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2009 IBM Corporation

INTERNET OF THINGS - IOT



INTERNET OF THINGS
"In the coming years, planet earth will don an electronic skin....
It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its
sensations."
- Neil Gross 1999
INTERNET OF THINGS
This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of
embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges,
pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs,
electroencephalographs
These will probe and monitor cities and endangered species, the
atmosphere, our ships, highways and fleets of trucks, our conversations,
our bodieseven our dreams. -
Contents
Introduction: Internet of Things (IoTs)
Applications
Trends & Issues
Conclusion
Internet Revolution
Internet Of Things - Definitions Used

The term Internet of Things


was first used by Kevin
Ashton in 1999.

Refers to uniquely
identifiable objects things!
and their virtual
representations in an
Internet"li#e structure
IoTs ppli!ations
Edu!ation
Food
"har#a!euti!als
$anage#ent
IoT
ppli!ations
Retail
%ogisti!s
http&''((()*outu+e)!o#'(at!h,v-nD.up/0%Et1
IoTs ppli!ations

$anagement%

&ata management

'aste management

(rban )lanning

*roduction
management

...
IoTs ppli!ations

+ogistics%

'arehouse,
management

Inventory control

*ort management

-TAs, -T&s

.hi)s, boats,
containers, etc.

-/ecutable code

0
IoTs ppli!ations

Retail%

Intelligent sho))ing

1ar code in retail

-lectronic tags

0
IoTs ppli!ations

*harmaceuticals %

Intelligent tags for drugs

&rug usage trac#ing

*harma. *roduct websites


""2 -nable the emergency
treatment to be given faster
and more correct
IoTs ppli!ations

3ood%

4ontrol geogra)hical origin

3ood )roduction management

5utrition calculations

*revent over)roduction and


shortage

4ontrol food quality, health and


safety.
IoTs in Edu!ation
I5T-R5-T 63
T7I58.
IoTs in Edu!ation

.chool Administration

Attendance $anagement

9oting .ystem

Automatic 3eedbac# +oo)s

Instructional technology

$edia

Infor"ma"tion management

3oreign language learning


IoTs in Edu!ation
Opportunities

3le/ible time

.ocial

5ew 4onte/ts

1I8 4hanges
Challenges

1I8 4hanges

4om)uter s#ill

.ecurity:
3irewalls

*rivacy

4om)le/ity
Trends of IoTs
Technology Roadmap: The Internet of Things
Co#pli#entar* Trends of IoTs

;$a#er< culture

&I= $anufacturing

5ano"technologies

.ematic 'eb

Artificial Intelligence
Outloo1 to the Future of IoTs

Issues

So!iet*& "eople2 se!urit*2 priva!*

A )olicy for )eo)le in the Internet of Things%

+egislation

Environ#ental aspe!ts

Resource efficiency

*ollution and disaster avoidance

Te!hnologi!al

Architecture edge devices, servers, discovery services,


security, etc.!

8overnance, naming, identity, interfaces

.ervice o)enness, intero)erability

4onnections of real and virtual world

.tandards
IoT will inherit the drawbac#s of the current internet
on an infinitely larger, but more invisible scale

*rivacy > will be a huge issue when im)lementing IoT

Identity " 6nline 3ragmentation of Identity

-fficiency > s)eed " )erson loses identity and is an I* address

&ecisions > do not delegate too much of our decision ma#ing


and freedom of choice to things and machines

1alancing
Challenges in the Future of IoTs
Challenges in the Future of IoTs !ont)

Transition to I*v? > Internet )rotocol v?

-stalishing a common set of standards between


com)anies, educational systems, and nations.

The same ty)e of cabling,

The same a))lications or )rogramming

The same )rotocol or set of rules that will a))ly to all

&evelo)ing energy sources for millions "even billions


" of sensors.

'ind

.olar,

7ydro"electric
Outloo1 to the Future of IoTs

Innovative Develop#ent

(biquitous networ# society

-mbedded intelligence @ networ#ing of embedded


intelligence%

ambient monitoring in schools, buildings, environmental


monitoring, home automation, )ersonaliAation, localiAation,
)ositioning, etc.

7ealthcare managementB 3ood traceability

Trans)ortation

0
%ive E3a#ples

+ogistic @ Trans)ortation%
.hi)AI.% htt)%::www.shi)ais.com:

+earning @ 8amification%
4ubelets% htt)%::www.modrobotics.com:
Con!lusion
;A world where things can automatically
communicate to computers and each other,
providing services for the benefit of human kind<
Ian .mith *resident AI$ (K!
2009 IBM Corporation

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