n aaun
npo1nannkn penak1 uek, 1o am Hoxe1e nonm1a1Lcn ykpac1L 6ank sa opny
c1aaky.
D1o1 paspen npepnonarae1, u1o aaun npo1nannkn na6nkpa1enLnme n
_____________________________
67
Takne cnyuan uae acero nponcxon1 a cn1yannx onn na onn nnn npn 1pex nrpokax
a anke. B onumoM n MnorouncnennoM anke aam c1apmn 1ys nnn koponu apn nn yy1
cnnuneme pyko.
~137 ~
koHne1en1nme nrpokn. Ecnn aaun npo1nannkn nysoame, neannHa1enLnme,
nenornunme nnn neocaepoHnennme, 1o nnuero ns 1oro, o ueH una peuL
Bmue, a nrpe pa6o1a1L ne 6ype1. Onn ne 6ypy1 paxe nm1a1Lcn un1a1L
aauy pyky, noa1oHy am ne ponxnm npncnoca6nnaa1L caok nrpy nop
aosHoxnme pasHmunennn, cnyuakunecn y nopHanLnmx nrpokoa. D1n npen
cnnukoH npopanny1m, u1o6m nx Hoxno 6mno ncnonLsoaa1L a nrpax na
nnsknx nnHn1ax. Bm, koneuno xe, ponxnm 6m1L ane ce6n o1 papoc1n, u1o
aaun npo1nannkn ne un1ak1 pykn. Bm Hoxe1e npnHenn1L npneH no
nonyuennk 6ecnna1no kap1m cnoaa n cnoaa, a onn 1ak n ne noHy1, u1o
am penae1e.
Hcknmveuun npu npoaepeuuu npueHa no
nonyveuum 6ecnna1uo kap1m
Bm ne acerpa ponxnm 6pa1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y na ue1aep1o ynnue,
xo1L o6c1on1enLc1aa n nosaonnk1 a1o cpena1L. Bnonne ec1ec1aenno, u1o,
poc1pona caok pyky na 1epne, am ponxnm pena1L 6e1. Ho nnorpa am
ponxnm pena1L 6e1 paxe 1orpa, korpa nyxnan aaH kap1a eue ne npnuna.
Ecnn y aac poc1a1ouno ocnoaann npepnonara1L, u1o nocne aauero
6e1a na 1epne, ace npo1nannkn Hory1 cpena1L nac, 1o pena1e a1o1 6e1.
HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n y aac na pykax
Tpn nysoamx nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, n am cpenann pes. O6a
6nanpa, n ace nnHnepm konn (12 MC). CHo1pnH qnon.
Bce po aac penak1 uek, n am penae1e 6e1. TonLko paa nrpoka penak1
konn (7.5 BC). Ha 1epn npnxopn1 2. Ecnn onn cnoaa penak1 uek, 1o aaH
nyuue cpena1L 6e1.
68
Baun npo1nannkn Hornn nerko cpena1L konn 6es napm. Mnorne
nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax penak1 konn c pykaHn Q9 nnn K7.
Oco6enno nysoame nrpokn penak1 konn na 1akoH ne cansannoH qnone c
nk6mHn payHn kap1aHn. Onn napek1cn, u1o co6panno na 1epne napm,
6ype1 poc1a1ouno pnn no6epm. Bank 6onLuo, noa1oHy am ne ponxnm
_____________________________
68
B1o1 npnMep neckonuko o1nnuae1cn o1 npeuynx npnMepoa. Bu na qnone aMec1o
pesa enae1e e1, no1oMy u1o ace ak1nanue nrpokn cenann uek o aac. Ecnn
1exnnueckn neaosMoxno cena1u pes nn ecnna1no kap1u, 1o 1ako e1 nponsaon1
ananornunu aqqek1. B1o npnnyn1 npo1nannkoa ena1u uek npo1na aac na ue1aep1o
ynne uae, ueM, ecnn u na qnone au cenann uek. KpoMe 1oro, au nMee1e ace
ocnoaannn npenonara1u, u1o aamn npo1nannkn epxa1 cnaue pykn, 1ak kak onn enak1
uek. ero nenusn uno u npenonoxn1u, ecnn u k1o-1o ns nnx cenan e1.
~138 ~
paaa1L nH 6ecnna1nyk kap1y na ue1aep1o ynnue.
Hnorpa, opnn ns aaunx npo1nannkoa 6ype1 ncnonLsoaa1L
saHepnennyk nrpy c 1poko, n 1orpa, na ue1aep1o ynnue, am nonyun1e
o1 nero uek-pes. Arpeccnanan nrpa npoaounpye1 cospanne noayuek
saHepnenno nrpo. He pacc1panaa1ecL, ecnn aac noHak1, npoponxa1e
pena1L arpeccnanme 6e1m, nrpan cnepykune pykn. Korpa am nonapae1e na
saHepnennyk nrpy, 1o am 1epne1e opny pae pononnn1enLnmx c1aakn. Ho,
korpa ace aaun npo1nannkn co cna6mHn pykaHn nacyk1, 1o am
amnrpmaae1e 6ank, ko1opm Hornn 6m n nponrpa1L, ecnn 6m peno pouno
po ackpm1nn. Ha pnnnno pnc1anunn nyuue amnrpa1L Hnoro 6ankoa, paxe
ecnn am nnorpa n 6ype1e nonapa1L a noayuky.
B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax, am uac1o 6ype1e naxopn1L npo1nannkoa,
ko1opme penak1 konn na qnone nn c ueH. Hpo1na 1aknx nrpokoa, ecnn y
aac cnnLnme npnkynnme pykn, pena1e 6e1 na 1epne aHec1o 1oro, u1o6m
6pa1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y.
Qemeaoe ackpm1ue
Heko1opme nrpokn npoaopn1 npneH no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no
kap1m, kak cnoco6 pnn peueaoro ackpm1nn kap1. Onn penak1 c napo pes
na qnone. Hocne 1oro, kak na ue1aep1o ynnue ace cpenak1 uek, onn 1oxe
penak1 uek. Onn nnannpyk1 cpena1L uek n na pnaepe, ecnn noaese1. Onn
ne yaepenm, nanne1cn nn nx pyka nyuue, noa1oHy nm1ak1cn peueao
ackpm1L kap1m. B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax, ncnonLsoaa1L 1akyk 1ak1nky
nenpaannLno. Ecnn am na qnone penae1e pes co6panno pyko, am
ponxnm coxpann1L 1enpenunk n cpena1L 6e1 na ue1aep1o ynnue. 1o6m
nonn1L, noueHy Hm ne ponxnm 1ak pena1L, nccnepyeH, kak uek na 1epne
Hoxe1 o1pasn1Lcn npn 1oproane na pnaepe. HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n y
aac na pykax
[aa nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, am cpenann pes. BonLuo 6nanp n
nnHnepm konn (8.5 MC). CHo1pnH qnon
po a1oporo nnHnepa ace cpenann uek, on cpenan 6e1 (9.5 MC).
Bm ne coaceH yaepenm, u1o nHee1e nyuuyk pyky. BosHoxno nrpok,
cpenaaun 6e1, nHee1 paHy. BonLuo 6nanp n nepam nnHnep aosHoxno
1oxe nHek1 paHy (a Hoxe1 n nyuuyk kap1y), n cpenann uek, nepep
nrpokoH, cpenaaunH 6e1. Eue opnn aapnan1, nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1,
Hoxe1 nHe1L HenLuyk napy, nnn npnkynno qneu nnn c1pn1. B 6anke
6onLue pean1n c1aaok, noa1oHy am nepoaonLnm nepcnek1nao naca, k
1oHy xe, aaua pyka Hoxe1 6m1L nyuue. Ecnn 6m 6ank 6mn HenLue, 1o am
~139 ~
cpenann 6m nac. Ho 1ak kak a1o1 6ank 6onLuo, 1o npepnou1n1enLne
npoponxn1L, u1o6m y6epn1cn, u1o nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, nHee1
npnkynnyk pyky, a ne 6neqye1.
Tak kak am ne xo1n1e nacoaa1L, 1o aaH oc1ae1cn 1onLko cpena1L
pes, u1o6m saun1n1L caok pyky.
69
Bm ne ponxnm paaa1L nrpokaH,
cpenaaunH uek, peueayk kap1y. Hoa1oHy, am penae1e pes. BonLuo
6nanp n nnHnep penak1 nac. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, penae1 konn. Ha
1epn npnxopn1 2. Bau npo1nannk penae1 uek.
Ecnn am ceuac cpenae1e uek, 1o aau npo1nannk na nn1o ynnue,
ckopee acero, cpenae1 6e1. HecHo1pn na 1o, u1o aosHoxno on y aac yxe
amnrpan, am ponxnm pena1L konn a1oro 6e1a. Ecnn am nokaxe1e cna6oc1L
na ue1aep1o ynnue, 1o na pnaepe a1o Hoxe1 cnpoaounpoaa1L ero na
6neq. Ecnn am na 1epne cpenae1e uek, 1o am no1epne1e opny c1aaky na
pnaepe, korpa on amnrpae1.
Ecnn aau npo1nannk nHee1 paHy co cna6mH knkepoH, 1o on amnrpae1
y aac. Ho eHy ne npaan1cn ero pyka. Ecnn am 6ype1e npoponxa1L nrpa1L
arpeccnano n cpenae1e 6e1 na 1epne, 1o aepon1ne acero, u1o on o1ae1n1
konnoH, a ne pesoH.
70
Ecnn on ne ynyuun1cn na pnaepe, 1o on cmrpae1
c1anpap1no, cpenae1 uek. Torpa am cHoxe1e 6ecnna1no nocHo1pe1L pyky
npo1nannka. Korpa aau npo1nannk nHee1 cna6yk paHy (nan6onee
aepon1nan pyka, c ko1opo on amnrpae1), am 1epne1e opnnakoaoe
konnuec1ao c1aaok. HesaancnHo o1 1oro, penann am uek na 1epne n konn
ero 6e1a na pnaepe, nnn am penann 6e1 na 1epne n uek na pnaepe.
71
Ecnn am ace paano nponrpmaae1e caoeHy npo1nannky, 1o nyuue ace-
1akn cpena1L 6e1 na 1epne. Be1 saunuae1 aauy pyky. Bm ne pae1e asn1L
6ecnna1nyk kap1y pnn Hnapue nnn cpepne napm (nn1L ay1oa) nnn
oaepkap1y k aaunH pecn1kaH (uec1L ay1oa). Ecnn am nosapn, n po cnx nop
ne nonyunnn o1 npo1nannka uek-pes, ne nHee1 snauennn korpa am
cpenae1e 6e1 (na 1epne nnn na pnaepe).
72
Ho, ecnn am anepepn, 1o 6e1
ouenL aaxen. Hoa1oHy, pena1e 6e1 na 1epne.
Takan nrpa onpaapana, ecnn aau npo1nannk naccnanm n
npepckasyeHm nrpok. Haccnanme nrpokn, kak npaanno, ne penak1 uek-
pes n ne 6neqyk1. Ecnn onn ace xe cpenann a1o, 1o y nnx ouenL cnnLnan
pyka. Bm Hoxe1e cHeno c6pacmaa1L pecn1kn, ecnn nackounnn na uek-pes
o1 npepckasyeHoro nrpoka. Baua npnkynnan pyka 1nne1 acero na paa ay1a.
Ecnn aau npo1nannk xn1pm, n Hoxe1, 6neqyn cpena1L uek-pes, 1o am
_____________________________
69
CMo1pn pasen 3an1a aame pykn
70
Ecnn aam npo1nannk cnau nrpok, a ee n 1a1oau, 1o on Moxe1 axe cena1u nac
c aMo npn nnoxoM knkepe. Ec1ec1aennu yaunu xo, a1o cnpoaonpoaa1u
npo1nannka cpocn1u pyky, nyume aame. Ho ne xn1e, u1o a1o ye1 nponcxon1u uac1o.
71
Koneuno, a 1ako nosnnn au ne onxnu na pnaepe ena1u uek. Hpo1na nrpokoa,
ko1opue nrpak1 Mnoro pyk n aa1oMa1nueckn nna1n1 c caMuMn cnauMn pykaMn, nnora
uaae1 nyume cena1u e1 nn yaennuennn pasMepa anka. CMo1pn pasen /enaeM e1
na pnaepe nn yaennuennn pasMepa anka.
72
Kora aaM cenann uek-pes, a aaM na pnaepe npnmna 1pe1un ecn1ka n aunrpann
ank, 1o a1o ennc1aennu pas, kora a1o nMee1 snauenne. Ho 1akoe cnyuae1cn ouenu
peko.
~140 ~
ponxnm 6m1L 6onee oc1opoxnm, pasHmunnn o uenecoo6pasnoc1n 6e1a. C
1aknH npo1nannkoH 1oxe nyuue cpena1L nac, xo1n a pononnenne k aaunH
payH ay1aH na 1pe1Lk pecn1ky, po6aanne1cn eue n 1o, u1o am nnorpa
1epne1e uenm 6ank ns-sa ero 6neqa. Ecnn am ne snae1e, u1o 6ype1e
pena1L, ecnn nonyun1e pes o1 npo1nannka, 1orpa ne napo uac1o pena1L
6e1.
73
D1o aepno pnn acex cn1yaun a nokepe. Hopo6nan cn1yaunn
aosnnkae1, korpa y aac c1apuan napa co cna6mH knkepoH. CkaxeH, am na
6a11one n y aac na pykax A6. [aa nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, am 1oxe nnHn.
Manm 6nanp penae1 konn, 6onLuo 6nanp uek (5 MC). Ha qnone
npnxopn1 A75. Bce po nrpoka cnpaaa o1 aac cpenann uek, on cpenan
6e1. Bm penae1e pes. Bnanpm n nepam nnHnep nacyk1. Hrpok,
cpenaaun 6e1, penae1 konn (4.5 BC). Ha 1epne npnxopn1 2. Bau
npo1nannk penae1 uek. Kakoe peuenne aaH npnnn1L?
D1o peuenne ouenL cnnLno o1nnuae1cn o1 peuennn pnn pykn cna6ee
a1o. Oak1nueckn, ace peuennn caopn1cn k 1oHy, u1o pena1L 6e1
c1anoan1cn Henee npnaneka1enLno. B nrpax na cpepnnx nnHn1ax, rpe
npo1nannkn nHek1 1enpenunk 6m1L 6onee xn1pmHn, a 6onLunnc1ae
cnyuaea napo pena1L uek. B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax, rpe 6onLunnc1ao
npo1nannkoa npepckasyeHm, nyuue pena1L 6e1. Ho a naueH npnHepe ec1L
1pn aaxnmx ncknkuennn:
1. He1 oaepkap1m, ko1opan Hoxe1 o6mrpa1L 1ysoa.
2. Ecnn am nosapn, 1o y aac 6onLue payx ay1oa.
3. ManenLkn 6ank.
Oaepkap1a, ko1opan npnuna 6m a npepmpyueH npnHepe, Horna 6m
o6mrpa1L aauy napy pecn1ok. Tak kak nap 1ysaHn ne1 nnkaknx oaepkap1,
1o aosHoxnoc1L conepnnkaH npnkynn1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y, ne 1ak yxe n
kpn1nuna. Kap1a pnaepa 1oxe nHee1 ne6onLune uancm o6mrpa1L aac.
Ecnn am nosapn, 1o y aac 6onLue payx ay1oa. Bm nHee1e 1pn
c1anpap1nmx ay1a (1pn uec1epkn). Bm nHee1e uec1L ay1oa, u1o6m
o6mrpa1L A5 (no 1pn ceHepkn n uec1epkn). Bm nHee1e 8 ay1oa, u1o6m
o6mrpa1L 75 (paa 1ysa, no 1pn uec1epkn n paokn). Korpa y aac Hnoro
ay1oa, nonac1L na uek-pes npo1nannka 6ype1 poaonLno paspyun1enLno.
TonLko c payHn ay1aHn am Hoxe1e nacoaa1L. C 6onLunH konnuec1aoH
ay1oa, am Hoxe1e pena1L konn. [axe ecnn am ne 6ype1e pena1L konn, 1o
xane1L o 1oH, u1o am asnnn 6ecnna1nyk kap1y, am 1oxe ne 6ype1e.
ManenLkn pasHep 6anka. B npnHepe c pecn1kaHn 6mno uec1L
6onLunx c1aaok, a pannoH npnHepe, acero 4.5 6onLunx c1aakn. eH
HenLue 6ank, 1eH pexe am ponxnm saunua1L caok pyky. Ho1epn
_____________________________
73
Ee onn apryMen1 a nonusy ueka na 1epne npo1na xn1pux nrpokoa saknkuae1cn a 1oM,
u1o na pnaepe onn Mory1 naua1u neqoaa1u n cenak1 e1. C esnaexno pyko a
ManenukoM anke onn Mory1 cena1u 1onuko uek n nac na 1epne, ecnn au cenae1e e1.
Ho, kora au enae1e uek, 1o y aac nonanne1cn aosMoxnoc1u noMa1u na pnaepe nx neq.
Bu Moxe1e cena1u konn, pasonauan nx, n aunrpa1u ononnn1enunyk c1aaky.
HpnMenn1e a1o1 npneM 1onuko a Manenuknx ankax n 1onuko npo1na xn1pux, yMaknx
npo1nannkoa.
~141 ~
6ecnna1no kap1m a 6onLuoH 6anke ka1ac1poqa, a a HanenLkoH Henkan
nenpnn1noc1L.
Ecnn am nopospeaae1e, u1o npo1nannk Hoxe1 ynac1L, 1o am ponxnm
cpena1L uek (n konn na pnaepe). Heypo6c1aa, ko1opme am Hoxe1e
nonyun1L, ecnn npo1nannk npnHenn1 uek-pes, nepeaeunaak1 nnkcm o1
aauero 6e1a. Ho ecnn am yaepenm, u1o uek-pesa ne 6ype1, 1o pena1e
6e1. Ecnn am anepepn, 1o 6e1 saun1n1 aauy pyky n pac1 npo1nannky
aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L cna6m konn. Ecnn am nosapn, 1o a1o pac1 aaH
6ecnna1noe ackpm1ne.
D1o1 paspen cnoxen, no1oHy u1o peuenne o 1oH, u1o6m cnoaa pena1L
6e1 co cna6o co6panno pyko, nanne1cn ouenL nsoupennmH. Bm ponxnm
paccHo1pe1L rpoHapnoe konnuec1ao qak1opoa: c1nnL nrpm aaunx
npo1nannkoa; pasHep 6anka; c1pyk1ypy c1ona; konnuec1ao aaunx ay1oa,
ecnn am nosapn; konnuec1ao ay1oa, ko1opme oc1aannk1 aaH npo1nannkn,
ecnn am anepepn. Hpo1na xopounx npo1nannkoa, peuenne 1aknx sapau
Hoxe1 6m1L opnnH ns caHmx cnoxnmx sann1n a nnHn1noH xonpeHe.
Ecnn aaun npo1nannkn nrpak1 nnoxo, 1o 1akne peuennn
npnnnHak1cn npoue. BonLuan uac1L aaue npn6mnn a nrpax na nnsknx
nnHn1ax npnxopn1 k aaH o1 npo1nannkoa, ko1opme penak1 konn co
cna6mHn pykaHn a HanenLknx 6ankax. Korpa am penae1e uek c pykaHn
cpepne cnnm, ns-sa 1oro, u1o am 6on1ecL xypuero, am ynyckae1e a1y
npn6mnL. O1necn1ecL k xopounH nrpokaH c yaaxenneH, no uaue pena1e
6e1 npo1na nrpokoa o1aeuakunx konnoH (aa1oo1ae1unk). Ecnn aau
npo1nannk uac1o nrpae1 cna6me pykn, 1o ouenL aennka aepon1noc1L 1oro,
u1o n a a1o1 pas ero pyka cna6a. On ne nm1ae1cn nepexn1pn1L aac, on
napee1cn 1onLko na ypauy. Hpo1na nysoamx cna6mx npo1nannkoa, ecnn y
aac ne1 ocoux npnunn ena1u konn nnn nac, ena1e e1 c pykaMn
cpene cnnu na 1epne.
3aknmveuue
Posmrpmu 6ecnna1no kap1m nakasmaae1 naccnanmx nrpokoa.
Po6kne npo1nannkn cnnukoH 6mc1po o1c1ynak1 co c1apunHn napaHn n
ppyrnHn xopounHn pykaHn. Pes ns ypo6no nosnunn ncnonLsye1 a1y
oun6ky, cospaaan aaH nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL na 1epne.
Hpo1na arpeccnanmx conepnnkoa, a1o npneH Hoxe1 npnaec1n k
nenpnn1nmH nocnepc1annH, oco6enno co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn.
Hpo1na naccnanmx conepnnkoa, cao6opno npoaopn1e npneH no nonyuennk
6ecnna1no kap1m.
~142 ~
3aHepneuuan urpa (Slowplaying)
3aHepneuuan urpa (cnoynne) a1o aaepenne npo1nannkoa a
sa6nyxpenne; korpa am nHee1e cnnLnyk pyky, no pasmrpmaae1e ee 1ak,
kak 6yp1o y aac cna6an pyka (Bm penae1e uek n konn aHec1o 6e1 n pes).
[nn 1oro u1o6m saHepnennan nrpa 6mna ycneuno, neo6xopnHm paa
ycnoann:
1. Bm pae1e aosHoxnoc1L nrpokaH, ncnonLsyn peueame kap1m,
ynyuun1Lcn, no paxe nocne ynyuuennn, nx pykn ace paano oc1ak1cn
a1opocop1nmHn. Bm napee1ecL a1nny1L a 1oproank nrpokoa co
cna6mHn pykaHn na nospnnx ynnuax, 1ak kak ueH panLue am
cpenae1e 6e1, 1eH 6onLue aepon1noc1L, u1o onn cpenak1 nac.
2. Ecnn npo1nannkn nopyHak1, u1o am nauann 6neqoaa1L, 1o onn 6ypy1
co cna6mHn pykaHn o1aeua1L konnoH na aaun 6e1m na nospnnx
kpyrax 1oproann.
3aHepnennan nrpa nonesnm nnc1pyHen1 npn HanenLknx 6ankax
npo1na nrpokoa, xopouo nrpakunx nocne qnona. Cneunqnka a1oro
npneHa ne nosaonne1 saun1n1L aauy pyky. Hoa1oHy, ecnn 6ank 6onLuo,
1o am nou1n, nnkorpa ne ponxnm pnckoaa1L n npnHenn1L saHepnennyk
nrpy. 3aHepnennan nrpa uaue acero noHorae1 aaH npo1na nrpokoa,
ko1opme snak1, korpa napo nacoaa1L. Ecnn aaun conepnnkn acerpa
penak1 konn, 1o saHepnennan nrpa ne nyxna, 1ak kak am ne sapa6o1ae1e
pononnn1enLnme c1aakn.
Mnorne ns aaunx npo1nannkoa npnHennk1 saHepnennyk nrpy
acnkn pas, korpa nH na qnone npnxopn1 cnnLnan pyka: pae napm, 1pnnc,
ce1 nnn ouenL Hounan pyka. Onn ne npaam, u1o penak1 1ak. Korpa 6ank
6onLuo n a neH Hnoro ak1nanmx nrpokoa, 1o, npnHennn saHepnennyk
nrpy, onn nopaeprak1 caon pykn noamuenno ynsanHoc1n. Onn pak1
peueame kap1m 6onLuoHy konnuec1ay nrpokoa, a 1o apeHn kak ponxnm
saunua1L caok pyky.
KpoHe 1oro, ecnn nx pyka poc1a1ouno cnnLna pnn saHepnenno nrpm,
1o onn Hornn 6m nonyun1L 6onLun poxop, penan 6e1m n yaennunaan
6ank. D1n xe nrpokn ckynn1, Kak 1m Hor pena1L konn c a1nH?, nocne
1oro kak nysoam nrpok uypoH co6npae1 caok pyky n pas6naae1 appe6esrn
nonyuennoro na qnone Honc1pa. H ne xo1en no1epn1L nn opnoro knnen1a,
ecnn 6m n cpenan 6e1, onn 6m ace cpenann nac, roaopn1 1ako nrpok,
sa6npan kpoueunm 6ank c kape, npnuepunH na qnone.
Hrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax nokasmaae1 nrpokoa, ko1opme saxopn1
cnnukoH paneko a 1oproane na cna6mx pykax. Onn penak1 konn acerpa:
xo1L am nonyun1e na qnone Honc1pa, xo1L ynsanHyk pyky. He
nponycka1e aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L 6e1 npo1na a1nx nrpokoa na qnone n
1epne. Onn 6ypy1 o1aeua1L konnoH na ace aaun c1aakn, no1oHy u1o onn
acerpa a1o penak1!
HecHo1pn na ace amueckasannoe, saHepnennan nrpa nnorpa
npaannLna paxe npo1na nysoamx nrpokoa. Ecnn am nHee1e ouenL cnnLnyk
pyky, HanenLkn 6ank n nrpok cnpaaa o1 aac penae1 6e1, 1o nnorpa am
~143 ~
Hoxe1e nosaonn1L ce6e cpena1L konn. Ecnn am cpenae1e pes, 1o paxe
nysoame nrpokn 6ypy1 nacoaa1L.
HanpnHep, am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe n y aac na pykax
e1mpe nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, Hanm 6nanp penae1 konn, am
penae1e uek (6 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
Bce cpenann uek (3 BC). Ha 1epne npnxopn1 2. Manm 6nanp
penae1 6e1. Ceuac am ponxnm cpena1L konn.
Y aac ce1, aosHoxnoc1n co6pa1L qneu, ne1. Bm nano anepepn,
npo1nannkn 1nny1 Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn, npn HanenLkoH 6anke. Ecnn
am ceuac cpenae1e pes, 1o 6ypL1e yaepenm, u1o ace nrpokn, y ko1opmx
pykn cna6ee aaue, cpenak1 nac. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, 1oxe Hoxe1
cpena1L nac, 1ak kak on Hor naua1L 6neqoaa1L. Ecnn am ceuac cpenae1e
konn, 1o nopospn1enLnm nrpok Hoxe1 npepnonoxn1L, u1o nrpok,
cpenaaun 6e1, ne nHee1 cnnLno pykn, n 6ype1 pena1L konn c Henko
napo nnn c1apunH 1ysoH. Ecnn aaH noaese1, 1o k1o-nn6ypL ns
npo1nannkoa co cna6mHn pykaHn Hoxe1 cpena1L pes, u1o nosaonn1 aaH
o1ae1n1L pepesoH. Bank HanenLkn, aaua pyka neno6epnHa. HosaonL1e
nkpnH pena1L nysoame konnm.
3aknmveuue
Bm ne ponxnm, uac1o npnHenn1L saHepnennyk nrpy. 3aHepnennan
nrpa a1o pesnnqopHnpykun nnc1pyHen1, ncnonLsyeHm pnn nonyuennn
pononnn1enLnmx c1aaok o1 1a1oamx nrpokoa. B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax,
am ne ponxnm nooupn1L konnm caonx conepnnkoa. ysoame naknonnoc1n
aaunx conepnnkoa, ec1ec1aennmH o6pasoH, c1pon1 6onLune 6ankn pnn
aaunx nyuunx pyk.
Hpo1na nysoamx nrpokoa am nnkorpa ne ponxnm npnHenn1L
saHepnennyk nrpy ns nospne nosnunn, penan uek aHec1o 6e1.
74
ysoame
nrpokn xenak1 c kaxpo caoe pyko o1aeua1L konnoH na kaxpm
epnnnunm 6e1. Tak u1o ne nepexnaa1e, u1o ace cpenak1 nac. [axe ecnn
am na qnone co6epe1e kape, pena1e 6e1 n na6nkpa1e, kak onn 6ypy1
pena1L konn. Hnorpa, ace xe, am Hoxe1e nosaonn1L ce6e saHepnennyk
nrpy, penan konn aHec1o pesa. Hepep 1eH, kak naua1L saHepnennyk nrpy,
sapa1e ce6e 1pn aonpoca:
_____________________________
74
au Moxe1e cena1u uek a panne nosnnn, ecnn au sannannpoaann nrpa1u uek-pes.
Ho a nosne nosnnn, c cnnunuMn pykaMn, ena1e 1onuko e1.
~144 ~
1. Ecnn n paH caonH npo1nannkaH peueayk kap1y, 1o onn ynyuua1cn
1onLko po a1opocop1no n nepen1aenuno npnkynno pykn nnn onn
cHory1 nnorpa amnrpmaa1L y Henn nnn nonyua1L amropnme
npnkynnme pykn? (Hpnkynnme pykn nanne1cn amropnmHn, korpa
no1enunanLnme uancm 6onLue, ueH qak1nueckne uancm).
1. Pnckyk nn n nnorpa nponrpa1L 6ank ns-sa opno payx
pononnn1enLnmx c1aaok?
2. HackonLko aepon1en konn co c1oponm Honx npo1nannkoa, ecnn n ne
6ypy ncnonLsoaa1L saHepnennyk nrpy?
Ecnn nrpokn co cna6o pyko ne cHory1 amnrpa1L y aac nnn ne
co6epy1 cnnLnyk npnkynnyk pyky; ecnn 6ank cnnukoH Han, u1o6m 6mn
pnck ero nponrpa1L; ecnn aaun npo1nannkn cpenak1 nac na aau 6e1 nnn
pes, no aospepxa1cn o1 naca, ecnn am ne 6ype1e pena1L 6e1 nnn pes, 1o
paccHo1pn1e aosHoxnoc1L saHepnenno nrpm.
~145 ~
Pyku c payHn oaepnapaHu
B1o ouenu 1pynu n cepuesnu pasen.
Hpnnoxennue ycnnnn no ocMucnennk nsnoxenno secu c1pa1ernn,
snaun1enuno ycnnn1 aamy nrpy.
O6muno, ecnn am onpepennnn, u1o y aac ec1L npenHyuec1ao a
nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1, 1o am ponxnm ncnonLsoaa1L ero, penan
6e1 nnn pes. eH 6onLue aaue npenHyuec1ao a nonyunauecn
koH6nnaunn kap1, 1eH 6onee aaxnmH c1anoan1cn neo6xopnHoc1L aauero
paanennn na npo1nannkoa. Ecnn y aac ne6onLuoe npenHyuec1ao a
nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1, 1o am ne nponrpae1e Hnoro, ecnn
nepepapn1e ero. Tak kak am ne ponxnm nepepaaa1L ne6onLuoe
npenHyuec1ao a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1 coaceH 6es
pasHmunenn, 1o paccHo1pn1e aosHoxnoc1L nepepaun ne6onLuoro
npenHyuec1aa a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1 pnn nyuuero
ncnonLsoaannn 6onLuero npenHyuec1aa a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn
kap1 npn panLneueH posmrpmue pyk.
75
HpepnonoxnH, u1o am npnnnHae1e yuac1ne a ouenL nysoao nrpe.
Bce aaun npo1nannkn nrpak1 nopo6nmH o6pasoH: na npeqnone onn
nrpak1 6onee nonoannm acex cpannmx nH pyk (nk6me opnoHac1nme
kap1m, nk6me kapHannme napm, nk6me pae 6onLune pasnoHac1nme kap1m
n nk6me pae pasnoHac1nme cansannme kap1m). Hocne qnona onn penak1
6e1 n pes co c1apue napo nnn nyuue pyko, nnn c xopounHn
npnkynnmHn pykaHn (nnorpa paxe c 6onee cna6mHn pykaHn, ecnn pyHak1,
u1o ypaua ceropnn 6naroaonn1 nH), a ppyrnx cnyuanx onn o6muno penak1
konn. Onn 6ypy1 pena1L nac, ecnn ne 6ypy1 nHe1L aoo6ue nnkako pykn
nnn cn1yaunn sa c1onoH cknapmaae1cn 1aknH o6pasoH, u1o yxe paxe nH
c1anoan1cn ncno, u1o ceuac nx no6Lk1. B 1aknx nrpax, kak npaanno,
uec1L ceHL nrpokoa cHo1pn1 qnon, ue1mpe nn1L cHo1pn1 1epn n 1pn
ue1mpe cHo1pn1 pnaep.
Bm na 6a11one, na pykax y Bac
e1mpe nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, am cpenann pes. BonLuo 6nanp n
nnHnepm konn (12.5 MC). Onon
Y aac oaepnapa n o6pa1no npnkynno na1coam qneu. BonLuo
_____________________________
75
Mnorne nrpokn a nokep ouuno nerko o1kasuaak1cn o1 Manenukoro npenMyec1aa a
nonyunamecn koMnnann kap1, no1oMy u1o on1cn nponrpa1u. Bkcnep1u 1ak ne nrpak1,
noa1oMy Mu axe ne yeM yc1panaa1u secu nckyccnk na a1y 1eMy.
~146 ~
6nanp penae1 6e1, nepam nnHnep pes. [aoe ns 1pex oc1aaunxcn
nnHnepoa cpenann konn (19.5 MC). Bm ponxnm pena1L pepes.
Y aac oc1anocL ue1mpe npo1nannka. 1o6m am 1enepL nn penann, am
ne cHoxe1e npnnypn1L nn opnoro ns nnx cpena1L nac. Onn yxe anoxnnn
penLrn a 6ank na qnone, n 1enepL nou1n acerpa 6ypy1 o1aeua1L konnoH na
nk6me 6ypyune c1aakn, u1o6m yanpe1L 1epn. Ecnn ceuac am cpenae1e
konn, a nrpok, ko1opm aepon1no cpenae1 6e1 na 1epne, naxopn1cn cneaa
o1 aac, 1o am Hoxe1e na ue1aep1o ynnue ne nonyun1L aosHoxnoc1n
cpena1L pes n noc1aan1L caonx npo1nannkoa nepep neo6xopnHoc1Lk
cpena1L xonopnm konn a pae 6onLune c1aakn. He1 nnkakoro ppyroro
xopouero cnoco6a, u1o6m saun1n1L aauy pyky.
Tak kak am ne Hoxe1e saun1n1L aauy pyky, 1o am ponxnm
ncnonLsoaa1L caoe npenHyuec1ao a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1,
penan pes pnn yaennuennn 6anka. Ckopee acero, y aac nyuuan pyka.
Baun conepnnka, penakune 6e1m n pesm, Hory1 amnrpa1L y aac, no
aepon1nee acero y nnx npnkynno qneu, npnkynno c1pn1 nnn c1apuan
napa. Tak kak onn nrpak1 ouenL nysoao, 1o nx aosHoxnmHn pykaHn Hory1
6m1L: KQ, J8, 32, A4 n orpoHnoe konnuec1ao ppyrnx pyk.
Mano 1oro, u1o aaua pyka, aosHoxno, caHan nyuuan, 1ak eue n
aaua uennoc1L 6anka ouenL amcoka. Baua aepon1noc1L amnrpmua a1oro
6anka coc1aanne1 npn6nnsn1enLno 50%.
76
C ue1mpLHn npo1nannkaHn aaH
poc1a1ouno n 20%, u1o6m aau pes 6mn amropnmH. C 50% am nHee1e
orpoHnoe npenHyuec1ao. C1po1e 6ank n nape1ecL na cnny aaue pykn.
TenepL npepc1aaL1e ce6e, u1o na npeqnone am nHee1e 1y xe caHyk
cn1yaunk, no aHec1o 1ysoa a aaue pyke
BonLuo 6nanp onn1L penae1 6e1, nepam nnHnep pes. [aoe ns
1pex oc1aaunxcn nnHnepoa cpenann konn (19.5 MC). TonLko 1enepL am
ponxnm pena1L konn!
Bm nou1n c 1o xe aepon1noc1Lk 6ype1e nHe1L nyuuyk pyky c
pecn1kaHn, kak n c 1ysaHn. Yun1maan npepmpyuyk 1oproank, 1nxeno
npepnonoxn1L, u1o k1o-1o ns aaunx npo1nannkoa nHee1 kapHannmx
kopone, paH nnn aane1oa. Ho nannune nyuue pykn ne o6nsa1enLno
_____________________________
76
Hn1uecn1 npoen1oa a1o oueanno 1onuko oenka. /nn 1oro u1ou yen1ucn a ee
oocnoaannoc1n, npec1aau1e 1nnnunu naop pyk aamnx npo1nannkoa. BosMoxno, onn
nMek1 npnkynno qnem, c1apmyk napy, upnau c1pn1 n ae oaepkap1u
coo1ae1c1aenno. Hpnkynno qnem nMee1e aoceMu ay1oa (Bam A yanne1 onn ay1 n
noMorae1 copa1u aaM opa1no npnkynno qnem), c1apman napa nMee1 ue1upe ay1a
(onn ns ee ay1oa naknauaae1cn na npnkynno qnem), upnau c1pn1 nMee1 1pn ay1a
(onn1u ono nanoxenne) n oaepkap1ounu npnkyn nou1n yMep. Bce aMec1e npo1na aac
onn nMek1 npnnnsn1enuno 15 ay1oa. Hpnkyn c nn1naa1uk ay1aMn oc1panaae1cn uy1u
uae, ueM a 50% cnyuaea. TaknM opasoM, au ye1e aunrpuaa1u y 1akoro npnkyna uy1u
pexe, ueM a 50% cnyuaea. /oaau1e ee ue1upe npoen1a sa opa1no npnkynno qnem
n cena1e auao, u1o au ye1e aunrpuaa1u npnnnsn1enuno a 50% cnyuaea.
~147 ~
osnauae1, u1o am ponxnm pena1L pes. C pecn1kaHn aaua uennoc1L 6anka
naHnoro HenLue, ueH c 1ysaHn. k6an ns ue1mpex oaepkap1 noHoxe1
npo1nannkaH o6mrpa1L aac. K 1oHy xe am ne nHee1e T, noa1oHy am
6onee ynsanHm pnn qneua. Baun npo1nannkn Hory1 nHe1L 10
pononnn1enLnmx ay1oa, u1o6m o6mrpa1L aaun pecn1kn, uero onn ne
nHenn, korpa y aac 6mnn 1ysm. D1n pononnn1enLnme ay1m nonnxak1 aauy
uennoc1L 6anka npouen1oa po 25%.
77
[axe c paapua1n nn1n npouen1no uennoc1Lk 6anka am nHee1e
npenHyuec1ao a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1 npo1na ue1mpex
npo1nannkoa (1ak kak 25% 6onLue ueH 20%). B nonyunauecn
koH6nnaunn kap1 npenHyuec1ao nanne1cn o1nocn1enLno ne6onLunH. Y
pesa pnn yaennuennn 6anka ec1L nonoxn1enLnan oxnpaeHan npn6mnL, no
ouenL ne 6onLuan. Korpa am nHee1e a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1
1akoe HanenLkoe npenHyuec1ao, 1o am ponxnm paccHo1pe1L ppyroe
peuenne n nopoxpa1L 1epna.
C pecn1kaHn, nesaancnHo o11oro, u1o nonan1cn na 1epne, aaua
uennoc1L 6anka cnnLno nsHenn1cn. Ecnn npnpe1 onacnan pnn aac kap1a
(nanpnHep, A) n npo1nannk nepe1nne1 aac, 1o aaua npnkynnan pyka
c1anoan1cn Hep1ao (Baua uennoc1L 6anka npn6nnsn1cn k nynk). Ecnn
npnpe1 xopouan pnn aac kap1a, 1o uennoc1L aauero 6anka Hoxe1
nopckoun1L po 50%, paaan aaH a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1
6onLuoe npenHyuec1ao na acex c1aakax 1epna. Y aaunx npo1nannkoa
oc1ane1cn napexpa 1onLko na pnaep, u1o6m nepe1nny1L aac, no nonoanna
konopm 6esonacna pnn aac.
C 1ysaHn nsHenennn ne nac1onLko ckaukoo6pasnm. Ecnn k1o-nn6o ns
npo1nannkoa nepe1nrnaae1 aac, nHen pae napm nnn qneu, 1o y aac ace
eue oc1ae1cn ceHL nnn aoceHL ay1oa. C 1aknH npnkynoH am nHee1e
uennoc1L 6anka na ypoane o1 nn1napua1n po paapua1n npouen1oa. Ecnn xe
npnxopn1 6esonacnan kap1a, 1o aaua uennoc1L 6anka yaennunaae1cn c
nn1npecn1n po uec1npecn1n nn1n npouen1oa.
78
C pecn1kaHn, na qnone a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1
HanenLkoe npenHyuec1ao c 6onLunHn kone6annnHn uennoc1n 6anka pnn
aac na ue1aep1o ynnue, penae1 oxnpanne 1epna nyuunH peuenneH. Ecnn
am cpenae1e pepes na qnone, 1o aaun npo1nannkn, ckopee acero,
cpenak1 uek po aac na 1epne. Ecnn am na qnone cpenae1e konn, 1o nrpok,
cpenaaun 6e1 nnn pes na qnone, na 1epne, ouenL aepon1no, cpenae1
6e1. Ecnn kap1a 1epna 6ype1 ypauno pnn aac, 1o aaH pec1an1enLno
nyxen ue-1o 6e1 na 1epne, u1o6m am Hornn cpena1L pes. Honyuenne
pononnn1enLno c1aakn paonoro pasHepa o1 kaxporo npo1nannka, korpa
aaue npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka 6onLuoe, naHnoro nyuue, ueH
nonyuenne epnnnuno c1aakn, korpa aaue npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka
HanenLkoe.
D1a nrpa asap1na. Bm aospepxnaae1ecL o1 pesa c HanmH
_____________________________
77
/aaa1u nn1u npoen1oa eMonc1pnpyk1 neoxonMoc1u aaxu nsexa1u onacno
nn aac kap1u ns nonoannu konou (23 ay1a).
78
Hpnkyn na 15 ay1oa aue1 npo1na aac a 15/ 46 a1o npnnnsn1enuno a 1/ 3 cnyuaea.
~148 ~
nonoxn1enLnmH oxnpanneH npn6mnn, napencL cpena1L ero nosxe, c
6onLunH nonoxn1enLnmH oxnpanneH npn6mnn. Baun npo1nannkn Hory1
peun1L cpena1L uek na 1epne paxe npn1oH, u1o am ne cpenann pepes na
qnone. Bm pnckye1e HanmH konnuec1aoH oxnpaeHo npn6mnn, u1o6m
amnrpa1L naHnoro 6onLue, 1akan nrpa ne nyxpae1cn a uac1oH ycneunoH
saaepuennn, u1o6m 6m1L nyuue nrpo.
C 1ysaHn asap1nan nrpa naHnoro onacne. Pepes na qnone nHee1
naHnoro 6onee amcokoe nonoxn1enLnoe oxnpanne npn6mnn. Baue
npenHyuec1ao a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1 na ue1aep1o ynnue ne
na Hnoro 6onLue, ueH na qnone. Tak kak am pnckye1e 6onLunH
konnuec1aoH pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnrpa1L HenLuee, 1o 1akan nrpa ponxna
ycneuno saaepua1Lcn naHnoro uaue, u1o6m 6m1L npaannLno. Cn1yaunn c
1ysaHn ne c1on1 asap1no nrpm, neHepnenno okynn1e nx, cpenaa pepes
na qnone.
3aknmveuue
Mnorne nrpokn npnnnHak1 npoc1o nopxop pnn nrpm nocne qnona.
Ecnn onn pyHak1, u1o nx pyka nyuuan, onn penak1 pes acnkn pas,
korpa nonyuak1 uanc. ac1o a1o nyuuan c1pa1ernn. Ho kak 6m 1o nn 6mno
a1o ne acerpa caHan nyuuan c1pa1ernn. Hnorpa nyuue aospepxa1Lcn o1
paanennn npn HanoH npenHyuec1ae a nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1,
u1o6m nyuue ncnonLsoaa1L 6onLuee npenHyuec1ao a nonyunauecn
koH6nnaunn kap1, ko1opoe Hoxe1 nonan1Lcn nosxe. A nHenno, am nnorpa
ponxnm xpa1L 1epna, u1o6m cpena1L pes c pyko, ko1opan no aaunH
pacue1aH Hoxe1 ynyuun1Lcn, ecnn amnonnenm cnepykune ycnoann:
1. Pes cpenannm a pannm HoHen1 nHee1 Hano uancoa na 1o, u1o ns-
sa nero npo1nannkn cpenak nac.
2. Baua pyka ynsanHa, Hnoro kap1 (uac1o nonoanna konopm) Hory1
o6mrpa1L aauy pyky, n noa1oHy am nHee1e a nonyunauecn
koH6nnaunn kap1 Hanoe npenHyuec1ao.
3. Ecnn nonan1cn ypaunan kap1a, 1o aaue npenHyuec1ao a
nonyunauecn koH6nnaunn kap1 na 1epne snaun1enLno yaennun1cn.
~149 ~
Hocnecnoaue k paspeny
Hrpa nocne qnona
Mnorne nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax, ko1opme o1nocn1cn k nrpaH
cepLesno, a HenLuaunx noppo6noc1nx nsyuak1 c1pa1ernk c1ap1oamx pyk
n npene6perak1 nsyuenneH nrpm nocne qnona. Mm noc1onnno ac1peuaeH
nop1aepxpennn a1oro, anpn amckasmaannn na naueH qopyHe
www.twoplustwo.com. Ecnn 6m 1onLko a1n nkpn nonnnn, u1o HanenLkne
pasnnunn a nrpe na npeqnone ne cnnLno annnk1 na nx o6un pesynL1a1
nrpm, 1o onn 6m konuen1pnpoaanncL na nsyuennn nrpm nocne qnona n nx
o6une pesynL1a1m nauann 6m ynyuua1Lcn.
Ho nrpa na 6onee nospnnx ynnuax Hoxe1 6m1L poaonLno cnoxno.
Kak nokasan a1o1 paspen, a1a nrpa 1pe6ye1 6onLunx snann c1pa1ernn,
xopoue ouenkn pec1an aaunx npo1nannkoa, n xpa6poc1n npoponxn1L
nrpy sa cue1 opno payx pononnn1enLnmx c1aaok. BosHoxno, nHenno
noa1oHy, ouenL Hnorne nrpokn konuen1pnpyk1cn 1onLko na nepamx payx
kap1ax. D1o naHnoro nerue, ueH nayun1Lcn nrpa1L xopouo na qnone n
1epne npo1na Hnorouncnennmx yxacnmx nrpokoa, ko1opme npncy1c1ayk1 a
nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax. TeH ne Henee, paxe, necHo1pn na 1akyk
oc1anoaky a pasan1nn, onn npoponxak1 amnrpmaa1L noneHnory.
Ho, kak Hm yxe sanannnn panee, a1a knnra ne nauenena na 1ex, k1o
xoue1 amnrpmaa1L noneHnory. HnqopHaunn, ko1opan copepxn1cn a a1o
knnre, nnkc kpono1nnaan n nanpnxennan pa6o1a c aaue c1oponm,
ponxnm nayun1L aac sapa6a1maa1L 6onLue.
TenepL paaa1e np1n panLue, n nsyua1L nrpy na pnaepe.
~150 ~
Hac1u ve1aep1an
Hrpa ua puaepe
~151 ~
Hrpa ua puaepe
Hpepucnoaue
Mnorne nkpn pyHak1, u1o nrpa1L na pnaepe npoc1o. Heko1opme
aa1opm nnuy1 uenme knnrn o xonpeHe, no a1o 1eHe nocanuak1
6ykaanLno pae nnn 1pn c1pannum. TeH ne Henee, nocne 1oro kak ace kap1m
na c1one o1kpm1m Hnorne, nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax penak1
6ecuncnennoe konnuec1ao oun6ok, aknkuan caHyk poporoc1onuyk
oun6ky, aosHoxnyk a nnHn1noH xonpeHe. D1a 1eHa nac1onLko aaxna, u1o
Hm o6cypnH ee nonnoc1Lk.
HpaannLnan nrpa na pnaepe ne npoc1a. Ona Hoxe1 6m1L cnoxno,
korpa am nrpae1e opnn na opnn, n c1anoan1cn eue cnoxnee, korpa am
nHee1e payx nnn 6onLue npo1nannkoa. B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax, na
pnaepe am uac1o 6ype1e nHe1L payx nnn 6onLue npo1nannkoa. B a1o
uac1n Hm packpmaaeH caHme aaxnme npnnunnm pnn
amcokokaannqnunpoaanno nrpm na pnaepe.
~152 ~
QenaeH 6e1 ua puaepe
pnn yaenuveuun pasHepa 6auka
Arpeccnanm nrpok penae1 pes na npeqnone, a nysoao naccnanm
nrpok c 6onLuoro 6nanpa penae1 konn. Hrpok, cpenaaun pes, penae1
6e1, nocne kaxporo ueka na qnone, 1epne n pnaepe. ysoam nrpok
o1aeuae1 konnoH na ace 1pn 6e1a. Arpeccnanm nrpok nokasmaae1 caon
neynyuuennme kap1m AK, a 6nanp nokasmaae1 93, ko1opme o6pasoaann
Hnapuyk napy. Torpa arpeccnanm nrpok roaopn1: Onn penak1 konn co
acnko epynpo. Kak n Hory o6mrpa1L napnn, ko1opm nnkorpa ne penae1
nac?.
B neko1opo c1enenn on npaa. Mnoro nrpokoa na nnsknx nnHn1ax
nrpak1 upesamuano Hnoro pyk, n saxopn1 c nnHn ouenL paneko. Onn
naunnak1 nrpy co cna6mHn pykaHn, nonyuak1 na qnone Hnapuyk napy,
penak1 konn na qnone n 1epne a napexpe na ynyuuenne. [anee, ne
ynyuunauncL, onn penak1 konn na pnaepe (napencL, u1o nrpok,
cpenaaun 6e1, 6neqye1).
Ho amaop, cpenannm arpeccnanmH nrpokoH, ne npaannLnm! D1nx
nrpokoa nerko o6mrpa1L. [a, onn Hory1 nnorpa pacc1pon1L, n nonnoc1Lk
ne1pannsoaa1L opno ns aaunx nokepnmx aoopyxenn, 6neq. Ho,
6esynpeuno saunuancL npo1na 6neqa, onn okasmaak1cn ynsanHm pnn
ppyrnx a1ak, no1oHy u1o Hnorne pykn, ko1opme cna6m, u1o6m cpena1L 6e1
pnn yaennuennn 6anka, npo1na 1a1oamx npo1nannkoa, c1anoan1cn 6onee
cnnLnmHn npo1na nrpokoa c nnsknHn c1anpap1aHn pnn konna. Bm Hoxe1e
ncnonLsoaa1L nx c1pa1ernk no noane 6neqa, penan c norpannunmHn
pykaHn na pnaepe 6e1 pnn yaennuennn 6anka.
79
HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n na pykax y aac
Tpn nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, am cpenann pes. BonLuo 6nanp n
nnHnepm konn (10.5 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
e1mpe aaunx npo1nannka penak1 uek, n am penae1e 6e1. BonLuo
6nanp n opnn ns nrpokoa konn (6.5 BC). Ha 1epn npnxopn1 2. Onn o6a
penak1 uek. Bm nepexnaae1e, u1o k1o-1o ns nnx pepxn1 koponn, no1oHy
u1o aaun npo1nannkn nannk1cn cna6mHn nrpokaHn, ko1opme Hory1 n ne
pena1L pes co c1apue napo. Ho am a nk6oH cnyuae penae1e 6e1,
_____________________________
79
B1o ee onee aepno nn nrpokoa, ko1opue es na1coao pykn nnkora ne cenak1
pes.
~153 ~
no1oHy u1o 6ank 6onLuo n am ponxnm saun1n1L caok pyky o1 1ysa, paHm
nnn aane1a, ko1opme Hory1 amnrpa1L y aac na pnaepe. BonLuo 6nanp
konn, ppyro nrpok nac (8.5 BC). Ha pnaep npnxopn1 6.
Bau npo1nannk onn1L penae1 uek. Ecnn aau npo1nannk poc1a1ouno
1a1oam, 1o am ponxnm cpena1L nocne nero uek. Ha qnone on Hor nHe1L
pasnnunme pykn, c ko1opmHn on Hor 6m konnnpoaa1L aau 6e1. On Hor 6m
nHe1L koponn, ko1opm 6Le1 aac, no 1akxe on Hor nHe1L pae uepam,
aocLHepky, ue1aepky, uec1L nnn ceHL pnn pmpnaoro c1pn1a. Ha 1epne,
korpa on onn1L penan konn, nocne npnuepue na c1on 6esapepno
paokn, pnanason ero pyk Hoxno orpannunaa1L panLue. Ceuac on Hoxe1
oc1aaa1Lcn a nrpe c koponeH, nnn payHn uepaaHn, pykn c HenLunHn
kap1aHn on 6m c6pocnn nepep ypaoenno c1aako 1epna. Bau cna6m
1a1oam npo1nannk ne 6ype1 pena1L konn na pnaepe c neco6pannmH
npnkynnmH qneueH. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn am cpenae1e 6e1, n on o1ae1n1
konnoH, 1o, ckopee acero on nokaxe1 koponn n sa6epe1 6ank. Tak kak c
1aknH npo1nannkoH am 6ype1e uac1o nponrpmaa1L na pnaepe, 1o am
ponxnm cpena1L uek. Hpo1na 1a1oaoro nrpoka, am ne ponxnm pena1L 6e1
na pnaepe c norpannuno pyko pnn yaennuennn 6anka.
80
A 1enepL paaa1e npepnonoxnH, u1o aau npo1nannk nanne1cn
nysoamH nrpokoH, u1o 6onee xapak1epno pnn nrp na nnsknx nnHn1ax.
aaun pasHmunennn na pnaepe ponxnm nsHenn1Lcn. B 1o apeHn kak pnn
1a1oaoro nrpoka, am Hornn snaun1enLno cysn1L pnanason pyk, c
ko1opmHn on Hor npoponxa1L nrpy, 1o pnn nysoaoro nrpoka am 6ype1e ne
a coc1onnnn a1o cpena1L. Ha 1epne on Hoxe1 konnnpoaa1L aau 6e1, pepxa
a pyke koponn, aocLHepky, ue1aepky, paoky, kapHannyk napy HenLue
aaue, npnkynno qneu, pmpnam c1pn1, c1apuero 1ysa n paxe eue
xypuyk pyky. TenepL, korpa na pnaepe npnuna 6esonacnan 6, n aau
npo1nannk cpenan uek, am Hoxe1e pena1L 6e1. Tak kak on, aepon1no,
o1ae1n1 c nk6o napo nnn paxe npoc1o co c1apunH 1ysoH (1nnnuno pnn
aa1oo1ae1unkoa), 1o am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L pononnn1enLnyk c1aaky, ecnn
y nero a pyke okaxy1cn paokn, ue1aepkn, uec1epkn, aocLHepkn,
neynyuuennan kapHannan napa nnn c1apun 1ys. Bm 6ype1e nponrpmaa1L
pononnn1enLnyk c1aaky, ecnn y nero okaxy1cn koponn, pae napm nnn
nyuune pykn. Ckopee acero, u1o y nero opna ns Hnornx pyk, ko1opyk am
o6mrpmaae1e, ueH opny ns neHnornx pyk, ko1opo am nponrpmaae1e. D1o1
6e1 pnn yaennuennn 6anka npnnece1 aaH xopouyk npn6mnL na pnnnno
pnc1anunn.
[pyro npnHep, am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe n y aac na pykax K3, am
cHo1pn1e qnon ann1epoH, nocne 1oro, kak ue1mpe nrpoka cpenann konn,
aHec1e c HanmH 6nanpoH (5 MC). [aoe ns aaunx npo1nannkoa
coaepuenno ne npepc1aannk1, u1o 1akoe nokep. Takxe kak n 6onLunnc1ao
cna6mx nrpokoa, onn nrpak1 cnnukoH Hnoro pyk n saxopn1 c nnHn ouenL
paneko. KpoHe 1oro, onn ne penak1 pes c poc1a1ouno cnnLnmHn pykaHn,
_____________________________
80
/o pnaepa, au onxnu ena1u e1 c onumnnc1aoM ns a1nx pyk, u1ou ne a1u
aosMoxnoc1n npo1nannkaM nonyun1u ecnna1nyk kap1y. Eonume o c1pa1ernuecknx
pasnnunnx Mexy nocnennMn kpyraMn 1oproann n npeuynMn, Moxno npoun1a1u a
knnre /aana Cknanckn Teopnn nokepa.
~154 ~
1aknHn kak c1apuan napa nnn pae napm. Ha qnon npnxopn1 K85.
Manm 6nanp penae1 uek, n am penae1e 6e1. Ecnn am nonyun1e pes, 1o
am nnannpye1e saun1n1L caok pyky, ecnn ona ne ynyuun1cn, 6e1oH na
ue1aep1o ynnue. TonLko paa noanuka penak1 konn (4 BC). D1o
aennkonennm pesynL1a1 pnn aac, 1ak kak a1n paoe 6ypy1 konnnpoaa1L, c
ueH nonano. Hoa1oHy, Hoxno npepnonoxn1L, u1o y aac nyuuan pyka. Ha
1epn npnxopn1 6. Bm penae1e 6e1, n o6a nrpoka penak1 konn (7 BC). Ha
pnaep npnxopn1 Q. Bm ponxnm pena1L 6e1 npo1na 1aknx nysoamx
nrpokoa, kak Hoxno 6onLue pas npn nepao npepc1aanauecn
aosHoxnoc1n. Tak kak am nHee1e ace eue payx npo1nannkoa, 1o ec1L
ne6onLuo uanc, u1o opnn ns nnx pepxn1 koponn co c1apunH knkepoH
nnn nepe1nnyn aac payHn napaHn. Opnako, ropaspo 6onee aepon1no, u1o
aaua pyka nepexnna nospnne ynnum n ace eue oc1ae1cn nyuue. Ecnn am
cpenae1e 6e1, 1o, uaue acero, nonyun1e a o1ae1 konn o1 opnoro nnn payx
aaunx npo1nannkoa. Korpa a1o nponcxopn1, am amnrpmaae1e
pononnn1enLnyk c1aaky nnn pae, ko1opme am 6m ynyc1nnn, ecnn 6m
cpenann uek. 3anoHnn1e, ecnn am cpenae1e uek, n opnn ns aaunx
npo1nannkoa, ko1opm pec1an1enLno Hoxe1 amnrpa1L y aac, cpenae1 6e1,
1o am Hoxe1e ace paano no1epn1L c1aaky, korpa am o1uae1ecL, n 6ype1e
o1aeua1L eHy konnoH.
Hpo1na npepckasyeHmx n naccnanmx npo1nannkoa am Hoxe1e pena1L
6e1 c ouenL norpannunmHn pykaHn, no 1onLko ecnn am nepamH axopn1e a
nrpy. Korpa am penae1e uek, am nosaonne1e aaunH npo1nannkaH po1n po
6ecnna1noro ackpm1nn co cna6mHn pykaHn, n caHn 6ype1e onnaunaa1L nx
6e1m, korpa y nnx 6ypy1 nyuune pykn.
[enan 6e1, am nponrpmaae1e c1onLko xe, ckonLko nponrpann 6m,
ecnn 6m penann konn, korpa aosHoxno nx pyka cnnLnee, n amnrpmaae1e
6onLue, ecnn aaua pyka cnnLnee. Bm ponxnm pena1L 6e1 npo1na 1aknx
nrpokoa.
81,82
_____________________________
81
B1o ouenu aaxnan nen. Ona e1anuno paccMo1pena a knnre /aana Cknanckn Teopnn
nokepa naunnan c 221 c1pannu.
82
Hpo1na arpeccnanux n xn1pux nrpokoa a1a nen ne 1ak aqqek1nana, no1oMy u1o
nnora aaM npne1cn nepennaunaa1u, ecnn onn cenak1 pes. B a1oM cnyuae aaM nyume
cena1u uek. Ho a nrpax na nnsknx nnMn1ax 1aknx nrpokoa au ac1pe1n1e ne uac1o.
Tak xe, au onxnu ena1u uek, ecnn aam npo1nannk enae1 e1 uae, ueM konn.
Tako nrpok ouenu nkn1 uac1o neqoaa1u. Bu Moxe1e ncnonusoaa1u ero qana1nunyk
npeannoc1u neqy, enan uekn n konnu c norpannunuMn pykaMn. B1o1 npneM, aaxnu
nn nrp na cpennx n aucoknx nnMn1ax, yoc1onncn uec1n nonac1u a a1y knnry, no a
kauec1ae cnockn. Mnorne nrpokn nnsknx nnMn1oa, kora anepaue ysnak1 o a1oM npneMe,
naunnak1 cnnmkoM uac1o ena1u uek na pnaepe c ouenu xopomnMn pykaMn, nu1ancu
cnpoaonpoaa1u neq. B nysoaux nrpax, re onumnnc1ao npo1nannkoa npoaepnk1
nkoro, oc1ae1cn ouenu Mano cnyuaea, kora e1y nn yaennuennn anka Moxno
npenouec1u uek. HecMo1pn na 1o, u1o au onxnu sna1u 1e MoMen1u, kora 1eopnn
pekoMenye1 ena1u uek, au ace paano onxnu ena1u e1 nn yaennuennn anka c
norpannunuMn pykaMn. Hpoun1a1e onume o a1oM na c1panne 209 a knnre /aana
Cknanckn Teopnn nokepa
~155 ~
QenaeH 6e1 pnn yaenuveuun pasHepa
6auka, korpa npuxopu1 onacuan kap1a
B npnHepax, ko1opme Hm paccHa1pnaann amue, na pnaep npnxopnna
o1nocn1enLno 6esonacnan kap1a. Opnako poc1a1ouno uac1o aaH ne 6ype1
1ak aes1n. Korpa na pnaep npnpe1 onacnan kap1a, aaH npnpe1cn peua1L,
nackonLko amcoka aepon1noc1L, u1o aac nepe1nny1.
83
Cyuec1aye1 ue1mpe
rnaanmx qak1opa, ko1opme aaH neo6xopnHo paccHo1pe1L, pnn 1oro u1o6m
npnnn1L peuenne:
1. Kak Hnoro nrpokoa oc1anocL a nrpe.
2. CkonLko koH6nnaun kap1 Hoxe1 6m1L co6pano npn noHoun a1o
kap1m.
3. Bepon1nm pnanason pyk, c ko1opmHn nrpak1 aaun npo1nannkn.
4. HackonLko 1a1oao nnn nysoao nrpak1 aaun npo1nannkn.
Oueanpno, u1o ueH 6onLue nrpokoa oc1anocL a nrpe, 1eH 6onLue
uancoa, u1o c noHouLk onacno kap1m onn 6ypy1 amnrpmaa1L.
HpepnonoxnH, na 1epne am naxopn1ecL na UTG, co c1apue napo. Bm
cpenann 6e1, n epnnc1aennm nysoam npo1nannk o1ae1nn aaH. Ecnn na
pnaepe npnxopn1 kap1a, ko1opan noHoxe1 co6pa1L eHy qneu, 1o am a
nk6oH cnyuae ponxnm pena1L 6e1. Hnorpa y aauero npo1nannka 6ype1
co6npa1Lcn qneu, n on 6ype1 o1aeua1L aaH pesoH. Ho uaue, on 6ype1
pena1L konn co cna6o pyko, n nna1n1L aaH.
Ecnn aHec1o opnoro npo1nannka, am okaxe1ecL c 1peHn, ko1opme
6ypy1 konnnpoaa1L 1epn, 1o npn 1ouno 1ako xe kap1e na pnaepe, am
ponxnm 6ype1e cpena1L uek. Bo1 npn 1akoH konnuec1ae npo1nannkoa
ouenL amcoka aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o aac nepe1nnynn. ek Hoxe1 cnac1n
aauy c1aaky. Ecnn 6m am cpenann 6e1, a k1o-1o ns a1nx 1pex npo1nannkoa
o1ae1nn pesoH, 1o aaH npnunocL 6m pena1L nac.
Heko1opme kap1m pnaepa poc1aannk1 6onLue 6ecnokoc1aa, ueH
ppyrne. HpepnonoxnH, na 1epne y aac c1apuan napa nnn oaepnapa, am
penae1e 6e1, n opnn nnn paa npo1nannka konn. Ecnn na pnaepe npnxopn1
oaepkap1a k aaue nape, no a1a kap1a ne noHorae1 npo1nannkaH
poc1pon1L qneu nnn c1pn1 (nanpnHep, y aac QJ, na qnon npnxopn1
J842, na pnaepe npnxopn1 K), 1o am ponxnm npepnonoxn1L, u1o
aaua pyka ace eue nyuuan, n cpena1L 6e1.
Hpaapa cyuec1ayk1 ncknkuennn, korpa oaepkap1a 1ys. B a1oH
cnyuae am ponxnm 6m1L akkypa1ne, 1ak kak Hnorne npo1nannkn nrpak1
po pnaepa c 1ysoH-nyc1muko. Onn xo1n1 co6pa1L napy c 1ysoH, ko1opm c
qnona y nnx 6mn knkepoH. KpoHe 1oro, ec1L n akc1peHanLno cna6me
nrpokn, ko1opme konnnpyk1 po pnaepa c nk6mH 1ysoH, napencL co6pa1L
_____________________________
83
Onacnan kap1a a1o kap1a, ko1opan Moxe1 noMouu aameMy npo1nannky nepe1nny1u
aac. Ecnn y aac ec1u oaepnapa, a na c1on npnxon1 kap1a, ko1opan Moxe1 noMouu
npo1nannky copa1u napy c1apme aame, nnn kap1a, ko1opan nanne1cn 1pe1ue kap1o
ono Mac1n, nnn kap1a, ko1opan cansuaae1 kap1u na c1one (noMoran koMy-1o oc1pon1u
c1pn1), 1o ace a1n kap1u nannk1cn onacnuMn nn aac.
~156 ~
nHenno napy 1ysoa.
84
B 1o xe caHo cn1yaunn, no, ecnn oaepkap1a Hoxe1 noHouL
poc1pon1L qneu nnn c1pn1 (nanpnHep, y aac A9, na c1one 9842,
na pnaep npnxopn1 Q, kap1a pnaepa Hoxe1 noHouL poc1pon1L uepaoam
qneu nnn c1pn1 c JT), am ponxnm cpena1L uek. Takan kap1a naHnoro
6onee onacna, no1oHy u1o ona npepoc1aanne1 1pn cnoco6a aHec1o opnoro,
u1o6m opepxa1L aepx nap aaHn. Cn1yaunn ycyry6nne1cn eue n 1eH, u1o
k1o-nn6o ns npo1nannkoa c QJ nnn QT, aepon1ne acero, 6ype1 o1aeua1L
na aaun 6e1m po pnaepa a napexpe co6pa1L c1pn1 nnn napy.
Ecnn npnuepuan na pnaepe kap1a eue xyxe (na c1one okasmaae1cn
ue1mpe kap1m pnn c1pn1a nnn qneua nnn o6onx), 1o am ponxnm
aospepxnaa1Lcn o1 c1aakn pnn yaennuennn 6anka, 1onLko, ecnn y aac ne1
c1pn1a nnn qneua. Hcknkuenne k a1oHy npaanny aosnnkae1 1onLko a 1oH
cnyuae, ecnn am cysnnn aosHoxnme pykn caonx npo1nannkoa 1onLko k 1eH,
ko1opme ne Hory1 ynyuun1Lcn npn noHoun a1o kap1m, u1o6m amnrpa1L y
aac.
HanpnHep, am na nosnunn UTG n axopn1e nnHnoH c 99. Tpn
nrpoka nocne aac penak1 nnHn, Hanm 6nanp nac, 6onLuo 6nanp uek
(5.5 MC).
Onon 962, pan aaH nyuuyk aosHoxnyk ceuac pyky, ce1
pean1ok. BonLuo 6nanp penae1 uek, n am penae1e 6e1. [aa nrpoka konn,
n 6a11on cpenan pes. BonLuo 6nanp nac, am pepes. [aa nrpoka,
penaaunx konn, cpenann nac, 6a11on cnoaa pes. Bm cpenann konn,
nnannpyn cpena1L uek-pes na 1epne (7.5 BC).
85
Ha 1epne npnxopn1 7. Bm uek, aau npo1nannk penae1 6e1, am pes,
aau npo1nannk penae1 konn (11.5 BC). Ha pnaepe npnxopn1 8. O6muno,
1akan kap1a nanne1cn ouenL onacno. Ona penae1 aosHoxnmH kak
uepaoam qneu, 1ak n c1pn1, npnueH ue1mpe kap1m pnn c1pn1a naxopn1cn
na c1one. Opnako, am Hoxe1e cpena1L 6e1, npepnonaran, u1o y aac nyuuan
pyka. Arpeccnn aauero npo1nannka na qnone nokasana, u1o y nero yxe a
1o1 HoHen1 6mna cnnLnan pyka. Han6onee aepon1no, u1o aaueHy
npo1nannky na qnone npnuen nnn HenLun, ueH y aac ce1, nnn pae napm.
Eue aosHoxno, u1o aau npo1nannk nepenrpmaan payxc1oponnn c1pn1, c
87, nnn paxe c1apuyk napy c A9. Ho nesaancnHo o11oro, u1o y nero na
pykax, on ne Hoxe1 nHe1L pecn1ky nnn nn1epky (ec1L eue ouenL
HanenLkn uanc, u1o 1ak on pasmrpmaan kapHannyk napy pecn1ok),
86
1ak
kak nk6an pyka, copepxauan a1n kap1m, 6mna 6m cnnukoH cna6o, u1o6m
_____________________________
84
Ec1u ae pyrne npnunnu cena1u uek, ecnn na pnaepe npnmen 1ys. Bu Moxe1e
cnpoaonpoaa1u neq. Ecnn au cenae1e uek, 1o npo1nannk noyMae1, u1o aama pyka
cnaa, n cenae1 e1. Bu, koneuno, acera onxnu o1aeua1u. KpoMe 1oro, ecnn e1
cenae1e au, 1o nanka1enunu nrpok Moxe1 no1n na neq n cena1u pes,
npenonaran, u1o 1ys nanne1cn nn aac onacno kap1o. Hpo1na npo1nannkoa, ko1opue
nnora naunnak1 cao neq pesoM, au onxnu nrpa1u onee oc1opoxno. K cuac1uk, a
nrpax na nnsknx nnMn1ax a1o pekoc1u.
85
Ee1 na 1epne 1oxe aurnnn1 npnaneka1enuno.
86
Mnorne nrpokn na qnone c kapMannuMn ecn1kaMn enak1 pes, 1ak kak pesa ne
uno, Moxno npenonoxn1u, u1o y npo1nannka ne1 kapMannux ecn1ok.
~157 ~
nosaonn1L npo1nannky 1ak arpeccnano nrpa1L na qnone. Hs-sa 1oro, u1o
na qnone 6mna 1onLko opna uepaa, Hoxno npepnonoxn1L, u1o arpeccnn na
qnone apnp nn Horna 6m1L amsaana nannuneH npnkynnoro qneua,
coo1ae1c1aenno, nannune qneua 1oxe Hanoaepon1no, pasae u1o
npo1nannk nHee1 62. Hcxopn ns amuenpnaepennmx pasHmunenn,
Hoxno npepnonoxn1L, u1o am Hoxe1e cpena1L npn6mnLnyk c1aaky.
H, nakoneu, ecnn oc1aaunecn npo1nannkn ouenL nysoame, 1o am
ponxnm pena1L 6onLue c1aaok pnn yaennuennn 6anka, necHo1pn na
onacnyk kap1y. Kak roaopnnocL panee, nysoame nrpokn nrpak1 na
unpokoH pnanasone pyk, 1aknH o6pasoH, uanc, u1o y nnx ec1L
neo6xopnHme kap1m, c noHouLk ko1opmx onn poc1ponnn caok pyky po
onacno, ouenL Han. Ta1oame nrpokn Hory1 1nny1L npnkynnme pykn, no,
kak npaanno, 1akne pykn cnnukoH oueanpnm.
3aknmveuue
Ec1L 1pn qak1opa, ko1opme Hory1 aac cknonn1L a nonLsy 6e1a na
pnaepe pnn yaennuennn 6anka. Bm ponxnm pena1L 1ako 6e1 a ocnoanoH
npo1na nrpokoa, ko1opme pepko penak1 na pnaepe uek-pes c xopoue
pyko. Onn penak1 6e1 c 1aknHn pykaHn (aosHoxno, onn cun1ak1 uek-
pes rpnsnmH npneHoH). B 1akoH cnyuae, nx uek ykasmaae1 na cna6oc1L
nx pykn.
Bm ponxnm uaue pena1L 1ako 6e1 npo1na nrpokoa, ko1opme
nnkorpa ne penak1 6neq-pes, ueH npo1na 1ex, k1o Hoxe1 no1n na a1o.
HanpnHep, am saaepuakun 1oproank, n npo1na aac nrpae1 opnn
conepnnk. Bm pyHae1e, u1o aaua pyka na 1epne nyuuan. Ha pnaepe
npnxopn1 onacnan kap1a, ko1opan co6npae1 opny nnn pae npnkynnme
pykn. Bau npo1nannk penae1 uek. Bm ponxnm pena1L 6e1 uaue, ecnn am
pyHae1e, u1o aau npo1nannk nnkorpa ne npe1 na 6neq nocpepc1aoH uek-
pesa. Ecnn am Hoxe1e cnokono cpena1L nac, ecnn nonyun1e o1 1akoro
npo1nannka uek-pes (Bm xe snae1e, u1o a1o ne 6neq), 1o am pnckye1e
1onLko opno c1aako pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnrpa1L opny. Ecnn am ne snae1e
u1o pena1L npo1na uek-pesa, ns-sa 1oro, u1o aau npo1nannk xn1ep, 1o
nnorpa am 6ype1e 1epn1L pae c1aakn a nonm1ke amnrpa1L opny (pena1L nac
c nyuue pyko 6onLuan oun6ka). BaH nyxna ouenL cnnLnan pyka, u1o6m
pnckoaa1L 1o pononnn1enLno c1aako.
Bm ponxnm pena1L 6e1 pnn yaennuennn 6anka c norpannunmHn
pykaHn, ecnn 6ank nanne1cn orpoHnmH. Korpa 6ank ouenL 6onLuo, 1o
aaun npo1nannkn nonnxak1 c1anpap1m caonx pyk, n na 6onee unpokoH
pnanasone pyk Hory1 np1n cHo1pe1L pnaep. Onn Hory1 konnnpoaa1L aac co
c1apunH 1ysoH, ecnn 1ak n ne co6pann na1coam qneu. Onn 6ypy1 pena1L
o1uannnm konn, cosepuan 6onLuo 6ank n nopospeaan, u1o am 6neqye1e.
Ecnn 6m 6ank 6mn HenLue, 1o onn 6m paano yxe am6pocnnn 1akne pykn.
87
_____________________________
87
TeM ne Menee ec1u aospaxennn. Ecnn ank ouenu onumo, a1o snaun1, u1o, no
kpane Mepe, onn ns aamnx npo1nannkoa 1oxe epxn1 xopomyk pyky. Ecnn k1o-1o ns
npo1nannkoa enan neckonuko pesoa nopn na npeuynx kpyrax 1oproann, 1o nepe
1eM kak ena1u e1 nn yaennuennn anka, nonu1a1ecu onpeenn1u nanason pyk, c
ko1opuMn aam npo1nannk Mor nponann1u 1akyk arpeccnk, n cpaann1e, nackonuko aama
pyka nyume aosMoxnux pyk aamero npo1nannka.
~158 ~
ac1me c1aakn a 6onLuoH 6anke npo1naopeua1 npepc1aanennk
6onLunnc1aa nrpokoa o6 nrpe a 1ako cn1yaunn. Onn penak1 HenLue
c1aaok, paccyxpan nnorpa cnepykunH o6pasoH: 6ank n 1ak nanne1cn
ouenL 6onLunH, nnn 1onLko aesynunkn Hory1 amnrpa1L 1ako 6ank. He
c1anoan1ecL rnynuoH, cornauancL c 1ako nornko. B 1oH, u1o 6ank n 1ak
nanne1cn ouenL 6onLunH ne1 nnkako nornkn. Be1 Hoxe1 6m1L nnn
npn6mnLnmH nnn y6m1ounmH. Korpa 6ank c1anoan1cn ouenL 6onLunH, 6e1
na pnaepe pnn yaennuennn 6anka c1anoan1cn 6onee npn6mnLnmH, 1ak u1o
ne nponycka1e pononnn1enLnme aosHoxnoc1n. Mnorne nrpokn na nnsknx
nnHn1ax noc1onnno nponyckak1 aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L 6e1 pnn yaennuennn
6anka. Korpa onn cun1ak1 caok pyky nyuue, 1o onn penak1 6e1 na
qnone n 1epne. 3a1eH, na pnaepe, onn uac1o penak1 uek, napencL
amnrpa1L 6ank. Ecnn am nayun1ecL pena1L 6e1 arpeccnano a cn1yaunnx, a
ko1opmx aaun npo1nannkn ero ne penak1, am 6ype1e nonyua1L
cyuec1aennoe npenHyuec1ao na pnnnno pnc1anunn a coc1nsannn c a1nHn
nrpokaHn.
~159 ~
Hrpa ua puaepe
npu 6onumoH 6auke
Hnoxne nrpokn a nokep nHek1 o6une xapak1epnc1nkn: onn nrpak1
cnnukoH Hnoro pyk, onn ne penak1 nac nocne qnona, n onn nponyckak1
aosHoxnoc1n cpena1L 6e1 n pes co caonHn cnnLnmHn n norpannunmHn
pykaHn. Hpnnexnme nrpokn na6nkpak1 sa a1nHn aa1oo1ae1unkaHn n
peuak1 ns6era1L nx oun6ok. Onn uac1o npnnnHak1 peuenne nac, ecnn
Henn o6mrpmaak1.
B 1o apeHn kak nrpa pec1an1enLno 1pe6ye1 o1 akcnep1a cpena1L
nac, neko1opme nrpokn a caoeH paennn ns6exa1L oun6ok, coaepuaeHmx
nx cna6mHn npo1nannkaHn, naunnak1 nacoaa1L upesHepno uac1o. Onn
konuen1pnpyk1cn na xopoueH packnape. Onn roaopn1 cnacennan c1aaka,
ace paano, u1o amnrpannan c1aaka nnn npnropna (nHee1cn a anpy pyka)
nnn nac.
D1n npen ne acerpa nnoxn. [nn Hnornx nrpokoa a1n npen Hory1 6m1L
nonesnm, ecnn 6ank HanenLkn. K coxanennk, y6expennm a caoe
npaao1e nk6n1enL naca, ne ouennaae1 uennoc1L caoe npnkynno pykn c
1oukn spennn pasHepa 6anka. B HanenLknx 6ankax, penan xopoun,
c6eperakun nac (oco6enno na npeqnone), am pec1an1enLno Hoxe1e
cnac1n neckonLko c1aaok. Hnoxo (oun6ounm) nac c1on1 o1nocn1enLno ne
poporo. Ho korpa 6ank 6onLuo, kaknH on o6muno nanne1cn na pnaepe,
nnoxo nac c1on1 snaun1enLnmx pener. [axe ecnn am nou1n yaepenm, u1o
y aac amnrpmaak1, no 6ank 6onLuo, ne pena1e nac c npnnnuno pyko
ns-sa opno c1aakn.
HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n y aac na pykax
Tpn nrpoka axopn1 nnHnoH, n am penae1e pes. BonLuo 6nanp n
nnHnepm konn (10.5 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
n aane1 pae1 aaH ce1. Baun npo1nannkn penak1 uek, am penae1e 6e1.
BonLuo 6nanp n paa nnHnepa konn (7 BC). Ha 1epn npnxopn1 9. Baun
npo1nannkn penak1 uek, am onn1L 6e1 (10 BC). Ha pnaepe npnxopn1 K.
Hepam nnHnep penae1 6e1, a1opo konn (12 BC). Bm ponxnm pena1L
konn.
K onacnan kap1a. Ona pae1 na c1one 1pe1Lk 6y6ny pnn qneua n
ue1aep1yk kap1y pnn c1pn1a. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, aepon1no, am1nnyn
ace-1akn caok npnkynnyk pyky na pnaepe. Hrpok, cpenaaun konn, Hor
~160 ~
nHe1L paHy nnn Hnapun qneu pnn konna (nnn cnnukoH po6ok, u1o6m
cpena1L pes). HecHo1pn na a1o, am ponxnm pena1L konn. Baun uancm
12k1, n aaH poc1a1ouno amnrpmaa1L a1o1 6ank acero nnuL a 8%
cnyuaea, pnn 1oro, u1o6m 6m1L a npn6mnn. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, Hor
6neqoaa1L nnn ynyuun1L caoero koponn. Hrpok, cpenaaun konn, Hor
nHe1L pae napm nnn napy (nnn eue xypuyk pyky, neko1opme nrpokn na
nnsknx nnHn1ax penak1 cHeunme konnm). B 6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea, am
nponrpae1e. Ho, am ponxnm amnrpmaa1L 6onLue, ueH a 8% cnyuaea,
noa1oHy penae1e konn.
88
PaccHo1pnH ppyro npnHep, ckaxeH, am a panne nosnunn c QJ.
ysoam n arpeccnanm nrpok c UTG saxopn1 nnHnoH. Bm 1oxe penae1e
nnHn. [aa aa1oo1ae1unka nocne aac axopn1 nnHnoH. Manm 6nanp konn,
6onLuo 6nanp uek (6 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1 Q84 n pae1 aaH
c1apuyk napy. Bnanpm uek n UTG penae1 6e1, am penae1e pes. O6a
aa1oo1ae1unka konn. Bnanpm nac n nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, penae1
pepes. Bm penae1e konn, nnannpyn na 1epne saun1n1L caok pyky pesoH
a 6onLuoH 6anke. Aa1oo1ae1unkn penak1 konn (9 BC). Ha 1epn npnxopn1
2. K coxanennk, UTG penae1 uek. Bm 6e1 n ace konn (13 BC). Ha pnaep
npnxopn1 A. Hrpok c UTG penae1 6e1. Bm penae1e konn. Hn a koeH
cnyuae ne pena1e nac.
89
Yun1maan 1o, kak on nrpan pyky, Hoxno npepnonoxn1L, u1o y UTG
6mn npnkynno qneu. Korpa nkpn nrpak1 arpeccnano na qnone, no
cpenann uek, a sa1eH konn c nyc1muko na 1epne, o6muno a1o ykasmaae1
na nannune y nnx npnkynno pykn, a cnyuae c naunH c1onoH nan6onee
aepon1en 1peqoam npnkynno qneu. Oueanpno, nHen npnkynno
na1coam qneu, on Hor nepe1nny1L aac.
Ho ne1 nnkaknx npnunn pnn 1oro, u1o6m eHy poaepn1L. ysoame
nrpokn nrpak1 Hnoro opnoHac1nmx pyk, paxe 6es 1ysa, a nosnunn UTG.
Arpeccnanme nrpokn uac1o 6neqyk1. [axe ne npepnonara1e, u1o on ne
Hoxe1 6neqoaa1L npo1na 1pex nrpokoa. Hnoxne nrpokn uac1o n Hnoro
6neqyk1 a 1akoH 6onLuoH 6anke, oco6enno c 6esnapexno pyko.
90
Aa1oo1ae1unkn Hory1 u1o-nn6ypL nHe1L. Bm ne Hoxe1e cysn1L
pnanason pyk aa1oo1ae1unkoa, no1oHy u1o onn penak1 konn c nk6o
pyko.
B 6anke ue1mpnapua1L c1aaok. Konn npn6mnLnm, ecnn am 6ype1e
_____________________________
88
Hnoxo packna Moxe1 c1on1u axe onume ueM ank. Mnorne nrpokn, axe 1e,
ko1opue onaak1 cnnuno ncnnnnno n aMononanunuM kon1poneM, sanpoc1o Mory1
nonnu1u nocne coaepmennn yxacno omnkn. HesaancnMo o1 aamero Mac1epc1aa, 1nnu1
acera c1on1 oporo. Ecnn au npoonxn1e nrpa1u, 1o Moxe1e naua1u npnnnMa1u
neyaunue pemennn. Ecnn au auxon1e ns nrpu, nnn nponyckae1e posurpumn pyk (sit
out), 1o au 1epne1e aosMoxnoc1u noen1u a a1nx pasauax. Moxe1 u1u, a1n 8% n
c1any1 1eM c1epxneM, ko1opu ne nosaonn1 aaM copaa1ucn a 1nnu1. B1opan nponeMa c
nacoM, saknkuae1cn a 1oM, u1o, aama arpeccnanan nrpa Moxe1 opa1n1u na cen
annManne naccnanux nrpokoa, n onn c1any1 ec1aoaa1u npo1na aac xn1pee.
89
Bu 1akxe onxnu oyMa1u pes. CMo1pn1e pasen Kora au ne xo1n1e oaepkonnoa.
90
BosMoxnue kanna1u J Q nnn T9 1ak n ne oc1ponamerocn npnkynnoro c1pn1
qnema.
~161 ~
no6expa1L 6onee ueH a 7% 1aknx 6ankoa. B panno cn1yaunn am 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L uaue 7%.
3aknmveuue
Hnorpa am 6ype1e pyHa1L, u1o ne Hoxe1e amnrpa1L nn opno pykn y
aaunx npo1nannkoa, ko1opme nocne nornuecknx yHosaknkuenn am Hornn
nH npncaon1L. Ho nrpa Hnornx ns aaunx npo1nannkoa ne noppae1cn
nornke. Onn penak1 konn c pykaHn, ko1opme am nnkorpa 6m ne nrpann.
Onn 6neqyk1 a a6conk1no 6esnapexnmx cn1yaunnx. Baun npo1nannkn
6ypy1 noc1onnno ypnann1L aac 1eHn pykaHn, c ko1opmHn onn axopn1 a
nrpy. 1o6m amknny1L na pnaepe xopouyk pyky, aaH nyxno nHe1L 6onee
90% yaepennoc1n, u1o am nponrpmaae1e. Kak Hoxno 6m1L yaepennmH na
90% a 1oH, u1o nenornunm nrpok nHee1 nHenno 1y pyky, ko1opyk am
npepnonarae1e y nero?
[axe npo1na nrpokoa, nrpakunx nornuno, am ne ponxnm uac1o
pena1L nac. Bcerpa ec1L onpepenennm uanc, u1o aau npo1nannk
6neqye1. BosHoxno, on oun6cn, onpepennn caok pyky (aosHoxno, on
pyHae1, u1o co6pan c1pn1, a 1o apeHn kak nHee1 acero nnuL napy). KpoHe
1oro, xopoune nrpokn nauny1 6neqoaa1L uaue, ecnn yanpn1, u1o am uac1o
nacye1e a 6onLunx 6ankax. [axe ecnn am n cpenae1e opnaxpm xopoun
nac, 1o am ne Hoxe1e nosaonn1L ce6e nacoaa1L uac1o 6es pncka, u1o aac
ne o6Hany1 6neqoH.
B nysoamx nrpax aaun npo1nannkn uac1o 6ypy1 nepe1nrnaa1L aac na
pnaepe. Pas6n1me cepne 1aknx nponrpmue, Hnorne nkpn naunnak1
oxnpa1L ouepepnoro nponrpmua. Takne nrpokn nHek1 1enpenunk uac1o
nacoaa1L na pnaepe. H noueHy n nepexnaak? Pnaep ace paano 6ype1 ne
Ho!, ckynn1 onn, penan nac c no6expakue pyko, a o1ae1 na 6neq.
HnuLn naamkn u1ennn pyk ne nannk1cn poc1a1ounmHn pnn 1oro, u1o6m
cpena1L a6conk1no npaannLnm nac na pnaepe a 6onLuoH 6anke. Konn co
a1opocop1no pyko nanne1cn ne6onLuo oun6ko. Hac c no6expakue
pyko a 6onLuoH 6anke a1o ka1ac1poqa. He pena1e a1oro!
~162 ~
Hoxop sa oaepkonnaHu
Oaepkonn penae1cn nocne 1oro, korpa na aau 6e1 o1ae1nnn konnoH
xo1n 6m opnn pas. HanpnHep, ecnn Anekc cpenan 6e1, Be11n penae1 konn,
a sa ne Kpnc cpenan konn, 1o roaopn1, u1o Kpnc cpenan oaepkonn. 1o6m
pena1L oaepkonn, y aac ponxna 6m1L pyka 6onee cnnLnan, ueH, ecnn 6m
am 6mnn nepamH nrpokoH, cpenaaunH konn. Cyuec1aye1 pae npnunnm pnn
a1oro:
1. Bm ponxnm amnrpa1L y payx pyk aHec1o opno.
2. Ecnn nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, Hoxe1 6neqoaa1L, 1o nrpok, cpenaaun
konn, ne Hoxe1. Ecnn aaua pyka Hoxe1 o6mrpa1L 1onLko 6neq, 1orpa
ne pena1e oaepkonn.
91
Mnorne nrpokn ne nonnHak1 a1o1 npnnunn. Onn 6ypy1 pena1L
oaepkonn c nk6o pyko, c ko1opo onn ro1oam cpena1L konn. B
6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea a1n pykn nannk1cn ouenL cna6mHn (nanpnHep,
c1apun 1ys), n ne nHek1 nnkakoro uanca amnrpa1L npo1na nrpokoa,
cpenaaunx 6e1 n konn. Tak kak Hnorne pnaepm a nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax
nannk1cn HnorouncnennmHn, 1o am ponxnm nayun1Lcn ncnonLsoaa1L a1n
oaepkonnm c no1epnnnmHn penLraHn.
Ecnn y aac cnnLnan pyka n neckonLko 1oprykunxcn npo1nannkoa, 1o
am ponxnm o6pyHa1L konn aHec1o pesa. Bm Hoxe1e sapa6o1a1L 6onLue
pener, ecnn cnpoaounpye1e nrpokoa, axopnunx a nrpy nocne aac, pena1L
oaepkonnm. D1o oco6enno aepno npn cnepykunx ycnoannx:
1. Hocne aac naxopn1cn neckonLko nrpokoa, ko1opme aopy1 a
1oproank.
2. D1n nrpokn nysoame n 6ecxn1poc1nme.
3. Baua pyka cnnLnan.
4. Bank ne 6onLuo.
5. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, Hoxe1 amnrpa1L y aac.
6. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, Hoxe1 6neqoaa1L.
Oueanpno, u1o ueH 6onLue nysoamx nrpokoa Hoxe1 nocne aac ao1n
a nrpy, 1eH ypo6ne pnn nx oaepkonnoa am ponxnm nrpa1L. Baua pyka
ponxna 6m1L cnnLno. Ecnn aaua pyka nanne1cn norpannuno, 1o opnn ns
nrpokoa, ko1opmx am anyckae1e a nrpy nocne ce6n, cHoxe1 aac o6mrpa1L.
Mm o6cypnH a1y npo6neHy a cnepykueH paspene.
Ecnn am nopospeaae1e, u1o pyka nrpoka, cpenaauero 6e1, Hoxe1
6m1L neo6muano cnnLna nnn cna6a, 1o am ponxnm anyc1n1L a nrpy
npo1nannkoa c oaepkonnaHn. Korpa pyka nrpoka, cpenaauero 6e1, cnnLna,
1o 1onLko konn Hoxe1 cnac1n opny nnn pae aaun c1aakn.
_____________________________
91
He aocnpnnnMa1e a1y nek uepecuyp ykaanuno. Mnorne nrpokn yy1 ena1u konn co
cnauMn pykaMn. Cena1u nac c nyume pyko, 1onuko no1oMy, u1o au ann onumo
kpen1 oaepnn nepaoMy nrpoky cenaameMy konn, nanne1cn nac1onnM ec1aneM.
Hanka1e sa caonMn npo1nannkaMn n nsyua1e nx c1anap1u nn konna.
~163 ~
H nao6opo1, ecnn nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, 6neqye1, 1o on, apnp nn
o1ae1n1 konnoH na aau pes. B a1o cn1yaunn noxop sa oaepkonnaHn
Hoxe1 6m1L epnnc1aennmH cnoco6oH nonyun1L pononnn1enLnyk uennoc1L
aaue pykn. [enan pes, am amnrpae1e 1onLko uac1L c1aakn (a cpepneH) y
nrpoka, cpenaauero 6e1. Bm ne amnrpae1e uenyk c1aaky, no1oHy u1o
nnorpa on 6ype1 nHe1L nyuuyk pyky, a nnorpa on 6ype1 nacoaa1L. Hpo1na
nysoamx npo1nannkoa, o1npaannncL a noxop sa oaepkonnaHn, am 6ype1e
uac1o amnrpmaa1L 6onLue, ueH 1onLko uac1L c1aakn.
HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n y aac na pykax
[aa nysoamx nrpoka aounn nnHnoH c panne nosnunn. ysoam, no
xn1pm nrpok aouen nnHnoH c nospne nosnunn. Bm cpenann pes. [aa
6nanpa nac, n 1pn nnHnepa konn (9.5 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
Bce po xn1poro nrpoka cpenann uek, on cpenan 6e1. Bm pes. O6a
naccnanmx nrpoka cpenann xonopnm konn, n xn1pm nrpok cpenan konn
(8.5 BC). Ha 1epn npnxopn1 7. Bce nrpokn cpenann po aac uek. Bm
penae1e 6e1. Bce 1pn nrpoka penak1 konn (12.5 BC). Ha pnaep npnxopn1
4. Bce po xn1poro nrpoka cpenann uek, on cpenan 6e1 (13.5 BC). Bm
ceuac ponxnm cpena1L konn.
D1o npeanLnan cn1yaunn pnn noxopa sa oaepkonnaHn. Hocne aac
naxopn1cn paa nysoamx nrpoka, ko1opme cnoco6nm cpena1L konn co
cna6mHn pykaHn. Baun 1ysm nannk1cn cnnLno pyko, no nnk1o c pyko
cnnLnee aaue ne cpenae1 ceuac nac paxe ns-sa payx c1aaok.
Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, nHee1 nnn cnnLnyk pyky, nnn ouenL cna6yk
pyky. Xo1n a1o kaxe1cn c1pannmH, no 1akan cn1yaunn uac1o nponcxopn1,
korpa k1o-1o penae1 c1pannm 6e1. Ero 6e1 ponxen ckasa1L, u1o y nero
ue1aepka. Ho ec1L nn ona y nero? Tak kak on nrpok xn1pm, 1o Hoxe1
6m1L. On Hor cpena1L 6e1 na qnone c Hnapue napo n aosHoxno c
o6pa1no npnkynnmH qneueH, nanpnHep, c A4. Ho on 1akxe Hoxe1 n
6neqoaa1L, na qnone 6mn npnkynno qneu n neckonLko npnkynnmx
c1pn1oa. Ero nrpa noxoxa na nrpy c npnkynnmHn pykaHn, ko1opme ne
co6panncL.
Ecnn am cpenae1e pes, 1o apnp nn am nonyun1e 6onLue payx
c1aaok. Bm Hoxe1e no1epn1L po 1pex c1aaok, ecnn am nosapn. Hpn 6neqe
nrpoka, cpenaauero 6e1, am cpenae1e 1onLko opny c1aaky, ecnn am
anepepn.
Ecnn am cpenae1e konn, 1o am Hoxe1e nonyun1L po 1pex c1aaok o1
npo1nannkoa na pnaepe, ecnn onn o6a cpenak1 oaepkonn. Ecnn am
~164 ~
nponrpae1e, 1o no1epne1e 1onLko opny c1aaky.
Hoxop sa oaepkonnaHn asap1nan nrpa. Hnorpa, ace npo1nannkn
nocne aac cpenak1 nac. Ecnn 6m nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, o1aeuan konnoH
na aau pes, 1o am penae1e uek, u1o6m no1oH cpena1L oaepkonn. Hoxop sa
oaepkonnaHn na pnaepe a1o ouenL cnnLnan 1ak1nka, ecnn y aac nysoame
npo1nannkn.
Qae 1unuvume cu1yauu pnn konna
Ecnn am co6pann opno kap1ounm c1pn1, 1o o6muno am ponxnm np1n
sa oaepkonnaHn. HanpnHep, y aac na pykax
Ha c1one nexa1
Bm a1opo axopnun a 1oproank c 1peHn npo1nannkaHn. Hepam
nrpok penae1 6e1. B a1o cn1yaunn am ponxnm pena1L konn.
Y aac cnnLnan pyka, ko1opan o6muno 6ype1 aaH amnrpmaa1L kak
HnnnHyH nonoanny 6anka. K coxanennk, ouenL aennka aepon1noc1L, u1o
am amnrpae1e a panno cn1yaunn 1onLko nonoanny 6anka. K1o-1o ns 1pex
npo1nannkoa na 1akoH c1one nHee1 aane1a, n 6ype1 pena1L 6e1. He
oxnpa1e amnrpa1L Hnoro pener y nrpoka, cpenaauero 6e1.
Ecnn opnn ns nrpokoa, ko1opm 6ype1 axopn1L a 1oproank nocne
aac, nHee1 pyky, ko1opan o6mrpae1 aac nnn cpenae1 nnuLk c aaHn, 1o on
ne 6ype1 pena1L nac a o1ae1 na aau pes. C ppyro c1oponm, kaxpm ns
npo1nannkoa, ko1oporo am o6mrpmaae1e, 6ype1 pec1aoaa1L no-caoeHy.
Ecnn k1o-1o nHee1 uec1epky (nnxnn c1pn1), nnn aocLHepky (1pnnc
aocLHepok), nnn pae napm, 1o on Hoxe1 cpena1L o1uannnm konn na opny
c1aaky. Ecnn on yanpn1 pes, 1o npepnonoxn1 (n npaannLno) u1o k1o-1o
pepxn1 aane1a, n cpenae1 nac. Bau epnnc1aennm uanc amnrpa1L
pononnn1enLnme penLrn na pnaepe np1n sa oaepkonnaHn.
To1 xe caHm npnnunn npnHenne1cn, ecnn am nHee1e
opnokap1ounm a1opo no cnne na1coam qneu. HanpnHep, y aac na
pykax KQ, na c1one AT762. Y aac a1opo na1coam qneu, 1ak
kak y nk6oro nrpoka c K na1coam qneu.
Pes nnkorpa ne sac1aan1 nrpoka c na1coao koH6nnaune kap1
cpena1L nac. Opnako pes ncnyrae1 HenLune pykn, ko1opme 6mnn ro1oam
cpena1L konn sa opny c1aaky. TaknHn pykaHn Hory1 6m1L pae napm, c1pn1
nnn Hnapun qneu. K1o-1o, penan 6e1 na 1akoH c1one, uac1o 6ype1 nHe1L
na1coayk koH6nnaunk, noa1oHy 6onLun poxop npnnece1 konn, a ne pes.
Hoa1oHy, ecnn nocne aac ec1L eue neckonLko nrpokoa, ko1opme 6ypy1
~165 ~
axopn1L a 1oproank, 1o am ponxnm 1onLko pena1L konn.
92
3aknmveuue
Hpn 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke na pnaepe acerpa pyHa1e,
npexpe ueH cpenae1e pes. Moxe1 6m1L nyuue no1n sa oaepkonnaHn,
nnorpa paxe c na1coH. PaccHo1pn1e cnny aaue pykn, cnny pykn 6e11opa n
c1nnn nrpm aaunx npo1nannkoa. TonLko npaannLno cpenannm konn
nosaonn1 aaH amnrpa1L opny nnn 6onee pononnn1enLnmx c1aaok.
_____________________________
92
Ecnn y aac Mnamn qnem, 1o npaannunan nrpa ne nac1onuko ncna. C ue1aep1uM nnn
nn1uM na1coM aam pes Moxe1 sac1aan1u pyky nyume aame cena1u nac. HanpnMep,
ecnn aMec1o paccMo1penno panee pykn y aac okasanncu KT 1o au onxnu ena1u
pes. Bu naee1ecu, u1o nrpokn c J nnn Q, ko1opue yy1 axon1u a 1oproank nocne
aac, ncnyrak1cn aamero pesa n cenak1 nac.
~166 ~
Korpa am ue xo1u1e oaepkonnoa
Bm nrpae1e na nnHn1e $2$4, n am opnn na opnn na pnaepe. Bm na
6a11one n aau npo1nannk 1onLko u1o cpenan 6e1. Y aac na pykax
Ho, k coxanennk, okonua1enLno c1on amrnnpn1 1ak
Bm pyHae1e, u1o on, aepon1no, amnrpmaae1 y aac. Ho on Hoxe1 n
6neqoaa1L. [onxnm nn am pena1L konn a 1ako cn1yaunn?
Xo1enocL 6m napen1Lcn, u1o am nonnHae1e, u1o y aac ne1
poc1a1ounoro konnuec1aa nnqopHaunn pnn o1ae1a na a1o1 aonpoc. [nn
1oro u1o6m cmrpa1L npaannLno, am ponxnm sna1L pasHep 6anka n
nackonLko aepon1no, u1o aaua pyka nyuuan.
HpepnonoxnH, u1o a 6anke $40 (aknkun1enLno co c1aako
npo1nannka), n am ouennaae1e aaun uancm na no6epy npn ackpm1nn a
10%.
93
Ecnn aaun npepnonoxennn aepnm, 1o ecnn am penae1e konn, a 90%
cnyuaea am 1epne1e $4. B oc1aaunxcn 10% cnyuaea am 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L $40. OxnpaeHan npn6mnL no aceH nnaec1nunnH a a1oH konne
$0.40.
94
0.4 = (0.1)(40) + (0.9)(-4)
Tak kak aaua cpepnnn oxnpaeHan npn6mnL nonoxn1enLna, 1o konn
nyuue, ueH nac. Ha pnaepe, korpa am opnn na opnn, n aaua pyka Hoxe1
6n1L 1onLko 6neq, no 6ank pae1 aaH coo1nouenne 10k1 nnn 6onLue, 1o
sauac1yk konn 6ype1 npaannLnmH.
TenepL npepnonoxnH, u1o sa aaHn nonanncn a1opo nrpok.
PasHec1nH acex cnepykunH o6pasoH: cnauana npe1 nrpok, ko1opm
penae1 6e1, no1oH Bm, n a1opo nrpok nocnepnn. B 6anke onn1L $40,
_____________________________
93
Mnorne nrpokn ykaxy1, u1o neaosMoxno c 1ako 1ounoc1uk oenn1u mancu na noey
npn ackpu1nn. Mu ne oxnaeM, u1o au 1ak cenae1e. Hrnopnpy1e onpeenennue uncna,
no yoc1oaepu1ecu, u1o au nonnMae1e nornky, ko1opyk onxnu ncnonusoaa1u, npnnnMan
1akne pemennn. 3a1eM, sa c1onoM, cena1e nyumyk oenky, ko1opyk au 1onuko cMoxe1e
cena1u. ac1o ona ye1 neaepna, n au ye1e npnnnMa1u nenpaannunue pemennn. Ho
au cenae1e naMnoro nyume, ecnn noMe1e cnc1eMa1nueckn noxo k a1nM nponeMaM,
ueM, ecnn au ye1e npnnnMa1u pemennn, pykoaoc1ayncu c1anap1nuMn manonaMn.
Oak1nueckn, nkn, ko1opue nrpak1 nn1yn1nano, nnkora ne nrpak1 1ak, kak onncano
nosxe a a1oM pasene. B1o axe nnkora ne nponcxon1 c nnMn.
94
B1a Manenukan npnunu nonanne1cn no1oMy u1o aamn mancu na ank coc1aannk1 10
k 1, a o1nomenne aamnx nponrpume k aunrpumaM coc1aanne1 9 k 1.
~167 ~
n aaun uancm amnrpa1L y nrpoka, cpenaauero 6e1, ouennaak1cn a 10%.
Bm pyHae1e, u1o npo1nannk sa aaHn ne ouenL xopoun nrpok, no on 6ype1
amnrpmaa1L y aac a 20% cnyuaea. Ecnn on Hoxe1 o6mrpa1L AK, 1o am
npepnonarae1e, u1o on 6ype1 pena1L oaepkonn. Eue am npepnonarae1e,
u1o ecnn on ne o6mrpmaae1 AK, 1o on ne 6ype1 pena1L konn. 1o am
ponxnm cpena1L?
Ecnn am 6ype1e pena1L konn, 1o a 90% cnyuaea nrpok, cpenaaun
6e1, 6ype1 amnrpmaa1L y aac. B ppyrnx 10% cnyuaea amnrpmaae1e Bm. Ho
a 20% cnyuaea, korpa am amnrpmaae1e (2% o6uero konnuec1aa
cnyuaea), nrpok sa aaHn 6ype1 pena1L oaepkonn n amnrpmaa1L. TaknH
o6pasoH, a 92% cnyuaea am nponrpmaae1e $4. Bm amnrpmaae1e $40 a
8% cnyuaea. Cpepnnn oxnpaeHan npn6mnL (a panno cn1yaunn y6m1ok)
coc1aanne1 -$0.48.
-0.48 = (0.08)(40) + (0.92)(-4)
O6pa1n1e annHanne, u1o c pononnn1enLnmH nrpokoH, ko1opm
axopn1 a 1oproank nocne aac, kaxpm konn 6ypy1 c1on1L aaH -$0.48.
A kak nacue1 pesa? [aaa1e npepnonoxnH, u1o nrpok nocne aac
6ype1 acerpa nacoaa1L, korpa nepep nnH aosnnkne1 neo6xopnHoc1L
o1aeua1L konnoH na pae c1aakn. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, 6ype1 pena1L nac
nocne aauero pesa, ecnn 6neqoaan, n, ecnn a coc1onnnn o6mrpa1L aaunx
AK, 1o 6ype1 pena1L konn. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, nnkorpa ne penae1
pepes. Bau pes acerpa amronne1 nrpoka, ko1opm ponxen 6mn axopn1L
a 1oproank nocne aac. TaknH o6pasoH, am cnoaa amnrpmaae1e 6ank a
10% cnyuaea. Ho nponrpmu 1enepL o6xopn1cn aaH a $8. Cpepnnn
oxnpaeHan npn6mnL aaunx pesoa coc1aanna -$3.20.
-3.2 = (0.1)(40)+(0.9)(-8)
B a1oH npnHepe n konn, n pes nannk1cn pnn aac y6m1ounmHn.
Hoa1oHy, nyuunH peuenneH 6ype1 nac.
Hpncy1c1ane eue opnoro nrpoka sa aaHn npeapa1nno amropnm konn
a nac. [axe npn1oH, u1o Hm onpepennnn eHy ne ouenL cnnLnyk pyky,
nonyunnocL, u1o on 6ype1 sa6npa1L 6ank nocne oaepkonna poc1a1ouno
uac1o pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnypn1L aac pena1L nac. Ecnn aaua pyka Hoxe1
o6mrpa1L 1onLko 6neq, no sa aaHn ec1L eue nrpokn, ko1opme Hory1 ao1n
a nrpy, 1o am ponxnm pena1L nac, a ne konnnpoaa1L 6e11opa.
95
HosaonL1e naH nocHo1pe1L na neHnoro nsHenennyk pyky. Bm cnoaa
na 6a11one, n na pnaepe opnn na opnn. Ha c1one 1e xe kap1m
Q9733, n 6ank 1o1 xe $40. TonLko a a1o1 pas aaua pyka cnnLnee
A9.
Bau npo1nannk penae1 6e1. TenepL am npepnonarae1e, u1o y aac
ec1L 40% uancoa na 1o, u1o aaua pyka nyuue.
_____________________________
95
B1o coo1ae1c1aye1 nc1nne 1onuko a 1oM cnyuae, ecnn aama pyka ouenu cnaan,
nanpnMep, neynyumennue AK. Ecnn y aac cnnunan pyka, 1nna onumo napu, no au
yMae1e, u1o Moxe1e ourpa1u 1onuko neq, no1oMy u1o eMonc1pnpye1 nyumyk pyky, 1o
au ne onxnu u1u ocoo osaouenu oaepkonnaMn. Bu ye1e nnora noan1u nrpoka,
cenaamero e1, na neqe n npn a1oM aunrpuaa1u y nrpoka, ko1opu enan oaepkonn.
~168 ~
Bm ace eue ponxnm cpena1L konn. Hcno, u1o konn nyuue, ueH nac.
Ecnn konn amropen npn 10% uancoa na no6epy, 1o on eue 6onee amropen
npn 40%. Ho pena1L pes nenpaannLno.
96
Bau npo1nannk amnrpmaa1L y aac a 60% cnyuaea. Hoa1oHy, ecnn am
cnoaa nrpae1e opnn na opnn, 1o am ponxnm pena1L konn. TenepL
npepc1aanH a1oporo nrpoka, ko1opm cnoaa nocne Bac axopn1 a nrpy.
HpnnnHaeH pnn nero ace 1e xe ycnoann, u1o n a npepmpyueH npnHepe: on
6ype1 pena1L oaepkonn c nyuue pyko, ueH y aac, a 20% cnyuaea,
nnkorpa ne 6ype1 pena1L oaepkonn c nponrpmaakue pyko, nnkorpa ne
6ype1 pena1L xonopnm konn na pae c1aakn. 1o am ponxnm npepnpnnn1L?
Ecnn am penae1e konn, 1o am amnrpmaae1e 32% acex 6ankoa
(aoceHLpecn1 npouen1oa o1 40%). Baua cpepnnn oxnpaeHan npn6mnL o1
konna coc1aan1 $10.08.
10.08 = (0.32)(40) + (0.68)(-4)
Ecnn am penae1e pes, am amnrpmaae1e 40% 6ankoa, no kaxpm
nponrpmu c1on1 aaH $8. Bau cpepnn oxnpaeHm poxop a a1oH cnyuae
coc1aan1 $11.20.
11.2 = (0.4)(40) + (0.6)(-8)
Bm sapa6a1maae1e 11 ponnapoa n 20 uen1oa, korpa penae1e pes.
D1o nou1n na ponnap 6onLue, ueH korpa am penae1e konn.
97
[axe npn
1oH, u1o am amnrpmaae1e y nrpoka, cpenaauero 6e1, uaue ueH a nonoanne
cnyuaea, npaannLnmH peuenneH c1anoan1cn cpena1L pes, no1oHy u1o
nrpok, axopnun nocne aac, npnkpmaae1 aac. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn 6ank
6onLuo, a nocne aac eue ec1L nrpokn, ko1opme aopy1 a 1oproank, n y
aac nocpepc1aennan pyka, no xopoune uancm, 1o am ponxnm paccHo1pe1L
aosHoxnoc1L pesa aHec1o konna.
Bo1 eue npnHep. Y aac na pykax A6, am a cpepne nosnunn. [aa
nrpoka axopn1 nnHnoH a nrpy c panne nosnunn, am 1oxe axopn1e
nnHnoH. Ba11on penae1 nnHn. Manm 6nanp penae1 pes. BonLuo
6nanp (arpeccnanm nrpok) n ace nnHnepm penak1 konn (12 MC). Ha
qnon npnxopn1 J64, n am nonyuae1e cpepnkk napy n npnkynno
na1coam qneu, no1pncakuan pyka, Hanm 6nanp penae1 6e1, 6onLuo
6nanp penae1 konn, paa pannnx nnHnepa nacyk1. Bm cpenann pes.
Ba11on penae1 xonopnm konn na pae c1aakn. O6a 6nanpa penak1 konn
(10 BC).
_____________________________
96
B onee xec1knx nrpax pes Moxe1 u1u npaannunuM, no1oMy u1o on Moxe1 sac1aan1u
npo1nannka c nyume pyko cena1u nac. Ho nn nrp na nnsknx nnMn1ax 1akoe
Manoaepon1no.
97
/nn a1oro npnMepa Mu ncnonusoaann ynpoennue ycnoann. B peanuno cn1yann
nnora au ye1e nonyua1u pepes, nnora nrpok, cenaamn e1, ye1 konnnpoaa1u
aam pes, nMen nnoxyk pyky, nnora nrpok, axonn a 1oproank nocne aac, ye1
ena1u xononu konn na ae c1aakn (nnn pepes). Onako, npnnnn,
npoeMonc1pnpoaannu a npnMepe, npnMenne1cn nn Mnornx peanunux cn1yan.
~169 ~
Ha 1epne npnxopn1 8. Bce po aac penak1 uek, am penae1e 6e1.
98
TonLko 6a11on n 6onLuo 6nanp konn (13 BC). Ha pnaepe npnxopn1 J.
BonLuo 6nanp 6e1 (14 BC). Bm ponxnm pena1L pes.
Y 6onLuoro 6nanpa nonanne1cn xopoun uanc pnn 6neqa. On
arpeccnanm nrpok, noa1oHy, ecnn 6m y nero na qnone 6mna c1apuan
napa, 1o on 6m cpenan pes eue na qnone. Pyka 1nna A5, c ko1opo on
ne co6pan caok koH6nnaunk, nanne1cn aosHoxno. BosHoxno, on peunn
ncnonLsoaa1L kap1y nn1o ynnum, ko1opan co6pana napy na c1one, kak
npnkpm1ne pnn 6neqa. On 1akxe Hor nHe1L na pykax poc1a1ouno unpokn
pnanason kap1, Hoxe1 6m1L Henkan napa.
Hrpok na 6a11one konnnpoaan na npo1nxennn ace pykn, noa1oHy
1pypno cysn1L pnanason ero pyk. On Hoxe1 nHe1L aane1a. On Hoxe1 1akxe
nHe1L neco6pannyk npnkynnyk pyky, nnn ecnn on ouenL nysoam, 1o
ue1aepkn, uec1epkn, aocLHepkn, nnn neynyuuennyk kapHannyk napy,
1nna pean1kn.
Ecnn ero pyka a coc1onnnn o6mrpa1L aauy napy uec1epok, 1o on
nou1n naaepnnka cpenae1 oaepkonn na opny c1aaky k 6anky. Ho ecnn on
okaxe1cn nepep nnuoH xonopnoro konna na pae c1aakn, 1o on Hoxe1
cpena1L nac c pykaHn 1nna 86 (nocne pnaepa ero pae napm noppenanm),
nnn kapHannmHn pean1kaHn. C aane1oH on, koneuno xe, o1ae1n1
xonopnmH konnoH na pae c1aakn.
Ec1L xopoun uanc, u1o aaun uec1epkn o6mrpak1 nrpoka,
cpenaauero 6e1. Hrpok na 6a11one Hoxe1 nnuero ne nHe1L, no
cyuec1aennm npouen1 ero aosHoxnmx pyk 6ype1 o6mrpmaa1L aac. Ckopee
acero, c 6onLunnc1aoH a1nx pyk on 6ype1 pena1L nac (neoxo1no) nocne
aauero pesa. Bank 6onLuo ue1mpnapua1L 6onLunx c1aaok. Hoa1oHy,
c1on1 pnckoaa1L pononnn1enLno c1aako, u1o6m am6n1L nrpoka, ko1opm
Hor 6m nocne aac ao1n a 1oproank.
99
3aknmveuue
BonLunnc1ao nrpokoa, nrpan na pnaepe, pykoaopc1ayk1cn nepao
HmcnLk npnuepue a ronoay. He o6pauan annHannn na npncy1c1ane
conepnnkoa, ko1opme Hory1 ao1n a 1oproank nocne nnx, onn nrpak1
_____________________________
98
Cyec1aye1 ae npnunnu cena1u e1 na 1epne. Hepaan, aosMoxno, u1o aamn
mec1epkn nannk1cn ceuac nyume pyko. H axe ecnn au ne nMee1e nyume pykn, 1o
au nMee1e ue1upnaa1u ay1oa (3 1ysa, 2 mec1epkn n 9 nnk), u1ou ynyumn1ucn. Hcno,
u1o au nMee1e onee 25% ennoc1u anka, n noa1oMy nyxno ena1u e1 nn yaennuennn
anka (npnnnMakn konnu acex npo1nannkoa). B1opan, aam e1 Moxe1 sac1aan1u koro-
1o ns npo1nannkoa c neMnoro nyume pyko, ueM y aac, cena1u nac. A nMenno, k1o-1o c
kapMannuMn ceMepkaMn, ean1kaMn, ecn1kaMn, ncnyraamncu, u1o y aac aane1, cenae1
nac. Kora a1o ye1 nponcxon1u, 1o aama npnunu ye1 orpoMna. Xanu, u1o a1o ne
ye1 nonyua1ucn uac1o.
99
Ecnn u y aac aMec1o A6 unn u AJ , 1o au u enann konn aMec1o pesa. Tak
kak nrpok, cenaamn e1, uac1o neqye1, a nrpok, axonn nocne aac a 1oproank,
nnkora ne ye1 ena1u nac c xopome pyko, 1o au sapao1ae1e onume ener,
anyckan a ank oaepkonn. KpoMe 1oro, ecnn y oaepkonnepa 1o xe okaxe1cn aane1, 1o on
ye1 ena1u pes, aaan aosMoxnoc1u aaM cena1u pepes.
~170 ~
nn1yn1nano: co cna6mHn pykaHn penak1 konn, c cnnLnmHn pes.
Hpepnoxennan naHn c1pa1ernn, uac1o aneue1 sa co6o npo1naononoxnme
n o6pa1no nn1yn1nanme xopm. C cnnLnmHn pykaHn am uaue ponxnm
pena1L konn, npepoc1aannn aosHoxnoc1L nrpokaH nocne aac ao1n a
1oproank oaepkonnoH. C norpannunmHn pykaHn am nnorpa ponxnm pena1L
pes, nm1ancL sac1aan1L nrpokoa nocne aac cpena1L nac c pykaHn,
ko1opme cnnLnee aaue. Korpa na pnaepe k aaH nopope1 ouepepL xopa,
noHnn1e, u1o aau am6op (konn nnn pes) annne1 na pec1ann nrpokoa,
ko1opme 6ypy1 npnnnHa1L peuenne o axoxpennn a 1oproank, nocne aac.
Hnoxo pes c cnnLno pyko Hoxe1 c1on1L aaH neckonLknx oaepkonnoa.
Hnoxo konn co cna6o pyko Hoxe1 c1on1L aaH 6anka. Hnkorpa ne
sa6maa1e o6 nrpokax, ko1opme nocne aac Hory1 ao1n a 1oproank.
~171 ~
Hocnecnoaue k paspeny
Hrpa ua puaepe
B kaxpo knnre o xonpeHe ponxno 6m1L pe1anLnoe o6cyxpenne
nrpm na pnaepe. Ho1oHy u1o oun6kn na pnaepe, ko1opme apeHn o1
apeHenn c1on1 aaH 6anka, Hory1 npeapa1n1L aac ns neHnoro
amnrpmaakuero nrpoka a cyuec1aenno nponrpmaakuero. H nao6opo1,
cnoco6noc1L sa6pa1L 6ank ns nop noca y nrpoka c nyuue pyko, Hoxe1
cpena1L aac nrpokoH, sapa6a1maakunH naHnoro 6onLue HnnnHanLno
sapa6o1no nna1m.
O1nocn1enLno Hnoro noamx nrpokoa, ko1opme nm1ak1cn nrpa1L
xopouo, ysnak1, u1o nyuune nrpokn, kaxe1cn, nrpak1 1a1oao. Hoa1oHy,
onn c1peHn1cn cpena1L nac, korpa npepnonarak1, u1o nx o6mrpmaak1. Ho
c1pa1ernn, coo1ae1c1aykuan a1o cna6o 1a1oao Hopenn, nekoppek1nan,
a nnorpa n ouenL poporoc1onuan.
Hrpan a nokep, a uac1noc1n a xonpeH, acerpa aaxno sna1L pasHep
6anka. Y aac ne1 neo6xopnHoc1n sna1L pasHep 6anka po nennn. Ho am
ponxnm yHe1L o1nnua1L 6onLuo 6ank o1 cpepnero n HanenLkoro.
B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax, rpe npo1nannkn 6ypy1 nrpa1L ouenL
Hnoro pyk, n saxopn1L c nnHn poc1a1ouno paneko, 6ank sauac1yk 6ype1
6onLunH. D1o osnauae1, u1o pykn, ko1opme amnrpmaak1 a ne6onLuoH
npouen1e cnyuaea, 6maak1 poc1a1ouno xopoun, u1o6m pena1L a nnx
npn6mnLnme nnaec1nunn na pnaepe. KpoHe 1oro, neko1opme
coHnn1enLnme pesm 1oxe Hory1 6m1L npaannLnmHn.
CkaxeH no-ppyroHy, ecnn am naxopn1ecL c pyko, a ko1opo ne
yaepenm, na pannnx kpyrax 1oproann, 1o nyuue cpena1e nac (no1oHy u1o
6ank eue HanenLkn). Ho na pnaepe, rpe poc1a1ouno uac1o pesynL1a1 aac
yc1panaa1L ne 6ype1, no aaua pyka 6ype1 nHe1L onpepenennyk uennoc1L,
am ponxnm o1aeua1L.
~172 ~
Hac1u nn1an
Pasume 1eHm
~173 ~
Pasume 1eHm
Hpepucnoaue
D1o1 paspen ocaeuae1 neckonLko pasnnunmx 1eH. B 1o apeHn kak
paspenm, npoun1annme aaHn panee, packpmaak1 rnaanmH o6pasoH
ocnoanme c1pa1ernueckne npen, a 1eHm, ko1opme Hm sa1parnaaeH a a1o
uac1n, neckonLko 6onee cneunqnunm, no am nape1e Hnoro uennoro pnn
ce6n.
~174 ~
Posmrpmm oaepkap1
Mnorne nrpokn xanyk1cn, u1o onn nonn1nn ne nHek1, kak
pasmrpmaa1L oaepkap1m. Onn penak1 pes na npeqnone, qnon nH ne
saxopn1, n onn uyac1ayk1 ce6n neyaepenno. Ho posmrpmu oaepkap1,
qak1nueckn ne ouenL cnnLno o1nnuae1cn o1 posmrpmua nk6o ppyro
cna6o npnkynno pykn.
Kak n nk6an ppyran cna6an npnkynnan pyka, oaepkap1m ouenL
cnnLno nsHennk1 caok uennoc1L. HepamH uaroH k npaannLno nrpe
nanne1cn ouenka nx cnnm.
Oeuka oaepkap1
Cpaann1e a1n ue1mpe pykn:
1. KQ na qnone T94
2. AK na qnone T52
3. QJ na qnone 776
4. KQ na qnone 987
Hcno, u1o pyka a npnHepe N1 nanne1cn caHo cnnLno. B
pononnennn k oaepkap1aH y aac ec1L pmpnam na1coam c1pn1 n o6pa1no
npnkynno qneu. HcnonLsyn npn6nnxennn ns paspena Hopcue1 ay1oa
Hm papnH no 1.5 ay1a kaxpo oaepkap1e, 4 ay1a pmpnaoHy c1pn1y, n 1.5
ay1a o6pa1no npnkynnoHy qneuy. Bcero, npn6nnsn1enLno 8.5 ay1oa
(c1onLko xe, kak n npn xopoueH payxc1oponneH c1pn1e).
B npnHepe N2 y aac pae cnnLnmx oaepkap1m, o6pa1no npnkynno
na1coam qneu, n npnaneka1enLno amrnnpnun neckooppnnnpoaannm
c1on. Bm Hoxe1e pa1L a1o pyke npn6nnsn1enLno 4.5 ay1a (1.5 ay1a
kaxpo oaepkap1e, n 1.5 ay1a o6pa1no npnkynnoHy qneuy).
Pyka a npnHepe N3 ouenL cna6a. Y aac na pykax 1onLko pae
oaepkap1m, no cnapennm qnon
100
, copepxn1 yrposy c1pn1a. Ecnn y koro-
1o ceHepka, 1o aaua npnkynnan pyka Hep1aa. KpoHe 1oro, paxe ecnn am
npnkynn1e ce6e napy na 1epne, 1o am oc1ae1ecL 6essaun1nmH nepep
1ysaHn n koponnHn, ko1opme Hory1 npn1n na pnaepe. aaun oaepkap1m
ceuac ne c1on1 paxe 1.5 ay1a. Bm Hoxe1e ouenn1L nx (ouenL
aennkopyuno) a 1.25 ay1a kaxpyk. Bcero nonyuae1cn npn6nnsn1enLno
2.5 ay1a pnn ace pykn.
Pyka a npnHepe N4 qak1nueckn nnuero ne c1on1. Y aac ne1 paxe
o6pa1no npnkynno pykn, a 1o apeHn kak na c1one ec1L 1pn kap1m pnn
qneua n 1pn cansannmx kap1m pnn c1pn1a.
Baua npnkynnan pyka, ckopee acero, ceuac yxe Hep1aan, no paxe
ecnn am a panLneueH npnkynn1e koponn nnn paHy, 1o am ace paano
_____________________________
100
B1o uno u xopomo, ecnn u au nMenn AK, a ne QJ . Cnapennu c1on oc1aanne1
1onuko nn1u kap1 nn pyk pyrnx nrpokoa. TaknM opasoM, AK Moxe1 u1u nyume pyko.
Eonume o a1oM Mu pacckaxeM nosxe.
~175 ~
6ype1e nponrpmaa1L ouenL uac1o.
B pononnenne k npouepype, ko1opyk Hm 1onLko u1o ncnonLsoaann,
npnHenn1e cnepykune npaanna pnn ouenkn caonx oaepkap1:
1. Oaepkap1m npepnoun1ak1 neckooppnnnpoaannm c1on.
2. O6pa1nm npnkyn ycnnnaae1 oaepkap1m.
3. Oaepkap1m npepnoun1ak1 Hano npo1nannkoa.
Oaepkap1m npepnovu1am1
ueckooppuuupoaauum c1on
Heckooppnnnpoaannm c1on noHorae1 oaepkap1aH payHn cnoco6aHn:
1. C1apuan napa, ckopee acero, no6epn1, ecnn ne 6ypy1 poc1ynnm
npnkynno qneu nnn c1pn1. C oaepkap1aHn y aac ec1L uancm 6.5
k1, u1o na cnepykue kap1e am co6epe1e epnnc1aennyk napy.
Opna napa a1o a1opan cnnsy no c1apunnc1ay pyka, ko1opan
onepexae1 1onLko nenpn1nsa1enLnyk pyky co c1apue kap1o.
Hpnkyn k opno nape ouenL o1nnuae1cn o1 npnkyna k c1pn1y nnn
qneuy. Bm 6ype1e uac1o co6npa1L 1akyk napy, no 1ak xe uac1o am
6ype1e c a1o co6panno napo n nponrpmaa1L. TaknH o6pasoH,
1ako qnon
naHnoro nyuue, ueH a1o1
ecnn y aac npnkynnan pyka k c1apue nape.
2. Heckooppnnnpoaannme kap1m na c1one, ckopee acero ne noHory1
aaunH npo1nannkaH co6pa1L nyxnyk koH6nnaunk. Iopaspo
aepon1ne am sa6epe1e 6ank, nocne 6e1a na qnone nnn 1epne, c
neckooppnnnpoaannmHn kap1aHn na c1one, ueH co
ckooppnnnpoaannmHn kap1aHn na c1one. Ecnn na qnon npnpy1
JT8, 1o neckonLko aaunx npo1nannkoa cHory1 na1n neckonLko
npoponxenn pnn caoe nrpm: uepaoam qneu; c1pn1; napa,
co6pannan na qnone; oaepkap1a. A ao1 neckooppnnnpoaannme kap1m
na c1one (oco6enno cnapennm) pak1 npo1nannkaH ropaspo HenLue
aosHoxnoc1e co6pa1L c1pn1 nnn qneu. Korpa na qnon npnxopn1
J44, 1o aaun AK aepon1no 6ypy1 caHo cnnLno pyko paxe
npo1na neckonLknx nrpokoa. Ecnn y koro-1o okaxe1cn ue1aepka, 1o
am a 6epe, no1oHy u1o y aac oc1ae1cn 1onLko o6pa1no npnkynno
qneu (ny pasae u1o na 1epne n pnaepe npnpe1 paa koponn nnn
1ysa). Ecnn ue1aepkn nn y koro ne1, 1o y aac xopoune nepcnek1nam.
~176 ~
O6pa1um npukyn ycunuaae1 oaepkap1m
O6pa1no npnkynno qneu nnn c1pn1 Hory1 npeapa1n1L aaun
oaepkap1m ns nepen1a6enLnmx a npn6mnLnme. Oueanpno, u1o onn
po6aannk1 ay1m k aaunH npnkynnmH pykaH. Ho nannune o6pa1no
npnkynnoro qneua Hoxe1 noHouL aaH 6onee 1onknH cnoco6oH. Cpaann1e
cnepykune pae pykn:
1. AK na qnone J62
2. AK na qnone J62
B nepao pyke, na c1one pae kap1m opno Hac1n, ko1opme nannk1cn
pnn aac nanmH ocnoxnenneH, paoe ns aaunx ay1oa k c1apue nape (A n
K) pak1 1pe1Lk kap1y opnnakoao Hac1n na c1on. [axe ecnn a1o ne
noHoxe1 co6pa1L koHy-1o ns aaunx npo1nannkoa qneu, 1o pac1
aosHoxnoc1L xpa1L nonanennn ue1aep1o uepam npo1nannky, y ko1oporo
ec1L na pykax opna kap1a uepaoao Hac1n.
Bo a1opo pyke na qnone pae kap1m opno Hac1n pnn aac nyuue,
ueH, ecnn 6m qnon coc1onn ns 1pex kap1 pasnmx Hac1e. TenepL 1onLko
opnn ns aaunx ay1oa (K) pae1 na c1on 1pe1Lk opnoHac1nyk kap1y, no a
a1oH cnyuae am c1anoan1ecL epnnc1aennmH o6napa1eneH npnkynnoro
na1coaoro qneua. TaknH o6pasoH, ace uec1L 1ysoa n kopone, c1anoan1cn
pnn aac xopounHn kap1aHn, a 1o apeHn kak a nepao pyke 1onLko ue1mpe
kap1m pnn aac oc1aaanncL xopounHn.
Ecnn y aac pae pasnoHac1nme oaepkap1m, 1o aaH koneuno nyuue,
u1o6m na qnone npnunn pae kap1m opno Hac1n c opno ns aaunx
oaepkap1, ueH 1pn pasnoHac1nme kap1m. CnnLnee acero a1o1 aqqek1
pec1aye1, korpa opnoHac1nme kap1m coanapak1 c Hac1Lk aauero 1ysa, no
coanapenne c koponeH nnn paHo 1oxe pae1 nonoxn1enLnm pesynL1a1.
Oaepkap1m npepnovu1am1
Hano npo1uauukoa
Kak 6mno ynoHnny1o panee, oaepkap1m o6pasyk1 npnkynnyk pyky k
c1apue nape, ko1opan nanne1cn pyko cpepne cnnm. B o1nnune o1
npnkynnmx pyk k 6onLunH pykaH, 1aknH kak c1pn1 nnn qneu, pykn c
oaepkap1aHn 6mc1po 1epnk1 caok uennoc1L npn yaennuennn uncna
npo1nannkoa a 6anke. Hpo1na opnoro nnn payx npo1nannkoa aaun
neynyuuennme oaepkap1m Hory1 6m1L paxe nyuue pyko, oco6enno,
ecnn onn aknkuak1 1ysa. Hpo1na 1pex npo1nannkoa am uac1o 6ype1e
1nny1L npnkynnyk pyky, n c1apuan napa, aepon1no, no6epn1, ecnn kap1m
na c1one 6ypy1 ne ouenL ckooppnnnpoaanm. Hpo1na ue1mpex n 6onee
npo1nannkoa am uaue acero ne 6ype1e nHe1L nyuue pykn, n paxe ecnn
co6epe1e caok npnkynnyk pyky, 1o, ckopee acero, nponrpae1e. C
HnorouncnennmHn npo1nannkaHn ec1L pae npo6neHm:
1. Hoamuae1cn uanc na 1o, u1o am okaxe1ecL a cn1yaunn o6pa1noro
poHnnnpoaannn. O6pa1noe poHnnnpoaanne osnauae1, u1o opnn ns
aaunx npo1nannkoa co6pan na qnone napy n ero knkep
~177 ~
coo1ae1c1aye1 opno ns aaunx oaepkap1.
101
Y aac na pykax
na qnon npnxopn1
n na pykax y opnoro ns aaunx npo1nannkoa
Bm a onacnoc1n. Bm nponrpae1e, paxe ecnn na c1on npnpe1
1ys. O6pa1noe poHnnnpoaanne nanne1cn ouenL koaapnmH, korpa
opno ns aaunx oaepkap1 nanne1cn 1ys. [eno a 1oH, u1o Hnorne
nkpn nrpak1 pykn 1ys-nyc1muka.
2. Hoamuae1cn uanc, u1o k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa co6epe1 6onLuyk
pyky. [axe na paanoH qnone, c1apuan napa pexe nanne1cn nyuue
pyko npn ceHn npo1nannkax, nexenn npn 1pex. Baun ynyuuennme
uancm na 6ank ne koHnencnpyk1cn pyxnyaunHn uancaHn na
no6epy. Pykn c oaepkap1aHn n o6pa1nmH npnkynoH coxpannk1
6onLuyk uennoc1L a npo1naoc1onnnn c HnorouncnennmHn
npo1nannkaHn. ManenLkn uanc co6pa1L 6onLuyk pyky a 1ako
cn1yaunn, ouenL uenen.
102
HcknkuenneH nannk1cn aaun cna6me
o6pa1no npnkynnme pykn (k npnHepy, y aac AQ na qnon
npnxopn1 T84). Bau opno kap1ounm npnkynno qneu c paHo
nnk, pakun aaH 1pe1n no cnne na1c, 6ype1 cnnLnee npo1na
neHnorouncnennmx npo1nannkoa. Ho opnnokn 1ys opno Hac1n c
payHn kap1aHn qnona nnn opnoHac1nan pyka c opno kap1o
opnnakoao Hac1n na c1one, cyuec1aenno po6aanne1 uennoc1L pyke.
QenaeH ua qnone 6e1
K coxanennk, nenLsn caec1n k npoc1o qopHyne am6op peuennn,
u1o pena1L na qnone c oaepkap1aHn: 6e1 nnn uek. Heko1opme nrpokn
ncnonLsyk1 npoc1me npaanna, nanpnHep, 6e1 npo1na payx nrpokoa n uek
npo1na 1pex. Ho 1akne npaanna nac1onLko ynpouenm, u1o nannk1cn
_____________________________
101
TepMnn opa1noe oMnnnpoaanne nponsomen ns-sa 1oro, u1o nepe qnonoM au
oMnnnpoaann na npo1nannkoM.
102
Hn1n npoen1nu manc copa1u qnem Moxe1 ynyumn1u aam, ckaxeM ecn1n
npoen1nu manc na noey o 15% . Yaennuenne c 10% o 15% nanne1cn nn1necn1n
npoen1nuM yaennuenneM.
~178 ~
coaepuenno 6ecnonesnmHn. Konnuec1ao nrpokoa sa1parnaae1 cnny
oaepkap1, no ec1L neckonLko ppyrnx, paanmx no aaxnoc1n qak1opoa. Hau
nopxop coc1on1 a cnepykueH. Cnauana Hm nepeuncnnH, na u1o
neo6xopnHo o6pa1n1L annHanne npn paccHo1pennn. 3a1eH, npnaepeH
neckonLko npnHepoa. HanoHnnH, u1o kak 1onLko am noHe1e, kak
ouennaa1L oaepkap1m, am cHoxe1e npen1nqnunpoaa1L cna6me npnkynnme
pykn n nrpa1L coo1ae1c1aykunH o6pasoH.
Hepep 1eH kak peun1L, u1o pena1L c aaunHn oaepkap1aHn, 6e1 nnn
uek, sapa1e ce6e cnepykune aonpocm:
1. HackonLko 6onLuo 6ank?
2. Kakoaa aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o Hon oaepkap1m ace eue nyuune?
HackonLko aennka aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o aceH HonH npo1nannkaH na
qnone ne npnunn nyxnme kap1m?
3. HackonLko cnnLna Hon pyka? ([nn ouenkn ncnonLsy1e npaanna pnn
pannnx kpyroa 1oproann).
4. HackonLko aepon1no 1o, u1o, cpenaa 6e1, n amnrpak a1o1 6ank
neHepnenno?
5. 3naun1enLno nn ynyuun1 6e1 Hon uancm na no6epy, ecnn n ne
amnrpak a1o1 6ank neHepnenno?
6. CHory nn n, cpenaa 6e1, nonyun1L a panLneueH 6ecnna1nyk kap1y,
ecnn a1oro saxouy?
HpepnonoxnH, am na 6a11one c
[aa nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, n am cpenann pes. O6a 6nanpa n
nnHnepm konn (10 MC). Ha qnon npnunn
Bce po aac cpenann uek. Bm ponxnm pena1L 6e1. Bank 6onLuo,
noa1oHy am ponxnm nrpa1L arpeccnano, a1o noHoxe1 ynyuun1L aaun
uancm na no6epy. [axe npn ue1mpex npo1nannkax, aaua pyka Hoxe1 6m1L
ceuac nyuue, na 1akoH paanoH qnone. Korpa qnon cnapennm, 1onLko
nn1L kap1 (pae pean1kn n 1pn ue1aepkn) Hory1 o6pasoaa1L nyuuyk
koH6nnaunk, aHec1o pean1n kap1 npn ne cnapennoH qnone. D1o
yHenLuae1 uancm na 1o, u1o k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa co6pan pyky.
[o 1ex nop, noka y npo1nannkoa ne1 pean1kn, aaun oaepkap1m
cnnLnm. [axe ecnn k1o-1o nHee1 napy (nnn ue1aepky, nnn kapHannyk
napy), 1o ace aaun uec1L ay1oa n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu, 6ypy1 uac1o
amnrpmaa1L. BaH ne1 cHmcna 6on1Lcn o6pa1noro poHnnnpoaannn, 1ak kak
am 6ype1e yaepenno amnrpmaa1L y npo1nannka c A4, paxe ecnn na c1one
~179 ~
nonan1cn 1ys.
103
Hpn ue1mpex npo1nannkax, 6e1 ne uac1o 6ype1 paaa1L Hrnoaennyk
no6epy. Mnorne nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax 6ypy1 pena1L konn c
oaepkap1aHn 1nna QT. Heko1opme 6ypy1 pena1L konn c nk6mHn payHn
kap1aHn a napexpe, u1o cospanne nk6o napm npnnece1 nH no6epy.
Onako e1 snaun1enuno ynyumn1 aamn mancu na noey. Ecnn y aac
nyuman pyka, 1o onumnnc1ao aamnx npo1nannkoa nMee1 1onuko mec1u
ay1oa. [axe 32 Hoxe1 co6pa1L napy n o6mrpa1L aac. Manoaepon1no, u1o
ace cpenak1 nac, no opnn nnn paa npo1nannka Hory1 am6pocn1L kap1m.
D1n nacm ynyuua1 aaun uancm na no6epy paxe neynyuuenno pyko, a
eue nyuue 6ype1, ecnn am npnkynn1e 1ysa nnn koponn.
Hpn 6onLuoH 6anke, 6e1 snaun1enLno yaennunaae1 aaun uancm na
no6epy, paxe ecnn am nosapn (kpoHe cn1yaunn, korpa y koro-1o ns
npo1nannkoa ec1L pean1ka), aau oaepkap1ounm npnkyn o1nocn1enLno
cnnLnm. HecHo1pn na nannune ue1mpex npo1nannkoa, ncno, u1o am
ponxnm pena1L 6e1.
Cnepykun npnHep. Bm na 6onLuoH 6nanpe c KJ. e1mpe nrpoka
aounn nnHnoH, Hanm 6nanp cpenan konn, n am penae1e pes. Bce
penak1 konn (12 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1 T76. Manm 6nanp uek. Bm
ponxnm pena1L uek.
Bank 6onLuo, no ne1 nnkaknx uancoa na 1o, u1o aaua pyka
nyuuan. Hpo1na nn1n npo1nannkoa c1apun koponL naaepnnka
6ecnonesen. KpoHe 1oro, aaun norpannunme oaepkap1m 6es o6pa1no
npnkynnoro qneua, nannk1cn ouenL cna6mHn na 1akoH
ckooppnnnpoaannoH c1one. Bepon1no, u1o neckonLko nrpokoa nHek1 nnn
npnkynno c1pn1, nnn npnkynno qneu, noa1oHy, paxe ecnn am n
co6epe1e c1apuyk napy, 1o ona 6ype1 ouenL ynsanHa.
Cpenaa c1aaky, am ne amnrpae1e neHepnenno. Tak kak na c1one
cospae1cn Hnoro npnkynnmx koH6nnaun, 1o k1o-1o ns nrpokoa Hoxe1
nHe1L opnn ns nnx n 6ype1 pena1L konn. Ecnn am cpenae1e 6e1, 1o aac
6ypy1 konnnpoaa1L 1pn, a Hoxe1 n 6onLue nrpokoa. Be1 Hoxe1 ynyuun1L
aaun uancm na no6epy, no ne snaun1enLno.
Bes nosnunn am ne cHoxe1e nonm1a1Lcn asn1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y. Bm
nHee1e cna6yk pyky npo1na Hnorouncnennmx npo1nannkoa n co c1onoH,
sanonnennmH o6pa1no npnkynnmHn pykaHn. Be1 ne nHee1 nou1n nnkaknx
uancoa amnrpa1L 6ank neHepnenno nnn ynyuun1L aaue nonoxenne.
HecHo1pn na 6onLuo 6ank, am ponxnm pena1L uek.
H nocnepnn npnHep. Bm na 6a11one c
[aa nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, n am cpenann pes. O6a 6nanpa nac,
_____________________________
103
CMo1pn1e pasen Ckpu1ue ay1u, ecnn au nyxae1ecu a oncnennn.
~180 ~
nnHnepm konn (7.5 MC). CHo1pnH qnon
O6a nnHnepa uek. D1o1 npnHep ne nac1onLko ncen, kak paa nepamx,
no Bm, ckopee acero, ponxnm cpena1L 6e1.
B 6anke cnoaa 6mn pes na npeqnone, no ero pasHep HenLue, 1ak
kak y aac acero paa npo1nannka. BosHoxno, am nHee1e nyuuyk pyky, no
ecnn 6m y aac 6mn 1ys, 1o 1akan aepon1noc1L 6mna 6m amue. Baun
oaepkap1m nHek1 cpepnkk cnny. Y aac ec1L o6pa1no npnkynno c1pn1 n
qneu. Ho c1on a neko1opo c1enenn ckooppnnnpoaan, aosHoxnm c1pn1 n
npnkynno qneu y aaunx npo1nannkoa.
B o1nnune o1 nepamx payx npnHepoa, specL nnorpa aau 6e1 noHoxe1
amnrpmaa1L 6ank neHepnenno. Ecnn o6onH aaunH npo1nannkaH na qnone
nnuero ne npnuno (a1o 6ype1 nponcxopn1L ne uac1o), 1o onn o6a Hory1
cpena1L nac. Bm 1akxe oc1ane1ecL a xopoueH nonoxennn, ecnn opnn ns
nnx cpenae1 nac, a a1opo konn. On Hoxe1 konnnpoaa1L co cna6o
npnkynno pyko, n cpenae1 nac na 1epne, ecnn ne poc1pon1cn.
Hnorpa o6a npo1nannka 6ypy1 o1aeua1L konnoH. Ecnn 1akoe 6ype1
cnyua1Lcn, 1o nesaancnHo o11oro, u1o npnpe1 na 1epne, onn 6ypy1 pena1L
uek. Ecnn am ne ynyuun1ecL, 1o onn aaH oc1aannk1 aosHoxnoc1L nonyun1L
6ecnna1nyk kap1y. TaknH o6pasoH, paxe 1orpa, korpa o6a npo1nannka
penak1 konn, 6e1 noHorae1 aaH nonyun1L na ue1aep1o ynnue 6ecnna1nyk
kap1y.
H1ak, 6e1 noHorae1 aaH, ecnn nnk1o ne penae1 konn (am neHepnenno
amnrpmaae1e 6ank), ecnn konn penae1 opnn npo1nannk (aaun uancm na
no6epy ynyuuak1cn), ecnn penak1 konn o6a npo1nannka (am Hoxe1e
nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y). [axe npn1oH, u1o qnon na aaH ne npnunn
nyxnme kap1m, am ne ponxnm o1kasmaa1Lcn o1 aosHoxnoc1n cpena1L 6e1 a
1ako paspaue, kak a1a.
QenaeH ua qnone konn unu pes
Korpa k1o-1o ns nrpokoa penae1 6e1, a y aac oaepkap1m, 1o am
ponxnm nrpa1L nx kak nk6yk ppyryk cna6yk npnkynnyk pyky. Ecnn 6ank
HanenLkn, 1o ocnoano 1enpenune 6ype1 nac. Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, 1o
ocnoano 1enpenune 6ype1 konn nnn pes. [ena1e pes, ecnn ec1L
aosHoxnoc1L npnkynn1L ay1m nnn nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y, a
npo1nanoH cnyuae penae1e konn.
Ecnn y aac oaepkap1m, a ne nk6oe ppyran cna6an npnkynnan pyka,
1o 6onLuyk aaxnoc1L npno6pe1ae1 1o, u1o Hory1 nHe1L aaun npo1nannkn.
Ecnn y aac pmpnam na1coam c1pn1, 1o aac ne ouenL sa6o1n1, u1o y
aaunx npo1nannkoa na pykax. Ecnn am co6epe1e caok koH6nnaunk, 1o am
amnrpae1e. C oaepkap1aHn pena o6c1on1 ne 1ak. Bm 1nne1e nou1n Hep1ame
npnkynnme pykn, ecnn y npo1nannkoa ec1L pae napm nnn ce1. Baun
npnkynnme pykn Hory1 6m1L ocna6nenm o6pa1nmH poHnnnpoaanneH.
~181 ~
TaknH o6pasoH, aaH nyuue npoponxn1L nrpy, ecnn npo1nannk nHee1
cna6yk nnn npnkynnyk pyky, ueH korpa on nHee1e cnnLnyk pyky.
HanpnHep, am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe c
[aa nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, Hanm 6nanp penae1 konn, n am
penae1e pes. Bce penak1 konn (8 MC). Ha qnon npnxopn1
Manm 6nanp (arpeccnanm n pyHakun nrpok) penae1 6e1. Bm
ponxnm pena1L pes.
Tak kak am cpenann pes na npeqnone, 1o Hanm 6nanp
npepnonarae1, u1o y aac 6onLune kap1m nnn napa, n penae1 6e1,
ocnoamaancL na 1oH, u1o aaH na qnone ne npnunn nyxnme kap1m.
104
Bypyun arpeccnanmH, on Hoxe1 pena1L 6e1 na Hnornx pykax, aknkuan
npnkynno qneu, Henkne napm n paxe npnkynno c1pn1 (koneco, ecnn y
nero A5). Ero 6e1 apnp nn nokaxe1, u1o ero pyka cnnLna. C cnnLno
pyko, oxnpan, u1o am kak npeqnon pesep 6ype1e pena1L 6e1, on 6ype1
pena1L uek-pes. TaknH o6pasoH, ckopee acero y nero npnkynnan pyka.
BonLuo 6ank n aaun kap1m o1nocn1enLno cnnLnm. Onon poaonLno
neckooppnnnpoaannm n y aac o6pa1no npnkynno qneu, noa1oHy am
ponxnm npoponxa1L nrpa1L.
Pes nyuue, ueH konn, no1oHy u1o on ynyuuae1 aaun uancm na
no6epy. Ecnn aaua pyka nyuuan, 1o y kaxporo nrpoka sa aaHn nHee1cn
npn6nnsn1enLno uec1L ay1oa (nk6an napa amnrpmaae1 y Bac). Pes Hoxe1
ncnyra1L npo1nannkoa c 1poko nnn ue1aepko, n onn Hory1 cpena1L nac.
TenepL npepc1aaL1e, u1o am onn1L na 6onLuoH 6nanpe, n y aac
AQ na pykax. Cnoaa paa nrpoka axopn1 nnHnoH, Hanm 6nanp penae1
konn, n am penae1e pes. Bce penak1 konn (8 MC). Ho 1onLko na qnon
1enepL npnxopn1 ppyrne kap1m
Manm 6nanp (nysoam, no po6kn nrpok) penae1 6e1. Bm ponxnm
cpena1L nac.
Ha nepam asrnnp, aaua pyka amrnnpn1 poc1a1ouno npouno. B konue
_____________________________
104
CMo1pn c1pannu 118126 a knnre /aana Cknanckn Hokep, nrpu n xnsnu (Poker,
Gaming, & Life) nn onee nopono nnqopMann.
~182 ~
konuoa, qnon poaonLno neckooppnnnpoaannm, ne1 yrposm npnkynnoro
qneua, ec1L Hanoaepon1nan yrposa pmpnaoro c1pn1a. Ho na a1o1 pas
nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, aepon1no, nHee1 6onee cnnLnyk pyky (aosHoxno,
am yxe nonnoc1Lk o6pa1no poHnnnpoaannme). Ecnn arpeccnanm nrpok,
penakun 6e1 na neHnoro ckooppnnnpoaannoH qnone, Hoxe1 nrpa1L na
unpokoH pnanasone cna6mx pyk, 1o po6kn nrpok, penakun 6e1 na ne
ckooppnnnpoaannoH qnone, ne Hoxe1. Y nero kak HnnnHyH c1apuan napa
c knkepoH 1ysoH nnn paHo, a Hoxe1 6m1L paxe pae napm nnn ce1. B a1o
cn1yaunn am 6ype1e 1nny1L Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky ropaspo uaue, ueH a
npnHepe c arpeccnanmH nrpokoH.
Oaepkap1m c1on1 nrpa1L uaue, no npo1na pyk Honc1poa onn ne
npepc1aannk1 nnkako uennoc1n. Hpexpe, ueH am cpenae1e xop,
paccHo1pn1e aosHoxnm pnanason pyk nrpoka, cpenaauero 6e1. eH unpe
pnanason, 1eH 6onLue ponxno 6m1L aaue xenanne npoponxn1L nrpy.
Hrpa ua 1epue
Ecnn am na qnone c oaepkap1aHn penae1e 6e1 n nonyuae1e konn, a
kap1a 1epna ne noHorna aaH, 1o am ponxnm peun1L, pena1L nn aaH 6e1
cnoaa. Bm ponxnm pena1L 6e1, ecnn ec1L cyuec1aennm uanc
(copasHepnm c pasHepoH 6anka: ueH 6onLue 6ank, 1eH HenLue
1pe6oaannn k npouen1aH uanca), u1o am amnrpae1e 6ank neHepnenno. B
npo1nanoH cnyuae am o6muno ponxnm 6ype1e cpena1L uek. Ha qnone am
ponxnm nnorpa pena1L 6e1, paxe ecnn am pyHae1e, u1o y aac ec1L
HanenLkn uanc na Hrnoaennyk no6epy. Bm nue1e neckonLko uenoaek,
ko1opme Hory1 cpena1L nac, 1eH caHmH, ynyuuna aaun uancm na no6epy.
Ha 1epne a1a npen Henee nonesna, 1ak kak c1aaka yxe yaennuena apaoe, n
am xpe1e npnxopa 1onLko opno kap1m.
Bepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o ace aaun npo1nannkn cpenak1 nac, saancn1
o11oro, kako pnanason pyk onn Hory1 nHe1L. eH HenLue n cna6ee
pnanason nx aosHoxnmx pyk, 1eH 6onLue aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o am
ponxnm pena1L 6e1.
HanpnHep, am na 6a11one n y Bac
Tpn nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, am cpenann pes. O6a 6nanpa nac, a
ace nnHnepm konn (9.5 MC). Ha qnon npnuno
Bce aaun npo1nannkn cpenann uek, n am cpenann 6e1. Ecnn ace 1pn
nnHnepa cpenak1 konn, a am ne ynyuun1ecL na 1epne, 1o na 1epne aaH
nyuue cpena1L uek. Ecnn o1ae1n1 konnoH 1onLko opnn ns 1ponx, 1o am
ponxnm pena1L 6e1. HaHnoro aepon1ne, u1o Hrnoaennyk no6epy am
~183 ~
Hoxe1e opepxa1L nap opnnH npo1nannkoH.
Oak1nueckn, ecnn am nonyunnn 1onLko opnn konn, 1o aaua pyka
aosHoxno nyuuan. Hpo1nannk Hoxe1 nHe1L oaepkap1m nnn pmpnam
c1pn1, 1nna J9. Ecnn konn cpenak1 ace 1pn npo1nannka, 1o apnp nn a
1ako cn1yaunn aaua pyka nanne1cn nyuue. H nou1n nnkorpa am ne
cHoxe1e Hrnoaenno amnrpa1L 6ank, paccun1maan na 1o, u1o ace aaun
npo1nannkn cpenak1 nac. BaH oc1ae1cn 1onLko asn1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y.
Ho ecnn na qnon npnpy1
aHec1o T76, 1o am na 1epne Hoxe1e cpena1L 1onLko uek, paxe ecnn
konnnpoaa1L 6ype1 1onLko opnn npo1nannk. Ha qnone c1apuan paHa, n
nnkakne npnkynnme pykn nepoc1ynnm. On ne Hor cpena1L konn c
npnkynnmH qneueH nnn c1pn1oH, n epnnc1aennan pyka c payHn
oaepkap1aHn a1o AK. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn on konnnpoaan, 1o on nHee1, no
kpane Hepe, napy, a o1nnune o1 qnona, rpe pecn1ka 6mna c1apue
kap1o. (HoHnn1e, on aosHoxno konnnpoaan na qnone c pmpnamH c1pn1oH
nnn oaepkap1aHn?). OuenL aaxno cpena1L uek na 1epne, ecnn aau
npo1nannk acerpa nrpae1 po ackpm1nn, co6paa na qnone napy. Ckopee
acero, on nHee1 napy, n pena1L nac on ne co6npae1cn, noa1oHy uek.
105
Hoa1oHy, nyuunH HoHen1oH pnn 6e1a na 1epne, nanne1cn yHepenno
ckooppnnnpoaannm qnon. Ecnn qnon ouenL paanm, 1o nk6me
aosHoxnme konepm, nan6onee aepon1no nHek1 kak HnnnHyH napy. Ecnn
qnon ouenL ckooppnnnpoaan, 1o ec1L aepon1noc1L, u1o konnepm
npnHennk1 saHepnennyk nrpy c 6onLuo pyko nnn nHek1 cnnLnyk
npnkynnyk pyky. Ho korpa qnon pae1 aosHoxnoc1L co6pa1L pmpname
c1pn1m nnn nrpa1L pykn c oaepkap1aHn, n ne ynyuuae1 6onLuo pnanason
pyk, 1o 1orpa aau 6e1 Hoxe1 Hrnoaenno sa6pa1L 6ank.
106
3aknmveuue
HpaannLnan nrpa c oaepkap1aHn, nanne1cn xn1po nrpo. Mnorne
nrpokn, ko1opme yunnncL n nrpann cepLesno a 1euenne Hnornx ne1, ne
acerpa uyac1ayk1 ce6n yaepenno c nnHn. Onn cun1ak1 nx oco6enno
pacc1panaakunHn. Mano 1oro, u1o cn1yaunn c oaepkap1aHn k qnony
cnyuak1cn uac1o, 1ak uaue acero onn nponcxopn1 c nyuunHn pykaHn
npeqnona. K nnky aHounonanLnoro pacc1poc1aa o11oro, u1o na qnon
__________________________
105
Cyec1aye1 neonumoe konnuec1ao upesauuano nysoaux nrpokoa, ko1opue nou1n
acera enak1 konn na qnone nesaancnMo o1 1oro, u1o y nnx na pykax. Ecnn aam
npo1nannk ns a1o ka1eropnn, 1o cnoaa ena1e e1. Bu uae ye1e nMe1u nyumyk pyky
c AK, noa1oMy ne aaa1e 1aknM npo1nannkaM ecnna1nux kap1.
106
Moxe1 u1u ncknkuenne, ecnn na qnon npnxon1 u1o-1o 1nna T75, a sa1eM na
1epne 9. Hko npo1nannk, y ko1oporo na qnone opasoaancn upnau c1pn1 c
ecn1ko nnn ceMepko, ckopee acero 1enepu copan napy. B a1oM cnyuae au onxnu
ena1u uek, 1ak kak a1o onn ns npnMepoa 1oro, kak Mory1 ynyumn1ucn Mnorne nrpokn ns
1ex, u1o enann konn.
~184 ~
ne npnunn nyxnme kap1m, 1enepL po6aanne1cn eue n neo6xopnHoc1L
npoaec1n cnoxnme pacue1m a 1pypno cn1yaunn.
Honm1kn npoc1oro nopxopa k peuennk sapau c oaepkap1aHn,
npnaepy1 aac k coaepuennk Hnorouncnennmx oun6ok. Bm6npan Hexpy
uekoH n nacoH, am 1epne1e cnnukoH Hnoro amropnmx aosHoxnoc1e n
c1anoan1ecL nerko npepckasyeHmH pnn na6nkpa1enLnmx npo1nannkoa.
Ecnn am acerpa nrpae1e arpeccnano, 1o npoun1a1L aac 6ype1 cnoxnee, no
am no1epne1e cnnukoH Hnoro c1aaok a 6esnapexnmx cn1yaunnx.
3apa1e ce6e na qnone aonpocm, ko1opme Hm nepeuncnnnn panee:
1. HackonLko 6onLuo 6ank?
2. Kakoaa aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o Hon oaepkap1m ace eue nyuune?
HackonLko aennka aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o aceH HonH npo1nannkaH na
qnone ne npnunn nyxnme kap1m?
3. HackonLko cnnLna Hon pyka? ([nn ouenkn ncnonLsy1e npaanna pnn
pannnx kpyroa 1oproann).
4. HackonLko aepon1no 1o, u1o, cpenaa 6e1, n amnrpak a1o1 6ank
neHepnenno?
5. 3naun1enLno nn ynyuun1 6e1 Hon uancm na no6epy, ecnn n ne
amnrpak a1o1 6ank neHepnenno?
6. CHory nn n, cpenaa 6e1, nonyun1L a panLneueH 6ecnna1nyk kap1y,
ecnn a1oro saxouy?
Ha 1epne, cysL1e pnanason aosHoxnmx pyk aaunx npo1nannkoa.
Ecnn a1n ouenkn 6ypy1 1nna: Honpo6yk o6mrpa1L opnoro co cna6o
pyko nnn Onn ace paano nHek1 napy nnn cnnLnyk npnkynnyk pyky,
1o am nnkorpa ne 6ype1e uyac1aoaa1L ce6n yaepenno, nrpan oaepkap1m. Ho
ecnn Bm, nepep 1eH kak pec1aoaa1L, ne sa6ype1e yuec1L ace acnek1m, 1o
am nayun1ecL ncnonLsoaa1L 1akne cn1yaunn HakcnHanLno aqqek1nano.
~185 ~
4opHupoaauue ua npeqnone
6onumux 6aukoa
CkaxeH, am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe c
Hn1epo nysoamx nrpokoa, aknkuan Hanm 6nanp, aounn nnHnoH.
Bm ponxnm pena1L pes nnn uek? Mnorne nrpokn y1aepxpak1, u1o nyxno
pena1L uek. Hx 1nnnunme paccyxpennn npo1ekak1 cnepykunH o6pasoH.
Mo pes pae1 HonH nysoamH npo1nannkaH uancm, pnn 1oro u1o6m
konnnpoaa1L po pnaepa c pmpnamH c1pn1oH n Hnapue napo. Ecnn n
pepxy 6ank HanenLknH, 1o n Hory nrpa1L arpeccnano. Ecnn n co6epy caok
pyky, 1o n cpenak uek, ecnn ne co6epy, 1o cpenak nac. Ecnn 6ank
HanenLkn, n n na qnone co6epy c1apuyk napy, 1o Hon npo1nannkn 6ypy1
coaepua1L 6onLuyk oun6ky, penan konn co caonHn cna6mHn npnkynnmHn
pykaHn, ueH, penan 1o xe caHoe, no, ecnn 6m n paspyn orpoHnm 6ank
caonH pesoH. H xouy yanpe1L qnon kak Hoxno peueane, a sa1eH
o6mrpa1L nx nocne qnona.
ApryHen1 sayun1 anonne y6epn1enLno. B konue konuoa, 6onLuan
uac1L npn6mnn a nokepe npn6maae1 o1 oun6ok aaunx npo1nannkoa.
Coxpanenne 6anka HanenLknH, koneuno, noHorae1 nysoamH npo1nannkaH
pena1L 6onLue oun6ok nocne qnona. K coxanennk, 1akan apryHen1aunn
neaepna n npnaopn1 k oun6ounmH amaopaH. Bm ponxnm pena1L pes.
D1o1 apryHen1 nrnopnpye1 oun6ky, ko1opyk aaun npo1nannkn yxe
cpenann, axopn a 6ank. Baua cnnLnan pyka nHee1 nanoe npenHyuec1ao
uennoc1n 6anka na npeqnone. Bm ponxnm oxnpa1L amnrpmaa1L a1o1 6ank
uaue, ueH aaua ponn a ceHnapua1L npouen1oa npn nn1n npo1nannkax.
Ecnn y aac ec1L npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka, 1o, no kpane Hepe, y
opnoro nnn payx npo1nannkoa nHee1cn peqnun1 uennoc1n 6anka. [enLrn
ne nonannk1cn ns nno1kypa: ecnn k1o-1o nx sapa6a1maae1, snaun1, ec1L
k1o-1o, k1o nx 1epne1. Bo-nepamx, ec1L yxe neckonLko npo1nannkoa,
ko1opme cpenann oun6ky, axopn a a1o1 6ank. HcnonLsy1e a1y oun6ky,
cpenaa pes.
Tak kak am nHee1e npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka, 1o aau pes
1enepL, nHee1 nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. [enan uek, am
o1kasmaae1ecL o1 pononnn1enLno npn6mnn. Coxpanenne HanenLkoro
6anka noHorae1 yaennun1L aauy oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL nocne qnona sa
cue1 yHenLuennn oxnpaeHo npn6mnn na npeqnone.
[nn neko1opmx pyk coaepuenne 1akoro o6Hena nHee1 cHmcn.
HanpnHep, ecnn 6m am nHenn A3, KJ, nnn pasnoHac1noro 1ysa c
aane1oH aHec1o AJ, uek, Hoxe1 6m1L a a1oH cnyuae, 6mn 6m nyuue. D1n
6onee cna6me pykn nHek1 ckpoHnoe npenHyuec1ao na npeqnone npo1na
nn1n nysoamx nrpokoa, 1aknH o6pasoH, pes pac1 neko1opoe
~186 ~
npenHyuec1ao. Tak kak aaue npenHyuec1ao nanne1cn o1nocn1enLno
HanenLknH, 1o, cpenaa uek, am no1epne1e HanenLkyk ponk caoero
npenHyuec1aa. Baue ynyuuennan oxnpaeHan npn6mnL nocne qnona
o6muno 6ype1 paaa1L poc1a1ounyk koHnencaunk sa a1n no1epnnnme na
npeqnone kpoxn. Ho pyka AJ cnnukoH cnnLna pnn 1oro, u1o6m nm1a1Lcn
1ak nrpa1L. He pena1L pes, u1o6m amsaa1L oun6kn Hoxe1 6m1L nonesno,
no 1onLko 1orpa, korpa oxnpaeHan npn6mnL n ponn 6anka npn6nnsn1enLno
paanm. B pannoH cnyuae 1akoro paaenc1aa ne na6nkpae1cn. He 6o1ecL
nrpa1L, korpa aaua c1aaka nHee1e 6onLuoe npenHyuec1ao.
Tys-koponu ue 1onuko npukynuan pyka
Heko1opme nrpokn cun1ak1, u1o a nysoamx nrpax am c AK na pykax,
ponxnm na npeqnone nrpa1L naccnano. Onn y1aepxpak1, u1o pnn 1oro
u1o6m no6epn1L, AK ponxen coepnnn1Lcn c qnonoH (o6muno noan 1ysa
nnn koponn). D1o penae1 a1y pyky npnkynno pyko, n noa1oHy am ponxnm
1onLko konnnpoaa1L c ne. B 6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea qnon pasouapye1 aac
(1ys nnn koponL nonannk1cn na qnone 1onLko a 32,4% cnyuaea), 1ak
aknapmaa1e HnnnHyH, noka am ne y6epn1ecL, u1o na qnone
pec1an1enLno o6pasoaanacL cnnLnan pyka.
k6o apryHen1, a ko1opoH ne1 ynoHnnannn o6 oxnpaeHo
npn6mnn, nopaeprae1cn coHnennk. Korpa am npnnnHae1e nk6oe peuenne,
aaua uenL ponxna o6muno saknkua1Lcn a 1oH, u1o6m yaennunaa1L aauy
nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL. Hpnknenaanne k pyke npnmka
npnkynnan pyka n sa1eH npnnn1ne c1pa1ernuecknx peuenn
ocnoaannmx 1onLko na a1oH npnmke 1onLko sa1enne1 aaxnme qak1opm.
1o6m npnnn1L peuenne, ponxnm nn am c AK pena1L pes, ouenn1e
oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL n nrnopnpy1e npnmkn.
107
[axe npn 6onLuoH konnuec1ae nrpokoa AK nHee1 cyuec1aennoe
npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka.
108
1o6m amnrpa1L npo1na 6onLuoro
konnuec1aa npo1nannkoa aaH, aepon1no, nonapo6n1cn, u1o6m nnn koponL
nnn 1ys o6pasoaann napy c kap1aHn c1ona. D1o ycnoane nc1nnno pnn
kaxpo pykn, kpoHe 6onLunx kapHannmx nap. Ho am ne epnnc1aennm
uenoaek, ko1opm ponxen coepnnn1L caon kap1m c kap1aHn c1ona pnn
1oro, u1o6m amnrpa1L. D1o ponxen cpena1L kaxpm. Pasnnune Hexpy AK a
aaue pyke n pykaHn ppyrnx nrpokoa saknkuae1cn a 1oH, u1o AK nyxna
opna napa pnn nonyuennn cnnLnoro uanca na no6epy. Bau npo1nannk c
52 ne nHee1 1ako pockoun. EHy nonapo6n1cn 6onLue ypaun. B
6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea eHy nonapo6n1cn, kak HnnnHyH paaxpm coepnnn1L
caon kap1m c kap1aHn c1ona, u1o6m no6epn1L.
_____________________________
107
Oak1nueckn Mapknpoaka AK npnkynno pyko ne ouenu 1ouna. Ecnn aam pes
orpannun1 konnuec1ao nrpokoa a anke (1akoe cnyuae1cn nnora axe a nysoaux nrpax),
1o au uac1o ye1e noexa1u axe es ynyumennn.
108
Ennc1aennoe aosMoxnoe ncknkuenne nponcxon1 a ouenu 1a1oao nrpe, re
nponsomna pekan pasaua, a ko1opo yuac1aye1 Mnoro ak1nanux nrpokoa. Ecnn
neckonuko 1a1oaux nrpokoa aomnn a ank, 1o a1o Moxe1 osnaua1u, u1o aamn ay1u na
1ysoa n kopone cokpa1nnncu, 1ak kak a1n kap1u, ckopee acero, naxon1cn a pykax a1nx
1a1oaux nrpokoa. Ho a nrpax na nnsknx nnMn1ax o a1oM ne c1on1 ecnokon1ucn. Mu
ynoMnnaeM a1o 1onuko a ennx nonno1u npeoc1aanennn nnqopMann.
~187 ~
Touno 1akxe kak c AJ a npepmpyueH npnHepe, a nysoamx nrpax
pasnoHac1nme AK nHek1 npenHyuec1ao na npeqnone. HpenHyuec1ao
nocne qnona am Hoxe1e nonyun1L, penan nnHn (sa cue1 no1epn ponn na
npeqnone, ecnn am o1kasanncL o1 pesa).
PasHmunennn o pykax na npeqnone a 1epHnnax npnkynnan pyka n
co6pannan pyka ne ouenL nonesnm. BHec1o a1oro, oco6enno a
Hnorouncnennmx paspauax, pyHa1e o uennoc1n 6anka n o6 o6ue
oxnpaeHo npn6mnn. CHoxe1e am amnrpa1L snaun1enLno 6onLue, ueH
aaua ponn a 6anke? Ecnn pa, 1o am ponxnm pena1L pes.
3aknmveuue
Mnorne nrpokn nso6pe1ak1 nornueckne cnc1eHm naccnano nrpm c
cnnLnmHn pykaHn, a 1o apeHn kak nc1nnno nx Ho1naaune nanne1cn
xenanne ns6exa1L nponrpmue (6ep 6n1oa). Onn c1oponn1cn pesoa c
knaccnmHn pykaHn, no1oHy u1o onn 6on1cn aHounonanLno 6onn npn
nponrpmue 6onLuoro 6anka. Bmnrpa1L HanenLkn 6ank nyuue, ueH
no1epn1L 6onLuo. Oueanpno, 1akoe y1aepxpenne aepno, no 1akxe aepno
n ppyroe y1aepxpenne: amnrpmu 6onLuoro 6anka nyuue, ueH amnrpmu
HanenLkoro 6anka. A u1o eue 6onee aaxno, 1ak a1o 1o, u1o nn opna ns
a1nx 6ananLnoc1e ne ouennaae1 oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL pesa no
cpaanennk c konnoH. He nosaonn1e aaunH aHounnH npnnnHa1L nnoxne
peuennn a nokepe. B nysoamx nrpax ace aaun cnnLnme pykn nHek1
6onLuoe npenHyuec1ao. Bm ne cHoxe1e aosHec1n1L no1epnnnyk
nonoxn1enLnyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL npeqnona npoc1mH cpepxnaanneH
pasHepa 6anka.
Ecnn aaue uenLk nanne1cn nonyuenne HakcnHyHa, 1o am ponxnm
c1pon1L 6onLune 6ankn c aaunHn nyuunHn pykaHn. He roaopn1e: Y Henn
ne1 nosnunn; Dx! Ecnn 6m Hon AK 6mnn opnoHac1nmHn, Mon 6onLune
napm nnkorpa ne amnrpmaak1. Ecnn am nonyunnn npenHyuec1ao,
ncnonLsy1e ero. Hokep a1o asap1nan nrpa, po6kan nrpa specL ne
aosnarpaxpae1cn. Korpa am nonyuae1e 6onLuyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, ne
xane1e c1aan1L penLrn a 6ank.
~188 ~
QenaeH ua qnone
nysoam konn
Bm na 6onLuoH 6nanpe n y aac na pykax
Tpn naccnanmx nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, n Hanm 6nanp cpenan konn.
Bm cpenann uek (5 MC). Onon
pan aaH c1apuyk napy 6es knkepa n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu. Manm
6nanp cpenan uek, am cpenann 6e1. [aa nepamx nnHnepa cpenann nac, no
1pe1n cpenan pes. Manm 6nanp cpenan nac (8 MC).
Tak kak aau npo1nannk naccnanm nrpok, 1o Hoxno npepnonoxn1L,
u1o pes on Hor pena1L c pyko ne cna6ee koponn c ouenL xopounH
knkepoH. TeH ne Henee, paxe naccnanme nrpokn npenopnocn1 nnorpa
ckpnpnsm, noa1oHy pacunpnH pnanason ero aosHoxnmx pyk, c ko1opmHn
on nrpae1, po npnkynnoro qneua n payxc1oponnero c1pn1a. Bm, aepon1no,
co6epe1e nyuuyk pyky, ecnn na 1epne npnpe1 1poka nnn 6y6na (pac1 aaH
cnnLnm npnkyn). HecHo1pn na 1o, u1o pae napm (koponn n 1pokn)
cnnLnan pyka, am Hoxe1e co6pa1L nx n, 1eH ne Henee, nponrpa1L.
Hoa1oHy, papnH oc1aaunHcn 1pokaH ne 1pn ay1a, a 2.5. Cun1aeH o6pa1no
npnkynno qneu sa 1.5 ay1a. OkpyrnneH n nonyuaeH, u1o aaua pyka
nHee1e npn6nnsn1enLno 4 ay1a. HHen o1nouenne c1aakn k 6anky 8k1,
am ponxnm 6mnn 6m npnnn1L peuenne o nace.
Hac pasyHnoe peuenne, no Hm 6m npepnoxnnn cpena1L aaH konn no
cnepykunH npnunnaH:
1. Tak kak aau npo1nannk naccnanm nrpok, 1o na 1epne on Hoxe1
cpena1L uek, necHo1pn na 1o, u1o nHee1 koponn. Haccnanme nrpokn
nHek1 1enpenunk paaa1L cnnukoH Hnoro 6ecnna1nmx kap1. Bm
Hoxe1e ncnonLsoaa1L a1y oun6ky, penan neko1opme nysoame konnm
na qnone. ysoam konn a1o oun6ounm konn, cpenaa ko1opm am
Hoxe1e nocHo1pe1L opny kap1y, n npaannLnm, korpa sa 1yxe ueny
am Hoxe1e nocHo1pe1L pae kap1m.
2. Y aauero npo1nannka Hoxe1 6m1L npnkynnan pyka. Ecnn a1o 1ak, 1o
ecnn on ne npnkynn1 nyxnyk kap1y, 1o na 1epne on cpenae1
c1anpap1nm uek (a1o xe naccnanm nrpok). Bpnp nn on 6ype1
npo6oaa1L 6neqoaa1L. Ecnn aau npo1nannk penae1 6e1, 1o on
pyHae1, u1o pepxn1 nyuuyk pyky. Ecnn on cpenae1 a1o1 6e1, snaun1,
on ne 6neqye1, noa1oHy paccna6L1ecL, na qnone am no1epnnn ne
Hnoro.
~189 ~
3. Hnorpa 6maak1 cn1yaunn, korpa am penae1e 6e1 n, napaaauncL na
pes a a1oH xe paynpe 1oproann, penae1e nac. [enan a1o cnnukoH
uac1o, am Hoxe1e c1nHynnpoaa1L na6nkpa1enLnmx nrpokoa k 1oHy,
u1o6m cpena1L npo1na aac pes c npnkynnmHn pykaHn nnn
co6panno cna6o pyko. Bm 6m npepnounn, u1o6m onn nrpann a
npnHonnneno Hanepe.
109
H1ak, am o1aeuae1e konnoH na pes. Ha 1epn npnxopn1 J n na c1one
K86J. Bm penae1e uek, n aau npo1nannk penae1 6e1 (5.5 BC).
Ceuac am ponxnm cpena1L nac. Bm naaepnnka yxe nponrpann. BaH napo
sanna1n1L pae 6onLunx c1aakn, u1o6m cpena1L konn na 1epne n pnaepe, a
6ank copepxn1 1enepL 1onLko 5.5 6onLunx c1aakn. O6Lepnnennm uanc,
u1o am ceuac nponrpmaae1e, n u1o npo1nannk nepe1nne1 aac, ecnn am
ace-1akn ceuac anepepn, ouenL 6onLuo. Bm ne 6ype1e no6expa1L a
1ako cn1yaunn cnnukoH uac1o, noa1oHy aau konn ceuac, a 1akoH
HanenLkoH 6anke, ne 6ype1 npn6mnLnmH.
Ho 1onLko no1oHy, u1o am ne nnannpye1e pena1L konnm po ackpm1nn,
ne osnauae1, u1o am o6nsa1enLno ponxnm am6pacmaa1L caok pyky na
qnone. He 6o1ecL nnorpa a npaannLnmx cn1yaunnx na qnone pena1L
nysoam konn.
_____________________________
109
/ena1e konn, kora au noospeaae1e, u1o a1o 1ak. Ecnn xe au oocnoaanno
cun1ae1e, u1o onxnu cena1u nac, nacy1e.
~190 ~
Hu1epnpe1aun 1enopauxeuu
Tenopanxenne a1o onpepenennoe noaepenne, oco6ennoc1L nnn
acnek1 noaepennn npo1nannka, ko1opoe nepepae1 nnqopHaunk o npnpope
ero kap1 na pykax. Bm Hornn saHeua1L, kak acerpa 6yc1aykun nrpok
appyr sa1nxan, korpa na qnone k neHy npnxopnn Honc1p, nnn kak
amnpnHnne1cn o6muno cy1ynnuncn npo1nannk, korpa noan1 na 1epne
nyxnyk eHy kap1y, nnn kak 1e paa nrpoka cneaa o1 aac pepxa1 caon
kap1m, ro1oancL cpena1L nac. Hrpm na nnsknx nnHn1ax o6muno nso6nnyk1
1enopanxennnHn.
Mm ne co6npaeHcn yun1L aac 1oHy, u1o ncka1L n kak a1o
nn1epnpe1npoaa1L. BonLuoe konnuec1ao Ha1epnana no a1o 1eHe yxe
poc1ynno a ppyrnx knnrax. Mm papnH aaH pae nopckaskn no
ncnonLsoaannk nonyuenno aaHn nnqopHaunn.
1. Cna6an a1aka.
2. Oc1opoxnan nn1epnpe1aunn 1enopanxenn npn 6onLunx 6ankax.
Cna6an a1aka
Mnorne ns aaunx npo1nannkoa uac1o ampak1 cna6oc1L caonx pyk
uepes 1enopanxennn. Onn Hory1 aronnsnpoaa1L neckonLko cekynp, nepep
1eH kak cpena1L konn na qnone nnn nponann1L nckpennee pasouapoaanne
o1 kap1m pnaepa. A1aky1e a1n cna6me pykn pononnn1enLnmHn c1aakaHn n
pesaHn.
Bm ponxnm 6neqoaa1L uaue, korpa npo1nannk peHonc1pnpye1
cna6oc1L caoe pykn. HanpnHep, am a nospne nosnunn n y aac na pykax
Bce po aac cpenann nac, n am pes. TonLko 6onLuo 6nanp cpenan
konn (4.5 MC). Onon
aaH a6conk1no ne nopxopn1. Bau npo1nannk uek n am 6e1. Bau npo1nannk
kone6ne1cn neckonLko cekynp, penae1 konn n 6pocae1 caon qnukn a
Hanepe, ko1opan roaopn1 Kakoro uep1a. Ecnn aau npo1nannk onn1L
cpenae1 uek, 1o na 1epne napo pena1L 6e1 ane saancnHoc1n o11oro, kakan
kap1a npnpe1.
Bes saHeuenno peHonc1paunn cna6oc1n, 6ypyun paaxpm
konnpoaannmH, am na ue1aep1o ynnue ponxnm 6mnn 6m yxe npekpa1n1L
cao 6neq. Ho korpa aau npo1nannk nokasmaae1 cna6oc1L, 1o am ponxnm
nanapa1L na nero.
Korpa k1o-1o penae1 aronnsnpykun konn qnona, 1o 1eH caHmH
~191 ~
on o6muno ampae1 caok cna6yk npnkynnyk pyky. HanpnHep, a naueH
npnHepe npo1nannk Hoxe1 nHe1L na pykax Q6, cna6me kap1m, o6pa1no
npnkynno qneu n c1pn1. On snae1, u1o ero pyka ouenL cna6a, no on
penae1 konnm, u1o6m, 1ak nnn nnaue yanpe1L, co6pan nn on napy nnn
npnkynnyk pyky. On nnannpye1 cpena1L nac na 1epne, ecnn ne ynyuun1cn.
Tak kak ynyuuenne 1aknH pykaH na 1epne nponcxopn1 ouenL pepko, 1o
acerpa na 1epne pena1e 6e1, nesaancnHo o11oro, u1o y aac na pykax.
Bm ponxnm 1akxe pena1L 6onee arpeccnano 6e1 na pnaepe, ecnn aau
npo1nannk cna6. HanpnHep, npepnonoxnH, u1o am na 6a11one n y aac
Opnn nrpok aouen nnHnoH, n am cpenann pes. BonLuo 6nanp n
nnHnep cpenann konn (6.5 MC). Onon
pan aaH Hnapuyk napy. Onn cpenann uek, n am cpenann 6e1. BonLuo
6nanp penae1 nac, nnHnep aronnsnpye1 n penae1 konn (4 BC). Bm
nopospeaae1e, u1o on nHee1 ouenL cna6yk pyky. Ha 1epn npnxopn1 4. On
penae1 uek, am penae1e 6e1, n 1y1 on npenopnocn1 aaH ckpnpns, penan
6mc1po konn.
Ckopoc1L ero konna nokasmaae1 aaH, u1o na 1epne eHy npnuna
nyxnan kap1a. On, aepon1no, nHee1 nnn ue1aepky nnn npnkynno c1pn1
koneco c aosHoxnmHn pykaHn A3 nnn A2. (Bm 1ak xopouo cyxae1e
pnanason ero pyk, c ko1opmHn on nrpae1, no1oHy, u1o 4 pae1 ue1aep1yk
Hac1L na c1on, a a1o snaun1, u1o npnkynno qneu on ne co6epe1. Ecnn 6m
na 1epn npnuna 4, 1o am 6m ne snann poc1onnc1ao ero kap1 1ak
onpepenenno, no1oHy u1o y nero na pykax Hornn 6m 6m1L nk6me kap1m
pnn npnkynnoro 1peqoaoro qneua).
Ha pnaepe npnxopn1 K. Bau npo1nannk cpenan uek, neHnoro
pasouapoaanno. Bm ponxnm pena1L 6e1 pnn yaennuennn 6anka. B o6muno
cn1yaunn am ponxnm 6mnn na 1akoH pnaepe pena1L uek, no 1enopanxennn
aauero npo1nannka nosaonnnn aaH cyuec1aenno cysn1L pnanason ero
aosHoxnmx cna6mx pyk. TenepL am 6onLue yaepenm, u1o y nero nHenno
ue1aepka. Hoa1oHy am ponxnm pena1L 6e1, napencL na 1o, u1o am 1ouno
amuncnnnn ero kap1m, n u1o on cpenae1 konn.
Oc1opoxuan uu1epnpe1aun 1enopauxeuu
npu 6onumux 6aukax
Ecnn am o6napyxnaae1e 1enopanxenne, ko1opoe nokasmaae1 aaH,
u1o npo1nannk nHee1 6onee cnnLnyk pyky, ueH o6muno, 1o am Hoxe1e
ncnonLsoaa1L a1o, no 1onLko npn HanenLknx 6ankax. HanpnHep, y aac
~192 ~
norpannunan pyka, n am ne yaepenm a caoeH nace. B a1o1 HoHen1 am
saHeuae1e 1enopanxenne npo1nannka, ko1opoe ykasmaae1 na 1o, u1o on
nHee1 cnnLnyk pyky. B a1oH cnyuae am cnokono penae1e nac.
Ho korpa 6ank 6onLuo, 6ypL1e oc1opoxnm, saHe1na 1enopanxenne.
PaccHa1pnaan nac npn 6onLuoH 6anke, am ponxnm 6m1L 1ouno yaepenm a
1oH, u1o o6osnauae1 a1o 1enopanxenne. BonLunnc1ao 1enopanxenn, no
nx npnpope ne 1ounm. Ecnn pyka aauero npo1nannka asppornyna nepam
pas sa ack ceccnk (nnorpa npnsnak 1oro, u1o npo1nannk pepxn1 cnnLnyk
pyky), 1o a1o Hoxe1 6m1L npoc1an peakunn na HepnkaHen1m. 1o6m
cpena1L nac a 6onLuoH 6anke, am ponxnm 6m1L yaepenm 6onee ueH na
90%, u1o aac o6mrpmaak1. HeckonLko nnunnx 1enopanxenn Hory1
y1ounn1L a1o npepnonoxenne.
He c1anoan1ecL naccnanmH a 6onLuoH n HnorouncnennoH 6anke
1onLko no1oHy, u1o am pyHae1e, u1o o6napyxnnn nyxnoe 1enopanxenne.
HanpnHep, am na HanoH 6nanpe n y aac na pykax
Tpn nrpoka aounn nnHnoH, n 6a11on cpenan pes. Bm penae1e konn,
6onLuo 6nanp konn n nnHnepm konn (12 MC). Hpnuen qnon
Y aac c1apuan napa, o6pa1no npnkynno qneu n c1pn1. Bm penae1e
uek, nnannpyn, u1o ecnn 6a11on cpenae1 6e1, 1o am o1ae1n1e pesoH.
Korpa on noHeuan caon qnukn a 6ank, am o6pa1nnn annHanne, u1o ero
panxennn c1ann naHnoro npepnaHepenne, ueH o6muno. Bm
nn1epnpe1npye1e a1o, kak snak, ykasmaakun na 1o, u1o on nHee1
cnnLnyk pyky.
Bm a nk6oH cnyuae ponxnm pena1L pes. BonLuo 6ank, aaua pyka
ynsanHa, n am ponxnm ee saun1n1L. Ecnn am oun6nncL a 1pak1oake
1enopanxennn, 1o, ne cpenaa pes, am cpenae1e 6onLuyk oun6ky,
ko1opan Hoxe1 aaH c1on1L a1oro 6onLuoro 6anka. 1enne pyk (a
nn1epnpe1aunn 1enopanxenn nanne1cn opnnH ns aaxnmx aneHen1oa a1oro
npouecca) c1anoan1cn Henee uennmH a 6onLunx n Hnorouncnennmx
6ankax. Bm uac1o c1anoan1ecL pa6oH 6onLunx 6ankoa. Konnuec1ao
pener a 6anke, konnuec1ao aaunx npo1nannkoa n ynsanHoc1L aaue pykn
pnk1yk1, kakoe peuenne npnnn1L. Hpoc1oe nopospenne, u1o aaua pyka
nponrpana, nnuero ne c1on1 a 6onLuoH 6anke.
3aknmveuue
Mano 1oro, u1o nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax pak1 aaH Ha1eHa1nueckoe
npenHyuec1ao, nrpan Hnoro cna6mx pyk, 1ak onn eue n packpmaak1 caon
cna6me pykn caonHn 1enopanxennnHn. Cocpepo1ouL1ecL na 1oH, u1o6m
~193 ~
o6napyxnaa1L a1n 1enopanxennn, n Houno a1aky1e, korpa amuncnn1e
npo1nannka co cna6o pyko. D1n 1enopanxennn nosaonnk1 aaH sa6npa1L
6ankn n pena1L c1aakn pnn yaennuennn 6anka c pykaHn, c ko1opmHn am 6m
nnkorpa a1oro ne cHornn cpena1L. D1n nrpokn nauny1 sapaaa1L ce6e
aonpocm, noueHy onn nnkorpa ne nonyuak1 6ecnna1nmx kap1 n
6ecnna1noro ackpm1nn, n aaun pesynL1a1m ynyuua1cn.
~194 ~
HHupx
Bo Hnornx copeanoaa1enLnmx anpax uenoaeuecko pen1enLnoc1n,
nkpn cospak1 ce6e cepLesnm, cnnLnm nnn sanyrnaakun nHnpx,
ko1opm noHorae1 nH poc1nra1L ycnexa. Oy16onLnme nrpokn nm1ak1cn
cHo1pe1L n pec1aoaa1L ckyno, u1o6m nonyun1L ncnxonornueckoe
npenHyuec1ao nap caonHn npo1nannkaHn. Bec6onLnme nn1uepm nnorpa
nepep 6pockoH penak1 saHec noraHn, u1o6m coxpann1L 6ananc 1ena.
[axe ne a cnop1nanmx coc1nsannnx, nkpn, conepnnuan c konneraHn no
pa6o1e sa nonyuenne nooupenn n noamuenn, nm1ak1cn cospa1L ce6e
cepLesnm n nnnuna1nanm nHnpx, u1o6m nonpaan1Lcn nauanLc1ay.
Mnorne nrpokn a nokep, ko1opme c 6onLunHn 1pypnoc1nHn nm1ak1cn
po6n1Lcn ycnexa, cosna1enLno nnn nopcosna1enLno peHonc1pnpyk1 1ouno
1ako xe nHnpx nac1ounaoro uenoaeka. Onn 6m amnrpmaann a nrpax na
nnsknx nnHn1ax 6onLue, ecnn 6m ne peHonc1pnpoaann 1ako o6pas.
[enLrn, ko1opme am amnrpmaae1e, npnxopn1 o1 npo1nannkoa,
ko1opme penak1 oun6kn. Hrpokn, ko1opme penak1 6onLue acex oun6ok, n
nannk1cn caHmHn amropnmHn pnn aac, nou1n nnkorpa ne o1nocn1cn k nrpe
cepLesno. Onn ne paccHa1pnaak1 nokep kak coc1nsanne a oc1poyHnn, nnn
kak Ha1eHa1nueckn n ncnxonornueckn 1ec1. Onn cHo1pn1 na nero, kak na
cnoco6 npnn1no npoaec1n neckonLko uacoa. Onn snak1, u1o, ckopee acero,
nponrpak1, no onn ace paano nrpak1, no1oHy u1o a1o aeceno.
Ecnn am 6ype1e nsnyua1L nac1ounam n sanyrnaakun o6pas, 1o
a1n npeanLnme nrpokn 6ypy1 pearnpoaa1L opnnH ns 1pex nan6onee
aepon1nmx cnoco6oa:
1. Onn o1necy1cn k nrpe 6onee cepLesno, korpa am axopn1e a nrpy.
O6muno onn ne pasHmunnk1 ponro ao apeHn nrpm, no, nrpan npo1na
aac, onn 6ypy1 nm1a1Lcn nrpa1L nyuue. H pec1an1enLno, nnoxne
nrpokn naunnak1 nrpa1L nyuue, ecnn onn nm1ak1cn a1o pena1L.
2. Ckopee acero, onn nauny1 ns6era1L aac. Onn specL ne pnn 1oro,
u1o6m nrpa1L a cepLesnm nokep. H onn ne xenak1 6m1L
kopHyuko pnn 1aknx nrpokoa, kak am (ecnn am a o6pase). Hoa1oHy,
korpa am aope1e a 6ank, 1o onn aHec1o 1oro, u1o6m pena1L konn c
86, kak o6muno onn penak1, onn npoc1o c6pocn1 caon kap1m,
u1o6m ns6exa1L aac.
3. Onn Hory1 paxe noknny1L c1on. Ecnn a1Hocqepa sa c1onoH c1ana
6onee nanpnxenno n penoao, no1oHy u1o neckonLko nrpokoa
peHonc1pnpyk1, u1o k nokepy o1nocn1cn cepLesno, 1o cna6me nrpokn
6mc1po ypy1 c 1akoro c1ona. Onn Hory1 no1n noncka1L ppyro
c1on, a Hory1 aoo6ue peun1L npoaec1n apeHn a ppyroH Hec1e, a ne a
kap1ouno koHna1e.
TaknH o6pasoH, aau cepLesnm asrnnp 6ype1 nn6o amronn1L cna6mx
nrpokoa ns-sa co c1ona, nn6o 6ype1 c1nHynnpoaa1L nx nrpa1L nyuue. B
~195 ~
o6onx aapnan1ax am 1epne1e penLrn.
110
Bo1 neckonLko cneunqnuecknx
aeue, ko1opme penak1 neko1opme nrpokn, nocne uero k nnH naunnak1
o1nocn1Lcn cepLesno:
1. Korpa am capn1ecL sa c1on, 1o y aac o6muno ec1L am6op: anec1n na
c1on cyHHy paanyk 6onLuoHy 6nanpy n asn1L kap1m neHepnenno,
nnn poxpa1Lcn 6onLuoro 6nanpa. Ma1eHa1nueckn, pasnnua a
am6ope ouenL nesnaun1enLnan. (Opnako, nkpnH, kaxe1cn, npaan1cn
o6cyxpa1L a1y nnu1oxnyk 1eHy). Ho a ncnxonornueckoH o1nouennn
aaue peuenne a panno cn1yaunn Hoxe1 6m1L aaxnmH. Heko1opme
nrpokn capn1cn n xpy1 nou1n uenm paynp caoero 6nanpa. Onn
cnpn1 na caoeH Hec1e, caHn ne nrpak1, no na6nkpak1 sa nrpo
ppyrnx nrpokoa a 1euenne nn1napua1n Hnny1. He pena1e a1oro.
Ecnn am ne uyac1aye1e ce6n koHqop1no o11oro, u1o cpenae1e
neHepnennyk c1aaky, o1noxn1e caon qnukn n noknnL1e c1on na
neckonLko paspau. BosLHn1e nann1ok nnn noroaopn1e c keH-1o.
Bosapa1n1ecL k c1ony, korpa po aauero 6nanpa oc1ane1cn opna nnn
pae paspaun. Ecnn am npocnpn1e ceHL pyk, ne nrpan, 1o aac 6ypy1
aocnpnnnHa1L cnnukoH cepLesno.
2. He nocn1e 1eHnme connuesaun1nme oukn, can1epa c amcoknH
aopo1nnkoH nnn ppyryk opexpy, ko1opan Hoxe1 npnkpmaa1L aaue
nnuo. Bm xe npnunn nrpa1L a xonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax, a ne
o6yua1Lcn Hac1epc1ay cekpe1nmx aren1oa. BaH, koneuno xe, ne
nyxno opeaa1Lcn 1ak, kak opeaak1cn 1ypnc1m, copnune penLraHn
nanpaao n naneao, nnn Hec1nme nrpokn, nnn o1c1aannkn sa aaunH
c1onoH. Onn ne 6ypy1 sarnnpmaa1L a kaxpyk Hopunnky, u1o6m
yanpe1L aauy pyuy. D1n pe1ann opexpm ckpmaak1 1o, u1o aaun
npo1nannkn ace paano ne nuy1. Ho Hory1 cospa1L aaH sanyrnaakun
n upesHepno ueneyc1peHnennm o6pas.
3. HesaancnHo o11oro, nackonLko am npoqeccnonanLnm, neko1opme
nrpokn 6ypy1 nnorpa kpn1nkoaa1L aaun peuennn (uac1o ncnonLsyn
pnkoannnyk n a6cyppnyk nornky). 3aun1n1L npaannLnoc1L caoero
peuennn a1o ec1ec1aennoe xenanne, no ne pena1e a1oro. He
o6Lncnn1e, noueHy am 6mnn npaam, c yue1oH no1enunanLnmx
uancoa, penan konn, nnn u1o am penann npaannLnm pes, no1oHy
u1o y aac 6mno npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka. Hpoc1o ynm6nn1ecL n
cHenn1e 1eHy. Y aac neHnoro uancoa na 1o, u1o6m y6epn1L kpn1nka a
1oH, u1o am cmrpann npaannLno, sa1o 1exnnueckne pe1ann
o6cyxpennn ne yckonLsny1 o1 annHannn ppyrnx npo1nannkoa, n onn
nauny1 uyac1aoaa1L ce6n neyk1no pnpoH c 1aknH npoqeccnonanoH
kak Bm. Hokep yxacnan nrpa pnn 1ex, k1o a conepnnuec1ae xoue1
sapa6o1a1L ce6e yaaxenne caonx npo1nannkoa. Heko1opme ns aaunx
npo1nannkoa nauny1 pyHa1L, u1o am nrpae1e yxacno, n nnu1o na
cae1e ne sac1aan1 nx nsHenn1L caoe Hnenne. H noueHy am xo1n1e,
u1o6m onn pyHann o aac nHenno 1ak?
_____________________________
110
Ha 1ypnnpe 1ako opas ye1 noMora1u aaM. Bu xo1n1e, u1ou na 1ypnnpe npo1na
aac nrpann onee 1a1oao, ueM npo1na oc1anunux. Ho 1ako opas coaepmenno ne nyxen
a nrpax na nnsknx nnMn1ax.
~196 ~
4. Ananornuno. Hnkorpa ne kpn1nky1e nrpy aaunx npo1nannkoa. Mano
1oro, u1o o6Lek1 aaue kpn1nkn naune1 aosHyua1Lcn, 1ak eue n
ppyrne npo1nannkn sa c1onoH nauny1 pyHa1L, u1o kaxpm ns nnx
Hoxe1 c1a1L aaue cnepykue HnuenLk. Opna neypaunan
kpn1nueckan 1npapa ns aaunx yc1 Hoxe1 pasorna1L acex caHmx
amropnmx nrpokoa, n c1on npeapa1n1cn ns no1pncakuero a yxacnm.
BaH, kak nokepnoHy nrpoky n npoc1o npnnnunoHy uenoaeky, ne1
nnkaknx onpaapann sa kpn1nky aaunx conepnnkoa.
Korpa 6onLunnc1ao noamx nrpokoa pyHae1 o6 nHnpxe, onn
nepexnaak1 o 1oH, kak nx nrpy aocnpnnnHak1 npo1nannkn. [onxnm nn
onn cmrpa1L neckonLko pyk c HycopoH, u1o6m c1pnxny1L c ce6n nHnpx
1a1oaoro nrpoka? [onxnm nn onn cpena1L cyHacuepun 6neq n nokasa1L
ero kak peknaHy? Ecnn onn nepaano neckonLko pas noppnp penann
pes, ponxnm nn onn ceuac cpena1L konn, necHo1pn na 1o, u1o nH cpana
pyka pnn pesa? [onxnm nn onn ce6n aec1n coo1ae1c1aykunH o6pasoH,
u1o6m kasa1Lcn nysoamHn n pnknHn?
B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax ec1L 1onLko opnn o1ae1 na ace a1n
aonpocm. HET! B ocnoanoH, aaun npo1nannkn ne o6pauak1 annHannn na
aaun nrpoame 1enpenunn.
111
[axe 6onLunnc1ao ns 1ex, k1o koe-u1o
snae1, ne 6ypy1 perynnpoaa1L caok nrpy na ocnoae na6nkpenn. K1o-1o
Hoxe1 ckasa1L, Myxnk, 1m sa uac ne cmrpan nn opno pykn, no1oHy u1o
on, 6ypyun a UTG c K9 o1ae1nn konnoH na aau pes. He nHee1
snauennn, u1o pyHak1 o aac ppyrne nrpokn: 1a1oam am nnn nysoam
nrpok, naccnanm nnn arpeccnanm nrpok. Ecnn yx am peunnn cospa1L
ce6e nHnpx, 1o cospaaa1e ero ppyxecknH n nenpnnyxpennmH. Hrpa a
xonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax a1o nerkan koHnaneckan nrpa, a ne Mnpoaan
Cepnn Hokepa. D1o ne Hec1o pnn aoenno kap1nnkn. He nanpnra1ecL,
ecnn k1o-1o o6mrpan aac ceuac, aosLHn1e na aoopyxenne po6pyk
ynm6ky. Ecnn am aepe1e ce6n 1ak, kak 6yp1o npnunn ckpa nonrpa1L n
noaecenn1Lcn, 1o aaun npo1nannkn 6ypy1 aecenn1Lcn aHec1e c aaHn, n am
sapa6o1ae1e 6onLue pener.
_____________________________
111
B nopnke ncknkuennn, panee yxe roaopnnocu o a1oM, ecnn au uac1o enae1e nac
nepe ennc1aennuM pesoM, 1o aac Mory1 nonu1a1ucn ncnyra1u e1oM.
~197 ~
Hocnecnoaue k paspeny
Pasume 1eHm
Kak 1onLko am c1ane1e npekpacnmH nrpokoH n naune1e uenka1L
nrpm kak opeukn, am o6napyxn1e, u1o ec1L eue neckonLko naamkoa,
ko1opme Hory1 noamcn1L aau sapa6o1ok. D1o na6nkpenne sa
1enopanxennnHn n kon1ponL nap caonH nHnpxeH.
C ppyro c1oponm, ecnn am c1ane1e akcnep1oH a o6nac1n nHnpxa n
na6nkpennn sa 1enopanxennnHn, 1o a1o ne npnnece1 aaH nonLsy, noka am
6ype1e nenpaannLno nrpa1L c1ap1oame pykn, ne 6ype1e nonnHa1L
c1pa1ernn nrpm nocne qnona, pena1L oun6kn na pnaepe.
Ecnn peno o6c1on1 nHenno 1ak, 1o nonpoua1ecL co caonHn
penLraHn, 1ak kak u1enne 1enopanxenn n nHnpx ne nannk1cn ocnoanmHn
naamkaHn pnn sapa6o1ka.
Hrpan a nnHn1nm xonpeH, am ponxnm nonn1L, u1o nyuun cnoco6
nrpm pnn yaennuennn aauero nonoxn1enLnoro oxnpannn npn6mnn, a1o ne
acerpa caHm aecenm cnoco6 nrpm. Koneuno, 1enopanxennn n nHnpx,
sa6aanm acnek1 nokepa, n a1o1 acnek1 po6aanne1 neHnoro poxopnoc1n.
Ho nHe1e a anpy, u1o akuen1 1onLko na a1nx naamkax a yuep6 ppyrnH
(6onee aaxnmH) Hoxe1 npnnec1n neko1opyk npn6mnL, no na ouenL
kopo1ko pnc1anunn. Ho aepL npnn1ne acerpa 6onLue amnrpmaa1L, ueH
nponrpmaa1L.
~198 ~
Hac1u mec1an
Kou1ponuume
aonpocm no urpe
~199 ~
Kou1ponuume aonpocm no urpe
Hpepucnoaue
B a1o uac1n am cHoxe1e npnHenn1L snannn, nonyuennme aaHn a
npepmpyunx uac1nx knnrn, na npak1nke. Pa6o1a c a1nHn sapauaHn
pasoaLe1 aaun cnoco6noc1n npnnnHa1L npaannLnme peuennn sa c1onoH.
Bm c1onkne1ecL c nopo6nmHn cn1yaunnHn a peanLno xnsnn, n 6naropapn
naunH kon1ponLnmH aonpocaH, acnoHnn1e nau ananns n nape1e
npaannLnme peuennn.
KpoHe 1oro, a1n kon1ponLnme aonpocm Hoxno paccHa1pnaa1L kak
1ec1npykuyk cnc1eHy, ko1opan nokaxe1 aaH, nackonLko xopouo am
ycaonnn Ha1epnan, nsnoxennm naHn. Mm 1ua1enLno o16npann a1n
npnHepm, n pnn 1oro, u1o6m nponnnkc1pnpoaa1L onpepenennme npen, n
pnn 1oro, u1o6m npaannLnme peuennn 6mnn opnosnaunmHn. B nokepe, a
neko1opmx cn1yaunnx, 6maak1 paa aapnan1a peuennn, ko1opme nac1onLko
6nnskn no poxopnoc1n, u1o paxe akcnep1m ne cHory1 opnosnauno ckasa1L,
kako aapnan1 peuennn nyuun. Bm ne nape1e 1aknx cn1yaun a naunx
kon1ponLnmx aonpocax. Mm npepnaHepenno ns6erann nx. B kaxpoH ns
a1nx aonpocoa, Hm nonaraeH, ec1L 1onLko opno peuenne, ko1opoe no
caoe poxopnoc1n nano npeaocxopn1 ppyrne. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn am
nenpaannLno peuae1e opnn nnn paa npnHepa, 1o a1o nyxno aocnpnnn1L,
kak ykasanne, u1o onpepenennm Ha1epnan, ycaoen aaHn nnoxo.
~200 ~
Kou1ponuume aonpocm
Hrpa ua npeqnone
1. Bm ua 6a11oue c KJ. Opuu urpok aomen nuHnoH, u
arpeccuaum urpok cnpaaa o1 aac cpenan pes. H1o am ponxum
cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. 3auac1yk KJ nanne1cn poaonLno xopoue pyko, no npo1na
nrpoka, cpenaauero pes, ee oxnpaeHan npn6mnL c1anoan1cn
o1pnua1enLno. Hap aaHn uac1o 6ypy1 poHnnnpoaa1L, a a1o aepe1 k
6ankpo1c1ay nk6mx pasnoHac1nmx pyk. B 1ex cnyuanx, korpa nap aaHn ne
poHnnnpyk1 (nanpnHep, ecnn pesep nHee1 AT), KJ nokasmaae1 ckpoHnyk
npn6mnL. Ho korpa nap aaHn poHnnnpyk1, 1o pasnoHac1nme koponL c
aane1oH npnnecy1 6onLuo y6m1ok. [axe npo1na arpeccnanoro pesepa,
ko1opm 6ype1 pena1L pesm co HnornHn pykaHn, am ne Hoxe1e pnckoaa1L
n pena1L konn. Y6m1kn, korpa nap aaHn poHnnnpyk1, npeamuak1
npn6mnn, korpa poHnnnpye1e am. [axe 1o, u1o am na 6a11one, ne penae1
a1o1 konn amropnmH. Pepes Hor 6m 6m1L xopoue nrpo, ecnn 6m on
sac1aann nnHnepa n 6nanpm cpena1L nac, no 1akoe a nrpax na nnsknx
nnHn1ax ac1peuae1cn ouenL pepko. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn am nHee1e
pasnoHac1nyk pyky (kpoHe AK, n nnorpa AQ), 1o am npoc1o ponxnm
cpena1L nac, ecnn k1o-1o nepep aaHn cpenan pes.
2. Bama urpa nysoaan u arpeccuauan c 6onumuH konuvec1aoH
urpokoa, ko1opme o6mvuo uenpaaunuuo urpam1 caou pyku nocne
qnona. Bamu npo1uauuku penam1 pesm u konnm ua npeqnone c
mupokuH puanasouoH pyk. Bm ua 6a11oue c A7. Hrpok c UTG
cpenan pes, u ve1mpe venoaeka cpenanu xonopum konn. H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Hap aaHn uac1o 6ypy1 poHnnnpoaa1L, 1akxe kak n a aonpoce
N1. Ho yrposa poHnnnpoaannn ne nanne1cn a pannoH cnyuae nac1onLko
paspyun1enLno. Baua pyka opnoHac1na, noa1oHy am ne ouenL cnnLno
saancn1e o1 aosHoxnoc1n no6epn1L 1onLko co c1apue napo. KpoHe 1oro,
ec1L ue1mpe konnepa, Hnorne, ns ko1opmx, aepon1no, 6ypy1 nHe1L cna6me
pykn. Hx nysoame konnm anocn1 a 6ank no1epnnnme penLrn, n am
naaepnnka nonyun1e xopouyk 1oproank nocne qnona, ecnn c qnonoH aaH
npnpe1 npnkynno qneu. Y aac connpnan pyka, nosnunn, n Hnoro nrpokoa,
ko1opme 1epnk1 caon penLrn nocne qnona. Takan pyka ponxna
nokasmaa1L ckpoHnyk npn6mnL.
3. Hrpok c UTG penae1 pes. Bce penam1 nac po Hanoro 6naupa,
ko1opm penae1 konn. Bm uaxopu1ecu ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac
A9 ua pykax. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Yrposa poHnnnpoaannn a panno cn1yaunn nac1onLko
yrpoxakua, u1o am ne Hoxe1e cpena1L npn6mnLnm konn paxe sa opny
c1aaky. Hocne qnona y aac ne 6ype1 nosnunn a 1euenne 1pex kpyroa
1oproann npo1na nrpoka, y ko1oporo Hoxe1 okasa1Lcn napa c1apue aaue,
ecnn am o6pasye1e na qnone napy c pean1ko. Hnn y npo1nannka
~201 ~
okaxe1cn knkep c1apue aauero, ecnn na qnone am o6pasye1e napy c
1ysoH. [axe ecnn aau npo1nannk nrpae1 nnoxo, 1o am ace paano ne
cHoxe1e npeopone1L 1ako nopaannkun nepoc1a1ok.
Cyuec1aye1 eue opna npo6neHa, ko1opan ponxna aac o1roaopn1L o1
npoponxennn nrpm. Korpa a 6anke ouenL Hano nrpokoa, 1o aqqek1 peka
npeyaennuen. B nrpax na nnsknx nnHn1ax ero pasHep Hoxe1 6m1L paaen
pasHepy Hanoro 6nanpa (nnorpa paxe 6onLue). H 6epe1cn on c kaxporo
6anka. HanpnHep, pek a $4 o6munoe nanenne pnn nrp na nnHn1ax $4
$8. Korpa nrpa nysoaan, n a 6anke uec1L nrpokoa, ko1opme cHo1pn1 qnon
n no1oH aepy1 oxnanennyk 1oproank nocne qnona, 1o aqqek1 peka
cyuec1aenno cnnxae1cn. PasHepm Hnornx 6ankoa a 1aknx nrpax
coc1aannk1 6onee $100. TaknH o6pasoH, pek sa6npae1 o1 4% n
HenLue. Becuncnennme oun6kn aaunx npo1nannkoa koHnencnpyk1 a1y
no1epk.
Bmcokn pek nanne1cn cokpyun1enLnmH a HanenLknx 6ankax.
ac1o on sa6npae1 po pecn1n npouen1oa 6anka. Mnoro pyk, ko1opme 6es
peka Hoxno 6mno 6m nrpa1L, c pekoH c1anoan1cn poporoc1onunHn.
HanpnHep, ckaxeH, am nrpae1e opnn na opnn, n a n1ore am c npo1nannkoH
anecnn a 6ank no $20. C1anpap1nm pek Hoxe1 sa6pa1L ns 6anka $4, n
no6epn1enL nonyun1 $36. Hpn6mnL no6epn1enn coc1aan1 acero $16,
necHo1pn na 1o, u1o on nnaec1npoaan $20. Honyuae1cn, u1o o6a nrpoka,
penan 6e1, knapy1 a 6ank $20 pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnrpa1L 1onLko $16, u1o
coc1aanne1 4/5. B a1oH aonpoce aaua pyka n pnpoH ne c1on1 c 1o cnno,
ko1opo ponxna o6napa1L pyka, cnoco6nan npeopone1L n npo1nannka n
pek.
4. Bm ua 6a11oue c JJ. Qaa urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u urpok co
cpepue nosuuu cpenan pes. Hrpok cnpaaa o1 aac cpenan
xonopum konn. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pepes. Mnorne nkpn po6ko nrpak1 kapHannmx aane1oa. Onn
6on1cn ne6naronpnn1noro qnona, 1nna opno payx oaepkap1 n nn opnoro
aane1a. Tak kak 1akne nnoxne qnonm npnxopn1 o1nocn1enLno uac1o, 1o
onn penak1 amaop, u1o nyuue nopoxpa1L n ysna1L, u1o qnon
6naronpnn1en, n 1onLko nocne a1oro Hoxno 6ype1 aknapmaa1L penLrn.
Onn oun6ak1cn. KapHannme aane1m a1o cnnLnme kap1m. Onn
no6expak1 naHnoro uaue, ueH nx ponn npo1na ue1mpex nysoamx nrpokoa.
B 1o apeHn kak ne6naronpnn1nme qnonm npnxopn1 o1nocn1enLno uac1o, 1o
1oxe caHoe Hoxno ckasa1L n o 6naronpnn1nmx qnonax. Bm 6ype1e anpe1L
qnonm c 1peHn kap1aHn HenLue aane1a npn6nnsn1enLno a 1/3 cnyuaea, n
eue a 12% cnyuaea am 6ype1e co6npa1L na qnone ce1. B 1ex cnyuanx,
korpa na qnone am 6ype1e co6npa1L ce1, uennoc1L 6anka (npo1na ue1mpex
nrpokoa) sauac1yk 6ype1 6onee ceHnpecn1n npouen1oa. [a, ce1m ne uac1o
co6npak1cn, no korpa onn co6npak1cn, onn upesamuano amropnm.
HoHnn1e, korpa am penae1e pes pnn yaennuennn 6anka npo1na
ue1mpex nrpokoa, am ne penae1e 6e1, pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnrpmaa1L a
6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea. B ocnoanoH, am penae1e 6e1, korpa 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L 6onee ueH a paapua1n npouen1ax cnyuaea. Ecnn y opnoro ns
aaunx npo1nannkoa ne 6ype1 c1apue napm, 1o am 6ype1e no6expa1L
~202 ~
uaue, c aane1aHn. Korpa opnn ns aaunx npo1nannkoa 6ype1 nHe1L
c1apuyk napy, 1o am 6ype1e ace-1akn nnorpa no6expa1L ero. Y aac
6onLuoe npenHyuec1ao. 1o6m HakcnHnsnpoaa1L aau amnrpmu, am
npoc1o ponxnm yaennunaa1L 6ank a 1aknx 6naronpnn1nmx cnyuanx kak
a1o1. Xenanne nopoxpa1L, u1o6m nocHo1pe1L qnon, ne koHnencnpye1
aaun no1epn o1 o1kasa yaennun1L 6ank.
5. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac ua pykax AT. Uec1u urpokoa
aomnu nuHnoH, aknmvan Hanm 6naup. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pes. Baua pyka npepnonarae1 6onLun amnrpmu, ueH ee ponn a
6anke npo1na Hnorouncnennmx npo1nannkoa. Cnoaa, Hnorne po6kne
nrpokn ne nk6n1 aknapmaa1L penLrn, noka ne nocHo1pn1 qnon. Onn
cpenak1 uek, nnannpyn npaspnnk xnsnn na 6naronpnn1noH qnone. D1a
c1pa1ernn amropna, no ona Henee amropna, ueH pes a panno cn1yaunn.
BonLuo opnoHac1nm 1ys no1pncakuan pyka a 6anke c uec1Lk
npo1nannkaHn. Oxnpa1e amnrpmaa1L snaun1enLno uaue, ueH 14%,
ko1opme coc1aanne1 aaua ponn a a1oH 6anke. O1cy1c1ane nosnunn Hoxe1
yHenLun1L aaue xenanne pena1L pes, no ne a a1o1 pas, korpa am nHee1e
1akyk cnnLnyk pyky. Bm ponxnm ncnonLsoaa1L a caonx nn1epecax 1akoe
6onLuoe npenHyuec1ao. Oak1nueckn, ecnn am ne cpenae1e specL pes, 1o
a1o 6ype1 yxacno. Takan oun6ka Hoxe1 6m1L 6onLue, ueH pes c
pasnoHac1nmHn 72!
6. Qaa oveuu nysoamx u naccuaumx urpoka aomnu nuHnoH. Ecnu
ouu novyac1aym1, v1o uHem1 nm6o pasyHum mauc am1nuy1u
npukynuym pyky, 1o ouu ero 6ypy1 1nuy1u po puaepa, uesaaucuHo
o1 pasHepa 6auka. Ouu uukorpa ue penam1 pes nocne qnona u
uukorpa ue 6neqym1. Bm ua 6a11oue c J4. H1o am ponxum
cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Hpn nopHanLnmx o6c1on1enLc1aax, paxe na 6a11one, am ace
paano ponxnm nacoaa1L c opnoHac1nmH aane1oH n ue1aepko 6es
pnn1enLnmx pasHmunenn. Korpa aaun npo1nannkn nrpak1 1ak nnoxo, 1o
Hnoro norpannunmx pyk c1anoan1cn npn6mnLnmHn. Bm 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L
Hnoro, korpa 6ype1e co6npa1L nyuuyk pyky, n nponrpmaa1L Hano, korpa
ne 6ype1e nHe1L nyuue pykn. K coxanennn, aane1 c ue1aepko cnnukoH
cna6an pyka. Hpo1na a1nx nrpokoa aaH 1pe6ye1cn pyka nocnnLnee. Kap1m
J4 pepko co6npak1 nyuuyk pyky, u1o6m 6m1L npn6mnLnmHn.
Xo1n peuenne 6nnsko. HanpnHep, am Hoxe1e nrpa1L c K4. Hapa
kopone no6expae1 snaun1enLno uaue, ueH napa aane1oa. [oc1a1ounoe
pasnnune, u1o6m pyka c1ana npn6mnLno. Hpn 1aknx o6c1on1enLc1aax
J8 1oxe c1onno 6m nrpa1L.
7. Qaa 1a1oamx, xu1pmx u arpeccuaumx urpoka aomnu nuHnoH.
Ouu urpam1 nocne qnona 1akxe xopomo, kak u Bm. Bm ua 6a11oue c
KT. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Pykn npno6pe1ak1 caok uennoc1L ns payx nc1ounnkoa:
1. Hx cpaann1enLnan cnna npo1na pnanasona pyk nrpaeHmx aaunH
npo1nannkoH.
~203 ~
2. ac1o1a n aennunna oun6ok, ko1opme aaun npo1nannkn cknonnm
pena1L a nrpe nocne qnona.
TaknH o6pasoH, ueH 6onee cna6me pykn 6ypy1 nrpa1L aaun
npo1nannkn, n ueH 6onLue oun6ok onn 6ypy1 no1oH pena1L, 1eH 6onee
uenno c1anoan1cn aaua pyka.
BonLunnc1ao pyk nannk1cn npn6mnLnmHn, korpa am nrpae1e npo1na
cna6mx pyk n cna6mx nrpokoa. Ho onn nepec1ak1 6m1L npn6mnLnmHn,
ecnn am 6ype1e nrpa1L nx npo1na cnnLnmx pyk n cnnLnmx nrpokoa.
PasnoHac1nme KT, nanne1cn opno ns 1aknx pyk. C pasnoHac1nmHn
pykaHn, 6onLuyk uac1L caoe npn6mnn am penae1e, co6paa na qnone
c1apuyk napy n nosaonnn cna6mH nrpokaH konnnpoaa1L aac po pnaepa na
HenLunx napax n co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn. HanpnHep, ecnn na
qnone npnpe1 K72, a aau npo1nannk 6ype1 aac konnnpoaa1L po
pnaepa c T2, 1o am sa6epe1e ero penLrn. On 6ype1 1nny1L npnkynnyk
pyky 1onLko c payHn ay1aHn. Korpa aaun npo1nannkn cknonnm k oun6kaH
1nna a1o, 1o paxe 1akne cna6me pykn kak KT pak1 npn6mnL.
Hpo1na xec1knx npo1nannkoa a1o pa6o1a1L ne 6ype1. Baun 1a1oame
n xn1pme npo1nannkn Hory1 ao1n nnHnoH c pykaHn 1nna KQ n AA,
no nnkak ne c T2. Onn ne 6ypy1 konnnpoaa1L aac c Hnapue napo, no
onn nakaxy1 aac, korpa 6ypy1 nap aaHn poHnnnpoaa1L. HanpnHep,
npepnonoxnH na qnon npnunn K72, n opnn ns aaunx npo1nannkoa
penae1 aaH uek-pes. On Hoxe1 nHe1L KQ nnn ce1, oc1aannn aaunH
npnkynnmH pykaH ouenL cna6me uancm. Ho on Hoxe1 nHe1L nnkoam
npnkynno qneu. Hepep aaHn am6op: onna1n1L caonH konnoH ero nyuuyk
pyky nnn nosaonn1L eHy ykpac1L 6ank, korpa am cpenae1e nac (ecnn y nero
npnkynno qneu). Ecnn am nrpae1e 1akne pykn sanapnn npo1na
xopouero nrpoka, 1o nesaancnHo o11oro, kakoe peuenne am npnHe1e, am
uac1o 6ype1e a xypueH nonoxennn.
Hoa1oHy, a a1oH npnHepe, am ponxnm pena1L konn na 6a11one
npo1na payx nysoamx, cna6mx nnHnepoa, n nac npo1na xec1knx
npo1nannkoa.
8. Arpeccuaum urpok cpenan pes c pauue nosuuu. Tpu urpoka
cpenanu xonopum konn, u Hanm 6naup nac. Bm ua 6onumoH
6naupe c 96. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Korpa a 6anke Hnoro nrpokoa, n aaH pnn konna 1pe6ye1cn
1onLko opna c1aaka, no1oHy u1o am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe, 1o am cao6opno
Hoxe1e pena1L konn, oco6enno c opnoHac1nmHn pykaHn. D1a cn1yaunn
oco6enno 6naronpnn1na pnn aaue pykn:
1. Tak kak pesep arpeccnanm nrpok, 1o sauac1yk, aHec1o kapHanno
napm, y nero 6ypy1 pae 6onLunx kap1m. Ecnn a1o 1ak, 1o nnorpa am
6ype1e no6expa1L paxe c napo pean1ok.
2. Pesep naxopn1cn cneaa o1 aac. D1o pae1 aaH ypo6nyk
o1nocn1enLnyk nosnunk na qnone. Ecnn na qnone aaH npnxopn1
cna6an npnkynnan pyka 1nna pmpnaoro c1pn1a nnn Hnapue napm,
1o am penae1e uek, a pesep, ckopee acero, cpenae1 6e1. [pyrne 1pn
~204 ~
aaunx npo1nannka ponxnm 6ypy1 o1pearnpoaa1L na 6e1 pesepa po
aac, npepoc1aannn aaH, npenHyuec1ao a6conk1no nosnunn (1akoe
npenHyuec1ao o6muno nHee1 6a11on). Bm Hoxe1e nocHo1pe1L, u1o
6ypy1 pena1L aaun npo1nannkn, n ckonLko c1aaok pope1 po aac,
nepep 1eH kak am c1ane1e npnnnHa1L peuenne. Hannune c1aakn
cnpaaa n nrpokoa, ko1opme po cnx nop a nrpe, Hoxe1 cospa1L aaH
npo6neHy, korpa am nHee1e cna6me npnkynnme pykn. Hnorpa am
6ype1e pena1L konn, no k aaH 6ype1 poxopn1L pes (nnn pepes).
D1a aosHoxnoc1L yHenLuae1 uennoc1L aaue pykn, no1oHy u1o
nnorpa am 6ype1e amnyxpenm pena1L nac c npn6mnLno npnkynno
pyko (nnn nna1n1L cnnukoH Hnoro). Ho a1o apnp nn cnyun1cn, ecnn
am nHee1e xopouyk nosnunk, o1nocn1enLno pesepa npeqnona.
Korpa pesep cneaa o1 aac, n a 6ank yxe aounn neckonLko
konnepoa, am Hoxe1e pena1L konn na 6onLuoH 6nanpe c HnornHn
opnoHac1nmHn pykaHn. Xopouan o1nocn1enLnan nosnunn, npenHyuec1ao
opnoHac1nmx kap1 n yHenLuennan c1aaka, korpa am na 6onLuoH 6nanpe,
penae1 pykn 1nna KQ,96, n paxe 52 poc1onmHn nrpm.
9. Tpu nysoamx u naccuaumx urpoka aomnu nuHnoH. Bm ua HanoH
6naupe (ero pasHep paaeu nonoauue 6onumoro 6naupa) c 62.
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Korpa am npnnnHae1e peuenne o axoxpennn a nrpy c Hanoro
6nanpa, am acerpa ponxnm nponsaopn1L pacue1 no1enunanLnmx uancoa.
Bm penae1e konn na nonc1aakn ceuac ne 1onLko pnn 1oro, u1o6m
amnrpa1L 4.5 c1aakn, ko1opme ceuac naxopn1cn a 6anke, no am 1akxe
naHepeaae1ecL amnrpa1L n ace c1aakn, ko1opme 6ypy1 pena1Lcn a 6ank
nocne qnona. Ha HanoH 6nanpe aaun no1enunanLnme uancm
npn6nnsn1enLno a paa pasa 6onLue, ueH, ecnn 6m am konnnpoaann
nonnyk c1aaky. BHec1o 1oro u1o6m konnnpoaa1L uenyk c1aaky pnn 1oro,
u1o6m amnrpa1L paapua1L c1aaok nocne qnona (ecnn am ao c1onLko
ouennnn 1oproank na noc1qnone), am konnnpye1e 1onLko nonoanny c1aakn
pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnrpa1L 1e xe caHme paapua1L c1aaok.
Ypaoennme no1enunanLnme uancm nosaonnk1 aaH nrpa1L cao6opno
na HanoH 6nanpe. Pykn 1nna opnoHac1nmx 62 o6muno cnnukoH cna6m
pnn nrpm ane 6nanpoa, 1ak kak onn ne amnrpmaak1 cnnukoH uac1o.
HecHo1pn na 1o, u1o onn aecLHa amropnm, korpa poc1panaak1cn (pae napm
nnn nyuue), onn ace paano ne pak1 poc1a1ouno koHnencaunn sa
nnaec1nunk a opny c1aaky na npeqnone. Opnako ecnn am 6ype1e
nnaec1npoaa1L a 1akyk pyky na npeqnone nonoanny c1aakn, 1o
koHnencaunn 6ype1 poc1a1ouno pnn nonyuennn HnnnHanLno npn6mnn.
TaknH o6pasoH, c 1ako pyko am ponxnm pena1L nac ane 6nanpoa, n
Hoxe1e pena1L konn na HanoH 6nanpe. (BnnHanne: amueynoHnny1m
coae1 npepnonarae1, u1o am yHee1e xopouo nrpa1L, ecnn na qnone
o6pasye1cn nocpepc1aennan pyka 1nna Hnapue napm nnn pmpnaoro
c1pn1a. Ecnn am nonnHae1e npen nrpm na noc1qnone, nsnoxennme a a1o
knnre, 1o a1o ne ponxno 6m1L pnn aac npo6neHo. Opnako, 1akne pykn,
kak opnoHac1nme 62, na HanoH 6nanpe, nannk1cn neHnoro npn6mnLnmHn
y xopouero nrpoka, n 6ypy1 1epn1L penLrn y nnoxoro.)
~205 ~
10. Bm urpae1e a urpoao koHua1e, rpe pnn 1oro, v1o6m cpena1u
kan, uyxuo cpena1u 6e1 u ve1mpe pesa (HakcuHyH nn1u c1aaok ua
kaxpoH kpyre 1oproanu). Bamu npo1uauuku oveuu nysoame u
ueckonuko arpeccuaume urpoku. He1mpe urpoka aomnu nuHnoH. Y
aac KQ ua 6a11oue, u am cpenanu pes pnn yaenuveuun 6auka.
Bonumo 6naup u 1pu nepamx nuHnepa cpenanu konn, uo
ve1aep1m nuHnep cpenan pepes. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pepes. Bm penann pes a nepam pas, no1oHy u1o nHee1e
cnnLnyk opnoHac1nyk pyky, ko1opan nHee1 6onLuoe npenHyuec1ao
uennoc1n 6anka npo1na ue1mpex nysoamx nrpokoa n 6nanpoa. Hrpok
cnpaaa o1 aac nnuero ne Henne1. Hnorpa nrpokn penak1 nnHn-pepes c
cnnLnmHn pykaHn, 1nna kapHannmx 1ysoa, nnn kopone, nnn AK. O6muno
onn a1o penak1 pnn 1oro, u1o6m nonyun1L 6onLuyk 1oproank pnn 1ako
6onLuo pykn. Onn 6on1cn, u1o ecnn onn cpenak1 pes cpasy, 1o
6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa cpenae1 nac. Hoa1oHy onn axopn1 nnHnoH, u1o6m
nonyun1L a 6ank 6onLue nnHnepoa, n napek1cn, no1oH cpena1L pes. Ho a
panno cn1yaunn a1oro ne1. Manoaepon1no, u1o nrpok cnpaaa o1 aac nHee1
6onLuyk pyky. Korpa ouepepL xopa nopouna k neHy, 1o nepep nnH yxe
aounn 1pn nnHnepa. Ecnn 6m y nero 6mna 6onLuan pyka, 1o on 6m eue
1orpa cpenan pes. Y nero ne 6mno nnkako neo6xopnHoc1n xpa1L. On yxe
na 1o1 HoHen1 nonyunn xopouyk 1oproank. Bepon1no, on pepxn1
cnekynn1nanyk pyky, 1nna JT, 86, 55 nnn A4, n peunn cpena1L
pepes, no1oHy u1o eHy c1ano nn1epecno noc1pon1L 6onLuo 6ank. Takoe
noaepenne nanne1cn poaonLno c1anpap1nmH a arpeccnanmx nrpax na
nnsknx nnHn1ax.
Tak kak am 1enepL ne 6on1ecL aauero npo1nannka, ko1opm cpenan
pepes, 1o Hoxe1e o1ae1n1L eHy pepesoH caHn. Y aac cnnLnan pyka a
HnorouncnennoH 6anke. Pasanaa1e caoe npenHyuec1ao.
112
Ecnn 6m kan poc1nrancn 6e1oH n 1peHn pesaHn, 1o pepes 6mn 6m
eue 6onee npaannLnmH. Ecnn aau pes nanne1cn kanoH, 1o a1o nyuue ueH
npoc1o pepes. Xo1L y aac n ne1 na1coao koH6nnaunn, no pepes
nokasan aceH, u1o y aac ouenL cnnLnan pyka. Xo1n n Hanoaepon1no, u1o a
pannoH cnyuae nnHn-pepesep nHee1 c1apuyk pyky, no on acerpa Hoxe1
npenopnec1n aaH ckpnpns. Ecnn 6m am cpenann kan, 1o y aac 6m ne 6mno
pncka nonyun1L eue opnn pepes o1 pykn, ko1opan nyuue aaue.
TeH ne Henee, a pannoH npnHepe, ne nHee1 snauennn pasHep kana.
Becnoko1ecL o6 a1oH a norpannunmx cn1yaunnx. Ecnn am npoun1ann
npo1nannka npaannLno (a a1o ouenL aepon1no), 1o aaue npenHyuec1ao
aennko. C1po1e 6ank.
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112
CMo1pn1e pasen OopMnpoaanne na npeqnone onumnx ankoa.
~206 ~
Kou1ponuume aonpocm
Hrpa ua qnone
1. Bm a cpepue nosuuu u y aac ua pykax A7. Qaa urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, am 1oxe nuHn. Ba11ou cpenan nuHn, Hanm 6naup konn,
6onumo 6naup vek (6 MC). 4non AT9, pan aaH c1apmym napy.
Manm 6naup cpenan 6e1, 6onumo 6naup konn, u nepam
nuHnep cpenan pes. Cnepymu nuHnep nac (10 MC). H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Y aac c1apuan napa co cna6mH knkepoH n o1cy1c1ane, kaknx
nn6o npnkynnmx pyk. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, nnn nrpok, cpenaaun pes,
aosHoxno yxe o6mrpan aac nn6o 1ysoH co c1apunH knkepoH, nn6o
kapHannmHn 1ysaHn. Ecnn a1o 1ak, 1o aaua npnkynnan pyka yxe yHepna
(BaH nyxno noHa1L ceHepky, kpoHe 7, pnn 1oro, u1o6m nonyun1L, xo1L
kako-1o uanc na no6epy). [axe ecnn aaua pyka n nyuuan ceuac, 1o am
ace paano naxopn1ecL a nnoxo cn1yaunn. k6an kap1a o1 aocLHepkn n
amue noppenae1 aau knkep, penan aaH 1onLko nnuLk c ppyrnH 1ysoH.
113
KpoHe 1oro, 1pn 6onLunx kap1m n yrposa qneua ouenL onacnm. Tako 1nn
qnona uac1o co6npae1 koHy-1o ns npo1nannkoa qneu, c1pn1 nnn pae napm
na pnaepe. Ecnn am nosapn, 1o am 1nne1e Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky. Ecnn
am anepepn, 1o aac 6ypy1 nepe1nrnaa1L nnn pena1L c aaHn nnuLk, ecnn ne
nepe1nny1. Bank ne ouenL 6onLuo. Hcno, u1o specL napo pena1L nac.
2. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac 99. He1mpe urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u am
cpenanu pes. Bonumo 6naup u nuHnepm konn (12.5 MC). 4non
973 pan aaH c1apmu ce1. Bonumo 6naup cpenan 6e1, u
nepam nuHnep pepes. Qaoe us 1pex oc1aamuxcn nuHnepoa
cpenanu konn. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pepes. Bm Hoxe1e pacuennaa1L a1y pyky kak nopo6nyk 1eH, u1o
paccHa1pnaanncL a npnHepax a paspene Pykn c payHn oaepnapaHn.
Onon n 1oproann npen1nunm, 1onLko am aHec1o oaepnapm nHee1e ce1.
B 1oH paspene Hm y1aepxpann, u1o am ponxnm pena1L pes c
kapHannmHn 1ysaHn (c A), no c kapHannmHn pecn1kaHn (6es T) pena1L
1onLko konn.
C 1ysaHn am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L npn6nnsn1enLno a 50% cnyuaea,
1aknH o6pasoH, aaua oxnpaeHan npn6mnL na qnone c ue1mpLHn
npo1nannkaHn 6mna 6onLue. C pecn1kaHn aaua pyka 6mna 6onee ynsanHa,
noa1oHy aaua uennoc1L qnona 6mna HenLue.
C ne6onLunH npenHyuec1aoH, am nnorpa ponxnm pena1L 1onLko konn n
xpa1L 1epna. Bm ne 1epne1e 6onLuyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL, nponyckan
pes na qnone. Ecnn na 1epne npnxopn1 nyc1muka, 1o aaue
npenHyuec1ao snaun1enLno aospac1ae1 (1ak kak oc1ae1cn 1onLko kap1a
pnaepa, c ko1opo aac Hory1 o6mrpa1L), n aau pes c1anoan1cn 6onee
npn6mnLnmH.
_____________________________
113
CMo1pn1e pasen Ckpu1ue ay1u.
~207 ~
Ecnn y aac 6onLuoe npenHyuec1ao, n am nponyckae1e pes, 1o a
a1oH cnyuae am 1epne1e 6onLuyk oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL.
114
Bm Hoxe1e
nponyc1n1L pes, nHen Hanoe npenHyuec1ao, ecnn a1o pac1 aaH
1ak1nueckoe npenHyuec1ao na nospnnx kpyrax 1oproann. Ho am ponxnm
pena1L 6e1 nnn pes neHepnenno, ecnn 1oproann nokasmaae1 aaH, u1o pac1
xopoun c6op. Hoa1oHy, c 1ysaHn, am ponxnm pena1L pes.
Korpa am co6pann ce1 (kak a a1oH npnHepe), aaue npenHyuec1ao
c1ano 6onee ueH 6onLunH. Bm 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L a nopaannkueH
6onLunnc1ae cnyuaea. Ecnn am ne cpena1e pes na 1akoH qnone, 1o am
no1epne1e Hnoro pener.
3aHe1L1e, u1o Hnorne nrpokn 6ypy1 saHepnenno nrpa1L 1akyk pyky,
penan 1onLko konnm (onn penak1 a1o kaxpm pas, korpa noan1 na qnone
ce1). D1o oun6ouno ne no1oHy, u1o na c1one ec1L pae kap1m opno Hac1n
(Bm nnkorpa ne sac1aan1e am6pocn1L npnkynno qneu na qnone, ckonLko
6m am pesoa nn penann), a no1oHy, u1o aaue npenHyuec1ao na qnone
nanne1cn ouenL 6onLunH. Bm oxnpae1e, u1o na aau pepes ace o1ae1n1
konnoH. BosLHn1e nx penLrn ceuac, korpa y aac ec1L uanc!
3. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac QT. Tpu urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, u 6a11ou cpenan pes. Bm cpenanu konn, 1ak xe, kak u
oc1anuume nuHnepm (10.5 MC). 4non T84 pan aaH c1apmym
napy u o6pa1uo npukynuo qnem. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: ek, c naHepenneH cpena1L pes ns nospne nosnunn. Hpoc1o 6e1
ne saun1n1 ceuac aauy pyky. Ecnn am ceuac cpenae1e 6e1, 1o nk6o
npepnonaraeHm konnep, 6ype1 nHe1L o1nouenne caoe c1aakn k 6anky
11k1, n 6ype1 nHe1L aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L npaannLnm konn, npo1na
aaue pykn co caonHn cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn, 1nna Hnapue napm,
nnn pmpnaoro c1pn1a, nnn paxe c A3 (oaepkap1a n o6pa1no npnkynno
qneu). Tak kak nan6onee npepnonaraeHmH nrpokoH, penakunH 6e1,
nanne1cn pesep npeqnona, ko1opm naxopn1cn na 6a11one, 1o, aepon1no,
aau uek-pes, cHoxe1 sac1aan1L 1pex npo1nannkoa o1kasa1Lcn nna1n1L no
pae c1aakn sa konn, n onn cpenak1 nac.
115
Ecnn aau uek-pes ne coc1on1cn (no1oHy u1o ace nocne aac cpenak1
uek), a1o 6ype1 nenpnn1no. Bm nHee1e ynsanHyk pyky, n paaa1L
npo1nannkaH 6ecnna1nyk kap1y onacno. Ho noHnn1e, am penae1e uek-
pes, no1oHy u1o 6e1 ne saunuae1 aauy pyky. K1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa c
npnkynno pyko n c xopounHn uancaHn ne 6ype1 pena1L nac ns-sa opno
c1aakn. Hoa1oHy, o1cy1c1ane uek-pesa, nspepka 6ype1 c1on1L aaH 6anka.
(Xo1n amnrpmu 6anka 6ype1 c1on1L aaH neckonLknx c1aaok).
C ppyro c1oponm, npnHenenne uek-pesa, a1o a konuenoH n1ore
am6op Hexpy amnrpmueH n nponrpmueH. Tak kak 6ank nanne1cn 6onLunH
(6mn pes na npeqnone), 1o am ponxnm cnepoaa1L c1pa1ernnH, ko1opme
_____________________________
114
Hcknkuenne Moxe1 u1u, kora au cnnuno yaepenu a 1oM, u1o aam pes, aepne1 aaM
1onuko konnu, n na cneykeM kpyre 1oproann ace npo1nannkn o Bac cenak1 uek. B 1o
apeMn kak aam konn na qnone nosaonn1 cena1u e1 na 1epne n copa1u konnu k neMy.
Tonuko a a1oM cnyuae pes Moxe1 nooxa1u o 1epna.
115
CMo1pn1e pasen 3an1a aame pykn.
~208 ~
ynyuuak1 aaun uancm na no6epy. Ba11on aepon1no 6ype1 pena1L 6e1, n
a1o poc1a1ounan npnunna, u1o6m nonm1a1Lcn npnHenn1L uek-pes.
Heko1opme nrpokn, 6on1cn, u1o npeqnon pesep nHee1 6onLuyk
napy nnn AT, nnn onn cnnukoH po6kn pnn 1oro, u1o6m cpena1L uek-pes.
He napo acerpa 6on1Lcn xypuero. Ecnn nrpok, cpenaaun pes na
npeqnone, nHee1 6onLuyk napy, 1o aaua arpeccnanan nrpa 6ype1 c1on1L
aaH opny pae pononnn1enLnmx c1aakn. A ecnn on ne nHee1 6onLuo napm?
Torpa aaua naccnanan nrpa nosaonn1 cna6mH npnkynnmH pykaH pena1L
npn6mnLnme konnm. D1o Hoxe1 c1on1L aaH 6anka. B 1e pasm, korpa am
6ype1e no6expa1L c noHouLk uek-pesa, aaun amnrpmun c nnxao
okynn1 aaun pononnn1enLnme c1aakn, korpa am nponrpmaann. XonpeH
aoo6ue aosnarpaxpae1 arpeccnanyk nrpy. D1o xopoun npnHep.
4. Bm sa c1onoH, sanonueuumH nysoamHu u naccuaumHu urpokaHu.
Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac K4. He1mpe urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, am
1oxe nuHn. Manm 6naup penae1 konn, 6onumo 6naup vek (7
MC). 4non J74 pan aaH Hnapmym napy. Bce po aac cpenanu vek.
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. Be1 nanne1cn npaannLnmH no payH npnunnaH:
1. On ynyuuae1 aaun uancm na no6epy. Ecnn aaua pyka nyuuan, 1o
6e1 a6conk1no aepen. [axe ecnn aaua pyka ne nyuuan, am ace
paano xo1n1e, u1o6m npo1nannkn c pykaHn QT cpenann nac. Ecnn am
na 1epne npnkynn1e koponn, 1o QT Hoxe1 co6pa1L payxc1oponnn
c1pn1. Be1 Hoxe1 sac1aan1L nrpokoa paxe c nyuunHn pykaHn (1nna
kapHannmx uec1epok) cpena1L nac.
2. Hpo1na naccnanmx nrpokoa 6e1, aepon1no, noHoxe1 aaH nonyun1L
6ecnna1nyk kap1y. Baua npnkynnan pyka cna6a, no 6ank poc1a1ouno
6onLuo, u1o6m nonpo6oaa1L 6ecnna1no asrnnny1L na pnaep. Hpo1na
naccnanmx nrpokoa (korpa nan6onee ycneuno Hoxe1 6m1L npoaepen
npneH no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no kap1m), npe6maan na 6a11one, am
acerpa ponxnm nm1a1Lcn nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y pnn nk6o
aaue pykn, ko1opan c1on1 1oro, u1o6m sa nee sanna1nnn opny
c1aaky. Tak kak am ace paano penann 6m konn (o1nouenne aaue
c1aakn k 6anky 8k1), 1o nyxno nm1a1Lcn nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk
kap1y, penan 6e1 na qnone.
Ecnn 6m nrpa 6mna arpeccnano, 1o naua pekoHenpaunn nsHennnacL
6m na uek. Arpeccnanme nrpokn uaue nrpak1 uek-pes, n pexe pak1
6ecnna1nme kap1m. 1o6m aau 6e1 6mn npaannLnmH, am ponxnm a 1aknx
cn1yaunnx npoaec1n npneH no nonyuennk 6ecnna1no kap1m, korpa am
yaepenm, u1o on npope1. Tak kak 1akne cn1yaunn aosHoxnm a ocnoanoH c
naccnanmHn nrpokaHn, 1o am ceuac ponxnm cpena1L 6e1.
5. Bm aomnu a urpy nuHnoH c UTG u y aac ua pykax 77. Qaa
urpoka nocne aac aomnu nuHnoH, Hanm 6naup konn, 6onumo
6naup vek (5 MC). 4non J64. Manm 6naup penae1 6e1, u
6onumo 6naup konn. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Bank HanenLkn. [aa nrpoka nHek1 pykn, ko1opme nosaonnnn
nH cpena1L 6e1 n konn. Eue o payx nrpokax noka nnuero ne nsaec1no.
~209 ~
Ecnn k1o-nn6ypL ns nrpokoa nHee1 aane1a, 1o aaua pyka nHee1 HakcnHyH
paa ay1a. Bm 1onLko Hoxe1e oxnpa1L npnxopa 7, no1oHy u1o 7 cpenae1
aosHoxnmH qneu. [axe ecnn aaua pyka ceuac nyuuan, ona ouenL
ynsanHa. [oc1a1ouno Hnoro oaepkap1 Hory1 o6mrpa1L ee. Bm okasanncL a
c1anpap1noH sa1pypnn1enLnoH nonoxennn. A nHenno:
1.Bm nHee1e norpannunyk pyky, ko1opan aosHoxno ne nyuuan.
2.Y aac HanenLkn uanc na ynyuuenne, ecnn am nosapn.
3.Baun npo1nannkn nHek1 Hnoro aosHoxnoc1e nepe1nny1L aac, paxe
ecnn am anepepn.
4.ManenLkn 6ank.
Ecnn ace a1n ycnoann co6nkpak1cn, 1o am ponxnm cpena1L nac. Ecnn
am aepne1ecL k kon1ponLnoHy aonpocy N1 a1oro paspena, 1o yanpn1e, u1o
ace a1n ycnoann nponannk1cn n 1aH. Mm pekoHenpoaann aaH pena1L nac a
1oH cnyuae. B a1oH cnyuae, Hm 1oxe pekoHenpyeH cpena1L nac.
(3anoHnn1e. Ec1L 6onLuoe pasnnune Hexpy 6e1oH n konnoH. KapHannme
napm Bmue cpepne kap1m qnona nnnkc1pnpyk1 a1o y1aepxpenne. Ecnn
6m a a1oH npnHepe, ace po aac cpenann uek, 1o am ponxnm 6mnn 6m
cpena1L 6e1.)
6. Bm a oveuu nysoao u arpeccuauo urpe. Bamu npo1uauuku
cknouum, ua qnone pena1u pes u pepes c npukynumHu pykaHu u
napaHu 1ak, kak 6yp1o y uux ce1 unu pae napm. Bm ua 6a11oue c
A8. Hrpok c UTG cpenan pes, ve1aepo urpokoa cpenanu
xonopum konn, am cpenanu konn. O6a 6naupa 1oxe cpenanu
konn (16 MC). 4non T92 pan aaH npukynuo ua1coam qnem.
Manm 6naup penae1 6e1, 6onumo 6naup konn, u urpok,
cpenaamu ua npeqnone pes, penae1 pes. Ee paa urpoka
cpenanu konn, u paa urpoka cpenanu nac (24 MC). H1o am ponxum
cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pepes. Y aac 6onLuo npnkynno na1coam qneu. Ha pnaepe am
6ype1e co6npa1L na1coam qneu a 35% cnyuaea. H eue, am 6ype1e
nnorpa amnrpmaa1L paspauy, npnkynan 1ysa. C nn1Lk oc1aaunHncn a
6anke npo1nannkaHn am 6ype1e no6expa1L ropaspo uaue, ueH a 17%
cnyuaea. TaknH o6pasoH, am nHee1e rpoHapnoe npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n
6anka. Hoa1oHy, pena1e pepes pnn yaennuennn 6anka.
KpoHe 1oro, am naxopn1ecL na xopoue nosnunn. Pepes Hoxe1
nosaonn1L aaH nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y, ecnn y aac nonan1cn xenanne
a1o cpena1L.
116
7. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac ua pykax A4. Tpu urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, u am cpenanu nuHn. Manm 6naup cpenan pes, u
_____________________________
116
He epn1e ecnna1nyk kap1y aa1oMa1nueckn, e1 Moxe1 u1u nyume. B1o Moxe1
cnpoaonpoaa1u koro-1o ns npo1nannkoa cena1u nac c AQ, u1o npnnece1 aaM aa
ononnn1enunux ay1a a 1akoM rpoManoM anke. /axe ecnn nnk1o ne cenae1 nac, 1o
nMen nn1u npo1nannkoa, au nMee1e coo1nomenne 5 k 1. B 1o apeMn kak mancu copa1u
qnem coc1aannk1 4 k 1. Ecnn xe kap1a 1epna ocnanne1 aamy pyky (nanpnMep, T), au
onxnu asn1u ecnna1nyk kap1y.
~210 ~
6onumo 6naup aHec1e co aceHu oc1anuumHu urpokaHu, aknmvan
u aac, cpenanu konn (12 MC). 4non K52 pan aaH pmpnam
c1pu1, oaepkap1y u o6pa1uo npukynuo qnem. Manm 6naup
penae1 6e1, 6onumo 6naup konn, nepam nuHnep penae1 pes,
paa cnepymux nuHnepa nac (16 MC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pepes! Ho o1penLnoc1n, kaxpan ns aaunx npnkynnmx pyk,
cna6an. Co6pannme aHec1e, onn pak1 o1nocn1enLno xopouyk pyky c
npnnnunmHn uancaHn na amnrpmu. Honn1no, u1o nac a1o oun6ka, 1ak kak
o1nouenne aaue c1aakn k 6anky ceuac coc1aanne1 8k1. Bank
nanne1cn poc1a1ouno 6onLunH, u1o nosaonne1 aaH pena1L konn 1onLko c
pmpnamH c1pn1oH. Baun uancm na 1o, u1o6m co6pa1L na 1epne c1pn1
paannk1cn 11k1. B 1akoH 6onLuoH 6anke, ecnn am co6epe1e c1pn1, 1o
aaun npo1nannkn, ckopee acero, sanna1n1 aaH eue neckonLko 6onLunx
c1aaok. TaknH o6pasoH, 1onLko c pmpnamH c1pn1oH am 6m penann 1onLko
konn, no y aac pmpnam c1pn1, oaepkap1a n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu.
TaknH o6pasoH, nepep aaHn c1on1 epnnc1aennm aonpoc: pena1L konn nnn
pepes. Pepes nHee1 paa aaxnmx npenHyuec1aa no cpaanennk c konnoH:
1.Ecnn am cpenae1e pes, 1o Hanm 6nanp Hoxe1 am6pocn1L nyuuero
1ysa. Tak kak on penan pes na npeqnone, 1o y nero nerko Hory1
6m1L AQ nnn AJ. Ecnn on cpenae1 nac, 1o 1eH caHmH am npnkynn1e
ce6e eue paa ay1a. Konn pasHepoH c opny c1aaky c 1aknHn cna6mHn
pykaHn on cpenae1 naaepnnka. A nepep payHn c1aakaHn on Hoxe1
cpena1L nac.
2. Tak kak am na 6a11one, 1o pepes Hoxe1 noHouL aaH nonyun1L
6ecnna1nyk kap1y. Ecnn am ne ynyuun1ecL na 1epne, 1o am ouenL
yaepenno cHoxe1e asn1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y, ecnn o6c1on1enLc1aa
nosaonn1. Hrpok, cpenaaun pes na 1akoH paanoH qnone,
aepon1no, nHee1 koponn. He nape1ecL, u1o on cpenae1 nac.
[axe ecnn y aac n ne nonyun1cn nonyun1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y, am ace
paano ponxnm nnaec1npoaa1L opny Hanyk pononnn1enLnyk c1aaky a
pepes.
8. Bm a cpepue nosuuu u y aac ua pykax J9. Qaa urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, am 1oxe cpenanu nuHn. Hrpok ua 6a11oue penae1 nuHn,
urpok ua HanoH 6naupe penae1 konn, urpok ua 6onumoH 6naupe
penae1 vek (6 MC). 4non KT4 pan aaH pmpnam c1pu1 u o6pa1uo
npukynuo qnem. Hrpoku ua 6naupax penam1 vek, u nepam
nuHnep penae1 6e1. Cnepymu nuHnep cpenan pes (9 MC). H1o
am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. O1nouenne aaue c1aakn k 6anky ceuac paanne1cn 4.5k
1, apnp nn am amnrpae1e, paxe ecnn npnkynn1e napy, n ec1L eue
neckonLko nrpokoa, po ko1opmx eue ne pouna ouepepL xopa. Hpepmpyun
kon1ponLnm aonpoc N7 nokasan, u1o paxe npn payx c1aakax, a
neko1opmx cn1yaunnx, am Hoxe1e nrpa1L c pmpnamH c1pn1oH. Ho a1a
cn1yaunn ne nosaonne1 npoponxa1L nrpy. Ha npak1nke aaH npnpe1cn
poc1a1ouno uac1o am6pacmaa1L pmpnam c1pn1.
9. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac ua pykax AJ. Qaa urpoka aomnu
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nuHnoH, u am cpenanu pes. Bonumo 6naup u nuHnepm cpenanu
konn (8.5 MC). 4non 965 pan aaH pae oaepkap1m. Bnaup u
nepam nuHnep cpenanu vek. B1opo nuHnep cpenan 6e1 (9.5 MC).
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Ceuac y aac 1onLko oaepkap1m 6es o6pa1no npnkynnoro
qneua. Bm nHee1e uec1L ay1oa pnn ynyuuennn caoe pykn, no onn Hory1
6m1L nocun1anm 1onLko kak uac1nunme ay1m. Ecnn am noHae1e 1ysa, 1o
ace paano ne cHoxe1e amnrpa1L y caonx npo1nannkoa c A9, A6, A5. Pykn
1ys-nyc1muka uac1o nrpak1cn na nnsknx nnHn1ax. Ecnn am poxnpae1ecL
aane1a, 1o oc1ak1cn eue pae oaepkap1m, ko1opme Hory1 o6mrpa1L aac na
pnaepe A nnn J, Hory1 cpena1L koHy-1o ns aaunx npo1nannkoa qneu,
nnn o6pasoaa1L cnnLnyk npnkynnyk pyky, ecnn y koro-1o ec1L na pykax
epnnc1aennan nnkoaan kap1a. D1n HoHen1m o6ecuennaak1 aauy
npnkynnyk pyky. B panno cn1yaunn am nHee1e ne 6onLue 1pex peanLnmx
ay1oa.
O1nouenne aaue c1aakn k 6anky paanne1cn 9.5k1 n ne nanne1cn
poc1a1ounmH, u1o6m 1nny1L 1akyk cna6yk pyky. Ec1L eue paa qak1opa,
ko1opme ponxnm o1roaopn1L aac o1 npoponxennn nrpm:
1. Ckooppnnnpoaannm qnon. Ecnn k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa na qnone
co6pan c1pn1, 1o aaua npnkynnan pyka Hep1aa. Eue 6onee aaxnmH
nanne1cn 1o, u1o ceHepka nnn aocLHepka pak1 ue1aep1yk kap1y pnn
c1pn1a, a a1o ouenL onacno.
2. Hrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, naxopn1cn cnpaaa o1 aac. Hrpokn, ko1opme
cpenann uek, Hory1 nHe1L cnnLnme pykn. Hnorpa am 6ype1e
konnnpoaa1L nepayk c1aaky 1onLko pnn 1oro, u1o6m a panLneueH
c1onkny1Lcn c uek-pesoH. ek-pes ouenL aepon1en a 1ako
cn1yaunn, 1ak kak pes yxe 6mn na npeqnone.
10. Tpu urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, am ua 6a11oue c QQ . Bm cpenanu
pes. O6a 6naupa u 1pu nuHnepa konn (12 MC). 4non J64 pan
aaH oaepnapy. Bamu npo1uauuku cpenanu vek, am 6e1. Manm
6naup amnonuun vek-pes, u paa urpoka cpenanu xonopum konn.
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Bm nHee1e uancm 19k1. Bank ouenL 6onLuo, pnn 1oro
u1o6m pena1L nac. Bm ne Hoxe1e 6m1L yaepenm a 1oH, u1o y koro-1o ns
aaunx npo1nannkoa ec1L qneu. He am6pacmaa1e xopoune pykn a
6onLunx 6ankax 1onLko ns-sa nopospennn a xypueH. 1o6m cpena1L nac,
am ponxnm 6m1L a6conk1no yaepenm, u1o 1nne1e Hep1ayk npnkynnyk
pyky. B a1o paspaue Hanm 6nanp sanpoc1o Hoxe1 nHe1L nnn 1onLko
c1apuyk napy, nnn A. Ecnn nrpokn, cpenaaune xonopnm konn nysoame,
1o onn Hory1 nHe1L ace u1o yropno. Bm coaepuenno ne Hoxe1e cpena1L
nac.
117
C 1peHn npo1nannkaHn aaua pyka ouenL ynsanHa. Hou1n
naaepnnka ec1L npnkynno qneu (a Hoxe1 yxe n qneu co6pan) n kaxpm
aau _____________________________
117
Ho kpane Mepe au ne Moxe1e nacoaa1u o 1ex nop, noka na 1epne ne nonan1cn
yna, nno pyran onacnan kap1a. H ecnn onn ns konepoa qnona npocne1cn na 1epne n
cenae1 pes, 1o 1onuko a a1oM cnyuae au Moxe1e cepuesno paccMa1pnaa1u aosMoxnoc1u
naca.
~212 ~
npo1nannk nHee1 no neckonLko ay1oa npo1na aac. Ecnn aaua pyka ceuac
nyuuan, 1o aaun aosHoxnoc1n amnrpmua ne npeamuak1 30%. Ecnn am
nosapn, 1o 6ype1e 1nny1L Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky. D1o koneuno ne
nyuuan cn1yaunn pnn pepesa. [ena1e ceuac konn n nnannpy1e
ouenn1L na 1epne ace 1pn aapnan1a: pes, konn, nnn nac.
11. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac ua pykax 76. Hrpok c UTG
cpenan pes, u 1pu urpoka cpenanu xonopum konn. Bm konn (10.5
MC). 4non K84 pan aaH npukynuo qnem u pmpnam c1pu1. H1o
am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Cpena1e uek, c naHepenneH cpena1L pes, ecnn c panne nosnunn
npnpe1 6e1. Y aac cnnLnme npnkynnme kap1m, ko1opme 6ypy1 uac1o
amnrpmaa1L. C HanenLknHn kap1aHn y aac 6ype1 ouenL HanenLkn uanc
no6epn1L, co6paa napy. Hoa1oHy, yc1panenne npo1nannkoa ne cnnLno
yaennun1 aaun uancm na no6epy.
Tak kak aaun npnkynnme kap1m cnnLnme, 1o am ponxnm pena1L 6e1
n pes pnn yaennuennn 6anka. Ecnn am cpenae1e 6e1 ceuac, 1o,
aosHoxno, cnyun1cn opna ns payx aeue:
1. Hrpok, penaaun na npeqnone pes, 6ype1 pena1L pepes (o6muno c
koponeH) n ppyrne nrpokn okaxy1cn nepep payHn c1aakaHn pnn
xonopnoro konna.
2. Hrpok, penaaun na npeqnone pes, cpenae1 konn, n neckonLko
nrpokoa nocne nero 1oxe cpenak1 konn.
Hn opnn ns a1nx cuenapnea ne nanne1cn pnn aac on1nHanLnmH.
Hepam cuenapn yc1panne1 nrpokoa, oc1aannn aac opnn na opnn c
npo1nannkoH, nHekunH c1apuyk napy. D1o ne yaennunaae1 poxop o1
aaue cnnLno npnkynno pykn. B1opo cuenapn, sauac1yk, nosaonn1
co6pa1L aaH 1onLko no opno c1aake na qnone.
Ecnn am cpenae1e uek, 1o, kak npaanno, npeqnon pesep 6ype1
pena1L 6e1 na 1akoH paanoH qnone, nesaancnHo o11oro, u1o y nero a pyke.
ysoame nrpokn, axopnune a 1oproank nocne nero, 6ypy1 konnnpoaa1L
opny c1aaky na qnone c unpoknH pnanasonoH pyk. Torpa am cHoxe1e
cpena1L uek-pes, n co6pa1L c kaxporo no pae c1aakn. HcnonLsy1e
o1nocn1enLnyk nosnunk (no o1nouennk k npeqnon pesepy, ko1opm
nou1n acerpa na qnone penae1 6e1) pnn npnnn1nn peuennn o 6e1e nnn
uek-pese korpa y aac cnnLnan pyka nnn cnnLnm npnkyn.
12. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac 22. Oveuu nysoam u
arpeccuaum urpok samen nuHnoH c UTG. Tpu cnepymux urpoka
aomnu nuHnoH, Hanm 6naup konn, u am vek (6 MC). 4non
K72 pan aaH Hnapmu ce1. Manm 6naup vek, am 1oxe
penae1e vek, uapencu, v1o arpeccuaum urpok cneaa o1 aac cpenae1
6e1. K coxaneuum, ou cpenan vek, oc1anuume npo1uauuku po
6a11oua 1oxe cpenanu vek. Ba11ou 6e1 (7 MC). Manm 6naup nac.
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Tak kak a nysoamx nrpax am ponxnm pepko cnoynnen1L, 1o
a1o kak pas 1o1 pepkn cnyua. Bm cpenann uek, napencL saHann1L a
~213 ~
noayuky na pae c1aakn oc1anLnmx nrpokoa, no aau nnan ne ypancn. Bonee
1oro, nrpok cnpaaa o1 aac cpenan 6e1.
HoHnn1e o 1pex aonpocax a konue paspena 3aHepnennan nrpa,
ko1opme Hm pekoHenpoaann aaH sapaaa1L ce6e? HanoHnnaeH:
1. Ecnn n paH caonH npo1nannkaH peueayk kap1y, 1o onn ynyuua1cn
1onLko po a1opocop1no n nepen1aenuno npnkynno pykn nnn onn
cHory1 nnorpa amnrpmaa1L y Henn nnn nonyua1L amropnme
npnkynnme pykn? (Hpnkynnme pykn nanne1cn amropnmHn, korpa
no1enunanLnme uancm 6onLue, ueH qak1nueckne uancm).
2. Pnckyk nn n nnorpa nponrpa1L 6ank ns-sa opno payx
pononnn1enLnmx c1aaok?
3. HackonLko aepon1en konn co c1oponm Honx npo1nannkoa, ecnn n ne
6ypy ncnonLsoaa1L saHepnennyk nrpy?
Korpa qnon paanm (ne1 aosHoxnoc1e pnn nonanennn npnkynnoro
c1pn1a n qneua y npo1nannkoa), 1o nou1n nnk1o ne 6ype1 nHe1L
npnnnunyk pyky nnn npnkyn. Ho paxe a a1oH cnyuae nysoame nrpokn
6ypy1 konnnpoaa1L 1onLko opny c1aaky, u1o6m nocHo1pe1L, kak
pasanaae1cn nx pyka na ue1aep1o ynnue. HanpnHep, Hnorne nrpokn
konnnpoaann 6m opny c1aaky c QJ pnn 1oro, u1o6m nocHo1pe1L, co6pann
nn onn na 1epne npnkynno c1pn1 nnn napy. Ecnn c1onHoc1L konna
nopnnHe1cn po payx c1aaok, 1o onn cpenak1 nac.
Baua pyka nac1onLko cnnLna, u1o 6onLunnc1ao aaunx npo1nannkoa
yxe 1nny1 Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn. Baun uancm na no6epy npeamuak1
80%, paxe ecnn ace aaun ue1mpe npo1nannka oc1any1cn, u1o6m
nocHo1pe1L pnaep. Bank HanenLkn, noa1oHy am ne cnnLno pnckye1e,
oc1aannn npo1nannkoa a nrpe.
HanpnHep, npepnonoxnH, nrpok c QJ penae1 konn na opny c1aaky na
qnone n na 1epne npnxopn1 aane1. TenepL on 1nne1 nonnoc1Lk Hep1ayk
npnkynnyk pyky (ero epnnc1aennmH uancoH o6mrpa1L aac 6mn o6pa1no
npnkynno qneueH na qnone). Ckopee acero, on sanna1n1 aaH no opno
6onLuo c1aake na 1epne n pnaepe. Ecnn eHy noaese1, 1o on co6epe1 na
pnaepe pae napm nnn ce1. Torpa on, aosHoxno, cpenae1 pes, na u1o am
cHoxe1e o1ae1n1L pepesoH n sapa6o1ae1e eue pae pononnn1enLnmx
6onLunx c1aakn. Ecnn am ceuac am6Le1e ero (n ppyrnx) caonH pesoH, 1o
am ynyuun1e caon uancm na no6epy c 85 po, ckaxeH, 95 npouen1oa. Ho a
HanenLkoH 6anke, ynyuuenne aepon1noc1n aaue no6epm na 10% (6es
yue1a panLneue 1oproann), npnnece1 aaH pononnn1enLno HenLue opno
c1aakn (10% o1 6anka a 7 MC coc1aanne1 0.7 MC). Ecnn am paspeun1e
caonH npo1nannkaH 1nny1L Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn, 1o a1o npnnece1 aaH
ropaspo 6onLue pener.
Mexpy npounH, necHo1pn na 1o, u1o am na qnone cpenae1e 1onLko
konn, Bm, aepon1no, ponxnm 6ype1e cpena1L 6e1 na 1epne, ne o6pauan
annHannn na 1o, kakan kap1a 1aH npnpe1. Cnoynne na qnone ne
o6nsmaae1 aac nm1a1Lcn cpena1L uek-pes na ue1aep1o ynnue. Ecnn am
cpenae1e na 1epne uek, 1o cnyun1cn opna ns cnepykunx payx aeue:
1. Bce po 6a11ona cpenak1 uek. Ba11on cpenae1 6e1 n am cnoaa 6ype1e
~214 ~
pena1L am6op Hexpy konnoH, ynyckan uanc nonyun1L npn6mnL o1
pykn-Honc1pa, n pesoH, ko1opm cpye1 konnepoa.
2. Bce po 6a11ona cpenak1 uek. Ba11on 1oxe cpenae1 uek. Oueanpno,
a1o eue xyxe, ueH nepam cuenapn.
Ecnn am na 1epne cpenae1e 6e1, 1o a1o 6ype1 nyuue, ueH nk6o ns
payx aosHoxnmx cuenapnea. D1o cHy1n1 aaunx npo1nannkoa, no, ckopee
acero onn ace-1akn cpenak1 konn, necHo1pn na caon Hep1ame npnkynnme
pykn. K1o-1o c HenLue pyko Hoxe1 6m1L, paxe cpenae1 pes. Be1,
1akxe, ne pac1 aaunH npo1nannkaH asn1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y. Baua
nonm1ka saHann1L nrpokoa a noayuky na pae c1aakn na qnone no1epnena
neypauy. Ha 1epne, aepon1noc1L ycneunoro ncnonnennn 1ako noayukn,
eue HenLue. 3a6ypL1e o ne n pec1ay1e no ppyroHy nnany.
118
D1a pyka nnnkc1pnpye1 nonn1ne, ko1opoe nonanne1cn noackpy n
neopnokpa1no a a1o knnre. [nn 1oro u1o6m aau amnrpmu a xonpeH 6mn
HakcnHanLnmH, am ponxnm HakcnHnsnpoaa1L aauy oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL a
kaxpo pyke. O6muno a1o osnauae1, u1o am penae1e 6e1 nnn pes
neHepnenno, ecnn y aac xopouan pyka. Ho nnorpa a1o osnauae1, u1o
pasmrpmaa1L pyky npepc1on1 ppyrnHn cnoco6aHn.
B a1oH npnHepe aauy c1pa1ernk qopHnpyk1 paa aaxnmx qak1opa:
pasHep 6anka, n aaua nosnunn o1nocn1enLno ppyrnx nrpokoa (oco6enno
arpeccnanmx). Ecnn am penae1e 6ank 6onLue, 1o ponxnm pena1L pes.
Ecnn Hm nonyunnn arpeccnanoro nrpoka cnpaaa o1 ce6n, 1o Hm ponxnm
pena1L 6e1 aHec1o uek-pesa. B nk6oH ns a1nx cnyuaea arpeccnanan
c1pa1ernn c1anoan1cn nyuue c1pa1erne. Ho, yun1maan oco6me
napaHe1pm a1oro npnHepa, naccnanan c1pa1ernn, a pannoH cnyuae,
HakcnHnsnpye1 aauy oxnpaeHyk npn6mnL.
Cpepnne nrpokn o6muno nrpak1 a onpepenennoH c1nne, nesaancnHo
nn o1 uero. Onn Hory1 acerpa pena1L 1onLko uek n konn, noc1onnno nrpan
saHepnennyk nrpy. Onn Hory1 acerpa pena1L 1onLko 6e1 n pes. Hrpokn-
akcnep1m npnnnHak1 ao annHanne ace napaHe1pm, n am6npak1
on1nHanLnyk c1pa1ernk.
13. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac ua pykax 87. Qaa urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, am nuHn, Hanm 6naup konn, 6onumo 6naup vek (5
MC). 4non KT9 pan aaH payxc1opouuu c1pu1. Manm 6naup
cpenan 6e1, 6onumo 6naup konn, u nepam nuHnep cpenan pes
(9 MC). B1opo nuHnep nac. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Y aac payxc1oponnn c1pn1, no no oc1anLnmH napaHe1paH
aaua pyka cna6a. Ecnn npnxopn1 aane1, 1o nk6o npo1nannk c paHo
o6mrpmaae1 aac. Ecnn na 1epne npnxopn1 uec1epka, 1o am ace paano
Hoxe1e nponrpa1L, ecnn na pnaepe npnpe1 aane1 nnn paHa. Hnorpa am
6ype1e 1nny1L Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky, ecnn k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa
_____________________________
118
B1a pyka nanne1cn aaxnuM npnMepoM ocnoanoro npnnnna. Ecnn au cenann uek n
konn c pyko-Monc1poM, n e11op okasancn, cnpaaa o1 aac, 1o na cneykeM payne au
ne onxnu noa1opn1u nonu1ky uek-pesa, ecnn nocne aac ec1u nrpokn, ko1opue Mory1
o1ae1n1u na aam e1 konnoM. ek-pes Moxno paccMa1pnaa1u 1onuko kora e11op
okasuaae1cn cneaa o1 aac.
~215 ~
nHee1 QJ. Y aac ne1 o6pa1no npnkynnoro qneua, n ne1 nnkako napexpm
na 1o, u1o am amnrpae1e, ecnn paxe npnkynn1e napy. Coo1nouennn 9k2
nepoc1a1ouno a 1ako cn1yaunn. Co HnornHn payxc1oponnnHn c1pn1aHn am
ne ponxnm nacoaa1L na qnone, no nHenno a 1ako cn1yaunn am ponxnm
cpena1L nac.
14. Bm a cpepue nosuuu u y aac AA. Opuu urpok aomen
nuHnoH, u am cpenanu pes. Qaa urpoka cpenanu xonopum konn,
Hanm 6naup nac, u 6onumo 6naup cpenan pepes. RuHnep
konn, u am cpenanu kan. Oc1anuume cpenanu konn (20.5 MC). 4non
Q99. Bonumo 6naup cpenan 6e1, nuHnep pes (23.5 MC). H1o
am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn c naHepenneH cpena1L pes na 1epne. D1o1 c1on onacen, n am
yxe Hoxe1 6m1L nponrpann. Opnako am ne Hoxe1e cpena1L nac. Bank
ouenL 6onLuo. Korpa am na npeqnone c1pon1e 6onLuo 6ank c 6onLunHn
kapHannmHn napaHn, 1o am noppasyHeaae1e, u1o pope1e po ackpm1nn.
Bmaak1 ncknkuennn, korpa ace cknapmaae1cn yxacno, no a1a cn1yaunn
ne opno ns 1aknx ncknkuenn. [axe ecnn k1o-1o pec1an1enLno nHee1
pean1ky, 1o y aac ec1L paa ay1a pnn qynn-xayca (ecnn npnkynn1e 1ysa), n
o6pa1no npnkynno na1coam qneu, ko1opoe nnorpa 6ypy1 ampyua1L aac.
Konn ceuac, aepon1no, nyuue, ueH pes. [o6aanenne 1pe1Le
c1aakn apnp nn yxe saun1n1 aauy pyky. Epnnc1aennme pykn, ko1opme
nocne a1oro cpenak1 nac, a1o 1e pykn, ko1opme am n 1ak o6mrpmaae1e.
KpoHe 1oro, pesep qnona naxopn1cn nenocpepc1aenno cnpaaa o1 aac. On,
aepon1no, 6ype1 pena1L 6e1 na 1epne, ecnn ne nonyun1 pepes na qnone.
Ecnn am ceuac cpenae1e konn n nonyun1e o1 nero na 1epne 6e1, 1o 1orpa
am cHoxe1e cpena1L pes n noc1aan1L oc1anLnmx npo1nannkoa nepep
nnuoH payx 6onLunx c1aaok pnn xonopnoro konna.
Ha 1akoH qnone aaue rnaano uenLk Hoxe1 c1a1L k1o-1o ns
npo1nannkoa c pmpnamH c1pn1oH. Hrpokn c npnkynnmH qneueH n JT
(payxc1oponnn c1pn1), ne cpenak1 nac, ckonLko 6m am pesoa nn
cpenann. Bank ouenL 6onLuo, n am Hoxe1e napen1Lcn 1onLko na 1o, u1o
onn ne poc1pon1 caon npnkynnme pykn. K1o-1o c paHo nnn kapHanno
napo nHee1 1onLko paa ay1a npo1na aac. [mpnam c1pn1 nHee1 ue1mpe
ay1a n nanne1cn ouenL aepon1no yrposo. Ha ue1aep1o ynnue 6ank,
aepon1no, 6ype1 copepxa1L 15 6onLunx c1aaok. [mpnam c1pn1 oc1ae1cn
npn6mnLnmH, ecnn npo1nannky nyxno 6ype1 konnnpoaa1L 1onLko opny
c1aaky, n c1ane1 nepen1a6enLnmH nepep payHn c1aakaHn. TaknH o6pasoH,
am ponxnm cepLesno paccHo1pe1L aosHoxnoc1L pesa na 1epne.
Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, cocpepo1ouL1ecL na 1oH, u1o6m
HakcnHnsnpoaa1L caon uancm na amnrpmu. He nm1a1ecL cnac1n c1aakn,
n ne nm1a1ecL amxa1L pononnn1enLnyk c1aaky ns npo1nannka, 1nnyuero
nou1n Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky. 3aunua1e caok pyky! yuun uanc
peannsoaa1L saun1y, cpena1L konn ceuac, nnannpyn cpena1L pes na
1epne.
119
_____________________________
119
CMo1pn1e nopasen Kora pes ne Moxe1 san1n1u aamy pyky ns pasena 3an1a
aame pykn.
~216 ~
15. Bm a cpepue nosuuu u y aac QQ. Opuu urpok aomen
nuHnoH, u am cpenanu pes. Qaa urpoka cpenanu xonopum konn,
u 6onumo 6naup cpenan konn (10.5 MC). 4non K97 pan aaH
napy c1apme cpepue. Bonumo 6naup penae1 6e1, nuHnep nac
(11.5 MC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pes. HeHnoro neec1ec1aenno pena1L 6e1 c koponeH c 6onLuoro
6nanpa npo1na ue1mpex npo1nannkoa, aknkuan npeqnon pesepa.
BonLunnc1ao nrpokoa cpenano 6m uek. Haccnanme nrpokn Hory1 cpena1L
uek n konn a c1paxe nepep AK y pesepa, a arpeccnanme nrpokn Hory1
cpena1L uek a napexpe npnHenn1L uek-pes. Ecnn nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1,
nHee1 koponn, 1o 1ouno c 1ako xe aepon1noc1Lk on Hoxe1 nHe1L
npnkynno qneu, npnkynno c1pn1 nnn paxe 6onee cna6yk pyky, c
ko1opo on peunn 6neqoaa1L. Hs-sa 1oro, u1o 6ank 6onLuo, am ne
Hoxe1e cpena1L nac. Baun uancm na no6epy ouenL cnnLnm. Ecnn 6m y aac
ne 6mno Q, 1o aau am6op 6mn 6m neaennk. Ho Q ynyuuae1 aauy pyky
payHn cnoco6aHn:
1. Ecnn am co6npae1e ce1, 1o npo1nannk ne Hoxe1 co6pa1L qneu,
ncnonLsyn a1y xe kap1y.
2. D1o pae1 aaH o6pa1no npnkynno qneu.
Bes Q am Hornn 6m cpena1L nac npo1na npnHonnnenoro nrpoka,
ko1opm nnkorpa ne penae1 6e1 c npnkynno pyko nnn cpepne napo. H
ace xe, am ne ponxnm pena1L nac.
Tak kak ceuac aau xop, 1o am ponxnm cpena1L pes, u1o6m
saun1n1L caok pyky. k6o nrpok c pmpnamH c1pn1oH, nnn cpepne
napo, nnn Hnapue napo, Hoxe1 pena1L pen1a6enLnm konn na opny
c1aaky na qnone, ecnn uancm na 6ank ceuac coc1aannk1 12k1, 1o
konn c1anoan1cn nepen1a6enLnmH, ecnn eHy npnpe1cn o1aeua1L konnoH na
pae c1aakn (uancm 1orpa 6ypy1 6.5k1). [axe ecnn am ne yaepenm a
1oH, u1o aaua pyka nyuuan, am ace paano ponxnm amnyxpa1L
npo1nannkoa co cna6mH npnkynnmHn pykaHn am6npa1L Hexpy y6m1ounmH
konnoH n nacoH.
120
16. Bm a nysoao u oveuu arpeccuauo urpe. Y aac AJ ua
6onumoH 6naupe. He1mpe urpoka, aknmvan Hanm 6naup, aomnu
nuHnoH. Bm cpenanu pes. Qaa nuHnepa konn, u 6a11ou pepes.
Manm 6naup konn, am kan. Bce cpenanu konn (20 MC). 4non
KQ7 pan aaH pmpnam c1pu1, oaepkap1m u o6pa1uo npukynuo
ua1coam qnem. Manm 6naup vek, am 6e1. Hepam nuHnep
cpenan pes, a1opo nuHnep pepes, 1pe1u nuHnep kan. Manm
6naup nac (30 MC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Bm nHee1e 30k3 nnn 10k1 nenocpepc1aennmx uancoa
na 6ank, n yxe nnk1o ne cHoxe1 cpena1L aaH pepes. Eue 1pn c1aakn (paa
nannsannmx konna) nou1n poc1a1ounan cyHHa pnn npoponxennn nrpm
nopnnHae1 aaun uancm po 33k1 nnn 11k1.
_____________________________
120
CMo1pn1e pasen 3an1a aame pykn.
~217 ~
Y aac na1coam pmpnam c1pn1, oaepkap1a (npepnonoxn1enLno ne
ouenL aqqek1nano, yun1maan pasaepnyauykcn 1oproank), n o6pa1no
npnkynno na1coam qneu. Hac, paxe npn1oH, u1o aaua npnkynnan pyka
cna6a, 6ype1 rpy6o oun6ko. OuenL 6onLuo 6ank.
121
17. Bm ua HanoH 6naupe u y aac Q5. Tpu urpoka aomnu nuHnoH,
u am cpenanu konn. Bonumo 6naup vek (5 MC). 4non KT5 am
vek. Bonumo 6naup u nepam nuHnep vek. B1opo nuHnep
cpenan 6e1, u 6a11ou konn (7 MC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Baun uancm pnn konna coc1aannk1 7k1, u1o nanne1cn
npepenoH pnn pykn c nn1Lk ay1aHn n HnsepnmH uancoH na 1o, u1o6m 6m1L
nyuue na pannm HoHen1. HeckonLko qak1opoa eue 6onee y6expak1,
u1o c 1ako pyko nyxno pena1L nac:
1. Ha qnone pae kap1m opnnakoao Hac1n. Ecnn npnpe1 Q nnn 5, 1o
a1o co6epe1 koHy-1o ns npo1nannkoa qneu nnn npnkynno qneu c
epnnc1aenno 6y6no a pyke.
2. k6an paHa noHeuae1 na c1on 1pe1Lk kap1y Bpopaen. C1pn1m n pae
napm (c1apue paH n nn1epok) c 6onLunHn kap1aHn na c1one
c1anoan1cn, 6onee aepon1nm. KpoHe 1oro, paHa pae1 nk6oHy
npo1nannky c 1ysoH nnn pean1ko, pmpnam c1pn1, a nk6oHy
npo1nannky c aane1oH payxc1oponnn c1pn1.
3. [nn no6epm aaH neo6xopnHo ynyuun1Lcn. [axe ecnn aaua napa
nn1epok nanne1cn ceuac nyuue pyko (u1o Hanoaepon1no), 1o am
ponxnm 6ype1e ns6exa1L qneue, c1pn1oa, oaepkap1, 6neqa,
ko1opme am ne Hoxe1e konnnpoaa1L, pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnrpa1L.
18. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac 43. Tpu urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH u k1o-1o, co cpepue nosuuu, cpenan pes. Ba11ou
xonopum konn, Hanm 6naup konn, u am cpenanu konn. Qaa
nuHnepa 1oxe cpenanu konn (14 MC). 4non AJ4 pan aaH
Hnapmym napy. Bce po npeqnon pesepa cpenanu vek, ou cpenan
6e1, 6a11ou konn (16 MC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Baua npnkynnan pyka ouenL cna6a. Ha qnone pae kap1m
opno Hac1n, n pae kap1m Bpopaen. Bm Hoxe1e 1nny1L Hep1ayk
npnkynnyk pyky npo1na ce1a nnn AJ. Ecnn am npnpe1 4 nnn 3, 1o a1o
Hoxe1 pa1L koHy-1o qneu. [axe ecnn aaH ne npnpe1 opna ns a1nx
aonue6nmx kap1 na ue1aep1o ynnue, 1o k1o-1o ace paano nHee1 uancm
nepe1nny1L aac na pnaepe. Ecnn am na 1epne co6npae1e pae napm, 1o 1ys
nnn aane1 na pnaepe Hory1 noppena1L aauy pyky. H a saaepuenne, k1o-1o
Hoxe1 eue cpena1L uek-pes.
Tak ao1, necHo1pn na ace a1o, am ponxnm pena1L konn. Bank ouenL
6onLuo. Baua npnkynnan pyka ouenL ynsanHa, n am Hoxe1e nponrpa1L,
_____________________________
121
/nn oncnennn 1oproann na npeqnone, pesa n sa1eM kana, na onumoM nane c
AJ cMo1pn1e kon1ponunu aonpoc N10 ns pasena Kon1ponunue aonpocu no nrpe na
npeqnone. 1ou MakcnMnsnpoaa1u aamy oxnaeMyk npnunu a nrpax na nnsknx
nnMn1ax, au onxnu oecneun1u cee koMqop1, c1pon orpoMnue ankn nn aamnx
cnnunux pyk. Bu Mnoro 1epne1e, nac1anaan na 1oM, u1o ank onxen u1u ManenuknM.
~218 ~
paxe co6paa ero. Ho a1o ne nanne1cn poc1a1ouno npnunno pnn 1oro,
u1o6m pena1L nac c pyko, nHekue nn1L ay1oa, a pasHep 6anka pae1 aaH
coo1nouenne 16k1. Bnoxn1e penLrn n nape1ecL na nyuuee.
19. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac AK. Tpu urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u am
cpenanu pes. Qaa 6naupa u ace nuHnepm konn (12 MC). 4non
K96 pan aaH c1apmym napy u o6pa1uo npukynuo ua1coam
qnem. Bce po aac cpenanu vek, u am cpenanu 6e1. Manm 6naup
cpenan vek-pes, 1pu venoaeka xonopum konn (21 MC). H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pepes. Bm, aepon1no, nHee1e nyuuyk pyky n o6pa1no npnkynno
na1coam qneu, na acnkn cnyua. Hnkakan oaepkap1a ne cHoxe1
o6mrpa1L aauy pyky. C poc1ynnmH na qnone qneueH n npnkynnmH
c1pn1oH, aaua pyka c1ana neckonLko ynsanHe. Ho paxe a a1oH cnyuae,
aaua pyka poc1a1ouno cnnLna, pnn 1oro, u1o6m amnrpmaa1L uaue, ueH
aaua ponn a 6anke (20% npo1na ue1mpex npo1nannkoa).
3aHe1L1e, u1o nponsouno koe-u1o neoxnpannoe. Manm 6nanp
cpenan uek-pes, aepon1no a napexpe sac1aan1L npo1nannkoa cpena1L
nac. BHec1o a1oro, 1poe ns ue1mpex cpenann konn. Boo6ue-1o, am 1oxe
Hornn paccun1maa1L cpena1L uek-pes na qnone, u1o6m nHe1L
aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L 6e1 na 1epne. Ho specL aaH ne nyxen uek-pes.
Hexena1enLnme konnepm Hornn 6m ero ncnyra1L caonHn uekaHn.
Y aac ouenL uennan pyka, pnn 1oro, u1o6m nponyc1n1L pes. Ecnn 6m
am snann, u1o Hanm 6nanp 6ype1 pena1L 6e1 na 1epne, 1o am 6m
npepnounn nopoxpa1L c pesoH po 1epna. Ho ecnn y aac ne1 yaepennoc1n,
u1o aau npo1nannk 6ype1 pena1L 6e1, 1o ne npnansmaa1e caon nnanm k
1aknH npo1nannkaH. [ena1e nyuue 1o, a ueH am yaepenm.
20. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac 66. Hn1u urpokoa aomnu nuHnoH, u
urpok cnpaaa o1 aac cpenan pes. Bm cpenanu xonopum konn, o6a
6naupa konn, u ace nuHnepm konn (18 MC). 4non T66 pan aaH
kape. Bce po aac cpenanu vek. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. ek nanne1cn a6cyppoH. Hcno, u1o aaun npo1nannkn ouenL
nysoame (1a1oame nrpokn ne axopn1 a 6ank apean1epoH). Tak kak 6ank
nanne1cn 6onLunH, 1o onn napy1 nk6oe o6ocnoaanne pnn 1oro, u1o6m
konnnpoaa1L. D1o Hoxe1 6m1L n npnkynno qneu, n pmpnam c1pn1, n pae
oaepkap1m, n opna oaepkap1a, n o6pa1no npnkynno qneu, n o6pa1nm
npnkyn pnn payx nap n 1.p. He ypnann1ecL, ecnn ace aoceHL npo1nannkoa
cpenak1 konn. Onn ne snak1, u1o aaH na qnone npnuno kape. Onn ne
snak1, u1o 1nny1 Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn. [axe ecnn 6m onn n snann, 1o
nonoanna ns nnx penana 6m konn a nk6oH cnyuae.
Baua uennoc1L 6anka nou1n paana 100%. Takoe npenHyuec1ao
nanne1cn ouenL 6onLunH, u1o6m ero ne ncnonLsoaa1L. Ecnn am a 1ako
cn1yaunn penann 6e1 c kapHannmHn 1ysaHn (n am pec1an1enLno ponxnm
ero pena1L), 1o c kape 1eH 6onee.
3aHepnennan nrpa nonesna 1onLko a 1oH cnyuae, ecnn 6ank
HanenLkn, n am nopospeaae1e, u1o 6onLunnc1ao aaunx npo1nannkoa
cpenae1 nac. B a1oH npnHepe am Hoxe1e napen1Lcn na konn o1 uec1n nnn
~219 ~
ceHn npo1nannkoa. Ho kak onn cHory1 cpena1L konn, ecnn am ne cpenae1e
6e1!
~220 ~
Kou1ponuume aonpocm
Hrpa ua 1epue
1. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac AK. He1mpe urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u am
cpenanu pes. Bonumo 6naup u nuHnepm cpenanu konn (12.5
MC). 4non T64 pan aaH npukynuo ua1coam qnem u pae
oaepkap1m. Bce cpenanu vek, u am 6e1. Tpu urpoka cpenanu konn (8
BC). Tepu 2. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. Bm ne ponxnm 6pa1L 6ecnna1nyk kap1y. [nn a1oro ec1L
neckonLko npnunn. Hepaan, aaua pyka Hoxe1 6m1L nyuue ceuac. Tak
kak 6ank 6onLuo, 1o Hnorne nrpokn penann konn na qnone nou1n c
nk6mHn payHn kap1aHn. Konnm na qnone ne o6nsa1enLno roaopn1 o 1oH,
u1o k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa nHee1 xopouyk pyky. HoHnn1e, aaun
npo1nannkn nysoame, n ne nHek1 1ex c1anpap1oa, ko1opme am npnHenne1e
pnn caonx konnoa.
Hs-sa 1oro, u1o am cpenann 6e1, Hoxe1 nponso1n neckonLko
xopounx aeue. Ecnn uac1L, aaunx npo1nannkoa cpenae1 nac, 1o aaun
uancm amnrpa1L neynyuuenno pyko nnn, npnkynna napy, yaennua1cn.
HanpnHep, Hoxe1 cpena1L nac k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa c pyko 97,
ko1opm 1nne1 pmpnam c1pn1 n nHee1 ceHL ay1oa (ncknkunH nnkn,
ko1opme papy1 aaH qneu n oc1any1cn 2 pean1kn, 3 aocLHepkn n 2
ceHepkn), a ecnn 6m on noHan opnn ns a1nx ay1oa, 1o Hor 6m o6mrpa1L
aac. Bm naaepnnka xo1n1e, u1o6m cpenan nac n npo1nannk c pyko 1nna
A4, Hnapuan napa n 1ys c knkepoH. D1o noHorno 6m aaH npnkynn1L paa
ay1a (oc1aaunecn 1ysm). B 6onLuoH 6anke, 1akoH kak a1o1, paxe
nesnaun1enLnoe yaennuenne aaunx uancoa na no6epy, nanne1cn c1onunH
penoH.
Ecnn ace cpenak1 konn, a1o 1oxe 6ype1 npekpacno. Y aac ec1L 15
kap1, u1o6m cpena1L c1apuyk napy nnn na1coam qneu, aaun uancm na
nonyuenne nyxno kap1m ns konopm 2k1. Ecnn kaxpm cpenae1 konn,
1o am nonyun1e uancm na aauy c1aaky 3k1. HecHo1pn na 1o, u1o am
Hoxe1e n ne no6epn1L co c1apue napo, y aac ec1L xopoun sanac,
u1o6m cpena1L c1aaky pnn yaennuennn 6anka.
[axe ecnn cnyun1cn xypuee, n aaH cpenak1 uek-pes, 1o a1o ne 1ak
n nnoxo. Y aac ec1L ceHL ay1oa k na1coaoHy qneuy, n eue neckonLko
xopounx ay1oa. Ho am ne uac1o 6ype1e nonyua1L uek-pes na 1akoH
paanoH 1epne. O6muno, neko1opme ns aaunx npo1nannkoa 6ypy1 1onLko
konnnpoaa1L, a oc1anLnme nacoaa1L. Kaxpm nrpok, penakun nac,
no1enunanLno yaennunaae1 aaun uancm na amnrpmu. Ho onn ne Hory1
cpena1L nac, ecnn am penae1e 1onLko 6e1.
2. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac 99. Tpu urpoka axopn1 nuHnoH, u am
penae1e pes. Manm 6naup konn, u 6onumo 6naup penae1
pepes. Qaoe nuHnepoa nacym1, opuu penae1 konn. Bm penae1e
konn, 1oxe caHoe penae1 Hanm 6naup (14 MC). 4non J33.
Manm 6naup vek, 6onumo 6naup 6e1. RuHnep konn, am konn,
~221 ~
Hanm 6naup konn (9 BC). Tepu 4. Bce po aac penam1 vek. H1o
am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. Bm ponxnm specL cpena1L 6e1. Bank 6onLuo, n Bm,
naaepnoe, nHee1e nyuuyk pyky. Hnk1o ns nrpokoa noka ne nponann
6onLuyk cnny, kpoHe 6onLuoro 6nanpa, ko1opm na npeqnone cpenan
pepes. Tak kak 6onLuo 6nanp cpenan na 1epne uek, 1o Hoxno
poc1a1ouno yaepenno npepnonoxn1L, u1o y nero pae 6onLune kap1m,
nanpnHep AK, no ne oaepnapa nnn aane1. On Hoxe1 nHe1L kapHannme
pecn1kn, a nnaue am ero o6mrpmaae1e.
Hoxoxe, u1o am o6mrpmaae1e n nnHnepa. On noka ne penan nnuero
kpoHe konnoa n ueka na 1epne. Ecnn 6m on nHen aane1a nnn 1poky, 1o on
6m yxe cpenan 6e1. Ckopee acero, y nero ne cnapennme kap1m (Hoxe1
6m1L oaepkap1m no o1nouennk k aaunH pean1kaH).
Hrpok na HanoH 6nanpe Hoxe1 aac o6mrpa1L. BosHoxno, on cpenan
paaxpm uek c 1poko, nnannpyn uek-pes na ue1aep1o ynnue. Takxe,
aosHoxno n 1o, u1o on po6ko nrpae1 c aane1oH. Ho aecknx npnunn, pnn
1oro, u1o6m npepnonoxn1L y nero xopouyk pyky, ne1. Hoka on 1onLko
konnnpoaan, u1o o6muno osnauae1 o1cy1c1ane xopoue pykn.
Baua pyka ynsanHa. k6an ns kap1, c1apue aaunx pean1ok, Hoxe1
aac o6mrpa1L. Bm ponxnm cpena1L 6e1, u1o6m saun1n1L caok pyky.
122
3. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac AA. Tpu urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u am
cpenanu pes. O6a 6naupa u ace nuHnepm konn (12 MC). 4non
Q73. Bce cpenanu vek, u am cpenanu 6e1. Tpoe urpokoa cpenanu
konn (8 BC). Tepu 9. Bce cpenanu vek, u am cpenanu 6e1. Hepam
urpok nac, a1opo konn, a 1pe1u cpenan vek-pes (12 BC). H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Ckopee acero, am yxe nponrpann. Hrpok, penakun uek-
pes na 1epne (nocne 1oro kak opnn nnn 6onee nrpokoa yxe cpenann
konn), 6neqye1 pepko. D1o1 1epn o1nocn1enLno paanm, noa1oHy, uanc,
u1o on okasmaae1 paanenne, nHen npnkynnyk pyky, ouenL Han.
Opnako am ne Hoxe1e cpena1L nac. Bank ouenL 6onLuo. Baun
uancm pnn konna 12k1. Bau npo1nannk Hoxe1 nHe1L pae napm. Y aac
ec1L aoceHL ay1oa, u1o6m 6n1L nk6me pae napm (2 1ysa, n 6 kap1,
ko1opme Hory1 co6pa1L napy na c1one, ne penan npo1nannky qynn-xayc).
Baun uancm na 1o, u1o am am1nne1e ns konopm nyxnyk kap1y, paannk1cn
4.75k1.
123
_____________________________
122
/axe npn1oM, u1o a a1oM, ocooM cnyuae, au, aepon1no, ye1e nMe1u nyumyk pyky,
au yn1e uyac1aoaa1u, u1o au ne nMee1e nyumyk pyky npnnnsn1enuno a nn1necn1n
npoen1ax cnyuaea, nn 1oro, u1ou e1 un npaannunuM. Ha a1o ec1u ae npnunnu:
1. Y koro-1o ns nrpokoa ec1u oaepkap1a, k ko1opo on Mor u npnkynn1u napy na
pnaepe, cenae1 nac, nocne aamero e1a na 1epne.
2. Ee1 nosaonn1 aaM uae nonyun1u ecnna1noe ackpu1ne. TaknM opasoM, au
nnaec1npye1e ononnn1enunyk c1aaky na 1epne, u1ou uae akonoMn1u c1aaky na
pnaepe.
123
CMo1pn1e pasen Ckpu1ue ay1u.
~222 ~
Bau ppyro npo1nannk npepc1aanne1 ne6onLuyk yrposy. BosHoxno,
on na qnone o6pasoaan napy ne c 1o kap1o, c ko1opo uek-pesep
o6pasoaan pae napm (aosHoxno uek-pesep nHee1 97, a konnep QT). B
a1oH cnyuae y aac oc1ae1cn 1onLko nn1L ay1oa, ecnn konnep npoponxn1
nrpy. Ho paxe a a1oH cnyuae, nn1L ay1oa pak1 aaH aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L
npaannLnm konn, npn o1nouennn c1aakn k 6anky 12k1.
KpoHe 1oro, aoace ne o6nsa1enLno, u1o am yxe nponrpann. Bau
npo1nannk ne o6nsa1enLno 6neqye1, on Hoxe1 nHe1L acero nnuL c1apuyk
napy. Ecnn aaua pyka ceuac nyuuan, 1o, cpenaa nac, am coaepun1e
HonyHen1anLnyk oun6ky. Hpn1oH, u1o on Hoxe1 nHe1L pae napm, ec1L
uanc, u1o y nero 1onLko c1apuan napa. A a1o npn6aanne1 npn6mnLnoc1n
aaueHy konny.
Pepes a1o cnnLnm am6op. On Hoxe1 noHouL aaH npnkynn1L paa
ay1a, ecnn konnep 6ype1 am6n1 ns nrpm. Oak1nueckn, ecnn am nnannpye1e
cpena1L konn na pnaepe (n aepon1no ponxnm ero pena1L), 1o cpena1L na
1epne pepes nyuue, ueH konn. Ecnn uek-pesep o1aeuae1 konnoH na aau
pepes, 1o na pnaepe on cpenae1 uek. Konnm na 1epne n pnaepe o6opy1cn
aaH a pae c1aakn. Bo c1onLko xe aaH o6ope1cn n pepes na 1epne.
Ho pepes Hoxe1 npnaec1n aac k ue1mpeH c1aakaH. PaccHo1pe1L
pepes Hoxno 1onLko a 1oH cnyuae, ecnn aau npo1nannk naccnaen.
Haccnaen nac1onLko, u1o on ne 6ype1 aknapmaa1L ue1mpe c1aakn 6es
na1coao koH6nnaunn kap1 (kapHannme paHm). Ecnn xe nrpok arpeccnaen,
1o ne pena1e pepes, no1oHy u1o arpeccnanm nrpok naaepnnka nope1
na ue1mpe c1aakn c payHn napaHn.
B nk6oH cnyuae, nac a1o oun6ka. Korpa 6ank 6onLuo, a a1o 6maae1
uac1o, korpa y aac 6onLuan kapHannan napa, 1o o6muno am ne Hoxe1e
pena1L nac co caoe oaepnapo na ue1aep1o ynnue, paxe ecnn n
yaepenm, u1o nponrpmaae1e.
4. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac T7. Tpu urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, Hanm 6naup penae1 konn, am vek (5 MC). 4non Q94.
Manm 6naup vek, am vek, u ace aokpyr vek (2.5 BC). Tepu 7.
Manm 6naup 6e1. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Manm 6nanp Hoxe1 6neqoaa1L, no a 1akoH HanenLkoH
6anke am ponxnm nacoaa1L. B pononnenne k HanoHy 6nanpy, ec1L eue
1pn nrpoka, ko1opme Hory1 o6mrpa1L aac. Ecnn am koHy-nn6ypL ns nnx
nponrpann, 1o am 1nne1e nou1n Hep1ame npnkynnme pykn. Ec1L nn1L kap1,
ko1opme Hory1 ynyuun1L aac, no 1onLko epnnc1aennan 7, ne o6pasye1 na
c1one 1pex kap1 pnn c1pn1a nnn 1pex kap1 pnn qneua. Ecnn xe aaua pyka
ceuac nyuuan, 1o ona ouenL ynsanHa co c1oponm npnkynnmx pyk,
nHekunxcn y aaunx npo1nannkoa. Ecnn aaua npnkynnan pyka nou1n
yHepna, 1o npnkynnme pykn aaunx npo1nannkoa ouenL paxe xnam.
Hoa1oHy nac.
5. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac A9. Hrpok c UTG cpenan pes,
paa urpoka cpenanu xonopum konn, Hanm 6naup konn, u am
konn (10 MC). 4non T44. Manm 6naup cpenan vek, am vek, u
ace oc1anuume vek (5 BC). Tepu 9. Manm 6naup 6e1. H1o am
~223 ~
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pes. Manm 6nanp Hoxe1 6neqoaa1L. Ho a o1nnune o1
kon1ponLnoro aonpoca N4, am ponxnm oc1a1Lcn a nrpe c 6onLunH
6ankoH. Manm 6nanp Hoxe1 nHe1L pecn1ky nnn ue1aepky. Ho eue on
Hoxe1 pena1L 6e1 c pasnoo6pasnmHn pykaHn, aknkuan pean1ky c knkepoH
cna6ee, ueHy aac, Henko kapHanno napo, npnkynnmH c1pn1oH nnn
nonnmH 6neqoH.
Cnapennme kap1m penak1 Henee aepon1nmH npenHyuec1ao nap
aaHn. Ec1L 1onLko 5 kap1, c ko1opmHn Hory1 o6mrpa1L aac (3 pecn1kn n 2
ue1aepkn). B 1o xe apeHn, a kon1ponLnoH aonpoce N4, aac Hornn
o6mrpa1L 6 kap1 (3 paHm, 3 pean1kn) nnkc nk6me ceHepkn c nyuunH
knkepoH, ueH y aac.
KpoHe 1oro, cnapennme kap1m pak1 HenLue npnkynnmx pyk aaunH
npo1nannkaH. Hoa1oHy, onn 6ypy1 nepe1nrnaa1L aac pexe, korpa aaua
pyka nyuuan, a am npo1nannkoa c pecn1ko 6ype1e nepe1nrnaa1L uaue,
korpa aaua pyka xypuan. Baun uac1nunme ay1m cnnLnee na
neckooppnnnpoaannoH c1one. B cpaanennn c kon1ponLnmH aonpocoH N4,
aaua pyka cnnLnee, n 6ank 6onLue. D1n pasnnunn osnauak1, u1o am ne
ponxnm pena1L nac.
Pes nyuue 6e1a, no1oHy u1o on saunuae1 aauy pyky. BosHoxno,
k1o-1o co6pan npnkynno c1pn1. Bm ponxnm amnypn1L o6napa1enn 1ako
npnkynno pykn sanna1n1L pae c1aakn sa konn. KpoHe 1oro, aau pes
Hoxe1 nnorpa sac1aan1L nacoaa1L o6napa1enn pecn1kn, 1ak kak aaua nrpa
Hoxe1 6m1L aocnpnnn1a kak saHepnennan nrpa c ue1aepko.
Pes nnorpa 6ype1 c1on1L aaH pononnn1enLno c1aakn, korpa am
c1onkne1ecL c ue1aepko nnn qynn-xaycoH. TeH ne Henee, am ne ponxnm
nrpa1L naccnano npn 6onLuoH 6anke c ynsanHo pyko. Hrpa1e
arpeccnano n saunua1e caoe npenHyuec1ao.
6. Bm ua UTG u y aac KK. Bm cpenanu pes. Qaa urpoka cpenanu
xonopum konn, u o6a 6naupa cpenanu konn (10 MC). 4non
J63. Bnaupm vek, am 6e1, u ace konn (7.5 BC). Tepu Q. Manm
6naup 6e1, 6onumo 6naup konn. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pes. Kap1a 1epna neHnoro onacna, 1ak kak 1enepL nk6o
npo1nannk c QJ Hoxe1 nHe1L pae napm. Opnako, 6ank 6onLuo, n am ne
ponxnm nosaonn1L a1o sa6aano neoxnpanno c1aake, noHeua1L aaH,
saun1n1L caok pyky. Ecnn Hanm 6nanp co6pan pae napm, 1o y aac ec1L
aoceHL ay1oa. Ecnn on ne co6pan pae napm, 1o aaua pyka, naaepnoe,
nyuuan. B a1oH cnyuae, aau pes aaxen.
Pes na ue1aep1o ynnue upesamuano uenen npn ynsanHo pyke a
6onLuoH 6anke. Hou1n nnk1o co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn ne cHoxe1
konnnpoaa1L pae c1aakn a xonopnyk na 1epne c npn6mnLk. Bm ne Hoxe1e
nosaonn1L kakoHy-1o c1pannoHy 6e1y saHoposn1L aac. H 1eH 6onee ne
Hoxe1e nponyc1n1L aosHoxnoc1L cpena1L pes.
7. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac 87. Qaa urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, 6a11ou cpenan pes. Manm 6naup konn, am konn, u
~224 ~
nuHnepm konn (10 MC). 4non K96 pan aaH pmpnam c1pu1 u
o6pa1uo npukynuo qnem. Bce po 6a11oua cpenanu vek, ou cpenan
6e1. Manm 6naup konn, am konn, opuu nuHnep konn (7 BC). Tepu
2. Bce po 6a11oua vek, ou onn1u 6e1. Manm 6naup nac (8 BC).
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Baun uancm nonyun1L uec1epky paannk1cn 10.5k1, a
uancm na 6ank paanm 1onLko 8k1. OuenL Hanoaepon1no, u1o na pnaepe
am cHoxe1e co6pa1L 1pn pononnn1enLnmx c1aakn. TaknH o6pasoH, aaun
no1enunanLnme uancm nepoc1a1ounm, u1o6m cpena1L konn. KpoHe 1oro, a
pannoH cnyuae a1o Hanoaepon1no, no aosHoxno, u1o k1o-1o ns nrpokoa,
ko1opme 6ypy1 axopn1L a 1oproank nocne aac, cpenak1 uek-pes. A a1o
cpenae1 aau konn ouenL poporoc1onunH. H eue, 6 ne pae1 aaH na1c, 1ak
kak ona noHorae1 koHy-1o ns nrpokoa co6pa1L qneu. Bm ponxnm uac1o
pena1L konn na qnone co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn, no am6pacmaa1L
pyky na 1epne, ecnn ne npnkynnnn nyxnyk kap1y (konn na 1epne c1on1 ne
opny Hanyk, a opny 6onLuyk c1aaky).
8. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac AQ. He1mpe urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u
am cpenanu pes. Manm 6naup nac, 6onumo 6naup konn,
nuHnepm konn (12.5 MC). 4non QT7 pan aaH c1apmym napy u
o6pa1uo npukynuo ua1coam qnem. Bonumo 6naup 6e1, nepam
nuHnep konn, a a1opo nuHnep cpenan pes. Cnepymu urpok
cpenan xonopum konn, ve1aep1m nuHnep nac. Bm konn. Bonumo
6naup u nepam nuHnep konn (11 BC). Tepu 3. Bce po pesepa
qnona cpenanu vek. Ou cpenan 6e1, cnepymu urpok konn (13
BC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pes. Hpnunna, no ko1opo am penann konn pesa na qnone,
coc1onna a 1oH, u1o6m cpena1L pes na ue1aep1o ynnue, ecnn na 1epne
npnpe1 nyc1muka. 3 nanne1cn npekpacno kap1o pnn a1oro. Cnepy1e
panLue caoeHy nnany. Bank 6onLuo n aaua pyka anonne Hoxe1 6m1L
nyuue.
124
Mm npnaopnnn a knnre neckonLko npnHepoa, korpa am nHenn
norpannunyk, kpane ynsanHyk pyky c opno napo, ko1opyk Hm
saunuann na 1epne pesoH. D1o1 pes nanne1cn cepLesnmH npneHoH,
ko1opm Hnorne nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax nponyckak1. Heko1opme nkpn
ne xenak1 pena1L ne 1epne pes c opno napo. Onn nonnoc1Lk
saHopaxnaak1cn na ynnuax 6onLuo c1aakn (1epn n pnaep), korpa k1o-1o
naunnae1 peHonc1pnpoaa1L cnny, penan 6e1. He kaxpm penae1 6e1 na
1epne, nHen pae napm. [axe korpa 1ako 6e1 npnxopn1 o1 noaoro
npo1nannka. Oak1nueckn, ao Hnornx cnyuanx, neoxnpannan c1aaka na
1epne ykasmaae1 na cna6oc1L, a ne na cnny. Korpa k1o-1o penae1 uek n
konn na qnone c Hnapue napo, a sa1eH, ynyuuae1cn na 1epne po payx
nap nnn 1pnnca, 1o on, ec1ec1aenno, 6ype1 nm1a1Lcn cpena1L uek-pes, a
ne 6e1. Hoa1oHy, korpa am anpn1e, u1o k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa penan na
_____________________________
124
Onn1u, ne1 neoxonMoc1n xa1u 50% aepon1noc1n 1oro, u1o aama pyka nyuman, nn
1oro, u1ou cena1u akonoMnueckn oocnoaannu pes. Bam pes Moxe1 cnac1n aaM
ank, a ee on Moxe1 npnkynn1u aaM ecnna1noe ackpu1ne, ecnn au noxenae1e a1oro.
~225 ~
qnone uek n konn, no cpenan 6e1 na 1epne, 1o a1o nn6o 6neq, nn6o
ynyuunnacL ero cna6an pyka. BosHoxno, on co6pan npnkynno qneu, nnn
Hnapuyk napy, n xoue1 nocHo1pe1L aauy peakunk na cao 6e1. B nk6oH
cnyuae, ecnn 6ank 6onLuo n Hnorouncnennm, ne nrpa1e oc1opoxno,
saunua1e caok pyky.
9. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac 86. Tpu urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, am
nuHn, Hanm 6naup konn, 6onumo 6naup vek (6 MC). 4non
J94 pan aaH npukynuo qnem. Manm 6naup vek, 6onumo
6naup 6e1, u paoe us 1pex nuHnepoa konn. Bm cpenanu pes.
Manm 6naup nac, a 6onumo 6naup u nuHnepm konn (7 BC).
Tepu Q. Bce po aac cpenanu vek. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: ek. BosLHn1e 6ecnna1nyk kap1y. Bpnp nn am neHepnenno
amnrpae1e 6ank npo1na 1pex nrpokoa, ecnn cpenae1e 6e1. Hapm aocLHepok
nnn uec1epok, aepon1no, 6ype1 nepoc1a1ouno pnn no6epm, paxe ecnn am
yHenLun1e konnuec1ao nrpokoa, cpenaa 6e1. Bm ne Hoxe1e cpena1L 6e1
pnn yaennuennn 6anka, no1oHy u1o aaun uancm na nonyuenne nyxno
kap1m pnn qneua coc1aannk1 1onLko 4k1, n am nHee1e 1onLko 1pex
npo1nannkoa. KpoHe 1oro, kap1a 1epna Horna noHouL koHy-1o poc1pon1L
c1pn1 nnn co6pa1L pae napm. H 1ako nrpok Hor sannannpoaa1L uek-pes.
BypL1e npoue, aosLHn1e 6ecnna1nyk kap1y.
10. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac A6. Qaa urpoka aomnu nuHnoH. Hrpok,
cnpaaa o1 aac, nysoam, cna6m, u uoauvok a nokepe, aomen
nuHnoH. Bm nuHn, Hanm 6naup konn, 6onumo 6naup vek (6
MC). 4non AQ4 pan aaH c1apmym napy. Bce cpenanu vek po
urpoka cnpaaa o1 aac, ko1opm cpenan 6e1. Bm cpenanu pes. Bce
po urpoka, cpenaamero 6e1, c6pocunu kap1m, ou konn (5 BC). Tepu
4. Bam npo1uauuk vek. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. Bau cna6m npo1nannk apnp nn 6ype1 npnHenn1L kakne-1o
xn1pme npneHm. Ecnn on cpenae1 uek-pes, 1o Bm, aepon1no, cepLesno
nponrpmaae1e, a no1oHy, Hoxe1e 6narononyuno cpena1L nac a 1akoH
HanenLkoH 6anke. Heo6xopnHo ckasa1L, u1o am 1oxe ne nnoxo cansanm.
Bau npo1nannk na qnone, aosHoxno, penan 6e1 c 1ysoH, no 1akxe on Hor
nHe1L paHy, kapHannyk napy nnn kakyk-1o c1pannyk pyky, c ko1opo
peunn cpena1L 6neq. Ecnn y nero 1ys, 1o cnapennme na c1one ue1aepkn
peuak1 aauy npo6neHy, nnuL 6m y nero ne 6mno AK, AQ nnn A4. TaknH
o6pasoH, ec1L acero neckonLko pyk, c ko1opmHn on o6mrpmaae1 aac.
Bank HanenLkn, ecnn am ceuac anepepn, 1o y npo1nannka ec1L
acero neckonLko ay1oa, u1o6m o6mrpa1L aaunx 1ysoa. Hoa1oHy y aac ne1
neo6xopnHoc1n saunua1L caok pyky. D1o1 6e1 pnn yaennuennn 6anka. Bm
napee1ecL, u1o aau cna6enLkn npo1nannk 6ype1 konnnpoaa1L aac po
konua paspaun, co caoe coHnn1enLno pyko. [nn 1oro u1o6m
amnrpmaa1L a nokep na nnsknx nnHn1ax, nyxno uac1o sany1maa1L n
a1akoaa1L pac1epnnnmx nrpokoa. Baua c1pa1ernn npo1na nnx ponxna
caopn1Lcn k 1oHy, u1o6m poxpa1Lcn npnnnuno co6panno pykn, a no1oH
pena1L 6e1m pnn yaennuennn 6anka kaxpm pas, korpa aaH 6ype1
npepoc1aann1Lcn 1akan aosHoxnoc1L. He paaa1e nH 6ecnna1nmx kap1 n
6ecnna1nmx ackpm1n. D1o npekpacno nnskn pnck n aosHoxnoc1n no
~226 ~
yaennuennk 6anka 6e1aHn.
11. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac 76. Qaa urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, am
nuHn, Hanm 6naup konn, 6onumo 6naup vek (5 MC). 4non
Q85 pan aaH Houemym npukynuym pyky payxc1opouuu
c1pu1 nnmc npukynuo qnem (15 ay1oa, paouan npukynuan pyka).
Manm 6naup 6e1, ace 1pu urpoka konn, am pes. Manm 6naup
pepes. Bce onn1u cpenanu konn. Bm cpenanu kan. Bce konn (12.5
BC). Tepu 3 co6pan aaH qnem. Bce cpenanu vek po urpoka cnpaaa
o1 aac, ko1opm cpenan 6e1. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Pes. D1o nnoxo, u1o nrpok cnpaaa o1 aac cpenan 6e1, nocne 1oro,
kak na 1epne npnuna kap1a pnn qneua. Ecnn y nero qneu, 1o, aepon1no,
c1apue aauero, 1ak kak y aac acero, nnuL ceHepka (penae1 aauy
npnkynnyk pyky Hep1ao). Ho, ne cHo1pn, nn na u1o, am ponxnm cpena1L
pes. Bank 6onLuo, noa1oHy am ponxnm saun1n1L caok pyky o1
c1apuero opno kap1ounoro qneua. Oueanpno, u1o nnk1o c A ne cpenae1
nac (no am ponxnm asn1L c 1akoro npo1nannka pae c1aakn). Hrpok c K
1oxe apnp nn cpenae1 nac, no npo1nannkn c opnnoknHn J, T nnn 9,
anonne Hory1 cpena1L nac, aHec1o 1oro, u1o6m konnnpoaa1L pae 6onLune
c1aakn. H cnoaa nanoHnnaeH, ne npepnonara1e xypuero 1onLko ns-sa
1oro, u1o k1o-1o na 1epne cpenan 6e1. 3aunua1e caok pyky, korpa 6ank
6onLuo.
12. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac AQ. He1mpe urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u
am cpenanu pes. O6a 6naupa cpenanu nac, a nuHnepm konn (11.5
MC). 4non J95 pan aaH npukynuo ua1coam qnem u pae
oaepkap1m. Bce po aac cpenanu vek, u am cpenanu 6e1. Hepam
nuHnep cpenan vek-pes. Qaoe us 1pex oc1aamuxcn nuHnepoa
cpenanu xonopum konn. Bm pepes, ace konn (11.5 BC). Tepu J.
Hepam nuHnep cpenan 6e1 (ua qnone ou cpenan vek-pes). Opuu
urpok konn, cnepymu sa uuH, cpenan pes (15.5 BC). H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Bank ouenL 6onLuo, noa1oHy nac pena1L nenLsn. Ha c1one
cnapennme kap1m, aosHoxno, k1o-1o co6pan qynn-xayc, oc1aannn aac
1nny1L Hep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky. Ho o1nouenne aauero konna k 6anky
nou1n paano ceuac 8k1. D1o ouenL 6onLuo sanac, u1o6m npoponxa1L
a 1ex cnyuanx, korpa aaua npnkynnan pyka xnaan. Korpa am sanonnnnn
c1aakaHn 6ank na qnone, nHen nyuuyk pyky (a1o am ponxnm pena1L
acerpa), 1o, 1eH caHmH, am npnansann ce6n k 6anky, paxe ecnn na 1epne
npnxopn1 kap1a, ocna6nnkuan aaue npnkynnyk pyky. Hepep 1eH kak
paccHo1pe1L aosHoxnoc1L naca, am ponxnm 6m1L a6conk1no yaepenm a
1oH, u1o k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa pepxn1 qynn-xayc. Ho noka ne1 nnkako
npnunnm npepnonoxn1L y koro-1o pyky 6onLue, ueH 1pn aane1a.
125
13. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac J5. Qaa urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, Hanm 6naup cpenan konn, am vek (4 MC). 4non J83
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125
CMo1pn1e nopasen Hpoonxenne nrpu c Mep1auMn npnkynnuMn pykaMn pasena
Eonumo ank npo1na Manenukoro anka.
~227 ~
pan aaH c1apmym napy. Manm 6naup vek, am cpenanu 6e1.
Hepam nuHnep nac, uo a1opo nuHnep cpenan pes. Manm
6naup nac, am konn (4 BC). Tepu 9. Bm vek, aam npo1uauuk 6e1.
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. Bm penann 6e1 na qnone, no1oHy u1o y aac 6mn cnnLnm
uanc na 1o, u1o aaua pyka nyuuan. Tak kak y aac ne1 cnnLnoro knkepa, 1o
nk6an c1apuan napa uac1o 6ype1 nyuue pyko a ne saamuennoH 6anke c
ue1mpLHn npo1nannkaHn. Ecnn 6m pes na npeqnone 6mn, 1o a1o ace
paano ne paaano 6m aaH noaopa o1nocn1Lcn k caoe pyke nyuue. OuenL
noxoxe na 1o, u1o am nponrpmaae1e aane1y co c1apunH knkepoH. [axe
ecnn am anepepn, 1o aau npo1nannk, aepon1no, nHee1 npnnnunyk
npnkynnyk pyky (nanpnHep, npnkynno qneu, n aosHoxno oaepkap1m k
aaunH aane1aH). TaknH o6pasoH, am pepko 6ype1e nepe1nrnaa1L caoero
npo1nannka, ecnn on co6epe1 caok npnkynnyk pyky, 1o on 6ype1 uac1o
nepe1nrnaa1L aac, paxe ecnn aaua pyka ceuac nyuuan.
Bm Hornn Hrnoaenno cpena1L nac, nonyuna pes na qnone. Ho 6mno
neckonLko npnunn pnn konna:
1. Bm Hornn poxpa1Lcn nn1epky n ynyuun1L pyky.
2. Bau npo1nannk Hor cpena1L pes c npnkynno pyko. B a1oH cnyuae,
on Hor o1ae1n1L uekoH na aau uek, 1ak kak on axopnn a 1oproank
nocne aac. Korpa 1akoe cnyuae1cn, 1o am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L a
6onLunnc1ae 1aknx paspau.
3. Hnorpa am ponxnm pena1L nysoam konn, a o1ae1 na pes. TaknH
o6pasoH, ecnn am penae1e 6e1 n napmaae1ecL na pes, 1o am ne
acerpa ponxnm pena1L nac cpasy, paxe ecnn am pyHae1e, u1o ne
nHee1e uancoa na npoponxenne. Ecnn am acerpa 6ype1e pena1L nac,
1o aaun npo1nannkn nauny1 nrpa1L npo1na aac arpeccnano, snan, u1o
am kaxpm pas nacye1e. Mnorne nrpokn na nnsknx nnHn1ax ne
ocaepoHnenm o6 a1oH, no neko1opme sanoHnn1, u1o am uac1o
nacye1e, n nauny1 noc1onnno aac npoaepn1L.
O6Lepnnna a1n 1pn npnunnm, am Hoxe1e npn1n k amaopy, u1o aau
konn a o1ae1 na pes na qnone, 6mn o6ocnoaannmH. Ho na 1epne, ecnn
aaua pyka ne ynyuunnacL, n npo1nannk cpenan 6e1, 1o aaH nyxno
nacoaa1L, ne o6pauan, nn na u1o annHannn. [ena1L konn po ackpm1nn a
HanenLkoH 6anke c a1opocop1no pyko neamropno.
14. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac 65. He1mpe urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, u 6a11ou cpenan pes. Manm 6naup nac, am konn,
nuHnepm konn (12.5 MC). 4non Q73 pan aaH pmpnam c1pu1 u
o6pa1uo npukynuo qnem. Bm vek, u ace urpoku po 6a11oua vek.
Ba11ou 6e1, am konn u 1pu urpoka konn (8.5 BC). Ha 1epue 4
poc1pouna aaH c1pu1. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. BonLunnc1ao nrpokoa nnc1nnk1nano nm1anncL 6m pasmrpa1L
uek-pes, no a1o, sauac1yk, nenpaannLnan nrpa. Y aac na1c, n kap1m na
c1one ne pann nnkoHy npnkynnoro qneua. Baua uenL saknkuae1cn 1enepL
a 1oH, u1o6m nonyun1L caHyk 6onLuyk aosHoxnyk 1oproank o1 aaunx
npo1nannkoa.
~228 ~
Ecnn am cpenae1e uek, 1o pasan1ne co6m1n nouno 6m no payH
cuenapnnH, 6onee aepon1nmH, ueH nk6me ppyrne:
1. Bce po 6a11ona penak1 uek, on penae1 6e1. Bau uek-pes noc1aan1
acex nrpokoa (neko1opme, aepon1no, 1nny1 Hep1ame npnkynnme
pykn) nepep neo6xopnHoc1Lk xonopnoro konna a pae c1aakn.
2. Bce po 6a11ona penak1 uek, on 1oxe penae1 uek. Ecnn on ne
ynyuunn 6onLune kap1m, 1nna AK, 1o on cpenae1 1ako uek.
B nk6oH cnyuae, am nonyuae1e ne6onLuyk 1oproank. ek-pes
Hoxe1 am6n1L ns 6anka 6onLunnc1ao nrpokoa, 1ak kak nrpok, aepon1no
cepnaaun 6e1, naxopn1cn cnpaaa o1 aac. H am ne Hoxe1e napen1Lcn na
1o, u1o uek-pes nonyun1cn, 1ak kak aHec1o 6e1a, am nerko Hoxe1e
nonyun1L uek. D1o ouenL aaxnan npen, noa1oHy, ypoc1oaepL1ecL, u1o am
nonnHae1e ee.
Ecnn am cpenae1e 6e1, 1o am uac1o 6ype1e co6npa1L konnm o1
neckonLknx npo1nannkoa. Ecnn aaH noaese1, 1o am Hoxe1e nonyun1L pes,
ko1opm nosaonn1 aaH cpena1L pepes. Bm naaepnnka nonyun1e 6onLue
1oproank, ecnn cpenae1e 6e1, ao1 n pena1e ero.
15. Bm ua 6onumoH 6naupe u y aac 65. He1mpe urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, 6a11ou cpenan pes. Manm 6naup nac, am konn,
nuHnepm konn (12.5 MC). 4non Q95 pan aaH Hnapmym napy u
o6pa1uo npukynuo qnem. Bm penae1e vek, u ace po 6a11oua vek.
Ba11ou penae1 6e1. Bm konn
126
, u 1pu ppyrux urpoka konn (8.5 BC).
Tepu 6 pan aaH pae napm. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: ek, nnannpyn uek-pes. D1a cn1yaunn ouenL o1nnuae1cn o1
kon1ponLnoro aonpoca N14. Toproann noxoxa, no am nHee1e pae
Hnapune napm aHec1o na1coaoro c1pn1a.
D1a pyka 6onee ynsanHa. [aHa n pean1ka Hory1 noppena1L aaun pae
napm. k6o npo1nannk c 6onLuo napo, ecnn co6epe1 napy caoeHy
knkepy, 6ype1 o6mrpmaa1L aac. KpoHe 1oro, nk6o nrpok c opnnoko
ceHepko nnn aocLHepko, nHee1 pmpnam c1pn1, a pykn 1nna KJ
o6pasyk1 pmpnam c1pn1 c paHo n pean1ko.
Bank 6onLuo, n am ouenL ynsanHm. Baue rnaano sapaue
ponxno c1a1L yaennuenne aaunx uancoa na no6epy. yuunH cnoco6oH
pnn a1oro nanne1cn uek-pes nocne 1oro, kak 6a11on cpenae1 6e1. D1o
noc1aan1 aaunx npo1nannkoa nepep neo6xopnHoc1Lk xonopnoro konna a
pae c1aakn. Ceuac am ponxnm c1peHn1Lcn am6n1L nk6oro npo1nannka ns
6anka.
Bce npo1nannkn Hory1 cpena1L uek, no a1o noHoxe1 aaH saun1n1L
pyky, ns6exaa, pncka. Be1 ne pac1 a1oro. B cnyuae c na1coH, 6e1 ponxen
nooupn1L npo1nannkoa c Hep1amHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn pena1L konnm. B
pannoH cnyuae, ace nrpokn 1nny1 xname npnkynnme pykn.
Bm Hoxe1e nocun1a1L an1n-nn1yn1nanmHn 6e1 c na1coH, n uek-pes
(o6muno, caHm cnnLnm xop) c naHnoro 6onee cna6o pyko. Opnako ne
_____________________________
126
Pes, 1oxe xopomo.
~229 ~
nrpa1e aa1oHa1nueckn aaun cnnLnme pykn arpeccnano, a cna6me pykn
naccnano. BHec1o a1oro peun1e, kako pesynL1a1 am xo1n1e nonyun1L
(nanpnHep, Hnoro konnepoa, nnn Hano konnepoa), n 1onLko nocne a1oro
am6npa1e peuenne, ko1opoe HakcnHnsnpye1 aau uanc poc1nrny1L
xenaeHoro pesynL1a1a.
~230 ~
Kou1ponuume aonpocm
Hrpa ua puaepe
1. Qaa urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u am cpenanu pes c 6a11oua c QQ.
Bonumo 6naup u nuHnepm konn (8.5 MC). 4non T84 pan aaH
oaepnapy. Bamu npo1uauuku vek, u am 6e1. Bce npo1uauuku
cpenanu konn (6 BC). Tepu 4. Bamu npo1uauuku cpenanu vek, u am
6e1. Bonumo 6naup konn, uo nuHnepm nac (8 BC). Puaep A. Bam
npo1uauuk 6e1 (9 BC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Pnaep onacen, n aau npo1nannk Hor npepanpe1L a1o. Mnorne
nrpokn, paxe ouenL naccnanme, Hory1 6neqoaa1L, ecnn na pnaepe
nonanncn 1ys. BosHoxno, aau npo1nannk nepe1nnyn aac, no aaun uancm
na 6ank coc1aannk1 pnn konna 9k1. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn am 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L 1onLko a 10% cnyuaea, 1o aau konn c1ane1 6esy6m1ounmH.
BosHoxnm 6neq a 1ako cn1yaunn nponcxopn1 uaue, ueH 10%. Ecnn am
ne nHee1e cnnLnoro pokasa1enLc1aa, u1o am nponrpmaae1e, ne pena1e na
pnaepe nac c xopoue pyko papn cnacennn opno c1aakn. Bnesannm
6e1, nocne nonanennn onacno kap1m, ne o6nsa1enLno osnauae1 cnnLnyk
pyky y npo1nannka.
2. Bm ua HanoH 6naupe u y aac AT. Tpu nysoamx u
npnHonuueumx urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u am cpenanu pes.
Bonumo 6naup nac, 1pu nuHnepa konn (9 MC). 4non KT4 pan
aaH cpepumm napy u o6pa1uo npukynuo qnem. Bm cpenanu 6e1, u
paa nuHnepa konn (6 BC). Tepu 2 pan aaH npukynuo qnem. Bm
6e1, nuHnepm onn1u cpenanu konn (9 BC). Puaep 7. H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. Ckopee acero, aaua pyka nyuuan. Y aac a1opan napa c 1ysoH
knkepoH, n nnk1o ns npo1nannkoa noka ne nponann cnny. Opnn ns aaunx
npo1nannkoa Hoxe1 nHe1L koponn (aepon1no co cna6mH knkepoH), nnn
am1nnyn npnkynnyk pyky 1nna T7 nnn 77. TeH ne Henee, noHnn1e,
u1o a1o nysoame nrpokn. Tak kak onn penak1 konn c nk6mHn pykaHn, 1o
ne 6o1ecL xypuero. Bypyun npnHonnnenmHn, onn 6m yxe cpenann pes
c 6onLuo pyko. BonLunnc1ao 1aknx nrpokoa ne cnoynnen1 po pnaepa.
Tak kak onn ace apeHn konnnpoaann, 1o am ne Hoxe1e ncnonLsoaa1L
nx pec1ann pnn onpepenennn nx pyk. [nn 1oro u1o6m noHouL ce6e, am
Hoxe1e ncnonLsoaa1L ocnoanoe pacnpepenenne aosHoxnmx y nnx pyk
(cna6me pykn y nnx ac1peuak1cn uaue, ueH cnnLnme). BosHoxnme pykn
aaunx npo1nannkoa, a rpy6oH npn6nnxennn, Hory1 amrnnpe1L 1ak:
1. Cna6me co6pannme pykn (A4, 55, T8 n 1.p.).
2. Hepoc1poennm npnkynno qneu nnn c1pn1.
3. KoponL.
4. [ae napm nnn 1pnnc na pnaepe.
He1 nnuero neaepon1noro a 1oH, u1o o6a aaunx npo1nannka nHek1
~231 ~
cna6me pykn, n noa1oHy o6a sanna1n1 aaH pononnn1enLnme c1aakn.
K 1oHy xe, ecnn am nosapn, 1o am ne cHoxe1e rapan1npoaanno
cnac1n c1aaky. Bau npo1nannk Hoxe1 nocun1a1L caok pyky uenno, n aaH
npnpe1cn pena1L konn a o1ae1 na 6neq. Ecnn am cpenae1e uek, 1o a1o
Hoxe1 cnpoaounpoaa1L aaunx npo1nannkoa cpena1L 6e1, u1o6m am ne
yanpenn npn ackpm1nn nx cna6me pykn. D1o ouenL aaxnm HoHen1.
HopyHa1e nap a1nH.
H a saknkuenne, yun1maan, u1o aaun npo1nannkn npnHonnnenm,
am Hoxe1e cpena1L nac, ecnn nonyun1e o1 nnx pes. BonLunnc1ao nrpokoa
nnkorpa ne penak1 6neq-pes a 1ako cn1yaunn.
127
Be1 npnnocn1 aaH 6onLue, korpa am anepepn, n sa6npae1 c1onLko
xe, korpa am nosapn. HcnonLsy1e cna6oc1L aaunx npo1nannkoa.
Honyua1e poxop o1 6e1a c norpannunmHn pykaHn.
128
3. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac KK. He1mpe urpoka aomnu nuHnoH, u am
cpenanu pes. O6a 6naupa u nuHnepm konn (14 MC). 4non Q83
pan aaH oaepnapy. Bce po aac cpenanu vek, u am cpenanu 6e1. Hn1u
urpokoa konn (10 BC). Tepu J. Bce po aac cpenanu vek, u am
cpenanu 6e1. Tpu urpoka cpenanu konn (14 BC). Puaep 5. Bce po
aac cpenanu vek, u am cpenanu 6e1. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. BonLuoe konnuec1ao nrpokoa ne ponxno npenn1c1aoaa1L aaH,
pena1L 6e1, u1o6m nonyun1L npn6mnL. BonLunnc1ao nrpokoa c payHn
napaHn nnn nyuunHn pykaHn, eue na 1epne yc1ponnn 6m aaH uek-pes.
Moxno npepnonoxn1L, u1o na 1o1 HoHen1 aaua pyka npoponxana 6m1L
nyuue. Ha pnaepe npnuna nyc1muka. Ona ne noHorae1 nnkoHy co6pa1L
qneu nnn c1pn1. H ne1 nnkaknx npnunn nopospeaa1L, u1o ona noHorna
koHy-1o co6pa1L pae napm. Ecnn aaua pyka 6mna nyuue na 1epne, 1o ona
ace eue Hoxe1 1ako n oc1aaa1Lcn.
k6o nrpok c napo o1kaxe1cn pena1L nac a 1akoH 6onLuoH 6anke.
Onn 6ypy1 pyHa1L, u1o am ace a1o apeHn 6neqoaann c AK (a Hoxe1, onn
aoo6ue nn o ueH ne pyHak1), n cpenak1 konn. Hpak1nueckn, am Hoxe1e
co6pa1L paa nnn 1pn konna o1 cna6mx nap.
Ecnn k1o-1o pec1an1enLno am1nnyn npnkynnyk pyky, 1o am
nonyun1e uek-pes. Tak kak 6ank ouenL 6onLuo, 1o Bm, koneuno xe,
cpenae1e konn. Bm 1epne1e pae c1aakn, ecnn aac 6Lk1. C ppyro c1oponm,
am Hoxe1e ouenL xopouo amnrpa1L paa konna, ecnn aaua pyka nyuuan.
Baua pyka 6ype1 uaue no6expa1L, ueH nponrpmaa1L. Hoa1oHy, 6e1 6ype1
npn6mnen na pnnnno pnc1anunn.
Heko1opme nrpokn o6muno penak1 uek a 1ako cn1yaunn. Onn
_____________________________
127
Oueanno, u1o ecnn au noospeaae1e caoero npo1nannka a neqe, 1o au onxnu
ena1u n konn pesa. Oak1nueckn, ecnn onn ns aamnx npo1nannkoa ouenu nkn1
neqoaa1u, 1o 1ora uek ye1 nyume e1a. Tak kak on neqye1 uac1o, 1o, nosaonnn eMy
cena1u e1, n sanpan no1oM cee ank, au sapaa1uaae1e onume ener. Ho
onumnnc1ao nrpokoa ne noxon1 a1oMy onncannk. TaknM opasoM, ecnn aam npo1nannk
ne nanne1cn nkn1eneM neqa, 1o 1ora ena1e e1.
128
CMo1pn1e Ee1 nn yaennuennn anka na pnaepe.
~232 ~
noc1onnno 6on1cn, u1o k1o-1o nepe1nnyn nx 6onLuyk napy. Onn cun1ak1
uypoH, u1o nx pyka poxnaae1 po ackpm1nn c 1aknH cna6mH
conpo1nanenneH. Onn c 6naropapnoc1Lk penak1 uek na pnaepe n
sa6npak1 6ank.
He pasHmunn1e 1aknH o6pasoH! BonLune napm amnrpmaak1 Hnoro
6onLunx 6ankoa, paxe ne ynyuuancL. Takan paanan koH6nnaunn kap1 na
c1one nanne1cn no1pncakue pnn aaue pykn. ysoame nrpokn sanna1n1
aaH. He 6o1ecL! C1aaL1e po kyun.
4. Bm a cpepue nosuuu u y aac AQ. Opuu urpok aomen nuHnoH,
u am cpenanu pes. Qaa urpoka cpenanu xonopum konn, 6naupm
nac, nuHnep konn (9.5 MC). 4non K94. RuHnep vek, am cpenanu
6e1. Bce 1pu urpoka cpenanu konn (6.5 BC). Tepu 4. RuHnep vek,
am vek, u ace aokpyr cpenanu vek (6.5 BC). Puaep 2. RuHnep
cpenan 6e1 (7.5 BC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Hac. BosHoxno, u1o aau c1apun 1ys nanne1cn nyuue pyko.
Ecnn nnk1o ns npo1nannkoa ne nHee1 pykn nyuue ueH y aac, 1o am 6m
nonyunnn 7.5k1. BaH poc1a1ouno amnrpmaa1L a 12% cnyuaea, u1o6m
nonyua1L npn6mnL. Ecnn npo1nannkn nHek1 pykn nyuue, ueH y aac, 1o
aonpoc paxe ne c1on1 n paccHa1pnaa1L. [axe npn1oH, u1o am Hoxe1e
nnorpa amnrpmaa1L y nrpoka cpenaauero 6e1, 1o k1o-1o, konnpykun
nocne aac co cna6enLko pyko (no ko1opan nyuue aaue) 6ype1
amnrpmaa1L y aac poc1a1ouno uac1o.
Bm Hoxe1e cpena1L pes. Bepon1no, nnk1o ns nrpokoa sa aaHn ne
nHee1 cnnLno pykn. Onn cpenann uek na 1epne, a na pnaepe npnuna
nyc1muka. Onn Hory1 nHe1L Henkyk napy, aosHoxno pean1ky, paoky nnn
kapHannyk napy. [axe nysoame nrpokn o6muno penak1 nac nepep nnuoH
payx c1aaok c 1aknHn cna6mHn pykaHn. TaknH o6pasoH, ecnn nrpok,
cpenaaun 6e1 na pnaepe, nanne1cn noun1a1eneH 6neqa, 1o pes Hoxe1
6m1L amropen.
Ho npo1na 6onLunnc1aa nrpokoa cpenaaunx 6e1, am ponxnm pena1L
nac. B o1nnune o1 nrpokoa, ko1opme aopy1 a 1oproank nocne aac, nrpok,
cpenaaun 6e1 na pnaepe, aosHoxno, cpenan uek na ue1aep1o ynnue c
cnnLno pyko, nnannpyn cpena1L uek-pes. Tnnoao nrpok ne uac1o
6neqye1, axopn nepamH a 1oproank npo1na 1pex npo1nannkoa. 1o6m pes
c1an amropnmH, am ponxnm amnrpmaa1L a 20% cnyuaea (pnckyn payHn
c1aakaHn, u1o6m amnrpa1L 1.5). Cpepnn npo1nannk 6neqye1 ne uac1o.
Hpexpe acero, am ponxnm npnsna1L, u1o a a1o cn1yaunn aosHoxnm
1onLko nnn nac, nnn pes. Konn, no cyuec1ay, nnkorpa ne 6ype1
npaannen, 1ak kak cna6an pyka 6ype1 uac1o pena1L oaepkonn. Korpa aaua
pyka ynsanHa, n sa aaHn ec1L eue nrpokn, ko1opme aopy1 a 1oproank, 1o
am ponxnm npepnpnnnHa1L Hounme pec1ann, u1o6m ne ponyc1n1L nx a
nrpy. [ena1e pes, u1o6m ynyuun1L caon uancm, n pena1e nac, korpa
aaun uancm ocna6nenm.
129
5. Bm ua UTG u cpenanu pes c AK. Tonuko nysoame Hanm u
_____________________________
129
CMo1pn1e Kora au ne xo1n1e oaepkonnoa.
~233 ~
6onumo 6naupm cpenanu konn (6 MC). 4non J72. aamu
npo1uauuku vek, u am cpenanu 6e1. Manm 6naup nac, 6onumo
6naup konn (4 BC). Tepu 3. Bam npo1uauuk vek, am 6e1. Ou onn1u
cpenan konn (6 BC). Puaep 3. Bam npo1uauuk penae1 vek. H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: ek. Xo1n1e, aepL1e, xo1n1e, ne1, no y aac ec1L xopoun uanc na
1o, u1o am nHee1e nyuuyk pyky. Mnorne nysoame nrpokn konnnpyk1 po
pnaepa, noka y nnx ec1L xo1L kakan-1o napexpa am1nny1L npnkynnyk
pyky. C a1o koH6nnaune kap1 aau npo1nannk Hor ne co6pa1L c1pn1
(nanpnHep, T9), qneu, nnn oaepkap1m (aosHoxno opny oaepkap1y). On,
aosHoxno, npnkynnn ue1aep1yk kap1y pnn pmpnaoro c1pn1a, ecnn nHee1
A4. Bm Hoxe1e o6mrpa1L Hnorne ero pykn, ko1opme on Hoxe1 pepxa1L.
Ho paxe a a1oH cnyuae, am ne ponxnm pena1L 6e1 npo1na
6onLunnc1aa nysoamx nrpokoa. On Hoxe1 konnnpoaa1L c neckonLknHn
pykaHn (1nna A4), ko1opme am o6mrpmaae1e. On Hoxe1 cpena1L nac c
pykaHn, 1nna T9. C ppyro c1oponm, on Hoxe1 c poc1a1ouno c1enenLk
aepon1noc1n, pena1L konn c pyko, ko1opan na qnone o6pasoaana nnn
cpepnkk, nnn Hnapuyk napy. Hoa1oHy, paxe npn1oH, u1o am 6ype1e
amnrpmaa1L a onpepenennoH npouen1e cnyuaea, am nou1n acerpa 6ype1e
nponrpmaa1L, korpa on 6ype1 pena1L konn. H am nnkak ne sac1aan1e ero
cpena1L nac c pyko, nyuue, ueH y aac.
Ec1L opno ouenL npn6mnLnoe ncknkuenne. Cyuec1ayk1 nrpokn,
ko1opme 6ypy1 pena1L konn na qnone n na 1epne c nk6o napo, a na
pnaepe acerpa cpenak1 nac, ecnn y nnx ne1 c1apue napm, nnn ecnn onn
ne ynyuua1 pyky. D1a c1pa1ernn yxacna na acex ynnuax. Onn penak1 konn
co cna6mHn npnkynnmHn pykaHn a HanenLknx 6ankax, no penak1 nac na
pnaepe ns-sa opno c1aakn a 6onLunx 6ankax. D1n nrpokn pepkn. Korpa
1akne nrpokn nonannk1cn, 1o onn ne nrpak1 ponro. Hx oun6kn nac1onLko
nnoxn, u1o am ponxnm amcHa1pnaa1L nx. Ecnn am anpn1e, u1o k1o-1o
nrpae1 Hnoro paspau po pnaepa, no uac1o penae1 nac nepep nocnepne
c1aako, 1o Hoxno nopospeaa1L, u1o a1o 1ako nrpok.
1o6m ncnonLsoaa1L ero oun6kn, ocna6L1e caoe paanenne na
npeqnone, korpa on aouen a 6ank, oco6enno ecnn on epnnc1aennm
nrpok. Kak 1onLko am oc1ae1ecL c nnH opnn na opnn, pena1e 6e1 na
qnone, 1epne n pnaepe, nesaancnHo o11oro, u1o y aac a pyke
(ec1ec1aenno, ecnn on aaH ne o1aeuae1 pesoH). Tpypno co6pa1L c1apuyk
napy, 1eH 6onee pyky nyuue c1apue napm. Tako nrpok 6ype1 1pnc1n
ronoao, n pena1L nac naHnoro uaue 50%. Bankn, ko1opme am ykpape1e,
nnkc 6ankn, ko1opme am amnrpae1e c nyuue pyko, npnnecy1 aaH
xopouyk npn6mnL.
6. Bm ua UTG u cpenanu pes c TT. Tonuko nysoame Hanm u
6onumo 6naupm cpenanu konn (6 MC). 4non J72. Bamu
npo1uauuku vek, am 6e1. Manm 6naup nac, 6onumo 6naup konn
(4 BC). Tepu 3. Bam npo1uauuk penae1 vek, am 6e1. Hpo1uauuk
onn1u cpenan konn (6 BC). Puaep 3. Bam npo1uauuk penae1 vek.
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
~234 ~
O1ae1: Be1. D1o 1ouno 1akan xe paspaua, kak n a kon1ponLnoH aonpoce
N5, 1onLko aHec1o c1apuero 1ysa y aac napa pecn1ok. TenepL am
o6mrpmaae1e ero paokn, ceHepkn, n Henkne kapHannme napm, ko1opme
Hoxe1 nHe1L aau npo1nannk. Bau npo1nannk, 6ype1 nHe1L Henkyk napy
ropaspo uaue, ueH on 6ype1 nHe1L 1poky nnn aane1a (aane1 c cnnLnmH
knkepoH Hanoaepon1en, no1oHy u1o am 6m yxe paano nonyunnn o1 nero
pes). D1o o6munm 6e1 pnn yaennuennn npn6mnn.
Hn1epecno, ecnn 6m ceuac am nrpann npo1na nrpoka, ko1opm c
opno napo penae1 konn na qnone n 1epne, a na pnaepe nacye1, 1o
1enepL am ponxnm cpena1L uek. Tak kak on c6pacmaae1 ace, u1o HenLue
c1apue napm, 1o on nnkorpa ne penae1 konn c xypue pyko. Bm ne
Hoxe1e pena1L 6e1 pnn yaennuennn npn6mnn, n ne1 nnkako
neo6xopnHoc1n 6neqoaa1L, 1ak kak am 6Le1e nk6yk pyky, ko1opyk on
am6pocn1. XonpeH nnorpa nanne1cn an1n nn1yn1nanmH. Bcerpa pyHa1e
nornueckn pnn peuennn npo6neH a nokepe, nnaue, am nponyc1n1e ouenL
aaxnme 1onkoc1n.
Hrpok, ko1opm cnnukoH uac1o nacye1 na pnaepe a1o o1knonenne.
Bm ponxnm pena1L specL c1aaky pnn yaennuennn 6anka npo1na 1nnnunmx
nysoamx nrpokoa. Hrpokn, ko1opme saxopn1 a 1oproane cnnukoH paneko,
penak1 6onLune oun6kn, n am ponxnm nayun1Lcn pena1L 6e1 pnn
yaennuennn 6anka, u1o6m ncnonLsoaa1L a1n oun6kn. Hoc1ynan, 1aknH
o6pasoH, am nocnepoaa1enLno 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L pononnn1enLnme c1aakn
na pnaepe, uero ne penae1 6onLunnc1ao nkpe. Yaepennm 6e1 pnn
yaennuennn 6anka a1o o1nnun1enLnan oco6ennoc1L nrpokoa-akcnep1oa.
7. Bm ua UTG u cpenanu pes c QQ. He1mpe urpoka penam1
xonopum konn, o6a 6naupa konn (14 MC). 4non QQT pan aaH
kape. Bnaupm vek, u am cpenanu 6e1. Bce, kpoHe Hanoro 6naupa,
cpenanu konn (10 BC). Tepu T. Bonumo 6naup 6e1. Bm konn, a
uapexpe, v1o urpoku, ko1opme 1nuy1 Hep1ame npukynume pyku,
6ypy1 pena1u konn. Tpu urpoka cpenanu konn (15 BC). Puaep J.
Bonumo 6naup penae1 6e1 (16 BC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. Tnxeno npepc1aan1L, c ueH aaun npo1nannkn penann 6e1m n
konnm. Bce uennme kap1m naxopnnncL a aaue pyke yxe na qnone.
Opnako, na 1epne, y aac 6mno ace eue ue1mpe npo1nannka. Xo1L onn n ne
nHenn cnnLnmx pyk, no xo1L u1o-1o onn ace-1akn ponxnm 6mnn nHe1L.
MoxeH npepnonoxn1L, u1o onn nHenn pecn1kn, npnkynno qneu nnn
c1pn1, nnn c1apuero 1ysa. B ouenL nysoamx nrpax, nrpokn, o6muno, 1nny1
caon 6esnapexnme npnkynnme pykn, necHo1pn nn na u1o, oco6enno, ecnn
onn Hory1 a1o pena1L acero sa opny c1aaky.
130
Kap1a pnaepa xopoua pnn aac, ecnn nnk1o ne co6pan c1pn1-qneu.
D1a kap1a noHorae1 poc1pon1L c1pn1m n qneun aaunH npo1nannkaH.
Oco6enno xopouo, ecnn a1o nonyunnocL y npo1nannkoa, ko1opme aopy1 a
1oproank nocne aac. Ho, paxe a a1oH cnyuae, onn Hory1 npepnonara1L, u1o
nx cnnLnan koH6nnaunn Hoxe1 n ne no6epn1L npn 1ako onacno
_____________________________
130
CMo1pn1e pasen 3aMenennan nrpa.
~235 ~
koH6nnaunn. Onn 6ypy1 Honn1Lcn o uype, n pena1L oaepkonn na opny
c1aaky, no neoxo1no nacoaa1L npn payx c1aakax.
Ecnn 6m na pnaepe npnuna 2 (nnn nk6an ppyran nyc1muka), 1o am
ponxnm 6mnn 6m pena1L pes aHec1o konna. Cn1yaunn Hoxe1 pasanaa1Lcn
payHn ny1nHn:
1. Hnskan aepon1noc1L 1oro, u1o nrpokn sa aaHn cpenak1 oaepkonn.
Ceuac epnnc1aennme pykn, c ko1opmHn npo1nannkn Hory1 no1n na
oaepkonn a1o: qynn-xayc c pecn1kaHn, kapHannme aane1m, koponn
nnn 1ysm, aosHoxno c1apun 1ys. Korpa am peuae1e, asn1L nn aaH
oaepkonnm, am ponxnm cpaann1L cyHHy, ko1opyk am oxnpae1e
nonyun1L o1 nrpoka cpenaauero 6e1 (ecnn am cpenae1e pes), c
cyHHo, ko1opyk am oxnpae1e nonyun1L o1 oaepkonnepoa (ecnn am
cpenae1e konn). Hpn kap1e J paa nnn 1pn npo1nannka Hory1
cpena1L oaepkonn. C 2 oaepkonnm Hanoaepon1nm, 1ak kak opnn nnn
paa npo1nannka 1ak n ne co6epy1 caon npnkynnme pykn.
KpoHe 1oro, opna ns ouenL aepon1nmx pyk pnn oaepkonna a1o
qynn-xayc c pecn1kaHn. ysoam npo1nannk Hoxe1 c 1ako pyko
o1aeua1L konnoH paxe na pae c1aakn. Ecnn a1o 1ak, 1o, oueanpno,
u1o pes nyuue.
2. Y aac na1c. Xo1n n Hanoaepon1no, no nrpok, cpenaaun 6e1, Hoxe1
nHe1L kape pecn1ok. Ecnn a1o 1ak, 1o am Hornn 6m amnrpa1L y nero
kyuy c1aaok (ecnn ne 6mno kana a nrpe opnn na opnn). On 6m pyHan,
u1o y aac qynn-xayc c paHaHn n penan 6m pepesm. Y npaannLnoro
npo1nannka am Hoxe1e nnorpa amnrpmaa1L paapua1L c1aaok n
6onee, a 1aknx cn1yaunnx kak a1a. HecHo1pn na 1o, u1o 1akoe
nponcxopn1 ouenL pepko, 1akan cn1yaunn nanne1cn nac1onLko
npn6mnLno, u1o am npoc1o o6nsanm xopouo nap a1nH nopyHa1L.
Kap1a J penae1 aosHoxnmH c1pn1-qneu. A ao1 1enepL am ne
Hoxe1e cpena1L pepes aaueHy npo1nannky c kape pecn1ok, no1oHy
u1o am ponxnm 6on1Lcn nyuue pykn.
HackonLko c1panno Hoxno ce6n nouyac1aoaa1L, noc1pona na
qnone kape, n nn pasy ne cpenaa pes. O6muno, c cnnLnmHn pykaHn
am sapa6a1maae1e Hnoro pener, ecnn penae1e pesm a
onpepenennmx ycnoannx. Ho acerpa paccHa1pnaa1e ace aosHoxnme
peuennn. HopyHa1e o pnanasone pyk aaunx npo1nannkoa, n o 1oH,
kakne pec1ann o1 nnx Hoxno oxnpa1L. 3a1eH am6epn1e xop, npn
ko1opoH am nonyun1e HakcnHanLnyk npn6mnL. B pannoH npnHepe
a1o osnauae1 pepxa1L c1aaky HanenLko, u1o6m anyc1n1L a 6ank
nrpokoa co cna6mHn pykaHn.
131
8. Bm a cpepue nosuuu u y aac AA. Opuu urpok aomen nuHnoH,
u am cpenanu pes. Bce po 6onumoro 6naupa cpenanu nac, ou
cpenan konn. RuHnep konn (6.5 MC). 4non J94. Bonumo
6naup vek, nuHnep 6e1, am cpenanu pes. Bonumo 6naup u
nuHnep cpenanu konn (6 BC). Tepu 7. O6a urpoka cpenanu vek, am
_____________________________
131
CHo1pn1e Hoxop sa oaepkonnaHn
~236 ~
6e1. Bonumo 6naup cpenan vek-pes. RuHnep cpenan xonopum
konn, am konn (12 BC). Puaep 2. Bonumo 6naup 6e1, nuHnep
konn (14 BC). H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Konn. BonLuo 6nanp, aepon1no, kak HnnnHyH, nHee1 pae napm.
Bm, aepon1no, nponrpmaae1e. HecHo1pn na a1o am ponxnm cpena1L konn.
O1nouenne c1aakn k 6anky coc1aanne1 14k1. BaH nyxno amnrpmaa1L
opnn pas ns nn1napua1n, u1o6m aau konn 6mn npn6mnLnmH. Hnorpa y
6onLuoro 6nanpa na pykax 6ype1, u1o-nn6ypL 1nna AJ nnn paxe 98,
n noa1oHy on Hoxe1 nonyun1L Hnoro kap1 na 1epne, ko1opme noHory1 eHy
co6pa1L qneu. Hnorpa on 6ype1 nHe1L pyky, a ko1opo am ne nape1e
nnkakoro nornueckoro cHmcna. Hnorpa am 6ype1e no6expa1L, n a1o ace u1o
aaH nyxno, pnn 1oro, u1o6m aau konn c1an npn6mnLnmH.
132
HecHo1pn na a1o, Hnorne nkpn pyHak, u1o onna1a c1aakn a 1ako
cn1yaunn, nanne1cn npaannLno c1pa1erne. Heko1opme nkpn penak1
konn, no pyHak1, u1o ecnn 6m onn nrpann nyuue, 1o cpenann 6m
npaannLnm nac. Hac a1o oun6ka. He uyac1ay1e ce6n annoaa1mH ns-sa
1oro, u1o am cpenann konn. Onna1a c1aakn a1o ne amcacmaakuan nrpa.
D1o uac1L nrpm. Onna1a c1aakn nanne1cn npaannLnmH peuenneH a nrpax
na nnsknx nnHn1ax, no1oHy u1o 6ank nanne1cn 6onLunH, n Hnorne nkpn
nrpak1 nenornuno. D1o npaannLnm xop paxe a nrpax na amcoknx
nnHn1ax, rpe nkpn uac1o nrpak1 arpeccnano n nm1ak1cn ampaan1L aac ns
6anka. Hoc1onnnme nacm ao1 u1o nanne1cn amcacmaakue nrpo.
Hpoaepn1e (onnaunaa1e) yaepenno c1aakn npo1nannkoa.
9. Bm ua 6a11oue u y aac AK. Qaa nysoamx urpoka aomnu
nuHnoH, u am cpenanu pes. Bnaupm nac, nuHnepm konn (7.5 MC).
4non K96. Bamu npo1uauuku vek, am cpenanu 6e1, ouu konn (5
BC). Tepu 7. Bamu npo1uauuku vek, am 6e1. O6a nuHnepa cpenanu
konn (8 BC). Ha puaepe npuxopu1 6. O6a nuHnepa vek. H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
O1ae1: Be1. Pnaep pan onacnyk kap1y, no am ace paano ponxnm cpena1L
6e1. Opnn ns aaunx npo1nannkoa Hoxe1 nHe1L 6y6nm nnn uec1epky, no
eue on Hoxe1 nerko nHe1L pean1ky, ceHepky, cna6oro koponn,
neco6pannm c1pn1, kapHannyk napy, c1apuero 1ysa n ace u1o yropno.
Ecnn 6m opnn ns npo1nannkoa nepe1nnyn aac, 1o on, aosHoxno,
cpenan 6m 6e1, a ne uek-pes. Hoa1oHy, aaua pyka, naaepno, npoponxae1
oc1aaa1Lcn nyuue, ecnn aaun npo1nannkn cpenak1 uek po aac, a ne
nocne aac.
Bo1 npoc1o npnHep, pnn 1oro, u1o6m pasLncnn1L a1o y1aepxpenne.
CkaxeH, am na 6a11one, n aau npo1nannk 1nne1 npnkynnyk pyky, u1o6m
ynyuun1L caok pyky. Bm snae1e, u1o on nHee1 50% uanc na 1o, u1o6m
ynyuun1L caok pyky. B ppyrnx 50% cnyuaea on ne 6ype1 ynyuua1Lcn, no
6ype1 konnnpoaa1L aau 6e1. Ecnn on co6epe1 caok pyky, 1o am snae1e, u1o
a opnoH ns 50% cnyuaea on 6ype1 pena1L 6e1, a a ppyroH 50% cnyuae on
6ype1 pena1L uek-pes. TaknH o6pasoH, a nonoanne cnyuaea on 6ype1
_____________________________
132
CMo1pn1e pasen Hrpa na pnaepe npn onumoM anke.
~237 ~
pena1L uek n konn. e1aep1L apeHenn on 6ype1 pena1L 6e1, a ppyryk
ue1aep1L apeHenn on 6ype1 pena1L uek-pes. Hepep 1eH kak on cpenae1
xop, y nero ec1L 50% uanc, u1o on nepe1nne1 aac. Hocne 1oro, kak on
cpenan uek, ec1L 1pe1L uanca na 1o, u1o on nepe1nnyn Bac! Ecnn on
cpenan uek, 1o on 6ype1 pena1L konn, a paa pasa uaue, ueH pes (on
penae1 uek-konn a 50% cnyuaea, a uek-pes 1onLko a 25%). TaknH
o6pasoH, a payx ns 1pex cnyuaea nocne ero ueka, on 6ype1 pena1L konn, a
ne pes. [axe ecnn am nopospeaae1e, u1o on sannannpoaan uek-pes, 1o
aaH ace paano amropno, u1o6m on penan uek nepep aaue ouepepLk xopa.
Hpo1na opnoro nnn payx nysoamx npo1nannkoa am ponxnm pena1L
6e1 c xopoue pyko, paxe ecnn na pnaepe nonannacL onacnan kap1a.
Baun nysoame npo1nannkn nrpak1 na ouenL unpokoH pnanasone pyk. eH
unpe a1o1 pnanason, 1eH Henee aepon1no, u1o onn nrpak1 neo6xopnHme
npnkynnme pykn (npnkynno qneu nnn c1pn1) nnn Hnapuyk napy. H 1eH
6onee aepon1no, u1o onn nrpak1 cna6yk pyky, n am 6ype1e amnrpmaa1L y
nnx. ac1o, okono nonoannm kap1 na pnaepe 6ypy1 co6npa1L
onpepenennme npnkynnme pykn. Ho 1ak kak aaun npo1nannkn nHek1
1onLko no pae kap1m, 1o onn ne Hory1 poc1panaa1L kaxpyk aosHoxnyk
npnkynnyk pyky. O6muno, sakonuennan npnkynnan pyka 6ype1 ne 1o
npnkynno pyko, ko1opyk 1nnynn aaun npo1nannkn. He nosaonn1e
kaxpo kap1e na pnaepe nyra1L aac. [ena1e 6e1!
~238 ~
Hocnecnoaue k paspeny
Kou1ponuume aonpocm
no urpe
yuune nrpokn a xonpeH yHek1 ne 1onLko npnnnHa1L npaannLnme
peuennn a ropnuke 6on, no n penak1 a1o nou1n neHepnenno. D1o pae1 nH
cyuec1aennoe npenHyuec1ao.
[pyrne, ko1opmH nyxno oc1anoan1Lcn n nopyHa1L, 6ypy1
sany1maa1Lcn, n pena1L poporoc1onune oun6kn. H a1n oun6kn 6ypy1
npeapaua1L nnorpa no6epn1enn a nponrpaauero na pnnnno pnc1anunn.
Tak kak xe akcnep1m penak1 a1o? Hanne1cn nn nx onm1 a nokepe
nac1onLko o6unpnmH, a Hmcnn1enLnm npouecc npn npnnn1nn peuenn
1aknH 6mc1pmH, u1o nx npo1nannkn ne nHek1 paxe uanca? Hnn ec1L
ppyran aosHoxnoc1L?
Mm nonaraeH, u1o 1akan aosHoxnoc1L ec1L. H a1a aosHoxnoc1L
saknkuae1cn a anannse nokepnmx paspau sa npepenaHn nokepnoro c1ona.
Ho kpane Hepe, kaxpm ns nac (nHek1cn a anpy aa1opm knnrn)
noamuan caoe Hac1epc1ao nHenno 1aknH cnoco6oH. H nHenno 1aknH ny1eH
unn ace nrpokn-akcnep1m, ko1opmx Hm snaeH.
Paspen Kon1ponLnme aonpocm nrpe nanne1cn HounmH c1ap1oH pnn
1akoro npouecca. On ne 1onLko nokasmaae1, kak ponxnm nrpa1Lcn Hnorne
pykn. On 1akxe nokasmaae1, kak npoaopn1L ananns pnn 1oro, u1o6m
npnnnHa1L peuennn a 1ex nnn nnmx cn1yaunnx.
1o6m c1a1L akcnep1oH, am ponxnm 6ype1e npo1ncL no a1nH
aonpocaH ne opnn pas, paano kak n no pononnn1enLnmH pykaH, ko1opme
nrpann nnuno Bm. TaknH o6pasoH, a 6ypyueH, korpa am ac1pe1n1ecL sa
c1onoH c xec1ko cn1yaune, 1o acnoHnn1e cao ananns, ko1opm am
penann ane nokepnoro c1ona, n nerko cmrpae1e npaannLno
~239 ~
Hac1u cepuHan
Bonpocm
u o1ae1m
~240 ~
Bonpocm u o1ae1m
Hpepucnoaue
Mm nsnoxnnn ouenL Hnoro Ha1epnana a a1o knnre. Opnako, pnn
Hnornx nkpe 1epHnnm un1a1L n yun1Lcn, nannk1cn pasnnunmHn
nonn1nnHn. Hoa1oHy, u1o6m noHouL aaH coxpann1L a naHn1n neko1opme ns
nan6onee cyuec1aennmx npe, Hm noa1opnnn nx a qopHe aonpoc o1ae1.
Mm npepnaraeH aaH nonm1a1Lcn caHoc1on1enLno o1ae1n1L na
nnxecnepykune aonpocm, u1o6m npoaepn1L nackonLko xopouo, am
npoun1ann n nsyunnn knnry. Bepon1no, y aac aosnnkne1 xenanne npo1ncL
no nnH neckonLko pas. Mm npepnaraeH aaH sakpmaa1L ueH-1o o1ae1m,
ko1opme cnepyk1 cpasy sa aonpocaHn. H cHo1pe1L o1ae1 1onLko nocne
1oro, kak am noc1apae1ecL o1ae1n1L na aonpoc nannyuunH o6pasoH.
Takxe, Hm o6pauaeH aaue annHanne, u1o o1ae1 na aonpoc a1o ne
saHena 1ekc1a knnrn. Oak1nueckn, neko1opme ns npe, ko1opme am
npoun1ann a coo1ae1c1aykunx paspenax, ne copepxa1Lcn a o1ae1ax na
aonpocm. Ho a o1ae1m aknkueno poc1a1ouno Ha1epnana. Hoa1oHy, nocne
1oro, kak am nonnoc1Lk nepeaapn1e 1ekc1 knnrn, aonpocm noHory1
cpena1L aauy nrpy a xonpeH kpy1o.
B saknkuenne, aonpocm n o1ae1m paccop1npoaanm no 1eHaH,
packpm1mH a knnre. TaknH o6pasoH, am nerko cHoxe1e o6pa1n1Lcn k
coo1ae1c1aykunH paspenaH pnn 6onee nonnoro o6Lncnennn.
~241 ~
Hrpa ua npeqnone
1. Bm6upan c1ap1oame pyku, kakue pyku am ponxum am6pa1u?
Tonuko 1e, ko1opue nMek1 nonoxn1enunyk oxnaeMyk npnunu.
2. Kakue pyku npourpmaam1 ua pnuuuo puc1auuu?
Cpenne pykn, pykn neMnoro Bume cpennx, n pykn nnxe cpennx.
3. Ecnu aamu npo1uauuku orpauuvunu ce6n 1onuko npu6mnuumHu
pykaHu 1o, kak 6ypy1 amrnnpe1u 6auku?
B anke ye1 oc1aaa1ucn nno aa, nno 1pn nrpoka.
4. Ho onpepeneuum, kako aosapa1 us 6auka oxupae1cn o1
uenpu6mnuuo pyku?
Menume, ueM qak1nueckne nnaec1nnn a nee.
5. HoveHy am ponxum vae pena1u pes co caouHu nyvmuHu
pykaHu?
He nn 1oro, u1ou orpannun1u konnuec1ao nrpokoa a pasaue, a nn
1oro, u1ou yaennun1u aamy nonnyk oxnaeMyk npnunu.
6. Hasoau1e 1pu 1una pyk.
Pykn c1apme napu, cnekynn1nanue pykn, n Monue pykn.
7. K kakoHy 1uny o1uocu1cn pyka AJ?
Hpkn npec1aan1enu pyk c1apme napu.
8. Ha kakux kpyrax 1oproanu pyku c1apme napm sapa6a1maam1
6onume acero peuer?
Ha pannnx kpyrax 1oproann. Ha npeqnone, n na qnone.
9. Bonume unu Heuume peuer sapa6a1maam1 pyku c1apme napm
(AT, KJ u nyvme), npo1ua yaenuvuaamerocn konuvec1aa konnepoa
c nnoxuHu pykaHu?
Eonume.
10. K kakoHy 1uny o1uocu1cn pyka 44?
Cnekynn1nanan pyka.
11. Cnekynn1uaume pyku nyvme urpa1u npo1ua 6onumoro unu
Hanoro konuvec1aa npo1uauukoa?
Hpo1na onumoro konnuec1aa npo1nannkoa.
12. K kakoHy 1uny o1uocu1cn pyka AQ?
Monan pyka.
13. Kak am ponxum urpa1u Houme pyku?
C nnMn au onxnu ena1u pes.
14. Hpu kakoH npeqnone posmrpmm poHuuupoaauuo pyku 6ype1
~242 ~
uau6onee poporuH?
Kora a ank aomno Mano npo1nannkoa.
15. Korpa aepon1uoc1u okasa1ucn poHuuupoaauumH ue 1ak onacua?
Kora a ank aomno Mnoro npo1nannkoa.
16. Kako a1opo caHm aaxum koHnoueu1 euuoc1u pyku?
(CaHmH aaxumH nannm1cn kap1m aamu u aamux npo1uauukoa).
Hosnnn.
17. Hasoau1e 1pu euumx kavec1aa pyk, ue nannmuxcn
kapHauumHu napaHu.
Cnna c1apme kap1u, onoMac1noc1u n cansannoc1u.
18. Ckonukux euumx kavec1a ponxuo 6m1u y pyku, ue
nannmancn kapHauuo napo, u uackonuko oua ponxua 6m1u
cunuua, v1o6m c ue c1ouno urpa1u?
Ho kpane Mepe, aa ns 1pex.
19. Kakoe euuoe kavec1ao nanne1cn caHmH aaxumH?
Cnna c1apme kap1u.
20. HoveHy pyku c payHn 6onumuHu kap1aHu cunuuee, veH c
opuo?
1. Onn Mory1 opasoaa1u c1apmyk napy c nko kap1o.
2. Kora onn opasyk1 c1apmyk napy, 1o onn ee acera opasyk1 c
xopomnM knkepoM.
21. Y aac a pyke pae opuoHac1umx kap1m. Kakoaa aepon1uoc1u
nonaneuun ua c1one po puaepa 1pex kap1 uyxuo aaH Hac1u?
HeMnoro Menume mec1n npoen1oa.
22. Bac 1epsam1 coHueuun, urpa1u nu pyky. Kakoe pemeuue am
ponxum npuun1u?
Ecnn pyka onoMac1nan, 1o nrpa1e ee, ecnn ne1, 1o aupacuaa1e.
23. Kakue pae rnaaumx omu6ku penae1 6onumuuc1ao urpokoa? 31u
omu6ku uac1onuko poporoc1onu, v1o uuk1o us urpokoa,
coaepmamux ux, ue cHoxe1 amurpmaa1u ua pnuuuo puc1auuu.
1. Hrpa co cnauMn pykaMn es nosnnn, ocoenno co cnauMn
pasnoMac1nuMn pykaMn.
2. O1ae1 xononuM konnoM na pes, ecnn au epxn1e nocpec1aennyk
pyky nnn pyky, na ko1opo oMnnnpyk1.
24. Bm a cpepue nosuuu u y aac AT. Ta1oam, numeuum
aoo6paxeuun urpok penae1 pes c UTG. Bce po aac cpenanu nac.
H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
Hac.
25. Kak 6m am noc1ynunu, ecnu 6m ou Hor cpena1u pes c ueHuoro
~243 ~
xypmuHu pykaHu, uanpuHep KQ?
Bu ace paano onxnu ena1u nac.
~244 ~
Ka1eropuu pyk ua npeqnone
1. Kakue pyku nannm1cn Houc1paHu?
AA n KK.
2. Kak am ponxum urpa1u Houc1poa?
Hou1n acera ena1u pes n pepes, ne opaan annMannn na
1oproank.
3. Kakue pyku nannm1cn 6onumuHu napaHu?
QQ, J J , n TT.
4. Kak am ponxum urpa1u s1u pyku ua npeqnone, ecnu
npepnonoxu1u, v1o oaepkap1a 6ue1 Bac?
He poko. Ouuno au onxnu ena1u pes c a1nMn pykaMn, ecnn o
aac ne uno pesa. Ecnn k aaM npnmen onn pes, 1o ouuno npaannunuM
ye1 cena1u pepes.
5. Kakue pyku nannm1cn cpepuuHu napaHu?
99, 88 n 77.
6. B kakux payx cu1yaunx s1u napm 6nuc1am1?
1. Kora y aac ye1 aa nnn 1pn npo1nannka. H cyec1aye1 aucokan
aepon1noc1u, u1o y a1nx npo1nannkoa cnaue pykn.
2. Hpo1na nn1n nnn onee npo1nannkoa.
7. Korpa y aac ce1, kakym urpy am npepnovu1ae1e?
Hysoayk n arpeccnanyk onoapeMenno.
8. Kakue pyku nannm1cn HenkuHu napaHu?
66 22.
9. Hpu kakux ycnoaunx urpm Henkue napm urpam1cn nyvme acero?
Kora nrpa nysoaan n neckonuko arpeccnana.
10. Hs kakux nosuu am Hoxe1e urpa1u Henkue napm?
B onumnnc1ae pasau au Moxe1e nrpa1u a1n pykn npnununo c
nko nosnnn, no neoxonMo o1cy1c1ane pesoa.
11. Kakue pyku nannm1cn 6onumuH opuoHac1umH BpopaeeH?
AKs ATs, KQs n KJ s.
12. Ecnu a urpe ue penanu pes, kak am ponxum urpa1u s1u pyku?
/ena1u pes c nko ns nnx.
13. Kakue pyku nannm1cn HanmH opuoHac1umH BpopaeeH?
QJ s, KTs, QTs n J Ts.
14. Ecnu a urpe ue penanu pes, kak am ponxum urpa1u s1u pyku a
pauue unu cpepue nosuuu?
~245 ~
HnMnoM. BaM neoxonMo, u1ou nocne aac a ank aomnn nysoaue
nrpokn.
15. Kakue pyku nannm1cn opuoHac1umHu 1ysaHu?
A9s A2s.
16. K kakoHy 1uny pyk o1uocn1cn opuoHac1ume 1ysm?
B1o ocnoanue cnekynn1nanue pykn.
17. Ranne1cn nu pnn s1ux pyk aaxumH paur kukepa?
/a. A9s naMnoro nyuman pyka, ueM A2s.
18. Kak am ponxum urpa1u opuoHac1umx 1ysoa, ecnu nepep aaHu
cpenanu pes?
Ouuno nao cena1u nac.
19. Kakue pyku nannm1cn opuoHac1umHu koponnHu?
K9s K2s.
20. H1o nanne1cn rnaauo npuvuuo, pename opuoHac1umx
kopone uaHuoro cna6ee opuoHac1umx 1ysoa?
Hapa 1ysoa onee cnnuna, ueM napa kopone.
21. Kak am ponxum urpa1u s1u pyku a pauue nosuuu?
Hac.
22. Kakue pyku nannm1cn opuoHac1umHu canskaHu?
T9s 54s, J 9s 64s, Q9s 96s, Q8s n J 7s.
23. Hpu kakux ycnoaunx urpm opuoHac1ume cansku urpam1cn
nyvme acero?
Ecnn nrpa nysoaan n naccnanan.
24. Kakue pyku nannm1cn 6onumuH pasuoHac1umH BpopaeeH?
AK, AQ, AJ n KQ.
25. H1o am ponxum cpena1u c s1uHu pykaHu, ecnu nepep aaHu
cpenam1 pes?
Eyu1e ro1oau cena1u nac c nkuMn pasnoMac1nuMn pykaMn, kpoMe
AK.
26. Kakue pyku nannm1cn HanmH pasuoHac1umH BpopaeeH?
AT, KJ , QJ , KT, QT n J T.
27. Kak am ponxum urpa1u AT u KJ a cpepue nosuuu?
Ecnn onn nnn aa nysoaux nrpoka aomnn nnMnoM, 1o ouuno au
onxnu cena1u pes.
28. K kako ka1eropuu npuuapnexa1 pasuoHac1ume 1ysm (A9A2) u
pasuoHac1ume cansku (T954)?
Bupocu1e pasnoMac1nue pykn. He nrpa1e nx.
~246 ~
PekoHeupauu no urpe
ua npeqnone
1. H1o am ponxum usHeuu1u a caoe urpe, ecnu aam c1unu urpm
oveuu naccuaeu?
Hrpa1e onume cnaux onoMac1nux pyk a panne n cpene
nosnnnx.
2. Kakue ve1mpe qyupaHeu1anuumx npuuuna urpm ua npeqnone
am suae1e?
1. Hrpa1e 1a1oao a panne nosnnn n neckonuko caoono a nosne
nosnnn.
2. /ena1e pes c nyumnMn pykaMn.
3. Hrpa1e 1onuko caMue cnnunue pasnoMac1nue pykn.
4. Hrpa1e ouenu 1a1oao, ecnn nepe aaMn k1o-1o cenan pes.
3. Korpa Henkue napm npoae1am1?
Kora onn noan1 na qnone ce1, n nonyuak1 onumyk 1oproank.
4. Kak vac1o am ponxum pena1u xonopum konn ua npeqnone?
He uae onoro pasa a kaxue 1pn uaca (a cpeneM).
5. Ecnu nocne aac cpenanu pes, kak am ponxum noc1ynu1u?
/ena1u konn c nko pyko, ecnn aaM aepnynacu ona c1aaka.
6. Ecnu k aaH aepuynucu pae c1aaku (1.e. 6mn pes u pepes), kak
am ponxum noc1ynu1u?
Hoc1ynn1u 1ouno 1ak xe, kak n a cn1yann c xononuM konnoM.
7. Kakan npuvuua nanne1cn caHo aaxuo, korpa Hm npepnaraeH
pena1u pes c 6onumuHu opuoHac1umHu kap1aHu?
Onn coennnk1cn c qnonoM nac1onuko uac1o, u1o y aac ye1 uac1o
aosnnka1u xenanne nrpa1u nx ane saancnMoc1n o1 1oro, enancn na qnone
pes nnn ne1.
8. Kakoe npeuHyec1ao a nysoamx urpax pae1 pauunn nosuun u ue
pae1 cpepunn?
BosMoxnoc1u cena1u uek-pes, u1ou san1n1u caok pyky, nnn,
ecnn na qnone y aac opasoaancn Monc1p, noc1pon1u ank.
9. Bm a cpepue nosuuu u nepamH axopu1e a 6auk. Kakue
nonpaaku am ponxum cpena1u?
1. Bu onxnu ena1u nac c neko1opuMn MenknMn napaMn n MenknMn
onoMac1nuMn canskaMn (nanpnMep, 22), ko1opue au ouuno
onxnu nrpa1u.
2. Bu onxnu ena1u pes c neko1opuMn pykaMn, c ko1opuMn au
ouuno enae1e 1onuko nnMn.
~247 ~
10. Bm a nospue nosuuu u nepamH axopu1e a 6auk. Kakue
nonpaaku am ponxum cpena1u?
Bu onxnu nou1n acera ena1u pes.
11. Kak am ponxum urpa1u ua HanoH 6naupe, ecnu ero pasHep
Heuume nonoauum 6onumoro 6naupa?
B a1oM cnyuae Mu pekoMenyeM aaM nrpa1u 1onuko 1e pykn, ko1opue
au u nrpann na a11one.
~248 ~
Bonumo 6auk npo1ua
Haneuukoro 6auka
1. B kakoH cnyvae am Hoxe1e uavuua1u cvu1a1u 6auk 6onumuH?
Ecnn aunonnne1cn ono ns cneyknx ycnoan:
1. Ha npeqnone a ank aomnn mec1u nrpokoa.
2. Ha npeqnone un pes, n a pasaue yuac1aye1 ue1upe n onee
ak1nanux nrpoka.
3. Ha npeqnone un noeM na 1pn c1aakn n onee.
4. Ho kpane Mepe, aoe ns aamnx npo1nannkoa noc1onnno oxon1
o pnaepa.
2. Bauk Haneuuku. Bm ua qnone penae1e pes c norpauuvuo
pyko, nm1ancu ykpac1u 6auk, uo nocne aac penam1 pes. Kak am
ponxum noc1ynu1u?
Cena1u nac neMenenno nnn na ue1aep1o ynne, ecnn ne
ynyumnnncu.
3. Bauk Haneuuku. Hpo1uauuk penae1 6e1 unu pes. H1o ponxuo
6m1u y aac a pyke, v1o6m am yaepeuuo penanu konn?
Y aac onxna u1u nnn nyuman nnn cnnunan npnkynnan pyka.
4. Bauk Haneuuku. Bm pasHmmnne1e uap pemeuueH c oveuu
6nuskuHu napaHe1paHu pnn npoponxeuun urpm unu naca. H1o am
ponxum cpena1u?
Hac.
5. Korpa 6auk 6onumo, kakue rnaaume nonpaaku am ponxum
cpena1u?
MakcnMnsnpy1e cao manc aunrpa1u ank.
6. Kak ponxeu usHeuu1ucn aam c1unu urpm a 6onumoH 6auke?
1. Hpoonxa1u nrpy norpannunuMn pykaMn, ko1opue au u aupocnnn
a ManenukoM anke.
2. Hcnonusy1e aosMoxnoc1n aun1u npo1nannkoa, ecnn au nMee1e
copannyk nnn npnkynnyk pyky.
3. Hpoonxa1e 1nny1u caok npnkynnyk pyky, axe ecnn y aac
aosnnknn noospennn, u1o ono yxe Mep1aa.
4. /ena1e uae konn na ony c1aaky na pnaepe, axe ecnn nou1n
yaepenu, u1o au nponrpuaae1e.
7. B veH am ponxum 6m1u o1uocu1enuuo yaepeum, npexpe veH
cpenae1e nac c npukynuo pyko a 6onumoH 6auke?
B 1oM, u1o au 1nne1e Mep1ayk npnkynnyk pyky.
8. Ranne1cn nu cunuum 6e1 poc1a1ovumH caupe1enuc1aoH, v1o am
1nue1e Hep1aym npukynuym pyky?
~249 ~
He1.
9. H1o pena1u, ecnu y aac ec1u ue6onumo mauc ua no6epy, uo sa
s1o uapo sanna1u1u opuy c1aaky a 6onumoH 6auke?
/ena1u konn n nrpa1u anume.
~250 ~
3au1a aame pyku
1. Kakan omu6ka, ko1opym am Hoxe1e cpena1u, nanne1cn caHo
poporo?
Cena1u nac c pyko, ko1opan nMee1 aucokn manc aunrpa1u
onumo ank.
2. K1o, 1e epuuc1aeuume urpoku, ko1opme penam1 s1y omu6ky?
Tonuko 1e, k1o enae1 nac nn coxpanennn ono c1aakn, a onumoM
anke. Onn cun1ak1 a1o npnsnakoM akcnep1noro nrpoka.
3. Qpyran omu6ka, ko1opan nanne1cn nov1u 1ako xe
poporoc1one. Oua uac1onuko poporoc1ona, v1o am 6ype1e
aupe1u, kak k1o-1o us urpokoa penae1 ee nov1u c kaxpo caoe
pyko ua uuskux nuHu1ax. H1o s1o sa omu6ka?
O1kas o1 san1u caoe cnnuno pykn a onumoM n MnorouncnennoM
anke.
4. Kak am sauae1e caom pyky?
Bu enae1e e1 nnn pes, aunyxan nrpokoa co cnauMn
npnkynnuMn pykaMn aunpa1u pemenne Mexy nacoM n nepen1aenunuM
konnoM.
5. Huorpa npoc1o 6e1 ue sauae1 aamy pyky. H1o am ponxum
pena1u a 1ako cu1yauu, v1o6m sau1u1u caom pyky?
ek-pes.
6. Ha qnone urpok, ko1opm uaxopu1cn uenocpepc1aeuuo cnpaaa
o1 aac, penae1 6e1. Kak am ponxum cmrpa1u?
Hou1n acera nnn pes, nnn nac.
7. HoveHy am ponxum cao6opuo pena1u pes, v1o6m sau1u1u
caom pyky?
Pes, kora au onxnu cena1u konn, Moxe1 c1on1u aaM ony
c1aaky. Konn, kora au onxnu cena1u pes, Moxe1 c1on1u aaM enoro
anka. Ouenu nerko no1epn1u ony c1aaky nn 1oro, u1ou sapa1u enu
cnyuanu ank.
8. Kak am ponxum urpa1u npukynuo qnem unu c1pu1 c
oaepkap1aHu a 6onumoH 6auke?
Bu onxnu san1n1u a1n pykn.
9. Hpu 6onumoH 6auke, uackonuko am ponxum ynyvmu1u aamu
maucm ua amurpmm, pnn 1oro, v1o6m pes okasancn npu6mnuumH?
Ouenu uac1o 1onuko na neckonuko npoen1oa.
10. Ecnu y aac npukynuan pyka k 6onumo pyke 1o, kak am ponxum
urpa1u npu HaneuukoH 6auke?
Hsera1e yc1panennn nrpokoa.
11. A v1o pena1u a s1o xe cu1yauu, uo ecnu 6auk 6onumo?
~251 ~
3ana1e caon ynsanMue ay1u pesoM.
12. B kakux cnyvanx pes ua qnone ue sau1u1 aamy pyky?
1. Kora ank onumo, n Mnoro kap1 na ue1aep1o ynne Mory1
nanec1n ape aame pyke.
2. Kora na qnone k aaM npnxon1 e1 o1 nepaoro npo1nannka cneaa o1
aac.
3. Kora ank ouenu onumo.
13. Kak nyvme urpa1u a s1oH cnyvae?
Konn na qnone a naexe na esonacnyk kap1y. Ecnn na ue1aep1o
ynne npnxon1 nyc1umka, 1o nnannpy1e na 1epne cena1u pes.
14. Bauk nanne1cn vpesamvauo 6onumuH. B kakoH cnyvae am
ponxum aospepxa1ucn o1 pesa ua qnone?
Ecnn aaM nyxno yaennun1u manc cena1e e1 na 1epne.
~252 ~
QenaeH pes, pnn nonyveuun
6ecnna1uo kap1m
1. Kak o6mvuo noc1ynam1 urpoku a nokepe no o1uomeuum k 1oHy
urpoky, ko1opm cpenan pes ua npepmpyeH kpyre 1oproanu?
/enak1 uek o ero xoa.
2. Korpa urpok ynyvmae1cn ua ve1aep1o ynue, v1o ou o6mvuo
penae1?
Ouuno on enae1 uek, nnannpyn cena1u uek-pes.
3. Kak am ucnonusye1e 1eupeuum pena1u vek po pesepa?
/enak pes na qnone a nocnene nosnnn c npnkynno pyko,
naMepeaancu cena1u uek nocne acex na ue1aep1o ynne, ecnn ne
npnkynnn nyxnyk kap1y. B a1oM cnyuae kap1y pnaepa n cMo1pk
ecnna1no.
4. 3a kakuHu c1onaHu npueH no nonyveuum 6ecnna1uo kap1m
nanne1cn uau6onee sqqek1uaumH?
3a c1onaMn c naccnanuMn nrpokaMn.
5. Ecnu urpa c1auoau1cn 6onee arpeccuauo, v1o am ponxum
noHeun1u?
Bu onxnu npnnnMa1u pemennn onee nsnpa1enuno npn
npoaeennn npneMa no nonyuennk ecnna1no kap1u.
6. HpepnonoxuH, y aac cunuuan npukynuan pyka 1una npukynuoro
qnema unu payxc1opouuero c1pu1a. Qonxum nu am npekpa1u1u
nonm1ku nonyvu1u 6ecnna1uym kap1y?
He1. Ho au ne onxnu aonnoaa1ucn o 1oM, u1o Moxe1e nonyun1u
pepes nnn konn, a na 1epne e1 o1 koro-1o ns npo1nannkoa.
7. C kakuHu npukynumHu pykaHu am ponxum npekpa1u1u nonm1ku
nonyvu1u 6ecnna1uym kap1y npo1ua arpeccuaumx urpokoa?
Co cnauMn npnkynnuMn pykaMn. HanpnMep, Mnaman napa nnn
upnau c1pn1.
~253 ~
Pyku c payHn oaepnapaHu
1. H1o am o6mvuo ponxum cpena1u, korpa pemae1e, v1o y aac ec1u
npeuHyec1ao?
Hcnonusoaa1u caoe npenMyec1ao, enan e1 nnn pes.
2. B kakoH cnyvae am ponxum paccHo1pe1u nepeuoc Haneuukoro
npeuHyec1aa?
Ecnn a1o1 nepenoc nosaonn1 aaM ncnonusoaa1u ropaso onumee
npenMyec1ao na nosnnx kpyrax 1oproann.
3. H1o am ponxum cpena1u, v1o6m nepeuec1u Haneuukoe
npeuHyec1ao?
Hooxa1u 1epna n cena1u na neM pes.
4. Hs-sa kakux oco6mx ycnoau am ponxum xpa1u ve1aep1o
ynum?
1. Kora pes nMee1 Mano mancoa aunyn1u npo1nannkoa cena1u nac.
2. Bama pyka ynsanMa, Mnoro kap1 (uac1o o nonoannu konou) Mory1
ourpa1u aamy pyky, n noa1oMy au nMee1e Manoe npenMyec1ao.
3. Ecnn nonan1cn yaunan kap1a, 1o aame npenMyec1ao na 1epne
snaun1enuno yaennun1cn.
~254 ~
QenaeH 6e1 ua puaepe pnn
yaenuveuun pasHepa 6auka
1. Kakoe nokepuoe opyxue 6ecnonesuo npo1ua urpokoa, ko1opme
urpam1 Huoro pyk, u saxopn1 c uuHu oveuu paneko?
Eneq.
2. Besynpevuo sauancu npo1ua 6neqa, kakoHy uanapeuum ouu
ce6n nopc1aannm1?
BameMy e1y nn yaennuennn anka na pnaepe, ko1opu au enae1e
c norpannunuMn pykaMn.
3. C kakuHu pykaHu 6onumuuc1ao aa1oo1ae1vukoa poxopu1 vac1o
po puaepa?
Hkan napa nnn c1apmn 1ys.
4. Hocne puaepa ua c1one nexa1 cnepymue kap1m K8426.
Bm ua 6a11oue c TT. Ta1oam urpok konnupoaan aac ua qnone u
1epue. H1o am ponxum cpena1u ua puaepe?
Cena1u uek.
5. H1o pena1u, ecnu aHec1o 1a1oaoro urpoka 6ype1 nysoam?
/ena1u e1 nn yaennuennn anka.
6. Bm nepamH axopu1e a 1oproanm npo1ua npepckasyeHmx u
naccuaumx urpokoa. Kakue nonpaaku aaH ueo6xopuHo auec1u a
caom c1pa1erum?
Bu onxnu ena1u e1 c ouenu norpannunuMn pykaMn. Ecnn au ace
paano nnannpye1e konnnpoaa1u uyxo e1 nocne caoero ueka, 1o nyume
ena1e e1 caMn npo1na a1nx nrpokoa.
7. Ha puaep npuxopu1 onacuan kap1a. Kakue ve1mpe rnaaumx
qak1opa am ponxum paccHo1pe1u, korpa am onpepenne1e
aepon1uoc1u 1oro, v1o aac nepe1nuynu?
1. Kak Mnoro npo1nannkoa oc1anocu a nrpe.
2. Ckonuko npnkynnux pyk Moxe1 u1u oc1poeno a1o kap1o.
3. Bepon1nu nanason pyk, c ko1opuMn Mory1 nrpa1u aamn
npo1nannkn.
4. Hackonuko 1a1oaue nnn nysoaue aamn npo1nannkn.
8. Ha puaep npuxopu1 onacuan kap1a. Oua nanne1cn ve1aep1o
kap1o ua c1one pnn c1pu1a unu qnema. Kak am ponxum urpa1u?
Bosepxn1ecu o1 1oro, u1ou ena1u e1 nn yaennuennn anka,
ecnn au, konueno, ne epxn1e c1pn1 nnn qnem.
9. Kakoe ec1u ucknmveuue us s1oro npaauna?
Ecnn au Moxe1e cysn1u aosMoxnue pykn aamnx npo1nannkoa 1onuko
k 1eM, ko1opue ne Mornn ynyumn1ucn na pnaepe.
~255 ~
10. Bamu npo1uauuku oveuu nysoame. B 6onumym unu Heuumym
c1opouy ponxuo cHec1u1ucn aame xenauue cpena1u 6e1 pnn
yaenuveuun 6auka?
B onumyk.
11. B kako HoHeu1 6auk c1auoau1cn uac1onuko 6onumuH, v1o y aac
o1napae1 ueo6xopuHoc1u pena1u 6e1 pnn yaenuveuun 6auka?
He1 1akoro MoMen1a. HesaancnMo o1 1oro, nackonuko aennk ank, au
onxnu ena1u e1 nn yaennuennn anka, ecnn au uyac1aye1e, u1o on
npnnece1 aaM npnunu.
~256 ~
Hrpa ua puaepe
npu 6onumoH 6auke
1. Kakue xapak1epuc1uku ykasmaam1 ua nnoxux nokepumx
urpokoa?
Onn nrpak1 cnnmkoM Mnoro pyk, onn Mano nacyk1 na qnone, n onn
peko enak1 (nponyckak1) e1u n pesu c norpannunuMn n cnnunuMn
pykaMn.
2. Kakym omu6ky penam1 ueko1opme urpoku, v1o6m ue c1a1u opuuH
us 1akux nnoxux urpokoa?
Onn ouenu uac1o enak1 nac.
3. Korpa Hmmneuue vac1oro naca Hoxe1 6m1u nonesuo?
Kora ank Manenukn.
4. Korpa 6auk 6onumo, kakan omu6ka xyxe? Hnoxo konn unu
nnoxo nac?
Hnoxo nac naMnoro xyxe.
5. Bauk 6onumo. Bm nov1u yaepeum, v1o aac 6um1. Qonxum nu am
cpena1u nac papu coxpaueuun opuo c1aaku ua puaepe?
He1. Bu onxnu u1u aconk1no yaepenu, u1o aac ourpuaak1.
6. Bm sakpmaae1e 1oproanm. O1uomeuue c1aaku k 6auky
coc1aanne1 12k1. Kak vac1o am ponxum uHe1u nyvmym pyky,
v1o6m aam konn okasancn npu6mnuumH?
B aocuMn npoen1ax cnyuaea.
7. Arpeccuaum urpok penae1 6e1 npo1ua 1pex urpokoa ua puaepe.
Moxe1e nu am ua ocuoaauuu s1oro npepnonoxu1u, v1o ou aac 6ue1?
He1. Hnoxne nrpokn uac1o neqyk1, ocoenno c esnaexno pyko
a onumoM anke.
8. Ecnu am ue Hoxe1e 6u1u uu opuy pyky, ko1opym, no noruke,
uHee1 aam npo1uauuk, ponxum nu am pena1u nac?
He onsa1enuno. Mnorne aamn npo1nannkn nrpak1 nenornuno. Onn
yy1 noc1onnno ynann1u aac pykaMn, ko1opue onn epxann a 1o nnn
nno pasaue.
~257 ~
Hoxop sa oaepkonnaHu
1. Ho kakuH payH npuvuuaH pnn oaepkonna ua puaepe am ponxum
uHe1u 6onee cunuuym pyky, veH, ecnu 6m am 6mnu nepamH
konepoH?
1. Bu onxnu ourpuaa1u ae pykn aMec1o ono.
2. Ecnn e11op Moxe1 neqoaa1u, 1o konnep ne Moxe1. Ecnn aama pyka
Moxe1 ourpa1u 1onuko neq, ne ena1e oaepkonn
2. Kak urpae1 6onumuuc1ao urpokoa, penan oaepkonn?
Onn yy1 ena1u oaepkonn c nko pyko, c ko1opo onn u
enann konn.
3. Y aac cunuuan pyka. Ec1u npo1uauuku, ko1opme ee ue aomnu a
1oproanm. Kak am ponxum paccHa1puaa1u caom panuuemym urpy?
PaccMo1pn1e 1onuko konn aMec1o pesa.
4. Hpu kakux ycnoaunx konn nanne1cn oco6euuo npaaunuumH
pemeuueH?
1. Hocne aac ee neckonuko nrpokoa aoy1 a nrpy.
2. B1n nrpokn nysoaue n ecxn1poc1nue.
3. Bama pyka cnnunan.
4. Eank ne onumo.
5. Hrpok, cenaamn e1, Moxe1 ourpa1u aac.
6. Hrpok, cenaamn e1, Moxe1 neqoaa1u.
5. H1o savac1ym osuavae1 c1pauum 6e1?
Hrpok, cenaamn e1, nMee1 nnn ouenu cnnunyk nnn ouenu cnayk
pyky.
6. Hasoau1e pae o6ue cu1yauu, korpa noxop sa oaepkonnaHu
vac1o nanne1cn npaaunuumH.
1. Kora y aac onokap1ounu c1pn1.
2. Kora y aac a1opo na1coau onokap1ounu qnem.
~258 ~
Korpa am ue xo1u1e oaepkonnoa
1. Bama pyka Hoxe1 o6mrpa1u 1onuko 6neq. Hocne aac a 1oproanm
6ypy1 ee axopu1u urpoku. Kak am ponxum urpa1u?
B ocnoanoM, au onxnu ena1u nac, axe ecnn u konn oc1aann aac
onn na onn.
2. Bauk 6onumo. Y aac nocpepc1aeuuan pyka, uHeman
npunuvum mauc o6mrpa1u urpoka, cpenaamero 6e1. Hocne aac a
1oproanm 6ypy1 ee axopu1u urpoku. H1o am ponxum cpena1u?
Pes aMec1o konna.
~259 ~
Posmrpmm oaepkap1
1. Posmrpmm oaepkap1 ue cunuuo o1nuvae1cn o1 posmrpmma, kako
pyku?
Cnao npnkynno pykn.
2. Kakue 1pu npaauna noHoram1 aaH oeuuaa1u cuny oaepkap1?
1. Oaepkap1u npenoun1ak1 paanue koMnnann kap1 na c1one.
2. Opa1nu npnkyn ycnnnaae1 oaepkap1u.
3. Oaepkap1u npenoun1ak1 Mano npo1nannkoa.
3. Hasoau1e pae npuvuum, noveHy oaepkap1m npepnovu1am1
paaume koH6nnann kap1 na c1one?
1. C1apman napa, ckopee acero, noen1, ecnn ne oc1ynen npnkynno
qnem nnn c1pn1.
2. Paanan koMnnann kap1 na c1one Menee aepon1no noMoxe1 aamnM
npo1nannkaM copa1u nyxnyk koMnnank.
4. Kakan us s1ux pyk cunuuee: AK ua qnone J63 unu AK ua
qnone J63?
B1opan pyka cnnunee, 1ak kak A ae1 aame pyke opa1no
npnkynno qnem.
5. Y aac pasuoHac1ume oaepkap1m. Kako c1on pnn aac
npepnov1u1enuue: c 1peHn kap1aHu pasuo Hac1u unu c payHn
kap1aHu opuuakoao Hac1u c opuo us aamux oaepkap1?
Eonee npenou1n1enuno nanne1cn c1on c ayMn kap1aMn
onnakoao Mac1n c ono ns aamnx oaepkap1.
6. Kakue pae npo6neHm cyec1aym1 npu uanuvuu Huorovucneuumx
npo1uauukoa?
1. Yaennuen manc na 1o, u1o au okaxe1ecu a cn1yann opa1noro
oMnnnpoaannn.
2. Yaennuen manc, u1o k1o-1o ns npo1nannkoa coepe1 nyumyk pyky.
7. Hackonuko aepuo npaauno: Qena 6e1 npo1ua payx
npo1uauukoa, u vek npo1ua 1pex npo1uauukoa?
Ono nac1onuko ynpoeno, u1o nanne1cn coaepmenno ecnonesnuM.
8. Kakue aonpocm am ponxum sapa1u ce6e, nepep 1eH kak pena1u
6e1 unu vek co caouHu oaepkap1aHu?
1. Hackonuko onumo ank?
2. Kakoaa aepon1noc1u 1oro, u1o Mon oaepkap1u ace ee nyumne?
Hackonuko aennka aepon1noc1u, u1o aceM MonM npo1nannkaM na
qnone npnmnn nyxnue kap1u?
3. Hackonuko cnnuna Mon pyka? (/nn oenkn ncnonusy1e npaanna nn
pannnx kpyroa 1oproann).
4. Hackonuko aepon1no 1o, u1o, cenaa e1, n aunrpak a1o1 ank
~260 ~
neMenenno?
5. 3naun1enuno nn ynyumn1 e1 Mon mancu na noey, ecnn n ne
aunrpak a1o1 ank neMenenno?
6. CMory nn n, cenaa e1, nonyun1u a anunemeM ecnna1nyk kap1y,
ecnn saxouy a1oro?
9. Ecnu 6e1 ua qnone uHee1 Hanm mauc amurpa1u 6auk
ueHepneuuo, ponxum nu am cpena1u vek?
He onsa1enuno. /axe ecnn y aac ne1 nnkakoro manca aunrpa1u
ank neMenenno, e1 Moxe1 yaennun1u aamn mancu na noey. Hoa1oMy,
e1 Moxe1 u1u c1onnM pemenneM.
10. Y aac oaepkap1m. Hpo1uauuk penae1 6e1 npnHo nepep aaHu.
Kak am ponxum urpa1u?
Hrpa1e 1ak xe, kak n c nko pyro cnao npnkynno pyko.
11. Kak am ponxum urpa1u oaepkap1m a HaneuukoH 6auke?
B ocnoanoM nac.
12. A kak a 6onumoH 6auke?
B ocnoanoM, konnnpoaa1u n ena1u pes. Pes, ecnn a1o noMoxe1
aaM npnkynn1u ay1u nnn ecnna1nyk kap1y, a oc1anunux cnyuanx konn.
13. H1o am ponxum paccHo1pe1u a norpauuvuo cu1yauu,
npuuuHan pemeuue o npoponxeuuu urpm c oaepkap1aHu?
Ecnn aam npo1nannk Moxe1 cena1u e1 co cnao pyko nnn cnao
npnkynno pyko, 1o au onxnu u1u onee cknonnu k npoonxennk
nrpu. Ecnn npo1nannk nMee1 cnnunyk pyky, 1o nac.
14. Hrpok, cpenaamu 6e1, urpae1 ua oveuu mupokoH puanasou
aosHoxumx pyk. Bonume unu Heuume ponxuo 6m1u aame xenauue
npoponxa1u urpy c 1akuH urpokoH?
Eonume.
15. Bm c oaepkap1aHu ua qnone cpenanu 6e1 u nonyvunu konn.
Tepu ue noHor aaH. Korpa am cuoaa cHoxe1e pena1u 6e1?
Kak 1onuko au yann1e, u1o ec1u ouenu aucokn manc aunrpa1u
ank neMenenno.
16. Kako aup qnona o1kpmaae1 aaH 6onumue nepcnek1uam pnn
6e1a ua 1epue c oaepkap1aHu?
YMepenno ckoopnnnpoaannu qnon.
17. HoveHy oveuu ckooppuuupoaauum qnon nnox pnn Bac?
Ho1oMy u1o aucoka aepon1noc1u 1oro, u1o konepu nMek1 cnnunyk
npnkynnyk pyky, nnn npnMennk1 saMenennyk nrpy.
18. HoveHy paaum qnon nnox pnn Bac?
Ho1oMy u1o aucoka aepon1noc1u 1oro, u1o konepu yy1 nMe1u, no
kpane Mepe, napy.
~261 ~
4opHupoaauue ua npeqnone
6onumux 6aukoa
1. CkaxeH, am ua 6onumoH 6naupe c AJ. Hn1u nysoamx urpokoa,
aknmvan Hanm 6naup, aomnu nuHnoH. Bm ponxum pena1u pes
unu vek?
Pes.
2. 3ac1aanne1 nu aamux npo1uauukoa pena1u 6onume omu6ok
coxpaueuue 6auka HaneuukuH ua npeqnone?
/a.
3. Ecnu s1o 1ak, 1o noveHy pes npaaunuuee?
Ho1oMy u1o aamn npo1nannkn cenak1 nepayk omnky, kora
aoy1 a 1ako ank.
4. Ranne1cn nu vek c AJ npueHneHo anu1epua1uao?
He1. B1a pyka cnnmkoM cnnuna nn ueka.
5. Y aac AK a oveuu 6onumoH u HuorovucneuuoH 6auke. Qnn
no6epm am ponxum npukynu1u 1ysa unu koponn. Bm ponxum
1onuko konnupoaa1u c 1ako pyko?
He1. B1a pyka nMee1 cyec1aennoe npenMyec1ao ennoc1n anka.
~262 ~
QenaeH ua qnone
nysoam konn
1. Hasoau1e 1pu npuvuum, no ko1opmH am ponxum konnupoaa1u
pes (nocne aamero 6e1a) cna6o co6pauuo pyko, paxe ecnu am
nov1u yaepeum, v1o am npourpmaae1e?
1. Bam npo1nannk na 1epne Moxe1 cena1u uek, axe ecnn ero pyka
nyume aame.
2. Y aamero npo1nannka Moxe1 u1u 1onuko npnkynnan pyka.
3. Hnora au onxnu aosepxnaa1ucn o1 npneMa e1 c nocneyknM
nacoM na pes npo1nannka.
2. HoveHy uuorpa am ponxum aospepxuaa1ucn o1 npueHa 6e1 c
nocnepymuH nacoH ua pes npo1uauuka?
Ho1oMy u1o cnnmkoM uac1oe aunonnenne a1oro npneMa Moxe1
cnpoaonpoaa1u aamnx onee nanka1enunux npo1nannkoa ena1u
ononnn1enunue pesu c npnkynno nnn cnao copanno pyko npo1na
aac.
~263 ~
Hocnecnoaue k paspeny
Bonpocm u o1ae1m
D1n aonpocm ne paspa6a1maanncL kak saHena Ha1epnana a 1ekc1e.
Hx uenL coc1on1 a 1oH, u1o6m noHouL aaH coxpann1L oc1po1y aocnpnn1nn
knnrn Hrpa a XonpeH na nnsknx nnHn1ax (Bmnrpmaa Hnoro, nrpan, kak
akcnep1). Mm pekoHenpyeH aaH nepeun1maa1L Ha1epnan knnrn opnn pas a
Hecnu, a paspen Bonpocm n o1ae1m pas a nepenk, kak 1onLko am
nouyac1aye1e, u1o nauann c1anoan1Lcn amnrpmaakunH nrpokoH a xonpeH
na nnsknx nnHn1ax. KpoHe 1oro, ne sa6maa1e npnkpmaa1L o1ae1m, n
o6pyHmaa1L 1e aonpocm, ko1opme y aac cospak1 1pypnoc1n. Honm1a1ecL
cansa1L aonpocm c 1eHn pykaHn, ko1opme am nepaano cmrpann. H
nonm1a1ecL onpepenn1L, kakne konuenunn naunn nop1aepxpenne.
~264 ~
3aknmveuue
Mnoro ne1 nkpn nncann knnrn no nnsknH nnHn1aH, HanmH
c1aakaH, pnn noanukoa. BonLunnc1ao ns nnx 1aeppn1, nopo6no
koncepaa1opy pepxn1ecL nopanLue o1 nenpnn1noc1e. D1n c1pa1ernn
pec1an1enLno npekpacnm pnn noanukoa. Onn pak1 noanukaH npoc1me
pykoaopnune npnnunnm, u1o6m 1e ne cnnaann Hrnoaenno cao 6ankponn.
Ho Hm c1onknynncL c rpoHapnmH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa, ko1opme
npoponxak1 nrpa1L a a1oH cna6o-nerkoH c1nne a 1euenne Hnornx ne1. Hx
Hmunenne nac1onLko cnnLno cqopHnpoaano a1nHn knnraHn, u1o onn
o1kasmaak1cn npepnpnnn1L kakne nn6o uarn, u1o6m ynyuun1L caok nrpy.
Tak kak onn nrpak1 no knnre, 1o nx nocpepc1aennme pesynL1a1m
o1paxak1 nnoxyk ypauy, a ne nnoxyk nrpy.
Mm npepnaraeH coaepuenno ppyryk c1pa1ernk. Mm npepnaraeH
nrpa1L a cHenoH, arpeccnanoH n a1akykueH c1nne 6onLue, ueH nk6an
ppyran knnra, nanncannan o Hanmx c1aakax. Mm ne xo1nH npeapaua1L
noanukoa a ycneunmx pernonanLnmx nrpokoa. Mm xo1nH npeapa1n1L
ne1epnennamx c1ypen1oa nrpm a akcnep1oa. Mm xo1nH, u1o6m am nrpann
poc1a1ouno xopouo n sapa6a1maann $50000 a rop nnn 6onLue na
nnHn1ax $3$6 a nn1epne1e. Mm xo1nH pa1L aaH naamkn, ko1opme
nosaonn1 aaH nepeHec1n1Lcn na nnHn1m $30$60 n amue. Mm ne xo1nH,
u1o6m am npoc1o o6mrpmaann nrpm nnsknx nnHn1oa. Mm xo1nH, u1o6m am
kpyunnn nx!
~265 ~
Cnoaapu Fnoccapu
Toproann (Action) Hrpokn penak1 c1aakn a 6opL6e sa 6ank. Hrpa c
6onLuo 1oproane nrpa c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH c1aaok. Hrpok,
naunnakun 1oproank a1o nrpok, ko1opm penae1 nepayk c1aaky (6e1).
Ak1uaum urpok (Active player) Hrpok, yuac1aykun a 6opL6e sa 6ank.
Ba-6auk (Onnnn, All-in) Hoc1aan1L ace caon, nHekunecn na c1one
penLrn a 6ank. Ho1n aa-6ank.
O6pa1um npukyn (Back door) Tpn kap1m pnn qneua nnn c1pn1a, ns
uncna yxe sapec1aoaannmx a nrpe nn1n kap1 (pae y nrpoka n 1pn na
c1one). B ocnoanoH, a1o1 1epHnn ncnonLsye1cn pnn yxe cmrpannmx pyk;
npn a1oH, nrpok nsnauanLno ne paccun1maan co6pa1L qneu nnn c1pn1.
Bsp6u1 (Bad beat) Cn1yaunn, npn ko1opo nrpok, nHen ouenL cnnLnyk
pyky, nponrpmaae1 npo1nannky, nrpaaueH nenpaannLno, no nonyunaunH,
a pesynL1a1e neaepon1noro aesennn nyxnyk kap1y n amnrpmu 6anka.
Hnoxan urpa (Bad game) Hrpa, a ko1opo aaun npo1nannkn nrpak1
ropaspo cnnLnee aac, ne oc1aannn aaH uancoa na no6epy. Hrpa, a ko1opo
am amrnnpn1e HanLunkoH pnn 6n1Ln.
Baukponn (Bankroll) CyHHa pener, neo6xopnHan pnn 1oro, u1o6m pena1L
c1aakn a nrpax.
Bennu 6ac1ep (Belly buster) Oxnpanne opno kap1m pnn poc1pokn
pmpnaoro c1pn1a. Eue opno nasaanne ra1uo1.
C1aaka c nonoxu1enuumH oxupauueH npu6mnu (Best of it) C1aaka
a opno1nnnmx cn1yaunnx, ko1opan na pnnnno pnc1anunn npnnocn1
npn6mnL.
Be1 (Bet) Hepaan c1aaka a pannoH kpyre 1oproann.
Be11op (Bettor) Hrpok, ko1opm penae1 nepayk c1aaky (6e1) a pannoH
kpyre 1oproann.
Hpoponxeuuan c1aaka (Bet for value) Cpena1L c1aaky pnn 1oro, u1o6m
npo1nannkn c pyko cna6ee aaue ypaannnn, a ne c6pocnnn kap1m.
Bur Cnuk (Big slick) Tys-KoponL.
Hyc1mmka (Blank) Kap1a, ko1opan ne yaennunaae1 uennoc1L pykn
nrpoka.
Bnaup (Blind) Bmnyxpennan c1aaka, ko1opyk ponxnm cpena1L opnn
nnn 6onee nrpokoa, pnn 1oro, u1o6m npnnn1L yuac1ne a nepaoH kpyre
1oproann. C kaxpo noao paspaue, 6nanp nepexopn1 k cnepykueHy
nrpoky. O6 nrpoke, ko1opm ponxen pena1L amnyxpennyk c1aaky roaopn1,
u1o on naxopn1cn na 6nanpe.
~266 ~
Bneq (Bluff) Be1 nnn pes co cna6o pyko a napexpe na 1o, u1o
npo1nannkn ncnyrak1cn n c6pocn1 caon kap1m.
Bpopae (Broadway) C1pn1 o1 1ysa
Kap1a Bpopaen (Broadway card) k6an kap1a o1 1ysa po pecn1kn,
ko1opan Horna ncnonLsoaa1Lcn pnn noc1poennn Bpopaen.
Hyc1an pyka (Busted hand) Pyka, ko1opyk neaosHoxno poc1pon1L,
u1o6m noamcn1L ee uennoc1L.
Ba11ou (Button) Kpyrnm pnck, nepeHeuakuncn no c1ony, n
ykasmaakun pnnepy na nrpoka, c ko1oporo 6ype1 naunna1Lcn 1oproann.
Ba-uu (Buy in) MnnnHanLnan cyHHa pener, ko1opan neo6xopnHa pnn
1oro, u1o6m cec1L sa nrpoao c1on.
PyH (Card room) HoHeuenne a kasnno a ko1opoH nrpak1 a nokep.
Konn (Call) Ypaann1L 6e1 nnn pes npo1nannka. Honoxn1L a 6ank cyHHy
paanyk cyHHe 6e1a nnn pesa.
Xonopum konn pesa (Call a raise cold) Ypaann1L paonyk c1aaky,
1.e. 6e1 n pes.
Konnep (Caller) Hrpok, ko1opm ypaannn 6e1 nnn pes.
Hepe1nuy1u (Chase) Hpoponxa1L nrpa1L, nm1ancL ynyuun1L pyky n
no6epn1L nrpoka, nHekuero pyky cnnLnee aaue.
Hek (Check) Hpoponxn1L nrpy ne penan 6e1, ecnn po aac eue nnk1o ne
c1aann.
Hek-pes (Check-raise) Cpena1L cpasy uek, pnn 1oro, u1o6m na 6e1
npo1nannka cpena1L pes.
4umka (Chip) Kpyrnm npepHe1-cnHaon, ko1opm nHn1npye1 penLrn sa
nrpoamH c1onoH. Mnorne npoqeccnonanm nasmaak1 nx eue n uekaHn.
Hon (Chop) Paspen 6anka npn nnuLe. Eue opno snauenne, aosapa1
6nanpa nrpoky, ecnn nnk1o ne aouen a 6ank.
Cuuv (Cinch) yuuan pyka ns aosHoxnmx, c yue1oH kap1 na c1one,
korpa ace kap1m yxe cpanm.
Xonopum konn (Cold-cal) Ypaann1L pae n 6onee c1aaok (nanpnHep,
6e1 n pes).
Hpukynuan pyka (Come hand) Hepoc1poennan pyka, npn1oH, u1o eue
6ype1 cpaaa1Lcn Hnoro kap1 (cyuec1aye1 aosHoxnoc1L npnkynn1L nyxnyk
kap1y). HanpnHep, ue1mpex kap1ounm qneu na qnone nanne1cn
npnkynno pyko.
O6ue kap1m (Community cards) Kap1m, cpannme na c1on nnuoH
aaepx, ko1opme ak1nanme nrpokn ncnonLsyk1 pnn noc1poennn nokepnmx
koH6nnaun.
Hoppenka (Counterfeit) Ynyuuenne pykn npn ko1opoH, opna nnn o6e
sakpm1me kap1m nepec1ak1 yun1maa1Lcn, u1o npnaopn1 k yHenLuennk
o1nocn1enLno uennoc1n pykn. HanpnHep. Y aac K3, na qnon npnxopn1
K83. Y aac pae napm: koponn n 1pokn. Ha 1epne npnxopn1 8. aaua pyka
~267 ~
ynyuunnacL po payx nap koponn n aocLHepkn, no npn a1oH ee
o1nocn1enLnan uennoc1L ynana.
Konn o1vanuun (Crying call) Konn c pyko, nHekue HnnnHanLnme
uancm na no6epy.
O6pesa1u 6auk (Cut the pot) Bsn1ne npouen1a c kaxporo 6anka a
nonLsy uenoaeka nnn kasnno, ynpaannkuero nrpo.
Mep1aan pyka (Dead hand) Pyka, ko1opyk nrpok ne Hoxe1 npoponxa1L
nrpa1L ns-sa 1oro, u1o napyuenm npaanna nrpm.
Ho1epnuume peuuru (Dead money) [enLrn, anoxennme a 6ank
nrpokaHn, ko1opme yxe c6pocnnn caon kap1m.
QoHuuupoaauue (Domination) Korpa paa nrpoka pepxa1 opnnakoayk
kap1y, no a1opan kap1a y opnoro ns nrpokoa HenLue, ueH y ppyroro.
HpnHep. Hepam nrpok pepxn1 AK, a1opo AJ. AK poHnnnpye1 nap AJ.
Mep1am npukyn (Drawing dead) Oxnpanne ynyuun1L caok pyky a 1o
apeHn kak npo1nannk yxe co6pan pyky cnnLnee aaue ynyuuenno. Hrpok
oxnpae1 poc1pon1L qneu, a npo1nannk yxe nHee1 qynn-xayc.
Hepe1nuy1u (Draw out) Ycnnenne aaue pykn 1aknH o6pasoH, u1o ona
c1anoan1cn c1apue pykn npo1nannka, nHeauero npenHyuec1ao po 1oro,
kak am nonyunnn neo6xopnHyk kap1y.
Qaouo 6ennu 6ac1ep (Double belly buster) CHo1pn payxc1oponnn
c1pn1.
Pauunn nosuun (Early position) Hosnunn, c ko1opo am ac1ynae1e a
1oproank panLue 6onLunnc1aa nrpokoa.
HpeuHyec1ao (Edge) HpenHyuec1ao nap npo1nannkoH.
3qqek1uaume maucm (Effective odds) O1nouenne cyHHm oxnpaeHoro
amnrpmua k cyHHe c1aaok, ko1opyk aaH npnpe1cn ynna1n1L po konua
paspaun.
euuoc1u (Equity) Uennoc1L onpepenenno pykn nnn koH6nnaunn kap1.
Oxupauue (Expectation) Cpepnnn npn6mnL (nnn y6m1ok) nk6o c1aakn
na pnnnno pnc1anunn.
4aaopu1 (Favorite) Pyka, nHekuan nyuun uanc na no6epy po 1oro,
kak 6ypy1 cpanm cnepykune kap1m.
CeHeum 6auk (Family pot) Bank, a ko1opoH yuac1aye1 6onLunnc1ao
nrpokoa, cnpnunx sa c1onoH.
Hn1an ynua (Fifth street) Hn1an, ona xe n saknkun1enLnan o6uan
kap1a na c1one.
3anonuu1u (Fill) Honyun1L kap1y, ko1opan poc1pon1 pyky. HanpnHep,
nonyun1L nn1yk kap1y opnnakoao Hac1n n poc1pon1L qneu.
3anonuu1u nonuoc1um (Fill up) Co6pa1L qynn-xayc.
Hnocku konn (Flat call) Konnpoaa1L 6e1 6es pesa.
4non (Flop) Tpn nepamx o1kpm1mx o6unx kap1m na c1one.
~268 ~
4nem (Flush) Hn1L kap1 opno Hac1n.
Hac (Fold) C6pocn1L kap1m. Bm1n ns 6anka, ne konnpyn 6e1 nnn pes.
Hepoc1poeuum qnem (Four-flush) e1mpe opnoHac1nmx kap1m pnn
qneua.
Kape (Four-of-a-kind) e1mpe kap1m opnnakoaoro poc1onnc1aa.
HanpnHep, ue1mpe aane1a.
He1aep1an ynua (Fourth street) e1aep1an o6uan kap1a na c1one.
Becnna1uan kap1a (Free card) Kap1a, ko1opyk nonyuae1 nrpok 6es
neo6xopnHoc1n konnpoaa1L ue-1o 6e1.
4pu ponn (Free roll) Cn1yaunn, npn ko1opo paa nrpoka nHek1
opnnakoame pykn, no y opnoro ns nnx ec1L uanc ynyuun1Lcn.
Oynn-xayc (Full house) Tpn kap1m opnoro poc1onnc1aa n pae ppyroro.
HanpnHep, AAA99 a1o qynn-xayc (1pn 1ysa n pae pean1kn).
O1pa1u pyky (Giving a hand away) Hrpa1L caok pyky 1aknH o6pasoH,
u1o npo1nannkaH ne coc1aan1 1pypa npocun1a1L, u1o am nHee1e.
Xopoman urpa (Good game) Hrpa, a ko1opo poc1a1ouno Hnoro
nrpokoa, ko1opme nrpak1 xyxe aac, u1o penae1 aac qaaopn1oH.
Fa1mo1 (Gutshot) Hpnkynno pmpnam c1pn1.
Xspc-an (Heads-up) Hrpa opnn na opnn c epnnc1aennmH npo1nannkoH
sa c1onoH.
Ckpm1m ay1 (Hidden out) Kap1a, ko1opan ne ynyuuae1 aauy pyky
nenocpepc1aenno (1.e. ne cospae1 koH6nnaunk c aaunHn kap1aHn: napy,
c1pn1 nnn qneu), no, 1eH ne Henee, ycnnnaae1 ee. Ecnn k aaH npnuen AK,
a k aaueHy npo1nannky K3, n na c1one K853, 1o aosHoxnoe nonanenne
aocLHepok nnn nn1epok a1o ckpm1me ay1m.
Hovacoaan c1aaka (Hourly rate) CyHHa pener, ko1opyk nrpok
amnrpmaae1 a cpepneH a uac.
Ho1euuanuume maucm (Implied odds) O1nouenne o6ue cyHHm
pener, ko1opyk am co6npae1ecL amnrpa1L, ecnn co6epe1e koH6nnaunk k
c1aake, ko1opyk ceuac ponxnm cpena1L pnn 1oro, u1o6m npoponxn1L
nrpy.
Qmpnam c1pu1 (Inside straight) C1pn1, ko1opm am Hoxe1e poc1pon1L
kap1o onpepenennoro poc1onnc1aa, o6muno nocepepnne c1pn1oao
koH6nnaunn. HanpnHep, am co6pann T-9-7-6, 1onLko 8 pac1 aaH c1pn1. O
1ako cn1yaunn roaopn1, 1nny1L pmpnam c1pn1, nnn y aac npnkynno
pmpnam c1pn1.
Kukep (Kicker) Kap1a, HenLuero poc1onnc1aa, ns payx, cpannmx aaH .
Hospunn nosuun (Late position) Hosnunn, ns ko1opo am ac1ynae1e a
1oproank nocne 6onLunnc1aa nrpokoa, ac1ynnaunx a nrpy.
3akouuan pyka (Legitimate hand) Pyka, npnnocnuan npn6mnL. Pyka, ne
1pe6ykuan 6neqa.
~269 ~
RuHu1 (Limit) Orpannuenne no cyHHe 6e1a n pesa. Onkcnpoaannme
pasHepm 6e1a n pesa pnn acex nrpokoa, npnnnHakunx yuac1ne a nrpe.
RuHnuur (Limp in) Hrpoky npnxopn1 cnnLnan pyka, no on na 6e1
o1aeuae1 konnoH, a ne pesoH. O6muno ncnonLsye1cn 1onLko na nepaoH
kpyre 1oproann.
Xuavuk (Live one) ysoam, cna6m nrpok, nponrpmaakun kyuy
pener.
3aHok (Lock) yuuan pyka. Pyka, ko1opan ne Hoxe1 nponrpa1L.
Manoaepon1uan koH6uuaun (Long shot) Pyka, nHekuan
HnnnHanLnm uanc na 1o, u1o6m 6m1L poc1poenno.
Rysoam (Loose) Hrpok, axopnun a nrpy uaue, ueH 1pe6ye1cn pnn
nopHanLno nrpm.
Rysoaan urpa (Loose game) Hrpa c 6onLunH konnuec1aoH nrpokoa a
6onLunnc1ae paspau.
OxupaeHan npu6mnu (Mathematical expectation) Ma1eHa1nueckoe
amuncnenne 1oro, ckonLko pas, a cpepneH, c1aaka Hoxe1 amnrpa1L nnn
nponrpa1L.
Cpepunn napa (Middle pair) O6pasoaanne napm co a1opo no
c1apunnc1ay kap1o na c1one.
Cpepunn nosuun (Middle position) Hosnunn nocepepnne 1oprykunxcn,
nosxe pannnx nosnun n panLue nospnnx nosnun. HpnHep. 3a c1onoH na
pecn1L nrpokoa a1o nosnunn ue1aep1an n nn1an cneaa o1 6onLuoro
6nanpa.
Mouc1p (Monster) OuenL Hounan pyka, ko1opan nou1n acerpa
amnrpmaae1.
C6pocu1u (Muck) C6pocn1L pyky ne nokasmaan kap1.
Mynu1u6auk (Multiway pot) Bank, a ko1opoH yuac1aye1 6onee payx
nrpokoa.
O1pua1enuuan oxupaeHan npu6mnu (Negative expectation)
OxnpaeHm cpepnn nponrpmu o1 c1aakn. Hrpa c o1pnua1enLno
oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk a1o nrpa, ko1opan aepe1 k no1epe pener na
pnnnno pnc1anunn.
Ha1c (Nuts) CaHan nyuuan pyka, ko1opyk Hoxno co6pa1L a panno
paspaue.
Uaucm (Odds) Ma1eHa1nueckn paccun1annm uanc, u1o co6m1ne
nponsope1. Takxe ncnonLsye1cn ampaxenne pot odds (uancm na 6ank)
o1nouenne pasHepa 6anka k pasHepy c1aakn, ko1opyk am ponxnm anec1n,
u1o6m npoponxn1L nrpy.
PasuoHac1ume (Off-suit) PasnoHac1nme kap1m.
Opuokap1ovum npukyn (One card draw) Hpnkyn k pyke, ko1opan
koH6nnnpye1cn ns opno aaue kap1m n ue1mpex kap1 c1ona. Ecnn y aac
opna nnka, n na qnon npnuno 1pn nnkn, 1o y aac opnokap1ounm
~270 ~
npnkynno qneu.
Hmpok (On the come) Hrpa nepoc1poenno pyko. HanpnHep, ecnn am
penae1e 6e1, korpa y aac 1onLko ue1mpe kap1m pnn qneua, 1o am nmpne1e
sa qneueH.
Honnm1u (On tilt) Peskoe yxypuenne kauec1aa nrpm, cansannoe c
aHounonanLnmH pacc1poc1aoH nrpoka.
Qayxc1opouuu c1pu1 (Open-ended straight) e1mpe kap1m pnn c1pn1a,
ko1opme poc1panaak1cn kap1aHn payx poc1onnc1a po nonnouennoro
c1pn1a. HanpnHep, 9876 nanne1cn payxc1oponnnH c1pn1oH. [oc1pon1L
1ako c1pn1 Hoxno pecn1ko nnn nn1epko. Teope1nueckn koH6nnaunk J
9875 1akxe o1nocn1 k payxc1oponnnH c1pn1aH, 1ak kak ee Hoxno
poc1pon1L pecn1ko nnn uec1epko. Hocnepnn npnHep nasmaak1 eue n
paono 6ennn 6ac1ep.
Bm6u1 kukepoH (Outkicked) Hrpok nHee1 opnnakoayk napy c
npo1nannkoH, no nponrpmaae1 6onLueHy knkepy. HanpnHep, y nrpoka AQ,
y npo1nannka AK, na qnon npnxopn1 1ys. O6a nrpoka co6pann napy 1ysoa.
Ho nrpok nponrpmaae1 npo1nannky, 1ak kak ero knkep (paHa) cna6ee
knkepa npo1nannka (koponL).
Ay1m (Outs) Kap1m, ko1opme ynyuuak1 aauy pyky. Takxe, ny1n pnn
ynyuuennn aaue pykn. TepHnn ncnonLsye1cn a ocnoanoH pnn pyk,
ko1opme Hoxno ynyuun1L.
Oaepkonn (Overcall) O1ae1n1L konnoH na 6e1 nocne konna ppyroro
nrpoka.
Oaepkap1a (Overcard) Kap1a c1apue, ueH nk6an kap1a na qnone. Hnn
nk6an kap1a, c1apue 1ex, u1o y aac.
Oaepnapa (Overpair) Hapa, co6pannan ns kap1 c1apue, ueH nk6an
kap1a na c1one.
Hapa (Pair) [ae kap1m opnnakoaoro poc1onnc1aa. HanpnHep, pae
aocLHepkn napa.
Hac1uvum ay1 (Partial out) Kap1a, ko1opan pae1 aaH nyuuyk pyky a
onpepenennoH npouen1oH coo1nouennn.
Hacc (Pass) Bm1n ns nrpm. C6pocn1L kap1m.
Hpoaepka (Pay off) O1aeua1L konnoH na 6e1 nnn pes ne 6ypyun
yaepennmH, u1o aaua pyka cnnLnee.
BaukoHa1 (Pay station) Hrpok, ko1opm konnpye1 6e1m n pesm uaue,
ueH neo6xopnHo pnn nopHanLno nrpm. Eue opno nasaanne
aa1oo1ae1vuk (Call station). Tako 1nn nanne1cn orpoHnmH nopapkoH,
korpa y Dac sakonnan pyka, a on nm1ae1cn Dac amcapn1L ns 6anka
6neqoH.
Hosuun (Position) Mec1o a ouepepnoc1n c1aaok, ko1opoe sannHae1
nrpok. Hrpok na nepao nosnunn 6ype1 nepamH axopnunH a nrpy; nrpok
na nocnepne nosnunn 6ype1 nocnepnnH axopnunH a nrpy.
Honoxu1enuuan oxupaeHan npu6mnu (Positive expectation)
~271 ~
OxnpaeHm cpepnn amnrpmu o1 c1aakn. Hrpa c nonoxn1enLno
oxnpaeHo npn6mnLk a1o nrpa, ko1opan npnnocn1 penLrn na pnnnno
pnc1anunn.
Bauk (Pot) O6uan nakannnaakuancn cyHHa pener, anocnHan nrpokaHn
sa kaxpoe pec1ane a konkpe1no paspaue, sa ko1opyk aepe1cn 6opL6a
Hexpy nrpokaHn. Hnorpa yno1pe6nne1cn kak cnnonnH 1epHnna paspaua,
pyka. HanpnHep, 1pn nrpoka a 6anke, osnauae1 1pn ak1nanmx nrpoka,
npoponxakunx nrpy a konkpe1no paspaue (pyke).
euuoc1u 6auka (Pot equity) [onn a npouen1ax, c ko1opo am
oxnpae1e amnrpmaa1L 6ank yHnoxennan na pasHep 6anka. Ecnn am
nnannpye1e amnrpmaa1L 6ank paapua1L npouen1oa apeHenn, n 6ank
copepxn1 $100, 1o pnn aac uennoc1L 6anka coc1aanne1 $20.
HpeuHyec1ao euuoc1u 6auka (Pot equity edge) am nHee1e
npenHyuec1ao uennoc1n 6anka, ecnn oxnpae1e amnrpmaa1L ero uaue, ueH
cpepnn nrpok. Ecnn am nHee1e ue1mpex npo1nannkoa n cun1ae1e nx
cpepnnHn nrpokaHn, kaxpm ns ko1opmx amnrpmaae1 a 20% cnyuaea, a o1
ce6n oxnpae1e, amnrpmu a 30% cnyuaea, 1o am nHee1e npenHyuec1ao
uennoc1n 6anka.
Uaucm ua 6auk (Pot odds) O1nouenne pasHepa 6anka k pasHepy
c1aakn, ko1opyk am ponxnm anec1n, u1o6m npoponxn1L nrpy.
3au1a aame pyku (Protecting your hand) Be1 nnn pes, korpa eue
ne ace kap1m na c1one o1kpm1m, c uenLk am6n1L npo1nannkoa co cna6mHn
pykaHn n sac1aan1L sanna1n1L ppyrnx npo1nannkoa onna1n1L nx
npnkynnme pykn.
Hpepnonoxu1u vum-1o pyky (Put someone on a hand) Hpepnonoxn1L,
kakyk pyky nHee1 npo1nannk.
Huc1m ua1c (Pure nuts) yuuan aosHoxnan a konkpe1no paspaue
pyka. Ha c1one A78K4. Y nrpoka na pykax 6-5. Hrpok nHee1 unc1m
na1c.
Hyc1mmka (Rag) To xe, u1o n Blank. Kap1a, ne yaennunaakuan
uennoc1L pykn nrpoka.
Pes (Raise) Yaennun1L c1aaky, nocne 1oro, kak k1o-1o yxe cpenan 6e1.
Pesep (Raiser) Hrpok, cpenaaun pes.
Pek (Rake) Heko1opan cyHHa pener, co6npaeHan kasnno c kaxporo
6anka, o6muno ne 6onLue $3 nnn $4.
HHu1upoaa1u (Represent) 3ac1aan1L aaunx npo1nannkoa noaepn1L, u1o
aaua pyka cnnLnee, ueH ec1L na caHoH pene.
Pepes (Reraise) Cpena1L pes nocne 1oro kak npo1nannk cpenan pes.
O6pa1nme no1enunanLnme uancm (Reverse implied odds) O1nouenne
cyHHm pener, naxopnuecn ceuac a 6anke k cyHHe, ko1opo neo6xopnHo
ypaann1Lcn pnn npoponxennn nrpm o1 1ekyuero kpyra 1oproann po konua
paspaun.
Puaep (River) Hn1an n nocnepnnn o6uan kap1a na c1one.
~272 ~
Kpyr 1oproanu (Round of betting) Hocnepoaa1enLnoc1L c1aaok nocne
paspaun opno nnn 6onee kap1. Toproann a 1ekyueH kpyre 1oproann
npoponxae1cn po 1ex nop, noka kaxpm ak1nanm nrpok nn6o ne cmrpae1
nac, nn6o ne ypaanne1cn.
Ponn-qneu (Royal flush) C1pn1oaan o1 1ysa nocnepoaa1enLnoc1L
opnoHac1nmx kap1. HanpnHep, AKQJT. (1ys-koponL-paHa-aane1-
pecn1L nnk).
Henpepmauan napa (Running pair) Cn1yaunn, npn ko1opo na 1epne n
pnaepe amnapak1 opnopanroame kap1m, o6pasyn napy. Panr kap1, cpannmx
na qnone, o1nnuae1cn o1 panra kap1, o6pasoaaaunx nenpepmanyk napy.
Pax (Rush) Bmnrpmu neckonLknx pyk a kopo1kn npoHexy1ok apeHenn
opnnH nrpokoH.
Ceup6sr (Sandbag) Cna6an nrpa c cnnLno pyko. Hrpa1L uek-pes nnn
cnoynnen1L, nHen aosHoxno caHyk cnnLnyk pyky.
Kym (Score) BonLuo amnrpmu. Copaa1L 6onLuo kyu.
Hna1a sa Hec1o (Seat charge) Houacoaan nna1a sa aosHoxnoc1L nrpa1L
a nokep a ny6nnunmx pyHax.
B1opan napa (1pe1un napa) (Second pair (third pair)) O6pasoaanne
napm co a1opo (1pe1Le) no c1apunnc1ay kap1o na c1one.
Hony-6neq (Semi-bluff) Cpena1L 6e1 co cna6o pyko, nHekue
xopoune uancm na ynyuuenne.
Ce1 (Set) KoH6nnaunn ns 1pex opnopanroamx kap1, co6pannan
kapHanno napo n opno kap1o na c1one.
Qonn (Share) aama ponn, ampaxennan a npouen1ax ponnx amnrpmue
6anka cpepnnH nrpokoH. Ecnn am nrpae1e c 1peHn npo1nannkaHn, 1o aaua
ponn coc1aanne1 25%. O6muno ncnonLsye1cn pnn cpaanennn, amnrpmu
6onLue, ueH aaua ponn.
Kopo1kue maucm (Short odds) Xopoune uancm na sann1ne npnsoaoro
Hec1a a 1ypnnpe.
Manovucneuum 6auk (Short-handed pot) Bank c HanmH konnuec1aoH
ak1nanmx nrpokoa (ue1mpe n HenLue).
Maneuuku (kopo1ku) c1ek (Short-stacked) Hrpokn, nHekune Hanm
sanac qnuek na c1one.
Bckpm1ue (Showdown) O1kpm1ne kap1 acex ak1nanmx nrpokoa no
okonuannn nocnepnero kpyra 1oproann, c 1eH, u1o6m ace yanpenn pyky,
no6epnauyk a panno paspaue.
Ho6ovum 6auk (Side pot) B1opo 6ank pnn oc1aaunxcn ak1nanmx
nrpokoa, ecnn opnn ns nrpokoa noc1aann nocnepnne penLrn a ocnoano
6ank.
3aHepneuuan urpa (cnoynne) (Slowplay) Mepnennan nrpa. HHen
cnnLnyk pyky, cpena1L uek nnn konnnpoaa1L ue-1o 6e1, u1o6m ne
pacnyra1L npo1nannkoa n co6pa1L HakcnHanLno aosHoxnoe konnuec1ao
pener na nospnnx kpyrax 1oproann
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Cnekynn1uauan pyka (Speculative hand) Pyka, ko1opan no6expae1
poaonLno pepko. Opnako, ecnn a1a pyka 6ype1 poc1poena, 1o ona
c1anoan1cn ouenL cnnLno, u1o nosaonne1 amnrpa1L ouenL 6onLuo 6ank.
C1ap1oame 1pe6oaauun (Starting requirement) MnnnHanLnme
nauanLnme 1pe6oaannn, npepLnanneHme nrpokoH k pyke, pnn 1oro, u1o6m
ac1ynn1L a 6opL6y sa 6ank.
Bc1ynu1u a 1oproanm (Start the action) Hoc1aan1L nepamH (cpena1L
6e1) npn posmrpmue panno pykn.
Kpaxa (Steal) HHen cna6yk pyky, sac1aan1L aaunx npo1nannkoa
c6pocn1L kap1m (am1n ns nrpm). TepHnn ncnonLsye1cn a ocnoanoH pnn
onpepenennn kpaxn an1e nnn 6nanpoa. [enan pes na npeqnone, am
sac1aanne1e npo1nannkoa co cna6mHn pykaHn cpena1L nac.
Honnmamu urpok (Steam) Yxacnan nrpa a pesynL1a1e
aHounonanLnoro pacc1poc1aa. Yuac1ne a 6onLueH konnuec1ae
pasmrpmaaeHmx 6ankoa, ueH nrpok o6muno ce6e nosaonne1. Bxoxpenne a
nrpy c pykaHn, c ko1opmHn nrpok nn sa u1o ne aouen 6m a nrpy, npe6maan
a nopHanLnoH coc1onnnn.
C1pu1 (Straight) Hn1L kap1 pasnmx Hac1e pacnonoxennmx no nopnpky.
HanpnHep, T9876, a1o c1pn1.
C1pu1 qnem (Straight flush) Hn1L kap1 opno Hac1n pacnonoxennmx no
nopnpky. HanpnHep, T9876, a1o c1pn1 qneu.
Cunuume npukynume pyku (Strong draw) CnnLnme npnkynnme pykn,
nHekune, amcokne uancm pnn peannsaunn. HanpnHep: npnkynno
payxc1oponnn c1pn1, npnkynno qneu.
C1pyk1ypa (Structure) Yc1anoanennme pasHepm an1e, c1aaok,
nocnepykunx c1aaok, pesoa pnn onpepenennoro anpa nrpm.
Honac1L (Stuck) BonLuan, ueH o6muno cyHHa nponrpannmx pener a
1euenne opno ceccnn nnn onpepenennoro nepnopa apeHenn. Xapronnm
1epHnn. BHec1o 1oro u1o6m ckasa1L kynL1ypno: CeHa nponrpan $1500,
Hm roaopnH: CeHa nonan na $1500.
Cakep (Sucker) Hrpok, noc1onnno nponrpmaakun penLrn. Kak
npaanno, 1ako nrpok cun1ae1 caok nrpy cnnLnee, ueH ona ec1L na caHoH
pene.
OpuoHac1um (Suited) [ae nnn 6onee kap1 opnnakoao Hac1n.
Hpepa1enuckoe 1enopauxeuue (Tell) Oco6ennme, npncyune 1onLko
eHy, peakunn nrpoka na co6pannme pykn. D1n peakunn Hory1 ampa1L
annHa1enLnmH conepnnkaH uennoc1L co6panno nrpokoH pykn.
Tpoka (Three-of-a-kind) Tpn kap1m opnnakoaoro panra. HanpnHep,
777.
Tau1 (Tight) Yuac1ne a HenLueH o1 nopHm konnuec1ae pasmrpmaaeHmx
pyk.
Ta1oaan urpa (Tight game) Hrpa c HanmH konnuec1aoH ak1nanmx
nrpokoa a 6onLunnc1ae 6ankoa.
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C1apman napa (Top pair) O6pasoaanne napm c caHo c1apue kap1o
na c1one.
Pyka c1apme napm (Top pair hand) Pyka, ko1opan uac1o penae1
c1apuyk napy, no ouenL pepko penae1 cnnLnyk pyky.
Tpunc (Trips) Tpoka, co6pannan ns payx kap1 na c1one n opno aaue.
Tepu (Turn) e1aep1an o6uan kap1a. Heko1opme c1apme nrpokn
1epnoH nasmaak1 eue n qnon.
4nem ua payx (Two flush) [ae kap1m opnnakoao Hac1n.
Aupeppor (Underdog) Pyka, nHekuan ne nyuun uanc na no6epy. Pyka,
ko1opan Hoxe1 nponrpa1L.
Hop npuenoH (Under the gun) Hrpok, c ko1oporo naunnae1cn 1oproann
a nepaoH paynpe. O6 nrpoke a a1o nosnunn roaopn1, u1o on naxopn1cn
nop npnuenoH.
C1apmu (Up) Bmpaxennn: c1apune 1ysm, c1apune koponn, c1apune
uec1epkn, o6osnauak1 koH6nnaunk pae napm, rpe c1apuan napa co6pana
ns 1ysoa, kopone, uec1epok. Ecnn npo1nannk 1oxe co6pan pae napm, no
c1apuan napa HenLue aaue, 1o panr a1opo ero napm ne nHee1
snauennn.
Uennoc1L (Value) Onpepenenne c1onHoc1n pykn na ocnoaannn ee uancoa
na ynyuuenne.
C1aaka (Wager) Opna c1aaka.
Cna6an npukyn (Weak draw) Hpnkynnan pyka c ouenL HanenLknH
uancoH na ynyuuenne. HanpnHep, npnkyn k nnsue nape, npnkyn k
c1pn1y c pmpko.
Cansauuan napa (Wired pair) Hapa a sakpm1mx kap1ax.
Mupoao HeHnuoua1 no Hokepy (World Series of Poker) Exeropnan
cepnn nokepnmx 1ypnnpoa co ac1ynn1enLnmHn asnocaHn 6onee $10000,
npoxopnuan kaxpyk aecny a Horseshoe Casino a ac Berace. D1o
copeanoaanne, npnsnae1cn rnaanmH copeanoaanneH cpepn nyuunx
nrpokoa a nokep ao aceH Hnpe.
Xypmu (Worst of it) Cn1yaunn, npn ko1opo c1aaka 6ype1
nepen1a6enLna na pnnnno pnc1anunn.
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