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19-4323; Rev 15; 1/06

+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232


Drivers/Receivers
General Description Next-Generation

MAX220–MAX249
The MAX220–MAX249 family of line drivers/receivers is Device Features
intended for all EIA/TIA-232E and V.28/V.24 communica- ♦ For Low-Voltage, Integrated ESD Applications
tions interfaces, particularly applications where ±12V is MAX3222E/MAX3232E/MAX3237E/MAX3241E/
not available. MAX3246E: +3.0V to +5.5V, Low-Power, Up to
These parts are especially useful in battery-powered sys- 1Mbps, True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four
tems, since their low-power shutdown mode reduces 0.1µF External Capacitors (MAX3246E Available
power dissipation to less than 5µW. The MAX225, in a UCSP™ Package)
MAX233, MAX235, and MAX245/MAX246/MAX247 use ♦ For Low-Cost Applications
no external components and are recommended for appli- MAX221E: ±15kV ESD-Protected, +5V, 1µA,
cations where printed circuit board space is critical. Single RS-232 Transceiver with AutoShutdown™

________________________Applications Ordering Information


Portable Computers PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE
Low-Power Modems MAX220CPE 0°C to +70°C 16 Plastic DIP
MAX220CSE 0°C to +70°C 16 Narrow SO
Interface Translation
MAX220CWE 0°C to +70°C 16 Wide SO
Battery-Powered RS-232 Systems MAX220C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
Multidrop RS-232 Networks MAX220EPE -40°C to +85°C 16 Plastic DIP
MAX220ESE -40°C to +85°C 16 Narrow SO
MAX220EWE -40°C to +85°C 16 Wide SO
MAX220EJE -40°C to +85°C 16 CERDIP
MAX220MJE -55°C to +125°C 16 CERDIP
AutoShutdown and UCSP are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet.
Products, Inc. *Contact factory for dice specifications.
Selection Table
Power No. of Nominal SHDN Rx
Part Supply RS-232 No. of Cap. Value & Three- Active in Data Rate
Number (V) Drivers/Rx Ext. Caps (µF) State SHDN (kbps) Features
MAX220 +5 2/2 4 0.047/0.33 No — 120 Ultra-low-power, industry-standard pinout
MAX222 +5 2/2 4 0.1 Yes — 200 Low-power shutdown
MAX223 (MAX213) +5 4/5 4 1.0 (0.1) Yes ✔ 120 MAX241 and receivers active in shutdown
MAX225 +5 5/5 0 — Yes ✔ 120 Available in SO
MAX230 (MAX200) +5 5/0 4 1.0 (0.1) Yes — 120 5 drivers with shutdown
MAX231 (MAX201) +5 and 2/2 2 1.0 (0.1) No — 120 Standard +5/+12V or battery supplies;
+7.5 to +13.2 same functions as MAX232
MAX232 (MAX202) +5 2/2 4 1.0 (0.1) No — 120 (64) Industry standard
MAX232A +5 2/2 4 0.1 No — 200 Higher slew rate, small caps
MAX233 (MAX203) +5 2/2 0 — No — 120 No external caps
MAX233A +5 2/2 0 — No — 200 No external caps, high slew rate
MAX234 (MAX204) +5 4/0 4 1.0 (0.1) No — 120 Replaces 1488
MAX235 (MAX205) +5 5/5 0 — Yes — 120 No external caps
MAX236 (MAX206) +5 4/3 4 1.0 (0.1) Yes — 120 Shutdown, three state
MAX237 (MAX207) +5 5/3 4 1.0 (0.1) No — 120 Complements IBM PC serial port
MAX238 (MAX208) +5 4/4 4 1.0 (0.1) No — 120 Replaces 1488 and 1489
MAX239 (MAX209) +5 and 3/5 2 1.0 (0.1) No — 120 Standard +5/+12V or battery supplies;
+7.5 to +13.2 single-package solution for IBM PC serial port
MAX240 +5 5/5 4 1.0 Yes — 120 DIP or flatpack package
MAX241 (MAX211) +5 4/5 4 1.0 (0.1) Yes — 120 Complete IBM PC serial port
MAX242 +5 2/2 4 0.1 Yes ✔ 200 Separate shutdown and enable
MAX243 +5 2/2 4 0.1 No — 200 Open-line detection simplifies cabling
MAX244 +5 8/10 4 1.0 No — 120 High slew rate
MAX245 +5 8/10 0 — Yes ✔ 120 High slew rate, int. caps, two shutdown modes
MAX246 +5 8/10 0 — Yes ✔ 120 High slew rate, int. caps, three shutdown modes
MAX247 +5 8/9 0 — Yes ✔ 120 High slew rate, int. caps, nine operating modes
MAX248 +5 8/8 4 1.0 Yes ✔ 120 High slew rate, selective half-chip enables
MAX249 +5 6/10 4 1.0 Yes ✔ 120 Available in quad flatpack package

________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1

For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at
1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS—MAX220/222/232A/233A/242/243
MAX220–MAX249

Supply Voltage (VCC) ...............................................-0.3V to +6V 18-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C)..889mW
V+ (Note 1) ..................................................(VCC - 0.3V) to +14V 20-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 8.00mW/°C above +70°C) ..440mW
V- (Note 1) .............................................................+0.3V to +14V 16-Pin Narrow SO (derate 8.70mW/°C above +70°C) ...696mW
Input Voltages 16-Pin Wide SO (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C)......762mW
TIN..............................................................-0.3V to (VCC - 0.3V) 18-Pin Wide SO (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C)......762mW
RIN (Except MAX220) ........................................................±30V 20-Pin Wide SO (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C)....800mW
RIN (MAX220).....................................................................±25V 20-Pin SSOP (derate 8.00mW/°C above +70°C) ..........640mW
TOUT (Except MAX220) (Note 2) .......................................±15V 16-Pin CERDIP (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C).....800mW
TOUT (MAX220)...............................................................±13.2V 18-Pin CERDIP (derate 10.53mW/°C above +70°C).....842mW
Output Voltages Operating Temperature Ranges
TOUT ...................................................................................±15V MAX2_ _AC_ _, MAX2_ _C_ _ .............................0°C to +70°C
ROUT .........................................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V) MAX2_ _AE_ _, MAX2_ _E_ _ ..........................-40°C to +85°C
Driver/Receiver Output Short Circuited to GND.........Continuous MAX2_ _AM_ _, MAX2_ _M_ _ .......................-55°C to +125°C
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +160°C
16-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.53mW/°C above +70°C)..842mW Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) (Note 3) ...................+300°C

Note 1: For the MAX220, V+ and V- can have a maximum magnitude of 7V, but their absolute difference cannot exceed 13V.
Note 2: Input voltage measured with TOUT in high-impedance state, SHDN or VCC = 0V.
Note 3: Maximum reflow temperature for the MAX233A is +225°C.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX220/222/232A/233A/242/243
(VCC = +5V ±10%, C1–C4 = 0.1µF‚ MAX220, C1 = 0.047µF, C2–C4 = 0.33µF, TA = TMIN to TMAX‚ unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
RS-232 TRANSMITTERS
Output Voltage Swing All transmitter outputs loaded with 3kΩ to GND ±5 ±8 V
Input Logic Threshold Low 1.4 0.8 V
All devices except MAX220 2 1.4
Input Logic Threshold High V
MAX220: VCC = 5.0V 2.4
All except MAX220, normal operation 5 40
Logic Pullup/lnput Current SHDN = 0V, MAX222/MAX242, shutdown, µA
±0.01 ±1
MAX220
VCC = 5.5V, SHDN = 0V, VOUT = ±15V,
±0.01 ±10
MAX222/MAX242
Output Leakage Current µA
VOUT = ±15V ±0.01 ±10
VCC = SHDN = 0V
MAX220, VOUT = ±12V ±25
Data Rate 200 116 kbps
Transmitter Output Resistance VCC = V+ = V- = 0V, VOUT = ±2V 300 10M Ω
VOUT = 0V ±7 ±22
Output Short-Circuit Current VOUT = 0V mA
MAX220 ±60
RS-232 RECEIVERS
±30
RS-232 Input Voltage Operating Range V
MAX220 ±25
All except MAX243 R2IN 0.8 1.3
RS-232 Input Threshold Low VCC = 5V V
MAX243 R2IN (Note 4) -3
All except MAX243 R2IN 1.8 2.4
RS-232 Input Threshold High VCC = 5V V
MAX243 R2IN (Note 4) -0.5 -0.1

2 _______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX220/222/232A/233A/242/243 (continued)
(VCC = +5V ±10%, C1–C4 = 0.1µF‚ MAX220, C1 = 0.047µF, C2–C4 = 0.33µF, TA = TMIN to TMAX‚ unless otherwise noted.)

PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS


All except MAX220/MAX243, VCC = 5V, no
0.2 0.5 1.0
hysteresis in SHDN
RS-232 Input Hysteresis V
MAX220 0.3
MAX243 1
3 5 7
RS-232 Input Resistance TA = +25°C (MAX220) kΩ
3 5 7
IOUT = 3.2mA 0.2 0.4
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage Low V
IOUT = 1.6mA (MAX220) 0.4
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage High IOUT = -1.0mA 3.5 VCC - 0.2 V
Sourcing VOUT = GND -2 -10
TTL/CMOS Output Short-Circuit Current mA
Shrinking VOUT = VCC 10 30
SHDN = VCC or EN = VCC (SHDN = 0V for
TTL/CMOS Output Leakage Current ±0.05 ±10 µA
MAX222), 0V ≤ VOUT ≤ VCC
EN Input Threshold Low MAX242 1.4 0.8 V
EN Input Threshold High MAX242 2.0 1.4 V
Operating Supply Voltage 4.5 5.5 V
MAX220 0.5 2
No load MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233A/
4 10
VCC Supply Current (SHDN = VCC), MAX242/MAX243
µA
Figures 5, 6, 11, 19 MAX220 12
3kΩ load both
inputs MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233A/
15
MAX242/MAX243
TA = +25°C 0.1 10
MAX222/ TA = 0°C to +70°C 2 50
Shutdown Supply Current µA
MAX242 TA = -40°C to +85°C 2 50
TA = -55°C to +125°C 35 100
SHDN Input Leakage Current MAX222/MAX242 ±1 µA
SHDN Threshold Low MAX222/MAX242 1.4 0.8 V
SHDN Threshold High MAX222/MAX242 2.0 1.4 V
CL = 50pF to MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233/
2500pF, RL = 3kΩ MAX242/MAX243 6 12 30
to 7kΩ, VCC = 5V,
Transition Slew Rate V/µs
TA = +25°C,
measured from MAX220 1.5 3 30.0
+3V to -3V or -3V
MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233/
1.3 3.5
tPHLT MAX242/MAX243
Transmitter Propagation Delay TLL to MAX220 4 10
µs
RS-232 (Normal Operation), Figure 1 MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233/
1.5 3.5
tPLHT MAX242/MAX243
MAX220 5 10
Note 4: MAX243 R2OUT is guaranteed to be low when R2IN is ≥ 0V or is floating.
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 3
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX220/222/232A/233A/242/243 (continued)
MAX220–MAX249

(VCC = +5V ±10%, C1–C4 = 0.1µF‚ MAX220, C1 = 0.047µF, C2–C4 = 0.33µF, TA = TMIN to TMAX‚ unless otherwise noted.)

PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS


MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233/
0.5 1
tPHLR MAX242/MAX243
Receiver Propagation Delay RS-232 to MAX220 0.6 3
µs
TLL (Normal Operation), Figure 2 MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233/
0.6 1
tPLHR MAX242/MAX243
MAX220 0.8 3

tPHLS MAX242 0.5 10


Receiver Propagation Delay RS-232 to
µs
TLL (Shutdown), Figure 2
tPHLS MAX242 2.5 10

Receiver-Output Enable Time, Figure 3 tER MAX242 125 500 ns


Receiver-Output Disable Time, Figure 3 tDR MAX242 160 500 ns
MAX222/MAX242, 0.1µF
Transmitter-Output Enable Time (SHDN
tET caps (includes charge-pump 250 µs
Goes High), Figure 4
start-up)

Transmitter-Output Disable Time (SHDN MAX222/MAX242,


tDT 600 ns
Goes Low), Figure 4 0.1µF caps
MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233/
300
Transmitter + to - Propagation Delay MAX242/MAX243
tPHLT - tPLHT ns
Difference (Normal Operation)
MAX220 2000

MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233/
Receiver + to - Propagation Delay 100
tPHLR - tPLHR MAX242/MAX243 ns
Difference (Normal Operation)
MAX220 225

__________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics


MAX220/MAX222/MAX232A/MAX233A/MAX242/MAX243

AVAILABLE OUTPUT CURRENT MAX222/MAX242


OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. LOAD CURRENT vs. DATA RATE ON-TIME EXITING SHUTDOWN
10 11 +10V
MAX220-01

MAX220-03
MAX220-02

1μF V+
8 OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT 1μF CAPS
10 FLOWS FROM V+ TO V-
6 EITHER V+ OR V- LOADED V+
0.1μF CAPS
0.1μF ALL CAPS +5V
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)

VCC = ±5V
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

4 9 1μF +5V
V+, V- VOLTAGE (V)

NO LOAD ON SHDN
2 TRANSMITTER OUTPUTS VCC = +5.25V 0V
8
(EXCEPT MAX220, MAX233A)
0 0V
ALL CAPS
-2 V- LOADED, NO LOAD ON V+ 7 0.1μF
VCC = +4.75V 1μF CAPS
-4 0.1μF 1μF
6
-6
5 0.1μF CAPS
-8 V- V-
V+ LOADED, NO LOAD ON V-
-10 4 -10V
0 5 10 15 20 25 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 500μs/div
LOAD CURRENT (mA) DATA RATE (kb/s)
4 _______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS—MAX223/MAX230–MAX241
VCC ...........................................................................-0.3V to +6V 20-Pin Wide SO (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C).......800mW
V+ ................................................................(VCC - 0.3V) to +14V 24-Pin Wide SO (derate 11.76mW/°C above +70°C).......941mW
V- ............................................................................+0.3V to -14V 28-Pin Wide SO (derate 12.50mW/°C above +70°C) .............1W
Input Voltages 44-Pin Plastic FP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C) .....889mW
TIN ............................................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V) 14-Pin CERDIP (derate 9.09mW/°C above +70°C) ..........727mW
RIN......................................................................................±30V 16-Pin CERDIP (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C) ........800mW
Output Voltages 20-Pin CERDIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C) ........889mW
TOUT ...................................................(V+ + 0.3V) to (V- - 0.3V) 24-Pin Narrow CERDIP
ROUT .........................................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V) (derate 12.50mW/°C above +70°C) ..............1W
Short-Circuit Duration, TOUT ......................................Continuous 24-Pin Sidebraze (derate 20.0mW/°C above +70°C)..........1.6W
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 28-Pin SSOP (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C).............762mW
14-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.00mW/°C above +70°C)....800mW Operating Temperature Ranges
16-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.53mW/°C above +70°C)....842mW MAX2 _ _ C _ _......................................................0°C to +70°C
20-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C)....889mW MAX2 _ _ E _ _ ...................................................-40°C to +85°C
24-Pin Narrow Plastic DIP MAX2 _ _ M _ _......................................................-55°C to +125°C
(derate 13.33mW/°C above +70°C) ..........1.07W Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +160°C
24-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 9.09mW/°C above +70°C)......500mW Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) (Note 4) ...................+300°C
16-Pin Wide SO (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C).........762mW
Note 4: Maximum reflow temperature for the MAX233/MAX235 is +225°C.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX223/MAX230–MAX241
(MAX223/230/232/234/236/237/238/240/241, VCC = +5V ±10; MAX233/MAX235, VCC = 5V ±5%‚ C1–C4 = 1.0µF; MAX231/MAX239,
VCC = 5V ±10%; V+ = 7.5V to 13.2V; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Output Voltage Swing All transmitter outputs loaded with 3kΩ to ground ±5.0 ±7.3 V
MAX232/233 5 10
No load,
VCC Power-Supply Current MAX223/230/234–238/240/241 7 15 mA
TA = +25°C
MAX231/239 0.4 1
MAX231 1.8 5
V+ Power-Supply Current mA
MAX239 5 15
MAX223 15 50
Shutdown Supply Current TA = +25°C µA
MAX230/235/236/240/241 1 10
Input Logic Threshold Low TIN; EN, SHDN (MAX233); EN, SHDN (MAX230/235–241) 0.8 V
TIN 2.0
Input Logic Threshold High EN, SHDN (MAX223); V
2.4
EN, SHDN (MAX230/235/236/240/241)
Logic Pullup Current TIN = 0V 1.5 200 µA
Receiver Input Voltage
-30 +30 V
Operating Range

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 5
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX223/MAX230–MAX241 (continued)
MAX220–MAX249

(MAX223/230/232/234/236/237/238/240/241, VCC = +5V ±10; MAX233/MAX235, VCC = 5V ±5%‚ C1–C4 = 1.0µF; MAX231/MAX239,
VCC = 5V ±10%; V+ = 7.5V to 13.2V; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Normal operation
SHDN = 5V (MAX223) 0.8 1.2
TA = +25°C, SHDN = 0V (MAX235/236/240/241)
RS-232 Input Threshold Low V
VCC = 5V Shutdown (MAX223)
SHDN = 0V, 0.6 1.5
EN = 5V (R4IN, R5IN)
Normal operation
SHDN = 5V (MAX223) 1.7 2.4
TA = +25°C, SHDN = 0V (MAX235/236/240/241)
RS-232 Input Threshold High V
VCC = 5V Shutdown (MAX223)
SHDN = 0V, 1.5 2.4
EN = 5V (R4IN‚ R5IN)
RS-232 Input Hysteresis VCC = 5V, no hysteresis in shutdown 0.2 0.5 1.0 V
RS-232 Input Resistance TA = +25°C, VCC = 5V 3 5 7 kΩ
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage Low IOUT = 1.6mA (MAX231/232/233, IOUT = 3.2mA) 0.4 V
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage High IOUT = -1mA 3.5 VCC - 0.4 V
0V ≤ ROUT ≤ VCC; EN = 0V (MAX223);
TTL/CMOS Output Leakage Current 0.05 ±10 µA
EN = VCC (MAX235–241 )

Normal MAX223 600


Receiver Output Enable Time ns
operation MAX235/236/239/240/241 400

Normal MAX223 900


Receiver Output Disable Time ns
operation MAX235/236/239/240/241 250
Normal operation 0.5 10
RS-232 IN to
Propagation Delay TTL/CMOS OUT, SHDN = 0V tPHLS 4 40 µs
CL = 150pF (MAX223) tPLHS 6 40
MAX223/MAX230/MAX234–241, TA = +25°C, VCC = 5V,
RL = 3kΩ to 7kΩ‚ CL = 50pF to 2500pF, measured from 3 5.1 30
+3V to -3V or -3V to +3V
Transition Region Slew Rate V/µs
MAX231/MAX232/MAX233, TA = +25°C, VCC = 5V,
RL = 3kΩ to 7kΩ, CL = 50pF to 2500pF, measured from 4 30
+3V to -3V or -3V to +3V
Transmitter Output Resistance VCC = V+ = V- = 0V, VOUT = ±2V 300 Ω

Transmitter Output Short-Circuit


±10 mA
Current mA

6 _______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
__________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics

MAX220–MAX249
MAX223/MAX230–MAX241
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VOH)
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE AT TRANSMITTER SLEW RATE
VOLTAGE (VOH) vs. VCC DIFFERENT DATA RATES vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE
8.5 7.4 12.0

MAX220-06
MAX220-05
MAX220-04 1 TRANSMITTER LOADED TA = +25°C
2 TRANSMITTERS 11.0
7.2 VCC = +5V
LOADED
LOADED, RL = 3kΩ
8.0 10.0 C1–C4 = 1μF
7.0

SLEW RATE (V/μs)


1 TRANSMITTER 9.0 2 TRANSMITTERS
6.8 LOADED
VOH (V)
VOH (V)

LOADED 160kb/s
7.5 3 TRANS- 8.0
80kb/s
MITTERS 6.6 20kb/s
LOADED 7.0
TA = +25°C 6.4 TA = +25°C 3 TRANSMITTERS
7.0 C1–C4 = 1μF VCC = +5V 6.0
LOADED
TRANSMITTER 3 TRANSMITTERS LOADED
6.2 5.0 4 TRANSMITTERS
4 TRANSMITTERS LOADS = RL = 3kΩ
LOADED
LOADED 3kΩ || 2500pF C1–C4 = 1μF
6.5 6.0 4.0
4.5 5.0 5.5 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500
VCC (V) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF)

TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VOL)


TRANSMITTER OUTPUT vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE AT TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V+, V-)
VOLTAGE (VOL) vs. VCC DIFFERENT DATA RATES vs. LOAD CURRENT
-6.0 -6.0 10

MAX220-09
MAX220-07

MAX220-08

4 TRANS- TA = +25°C TA = +25°C


MITTERS C1–C4 = 1μF 8
-6.2 VCC = +5V
-6.5 LOADED TRANSMITTER 3 TRANSMITTERS LOADED 6 TA = +25°C
LOADS = -6.4 RL = 3kΩ VCC = +5V
3kΩ || 2500pF 4
-7.0 C1–C4 = 1μF C1–C4 = 1μF
-6.6 2
V+, V- (V)

V- LOADED,
VOL (V)

VOL (V)

V+ AND V- V+ LOADED,
160kb/s 0 NO LOAD
-7.5 -6.8 EQUALLY NO LOAD
80kb/s ON V+
1 TRANS- -2 LOADED ON V-
-7.0 20kb/s
-8.0 MITTER
LOADED -4
-7.2
2 TRANS- 3 TRANS- -6
-8.5
MITTERS MITTERS -7.4 -8
LOADED LOADED ALL TRANSMITTERS UNLOADED
-9.0 -7.6 -10
4.5 5.0 5.5 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
VCC (V) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) CURRENT (mA)

V+, V- WHEN EXITING SHUTDOWN


(1μF CAPACITORS)
MAX220-13

V+

V-

SHDN*

500ms/div
*SHUTDOWN POLARITY IS REVERSED
FOR NON MAX241 PARTS
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 7
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS—MAX225/MAX244–MAX249
MAX220–MAX249

Supply Voltage (VCC) ...............................................-0.3V to +6V Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
Input Voltages 28-Pin Wide SO (derate 12.50mW/°C above +70°C) .............1W
TIN‚ ENA, ENB, ENR, ENT, ENRA, 40-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 11.11mW/°C above +70°C) ...611mW
ENRB, ENTA, ENTB..................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V) 44-Pin PLCC (derate 13.33mW/°C above +70°C) ...........1.07W
RIN .....................................................................................±25V Operating Temperature Ranges
TOUT (Note 5).....................................................................±15V MAX225C_ _, MAX24_C_ _ ..................................0°C to +70°C
ROUT ........................................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V) MAX225E_ _, MAX24_E_ _ ...............................-40°C to +85°C
Short Circuit (one output at a time) Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +160°C
TOUT to GND ............................................................Continuous Lead Temperature (soldering,10s) (Note 6) ....................+300°C
ROUT to GND............................................................Continuous
Note 5: Input voltage measured with transmitter output in a high-impedance state, shutdown, or VCC = 0V.
Note 6: Maximum reflow temperature for the MAX225/MAX245/MAX246/MAX247 is +225°C.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX225/MAX244–MAX249
(MAX225, VCC = 5.0V ±5%; MAX244–MAX249, VCC = +5.0V ±10%, external capacitors C1–C4 = 1µF; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless oth-
erwise noted.)
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
RS-232 TRANSMITTERS
Input Logic Threshold Low 1.4 0.8 V
Input Logic Threshold High 2 1.4 V
Normal operation 10 50
Logic Pullup/lnput Current Tables 1a–1d µA
Shutdown ±0.01 ±1
Data Rate Tables 1a–1d, normal operation 120 64 kbps
Output Voltage Swing All transmitter outputs loaded with 3kΩ to GND ±5 ±7.5 V
ENA, ENB, ENT, ENTA, ENTB =
±0.01 ±25
VCC, VOUT = ±15V
Output Leakage Current (Shutdown) Tables 1a–1d µA
VCC = 0V,
±0.01 ±25
VOUT = ±15V
Transmitter Output Resistance VCC = V+ = V- = 0V, VOUT = ±2V (Note 7) 300 10M Ω
Output Short-Circuit Current VOUT = 0V ±7 ±30 mA
RS-232 RECEIVERS
RS-232 Input Voltage Operating Range ±25 V
RS-232 Input Threshold Low VCC = 5V 0.8 1.3 V
RS-232 Input Threshold High VCC = 5V 1.8 2.4 V
RS-232 Input Hysteresis VCC = 5V 0.2 0.5 1.0 V
RS-232 Input Resistance 3 5 7 kΩ
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage Low IOUT = 3.2mA 0.2 0.4 V
TTL/CMOS Output Voltage High IOUT = -1.0mA 3.5 VCC - 0.2 V
Sourcing VOUT = GND -2 -10
TTL/CMOS Output Short-Circuit Current mA
Shrinking VOUT = VCC 10 30
Normal operation, outputs disabled,
TTL/CMOS Output Leakage Current ±0.05 ±0.10 µA
Tables 1a–1d, 0V ≤ VOUT ≤ VCC, ENR_ = VCC

8 _______________________________________________________________________________________
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Drivers/Receivers
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS—MAX225/MAX244–MAX249 (continued)

MAX220–MAX249
(MAX225, VCC = 5.0V ±5%; MAX244–MAX249, VCC = +5.0V ±10%, external capacitors C1–C4 = 1µF; TA = TMIN to TMAX; unless oth-
erwise noted.)
PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
POWER SUPPLY AND CONTROL LOGIC
MAX225 4.75 5.25
Operating Supply Voltage V
MAX244–MAX249 4.5 5.5
MAX225 10 20
No load
VCC Supply Current MAX244–MAX249 11 30
mA
(Normal Operation) 3kΩ loads on MAX225 40
all outputs MAX244–MAX249 57
TA = +25°C 8 25
Shutdown Supply Current µA
TA = TMIN to TMAX 50
Leakage current ±1 µA
Control Input Threshold low 1.4 0.8
V
Threshold high 2.4 1.4
AC CHARACTERISTICS
CL = 50pF to 2500pF, RL = 3kΩ to 7kΩ, VCC = 5V,
Transition Slew Rate 5 10 30 V/µs
TA = +25°C, measured from +3V to -3V or -3V to +3V

Transmitter Propagation Delay tPHLT 1.3 3.5


TLL to RS-232 (Normal Operation), µs
Figure 1 tPLHT 1.5 3.5

Receiver Propagation Delay tPHLR 0.6 1.5


TLL to RS-232 (Normal Operation), µs
Figure 2 tPLHR 0.6 1.5

Receiver Propagation Delay tPHLS 0.6 10


TLL to RS-232 (Low-Power Mode), µs
Figure 2 tPLHS 3.0 10

Transmitter + to - Propagation
tPHLT - tPLHT 350 ns
Delay Difference (Normal Operation)
Receiver + to - Propagation
tPHLR - tPLHR 350 ns
Delay Difference (Normal Operation)
Receiver-Output Enable Time, Figure 3 tER 100 500 ns
Receiver-Output Disable Time, Figure 3 tDR 100 500 ns
MAX246–MAX249
5 µs
(excludes charge-pump startup)
Transmitter Enable Time tET
MAX225/MAX245–MAX249
10 ms
(includes charge-pump startup)
Transmitter Disable Time, Figure 4 tDT 100 ns

Note 7: The 300Ω minimum specification complies with EIA/TIA-232E, but the actual resistance when in shutdown mode or VCC =
0V is 10MΩ as is implied by the leakage specification.

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 9
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

__________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics


MAX225/MAX244–MAX249

TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V+, V-)


TRANSMITTER SLEW RATE OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE AT
vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE vs. LOAD CURRENT FOR V+ AND V- DIFFERENT DATA RATES
18 10 9.0

MAX220-12
MAX220-10

MAX220-11
VCC = 5V WITH ALL TRANSMITTERS DRIVEN
VCC = 5V
8 8.5 LOADED WITH 5kΩ
16 V+ AND V- LOADED
TRANSMITTER SLEW RATE (V/μs)

10kb/s
6 EITHER V+ OR
14 8.0 20kb/s
V- LOADED
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY 4 VCC = 5V


12 1μF CAPACITORS EXTERNAL CHARGE PUMP 7.5 40kb/s
2

V+, V (V)
1μF CAPACITORS
10 0 8 TRANSMITTERS 7.0 60kb/s
40kb/s DATA RATE DRIVING 5kΩ AND
8 8 TRANSMITTERS -2 6.5
2000pF AT 20kb/s
LOADED WITH 3kΩ -4 V- LOADED
6 6.0 100kb/s
-6 V+ AND V- LOADED 200kb/s
4 5.5
-8
V+ LOADED ALL CAPACITIORS 1μF
2 -10 5.0
0 1 2 3 4 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 1 2 3 4 5
LOAD CAPACITANCE (nF) LOAD CURRENT (mA) LOAD CAPACITANCE (nF)

10 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
+3V
0V* 50% 50%
+3V INPUT
INPUT
0V
VCC
OUTPUT 50% 50%
V+ GND
OUTPUT 0V
V-
tPHLR tPLHR
tPHLS tPLHS

tPLHT tPHLT

*EXCEPT FOR R2 ON THE MAX243


WHERE -3V IS USED.

Figure 1. Transmitter Propagation-Delay Timing Figure 2. Receiver Propagation-Delay Timing

EN
RX OUT 1kΩ
RX IN RX VCC - 2V
+3V
SHDN
a) TEST CIRCUIT 0V
150pF
+3V OUTPUT DISABLE TIME (tDT)
EN INPUT V+
0V +5V
EN
OUTPUT ENABLE TIME (tER) 0V

+3.5V -5V
RECEIVER V-
OUTPUTS
+0.8V
a) TIMING DIAGRAM
b) ENABLE TIMING

+3V
EN
0V 1 OR 0 TX
EN INPUT
OUTPUT DISABLE TIME (tDR) 3kΩ 50pF
VOH
VOH - 0.5V
RECEIVER VCC - 2V
OUTPUTS
VOL + 0.5V b) TEST CIRCUIT
VOL

c) DISABLE TIMING

Figure 3. Receiver-Output Enable and Disable Timing Figure 4. Transmitter-Output Disable Timing

______________________________________________________________________________________ 11
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
Table 1a. MAX245 Control Pin Configurations
MAX220–MAX249

ENT ENR OPERATION STATUS TRANSMITTERS RECEIVERS


0 0 Normal Operation All Active All Active
0 1 Normal Operation All Active All 3-State
1 0 Shutdown All 3-State All Low-Power Receive Mode
1 1 Shutdown All 3-State All 3-State

Table 1b. MAX245 Control Pin Configurations


OPERATION TRANSMITTERS RECEIVERS
ENT ENR
STATUS TA1–TA4 TB1–TB4 RA1–RA5 RB1–RB5
0 0 Normal Operation All Active All Active All Active All Active
RA1–RA4 3-State, RB1–RB4 3-State,
0 1 Normal Operation All Active All Active
RA5 Active RB5 Active

All Low-Power All Low-Power


1 0 Shutdown All 3-State All 3-State
Receive Mode Receive Mode

RA1–RA4 3-State, RB1–RB4 3-State,


1 1 Shutdown All 3-State All 3-State RA5 Low-Power RB5 Low-Power
Receive Mode Receive Mode

Table 1c. MAX246 Control Pin Configurations


OPERATION TRANSMITTERS RECEIVERS
ENA ENB
STATUS TA1–TA4 TB1–TB4 RA1–RA5 RB1–RB5
0 0 Normal Operation All Active All Active All Active All Active
RB1–RB4 3-State,
0 1 Normal Operation All Active All 3-State All Active
RB5 Active

RA1–RA4 3-State,
1 0 Shutdown All 3-State All Active All Active
RA5 Active

RA1–RA4 3-State, RB1–RB4 3-State,


1 1 Shutdown All 3-State All 3-State RA5 Low-Power RA5 Low-Power
Receive Mode Receive Mode

12 ______________________________________________________________________________________
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Drivers/Receivers
Table 1d. MAX247/MAX248/MAX249 Control Pin Configurations

MAX220–MAX249
TRANSMITTERS RECEIVERS
OPERATION MAX247 TA1–TA4 TB1–TB4 RA1–RA4 RB1–RB5
ENTA ENTB ENRA ENRB
STATUS MAX248 TA1–TA4 TB1–TB4 RA1–RA4 RB1–RB4
MAX249 TA1–TA3 TB1–TB3 RA1–RA5 RB1–RB5
0 0 0 0 Normal Operation All Active All Active All Active All Active
All 3-State, except
0 0 0 1 Normal Operation All Active All Active All Active RB5 stays active on
MAX247
0 0 1 0 Normal Operation All Active All Active All 3-State All Active
All 3-State, except
0 0 1 1 Normal Operation All Active All Active All 3-State RB5 stays active on
MAX247
0 1 0 0 Normal Operation All Active All 3-State All Active All Active
All 3-State, except
0 1 0 1 Normal Operation All Active All 3-State All Active RB5 stays active on
MAX247
0 1 1 0 Normal Operation All Active All 3-State All 3-State All Active
All 3-State, except
0 1 1 1 Normal Operation All Active All 3-State All 3-State RB5 stays active on
MAX247
1 0 0 0 Normal Operation All 3-State All Active All Active All Active
All 3-State, except
1 0 0 1 Normal Operation All 3-State All Active All Active RB5 stays active on
MAX247
1 0 1 0 Normal Operation All 3-State All Active All 3-State All Active
All 3-State, except
1 0 1 1 Normal Operation All 3-State All Active All 3-State RB5 stays active on
MAX247

Low-Power Low-Power
1 1 0 0 Shutdown All 3-State All 3-State
Receive Mode Receive Mode

All 3-State, except


Low-Power
1 1 0 1 Shutdown All 3-State All 3-State RB5 stays active on
Receive Mode
MAX247

Low-Power
1 1 1 0 Shutdown All 3-State All 3-State All 3-State
Receive Mode

All 3-State, except


1 1 1 1 Shutdown All 3-State All 3-State All 3-State RB5 stays active on
MAX247

______________________________________________________________________________________ 13
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
_______________Detailed Description mode, in three-state mode, or when device power is
MAX220–MAX249

removed. Outputs can be driven to ±15V. The power-


The MAX220–MAX249 contain four sections: dual
supply current typically drops to 8µA in shutdown mode.
charge-pump DC-DC voltage converters, RS-232 dri-
The MAX220 does not have pullup resistors to force the
vers, RS-232 receivers, and receiver and transmitter
outputs of the unused drivers low. Connect unused
enable control inputs.
inputs to GND or VCC.
Dual Charge-Pump Voltage Converter The MAX239 has a receiver three-state control line, and
The MAX220–MAX249 have two internal charge-pumps the MAX223, MAX225, MAX235, MAX236, MAX240,
that convert +5V to ±10V (unloaded) for RS-232 driver and MAX241 have both a receiver three-state control
operation. The first converter uses capacitor C1 to dou- line and a low-power shutdown control. Table 2 shows
ble the +5V input to +10V on C3 at the V+ output. The the effects of the shutdown control and receiver three-
second converter uses capacitor C2 to invert +10V to state control on the receiver outputs.
-10V on C4 at the V- output. The receiver TTL/CMOS outputs are in a high-imped-
A small amount of power may be drawn from the +10V ance, three-state mode whenever the three-state enable
(V+) and -10V (V-) outputs to power external circuitry line is high (for the MAX225/MAX235/MAX236/MAX239–
(see the Typical Operating Characteristics section), MAX241), and are also high-impedance whenever the
except on the MAX225 and MAX245–MAX247, where shutdown control line is high.
these pins are not available. V+ and V- are not regulated, When in low-power shutdown mode, the driver outputs
so the output voltage drops with increasing load current. are turned off and their leakage current is less than 1µA
Do not load V+ and V- to a point that violates the mini- with the driver output pulled to ground. The driver output
mum ±5V EIA/TIA-232E driver output voltage when leakage remains less than 1µA, even if the transmitter
sourcing current from V+ and V- to external circuitry. output is backdriven between 0V and (VCC + 6V). Below
When using the shutdown feature in the MAX222, -0.5V, the transmitter is diode clamped to ground with
MAX225, MAX230, MAX235, MAX236, MAX240, 1kΩ series impedance. The transmitter is also zener
MAX241, and MAX245–MAX249, avoid using V+ and V- clamped to approximately V CC + 6V, with a series
to power external circuitry. When these parts are shut impedance of 1kΩ.
down, V- falls to 0V, and V+ falls to +5V. For applica- The driver output slew rate is limited to less than 30V/µs
tions where a +10V external supply is applied to the V+ as required by the EIA/TIA-232E and V.28 specifica-
pin (instead of using the internal charge pump to gen- tions. Typical slew rates are 24V/µs unloaded and
erate +10V), the C1 capacitor must not be installed and 10V/µs loaded with 3Ω and 2500pF.
the SHDN pin must be tied to VCC. This is because V+
is internally connected to VCC in shutdown mode. RS-232 Receivers
EIA/TIA-232E and V.28 specifications define a voltage
RS-232 Drivers level greater than 3V as a logic 0, so all receivers invert.
The typical driver output voltage swing is ±8V when Input thresholds are set at 0.8V and 2.4V, so receivers
loaded with a nominal 5kΩ RS-232 receiver and VCC = respond to TTL level inputs as well as EIA/TIA-232E and
+5V. Output swing is guaranteed to meet the EIA/TIA- V.28 levels.
232E and V.28 specification, which calls for ±5V mini-
mum driver output levels under worst-case conditions. The receiver inputs withstand an input overvoltage up
These include a minimum 3kΩ load, VCC = +4.5V, and to ±25V and provide input terminating resistors with
maximum operating temperature. Unloaded driver out-
put voltage ranges from (V+ -1.3V) to (V- +0.5V). Table 2. Three-State Control of Receivers
Input thresholds are both TTL and CMOS compatible. PART SHDN SHDN EN EN(R) RECEIVERS
The inputs of unused drivers can be left unconnected
since 400kΩ input pullup resistors to VCC are built in Low X High Impedance
(except for the MAX220). The pullup resistors force the MAX223 __ High Low __ Active
High High High Impedance
outputs of unused drivers low because all drivers invert.
The internal input pullup resistors typically source 12µA, Low High Impedance
MAX225 __ __ __
except in shutdown mode where the pullups are dis- High Active
abled. Driver outputs turn off and enter a high-imped- MAX235 Low Low High Impedance
ance state—where leakage current is typically MAX236 Low __ __ High Active
microamperes (maximum 25µA)—when in shutdown MAX240 High X High Impedance

14 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
nominal 5kΩ values. The receivers implement Type 1 Shutdown—MAX222–MAX242

MAX220–MAX249
interpretation of the fault conditions of V.28 and On the MAX222‚ MAX235‚ MAX236‚ MAX240‚ and
EIA/TIA-232E. MAX241‚ all receivers are disabled during shutdown.
The receiver input hysteresis is typically 0.5V with a On the MAX223 and MAX242‚ two receivers continue to
guaranteed minimum of 0.2V. This produces clear out- operate in a reduced power mode when the chip is in
put transitions with slow-moving input signals, even shutdown. Under these conditions‚ the propagation
with moderate amounts of noise and ringing. The delay increases to about 2.5µs for a high-to-low input
receiver propagation delay is typically 600ns and is transition. When in shutdown, the receiver acts as a
independent of input swing direction. CMOS inverter with no hysteresis. The MAX223 and
MAX242 also have a receiver output enable input (EN
Low-Power Receive Mode for the MAX242 and EN for the MAX223) that allows
The low-power receive mode feature of the MAX223, receiver output control independent of SHDN (SHDN
MAX242, and MAX245–MAX249 puts the IC into shut- for MAX241). With all other devices‚ SHDN (SHDN for
down mode but still allows it to receive information. This MAX241) also disables the receiver outputs.
is important for applications where systems are periodi- The MAX225 provides five transmitters and five
cally awakened to look for activity. Using low-power receivers‚ while the MAX245 provides ten receivers and
receive mode, the system can still receive a signal that eight transmitters. Both devices have separate receiver
will activate it on command and prepare it for communi- and transmitter-enable controls. The charge pumps
cation at faster data rates. This operation conserves turn off and the devices shut down when a logic high is
system power. applied to the ENT input. In this state, the supply cur-
Negative Threshold—MAX243 rent drops to less than 25µA and the receivers continue
The MAX243 is pin compatible with the MAX232A, differ- to operate in a low-power receive mode. Driver outputs
ing only in that RS-232 cable fault protection is removed enter a high-impedance state (three-state mode). On
on one of the two receiver inputs. This means that control the MAX225‚ all five receivers are controlled by the
lines such as CTS and RTS can either be driven or left ENR input. On the MAX245‚ eight of the receiver out-
floating without interrupting communication. Different puts are controlled by the ENR input‚ while the remain-
cables are not needed to interface with different pieces of ing two receivers (RA5 and RB5) are always active.
equipment. RA1–RA4 and RB1–RB4 are put in a three-state mode
when ENR is a logic high.
The input threshold of the receiver without cable fault
protection is -0.8V rather than +1.4V. Its output goes Receiver and Transmitter Enable
positive only if the input is connected to a control line Control Inputs
that is actively driven negative. If not driven, it defaults The MAX225 and MAX245–MAX249 feature transmitter
to the 0 or “OK to send” state. Normally‚ the MAX243’s and receiver enable controls.
other receiver (+1.4V threshold) is used for the data line The receivers have three modes of operation: full-speed
(TD or RD)‚ while the negative threshold receiver is con- receive (normal active)‚ three-state (disabled)‚ and low-
nected to the control line (DTR‚ DTS‚ CTS‚ RTS, etc.). power receive (enabled receivers continue to function
Other members of the RS-232 family implement the at lower data rates). The receiver enable inputs control
optional cable fault protection as specified by EIA/TIA- the full-speed receive and three-state modes. The
232E specifications. This means a receiver output goes transmitters have two modes of operation: full-speed
high whenever its input is driven negative‚ left floating‚ transmit (normal active) and three-state (disabled). The
or shorted to ground. The high output tells the serial transmitter enable inputs also control the shutdown
communications IC to stop sending data. To avoid this‚ mode. The device enters shutdown mode when all
the control lines must either be driven or connected transmitters are disabled. Enabled receivers function in
with jumpers to an appropriate positive voltage level. the low-power receive mode when in shutdown.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 15
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
Tables 1a–1d define the control states. The MAX244 The MAX249 provides ten receivers and six drivers with
MAX220–MAX249

has no control pins and is not included in these tables. four control pins. The ENRA and ENRB receiver enable
The MAX246 has ten receivers and eight drivers with inputs each control five receiver outputs. The ENTA
two control pins, each controlling one side of the and ENTB transmitter enable inputs control three dri-
device. A logic high at the A-side control input (ENA) vers each. There is no always-active receiver. The
causes the four A-side receivers and drivers to go into device enters shutdown mode and transmitters go into
a three-state mode. Similarly, the B-side control input a three-state mode with a logic high on both ENTA and
(ENB) causes the four B-side drivers and receivers to ENTB. In shutdown mode, active receivers operate in a
go into a three-state mode. As in the MAX245, one A- low-power receive mode at data rates up to 20kb/s.
side and one B-side receiver (RA5 and RB5) remain __________Applications Information
active at all times. The entire device is put into shut-
down mode when both the A and B sides are disabled Figures 5 through 25 show pin configurations and typi-
(ENA = ENB = +5V). cal operating circuits. In applications that are sensitive
to power-supply noise, VCC should be decoupled to
The MAX247 provides nine receivers and eight drivers ground with a capacitor of the same value as C1 and
with four control pins. The ENRA and ENRB receiver C2 connected as close as possible to the device.
enable inputs each control four receiver outputs. The
ENTA and ENTB transmitter enable inputs each control
four drivers. The ninth receiver (RB5) is always active.
The device enters shutdown mode with a logic high on
both ENTA and ENTB.
The MAX248 provides eight receivers and eight drivers
with four control pins. The ENRA and ENRB receiver
enable inputs each control four receiver outputs. The
ENTA and ENTB transmitter enable inputs control four
drivers each. This part does not have an always-active
receiver. The device enters shutdown mode and trans-
mitters go into a three-state mode with a logic high on
both ENTA and ENTB.

16 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
+5V INPUT C3
TOP VIEW
C5
16
1 VCC
C1+ 1 16 VCC C1+ V+ 2 +10V
C1 +5V TO +10V
V+ 2 3 C1-
15 GND VOLTAGE DOUBLER
4
C1- 3 C2+ +10V TO -10V 6 -10V
14 T1OUT C2 5 C2- VOLTAGE INVERTER
V-
C4
C2+ 4 MAX220 13 R1IN
+5V
MAX232
C2- 5 MAX232A 12 R1OUT 400kΩ
V- 6 11 T1IN T1OUT 14
11 T1IN
+5V
T2OUT 7 10 T2IN TTL/CMOS RS-232
INPUTS 400kΩ OUTPUTS
R2IN 8 9 R2OUT 10 T2IN T2OUT 7

DIP/SO 12 R1OUT R1IN 13

CAPACITANCE (μF) TTL/CMOS 5kΩ RS-232


OUTPUTS INPUTS
DEVICE C1 C2 C3 C4 C5
9 R2OUT R2IN 8
MAX220 0.047 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33
MAX232 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
MAX232A 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 5kΩ

GND
15

Figure 5. MAX220/MAX232/MAX232A Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

+5V INPUT C3
TOP VIEW ALL CAPACITORS = 0.1μF
C5
17
2 VCC 3 +10V
C1+ +5V TO +10V
C1 V+
(N.C.) EN 1 4 C1- VOLTAGE DOUBLER
20 SHDN
5
(N.C.) EN 1 C1+ 2 C2+ 7 -10V
18 SHDN 19 VCC
C2 +10V TO -10V V-
6 C2- C4
VOLTAGE INVERTER
C1+ 2 17 VCC V+ 3 18 GND
V+ 3 C1- 4 +5V
16 GND 17 T1OUT (EXCEPT MAX220)
400kΩ
C1- 4 15 T1OUT C2+ 5 MAX222 16 N.C.
MAX242 12 T1IN T1OUT 15
C2+ 5 MAX222 14 R1IN C2- 6 15 R1IN +5V
MAX242 TTL/CMOS RS-232
V- 7 400kΩ (EXCEPT MAX220)
C2- 6 13 R1OUT 14 R1OUT INPUTS OUTPUTS
11 T2IN T2OUT 8
V- 7 12 T1IN T2OUT 8 13 N.C.
T2OUT 8 11 T2IN R2IN 9 12 T1IN 13 R1OUT R1IN 14
R2IN 9 10 R2OUT R2OUT 10 11 T2IN
TTL/CMOS 5kΩ RS-232
OUTPUTS INPUTS
DIP/SO 10 R2OUT R2IN 9
SSOP
1 (N.C.) EN 5kΩ
( ) ARE FOR MAX222 ONLY. 18
GND SHDN
PIN NUMBERS IN TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT ARE FOR DIP/SO PACKAGES ONLY.
16

Figure 6. MAX222/MAX242 Pin Configurations and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 17
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

+5V
TOP VIEW
0.1
28 27
+5V VCC VCC
400kΩ
T1IN
3 11
ENR 1 +5V T1OUT
28 VCC
ENR 2 400kΩ
27 VCC
T2IN
T1IN 3 4 12
26 ENT T2OUT
+5V
T2IN 4 25 T3IN 400kΩ
R1OUT 5 MAX225 24 T4IN T3IN
25 18
+5V T3OUT
R2OUT 6 23 T5IN
400kΩ
R3OUT 7 22 R4OUT
T4IN
24 17
R3IN 8 21 R5OUT +5V T4OUT
R2IN 9 20 R5IN 400kΩ
T5IN T5OUT
R1IN 10 19 R4IN 23 16
T1OUT 11 18 T3OUT ENT
26 15
T2OUT 12 17 T4OUT T5OUT

GND 13 16 T5OUT R1OUT R1IN


5 10
GND 14 15 T5OUT
5kΩ

SO R2OUT R2IN
6 9
5kΩ

R3OUT R3IN
7 8
MAX225 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
5kΩ
5 RECEIVERS
5 TRANSMITTERS R4OUT R4IN
22 19
2 CONTROL PINS
1 RECEIVER ENABLE (ENR) 5kΩ
1 TRANSMITTER ENABLE (ENT)
R5OUT R5IN
21 20
5kΩ

1 ENR
2 ENR
PINS (ENR, GND, VCC, T5OUT) ARE INTERNALLY CONNECTED. GND GND
CONNECT EITHER OR BOTH EXTERNALLY. T5OUT IS A SINGLE DRIVER. 13 14

Figure 7. MAX225 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

18 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW 1.0μF

11
12 1.0μF
C1+ VCC 13
1.0μF 14 +5V TO +10V V+
C1- VOLTAGE DOUBLER
15
C2+ +10V TO -10V 17
1.0μF VOLTAGE INVERTER V-
16 C2-
1.0μF
+5V
400kΩ
7 T1IN T1OUT 2
T1
T3OUT 1 28 T4OUT +5V

T1OUT 2 27 R3IN 400kΩ


6 T2IN T2OUT 3
T2OUT 3 26 R3OUT T2

R2IN 4 25 SHDN (SHDN) +5V


TTL/CMOS RS-232
R2OUT 5 24 EN (EN) INPUTS 400kΩ OUTPUTS
MAX223 20 T3IN T3OUT 1
T2IN 6 MAX241 23 R4IN* T3

T1IN 7 22 R4OUT* +5V

R1OUT 8 21 T4IN 400kΩ


21 T4IN T4OUT 28
R1IN 9 20 T3IN T4

GND 10 19 R5OUT*
8 R1OUT R1IN 9
VCC 11 18 R5IN* R1
5kΩ
C1+ 12 17 V-

V+ 13 16 C2- R2IN 4
5 R2OUT
R2
C1- 14 15 C2+
5kΩ
Wide SO/
SSOP LOGIC 26 R3OUT R3IN 27 RS-232
R3
OUTPUTS INPUTS
5kΩ

22 R4OUT R4IN 23
R4
5kΩ

19 R5OUT R5IN 18
R5
*R4 AND R5 IN MAX223 REMAIN ACTIVE IN SHUTDOWN 5kΩ
NOTE: PIN LABELS IN ( ) ARE FOR MAX241 24 EN (EN) SHDN 25
(SHDN)
GND
10

Figure 8. MAX223/MAX241 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 19
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW 1.0μF

7 1.0μF
8 C1+ VCC
V+ 9
1.0μF 10 C1- +5V TO +10V
VOLTAGE DOUBLER
T3OUT 1 20 T4OUT 11
C2+ +10V TO -10V 13
1.0μF 12 V-
T1OUT 2 19 T5IN C2- VOLTAGE INVERTER
1.0μF
T2OUT 3 18 N.C. +5V
400kΩ
T2IN 4 17 SHDN 5 T1IN T1OUT 2
T1
T1IN 5 MAX230 16 T5OUT +5V
400kΩ
GND 6 15 T4IN 4 T2IN T2OUT 3
T2
VCC 7 14 T3IN +5V
400kΩ
C1+ 8 13 V-
TTL/CMOS 14 T3IN T3OUT 1 RS-232
T3
V+ 9 12 C2- INPUTS +5V OUTPUTS
400kΩ
C1- 10 11 C2+ 15 T4IN T4OUT 20
T4
+5V
400kΩ
DIP/SO 19 T5IN T5OUT 16
T5

N.C. x 18 GND
17 SHDN
6

Figure 9. MAX230 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW 1.0μF +7.5V TO +12V

13 (15)
1 VCC 14 (16)
C1+ V+
1.0μF 2 +12V TO -12V 3
C1- VOLTAGE CONVERTER V-
C2
+5V 1.0μF
C+ 1 14 V+ C+ 1 16 V+
400kΩ
C- 2 13 VCC C- 2 15 VCC (10) (13)
8 T1IN T1OUT 11
T1
V- 3 12 GND V- 3 14 GND +5V
TTL/CMOS RS-232
T2OUT 4 MAX231 11 T1OUT T2OUT 4 MAX231 13 T1OUT INPUTS 400kΩ OUTPUTS
R2IN 5 10 R1IN R2IN 5 12 R1IN 7 T2IN T2OUT 4
T2
R2OUT 6 9 R1OUT R2OUT 6 11 R1OUT
(11) (12)
9 R1OUT R1IN 10
T2IN 7 8 T1IN T2IN 7 10 T1IN R1

N.C. 8 9 N.C. TTL/CMOS 5kΩ RS-232


OUTPUTS INPUTS
DIP
SO 6 R2OUT R2IN 5
R2
5kΩ

GND
PIN NUMBERS IN ( ) ARE FOR SO PACKAGE. 12 (14)

Figure 10. MAX231 Pin Configurations and Typical Operating Circuit

20 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
+5V INPUT
1.0μF
TOP VIEW 7
+5V VCC

400kΩ
2 T1IN T1OUT 5
T2IN 1 20 R2OUT
+5V
T1IN 2 19 R2IN TTL/CMOS RS-232
INPUTS 400kΩ
R1OUT 3 OUTPUTS
18 T2OUT 1 T2IN T2OUT 18
R1IN 4 17 V-
3 R1OUT R1IN 4
T1OUT 5 MAX233 16 C2-
MAX233A
GND 6 15 C2+ TTL/CMOS 5kΩ RS-232
OUTPUTS INPUTS
VCC 7 14 V+ (C1-)
(V+) C1+ 8 13 C1- (C1+) 20 R2OUT R2IN 19

GND 9 12 V- (C2+) 8 (13) 5kΩ C2+ 11 (12)


DO NOT MAKE C1+
CONNECTIONS TO 13 (14) 15
(V-) CS- 10 11 C2+ (C2-) C1-
THESE PINS C2+
12 (10) 16
INTERNAL -10 V- C2-
DIP/SO POWER SUPPLY 17 10 (11)
V- C2-
INTERNAL +10V 14 (8) V+
GND GND
POWER SUPPLY
6 9
( ) ARE FOR SO PACKAGE ONLY.

Figure 11. MAX233/MAX233A Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

+5V INPUT
1.0μF
TOP VIEW
6 1.0μF
7
C1+ VCC 8
+5V TO +10V V+
1.0μF 9
C1- VOLTAGE DOUBLER
10
C2+ +10V TO -10V 12
1.0μF VOLTAGE INVERTER V-
11 C2- 1.0μF
T1OUT 1 16 T3OUT
+5V
T2OUT 2 15 T4OUT
400kΩ
T2IN 3 14 T4IN 4 T1IN T1OUT 1
T1
T1IN 4 MAX234 13 T3IN +5V
GND 5 12 V- 400kΩ
VCC 6 11 C2- 3 T2IN T2OUT 2
T2
C1+ 7 10 C2+ TTL/CMOS +5V RS-232
INPUTS 400kΩ OUTPUTS
V+ 8 9 C1-
13 T3IN T3OUT 16
T3
DIP/SO +5V
400kΩ
14 T4IN T4OUT 15
T4
GND
5

Figure 12. MAX234 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 21
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

+5V INPUT
TOP VIEW 1.0μF

12
VCC
+5V
400kΩ
8 T1IN T1OUT 3
T1

+5V
400kΩ

7 T2IN T2OUT 4
T2

+5V
400kΩ
TTL/CMOS 15 T3IN T3OUT 2 RS-232
T3
INPUTS OUTPUTS
T4OUT 1 24 R3IN +5V
400kΩ
T3OUT 2 23 R3OUT T4OUT 1
16 T4IN
T4
T1OUT 3 22 T5IN
+5V
T2OUT 4 21 SHDN 400kΩ
R2IN 5 MAX235 20 EN 22 T5IN T5OUT 19
T5
R2OUT 6 19 T5OUT

T2IN 7 18 R4IN
9 R1OUT R1IN 10
T1
T1IN 8 17 R4OUT
5kΩ
R1OUT 9 16 T4IN

R1IN 10 15 T3IN R2IN 5


6 R2OUT
R2
GND 11 14 R5OUT
5kΩ
VCC 12 13 R5IN

TTL/CMOS 23 R3OUT R3IN 24 RS-232


DIP R3
OUTPUTS INPUTS
5kΩ

17 R4OUT R4IN 18
R4

5kΩ

14 R5OUT R5IN 13
R5

5kΩ
20 EN 21
SHDN
GND
11

Figure 13. MAX235 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

22 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
TOP VIEW +5V INPUT
1.0μF

9 1.0μF
10 11
C1+ VCC V+
1.0μF +5V TO +10V
12
C1- VOLTAGE DOUBLER
13 15
C2+ V-
1.0μF +10V TO -10V
14 C2- 1.0μF
VOLTAGE INVERTER

+5V
400kΩ
7 T1IN T1OUT 2
T1

T3OUT 1 24 T4OUT +5V


400kΩ
T1OUT 2 23 R2IN
6 T2IN T2OUT 3
T2OUT 3 22 R2OUT T2

R1IN 4 21 SHDN TTL/CMOS +5V RS-232


INPUTS 400kΩ OUTPUTS
R1OUT 5 MAX236 20 EN
18 T3IN T3OUT 1
T2IN 6 19 T4IN T3

T1IN 7 18 T3IN +5V


400kΩ
GND 8 17 R3OUT
19 T4IN T4OUT 24
VCC 9 16 R3IN T4

C1+ 10 15 V-

V+ 11 14 C2- R1IN 4
5 R1OUT
R1
C1- 12 13 C2+
5kΩ
DIP/SO
22 R2OUT R2IN 23 RS-232
TTL/CMOS R2
OUTPUTS INPUTS
5kΩ

17 R3OUT R3IN 16
R3

5kΩ

20 EN 21
SHDN
GND

Figure 14. MAX236 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 23
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

TOP VIEW
+5V INPUT
1.0μF

9 1.0μF
10 VCC 11
C1+ V+
+5V TO +10V
1.0μF 12 VOLTAGE DOUBLER
C1-
13 15
C2+ V-
1.0μF +10V TO -10V
14 VOLTAGE INVERTER 1.0μF
C2-
+5V
400kΩ

T3OUT 1 24 T4OUT 7 T1IN T1OUT 2


T1
T1OUT 2 23 R2IN +5V
400kΩ
T2OUT 3 22 R2OUT
6 T2IN T2OUT 3
R1IN 4 21 T5IN T2
+5V
R1OUT 5 MAX237 20 T5OUT 400kΩ
T2IN 6 19 T4IN TTL/CMOS 18 T3IN T3OUT 1
T3 RS-232
T1IN 7 18 T3IN INPUTS +5V OUTPUTS
400kΩ
GND 8 17 R3OUT
19 T4IN T4OUT 24
VCC 9 16 R3IN T4
+5V
C1+ 10 15 V-
400kΩ
V+ 11 14 C2-
21 T5IN T5OUT 20
T5
C1- 12 13 C2+

DIP/SO 5 R1OUT R1IN 4


R1

5kΩ

22 R2OUT R2IN 23 RS-232


TTL/CMOS R2
OUTPUTS INPUTS
5kΩ

17 R3OUT R3IN 16
R3

5kΩ

GND
8

Figure 15. MAX237 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

24 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
TOP VIEW
+5V INPUT
1.0μF

9 1.0μF
10 VCC 11
C1+ V+
+5V TO +10V
1.0μF 12
C1- VOLTAGE DOUBLER
13
C2+ 15
1.0μF +10V TO -10V V-
14 VOLTAGE INVERTER
C2- 1.0μF
+5V
400kΩ

T2OUT 1 24 T3OUT 5 T1IN T1OUT 2


T1
T1OUT 2 23 R3IN +5V
400kΩ
R2IN 3 22 R3OUT
18 T2IN T2OUT 1
R2OUT 4 21 T4IN T2
+5V
T1IN 5 MAX238 20 T4OUT TTL/CMOS RS-232
INPUTS 400kΩ
OUTPUTS
R1OUT 6 19 T3IN T3OUT 24
19 T3IN
T3
R1IN 7 18 T2IN +5V
GND 8 17 R4OUT 400kΩ

VCC 9 16 R4IN 21 T4IN T4OUT 20


T4
C1+ 10 15 V-
V+ 11 14 C2-

C1- 12 13 C2+ 6 R1OUT R1IN 7


R1

DIP/SO 5kΩ

4 R2OUT R2IN 3
R2

TTL/CMOS 5kΩ RS-232


OUTPUTS INPUTS
22 R3OUT R3IN 23
R3

5kΩ

17 R4OUT R4IN 16
R4

5kΩ

GND
8

Figure 16. MAX238 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 25
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

TOP VIEW
7.5V TO 13.2V
+5V INPUT INPUT
1.0μF

4 5
6 VCC V+
C1+ 8
V-
+10V TO -10V
1.0μF 7 1.0μF
C1- VOLTAGE INVERTER

+5V
400kΩ

24 T1IN T1OUT 19
T1
R1OUT 1 24 T1IN +5V
400kΩ
R1IN 2 23 T2IN
TTL/CMOS 23 T2IN T2OUT 20
GND 3 22 R2OUT T2 RS-232
INPUTS OUTPUTS
+5V
VCC 4 21 R2IN
400kΩ
V+ 5 MAX239 20 T2OUT
16 T3IN T3OUT 13
C+ 6 19 T1OUT T3

C- 7 18 R3IN
V- 8 17 R3OUT 1 R1OUT R1IN 2
R1
R5IN 9 16 T3IN
5kΩ
R5OUT 10 15 N.C.

R4OUT 11 14 EN 22 R2OUT R2IN 21


R2
R4IN 12 13 T3OUT
5kΩ

DIP/SO
TTL/CMOS 17 R3OUT R3IN 18 RS-232
R3
OUTPUTS INPUTS
5kΩ

11 R4OUT R4IN 12
R4

5kΩ

10 R5OUT R5IN 9
R5

5kΩ
14 EN 15
N.C.
GND
3

Figure 17. MAX239 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

26 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
+5V INPUT
1.0μF
TOP VIEW

19
25 1.0μF
C1+ VCC 26
1.0μF 27 +5V TO +10V V+
C1- VOLTAGE DOUBLER
28
C2+ +5V TO -10V 30
1.0μF VOLTAGE INVERTER V-
29 C2- 1.0μF
+5V
400kΩ
15 T1IN T1OUT 7
T1

+5V
400kΩ
14 T2IN T2OUT 8
T2
R3OUT
T2OUT
T1OUT
T3OUT
T4OUT
R2IN

R3IN
N.C.

N.C.

N.C.
T5IN

+5V
400kΩ

TTL/CMOS 37 T3IN T3OUT 6 RS-232


T3
INPUTS OUTPUTS
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

+5V
400kΩ
N.C. 12 44 N.C. 38 T4IN T4OUT 5
T4
R2OUT 13 43 SHDN
T2IN 14 42 EN +5V
400kΩ
T1IN 15 41 T5OUT
R1OUT 16 40 R4IN 2 T5IN T5OUT 41
T5
R1IN 17 39 R4OUT
GND 18 MAX240 38 T4IN R1IN 17
16 R1OUT
VCC 19 37 T3IN R1
N.C. 20 36 R5OUT 5kΩ
N.C. 21 35 R5IN
N.C. 22 34 N.C. 13 R2OUT R2IN 10
R2
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33

5kΩ

TTL/CMOS 3 R3OUT R3IN 4 RS-232


R3
N.C.
N.C.
C1+
V+
C1-
C2+
C2
V-
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.

OUTPUTS INPUTS
5kΩ

Plastic FP
39 R4OUT R4IN 40
R4

5kΩ

36 R5OUT R5IN 35
R5

5kΩ
42 EN 43
SHDN
GND
18

Figure 18. MAX240 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 27
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

TOP VIEW +5V INPUT ALL CAPACITORS = 0.1μF


0.1μF 0.1μF

16
1
C1+ VCC
2 +10V
0.1μF +5V TO +10V V+
3 C1- VOLTAGE DOUBLER
4
C2+
C1+ 1 16 VCC +10V TO -10V 6 -10V
0.1μF 5 C2- V-
VOLTAGE INVERTER
V+ 2 15 GND 0.1μF
C1- 3 14 T1OUT +5V

C2+ 4 MAX243 13 R1IN 400kΩ

C2- 5 12 R1OUT 11 T1IN T1OUT 14

V- 6 11 T1IN +5V
TTL/CMOS RS-232
INPUTS 400kΩ OUTPUTS
T2OUT 7 10 T2IN

R2IN 8 9 R2OUT 10 T2IN T2OUT 7

DIP/SO
12 R1OUT R1IN 13

TTL/CMOS 5kΩ RS-232


OUTPUTS INPUTS
9 R2OUT R2IN 8

RECEIVER INPUT R1 OUTPUT R2 OUTPUT


≤ -3V HIGH HIGH 5kΩ
OPEN HIGH LOW
≥ +3V LOW LOW GND
15

Figure 19. MAX243 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

28 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
+5V
TOP VIEW 1μF
1μF
20
21
C1+ VCC 22
1μF

TB4OUT
TA4OUT
TA3OUT
TA2OUT
TA1OUT
TB1OUT
TB2OUT
TB3OUT
23 C1- +5V TO +10V VOLTAGE DOUBLER V+
RA4IN
RA5IN

RB5IN
24 26
C2+ V- 1μF
1μF 25 C2-
6 5 4 3 2 1 44 43 42 41 40 +10V TO -10V VOLTAGE INVERTER
2 TA1OUT +5V +5V TB1OUT 44
400kΩ
15 TA1IN TB1IN 30
RA3IN 7 39 RB4IN
RA2IN 8 38 RB3IN +5V +5V
2 TA2OUT TB2OUT 43
RA1IN 9 37 RB2IN
400kΩ
RA1OUT 10 36 RB1IN 16 TA2IN TB2IN 29
RA2OUT 11 35 RB1OUT
RA3OUT 12
MAX244 34 RB2OUT 3 TA3OUT +5V +5V TB3OUT 42
RA4OUT 13 33 RB3OUT 400kΩ
RA5OUT 14 32 RB4OUT 17 TA3IN TB3IN 28
TA1IN 15 31 RB5OUT
4 TA4OUT +5V +5V TB4OUT 41
TA2IN 16 30 TB1IN
400kΩ
TA3IN 17 29 TB2IN 18 TA4IN TB4IN 27
9 RA1IN RB1IN 36
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
TA4IN
GND

C1+
V+
C1-
C2+
C2-
V-
TB4IN
TB3IN
VCC

5kΩ 5kΩ

PLCC 10 RA1OUT RB1OUT 35


8 RA2IN RB2IN 37

5kΩ 5kΩ
MAX249 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
10 RECEIVERS 11 RA2OUT RB2OUT 34
5 A-SIDE RECEIVERS 7 RA3IN RB3IN 38
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS
8 TRANSMITTERS 5kΩ 5kΩ
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS 12 RA3OUT RB3OUT 33
NO CONTROL PINS 6 RA4IN RB4IN 39

5kΩ 5kΩ

13 RA4OUT RB4OUT 32
5 RA5IN RB5IN 40

5kΩ 5kΩ

14 RA5OUT RB5OUT 31
GND
19

Figure 20. MAX244 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 29
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

+5V

TOP VIEW
1μF
40
VCC
ENR 1 40 VCC 16 TA1OUT +5V +5V TB1OUT 24
400kΩ
TA1IN 2 39 ENT
2 TA1IN TB1IN 38
TA2IN 3 38 TB1IN
17 TA2OUT +5V +5V TB2OUT 23
TA3IN 4 37 TB2IN
400kΩ
TA4IN 5 36 TB3IN
3 TA2IN TB2IN 37
RA5OUT 6 35 TB4IN

RA4OUT 7
MAX245 34 RB5OUT 18 TA3OUT +5V +5V TB3OUT 22
400kΩ
RA3OUT 8 33 RB4OUT
4 TA3IN TB3IN 36
RA2OUT 9 32 RB3OUT
19 TA4OUT +5V +5V TB4OUT 21
RA1OUT 10 31 RB2OUT
400kΩ
RA1IN 11 30 RB1OUT 5 TA4IN TB4IN 35
RA2IN 12 29 RB1IN
1 ENR ENT 39
RA3IN 13 28 RB2IN
11 RA1IN RB1IN 29
RA4IN 14 27 RB3IN

RA5IN 15 26 RB4IN
5kΩ 5kΩ
TA1OUT 16 25 RB5IN

TA2OUT 17 24 TB1OUT 10 RA1OUT RB1OUT 30


12 RA2IN RB2IN 28
TA3OUT 18 23 TB2OUT

TA4OUT 19 22 TB3OUT
5kΩ 5kΩ
GND 20 21 TB4OUT
9 RA2OUT RB2OUT 31
DIP 13 RA3IN RB3IN 27

5kΩ 5kΩ

8 RA3OUT RB3OUT 32
MAX245 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
14 RA4IN RB4IN 26
10 RECEIVERS
5 A-SIDE RECEIVERS (RA5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS (RB5 ALWAYS ACTIVE) 5kΩ 5kΩ

8 TRANSMITTTERS
7 RA4OUT RB4OUT 33
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
15 RA5IN RB5IN 25
2 CONTROL PINS
1 RECEIVER ENABLE (ENR)
5kΩ 5kΩ
1 TRANSMITTER ENABLE (ENT)
6 RA5OUT RB5OUT 34

GND
20

Figure 21. MAX245 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

30 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
+5V
TOP VIEW
1μF
40
VCC
ENA 1 40 VCC +5V +5V
16 TA1OUT TB1OUT 24
TA1IN 2 39 ENB
400kΩ
TA2IN 3 38 TB1IN
2 TA1IN TB1IN 38
TA3IN 4 37 TB2IN +5V +5V
TA4IN 5 36 TB3IN 17 TA2OUT TB2OUT 23
400kΩ
RA5OUT 6 35 TB4IN
3 TA2IN TB2IN 37
RA4OUT 7 MAX246 34 RB5OUT +5V +5V
RA3OUT 8 33 RB4OUT 18 TA3OUT TB3OUT 22

RA2OUT 9 32 RB3OUT 400kΩ


4 TA3IN TB3IN 36
RA1OUT 10 31 RB2OUT
+5V +5V
RA1IN 11 30 RB1OUT 19 TA4OUT TB4OUT 21

RA2IN 12 29 RB1IN 400kΩ


5 TA4IN TB4IN 35
RA3IN 13 28 RB2IN
1 ENA ENB 39
RA4IN 14 27 RB3IN
11 RA1IN RB1IN 29
RA5IN 15 26 RB4IN

TA1OUT 16 25 RB5IN 5kΩ 5kΩ


TA2OUT 17 24 TB1OUT
10 RA1OUT RB1OUT 30
TA3OUT 18 23 TB2OUT
12 RA2IN RB2IN 28
TA4OUT 19 22 TB3OUT
GND 20 21 TB4OUT 5kΩ 5kΩ

DIP 9 RA2OUT RB2OUT 31


13 RA3IN RB3IN 27

5kΩ 5kΩ
MAX246 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
10 RECEIVERS 8 RA3OUT RB3OUT 32
5 A-SIDE RECEIVERS (RA5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
14 RA4IN RB4IN 26
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS (RB5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
8 TRANSMITTERS
5kΩ 5kΩ
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS 7 RA4OUT RB4OUT 33
2 CONTROL PINS 15 RA5IN RB5IN 25
ENABLE A-SIDE (ENA)
ENABLE B-SIDE (ENB) 5kΩ 5kΩ

6 RA5OUT RB5OUT 34
GND
20

Figure 22. MAX246 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 31
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

+5V
TOP VIEW
1μF
40
1 ENTA VCC ENTB 39
ENTA 1 40 VCC +5V +5V
16 TA1OUT TB1OUT 24
TA1IN 2 39 ENTB
400kΩ
TA2IN 3 38 TB1IN 2 TA1IN TB1IN 38
TA3IN 4 37 TB2IN +5V +5V
17 TA2OUT TB2OUT 23
TA4IN 5 36 TB3IN
400kΩ
RB5OUT 6 35 TB4IN 3 TA2IN TB2IN 37
RA4OUT 7 MAX247 34 RB4OUT +5V +5V
18 TA3OUT TB3OUT 22
RA3OUT 8 33 RB3OUT
400kΩ
RA2OUT 9 32 RB2OUT
4 TA3IN TB3IN 36
RA1OUT 10 31 RB1OUT +5V +5V
19 TA4OUT TB4OUT 21
ENRA 11 30 ENRB
400kΩ
RA1IN 12 29 RB1IN
5 TA4IN TB4IN 35
RA2IN 13 28 RB2IN
6 RB5OUT RB5IN 25
RA3IN 14 27 RB3IN

RA4IN 15 26 RB4IN 5kΩ

TA1OUT 16 25 RB5IN

TA2OUT 17 24 TB1OUT 12 RA1IN RB1IN 29

TA3OUT 18 23 TB2OUT
5kΩ 5kΩ
TA4OUT 19 22 TB3OUT

GND 20 21 TB4OUT 10 RA1OUT RB1OUT 31


13 RA2IN RB2IN 28
DIP
5kΩ 5kΩ
MAX247 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
9 RECEIVERS 9 RA2OUT RB2OUT 32
4 A-SIDE RECEIVERS 14 RA3IN RB3IN 27
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS (RB5 ALWAYS ACTIVE)
8 TRANSMITTERS 5kΩ 5kΩ
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS 8 RA3OUT RB3OUT 33

4 CONTROL PINS 15 RA4IN RB4IN 26

ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENRA)


ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENRB) 5kΩ 5kΩ

ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENTA)


7 RA4OUT RB4OUT 34
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENTB)
11 ENRA ENRB 30
GND
20

Figure 23. MAX247 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

32 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers

MAX220–MAX249
TOP VIEW +5V
1μF
1μF
20
21
C1+ VCC 22
TA4OUT
TA3OUT
TA2OUT
TA1OUT
TB1OUT
TB2OUT
TB3OUT
TA4OUT
1μF V+
23 C1-
RA3IN
RA4IN

RB4IN
+5V TO +10V VOLTAGE DOUBLER 26
24 V-
C2+ 1μF
6 5 4 3 2 1 44 43 42 41 40 1μF 25 C2- +10V TO -10V VOLTAGE INVERTER
18 ENTA ENTB 27
+5V +5V
1 TA1OUT TB1OUT 44
RA2IN 7 39 RB3IN 400kΩ
RA1IN 8 38 RB2IN 14 TA1IN TB1IN 31
ENRA 9 37 RB1IN +5V +5V
RA1OUT 10 36 ENRB 2 TA2OUT TB2OUT 43
RA2OUT 11 35 RB1OUT 400kΩ
RA3OUT 12
MAX248 34 RB2OUT 15 TA2IN TB2IN 30
RA4OUT 13 33 RB3OUT +5V +5V
3 TA3OUT TB3OUT 42
TA1IN 14 32 RB4OUT
TA2IN 15 31 TB1IN 400kΩ
16 TA3IN TB3IN 29
TA3IN 16 30 TB2IN
TA4IN 17 29 TB3IN
+5V +5V
4 TA4OUT TB4OUT 41
400kΩ
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
17 TA4IN TB4IN 28
ENTA
GND

C1+
V+
C1-
C2+
C2-
V-
ENTB
TB4IN
VCC

8 RA1IN RB1IN 37
PLCC

5kΩ 5kΩ

MAX248 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION 10 RA1OUT RB1OUT 35


8 RECEIVERS 7 RA2IN RB2IN 38
4 A-SIDE RECEIVERS
4 B-SIDE RECEIVERS 5kΩ 5kΩ
8 TRANSMITTERS
11 RA2OUT RB2OUT 34
4 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
6 RA3IN RB3IN 39
4 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 CONTROL PINS
5kΩ 5kΩ
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENRA)
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENRB)
12 RA3OUT RB3OUT 33
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENTA)
5 RA4IN RB4IN 40
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENTB)

5kΩ 5kΩ

13 RA4OUT RB4OUT 32
9 ENRA ENRB 36
GND
19

Figure 24. MAX248 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

______________________________________________________________________________________ 33
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
MAX220–MAX249

+5V
TOP VIEW 1μF
1μF
20
21
C1+ VCC 22
TA3OUT
TA2OUT
TA1OUT
TB1OUT
TB2OUT
TB3OUT
1μF V+
23 C1-
RA3IN
RA4IN
RA5IN

RB5IN
RB4IN
+5V TO +10V VOLTAGE DOUBLER 26
24 V-
C2+ 1μF
6 5 4 3 2 1 44 43 42 41 40 1μF 25 C2- +10V TO -10V VOLTAGE INVERTER
18 ENTA ENTB 27
+5V +5V
1 TA1OUT TB1OUT 44
RA2IN 7 39 RB3IN 400kΩ
RA1IN 8 38 RB2IN 15 TA1IN TB1IN 30
ENRA 9 37 RB1IN +5V +5V
RA1OUT 10 36 ENRB 2 TA2OUT TB2OUT 43
RA2OUT 11 35 RB1OUT 400kΩ
RA3OUT 12
MAX249 34 RB2OUT 16 TA2IN TB2IN 29
RA4OUT 13 33 RB3OUT +5V +5V
3 TA3OUT TB3OUT 42
RA5OUT 14 32 RB4OUT
TA1IN 15 31 RB5OUT 400kΩ
17 TA3IN TB3IN 28
TA2IN 16 30 TB1IN
8 RA1IN RB1IN 37
TA3IN 17 29 TB2IN

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5kΩ 5kΩ
ENTA
GND

C1+
V+
C1-
C2+
C2-
V-
ENTB
TB3IN
VCC

10 RA1OUT RB1OUT 35
7 RA2IN RB2IN 38
PLCC

5kΩ 5kΩ

11 RA2OUT RB2OUT 34
MAX249 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
6 RA3IN RB3IN 39
10 RECEIVERS
5 A-SIDE RECEIVERS
5kΩ 5kΩ
5 B-SIDE RECEIVERS
6 TRANSMITTERS 12 RA3OUT RB3OUT 33
3 A-SIDE TRANSMITTERS 5 RA4IN RB4IN 40
3 B-SIDE TRANSMITTERS
4 CONTROL PINS
5kΩ 5kΩ
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENRA)
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENRB) 13 RA4OUT RB4OUT 32
ENABLE RECEIVER A-SIDE (ENTA) 4 RA5IN RB5IN 41
ENABLE RECEIVER B-SIDE (ENTB)
5kΩ 5kΩ

14 RA5OUT RB5OUT 31
9 ENRA ENRB 36
GND
19

Figure 25. MAX249 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

34 ______________________________________________________________________________________
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
___________________________________________Ordering Information (continued)

MAX220–MAX249
PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE
MAX222CPN 0°C to +70°C 18 Plastic DIP MAX232AC/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX222CWN 0°C to +70°C 18 Wide SO MAX232AEPE -40°C to +85°C 16 Plastic DIP
MAX222C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX232AESE -40°C to +85°C 16 Narrow SO
MAX222EPN -40°C to +85°C 18 Plastic DIP MAX232AEWE -40°C to +85°C 16 Wide SO
MAX222EWN -40°C to +85°C 18 Wide SO MAX232AEJE -40°C to +85°C 16 CERDIP
MAX222EJN -40°C to +85°C 18 CERDIP MAX232AMJE -55°C to +125°C 16 CERDIP
MAX222MJN -55°C to +125°C 18 CERDIP MAX232AMLP -55°C to +125°C 20 LCC
MAX223CAI 0°C to +70°C 28 SSOP MAX233CPP 0°C to +70°C 20 Plastic DIP
MAX223CWI 0°C to +70°C 28 Wide SO MAX233EPP -40°C to +85°C 20 Plastic DIP
MAX223C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX233ACPP 0°C to +70°C 20 Plastic DIP
MAX223EAI -40°C to +85°C 28 SSOP MAX233ACWP 0°C to +70°C 20 Wide SO
MAX223EWI -40°C to +85°C 28 Wide SO MAX233AEPP -40°C to +85°C 20 Plastic DIP
MAX225CWI 0°C to +70°C 28 Wide SO MAX233AEWP -40°C to +85°C 20 Wide SO
MAX225EWI -40°C to +85°C 28 Wide SO MAX234CPE 0°C to +70°C 16 Plastic DIP
MAX230CPP 0°C to +70°C 20 Plastic DIP MAX234CWE 0°C to +70°C 16 Wide SO
MAX230CWP 0°C to +70°C 20 Wide SO MAX234C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX230C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX234EPE -40°C to +85°C 16 Plastic DIP
MAX230EPP -40°C to +85°C 20 Plastic DIP MAX234EWE -40°C to +85°C 16 Wide SO
MAX230EWP -40°C to +85°C 20 Wide SO MAX234EJE -40°C to +85°C 16 CERDIP
MAX230EJP -40°C to +85°C 20 CERDIP MAX234MJE -55°C to +125°C 16 CERDIP
MAX230MJP -55°C to +125°C 20 CERDIP MAX235CPG 0°C to +70°C 24 Wide Plastic DIP
MAX231CPD 0°C to +70°C 14 Plastic DIP MAX235EPG -40°C to +85°C 24 Wide Plastic DIP
MAX231CWE 0°C to +70°C 16 Wide SO MAX235EDG -40°C to +85°C 24 Ceramic SB
MAX231CJD 0°C to +70°C 14 CERDIP MAX235MDG -55°C to +125°C 24 Ceramic SB
MAX231C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX236CNG 0°C to +70°C 24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX231EPD -40°C to +85°C 14 Plastic DIP MAX236CWG 0°C to +70°C 24 Wide SO
MAX231EWE -40°C to +85°C 16 Wide SO MAX236C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX231EJD -40°C to +85°C 14 CERDIP MAX236ENG -40°C to +85°C 24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX231MJD -55°C to +125°C 14 CERDIP MAX236EWG -40°C to +85°C 24 Wide SO
MAX232CPE 0°C to +70°C 16 Plastic DIP MAX236ERG -40°C to +85°C 24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX232CSE 0°C to +70°C 16 Narrow SO MAX236MRG -55°C to +125°C 24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX232CWE 0°C to +70°C 16 Wide SO MAX237CNG 0°C to +70°C 24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX232C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX237CWG 0°C to +70°C 24 Wide SO
MAX232EPE -40°C to +85°C 16 Plastic DIP MAX237C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX232ESE -40°C to +85°C 16 Narrow SO MAX237ENG -40°C to +85°C 24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX232EWE -40°C to +85°C 16 Wide SO MAX237EWG -40°C to +85°C 24 Wide SO
MAX232EJE -40°C to +85°C 16 CERDIP MAX237ERG -40°C to +85°C 24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX232MJE -55°C to +125°C 16 CERDIP MAX237MRG -55°C to +125°C 24 Narrow CERDIP
MAX232MLP -55°C to +125°C 20 LCC MAX238CNG 0°C to +70°C 24 Narrow Plastic DIP
MAX232ACPE 0°C to +70°C 16 Plastic DIP MAX238CWG 0°C to +70°C 24 Wide SO
MAX232ACSE 0°C to +70°C 16 Narrow SO MAX238C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX232ACWE 0°C to +70°C 16 Wide SO MAX238ENG -40°C to +85°C 24 Narrow Plastic DIP
* Contact factory for dice specifications.
______________________________________________________________________________________ 35
+5V-Powered, Multichannel RS-232
Drivers/Receivers
___________________________________________Ordering Information (continued)
MAX220–MAX249

PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE PART TEMP RANGE PIN-PACKAGE


MAX238EWG -40°C to +85°C 24 Wide SO MAX243CPE 0°C to +70°C 16 Plastic DIP
MAX238ERG -40°C to +85°C 24 Narrow CERDIP MAX243CSE 0°C to +70°C 16 Narrow SO
MAX238MRG -55°C to +125°C 24 Narrow CERDIP MAX243CWE 0°C to +70°C 16 Wide SO
MAX239CNG 0°C to +70°C 24 Narrow Plastic DIP MAX243C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX239CWG 0°C to +70°C 24 Wide SO MAX243EPE -40°C to +85°C 16 Plastic DIP
MAX239C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX243ESE -40°C to +85°C 16 Narrow SO
MAX239ENG -40°C to +85°C 24 Narrow Plastic DIP MAX243EWE -40°C to +85°C 16 Wide SO
MAX239EWG -40°C to +85°C 24 Wide SO MAX243EJE -40°C to +85°C 16 CERDIP
MAX239ERG -40°C to +85°C 24 Narrow CERDIP MAX243MJE -55°C to +125°C 16 CERDIP
MAX239MRG -55°C to +125°C 24 Narrow CERDIP MAX244CQH 0°C to +70°C 44 PLCC
MAX240CMH 0°C to +70°C 44 Plastic FP MAX244C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX240C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX244EQH -40°C to +85°C 44 PLCC
MAX241CAI 0°C to +70°C 28 SSOP MAX245CPL 0°C to +70°C 40 Plastic DIP
MAX241CWI 0°C to +70°C 28 Wide SO MAX245C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX241C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX245EPL -40°C to +85°C 40 Plastic DIP
MAX241EAI -40°C to +85°C 28 SSOP MAX246CPL 0°C to +70°C 40 Plastic DIP
MAX241EWI -40°C to +85°C 28 Wide SO MAX246C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX242CAP 0°C to +70°C 20 SSOP MAX246EPL -40°C to +85°C 40 Plastic DIP
MAX242CPN 0°C to +70°C 18 Plastic DIP MAX247CPL 0°C to +70°C 40 Plastic DIP
MAX242CWN 0°C to +70°C 18 Wide SO MAX247C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX242C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice* MAX247EPL -40°C to +85°C 40 Plastic DIP
MAX242EPN -40°C to +85°C 18 Plastic DIP MAX248CQH 0°C to +70°C 44 PLCC
MAX242EWN -40°C to +85°C 18 Wide SO MAX248C/D 0°C to +70°C Dice*
MAX242EJN -40°C to +85°C 18 CERDIP MAX248EQH -40°C to +85°C 44 PLCC
MAX242MJN -55°C to +125°C 18 CERDIP MAX249CQH 0°C to +70°C 44 PLCC
MAX249EQH -40°C to +85°C 44 PLCC
* Contact factory for dice specifications.

Package Information
For the latest package outline information, go to
www.maxim-ic.com/packages.

Revision History
Pages changed at Rev 15: 2–5, 8, 9, 36

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implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.

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