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1. The neutron separation energy is defined as the energy required to remove a neutron from

the nucleus. Obtain the neutron separation energy of the nucleus

20

Ca

41

from the following

data? M

n

= 1.008665u, m(

20

Ca

40

) = 39.962591u & m(

20

Ca

41

) = 40.962278u.

2. A variable frequency 230V alternating voltage source is connected across a series

combination of L = 5H, C = 80F and R = 40. Calculate (i) the angular frequency of source

which drives the circuit in resonance (ii) amplitude of the current at resonating frequency

(iii) r.m.s potential drop across the inductor at resonating frequency.

3. A beam of light consisting of two wavelengths 6500A

0

and 5200A

0

is used to obtain

interference fringes in Youngs double slit experiment. The distance between the slits is

2mm and distance the plane of the slits and the screen is 120cm. (a) Find the distance of

3

rd

bright fringe on the screen from the central maximum for the wavelength 6500A

0

. (b)

What is the least distance from central maximum, when the bright fringes due to both the

wavelengths coincide?

4. A circular coil of 20 turns and radius 10cm is placed in a uniform magnetic field of 0.10 T

normal to the plane of the coil. If the current in the coil is 5.0A, what is the (a) total torque

on the coil, (b) total force on the coil (c) average force on electron in the coil due to the

magnetic field? (The coil is made of copper wire of cross-sectional area 10

-5

m

2

and the free

electron density in copper is given to be about 10

29

m

-3

)

5. Three charges - 2 c, 2 2 c, - 2 c are arranged along

P a straight line as shown in the figure. Calculate the total electric field

Intensity due to all the three charges at the point P which is

1 m away from the line.

6. Two concentric circular coils A and B of radii 10 cm and 6 cm respectively, lie in the same

vertical plane containing the north to south direction. coil A has 30 turns and carries a

current of 10 A . Coil B has 40 turns and carries a current of 15 A .the sense of the current

in A is anticlockwise and clockwise in B for an observer looking at the coils facing west. Give

the magnitude and direction of net magnetic field.

7. In an ammeter, 10% of main current is passing through the galvanometer. If the resistance

of the galvanometer is G, then what is the shunt resistance in ohms?

8. When a circuit element X is connected across an a.c. source, a current of 2A flows

through it and this current is in phase with the applied voltage. When another element Y is

connected across the same a.c. source, the same current flows in the circuit but it leads the

voltage by /2 radians.(i) Name the circuit elements X and Y. (ii) Find the current that flows

in the circuit when the series combination of X and Y is connected across the same a.c.

voltage.

9. A series LCR-circuit with L = 0.12 H, C = 480 nF, R = 23 is connected to a 230 V variable

frequency supply. (a) What is the source frequency for which current amplitude is

maximum? Obtain this maximum value. (b) What is the source frequency for which average

power absorbed by the circuit is maximum? Obtain the value of this maximum power. (c)

For which frequencies of the source is the power transferred to the circuit half the power at

resonant frequency? What is the current amplitude at these frequencies? (d) What is the Q-

factor of the given circuit?

10. . Coils in the resistance boxes are made from doubled up-insulated wire. Why?

11. To work functions 2ev and 5ev for two metals x and y respectively. Which metal will emit

electrons, when it is irradiated with light and wave length 400nm

and why?

12. The figure below shows a potentiometer circuit for comparison of

two resistances. The balance point with the standard resistance R =

12 ohms is found to be 65.3 cm, while that with the unknown

resistance X is 73.8 cm. Determine the value of X. What would you

Physics Simplified

JATIN KHERA (12 Years Experience)

B.Ed, M.Sc (Physics), D.U.,

M.Tech, PhD (IIT Kharagpur)

jatinkhera.iit@gmail.com, 9711996663

INNOVATIVE MINDS ACADEMY

A J 6/98, RBS Bank Lane, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi-110027

F-119, Vishnu Garden, New Delhi-110018

Contact: 9711996663, 9711309996

do if you failed to find a balance point with the given cell E?

13. Two identical cells of e.m.f 2.0 V each joined in parallel provide supply to an external circuit

consisting of two resistors of 12 ohm each joined in parallel.

A very high resistance voltmeter reads the terminal voltage

of cells to be 1.6 V. What is the internal resistance of each

cell?

14. Two cells of e.m.f 1.5 and 2 volts and internal resistance 2

and 1 ohm respectively have their negative terminals joined

by a wire of 6 ohm and positive terminal by a wire of 4 ohms

resistance. A third wire of resistance 8 ohms connects the

mid points of these two wires, Find the potential difference at the end of third wire.

15.

3 cm. How much work is required to be done on the system to take the charges to infinite

distance from each other?

16. Sketch graph to show how Q given to a capacitor of capacity C charge varies with the

potential difference V.

17. (a) A point charge 'q' produces an electric flux of 2.0 x 10

4

Nm

2

/C and this flux is made to

pass through a symmetrical Gaussian surface of radius 20 cm centered on the charge.

(i) Now if the radius of the Gaussian surface is tripled then how much flux would pass

through the surface?

(ii) Find the value of 'q'

(b) there are three concentric spheres S

1

, S

2

and S

3

. The sphere S

1

encloses a charge 'q'

inside it. What is the ratio of the electric flux through S

1

, S

2

and S

3

?

18. (a) If 20 % of the area of plates is filled up with dielectric of

constant 5 and 30 % by another dielectric of constant 15, find

the capacitance of the capac

(b) In a Van-de-Graff generator the spherical shell of the

metal has 2 x 10

6

V on its electrode. The dielectric strength of

the surrounding gas is 6 x 10

7

V/m. Find the maximum radius

of the shell.

19. In a plot of photo electric current versus anode potential, how

does

a. The saturation current varies with anode potential for

incident radiations of different frequencies but the same intensity?

b. The stopping potential varies for incident radiation of different intensities but same

frequency?

c. Photoelectric current vary for radiations of different intensities but the same

frequency of incident radiations? Justify your answer in each case.

20. Two long parallel straight wires X and Y separated by a

distance of 5 cm in air carry currents of 10 A and 5 A

respectively in opposite directions. Calculate the magnitude

and direction of the force on a 20 cm length of the wire Y.

A circular coil of100 turns, radius 10 cm carries a current

of 5 A. it is suspended vertically in a uniform horizontal

magnetic field of 0.5 T, the field lines making an angle of

600 with the of the plane of the coil. Calculate of the

torque must be applied on it to prevent it from turning.

21. The primary coil of an ideal step-up transformer has 100

turns and the transformation ratio is also 100. The input

voltage the power are 220 V and 1100 W respectively. Calculate: (i) number of turns in the

secondary (ii) the current in the primary (iii) voltage across the secondary (iv) the current

in the secondary (v) power in the secondary.

22. The given circuit diagram shows a series LCR circuit connected to a variable frequency 230

V source:

(a) Determine the source frequency which drives the circuit in resonance.

(b) Obtain the impedance of the circuit and the amplitude of current at the resonating

frequency.

(c) Determine the rms potential drops across the three elements of the circuit.

(d) How do you explain the observation that the algebraic sum of the voltages across the

three elements obtained in (c) is greater than the supplied voltage?

23. The energy levels of an atom are as shown in fig. Which of them will result in the emission

of photons of wavelength 275 nm?

24. A semiconductor has equal electrons and hole concentrations of 2X10

8

m

-3

. On doping with

certain impurities the hole concentration increases to 4X10

10

m

-3

. (i) What type of

semiconductor is obtained on doping? (ii) Calculate the new electron hole concentration of

the semiconductor. (iii) How does the energy gap vary with doping?

25. Four point charges are placed at the four corners

of a square in the two ways (i) and (ii) as shown

below. Will the (i) electric field (ii) Electric

potential, at the centre of the square, be the same

or different in the two configurations and why?

26. An armature coil consists of 20 turns of wire, each

of area A = 0.09m

2

and total resistance 15.0 . It

rotates in a magnetic field of 0.5T at a constant frequency of 150/ Hz. Calculate the value

of (i) maximum (ii) average induced emf produced in the coil

27. Two point charges Q and 2Q at kept D distance apart. A third charge X is to be kept on the

line joining them in such a way that the net force on Q and 2Q is zero. Calculate the position

of X in terms of Q and D

28. A 100ohm Resistor and a 200ohm resistor are connected in series across an 84 volt cell.

The potential difference across 100ohm is found using a 400ohm Voltmeter. What will be

the voltmeter reading? What will be the potential difference across 100ohm if measured

with a potentiometer?

29. (a).When an inductor L and a resistance R in series are connected across a 12 V, 50Hz ac

source, a current of 0.5A flows in the circuit. The current differs in phase from applied

voltage by /3 radian. Calculate the value of R.

(b) A capacitor and a bulb are connected in series to an ac source. Explain, how the

brightness of the bulb will change when Distance b/w the plates of the capacitor is

increased and A dielectric slab is introduced in the capacitor

30. Why is a potentiometer preferred over a voltmeter for determining the emf of a cell? Two

cells of Emf E

1

and E

2

are connected together in two ways shown here.

E

1

E

2

E

1

E

2

The balance points in a given potentiometer experiment for these two combinations of cells

are found to be at 351.0 cm and 70.2 cm respectively. Calculate the ratio of the Emfs of the

two cells.

31. When a circuit element X is connected across an a.c. source, a current of 2 A flows

through it and this current is in phase with the applied voltage .When another element Y is

connected across the same a.c. source, the same current flows in the circuit but it leads the

voltage by /2 radians.

32. (i) Name the circuit elements X and Y.

(ii) Find the current that flows in the circuit when the series combination of X and Y is

connected across the same a.c. voltage.

(iii) Plot a graph showing variation of the net impedance of this series combination of X and

Y as a function of the angular frequency of the applied voltage.

33. (a) Find the electrostatic potential energy of a system consisting of two charges 7 C and -2

C placed at (-9cm,0,0) and (9cm,0,0) respectively.

(i) How much work is required to separate the two charges infinitely away from each other?

(b) Two positive point charges of 0.2 C and 0.01 C are placed 10 cm apart. Calculate the

work done in reducing the distance to 5 cm.

34. A cyclotrons oscillator frequency is 10 MHz .What should be the operating magnetic field for

accelerating protons? If the radius of the Dees is 60 cm, what is the kinetic energy of the

proton beam produced by the accelerator? (e=1.60 x 10

-19

C, m

p

=1.67 x 10

-27

kg). Express

your answer in units of MeV ( 1 MeV =1.602 x 10

-13

J)

35. The two slits in YDSE are separated by 0.03mm and the screen is kept 1.5m away. The 4

th

bright fringe is at a distance of 1cm from the central maxima. Calculate the wavelength of

light used.

36. An electron makes a transition from 4

th

shell to the 1

st

shell. Find the wavelength of light

emitted. To which spectral series does this transition belong?

37. The half-life of

238

U

92

against alpha-decay is 1.5 10

17

s. What is the activity of a sample of

U

238

having 25 10

20

atoms?

38. Draw a circuit diagram for use of npn transistor as an amplifier in common emitter

configuration. The input resistance of a transistor is 1000ohm. On changing its base current

by 10microampere, the collector current increases by 2 m A. If a load resistance of 5K ohm

is used in the circuit, calculate: The current gain, Voltage gain of the amplifier

39. A material has a work function of 1.5 eV. Light of wavelength 310nm is incident on it. Find

Kinetic energy of the emitted photo-electron, Threshold wavelength, stopping potential.

40. A message signal of frequency 10 kHz and peak voltage of 10 volts is used to modulate a

carrier of frequency 1 MHz and peak voltage of 20

volts. Determine: (a) modulation index, (b)

the side bands produced.

41. The electric field components in figure are E

x

=

x

1/2

, E

y

= E

z

= 0, in which = 800 N/C m

1/2

.

Calculate (a) the flux through the cube, and (b)

the charge within the cube. Assume that a = 0.1 m.

42. A neutron is absorbed by a

3

Li6 nucleus with

subsequent emission of an alpha particle. Write

the corresponding nuclear reaction and Calculate

the energy released in this reaction

in MeV. Given M(

3

Li

6

) =6.015126a.m.u , M(

2

He

4

) = 4.0026044 a.m.u

M(

0

n

1

) = 1.0086654 a.m.u , M(

1

H

3

) = 3.016049 a.m.u

43. How is a sample of an n-type semiconductor electrically neutral though it has an excess of

negative charge carriers?

44. How the angular separation of interference fringes in young woulds double slit experiment

change when the distance of separation between the slits and the screen is doubled?

45. Prove that the instantaneous rate of change of the activity of a radioactive substance is

inversely proportional to the square of its half life.

46. Explain how the average velocity of free electrons in a metal at constant temperature, in an

electric field, remains constant even though the electrons are being constantly accelerated

by this electric field.

47. How is the resolving power of a microscope affected when,

(i) the wavelength of illuminating radiations is decreased?

(ii) the diameter of the objective lens is decreased?

Justify your answer.

48. A radioactive material is reduced to 1/16 of its original amount in 4 days .How much

material should one begin with so that 4x10-3 of the material left after 6 days.

49. Derive an expression for the Electric field at a point on the (i) axial line and (ii) equatorial

line of an electric dipole

50. Describe the principle construction and working of Van de Graff Generator.

51. State Gauss theorem and apply it to find the electric field at a point due to

a. A point charge

b. A line of charge

c. A plane sheet of charge

d. A charged spherical conducting shell

52. Derive expression for the potential energy of a system of point charges.

53. Derive expression for the torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

54. Derive expression for the work done in turning a dipole in a uniform electric field.

55. Derive an expression for the potential energy of a dipole in a uniform electric field.

56. Explain the principle of a parallel plate capacitor

57. Derive an expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor.

58. Derive an expression for the effective capacitance when three capacitors are connected in

(i) series (ii) parallel

59. Derive an expression for the energy stored in a parallel plate capacitor.

60. Derive an expression for the loss of energy when two conductors at different potentials are

brought into electrical contact. Account for this energy.

61. Derive and expression for the energy density of a parallel plate capacitor.

62. Derive I = nAeV

d

63. Define drift velocity and derive an expression for it.

64. Deduce Ohms law from elementary concepts.

65. State Biot Savarts Law and apply it to find the magnetic field at a point due to long straight

conductor carrying current.

66. State Amperes circuital theorem and apply it to find the magnetic field inside a (i) solenoid

(ii) toroid

67. State the Principle of a potentiometer and Explain how is it used (i) to determine the

internal resistance of a primary cell (ii) to compare the emfs of two primary cells

68. State Kirchhoffs laws and apply it to derive Wheatstones bridge principle.

69. Explain how will you use a metre bridge to find the resistance of a given resistor wire?

70. Describe the elements of earths magnetic field.

71. Compare the properties of para dia and ferromagnetic substances.

72. Describe the principle construction and working of CYCLOTRON. Derive an expression for

cyclotron frequency. Why electrons cannot be accelerated in a cyclotron?

73. Derive an expression for the force between two straight long parallel conductors carrying

constant current and hence define one ampere.

74. Describe the principle construction and working of Moving Coil Galvanometer.

75. Derive an expression for the torque on a current carrying loop kept in a uniform magnetic

field

76. Explain how will you convert a galvanometer into (i) an ammeter (ii) a voltmeter

77. Define motional emf and derive an expression for it.

78. What are eddy currents? Explain its applications

79. What is self induction and self inductance? Derive an expression for the self inductance of a

long solenoid carrying current

80. Define mutual induction and mutual inductance. Derive an expression for the mutual

inductance of a pair of solenoids. What are the factors affecting the mutual inductance of a

pair of solenoids?

81. Explain the principle and construction of a transformer and the various losses in a

transformer.

82. Derive an expression for impedance of a series LCR circuit. Define resonance is series LCR

circuit and derive an expression for resonant frequency.

83. Derive an expression for average power in an AC circuit. Define power factor and show that

the average power consumed in a pure inductor or a pure capacitor is zero.

84. Define Q factor of resonance. Derive an expression for Q factor.

85. Derive lens makers formula.

86. Derive an expression relating angle of prism, angle of incidence, angle of emergence and

angle of deviation when light is refracted by a prism.

87. What is the order of energy gap in a semiconductor?

88. Give the ratio of the number of holes and the number of conduction electrons in an intrinsic

semiconductor.

In the given diagram, is the diode D forward or reversed biased?

89. How does the energy gap in an intrinsic semiconductor vary, when doped with a trivalent

impurity? How does the width of the depletion region of a p-n junction vary, if the reverse

bias applied to it increases?

90. Explain the working of NPN transistor as switch and oscillator with labelled circuit diagrams?

91. Draw the energy band diagram of an N-type semiconductor. How does the forbidden

energy gap of an intrinsic semiconductor vary with increase in temperature?

92. In a transistor, the base current is changed by 30 A. This results in a change of 0.03 V in

base to emitter voltage and a change of 3 mA in the collector current. (i) Find (a) current

gain

ac

and (b) transconductance gm, (ii) If this transistor is used as an amplifier with

the load resistance 7.5 k, calculate voltage gain of amplifier.

93. By drawing a labeled circuit diagram, explain how a NPN transistor can be used as an

amplifier in common base configuration. Find its current gain, voltage gain and power gain.

94. Define the terms potential barrier and depletion region for a pn junction. Explain with

the help of a circuit diagram, the use of a pn junction as a full wave rectifier. Draw the input

and output waveforms.

95. Why does a solenoid tend to contract when a current passes through it?

96. What is the need of radial magnetic field in moving coil galvanometer?

97. A wire of length L metre carrying a current of I ampere is bent in the form of a circle. Find

its magnetic moment.

98. Two wires OA and OB carry same amount of current I and making an angle (acute) but

not 90

o

. Find the magnetic field at a point P at a distance r from O lying in the bisector of

angle .

99. A rectangular coil of 100 turns has length 5 cm and width 4 cm. It is placed with its plane

parallel to a uniform magnetic field and a current of 2 A is sent through the coil. Find the

magnetic field, if the torque acting on the coil is 0.2 Nm.

100. If an equilateral triangle of length l is placed in magnetic field B exists in a direction

parallel to one of its side. Find the force acting on each of its length.

Physics Simplified by Jatin Khera

Young Scientist Award Winner (2010-2011)

B.Sc (Hons.) Physics, M.Sc (Physics), B.Ed; University of Delhi, M.Tech, PhD*; IIT Kharagpur/IMPRS Germany

+91-9711-99-6663; jatinkhera.ph@iitkgp.ac.in, jatinkhera.iit@gmail.com

Visit: www.jatinkhera.in

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