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NYC Screenwriters Collective

Blake Snyders Beat Sheet - Explained


The Blake Snyder Beat Sheet breaks down three-act screenplay structure into 15 bite-size, manageable
sections called beats, each with a specific goal for your overall story. Below is an explanation of each
beat. The page numbers are not strict, they are approximations of where the beats should occur in a 110
page screenplay made of approximately 40 scenes.
THE BLAKE SNYDER BEAT SHEET (aka BS2)
Opening Image (1) A visual that represents the central struggle & tone of the story. A snapshot of the
main characters problem, before the adventure begins. Often mirrors the Closing Image.
Set-up (1-10) Expand on the opening image. Present the main characters world as it is, and what is missing in their life. Stasis =
Death, the before life of the protagonist is such that if it stays the same, he or she will figuratively die. In addition, the main
characters flaw, his problem that needs fixing over the course of the story, is revealed. (In many stories, it is not the main characters
flaw, but another central characters flaw that is presented for him to resolve over the course of the story for the character to arc)
Theme Stated (5) (during the Set-up) The message, the truth you want to reveal by the end of your screenplay. What your story is
about in a larger sense. Usually, it is spoken to the main character or in their presence, but they dont understand this truthnot until
they go on the journey to find it. (Meaning produces emotion)
Catalyst (12) A moment where the opportunity to go on a journey is presented to the main character. Life as it is now changes. It is
the telegram, catching your loved-one cheating, allowing a monster onboard the ship, a secret holographic message from a galactic
princess, etc. The before world is no more, change has begun. (Catalyst is the same as the Inciting Incident or Call to Adventure)
Debate (12-25) Change is scary and for a moment, or a brief number of moments, the main character doubts the journey they must
take. Can I face this challenge? Do I have what it takes? Should I go at all? Often the hero denies the call to adventure at first.
Break Into Two (Choosing Act Two) (25) The main character makes a choice and to go on the journey, and our adventure begins.
We leave the Thesis world and enter the upside-down Anti-thesis world of Act Two.
B Story (30) This is a discussion about the Theme the nugget of truth. This discussion often takes place between the main
character and the love interest. So, the B Story is usually called the love story.
Fun & Games (30-55) The Promise of the Premise This is the fun part of the story. The Fun & Games is the first half of Act II
where the audience is entertained as the main character explores the new world and overcomes the type of obstacles they have been
promised by the premise of the film, its genre, even its one-sheet poster. This is when the detective finds his clues and interviews his
first witnesses to the murder mystery, when Indiana Jones tracks down the possible resting place of the Arc, when Harry & Sally are
stuck together over and over seeming to annoy one another. The Fun & Games are what we came to see the movie for! Dont forget
Pinch # 1 a reminder of the central conflict at around Scene 16/40. By the end of Fun & Games weve reached progressively
difficult complications leading to the Midpoint.
Midpoint (55) The midpoint is the largest plot twist of the film, it raises the stakes of the main characters goal, can change the goal
completely, or at least makes the requirements of the goal much more difficult. It can feel like a new movie is starting as a result of
the midpoint. Here the main character must recommit to the new goal, for which there is no turning back. Often it is the B Story that
incites the midpoint plot twist. Often a ticking time clock for resolving the goal begins ticking at the midpoint.
Bad Guys Close In (55-75) Now the Fun & Games get serious. The BGCI is the second half of Act II where the audience is
exhilarated by an ever more complex and overwhelming set of obstacles to the main characters goal. Here the main characters gifts
are of no use, their plans are foiled, their team can be split up, or a trusted friend will betray them. The detective himself is now being
chased and shot at, Indiana Jones is discovered by the Nazis and thrown into a snake pit, Harry runs into his first wife and takes out
his anger on Sally. In terms of B Story, there is a saying sex at 60, that is page around page 60 or Beat 22/40. Dont forget Pinch #
2 another reminder, bringing us back to the central conflict at around Scene 26/40.
NYC Screenwriters Collective

All is Lost (75) The low point of the main characters journey. The moment that the main character loses everything they gained so
far, or realizes everything they now have has no meaning. The main character has lost even more than if hed never gone on the
journey in the first place. At the All is Lost, something or someone dies. Blake Snyder calls this the Whiff of death. It can be
physical or emotional, but the death of something old makes way for something new to be born. The detectives partner is killed, and
he is powerless because its the commissioner who is behind the original crime. Indy has lost the Arc to the Nazis and believes Marion
is dead. Harry & Sally sleep together and may have thrown their entire friendship away.
Dark Night of the Soul The main character hits bottom, and wallows in hopelessness. The Why hast thou forsaken me, Lord?
moment. Mourning the loss of what has died the dream, the goal, the mentor character, the love of your life, etc. But, you must fall
completely before you can pick yourself back up and try again. Here the main characters arc is complete as they fully understand the
truth they could not see when they set out on the journey. The DNOTS is directly followed by New Information sometimes
delivered via the B Story. This information functions as a second Catalyst that gives the main character the choice again, to pack up
and go home, or give it one more try to complete the journey. The DNOTS can be anywhere from 10 pages long to a single action or
word by the main character.
Break Into Three (Choosing Act Three) (85) Thanks to a fresh idea, new inspiration, or last-minute Thematic advice from the B
Story (usually the love interest), the main character chooses to try again. The New Information presents the final goal the main
character will have to achieve to complete the journey.
Finale (85-110) The main character confronts the antagonist or force of antagonism with new strength. This time around, the main
character incorporates the Theme the nugget of truth that now makes sense to them into their fight because they have experience
from the A Story and context from the B Story. So we can say the main character has left the Anti-thesis world and entered the
Synthesis world. Here the journey will be resolved, one way or another. Blake Snyder further breaks the finale down into five
points known as Storming the Castle.
Storming the Castle the five point finale.
1. Gathering the Team now that the main character has decided to cross into Act Three, he must rally his allies, make
amends to any of them hes wronged, gather the tools, and make a plan to complete the final task.
2. Executing the Plan the actual storming of the castle, executing the plan seems to be working, despite the castle being quite
impenetrable, the team is working together, this is where minor arcs and proofs of growth for the minor characters occur,
their defects are now fixed and even useful to the plan. We may lose some nameless soldiers along the way, but the High
Tower is in sight, and the plan seems to be working.
3. The High Tower Surprise The hero reaches the high tower where the princess is being kept and finds something shocking:
no princess! The hero was overconfident with their plan which is now defunct. Often a traitor is exposed and the brilliant
plan is exposed as a trap set by the Bag Guy or forces aligned against the hero, and they knew we were coming. The hero
and allies are stopped cold, it looks like ALL IS LOST again.
4. Dig, Deep Down The whole point of the finale is revealed and its not what we expected. The hero is stripped away of all
that he thinks is important and relevant at the start of the story, including his original idea for winning at the end, and the hero
has to find the last ounce strength to win, but by letting going of his old logic and doing something he would never do when
the movie began. Devoid of an obvious human solution, the hero reminds us at some point we have to abandon the natural
world, and everything we think we know, and have faith in a world unseen. When Luke Skywalker racing towards the
exhaust shaft of the Death Star decides to let go, and use the force, Where Indiana Jones in the Last Crusade gives up the
Holy Grail to save himself and his father.
5. The Execution of the New Plan This is where on the fly the hero tries it a new wayand succeeds. He had more faith
than any of us, by stepping into the unknown and trusting, the hero finds a way to triumph. This is the true test, can you give
up belief in your old ways, truly change (arc) to a new perspective. This is the face-your-fear part that reveals the true
meaning of your story. Where thinking fast, Humphrey Bogarts plan prevails in Casablanca. When Dev Patel answers the
final question that will make him a Slumdog Millionaire.
Final Image (110) opposite of Opening Image, proving, visually, that a change has occurred within the character.
THE END
THESIS
ANTITHESIS
SYNTHESES
world before the story bizarro version of the world in act one the worlds from act one and two
are merged in some way
ACT 1 ACT 2 ACT 3
Transformation Section
The hero will come into this act in one way and leave it changed
Starts Act 1 knowing the
6 things that need fixing either
with main character or the world
The things wrong with the world or
hero in act 1 should be resolved
page 1: OPENING IMAGE
page 5: THEME STATED
page 1-10: SET UP
Page 12: CATALYST
Page 12-25: DEBATE
pg 55
MI DPOI NT
This is where the stakes are raised
and timeclocks appear.
The pace should pick up from this
point forward.
The A story and B story should
cross here.
pg 75
All is Lost
False Victory
False Defeat
False Victory
pg 75-85
DARK NIGHT
OF THE SOUL
The darkest
before the
dawn
False Defeat
pg 55-75
BAD GUYS
CLOSE IN
pg 85
BREAK INTO 3
pg 30-55
FUN AND GAMES
Trailer moments/ fish is the
most out of the water
pg 30
B STORY
use B story to
discuss theme
BREAK I NTO 2
The hero needs to be proactive.
They are the one that should
push us into 2.
BREAK I NTO 3
The A story and B story have
come together. The people from
the B story can kick you into 3.
page 85-110: FINALE
page 110: FINAL IMAGE
pg 25
BREAK INTO 2
SCRIPT STRUCTURE

THE BLAKE SNYDER BEAT SHEET

PROJECT TITLE:
GENRE:
DATE:

1. Opening Image (1):

2. Theme Stated (5):

3. Set-Up (1-10):

4. Catalyst (12):

5. Debate (12-25):

6. Break into Two (25)

7. B Story (30):

8. Fun and Games (30-55):

9. Midpoint (55):

10. Bad Guys Close In (55-75):

11. All Is Lost (75):

12. Dark Night of the Soul (75-85):

13. Break into Three (85):

14. Finale (85-110):

15. Final Image (110):