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Introduction Introduction

Scanners have become an important part of the Scanners have become an important part of the
home office over the last few years. home office over the last few years.
A scanner is the eye of a computer that allows A scanner is the eye of a computer that allows
you to you to capture information capture information like like pictures and text. pictures and text.
After capturing it After capturing it convert it into a digital format convert it into a digital format
that can be edited on your computer that can be edited on your computer
Type of scanner Type of scanner
Flatbed Scanner Flatbed Scanner
Sheet Sheet--fed scanners fed scanners
Combo scanner/printer/fax Combo scanner/printer/fax
Handheld scanners Handheld scanners
Flatbed Scanner Flatbed Scanner
Most popular type of Most popular type of
scanner for home use is scanner for home use is
the flatbed, or desktop, the flatbed, or desktop,
scanner. scanner.
It makes it easy to scan It makes it easy to scan
papers, books and any papers, books and any
other item that you can other item that you can
flat between a glass bed flat between a glass bed
(plate) and the (plate) and the
scanner's top cover. scanner's top cover.
Sheet Sheet--fed scanners fed scanners
Similar to flatbed Similar to flatbed
scanners except the scanners except the
document is moved document is moved
and the and the scan head scan head
is immobile. is immobile.
A sheet A sheet--fed scanner fed scanner
looks a lot like a looks a lot like a
small portable small portable
printer printer. .
Combo scanner/printer/fax Combo scanner/printer/fax
Popular option in home Popular option in home
offices and small offices offices and small offices
is the "all is the "all--in in--one" one"
machine that scans, machine that scans,
prints, faxes, and copies prints, faxes, and copies
popularized by Hewlett popularized by Hewlett--
Packard Packard, effectively , effectively
merge a black merge a black--and and--
white sheet white sheet--fed scanner fed scanner
with an inkjet or laser with an inkjet or laser
printer and a fax printer and a fax
machine. machine.
Handheld scanners Handheld scanners
Use the same basic Use the same basic
technology as a flatbed technology as a flatbed
scanner scanner
Rely on the user to Rely on the user to
move them instead of move them instead of
a motorized belt. a motorized belt.
This type of scanner This type of scanner
typically does not typically does not
provide good image provide good image
quality. quality.
It can be useful for It can be useful for
quickly capturing text. quickly capturing text.
Scanner/Computer Interface Scanner/Computer Interface
There are three main interfaces used to There are three main interfaces used to
connect scanners to personal computers: connect scanners to personal computers:
-- USB USB
-- Parallel Parallel
-- SCSI SCSI
Image Quality Image Quality
Scanners vary in resolution and sharpness. Scanners vary in resolution and sharpness.
Most flatbed scanners have a true hardware Most flatbed scanners have a true hardware
resolution of at least 300x300 dots per inch resolution of at least 300x300 dots per inch
(dpi). (dpi).
The scanner's dpi is determined by the number The scanner's dpi is determined by the number
of sensors in a single row (x of sensors in a single row (x--direction sampling direction sampling
rate) of the CCD or CIS array by the precision of rate) of the CCD or CIS array by the precision of
the stepper motor (y the stepper motor (y--direction sampling rate). direction sampling rate).
Resolution can be artificially enhanced by the Resolution can be artificially enhanced by the
scanning software used by scanner. scanning software used by scanner.
Optical Character Recognition Optical Character Recognition
Many scanners also include optical character Many scanners also include optical character
recognition (OCR) software used for separate recognition (OCR) software used for separate
divide text vs , which enables you to convert divide text vs , which enables you to convert
scanned text into computer scanned text into computer--based text. based text.
It uses an averaging process to determine It uses an averaging process to determine what what
the shape of a character the shape of a character is and match it to the is and match it to the
correct letter or number correct letter or number. .
Connecting a Scanner to PC Connecting a Scanner to PC
Unlock the scanner Unlock the scanner i.e. carriage lock that i.e. carriage lock that
protects the internal components from damage protects the internal components from damage
during shipment. during shipment.
Disconnect Disconnect the end of the the end of the printer cable(50 pin) printer cable(50 pin)
to the back of the scanner. to the back of the scanner.
Connect Connect the scanner cable to the the scanner cable to the parallel port parallel port on on
the the computer. computer.
Connect Connect the the other end of the scanner cable other end of the scanner cable to to
the back of the scanner. the back of the scanner.