Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 21

POCKET RATING GUIDE

Generator Sets

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Caterpillar Diesel Ratings

2-8

Caterpillar Diesel Rating Definitions

Caterpillar Gas Ratings

10-14

Caterpillar Gas Rating Definitions

15

Diesel Rental Ratings

16

Olympian International Diesel Ratings

17-19

Olympian Diesel Rating Definitions

20

Olympian International Gas Ratings

21-22

Olympian North America Gas Ratings

23

Olympian Gas Rating Definitions

24

Conversion Tables

25-35

Notes Page

36-37

Caterpillar Offices

38

Cat Diesel
Cat Gas

Color Key:
Olympian Diesel
Olympian Gas

CAT 50 Hz DIESEL RATINGS

CAT GENERATOR SETS


(DIESEL)

Standby

kVA
Prime

Continuous

300
350
400
400

275
320
365
365

450

410

C15 ACERT

500

455

C15 ACERT

550

C15 ACERT

550
600
605
650

500
545
550
591

C18 ACERT
C18 ACERT
C18 ACERT
C18 ACERT

700
750
800
900
1000
1000
1100
1100
1250
1400
1400
1500
1600
1750
1875
2000
2000
2250
2500
3000

635
680
725

910
910
1000
1000
1135
1275
1275
1360
1500
1600
1700
1825
1825
2000
2275

830
910
910
1000
1206
1230
1230

1500

1600
1640
1750
2000

C18 ACERT
3412C
3412C
3412C
3508
C32 ACERT
3508B
C32 ACERT
3512
3512B
3512B
3512B
3512B
3516B-HD
3512B-HD
3516
3516
3516B
3516B-HD
C175-16

Generator Set
Model
1500 rpm
3406C
3406C
3406C
C15 ACERTTM

Configuration
Low BSFC
Low BSFC
Low BSFC
EU Stage II, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EU Stage II, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EU Stage II, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EU Stage II, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
EU Stage II
EU Stage II, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC
Low BSFC
Low BSFC
Low BSFC
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC

CAT 60 Hz DIESEL RATINGS

50 Hz DIESEL RATINGS (cont.)


Standby

kVA
Prime

2688
3575
5375
7150

500
738
1050
1100
1400
1475

2425
3250
4850
6500

2163

2863

4325
5725

1963

2600

3925
5200

Continuous
1000 rpm
488
638
969
1013
1225
1288
1368
1825
2025
2200
2938
4400
5875
750 rpm
1775
2225
2875
2363
3238
3550
4725
6988
9313
600 rpm
3456
4656
5238
500 rpm
6550
7638
8725
9825
13094
17463

Generator Set
Model
3508
3508B
3512
3512B
3516
3516B
6CM20
8CM20
9CM20
3606
3608
3612
3616
3606
6CM25
8CM25
3608
9CM25
3612
3616
12CM32
16CM32
6CM32
8CM32
9CM32
6CM43
7CM43
8CM43
9CM43
12CM43
16CM43

ekW
Model
Standby
Prime
Single Phase Output* 1800 rpm
D13-2S
13
11.8
D17-2S
17
16
D20-4S
20
18
D25-6S
25
22.5
D30-6S
30
27
D40-4S
40
36
D50-4S
50
45
D60-4S
60
54
D75-4S
75
67.5
D90-4S
90
82
D100-4S
100
90
3-Phase Output** 1800 rpm
D13-2
13
12
D18-2
18
16.4
D20-4
20
18
D25-6
25
22.8
D30-8
30
27
D40-4
40
36
D50-4
50
45
D60-4
60
54.6
D80-4
80
72
D100-4
100
90
D125-6
125
114
D150-8
150
135
D175-2
175
157.5

*All ratings at 1.0 pf


**All ratings at 0.8 pf

CAT 60 Hz DIESEL RATINGS (cont.)


Standby

ekW
Prime

Continuous

Generator Set
Model
1800 rpm
C9 ACERTTM
C9 ACERT
C15 ACERT

250
300
350

225
275
320

400

365

C15 ACERT

450

410

C15 ACERT

500

455

C15 ACERT

550
(ESP)
550
600
650
700
750
800

900

1000
1100
1250
1400
1500
1500
1750
2000
2000
2250

C15 ACERT

500
545
591
635
680
725
820
810
910
910
1000
1135
1275
1360
1360
1600
1825
1825

660
740
832
830
890
1010
1230
1230
1230
1450
1640
1640

C18 ACERT
C18 ACERT
C27 ACERT
C27 ACERT
C27 ACERT
C27 ACERT
3508
C32 ACERT
3508B
C32 ACERT
3512
3512
3512B
3512C
3512B
3516
3516B
3516C
3516B

2500
2750
3000

2275

2050

3516C-HD
C175-16
C175-16

CAT 60 Hz DIESEL RATINGS (cont.)


ekW
Prime

Configuration

Standby

EPA Tier 3
EPA Tier 3
EPA Tier 3, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EPA Tier 3, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EPA Tier 3, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
Low BSFC
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
EPA Tier 2
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
Low BSFC
Low BSFC, Low Emissions
EPA Tier 2
EPA Tier 1, Low BSFC,
Low Emissions
EPA Tier 2
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC
EPA Tier 2, Low BSFC

425
600
1000
1015
1250
1285
1450

2000
2660
4000
5320

1820
2420
3640
4840

Continuous
1200 rpm
400
520
870
890
1100
1145
1325
900 rpm
980
1300
1470
1650
2200
3300
4400

Generator Set
Model
3508
3508B
3512
3512B
3516
3516B
3516B
6CM20
8CM20
9CM20
3606
3608
3612
3616

CAT 60 Hz DIESEL RATINGS (cont.)


Standby

ekW
Prime

1680

2200

3360
4440

1525

2020

3050
4040

Continuous
720 rpm
1375
1730
1830
2230
2500
2750
3660
5590
7450
600 rpm
2765
3725
4190
514 rpm
5240
6110
6980
7860
10475
13970

Generator Set
Model
3606
6CM25
3608
8CM25
9CM25
3612
3616
12CM32
16CM32
6CM32
8CM32
9CM32
6CM43
7CM43
8CM43
9CM43
12CM43
16CM43

CAT DIESEL RATING DEFINITIONS:


Emergency Standby (ESP)
Output available with varying load for the duration of an emergency
outage. Average power output is 70% of the standby power rating.
Typical operation is 50 hours per year with maximum expected usage
of 200 hours per year. Standby power in accordance with ISO8528
and ISO3046.
Standby
Output available with varying load for the duration of the interruption
of the normal source power. Average power output is 70% of the
standby power rating. Typical operation is 200 hours per year, with
maximum expected usage of 500 hours per year. Standby power in
accordance with ISO8528 and ISO3046.
Prime
Output available with varying load for an unlimited time. Average
power output is 70% of the prime power rating. Typical peak demand
of 100% of prime - rated ekW with 10% of overload capability for
emergency use for a maximum of 1 hour in 12. Overload operation
cannot exceed 25 hours per year. Prime power in accordance with
ISO8528 and ISO3046.
Continuous
Output available without varying load for an unlimited time. Average
power output is 70 - 100% of the continuous power rating. Typical
peak demand is 100% of continuous rated ekW for 100% of operating
hours. Continuous power in accordance with ISO8528 and ISO3046.

11

CAT 50 Hz GAS RATINGS

CAT GENERATOR SETS


(GAS)

Continuous
Generator Set
kVA
ekW
Model
1500 rpm
87
70
G3306
106
85
G3306
138
110
G3306
156
125
G3306
156
125
G3406
194
155
G3408
200
160
G3406
213
170
G3408
218
174
G3406
225
180
G3406
225
180
G3408
231
185
G3406
237
190
G3406
237
190
G3408
256
205
G3408
263
210
G3408
281
225
G3412
288
230
G3408
300
240
G3408
319
255
G3408
325
260
G3412
344
275
G3412
350
280
G3412
363
290
G3412
369
295
G3412
394
315
G3412
406
325
G3412
444
355
G3412
450
360
G3412

Continuous
Generator Set
kVA
ekW
Model
1500 rpm
469
375
G3412
494
395
G3412
600
480
G3508
619
495
G3508
631
505
G3508
638
510
G3508
906
725
G3512
931
745
G3512
956
765
G3512
963
770
G3512
1094
875
G3516
1156
925
G3516
1219
975
G3516
1256
1005
G3516
1288
1030
G3516
1356
1085
G3516B
1380
1104
G3516B
1388
1110
G3516B
1431
1145
G3516B
1615
1292
G3520B
1700
1360
G3520B
1825
1460
G3520B
1975
1580
G3516C
1975
1580
G3516E
2000
1600
G3516C
2000
1600
G3516E
2438
1950
G3520C
2500
2000
G3520C

12

13

CAT 50 Hz GAS RATINGS (cont.)


Continuous
Generator Set
Model
ekW
kVA
1000 rpm
G3606
1270
1588
G3606
1355
1694
G3608
1695
2119
G3608
2045
2556
G3612
2575
3219
G3612
2725
3406
G3612
2900
3625
G3616
3425
4281
G3616
3630
4538
G3616
3860
4825
750 rpm
G16CM34
6520
8150
G3520B
1460
1825

CAT 60 Hz GAS RATINGS


Standby

150

260
275

310
340
350
375
450
480

1040

ekW
Continuous
1800 rpm
85
100
135
140
150
150
175
210
225
250
255
280
350
375
375
395
425

1250
1300
1400
1635
1660
1900
2055

Generator Set
Model
G3306
G3306
G3306
G3306
G3306
G3406
G3408
G3406
G3406
G3412
G3408
G3408
G3412
G3412C
G3412
G3412
G3412
G3516
G3516B
G3516B
G3516B
G3516C
G3516C
G3520C
G3520C

14

15

CAT 60 Hz GAS RATINGS (cont.)


Standby

ekW
Continuous
1200 rpm
375
400
555
570
600
750
770
815
820
1600
900 rpm
1155
1235
1540
1640
2310
2335
2465
2595
2615
3080
3105
3285
3408
3480
720 rpm
6520

Generator Set
Model
G3508
G3508
G3512
G3512
G3512

G3516

G3516
G3520C
G3606
G3606
G3608
G3608
G3612
G3612
G3612
G3612
G3612
G3616
G3616
G3616
G3616
G3616
G16CM34

CAT GAS RATING DEFINITIONS:


Standby
These ratings are applicable for supplying continuous electrical
power (at variable load) in the event of a utility power failure. No
overload is permitted on these ratings. Natural gas ratings have been
established on natural gas with net calorific Low Heat Value (LHV) of
approximately 35.6 mJ/m3 (905 Btu/ft3) and 80 methane number (MN).
Continuous
Output available without varying load for an unlimited time.
Continuous power in accordance with ISO8528, AS2789, and BS5514.
Natural gas ratings have been established on natural gas with net
calorific Low Heat Value (LHV) of approximately 35.6 mJ/m3
(905 Btu/ft3) and 80 methane number (MN).
ekW Generator output at 0.8 pf
kVA Generator output

14

16

OLYMPIAN 50 Hz RENTAL UNIT RATINGS


kVA
Model
Prime
Standby
3-Phase Output* - 1500 rpm
XQE20
20

XQE27
27

XQE45
45

XQE75
75

XQE100
100

XQE135
135

XQE200
200

XQE250
250

CAT 60 Hz RENTAL UNIT RATINGS


ekW
Prime
Standby
1800 rpm
18
20
27
30
41
45
54
60
70
80
90
100
210
230
275
300
365
400
455
500
545
600
680
750
910
1000
1360
1500
1825
2000

Model
XQ20
XQ30
XQ45
XQ60
XQ80
XQ100
XQ230
XQ300
XQ400
XQ500
XQ600
XQ750
XQ1000
XQ1500
XQ2000

*All ratings at 0.8pf

OLYMPIAN
GENERATOR SETS
(DIESEL)

18

19

OLYMPIAN INTERNATIONAL DIESEL RATINGS


rpm

1800
1800
1800

1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800

60 Hz - ekW
50 Hz - kVA
Standby Prime
rpm
Standby
Prime
Single Phase Output*
6
1500
5.5

8
1500
7

6
3000

9
3000

11
1500
10
13
12
14
1500
13
17
15.5
16.5
1500
15
20
18
17.5
3000

24
3000

26
1500
24
30
27
26
1500
24
30
27
35
1500
32
40
36
35
1500
32
40
36
44
1500
40
44
40
44
1500
40
44
40
50
1500
45
55
50
50
1500
45
55
50
64
1500
58
72
65
64
1500
58
72
65
80
1500
72
94
85
80
1500
72
94
85
88
1500
80
100
90
105
1500
96
112.5
100

*Ratings at 1.0 pf and 32C (90F).

Generator Set
Model
GEK6SP-1
GEK8SP-1
GEKH6SP-1
GEKH9SP-1
GEP11SP-2
GEP14SP-2
GEP16SP-2
GEPH17SP
GEPH24SP
GEP26SP1
GEP26SP2
GEP35SP2
GEP35SP5
GEP44SP1
GEP44SP2
GEP50SP2
GEP50SP5
GEP64SP1
GEP64SP2
GEP80SP1
GEP80SP2
GEP88SP1
GEP105SP1

OLYMPIAN INTERNATIONAL DIESEL RATINGS (cont.)


rpm
1800
1800
1800

1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800

1800
1800
1800

60 Hz - ekW
Standby
Prime
13
17
20

27.2
27.2
30
30
40
40
45
45
50
60
60
70.4
70.4
96
100
100
132
132

148
150.4
200

12
15.5
18

24
24
27
27
36
36
40
40
45
55
55
64
64
88
90.4
90.4
120
120

135.2

180

50 Hz - kVA
Standby
rpm
Prime
3-Phase Output**
13.8
1500
12.5
18
1500
16.5
22
1500
20
22
3000

30
3000

35
3000

30
1500
27
30
1500
27
33
1500
30
33
1500
30
44
1500
40
44
1500
40
50
1500
45
50
1500
45
55
1500
50
65
1500
60
65
1500
60
88
1500
80
88
1500
80
100
1500
90
110
1500
100
110
1500
100
150
1500
135
150
1500
135
165
1500
150
165
1500
150

220
1500
200
250
1500
230
275
1500
250

**Ratings at 0.8 pf and 43C (100F).

Generator Set
Model
GEP13.5-2
GEP18-2
GEP22.2
GEPH22-2
GEPH30-2
GEPH35-2
GEP30-1
GEP30-2
GEP33-1
GEP33-2
GEP44-2
GEP44-5
GEP50-2
GEP50-5
GEP55-1
GEP65-2
GEP65-5
GEP88-1
GEP88-2
GEP100
GEP110
GEP110-2
GEP150
GEP150-2
GEP165
GEP165-2
GEH175
GEH188
GEH220
GEH250
GEH275

20

OLYMPIAN DIESEL RATING DEFINITIONS:


Standby
These ratings are applicable for supplying continuous electrical power
(at variable load) in the event of a utility power failure. No overload is
permitted on these ratings. Natural gas ratings have been established
on natural gas with net calorific value of approximately 36.8 mJ/m3 (988
Btu/ft3).
Prime
These ratings are applicable for supplying continuous electrical power
(at variable load) in lieu of commercially purchased power. There is no
limitation to the annual hours of operation, and this model can supply
10 percent overload power for 1 hour in 12 hours.

OLYMPIAN
GENERATOR SETS
(GAS)

22

23

OLYMPIAN (INTERNATIONAL) 50Hz GAS RATINGS


rpm
1500
3000
1500
3000

Standby ekW
Prime ekW
LP
Natural
LP
Natural
Single Phase output*
13
11.8
11
10
24
24

3-Phase output**
16.5
15
14
12.5
30
30

Generator Set
Model
GEUG13S1
GEUHG24S1
GEUG16-1
GEUHG30-1

OLYMPIAN (INTERNATIONAL) 60Hz GAS RATINGS


rpm
1800
3600
1800
3600

Standby ekW
Prime ekW
LP
Natural
LP
Natural
Single Phase output*
16
15
13.5
13
25
25

3-Phase output**
16
15
13.5
13.5
25
25

*Ratings at 1.0 pf and 32C (90F)


**Ratings at 0.8 pf and 43C (100F)

Generator Set
Model
GEUG13S1
GEUHG24S1
GEUG16-1
GEUHG30-1

OLYMPIAN (NORTH AMERICA) 60Hz GAS RATINGS


rpm
1800
1800
3600
3600
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
3600
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800

Standby ekW
Prime ekW
LP
Natural
LP
Natural
Single Phase output*
10
10
9
9
15
15
13.5
13
17.5
17.5

25
25

30
30
27
27
35
35
31.5
31.5
45
42.5
40
36
55
55
50
50
75
70
64
60

100

85
3-Phase output**
12
12
11
11
15
15
13.5
13.2
20
20

25
25

30
30
27
27
40
40
36
36
50
45
42.5
37.5
60
60
55
55
80
75
68
63.5

100

85

125

114

150

134.4

*Ratings at 1.0 pf and 32C (90F)


**Ratings at 0.8 pf and 43C (100F)

Generator Set
Model
G10U3S
G15U3S
G17.5UH3S
G25UH3S
G30F3S
G35F3S
G45F3S
G55F3S
G75F3S
G100F3S
G12U3
G15U3
G20UH3
G25UH3
G30F3
G40F3
G50F3
G60F3
G80F3
G100F3
G125G1
G150G1

24

25

ELECTRICAL TABLES

OLYMPIAN GAS RATING DEFINITIONS:


Standby
These ratings are applicable for supplying continuous electrical power
(at variable load) in the event of a utility power failure. No overload is
permitted on these ratings. Natural gas ratings have been established
on natural gas with net calorific value of approximately 36.8 mJ/m3
(988 Btu/ft3).
Prime
These ratings are applicable for supplying continuous electrical power
(at variable load) in lieu of commercially purchased power. There is no
limitation to the annual hours of operation, and this model can supply
10 percent overload power for 1 hour in 12 hours.

To Obtain

Alternating Current
Single-Phase
Three-Phase

Direct Current

Kilowatts

V x I x P.F.
1000

1.732 x V x I x P.F.
1000

KVA

VxI
1000

1.732 x V x I
1000

Horsepower
required when KW
known (Generator)

KW
.746 x EFF. (Gen)

KW
.746 x EFF. (Gen)

KW
.746 x EFF. (Gen)

KW input when
HP known (Motor)

HP x .746
EFF. (Mot.)

HP x .746
EFF. (Mot.)

HP x .746
EFF. (Mot.)

Ampheres when
HP known

HP x .746
V x P.F. x EFF.

HP x .746
1.732 x V x EFF. x P.F.

HP x .746
V x EFF.

Ampheres when
KW known

KW x 1000
V x P.F.

KW x 1000
1.732 x V x P.F.

KW x 1000
V

Ampheres when
KVA known

KVA x 1000
V

KVA x 1000
1.732 x V

Frequency
(c.p.s)

Poles x RPM
120

Poles x RPM
120

Reactive
kVA (KVAR)

V x I x 1-(P.F.)2
1000

1.732 x V x I x 1-(P.F.)2
1000

% Voltage
Regulation

100 (VNL-VFL)
VFL

100 (VNL-VFL)
VFL

VxI
1000

100 (VNL-VFL)
VFL

ELECTRICAL TABLE ABBREVIATIONS:


V - voltage in volts
I - current in ampheres
KW - power in kilowatts (actual power)
KVA - kilovolt-ampheres (apparent power)
HP - horsepower
RPM - revolutions per minute

KVAR - reactive kilovolt-ampheres


EFF. - efficiency as a decimal factor
NL - no load
FL - full load
P.F. - power factor
Note: DC KW = DC KVA

26

27

THREE-PHASE CONNECTION SYSTEMS

REDUCED VOLTAGE STARTERS


Type of Starter

Motor Voltage
(% Line Voltage)

Line Current
(% Full Voltage)
Starting Current

Starting Torque
(% of Full Voltage)
Starting Torque

Full Voltage Starter

100

100

100

Auto Transformer
80% Tap
65% Tap
50% Tap

80
65
50

68
46
30

64
42
25

80

80

64

50
45
37.5

50
45
37.5

25
20
14

100
100

75
50

75
50

Resistor Starter
Single Step
(adjusted for motor
voltage to be 80%
of line voltage)
Reactor
50% Tap
45% Tap
37.5% Tap
Part Winding (lowspeed motors only)
75% Winding
80% Winding

28

29

COMPARISON OF REDUCED VOLTAGE STARTING METHODS


Characteristic

Autotransformer

Starting Line Current


at Same Motor
Terminal Voltage

Least

Primary Resistor

Reactor

ENGINE ROOM VENTILATION

Two-Step
Part Winding

More than autotransformer type

Starting Power
Factor

Low

Power Draw from


Line During Starting

Low

Torque

Increases slightly
with speed

Increases rapidly with speed

Smoothness
of Acceleration

Motor momentarily
disconnected from
line from start to run

Smooth. Transfer made


with little change in
motor terminal voltage

Relative Cost

Average

Lower in small sizeotherwise equal


Average

Ease of Control

Same

Same

Same

No provision
for adjustment of
starting current

Maintenance

Same

Same

Same

Less than others

High*

Low

Low

More than autotransformer type


Increases slightly
with speed

Smooth

Less than others


Engine room ventilation can be estimated by the following formulas,
assuming 100F (38C) ambient air temperature:
V (cfm) =

Line Disturbance

Varies with conditions and type of load

More than others

H
+ Engine Combustion Air
0.070 x 0.24 x T

V (m3/min) =

H
+ Engine Combustion Air
1.099 x 0.017 x T

V = Ventilation air (cfm) (m3/min).


H = Heat radiation (Btu/min) (kW).
T = Permissible temperature rise in engine room (F) (C).
Density of air at 100F = 0.070 lb/cu ft (1.099 kg/m3).
Specific heat of air = 0.24 Btu/F (0.017 kW/C).
*Resistor starting adds considerable kW load to generator set. Total power
required includes the motor kW and the kW which is lost as heat in the resistor.
The series resistors account for a higher than normal starting power factor.

30

31

FUEL SYSTEM - DIESEL

CONVERSION FACTORS

Day Tank Sizing


Length

Tank Size (gal) = Rated BSFC (lb/hphr) x Rated HP x Load Factor


7.076 (lb/gal)
x Hours Between Refilling
+ Reserve Requirement
OR

Rule of Thumb for tank size with 25% reserve


0.056 x Ave. BHP demand x Hours between refills x 1.25 =
0.27 x Ave. BKW demand x Hours between refills x 1.25 =

gal.
liters.

Unit
mm
in
ft
yd
m
km
mi

mm
1
25.4
304.8
914.4
1000
100 0000
160 9340

in
.03937
1
12
36
39.3701
39 370.1
63 360

ft
.003281
0.083 33
1
3
3.280 84
3208.84
5280

yd
.001094
0.027 78
0.333 33
1
1.093 61
1093.61
1760

m
.001
0.0254
0.3048
0.9144
1
1000
1609.34

km
.0000 01
0.000 03
0.000 30
0.000 91
0.001
1
1.609 34

mi

0.000 62
0.621 37
1

Note: Additional tank capacity required for cooling of recirculated fuel in unit-injected
engines. Tank should be located below level of injectors or nozzles.

Area
On-Site Power Requirements
Based on 100,000 sq ft. of office bldg., etc and 40N. Latitudes
Electric Requirements
600 kW continuous load
(Air conditioning is absorption)
Use three - 300kW units
(2 prime and 1 standby)

Air Conditioning and Compressor


400 tons prime load
Use two - 200 hp engines
(No Standby)

Refrigeration

Unit
mm2
in2
m2
ft2

mm2
1
645.16
10 00000
92903

1 sq mile = 640 acres


1 acre = 4840 yd2

One ton refrigeration = 200 Btu/min = 12,000 Btu/h


One Boiler hp = 33,475 Btu/h
One ton compressor rating = One engine hp
Auxiliary air conditioning equipment requires 1/4 hp/ton of compressor rating
Complete power requires 4-5 hp per daily ton capacity
hp = 1/4 x cu ft m/min at 100 psi
Increase bhp 10% for 125 psi
Decrease bhp 10% for 80 psi

m2

0.000 645 16
1
0.0929

1 cir mil = 7.854 x 10-7in2


1 cir mil = .7854 x mils2

ft2

0.006 944
10.764
1
1 cir mil = 5.067 x 10-6cm2

Weight

Ice Plant
Air Compressor

in2
0.00155
1
1550
144

Unit
1 Kilogram
1 Ounce
1 Pound
1 Short Ton
1 Long Ton
1 Metric Ton

Kilograms
1
0.02835
0.4536
907.2
1,016
1,000

Ounces
Avoirdupois
35.27
1
16
32,000
35,840
35,300

Pounds
Avoirdupois
2.205
0.0625
1
2,000
2,240
2,205

1 grain = 0.064799 gram

Tons
Short

1
1.12
1.102

Long

0.8929
1
0.9842

Metric

0.9072
1.016
1

32

33

CONVERSION FACTORS (cont.)

Volume and Capacity


Volume and Capacity
Unit
in3
ft3
yd3
mm3
m3
U.S.gal
lmp gal
liter
acre-ft

in3
1
1728
46656
6.1 x 10-5
61 023.7
231
277.419
61.023 7

1 board-foot = 144 in3

ft3
0.000 58
1
27
4.0 x 10-8
35.3147
0.133 68
0.160 54
0.035 31
43 560
1 bushel = 1.244 ft3

yd3
0.000 02
0.037 04
1

1.307 95
0.004 95
0.005 95
0.001 31
1613.33

mm3
16387.1
28 320 000
764 554 858
1
1,000,000,000
3785420
4540090
1000 000

m3
0.000 02
0.028 32
0.76455

1
0.003 78
0.004 55
0.001
1233.48

U.S. gal
0.004 32
7.480 52
201.974
2.6 x 10-7
264.192
1
1.200 95
0.264 17
325 851

lmp gal
0.003 61
5.228 83
168.178
2.2 x 10-7
219.969

1
0.219 97
271 335

liter
0.01639
28.3169
764.555
1.0 x 10-6
1000
3.785 41
4.546 09
1

1 bushel = 4 pecks

Power
Btu/min
ft-lb/min
Horsepower
Joules/min
Metric hp
Kilowatt
Watt

Btu/min
1
0.00128
42.456
0.00095
41.827
59
0.05687

ft-lb/min
778.2
1
33000
0.7405
32550
44250
44.25

hp
0.02358
0.00003
1
0.0000223
0.98632
1.34102
0.00134

J/min
1055.000
1.3504
44791
1
44127
59997
59.9968

Metric hp
0.02391
0.00003
1.014
0.0000226
1
1.35962
0.00136

kW
0.0175843
0.0000226
0.74570
0.0000166
0.73549
1
0.001

W
17.5843
0.0226
745.7
0.016668
735.498
1000
1

in./Hg
(0C)
0.039 37
1
0.07 355
0.882 65
2.036 02
28.959
29.530
0.295 30

in. H20
(60F)
0.5357
13.61
1
12
27.70
395
401.8
4.01835

ft. H20
(60F)
0.04464
1.134
0.083 33
1
2.309
32.84
33.49
0.33486

lb/in2
0.019 34
0.491 15
0.036 13
0.433 52
1
14.2257
14.504
0.145 038

kg/cm2
0.001 36
0.034 53
0.002 54
0.030 479
0.070 31
1
1.019 72
0.010 1972

bar
0.001 33
0.033 86
0.002 49
0.029 89
0.068 95
0.980 67
1
0.010 000

101.4Pa (14.7 psi)


0.001 315
0.033 42
0.002 46
0.029 50
0.068 05
0.967 84
0.98692
0.009 869 20

Pressure and Head


Unit
mm/Hg
in./Hg
in. H20
ft. H20
lb/in2
kg/cm2
bar
kPa

mm/Hg
(0C)
1
25.4
1.868 27
22.4192
51.7149
735.559
750.062
7.500 62

Atmospheres
kPa

0.249
2.989
6.895
98.067
101.325
1

34

35

Temperature Conversion
F = (1.8 x C) + 32
C = 0.5555 (F - 32)

Angle
Flow
Unit
U.S. gpm
1 million gal/day
ft3/s
m3/h
L/s
MCFD = 1000 ft3/day

U.S.
gal/min
1
694.5
448.8
4.403
15.85

million U.S.
gal/day
0.001 440
1
0.0646
0.006 34
0.0228

ft3/s
0.002 23
1.547
1
0.009 81
0.0353

MMCFD = 1,000,000 ft3/day

m3/h
0.2270
157.73
101.9
1
3.60

L/s
0.0631
43.8
28.32
0.2778
1

lb/bhp-hr x 607.73 = g/kW-hr

Energy
BTU
Calorie
Foot-Pound
Joule
Kilocalorie
Therm

Btu
1
0.00397
0.001285
0.000948
3.96825
100,000

Cal
252
1
0.323765
0.23895
1000
396.8254

ft-lb
778
3.08866
1
0.73745
3089
128.5347

1 Therm = 1,000,000 Btu


Btu/ft2/min = 0.1220 Watts/in2

J
1055.056
4.187
1.356
1
4185
94.78169

Kcal
0.252
0.001
0.003089
0.000239
1
0.39682

Btu/ft3 = 8.899 kg-cal/m3


Btu/lb = .5556 kg-cal/kg

Therm
0.00001

2.519
1

1 quadrant = 90 degrees
1 quadrant = 1.57 radians
1 radian = 57.3
1 degree = 60 minutes
1 minute = 2.9 x 10 radians

Identifying Code Letters on AC Motors


NEMA Code Letter

Starting skVA/hp

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
P
R
S
T
U
V

0.00 - 3.14
3.15 - 3.54
3.55 - 3.99
4.00 - 4.49
4.50 - 4.99
5.00 - 5.59
5.60 - 6.29
6.30 - 7.09
7.10 - 7.99
8.00 - 8.99
9.00 - 9.99
10.00 - 11.19
11.20 - 12.49
12.50 - 13.99
14.00 - 15.99
16.00 - 17.99
18.00 - 19.99
20.00 - 22.39
22.40

Note: Code letters apply to motors up to 200 HP.

36 NOTES

37

CATERPILLAR OFFICES
If you have any questions, please consult your local Caterpillar dealer. If you
need assistance in finding a dealer, consult one of our Caterpillar offices.

Asia and Pacific:

North America
(Canada and U.S.A.):

Singapore
Tel: ++65 6828 7118
Fax:++65 6828 7414

Peoria, IL U.S.A.
Tel: ++1 309 578 6298
Fax: ++1 309 578 2559

China
Beijing Office
Tel: ++86 10 5921 0339
Fax: ++86 10 5921 0022

Central and South America,


Mexico, The Caribbean:
Miami, Florida, U.S.A.
Tel: ++305 476 6800
Fax: ++305 476 6850

Tokyo
Tel: ++81 3 5786 3800 81 3 5797 4300
Fax: ++81 3 5786 3809 81 3 5797 4359

(Listing does not include


all Caterpillar offices.)

Europe, Africa, Middle East:


Geneva, Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 849 4444
Fax: +41 22 849 4139

Email:
cat_power@cat.com

Commonwealth of Independent States


Moscow, Russia
Tel: +7 495 755 6811
Fax: +7 495 785 5688

LEXE2576-08
2007 Caterpillar All Rights Reserved CAT, CATERPILLAR, their respective logos, Caterpillar Yellow and the POWER EDGE trade
dress, as well as corporate and product identity used herein, are trademarks of Caterpillar and may not be used without permission.

Оценить