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Name : Fire Relief Rate Study (Semi-Dynamic Approach)

Version: 1.3
Description This spreadsheet uses sequential flashing results from commercial simulation
software to calculate relief valve flow rate during external fire. This calculation is
done for wetted vertical and horizontal vessels when flow through relief valve
orifice is sonic (critical) based on API and other published articles
Producer: Saeid Rahimi M.
Publishing Date: 28-Feb-2013
Publisher: www.chemwork.org
No of sheets: 2
Content:
About
Fire Relief Study based on Sequential Flashing Method
Reference:
Relief Rate Calculation; External Fire (Part-2), Published on www.chemwork.org
Sizing, Selection, and Installation of Pressure Relieving Devices in Refineries,
API-520, 8th Edition, Dec 2008
Pressure-relieving and Depressuring Systems, API-521, 5th Edition, Jan 2000
Revision History :
Version Description of Changes Date
1.0 Produced for personal library 15-Aug-2007
1.1 Revised by adding different vessel orientations 23-Oct-2009
1.2 Modified for publishing on web 9-Sep-2011
1.3 Revised according to the users feedbacks 28-Feb-2013
Contact:
Please visit www.linkedin.com/groups/chemwork-3822450 should you have any comment,
question or feedback or feel free to contact s.rahimi@gmail.com.
This spreadsheet is copyright 2011, The Chemwork Spreadsheet Page,
www.chermwork.org. The information contained herein may not be retransmitted, copied,
or electronically posted without the expressed written consent of its owner. You may use
this spreadsheet for personal or professional use only.
DATE :
BY :
REV :
DOC NO.:
psig
%
Total Backpressure psig
---
---
---
Btu/hr ft2
---
----
Vessel Head Cap type ----
m
m
m
psia
Critical Pressure psia
Vessel Cylinder Volume m3
Calculation Validity Cehck ---
Vap
(wt% )
r
(kg/m3)
l
(btu/lb)
V
(m3)
Mass
(kg)
A
(m2)
Q
(btu/hr)
w
(lb/hr)
W
(kg/hr)
Z
(--)
T
(F)
M
(--)
Cp/Cv
(--)
C
(--)
A
orifice
(in2)
0 508.5 157.6 0.79 399 4.45 500829 3178 1444 0.8025 451.6 89.8 1.094 326.6 0.1249
5 500.2 147.7 0.76 379 4.34 490875 3323 1511 0.7888 469.1 95.2 1.094 326.6 0.1269
10 492.6 138.8 0.73 359 4.22 480151 3459 1572 0.7751 484.8 100.3 1.095 326.7 0.1286
15 485.8 131.0 0.70 339 4.10 468604 3577 1626 0.7621 498.6 105.0 1.097 326.9 0.1298
20 479.6 124.0 0.67 319 3.97 456349 3680 1673 0.7495 511.1 109.3 1.099 327.1 0.1305
25 474.1 117.8 0.63 299 3.83 443342 3764 1711 0.7378 522.3 113.3 1.101 327.3 0.1307
30 469.1 112.2 0.60 279 3.69 429700 3830 1741 0.7267 532.6 117.0 1.104 327.6 0.1305
35 464.5 107.1 0.56 259 3.54 415480 3879 1763 0.7163 541.9 120.5 1.107 327.9 0.1298
40 460.3 102.5 0.52 240 3.39 400689 3909 1777 0.7063 550.6 123.7 1.110 328.3 0.1286
Maximum Relief Valve Size in
2
0.1307
Valid
Vessel Length
Liquid Level Height
228.1 Relieving Pressure
Calculaion Results
2.36
133.7
Vessel Dimesnsion
Vertical
Relief Valve Set Pressure 176.4
21.0
0.975
Insulation Factor 1.000
20.0
Combination Corr. Factor (Kc)
1.0
3.0
1.0
Vessel Diameter
Overpressure
Effective Discharge Coe (Kd)
Backpressure Coefficient (Kb)
Vessel Orientation
Elliptical
1.000
Fire Heat Input Rate 21000
1.000
Fire Relief Rate Study for Wetted Vessels (Sequaential Flashing Method)
Input Data
S.Rahimi
0-Jan-00
UNIT :
PROJECT :
PROJ. NO.:
CLIENT :
0.1240
0.1250
0.1260
0.1270
0.1280
0.1290
0.1300
0.1310
0.1320
0 10 20 30 40 50
A
O
r
i
f
i
c
e

A
r
e
a

(
i
n
2
)

Liquid Vaporized (wt%)