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5/19/2014 CR4 - Thread: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers

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B.JEYACHANDRAN
Active Contributor
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: Madurai
Posts: 22
Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
09/23/2009 10:22 AM
dear friend,
kindly any one explaine me what is the effect of knee point voltage in CT.
If one PX Class CT having Vk>300V, Ia<30 mA how i calculate this CT BURDEN also what is the primary current when
th ct is satsurated,
thanking you,
yours ,
B.JEYACHANDRAN
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Manimaran
Vasan
Member
Join Date: Sep 2009
Location: ABB Limited,
Nashik
Posts: 9
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
09/26/2009 2:26 AM
Dear friend,
Knee Point voltage is nothing but a point at which the CT saturates. Thatsy its always better to design the CTs which
can operate without saturation even at a voltage appears in the CT during fault condition. Pls find below the following
formula for calculating the Knee point voltage.
Vk=2If(Rct+2Rl).
where, If is the current refected to the CT secondary during fault condition,
Rct is the resistance of the CT which can be adopted by means of a thumb rule considering the CT ratio,
Rl is the lead resistance i.e. sum of the resistance of the wire connected between the relay & CT and Impedance
offered by the internal circuitary of the relay
For PS class CT's designed considering the above,burden is not applicable.
Pls revert back if you have any further queries.
Regards,
Manimaran.V
B.JEYACHANDRAN
Active Contributor
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: Madurai
Posts: 22
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
09/26/2009 2:42 AM
dear friend,
thank you for your guidence, how i calculate the fault current limit in primary side with knee point voltage
Manimaran
Vasan
Member
Join Date: Sep 2009
Location: ABB Limited,
Nashik
Posts: 9
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
09/26/2009 7:44 AM
Dear Friend,
Pls find below the formula for calculating the fault current,
Fault current(in KA) = Rated Curent/(% Impedance*1000)
% Impedence shall be calculated for the system from the point of source to the point of occurence of the fault.
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5/19/2014 CR4 - Thread: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
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Regards,
Manimaran.V
shock007
Active Contributor
Join Date: Jun 2008
Posts: 10
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
09/28/2009 4:12 AM
Dear Manimaran,
Can you please explain, how to calculate Ia and what is its significance?
Anonymous
Poster
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
09/28/2009 11:19 AM
dear friend,
thankyou friend
Anonymous
Poster #1
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
05/29/2012 1:48 AM
ayubkseb
Member
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Doha Qatar
Posts: 8
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
09/30/2009 12:38 PM
Dear member
For PX class CTs , the burden is not normally mentioned . There the CT is defiened based on the CT kneepoint voltage ,
magnetising current etc . The burden is mentioned in class P CTs
In PX class CTs the kneepoint voltage is normally based on the max fault current and a diamensioning factor based on
system X/R ratio
Ayub
shock007
Active Contributor
Join Date: Jun 2008
Posts: 10
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
09/30/2009 9:06 PM
Understand from above formula to calculate knee point voltage. Can you please explain how to calculate magnetising
current.
ayubkseb
Member
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Doha Qatar
Posts: 8
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
10/01/2009 12:24 AM
There is no formulae as such for calculating the magnetising current . However some a application demands minimum
value of mag current for relay setting ( eg; REF protection ). Iin any case a magnetising current of less than 30 mA
would be sufficient for most of the application
Manimaran
Vasan
Member
Join Date: Sep 2009
Location: ABB Limited,
Nashik
Posts: 9
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
10/01/2009 3:31 AM
ya.. thats right.. there is no formula for calculating magnetising current. however, lesser the magnetising current,
better is your CT performance.
Regards,
Manimaran.V
Govindarul
Participant
Join Date: May 2012
Posts: 2
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
05/07/2012 7:57 AM
The formula for calulating the required magnetising current for the CT =
[(IOP / CT Ratio) - IR] / n
Where,
IOP = Relay operating current (absolute current value in terms of CT primary)
IR = Relay setting current (in terms of CT secondary)
n = Number of parallel CTs forming (87) protected zone
Anonymous
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
06/20/2010 6:35 AM
5/19/2014 CR4 - Thread: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
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Govindarul
Re: Knee Point Voltage and Current Transformers
05/29/2012 2:01 AM
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Users who posted comments:
Anonymous Poster (3); ayubkseb (2); B.JEYACHANDRAN (1); Govindarul (2); Manimaran Vasan (3); shock007 (2)
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