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AKOUSTIK PIANO

Operation Manual
The information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not
represent a commitment on the part of NATIVE INSTRUMENTS Software Synthesis
GmbH. The software described by this document is subject to a License Agreement
and may not be copied to other media. No part of this publication may be copied,
reproduced or otherwise transmitted or recorded, for any purpose, without prior
written permission by NATIVE INSTRUMENTS Software Synthesis GmbH. All product
and company names are trademarks of their respective owners.
Users Guide written by:
Daniel Santucci, Markus Krieg, Lorenz Heine, and Felix Pink
Native Instruments would like to extend our gratitude to the L. Bsendorfer
Klavierfabrik, C. Bechstein Pianofortefabrik, and Steingraeber & Shne for their
cooperation, understanding, and help in realizing this product.
NATIVE INSTRUMENTS Software Synthesis GmbH, 2005.
All rights reserved.
Germany USA
NATIVE INSTRUMENTS GmbH NATIVE INSTRUMENTS USA, Inc.
Schlesische Str. 29/30 5631 A Hollywood Blvd.
D-10997 Berlin Los Angeles, CA 90028
Germany USA
info@native-instruments.de info@native-instruments.com
www.native-instruments.de www.native-instruments.com
The L. Bsendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH logo is used with kind permission of
Bsendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH, Vienna.
The C. Bechstein Pianofortefabrik AG logo is used with kind permission of
C. Bechstein Pianofortefabrik AG.
The Steingraeber & Shne KG logo is used with kind permission of
Steingraeber & Shne KG.
Steinway is a registered Trademark of Steinway Musical Instruments, Inc.
4 Akoustik Piano
Table Of Contents
Welcome to AKOUSTIK PIANO ........................................................................ 6
Product Authorization .................................................................................... 7
What is the Product Authorization? ............................................................... 7
Conducting the Product Authorization .............................................................. 9
Method A: AKOUSTIK PIANO computer has direct access to the internet ......... 9
Method B: Internet Connection on another computer .....................................11
Method C: No Internet Connection available ................................................ 14
Registration support .................................................................................. 15
Installation under Windows XP ...................................................................... 16
System Requirements and Recommendations .............................................. 16
Software Installation ................................................................................. 16
Sound Library Installation ...........................................................................17
VST plug-in Installation ..............................................................................17
DXi 2 plug-in Setup ...................................................................................17
RTAS plug-in installation ........................................................................... 18
Installation under MacOS X .......................................................................... 18
System Requirements and Recommendations .............................................. 18
Installing AKOUSTIK PIANO OS X ............................................................. 19
Sound Library Installation .......................................................................... 19
MacOS Audio Unit plug-in Installation ......................................................... 19
RTAS plug-in installation ........................................................................... 19
Audio Interfaces .......................................................................................... 20
AKOUSTIK PIANO as Standalone .................................................................. 23
Soundcard (Audio Interface) ...................................................................... 23
Routing .................................................................................................... 25
MIDI........................................................................................................ 26
AKOUSTIK PIANO as Plug-in ........................................................................ 27
Offine Bounce ......................................................................................... 27
VST 2.0 Plug-in ........................................................................................ 27
Audio Units Plug-ins ................................................................................. 30
DXi 2 plug-in ........................................................................................... 33
Basic User Interface Protocols ...................................................................... 36
Knobs ...................................................................................................... 36
Buttons .................................................................................................. 36
Drop-Down Menus .................................................................................... 36
Click Menus ............................................................................................. 36
Akoustik Piano 5
Numericals .............................................................................................. 37
Saving and Loading Presets ....................................................................... 37
Getting to know your new pianos ................................................................... 38
Bosendorfer Vienna Classic ................................................................. 38
Bechstein German Precision ................................................................. 39
Concert Grand D ...................................................................................... 39
Steingraeber und Soehne Tried, Trusted and Tempered ........................... 40
AKOUSTIK PIANO Architecture ......................................................................41
Instrument Header ........................................................................................41
Select View ................................................................................................. 43
Four Pianos, Four Rooms .............................................................................. 44
The Pianos ............................................................................................... 44
The Rooms ............................................................................................... 45
Editor ......................................................................................................... 45
Input ....................................................................................................... 46
Piano Details ............................................................................................ 47
Equalizer ................................................................................................. 48
Reverb ..................................................................................................... 49
Position ................................................................................................... 49
Recorder ..................................................................................................... 50
File ......................................................................................................... 50
Tempo ..................................................................................................... 50
Position ................................................................................................... 51
Transport ................................................................................................. 51
Recording fundamentals ............................................................................ 52
Playing back a song or MIDI fle ................................................................. 53
Appendix .................................................................................................... 54
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................ 54
Akoustik Piano Keyboard Shortcuts ............................................................. 54
A note about MIDI Velocity- ....................................................................... 55
Tunings in AKOUSTIK PIANO ........................................................................ 56
Equal temperament (Equal) ....................................................................... 56
Stretched Tuning ...................................................................................... 57
Pure Tunings ............................................................................................ 57
Meantone temperaments ........................................................................... 58
Well-temperaments ................................................................................... 59
Quarter Tone (1/4 Tone) ............................................................................. 59
Miscellaneous.............................................................................................. 60
Interesting facts about the piano ................................................................ 60
Index .......................................................................................................... 61
6 Akoustik Piano
Welcome to AKOUSTIK PIANO
First off, we at Native Instruments would like to thank you for purchasing
AKOUSTIK PIANO. It is because of you that we can continue to build great
software which suits all your creative needs.
AKOUSTIK PIANO is the new benchmark in sound quality, capturing the feel
of the originals with unprecedented authenticity. The result is a uniquely warm,
transparent and fexible sound that delivers the same distinctive character
of each individual piano in detail and can still be adjusted to meet specifc
needs.
Built on the award-winning Kontakt engine, AKOUSTIK PIANO takes advantage
of groundbreaking sampling technology. The keys were sampled at varying
velocities and great care was also taken to capture the entire sustain and release
phases. The brand new Layer Morphing Technology generates a seamless
dynamic gradient. The characteristic resonances caused by use of the pedals
can be adjusted, as can the subtle mechanical noises of the pedals and keys
themselves.
AKOUSTIK PIANO also has a frst-class integrated convolution module, allowing
highly authentic spatial characteristics to be added to the sound. Place the
piano in a studio, jazz club, concert hall and a cathedral or use the dry signal
as it is. The acoustic parameters of these spaces, such as their size, can also
be manipulated.
The additional benefts inherent in the exceptional quality of these world-class
grand pianos was a privilege only a few could enjoy. AKOUSTIK PIANO makes
these benefts, and the added pleasure they induce, accessible to everyone.
We sincerely hope you enjoy AKOUSTIK PIANO.
Your Native Instruments Team
Akoustik Piano 7
Product Authorization
Part of the AKOUSTIK PIANO installation is a Product Authorization which
has to be fullflled in order to make permanent use of the software. We
recommend that you take notice of this chapter frst, then proceed with the
software installation as described in the following chapters and fnally return
to this chapter.
What is the Product Authorization?
The Product Authorization includes a full registration. After having completed
the authorization, you can make use of all online services related to the regis-
tered product. On the Native Instruments website you can read online tutorials,
get technical support, participate in the NI forums and download updates.
AKOUSTIK PIANO requires the Product Authorization in order to use the software
permanently. You can run AKOUSTIK PIANO for 30 days without any limitations.
As long as the software runs unauthorized a message at every program start
reminds you that the authorization has not been completed yet and indicates
how many more days the software is running without an authorization.
The Product Authorization is performed by a small application called Registration
Tool. The Registration Tool generates a so called System ID which serves as
request code for receiving an Authorization Key. The System ID is based on
some hardware components of your computer system, the operating system
version and the serial number you have entered at the AKOUSTIK PIANO
installation.
Note: Exchanging your audio card, MIDI interface or external equipment
will not start the request for a new Authorization Key. Only exchanging a
basic hardware component in your computer or installing a new operat-
ing system might produce a new Product Authorization request. In this
case the Registration Tool will refect the change by displaying a new
System ID and you have to repeat the Product Authorization.
The System ID has to be sent to Native Instruments in order to receive the
Authorization Key which allows the permanent use of AKOUSTIK PIANO. Since
the Product Authorization is part of the license agreement AKOUSTIK PIANO
will stop launching after 30 days if it was not authorized until then. Of course,
it is also possible to complete the Product Authorization after 30 days. In this
case the software will launch again as soon as the Product Authorization has
been completed.
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Note: The data transfer at the online Product Authorization is done via a
secure connection using 128 bit encryption. Native Instruments keeps
your personal data like email and postal address in confdence. No data
will be passed to a third party.
Registration Tool
Akoustik Piano 9
Conducting the Product Authorization
Native Instruments has set a high value on making the authorization procedure
as easy and comfortable as possible. In the following sections we describe
three methods of conducting the Product Authorization. We recommend Method
A and Method B since these result in the easiest and fastest way of receiving
the Authorization Key.
Method A: AKOUSTIK PIANO computer has direct access to the
internet
Important: This method requires a valid email address to complete the
Product Authorization, since the registration code will be sent to you
by email.
Windows: Start the Registration Tool from the start menu (Native
Instruments Akoustik Piano Akoustik Piano Registration Tool) or
from the AKOUSTIK PIANO installation folder (default path: C:\Program
Files\Native Instruments\Akoustik Piano\).
MacOS: Start the Registration Tool from the AKOUSTIK PIANO
installation folder (default path: Applications\Akoustik Piano\).
A click on the Register Now button opens the Native Instruments
registration webpage. Therefore your standard Internet Browser will
be opened and an internet connection will be established according to
your system settings. Your System ID will be automatically transmitted
to the registration form.
10 Akoustik Piano
On the frst online page you are asked if it is your First Registration at
Native Instruments or if you want to do an Additional Registration.
Depending on the option you have chosen on the frst online page
you now get a login page asking for your username and password
or a form where you can fll out your address data. Please fll out all
required felds and follow the instructions on the screen to complete
the registration.
On the last online registration page your Authorization Key is directly
shown in the browser. Please copy the full number (12 x 5 digits) and
paste it to the registration tool. Within a few minutes you will also receive
an email from the Native Instruments registration system containing
the Authorization key. The Authorization key is available in the email
body and additionally as text attachment. This email also contains the
password which is required for using the online services.
Akoustik Piano 11
Start the Registration Tool again and either copy the Authorization
Key from the email and press the Paste from Clipboard. button in the
Registration Tool or use the Open File button in the Registration Tool
to open the email attachment which you previously have saved to hard
disk.

Click on the Complete button.
After completing the Product Authorization the Registration Tool looks like this
Now the AKOUSTIK PIANO Product Authorization has been completed. The
authorization message at every AKOUSTIK PIANO start has disappeared and
you can use the software permanently:
Method B: Internet Connection on another computer
Important: This method requires a valid email address to complete the
Product Authorization, since the Authorization Key will be send to you
by email.
Windows: Start the Registration Tool from the start menu (Native
Instruments Akoustik Piano Akoustik Piano Registration Tool) or
from the AKOUSTIK PIANO installation folder (default path: C:\Program
Files\Native Instruments\Akoustik Piano\).
12 Akoustik Piano

MacOS: Start the Registration Tool from the AKOUSTIK PIANO
installation folder (default path: Applications\Akoustik Piano\).
A click on the Save Registration File button opens a Save dialog for
saving a HTML fle. Save the HTML fle to any storage medium.

Transfer the HTML fle to another computer where you have internet
access (via foppy disk, CDR etc.).
Open the HTML fle in your internet browser.
The HTML page contains a link for the registration page on the Native
Instruments website. When you click on this link an internet connection
will be established according to your system settings.
On the frst online page you are asked if it is your First Registration at
Native Instruments or if you want to do an Additional Registration.

Depending on the option you have chosen on the frst online page
you now get a login page asking for your username and password
or a form where you can fll out your address data. Please fll out all
required felds and follow the instructions on the screen to complete
the registration.
Within a few minutes you will receive an email from the Native
Instruments registration system containing the Authorization key. The
Akoustik Piano 13
Authorization key is available in the email body and additionally as text
attachment. This email also contains the password which is required
for using the online services.
Transfer the text attachment to the computer where you have installed
AKOUSTIK PIANO.
Start the Registration Tool again and use the Open File button in the
Registration Tool to open the email attachment which you previously
have saved to hard disk.

Click on the Complete button.

After completing the Product Authorization the Registration Tool looks like this
Now the AKOUSTIK PIANO Product Authorization has been completed. The
authorization message at every AKOUSTIK PIANO start has disappeared and
you can use the software permanently:
14 Akoustik Piano
Method C: No Internet Connection available
Important: Following this method you will have to fll in a form which
you send to Native Instruments. You will receive the Authorization Key
either by email (recommended), by postal mail or by fax. If you do not
provide Native Instruments with a valid email address in the form, be
prepared to type in the Authorization Key manually (about 60 digits).
If you do not have access to the internet or if you do not have a working email
address, the Product Authorization can also be done via postal mail or fax.
Although Native Instruments goes after a fast handling of your authorization
requests, it is generally recommended that you prefer Method A or Method
B for shortest return times and most comfortable operation. Please note the
following instructions to fullfll the Product Authorization:
Windows: Start the Registration Tool from the Windows start menu
(Native Instruments Akoustik Piano Akoustik Piano Registration Tool) or
from the AKOUSTIK PIANO installation folder (default path: C:\Program
Files\Native Instruments\Akoustik Piano\).

MacOS: Start the Registration Tool from the AKOUSTIK PIANO installation
folder (default path: Applications\Akoustik Piano\)

A click on the Fill Out Form button opens a local HTML fle in the
operating systems standard browser or another program which you
have defned as standard application for opening HTML fles.

Akoustik Piano 15
The HTML fle contains all information Native Instruments requires for
completing the Product Authorization and registration. Please fll in the
required data and print it out, or write a letter containing the data.
If you write a letter please attend to a legible handwriting to avoid mis-
takes at the Native Instruments registration team. Illegible email or postal
addresses can cause problems with the Authorization Key delivery.
Send the form to Native Instruments using one of the following contact ad-
dresses:
Native Instruments GmbH Native Instruments USA Native Instruments USA
Registration 5631 A Hollywood Boulevard 5631 A Hollywood Boulevard
Schlesische Strae 28 Los Angeles CA 90028
10997 Berlin USA USA
Germany
Fax: +49 30 6110352400 Fax: +1-323-372-3676
You will receive the Authorization Key via email (recommended), fax or
mail.
Start the Registration Tool again and either copy the Authorization
Key from the email and press the Paste from Clipboard button in the
Registration Tool or use the Open File button in the Registration Tool
to open the email attachment which you previously have saved to hard
disk. If you have received the Authorization Key by mail or fax, type it
in manually.
Click on the Complete button.
Now the AKOUSTIK PIANO Product Authorization has been completed.
The authorization message at every AKOUSTIK PIANO start has
disappeared and you can use the software permanently:
Registration support
If you run into problems during the Product Authorization the Native Instruments
registration support team will be happy to help you. In this case send a sup-
port request on the NI website using the following URL:
http://www.native-instruments.com/registersupport.info
Please describe the occurred problem as accurate as possible and provide the
registration support team with the necessary details to solve the problem.
16 Akoustik Piano
Installation under Windows XP
System Requirements and Recommendations
To use the AKOUSTIK PIANO software, you need a computer with the following
minimum specifcations:
Hardware
Pentium III / Athlon XP 1.4 GHz.
512 MB RAM
Up to 250 MB for the installation and up to 15 GB for the library.
A sound card compatible with Windows XP
DVD drive
Software
Windows XP
Software Installation
Insert the AKOUSTIK PIANO DVD into the DVD drive.
Use the Windows Explorer to view the contents of the DVD.
Start the installation by double-clicking Akoustik Piano Setup.exe.
The setup program will suggest C:\Program Files\Native Instruments\
Akoustik Piano\ as the path for the destination folder. You may also
choose another folder if you wish.
Installed Folders, Files, and Links
The setup program creates a new folder called AKOUSTIK PIANO\ in the instal-
lation directory (Program Files\Native Instruments). This folder contains the
fles required to operate the software. If you do not choose a different program
group during the installation, links to AKOUSTIK PIANO and a ReadMe fle
are added to the Start menu under Programs/Native Instruments.
Akoustik Piano 17
Sound Library Installation
The AKOUSTIK PIANO library is installed when installing the software. If
you choose custom install you should make sure to check Library Installation.
Upon installation, you will be asked to choose a library install path. This can
be the local drive or an external hard disk. If at any time you decided to move
your library, AKOUSTIK PIANO will ask you to relocate it.
VST plug-in Installation
Insert the Installation DVD into the DVD drive.
Use the Windows Explorer to view the contents of the DVD. To start,
double-click the Akoustik Piano Setup.exe fle.
When the choice is given by the installer, select VST plug-in from the
list of components to install.
You can now choose to automatically search for the VST plug-in folder
or manually select the VST plug-in folder of your choice. Please select
the option that best suits your installation requirements.
Note: If more than one host program for VST 2.0 plug-ins is installed on
your computer, the installer lets you install to multiple VST-folders by
shift-clicking them. If you decide to install them at a later date, simply
copy the Akoustik Piano VST.dll fle into the VST plug-ins folders of
these programs. Windows: If the VST plug-in fles are not visible in
the Windows Explorer, select the Show All Files option. This option is
located in the Explorer menu View Folder Options... on the View tab
below Hidden Files. Optionally, you can set up your programs so that
they all use the same VST plug-ins folder.
DXi 2 plug-in Setup
DXi 2 is a plug-in interface for software synthesizers and instruments based
on Microsoft DXi technology. Sonar from Cakewalk and Fruity Loops are the
most well known host sequencers that support DXi.
Installation
Insert the Installation DVD into the DVD drive of your computer.
Use the Windows Explorer to view the contents of the DVD and double-
click the Akoustik Piano Setup.exe fle to start the installation.
18 Akoustik Piano
Continue the AKOUSTIK PIANO installation until you come to the
Choose plug-ins page. Tick the checkbox DXi plug-in.
The installation program copies the AKOUSTIK PIANO plug-in to your hard
disk and registers it as a DXi 2 plug-in for use in DXi 2-compatible host pro-
grams. After the installation, AKOUSTIK PIANO appears as a plug-in in the
host program.
RTAS plug-in installation
Launch the AKOUSTIK PIANO Installer from the DVD.
Select the Custom installation type.
Select only RTAS from the list of components to install.
Installation under MacOS X
System Requirements and Recommendations
To use the AKOUSTIK PIANO software, you need a computer with the follow-
ing minimum specifcations:
Hardware
Apple PowerMac G4 1.25 GHz or faster
512 MB RAM
Audio interface compatible with Core Audio
CoreMIDI compatible MIDI interface for connecting a MIDI keyboard
or an external sequencer (only for the stand-alone version)
Up to 250 MB for the installation and up to 15 GB for the library.
DVD drive
Software
MacOS 10.2.6
Akoustik Piano 19
Installing AKOUSTIK PIANO OS X
Insert the Installation DVD into the DVD drive of your computer.
Double-click the installation program Install Akoustik Piano to start
it.
The start screen appears frst. After clicking Continue and confrming the
license agreement, a dialog opens where you can select the installation
location and the destination folder.
The installation program suggests a path for the AKOUSTIK PIANO folder; if
you do not select a different destination, the AKOUSTIK PIANO folder is cre-
ated on the frst hard disk. You can choose between Easy Install, where both
the stand-alone and plug-in versions are installed, or Custom Install, where
you can select which versions you want to install.
Sound Library Installation
The AKOUSTIK PIANO library is installed when installing the software. If
you choose custom install you should make sure to check Library Installation.
Upon installation, you will be asked to choose a library install path. This can
be the local drive or an external hard disk. If at any time you decided to move
your library, AKOUSTIK PIANO will ask you to relocate it.
MacOS Audio Unit plug-in Installation
Launch the AKOUSTIK PIANO Installer from the DVD
Select the Custom installation type.
Select only Audio Unit from the list of components to install.
RTAS plug-in installation
Launch the AKOUSTIK PIANO Installer from the DVD
Select the Custom installation type.
Select only RTAS from the list of components to install.
20 Akoustik Piano
Audio Interfaces
Audio interfaces, which include software routines called drivers, allow
AKOUSTIK PIANO (and other programs you have installed, if present) to
communicate with your computers audio hardware. This section describes
how to use various audio interfaces with AKOUSTIK PIANO.
There are two main ways to implement AKOUSTIK PIANO:
As a stand-alone device that requires no host software. AKOUSTIK PIANOs
audio and MIDI connections interact directly with your computers audio/MIDI
hardware interface.
As a plug-in that works in conjunction with a host program, such as
sequencing or hard disk recording software. In this case, the host program
interacts directly with the computers hardware interface. AKOUSTIK PIANO
connects to the host program via virtual patch cords. AKOUSTIK PIANOs
audio outputs appear as signals in the hosts mixer, and the host passes MIDI
data to AKOUSTIK PIANO.
Well describe each mode in detail, but first lets look at the various
interface drivers and plug-in formats used by different operating systems
and programs.
Stand-alone Application
AKOUSTIK PIANO works in stand-alone mode with ASIO, MME, DirectSound,
and Core Audio. The AKOUSTIK PIANO/computer combination acts as an
instrument, similar to a hardware digital synthesizer. The table shows you
which drivers are available under which Operating System:
Driver Windows MacOS X
ASIO 2.0
DirectSound
MME
Core Audio
Plug-In
Used as a plug-in, AKOUSTIK PIANO is not a stand-alone program but rather
a program module that can be integrated into a host program such as
a sequencer. plug-in mode allows you to integrate it seamlessly with the
sequencer. Furthermore, it has many other uses as a plug-in:
Akoustik Piano 21
MIDI sequencing of AKOUSTIK PIANO and audio mix-down of the MIDI
tracks within a single program
Comfortable automation of AKOUSTIK PIANO parameters in the
sequencer
Further processing of AKOUSTIK PIANO signals using additional plug-
ins
Sample-accurate timing with MIDI controllers (when used as VST 2.0
plug-in)
Restoring of all plug-in settings when the host document (such as a
song fle of the sequencer) is loaded
Integration with other instruments into a virtual studio
The shortcuts / key commands do not work in all sequencers. This is due to
the fact that the host capture keys for themselves and do not pass them on
to the plug-in.
This table provides you with an overview of which interfaces are supported
by which host programs:
Plug-in Interface Host-Program Windows Mac
VST 2.0 Plug-in Cubase, Nuendo
DXi Sonar
Audio Units Logic
Note: Some hosts include wrappers that allow running AKOUSTIK
PIANO with a choice of plug-in protocols. Try each one, as one may
offer better performance than another. Example: With Sonar, running
AKOUSTIK PIANO as a DXi instrument allows using multiple outputs, while
running it as a VST instrument provides more automation options
Interface Details
The interfaces described below represent different ways AKOUSTIK PIANO
can communicate with your sound card. Available interfaces depend on your
computer, the audio interface (sound card) youre using, and your computer
platform (AKOUSTIK PIANO supports Windows XP or MacOS X). Choose the
fastest interface protocol supported by your interface, which will likely be
ASIO with Windows, or Core Audio for Mac. For Windows, you can also use
DirectSound and Multimedia (also called MME), but expect a signifcant delay
(called latency) between the time you play a note and the time you hear it.
22 Akoustik Piano
ASIO (Audio Streaming Input Output): This cross-platform plug-in protocol was
developed by Steinberg. It is highly recommended for its low latency, multi-
channel audio card support, and high performance.
DirectSound: Developed by Microsoft, this is a is a component of DirectX 5.0
or higher for Windows. How well DirectX works well depends on your sound
card. If you adjust the interface for an acceptable amount of latency, you
may hear glitches and clicks in the audio output that can only be fxed if you
increase latency.
MME (Multi Media Extension): This is the standard Windows audio driver. Most
sound cards support this interface and work with it quite well. However, MME
is even less suitable than DirectSound for real-time applications due to its
comparatively high latency.
Core Audio: This audio interface for MacOS X is integrated tightly into the
operating system, and works with external audio hardware as well as the Macs
integrated audio output.
Plug-In Details
VST (Virtual Studio Technology): Like ASIO, this cross-platform plug-in
technology was developed by Steinberg. It is the most common plug-in format,
and many programs are optimized to work with VST plug-ins.
DXi2 (DirectX Instrument 2): Based on Microsoft DirectX technology, this plug-in
interface for software synthesizers and instruments is designed for low latency
and high performance on the Windows platform. Cakewalk Sonar and Image
Line FL Studio are the most well-known hosts that support DXi.
RTAS (Real Time Audio Suite): This interface protocol from Digidesign allows
using plug-ins with ProTools (or other Digidesign-compatible software). Unlike
traditional TDM effects that depend on using Digidesign hardware, RTAS
plug-ins are native; the host processor performs all computations needed
for the plug-in.
AU (Audio Units): This plug-in format is exclusively for the Macintosh OS X
platform, and is tied in closely with the operating system.
More About Latency
As with any digital device (including hardware signal processors) that convert
audio to data and back again, a computer adds a certain amount of delay
(latency) when processing audio signals. Fortunately, with todays computers
and low-latency sound card drivers, this delay can be so small that you cant
hear it (e.g., under 3 milliseconds, which is about the same delay caused by
Akoustik Piano 23
moving your head one meter further away from a speaker). However, typical
computers are generally not set up for low latency; attempting to play in real
time through AKOUSTIK PIANO will probably be unsatisfying because of the
delay.
If your computer is already confgured for low-latency operation, keep reading.
Otherwise, before installing AKOUSTIK PIANO, please turn to Appendix A on
Optimizing System Response for information about obtaining the lowest
possible system latency.
AKOUSTIK PIANO as Standalone
When used as a plug-in, the host program has already set up its audio and
MIDI connections, and AKOUSTIK PIANO simply plugs in to these. However,
with stand-alone operation AKOUSTIK PIANO communicates directly with your
audio interface. Its therefore necessary to specify audio and MIDI settings,
as well as the preferred driver protocol (of course, plug-in format is not an
issue).
Setup for Mac and Windows machines is essentially identical, except where
indicated. Note that if you change your audio interface, you will almost certainly
need to re-adjust these settings.
Call up the Audio + MIDI Settings setup dialog from the Setup menu. Youll see
three tabs for Soundcard, Routing (audio output patching), and MIDI.
Soundcard (Audio Interface)
Audio + MIDI Settings dialog
24 Akoustik Piano
Interface: Choose the fastest interface protocol supported by your interface,
which will be ASIO or Core Audio. For Windows, you can also use DirectSound
and Multimedia (also called MME), but expect a signifcant delay between the
time you play a note and the time you hear it.
Windows only: Avoid using any drivers listed as emulated, as they
provide poorer performance than other drivers. For example, although
DirectSound drivers generally outperform MME drivers, MME drivers
will outperform emulated DirectSound drivers.
Sample rate: The drop-down menu will display compatible sample rates for
your audio interface. 44.1kHz is the same sample rate used for CDs, and is
the most universal choice. However, some audio interfaces offer 48kHz and
96kHz (AKOUSTIK PIANO accepts up to 96kHz sample rates). These higher
rates stress your computer more, but offer somewhat better high frequency
response. If you are using AKOUSTIK PIANO standalone, choose whichever rate
you prefer. When used as a plug-in with a host program (e.g., Cubase, Digital
Performer, Logic, Sonar, etc.), the host will determine the sample rate.
Output Device: Use ASIO written specifcally for your audio interface (not ASIO
DirectX or ASIO Multimedia, unless no other choices are available), or for
the Mac, Core Audio.
Output Latency: This feld displays the output latency. For some drivers you
can adjust the latency individually using a fader.
Adjust latency for the fastest possible setting that gives consistent audio
performance. The CPU may not be able to keep up with fast settings, result-
ing in possible crackles or pops in the audio. Slower settings will give more
consistent audio performance, but the amount of delay may be musically
unsatisfying.
Experiment with the latency setting until you fnd the best compromise be-
tween consistent audio performance and fast response. A quick way to adjust
latency is as follows:
Select any instrument and play it while moving the Latency slider.
Move the Latency slider to the left until you start to hear clicks in the
audio output.
Now move the slider to the right until the clicks disappear. This is the
optimum setting.
Akoustik Piano 25
Note: AKOUSTIK PIANO uses a highly realistic convolution DSP effect.
This can, at times, be rather CPU intensive. If at any moment the CPU
overload button lights up, or you hear audio drop-outs, you may need
to adjust your soundcards output latency. Lower latencies gerneally
cause a higher CPU overhead. If even with higher latency you still have
issues, please use the ECO Reverb. More information is found in the
Editor section of this handbook.
Routing
Using the drop-down menu, AKOUSTIK PIANOs Output 2 is being assigned
to an output from a multi-output sound card.
If your sound card offers multiple outputs, you can choose which ones connect
to AKOUSTIK PIANO. Click on Outputs to select the outputs from drop-down
menus.
26 Akoustik Piano
MIDI
If your MIDI interface offers multiple ins and outs, you can choose which one
connects to AKOUSTIK PIANO. When you click on the MIDI tab youll see a list
of MIDI I/O. Initially, each one will be OFF. This feld is a toggle click on OFF
to turn an input or output ON, click on ON to turn an input or output OFF.
We strongly recommend that only one MIDI device be enabled at any
time. If you have enabled more than one device, make sure that you
choose OMNI from the MIDI channel drop-down menu in the INPUT
section.
If the softwares incoming MIDI indicator does not blink, then you have prob-
ably not enabled the correct MIDI port or have set the wrong MIDI channel.
Please check you setup again
Akoustik Piano 27
AKOUSTIK PIANO as Plug-in
Offine Bounce
The offine (bounce) button is for plug-in use only and is used for setting
the so-called offine mode. AKOUSTIK PIANO needs to know if a track or
the whole song is bounced (i.e. mixed together) in realtime or offine mode.
Bouncing occurs obviously when telling the host to create a mixdown, but
also when using modern host features like Logics freeze tracks. Not all hosts
tell their plug-ins when they go into offine mode - Sonar for example will
not, nor does Logic pre-7.0. Current Versions of Cubase and Logic will report
offine mode correctly, so theres no need to worry about the matter at all.
When using one of the hosts which dont report offine status properly or in
case of uncertainty, it might be required to manually tell AKOUSTIK PIANO
about the offine mode status. Click this button to enable offine bounce. It
is yellow when enabled, gray when disabled.
VST 2.0 Plug-in
Using the AKOUSTIK PIANO plug-in in Cubase SX 3
Launch Cubase, go to the Devices menu option and select the VST
Instruments menu option or press F11 on your keyboard.
A window showing the instrument rack appears. Click on an empty slot
and choose AKOUSTIK PIANO from the available list of instrument
plug-ins.

The plug-in will now appear in your list and automatically be turned on.
It will also create a set of audio channels in your VST mixer that will be
used for mixdown within your project. This will allow you to mix, pan,
and process AKOUSTIK PIANO's output just like any other existing
audio track in your Cubase song.
Click on the Edit button to call up the AKOUSTIK PIANO interface. Here
you can control and edit all the features and functions that AKOUSTIK
PIANO has to offer.
28 Akoustik Piano
Now go to the "Project" page and add a MIDI track (if you do not have
one already created).

Go to the Output parameter section for this MIDI Track and click on
the feld. This will create a list of available MIDI out ports to assign to
this MIDI track. Choose AKOUSTIK PIANO from the list.
Note: If AKOUSTIK PIANO does not appear in the list of available VST
instruments inside your VST 2 host application, then it is not installed
correctly. Please refer to the previous section on installing the plug-in
for both Windows and Mac platforms for more assistance on setting
this up.
After having loaded an Instrument from the library you should be able to
trigger it via MIDI using a keyboard controller. AKOUSTIK PIANOs sound
will generate through the VST mixer and directly to your sound card. If the
plug-in does not receive MIDI or generate audio, then make sure to check
the following areas:
Make sure "MIDI thru" is enabled in Cubase.
The MIDI channel of your MIDI track must correspond to the receive
channel of the loaded instrument.
Make sure that you have properly confgured your sound card for use with
Cubase. (please refer to your Cubase manual for more information)
Using the AKOUSTIK PIANO plug-in in Nuendo 2.0
Launch an empty or current project in Nuendo.
Click on the Devices menu and choose VST instruments from the menu
options (or press F11 on your keyboard).
A window showing the instrument rack appears. Click on an empty slot
and choose AKOUSTIK PIANO VST from the available list of installed
plug-ins.
Akoustik Piano 29
The plug-in will now appear in your list and automatically be turned on.
It will also create a set of audio channels in your VST mixer that will be
used for mixdown within your project. This will allow you to mix, pan,
and process AKOUSTIK PIANO's output just like any other existing
audio track in your Nuendo project.
Click on the Edit button to call up the AKOUSTIK PIANO interface. Here
you can control and edit all the features and functions that AKOUSTIK
PIANO has to offer.
Now go to the "Project Editor" page and create a MIDI track (if you do
not have one already created).
Go to the Output parameter section for this MIDI Track and click on
the feld. This will create a list of available MIDI out ports to assign to
this MIDI track. Choose AKOUSTIK PIANO VST from the list. Also make
sure you assign the MIDI input port to correspond to whatever MIDI
controller your are using.
Record enable the MIDI track.
Note: If AKOUSTIK PIANO does not appear in the list of available VST
instruments inside your VST 2 host application, then it is not installed
correctly. Please refer to the previous section on installing the plug-in
for both Windows and Mac platforms for more assistance on setting
this up.
After having loaded an Instrument from the library you should be able to
trigger it via MIDI using a keyboard controller. AKOUSTIK PIANOs sound
will generate through the VST mixer and directly to your sound card. If the
plug-in does not receive MIDI or generate audio, then make sure to check
the following two areas:
Make sure "MIDI thru" is enabled in Nuendo.
The MIDI channel of your MIDI track must correspond to the receive
channel of the loaded instrument.
Make sure that you have properly confgured your sound card for use with
Nuendo. (please refer to your Nuendo manual for more information).
30 Akoustik Piano
Audio Units Plug-ins
Use in Logic 7.x
Launch Logic and create an audio instrument track or set an existing
audio or MIDI track to an audio instrument track by clicking on it,
holding down the mouse button and choose Audio Audio Instrument
Inst 1.
Double click the audio instrument track to open the environment window.
Logic scrolls automatically to the frst instrument bus in the Logic mixer.
Choose the AKOUSTIK PIANO Audio Unit plug-in in the appropriate
insert slot of the instrument mixer bus, either in the arrange or mixer
window. Then click onto the insert slot, hold down the mouse button
and choose Stereo Audio Units Native Instruments Akoustik
Piano. (AKOUSTIK PIANO is also available as a multi-channel insert)
The plug-in now appears in the instrument slot and is ready to use.
The instrument mixer channel will allow you to mix, pan, and process
AKOUSTIK PIANOs output just like any other existing audio track in
Logic.
If the AKOUSTIK PIANO interface is not already open, double click on
the mixers AKOUSTIK PIANO slot to call up the AKOUSTIK PIANO
interface. Here you can control and edit all the features and functions
that AKOUSTIK PIANO has to offer.
Note: If AKOUSTIK PIANO does not appear in the list of available AU
instruments inside your AU host application, then it is not installed
correctly. Please refer to the previous section on installing the plug-in
for the Mac platform for more assistance on setting this up.
After having loaded an Instrument from the library you should be able to
trigger it via MIDI using a keyboard controller. AKOUSTIK PIANOs sound
Akoustik Piano 31
will generate through the mixer and directly to your sound card. If the plug-in
does not receive MIDI or generate audio, then make sure to check the fol-
lowing two areas:
Make sure the Inst track is selected in the Arrange window.
The MIDI channel of your MIDI track must correspond to the receive
channel of the loaded instrument.
Make sure that you have properly confgured your sound card for use
with Logic. (please refer to your Logic manual for more information).
Use in Digital Performer 4.5 or higher
Launch Digital Performer and create an instrument track by selecting
Project Add Track Instrument Track Akoustik Piano.
Create a MIDI track by selecting Project Add Track Midi Track. In
Digital Performers track overview window (or in the sequence editor
window) assign the ouput of this MIDI track to Akoustik Piano-1 and
a MIDI channel. If you instantiate further AKOUSTIK PIANO Plug-Ins
they will be named Akoustik Piano-2, Akoustik Piano-3 etc.
The plug-in is now ready to use. The mixer of Digital Performer will
allow you to mix, pan, and process AKOUSTIK PIANO's output just like
any other existing audio track.
32 Akoustik Piano
To play AKOUSTIK PIANO with your keyboard, record enable the MIDI
track which you have routed to AKOUSTIK PIANO and make sure Midi
Patch Through is enabled in the Studio menu of Digital Performer.
Double click on the AKOUSTIK PIANO slot in Digital Performers mixing
board to call up the AKOUSTIK PIANO interface. Here you can control
and edit all the features and functions that AKOUSTIK PIANO has to
offer.
Note: If AKOUSTIK PIANO does not appear in the list of available Audio
Unit plug-ins inside your Audio Units host application, then it is not
installed correctly. Please refer to the previous section on installing the
plug-in for Mac platforms for more assistance on setting this up.
After having loaded an Instrument from the library you should be able to trig-
ger it via MIDI using a keyboard controller. AKOUSTIK PIANOs sound will
generate through Digital Performers mixer and directly to your sound card. If
the plug-in does not receive MIDI or generate audio, then make sure to check
the following two areas:
Make sure Midi Patch Through is enabled in the Studio menu of Digital
Performer.
The MIDI channel of your MIDI track must correspond to the receive
channel of the loaded instrument.
Make sure that the instruments track output is correctly set.
Make sure that you have properly confgured your sound card for use
with Digital Performer.
(please refer to your Digital Performer manual for more information).
Use in Garage Band
Launch Garage Band
Press the + button to create a new Software Instrument Track.
From here you can choose the icon you wish to use.
Double-click the instrument track icon or press the I icon to get the
Track Info.
From the Info window expand the Details triangle underneath the In-
strument icon to expose the track settings.
From the Generator drop-down menu, choose AKOUSTIK PIANO from
among Audio Unit plug-ins.
Akoustik Piano 33
Clicking on the pencil icon next to the Manual drop-down menu will
open the AKOUSTIK PIANO interface for editing.
AKOUSTIK PIANO can now be played using an external MIDI
keyboard.
DXi 2 plug-in
DXi is a Microsoft DirectX technology based plug-in format
Use in Sonar 4
Launch Sonar
In the synth rack choose Akoustik Piano DXi 2.

Loading the AKOUSTIK PIANO DXi 2 plug-in in the synth rack
Route a MIDI track to the DXi 2-Plug-in by selecting AKOUSTIK PIANO
in the Out drop down list.
Assign a MIDI track to the AKOUSTIK PIANO -DXi-Plug-in Assign a MIDI track to the AKOUSTIK PIANO -DXi-Plug-in
After having loaded an Instrument from the library you should be able to
trigger it via MIDI using a keyboard controller. AKOUSTIK PIANOs sound
will generate through Sonars mixer and directly to your sound card. If the
plug-in does not receive MIDI or generate audio, then make sure to check
the following two areas:
34 Akoustik Piano
Make sure Midi Patch Through is enabled in the Studio menu of
Sonar.
The MIDI channel of your MIDI track must correspond to the receive
channel of the loaded instrument.
Make sure that the instruments track output is correctly set.
Make sure that you have properly confgured your sound card for use
with Sonar.
Please refer to your Sonar manual for more information).
Using AKOUSTIK PIANO RTAS with Pro Tools 6.x under Mac and Windows
The RTAS format is an interface protocol for Mac OS and Windows that allows
you to use plug-ins with ProTools independently from additional TDM hardware,
while nonetheless offering the widest range of features. In this case, the host
processor alone performs all of the computations for the plug-in.
Launch Pro Tools
Create a new AUX track File a New Track
Create a new MIDI track the same way
Locate the channel mixer Windows a Show mix
The dark gray box at the topmost section of the AUX channel is the
RTAS insert section. Click on the frst empty slot to show all available
RTAS plug-ins.
Choose Akoustik Piano from the menu

Now locate the MIDI channel you just created
In the output slot, choose AKOUSTIK PIANO and the appropriate
channel
Akoustik Piano 35

After record enabling the midi track, you will be able to play AKOUSTIK
PIANO with your midi keyboard.
(Please refer to your Pro Tools manual for more information on how to
record AKOUSTIK PIANOs output).
36 Akoustik Piano
Basic User Interface Protocols
There are fve main AKOUSTIK PIANO elements that let you interact with
this program.
Knobs
To change a knob value, click on it and drag up to move the knob
clockwise, or down to move it counter-clockwise.
Knobs can be fne-tuned if you hold down your computer keyboards
Shift key as you move the knob.
Ctrl + Click (Mac: Cmd + Click) resets a knob to its default value.
Buttons
These are all toggles - click once to turn on, again to turn off. The background
of most buttons will change color for the on and off states. For example:
The Track button lights red when record enabled, and green when in
playback.
Drop-Down Menus
These look like buttons, but have small arrows that point down. Click on this
type of button, and a menu of options drops down. Click on the desired option;
AKOUSTIK PIANO takes whatever action youve requested, then closes the
menu.
Click Menus
These work like scroll bar arrows in any computer program. Click the top arrow
to access the previous setting. Click the bottom to access the next one.
Akoustik Piano 37
Numericals
These are felds that contain numbers. In AKOUSTIK PIANO this only relates
tothe tuning number felds.
Choose a preset value from the drop-down list. This is the fastest way
to change values.
Click on the numerical, then drag the mouse up to increase the value,
and drag down to decrease the value.
Double-click on the numerical, and type in the desired value.
Saving and Loading Presets
With AKOUSTIK PIANO, once you create a beautiful Preset, you can always
get it back again thats the beneft of being able to save.
Preset fles have a distinctive .nki suffx. Prests are saved within a Presets folder
located in the main AKOUSTIK PIANO directory unless otherwise specifed
by the user.
Load a Preset
At the top of the AKOUSTIK PIANO interface, next to the Preset name. is a
downward arrow. Click on this and select the desired Preset from the drop-
down menu.
Save a Preset
Save to new Preset: Double-click the Preset name to highlight it. Type a new
name into the Preset name feld and press Save (diskette icon). The fle will
be automatically saved to the AKOUSTIK PIANO Presets folder.
Overwrite existing Preset: To overwrite a Preset, press the save as (diskette)
button. A dialog box opens up asking you to confrm the overwrite process.
38 Akoustik Piano
Getting to know your new pianos
Contained in an intuitive interface, AKOUSTIK PIANO combines pristine
samples from 3 of the most prestigious and reputable grand pianos in existence:
the Boesendorfer Imperial, Bechstein D, and Steinway D. A particularly
charismatic vintage Steingraeber 130 upright piano is also included.
Bosendorfer Vienna Classic
Model: 290 Imperial Grand
On 25 July 1828 Ignaz Boesendorfer established himself in Vienna as a piano
maker. This was the beginning of a classic and vibrant company, that is not
only connected with the Vienna musical development of the 19. and 20.
Century, but also remains the only company which continues to build pianos
in the highly regarded Vienna tradition.
The Imperial is known for its unsurpassed power, singing tone and a reso-
nance that seemingly lasts forever. These tonal characteristics derive from the
unique craftsmanship and design which has made the Model 290 famous.
The Imperial boasts the largest sound board area of any piano currently in
production and it is the only concert grand with nine sub-bass notes - down
to bottom C - which give it a full, eight octave range. The Model 290 is truly
capable of delivering the most thunderous piano concerto or a whisper soft
recital. Suited for classical, contemporary as well as jazz, the Bsendorfer
unique sonic characteristics make it the choice of countless world-famous
pianists.
This is the chosen grand to faithfully reproduce the works of Bartok, Debussy,
Ravel and Busoni.
Famous Fingers: Franz Schubert, Frederic Chopin, Richard Wagner, Johannes
Brahms, Richard Strauss, Leonard Bernstein
http://www.boesendorfer.com
Akoustik Piano 39
Bechstein German Precision
Model: D 280 Grand
Growing disillusioned with current piano-maker techniques, Carl Bechstein
realized the need for a new type of piano design, one with a resonating body
and enormous span of sound expression. In 1853, he crafted his achieve-
ment when he set up in Berlin, Germany. With his vision, he developed the
Bechstein concept for sound and technique.
The Bechstein280s tone is one that is gentle in nature. Its duplex scale
design provides subtle harmonic overtones which add to the tonal color and
help shape the primary note. This piano is known for a clean, thin treble and
strong, velvety bass, thus allowing players to produce powerful temperaments
while retaining full freedom of expression.
Famous Fingers: Claude Debussy, Franz Liszt, Elton John, David Bowie, Rick
Wakeman, Supertramp and The Beatles
http://www.bechstein.de/
Concert Grand D
The Concert Grand D is a unique Native Instruments creation which fuses
the KONTAKT 2 sampling engine with high resolution samples from the most
widely used concert piano in contemporary music, the Steinway Model D.
For the sample recording session we hired the fnest Model D available directly
from Steinway, Hamburg. It is a three year old German Concert Grand D
model in excellent condition and is regularly maintained by the best piano
tuners from Steinway, Hamburg.
The Concert Grand Ds intonation and regulation were optimized for the lightest
playing style. Thus, even with very light strokes, an impressive sound spec-
trum and controllable tonal nuances are generated. This results in wonderfully
smooth and perfectly sounding Pianissimo notes.
In keeping with the Hamburg tradition, the Piano was recorded at 443 Hz.
Our feeling is that with this slightly higher tuning the tones tend to sing
better. After the initial recording sessions, the Concert Grand D was re-tuned
to 440 Hz; ensuring that the singing tonal quality was retained and at the
same time conforming to the AKOUSTIK PIANO standard tuning.
This piano has an incredibly versatile sound and is particularly suited for solo
piano work, jazz, classical, new age and other styles of music.
40 Akoustik Piano
Steingraeber und Soehne Tried, Trusted and Tempered
Model: Vintage Upright 130
The history of the piano makers, Steingraeber und Soehne, began in Thuringen
in the year 1820. Eduard Steingraeber established himself in Bayreuth in 1852
and within three decades had become Bavarias largest and most important
manufacturer of upright and grand pianos.
The Steingraeber 130 is a vintage upright piano with a warm, charismatic
, and compact sound which ideally suits productions that attain their charm
through small quirks and imperfections. When the perfect concert grand
sound isnt desired; the Steingraeber 130 with its characteristic tone,
makes a fne replacement.
This piano is typically used in blues, jazz, blue grass, and individual forms.
Famous Fingers: Tom Waits, Johnny Cash.
http://www.steingraeber.de/
Akoustik Piano 41
AKOUSTIK PIANO Architecture
AKOUSTIK PIANO was specifcally designed for the enthusiast that is looking
for a pristine sound without a complicated interface. Our focus was to simply
make it sound great, and it also happens to look great too!
AKOUSTIK PIANO contains four pianos with one user interface.
The pianos can be placed in one of four acoustic spaces.
All pianos have the same dedicated controls to shape the original
piano sound.
Factory presets (instruments) can be tailored to your personal taste
and saved for later editing or performance.
Built-in record function which doubles as a MIDI fle player.
Instrument Header
The Instrument header is where youll fnd AKOUSTIK PIANOs main controls
such as Preset management (renaming and saving), main volume, and piano
views; to name a few. The corresponding Header buttons are described in
detail from left to right.
1. Select View: This view can be thought of as piano select. This is
where you can choose from any of the four different piano types and
rooms. It also contains the Editor: Edit view is the control center for
shaping and adjusting sound characteristics. Here you have all piano
parameters available for customizing, fne tuning and shaping the
character of your piano.
2. Play View: On the left you have the Play view. The emphasis here
is not on editing any sound parameters. This is the standard view
for, as you probably guessed, playing your chosen piano. This view
also contains the instrument header, which gives you easy access to
presets, and the Recorder, which can be used to play back MIDI fles
or record a new song.
42 Akoustik Piano
3. Full view (Not available when used as a plug-in): To the right is the
Full view and what a view it is! The spotlight is on performance. There
are no distracting knobs or buttons, just pure keys, allowing you to
concentrate on what is most important...playing.
4. Preset Name: Enter a name by double-clicking the name feld and
typing in a new name. To edit a name, drag across the section to be
changed, and type in any changes. Press the Save button to save the
Preset.
5. Preset menu: The drop-down menu to the right of the Name feld
allows selecting a new Preset from the available Instrument presets.
Selecting one replaces the current Preset.
6. Load Next / Previous Preset: The left/right arrows to the right of
the Name feld select the previous or next Preset in the preset list.
Selecting this replaces the selected Preset.
7. Save Preset: Click this to save the current Preset. Use this if you wish
to overwrite any changes to the same Preset. Presets are saved in the
Native Instruments .nki format
8. Delete: Deletes the current Preset from the list and from your com-
puter.
9. Voices: The range goes from 15 to 150. In combination with the
ECO mode, this allows you to optimize performance on computers
with minimum requirements. Please note that this is the number of
keys that can be played at the same time - including sustain pedal.
AKOUSTIK PIANO will play much more voices under the hood since
e.g. special effects like sustain resonance trigger more samples.
10. CPU overload: The ! lights red when the computer is at its limit. This
is a clear sign that you should reduce the number of playing voices
(release all keys and sustain pedals) and / or turn on the ECO button.
In case of an overload, press this button again to reset the engine.
11. ECO: This button switches from convolution (default) to a normal
Reverb. If you get a CPU overload message or audio dropouts, you
should turn this on.
When AKOUSTIK PIANO is used as a plug-in, enables the "of-
fine bounce" feature. Offine bounce prepares AKOUSTIK PIANO for
bouncing / freezing tracks which use AKOUSTIK PIANO and is helpful for
reducing crackles or drop-outs in the rendered audio. When AKOUSTIK
PIANO receives the bounce signal from the host, this will automatically
turn on. If it doesn't, this means the host does not support this feature
Akoustik Piano 43
and you may have to enable it manually (it will turn yellow). However,
before turning this on manually, listen to the exported audio. You may
not even need to use this.
12. Level Output Meter/ Master Volume: This slider doubles as a signal
output meter and a volume control. The meters show the Instruments
signal level. If the red clipping indicators toward the right light up,
reduce the master volume to prevent distortion. As with most software
instruments, AKOUSTIK PIANO adds the voices at the output. The
more voices you play, the more likely that clipping will occur. When
setting levels, play the maximum number of voices you expect to play,
and adjust the level based on that. A built-in limiter will prevent any
harsh clipping from occuring.
13. NI Logo: Click this to access the AKOUSTIK PIANO About window.
This window contains useful information regarding the software, such
as version number, as well as update and support links.
Select View
As you know by now, at the heart of AKOUSTIK PIANOs sound are four
meticulously sampled pianos. Through this process, we were able to achieve
a fexible sound that delivers each pianos distinctive character in exacting
detail and can still be adjusted to meet specifc needs.
44 Akoustik Piano
Four Pianos, Four Rooms
In Select View you are presented with the standard AKOUSTIK PIANO sound
set, four pianos and four rooms. Each of the four pianos can be placed
in any of the four acoustic environments to accentuate the sounds spatial
characteristics.
The Pianos
Click on the piano of your choice to load the dry version. Please note that due
to the relative size of the pianos, loading may take a moment.
At any time you may click the I button in the upper right corner to open
to an info window which contains information about the pianos and web
site links from the piano manufacturer.
Pedals
All of pianos represented here have three pedals. The pedals can be engaged
using standard MIDI control changes (CCs). The corresponding CC number
is noted next to the pedal name.
Damper pedal (CC 64): The Damper Pedal is also called the Sustain Pedal.
Every note on the piano, except the top two octaves, has a damper, which is
a padded device that prevents the strings from vibrating. The damper is lifted
off the strings whenever the key for that note is pressed. When the damper
pedal is pressed, all the dampers on the piano are lifted at once, so that
every note can sustain.
Una Corda (CC 67): Una Corda (literally means one string in Italian) or the
soft pedal is placed left most in the row of pedals. On a grand piano, this
pedal shifts the action to one side slightly, so that hammers that normally
strike all three of the strings strike only one or two of them. This softens the
note and also modifes its tone quality.
Sostentunto (CC 66): The Sostenuto Pedal or middle pedal maintains in the
raised position any damper that was raised at the moment the pedal was
depressed. It makes it possible to sustain some notes (depress the sostenuto
pedal before releasing the notes to be sustained) while the players hands
have moved on to play other notes. The sostenuto pedal was the last of the
three pedals to be added to the standard piano, and to this day many cheap
pianos dont have one, but all grand pianos do. A number of twentieth-century
works will require use of this pedal.
Akoustik Piano 45
The Rooms
AKOUSTIK PIANOs impulse response-based convolution effect combines
the realism of acoustic spaces with the fexibility and control possibilities of
signal processing.
Convolution works by frst taking a sample of an acoustic space, and using
that sample as the basis to model the space. With convolution technology
you can reproduce the sound of some pretty amazing places where you may
never get to play a piano. However, thanks to AKOUSTIK PIANO, at least youll
know how it would sound if you could.
Click on the room to load a convolution preset. Click again on the room to dis-
able it. The following presets can be further edited in the Reverb section.
Venue Room Size Floor Material
Cathedral Very Large Marbel
Concert Hall Large Parquet (wood)
Jazz Club Middle Hardwood
Recording Studio Small Linoleum
Editor
As described in the previous section, the Instrument Header is your gateway
to |nstrument editing operations. The Editor is only available in the Select
view.
46 Akoustik Piano
Input
In this section you confgure and fne-tune your piano and MIDI setup.
Channel: Channel sets the Instruments MIDI channel.
Transpose: Transpose incoming MIDI data in semitones. For example, if this
is set to 2 and you play C on you keyboard, the Instrument will play D. The
range is from -12 to +12.
Fine Tune: Adjusts the overall tuning of the Instrument. The default is A=440,
but it can be adjusted from A=420 to A=460. Use the up-down arrows to
incrementally step through values or double-click the number feld and enter
even fner values in by hand, for example 441.5Hz.
Tuning: Here you can choose an alternative tuning for your piano. The most
commonly used for piano are equal temperament and less so, stretch tuning.
Youll fnd a complete list and description of these tunings in the Appendix
of this handbook.
Velocity Curve: Menu to select from 7 different velocity curves. This affects
how AKOUSTIK PIANO responds to the incoming MIDI velocity. See more on
Velocity in the Appendix.
Last note: Last note is an info display where incoming note velocity, the scaled
velocity (in case of using the velocity curve) and the dynamic marking are
shown. You cannot edit this section.
Dynamic markings and their abbreviations
Pianississimo: ppp, very soft volume
Pianissimo: pp, softer volume
Piano: p, soft volume
Mezzo-piano: mp, medium soft volume
Mezzo-forte: mf, medium loud volume
Forte: f, loud volume
Fortissimo: ff, very loud volume
Fortississimo: fff, extremely loud volume
Akoustik Piano 47
Piano Details
Everybody knows the common sound of a piano, but the character of one is
something else entirely. With this section you control how much character
actually comes through. The different settings mix with the dry piano signal
and create something which until now, only real pianos could reproduce.
Sustain Resonance: Sustain Resonance is a unique Akoustik Piano feature
which controls the sustain sample resonance and release sample volume.
When used in conjunction with a sustain pedal, Sustain Resonance gives an
effect of spaciousness similar to that of reverb. It can be thought of as the
tonal nuances created by the strings and body after the dampers are lifted.
Turning the Sustain Resonance up makes for a more realistic piano
sound, but if used in conjunction with a sustain pedal polyphony can
accumulate rather quickly. This tends to result in a higher CPU load.
Release Resonance: Released keys also have a similar effect on undampened
high notes, generating overtones. Release Resonance adjusts the intensity
of the release samples and in turn, controls the overall presence of these
tones.
Bass: Bass contains three settings which help add low end character to the
piano.
Key: Key adjusts the volume of the piano action as a key is released. Extreme
left is very faint, while right is more present. The knobs middle position is the
sound as originally recorded.
Pedal: Pedal adjusts the volume of the pedal mechanism, thus creating a
more realistic sound when using them. As with Key Noise, the middle value
is the original recorded sound.
Lid: Lid sets the lid position of the grand piano. The three positions are open,
half-open and closed.
48 Akoustik Piano
Dynamic: Adjusts in dB the difference in dynamic between the lightest (mini-
mum key velocity) and hardest (maximum key velocity) keystroke.
Equalizer
AKOUSTIK PIANOs 3-Band EQ provides controls for frequency (where any
boosting or cutting will occur), the amount of boost or cut (gain), and the
bandwidth over which the boost or cut occurs, from narrow to wide. Narrow
bandwidths give a sharper fltering effect, whereas wide bandwidths are more
subtle and gentler.
For editing, select a band with the mouse and drag it around. Finer adjust-
ments can be made with the knobs described below.
Frequency: Chooses the frequency at which boosting or cutting will occur.
Bandwidth: Sets the width of the frequency band (in octaves) to be boosted
or cut.
Gain: Controls the amount of boost (positive values) or cut (negative values)
On/Off: When ON, this enables the EQ. OFF is used to bypass the EQ
settings.
Akoustik Piano 49
Reverb
Reverb synthesizes the myriad refections that occur when
sounds play in an acoustic space, thus adding spaciousness
to the sound.
Amount: Adjusts the reverb wet/dry amount. This is likened to
a processed and unprocessed signal.
Size: Sets the impulse response size, which affects how long
the reverberation lasts. Higher values are equivalent to larger
rooms.
Distance: Simulates distance from the piano to the refective
surface through pre-delay.
The ECO button in the instrument header switches from convolution
to a normal reverb. Switch this on if your computer exhibits signs of
reacting slowly. The above controls remain the same with normal reverb
active.
Please note that if you experience crackles or audio drop-outs with
larger reverb settings, it is recommended that you increase your sound
card latency. Please see the Installation chapter for more information
on how to do this.
Position
Pan: Sets the stereo position of the Instrument.
Width: Sets the width of the stereo feld. Negative values close
it in until at full counterclockwise, the signal becomes mono.
Positive values push the stereo spread outward.
L<->R: Swap the left and right audio channels. This is useful
for changing the listening position from Pianist to Audience.
Default is Pianist where the lower notes are on the left side of
the stereo feld. If enabled, lower notes are on the right side.
50 Akoustik Piano
Recorder
AKOUSTIK PIANO includes a simple recorder which facilitates getting in-
spirational moments on tape. With its MIDI fle player functionality, it also
doubles as a useful practice aid.
File
This is where you create, name, load, export and save your songs in the
AKOUSTIK PIANO song format (*.aps).
New document: This creates a new blank template for your song. You can
name the pre-recording at any time by typing in the text feld above and
pressing enter.
Load: Click on the Load button, navigate to the fle you want to load, and
click on Open. The File PLayer accepts AKOUSTIK PIANO song, standard
MIDI, and karaoke fle types (.kar). Recorder cannot load audio fles, such as
.wav, .aif or mp3.
Save: Opens a fle dialog where you can choose a location to save your song
in the AKOUSTIK PIANO song format.
Export Audio: Render the current MIDI or Song to a WAV fle. This brings up
a save fle dialog where you can select the save-to location. By default the
audio fle retains the name of the Instrument.
Tempo
This glorifed metronome section helps you keep time, but that is not all. It
can also be used to slow down and speed up takes in song mode.
Akoustik Piano 51
Click: Turns the metronome On or Off
Volume: Adjusts the level of the click sound
BPM: Set the metronome tempo by clicking on the up/down markers.
Alternatively, double-click the number feld and enter the value manually.
BPM can be used post-recording to slow down and speed up songs.
Tap: Tap allows you to mouse click the correct tempo. This uses the intervals
between mouse clicks to fgure out which tempo the metronome should use.
Note the you need a minimum of three clicks for this to work accurately, so we
recommend using the quick key (TAB) to tap tempo. The yellow light blinks
to refect the current tempo.
Position
Displays the recording/play position in hours, minutes, seconds and samples.
The song position may be changed using the rewind or fast forward buttons
in the Transport section.
Transport
This device can be thought of as a tape recorder. It doesnt use tape, but the
principle remains the same. Press Record, play some notes, then save the
result as one Song. AKOUSTIK PIANO song fles have the extension *.aps.
Saved songs can then be loaded and used a backing track for practice. Below
is a description of the buttons, which should look familiar to you, followed by
a typical application of the recording features.
Record: Press the Record button to record enable the device. The red light
fashes to let you know record-ready mode is on. Recording begins upon note
input or when pressing the Play button.
Undo: Undo is used to bring back the second to last recording. It is does not
clear the song buffer, i.e. Undo only becomes active after the SECOND take
has been recorded!
52 Akoustik Piano
Reset: Click this to return the selected tracks start position
Rewind: Click and hold this to rewind. One mouse-click step through the
selected track at intervals of 1 second..
Play: Playback or pause the fle.
Fast Forward: Click and hold this to fast forward the fle. As with rewind, single
mouse-clicks step through the track at 1 second intervals.
Loop: Loop fle from beginning to end only
When in recording mode, the following controls are disabled: rewind,
fast forward, and loop.
Recording fundamentals
Create and name a New Document via the File section New Document
button
Press the Record button to enter record standby mode. Recording
does not actually start yet.
Recording begins with the frst note played or by pressing the play
button. If the metronome is on, you should hear it as well.
Press the Record or Play button to stop recording. Recorder resets
the song position to the beginning automatically.
If you are satisfed with your take, you can press the File sections Save
(diskette) button. This opens a save dialog where you can choose a
save location for your song.
When done recording, press the Play button to play back the recorded per-
formance. To stop playback, press the Play button again.
If you are not satisfed with your take, you may re-record it. Use the
UNDO button when you want to bring back the second to last record-
ing.
Akoustik Piano 53
Playing back a song or MIDI fle
Load a song or standard MIDI fle if you havent already (Load but-
ton).
It is not possible to Record when playing back MIDI fles.
Press the Play button to begin playback.
Use the master volume to adjust playback volume.
Playback tempo may also be adjusted using either the BPM button or by using
the tap tempo function.
When playback is complete, AKOUSTIK PIANO automatically goes back to
the top of the song. If Loop is enabled, then playback will continue. To stop
playback in the middle of a song, press the Play button.
When you load a standard MIDI fle, MIDI channel OMNI will be as-
signed. Use the drop-down MIDI channel menu to select the proper
MIDI channel for instrument playback. Please be aware that the Player
is mono-timbral. This means that if you use OMNI for MIDI fle playback,
and Akoustik Piano must process the same note from two different MIDI
channels, one note will be cut off. Therefore, we advise using only one
MIDI channel for playback.
54 Akoustik Piano
Appendix
Troubleshooting
If you encounter any problems with crackles please try the following steps
in this order.
Ensure that you are using a high quality soundcard with an ASIO
driver (on Windows XP). Increase the latency of your sound card in the
Audio/MIDI setup dialog to a value that still lets you play the pianos
with a nice feel (10ms - 15ms).
If you still hear crackles, check if the CPU overload button fashes
red (!). In this case, press the button to reset the sound engine
and click the ECO button. This will switch from convolution reverb
to conventional reverbs. Alternatively, you can deselect all rooms by
clicking on the currently selected room.
Any further crackles are disk related. Make sure that you are using
the 16 bit version instead of the 24 bit version of the library. If you
are using a laptop, try putting the library on an external hard disk with
USB 2 or FireWire interface.
Reduce the number of voices in the Voices drop down.
Set the volume of the Sustain Resonance to 0 in the Editor.
Akoustik Piano Keyboard Shortcuts
Ctrl + S Save Preset
Cursor left Preset left
Cursor right Preset right
F1 Select View (standard)
F2 Play View
F3 Full View
Space / Enter Play
Space / Pad 0 Stop
Pad . Reset
Pad - Rewind
Pad + Fast Forward
Akoustik Piano 55
Pad / Loop
Pad * Record
Pad 5 Metronome on/off
Tab Tap tempo
Page up Tempo up
Page down Tempo down
Cursor up Volume up
Cursor down Volume down
ALT + F4 / Cmd + Q Quit Akoustik Piano
MIDI CC Chart
CC 7 - Volume
CC 10 - Pan
CC 64 - Sustain
CC 66 - Sostenuto
CC 67 - Una Corda
A note about MIDI Velocity-
Not all MIDI keyboards transmit the entire MIDI velocity range and less expen-
sive controllers may be stubborn about sending the values which you actually
play. For example, pianississimo may generate 30 and fortississimo may only
transmit 110. This may make it hard to achieve the desired expression that
suits your playing style. For this reason, Akoustik Piano offers some ways in
which you can overcome this problem. It is recommended that you frst set
up your keyboard response before setting the Dynamic.
The Velocity curve drop-down menu in the Input section offers you 7 differ-
ent slopes. The ranges are from -3 to +3, with a neutral curve in between.
In general this means that with positive settings, AKOUSTIK PIANO is more
sensitive to softer incoming velocity. This could also be good if your keyboard
tops out at 100 for its max value, like some older models do. When the slope
is negative, there is less response to softer velocity and more sensitivity to
harder strokes. If pianissimo generates velocities around 40, then you should
use negative slopes.
56 Akoustik Piano
This picture illustrates how with a -2 curve an input velocity of 50 will result in an output velocity
of about 20. With a +2 curve, an input velocity of 100 will yield an output of around 123.
While this type of setting is remains individual, we cannot say for certain
which you might need. It is best to try out different settings and see which
one works best with your setup.
When used in conjunction with Dynamic you can also control the Akoustik
Pianos dynamic range in response to MIDI velocity. Any note played with
a velocity below the curves lowest velocity will play at the minimum of the
dynamic range. Similarly, any note with a velocity above the curves highest
velocity setting will play at the maximum of the dynamic range setting. The
Dynamic function can also modify the dynamics of the whole instrument
track (increase or reduce the difference between loud and soft note velocity),
without compression or adjusting the sequencers note velocities.
Tunings in AKOUSTIK PIANO
Equal temperament (Equal)
To accommodate both keyboard design and the need to be able to play in all
keys so that everything sounds acceptable, the octave on the piano is math-
ematically divided into 12 equal parts. This process is called tempering. The
specifc type of tempering commonly used in piano tuning is called equal
temperament. In Equal Temperament the ratio between half-steps is 100
cents. This is the preferred tuning when playing with other instruments.
Akoustik Piano 57
Stretched Tuning
Stretched Tuning is when the high and low registers of the piano are tuned
higher and lower, respectively, tuning the low strings harmonics with the
upper strings fundamentals. The piano is intentionally tuned out of Equal
Temperament in order to be in tune with itself. While this tuning may be
the best for solo work, it is commonly not used when working with other
instruments.
Pure Tunings
Pure (Pure)
Note frequency ratio deviation from equal tempered
C 1/1 0 cent
C#/Db 25/24 - 29.328 cent
D 9/8 + 3.910 cent
D#/Eb 6/5 + 15.641 cent
E 5/4 - 13.686 cent
F 4/3 - 1.955 cent
F#/Gb 25/18 - 31.283 cent
G 3/2 + 1.955 cent
G#/Ab 8/5 + 13.686 cent
A 5/3 - 15.641 cent
A#/Bb 9/5 + 17.596 cent
B 15/8 - 11.731 cent
C 2/1 0 cent
Overtones 16-32 (Harmonic)
All intervals are taken from the ffth octave of the harmonic series (i.e. the scale
is made up from the overtones 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 24 26 27 28 30 32):
Note frequency ratio deviation from equal tempered
C 1/1 0 cent
C#/Db 17/16 + 4.955 cent
D 9/8 + 3.910 cent
D#/Eb 19/16 - 2.487 cent
E 5/4 - 13.686 cent
F 21/16 - 29.219 cent
58 Akoustik Piano
F#/Gb 11/8 - 48.682 cent
G 3/2 + 1.955 cent
G#/Ab 13/8 + 40.528 cent
A 27/16 + 5.865 cent
A#/Bb 7/4 - 31.174 cent
B 15/8 - 11.731 cent
C 2/1 0 cent
Pythagorean Tunings
Pythagorean tunings are based on pure ffths, two alternatives are available:
Pythag. Mid (Pythag.): Five pure ffths are tuned down and up from C, F#/Gb
is deliberately set to 0 cent.
Note frequency ratio deviation from equal tempered
C 1/1 0 cent
Db 256/243 - 9.775 cent
D 9/8 + 3.910 cent
Eb 32/27 - 5.865 cent
E 81/64 + 7.820 cent
F 4/3 - 1.955 cent
F#/Gb - 0 cent
G 3/2 + 1.955 cent
Ab 128/81 - 7.820 cent
A 27/16 + 5.865 cent
Bb 16/9 - 3.910 cent
B 243/128 + 9.775 cent
C 2/1 0 cent
Meantone temperaments
Mean Tone (MeanT.)): Classic mean tone temperament: the syntonic comma
(sC) is divided into four equal parts, this fourth comma is subtracted from
the pure ffth and constitutes the mean tone ffth. The ffths Eb-Bb-F-C-G-
D-A-E are tuned as mean tone ffths, the thirds A-C#, D-F#, E-G# and G-B
are tuned pure.
Note frequency ratio deviation from equal tempered
C 1/1 0 cent
C# (135/128) / sC3 - 23.950 cent
D (9/8) / sC2 - 6.843 cent
Akoustik Piano 59
Eb (32/27) / sC-3 + 10.265 cent
E 5/4 - 13.686 cent
F (4/3) / sC-1 + 3.422 cent
F# (45/32) / sC2 - 20.529 cent
G (3/2) / sC1 -3.422 cent
G# (5/4)2 - 27.372 cent
A (27/16) / sC3 -10.265 cent
Bb (16/9) / sC-2 + 6.843 cent
B (15/8) / sC1 - 17.108 cent
C 2/1 0 cent
Well-temperaments
Werckmeister III (WerkIII): Temperament by Andreas Werckmeister (1645
- 1706), dating from 1691: the ffths C-G-D-A and B-F# are lowered by a
quarter of the pythagorean comma.
Kirnberger III (KirnIII): Temperament by Johann Philipp Kirnberger (1721-
1783), dating from 1779. The ffths C-G-D-A-E are lowered by a quarter of
the syntonic comma, the ffth F# - C# is lowered by the schism, the remaining
ffths are pure.
Valotti (Valoti): Temperament by Francesco Antonio Valotti, dating from
1754. The pythagorean comma is distributed over the ffths f-c-g-d-a-e-B;
each of these ffths is lowered by 1/6 of the pythagorean comma.
Young (Young): Temperament by Thomas Young from 1800, sometimes referred
to as Young II. The pythagorean comma is distributed over the ffths c-g-d-
a-e-h-f#; each of these ffths is lowered by 1/6 of the pythagorean comma
Quarter Tone (1/4 Tone)
A quarter tone is an interval half as wide (aurally, or logarithmically) as a
semitone, which is half a whole tone.
In equal temperament the quarter tone is 50 cents or 21/24 or
1.029302236643. In 24 tone equal temperament, or the quarter tone scale,
it is the smallest step. In just intonation it is often 36:35 or 34:33.
This tunes all notes above and below the root, C, in quarter tones.
60 Akoustik Piano
Miscellaneous
Interesting facts about the piano
The Piano was invented in 1726 by an Italian, Bartolomeo Cristofori. Although
he made a few pianos in his lifetime, he was mainly a harpsichord maker.
The name piano is an abbreviation of the original name for the instrument:
piano et forte or soft and loud.
A piano has over 9,000 parts, with about 4,500 of them moving. With so
many parts, a piano is often considered the most complex mechanical device
in most homes.
The working section of the piano is called the Action. All the moving parts in
an action play a role in sending the hammers against the strings when keys
are struck.
Each note in a grand piano has more than 35 points of adjustment. Over
3,080 adjustments for the entire piano.
There is approximately 30 tons of pressure being exerted by the stretched
steel piano strings in a concert grand.
There are about 230 strings inside a typical piano. The average string has
about 160 pounds of tension.
Akoustik Piano 61
Index
A
About ...................................... 43
Amount .................................... 49
ASIO ....................................... 22
AU .......................................... 22
Audio + MIDI Settings ............... 23
Audio Interface ......................... 23
Audio Interfaces ....................... 20
Audio Unit plug-in Installation .... 19
Audio Units ........................ 22, 30
Authorization .............................. 7
Authorization Key ........................ 7
B
BPM ........................................ 51
C
Channel ................................... 46
Click ........................................ 51
Color ....................................... 49
Complete button ....................... 11
Convolution .............................. 45
Core Audio ............................... 22
Cubase .................................... 27
D
Damper.................................... 44
Details ..................................... 47
Digital Performer ...................... 31
DirectSound ............................. 22
DXi2 ........................................ 22
DXi 2 plug-in Setup ................... 17
Dynamic ............................ 46, 48
E
ECO .................................. 42, 49
Editor ...................................... 41
EQ .......................................... 48
Equalizer .................................. 48
Equal temperment .................... 56
Export Audio ............................ 50
F
Fast Forward ............................ 52
File ......................................... 50
Fill Out Form button .................. 14
Fine Tune ................................. 46
Forte ....................................... 46
Fortissimo ................................ 46
Fortississimo ............................ 46
fortississimo ............................. 55
Frequency ................................ 48
G
Gain ........................................ 48
Garage Band ............................ 32
I
Installation under MacOS X ........ 18
Installation under Windows XP .... 16
Interface .................................. 24
K
Key ......................................... 47
Kirnberger III ............................ 59
L
Last note ................................. 46
Latency.................................... 22
Lid .......................................... 47
Load ........................................ 50
Load a Preset ........................... 37
Logic ....................................... 30
Loop .................................. 52, 53
62 Akoustik Piano
M
Mean Tone ............................... 58
Mezzo-forte .............................. 46
Mezzo-piano ............................. 46
MIDI .............................25, 41, 53
MIDI interface .......................... 26
MME ....................................... 22
N
Neidhardt I ............................... 59
New ........................................ 50
Nuendo .................................... 28
O
Open File button ....................... 13
Output ..................................... 43
Output Device .......................... 24
Output Latency ......................... 24
Overtones 16-32 ....................... 57
P
Pan ......................................... 49
Pedal ....................................... 47
Pianissimo ............................... 46
Pianississimo ............................ 46
pianississimo ............................ 55
Piano ....................................... 46
Play ......................................... 52
Plug-In .............................. 20, 27
Position ............................. 49, 51
Pro Tools .................................. 34
Pythagorean Tunings ................. 58
Q
Quarter Tone ............................ 59
R
Recording ................................ 52
Register Now .............................. 9
Registration support .................. 15
Registration Tool ......................... 7
Reset ....................................... 52
Resonance ............................... 47
Resonance Color ....................... 47
Rewind .................................... 52
Routing .................................... 25
RTAS ................................. 22, 23
RTAS plug-in installation ............ 19
S
Sample rate .............................. 24
Save .................................. 42, 50
Save a Preset ........................... 37
Save Registration File ................ 12
Shortcuts ................................. 54
Size ......................................... 49
soft pedal ................................ 44
Sonar ...................................... 33
Song ....................................... 51
Sostentunto .............................. 44
Soundcard ............................... 23
Stand-alone Application ............. 20
Standalone ............................... 23
Stretched Tuning ....................... 57
sustain..................................... 47
Sustain Pedal ........................... 44
System ID .................................. 7
System Requirements .......... 16, 18
T
Tap .......................................... 51
Tempo ..................................... 50
Transport ................................. 51
Transpose ................................ 46
Tuning ............................... 46, 56
Akoustik Piano 63
U
Una Corda ................................ 44
V
Valotti ...................................... 59
Velocity .................................... 55
Velocity Curve ........................... 46
Volume .................................... 51
VST ......................................... 22
VST 2.0 Plug-In ........................ 27
VST plug-in Installation .............. 17
W
Well-temperaments ................... 59
Werckmeister III ........................ 59
What is the Product Authorization? 7
Width ...................................... 49
Y
Young ...................................... 59