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# Thermodynamics:

An Engineering Approach
Seventh EdiEon in SI Units

## Yunus A. Cengel, Michael A. Boles

McGraw-Hill, 2011

Tutorial 1
THERMODYNAMICS

## Mohd. Hardie Hidayat b. Mohyi

Taylors Univeristy

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproducEon or display.

Ques:on 1
A gas turbine has the following details, air
entering the compressor at 100 kPa and 20oC,
pressure ra:o of 8, maximum temperature cycle
is 800oC and the cold air stream leaves the
generator at 10oC cooler then the hot air stream
at the generator inlet. Determine the rates of
heat addi:on and rejec:on to the cycle when it
produces 150 kW assuming constant specic
heats

Ques:on 2
Pressure ra:o is 7, minimum and max,
temperatures are 310 and 1150 K. Assuming
compressor and turbine isentropic eciciency
to be 75 and 82% respec:vely, and also 65%
eec:veness for the generator, nd the air
temperature at the turbine exit, net work
output, and thermal eciency

Ques:on 3
Air is used as the working uid in a simple
ideal Brayton cycle that has a pressure ra:o of
12, a compressor inlet temperature of 300 K,
and a turbine inlet temperature of 1000 K.
Determine the required mass ow rate of air
for a net power output of 70 MW, assuming
both the compressor and the turbine have an
isentropic eciency of (a) 100 percent and (b)
85 percent. Assume constant specic heats at
room temperature

Ques:on 4

Air enters the compressor of an ideal gas turbine engine at 310 K and 100
kPa, where it is compressed to 900 kPa and 650 K. At the turbine, air at
1400K.
a) Find the thermal eciency and back work ra:o of the cycle above. Is it viable
to recuperate some of the exhaust energy?
b) If the cycle now become an actual gas turbine engine with the eciency of
the turbine is at 90%, nd the thermal eciency of the cycle. Is it viable to
use a regenerator to recuperate some of the exhaust energy? (T-s diagram as
below).
c) Recuperate the energy with a regenerator with 80% eciency and nd the
new thermal eciency.
d) Now, evaluate the thermal eciencies obtained between using variable
specic heats of air and constant specic heats of air at room temperature.
e) If the regenerator eec:veness is reduced to 70%, how much would the
thermal eciency vary for the case of variable specic heat capaci:es.

c)

d)

Upon comparing the thermal eciencies it was found that the thermal
eciencies do not vary signicantly (40% and 39.9%) when the standard
assump:ons were changed from the air standard assump:ons to the cold
air standard assump:ons