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KINETICS Seismic Design Manual

 

National Building Code of Canada Requirements

 

The National Building Code of Canada (1995) addresses seismic loads in Section 4.1.9 – Live Loads Due to Earthquakes. The portions dealing with seismic loading of equipment are summarized herein.

Portions of buildings (architectural or equipment) and their anchorage must be designed for a lateral seismic force of (per 4.1.9.1-15)

where:

V

p

= vIS W

p

p

 

(Eq. 2.9-1)

V p =

lateral force on a part or portion of a structure and is distributed according to the mass distribution of the element under consideration

v

=

zonal velocity ratio = the specified zonal horizontal ground velocity expressed as a ratio to 1 m/s

I

=

seismic importance factor of the structure

 
 

=

1.5

for post-disaster buildings

 

=

1.3

for schools

 

=

1.0

for all other buildings.

 
 

S p = W p =

horizontal force factor for part or portion of a building and its anchorage weight of part or portion of building or equipment.

The value of S p is given in Table 4.1.9.1.D. The value of S p for suspended ceilings is 2.0 and the force must be considered to occur in any direction. For mechanical and electrical equipment the value of S p is obtained from (4.1.9.1-19)

 

S

p

= C

p

A A

r

x

(Eq. 2.9-2)

where:

 

C p =

seismic coefficient for electrical/mechanical components given in Table 4.1.9.1.E and reproduced in part below as Table 2.9-2 response amplification factor

A

r

=

 

=

1.0

for components that are both rigid and rigidly connected and for non-

 

brittle pipes and ducts. Rigid components have a fundamental period less than 0.06 seconds

 

=

1.5

for components that are located on the ground that are flexible or flexibly

 

connected except for non-brittle pipes and ducts

 
 

=

3.0

for all other cases

 
 

A x =

1.0

+

(

h

x

  A x = 1.0 + ( h x h r )

h

r

)

NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF CANADA REQUIREMENTS

 

PAGE 1 OF 2

 

RELEASE DATE: 4/05/04

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KINETICS Seismic Design Manual

h x

=

height above base of equipment attachment

h r

=

height above base of roof.

Anchorage Requirements

All fasteners and anchors in a ductile connection, such as bolts, inserts, welds, or dowels, must be capable of developing a force at least three times the yield load of the components to be connected (4.1.9.1-18).

Vibration Isolated Equipment Factors

If isolated, the following factor based on the type of equipment being restrained should be used to increase Seismic design loads.

Table D2.9-1

Exceptions

Factors for the Calculation of Impact Loads

Equipment Type

Factor

Supports for Light Machinery, shaft or motor driven

1.2

Supports for reciprocating machinery (eg. Compressors)

1.5

Supports for power driven unit (eg. Piston engines)

1.5

No seismic design is required for suspended ceilings and mechanical/electrical equipment for non post-disaster buildings located in seismic zones where Z a and Z v are less than or equal to 1.0 and F is equal to or less than 1.3. Z a and Z v are the acceleration and velocity-related seismic zones as specified in Appendix C of the building code. F is the foundation factor accounting for soil type (Table 4.1.9.1.C).

Table D2.9-2 Values of C p for Mechanical/Electrical Equipment

Category

Mechanical/Electrical Equipment

Force Direction

Value of C p

1

Equipment not included in Category 2-4

Any direction

1.0

2

Equipment for toxic, hazardous flammable, or fire fighting fluids

Any direction

1.5

3

Flat-bottom tanks attached directly to floor at or below grade

Any direction

0.7

4

Flat-bottom tanks attached directly to floor at or below grade containing materials as in Category 2

Any direction

1.0

NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF CANADA REQUIREMENTS

PAGE 2 OF 2

RELEASE DATE: : 4/05/04

DUBLIN, OHIO, USA • MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO, CANADA Toll Free (USA only): 800-959-1229 International:

DUBLIN, OHIO, USA • MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO, CANADA

Toll Free (USA only):

800-959-1229

International:

614-889-0480

Fax:

614-889-0540

World Wide Web:

Email:

DOCUMENT:

D2.9

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MEMBER

Kinetics Noise Control © 2003