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The Correlation Between Dental Caries and Infective Endocarditis

Anggie Hardiyanti
030.09.023

Lecture:
DR. Drg. Kartika W. M Pd

FACULTY OF MEDICINE TRISAKTI UNIVERSITY


JAKARTA

MAY 2012

PREFACE

Assalamu'alaikum wr. wb.


In the name of Allah SWT, the Author want to say thanks to God, because only God help I
can finished my paper which have a title THE CORRELATION BETWEEN DENTAL
CARIES AND INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS.
This paper made for completed the order of lecture ENGLISH 3 in Faculty of Medicine
Trisakti University. This paper is study about Dental Caries related to Infective Endocarditis,
causes oral conditions. We evaluated the oral conditions of periodontal disease or toothloss as
risk factors for infective endocarditis.
Hopefully this paper can be useful to whosever read this paper, especially to medical
students. For sure the author need developed critics and suggestions for the author paper in the
future can be better.
In this case the Author would say thanks to Allah SWT, My Parents, my brother, who
support me until now, DR. Drg. Kartika W. M Pd as a lecture, for all the guides, and all my
friends who helped me to find the references.
Wassalamu'alaikum wr. wb.
Jakarta,

May

2012

Anggie Hardiyanti

CONTENTS

PREFACE........................................................................................................................i

CONTENTS.....................................................................................................................ii

ABSTRACT.....................................................................................................................iii

INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................1

CHAPTER I
DENTAL CARIES..............................................................................................2
CHAPTER II
INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS..........................................................................6
CHAPTER III
THE CORRELATION.......................................................................................9

CONCLUSION................................................................................................................15

REFERENCES................................................................................................................16

ABSTRACT

Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or a cavity, is a disease where bacterial
processes damage hard tooth structure (enamel, dentin, and cementum). These tissues
progressively break down, producing dental caries (cavities, holes in the teeth). Two groups of
bacteria are responsible for initiating caries: Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus.
Seven of nine studies evaluating tooth decay and periodontaldisease as risk factors for
stroke or PVD showed some significantassociations..
Streptococcusmutans,

the

type

of

bacteria

thatalsocausesinflammation

of

thegumsandtooth decay. Whenthere is bleedingin thegums, these bacteria can get


intothebloodvessels. Intheblood, thebacteriaStreptococcushas adefense mechanismagainstthe
human

immune

systemandantibioticsattack.

How,

bacteriausetobindseveralproteins

inbloodcellsthatform thesheath. For the bacterial envelope was very useful, but instead is deadly
to humans. At a certain size, the veil is like blood clots that obstruct blood flow to the heart
vessels.
Obstructionof blood flowto the heartcancause heart attacks. Meanwhile,if it occurs inthe
brain, theobstructionwillcausea stroke. When a blood vessel that delivers oxygenand nutrients to
the brain is obstructed, the condition is calledan ischemic stroke, or cerebral ischemia.