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ESwitching Final Exam - CCNA Exploration LAN Switching and Wireless (Version 4.!

"#$ %we#
&
Wh# is it important that the networ' administrator consider the spanning-tree networ' diameter when choosing the root
(ridge)
*he networ' diameter limitation is +.
BPDUs may be discarded because of expiring timers.
*he ca(ling distance (etween the switches is & meters.
*he networ' diameter m,st (e set to the n,m(er o- meters o- the ca(le (etween the root (ridge and its -arthest
connected switch.
.
/e-er to the exhi(it. A networ' administrator con-ig,res 0#per*erminal with the parameters shown (,t is ,na(le to
connect to a switch 1ia the console port. *he administrator is ,sing a tested rollo1er ca(le attached to the onl# C%2 port
on the comp,ter3 and the connections ha1e (een 1eri-ied. What is the li'el# pro(lem)
*he ca(le is connected to the wrong port.
*he wrong connection speed is selected.
*he ca(le is the wrong t#pe.
The flow control setting is not correct.
*he stop (its sho,ld (e set to 4ero.
5
/e-er to the exhi(it. Switch SW. was tested in a la( en1ironment and then inserted into a prod,ction networ' witho,t
reloading its con-ig,ration. A-ter the tr,n' lin' (etween SW& and SW. was (ro,ght ,p3 all ,sers lost connecti1it# to the
networ'. What co,ld (e the so,rce o- the pro(lem)
All the VLANs were pr,ned -rom the tr,n' port (etween SW& and SW..
SW& and SW. cannot (e (oth set as V*6 ser1ers in the same V*6 domain.
VTP configuration revision number of S! was higher than the configuration revision number of S".
*he additional VLANs -rom SW. created more VLANs than the VLAN data(ase o- SW& co,ld contain.
4
/e-er to the exhi(it. /& is con-ig,red -or traditional inter-VLAN ro,ting. /& can ping comp,ter 5 (,t cannot ping comp,ter
&. What is a possi(le ca,se -or this -ail,re)
S" port #a$%"" is in the wrong V&'(.
/& does not ha1e an acti1e ro,ting protocol.
*he 76 address o- comp,ter & is in the wrong logical networ'.
/o,ter inter-ace Fa8 has the wrong tr,n' encaps,lation t#pe con-ig,red.
9
/e-er to the exhi(it. *he hosts connected to switch SW& are not a(le to comm,nicate with the hosts in the same VLANs
connected to switch SW.. What sho,ld (e done to -ix the pro(lem)
Con-ig,re VLANs with di--erent VLAN 7:s on switch SW..
)econfigure the trun* port on switch S! with static trun* configuration.
7ntrod,ce a La#er 5 de1ice or a switch with La#er 5 capa(ilit# in the topolog#.
Appl# 76 addresses that are in the same s,(net to the inter-aces ,sed to connect SW& and SW..
;
Which three actions are per-ormed d,ring the (oot se<,ence o- a Cisco switch) (Choose three.!
*he (oot loader ,ses the sel--contained switch operating s#stem to (oot the switch.
*he (oot loader retrie1es diagnostics ro,tines 1ia *F*6.
The boot loader performs P+ST.
The boot loader is loaded from )',.
The boot loader initiali-es the flash file system that is used to boot the system.
*he (oot loader loads the de-a,lt operating s#stem i- the -lash-(ased operating s#stem is corr,pt or missing.
=
An administrator is 1iewing the r,nning con-ig,ration -or a switch on the networ'. *he ena(le password is displa#ed in plain
text (,t the ena(le secret password has (een encr#pted. What le1el o- access can (e gained ,sing the ena(le password)
no access to privileged mode
-,ll access to pri1ileged mode
-,ll access to pri1ileged mode on *elnet connections
-,ll access to pri1ileged mode i- the ena(le password and the ena(le secret password are the same
>
/e-er to the exhi(it. A networ' administrator has segmented the networ' into two VLANs. *he connected hosts can onl#
access reso,rces in their own VLAN. What is the most scala(le and cost e--ecti1e sol,tion to allow inter-VLAN
comm,nication in this networ')
/eplace S& with a ro,ter that has one FastEthernet inter-ace -or each 6C.
Add a second switch and di1ide the 6Cs so that each VLAN is connected to its own switch.
.onfigure a router with two subinterfaces on one of its #ast/thernet ports and connect it to S" using a trun* lin*.
Connect a ro,ter to a port on S& and assign the 76 address o- VLAN& to the connecting ro,ter inter-ace.
+
/e-er to the exhi(it. /o,ter /A recei1es a pac'et with a so,rce address o- "0!."12.".13 and a destination address o-
"0!."12.".23. What will the ro,ter do with this pac'et)
The router will ignore the pac*et.
*he ro,ter will -orward the pac'et o,t inter-ace FastEthernet 8&.. and inter-ace FastEthernet 8&.5.
*he ro,ter will -orward the pac'et o,t inter-ace FastEthernet 8&.&.
*he ro,ter will -orward the pac'et o,t inter-ace FastEthernet 8&...
*he ro,ter will -orward the pac'et o,t inter-ace FastEthernet 8&.5.
&
/e-er to the exhi(it. *he de1ices in the networ' are operational and con-ig,red as indicated in the exhi(it. 0owe1er3 hosts
A and : cannot ping each other. What is the most li'el# ca,se o- this pro(lem)
*he lin' (etween the switches is ,p (,t not tr,n'ed.
The #a$%"" interface of Switch" is not configured as a trun*.
0osts A and : are con-ig,red with 76 addresses -rom di--erent s,(nets.
VLAN . and VLAN 5 are not allowed on the tr,n' (etween the switches.
&&
/e-er to the exhi(it. Which three options correctl# descri(e the ro,ter con-ig,ration that is shown) (Choose three.!
An 7EEE standard tr,n'ing protocol is in ,se.
4nterface #a$%" has been configured with subinterfaces.
The shutdown command has been applied to interface #a$%".
7nter-ace Fa8&.5 is mapped to the de-a,lt management VLAN.
The configuration is appropriate for a router5on5a5stic* networ* design.
An 76 address sho,ld (e applied to inter-ace Fa8& -or ro,ting to occ,r.
&.
A networ' administrator needs to sa1e the con-ig,ration -ile c,rrentl# in /A2 to NV/A2 (e-ore re(ooting the switch.
Which command sho,ld the administrator iss,e)
Switch&? cop# start,p-con-ig -lash$-ilename
Switch"6 copy running5config startup5config
Switch&? cop# start,p-con-ig r,nning-con-ig
Switch&? cop# -lash$con-ig.txt r,nning-con-ig
&5
/e-er to the exhi(it. *he con-ig,ration steps that are listed in the exhi(it ha1e (een entered in switch S& 1ia the console.
S,(se<,ent attempts to telnet to the switch are not s,ccess-,l. What is ca,sing the pro(lem)
*he switch m,st (e con-ig,red with SS0 1ersion &.
*he transport inp,t command m,st speci-# *elnet access.
*he /SA 'e#s m,st (e ret,rned to 4ero (e-ore SS0 will permit *elnet access.
*he ip domain-name command m,st also (e entered in line con-ig,ration mode -or the 1t# lines.
&4
Which parameter is associated with wireless a,thentication)
shared *ey
SS7:
ad hoc
channel
&9
A wireless LAN access point will con1ert tra--ic (etween which two -rame encaps,lation t#pes)
>..& and >..&&
2$!.7 and 2$!.""
>..5 and >..&;
>..9 and >..&;
&;
/e-er to the exhi(it. Switch SW. has (een newl# p,rchased and added to the networ'. What con-ig,ration sho,ld (e
applied to SW. so that it participates in the same V*6 domain as switch SW&3 recei1es VLAN in-ormation -rom SW&3 and
s#nchroni4es VLAN in-ormation)
:isa(le V*6 pr,ning on SW..
Con-ig,re SW. in V*6 transparent mode.
.onfigure S! with the VTP domain password.
Con-ig,re SW. as a V*6 ser1er with a higher re1ision n,m(er.
&=
What is the correct order in which the S*6 components are chosen)
designated ports3 nondesignated ports3 root (ridge3 root ports
nondesignated ports3 designated ports3 root ports3 root (ridge
root bridge8 root ports8 designated ports8 nondesignated ports
root ports3 root (ridge3 nondesignated ports3 designated ports
&>
What are three -eat,res o- ro,ter-on-a-stic'3 inter-VLAN ro,ting) (Choose three.!
re<,ires the ,se o- V*6
re9uires the use of subinterfaces
red,ces the n,m(er o- (roadcast domains
affects performance when many V&'(s are used
re<,ires an access lin' (etween the ro,ter and at least one switch
is more cost effective than other approaches to inter5V&'( routing
dictates that at least two switch ports (e ,sed (etween the ro,ter and the switch
&+
While con-ig,ring a new switch3 a networ' administrator con-ig,res the switch as an 0**6 ser1er. What (ene-its does this
con-ig,ration pro1ide)
*his allows the switch to host we( pages -or the networ'.
*his allows remote V6N connections to the switch o1er the 7nternet.
*his is re<,ired i- a we( ser1er or we( -arm is attached to the switch.
This allows web5based configuration tools to be used with the switch.
.
What will (e the e--ect o- the command S&? cop# s#stem$r,nning-con-ig t-tp$88&=..&;...&998to'#o-con-ig)
*he 7%S will (e copied to the *F*6 ser1er.
*he con-ig,ration -ile named to'#o-con-ig will o1erwrite the start,p con-ig,ration -ile on S&.
The running configuration file on S" will be saved via T#TP to a file named to*yo5config.
*he contents o- NV/A2 on S& will (ecome the start,p con-ig,ration -ile on the to'#o switch.
.&
/e-er to the exhi(it. What does @F%/WA/:7NA@ mean in the command o,tp,t shown)
The switch is sending and receiving data frames.
*he switch is recei1ing "6:Bs3 (,t not sending data -rames.
*he switch is participating in an election process (# -orwarding the "6:Bs it recei1es.
*he switch is recei1ing "6:Bs and pop,lating the 2AC address ta(le3 (,t not sending data.
..
/e-er to the exhi(it. What does S*A*7C indicate in the o,tp,t that is shown)
*his entr# will (e remo1ed and re-reshed e1er# 5 seconds to 'eep it in the ta(le.
*he switch learned this 2AC address -rom the so,rce address in a -rame recei1ed on Fa8&9.
*he switch will onl# allow a de1ice with a 2AC address o- .c&.5.945. to connect to port Fa8&9.
When processing a -rame3 the switch does not ha1e to per-orm a loo',p to determine the -inal destination port.
The switch is configured to forward traffic destined for ,'. address $$$$.c"!7.3:7! will be forwarded to
#a$%"3.
.5
Which (ene-it is gained (# designing a networ' with a small networ' diameter)
lower latency
impro1ed sec,rit#
increased red,ndanc#
higher inter-ace (andwidth
.4
/e-er to the exhi(it. Which Spanning *ree 6rotocol 1ersion is in e--ect)
6er VLAN Spanning *ree (6VS*!
6er VLAN Spanning *ree C (6VS*C!
Common Spanning *ree (CS*!
/apid Spanning *ree 6rotocol (/S*6!
2,ltiple Spanning *ree 6rotocol (2S*6!
.9
/e-er to the exhi(it. An administrator doc,mented the o,tp,t o- a CA2 ta(le -rom an Ethernet switch as shown. What
action will the switch ta'e when it recei1es the -rame shown at the (ottom o- the exhi(it)
discard the -rame
-orward the -rame o,t port .
-orward the -rame o,t port 5
-orward the -rame o,t all ports
forward the frame out all ports except port 7
add station --5:-&F-&&-9 to port . in the -orwarding ta(le
.;
/e-er to the exhi(it. *he switches in the exhi(it ha1e V*6 pr,ning ena(led. Which VLAN(s! will (e allowed on the tr,n' to
SW. (# SW4)
VLAN . onl#
V&'( "$ and V&'( 7$
VLAN &3 VLAN .3 and VLAN 5
VLAN &3 VLAN . and VLANs &. thro,gh &9
.=
What are two (ene-its o- the 7EEE >..&&n standard o1er the 7EEE >..&&A) (Choose two.!
re<,ires less e<,ipment
provides improved range
permits increased data rates
has a single-inp,t and a single-o,tp,t
needs no hardware ,pgrade -or compati(ilit#
.>
/e-er to the exhi(it. 7- switch SW& is con-ig,red with the -o,r VLANs as shown in the exhi(it3 how man# ph#sical
inter-aces are needed on ro,ter /& to con-ig,re inter-VLAN routing using subinterfaces)
4ero
one
two
-o,r
.+
/e-er to the exhi(it. A-ter entering the commands in the exhi(it3 the administrator recei1es a @password re<,ired3 (,t
none set@ message when attempting to connect to S&. What is the pro(lem)
*he ena(le secret password was not set.
S" does not have login configured on the vty lines.
S& does not ha1e a password con-ig,red -or the 1t# lines.
*he cr#pto 'e# is not properl# con-ig,red to generate passwords.
*he VLAN& inter-ace has not (e ena(led with the no sh,tdown command.
5
When implementing a ro,ter-on-a-stic'3 what m,st (e con-ig,red on the ro,ter to ens,re connecti1it# (etween di--erent
VLANs)
s,(inter-aces
ro,ting protocol
switched 1irt,al circ,its
d#namic tr,n'ing protocol
5&
/e-er to the exhi(it. 0osts A and " attempt to transmit a -rame at the same time and a collision occ,rs. When will host :
(e a(le to transmit)
immediately
a-ter sending its Dam signal
a-ter host A and host " ha1e completed transmission
a-ter the Dam signal clears and its (ac'o-- dela# expires
5.
/e-er to the exhi(it. What wo,ld happen i- the networ' administrator mo1ed the networ' ca(le o- 0ost A -rom inter-ace
Fa8& to Fa85 on switch SW&)
0ost A remains a mem(er o- VLAN &3 (eca,se the ro,ter is ro,ting tra--ic (etween VLANs.
;ost ' is no longer a member of V&'( "$8 because port #a$%7 has been manually assigned to V&'( 7$.
0ost A remains a mem(er o- VLAN &3 (eca,se the switch pro1ides d#namic VLAN assignment -or the port.
0ost A maintains connecti1it# to all mem(ers o- VLAN &3 (eca,se it is connected to the same ph#sical networ'.
0ost A is no longer a mem(er o- VLAN &3 (,t (eca,se port Fa85 was ,n,sed3 it is now a mem(er o- VLAN &.
55
/e-er to the exhi(it. What will allow a host that is connected to switch E in VLAN & to comm,nicate with a host that is
connected to switch F in VLAN &)
GoS
ro,ting
trun*ing
V6N
Vo76
s,(inter-aces
54
/e-er to the exhi(it. Comp,ter A sends a (roadcast message. Which de1ices will see the (roadcast)
comp,ter "
comp,ter " and /o,ter&
computer . and )outer"
comp,ter "3 comp,ter :3 comp,ter E and /o,ter&
comp,ter "3 comp,ter C3 comp,ter :3 comp,ter E and /o,ter&
comp,ter A3 comp,ter "3 comp,ter C3 comp,ter :3 comp,ter E and /o,ter&
59
Which 1al,e determines i- a switch (ecomes the central point o- re-erence in the spanning tree topolog#)
lowest (ridge 7:
highest re1ision n,m(er
lowest n,meric 76 address
highest n,meric 2AC address
5;
/e-er to the exhi(it. A new host needs to (e connected to VLAN .. Which 76 address sho,ld (e assigned to this new
host)
"<!."1."$.12 %!<
&=..&;.&.++ 8.>
&=..&;.&.&& 8.=
&=..&;.5.+; 8.=
&=..&;.5.&. 8.>
&=..&;.5.&4; 8.=
5=
/e-er to the graphic. 7n the Wireless men, option o- a Lin's#s integrated ro,ter3 what does the Networ' 2ode option
,ixed mean)
*he ro,ter s,pports encr#ption and a,thentication.
*he ro,ter s,pports (oth wired and wireless connections.
The router supports 2$!.""b8 2$!.""g8 and 2$!.""n devices.
*he ro,ter s,pports connecti1it# thro,gh in-rared and radio -re<,encies.
5>
/e-er to the exhi(it. What will (e the res,lt o- the commands that are shown in the exhi(it)
%nl# clients on VLAN . will (e a(le to ,se :0C6 -or addressing.
:0C6 ser1er responses will onl# (e permitted on inter-ace Fa8..
%nl# & clients are permitted to re<,est :0C6 addresses on VLAN ..
Client re<,ests -or :0C6 addresses will (e -iltered o,t i- the re<,ests are not recei1ed on inter-ace Fa8..
5+
Which method esta(lishes an administrati1e connection -or con-ig,ring the Lin's#s W/*5N wireless access point)
Associate with the access point and then open a 0#per*erminal session with the access point.
6h#sicall# connect to the access point and then re(oot the comp,ter to la,nch the con-ig,ration so-tware.
#rom a computer in the same 4P subnet as the access point8 enter the default 4P address of the access point in a
web browser.
2odi-# the *C6876 properties o- the comp,ter connected to the access point so that it exists on the same networ'3 and
then re(oot #o,r comp,ter to esta(lish a connection.
4
Which statement is tr,e a(o,t open authentication when it is ena(led on an access point)
re<,ires no a,thentication
,ses a ;4-(it encr#ption algorithm
re<,ires the ,se o- an a,thentication ser1er
re<,ires a m,t,all# agreed ,pon password
4&
/e-er to the exhi(it. /o,ter /& is properl# con-ig,red -or ro,ter on a stic' inter-VLAN ro,ting3 (,t 6C& is ,na(le to ping
6C.. What needs to (e done to resol1e the pro(lem)
/ename VLAN&.
Connect one more port o- S& to /&.
.onfigure the #a$%" port of S" as a trun* port.
2o1e the Fa8 inter-ace o- /& to another VLAN.
4.
/e-er to the exhi(it. What are two reasons -or the Fa8.4 port (eing placed in the (loc'ing state) (Choose two.!
*his switch is not the root (ridge.
The #a$%!: port is administratively down.
STP has detected lin*s that create a loop.
*here is a change in the V*6 con-ig,ration.
*he Fa8.4 port is o1erloaded with too m,ch tra--ic -or its con-ig,red (andwidth.
45
0ow does Spanning *ree 6rotocol aid networ' architect,re)
allows for redundant lin*s by eliminating loops
pro1ides greater scala(ilit# (# eliminating collisions
red,ces switch processor load (# red,cing (roadcast tra--ic on tr,n' lin's
red,ces administrati1e o1erhead (# sharing VLAN data(ases (etween switches across the networ'
44
/e-er to the exhi(it. What three statements descri(e wh# 0ost& and 0ost. are ,na(le to comm,nicate) (Choose three.!
The switch ports are on different V&'(s.
The switch 4P address is on the wrong subnet.
The hosts are configured on different logical networ*s.
' router is re9uired to forward traffic between ;ost" and ;ost!.
The V&'( port assignments must be contiguous for each V&'(.
The host default gateway addresses must be on the same logical networ*.
49
Which de1ice or de1ices sho,ld ha1e the Spanning *ree 6rotocol ena(led to pre1ent host tra--ic -rom creating a (roadcast
storm)
CoreHS&
'ccess=S! and 'ccess=S7
CoreHS&3 AccessHS.3 and AccessHS5
CoreHS&3 AccessHS.3 AccessHS53 and /&
4;
/e-er to the exhi(it. Bsers A and " are reporting intermittent connecti1it# pro(lems. 6re-installation s,r1e#s showed
strong signal strength -rom the A6 locations to the client locations. %,tside electrical inter-erence has (een eliminated.
What will -ix the pro(lem)
/elocate the A6s closer to each other.
7ncrease the distance (etween the clients.
.hange the channel on 'P5B to 1 or "".
6lace A6-A and A6-" on the same wireless channel.
4=
/e-er to the exhi(it. 0osts 6CHA and 6CH" send tra--ic sim,ltaneo,sl#3 and the -rames -rom the transmitting stations
collide. What is the last de1ice to recei1e the collision)
h,( 0"&
switch S"
ro,ter /&
switch SW.
ro,ter /.
switch SW4
4>
Which t#pe o- -rame contains in-ormation that is ,sed in the election o- the spanning tree root (ridge)
"7:
LSA
LSB
BPDU
4+
/e-er to the exhi(it. All hosts are in listen mode. 0ost & and 0ost 4 (oth transmit data at the same time. 0ow do the
hosts respond on the networ') (Choose two.!
'fter the end of the >am signal8 a bac*off algorithm is invo*ed.
0osts & and 4 are operating -,ll d,plex so no collision will exist.
*he h,( will (loc' the port connected to 0ost 4 to pre1ent a collision.
0osts & and 4 are assigned shorter (ac'o-- 1al,es to pro1ide them priorit# to access the media.
4f a host has data to transmit after the bac*off period of that host8 the host chec*s to determine if the line is
idle before transmitting.
9
/e-er to the exhi(it. Switches S. and S5 are properl# connected ,sing an ethernet ca(le. A networ' administrator has
con-ig,red (oth switches with V*63 (,t S5 is ,na(le to propagate VLANs to S.. What co,ld (e the reason -or this)
*he V*6 con-ig,ration re1ision is di--erent on (oth switches.
The VTP domains are different on both switches.
V*6 pr,ning is disa(led.
V*6 1. is disa(led.
9&
Which parameter is ,sed to ,ni<,el# identi-# one wireless networ' -rom another)
SS4D
%F:2
WE6
:SSS
9.
7n which mode is a V*6 switch operating i- it does not allow -or the creation o- local VLANs (,t it does accept VLAN
,pdates -rom other switches in the same domain)
client
root
ser1er
transparent