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Testing and Commissioning Procedure For
Motors
Testing and Commissioning Procedure For Motors // Photo by TECO Middle East (TME)
Scope Of Motor Testing
It shoul d be noted that the scope of motor testing depends upon the motor type and size, this
being indicated on the inspection forms.
Motor vibration shall be measured in a tri-axial direction, i.e.:
Point x axis side of bearing housing at shaft height
Point y axis top of bearing housi ng
Point z axis axi al of beari ng housing at shaft hei ght
The measurements shal l be carried out with an instrument conformi ng to ISO 2954 (10-1000
Hz f requency range). Wi th the motor at normal operating temperature, the vibration vel ocity shal l not
exceed 2.8 mm/s RMS, or 4 mm/s PEAK, in any direction.
For bearings fitted with proximity probes, the unfiltered peak-to-peak value of vibration
(i ncluding shaft run-out) at any load between no l oad and full l oad, shal l not exceed the following
values:
50 m for two-pole motors
60 m for four-pole motors
75 m for si x-pole or hi gher motors
Motor bearing (photo by CCLW INTERNATIONAL)
Bearing temperature rise limits following a heat run of 3.5 4 hours are as follows:
Rolling bearings:
Outer ri ng measurement max. 90 C
Temperature rise from ambient max. 50 C
Sleeve bearings:
Oi l temperature max. 90 C
Bearing temperature rise by RTD max. 50
C
Lub. oil temperature ri se from ambi ent
max. 30 C (for forced l ub. oil systems ).
When commissioni ng or re-commissioning
motors, precauti ons shall be taken to
avoid excessive vibration caused by the
phenomenon known as soft foot; i. e.
feet whi ch do not have soli d flat contact
wi th the base prior to the ti ghtening of
the holding-down bolts.
This may be measured and rectified
during i nstallation or detected during running by the loosening of each holdi ng-down bolt in turn
while measuring motor vibration.
Motor Soft Foot Condition
Soft feet are those whi ch do not have solid flat contact with the base prior to the tightening
of the hol ding-down bol ts; one or more feet may be soft as shown in Figures 1 to 3.
The profile of the foot contact area may be as shown i n Figures 4 to 6.
The profile of the foot contact area (Figures 1, 2 and 3)
Figure 1 - Machi ne resting on 3 feet, foot 4 is rai sed or soft
Figure 2 - Machi ne resting on diagonal formed by feet 3 and 4, feet 1 and 4 are soft
Figure 3 - Bottoms of al l 4 feet are not parallel with base, feet 3 and 4 are soft
Profil e of 'soft foot' contact area
NOTE: Re-
machining of
rotor feet is
required in
Fi gures 4 and
5; temporary
use of wedge-shaped shi ms may be acceptable (maintenance).
Forms
Form 14 Inspection of electric motor Cage-induction type (incl. control unit)
Inspection of electri c motor cage-induction type (including control uni t)
Form 4 Inspection of Switching Units HV Switchgear
Inspection of Switchi ng Uni ts - HV Switchgear
Form 11 Inspection Of Outgoing Unit LV Switchboard
Inspection Of Outgoing Unit - LV Switchboard
Reference: Field Commissi oning and Maintenance Of El ectrical Installations and Equipment Manual
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