You are on page 1of 2

home | sitemap | about | jobs | abbreviations | fun | question | conversion | links | copyright | misc | search | contact



Reinforced Branch Connection Set-On type
Where a Reinforced Branch Connection is required?
With large pipe dimensions, it is customary, to form a TEE intersection by cutting a hole in the straight run
(the header) and welding in the leg perpendicular (the branch), this is called a STUB-IN.
Similarly, nozzles are installed on pressure vessels by cutting a hole in the side of the vessel and welding in an
appropriately sized pipe to form the nozzle. These intersections ensure a "hole weakening" on the vessel or piping
system, due to the metal removed and the stress concentration created.
In critical systems, this weakness must be compensated, en can be restored with a Reinforcing Pad, to strengthen the
piping branch connection or the pressure vessel nozzle.
Branch Connection with Reinforcing Pad (Set-On type)
Dimensions Reinforcing Pad
For the dimensions of a reinforcing pad you can handle as rule:
Material = same material as the run pipe
Width = half a diameter of the branch pipe (at least 50 mm)
Thickness = same thickness as the run pipe, with a min. of 3 mm
and a max. of 20 mm
However, it is customary for most companies a so-called Branch table handling. This document defined the methods,
which must be applied, if a branch (with or without a reinforcing pad) in a run pipe must be made. It is also usually
present a specification that defines own dimensions, because each company has their own criteria. (e.g. type of
product, pressure and temperature, national regulations, local markets)
Installation of Reinforcing Pad
Below an example for the assembly of a reinforcing pad.
Determine the location of the branch, and make a round hole in the run pipe where the diameter should be equal to
the inside diameter of the branch.
Finish the branch equal to outside diameter of run pipe and make a welding bevel of around 30.
Place the branch with a gap by about 3 to 4 mm about the hole location on the run pipe, and tack weld the branch
on a sufficient number of places. Then the new branch can be completely welded.
If de weld is ready, depending on the requirements Non Destructive Examination (NDE) must be done.
Then the reinforcing pad can be placed by slide him over the branch. The pad must be positioned so that around
the branch, is overall the same open space, and that the pad is fully in line with the run pipe.
Tack weld the pad on a sufficient number of places, and after that the pad can be inside and outside fully welded;
depending on the prescribed quality requirements, then again NDE must be done.
Attention! -- Cited as a flange at the branch pipe is welded, you must obviously make sure that the ring is placed
You will not be the first and probably not the last, with a reinforcing pad in his hands, and discovered that the
sequence of action was not entirely correct.
On a number of images, you might be have seen a round hole in the reinforcing
pad. This is a "Weep Hole" and may have multiple functions. Sometimes also called
Tell Tale hole or Vent hole.
Opinions about the use of this hole varies, and therefore I give 2 possible uses of a
weep hole:
1. By threading the hole, a test gauge can be thread for a "air/soap" test to check
for leakage. The thread, mostly1/4" NPT will be used.
2. Weep holes serves as a vent during welding for entrapped gasses and prevents
the reinforcing pad from becoming a "jacketed" vessel.
Weep holes in reinforcing pads shall be sealed upon completion of pressure test.
Image of the American National Pipe Thread Tapered (NPT).
ASME B31.3, in paragraph 328.5.4 says:
A vent hole shall be provided at the side (not at the crotch) of any pad or saddle to reveal leakage in the weld
between branch and run and to allow venting during welding and heat treatment.

| top of page |
Werner Slken 2008 - 2014. All rights reserved.
Do not worry about your difficulties in Mathematics. I can assure you mine are still greater. Albert Einstein