Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

Chillers & DX Units

http://www.hvacprimesource.com/Chillers.html[10/15/2012 1:42:38 PM]


HVAC PRI ME SOURCE, LLC
CHILLERS & DIRECT EXPANSION (DX) UNITS.
General
Chillers and DX units are the two main type of equipment used for air conditioning. Chillers provide cooling of
the chilled water which is then used in the air cooling coils for air conditioning, while DX units provide
cooling by direct expansion of the refrigerant in the air cooling coils. The air cooling coil in DX units and the
chilled water heat exchanger in chillers are also called an "Evaporator" since evaporations of the liquid
refrigerant occurs in these components.
In general DX units are used for relatively small capacity systems and chillers are used for relatively large
capacity system. Typically a DX system is not used for systems larger than 100 ton capacity. Use the cooling
load software given on the "Hvac Software" link above to determine the required capacity. Further variations
of applications are as follows.
Chillers are available in the following major categories, based on the type of compressor and size of the
application. Typically chillers are package units on one skid, with the water piping system being external to
the unit. The package unit includes the compressor, condenser, evaporator and associated components.
Centrifugal compressor chillers (used for medium to large capacity applications)
Screw compressor chillers (used for medium capacity applications)
Reciprocating compressor chillers (used for small to medium capacity applications)
Scroll compressor chillers (used for small to medium capacity applications)
DX Units are available in following major categories, based on the type of the compressor and packaged or
split design:
Reciprocating or scroll compressor package units (condenser, compressor & evaporator are on the same
skid).
Reciprocating or scroll compressor split systems (condenser, compressor, evaporator are located at
separate locations - many systems have the condenser + compressor on the same skid as condensing
unit, and the evaporator is located separately)
The condenser for both DX units and chillers can be air cooled or water cooled for relatively smaller sizes. For
the larger units the condenser is typically water cooled.
Chiller & Dx Unit Sizing Rules
Dx Unit Type Reciprocating or Scroll
Capacity range for package units 0.5 to 150 Tons
Capacity range for split units 1 to 70 Tons
Power 0.9 to 1.3 KW / Ton
Min Capacity Turndown capability depends on number of cylinders
Chiller Type Reciprocating
Capacity range 15 to 100 Tons
Power 0.9 to 1.3 KW / Ton
Min Capacity Turndown capability depends on number of cylinders
Chiller Type Scroll
Capacity range 10 to 150 Tons
Power 0.9 to 1.3 KW / Ton
Chillers & DX Units
http://www.hvacprimesource.com/Chillers.html[10/15/2012 1:42:38 PM]
Min Capacity Turndown capability depends on number of cylinders
Chiller Type Rotary Screw
Capacity range 70 to 500 Ton
Power 1 to 1.5 KW / Ton
Min Capacity Turndown capability 25%
Chiller Type Centrifugal
Capacity range 200 Ton to 2000 Ton
Power 0.5 to 0.85 KW / Ton
Min Capacity Turndown capability 10%
Chiller Type Absorption
Capacity range 100 Ton to 2000 Ton
Heat 12000 Btuh/Ton (gas/oil), 12000 18000 Btuh/Ton (steam/hot water).
Min Capacity Turndown capability 10%