Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 31

The SIMATIC S7 System Family

SIMATIC
PCS 7

SIMATIC
SIMATIC NET
Software

SIMATIC
HMI
SIMATIC
SIMATIC
PC
SIMATIC
WinCC

SIMATIC
DP
SIMATIC
Controller

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.1

Contents Page
The SIMATIC S7 System Family ...................................................................................................... 2
Objectives ........................................................................................................................................ 3
SIMATIC S7 Overview ..................................................................................................................... 4
What does “Totally Integrated Automation“ Mean ............................................................................. 5
S7-200 Micro Controller .................................................................................................................... 6
S7-300 Automation System ............................................................................................................. 7
S7-300: Modules ............................................................................................................................. 8
S7-300: CPU Design ........................................................................................................................ 9
S7-400 Automation System .............................................................................................................. 10
S7-400: Modules ............................................................................................................................. 11
S7-400: CPU Design ........................................................................................................................ 12
PG/PC Requirements for Installing STEP 7 ..................................................................................... 13
Installing the STEP 7 Basic Package ............................................................................................... 14
STEP 7 Tools ................................................................................................................................... 15
STEP 7 Software Packages (Examples) …...................................................................................... 16
If You Want to Know More about the Topic “TIA“ ............................................................................ 17
More Information .............................................................................................................................. 18
The SIMATIC S7/C7 and WinAC Controllers ................................................................................... 19
Programming Sequence Control Systems with S7- GRAPH .......................................................... 20
The State Diagram Method S7- HiGraph .......................................................................................... 21
Programming in the High Level Language S7- SCL ........................................................................ 22
CFC - Tool for Graphic Interconnection of S7 Blocks ...................................................................... 23
Process Diagnosis with S7- PDIAG ................................................................................................. 24
Testing User Programs with S7- PLCSIM ........................................................................................ 25

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 1 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
The SIMATIC S7 System Family

SIMATIC
PCS 7

SIMATIC
SIMATIC NET
Software

SIMATIC
HMI
SIMATIC
SIMATIC
PC
SIMATIC
WinCC

SIMATIC
DP
SIMATIC
Controller

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.2

Contents Page
Runtime Software for Closed-loop Control Engineering Tasks ......................................................... 26
Communicating with SIMATIC NET .................................................................................................. 27
Operator Control and Process Monitoring with SIMATIC® HMI ...................................................... 28
Process Visualization and Operator Control with WinCC ................................................................. 29
Process Automation with SIMATIC® PCS 7 ……………….............................................................. 30
DRIVES Technology ………………………………………………...................................................... 31

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 2 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Objectives

Upon completion of the chapter the participant will ...

... have an overview of the SIMATIC S7 system family

... be familiar with the S7-200 and S7-300/400 automation systems

... have an overview of the modules available for these automation


systems

... understand the concept of "Totally Integrated Automation" (T.I.A.)

... be familiar with the programming devices

... be familiar with the PC requirements for working with STEP7

... be familiar with the tools of the STEP7 basic programming package

… have an overview of the most important tools used in the T.I.A.


concept

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.3

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 3 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
SIMATIC S7 Overview

SIMATIC PG SIMATIC Software


SIMATIC HMI
SIMATIC PC

MPI Network
SIMATIC NET Industrial Ethernet
PROFIBUS
PC-based
SIMATIC
Controller

SIEMENS SF I0.0 Q0.0 CPU 212


RUN I0.1 Q0.1
STOP I0.2 Q0.2
I0.3 Q0.3
I0.4 Q0.4
I0.5 Q0.5
I0.6
I0.7
SIMATIC
S7-200

PROFIBUS DP

AS-Interface

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.4

Introduction For the operation of machines, equipment and processes in almost all areas of
manufacturing you require control elements in addition to energy supply. It must
be possible to initiate, control, monitor and end the operation of any given
machine or process.

Hard-wired In the hard-wired controllers of the past, the program logic was governed by
Controllers -> PLC the task-specific wiring of contactors and relays.
Today, programmable logic controllers are used to solve automation tasks. The
logic stored in the program memory of an automation system does not depend on
equipment design and wiring and can be modified at any time with the help of a
programming device.

Totally Integrated Production processes are no longer seen as individual partial processes, but
Automation rather as integral components of an entire production process.
The total integration of the entire automation environment is today achieved with
the help of:
• one common software environment that integrates all components and tasks
into one uniform easy to use system
• a common data management (central database)
• a common communication between all participating automation components.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 4 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
What does “Totally Integrated Automation“ Mean

WinCC PCS 7

NET
Engineering

SIMATIC S7

NET
Instrum. Drives
M

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.5

Totally Integrated The new SIMATIC® family unifies all devices and systems, such as hardware
Automation and software, into a uniform, powerful system platform.
In this platform existing barriers between computer, PLC, and process control
have been overcome. Operator control and monitoring are improved.

Advantages This totally integrated automation offers you, among other things, the following
advantages:
• A scalable hardware platform. The optimal (price/performance)
functionality (PLC or computer) can be chosen for the task to be solved.
• An open totally integrated automation environment. An existing
system can be easily extended, or future automation solutions can be
integrated.
Existing investments retain their value. The transition from an existing
SIMATIC®, TELEPERM or TI environment can be carried out very easily.
• Powerful software increases the productivity in the implementation of a
project reducing the engineering and life cycle costs. In addition, expenses for
commissioning, maintenance and service are reduced.
• SIMATIC® is based on Windows standards and can thus easily use their
applications (standard software) and communication mechanisms.

Note You will find more information on the topic of Totally Integrated
Automation in this chapter beginning on page 17.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 5 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
S7-200 Micro Controller

Status Indicators
for Integrated DO
Status Indicators

- Potentiometer
- Memory Card
- Mode Selector
PPI Connection

Status Indicators
for Integrated DI

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.6

Mode Selector For manual mode selection of the CPU:


STOP = Stop mode, the program is not executed.
TERM = Program execution, read/write access possible from PG.
RUN = Program execution, read-only access possible from PG.
Status Indicators SF = Group error; internal CPU fault; red
(LEDs) RUN = Run mode; green
STOP = Stop mode; yellow
DP = PROFIBUS-DP ( only CPU 215)

Memory Card Slot for memory card. A memory card saves the program contents in the event of
a power outage without the need for a battery.

PPI Connection The programming device / text display or another CPU is connected here.
This enables you to access several controllers from a PG or text display. As well,
the S7-200 CPUs use the Network Read (NETR) and Network Write (NETW)
instructions to read and write to each other (peer-to-peer communication).

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 6 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
S7 - 300 Automation System

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.7

Features • Modular small control system for the lower and middle performance range
• Performance-graded range of CPUs
• Extensive selection of modules
• Expandable design with up to 32 modules
• Backplane bus integrated in the modules
• Can be networked with
- Multipoint Interface (MPI),
- PROFIBUS or
- Industrial Ethernet or
- PROFINET
• Central PG/PC connection with access to all modules
• No slot rules for peripheral modules,
• Configuration and parameter setting with the help of the "Hardware
Configuration" tool

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 7 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
S7-300: Modules

PS CPU IM SM: SM: SM: SM: FM: CP:


(optional) (optional) DI DO AI AO - Counting - Point-to Point
- Positioning - PROFIBUS
- Closed-loop - Industrial Ethernet
control

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.8

Signal Modules • Digital input modules: 24VDC, 120/230VAC


(SM) • Digital output modules: 24VDC, Relay
• Analog input modules: Voltage, Current,
Resistance, Thermocouple
• Analog output modules: Voltage, Current

Interface Modules The IM360/IM361 and IM365 make multi-tier configurations possible.
(IM) The interface modules loop the bus from one tier to the next.

Dummy Modules The DM 370 dummy module reserves a slot for a signal module whose
(DM) parameters have not yet been assigned. A dummy module can also be used to
reserve a slot for installation of an interface module at a later date.

Function Modules Perform "special functions":


(FM) • Counting
• Positioning
• Closed-loop control.

Communications Provide the following networking facilities:


Processors (CP) • Point-to-Point connections
• PROFIBUS
• Industrial Ethernet
• PROFINET.

Accessories Bus connectors and front connectors

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 8 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
S7-300: CPU Design
CPU 314 until Oct. 2002 CPU 314 after Oct. 2002

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.9

Mode Selector MRES = Memory reset function (Module Reset)


STOP = Stop mode, the program is not executed.
RUN = Program execution, read-only access possible from PG.
RUN-P = Program execution, read/write access possible from PG.
Status Indicators SF = Group error; internal CPU fault or fault in module with diagnostics
(LEDs) capability.
BATF = Battery fault; battery empty or non-existent.
DC5V = Internal 5 VDC voltage indicator.
FRCE = FORCE; indicates that at least one input or output is forced.
RUN = Flashes when the CPU is starting up, then a steady light in Run
mode.
STOP = Shows a steady light in Stop mode.
Flashes slowly for a memory reset request,
Flashes quickly when a memory reset is being carried out,
Flashes slowly when a memory reset is necessary because a
memory card has been inserted.

Memory Card A slot is provided for a memory card. The memory card saves the program
contents in the event of a power outage without the need for a battery.
For CPUs after Oct. 2002, a Micro Memory Card is always necessary for
operation. It also provides the backup in the event of a power outage.
Battery Compartment For CPUs up until Oct. 2002, there is a receptacle for a lithium battery under the
cover. The battery provides backup power to save the contents of the RAM in
the event of a power outage. For CPUs after Oct. 2002, no battery is necessary.
MPI Connection Connection for a programming device or other device with an MPI interface.
DP Interface Interface for direct connection of distributed I/Os to the CPU.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 9 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
S7-400 Automation System

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.10

Features • The power PLC for the mid to upper performance range,
• Performance-graded range of CPUs
• Extensive selection of modules
• Expandable design to over 300 modules
• Backplane bus integrated in the modules
• Can be networked with - Multipoint interface (MPI),
- PROFIBUS or
- Industrial Ethernet or
- PROFINET
• Central PG/PC connection with access to all modules
• No slot restrictions
• Configuration and parameter setting with the help of the "Hardware
Configuration" tool
• Multicomputing (up to four CPUs can be used in the central rack).

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 10 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
S7-400: Modules

PS CPU SM: SM: SM: SM: CP SM FM IM


DI DO AI AO

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.11

Signal Modules • Digital input modules: 24VDC, 120/230VAC


(SM) • Digital output modules: 24VDC, Relay
• Analog input modules: Voltage, Current, Resistance, Thermocouple
• Analog output modules: Voltage, Current.

Interface Modules The IM460, IM461, IM463, IM467 interface modules provide the connection
(IM) between various racks:
• UR1 (Universal Rack) with up to 18 modules
• UR2 (Universal Rack) with up to 9 modules
• ER1 (Expansion Rack) with up to 18 modules
• ER2 (Expansion Rack) with up to 9 modules.

Function Modules Perform "special functions":


(FM) • Counting
• Positioning
• Closed-loop control.

Communications Provide the following networking facilities:


Processors (CP) • Point-to-Point connections
• PROFIBUS
• Industrial Ethernet
• PROFINET.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 11 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
S7-400: CPU Design

Error LEDs

Slot for Memory


Card

Mode Selector

MPI/DP
Interface

DP Interface

External
Battery Supply

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.12

Fault LEDs LEDs for the CPU‘s statuses and faults, both internal and external

Memory Cards With the S7-400™ CPUs you can, depending on your requirements, insert RAM
or flash EPROM cards as external load memory:
• RAM cards are available with a capacity of:
64KByte, 256KByte, 1MByte, 2MByte.
The CPU battery backs up the contents.
• Flash EPROM cards are available with a capacity of:
64KByte, 256KByte, 1MByte, 2MByte, 4MByte, 8MByte, 16MByte.
The contents are backed-up on the integrated EEPROMs.

Mode Selector MRES = Memory reset function (Module RESet)


STOP = STOP mode, that is, no program execution and output disabled
("OD" mode = Output Disabled).
RUN = Program execution, read-only access possible from PG.
RUN-P = Program execution, read/write access possible from PG.

MPI / DP
Interface MPI / DP interface (parameter-assignable in HW-Config) for
• establishing the online connection to the programming device
• connecting to distributed peripherals (DP)
• data exchange with other stations (S7 Communication)

DP Interface For connecting to distributed peripherals (DP, only for CPUs with 2 interfaces)

EXT-BATT Additional external battery socket for a 5 VDC to 15 VDC source to back up the
RAM when the power supply is being replaced.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 12 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
PG/PC Requirements for Installing STEP 7

Operating Systems: Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Memory on the
Hard Drive: Depending on the installation, between 400 MB and 800 MB

Mouse: Yes

Interfaces: • CP5611 (PCI) or


• CP5512 (PCMCIA) or
• PC adapter (USB)
• Industrial Ethernet Interface (NIC)
• Programming interface for Memory Card (optional)

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.13

Requirements SIMATIC Programming devices (PG) provide the optimum basis for using the
STEP 7 software.
You can, however, also use a PC that fulfills the above-listed requirements. So
that you can make the necessary online connection between the automation
system (PLC) and the PC, the PC must be equipped with one of the interfaces
listed in the slide above.
If user programs are to be loaded on memory cards outside of the CPU, the PC
must also be equipped with the appropriate programming interface.

Note It is recommended that MS Windows 2000 Professional or Windows XP-


Professional be used for STEP 7 V5.
For STEP V5.3, only the MS Windows 2000 Professional or MS Windows XP
Professional operating systems can be used.
Further notes on the technical requirements can be found in the electronic catalog
CA01.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 13 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Installing the STEP 7 Basic Package

Double-click on icon

Activate
through
Start menu

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.14

Installation 1. Activate "Setup.exe" on the Installation CD or use the automatic Setup routine
activation
2. Choose options
3. Choose language(s)
4. Insert authorization disk when prompted.
5. Re-boot when prompted

Software Protection The STEP 7 software is copy-protected and can only be used on one
programming device at a time.
When you have installed the software, you cannot start using it until you have
transferred the authorization to the hard disk drive from the authorization disk.

Note • Be sure to read the notes in the README.TXT file on the authorization disk. If
you do not observe these instructions, you risk losing your authorization.
• As of STEP 7 V5.0, the STEP 7 basic package can also be operated without
authorization until a new authorization has been received. This, however, does
not apply to option packages, such as S7 Graph, if they have been installed.

Service Packs Basic STEP 7 Software Service Pack Updates can be downloaded free of charge
from Product Support in the Internet via the address http://www4.ad.siemens.de.

Result The main tool in STEP 7 is the SIMATIC® Manager. There are two ways in which
to activate it:
1. through the Task bar Æ Start Æ SIMATIC®Æ SIMATIC® Manager or through
2. the icon "SIMATIC® Manager" on the Windows Desktop.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 14 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
STEP 7 Tools

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.15

SIMATIC® Manager The SIMATIC® Manager manages the STEP 7 projects. It is the main program
and also appears on the WINDOWS desktop.

Notes "STEP 7 - Readme" provides detailed information about the version, installation
procedure, etc.

LAD, STL, FBD Tool for writing STEP 7 user programs in the "Ladder Diagram", "Statement List"
or "Function Block Diagram" programming languages.

Memory Card You can save your user programs on EPROM cards by either using the
Parameter programming device or an external prommer.
Assignment. Different drivers are required, depending on the application.

Configuring Network configuration is discussed in the chapter on "Communication".


Networks

Setting the PG-PC This tool is used for setting the local node address, the transmission speed
Interface and the highest node address in the MPI network.

PID Control The basic STEP 7 software package also includes blocks for solving PID
Parameter (closed-loop) control problems. You choose "PID Control Parameter
Assignment Assignment" to start the program for assigning parameters to the closed-loop
control blocks.

Converting S5 Files STEP5 programs can be converted into the corresponding STEP 7 programs with
the help of the S5/S7 converter.
Configure SIMATIC This option provides facilities for configuring multi-user systems.
Workspace

Converting TI Files SIMATIC TI programs can be converted into the corresponding STEP 7 program
with the help of the TI/S7 converter.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 15 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
STEP 7 Software Packages (Examples)
Which PLC? Necessary Options
SIMATIC S7-200 STEP 7
Micro/WIN

SIMATIC S7-300
STEP 7 Lite Tele Service S7-PLCSIM

SIMATIC S7-300
STEP 7 S7-SCL CFC S7-GRAPH

Standard PID
S7-HiGraph Fuzzy Control
Control
SIMATIC S7-400
Modular PID
DOCPRO TeleService
Control

PRODAVE
S7-PDIAG S7-PLCSIM
MPI

STEP 7 Professional

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.16

STEP 7 STEP 7 is the basic package for configuring SIMATIC S7-300 or S7- 400
systems.
With STEP 7 you can:
• configure hardware and assign parameters to it;
• configure communication;
• program;
• test and debug;
• document and archive;
• carry out diagnosis.

STEP 7 Lite STEP 7 Lite can be used to program the SIMATIC S7-300 (also the compact
CPUs). Programs that were created with STEP 7 Lite can also be exported to
STEP 7.
It is not possible to carry out a PROFIBUS (DP) or ETHERNET configuration!
ET200S or ET200X configuration (standalone) is possible.
PLCSIM and Teleservice can be used as option packages.

STEP 7 Micro STEP 7 Micro is suitable exclusively for configuring the S7-200.

License With the exception of STEP Micro/Win, a license is required for each package.

STEP 7 Professional STEP 7 Professional is a Software Package that contains all IEC languages:
STEP 7 Basic, S7-SCL, S7-GRAPH and the simulation package S7-PLCSIM.
STEP 7 Professional is available as an upgrade package (Powerpack) for STEP
7. Prerequisite for acquiring the powerpack is a valid STEP 7 license.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 16 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
If You Want to Know More about the Topic “TIA“

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.17

Note The following pages contain either further information or are for reference to
complete a topic.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 17 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
More Information

Handbuch

Katalog

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.18

Information You will find more information on the SIMATIC systems in the items below.

Manual The manuals give detailed information on the hardware and software. In addition
to the paper version, you can also use the electronic manuals. They are, in part,
included in the installation of STEP 7.

You can download the most recent SIMATIC manuals free of charge from the
Internet.
A collection of electronic SIMATIC manuals (HW, SW, Engineering, HMI, NET,
PG) can be ordered under the order number 6ES7 998-8XC01-8YE0.

Catalog The ST 70 catalog contains all SIMATIC components with their performance and
order data.

Electronic Catalog In addition to the paper version, the (CA01) catalog is also available as a CD. This
information is also available on the Internet (www.ad.siemens.de).

Siemens Partner Of course, your Siemens partner is also available for further information.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 18 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
The SIMATIC S7/C7 and WinAC Controllers

modular
Upper and
middle
performance
range

SIMATIC WinAC Slot


SIMATIC S7 - 400

Lower and complete


middle modular
performance
range

SIMATIC S7 - 300 SIMATIC C7 – 6xx SIMATIC WinAC Basis

Micro PLC compact

SIMATIC S7 - 200 Logo

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.19

SIMATIC S7 The programmable logic controller family consists of the Micro PLC (S7-200™)
performance range, the lower/middle performance range (S7-300™) and the
middle/upper performance range (S7-400™).

SIMATIC C7 This complete system is the combination of a PLC (S7-300™) and an operator
panel of the HMI operator control and process monitoring system. The integration
of programmable logic controller and operator panel in one device makes
complete machine controls in the smallest space and at an economical price
possible.

WinAC WinAC is a PC-based solution. It is used when various automation tasks (control,
visualization, data processing) are to be solved with a PC.

There are different products:


• WinAC Basic as software solution (PLC as Windows Task),
• WinAC Basic (RTX) as software PLC with real-time expansion,
• WinAC Slot as hardware solution (PLC as PC card)

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 19 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Programming Sequence Control Systems with S7- GRAPH

‰ S7-GRAPH: The tool for


programming sequence cascades
€ Compatible with DIN EN 6.1131-3 S1
€ Designed for the requirements of
production engineering
€ Graphic division of the process
T1 T4
into steps and transitions
€ Steps contain actions
€ Transitions check the conditions S2 S5 S6
for switching to the next step

‰ The following phases of T2 T5


automation can be
optimized with S7-GRAPH:
€ Planning, Configuring S4
€ Programming
€ Debugging
€ Commissioning T3
€ Maintenance, Diagnostics

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.20

S7-GRAPH With the S7-GRAPH programming language, you can clearly and quickly
configure and program sequential sequences that you wish to control with an S7
PLC system.
The process is thus split into single steps with their own function scope. The
sequence is graphically displayed and can be documented with picture and text.
The actions to be performed and the transitions, which control the conditions for
switching to the next step, are determined in the individual steps. Their definitions,
interlocking or monitoring are determined by a subset of the
STEP 7 programming language LAD (ladder diagram).
S7-GRAPH for S7-300™/400™ is compatible with the sequence language
established in the DIN EN 61131-3 standard.

Functionality The following functions are offered:


• Several sequencers in the same S7-GRAPH function block
• Free number assignment of the steps and transitions
• Simultaneous branches and alternative branches
• Jumps (also to other sequence cascades)
• Starting/Stopping of sequence cascades as well as activating/holding of
steps.

Test Functions • Display of active steps or faulty steps


• Status display and Modify Variable
• Switching between the operating modes: manual, automatic and jogging
mode

User Interface • Overview, Single Page and Single-step display


• Graphic separation of locking controls and monitoring conditions.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 20 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
The State Diagram Method S7- HiGraph
Position
‰ S7-HiGraph: The tool for Cam-operated Index out
programming using switch
State Diagrams 1 2 4 Turn left

€ Division of the machine into piece


functional units
€ Creating state diagrams Turn right
for every function unit
Motor Index in
€ States contain actions Counterbearing
lock/release
€ State diagrams communicate Index
Motor Counterbearing
using messages
‰ The following phases of
automation can be
Coordinator
optimized with S7-HiGraph:
€ Planning, Configuring
€ Programming and Debugging
€ Commissioning
€ Maintenance, Diagnostics
€ Supports reusability

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.21

Overview S7-Higraph allows the asychonous processes to be described using state


diagrams. The machine or system to be automated is looked upon as a
combination of independent elements, the function units.

Function Units The function units are the smallest mechanical units of a machine or system.
As a rule, a function unit is made up of mechanical and electrical basic
elements. In programming, a state diagram is assigned to every function unit.
In it, the functional, that is, the mechanical and electrical properties of the
function unit are mapped.

State Diagram The state diagram describes the dynamic behaviour of a function unit. It
describes the states that a function unit can have, as well as the state
transitions. State diagrams can be used more than once. State diagrams that
were created once for a specific function unit, can be reused in other progam
locations.

Diagram Groups By combining parallel running state diagrams, you can describe the complete
and Instances functionality of a machine or system.

Advantages This "object-oriented" method of S7-HiGraph is well suited for:


• the machine and system manufacturer (mechanical engineering)
• the automation specialist (electrical engineering) as common means of
description
• the commissioning engineer and the maintenance specialist
The state diagram method helps to optimize the entire process for the creation
of a machine or system in the sense of shorter development and turnaround
time as well as less commissioning time.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 21 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Programming in the High Level Language S7- SCL
FUNCTION_BLOCK Integrator
‰ S7-SCL: High level language for VAR_INPUT
creating PLC programs Init : BOOL; // Reset output value
x : REAL; // Input value
€ Compatible with DIN EN 6.1131-3 Ta : TIME; // Sampling interval in ms
(ST=Structured Text)) Ti : TIME; // Integration time in ms
€ Certified according to “PLC open“ olim : REAL; // Output value upper limit
Base Level ulim : REAL; // Output value lower limit
END_VAR
€ Contains all the typical elements of
a high level language, such as VAR_OUTPUT
operands, terms, control statements y : REAL:= 0.0; // Initialize output value with 0
END_VAR
€ PLC specifics are integrated,
such as I/O access, timers, BEGIN
counters...) IF TIME_TO_DINT(Ti) = 0 THEN // Division by ?
OK := FALSE;
Advantages: y := 0.0;
€ Well structured, easy to understand RETURN;
END_IF;
program IF Init THEN
€ For those knowlegeable in high level y:= 0.0;
langugages ELSE
y := y+TIME_TO_DINT(Ta)*x/TIME_TO_DINT(Ti);
€ For complex algorithms IF y > olim THEN y := olim; END_IF;
IF y < ulim THEN y := ulim; END_IF;
END_IF;
END_FUNCTION_BLOCK

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.22

Overview S7-SCL (Structured Control Language) is a PASCAL-similar high level text


language for S7 - 300™/400™ and C7 and simplifies the programming in control
technology for mathematical algorithms, data management and organization
tasks.
S7-SCL has the PLC open Base Level certificate and is in accordance with the
DIN EN 61131-3 (Structured Text) standard.
With S7-SCL, you can formulate time-saving and economical solutions for
automation tasks.

Functionality SCL offers the functional scope of a high level language such as:
• loops
• alternatives
• branch distributors, etc.
combined with control-specific functions such as:
• bit accesses to the I/O, bit memories, timers, counters etc.
• access to the symbol table
• STEP7 block accesses

Advantages of SCL • simple to learn programming language especially for beginners


• easy to read (understandable) programs are generated.
• simpler programming of complex algorithms and processing of complex data
structures
• integral debugger for symbolic debugging of the source code (single-step,
breakpoints, etc.)
• system integration in S7 languages such as STL and LAD.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 22 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
CFC - Tool for Graphic Interconnection of S7 Blocks

‰ CFC (Continuous Function Chart):


Tool for graphic creation
of PLC programs
€ Blocks are placed on
function charts
and interconnected
€ Interconnection is
possible:
- between I/O fields
- also to blocks in
other charts
€ Sources and destinations
are managed in the
margins
‰ Advantages
€ Program creation for
technologists
€ quick creation, testing
and commissioning times

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.23

Overview With the engineering tool CFC (Continuous Function Chart), you can create
automation tasks by drawing a technology plan - similar to a Function Block
Diagram in PLC programming.
In this graphic programming method, blocks are positioned in a type of drawing
sheet and are graphically interconnected with one another. You can quickly and
easily convert technological aspects into complete executable automation
programs with CFC.

Scope The following is supplied with CFC:


• CFC Editor
• Code Generator
• Debugger
• Standard block libraries

Note The CFC product, as an option package, is smoothly integrated in the STEP 7
architecture with a unified Look & Feel and with common data management. CFC
is easy to use, easy to learn and provides consistent data management.
The CFC tool plays an important role in the configuration of the PCS 7 process
control system. Prerequisite is a previously installed SCL option package.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 23 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Process Diagnosis with S7- PDIAG
‰ Process diagnosis: Detection of
faults occurring outside the PLC
€ Sensor/actuator defective, movement faulty,
...
‰ S7- PDIAG: Tool for configuring
the fault definition in STL, LAD, FBD
€ Integrated in the development environment
€ Simple formulation of fault monitoring and
message texts (during and after the
program session)
Message
€ Fault detection and criteria analysis are
conducted automatically
€ Comprehensive information for the operator
on:
ƒ type of fault
ƒ location of fault
ƒ cause of fault I 1.0 I 1.1 Q1.0

‰ Reduction of down-time

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.24

Process Diagnosis Diagnosis is important in the operating phase of a plant or machine. Diagnosis is
usually initiated when a fault leads to standstill or malfunction of the plant or
machine.
Programmable logic controllers are widely used in many areas. Field experience
has proven that over 98% of faults occur in the peripherals (such as magnet
valves and end switches). The distribution of fault occurrences makes it
meaningful for the diagnosis to focus on process faults, since missing messages
or faulty functions lead to down-times and the resulting costs.
Process diagnosis diagnoses exactly these external components (such as
sensors and actuators) or sequences in the process of a plant or machine.

S7-PDIAG The S7-PDIAG software package enables a uniform configuration of the process
diagnosis for the SIMATIC® S7-300™/400™ controllers in the LAD, FBD and STL
programming languages.
You can already define signal monitoring routines including first-up signal
acquisition and criteria analysis and input the associated message texts while or
after creating the user program in the LAD, FBD or STL programming languages.
PDIAG automatically generates monitoring blocks which you must call in your
user program.
At every call, the fault conditions are checked and in case of an error, the relevant
process values are acquired and sent to the display device for the criteria
analysis.
For the configuration of the operator panel, S7-PDIAG stores the process
diagnosis data in a shared database. This data can then be accessed by the OP
configuration software SIMATIC® ProTool with the option package ProAgent and
be made available for display on the operator panel.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 24 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Testing User Programs with S7- PLCSIM

‰ S7-PLCSIM: Simulation software


for offline testing of PLC programs
€ Functional program test
ƒ on a simulated CPU
ƒ with display/modify I/O
€ Testing of user blocks in
ƒ LAD, FBD, STL, S7-SCL,
ƒ S7-GRAPH, S7-HiGraph, CFC
ƒ S7-PDIAG, WinCC
‰ Advantages
€ Faults can be detected early and eliminated
€ Many tests are already possible in the office
without the final hardware

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.25

S7 - PLCSIM The SIMATIC® S7-PLCSIM engineering tool (option package) emulates a


complete S7-CPU including addresses and I/O on a PG/PC.
S7-PLCSIM thus enables you to test a program offline on the PG/PC. All STEP 7
programming languages (STL, LAD, FBD, S7-Graph, S7-HiGraph, S7-SCL and
CFC) can be used.
S7-PLCSIM allows you to check the functionality of user programs on the PC/PG,
regardless of whether the final hardware is available or not.

Functionality S7-PLCSIM offers the following functions for running a program on a simulated
PLC:
• An icon in the SIMATIC® Manager‘s toolbar switches the Simulation on or off.
If the simulation is turned on, every new connection is automatically made to
the simulated PLC.
If the simulation is turned off, then every new connection is made to the
"real" PLC.
• You can create view objects that allow you to access memory areas, accu-
mulators and tabs of the simulated CPU. You can modify and display all the
data in these view objects.
• You can change the CPU‘s operating mode (STOP, RUN and RUN-P) just
as with a "real" CPU. The simulation also provides a "Pause" function that
allows you to halt the program execution without affecting the state of the
program.

Advantages With S7-PLCSIM, you can detect faults early in the development phase and
eliminate them. The quality of the user programs is greatly improved and the
commissioning costs are lowered.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 25 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Runtime Software for Closed-loop Control Engineering Tasks

Confi- Basic SW
gura- or
Overview tion option
tool package

PID Controller No Basic SW


Basic SW PID Control Yes Basic SW

Standard PID Control Yes Option

Modular PID Control Yes Option


Fuzzy Control Yes Option

Neuro Systems Yes Option

Closed-loop control m. Yes

S7-200™ S7-300™ S7-400™ C7

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.26

Closed-loop In a closed-loop control system process variables are controlled in such a way
Control Engineering that they reach their new preset values as quickly as possible and that they
maintain these in spite of the effect of disturbances.

Basic Software The STEP 7 basic package already contains a series of function blocks for
PID Control solving simple control engineering tasks.

Standard This additional package contains blocks and a parameter assignment tool with
PID Control integrated control setting for standard tasks such as temperature controllers,
flow rate regulators, pressure regulators etc.

Modular Through the interconnection of supplied standard function blocks, you can
PID Control implement just about every closed-loop control engineering structure, even in
the upper performance range of process engineering.
The package contains 27 FBs and a commissioning tool.

Fuzzy Control Fuzzy Systems are used when the mathematic description of a process difficult
or even impossible, when a process behaviour is not consistent, when non-
linearities occur, but, on the other hand, experience with the process exists.

NeuroSystems Neuronal Systems are used with those problems, whose structure and solution
are only partly known.
NeuroSystems can be used in all automation levels, from the individual closed-
loop controller to the optimization of a plant.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 26 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Communicating with SIMATIC NET

Process Real-Time
Safety Communi-
Safety cation
Motion
Safety
Netzwerk Dezentrale
IT-Standards
PROFINET
IT-Standards Control
Distributed
& Security PROFINETFeldgeräte
Management Field devices
Verteilte
PROFINET
IT-Standards
Netzwerk
Netzwerk-
IT-Standards
Installation
Dezentrale
Netzwerk-
Verteilte
Motion
Intelligenz
Feldgeräte
Network
Installation Netzwerk-
Verteilte Intelligenz
Motion
Control
Verteilte
Industrial Ethernet Installation
Motion
Installation Leitebene
Distributed
Echtzeit-
Control
Installation
Intelligenz
Control Automation
Intelligence
Kommunikation

Zellebene

PROFIBUS
Field level

Actuator- Actuator-
sensor sensor
Interface level

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.27

SIMATIC® NET SIMATIC® NET is the name of an entire family of networks.


• Industrial Ethernet according to IEEE 802.3 - the international standard for
the networking of areas and cells
• PROFIBUS according to EN 50170 - the international standard for the field
area and the cell network with a limited number of nodes
• AS-Interface - for communication with sensors and actuators.

Industrial Ethernet The Industrial Ethernet network is a cell level network according to the inter-
national standard IEEE 802.3 (Ethernet) and is designed for industrial use.
Extensive open network solutions are possible. A high transmission rate is
guaranteed with various transmission media. Industrial Ethernet is an industry
standard, world-wide tested and accepted.
PROFINET PROFINET as the future standard for communication applications in the field level
enables the interfacing of distributed field devices through Industrial Ethernet with
the TCP/IP protocol.
PROFIBUS PROFIBUS is the bus system for cell networks with a limited number of nodes. It
is based on the European standard EN 50170, Volume 2, PROFIBUS. Since the
requirements according to EN 50170 are fulfilled, PROFIBUS guarantees
openness for the connection of components from other manufacturers that
conform to standards.
The PROFIBUS accessing procedure functions according to the "Token Passing
with subordinate Master-Slave" procedure. As a result, a distinction is made
between active and passive network participants.
AS - Interface The AS-Interface is a networking system for binary sensors and actuators in the
field area. With AS-Interface, binary actuators and sensors become capable of
communication, for which a direct field bus connection was not technically
possible up until now or was not economical.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 27 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Operator Control and Process Monitoring with SIMATIC® HMI

Process visualization
system
SIMATIC® WinCC V6.1

SIMATIC Panels

ProAgent

WinCC flexible 2005


ProTool / Pro V6.02

WinCC V6

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.28

Overview For the SIMATIC® S7, there is a field-proven HMI system for user-friendly
process control and monitoring available, the SIMATIC® HMI. It ranges from the
simple text display to the process visualization system.
SIMATIC® S7 and SIMATIC® HMI are completely harmonized and integrated.
This simplifies the use of the human-machine interface system SIMATIC® HMI
considerably.
• SIMATIC® S7 has already integrated HMI services. The HMI system
requests process data from the SIMATIC® S7. Data transmission between
SIMATIC® S7 and SIMATIC® HMI is carried out by the two operating systems
and does not have to be taken into account in the user program.
SIMATIC® HMI systems can be connected directly to PPI (S7-200™) and
MPI or Profibus (S7-300™ and S7-400™). Operation using PROFIBUS
makes process control and monitoring even over greater distances possible.
• Numerous features from the uniform database and symbols up to the same
user-friendly Windows-oriented user interfaces simplify the use of HMI
systems.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 28 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Process Visualization and Operator Control with WinCC

anzahl ()
float zae
begin
if wert > 0
Motor on begom
zae = zae + 1
Valve closed end
Flap up end

Alarm Logging Programming


(Message System) Interfaces

Process visualization

Tag Logging Standard


(Archiving) Interfaces
Protokolle

Report Designer PLC


(Report System) Communication

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.29

WinCC SIMATIC® WinCC (Windows Control Center) is the open process visualization
system from Siemens. It can be integrated problem free in a new or already
existing PLC system.

Function Modules The heart of SIMATIC® WinCC is an industry and technology independent basic
system with all the important functions for operator control and monitoring, such
as:
• Pixel graphic display
• Measured value acquisition (archiving functions, data compression,
minimum and maximum values etc.)
• Message display, archiving and reporting
• Process communication to different PLC systems
• Standard interfaces, for example, Microsoft programs
• Documentation of machine and process sequences with individual reports.

Basis of WinCC WinCC V5 is based on the 32-bit standard operating systems Windows NT/2000
from Mircrosoft. This platform gives WinCC the following functionality:
• Use of the Windows operating equipment (such as printer and driver)
• Data exchange with other Windows applications via DDE, ODBC, SQL,
OLE, ActiveX and OPC.
• API programming interface
• use of hardware available in the market

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 29 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
Process Automation with SIMATIC® PCS 7

Engineering System Process terminal 1 Process terminal 2 Process terminal 3

Terminal bus

WinCC OS WinCC OS-Server

System bus
S7-400 as
central unit

FM

SV DP
ET 200M
FM

SV DP

Field devices

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.30

Introduction SIMATIC® PCS 7 represents the new control system generation in SIEMENS. It is
the consistent, further development and summary of the experiences with
TELEPERM M, SIMATIC® PCS and SIMATIC® S5 based systems. As a result, it
is tailored to the process control system tasks in all industries.

Engineering The Engineering System can be designed as its own station in the system. It
System can however also be loaded as a software package in the OS components at the
same time.
The Engineering System has the following components:
• STEP 7 with the SIMATIC® Manager, the central database, and with HW
Config for configuring hardware and networks. It also contains the servers,
that facilitate consistent configuration between PLC and OS.
• SCL (Structured Control Language) as PASCAL-similar higher level
programming language for block generation
• CFC (Continuous Function Chart) for graphic configuration of the basic
automation functions
• SFC (Sequential Function Chart) for graphic configuration of production
sequences
• Expansion of the SIMATIC® Manager with “Technological Hierarchy“
• WinCC (Windows Control Center) for OS configuration
• DOCPRO for documenting configuration data
• Import–/Export wizard for bi-directional data exchange with other CAE
systems
These components are supplemented by libraries that provide pre-defined blocks
for PLC and OS.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 30 The SIMATIC S7 System Family
DRIVES Technology

Consistent drives spectrum for all applications


‰ From standard drives with 100 W
up to large drives with 50 MW
‰ Motion and vector control
‰ Technology-specific closed-loop
controllers

SIMATIC S7 Date: 14.10.2005 SITRAIN Training for


Automation and Industrial Solutions
Siemens AG 2005. All rights reserved. File: PRO1_01E.31

Overview You have the following drives spectrum:


• Low voltage motors are the first High Performance AC for machine and
systems - the solution for the future: maintenance free, dynamic and
powerful.
• SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES frequency converters. They control the speed
of AC motors extremely exact. This series was designed for world-wide
use. It is suitable for all supply voltages from 230 to 690 volt and is certified
world-wide.
• MICROMASTER and MICRO/MIDIMASTER Vector standard converters are
frequency converters in the 120 watt to 75 kW performance range. Because
of their compact form, they can be installed in the smallest space. The
sensorless vector control allows it to be used in the medium performance
range even for demanding applications.
COMBIMASTER are compact units consisting of three-phase low voltage
motors and frequency converters.
MICROMASTER Integrated are frequency converters (IP 65) that are applied
directly to three-phase low voltage motors of different manufacturers.
MICRO/MIDIMASTER Eco are frequency converters specially designed for
the requirements of the heating, ventilation and air conditioning industry.
• SIMOREG converter equipment are fully digital compact units for three-
phase operation and are used for armature and field supply of variable speed
DC drives. The range of rated direct current of the devices is from 15 to
2000 A and can be increased by parallel connection of SIMOREG devices.
The most familiar applications include hoisting gear, ski lifts, elevators,
cranes, and other reversing drives.

SITRAIN Training for ST-PRO1


Automation and Industrial Solutions Page 31 The SIMATIC S7 System Family