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March 31
, 200
TA!LE OF CONTENTS "#########............................................................................3
LIST OF TABLES....................................................................................6
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS........................................................7
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.........................................................................7
Implementation Environment and Arrangements............................7
Programme Performance ...............................................................7
Programme Effectiveness and Impact ..............................................8
Sustainability .................................................................................9
Conclusions .................................................................................!
1#0 INTRODUCTION AND !AC$GROUND##################################################11
DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAMME ........................................................12
". #ustification $or Programme........................................................"
"." Programme %eneficiaries and t&e Parties Involved ..........................'
".( Policy )b*ectives and Priorities.......................................................6
".+ Programme Elements......................................................................6
".' )perational ,odel..........................................................................7
3.0 PROGRAMME CONCEPT AND DESIGN..............................18
(. Policy )b*ective............................................................................8
(." Programme )b*ective....................................................................8
(.( Programme Purpose......................................................................8
(.+ Programme -esults ....................................................................9
(.' Programme Activities ...................................................................9
(.6 )rganisation and Implementation Procedures .............................."
(.7 Costs and $inancing Plan.............................................................""
(.8 $actors Ensuring Sustainability....................................................""
(.9 Institutional and ,anagement Capacity.Public and Private Sector. "(
(.! ,onitoring and Evaluation............................................................"(
4.0 THE PROGRAMME EXPERIENCE ...................................19
4.1 Imp!m!"#$#%&" E"'%(&"m!"# $") A(($"*!m!"#+
+.. $unding Agencies......................................................................."+
+.." Pro*ect Application Procedures...................................................."+
+..( C&anges in t&e Implementation Environment /&ic& &ad a
bearing on programme implementation. ..................................."+
4., I"+#%#-#%&"$ S!#.-p.................................................................."7
+.". Programme ,anagement and Supervision..................................."7
+."." Staff and 0ualifications.............................................................."8
+.".( ,onitoring and Coordination Arrangements................................"8
+.".+ Partners&ips /it& )t&er Agencies1 Sectoral Coordination
bet/een 2onors........................................................................."8
4.3.1 ,eans Planned and 3sed......................................................"9 $inancial Contributions 4,eans5 from Stabe6 $unds................"9
4.3.1., $inancial Contributions from Counterparts.............................(" 7&e ,ain -easons for 2ifferences %et/een Planned and Actual
,eans 3sed...........................................................................(( $inancial Problems and Issues.................................................((
4.4 ACTIVITIES PLANNED AND IMPLEMENTED ..............................34
+.+. ,a*or Activities 2uring Programme .............................................(+
+.+." -easons for differences bet/een planned and ac&ieved actions....(6
+.+.( Actions ta8en to ac&ieve planned activities...................................(6
4./. ACHIEVEMENT OF RESULTS ...................................................34
4.0 PROGRAMME PERFORMANCE ..............................................+
+.6. Effectiveness and Impact . Progress against Indicators................+
+.6." 3tilisation of -esults.................................................................+"
+.6.( Assessment of Assumptions at -esult and Purpose 9evels..........+(
+.6.+ Progress 7o/ards )verall )b*ective ...........................................+7
+.6.' -espect of and Contribution to )verarc&ing Policy Issues...........+7
+.6.6 9in8age /it& ot&er operations1 Complementarity and Sectoral
Co:ordination %et/een 2onors...................................................+6
4.1. SUSTAINABILITY ......................................................................+6
+.7. Participation and )/ners&ip by %eneficiaries..............................+6
+.7." Policy Support ...........................................................................+7
+.7.( Appropriate tec&nology...............................................................+7
+.7.+ Socio:cultural aspects.................................................................+8
+.7.' ;ender e<uality...........................................................................+8
+.7.6 Environmental protection...........................................................+8
+.7.7 Institutional and management capacity.......................................+8
+.7.8 Economic and financial viability...................................................+9
/.0 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS..................................'"
A==E>E ? 9ogical $rame/or8 for A2P Stabe6 96@97 Pro*ect................'+
A==E>E "? 9ogical $rame/or8 for Stabe6 9' Pro*ect.............................'7
A==E>E (? Agricultural 2iversification Programme Procurement
A==E>E +? 9ist of Acronyms and Abbreviations A...............................6"

Page No.
7able Summary of =umber and Balue of Pro*ects Approved %ut
Incomplete At 2ate of Programme Closure
7able " Staff of A2PI3
7able (A Initial allocation of resources to Stabe6 96@97 $unded
7able (% Allocation and use of -esources in Stabe6 96@97 $unded
7able +% Initial allocation of -esources to Stabe6 96@97 $unded
7able + % Allocation and use of -esources in Stabe6 9' $unded
7able ' A Planned $inancial Contributions
7able ' % $inancial Contributions from Counterparts
7able 6 Summary of Activities Planned and Implemented
3nder Stabe6 96@97 Pro*ect
7able 7 Summary of Activities Planned and Implemented
under Stabe6 9' Pro*ect
7able 8 Summary of Pro*ect -esults Ac&ieved
7able 9 Progress Against Indicators

ADP Agriculture 2iversification Programme
ADPIU Agriculture 2iversification Programme
Implementation 3nit
CAO C&ief Agricultural )fficer
CARDI Caribbean -esearc& and 2evelopment Institute
CBO Community %ased )rganiCations
CED Centre for Enterprise 2evelopment
CEP Coconut E6pansion Programme
CFO C&ief $is&eries )fficer
CIMA Certified Institute of ,anagement Accountants
CREP Caribbean -egional Environmental Programme
DFS 2irector of $orestry Services
EC2 Eastern Caribbean 2ollars
EDF.PMCU European 2evelopment $und
: Programme ,anagement and Coordination 3nit
EU European 3nion
EUREP GAP European -etail Producers ;roup
FAO $ood and Agricultural )rganisation
FI $inancial Institution
GDP ;ross 2omestic Product
IFP Integrated $orestry Programme
IICA Inter:American Institute for Cooperation on
LIFP 9abour Intensive $eeder Programme
MAF ,inistry of Agriculture and $is&eries
MTESP ,edium 7erm Economic Strategy Paper
NADP =ational Agricultural 2iversification Programme
NAO =ational Aut&orising )fficer
NPL =ational Properties 9imited
PIU Programme Implementation 3nit
PS Permanent Secretary
PSC Programme Steering Committee
PSDP Private Sector 2evelopment Programme
PSIP Public Sector Improvement Programme
RCF -ural Credit $acility
SIF Social investment $und
SVBGA St. Bincent %ananas ;ro/ers Association
SVG St. Bincent and t&e ;renadines
TA 7ec&nical Assistance
TOR 7erms of -eference
3INFA Dind/ard Island $armers Association
XCD East Caribbean 2ollar
STABEX Stabilisation of E6port Earnings
7&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme /as a Programme of t&e ,inistry of
Agriculture1 $orestry and $is&eries 4,A$$5. It /as financed primarily by t&e
European 3nion 4E35 from Stabe6 9' and Stabe6 96@97 resources /it& support
from t&e ;overnment of St. Bincent and t&e ;renadines. 7&e Programme /as
implemented using E3 Programme ,odality rules. All re<uisite E3 regulations
and procedures &ad to be follo/ed in e6ecuting t&e Programme and in procuring
goods and services on be&alf of Programme beneficiaries and sta8e&olders.
7&e Programme /as directed by a broad based Programme Steering Committee
4PSC5 c&aired by t&e Permanent Secretary ,A$$. 7&e Programme /as managed
by t&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme Implementation 3nit 4A2PI35. 7&e
primary functions of t&e A2PI3 /ere EF procuring @ facilitating a range of
services1 information1 and training 4based upon ob*ective assessment of client
re<uirements and facilities5 in support of commercialisation of t&e rural sector in
St Bincent and t&e ;renadines. E"F %eing t&e Secretariat to t&e Agricultural
2iversification Programme ,ulti:sta8e&older@,ulti:donor Steering Committee
4A2P,SC5. E(F $acilitating activities for t&e firm a/arded t&e tender for t&e 7A
Consultancy component of t&e programme E+F managing a programme for
demand driven activities based on re<uests by farmers and agri:businesses.

7&e A2PI3 managed t&e demand driven elements of t&e Programme by?
- -eceiving and assessing re<uests for support from applicants
- Providing information and support1 to t&e firm of 9andell ,ills
/&ic& undertoo8 t&e 7A Consultancy component of t&e Programme
- Providing logistical and ot&er support to ,A$$ and ot&er
organisations involved agricultural development activities
- $acilitating investments and Pro*ect ideas from clients /&ose
re<uests satisfied t&e ProgrammeGs approval criteria.
7&e Programme attracted !(9 formal applications for support. All /ere
revie/ed by pro*ect staff. Some 796 applications /ere approved for support /it&
pro*ects &aving an estimated investment value of H"+.' ,illion >C2. 7&e A2P
/as as8ed to provide H!.66 million >C2 of t&is as grant support. 7&e
Programme Steering Committee and management staff approved pro*ect
assistance amounting to 7.9' million >C2. )f t&is amount H +.(+6 million >C2
/as disbursed to clients. At t&e closure of t&e programme1 ninety eig&t 4985
pro*ects /&ic& /ere approved and /&ic& re<uired grant support of H'1("!1+9
>C2 from t&e A2P /ere not financed because disallo/ed e6penditures of
H(+"1'96."9 >C2 /ere not repaid before t&e E3 2elegation decided to /it&
terminate t&e programme. 7&e unspent or unallocated balances /ere to be made
available to ;overnment as %udgetary Support. 7&ese pro*ects or similar
investments1 are recommended to t&e ;overnment for favourable consideration1
in subse<uent agricultural diversification or rural transformation programmes.
7&e E3 2elegation in %arbados approved a Closure Dor8 Programme on "8
2ecember "!!8 to facilitate formal closure of t&e Programme by (
,arc& "!!9.
2uring t&at time1 staff prepared final reports1 assisted /it& programme audits
and completed contracts for delivery of supplies /&ic& /ere in process1 but not
completed by '
=ovember "!!8. All staff contracts /ere terminated and
assets transferred to t&e ,inistry of Agriculture $orestry and $is&eries by (
,arc& "!!9.
7&e Programme /as most effective in providing direct and ot&er support to
persons involved in agriculture and related industries. 7&e support provided to
Programme beneficiaries encouraged farmers and ot&er investors in t&e sector to
maintain interest in agriculture in t&e face of a continued decline in banana
7&e Programme &elped to maintain agricultural diversification and
commercialisation in t&e public domain as important national ob*ectives and
priorities. 7&e Programme stimulated public interest in and understanding of t&e
need for and t&e c&allenges of diversifying t&e agricultural and rural sectors
t&roug& t&e development of commercially viable enterprises. It &as encouraged
ne/ investments in agricultural enterprises and &as &elped farmers and ot&er
agribusiness interests to develop t&eir ideas for investment in agriculture. Its
direct support for t&e adoption of ne/ tec&nology and improved production
systems in agro processing1 vegetable and root crop enterprises1 pig and poultry
production &as &elped to establis& ne/ production and environmental
management standards in t&ese industries.
7&e A2P /as especially useful in stabilising agricultural production in most
rural communities in SB;. D&en t&e global increases in food prices intensified
in "!!81 t&e availability of support for farmers &elped to boost domestic
production significantly and lessen t&e impact of t&e global crisis on t&e local
population. It /as a significant contributor to t&e resettlement of farmers at
%oisden /&o &ad to be relocated from %elle Isle and ot&er areas. It provided
material and ot&er resources for developing model production systems
t&roug&out t&e country. It &as &elped to improve t&e agro:processing businesses
of more t&an t&irty agro:processors.
It &as facilitated t&e purc&ase of some of t&e computer e<uipment re<uired for
establis&ing a modern national agricultural information service in t&e ,inistry of
Agriculture. It supported t&e training of agro professionals at tertiary level. In
t&is /ay it contributed to building t&e tec&nical capacity of t&e ,inistry of
Agriculture and t&e ,inistry of Iealt& to support routine application of good
agricultural practices on farms.
7&e A2P financed a tec&nical consultancy /&ic& produced tec&nical reports on
eig&t 8ey areas deemed important for building t&e medium to long term
capabilities in t&e agricultural sector. 7&ese studies and reports /ill become a
useful resource for t&e ,inistry of Agriculture and agro related professionals as
t&ey see8 to advance t&e agricultural industry in SB;. 7ec&nical staff of t&e
,inistry of Agriculture &ave already begun to use t&ese studies to inform t&eir
o/n programme planning and management efforts.
2espite t&e successes of t&e programme in facilitating domestic food production
and investment in ne/ and improved tec&nologies1 t&e overall sustainability of
t&e agricultural sector continues to be a national concern. 7&e decline in banana
production &as been more rapid t&an anticipated. 7&e relatively /ea8 and
underdeveloped mar8eting systems remain of great concern. 7&e A2P /as
unable to ac&ieve t&e 8ind of mar8et development t&at /as &oped for at t&e
beginning of t&e programme. 7&is is one of t&e /ea8 areas t&at could reduce t&e
sustainability of benefits derived from t&e E3 Stabe6 $inanced Agricultural
2iversification Programme.
7&e A2PI3 /as &eartened1 &o/ever1 by t&e number of farmers /&o soug&t
support for viable enterprises. 7&e A2P supported many enterprises t&at are
li8ely to be sustainable in t&e medium to long term. $or e6ample1 t&e
investments in pig and poultry production and improved vegetable production
systems can contribute to/ards a more sustainable agricultural industry.
Investment in suc& state of t&e art and or best practices /ill ensure t&at t&ese
improved enterprises remain sustainable for some time.
7&ere /as a preponderance of applications for support from &undreds of small
but important producers of food crops. 7&e support provided to t&ese applicants
&elped to maintain a measure of stability in t&e sector and provided
encouragement to small to medium siCed producers in rural communities. It
also &elped to stem t&e out/ard movement of labour to ot&er sectors. 7&e
retention of some farmers and labourers /&o /ould &ave ot&er/ise left t&e
industry &elped to maintain a foundation on /&ic& ne/er and more profitable
production alternatives can be built. =onet&eless1 insufficient progress /as made
to/ards building t&e foundations t&at are necessary for t&e re:oriented and
modernised agricultural industry envisaged at t&e beginning of t&e programme.
7&e policy and ot&er support from tec&nical staff of ,A$$ /as not as good as it
s&ould &ave been. Some decisions made by t&e tec&nical leaders&ip of ,A$$
actually retarded progress to/ards t&e ac&ievement of pro*ect goals. 7&e staff of
t&e A2PI3 /as often forced to spend too muc& time developing and revie/ing
applications from &undreds of applicants instead of concentrating on t&e actual
delivery of support to clients. 7&e tec&nical staff t&erefore missed many
opportunities to /or8 and learn in a living laboratory of &o/ to plan for and
support commercially driven agricultural enterprises.
7&e delay in t&e repayment of disallo/ed e6penditures also &ad an adverse
impact on t&e success of t&e programme. 7&e A2PI3 /as unable to complete
planned disbursements on 98 pro*ects /&ic& /ere approved for financial support
under t&e programme. 7&ese pro*ects &ad t&e potential to &elp furt&er stabilise
t&e agricultural sector and provide significant national benefits for some time. It
is recommended t&at t&ese pro*ects @ investments be considered for support and
financing in subse<uent ;overnmentGs rural transformation programmes.
7&e A2P became an important element of t&e national agricultural sector
strategy during t&e last four years. 2espite constraints and c&allenges1 it
provided opportunities for investment in improved agricultural production
systems at t&e farm level. 7&e follo/ing Programme Completion -eport provides
furt&er details on t&e contribution /&ic& t&e A2P &as made to/ards developing
t&e agricultural industry in St Bincent and t&e ;renadines.
In "!!(1 t&e ,inistry of Agriculture and $is&eries1 in consultation /it& various
sta8e&olders1 including t&e -egional E3 7ec&nical Assistance 7eam 4-7A51
developed a =ational Agricultural 2iversification Programme to guide t&e
agricultural diversification activities in t&e country and rural commercialisation
programme. 7&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme clearly identified
;overnmentGs strategy1 pro*ects1 time lines for implementation of ma*or activities
and indicative costs.
7&e ;overnment of St Bincent and t&e ;renadines agreed in "!!+ to develop and
implement a =ational Agricultural 2iversification Plan "!!+:"!!7 to guide its
agricultural diversification and rural commercialisation t&rust. 7&e European
3nion /as one of several funding agencies identified to assist /it& t&e
implementation of t&e overall A*(%5-#-($ D%'!(+%6%5$#%&" P$". 7&e European
3nion1 t&e ;overnment of St Bincent and t&e ;renadines and programme
beneficiaries1 &o/ever1 /ere t&e main contributors to /&at /as e6pected to be a
compre&ensive national programme. 7&e European 3nion provided resources to
t&e programme from Stabe6 9' and Stabe6 96@97 resources.
7&ese Pro*ects /ere implemented simultaneously and managed by an
Agricultural 2iversification Programme Implementation 3nit 4A2PI35 /&ic& /as
funded under A*(%5-#-($ D%'!(+%6%5$#%&" P(&7!5# II. ,anagement costs in
t&is /or8 programme also included t&e costs of managing A*(%5-#-($
D%'!(+%6%5$#%&" P(&7!5# I.
7&e $inancing Agreements for t&e A2P /ere signed on '
#anuary "!!' by ,r
Amos 7incani1 Iead of t&e 2elegation of t&e Commission of t&e European
Community in %arbados and t&e Eastern Caribbean. 7&e $irst Dor8 Programme
for t&e Stabe6 96@97 Pro*ect /as approved by t&e E3 2elegation in #une "!!'.
7&e $irst Dor8 Programme for t&e Stabe6 9' Pro*ect /as approved in #anuary
7&e Programme /as funded by t&e European 3nion and t&e ;overnment of St
Bincent and t&e ;renadines in 8eeping /it& t&e A*(%5-#-($ D%'!(+%6%5$#%&"
P(&*($mm! F%"$"5%"* A*(!!m!"#+ signed on t&e '
#anuary "!!'.
7&is Programme Completion -eport covers t&e activities of t&e A2PI3 for t&e
#uly "!!' to (
,arc& "!!9.
2.1 Justification For Programme
7&e national agricultural diversification programme /as designed against t&e
bac8ground of c&anges in t&e international and regional arena1 particularly
c&anges related to trade liberaliCation. 7&ese c&anges &ave &ad important
impacts on Caribbean economies in general and on t&e agricultural sector1 in
particular. Preferential mar8ets /ere under t&reat1 trade barriers /ere
disappearing1 ne/ trading agreements /ere being negotiated1 and ne/ regional
trade groupings /ere being formed.
7&ere /as still significant scope1 for development of t&e agricultural sector1 given
its potential to generate foreign e6c&ange from e6ports1 lin8ages /it& tourism1
import substitution1 value added products1 food security and employment. 7o
realiCe suc& potential1 &o/ever1 rapid transformation of t&e agricultural sector
/as identified as a priority. 7&is transformation re<uired a policy frame/or8
/&ic& /ould create t&e enabling environment for private sector participation and
en&ance entrepreneurs&ip in t&e sector.
It /as also felt t&at t&e success of Agricultural 2iversification initiatives and even
t&e viability of t&e banana industry /ill be driven by t&e e6tent to /&ic& farmers1
farm /or8ers and ot&er entrepreneurs sa/ real opportunities for t&em to
ade<uately address t&e imperatives of being a citiCen in St. Bincent and t&e
;renadines. Additionally1 a ne/ agricultural diversification strategy must be
s&aped by and crafted on t&e foundation of /&at &as emerged in t&e society as
an acceptable standard of living and e6pectations of t&e good life.
D&en t&e programme started in "!!'1 t&e agricultural sector /as dominated by
small farmers operating on less t&an five 4'5 acres of land. 7&e predominance of
t&e small farm /as partly a conse<uence of land settlement and land reform
programmes of t&e past /&ic& soug&t to improve t&e lot of t&e rural poor by
providing access to land. ,any of t&ese units /ere uneconomical and farmers
and t&eir families often turned to ot&er semi:commercial activities to earn t&eir
liveli&oods. ,any farm families attempted ot&er small scale enterprises in agro:
processing1 mar8eting and commerce. ,ost of t&e farmers and agricultural
/or8ers &ad only a primary sc&ool education and /ere ageing. 7&eir production
tec&nologies /ere simple and traditional. Joung persons /ere s&o/ing minimal
interest in traditional agricultural production and industries. ,any young
persons sa/ agricultural production as not offering sufficient scope for t&em to
become /ealt&y and to attain a satisfactory level of living.
7&e land area available for agriculture /as decreasing due to increased
competition from t&e &ousing and commercial sectors. In addition1 land
degradation and deforestation due to illegal cultivation of crops posed serious
t&reats to /ater <uality1 soil fertility and disruption of ecosystems. At t&e same
time large areas of land t&at /ere previously cultivated remained idle. ,any of
t&ese idle lands are o/ned by absentee o/ners or t&eir title resided in family
estates. Suc& land is not easily broug&t into production e6cept t&roug&
temporary leases or s&are:cropping arrangements /&ic& offer little incentive for
operators to ma8e long term and sustained investments in improved tec&ni<ues
or farming operations. A significant amount of t&e agricultural land /as
considered as Kdead capitalG /it& all t&e implications of t&is.
AgricultureGs contribution to ;2P in St. Bincent and t&e ;renadines /as also
declining /it& its contribution fluctuating bet/een ! to (L. 7&is &as been a
decline from an average of 9L over t&e previous t/enty years.
7&ere /as significant rural poverty even in communities /&ic& t&rived during
t&e era /&en t&e banana industry /as strong and broug&t significant foreign
e6c&ange earnings to t&e country. ;overnment &ad responded by ma8ing
poverty alleviation and empo/erment of t&e population t&roug& education1
centrepieces of its national development strategy. Agricultural diversification and
t&e development of viable commercial activity in rural communities /ere
t&erefore seen as essential elements of government strategy for t&e rural sector.
7&ere /ere many calls from t&e public for a moderniCed1 diversified agricultural
industry t&at /as commercially viable and sustainable.
In SB;1 as in ot&er )ECS countries1 t&ere e6isted a /ide diversity in agriculture
and t&e food c&ain 4)ECS "!!(5. 7&ere e6isted?
A small core of farmers carrying out commercial aspects of agriculture and
/&o tend to be t&e focus of attention by development agencies and pro:
A large number of semi:commercial food producers /&o formed t&e base of
agriculture and domestic food production1
A small group of small to medium siCed food processing industries based
largely on domestically produced materials1
A number of fis&er fol81 /&o e6ploited marine resources and /&ose activit:
ies &ad an impact on t&e rural communities. 7&is fis&eries sub:sector1
&o/ever1 &ad suffered from under:investment and /as constrained by a
number of factors /&ic& it s&ared /it& ot&er rural @ agricultural indus:
A small group of persons /&o made a liveli&ood from e6ploitation of
forestry resources.
All t&ese elements of t&e -ural Industry @ Sector interact and are interrelated.
Some persons and families may at one and t&e same time be farmers1 fis&ermen1
agro:processors or users of forestry resources.
In t&e past t&e semi:commercial liveli&ood strategies and activities of t&ese
persons sustained t&eir simple lifestyles. 7&e c&anging lifestyles and
e6pectations of our people &ave made t&e liveli&ood strategies of t&e past no
longer viable in many cases. It /as felt1 t&erefore1 t&at t&e -ural Sector must
engage in commercially viable and sustainable activities if /ere to prosper and if
=ational -ural 2evelopment goals /ere to be ac&ieved. 7&e national agricultural
diversification programme /as t&erefore e6pected to contribute to t&e promotion1
establis&ment and maintenance of suc& commercially viable activities in t&e
7&e proposed Agricultural 2iversification and -ural CommercialiCation
Programme rested on t&e be&avioural @ t&eoretical assumptions t&at1
If t&e economy provides proper signals of opportunity and returns on in:
vestment1 and if t&is /ere supported by ade<uate tec&nological and viable
resources based options1 t&en t&e c&ances of a sustainable agricultural
strategy being devised1 implemented and maintained /ould increase tre:
=orms1 values1 cultural considerations are also important determinants of
farmers and /or8ers production and investment decisions.
Attempts at transforming socio:cultural systems must move persons from
e6isting M8no/nsN1 into unc&arted territory in /ays t&at built confidence1
understanding and o/ners&ip of t&e c&ange process and t&e results.
,ost persons in t&e Agricultural Sector are driven by t&eir needs to ma8e
provision for basic re<uirements and t&eir c&anging e6pectations of /&at is
a proper1 modern and ade<uate standard of living.
,ost of our farmers &ave no/ become commercial in t&eir operations.
7&ey e6pect t&eir farming to deliver monetary value or t&e means
/&ereby t&ey can pursue t&eir life goals 4ac&ieving ne/ standards of t&e
Kgood lifeG : &ouse1 land1 good clot&es1 ve&icle1 ade<uate food1 social ser:
vices1 &ealt& care and even access to cable television and cell p&ones5.
Persons /ill engage in agriculture and sustain t&eir interest in t&e agricul:
tural industry and activities as long as it remains a viable means of Mprovi:
sioning for t&e needs of oneself and t&e family.N
Political considerations and sensitivity to partisan political concerns /ere
li8ely to &ave an impact on t&e motivation and or /illingness of some farm:
ers to e6amine1 embrace and pursue various possibilities for diversifying
t&e agricultural sector.
In t&is be&avioural model t&e success of Agricultural 2iversification initiatives
and even t&e viability of t&e banana industry /ould be driven by t&e e6tent to
/&ic& farmers1 farm /or8ers and ot&er entrepreneurs sa/ real opportunities for
t&em to ade<uately address t&e modern imperatives of being a citiCen in St.
Bincent and t&e ;renadines today.
7&e national agricultural industry /as operating in an increasingly globalised
trading environment /&ic& emp&asises open mar8ets1 easy movement of goods
and services and regulation of trade t&roug& rule based institutional
arrangements suc& as t&e D7). 7&is globalised trading environment /ould
determine1 to a large e6tent1 t&e types of agricultural industries t&at /ill be
viable in t&e medium to long term. It /ould also influence ot&er types of
economic activities and t&e relative allocation of resources bet/een t&e various
sectors of t&e national economy. 7&e international mar8ets and trade issues
/ould also influence &eavily our options for overall economic diversification and
our ability to restructure t&e national economy in a sustainable /ay in t&e s&ort
to medium term.
It /as t&erefore envisaged t&at t&e national agricultural diversification
programme /ould address1 as a first priority1 t&e issues identified at t&e level of
t&e farmer @ farm @ primary production unit 4production c&oices and enterprise
combinations1 financial and capital resources1 labour management and
tec&nology5. It /ill also target improvements to t&e mar8eting and disposal of
agricultural output in /ays t&at added value1 /&ile meeting national needs for
&ealt&y foods and viable rural communities.
7&e A2P /as t&erefore designed to address t&e follo/ing ma*or constraints
/it&in t&e agricultural sector?
5 Inade<uate ,ar8eting Environment for Agricultural Products
"5 9o/ 9evels of 7ec&nical Capacity of $armers1 $arm Dor8ers and )t&er
(5 9imited Balue Addition in t&e Agriculture Sector
+5 9imited -esearc& and 7ec&nology 2evelopment Programme.
'5 3nsustainable Environmental ,anagement and 9and 3se Practices.
65 Inade<uate Infrastructure1 7ec&nical Capacity and Credit Systems for
Sustained Production in =on:banana Agriculture.
75 In:ade<uate 9egislation and Institutional Arrangements for t&e Integrated
2evelopment of t&e Sector.
85 Dea8 Community 9in8ages to Support t&e Agricultural Industry
2.2 Programme Beneficiaries and the Parties Involved
7&e intended programme beneficiaries /ere farmers1 agricultural /or8ers1 fis&er:
fol81 agro:processors1 service providers to t&e agricultural industry1 yout&1
farmers and community organiCations1 Producer Associations1 Credit 3nions1
ot&er financial institutions1 ot&er private sector interests and t&e St Bincent and
t&e ;renadines Agricultural Society once formed.
7&e =ational Agricultural 2iversification Programme /as intended to be a central
component of a broader national strategy aimed at commercialiCing t&e rural
sector and meeting t&e poverty alleviation ob*ectives of t&e ;overnment. )t&er
related interventions included?
7&e =ational Irrigation Programme and -A2CIP
7&e development and e6ecution of a =ational $ood and =utrition Policy in
t&e ,inistry of Iealt&.
Implementation of SB; Social Investment $und programmes.
7&e development of =ational )ccupational Standards for agriculture and
ot&er sectors by t&e S7A7BE7 Programme in t&e ,inistry of Education.
)t&er agricultural and rural development related capital pro*ects in t&e
Public Sector Investment Programme 4PSIP5 4including pro*ects to build ca:
pacity among t&e agricultural labour force5.
Activities and programmes of t&e Small Enterprise 2evelopment 3nit.
Caribbean -egional Environmental Programme activities at -ic&mond and
7&e ;overnment &ad t&e follo/ing 8ey policy ob*ectives for t&e agricultural
Actively create an enabling environment for entrepreneurial drive of farm:
ers1 fis&er fol8 and ot&er related groups
Increase employment
Increase rural income
Increase food security
Increase net foreign e6c&ange earnings or retention
Ensure efficient utiliCation and sustainability of natural resources
Community and beneficiary participation in programme formulation1 im:
plementation and evaluation
It /as t&erefore proposed t&at t&e second p&ase of t&e national Agricultural
2iversification Programme address t&e follo/ing elements or initiatives in order
of priority?
2eveloping an appropriate environment for t&e mar8eting of agricul:
tural products 4including value addition products51
7raining and Education 4$armers1 yout& and entrepreneurs51
-esearc& and 2evelopment and tec&nology ac<uisition1
%uilding capacity for sustained agricultural production t&roug& pub:
lic and private sector investment programmes1
Environmental management and land use1
2evelopment of a strong small business agro processing and value
addition sector1
9egislation and development of institutions1
%uilding community lin8ages t&roug& &ealt& care and poverty allevi:
ation initiatives.
2.4 P&O'&#((E ELE(E$"
7&ose broad programming elements /ere identified1 as t&e priority issues1 during
a series of sta8e&older consultations &eld by t&e A2PI3 at t&e beginning of t&e
P&ase " of t&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme /as t&erefore e6pected to
&ave t&e follo/ing components?
o PI3 staff and operating costs
o E3 funded PSIP support and Pro*ect activities
o Pro*ects financed by ot&er agencies and coordinated by t&e
A2PI3 4IICA1 $A)1 C2%1 C7A1 etc.5
o Pro*ects financed by ;overnment of SB; in support of Agri
cultural diversification and rural commercialiCation include
but not limited to
,A$$ Capital Pro*ects
Capacity building and 9abour $orce Improvement
2iversification initiatives /&ic& may emerge from
ongoing attempts to devise and implement an
)ECS Agricultural Sector Strategy .
2uring t&e A2PI3Gs first p&ase of operations1 several ot&er capital pro*ects /ere
approved for implementation by t&e ,inistry of Agriculture and $is&eries. 7&ey
/ere implemented as distinct pro*ects. In t&e second p&ase of t&e programme it
/as proposed t&at all pro*ects /&ic& /ere related to t&e agricultural
diversification programme /ould be formally incorporated and implemented as
elements of a national Agricultural 2iversification Programme. 7&e A2PI3 /ould
t&erefore be responsible for ensuring t&at t&e diversification related pro*ects /ere
implemented in a timely and efficient manner. 7o t&is end1 t&e PI3 /as e6pected
and re<uired to interface /it& t&e tec&nical staff of ,A$$ in a structured /ay to
facilitate efficient implementation of pro*ect activities.
2.) OPE&#IO$#L (O%EL
7&e follo/ing operational model or mec&anism /as advanced for a more
permanent A2PI3. Successful implementation of an agricultural diversification
and rural commercialiCation programme re<uired /or8ing relations&ips and
interactions bet/een a /ide range of players and institutions. D&ile t&e A2PI3
/ould be t&e central implementation agency1 it &ad to build strong net/or8ing
lin8s /it& t&e ma*or players.
7&e A2PI3 /ould t&erefore be provided /it& and manage financial resources to
be directed to/ards implementing activities and pro*ects /it& sectoral impact
and /&ic& /ould ?
Improve t&e efficiency of Public Sector investment and support in
t&e Agricultural Sector
$acilitate Private Sector entrepreneurs&ip and investment in t&e Ag:
ricultural Sector1 in areas /&ere feasibility1 viability and sustainab:
ility of enterprises /ere evaluated t&roug& rigorous and t&eoretically
sound analytical processes and procedures.
7o a large e6tent t&e model re<uired t&e evaluation of 2iversification Support
and Investment options t&roug&?
- A specialiCed and e6perienced tec&nical team. 47&e core staff of t&e A2PI35
- A broad based Programme Steering Committee /it& multi:ministry and
private sector members&ip and participation1
- A priority and implementation revie/ team @ mec&anism 4involving a Cab:
inet Committee on Agriculture 4CCA51 and at a &ig&er level1 a Cabinet Com:
mittee on t&e Economy 4CCE55 /&ic& /ould evaluate t&e policy goals1 t&e
general t&rust and impact of t&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme
and t&e efficiency of resources used in t&e attainment of t&e policy goals
set for t&e 3nit.
7&e donor and support community /ere to interface /it& t&e implementation
process at t&e institutional1 priority setting stage1 at t&e level of t&e Pro*ect
Steering Committee and t&roug& t&e oversig&t function @ role of an E2$@P,C3
type organiCation /&ic& /ould ensure t&at disbursement of funds and pro*ect or
programme priorities /ere consistent /it& t&e agreement @ basis for providing
t&e financial support.
7o contribute to t&e rural economy by increasing income for agricultural
producers1 fis&er:fol81 agro : processors and ot&er sta8e&olders in t&e rural
sector. ,ore specifically t&e programme /ould increase agricultureGs
contribution to ;2P formation1 food security1 foreign e6c&ange earnings1 t&e
diversity and <uantity of agricultural output1 employment opportunities and t&e
number of commercially run agricultural related businesses in rural SB;. 7&e
pro*ect /ill also create an enabling environment for agricultural diversification
and furt&er commercialiCation of t&e rural sector.
7&e national agricultural diversification programme plan /as to address1 first
and foremost1 /ays of ac&ieving t&ese policy ob*ectives t&roug& targeted and
strategic public sector investment and improved coordination of private sector
investment in t&e agricultural industry. 7&e implementation of t&e programme
/ould also be informed and guided by initiatives deemed necessary as part of a
broader )ECS Agricultural 2iversification Strategy or Programme.
7o increase income and improve standard of living especially in rural
It /as envisaged t&at t&e national programme /ould &elp to create an
environment t&at /ill increase investment and employment in t&e rural sector.
In order to ac&ieve t&is1 t&e programme /ould provide opportunities to
strengt&en 8ey institutions involved in Agricultural @ -ural Income
diversification and commercialiCation. ,ore specifically t&e programmeOs
purpose /as t/o fold?
7o en&ance t&e capacity of rural business enterprises to establis&
t&emselves and operate as commercially viable and modern business
7o assist in t&e modernisation and commercialisation of t&e agricultural
sector and related businesses
7&e follo/ing results /ere intended during t&e programme?
. An improved environment for successful mar8eting of agricultural
products1 derived from bot& Primary and Secondary value added products.
7&e Pro*ect /ould facilitate1 in partners&ip /it& Public and Private Sector
interests and in response to mar8et demand?
a. E6panded ,ar8et opportunities for agricultural products1
t&roug& ne/ Public and Private Sector Investment Pro
grammes @ Strategies.
b. Improved ability of farmers and ot&er entrepreneurs to evalu
ate ris8s involved in underta8ing various demand driven pro
duction activities.
c. Provide 7ec&nical Assistance to develop and institute an ap
propriate system for providing mar8eting and advisory inform
d. Increase entrepreneursG 8no/ledge of mar8et opportunities
and trends.
e. Support for t&e mar8eting of produce /it& good development
potential . 4Coconut1 %readfruit1 Arro/root1 $is&eries related
and some $orestry related produce5.
". 7rained and educated farmers and ot&er entrepreneurs.
(. -esearc& and 2evelopment and 7ec&nology programme.
+. Capacity %uilt for sustained Agricultural Production.
'. Improved Environmental ,anagement and 9and use.
6. 2evelopment of a strong business oriented Agro:processing Sector.
7 %etter 9egislation and institutional arrangements
8. Strong community lin8ages in support of Agricultural Industry.
7&e follo/ing types of interventions /ere proposed under t&e programme. 7&e
A2PI3 /as to?
. 3nderta8e investment /it& private and public sector interests in order to
develop an improved environment for mar8eting of agricultural products
and ot&er products and services generated in t&e rural areas as a result of
a rural commercialiCation support strategy
underta8e investment /it& private and public sector interests for
improving mar8eting facilities and services1
providing mar8eting information to entrepreneurs and
evaluating ris8s associated /it& various types of investments in t&e
rural sector.
2evelop trained farmers1 /or8ers and entrepreneurs for a more mod:
ern1 competitive and diversified agriculture.
It /ould do so by facilitating vocational training support to farmers1 young
entrepreneurs1 fis&er fol8 and agro:processors in Agricultural entrepren:
eurs&ip1 mar8eting1 tec&nical s8ills in agriculture1 fis&ing1 &orticulture
and fis&eries1 farm resources management1 personnel development1 food
production and food processing1 and development and use of computer
soft/are for managing agricultural enterprises.
". Assist beneficiaries /it& t&e development of business plans to enable en:
trepreneurs to access financial resources /&ic& /ill become available un:
der t&e proposed -ural Credit $acility.
(. $acilitate t&e formal establis&ment and promotion of national competence
standards for /or8ers in targeted industries@sub:sectors e.g. $arm Dor8:
ers1 and $arm ,anagers.
+. $acilitate development and publication of appropriate researc& and tec&:
nology for target beneficiaries. It /ill facilitate documentation and pro:
cessing of local researc& information and tec&nological findings. It /ill as:
sess /&at level of national investment and e6penditure for -P2 4as a per:
centage of Agricultural ;2P and ;2P5 is re<uired to sustain t&e Agricul:
tural industry and rural commercialisation process. It /ill also provide re:
searc& grants for priority areas.
'. Ielp to build national capacity for sustained Agricultural production by
supporting t&e establis&ment of a venture capital fund for agriculture and
related enterprises in t&e rural sector.
6. Assist in improving rural infrastructure suc& as feeder and on:farm roads1
abattoirs and ot&er livestoc8 processing facilities and propagation facilities.
It /ill assist /it& t&e establis&ment and operations of at least t&ree region:
al farmers mar8ets.
7. $acilitate Private Sector investment in plant and mac&inery as /ell as ac:
cess of t&e private sector to development financing /&ic& may be obtained
under t&e Cotonou Agreement and ot&er ,ulti:lateral private sector finan:
cing initiatives /&ic& may be accessible by countries suc& as SB;.
8. Assist /it& t&e establis&ment of -ural financing mec&anisms t&roug& t&e
Credit 3nions and facilitate training of loan )fficers in Evaluating Agricul:
tural 9oans and Investment Proposals.
9. Contribute to t&e use of good agricultural practices on farms by supporting
t&e development and use of crop@enterprise driven record 8eeping sys:
tems. 7&e programme /ill foster t&e development and use of organoponic
tec&nology by facilitating establis&ment of production units by farmers.
!. Provide financial support to t&e CI73 for promoting viable agricultural
tec&nology using multimedia programmes.
. Contribute to improved environmental management and land use by
providing incentives and assistance to farmers operating on slope lands for?
establis&ment and maintenance of soil conservation /or8s1 on farm drain:
age systems and establis&ment and maintenance of tree crop cover on
slopes. It /ill facilitate regular testing programmes for soil fertility and
nematode infestation on farms. It /ill /or8 /it& community groups to un:
derta8e community led environmental pro*ects suc& as beac& and river
clean up campaigns. It /ill /or8 /it& district agricultural committees to es:
tablis& and promote stream and river ban8 protection measures on farms.
7&e pro*ect /ill facilitate t&e design and implementation of a compre&ens:
ive drainage pro*ect in t&e $rancois Balley in ,arria<ua.
". Contribute to/ards t&e creation of vibrant agro:processing businesses in
rural communities by supporting various value addition and agro:pro:
cessing initiatives. It /ill assist t&e Standards %ureau to improve its capa:
city to provide tec&nical support to agro:processors. It /ill provide entre:
preneurs /it& investment support financing for commercialisation of
promising enterprises. It /ill facilitate ongoing efforts to improve value ad:
dition in t&e Cassava1 Arro/root1 -oot Crop and Coconut industries.
(. $acilitate improvement of t&e legislative frame/or8 /it&in /&ic& t&e agri:
cultural sector operates by financing tec&nical assistance to revie/ e6ist:
ing legislation and to draft appropriate regulations for?
-egistration of farmers
9icensing of producers and mar8eters
Institutionalising t&e provision of receipts in all agribusiness
related transactions
7agging of livestoc8
-egistration of Agricultural 7raders and Professional bodies in
+. Contribute to building strong community lin8ages in support of t&e agri:
cultural industry by supporting t&e development and improved functioning
of farmers and ot&er rural community groups.
7&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme /as developed primarily as a
programme to facilitate commercialiCation of t&e -ural Sector. 7&e Programme
/as intended to contribute to an increase in the proportion of core farmers who
carry out commercial aspects of agriculture, increase in the output and
productivity, and diversity of products produced by food processing industries,
while enhancing the efficiency of production of small semi-commercial group
7&e Pro*ect Implementation 3nit 4PI35 /as re<uired to use demand driven
mec&anisms to identify priorities and needs /it&in t&e rural community.
Potential beneficiaries /ere to submit proposals and re<uests. 7&ese /ould t&en
be evaluated1 using appropriate criteria developed by t&e A2PI3.
7&e A2PI3 /ould manage and administer t&e programme to ensure facilitation
2elivery of basic information
-esponse to demands for particular assistance
Consolidation of farmers re<uests
Assessing of e6pertise@consultants to deliver information and assist
Community re<uests for infrastructure development /&ic& /ould en:
&ance t&e commercialiCation process.
7&e activities listed above1 /ould be treated as a menu of options to be supported
by t&e A2PI3. 7&e actual activities supported /ould be based on t&e demand
from pro*ect beneficiaries.
7&e Permanent Secretary in t&e ,inistry of Agriculture1 $orestry and $is&eries
/as responsible for ensuring t&at t&e pro*ect /as implemented. 7&e programme
/as to be guided by a Pro*ect Steering Committee /&ose members /ould be
dra/n from t&e ,inistries of Agriculture1 7rade1 $inance1 Education and
7ourism1 t&e C&amber of Industry and Commerce1 Dind/ard Island $armers
Association5 Association 4DI=$A51 t&e St Bincent %anana ;ro/ers Association
4SB%;A51 t&e St Bincent ,ar8eting Corporation 4SB,C5 and t&e E2$@P,C3.
7&e ;overnment agreed to t&e use of Q(.(m obtained from Stabe6 resources for
Agricultural 2iversification start:up 4Q .' million1 from Stabe6 99' and Q.8
million from Stabe6 K96@975. 7&e funding provided by t&e E3 /as primarily for
demand driven and core pro*ect activities.
It /as felt t&at if t&e programme /ere to be sustainable it re<uired1 inter alia1
;overnmentGs commitment to -ural commercialiCation and Agricultural
2iversification. ;overnment must remain committed to its policy of agricultural
2iversification and Poverty Alleviation and be /illing to support t&e rural
commercialiCation initiatives contained in t&e Programme proposal. It /as also
assumed t&at t&e funding /ill be provided for implementation of t&e Programme.
7&e follo/ing 8ey factors considered to be important for sustainability of t&e
o Ade<uate policy support measures
o A /ell developed legislative frame/or8 t&at /ill promote production and
mar8eting in t&e various sub:sectors and /it& emp&asis on upgrading1
strengt&ening and effecting e6isting legislation toget&er /it& t&e develop:
ment and enactment of ne/ legislation1 /&ere necessary.
o A proper information system being in place in t&e ,inistry of Agriculture1
9ands and $is&eries to transfer relevant information to farmers and ot&er
o Implementation of Poverty Alleviation and Social -ecovery Programmes in
rural areas
o A fiscal policy regime t&at supported investment in agricultural diversifica:
tion and rural commercialiCation
o ,aintenance of a moderniCed and competitive banana industry to &elp sta:
biliCe rural incomes and provide some savings for investment in ot&er sec:
tor of t&e agricultural industry
o Improvement and establis&ment /&ere necessary of t&e infrastructural re:
<uirements on farm and at t&e farming community level. 7&ese included
feeder roads1 establis&ment of irrigation systems on farmersG &oldings1
erection of farm&ouses1 storage and pac8 &ouses and improvement of on:
farm roads.
7&e ,A$$ establis&ed a process for private sector participation in programme
implementation t&roug& a system of -egional Agricultural Committees and t&e
involvement of private citiCens1 in Steering Committees and Dor8ing Committees.
7&ese sta8e&older committees /ere to be empo/ered to ta8e o/ners&ip of
diversification and rural commercialiCation initiatives so t&at t&ey became
sustainable. 7&e demand driven orientation of t&e A2P and t&e procedures to be
employed in e6ecuting pro*ect activities /ere e6pected to lead to greater
o/ners&ip of t&e process by beneficiaries and &ence greater sustainability.
7&e Pro*ect Steering Committee1 t&e Cabinet Committee on Agriculture1 t&e
)ffice of t&e E2$@P,C3 and t&e A2PI3 /ere involved in monitoring t&e pro*ect.
7&e European 3nion /as one of several funding agencies assisting /it& t&e
implementation of t&e overall A*(%5-#-($ D%'!(+%6%5$#%&" P$". T:! EU
provided funding for t/o pro*ects from its Stabe6 resources. 7&e A*(%5-#-($
D%'!(+%6%5$#%&" P(&7!5# I /it& funding from Stabe6 99' allocations
complemented t&e A*(%5-#-($ D%'!(+%6%5$#%&" P(&7!5# II /&ic& utiliCed
resources from Stabe6 996@97. 7&ese pro*ects /ere to be implemented
simultaneously and managed by an Agricultural 2iversification Programme
Implementation 3nit 4A2PI35 /&ic& /as funded under A*(%5-#-($
D%'!(+%6%5$#%&" P(&7!5# II.
Clients /ere re<uired and invited to ma8e formal applications for pro*ect support
on prescribed applications forms. ,ost of t&e pro*ect applications1 /&ic& /ere
approved and supported1 /ere intended to be commercially driven. 7&ese
applications /ere revie/ed by t&e tec&nical staff of t&e A2PI3 to ensure t&eir
consistency /it& pro*ect ob*ectives and to assess t&eir1 economic and commercial
viability and tec&nical soundness. 7&e pro*ect staff t&erefore e6amined t&em1
based on t&ese criteria1 before t&eir approval by t&e Pro*ect ,anager 4for pro*ects
less t&an H '!!! >C25 or t&e Pro*ect Steering Committee 4PSC5. )nce a pro*ect
application /as approved1 t&en t&e pro*ect staff set about procuring goods and
services on be&alf of clients in order to &ave t&e pro*ect implemented.
7&e follo/ing c&anges in t&e implementation environment &ad a bearing on t&e
fulsome implementation of t&e Programme during t&e last t&ree years.
In #anuary "!!61 t&e ,inistry of AgricultureGs c&anged t&e D%+#(%5# B$+!)
e6tension structure to a C&mm&)%#; B$+!) structure. 2istrict E6tension
personnel /ere grouped into commodity teams /it& island /ide
responsibilities. 7&is affected adversely t&e A2P since it /as originally
devised to flo/ t&roug& t&e regular district based e6tension programme of
,A$$. As a conse<uence1 t&e pro*ect staff &ad to spend more time1 t&an
originally intended1 to revie/ applications1 do field visits1 and coac&
applicants. 7&is slo/ed t&e momentum of t&e programme and added to
public criticisms t&at t&e A2PI3 /as ta8ing too long to process
applications for support and to provide same.
=ational and global concerns about rising food prices /&ic& began to
surface in mid "!!71 intensified and became an issue for t&e remainder
of t&e programme. 7&e ;overnment1 t&roug& t&e ,inistry of Agriculture1
declared its intention to support and promote an intensive =ational $ood
Plan. 7&is $ood Plan /as managed by t&e ,inistry of Agriculture t&roug&
its normal e6tension programme /it& little input or involvement from t&e
7&e focus on increasing food prices and some s&ortages of basic
commodities /as e6pected to encourage farmers and ot&er interested
persons to consider and ma8e ne/ investments in agriculture. If t&is
sentiment persisted1 t&en it /ould &ave provided furt&er opportunity to
reorient t&e agricultural industry along t&e lines initially envisaged by t&e
7&e success of t&e agricultural diversification programme /as al/ays
closely lin8ed to t&e performance of t&e banana industry. As banana
production declined1 some farmers s&ifted into ot&er crop or livestoc8
enterprises. 7&e steady decline in banana production and e6ports forced
many farmers to see8 alternative agricultural enterprises and liveli&ood
options. 2espite t&e e6istence of t&e A2P many farmers came up against
endemic and ot&er /ea8nesses in t&e agricultural sector /&ic& &ad not yet
been addressed by t&e A2P and ot&er agricultural development initiatives
of t&e ;overnment.
7&e continuing decline in banana production and productivity /as made
/orse by t&e discovery and spread of t&e %anana ,o8o 2isease. 7&is led
to t&e ,A$$ mobilising its resources to deal /it& t&e ,o8o containment
and eradication programme. 7&is &ad t&e effect of furt&er e6acerbating t&e
situation /&ere staff of t&e ,A$$ /ere deployed into commodity teams and
furt&er reduced t&e manpo/er available to support t&e planned and timely
implementation of t&e A2P.
$armers /&ose lands /ere affected by t&e ,o8o disease /ere re<uired to
leave t&eir land fallo/ for some time before establis&ing ot&er crops. ,any
farmers /&ose lands /ere affected by t&e disease started re:cultivation of
t&eir farms /it& ot&er crops despite t&e initial policy position t&at t&ese
lands s&ould remain fallo/ and undisturbed for an e6tended period of up
to eig&teen mont&s.
7&e DI=$A $airtrade organisation emerged as a significant player in t&e
production and e6porting arrangements for %anana from St Bincent and
ot&er Dind/ard Islands. 2iscussions /ere eventually &eld and
agreements reac&ed bet/een Dind/ard Islands %anana 2evelopment and
E6porting Company 4DI%2EC)5 and DI=$A1 /&ereby1 t&e t/o parties
/ould enter into a Sales and Purc&ase agreement for e6porting $airtrade
bananas from St Bincent. As a conse<uence1 DI=$A /ould replace t&e
SB%;A as t&e main seller of bananas from St Bincent and t&e ;renadines.
7&is development &eld some potential benefits for national agricultural
diversification efforts since bot& DI=$A and DI%2EC) &ad e6pressed t&eir
interests in t&e purc&asing and e6port of non banana products as an
important element of t&eir business strategies going for/ard. $e/
opportunities materialised &o/ever1 for bot& entities to mar8et non banana
products in a significant /ay during t&e life of t&e A2P.
A &old /as placed on pro*ect e6penditure under t&e Stabe6 9' /or8
programme from mid )ctober "!!7 to early $ebruary "!!8. 7&is &old on
e6penditure and non:replenis&ment of t&e pro*ect account /as lifted after
t&e submission of outstanding pro*ect reports and assurances t&at pro*ect
e6penditures /ere fully compliant /it& E3 rules and regulations. 7&e &old
on e6penditure on t&e Stabe6 9' Programme /as lifted in $ebruary "!!8
after t&e E3 2elegation in %arbados granted a one mont& e6tension of t&e
Dor8 Programme. 7&e A2PI3 /as able to complete disbursement on some
of t&e approved client applications. 7&is /as t&e last e6penditure1
&o/ever1 on t&e Stabe6 9' component since t&e E3 2elegation insisted
t&at no ne/ Dor8 Programme /ould be approved until t&ere /as
repayment of pro*ect e6penditures /&ic& /ere disallo/ed by t&e E3
2elegation in %arbados. 7&e non:repayment of disallo/ed e6penditures on
time eventually also resulted in t&e non:replenis&ment of funds under t&e
Stabe6 96@97 /or8 Programme. 7&is created furt&er difficulties for A2PI3
staff and clients1 since approved Programme support could not be
disbursed. 7&is failure to repay t&e funds on time adversely affected t&e
completion of t&e programme. It resulted in 98 approved pro*ects1 /it& a
pro*ected investment of H'1("!1+9.!!! >C21 being &eld up and
eventually not supported from pro*ect funds.
Support Area
=umber of Pro*ects
$arm -oads 7 +(1'!'.!!
9ivestoc8 development +! 8681(97.!!
$is&ing ' 76'1(6.!!
Agro Processing ' "!9166!.!!
$armers )rganisations Support 8('1'".!!
$arm 2evelopment Assistance
6 "6!188!.!!
Iorticulture " "619!.!!
$arm Environment
2evelopment " "81!66.!!
, A $ $ Programme
Support 6 1("71+96.!!
7raining and -esearc& +91+8.!!
$ood Crop ,ar8eting ( (+'1'"!.!!
7otal 98 '1("!1+9.!!
Ta)*+ 1 S,--ar. /0 1,-)+r a12 3a*,+ /0 4r/5+cts a44r/3+2 ),t 61c/-4*+t+ at th+
t6-+ /0 Pr/7ra--+ C*/s,r+
Public discussion on t&e proposed Economic Partners&ip Agreement 4EPA5
bet/een t&e E3 and ACP countries started in early "!!8. ,any concerns
/ere raised locally about t&e future for banana and ot&er agricultural
products /it&in an EPA frame/or8. As t&e discussions on t&e EPA as a
frame/or8 for E3 @ACP trade relations&ips intensified1 t&ey /ere
overta8en and overs&ado/ed by t&e emerging global financial crisis /&ic&
t&reatened and continues to t&reaten t&e viability of not only agricultural
production but also t&e sustainability and viability of some of t&e pro*ects
already financed by t&e A2PI3. 7&e fear /as1 t&at gains from t&e
programme may be eaten up in a ne/ global environment /&ere input
prices /ill remain &ig& and mar8ets for agricultural inputs and products
become even more c&allenging. 7&ere /as also concern1 t&at t&e global
financial crisis /ould ma8e t&e implementation of successful agricultural
diversification programmes even more difficult.
7&e global financial crisis also became an issue for t&e A2P in late "!!8.
7&e emerging and deepening financial crisis created great uncertainty
among agricultural sta8e&olders as to &o/ t&eir businesses /ould survive
in t&e ne/ economic environment. 7&ese concerns /ere ec&oed by some of
t&e beneficiaries /&o /ere getting ready to e6pand t&eir business after
receiving support from t&e A2PI3. It also meant t&at if t&ese businesses
/ere adversely affected by t&e ne/ global business environment1 it could
reduce t&e e6pected economic benefit to t&e country envisaged /&en t&e
pro*ects /ere approved and financed by t&e A2PI3. 7&e A2PI3 staff /as
optimistic1 &o/ever1 t&at t&e current global situation may provide an
environment in /&ic& efficiently run and managed agribusinesses can
sustain demand for t&eir products and continue to t&rive.
7&e A2PI3 implemented t&e Programme as a 3nit /it&in t&e ,A$$. 7&e
Permanent Secretary 4PS5 ,A$$ &ad overall responsibility for t&e proper
functioning of t&e A2PI31 and for ensuring t&at all Public Service and E3
Programme ,odality rules and re<uirements /ere met and regulations follo/ed.
7&e Programme /as guided by a broad based Programme Steering Committee
4PSC5 /it& representation from ;overnment ,inistries responsible for
Agriculture1 $orestry and $is&eries1 7rade and $oreign Affairs1 7ourism and
Culture1 Education1 Jout& and Sports1 Iealt& and t&e Environment and -ural
7ransformation. )t&er members came from 7&e C&amber of Commerce1 7&e
=ational Properties 9imited 4=P951 Dind/ard Islands $armers Association
4DI=$A51 t&e St. Bincent and t&e ;renadines %anana ;ro/ers Association
4SB%;A51 CA-2I1 IICA and t&e E2$@P,C3. 7&e PSC &eld regular mont&ly
meetings during t&e life of t&e programme. 7&e A2PI3 maintained its regular
reporting on its ac&ievements and pursuit of t&e Programme goals and t&e policy
ob*ectives of t&e ;overnment at t&e mont&ly meetings of t&e Cabinet Committee
on t&e Economy.
7&e follo/ing staff /ere employed by t&e A2PI3 during t&e Programme.
T$=! ,> S#$66 Emp&;!) =; ADPIU
S#$66 P&+%#%&" P!(+&" <-$%6%5$#%&"+
Programme ,anager ,r. As&ley Cain ,.Ec. 43=E51%Sc. Agric. 43DI5
-ural 2evelopment
,r. 9ennie Adams
,Sc 43R51 2ip. Agric1 2ip.
Agric. E6t.43DI5
,s. Angelene Po/ell
,s S&elley Ann 7oney
,Sc. 43R51 %A 4Ions51 ACCA

,s. )dinga Coc8burn
,s. Idris $orbes
C>C )O9evels1
CA7 Student
Administrator @
Procurement )fficer
,r. #ude Iouston
%Sc Economics1 CI,A
,r. Cleve Primus
,r. ,attis #ac8son
! Jears E6perience
)ffice Attendant ,s. =elcia Stay C>C )G9evels
)ffice Cleaner
,rs. Ann:,arie
7&e ,A$$1 PSC1 t&e ,onitoring )fficer in t&e Planning 3nit and t&e E2$@P,C3
/ere responsible for Programme monitoring and coordination arrangements. 7&e
A2PI3 /as also re<uired to report to t&e mont&ly meetings of t&e Cabinet
Committee on t&e Economy. 7&is /as one mec&anism used by t&e ;overnment
to monitor performance on t&e programme.
7&e E3 and t&e ;overnment of SB; /ere t&e only donors /&o contributed
financial resources to t&e programme. 7&e Programme staff1 &o/ever1 &ad a
consistent frame/or8 and process of interfacing and collaborating /it& t&e ma*or
players in t&e agricultural industry during t&e life of t&e Programme. )t&er
organisations contributed time and support t&roug& t&eir involvement in t&e
(To 14
October 2007)
Pro*ect Steering Committee. 7&e A2PI3 maintained cordial /or8ing relations&ips
/it& most of t&e organisations engaged in agricultural sector support and rural
7&e A2PI3 /as e6pected to manage resources from ot&er agencies contributing
to t&e national agricultural 2iversification efforts. 7&is did not &appen. 7&e non:
E3 financed agricultural diversification programme activities of t&e ,inistry of
Agriculture /ere delivered t&roug& t&e office of t&e C&ief Agricultural )fficer.
$or e6ample1 several $A) funded agricultural diversification related interventions
/ere implemented during t&e programming period /it& no input from t&e A2PI3.
7&e A2PI3 /as t&erefore unable1 nor allo/ed to perform t&e sectoral
coordination role envisaged for it at t&e start of t&e Agricultural 2iversification
=ot/it&standing t&is1 t&e A2PI3 staff /or8ed as closely as possible /it& tec&nical and
administrative staff of t&e ,A$$ to facilitate efficient delivery of services to its clients.
7&e A2PI3 staff made concerted efforts to /or8 /it& and t&roug& tec&nical units of t&e
,inistry of Agriculture. 7&e greatest and most consistent support /as received from t&e
tec&nical officers of t&e 9ivestoc8 and Beterinary 2ivision. )t&er )fficers assisted A2PI3
staff1 on a needs basis1 /it& tec&nical revie/s of applications submitted by farmers and
ot&er clients.
7ables "A1 "%1 (A and (% belo/1 summarise t&e means planned and used for t&e
various activities outlined in t&e 9ogical $rame/or8 of t&e Programme $inancing
Proposals approved by t&e E3.
Several ad*ustments /ere made to t&e Stabe6 96@97 Pro*ect $inancing
Agreement after t&e $inancing Agreements /ere signed by t&e ;overnment of St
Bincent and t&e ;renadines and t&e European 3nion 2elegation. 7&e E3
2elegation proposed t&at some of t&e Programme funds be used for a 7ec&nical
Assistance Consultancy Component and t&e remainder for a 2emand 2riven
Component. 7&ese included1 firstly1 t&e decommitment of funds from seven of
t&e eig&t budget lines as a Specific Commitment for a 7ec&nical Assistance 47A5
Consultancy Component. Secondly funds /ere reallocated from t/o of t&e under
utilised budget lines in t&e Stabe6 96@97 Pro*ect1 namely1 Provide Strategic and
Other Marketing Information and t&e acilitate armers !ccess to "redit budget
lines to t&e Promote Production and #uality Standards "omponent. 7&is e6plains
t&e e6penditure over budget s&o/n in 7able $% belo/ for t&is component.
T$=! 3 A I"%#%$ A&5$#%&" &6 (!+&-(5!+ %" #:! P(&*($mm! F%"$"5%"*
A*(!!m!"# 6&( S#$=!B 90C91 6-")!) A*(%5-#-($ D%'!(+%6%5$#%&"
"#BE+ ,-.,/ P&OJEC CO(PO$0

otal Funds
. Conduct publicity and sensitiCation
programme on Agricultural 2iversi:
fication Pro*ect 66 "(7 ( 69 "+8
". Promote production <uality stand:
ards "+' 87' + + "+9 889
(. Provide strategic and ot&er mar8et:
ing information "!9 7'! ! ! "!9 7'!
+. Support establis&ment of formal
agri:businesses 8" 6' ! ! 8" 6'
'. $acilitate farmers and entrepren:
eurs access to credit "9 +6! ! ! "9 +6!
6. Promote agro:processing and value
addition +"" 1'!9 6 " +"8 1'(!
7. Implement diversification pro*ects
effectively t&roug& A2PI3 ''! 1967 ' 8" 6! "1'!
8. ,onitor agricultural sector per:
formance 8 "88 ! ! 8 "88
9. Specific Commitments allocation :'9 :'68 :'9 :'68
!. Contingency 4".'L5 +' 6 ! ! +' 6
. Audit and Evaluation (! !7 ! ! (! !7
G($") T&#$ EC2 1?800 0?431 04 ,,8 1?804 0?001
TABLE 3 B I"%#%$ A&5$#%&" &6 (!+&-(5!+ %" #:! P(&*($mm! F%"$"5%"*
A*(!!m!"# 6&( S#$=!B 9/ 6-")!) A*(%5-#-($ D%'!(+%6%5$#%&" P(&7!5#

TA C&mp&".
2evelopment1 publication and dissemination of ap:
propriate researc& facilitated 8!!1!!! "!1!!!
Environmental management and sustainable land
use improved 1+!!1!!! +6!1!!!
Increase public and private sector and related busi:
nesses in support of commercialisation "1!7'1!!! ("!1!!!
Improve t&e institutional and legislative frame/or8
for t&e development of t&e agricultural sector ('!1!!! 981!!!
2evelop and improve functioning of $armers ;roups
and agriculture related organisations "!!1!!! 6!1!!!
Audit !!1!!!
Contingency 4".'L5 +1!!!
G($") T&#$ EC2 /?039?000 1?1/8?000
2evelopment1 publication and
dissemination of appropriate re:
searc& facilitated 8!!1!!! "!1!!! 891(!! '9!17!!
Environmental management
and sustainable land use im:
proved 1,400,000 +6!1!!! '78188 (619
Increase public and private sec:
tor and related businesses in
support of commercialisation "1!7'1!!! ("!1!!! 1"(+1'+6 '"!1+'+
Improve t&e institutional and le:
gislative frame/or8 for t&e de:
velopment of t&e agricultural
sector ('!1!!! 981!!! ! '"1!!!
2evelop and improve function:
ing of $armers ;roups and agri:
culture related organisations "!!1!!! 6!1!!! '!17'! 891"'!
Audit !!1!!! ! !!1!!!
Contingency 4".'L5 +1!!! +1!!!
Grnd Tot! "#$ /?039?000 1?1/8?000 1?9/3?411 1?9,1?/,3
'ud(eted T%
*e&nd *r+,en
1. #onduct )ub!+c+t/ nd sens+t+0t+on
)ro(r&&e on %(r+cu!tur!
*+,ers+f+ct+on 1ro2ect 213,000 181,112.00 31,572.59 212,684.59 315.41
2. 1ro&ote )roduct+on 3u!+t/ stndrds 550,000 233,693.00 558,718.03 792,411.03 (242,411.03)
3. 1ro,+de strte(+c nd other &r4et+n(
+nfor&t+on 800,000 253,167.00 29,294.98 282,461.98 517,538.02
4. 5u))ort estb!+sh&ent of for&! (r+-
bus+nesses 650,000 389,488.00 36,353.92 425,841.92 224,158.08
5. 6c+!+tte fr&ers nd entre)reneurs
ccess to cred+t 280,000 116,846.00 - 116,846.00 163,154.00
6. 1ro&ote (ro-)rocess+n( nd ,!ue
dd+t+on 1,159,000 408,963.00 355,931.62 764,894.62 394,105.38
7. 7&)!e&ent d+,ers+f+ct+on )ro2ects
effect+,e!/ throu(h %*17. 1,846,000 - 1,596,914.57 1,596,914.57 249,085.43
8. 8on+tor (r+cu!tur! sector
)erfor&nce 300,000 243,430.00 50,350.00 293,780.00 6,220.00
%ud+t nd ",!ut+on 100,000 - 100,000.00
#ont+n(enc/ (2.59) 150,000 - 150,000.00
Gra12 T/ta* EC8
6,048,000 1,826,699.00 2,659,135.71 4,485,834.71 1,562,165.29
7&e ;overnment of St. Bincent and t&e ;renadines promised to contribute1 a
total of ECH "(1+8!. 7&ese contributions /ere mainly contributions in 8ind.
7able + belo/ summarises t&e financial contributions of counterparts including
t&e valuation of any contributions in 8ind /&ere suc& valuation /as possible.
7able ' 4a5 Planned F%"$"5%$ 5&"#(%=-#%&"+ 6(&m C&-"#!(p$(#+
7able '4b5 provides an estimate of t&e value of contributions in cas& or 8ind
provided by counterparts
during t&e life of t&e programme.
7able ' 4b5 F%"$"5%$ 5&"#(%=-#%&"+ 6(&m C&-"#!(p$(#+
I#!m+ EC2
Publicity P SensitiCation Programme !!!
Promote Production and 0uality Standards +1!!!
Promote Agro:processing and Balue Addition "1!!!
Implement 2iversification Programmes Effectively t&roug& A2PI3 ""81!!!
2evelopment1 publication and dissemination of appropriate
researc& organisation
Environmental management and sustainable land use improved (71++!
Increase public and private sector investment in t&e agricultural
sector and related businesses in support of commercialisation
R!p$;m!"# =; G&'!("m!"# &6 D%+$&E!) EBp!")%#-(! (+(1'96
T&#$ 7('1 !76
"st+&te does not +nc!ude contr+but+ons of benef+c+r+es to the+r )ro2ects
0/r+s++1 61 4r/5+ct
1. Go,ern&ent of
$228,000 ;#*
1ro2ect *urt+on
2. Other *onor
24,000 ;#*
*ur+n( 1ro2ect
3. 'enef+c+r+es .n4no<n
*ur+n( 1ro2ect
T/ta* 2:2,000

Applicants contributed significant resources as counterpart investment in t&eir
various pro*ects. It /as not possible to assess or determine fully t&e financial
contributions /&ic& clients made to t&e pro*ects approved and supported by t&e
A2P. 7&e value of client contributions to t&eir pro*ects1 &o/ever1 /as muc&
larger t&an t&e funds actually provided by t&e A2P.
7&e ;overnment of St. Bincent and t&e ;renadines financial contributions to t&e
programme /as mainly for indirect support t&roug& salaries for support staff1
use of ,inistry of Agriculture1 $orestry and $is&eries facilities and resources and
ot&er intangible support provided from ;overnment resources. 7&e A2PI3 /as
&oused in t&e ,inistry of Agriculture and $is&eries. 7&e value of accommodation
provided by t&e ;overnment /as assessed at ECH""81!!! over t&e life of t&e
Programme. 7&e ot&er notable government contribution to t&e programme /as1
t&e H(+(1'96 of disallo/ed e6penditure /&ic& /as repaid by t&e ;overnment. THE MAIN REASONS FOR THE DIFFERENCES BET3EEN
7&e main reasons for differences bet/een planned and actual means used /ere?
7&e type of re<uests received from clients /as &ig&ly s8e/ed. 7&ere /as
&ig& demand for support from some budget lines /&ile t&ere /as little real
demand from ot&ers1
Clients /ere often slo/ to utilise approved Programme support1
2isallo/ed e6penditures /ere not repaid before t&e E3 delegation decided
to close t&e programme and transfer unspent balances to ;overnment as
%udget Support. 7&is affected adversely t&e overall e6penditure on t&e
Stabe6 9' and Stabe6 96@97 components. FINANCIAL PROBLEMS AND ISSUES
7&e ma*or financial problems and issues e6perienced during t&e programme
Slo/ or tardy dra/ do/n of approved Programme support by applicants
7&e &ig&ly s8e/ed demand for support from clients /&ere fe/ or no
re<uests /ere made for support from some budget lines.
E6penditures disallo/ed by t&e E3 delegation for paying Balue Added 7a6
on purc&ases made from t&e E3 funds1 and for breac&es of procurement
rules for some items of e6penditure
In t&e latter instance1 delays in t&e repayment of disallo/ed pro*ect e6penditures
delayed t&e approval of t&e 7&ird Dor8 Programme for t&e Stabe6 9' Pro*ect and
t&e eventual closure of e6penditure on t&e Programme in ,id =ovember "!!8.
7&e ma*or activities planned and implemented by t&e A2PI3 during t&e
programme are summarised in 7able 6. 7&e A2PI3 maintained a consistent
demand driven implementation strategy by ?
. -eceiving and assessing clients re<uests for assistance
". Supporting and promoting commercial approac&es to enterprise c&oices
and investment by approving and financing Programmes and pro*ects
/&ic& could contribute to a viable and sustainable diversification /it&in
t&e agricultural sector.
(. 2elivering support to approved applicants in accordance /it& t&e
Programme implementation modality and E3 rules.
+. Providing support1 advice and assistance to tec&nical staff of t&e ,inistry
of Agriculture and $is&eries in t&e delivery of t&eir /or8 programmes.
'. =et/or8ing /it& ot&er ;overnmental and =on ;overnmental
)rganisations involved in agricultural and rural development related
activities and programmes.
Ta)*+ < S,--ar. /0 Act636t6+s 4*a11+2 a12 6-4*+-+1t+2 ,12+r th+ A7r6c,*t,ra* D63+rs606cat6/1 Pr/7ra--+ (Sta)+= <>;)
Act636t6+s P*a11+2 0/r Sta)+=
<>; Pr/5+ct
Dat+ /r
Act636t6+s ach6+3+2 th6s 4+r6/2
D600+r+1c+ )+t?++1
%ctu! 9
8+nt+n 1ub!+c+t/ nd
sens+t+st+on on the )ro(r&&e
)ur)ose, ,+!b!e to c!+ents nd
)otent+! su))ort for c!+ents
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
T% #onsu!tnc/
5u))orted the T% Te& res)ons+b!e for
)ub!+c+t/ nd 5ens+t+st+on.
%*17. 8+nt+ned sens+t+st+on
)ro(r&&e to 4ee) c+t+0ens nd other
+nterested )ersons u) to dte nd <re of
the %*1 +&s, ob2ect+,es nd su))ort
%s 1!nned
8ed+ 'r+ef+n(s s re3u+red to
d,+se the )ub!+c of %(r+cu!tur!
*+,ers+f+ct+on 1ro(r&&e nd
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
T% #onsu!tnc/
Occs+on! re!eses <ere &de nd +nter,+e<s
<ere he!d <+th &ed+ )ersonne! nd &ed+ houses
%s 1!nned
>es)ond to re3uests fro& c!+ents
b/ )ro,+d+n( ,r+ed ss+stnce +n
su))ort of %(r+cu!tur!
*+,ers+f+ct+on +n+t+t+,es
=u!/ 2005 to
>ece+,ed nd e,!uted re3uests fro&
st4eho!ders for ,r/+n( t/)es of su))ort.
1ro,+ded &ter+! nd other 5u))ort for
))ro,ed de&nd dr+,en re3uests fro&
c!+ents nd st4eho!ders
1ro,+s+on of !o(+st+c! nd other
su))ort to T% consu!tnc/ f+r&
=u!/ 2006 to
=une 2009
6c+!+tted the T% consu!tnc/ f+r&?s
co&)!et+on of +ts ss+(n&ent +nc!ud+n(
re,+e<+n( re)orts nd c!r+f+ct+on of
+ssues nd )re)rt+ons for f+n! <or4sho)
to )resent f+nd+n(s of the #onsu!tnc/
>ece+,ed, re,+e<ed nd cce)ted su&&r/
of f+nd+n(s nd reco&&endt+ons fro& T%
consu!tnc/ )ro(r&&e
%s 1!nned
1ro,+d+n( Techn+c! nd @o(+st+c!
su))ort to stff of the 8+n+str/ of
%(r+cu!ture, 6orestr/ nd
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
6c+!+tted <or4 of 8%66 Techn+c! stff nd
)ro,+ded !o(+st+c! nd techn+c! su))ort for
8%66 de,e!o)&ent )ro(r&&e
%s 1!nned
Ta)*+ ; S,--ar. /0 Act636t6+s 4*a11+2 a12 6-4*+-+1t+2 ,12+r th+ A7r6c,*t,ra* D63+rs606cat6/1 Pr/7ra--+ (Sta)+= :)
Act636t6+s P*a11+2 0/r Sta)+= :
Dat+ /r
R+s4/1s6)*+ )/2. Act636t6+s ach6+3+2 th6s 4+r6/2
D600+r+1c+ )+t?++1
4*a11+2 > ach6+3+2
1. *e,e!o)&ent, )ub!+ct+on nd d+sse&+nt+on
of ))ro)r+te reserch fc+!+tted
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
#ontrcted 5u))ort,
5er,+ce 1ro,+der
5u))orted de&nd dr+,en re3uests fro&
c!+ents nd st4eho!ders
6e< re3uests
for su))ort
fro& th+s
bud(et !+ne
2# "n,+ron&ent! &n(e&ent nd sust+nb!e
!nd use +&)ro,ed
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
#ontrcted 5u))ort,
5er,+ce 1ro,+ders
1ro,+ded su))ort to fr&ers, (ro
)rocessors etc. for ))!+ct+on of (ood
(r+cu!tur! )rct+ces (G%15) on fr&s
nd other re!ted )rct+ces +n other
3. 7&)ro,ed +nfrstructure nd cred+t s/ste&s
,+!b!e to fr&ers nd entre)reneurs +n the
(r+cu!tur! sector.
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
#ontrcted 5u))ort
5er,+ce 1ro,+ders
6c+!+tted tr+n+n( to enhnce
c)c+t/ nd s4+!!s of (ro-
re!ted )rofess+on!s
>ece+,ed re3uests nd )ro,+ded
su))ort s re3u+red to c!+ents
@# 5u))ort +&)ro,e&ents to the !e(+s!t+,e nd
+nst+tut+on! fr&e<or4 <+th+n <h+ch
(r+cu!ture o)ertes so s to foster
co&&erc+!+0t+on of the (r+cu!tur! sector
nd +&)ro,e&ent of rur! +ndustr/
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
#ontrcted 5u))ort
5er,+ce 1ro,+ders
%.*.1.7.. stff he!d d+scuss+ons <+th
c!+ents, fr&ers or(n+st+ons nd
)ro,+ded techn+c! d,+ce on ho< to
stren(then +nst+tut+on! rrn(e&ents
@o< !e,e!
de&nd for
such su))ort
:# *e,e!o)&ent nd +&)ro,ed funct+on+n( of
6r&ers? nd other rur! co&&un+t/ (rou)s
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
%*17. 5tff
1ro,+ded ,r+ed techn+c! su))ort to
fr&ers or(n+st+ons. %s re3u+red
@o< !e,e!
de&nd for
such su))ort.
<# #onduct 'se!+ne stud+esAsur,e/s =u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
#ontrcted 5u))ort
5er,+ce 1ro,+ders
Bo bse!+ne stud+es fc+!+tted
@o< !e,e!
de&nd for
such su))ort
7. 6c+!+tted <or4 of the @nde!! 8+!!s
Techn+c! %ss+stnce Te&
=u!/ 2007 to
8rch 2008
6c+!+tted nd )ro,+ded su))ort s
re3u+red, to the @nde!! 8+!!s Techn+c!
%ss+stnce Te&
8. 1ro,+de Techn+c! nd @o(+st+c! su))ort to
stff of the 8+n+str/ of %(r+cu!ture, 6orestr/ nd
=u!/ 2005 to
8rch 2009
#o!!borted <+th 8%66 5tff +n
+&)!e&entt+on of )ro2ects nd 1ro,+ded
Techn+c! su))ort

7&ere /ere t/o main reasons for t&e differences bet/een planned and ac&ieved
actions /&ic& prevented full disbursement of pro*ect finances as planned?
7&ere /as little or no demand from clients from some of t&e budget lines
available to clients.
7&e repayment of disallo/ed e6penditure /as not effected before t&e deadline
for repayment by t&e ;overnment. 7&e E3 2elegation decided to close pro*ect
e6penditure and ma8e t&e funds available to t&e government as budget support
once certain prescribed conditions /ere met by t&e ;overnment.
7&e A2PI3 too8 t&e follo/ing types of actions in order to ac&ieve t&e planned
activities and results of t&e Programme?
,anaged t&e 2emand 2riven components of t&e Programme by accepting and
revie/ing pro*ect applications1 engaging in e6tensive revie/s : in office and on
t&e ground: of client applications to ensure t&eir viability and consistency /it&
t&e ob*ectives of t&e programme1 facilitating approval of pro*ects by t&e Pro*ect
,anager and or t&e Pro*ect Steering Committee.
7&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme Implementation 3nit /or8ed
closely /it& tec&nical staff so as to improve t&e process by /&ic& 7ec&nical
staff assist farmers in developing commercially driven and viable ideas for
financing by t&e Pro*ect.
,aintained a programme of intervie/s1 field visits1 coac&ing and general
facilitation /it& clients /&o soug&t support from t&e Agricultural
2iversification Programme Implementation 3nit.
Streamlined and maintained re<uisite Programme procurement and accounting
processes to ensure compliance /it& E3 procurement rules.
Dor8ed closely /it& t&e 7ec&nical Assistance 47A5 team consultants recruited
to underta8e a consultancy programme designed to identify and propose
solutions and strategies for t&e medium to long term development needs of
clients and t&e country
2eveloped and maintained close /or8ing relations&ips /it& organised groups
as a strategy for increasing t&e impact of t&e A2P.
Educated ,A$$ staff1 ot&er agencies and t&e general public about t&e
operational procedures and financing possibilities from t&e A2P.
Supported efforts at strengt&ening and restructuring t&e banana industry in
t&e face of t&e c&allenges of ,o8o disease re&abilitation and control1
c&allenging mar8eting conditions1 declining acreages and yields and t&e need
to sustain t&e industry at t&e least a basic structure1 level and configuration.
$acilitated training of tec&nical staff of ,A$$ and provided resources for t&e
long term development of professionals in t&e ,inistry of Agriculture
Planning and progress for Project Overall planning and progress
Result Indicators for
Planned to be
achieved dur-
ing Pro-
during the pro-
planned and ac-
tual achieve-
Planned to be
achieved b
end of the
Achieved to date Difference to date
Act,a* D Act,a* D
R+s,*t 1 E C/1F
2,ct 4,)*6c6t.
a12 s+1s6t6sat6/1
4r/7ra--+ /0
th+ A7r6c,*t,ra*
18 sens+t+0t+on
courses he!d +n (-
r+cu!tur! d+str+cts
#ont+nut+on of
)ro(r&&e on
#onducted n +n-
tern! )ub!+c+t/ )ro-
(r&&e to d,+se
st4eho!ders of )o-
tent+! nd ctu!
benef+ts <h+ch &/
be der+,ed fro& the
6c+!+tted the co&-
)!et+on of the <or4
of the T% Te& re-
s)ons+b!e for 1ub!+-
c+t/ on the )ro2ect.
Bo sens+t+0t+on
courses <ere he!d
t the d+str+ct !e,e!
s conse3uence of
the dec+s+on to use
s+n(!e con-
su!tnc/ f+r&
@oc! )ub!+c+t/
conducted on
benef+ts of nd
)otent+! resu!ts
of the )ro-
#onsu!tnts for
1ub!+c+t/ nd
)ro(r&&e &o-
b+!+sed nd co&-
)!eted the+r s-
%*17. stff conducted
7n+t+! 5ens+t+st+on
)ro(r&&es before re-
cru+t&ent of the T%

T% Te& consu!tnts
se!ected nd &ob+!+sed
nd 5ens+t+st+on )ro-
(r&&e +&)!e&ented.
R+s,*ts 2 F Pr/F
-/t+ 4r/2,ct6/1
a12 G,a*6t.
9 tr+n+n( )ro-
(r&&es on
C%##1, 6+r-
trde, .5*%, 75O
nd re!e,nt +nter-
nt+on! stndrds
others de!+,ered +n
f+rst 18 &onths,
Bo. of fr&ers cer-
t+f+ed s ".>"1-
G%1 co&)!+nt.
)ro,+ded to c!+-
ents for +&-
)ro,e&ent of
)roduct+on nd
3u!+t/ stndrds
6r&ers nd other
))!+cnts <ere
)ro,+ded ss+stnce
for +&)ro,e&ent of
)roduct+on nd
3u!+t/ stndrds on
fr&s nd bus+-
nesses. There <ere
+ncons+stent efforts
to sust+n G%1 )ro-
(r&&es outs+de
of the bnn +n-
dustr/. The %*-
17. )ro,+ded &-
ter+! su))ort
rout+ne!/ to enb!e
benef+c+r+es to
&eet re3u+s+te +n-
dustr/ stndrds
nd G%1 co&)!+-
nce needs on
fr&s nd (r+bus+-
Bo for&! cert+-
f+ct+on )ro-
(r&&e +s +n
)!ce for un)ro-
cessed (r+cu!-
tur! )roduce
)ro,+ded to c!+-
ents for +&-
)ro,e&ent of
)roduct+on nd
3u!+t/ stndrds
+n (r+cu!tur!
@+&+ted ss+stnce
)ro,+ded to ))!+cnts
for +&)ro,+n( )roduc-
t+on nd 3u!+t/ stnd-
rds es)ec+!!/ e3u+)-
&ent nd +n)uts to su)-
)ort G%15 t the fr&
!e,e! nd +n (ro re-
!ted +ndustr+es.
Bo 6or&!
)rocess hs
been )ut +n
)!ce for non
bnn (r+-
R+s,*t 3 F
Pr/362+ strat+76c
a12 /th+r -arF
H+t617 610/r-aF
#ontrct for c)-
ture of strte(+c +n-
for&t+on for D1E
re(+on! &r4ets
D2E .5% nd #n-
d+n &r4ets nd
D3E ". &r4ets
nd +nfor&t+on
d+sse&+nt+on +n
)!ce fter 6
>es)onded to
re3uests fro&
c!+ents for su)-
)ort <+th &r-
4et+n( +nfor&-
T% Te& under-
t4e 8r4et+n(
stud/ nd
)resented re)ort
1ro,+ded !+tt!e su)-
)ort )rt fro& "#-
T%* for &r4et+n(
+nfor&t+on su))ort
becuse of !o< de-
T% Te& &ob+!+sed
nd undertoo4 s-
s+(n&ent. The+r
<or4 for&ed the
bs+s for con-
su!tnc/ to des+(n
nd +&)!e&ent
ne< (r+cu!tur!
&r4et+n( +nfor&-
t+on s/ste& +n
#ontrct for
c)ture of str-
te(+c +nfor&-
t+on #onsu!tnc/
>es)ond to re-
3uests fro& c!+-
ents for su))ort
<+th &r4et+n(
nd strte(+c +n-
T% #onsu!tnc/ TO>5
de,e!o)ed nd con-
su!tnc/ +&)!e&ented.
&de b/ T% Te& for
strte(+c &r4et+n( nd
+nfor&t+on s/ste&s to
be used to des+(n nd
+&)!e&ent ne< &r-
4et+n( +nfor&t+on s/s-
#!+ents fc+!+tted <+th
strte(+c nd &r4et+n(
+nfor&t+on throu(h
the 1ro(r&&e re,+e<
nd ))ro,! )rocess
%*17. hs
bou(ht nd
hnded o,er to
8%66 the fo!-
!o<+n( e3u+)-
&ent to fc+!+t-
te ne< (-
r+cu!tur! nd
&r4et+n( +n-
for&t+on s/s-
te& +n 8%66-
19 hnd he!d
co&)uters for
dt record+n(
+n 6+e!ds, On e
ser,er nd
three des4to)
co&)uter s/s-
te&s for de-
)!o/&ent t
re(+on! of-
R+s,*t @ FS,4F
4/rt +sta)*6shF
-+1t /0 0/r-a*
Bo of re(+stered
co&)n+es, co-
o)ert+,es etc
1r+,te +n,est&ent
+n rur! +nfrstruc-
>es)ond to re-
3uests fro& c!+-
ents for su))ort
>e,+e<ed ))!+c-
t+ons fro& c!+ents
for su))ort
1ro,+ded su))ort s
re3u+red to )-
)ro,ed c!+ents
@o< *e&nd
fro& c!+ents for
su))ort +n estb-
!+sh&ent of
for&! (r+bus+-
nesses. 8+n!/
)ro,+ded tech-
n+c! d,+ce nd
&ter+! su))ort
)ro,+ded to )-
)!+cnts for es-
tb!+sh&ent of
for&! (r+-bus+-
>e,+e<ed ))!+ct+ons
fro& c!+ents for su))ort
1ro,+ded su))ort to
))!+cnts s re3u+red
T% te& co&)!eted +ts
stud/ nd )resented +ts
@o<er @e,e!
of for&! (-
r+bus+ness re-
thn e-)ected
%*17. fc+!-
+tted bus+ness
throu(h coch-
+n( nd (u+d-
nce dur+n(
the ))!+ct+on
R+s,*t : Fac6*6tF
at+ 0ar-+rs a12
acc+ss t/ cr+26t
7ncresed !on d+s-
burse&ent to rur!
)ro,+ded to en-
tre)reneurs to
fc+!+tte ccess
to cred+t
>e,+e<ed ))!+c-
t+ons fro& c!+ents
for su))ort.
*+d not
fc+!+tte ccess to
cred+t for ))!+cnts
becuse of !o< de-
&nd for such su)-
@o< de&nd for
such ser,+ces
)ro,+ded to en-
tre)reneurs to
fc+!+tte ccess
to cred+t
>e,+e<ed ))!+ct+ons
fro& c!+ents for su))ort
1ro,+ded su))ort to
6+sher+es *e)rt&ent
+n +&)!e&ent+n( the
B75 6+sher+es *e,e!o)-
&ent @on 6c+!+t/
One such )-
)!+ct+on for
cred+t fc+!+t-
t+on ))ro,ed
but su))ort not
/et )ro,+ded
R+s,*t < F Pr/F
-/t+ a7r/F4r/F
c+ss617 a12 3a*,+
6unct+on! )ub!+c
sector su))ort
(enc+es e.(.
5tndrds 'ureu,
>es)ond to re-
3uests fro& c!+-
ents for su))ort
>e,+e<ed ))!+c-
t+ons fro& c!+ents
for su))ort
5u))ort )ro,+ded to
>es)ond to re-
3uests fro& c!+-
ents for su))ort
+n (ro-)ro-
cess+n( nd
,!ue dd+t+on
T% #onsu!tnc/
5u))ort )ro,+ded to
T% #onsu!tnc/ co&-
)!eted nd reco&&end-
t+ons su))orted fro&
1ro(r&&e funds
R+s,*t ; F I-4*+F
-+1t 263+rs606caF
t6/1 Pr/7ra--+s
thr/,7h ADPIU
7&)!e&entt+on of
the <or4 )!n,
5tff recru+ted,
15# +n )!ce nd
)rocedures )-
)ro,ed, %ccount-
+n( s/ste& nd de-
&nd dr+,en &od-
!+t/ &+nt+ned
6u!! 5tff co&-
)!e&ent 15# +n
)!ce nd +&)!e-
&entt+on )ro-
cedures )-
)ro,ed. %c-
count+n( s/ste&
nd de&nd
dr+,en &od!+t/
&+nt+ned nd
5tff co&)!e&ent
&+nt+ned, 15# +n
)!ce +&)!e&ent-
t+on )rocedures re-
,+e<ed <+th B%O
off+ce %ccount+n(
s/ste& nd de&nd
dr+,en &od!+t/
&+nt+ned co&)u-
ter+0ed %ccount+n(
s/ste& restored.
5tff recru+ted,
15# +n )!ce
nd +&)!e&ent-
t+on )rocedures
))ro,ed, %c-
count+n( s/ste&
nd de&nd
dr+,en &od!+t/
+nst+tuted nd
5tff recru+ted, 15# +n
)!ce nd +&)!e&ent-
t+on )rocedures )-
)ro,ed, %ccount+n(
s/ste& nd de&nd
dr+,en &od!+t/ o)er-
t+on! but )rob!e&s e--
)er+enced <+th %c-
count+n( 5/ste&.
22 15# &eet+n(s he!d
*e&nd *r+,en ))!+c-
1078 >ece+,ed
1078 re,+e<ed
796 %))ro,ed
>e)orts sub&+tted to
B%O nd GO5:G
Bo *+fference
R+s,*t A E M/16tF
/r A7r6c,*t,ra*
S+ct/r P+r0/r-F
#onsu!tnts re)orts 'se!+ne stud+es
T% #onsu!tnc/
nd d,+ce (+,en
on +&)ro,ed
dt c)ture s/s-
'se!+ne stud+es not
re3uested nor un-
Bo such stud+es
fc+!+tted 7n+t+! bse!+ne
stud+es under-
5ur,e/s nd oth-
er dt (ther+n(
ct+,+t+es +&)!e-
5u))ort )ro,+ded for
sur,e/s but d+s!!o<ed
becuse )rocure&ent
)rocedures <ere
@+tt!e de&nd
for such ser-
F6r- ,12+rtaH+s
th+ TA C/1F
s,*ta1c. c/-F
4/1+1t /0 th+
T% #on-
su!tnc/, 6+r&
recru+ted nd
#o&)!eted +ts

@nde!! 8+!!s co&-
)!eted +ts Techn+c!
%ss+stnce con-
su!tnc/ <or4
Bo &2or d+ffer-
6+r& &ob+!+sed
nd T% con-
su!tnc/ )ro-
(r&&e co&-
6c+!+tted T% )ro-
(r&&e <h+ch
)ro,+ded e+(ht techn+c-
! stud+es nd reco&-
&endt+ons for sus-
t+nb!e de,e!o)&ent
of (r+cu!ture +n the
&ed+u& to !on( ter&.
These stud+es re be+n(
used b/ 8%66 n d
others to fsh+on &ed+-
u& to !on( ter& +nter-
,ent+ons +n the sector
T% con-
su!tnc/ )ro-
(r&&e too4
!on(er thn
+n+t+!!/ en,+s-
R+s,*t 10
)ub!+ct+on nd
d+sse&+nt+on of
>es)onse to c!+ents
re3uests for
reserch nd
8ter+! nd
other su))ort
)ro,+ded s
@+tt!e de&nd
&de nd no d+rect
su))ort )ro,+ded
)ro,+ded to
de&nd dr+,en
re3uests for
>F* ct+,+t+es
@o< !e,e! >eserch F
de,e!o)&ent becuse of
cont+nued !o< de&nd
@o< de&nd
re3uested for su))ort
R+s,*t 11
&n(e&ent nd
sust+nb!e !nd
use +&)ro,ed
>es)onse to
)ro2ect re3uests for
5u))ort for
fr+end!/ )est
c)c+t/ on
fr&s nd
+&)ro,e&ents of
sust+nb!e !nd
use on fr&s
1ro,+ded &ter+!
nd other su))ort
to +&)ro,e )est
&n(e&ent on
))!+ct+on of
(ood (r+cu!tur!
)rct+ces nd
co&)!+nce <+th
stndrds for
))ro,ed c!+ents.
>es)ond to
c!+ent re3uests
to +&)ro,e
nd sust+nb!e
!nd use
%ss+stnce )ro,+ded for
fr+end!/ fr&+n(
)rct+ces on fr&s nd
for co&)!+nce <+th
G%15 nd other
re3u+s+te stndrds.
5u))ort <s )ro,+ded
for dr+n(e nd so&e
5tb+!+st+on of @ondon
=c4 6eeder >od
6e< re3uests to
sust+nb!e !nd
use nd so+!
conser,t+on .
c)c+t/ of
8 %66 to
sust+nb!e !nd
use <s
constr+ned b/
s&!! s+0e of
stff nd !o<
de&nd for such
R+s,*t 12.
nd cred+t
,+!b!e to
fr&ers nd
entre)reneurs +n
the (r+cu!tur!
7ncrese +n 1ub!+c
5ector +n,est&ent
on fc+!+t+es
+n,est&ents nd
tr+n+n( for
1ro,+ded su))ort
for +n,est&ent +n
+nfrstructure s
1ro,+ded f+nnc+n(
for students t
tert+r/ +nst+tut+ons
1ro,+de su))ort
for +n,est&ent
+n (r+cu!ture
nd fc+!+tt+n(
cred+t nd
1ro,+de ss+stnce to
Gho st+sf+ed )ro2ect
su))ort re3u+re&ents.
R+s,*t 13
@e(+s!t+,e nd
fr&e<or4 to
of the (r+cu!tur!
sector nd rur!
"nhnced nt+on!
nd +&)ro,e&ents
+n rur! +ndustr/
*+scuss+ons <+th
fr&ers nd
(rou)s for
re(+strt+on of
(rou) nd
+&)ro,ed !nd
@o< de&nd for
such su))ort
)rocedures for
ser,+ces to ss+st +n
the for&!
re(+strt+on of
fr&ers (rou).
<+th +&)ro,ed
rrn(e&ents to
@o< de&nd re(+stered
for such su))ort
% re)ort <s )re)red
throu(h the T%
#onsu!tnc/ <h+ch
ssessed needs nd ()s
+n current !e(+s!t+on
<h+ch nee to be
*e,e!o)ed <+th T%
ss+stnce s+&)!e
+nstru&ent but !e(!!/
sound +nstru&ent
<h+ch &/ be used for
shre cro))+n( nd
other !oose tenur+!
rrn(e&ents bet<een
contrct+n( )rt+es +n
R+s,*t 1@
*e,e!o)&ent nd
funct+on+n( of
6r&ers? nd
other rur!
(rou)s su))orted
#onsu!tnts re)orts
on de,e!o)+n(
7ncresed nu&ber
of )ro)er!/
fr&ers (rou)s nd
%ss+stnce for
de,e!o)&ent of
fr&ers (rou)s
1ro,+ded techn+c!
(u+dnce nd
encour(ed the
for&t+on of
fr&ers (rou)s nd
Ce!d d+scuss+ons
<+th fr&ers
re,+e<ed nd
))!+ct+ons for
su))ort fro&
fr&ers (rou)s nd
%ss+stnce to be
)ro,+ded to
(rou)s to
fc+!+tte the+r
Techn+c! su))ort
(u+dnce )ro,+ded to
so&e (rou)s.
'enef+c+r+es <ere
encour(ed to estb!+sh
the&se!,es s (rou)s
nd coo)ert+,es for
(reter eff+c+enc/ nd
T/?ar2s th+
+12 /0 th+
4r/7ra--+ th+
ADPIU start+2
a 4r/c+ss /0
?6th th+
D636s6/1 t/
),6*2 0ar-+rs
7r/,4s a12
/r7a16sat6/1s at
th+ r,ra* *+3+*
>esu!t 15 'se!+ne
5u))ort 'se!+ne
stud+es nd sur,e/s
s re3u+red
%ss+stnce to
conduct bse!+ne
stud+es nd
Bo re3uests for
stud+es nd
bse!+ne sur,e/s
<ere rece+,ed
5u))ort for
bse!+ne sur,e/
nd other
Bo re3uest for such
ss+stnce rece+,ed or
F,12s ?+r+
,s+2 t/
+G,64-+1t t/
s+t ,4 a
-arH+t617 a12
s+r36c+ 61
P,r4/s+ I126cat/rs (OVIs) Pr/7r+ss a7a61st I126cat/rs
To ss+st +n the
&odern+st+on nd
of the (r+cu!tur!
sector nd re!ted
7ncrese +n
67 !on )ortfo!+o
7ncrese +n
(r+cu!tur! e-)ort

1. 1039 6r&ers, students, (r+bus+ness )ersons nd
entre)reneurs <ere ttrcted to nd b/ the %*1?s offer
of su))ort for ,+b!e +n,est&ents +n (r+cu!ture nd
re!ted bus+nesses. ",en <here s)ec+f+c su))ort <s
not rece+,ed &n/ benef+ted fro& +des nd d+scuss+ons
<+th )ro2ect 5tff on ho< to better the+r bus+ness.
2. %*17. su))orted nd fc+!+tted the resett!e&ent of
fr&ers t 'o+sden <ho <ere d+s)!ced fro& 'e!!e 7s!e
nd #u&ber!nd on the @ee<rd cost.
3. 789 ))!+cnts hd the+r ))!+ct+ons ))ro,ed , &ost of
<ho& benef+ted d+rect!/ fro& tn(+b!e %*1 su))ort
for de,e!o)+n( the+r (r+bus+ness +des nd )ro2ects
4. #!+ents h,e been su))orted <+th the de,e!o)&ent nd
+&)!e&entt+on of the+r 'us+ness 1!ns. 8n/ h,e
benef+ted fro& fr& &n(e&ent d,+ce nd tn(+b!e
su))ort for ))!+ct+on of +&)ro,ed techno!o(+es on
the+r fr&s nd +n the+r bus+nesses.
5. 1roduct+on of ,e(etb!es nd root cro)s (notb!/
dsheen), )+(s nd )ou!tr/, techn+c! tr+n+n( nd
+&)ro,ed en,+ron&ent! &n(e&ent )rct+ces h,e
been fc+!+tted b/ %(r+cu!tur! *+,ers+f+ct+on
1ro(r&&e 7&)!e&entt+on .n+t
6. %*1 su))ort for cro) nd !+,estoc4 )roduct+on
enter)r+ses h,e he!)ed to stb+!+se )roduct+on +n !oc!
co&&un+t+es, thereb/ reduc+n( the d,erse effects of
the dec!+ne +n rur! co&&un+t+es r+s+n( fro& cont+nued
reduct+on +n bnn )roduct+on. %*1 fc+!+tted the
estb!+sh&ent of +&)ro,ed !+,estoc4 )roduct+on
fc+!+t+es +n </s tht <+!! he!) to bu+!d ,+b!e !+,estoc4
enter)r+ses s n !ternt+,e !+,e!+hood o)t+on.
7. T% #onsu!tnc/ Te& co&)!eted +ts re,+e< of +ssues +n
the 5ector nd &de co&)rehens+,e set of
reco&&endt+ons for +&)ro,+n( (r+cu!ture +n 5:G.
These consu!tnc/ re)orts <+!! )ro,+de (u+dnce to stff
of 8%66 nd other st4eho!ders for /ers on ho< to
bu+!d co&&erc+!!/ dr+,en (r+cu!tur! nd rur!
8. The &o&entu& <h+ch the %*17. <s bu+!d+n( t
<+th+n the (r+cu!tur! +ndustr/ <s b!unted t the end
b/ t<o 4e/ fctorsH r+s+n( fue! )r+ces <h+ch tr+((ered
+ncreses +n cost of )roduct+on +n)uts. Th+s d&)ened
+n,est&ent t t+&e tht c!+ents <ere be(+nn+n( to
re3uest nd rece+,e &ore substnt+! su))ort fro& the
%*17.. The t+&e t4en to effect re)/&ent of
d+s!!o<ed funds !eft the %*17. +n )os+t+on <here +t
<s unb!e to )ro,+de needed su))ort t the end.

7&e 2iversification Programme &elped to sustain farmers confidence in
agriculture at a time /&en t&ere /ere great concerns about t&e viability of
Agriculture as a liveli&ood option. 7&e A2PI3 attracted proposals and financed
enterprises t&at can and /ill serve as models for future investment in t&e sector.
It encouraged improved institutional arrangements1 suc& as improved property
rig&ts. $or e6ample1 it encouraged contracting parties to enter into legally binding
arrangements to ensure t&at property rig&ts are ade<uately addressed. It is
anticipated t&at suc& improved arrangements /ill become routine procedures
among farmers and contracting parties in agriculture. Suc& institutional
development1 if fully adopted and promulgated in future programmes of ,A$$1
s&ould also foster more systematic planning and decision ma8ing in Agriculture
and lead to a conse<uent &ig&er levels of investment in agriculture and rural
7&e ProgrammeGs greatest s&ort term impact may &ave been its contribution to
domestic food production at a time /&en global food s&ortages /ere emerging as
a 8ey concern. Iundreds of farmers benefited from free production inputs. 7&e
programmeGs contribution of production inputs resulted in a significant amount
of locally produced food being mar8eted in "!!61 "!!7 and early "!!8. 7&is
contribution to domestic food production /as not sustained t&roug&out "!!8
because of non approval of t&e 7&ird Stabe6 9' Dor8 Programme. 7&e
programme also facilitated t&e establis&ment of improved facilities on farms and
some agro:processing enterprises
7&e interaction of t&e general public and agricultural sector interests in
particular1 /it& t&e Programme &elped some prominent farmers and agribusiness
interests to refocus t&eir investment in t&e sector. 7&e offer of support from t&e
A2PI3 /as a source of confidence and reassurance to various farmers and ot&er
interested parties in t&e sector t&at t&ey s&ould continue to invest in agriculture
and rural industry.
7&e follo/ing /ere t&e core Programme Assumptions at t&e -esult and Purpose
;overnment maintains register.
9egislation is ade<uate.
=atural disaster absent.
Pool of tec&nical@business consultants available in: country to support
People /ant to invest.
Access to credit available i.e. -ural Credit $acility is in place.
9and tenure and rationaliCation initiatives pursued.
7&e amount of money re<uested by applicants1 e6ceeded t&e amounts available
under t&e E3 funded component of t&e Programme. 7&is response to t&e A2PI3Gs
offer of support s&o/ed t&at t&ere is clearly a need for financial mec&anisms to
be available to facilitate t&e types of investments /&ic& t&e Agricultural
2iversification Programme Implementation 3nit attracted.
D&ile t&e A2P pro*ects provided tec&nical and financial support1 t&ere /as also a
need for matc&ing financing to facilitate establis&ment of businesses and
e6ploitation of opportunities /&ic& may e6ist or develop as a result of t&e A2PGs
activities. 7&e absence of t&e -ural Credit $inancing $acility /as t&erefore a
crucial pro*ect assumption t&at /as not met. =o clear:cut financing alternatives
to t&e A2P emerged to replace t&e A2P by t&e end of t&e Programme.
,any clients reported great difficulties in accessing and receiving commercial
loans for agricultural investment. 7&e interest in agricultural investments1
&o/ever1 remained strong1 as evidenced by t&e many formal applications and
e6pressions of interest lodged /it& t&e A2PI3. In one <uarter1 for e6ample1 t&e
A2PI3 received 8( applications /it& a planned investment value of
ECH"1"67187'.+6. Applicants offered to contribute ECH86"1!8.66 of t&is amount
in cas& or 8ind /&ile t&e A2PI3 /as as8ed to contribute ECH 1+!'79(.8!.
7&ese figures provide evidence t&at people /anted to invest in Agriculture. As t&e
global financial crisis deepened1 to/ards t&e end of t&e programme1 it became
patently obvious t&at1 t&ere is an urgent need to ma8e significant investments
again in agriculture and rural industry if t&e survival of many of our rural
communities is to be assured in t&e medium to long term.
7&ere &ave been no ma*or c&anges in access to credit for agricultural production
and related businesses. 7&e most promising development /as t&e opening up of
a financing /indo/ at t&e =C% /it& t&e support of t&e =ational Insurance
Services 4=IS51 for purc&ase of fis&ing boats. Some applicants applied to t&e
A2PI3 for assistance /it& e<uipping t&eir boats. 3nfortunately t&e non approval
of t&e 7&ird Dor8 Programme for t&e Stabe6 9' Pro*ect prevented suc& support
for t&e fis&er fol8 /&o /ere investing in improved craft. Applicants to financial
institutions still &ave to pay similar or more stringent ban8ing rates of interest
and satisfy similar re<uirements for collateral as for ot&er sectors. 7&ere are still
no indications t&at financial institutions in SB; are inclined to finance
agriculture and related investments at concessionary rates of interest. 7&e
e6ceptions are t&e =2$ and some Credit 3nions.
7&e A2P Programme provided tec&nical and financial support to its clients. =o/
t&at t&is support programme &as ended1 t&ere is still need for matc&ing financing
to facilitate establis&ment of agribusinesses and t&e e6ploitation of opportunities
/&ic& may e6ist or /&ic& developed as a result of t&e ProgrammeOs activities. 7&e
availability of a -ural Credit $inancing $acility /as one crucial assumption t&at
/as not been met during t&e life of t&e programme. 7&is failure to &ave suc&
facilities available adversely affected t&e overall effectiveness of t&e agricultural
diversification programme managed by t&e A2PI3.
7&e assumption of M&aving an ade<uate pool of tec&nical @ business consultants
in country to support agribusinessesN /as anot&er important assumption t&at
&ad a crucial bearing on t&e eventual success of t&e agricultural diversification
programme. 7&ere /as little c&ange during t&e programme in t&e ade<uacy and
numbers of tec&nical @ business consultants in t&e country to support
agribusiness development. 7&e A2PI3 used a process of referring client re<uests
to tec&nical specialists for assessment and guidance on tec&nical feasibility and
viability. 7&e A2PI3 /as forced to rely mainly on t&e tec&nical staff of ,inistry of
Agriculture1 $orestry and $is&eries and a fe/ service providers to give t&e
tec&nical and commercial guidance re<uired.
7&e procurement rules for mobilising private sector support /ere onerous in
t&ese circumstances. 7&is potential source of agribusiness enterprise
development support /as not readily available to buttress t&e efforts of t&e
A2PI3 and ot&er staff of ,A$$. 7&e development and mobilisation of suc&
private sector services is an urgent priority if t&e long term development needs of
t&e Agricultural industry are to be met.
7&e 7A team affirmed1 in its reports1 t&at t&e tec&nical support capacity for
agriculture in St Bincent and t&e ;renadines is not ade<uate and needs to be
built up. 7&e need for significant investment to build and en&ance t&e capacity
and competencies /it&in t&e national tec&nology generation and support system
is an urgent one if a successful diversification effort /ere to ta8e off and be
In spite of t&e many c&allenges1 t&e E3 Agricultural 2iversification Programme
stimulated many Bincentians to again consider agriculture and related industries
as /ort&/&ile areas of investment. 7&e Programme facilitated &ig&er levels of
investment in agriculture and rural industry1 t&ereby contributing to t&e overall
Programme ob*ective of increasing income and im7roving standard of living
of rural communities. As t&e pro*ect dre/ to a close t&ere /as no clear
indication &o/ t&e business approac& fostered by t&e A2PI3 /ill be sustained by
,A$$ and ot&er support agencies.
It is recommended t&at t&e ;overnment and 8ey sta8e&olders loo8 carefully at
t&e A2PI3Gs met&odology and incorporate /ort&/&ile elements of it into a
revamped strategy for agricultural development. 7&is is even more urgent given
t&e global financial crises and its implications for maintaining investment in food
production capabilities at a national level. 7&e ;overnment needs to e6plore fully
t&e possibilities for agriculture to &elp address t&e burgeoning economic crises
resulting from t&e recent global financial meltdo/n.
7&e Programme activities focused on and emp&asised t&e need to promote and
strengt&en t&e agricultural and rural sector by building up commercially viable
and sustainable enterprises in agriculture and t&e rural sector. It also made a
significant contribution to/ards meeting national food needs and maintaining
interest in agriculture in rural SB;. 7&ere is also evidence t&at t&ere are farmers
and entrepreneurs /&o /is& to engage and invest in potentially viable and
sustainable business /it&in agriculture. 7&is commercial focus1 if accepted and
sustained by clients and ot&er sta8e&olders beyond t&e life of t&e E3 $inanced
A2P1 /ill contribute to/ard t&e overarc&ing government policy ob*ective of
improving socio-economic conditions in rural communities by strengthening the
economic diversification thrust with renewed focus on agricultural production
through agricultural diversification.
2uring t&e last year of t&e programme t&e A2PI3 became a good aggregator @
attractor of good agribusiness ideas and possibilities. As t&e programme came to
a close1 &o/ever1 many persons /ere beginning to accept t&e vie/ t&at
sustainability in t&e agricultural sector and rural industry can be ac&ieved by
maintaining t&e 8ind of policy support bac8ed by resources and opportunities for
investors and entrepreneurs to invest in agriculture and related industries. 7&e
more t&an !!! applications received and assessed by t&e A2PI3 can become a
resource @ repository of ideas and t&e basis for building a demand driven
agricultural industry /&ic& delivers t&e corresponding economic benefits to t&e
7&e A2PI3@A2P became a significant player /it&in t&e agricultural industry.
2uring t&e programme1 t&e A2PI3 staff built and maintained dialogue and
collaboration /it& various agencies and institutions engaged in agriculture and
broader rural development activities. It continued itGs interaction /it& suc&
institutional mec&anisms as t&e =ational Coordinating Council for Agricultural
-esearc& and 7ec&nology 2evelopment 4=CCA-25 and t&e =ational $ood and
=utrition Security Council. It interfaced /it& t&e various departments of t&e
,inistry of Agriculture1 $orestry and $is&eries. Programme staff &ave participated
in Senior ,anagement ,eetings1 and 7ec&nical )fficers ,eetings of t&e ,inistry
of Agriculture. It &as contributed to sectoral coordination bet/een donors and
ot&er agencies t&roug& its reports to and participation in t&e Cabinet Committee
on t&e Economy.
7&e A2PI3 continued its collaboration /it& t&e ,inistry of -ural 7ransformation
as t&at ,inistry put t&e finis&ing touc&es to its -ural 7ransformation Plan. ItGs
programme overlapped increasingly /it& t&e programming areas addressed by
t&e A2PI3. It is envisaged t&at t&e -ural 7ransformation Plan /ill embrace and
advance t&e approac&es and innovations e6plored by t&e A2PI3.
=o ne/ donors came for/ard to provide direct support and investment funds
t&roug& t&e frame/or8 initially envisaged for t&e A2P. 7&e E3 and t&e ;)SB;
/ere t&e only direct contributors to t&e A2PGs operations. 7&e ;overnment1 in
response to t&e emerging food crisis1 announced a series of initiatives geared
to/ards building food production capacity in t&e country. 7&e ,inistry of
Agriculture announced a =ational $ood Production Plan early in "!!8. It /as
e6pected t&at resources of t&e A2P /ill be broug&t to bear on t&is ne/ initiative.
3nfortunately t&ere /as little coordination bet/een t&e tec&nical staff of t&e
,A$$ and t&e A2PI3 in ensuring t&at all possible resources /ere broug&t
toget&er in ac&ieving t&e ne/ national imperatives. Additional resources
provided by t&e ;overnment and ot&er donors /ere not managed by1 nor /ere
t&ey available in any /ay for programming by t&e A2PI3. 7&e A2PGs funding /as
terminated before t&e A2PI3 &ad an opportunity to implement t&e nearly !!
pro*ects /&ic& /ould &ave *ump started t&e compre&ensive food production
programme t&at /as re<uired for a successful and sustainable food production
7&e A2PI3 consulted /idely and e6tensively /it& potential clients and
sta8e&olders t&roug&out St Bincent and t&e ;renadines. 7&is encouraged /ide
interest and participation in and o/ners&ip of t&e Programme by its various
sta8e&olders and beneficiaries. Sta8e&olders in t&e sector considered t&e A2P an
important source of financing for t&eir agricultural enterprises. 7&e steady flo/ of
applications to t&e A2PI3 and varied public criticisms about t&e time ta8en to
approve pro*ect applications /ere evidence t&at t&e agricultural community and
t&e general public &ad claimed o/ners&ip of t&e programme.
7&e ;overnmentGs commitment to agricultural diversification1 poverty reduction
and education of rural people for production and life /as firm t&roug&out t&e
programme. It /as also consistent /it& t&e strategy 4as enunciated in
;overnmentGs ,edium 7erm Economic Strategy Paper5 of Improving socio-
economic conditions in rural communities is strengthening the economic
diversification thrust, with renewed focus on agricultural production through
diversification and the implementation of a rural development programme which
will cushion the social and economic hardships being e&perienced as the economy
is restructured. -ecent initiatives and policy statements from t&e ;overnment
also affirmed t&at t&ere is still firm policy support for agricultural diversification
and ot&er rural ad*ustment initiatives.
7&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme Implementation 3nit and ,inistry of
Agriculture1 $orestry and $is&eries /as sub*ected to close scrutiny by Cabinet
members and ot&er participants in t&e mont&ly Cabinet Committee on t&e
Economy 4CCE5 meetings. 7&e concerns at t&ese meetings revolved around
i5 &o/ could t&e A2P accelerate and increase its support to
agriculture and ot&er rural entrepreneurs
ii5 /&et&er or not Programme resources /ould be fully used or
disbursed by t&e closure of t&e Programme $inancing Agreement.
Suc& attention and robust criticism 4at t&e CCE meetings5 of t&e pace of
programme implementation indicated t&at t&ere /as strong but critical support of
t&e A2P ob*ectives1 and for t&e emerging rural ad*ustment agenda t&at t&e A2P
/as pursuing.
$or t&e commercialisation and agricultural diversification programme to ac&ieve
its true potential1 financial institutions need to revie/ and adopt policies to
facilitate private sector investment in t&e sector. -egrettably1 financial
institutions &ave still not adopted an ade<uate financial policy frame/or8 to
matc& t&e public sector investment strategy of t&e ;overnment. 7&is /as one of
t&e areas /&ere policy support for agriculture /as /ea8est.
7&e Proposed -ural Credit $acility1 /&ic& /as to provide counterpart financing to
t&is Programme for agri:business development1 did not materialise. 7&e
availability of ade<uate financing for agriculture and related industries is one of
t&e crucial issues /&ic& must be addressed if commercially driven agricultural
diversification can be ac&ieved and sustained in t&e long term.
Every effort /as made to ensure t&at best practices and available tec&nologies
/ere promoted and used by Programme beneficiaries. 7&e A2PI3 facilitated1
routinely1 t&e application by clients of good agricultural practices and ot&er
appropriate and modern tec&nologies in t&eir enterprises. 7&e livestoc8 industry1
4notably poultry and pig production enterprises5 and t&e agro:processing
enterprises /ere t/o sub:sectors t&at benefited from significant support from t&e
A2PI3 to upgrade t&e tec&nology used in t&ese industries.
7&e Programme /as implemented in a manner t&at /as consistent /it& and
sensitive to prevailing socio:cultural norms. =egative attitudes to/ards
employment in Agriculture1 coupled /it& competing demands for labour1 in ot&er
sectors of t&e economy &ad some negative effects on agricultural investment and
production during t&e life of t&e programme.
7&e A2PI3 ensured t&at t&ere /ere no systemic nor institutionalised gender
biases in t&e programming or implementation of Programme activities. ,ales and
females /ere afforded e<ual opportunity to apply for and to receive support from
t&e Programme irrespective of gender. 7&e observed pattern of male and female
participation in Programme activities /as consistent /it& local norms for gender
participation in agriculture.
7&e need to protect /or8er &ealt& and safety and minimise environmental
damage /as al/ays a crucial consideration in providing support to beneficiaries.
7&e A2PI3 made every effort1 routinely1 to introduce and ensure t&at best
environmental management practices /ere used in any sector or Programmes
supported by t&e A2PI3. -egrettably most of t&e pro*ect resources /&ic& /ere
allocated for environmental management activities /as not spent. 7&is /as also
a conse<uence of t&e /ea8nesses in t&e tec&nical staff of t&e ,A$$ /&o /ere
responsible for environmental management services. 7&e programme t&erefore
provided financial resources for tertiary training of four persons employed /it&
t&e Environmental Services 2ivision of t&e ,inistry of Iealt& and t&e
Environment. 7&ere /ere some initial efforts /it&in t&e ,A$$ to promote ;ood
Agricultural Practices on farms. 7&ese efforts /ere not al/ays sustained for non
banana farming enterprises.

7&e A2PI3 became an integral part of t&e national agricultural development
programme. t&e A2PI3 and t&e programme it managed &ad a national presence
and profile as an important partner in agriculture and rural development support
efforts of t&e last four years. t&e programme also contributed resources to
building t&e tec&nical capacity of some staff of t&e ,A$$ . Eig&teen persons
benefited from training support at tec&nical colleges and university. in t&is /ay
t&e A2P contributed to building a more &ig&ly s8illed cadre of professionals to
service t&e needs of t&e country.
7&e internal revie/ and assessment procedures used by t&e A2PI3 /ere often
criticised by clients and sta8e&olders as being demanding1 complicated and
cumbersome. ,uc& of t&is criticism revolved around t&e A2PI3Gs insistence t&at
applicants detail t&eir business and investment plans as muc& as possible to
facilitate assessment of client pro*ect proposals. St Bincent and t&e ;renadines
does not &ave a strong tradition nor culture of investors in agriculture1 /riting
and detailing t&eir business plans /it& t&e type of precision used in ot&er
7&e A2PI3Gs insistence on detailed business planning1 /as based on t&e vie/
t&at1 if /e are to ac&ieve t&e desired success in our agricultural industry t&en /e
&ave to introduce and deepen a ne/ culture of carefully e6amining and detailing
planned investments to see if t&ey are t&e best use of t&e personGs and nationGs
7&e A2PI3 procedures and approac& /ere relevant1 and useful for assessing t&e
commercial merits and sustainability of Programme proposals submitted by t&e
/ide range of clients see8ing support from t&e A2P. It is t&erefore recommended
t&at subse<uent development programmes build on t&e A2PI3Gs e6perience so as
to foster a culture of entrepreneurs&ip and good business practices in agriculture
and related industries.
7&e effectiveness of t&e programme /as at times &ampered by decisions made
/it&in ,A$$ about t&e deployment and use of e6tension and ot&er tec&nical
support staff of ,A$$. $or e6ample1 t&e deployment of E6tension staff for ,o8o
disease control in bananas and =ational E6&ibition duties1 /ould &ave slo/ed t&e
pace of implementation of t&e programme.
As t&e programme neared completion1 t&ere /as evidence of some improvement
in t&e tec&nical support provided by staff of ,inistry of Agriculture1 $orestry and
$is&eries and ot&er support agencies. 7&is suggests t&at t&ese institutions or
agencies began to embrace more fully1 /&at is re<uired to plan for1 implement
and manage agricultural enterprises /it&in t&e more commercially oriented
frame/or8 promoted by t&e Agricultural 2iversification Programme
Implementation 3nit. A concerted effort is still needed1 &o/ever1 to build t&e
national capacity to provide good tec&nical solutions for a commercially driven
agricultural industry. 7&is /as also ac8no/ledged by t&e 7A 7eam in one of its
7&e long term economic and financial viability of t&is Agricultural 2iversification
Programme and t&e national agricultural diversification programme depended on
&o/ /ell t&e goal of building commercially viable agribusinesses /as ac&ieved.
7&e A2PI3 concentrated &eavily on assessing t&e economic and financial viability
of Programme re<uests. 7&e ma*or ris8s /&ic& t&e various proposals faced /ere
t&ose arising from t&e relatively /ea8 and uncertain mar8eting environment for
agricultural enterprises.
2espite t&ese ris8 factors1 every effort /as made to ensure t&at applicants
considered t&e economic and financial viability of t&e proposals submitted for
funding. 7&e A2PI3 continued its focus on promoting commercial decision
ma8ing. 7&is insistence on a commercial revie/ process &elped to foster a more
commercial approac& to investment in t&e sector. 7&is approac&1 if sustained
beyond t&e life of t&e A2PI31 s&ould contribute to a greater level of economic and
financial viability of investments in agriculture. 7&e long term sustainability of
t&e strategy pursued by t&e A2PI31 &o/ever1 /ill depend eventually1 on t&e
e6tent to /&ic& t&e financial sector develops instruments and facilities to
routinely support1 commercially viable and sustainable agricultural enterprises.
7&e A2PI3 developed and settled into a consistent procedure or operational
mode to evaluate client needs and to deliver support to clients. 7&e A2PI3
received a steady flo/ of applications from clients as Programme beneficiaries
spread t&e /ord t&at t&ey &ad received tangible and needed support from t&e
A2P. 7&e pace of implementation of t&e programme /as most adversely affected
by t&e delays in &aving funds replenis&ed in t&e Stabe6 9' account. 7&is
resulted in many of t&e clients1 /&o /ere eager to &ave t&eir farming enterprises
go for/ard1 becoming dis&eartened. 7&ere /ere fre<uent calls and visits to t&e
A2PI3 office to see if t&ere /as any progress in t&eir accessing eit&er planned or
anticipated support.
=ot/it&standing t&ese difficulties1 t&e staff of t&e A2PI3 continued1 to t&e end1
its revie/ and processing of client applications. Staff continued to assist clients in
s&aping t&eir business ideas into more commercially viable and tec&nically
improved investment proposals. 7&e 3nit also referred clients to tec&nical
personnel and institutions1 so as to get t&e best guidance for t&eir business
7&e 7A Consultancy firm provided numerous suggestions and recommendations
for building up t&e agricultural industry in t&e medium to long term. As t&is
component of t&e ;overnmentGs Agricultural 2iversification Programme comes to
an end1 it is recommended t&at t&e ;overnment1 t&roug& t&e ,A$$1 assesses
carefully t&e recommendations from t&e 7A Consultancy programme and t&e
demand driven components1 in /ays t&at /ill lay t&e foundations for crafting a
compre&ensive agricultural and rural programme and process to underpin t&e
development of agriculture in St Bincent and t&e ;renadines.
=ational diversification activities &ave still not ac&ieved t&e critical mass t&at is
needed for a revitalisation of t&e sector. Continuing difficulties in t&e banana
sector1 coupled /it& a /ea8 mar8eting infrastructure for non banana produce1
still present significant c&allenges for agriculture. ,any of t&e investment
proposals and ideas revie/ed by t&e A2PI31 &ave t&e potential to generate t&e
ne/ production systems and tec&nologies /&ic& are necessary for a stronger
rural sector.
As indicated earlier1 in SB;1 li8e ot&er Caribbean countries1 t&ere are deepening
concerns1 nationally1 about rising food prices and t&e need to ensure t&at t&e
agricultural sector increases our national capacity to meet our food needs in a
sustainable manner. It is increasingly apparent t&at1 t&e national diversification
strategy must also address1 in a more consistent /ay1 national food security
issues as a strategy for stabilising rural incomes and meeting national food
7&e preponderance of small scale production systems 4as evidenced by t&e
re<uests submitted to t&e A2P5 reflects e6isting land tenure and farm siCe
distribution patterns in SB;. 7&ey also reflect t&e great caution1 among local
persons about investing in larger scale1 commercially driven enterprises. 7&e
A2PI3 provided vital support to many small scale operators. It also began to
focus its support strategy on t&e larger scale agribusiness ideas submitted by
clients. 7&e A2P became an important mec&anism for identifying and fostering
ne/ possibilities in t&e agricultural industries and t&e rural sector.
=ational diversification activities &ave still not ac&ieved t&e critical mass and
impetus t&at is needed for a revitalisation of t&e sector. Progress &as been slo/er
t&an e6pected. 7&e rural ad*ustment issues and needs are so deep rooted t&at it
/ill ta8e consistent and focused efforts to ac&ieve success. Additionally1 t&e
dynamics of t&e agricultural industry and t&e rural landscape1 are suc& t&at1
overall interest in investment in agriculture and related industries is more
tentative and cautious t&an t&e A2PI3 /ould &ave li8ed to see by t&is stage of
pro*ect implementation.
Continuing difficulties in t&e banana sector1 coupled /it& a /ea8 mar8eting
infrastructure for non:banana produce1 present additional c&allenges for
agriculture. It is increasingly apparent t&at t&e national diversification strategy
must address1 in a more consistent /ay1 national food security issues as a s&ort
to medium strategy for stabilising rural incomes and meeting national food needs.
7&e delay in t&e replenis&ment of pro*ect funds &ad an adverse impact on t&e
Agricultural 2iversification Programme. 7&ere /as considerable loss of
momentum and some disillusionment from clients about t&e A2P being able to
ade<uately support t&eir diversification efforts. 7&e frustration arising from t&e
delays in providing planned pro*ect support dampened fait& in t&e A2PI3 among
some clients. It &as resulted in t&e A2PI3 dra/ing severe criticism from public
and private sector officials. 7&is reaction s&o/s t&at clients embraced t&e
programme and sa/ it as an important intervention. It also re<uired t&at t&e
A2PI3 be focused in ensuring t&at all re<uisite administrative issues /ere dealt
/it& ade<uately and efficiently in t&e interest of building and sustaining t&e
momentum to/ards developing and building ne/ possibilities in agriculture.
Altoget&er t&e A2P &as made a significant contribution to development of
agriculture and rural industry in St Bincent and t&e ;renadines during t&e last
four years. It &as &elped to lay a firmer foundation on /&ic& more viable
agricultural enterprises can be built. 7&is foundation includes t&e direct
investments made1 as /ell as t&e learning /&ic& too8 place on &o/ to design and
carry for/ard more effective agricultural diversification and rural development
It is recommended t&at future diversification pro*ects @ programmes be less open
ended t&an t&is one /as. As /e ma8e t&e transition to a ne/ approac& to
agricultural diversification programming1 t&e follo/ing indicative menu of
diversification support ideas1 e6tracted from client applications to t&e A2PI31 are
suggested for t&e ,A$$Gs consideration as priority options?
Arro/root production e6pansion support and factory develop:
Cassava production e6pansion and support
Cassava processing facility development
;inger processing support
2as&een processing and vacuum pac8ing support
Coconut /ater bottling
Coconut oil processing
Pepper and condiments
2ried fruits1 &erbs and medicinal plants
Solar drying facilities and e<uipment
#uices and Pulps e.g. Dind/ard Islands $armers Association fa
cility development at ,ontague1 ;eorgeto/n
Agro forestry establis&ment support
$eeder road re:grading1 drainage and stabilisation
$arm engineering : grass barriers1 contour drains1 improved
farm layout for soil conservation and /ater management
-iver crossings
%uffer Cones and stream ban8 stabilisation on farms
$arm to ,acmillan ,arria<ua lin8 road design and stabilisation
$rancois Balley feeder road completion
,esopotamia meat mar8et improvement
)n farm irrigation e<uipment . pumps1 /ater management and
fertigation systems
)n farm nurseries and propagation facilities
-ural mar8ets at ,esopotamia1 ;eorgeto/n and 3nion Island :
e.g. site development1 collapsible tables1 e<uipment and facilit:
,odernising traffic8er pac8 &ouses to ;AP standards
=P9 produce &andling facility improvement
7raffic8er produce reception and inspection facilities at Ring:
sto/n Port
$airtrade banana group development
Commodity ;roups support
Agricultural Society development
;roup registration and incorporation support
9and Preparation
D&ole farm planning and business development
$arm infrastructure
Production support
In order to address t&e continuing constraints arising from a preponderance of
small farm units1 it is proposed t&at t&e government implements a medium to
large farm development and production support programme. $or e6ample1 t&e
successor mec&anism to t&e A2PI3 may facilitate production and farm support
grants of up to ECH"!!!@acre for farms of ' acres or more. Suc& grants may be
used for 9and Preparation1 D&ole $arm Planning and %usiness 2evelopment1
$arm infrastructure and Production Inputs 4materials and supplies5.
7&e A2P resources1 /ere important in sustaining agricultural production1
especially at t&e small farm level. ,ore resources are definitely needed to &elp
ac&ieve t&e pro*ectGs goal of reorienting t&e agricultural industry to a more
commercial mode. )t&er resources and financing possibilities for viable
enterprises are necessary if t&e overall ob*ectives of t&e A2P are to be realised.
7&e recent offer from t&e =ational Insurance Services to support investment in
improved fis&ing craft is a step in t&e rig&t direction. 7&e future of investment
support in t&e long run1 &o/ever1 must lie /it& financial policies1 in normal
commercial ban8ing sector1 /&ic& facilitate and provide1 routinely1 loans and
ot&er facilities for persons engaged in t&e agricultural industry.
As t&e programme ends1 it is t&e fervent &ope of t&e pro*ect staff t&at t&e country
learns from t&e e6perience of t&e A2P. De urge t&at /e use its lessons1
e6periences and outputs to continue t&e tas8 of modernising t&e agriculture and
related industries in St Bincent and t&e ;renadines.
As&ley - Cain
Programme ,anager A2PI3
Pr/7ra--+ T6t*+B A7r6c,*t,ra*
D63+rs606cat6/1 Pr/5+ct I
C/,1tr.B St# V61c+1t
Pr/5+ct N/#B
Pr/7ra--+ 4+r6/2B F'
Pr+4ar+2 /1B 1<
C,1+ 200:
I1t+r3+1t6/1 */76c O)5+ct63+*. 3+r606a)*+
S/,rc+s /0
Overall Objective:
To +ncrese +nco&e nd +&)ro,e stndrd of !+,+n( of
rur! co&&un+t+es
Programme purpose:
To enhnce the c)c+t/ of bus+nesses +n the rur!
co&&un+t+es to estb!+sh the&se!,es nd o)erte s
co&&erc+!!/ ,+b!e nd &odern bus+ness enter)r+ses
7ncrese +n re(+stered bus+nesses
67 !on )ortfo!+o +ncresed
7ncrese +n (r+cu!tur! e-)ort f+(ures
8+n+str/ of Trde
'n4s, #red+t .n+ons
&+nt+ns re(+ster.
@e(+s!t+on +s
Btur! d+sster
1 *e,e!o)&ent, )ub!+ct+on nd d+sse&+nt+on of
))ro)r+te reserch fc+!+tted
2 "n,+ron&ent! &n(e&ent nd sust+nb!e !nd
use +&)ro,ed
3 7&)ro,ed +nfrstructure nd cred+t s/ste&s ,+!b!e
to fr&ers nd entre)reneurs +n the (r+cu!tur!
5 >eserch re)orts
15 >eserch )ub!+ct+ons
15 1ub!+ct+ons det+!+n( ne< techn+c!
20 &u!t+&ed+ )resentt+ons on
+&)ro,ed (r+cu!tur! techno!o(+es
7ncrese +n 1ub!+c 5ector +n,est&ent on
6u!! +&)!e&entt+on of the <or4 )!n
3 #onsu!tnts re)orts on de,e!o)+n(
1ro2ect >ecords
>ecords of (rnt
)/&ents nd other
f+nnc+! su))ort
1eer re,+e<
docu&ents nd
1ub!+c 7n,est&ent
67 !on records
1oo! of
,+!b!e +n- countr/
to bus+nesses
1eo)!e <nt to
%ccess to cred+t
,+!b!e +.e. >#6 +s
+n )!ce.
4 @e(+s!t+,e nd +nst+tut+on! fr&e<or4 to foster
co&&erc+!+0t+on of the (r+cu!tur! sector nd
rur! +ndustr/ +&)ro,ed
5 *e,e!o)&ent nd +&)ro,ed funct+on+n( of 6r&-
ers? nd other rur! co&&un+t/ (rou)s su))orted
6 Baseline studies/surveys
co&&un+t/ !+n4(es
3 'se!+ne 5tud+es nd 4 5ur,e/s b/
1ro2ect records
@nd tenure nd
+n+t+t+,es )ursued.
Activities I14,ts C/sts (E,r/ 000) Ass,-4t6/1s
EU L/ca* T/ta*
1# Fac6*6tat+ D+3+*/4-+1t a12 4,)*6cat6/1 /0
appropriate research and technolog for target
2. Improve Environmental management and
sustainable land use
@+brr/ of e-+st+n( reserch
+nfor&t+on stored e!ectron+c!!/
#onsu!tnt docu&ent!+sts A rch+,+st
>eserch 1o!+c/ docu&ent )roduced
#onsu!tt+ons he!d <+th fr&ers
>eserch Grnts for )r+or+t/ res b/
8u!t+&ed+ )ro(r&&es, Te!e,+s+on
5er+es on reserch ct+,+t+es
@bour ss+stnce (rnts nd &ter+!s
su))ort to fr&ers
6r&ers nd <or4ers tr+n+n(
6r& de,e!o)&ent stud+es, *r+n(e
5o+! Test+n( )ro(r&&e +nst+tuted
1ub!+c <reness c&)+(n conducted
"n(+neer+n( consu!tnc+es undert4en
1ub!+c de&nd for
resu!ts of > F*
!oc!!/ (enerted
nd #ont+nued
+n,est&ent +n >F*
1ub!+c %cce)t need
for +&)ro,ed
3. Increase Public and Private !ector investment
in the agricultural sector and related
businesses in support of commerciali"ation
@# I-4r/3+ 61st6t,t6/1a* a12 *+76s*at63+ 0ra-+?/rH
0/r th+ 2+3+*/4-+1t /0 a7r6c,*t,ra* s+ct/r
#. Develop and improve function in farmers
6. Conduct Audit and Evaluation
Techn+c! ss+stnce (rnts, Tr+n+n(
courses, "3u+)&ent )ro,+ded for the
de,e!o)&ent of fc+!+t+es, 8+n+str/ of
%(r+cu!ture nd 6+sher+es )ersonne!
tr+ned +n )r+or+t/ res
#onsu!tnc/ on !e(+s!t+on, @e(+s!t+on
drfted on (r+cu!ture
5tud/ conducted on stren(then+n(
!+n4(es bet<een fr&ers or(n+st+ons
Or(n+st+ons ss+sted <+th bus+ness
re(+strt+on cost
8+dter& e,!ut+on, %nnu! %ud+t nd
6+n! e,!ut+on
Gra12 T/ta* E,r/ (000)
1ub!+c su))ort for
<+!!+n( to enct
5ust+ned +nterest +n
(rou) for&t+on nd
co&&un+t/ su))ort
Programme (itle) Agricultural
Diversification Project
$ountr) !t. *incent
Project No.)
Programme period)
&+ ,--#
Prepared on) ./ Apr
Intervention logic Objectivel verifiable indicators !ources of
Overall Objective:
To increase income and improve standard of living
of rural communities
Programme purpose:
To enhance the capacity of usinesses in the rural
communities to estalish themselves and operate
as commercially viale and modern usiness
15! increase in registered usinesses
operating y "une 2##6
$% loan portfolio increased y 1#!
2#! increase in agricultural e&port
figures for non'anana procedure
(inistry of Trade
Ban*s+ ,redit -nions
.overnment maintains
/egislation is ade0uate)
1atural disaster asent)
1 2evelopment+ pulication and dissemination of
appropriate research facilitated
2 3nvironmental management and sustainale
land use improved
3 %mproved infrastructure and credit systems
availale to farmers and entrepreneurs in the
agricultural sector
4 /egislative and institutional frame4or* to foster
commerciali5ation of the agricultural sector and
5 6esearch reports y 2ecemer 2##5
15 6esearch pulications y "une
15 7ulications detailing ne4 technical
2# multimedia presentations on
improved agricultural technologies
1#! increase in 7ulic 8ector
investment on facilities
$ull implementation of the 4or* plan y
(arch 2##9
7ro:ect 6ecords
6ecords of grant
payments and other
financial support
7eer revie4 documents
and comments
7ulic %nvestment
$% loan records
7ro:ect records
7ool of technical/usiness
consultants availale in'
country to usinesses
7eople 4ant to invest)
;ccess to credit availale
i)e) 6,$ is in place)
/and tenure and
rationali5ation initiatives
rural industry improved
4 2evelopment and improved functioning of
$armers< and other rural community groups sup'
6 Baseline studies/surveys
3 ,onsultants reports on developing
community lin*ages
3 Baseline 8tudies and 4 8urveys y
"anuary 2##6
Activities Inputs $ost 01$2 ---3 Assumptions
.. &acilitate Development and publication of
appropriate research and technolog !or
target bene!iciaries
2. Improve Environmental management and
sustainable land use
/irary of e&isting research information
stored electronically y 2ecemer
1 ,onsultant documentalist / archivist
6esearch 7olicy document produced
y "une 2##5
1# ,onsultations held 4ith farmers y
(arch 2##5
4 6esearch .rants for priority areas y
2ecemer 2##6
1# (ultimedia programmes+ 15
Television 8eries on research activities
y 2ecemer 2##6
/aour assistance grants and
materials to 3## farmers y "une 2##6
3## $armers and 4or*ers trained
3## $armers given material support+
1# farm development studies+ 2
2rainage 7ro:ect done y 2ecemer
8oil Testing programme instituted y
"une 2##5
7ulic a4areness campaign conducted
3 3ngineering consultancies
!tabe4 %ocal
8## 95
1+4## 1##
7ulic demand for results
of 6 =2 locally generated
and ,ontinued
.overnment investment in
7ulic ;ccept need for
improved environmental
7ulic support for
3. "nderta#e agricultural and related public
sector investment
/. Improve institutional and legislative
framewor' for the development of
agricultural sector
$. %trengthen Communit lin#age !or !armers
and other rural groups
6. Conduct Audit and Evaluation
1# Technical assistance grants+ 18
Training courses+ 30uipment provided
for 15 facilities 2evelopment of 9
1# (inistry of ;griculture and $isheries
personnel trained in priority areas
1 ,onsultancy on legislation y "une
2##5+ /egislation drafted on agriculture
y 8eptemer 2##6
8tudy conducted on strengthening
lin*ages y "une 2##5
25 >rganisations assisted 4ith
usiness registration cost
1 (idterm evaluation+ 3 ;nnual ;udit
and 1 $inal evaluation
5rand (otal 1$2 0---3
5rand (otal 1uro 0---3
2+#95 15#
35# #
2## #
1## #
#-67 6,#

.#-- 78
.overnment<s 4illing to
enact legislation
8ustained interest in group
formation and community
support initiatives
7&e ob*ectives and purpose of t&e A2P /ere to be ac&ieved t&roug& t&e provision of
goods and services to farmers1 fis&er fol81 agro:processors and ot&er sta8e &olders
/it&in t&e Agricultural Industry. 7&ere /as also a 7ec&nical Assistance component
geared to/ards ac&ieving suc&. 7&e provision of goods and services to clients /as
done after t&e approval of pro*ects t&at met t&e relevant criteria to access funding
after its approval by t&e Pro*ect ,anager or t&e Pro*ect Steering Committee 4PSC5. 7&e
procurement procedures and t&res&olds /&ic& &ad to be follo/ed1 as stipulated by
t&e European Commission1 are summarised in t&e table belo/. Contracts included
in t&e overall Imprest Account commitment &ad to meet t&e follo/ing procurement
procedures and t&res&olds 4amounts in E3-)S5?
T;p! &6
Supplies !:'1!!! '1!!:"'1!!! "'1!!:
Dor8s !:"'!1!!! "'!1!!:
Services ! . '!1!!!
7&e contracts /&ic& re<uire a specific commitment follo/ed t&e follo/ing
procurement procedures?
T;p! &6
-estricted tender Op!" #!")!(
Supplies (!!1!! and above
Dor8s '1!!!1!! and
Services ! . '!1!!! '!1!!:
"1!!!1!! and
2ue to t&e nature of t&e pro*ects approved by t&e PSC1 and t&e program allo/ing
clients to determine and identify t&eir needs1 t&e main procurement procedure used
/as direct agreement1 since t&e value of t&e re<uired goods fall into t&at category.
Supplies /ere sourced bot& locally and regionally.
At t&e initial stage of t&e Programme implementation1 &o/ever1 problems /ere
encountered /&ereby certain procedures /ere not ad&ered to. 7&is eventually cost
t&e ;overnment of St. Bincent P t&e ;renadines1 an estimated sum of H"761!!!
/&ic& /as paid bac8 to t&e E3. )t&er problems included finding supplies from
/it&in t&e stipulated countries and t&e receiving of <uotations for certain re<uested
goods and services.
Dit& t&e 7A Component of t&e program1 7)-S /ere prepared and firms /ere invited
to bid. 7&ree firms s&o/ed t&eir interest and t&e accepted evaluation procedures /ere
observed. 7&e firm of 9andell ,ills /as successful and commenced /or8 in #uly1
"!!7. It completed its /or8 by $ebruary1 "!!8.
$uture development pro*ects s&ould include t&e establis&ment of a Procurement 3nit
/&ere individuals can be trained and be 8ept abreast /it& t&e c&anging procuring
environment especially /&en it involves international funding agencies /&ic& from
time to time generate ne/ rules and regulations. Also1 for demand driven pro*ects1
tec&nical teams and e6perts are to get more involved in assisting /it& t&e
identification of proper tools1 e<uipment1 goods and services for pro*ect development
and implementation.

ADP Agriculture 2iversification Programme
ADPIU Agriculture 2iversification Programme Implementation
CAO C&ief Agricultural )fficer
CARDI Caribbean -esearc& and 2evelopment Institute
CBO Community %ased )rganiCations
CED Centre for Enterprise 2evelopment
CEP Coconut E6pansion Programme
CFO C&ief $is&eries )fficer
CIMA Certified Institute of ,anagement Accountants
CREP Caribbean -egional Environmental Programme
DFS 2irector of $orestry Services
EC2 Eastern Caribbean 2ollars
EDF.PMCU European 2evelopment $und
Programme ,anagement and Coordination 3nit
EU European 3nion
EUREP GAP European -etail Producers ;roup
FAO $ood and Agricultural )rganisation
FI $inancial Institution
GDP ;ross 2omestic Product
IFP Integrated $orestry Programme
IICA Inter:American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture
LIFP 9abour Intensive $eeder Programme
MAF ,inistry of Agriculture and $is&eries
MTESP ,edium 7erm Economic Strategy Paper
NADP =ational Agricultural 2iversification Programme
NAO =ational Aut&orising )fficer
NPL =ational Properties 9imited
PIU Programme Implementation 3nit
PS Permanent Secretary
PSC Programme Steering Committee
PSDP Private Sector 2evelopment Programme
PSIP Public Sector Improvement Programme
RCF -ural Credit $acility
SIF Social investment $und
SVBGA St. Bincent %ananas ;ro/ers Association
SVG St. Bincent and t&e ;renadines
TA 7ec&nical Assistance
TOR 7erms of -eference
3INFA Dind/ard Island $armers Association
XCD East Caribbean 2ollar
STABEX Stabilisation of E6port Earnings