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Cement Programme Preparation

The Cement Programme gives a brief explanation as to the objectives in setting casing, i.e.:
isolate hydrocarbons
isolate different pressure regimes
provide a pressure conduit of full integrity for drilling and completion
allow installation of BOP, completion etc.
General Preparation Guidelines
The following guidelines should be applied to the preparation of the Cement Programme:
The Drilling Supervisor shall prepare a call out fax seven days before the job.
The Cement Programme shall be sent to the Drilling Superintendent and Operations Engineer for verification.
The final version of the Cement Programme, including the final details, shall be sent to the Drilling Superintendent and the Operations Engineer.
No last minute changes to the Programme shall be made without the prior approval of the Drilling Manager.
A copy of the Programme shall be distributed to all rig personnel involved in the operation.
General responsibilities (execution and QA/QC) for cementing
Activity Execution Quality Control
Prepare the detailed Cement Programme Cementing Contractor Operations Engineer
Dispatch samples to laboratory Cementing Contractor Logistics / Materials Supervisor
Test samples and prepare recipe Cementing Contractor Operations Engineer
Verify Cement Programme complies with
planned cement operations
Operations Engineer Drilling Superintendent
Prepare well for cementing Drilling Contractor Drilling Supervisor
Mix, pump and displace cement Cementing Contractor Drilling Supervisor Operations Engineer
Conduct rig floor operations Drilling Contractor Drilling Supervisor Tool Pusher
Prepare Job Report Cement Contractor
Drilling Supervisor
Drilling Supervisor Operations Engineer
Programme Design Consideration
The design considerations given in the following table should be taken into account when preparing the Cement Programme:
Activity Design Consideration
Check shoe track and accessory configuration. -
Run and land casing as per programmed casing
Proposed circulation test rates with corresponding annular velocities (assuming gauge hole).
Pressure test surface lines. -
Mud Engineer checks all tank levels. When possible, mud returns shall be diverted to a different pit to that used for suction during
Mud Logger To adjust chart to monitor volume pumped and volume returned.
Batch mix cement If feasible
Pump spacers ahead. Calculate volume, fluid type, gradient, fluid loss
Drop first plug ahead of spacers. -
Pump scavenger slurry. Calculate volume, gradient, cement sx., mixwater volume
Drop bottom plug. -
Pump lead slurry. Calculate volume, gradient, fluid loss, cement type, cement sx., mixwater volume, recipe, excess
(referred to basis of calculation).
Pump tail slurry. Calculate volume gradient, cement type, cement sx., mixwater volume, recipe, excess (referred to
basis of calculation).
Drop top plug. -
Pump spacer behind Calculate volume, fluid type, gradient, over/under balance
Mud engineer checks all tank levels. -
Displace cement.
Calculate volume, fluid type, gradient, rate before and after catch up.
Calculate volume of mud pumped when cement starts to flow into annulus (pressure increase)
Total volume pumped when rate must be reduced for bump.
Total volume pumped at bump.
Bump pressure (casing pressure test) and duration.
Pump efficiency.
Maximum permissible over displacement past theoretical value to avoid physical over
displacement of the slurry.
Annular velocity.
Flow regime of spacers and slurry.
Contact time for any critical point in the wellbore ? eg., across a particular gas sand.
Mud Engineer checks all tank levels. -
Bleed off, check backflow. Proposed course of action if backflow is observed.
Cut / Back out landing joint. -