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AGS-688

Gas Analyser
2 or 4 stroke petrol engines



User manual

Ver. 2

AGS-688





















Blank Page

CHAPTER 1 - INDEX 2 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

CHAPTER 1 - INDEX

CHAPTER 1 - INDEX .............................................................. 3
CHAPTER 2 - GENERAL INFORMATION................................... 5
2.1 GENERAL NOTES.............................................................5
2.2 MANUFACTURER IDENTIFICATION.....................................5
2.3 TECHNICAL SERVICE CENTERS .........................................5
2.4 MARKING........................................................................5
CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION.......................................... 6
3.1 IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON PERSONAL SAFETY............6
3.1.1 Definitions................................................................6
3.1.2 Precautions For Operators Safety...............................7
3.2 IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON TOOL SAFETY ..................12
CHAPTER 4 - MANUAL STRUCTURE AND USE ...................... 13
4.1 MANUAL USE................................................................13
4.2 SYMBOLS.....................................................................14
4.2.1 Safety ...................................................................14
4.2.2 Marking.................................................................14
CHAPTER 5 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION.................................. 15
5.1 AGS-688 KEY POINTS.......................................................15
5.2 FRONT VIEW ....................................................................16
5.3 REAR VIEW......................................................................17
5.4 PNEUMATIC GROUP DETAILS.................................................18
5.5 CONTROL PANEL ...............................................................19
5.6 SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES......................................................20
CHAPTER 6 - TECHNICAL FEATURES.................................... 21
6.1 LAMBDA FACTOR ............................................................21
CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION................................................ 23
7.1 DEVICE INSTALLATION ...................................................23
7.1.1 Unpacking ..............................................................23
7.1.2 Preparation for use.................................................23
7.2 IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON ELECTRIC STORAGE
BATTERIES (BATTERIES, ETC.)......................................................23
7.3 DURING USE..................................................................24
7.4 WHEN THE TOOL IS NOT USED........................................25
7.5 CLEANING DISMANTLING AND DISPOSAL.......................25
7.6 HARDWARE INSTALLATION.............................................26
7.6.1 POSITIONING DEVICE..............................................26
7.6.2 CONNECTIONS WITH SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES.........26
7.6.3 CONNECTIONS WITH EXTERNAL ACCESSORIES .......27
7.6.3.1 POWER SUPPLY CONNECTIONS ............................. 28
7.6.3.2 PC CONNECTIONS................................................. 28
7.6.3.3 BASIC CONFIGURATION ......................................... 28
7.6.3.4 CONFIGURATION WITH SERIAL MGT-300................. 28
7.6.3.5 RADIO CONFIGURATION WITH MGT-300/R ............... 28
7.6.3.6 CONFIGURATION WITH MGT-300 BLUE.................... 28
7.6.3.7 COMBI CONFIGURATION WITH SMOKEMETER AND
MGT-300 28
7.7 SOFTWARE INSTALLATION .............................................29
CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER.................................. 30
8.1 GENERAL RULES TO USE THE MENU ...............................30
ENGLISH 3 / 60 CHAPTER 1 - INDEX
AGS-688
8.2 MENU STRUCTURE........................................................31
8.2.1 MAIN MENU STRUCTURE .......................................31
8.2.2 GAS MENU STRUCTURE.........................................32
8.2.3 SMOKE MENU STRUCTURE ....................................33
8.3 MAIN MENU ..................................................................33
8.3.1 DEVICES CONFIGURATION .....................................33
8.3.1.1 TIME CONFIGURATIONS ......................................... 34
8.3.1.2 CONFIGURATIONS OF THE GARAGES DATA ............ 35
8.3.1.3 VISUALIZATION OF THE LAST ACCESS TO THE
RESERVED AREA .................................................................... 36
8.3.1.4 LANGUAGE CONFIGURATIONS................................ 36
8.3.1.5 HARDWARE TEST .................................................. 37
8.4 GAS MENU....................................................................40
8.4.1 FREE MEASUREMENT ............................................40
8.4.1.1 FUEL SELECTION ................................................... 42
8.4.1.2 NUMBER OF STROKES........................................... 43
8.4.1.3 NUMBER OF CYLINDERS........................................ 43
8.4.2 OFFICIAL TEST.......................................................44
8.4.3 CONTROLS MENU..................................................44
8.4.3.1 VERIFICATION OF THE CALIBRATION EXPIRY DATE... 45
8.4.3.2 REVOLUTION COUNTER CONFIGURATION................ 46
8.4.3.3 HC RESIDUES MENU.............................................. 47
8.4.3.4 LEAK TEST OF THE PNEUMATIC CIRCUIT................. 47
8.4.3.5 AUTOZERO............................................................ 48
8.4.3.6 OXYGEN SENSOR EFFICIENCY CONTROL................. 49
8.4.3.7 ANALYSER STATE CONTROL.................................. 49
8.4.3.8 ANALYSER'S ERRORS CONTROL............................. 50
8.4.3.9 GAS ANALYSER SOFTWARE VERSION..................... 50
8.4.3.10 DYNAMIC VALUE OF P.E.F.................................... 51
8.5 USE OF THE ANALYSER WITH SOFTWARE INSTALLED ON THE
PC 52
CHAPTER 9 - MAINTENANCE ............................................... 55
9.1 LEAK TEST....................................................................55
9.2 HC RESIDUES TEST........................................................55
9.3 CLEANING OF THE FILTERING SYSTEM.............................56
9.4 ACTIVE CARBONS FILTER REPLACEMENT ........................57
9.5 SENSOR O
2
REPLACEMENT............................................58
9.6 PERIODIC CONTROL OF THE ANALYSER...........................59
CHAPTER 10 - SPARE PARTS .............................................. 60






CHAPTER 1 - INDEX 4 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
CHAPTER 2 - GENERAL INFORMATION

2.1 GENERAL NOTES

All rights reserved. Total or partial reproduction of this manual in any
form is forbidden, be it in paper or digital format.

BRAIN BEE SPA and the resources involved in the making of this
manual disclaim all responsibility in relation to the use of the manual
itself, guaranteeing that all information contained therein has been
accurately verified.

Any suggestion concerning possible mistakes or improvements will be
highly appreciated.

Since the products are subject to continuous checks and
improvements, BRAIN BEE SPA reserves the right to modify the
information contained in the manual without previous notice.

2.2 MANUFACTURER IDENTIFICATION

AGS-688 is an equipment being manufactured by:

Brain Bee S.p.A.
Via Quasimodo, 4/a
43100 Parma (Italy)
Tel. +39 0521 954411 Fax +39 0521 954490
e-mail contact@brainbee.com
internet http://www.brainbee.com

2.3 TECHNICAL SERVICE CENTERS

As to the technical service centers, please contact your reseller or
directly Technical Service.

2.4 MARKING

AGS-688 has been made in compliance with the Community
Directives concerning and applicable to the product being put on the
market.

Specific conformity declaration can be requested to Brain Bee S.p.A.

Data concerning the equipment features are indicated on the specific
identification label applied on the equipment rear part.




Removal, damage or modification of the equipment
identification label is forbidden.

ENGLISH 5 / 60CHAPTER 2 - GENERAL INFORMATION
AGS-688
CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION

3.1 IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON
PERSONAL SAFETY

3.1.1 Definitions

DANGEROUS AREAS:
Any area within or close to the equipment implying risk for the safety
and health of exposed persons.

EXPOSED PERSON:
Any person completely or partially standing in a dangerous area.

OPERATOR:
The person/s in charge of operating the appliance for the set purpose.

OPERATORS CLASSIFICATION
The operator can be classified according to two main categories,
which, in some cases, refer to one single person:
The operator charged with the equipment operation has the duty
to:
o Start and check the machine automatic operation;
o Carry out simple setting operations;
o Remove the causes of equipment stop not implying
breakings of members but simple operation anomalies.
The operator charged with the machine maintenance is a
qualified technician who can intervene on the machine, with
guards open, and on mechanic and electrical members to carry
out setting, maintenance and repair operations.

USER
Body or person legally responsible for the equipment.




















CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION 6 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

3.1.2 Precautions For Operators Safety


GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
All the operators shall not be under the effect of tranquillizers,
drugs or alcohol when performing their job
Before starting their job, operators shall be perfectly aware of
the position and operation of all the controls indicated on the
use manual.
Always pay attention to any danger sign affixed on the
installation and within the company of the user.
The employer is responsible for the spreading of this document
to the whole personnel that is going to work on the equipment.
Besides the obligation to strictly comply with the instructions
contained in this manual, the operators shall inform their heads
on any deficiency or potentially dangerous situation that might
occur.
In case of machine malfunctioning, check the procedures outlined
in the various chapters.
Always refer to the safety standards adopted by the company
employing the equipment with a view to avoiding useless risks.























ENGLISH 7 / 60 CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION
AGS-688

RISK OF ASPHYXIA

GASOLINE ENGINES
Exhaust gases of gasoline vehicles contain carbon monoxide, a
colourless and odourless gas which, if inhaled, can cause serious
physical problems.
Special attention is always required when working within pits, as
exhaust gases components are heavier than air and consequently
deposit on the bottom of the pit.
Attention shall be paid to natural gas vehicles as well.

DIESEL ENGINES
Diesel engine exhaust gas composition is not always the same. It can
change according to: type of engine, intake, conditions of use and fuel
composition.
Diesel exhaust is made up of gases (CO, CO
2
, NO
X
and HC) and
particulate (soot, sulphates, etc.); the small particles of carbon
making up soot remain suspended in the air and can thus be
breathed. Toxic components, albeit in small quantities, are present as
well.

SAFETY MEASURES:
- Always ensure good ventilation and air aspiration (especially in
the pits).
- In closed premises, always start the exhaust gas aspiration
system.





RISK OF SMASHING

If the vehicles are not correctly secured by means of mechanic
devices, the operator might get smashed against a working bench or
against a wall. Even the equipment placed on unstable supports might
fall and squash the operators limbs.

SAFETY MEASURES:
- Make sure the vehicle has been secured by pulling the hand
brake and locking the wheels.
- Make sure the equipment has been positioned on a stable
support and, in case of trolley, that its wheels have been locked
before use.

CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION 8 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688


RISK OF INJURY

Engines, both working and in standstill, include moving parts (belts or
other parts) which might injure hands and arms. In the vehicles, the
cooling fan starts automatically by means of a temperature sensor
even when the engine is off; always pay attention when operating
close to it and disconnect it if needed.

SAFETY MEASURES:
- When the engine is turned on, do not put hands into the moving
parts area.
- When operating close to electrically started fans, let the engine
cool down beforehand and then remove the fan plug from the
engine.
- Keep the testing tools connection cables far from the engine
moving parts.







RISK OF BURN

When intervening on the engine, protect face, hands and feet with
suitable protective devices, avoid contact with hot surfaces, such as
sparking plugs, radiators, pipings of the cooling system and
electromechanic sensors. Catalytic mufflers reach extremely high
temperatures and can cause burns or fires.
Attentions shall thus be paid to avoid touching these objects without
suitable precautions.

SAFETY MEASURES:
- Wear protective gloves.
- Let cool down the engine and other independent accessories, if
any.
- Do not install testing tools connection cables over or close to
hot parts
- Do not keep the engine turned on once checks have been
completed.



ENGLISH 9 / 60 CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION
AGS-688


RISK OF FIRE OR EXPLOSION

When carrying out operations on the fuel system (injectors, fuel and
gasoline pump, etc.) there is risk of fire or explosion due to the fuels
employed and/or vapours formed by them.

SAFETY MEASURES:
- Disable start.
- Let the engine cool down.
- Do not use free flames or sparks sources.
- Do not smoke.
- Collect the outflowing fuel.
- Start the aspiration units in closed premises.







RISK RELATING TO NOISE LEVEL

During measurements on the vehicle, noise levels can exceed 90dB.
Such noise levels can be reached with ultrasonic cleaning or with the
vehicles engine high rpm.
If a person is exposed to such noise sources for a long period of time,
this can cause irreversible hearing damage.

SAFETY MEASURES:
- The operator shall adopt personal protective equipment (safety
ear muffs).
- The operator shall also protect from noise the working stations
close to the areas where test on the vehicle.











CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION 10 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688


RISK RELATING TO DANGEROUS VOLTAGE

Civil or industrial electric power distributions, as well as vehicles
electric systems, do imply dangerous voltages. When an operator is in
contact with testing tools or live parts of the engine, risk of
electrocution exists. For instance, this might be caused by cables with
damaged insulation (ex. Bites of animals on power cords).
This is especially true of the vehicle starting system and testing tools
connections.

SAFETY MEASURES:
- Connect the testing tools to an electric socket safety relay and
correctly grounded.
- For the testing tool connection, use exclusively the cables
provided with the tool itself, making sure insulation is not
damaged.
- Make sure the testing tool is grounded before turning it on.
- When carrying out interventions on the electrical system of a
vehicle (connection of testing tool, replacement of starting
system parts), supply voltage shall be unplugged (ex. battery).
- During checks and setting operations with the engine turned on,
attention shall be paid to avoid touching those vehicle live
components (for instance the starting system) without the
suitable precautions (for instance insulating gloves).



RISK OF INTOXICATION

The pipes that are used for exhaust gases sampling if subject to high
temperatures (exceeding 250 C or due to fires) release a highly toxic
gas which, in case of inhalation, can be harmful for health.

SAFETY MEASURES:
- In case of inhalation, immediately contact a doctor.
- To remove combustion residues wear neoprene or PVC gloves.
- Fire residues can be neutralized with a calcium hydroxide
solution. This leads to the formation of calcium fluoride that can
be removed with water.






ENGLISH 11 / 60 CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION
AGS-688

3.2 IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON TOOL
SAFETY

When using the tool, the following operations are not allowed as they
might cause, under certain circumstances, danger for persons and
cause permanent damage to the tool itself.




- Do not remove or make unreadable labels, signs and/or
dangers signs placed on the tool and in the area nearby.



- Do not disable the machine safety devices

- Use exclusively original fuses with the required ampere
capacity! In case of electric supply anomalies, the machine
shall be powered off immediately. Defective fuses shall not
be repaired or excluded but replaced with fuses of the
same type.

- The machine electrical connections shall be inspected at
regular intervals. Defects, such as slackened connections
or burnt cables or cables with damaged insulation, shall
be immediately removed and replaced.



- Non authorized personnel must not open the equipment.
Within the tool there are parts that, if touched, can
cause electrocution: power off before opening the tool to
carry out repair operations.

CHAPTER 3 - SAFETY CONDITION 12 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

CHAPTER 4 - MANUAL STRUCTURE
AND USE

4.1 MANUAL USE




Carefully read this manual before starting the
equipment.

This manual is aimed at providing the user with all the
information required for a correct use of the equipment and to
enable the user to manage it in the safest and most independent
way.
It includes information concerning the technical side, operation,
machine stop, maintenance, spare parts and safety.
Before carrying out any operation on the equipment, operators
and qualified technicians shall carefully read the instructions
outlined in this manual.
In case of doubts on the correct interpretation of the
instructions, please contact our technical service to obtain the
required clarifications.




This manual is integral part of the equipment; the
purchaser shall keep it with the utmost care; it shall
be placed closed to the equipment, within a specific
container and, above all, it shall be protected from
anything that might jeopardize its readability.


This manual shall accompany the equipment in case this is
passed on to a new user.
The content of this manual has been drawn up in compliance with
the guide lines of the UNI standard 10893:2000.
Diffusion, modification or use of this manual for own aims is
forbidden.
When drawing up the manual, few but clear warning symbols
have been selected for an easier and simpler consultation.









ENGLISH 13 / 60 CHAPTER 4 - MANUAL STRUCTURE
AND USE
AGS-688




The operations that might result in situations potentially
harmful for the operators are highlighted by means of
the symbol alongside
Such operations can cause serious physical damage.



Operations requiring particular attention are highlighted
by means of the symbol alongside.
Such operations shall be carried out correctly to avoid
causing damage to objects or to the surrounding
environment. This symbol also highlights which
information special attention shall be paid to.


Operations requiring careful reading of the instructions
outlined in the use and maintenance manual are
highlighted by means of the symbol alongside.


4.2 SYMBOLS

This paragraph describes the safety-related symbols that might be
present on the external part of the equipment.

4.2.1 Safety



ALTERNATING CURRENT

SAFETY GROUNDING

CONSULT THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL

WARNING! RISK OF ELECTROCUTION



WARNING!: DO NOT TRY REMOVING THE COVER
(this operation can be carried out exclusively by qualified
technicians)

4.2.2 Marking


EC CONFORMITY MARKING
CHAPTER 4 - MANUAL STRUCTURE AND USE14 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

CHAPTER 5 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION

AGS-688 is a gas analyser used to determine the different gas
concentrations contained in the exhaust gases of spark ignition
engines of vehicles.
AGS-688 may be used both for the control of emissions during
obligatory inspections, and for the ordinary maintenance or repair of
vehicles.
This tool may operate both, in a static mode and in a dynamic mode,
by withdrawing gas from the exhaust pipe through the proper probe
supplied with the device.
With the aid of an intuitive keyboard, the user has access to all of the
analysers functions and may go from the free measurement test to
the one conforming to national regulations.
AGS-688 is composed of 6 retroilluminated liquid crystal display units,
in which values relative to the tests in progress are visualised.
At the end of the analysis operations, it will be possible to either
directly print the tests results, or to send them to another computer
connected to it.



5.1 AGS-688 Key Points
AGS-688 has been conceived as a basic exhaust gas analyser, but
thanks to the rich supply of optional accessories that may be
connected to it, the analyser may perform additional functions.
The integrated revolution counter is now able to be connected
indistinctively to either an induction or capacitive clamp or to an MGT-
300.
Inserting the radio module into the expansion slot, makes also possible
a wireless connection to the revolution counter MGT-300/R.
Connection to the PC through the RS232, USB or BT-100
Bluetooth module is also possible.
AGS-688 enables the connection with the smokemeter through the
omniBUS port: in this case, the analyser changes into a tool for the
visualisation of smoke in diesel engines.





ENGLISH 15 / 60CHAPTER 5 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION
AGS-688
5.2 Front View



3
1
2



1 24-COLUMN THERMAL PRINTER
2 13 BUTTONS CONTROL PANEL
3 RETROILLUMINATED LCD DISPLAY
CHAPTER 5 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION 16 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

5.3 Rear View


8
7
3 4 5 6 1 2



1 ST-050 OIL TEMPERATURE PROBE INLET
2 CPI-030 ENGINE REVOLUTION SENSOR INLET
3 RS-232 SERIAL COMMUNICATION PORT
4 USB (SLAVE) COMMUNICATION PORT
5
RS-485 omniBUS AND 12VCC POWER SUPPLY
COMMUNICATION PORT
6 12VCC AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY INLET
7 PNEUMATIC GROUP
8 FEATURES ADHESIVE




ENGLISH 17 / 60CHAPTER 5 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION
AGS-688
5.4 Pneumatic Group Details
7 9 10 8
11 12
6 5 4 3 2 1

1 CONDENSED WATER OUTLET
2 GAS INLET
3 GAS OUTLET
4 ACTIVE CARBONS FILTER FOR THE AUTOZERO AIR INLET
5 CALIBRATION BOTTLE INLET
6 GAS CIRCUIT FILTER
7 WATER CIRCUIT FILTER
8 CONTAINER CONDENSATE SEPARATOR GROUP
9 COALESCENT FILTER
10 NET FILTER (INTERIOR)
11
SENSOR O
2
12 SENSOR NO
X
HOUSING CAP (OPTIONAL)
CHAPTER 5 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION 18 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
5.5 Control Panel











9 10 11 12 13
5
7 8
6 4
1 2 3

1 AUTOZERO MANUAL BUTTON
2 LAMBDA / NO
X
VISUALIZATION SWITCH
3
CONFIGURATION BUTTON OF PARAMETERS TO BE TESTED
(SET)
4 VERTICAL SCROLL
5 HORIZONTAL SCROLL
6 ENTER BUTTON
7 HORIZONTAL SCROLL
8 ON / OFF BUTTON
9 BACK TO MAIN MENU BUTTON
10 PRINT REPORT BUTTON
11 REVOLUTIONS/TEMPERATURE VISUALIZATION SWITCH
12
EXIT FUNCTION OR BACK TO THE PRECEDENT MENU
BUTTON
13 VERTICAL SCROLL
ENGLISH 19 / 60CHAPTER 5 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION
AGS-688

5.6 Supplied Accessories


GAS SAMPLE PROBE SAMPLE PROBE PIPE







SAMPLE PROBE FILTER O
2
SENSOR

CONDENSATE EXHAUST
PIPE
GAS OUTLET EXHAUST PIPE

CHAPTER 5 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION 20 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

CHAPTER 6 - TECHNICAL FEATURES

Measurement fields:

Parameter Scale Unit Resolution
CO 0 - 9.99 %vol 0.01
CO2 0 - 19.9 %vol 0.1
Hexane HC 0 - 9999 ppmvol 1
02 0 - 25 %vol 0.01
NOx 0 - 5000 ppmvol 10
Lambda 0.5 - 5.0 0.001
Engine Revolutions 300 - 9990 min
-1
10
Oil Temperature 20 - 150 C 1

Measured gas intake 4 l/min.
Automatic and continuous condensate drainage.
Semi-automatic daily leak test with manual closing of the gas
sample probe.
Automatic flow control
Automatic control O
2
sensor exhausted
Automatic compensation ambient pressure from 85,0 to 106,0
kPa.
Automatic adjustment (with sample gas bottle)
Automatic and semi-automatic Autozero.
Heating time 10 minute maximum @ 20 C.
Response Time CO, CO
2
, and HC < 15 seconds
Impulse reception with revolution counter via cable from
induction clamp or with external revolution counter via cable or
wireless radio.
Oil temperature inlet for PT100, or via wireless radio.
Serial connections: PC USB B (slave mode); PC RS 232 (9600, 3
N, 1); PC network RS485 (9600,8,N,1)
Visualization through 6 4-alphanumeric digits retroilluminated LCD
displays.
24-column integrated thermal printer.
Typical 12 Volt DC Power Supply (11 15 VDC)
Current consumption 1.5A DC (3 A when printing)
Working temperature from 5 to 40 C.
Relative Humidity 10 95 %
Storage temperature -20 60 C
Dimensions: 434X190X291 mm
Weight 5 kg

6.1 LAMBDA Factor
It indicates the air-fuel ratio. Lambda=1 refers to the correct ratio
from a chemical point of view; if instead the mixture is poor, lambda
is higher than one, while when the carburetion is rich, lambda is lower
than one. The lambda factor can also be defined as excess air
coefficient.
ENGLISH 21 / 60 CHAPTER 6 - TECHNICAL FEATURES
AGS-688
For lambda calculation, based upon measurements of CO, CO
2
, HC
and O
2
, the following formula is standardized:

Where:
[] is the concentration in % vol, for HC only in ppm vol;
K1 is the conversion factor for HC if expressed in ppm vol n-hexane
(C
6
H
14
) equivalent. Its value in this formula is 6x10
4
;
HCV is the atomic ratio of hydrogen to carbon in the fuel. The
arbitrary value is 1,7261 for gasoline, 2,5 for LPG, 4 for methane ;
OCV is the atomic ratio of oxygen to carbon in the fuel. The arbitrary
value is 0,0176.
NOTE The simplified lambda calculation is only valid for measurements
on cars with negligible NO
x
concentrations in the exhaust gas.

CHAPTER 6 - TECHNICAL FEATURES 22 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION

7.1 DEVICE INSTALLATION
7.1.1 Unpacking
AGS-688 is supplied in a carton package. Carefully open the box and,
with the help of a cutter, cut the adhesive closing tape and remove
the device, protected by two polystyrene panels, and all supplied
accessories from the box.


7.1.2 Preparation for use



HANDLING: During handling, the minimum devices
required for correct handling shall be ensured, as
provided for by accident prevention provisions.


POSITIONING: the equipment shall be positioned on a
stable and suitable support (table or trolley). The
equipment shall be positioned in premises with adequate
ventilation and/or change of air. The machine shall be
placed at 10 cm minimum from any object that might
hinder inner ventilation. Protect the equipment from rain
or humidity to avoid irreparable damage to the equipment
itself. Besides, the equipment shall never be exposed to
sun rays nor to an excessive amount of dust.


INSTALLATION: The installation shall be carried out by
specialized personnel, strictly complying with the
instructions contained in this manual. The use of the
equipment in explosive atmosphere is forbidden.


CONNECTIONS: this being an electric equipment
connected to the mains supply, correct use of the ground
pin, placed on the supply plug, is compulsory. If the
ground pin is willingly not being used or in case of
connection of the supply plug to a supply socket not
provided with suitable grounding, this might damage the
tool. These procedures are forbidden and put the
operators life at risk.

7.2 IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON ELECTRIC
STORAGE BATTERIES (Batteries, etc.)

Even if the equipment does not use electric storage batteries
(rechargeable or not), this general safety information is included as a
battery is always present on the vehicle.

ENGLISH 23 / 60 CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION
AGS-688

DISASSEMBLY: Never try to disassemble the batteries
container or to modify it. The container has safety and
protective devices ensuring safe operations. By damaging
these devices, there is the risk of heat emissions, smoke
emission, fluids leak, batteries container explosion and
fire.

ELECTRICAL CONTACTS: Never allow the positive and
negative terminals of the batteries container to be
connected by metal parts. Never transport or deposit the
batteries container together with metal objects
(necklaces, hairpins, etc.) which might cause short circuit
and allow for a large quantity of energy to flow through
the metal, thus leading to the risk of container explosion,
heat emission, smoke emission, as well as burning of the
metal object connecting the two terminals.

TEMPERATURE: never use nor leave the batteries
container close to flames, stoves, or any other place
exposed to high temperatures (80 C or higher). This
might damage the batteries container seal, thus leading
to risk of short circuit, container explosion and fire

CLEANING: never damp the batteries container with soft
water, nor salty water or other types of fluid. Water can
damage the batteries container safety device, thus
leading to the risk of heat emission, smoke emission,
container explosion and fire.

CONTAINER: Never use the batteries container the
external part of which is extremely damaged or deformed.
The use of such containers leads to the risk of heat
emission, smoke emission, container explosion and fire.

CHARGE: When charging rechargeable batteries, use
exclusively the battery-charger provided with the
equipment and recharge in premises with a temperature
ranging between 10 C and 45 C. The use of a battery-
charger different from the recommended one can lead to
batteries overload.

FLUID: In case the batteries fluid comes in contact with
your eyes, do not rub them. Rinse with tap water and
then see a doctor immediately. In case the fluid is not
completely removed, this can seriously damage the eyes.

REPLACEMENT: In case of batteries replacement, use
batteries of the same type and shape of the replaced
ones. Otherwise, this might damage the equipment and
lead to the risk of heat emission, smoke emission,
container explosion and fire.

7.3 DURING USE


EQUIPMENT USE: The use of the equipment is clearly
described in this manual: anything differing from what is
explicitly stated is to be considered as IMPROPER USE.
The manufacturer disclaims all responsibility for damage
CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION 24 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
to objects, persons or to the machine itself resulting
from accidents caused by non compliance with the
equipment instructions.


WORK STATION: The operator shall stand in front of the
machine, in a comfortable position to reach the equipment
controls and parts.


7.4 WHEN THE TOOL IS NOT USED


SUPPLY VOLTAGE: Disable all the supply switches and
power off when the equipment is not used for a long
period of time.


PROTECTION: If the equipment is not used for a long
period of time, it is advisable cover it with a protective
sheet.

7.5 CLEANING DISMANTLING AND
DISPOSAL


CLEANING: the power supply unit cleaning can be
performed even by unskilled personnel provided they have
been previously informed about the main controls to cut
the power supply unit from the mains. When the outer
surfaces need to be cleaned, avoid using detergents
containing alcohol, ammonia or gasoline; only use neutral
detergents with slightly moistened soft cloths.







DISMANTLING AND DISPOSAL: The product was
designed and assembled with high quality materials and
components that may be recycled and reused.

If one product displays a symbol showing a bin with wheels
barred by an X, this means that the product meets the
requirements of the Community Directive 2002/96/CE.

For the disposal no particular devices are needed since
the power supply unit is not made with noxious materials.

The disposal shall have to be carried out by complying
with the local regulations for the disposal of waste: do
not throw the product into the ordinary domestic waste
but bring it to the special collection centres present over
the territory according to what is provided for by the
current regulations in force.

An adequate disposal of the products helps preventing
environmental pollution as well as possible damage to
health.
ENGLISH 25 / 60 CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION
AGS-688


7.6 HARDWARE INSTALLATION

7.6.1 POSITIONING DEVICE
Position the AGS-688 on a flat, stable surface that may facilitate the
user to work on the rear side of the device.
If a trolley or the specific support for the AGS-688 have been chosen
among the optional accessories, then it shall be necessary to mount it
according to the instructions supplied, before placing the tool on it.



7.6.2 CONNECTIONS WITH SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES
1
2
Connect the gas sample probe to the corresponding pipe by keeping
the plastic filter with the arrow orientated as in the figure. Connect
the gas sample probe pipe to the analysers gas inlet. Connect the
condensate discharge pipe to the condensate outlet and the exhaust
gas outlet to the analysers gas outlet.
Clockwise, screw the oxygen sensor (1), and connect it to the
corresponding wiring (2).


CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION 26 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
7.6.3 CONNECTIONS WITH EXTERNAL ACCESSORIES

After positioning the tool, it shall be possible to perform the
necessary connections based on the type of external accessories of
the chosen configuration.



Connections scheme

4 3 1 2 6 5







ENGLISH 27 / 60 CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION
AGS-688

7.6.3.1 POWER SUPPLY CONNECTIONS
AGS-688 is composed of two power supply inlets. In the COMBI
configuration with smokemeter it is compulsory the use of a 150W
power supply with an omniBUS port. In all other configurations, any of
the two models established may be used.



Connection External Accessory
6 40W external power supply with plug
5 As an alternative, 150W with omniBUS connector with
OMNI-060 (6m) or OMNI-050 (2,5 m) cable

7.6.3.2 PC CONNECTIONS
It may be possible to establish a PC connection via a serial or a USB
cable with the analysers connectors.



Connection External Accessory
3 IF-030 serial cable PC connection (2 m)
4 USB cable A-B connectors (1,8 m)

7.6.3.3 BASIC CONFIGURATION

Connection External Accessory
1 ST-050 engine temperature probe
2 CPI-030 engine revolutions probe

7.6.3.4 CONFIGURATION WITH SERIAL MGT-300

Connection External Accessory
2 IF-021 cable with MTG-300 serial connection

7.6.3.5 RADIO CONFIGURATION WITH MGT-300/R

Connection External Accessory
Via radio
(wireless)
Radio module installed by the authorised Technical
Service

7.6.3.6 CONFIGURATION WITH MGT-300 BLUE

Connection External Accessory
2 BT-020 cable for BT-100 connection with MGT-300
BLUE

7.6.3.7 COMBI CONFIGURATION WITH SMOKEMETER
AND MGT-300

CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION 28 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
Connection External Accessory
5 150W external power supply with omniBUS connector
with OMNI-060 (6m) or OMNI-050 (2,5 m) cable


7.7 SOFTWARE INSTALLATION

The software installation may be performed only by the authorised
Technical Service and, therefore, it shall not be dealt with in the
present manual.


ENGLISH 29 / 60 CHAPTER 7 - INSTALLATION
AGS-688

CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER


In order to start the gas analyser, press the start button for a
second, and to turn it off, keep the button pressed for at least 3
seconds, and then release it.


8.1 GENERAL RULES TO USE THE MENU
1 2
3

Description of menus: all menus contain
- a code (1) that univocally identifies the menu itself;
- the type of application (2) in execution: MENU for the main
application, GAS for the gas analysis application, or
SMOKE for the smoke analysis application;
Menu messages: messages that appear in the different menus
scroll along the display so as to be completely visualised.
Browsing the menus: in order to browse the menus, use the
arrows and ; press the button to enter the menu,
and to go back to the previous menu
Writing text strings: in order to write text strings, such as
Examiner or Plate, use the arrows to make the available
characters scroll, and use and to go to the text
strings; press to confirm and to exit.
CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 30 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
Confirmation of data: in order to confirm data, press the
button, and, to annul their insertion press .
Messages read receipt: press the button to carry on,
after reading a message; e.g. DATA SAVED
Reserved areas available through password: it is possible to
access some menus by entering a password, since these are
exclusively reserved to the reseller (password D), by the
authorised technical service (password S) and by the
manufacturer (password M).

8.2 MENU STRUCTURE
The devices software is structured with a main menu, from which it is
possible to:
launch the GAS application to use the device as a gas analyser;
launch the SMOKE application to use the device as a viewer in
case of the eventual connection of a smokemeter (optional) to
the omnibus socket.
configure the devices data, such as language, time, and
information on the garage.
access to a functional test of the hardware peripherals such as
printer, display, keyboard and fan.
In default, when the device is started, there is immediate access to
the analysers menu (GAS application); to go to the main menu, it shall
be necessary to press the button from the GAS or SMOKE
applications.


8.2.1 MAIN MENU STRUCTURE

01) GAS ANALYSER
02) SMOKEMETER (If present)
03) SETUP
0301) TIME
0302) GARAGE
0303) LAST ACCESS
0304) LANGUAGE
0305) TEST HARDWARE
3001) KEYBOARD
3002) DISPLAY
3003) BUZZER
3004) PRINTER
3005) FAN

Menu with a reserved access through a password for the reseller
(type D):
0306) PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE (Password D)

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AGS-688
Menu with a reserved access through a password for the authorised
Technical Service (type S):
0307) DATE AND TIME (Password S)
0308) PROGRAMMING SOFTWARE (Password S)
0309) ERASE SOFTWARE (Password S)

Menu with a reserved access through a password for the
manufacturer (type M):
0310) MODEL (Password M)

Note: when started, the application goes straight to the GAS menu.


8.2.2 GAS MENU STRUCTURE
At its start, the GAS menu opens up in this way:
01) MEASUREMENT
0101) FUEL
0102) STROKES
0103) CYL
02) EMISSION TEST (if present)
06) CONTROLS
0601) CALIBRATION DATE
0602) RPM / OIL INDICATOR
0603) HC RESIDUE TEST
0604) LEAK TEST
0605) AUTOZERO
0606) OXYGEN SENSOR
0607) ANALYSER STATUS
0608) ANALYSER ERROR
0609) ANALYSER VERSION

Menu with a reserved access through a password for the authorised
Technical Service (type S):
07) SERVICE (Password S)
0701) SERIAL NUMBER
0702) OFFICIAL CALIBRATION
0703) SETTINGS
7001) OIL TEMP.
7002) AMB. PRESSURE
7003) VACUUM PRESSURE
7004) CHAMBER SUP
7005) NOx SENSOR
0704) NOx SENSOR
0705) ANALOG STATUS
0706) SET ID MID

Menu with a reserved access through a password for the
manufacturer (type M):
08) RESTRICTED AREA (Password M)
0801) RESET SETTINGS
0802) ELECTRICAL LIMITS
0803) CALIBRATION DATA MANAGEMENT
CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 32 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
0804) RUN-IN
0805) STAND-BY TIMEOUT
0806) LEAK LIMIT

8.2.3 SMOKE MENU STRUCTURE
Not implemented yet.

8.3 MAIN MENU
From the GAS or SMOKE menu, it shall be possible to access the
main menu by pressing the button:



By pressing the and arrows it shall be possible to select the
submenus:
01) GAS ANALYSER to use the device as a gas analyser;
02) SMOKEMETER (If present) to use the device as a viewer for
the smokemeter connected to the omnibus socket.
03) SETUP for the configurations of the device such as language,
garages data, time, etc.
By pressing it is possible to enter the sub menu, and by
pressing it is possible to exit the submenus and go back to the
main menu.


8.3.1 DEVICES CONFIGURATION

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AGS-688
By pressing the and arrows, it shall be possible to select the
submenus:
0301) TIME to set the clock
0302) GARAGE to configure information of the garage; data will be
printed on the ticket.
0303) LAST ACCESS to view the last time the Area reserved to the
Technical Service and the manufactures was accessed.
0304) LANGUAGE to configure the language in the device
0305) TEST HARDWARE to perform a functional test of the
following hardware components of the device:

3001) KEYBOARD
3002) DISPLAY
3003) BUZZER
3004) PRINTER
3005) FAN
By pressing it is possible to enter the submenus, and by
pressing , to exit the submenu and go back to the setup menu.

8.3.1.1 TIME CONFIGURATIONS

Data displayed in the first line is preset by the manufacturer and it
may be modified only by the authorised Technical Service. In this
menu, it is possible to change the preset time by adjusting the hour
(display O
2
), minutes (display / NO
X
) and the seconds (display RPM /
C). Press and to change the time at the digit selected; press
and to scroll from one digit to another. To confirm the time
on any display, and to go to the subsequent display, press : by
pressing on the minutes display, data will be saved.


CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 34 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

Press to go back to the previous menu.

8.3.1.2 CONFIGURATIONS OF THE GARAGES DATA


In this menu, it shall be possible to configure the garages data: these
will be printed on the ticket containing the measurement performed.
For the garages data, there is room for 6 lines of 24 characters; on
the CO display there is indication of the line number.
Press the and arrows to change characters; press and
to move from one digit to another; press to save the
contents of the line and to go to the next one; press to exit the
menu without saving the changes.

At the end, only when all of the 6 lines have been confirmed by
pressing , and thus saving the garages data, press to exit
the menu.


ENGLISH 35 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688
8.3.1.3 VISUALIZATION OF THE LAST ACCESS TO THE
RESERVED AREA

This menu serves to visualise the last access to the reserved area:
when started, the last access to the reserved area by the
manufacturer (M) is visualised; by pressing , it will be viewed the
access to the area reserved to the Technical Service (S).




Press to exit the menu.

8.3.1.4 LANGUAGE CONFIGURATIONS

From this menu, it is possible to configure the language of the device:
press the and arrows to select the language.
CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 36 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
There are two possible choices:
ENGLISH: configured by default
LOCAL: language with which the device has been programmed
by the reseller.
Press to save the configurations.

Press to exit the menu.

8.3.1.5 HARDWARE TEST
In this menu, it is possible to perform a functional test of the following
hardware peripherals by scrolling the submenus with the and
arrows:


KEYBOARD


From this menu, press to perform the keyboard test: pressing
the buttons, on the O
2
display there shall appear the description of
the button pressed; as a last button to test, press which, if
working, will exit the submenus.
ENGLISH 37 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688

DISPLAY


From this menu, by pressing , all pixels of all the displays will turn
on: verify that there are no burned pixels. Press to exit the
menu.


BUZZER


From this menu, by pressing the buzzer will activate and start
buzzing with an intermittence of about 1 second. Press to exit
the menu.


PRINTER
CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 38 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688


From this menu, by pressing a ticket will be printed to test the
printer.

FAN


From this menu, by pressing the procedure to test the fan shall
start: press and to vary the fans speed from 0 to 50% and
to 100%. Press to exit the menu.





ENGLISH 39 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688
8.4 GAS MENU


When starting it, the device will display the GAS menu.
By pressing and it may be possible select the submenus:

01) MEASUREMENT to perform free measurements (unofficial) of
the tested vehicles exhaust gases.
02) EMISSION TEST (if present) to carry out measurements
according to the official test and country regulations.
06) CONTROLS to configure the type of revolution counter and to
perform certain functional controls of the device or the
functioning state of the device.
By pressing it is possible to enter the submenus and by
pressing to exit the submenus to go back to the GAS menu.



8.4.1 FREE MEASUREMENT
From this menu it is possible to perform free measurements
(unofficial) of the tested vehicles exhaust gases.
Every day, at any date changing, if not performed yet, the LEAK TEST
will be requested.



CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 40 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
Close the pneumatic circuit of the analyser by inserting the tip of the
gas sample probe into the proper hole present on the handle (as
indicated in the figure) and press . At the end of the test, if the
leak test has been successful, the programme shall proceed with the
Autozero; otherwise, an error message will be displayed:
see paragraph 8.4.3.4.


Reading of gases may be performed only at the end of the heating
process and after the AUTOZERO and HC TEST RESIDUES:



Remove the gas sample probe from the vehicles silencer and
press ; if the HC test is successful, the programme shall proceed
with the measurement of the vehicles exhaust gas; otherwise, an
error message will be displayed: see paragraph 8.4.3.3.


ENGLISH 41 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688


From the free measurement menu, the following parameters are
visualised:
GAS VALUES: CO, CO
2
, HC, O
2
, NO
X
(optional)
LAMBDA factor value
Engine oil temperature
Engine revolutions

Following, there is a list of the functions of the buttons that may be
used in this menu:

to change the visualisation of measurement from Engine
Revolutions (default) to Engine Oil Temperature

to change the visualisation of measurement from LAMBDA
(default) to NO
x
to immediately print the values visualised

to perform an Autozero of the analyser
to enter the submenus Fuel/Strokes/Cylinders

8.4.1.1 FUEL SELECTION




CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 42 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
From the free measurement menu press and select the type of
fuel using and ; press to confirm and go to the
subsequent sub menu.



8.4.1.2 NUMBER OF STROKES


From the free measurement menu press and select the number
of engine strokes using and ; press to confirm and go
to the subsequent submenu.


8.4.1.3 NUMBER OF CYLINDERS


From the free measurement menu press and select the number
of engine cylinders using and , and press to confirm and
go to the reading menu of the gas values.



ENGLISH 43 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688
8.4.2 OFFICIAL TEST


From the GAS menu select the 02 menu using the and
buttons and press to have access to the official test.
The official test may vary from country to country; therefore,
regulations from ones own country must be followed.

8.4.3 CONTROLS MENU


From the GAS menu select the 06 menu with the and
arrows and press .
The CONTROLS menu enables the configuration of the type of
revolution counter and the control of the functioning state of the
device by performing several checks.

By pressing and , the following submenus may be selected:

0601) CALIBRATION DATE to verify the calibration date of the gas
analyser
0602) RPM / OIL INDICATOR to configure the type of revolution
counter
0603) HC RESIDUE TEST to perform a test of the HC residues
0604) LEAK TEST to perform a leak test of the pneumatic circuit
CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 44 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
0605) AUTOZERO to perform an Autozero of the gas analyser
0606) OXYGEN SENSOR to verify the oxygen sensor efficiency
0607) ANALYSER STATUS to verify the state of the gas analyser
0608) ANALYSER ERROR to verify the presence of eventual
memory errors
0609) ANALYSER VERSION to verify the software version of the
gas analyser
0610) P.E.F. to view the dynamic value of P.E.F. for every HC
concentration in propane.
By pressing it is possible to enter the submenus and by pressing
to exit the CONTROLS menu.

8.4.3.1 VERIFICATION OF THE CALIBRATION EXPIRY
DATE

This menu is used to visualise the calibration date of the analyser.
By pressing the calibration expiry date will be visualised, after
which, the analyser must be calibrated again by the authorised
Technical Service.



Press again, to exit the sub menu and to go back to the
CONTROLS menu.


ENGLISH 45 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688
8.4.3.2 REVOLUTION COUNTER CONFIGURATION

From this menu, it shall be possible to configure the type of revolution
counter to use with the analyser.
There are 4 available types, and they may be scrolled using the
and arrows:
RADIO: configure the external revolution counter with a radio
transmission of revolutions; in this case, revolutions
are detected by an MGT-300/R (optional)

IND. CLAMP: configure the internal revolution counter; in this case
revolutions may be detected through an induction
clamp connected to an RPM socket.

CAP. CLAMP: configure the internal revolution counter; in this
case, revolutions may be detected through a
capacity clamp connected to the RPM socket.

SERIAL: configure the external revolution counter with data
transmission via serial cable; in this case, revolutions
are detected by an MGT-300 (optional)


After selecting the type of revolution counter, press to save the
configurations:


CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 46 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
Press again to exit the sub menu and to go back to the previous
menu.

8.4.3.3 HC RESIDUES MENU

This menu is used to visualise cleanliness of the pneumatic circuit of
the gas analyser.
If the HC value is over 20 ppm Vol., the test will have failed and an
error message will appear on screen.
In case of failure of the test, it will be possible to repeat it so as to
purge pipes and filters of the analysers pneumatic circuit; if, even
after the repetition of the test, this should fail again, then it shall be
necessary to replace the filters and adequately clean pipes and the
gas sample probe.



8.4.3.4 LEAK TEST OF THE PNEUMATIC CIRCUIT
This menu is to verify whether within the gas analysers pneumatic
circuit there are any leakages: eventual leakages may in fact false the
analysers measurement.



Close the analysers pneumatic circuit by inserting the tip of the gas
sample probe into the proper hole on the handle (as shown in the
figure), and press . At the end of the test, if the leak test is
successful, the following message shall be visualised:
ENGLISH 47 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688

Press to continue to exit the submenu.



In case an error message was displayed, check the pneumatic circuit
by repeating the test and closing the circuit directly from the gas inlet
so as to exclude the probe; in case of further failure of the test,
consult the authorised Technical Service.


8.4.3.5 AUTOZERO

From this menu, the analyser makes clean air flow (through the active
carbons filter) into the internal measurement chamber and performs a
calibration of the concentration of CO CO
2
HC gases to zero and to
the 20.80 % Vol. of the O
2
value. The active carbons filter is used to
purify air from dust and from unburned hydrocarbons present in the
CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 48 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
ambient air: under optimum conditions of use of the device,
replacement of such a filter must be performed once a year.
During free measurement or during the official test, the autozero is
automatically carried out by the software.


8.4.3.6 OXYGEN SENSOR EFFICIENCY CONTROL

This menu is used to visualise the outgoing voltage in mV of the
oxygen sensor:
If measurement is compressed between 7 mV and 13 mV, the
sensor is to be considered efficient.
If measurement is below 7 mV and above 13 mV, the sensor is
wearing out but, as an exception, it may still be used.
If measurement is below 5 mV, the sensor is to be considered
worn out and must be replaced.


8.4.3.7 ANALYSER STATE CONTROL

In this menu, all of the analysers possible states are visualised.
In the first line, there is the description of the state; O
2
displays the
acronym that identifies the state (STXX, where XX is a progressive
number); RPM/C displays the state: active (ON) or deactivated (OFF).

With the and arrows, it shall be possible to scroll all of the
available states.


ENGLISH 49 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688
8.4.3.8 ANALYSER'S ERRORS CONTROL

In this menu, all of the analysers possible errors together with their
state are visualised.
In the first line, there is the description of the error; O
2
displays the
acronym that identifies the error (ERXX, where XX is a progressive
number); RPM/C displays the state: active (ON) or deactivated (OFF).

With the and arrows, it shall be possible to scroll all of the
available errors.




8.4.3.9 GAS ANALYSER SOFTWARE VERSION

In this menu, it shall be possible to verify the software version (display
O
2
) installed and the checksum (display RPM /C) of the gas analysers



Note: both the software version and the checksum are merely indicative and do not
correspond to the version installed in your gas analyser.


CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 50 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
8.4.3.10 DYNAMIC VALUE OF P.E.F.

From this menu, it shall be possible to view the P.E.F. value of the
analysers measurement chamber, for every HC concentration
configured.
Press to enter the configuration submenu.



Set the value of HC (ppmvol) in propane visualized on the O
2
display:
Press and to change the numeric value of every digit

Press and to go from one digit to another; the value
configured is displayed.

Press to update the P.E.F. value visualized in the O
2
display
referred to the new HC value.

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AGS-688

8.5 USE OF THE ANALYSER WITH SOFTWARE
INSTALLED ON THE PC
This gas analyser may also be used with a PC in which the proper
software SW-800 application has been installed.
The updated software must be downloaded from the Web site: at the
main page, select the installation language by clicking on the
corresponding flag.




Install the software on the PC by clicking omniBUS-800 and follow
the video instructions.



CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 52 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

Once the software has been installed, it shall be necessary configure,
among others, the serial port, and the garages data.

These configurations must be performed in the Pitcher software
application: refer to the on-line guide by clicking .




ENGLISH 53 / 60CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER
AGS-688


The software programme for the analysis of exhaust gases is
launched by clicking F1 at the Pitcher application: to use the
software, refer to the on-line guide by clicking .




CHAPTER 8 - USE OF THE ANALYSER 54 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688

CHAPTER 9 - MAINTENANCE

Before carrying out any maintenance operation, make
sure the appliance is disconnected from the mains socket.



In case of appliance malfunction (i.e. the mains switch
does not light on when put to the I position), perform
the necessary check and, if it is the case, replace the
mains fuses (see 10.1).


In case the appliance stops functioning (there is no serial
communication through the RS-232 or USB ports), exit
and then access again from the communication software
or from the Suite Sw-800.

9.1 LEAK TEST
The Leak Test is used to check that along the analysers pneumatic
circuit there may not be any air leakages: to perform the test see
paragraph 8.4.3.4.



9.2 HC RESIDUES TEST
The HC RESIDUES test is used to verify whether the analysers
pneumatic circuit is filthy with hydrocarbons: the software will
consider the pneumatic circuit filthy when the HC value is above 20
ppm Vol. at air intake.
In this case, it may be possible to repeat the test so as to aspirate
clean air, thus purging the probes pipes and filters; but, if the
repetition was not successful, then it would be necessary to replace
the filters and to adequately clean pipes and the sample probe.
To perform the test see paragraph 8.4.3.4.








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AGS-688

9.3 CLEANING OF THE FILTERING SYSTEM
The function of filters mounted on the instrument is very important,
since they protect the internal delicate devices from filth coming from
the outside; therefore, it is essential to pay careful attention to
cleanliness.
Inside the container there are two types of filters:
Coalescent (2) that must be replaced when the tool fails the HC
RESIDUES test, or at least once a year.
Net (4) that must be washed at least once a month and replaced
if deteriorated.






1
2
3
4
CHAPTER 9 - MAINTENANCE 56 / 60 ENGLISH
AGS-688
In order to remove filters, clockwise unscrew the container (1) and
remove the coalescent filter (2) by lifting it.
Lift the support by strongly pulling (3) and remove the net filter (4)
either to replace it or to wash it with water and soap.
To mount the filters, insert the net filter (4) making sure there is a
perfect fit, then insert the support (3) making pressure on it
(eventually, it may be possible to apply some grease or Vaseline on the
OR gasket). Insert the coalescent filter (2) on the support (3) and
close the container by turning it clockwise, while exerting some
pressure.




9.4 ACTIVE CARBONS FILTER REPLACEMENT
1


The filter (1) is used to purify the air used during the autozero from
filth and unburned hydrocarbons present in the ambient.
Under optimum conditions of use of the device, replacement of such a
filter should be performed once a year.
ENGLISH 57 / 60 CHAPTER 9 - MAINTENANCE
AGS-688
To replace it, it should be enough to remove it from the analysers
pneumatic circuit and reinsert the new filter, in the same way as
shown in the figure.



9.5 SENSOR O
2
REPLACEMENT
2
1


Sensor O
2
(1) is an electrochemical cell that generates voltage (m
Volts) proportional to the oxygen concentration present in the gas
that runs through it. The sensors efficiency, as with any other
battery, is a property that may wear out with use and with the
passing of time.
In the following table, voltage values are indicated according to the
sensors state:

VOLTAGE AT THE SENSORS
ENDS
STATE OF THE SENSOR
7 13,5 m VDC EFFICIENT
5 7 m VDC ABOUT TO WEAR OUT
< 5 m VDC WORN OUT
Before performing any measurements, the software automatically
verifies the oxygen sensors efficiency and points out when it is about
to wear out, or when it is no longer usable (the oxygen sensors
efficiency may be controlled at any time: see paragraph 8.4.3.6).
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AGS-688
N.B.: replace the worn out sensor with only fully efficient sensors
When requested by the software, replace the O
2
sensor in the
following way:
1. Remove the worn out O
2
sensor by unscrewing it clockwise;
2. Remove the new O
2
sensors protection cap;
3. Screw the new O
2
sensor clockwise and connect the cable (2) of
the instrument.

9.6 PERIODIC CONTROL OF THE ANALYSER

Calibration expiry date may be checked at any time through the
software: see paragraph 8.4.3.1.

It is compulsory that the device be checked at least once a year and
not later than 12 months after the previous test.
Such operations are official, and therefore, all procedures described
by regulations within ones own Country must be respected.
Periodic tests must be performed by personnel specialised and
authorised by the manufacturer.
Thirty days before the expiration date the following message begins to
be showed. In the gas analyser panel the number of days to expire will
be displayed:

Once calibration has expired, the software inhibits the printer and the
gas analyser may be used only for unofficial measurements: every
measurement beginning the following message will be showed:
.
For this reason, it is recommended to always to comply with the tests
set.
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AGS-688

CHAPTER 10 - SPARE PARTS

With regards to spare parts for the AGS-688, please consult your
Sales Agent who will provide you with all the necessary explanations.



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