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# 1.

A directional antenna in free space has a far- field electric field given by
Determine the radiated power and directive gain.
Solution :
H= E/120 =
!-"#r\$
/!2%&r&\$
'here 120 = intrinsic impedance of free space
(ave = 0.) * +H,s +
2
= ) sin
2
!2\$
!-"#r\$
/!%-&r
2
&\$
2. A half .ave dipole antenna is operating in air at a fre/0ency of 100 1H2. At a
distance of 1000 3m and at an observation point 4 = /25 electric field strength is
meas0red to be ) 67/m. 8alc0late the9

a. Length of the antenna
b. Current fed to the antenna for the meas0red Electric field.
c. Power radiated by the antenna.
d. :f a transmission line .ith ;o = <) = is connected to the antenna5 determine
the standing wave ratio.
Solution :
(a) wavelength at 100 MHz is = c / f = 3 meters. Hence, the half-wavelength dipole antennas
length is 1.! meters.
(") #\$rrent fed to the antenna %o=&(' ())%*%+,
0. 0
is the intrinsic impedance=1'0 .
-herefore, %o=(10),(1'0) .. or %o=0.0/33 .. Hence %o=/3.33 m.
(c) 0ower radiated "1 antenna = 0.! )%o
'
-3 4
=0.'!35 4
(d).a half wave dipole has a radiation resistance of23 ohm. -o the transmission line, this "ehaves
as a load, so the reflection coefficient is
=((rad -60),((rad 760)=(23ohm-2! ohm),(23 ohm72! ohm)= -0.013!,
and the standing wave ratio is 8 =(179 9),(1-9 9)=(170.013!),(1-0.013!)= 1.0'25.
3. A space mission to moon is la0nched and a 11'att5 ) >H2 transmitter is placed
on the moon. ?his transmitter radiates isotropically. ?he earth-moon distance is
@.- A10
)
3m. 8alc0late the9
a. Average Poyting vector at the earthB
b. rms electric and magnetic field at the earth.
Solution :
( )
1'
1'
1'
/
/
/
/
1:
'
'
1:
'
3
3 3 !
'
10 ' . 3/
'
10 0!/ . !5
'
10 0!/ . !5
322
10 03/ . '
10 55 . 1
'
10 03/ . '
'
10 03/ . '
322 ' 10 !1 . ! '
'
'
)
10 !1 . !
10 3/0 5
1
10 3/0 10 10 / . 3
5
)
) 1 ....

= =
=

=
= =
=

= =
=
= =
= =
=

=
= = =
H
H
H
E
H
H
E
E
E
E
W E
W E
E
W b
J
r
r
P
W a
Q
rms
rms
rms

## 4. An antenna is connected to a 100' transmitter thro0gh a )0 ohm coil. ?he inp0t

impedance of the antenna is %) ohm. ?he transmitter o0tp0t is perfectly matched
to the cable. 8alc0late9
a. VSWR at the antenna inp0t port
b. return loss at the inp0t port
c. reflected power in .atts at the inp0t port
Solution :
5. ?he characteristic impedance of a t.o .ire cable is 100 C and the 7D'E on the
line is @. ?he cable is F0 cm long. ?he fre/0ency of the signal on the line is 100
1H2 .:f the line is terminated by an antenna having impedance of C5
.here G is 0n3no.n5 0se Dmith 8hart to9
b. 8alc0late the impedance at a distance of @<.) cm from the loadB
Solution :
Solution : Z
0
= 100 ; < f = 100MHz = 6
(
= ;
= c,f = 3 m < >84(=3
l= !' cm = 0.!' m
1
min
= 32.! cm =0.32! m
= 0.!
' ? 1
min
- = @
= :0 degree
0.!
0.! (6(7100) = (6(-100)
6(= 300
6(= /07A'/:.13