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Chemistry

1. The freezing point of equimolal aqueous solution will be highest for:


(A) C
6
H
5
NH
3
Cl (B) Ca(NO
3
)
2

(C) La(NO
3
)
3
(D) C
6
H
12
O
6

2. A 5.8% (wt./vol) NaCl solution will exert an osmotic pressure closest to which one of the following:
(A) 5.8% (wt./vol) sucrose solution (B) 5.8% (wt./vol.) glucose solution
(C) 2 molal sucrose solution (D) 1 molal glucose solution
3. 20g of a binary electrolyte (mol. wt =100) are dissolved in 500 g of water. The freezing point of the
solution is 0.74C K
f
=1.86 K molality
1
. The degree of ionization of the electrolyte is
(A) 50% (B) 75%
(C) 10% (D) 0%
4. The mole fraction of toluene in vapour phase which is in equilibrium with a solution of benzene and toluene
having a mole fraction of toluene 0.500 is (vapour pressure of pure benzene and pure toluene are 119 torr and
37.0 torr respectively at the same temperature).
(A) 0.5 (B) 0.763
(C) 0.237 (D) 1
5. A sample of 20.0 g of a compound (molecular weight 120) which is a non-electrolyte is dissolved in 10.0
grams of ethanol (C
2
H
5
OH). If the vapour pressure of pure ethanol at the temperature used is 0.250 atm, what is
the vapor pressure of ethanol above the solution?
(A) 0.250 atm (B) 0.83 atm
(C) 0.125 atm (D) 0.141 atm
6. At 120C, the vapor pressure of pure chlorobenzene (C
6
H
5
Cl) is 0.736 atm. What is the vapor pressure of a
solution of 5.00 g of naphthalene (C
10
H
8
) in 50.0 g of chlorobenzene? (Assume that naphthalene is not volatile)
(A) 0.736 atm (B) 0.091 atm
(C) 0.677 atm (D) 1.00 atm
7. The vapor pressure of hexane (C
6
H
14
) and heptane (C
7
H
16
) at 50C are 408 Torr and 141 Torr, respectively.
The composition of the vapor above a binary solution composition of the vapor above a binary solution
containing a mole fraction of 0.300 hexane is (Y
6
=mol fraction of hexane and Y
7
=mol fraction of heptane).
(A) Y
6
=0.8, Y
7
=0.2 (B) Y
6
=0.554, Y
7
=0.446
(C) Y
6
=0.300, Y
7
=0.700 (D) Y
6
=0.871, Y
7
=0.129
8. Benzene (C
6
H
6
, 78 g/mol) and tolune (C
7
H
8
, 92 g/mol) form an ideal solution. At 60C the vapor pressure
of pure benzene and pure toluene are 0.507 atm and 0.184, respectively. The mole fraction of benzene in a
solution of these two chemicals that has a vapor pressure of 0.350 atm at 60C
(A) 0.514 (B) 0.690
(C) 0.486 (D) 0.190
9. At 25C the vapor pressure of benzene, C
6
H
6
(78g/mole), is 93.2 Torr and the of toluene, C
7
H
8
(92 g/mol),
is 28.2 Torr. A solution of 1.0 mole of C
6
H
6
and 1.0 mol of C
7
H
8
is prepared. Calculate the mole fraction of
C
6
H
6
in the vapor above this solution (assume the solution is ideal).
(A) 0.607 (B) 0.768
(C) 0.232 (D) 0.393
10. A solution containing 28 g phosphorous in 315 g CS
2
(b.p. =46.3C) boils at 47.9C (K
b
for CS
2
is 2.34).
What will be molecular formula of phosphorus? (assuming complete association)
(A) P
4
(B) P
8

(C) P
2
(D) None
11. The ratio of the value of any colligative property for K
4
[Fe(CN)
6
] solution to that of Fe
4
[Fe(CN)
6
]
3

(prussian blue), solution is nearly
(A) 1 (B) 0.71
(C) 1.4 (D) Less than 1
12. Given E for Cu
2+
Cu
+
is +0.15 V and Cu
+
Cu is +0.50 V
Calculate E for Cu
2+
Cu
(A) +0.325 V (B) +0.125 V
(C) +0.250 V `(D) +0.160 V
13. A solution is one molar in each of NaCl, CdCl
2
, ZnCl
2
and PbCl
2
. To this, tin metal is added. Which of the
following is true? Given that,

o
Pb /
2
Pb
E

= 0.126V;
o
Sn /
2
Sn
E

=0.136V

o
Cd /
2
Cd
E

= 0.40V;
o
Zn /
2
Zn
E

=0.763V;
o
Na / Na
E

=2.71V
(A) Sn can reduce Na
+
to Na (B) Sn can reduce Zn
2+
to Zn
(C) Sn can reduce Cd
2+
to Cd (D) Sn can reduce Pb
2+
to Pb
14. A certain current liberates 0.5g of hydrogen in 2 hour. How many grams of copper can be liberated by the
same current flowing for the same time through a copper sulphate solution?
(A) 12.7 grams (B) 15.9 g
(C) 31.8g (D) 63.5 g
15. Given that E(Zn
2+
/Zn) = 0.763V
and E (Cd
2+
/Cd) = 0.403V, the emf of the following cell:
Zn/Zn
2+
(a =0.04) ||Cd
2+
(a =0.2) / Cd is given by,
(A) E =0.36 +[0.059/2] [log(0.004/0.2)]
(B) E =+0.36 +[0.059/2] [log (0.004/0.2)]
(C) E = 0.36 +[0.059/2] [log(0.2/0.004)]
(D) E =+0.36 +[0.059/2][log (0.2/0.004)]

16. The standard reduction potential for Cu
2+
/Cu is +0.34 V. The reduction potential at pH =14 for the above
couple is, [K
sp
[Cu(OH)
2
] =1.0 10
19
].
(A) 0.22 V (B) +0.22V
(C) 0.34 V (D) +0.34 V
17. The emf of the following three galvanic cells:
1. Zn/Zn
2+
(1M) || Cu
2+
(1M)/Cu
2. Zn/Zn
2+
(0.1M) || Cu
2+
(M) / Cu
3. Zn/Zn
2+
(1M) || Cu
2+
(0.1M)/Cu
are represented by E
1
,E
2
,E
3
. Which of the following statement is true?
(A) E
1
E
2
E
3
(B) E
3
E
2
E
1

(C) E
3
E
1
E
2
(D) E
2
E
1
E
3

18. If the half cell reaction A +e

has a large negative reduction potential, it follows that


(A) A is readily reduced (B) A is readily oxidised
(C) A

is readily reduced (D) A is readily oxidised


19. Four alkali metals P,Q,R and S are having respectively, standard electrode potentials as 3.05, 1.66, 0.40
and 0.80 V. Which one will be the most reducing?
(A) P (B) Q
(C) R (D) S
20. An electrolytic cell is constructed for preparing hydrogen. For an average current of 1 ampere in the circuit,
the time required to produce 450 mL of hydrogen at NTP is approximately.
(A) 30 mts (B) 1 hour
(C) 2 hours (D) 5 hours
21. Normal aluminium electrode coupled with normal hydrogen elecrode gives an emf of 1.66V. So the standard
electrode potential of aluminium is,
(A) 1.66V (B) +1.66V
(C) 0.83V (D) +0.83 V
22. 75% of a I
st
order reaction was completed in 32 minutes. When was 50% of the reaction completed
(A) 24 min (B) 4 min
(C) 16 min (D) 8 min



23. What is the activation energy for the decomposition of N
2
O
5
as
N
2
O
5
2NO
2
+
2
2
1
O
If the values of the rate constants are 3.45 10
5
and 6.9 10
3
at 27C and 67C respectively
(A) 102 10
2
kJ (B) 488.5 kJ
(C) 112 kJ (D) 112.5 kJ
24. 50% of the amount of a radioactive substance decomposes in 5 years. The time required for the
decomposition of 99.9% of the substance will be
(A) 10 years (B) between 10 and 50 years
(C) less than 10 years (D) between 49 and 50 years
25. 1.386 hours are required for the disappearance of 75% of a reactant of
first order reaction. What is the rate constant of the reaction?
(A) 3.6 10
3
s
1
(B) 7.2 10
3
s
1

(C) 2.7 10
4
s
1
(D) 1.8 10
3
s
1
26. For a first order reaction, the ratio of time for the completion of 99.9% and half of the reaction is
(A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 9 (D) 12
27. For the first order reaction A(g) 2B(g) +C(g), the initial pressure is P
A
=90 mm Hg, the pressure after
10 minutes is found to be 180 mm Hg. The rate constant of the reaction is
(A) 1.15 10
3
sec
1
(B) 2.3 10
3
sec
1

(C) 3.45 10
3
sec
1
(D) 6 10
3
sec
1
28. The rate law for the reaction
RCl +NaOH (aq) ROH +NaCl
is given by Rate =k[RCl]. The rate of the reaction will be
(A) unaffected by increasing temperature of the reaction
(B) doubled on doubling the concentration of NaOH
(C) halved on reducing the concentration of NaOH to one half
(D) halved on reducing the concentration of RCl to one half
29. For a given reaction of first order, it takes 20 minutes for the concentration to drop from 1.0 mol litre
1
to
0.6 mol litre
1
. The time required for the concentration to drop from 0.6 mol litre
1
to 0.36 mol litre
1
will be
(A) more than 20 minutes (B) less than 20 minutes
(C) equal to 20 minutes (D) infinity
30. For a second order reaction of the type rate = k [A]
2
, the plot of [A]
t
versus t is linear with a
(A) positive slope and zero intercept (B) positive slope and non zero intercept
(C) negative slope and zero intercept (D) negative slope and non zero intercept