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Rev A 2003-12-18 1

Chapter 8
Signaling in AXE
AXE Hardware Maintenance, LZU 108 6131
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Objectives
After this chapter you will be able to:
Distinguish between access and interexchange signaling
Describe the characteristics of subscriber line signaling
Mention the differences between CAS and CCS
Describe channel associated signaling in a signaling diagram
Describe common channel signaling in a signaling diagram
Describe the structure of CCS
Be able to configure the SS7 signaling in AXE
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Introduction
Signaling systems and implementation
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Main purpose of signaling
set-up, supervise and release telecommunication
connections and services
query data bases e.g. specific services, roaming in cellular
networks, etc.
support network management procedures
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Signaling in a telecom network
Access signaling Trunk signaling
Signaling
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Signaling Systems
System No. 7
Access signaling
(Subscriber-Exchange)
Trunk signaling
(Between exchanges)
Channel
Associated
Signaling
(CAS)
System No. 6
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
System R1
System No. 5
System R2
Subscriber Line
Signaling
Decadic
DTMF
AC/DC/Tones
Digital Subscriber
Signaling System
No. 1 (DSS1)
Signaling
methods
Signaling
systems
Signaling
type
PSTN
ISDN
PLMN
PSTN PSTN
ISDN
PLMN
Digital Analogue
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Access Signaling
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Access Signaling Concepts
Analogue - PSTN
Digital - ISDN
RSS - Remote Subscriber Switch
ENGINE Access Ramp
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Subscriber line signaling in PSTN
A
B
A
On hook
Call communication: Speech/Data/Fax
On hook
Off hook/Seizure
Off hook/B-answer
Dial tone
Ringing tone
Alternatives:
Busy tone
Congestion tone
Ringing signal
B-number
B
B
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D-channel signaling for a call in ISDN
A
B
Call communication: Speech/Data/Fax
SS7-signaling
D-channel
signaling
D-channel
signaling
Setup
Disconnect
Setup
Disconnect
Call proceeding
Trunk network
Connect
Release
Connect
Connect
acknowledgement
Release
completion
Connect
acknowledgement
Alert
Alert
Release
Release
completion
ISDN
ISDN
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Channel Associated Signaling
CAS
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Channel Associated Signaling Concepts
Line signaling
Register signaling
R2 MFC Multifrequency Compelled
Channel
Associated
Signaling
(CAS)
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Example of Channel Associated Signaling
Channel
Associated
Signaling
(CAS)
A
B
B
A
On hook
Call communication: Speech/Data/Fax
On hook
Off hook
Access signaling Inter-exchange signaling Access signaling
Seizure
Clear forward
Line signal
Line signal
B-number
Register signal
Register signal
Line signal
Line signal
Line signal
B-number
Off hook
Dial tone
B-status
B-answer
Clear backward
Release guard
Ringing tone
Ringing signal
B-number
B
A
B
B
A
On hook
Call communication: Speech/Data/Fax
On hook
Off hook
Access signaling Inter-exchange signaling Access signaling
Seizure
Clear forward
Line signal
Line signal
B-number
Register signal
Register signal
Line signal
Line signal
Line signal
B-number
Off hook
Dial tone
B-status
B-answer
Clear backward
Release guard
Ringing tone
Ringing signal
B-number
B
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Channel associated signaling E1 frame
Register signals
in traffic channels
Frame alignment Line signals
0 1 15 16 17 31
Register signals
in traffic channels
Channel
Associated
Signaling
(CAS)
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The multiframe structure
Channel
Associated
Signaling
(CAS)
Channel: 0 16
0000
TS1 TS17
TS3 TS18
TS15 TS31
Frame 0
Frame 1
Frame 2
Frame 15
M
U
L
T
I
F
R
A
M
E
125 s
31
8 bits
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Hardware for the MFC signaling link
CSR
ETC
GS
CSR
ETC
GS
MFC signaling link
Channel
Associated
Signaling
(CAS)
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Common Channel Signaling
CCS
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Differentiation of Speech and Signaling
Signaling
Speech
Speech
Signaling
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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SS7 main features
Speed
High capacity
Better economy
Reliability
Flexibility
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Common Channel
Signaling System No. 7
Example of Users of SS7 signaling
PLMN
MAP
PSTN
TUP
ISDN
ISUP
IN
INAP
MAP Mobile telephony Application Part
INAP Intelligent Network Application Part
TUP: Telephony User Part
ISUP ISDN User Part
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Concepts in CCS
SS7, SS7, No.7, #7
SS7 often used for national networks
C6 often used for international networks
Signaling link
Signaling link set
Signaling point
Signaling transfer point
Network indicator
Originating/Destination point code
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Structure of SS7
Message Transfer Part
MTP
User Part
UP
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
OSI Level 1-3
Implemented in CCS
Responsibility:
Routes the information in the network
Provides error control between adjacent nodes
Connects the entity to the transmission media
OSI Level 4
Implemented in TSS
Responsibility:
Provides end to end communication control
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Analogy of the Mailing organization
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Message transfer part hardware
ST
ETC
GS
ST
ETC
GS
SS7 signaling link
Packet
MTP software
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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SS7 Functional Levels
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
Signaling Link Functions Signaling Network
Functions
Message Transfer Part
ISUP
TUP
xUP
Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1
Signaling
Network
Management
Signaling
Message
Handling
Signaling
Link
Functions
Signaling
Data
Link
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C7DR2 functionalities
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Other important SS7 blocks
C7ST, signalling terminal
C7DP2, destination point management
C7LS2, link set management
C7SL2, signalling link management
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Main terms used in SS7
SP SP SP SP
LS
LS
SL
LS, SL
SP Signaling Point
STP Signaling Transfer Point
OWNSP Own Signaling Point
value
Signaling
Speech
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
STP STP
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Signaling points
SP=2 SP=2- -100 100
SP=2 SP=2- -110 110
SP=2 SP=2- -120 120
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Signaling point codes in a network
STP=2 STP=2- -10 10
SP=2 SP=2- -100 100
SP=2 SP=2- -110 110
SP=2 SP=2- -120 120
STP=2 STP=2- -20 20
Network indicator
Signaling point code
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Signaling links and link sets
STP=2 STP=2- -10 10
SP=2 SP=2- -100 100
SP=2 SP=2- -110 110
SP=2 SP=2- -120 120
STP=2 STP=2- -20 20
Link Set
(LS)
Signaling
Link (SL)
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Hardware for SS7 signaling link
ST
ETC
GS
ST
ETC
GS
SS7 signaling link
Packet
Semipermanent link
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Originating destination point codes
s
i
g
n
a
l
i
n
g

l
i
n
k
Speech channel
A
B
OPC CIC DPC
STP
SP SP
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
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Signaling route
A
B
OPC DPC
Signaling route
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An Example of ISUP Signaling
Common
Channel
Signaling
(CCS)
A
B
B
B
A
On hook
Call communication: Speech/Data/Fax
On hook
Off hook
signaling point signaling point
Off hook
Dial tone
IAM
SAM
ACM
ANC
CLF
RLG
Ringing tone Ringing signal
B-number
digit 1
digit 2
digit 4
digit 3
digit 5
A
B
B
B
A
On hook
Call communication: Speech/Data/Fax
On hook
Off hook
signaling point signaling point
Off hook
Dial tone
IAM
SAM
ACM
ANM
REL
RLC
Ringing tone Ringing signal
B-number
digit 1
digit 2
digit 4
digit 3
digit 5
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CCITT7, Signalling Point, Define
C7OPI:OWNSP=ownsp;
C7PNC:OWNSP=ownsp,SPID=spid;
C7SPI:SP=sp;
C7PNC:SP=sp,SPID=spid;
C7SPP:SP=ALL;
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Printout of defined SPs
<c7spp:sp=all;
CCITT7 SIGNALLING POINT DATA
SP SPID
2-50 OWNSP TOWN1
2-10 TOWN2
2-11 TOWN3
2-51 TOWN4
END
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CCITT7 Multiple Point Code, Routing, Change
C7LDI:LS=ls;
C7SUC:LS=ls,LVA=lva,ACL=acl,DMI=dmi;
C7LDP:LS=all;
C7RSI:DEST=dest,PRIO=prio,LS=ls;
C7RUC:DEST=dest,ACL=acl,DMI=dmi;
C7RSP:DEST=all;
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Printout of link set data
<c7ldp:ls=2-10;
CCITT7 LINK SET DATA
LS SPID ASP SPID
2-10
SLC ACL PARMG ST SDL SLI
0 A2 0 C7ST24-0
END
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Printout of routing data
<c7rsp:dest=all;
CCITT7 MTP ROUTING DATA
DEST SPID DST PRIO LSHB LS SPID RST
2-10 INA 1 2-10 UN/TA
2-11 INA 1 2-11 UN/TA
2-51 CCF1 ACC 1 2-51 CCF1 WO
END
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Semipermanent connection, reserve/activate
BLODI:DEV=C7ST24-0;
BLODI:DEV=UPDN3-16;
EXSPI:NAME=name;
EXSSI:DEV1=C7ST24-0;
EXSSI:DEV2=UPDN3-16;
EXSPE;
EXSCI:NAME=name,DEV=UPDN3-24;
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Printout of semipermanent connection data
<exscp:name=loop-1;
SEMIPERMANENT CONNECTION DATA
NAME CSTATE DISTC MISC NUMCH
LOOP-1 ACT 12 1
SIDE1 SSTATE ATT ES MISCS
DEV=UPDN3-16 ACT
SIDE2 SSTATE ATT ES MISCS
DEV=C7ST24-0 ACT
END
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CCITT7 Signalling Terminal, Define
CCITT7 Signalling Link, Define
C7STI:ST=st,ITYPE=itype;
C7SLI:LS=ls,SLC=slc,ST=st;
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CCITT7 Message Routing, Activate
C7LAI:LS=ls,SLC=slc;
C7SUI:LS=ls;
C7RAI:DEST=dest;
C7RUI:DEST=dest;
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Link set state printout
<c7ltp:ls=2-10;
CCITT7 LINK SET STATE
LS SPID SLC STATE INHIBST FCODE INFO
2-10 LPNATA 01 ACTIVE
END