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opinion [page 16]

national [page 5] opinion [page 16] sport [page 22]

sport [page 22]

minoritywrongs New study claims Khmer Rouge singled out minorities for forced marriages

call of nature

six straight

More than 2.5 billion people live without access to toilets, lead- ing to dangerous situations for women looking for privacy

In his toughest race of the season, Marc Marquez comes out on top again

race of the season, Marc Marquez comes out on top again TUESDAY, jUnE 3, 2014 Successful
race of the season, Marc Marquez comes out on top again TUESDAY, jUnE 3, 2014 Successful

TUESDAY, jUnE 3, 2014

Successful People Read The Post

4000 RIEL

Aus refugee ‘in great fear’ sets himself on fire, dies

Glenda Kwek

A Sri Lankan asylum seeker has died

after setting himself on fire while awaiting a visa decision in Australia, immigration Minister Scott Morrison said yesterday, with a Tamil group

claiming he was “living in great fear”. Leorsin Seemanpillai, 29, who was living in Geelong, outside Melbourne, after being granted a temporary visa

a year ago, suffered burns to 90 per

cent of his body after the incident on Saturday morning. He was pronounced dead on Sun- day in a Melbourne hospital. “This man sadly died as a result of

a very serious set of injuries that were

self-inflicted,” Morrison said. “And i don’t think we are in any position, and i frankly don’t think anyone else is any position, to draw any conclusions about what is a per- son’s mind in that situation.” Aran Mylvaganam of the Tamil refugee Council, who was at See- manpillai’s bedside in hospital and knew him for a year, said his friend was “living in great fear” of being sent back to Sri Lanka, where he believed his life would be in danger. “i had numerous conversations where he would repeatedly raise con- cerns about being deported back to Sri Lanka,” Mylvaganam said. He added that Seemanpillai’s fears were fuelled by seeing his friends taken from communities where they were placed in detention centres to

Continues on page 13

were placed in detention centres to Continues on page 13 A gathering of worshippers pray at

A gathering of worshippers pray at a Caodai temple in Phnom Penh last month. SCOTT HOWES

Sanctuary from the storm

Amelia Woodside and Phak Seangly

H iDDEN at the end of a pathway that breaks off from Mao Tse Tung Boul- evard in Phnom Penh is a

temple of a different kind, where seances are sacrosant and French writer Victor Hugo – author of Les Miserables – is considered a saint. Worshippers there practise Cao-

daism, a southern Vietnamese reli- gion that combines foundational elements of a handful of the world’s biggest faiths. Those who enter the temple find themselves welcomed by a fusion of religious imagery, including symbols from Buddhism and Christianity. But in the face of heightened anti- Vietnamese sentiment in the past year, the Caodai temple, in Dangkor

district, has become a sanctuary of a different kind to its congregation, which predominantly comprises eth- nic Vietnamese. “When i have trouble and feel unhappiness, i come here to attend a ceremony and recite Caodai songs and prayers. Then i have a fresh feel- ing and every worry or concern seems to be released from my body,” Seng Bun Hong, 56, said.

Anti-Vietnamese sentiment, which has a long and complicated history in the Kingdom, has been roused again after featuring prominently in the rhetoric of the opposition Cam- bodia National rescue Party both in the lead-up to and following last July’s national election. it has brought a heightened sense

Continues on page 6

‘Dead’ man’s presence at funeral scares villagers

Khouth Sophak Chakrya

iN THE dim light of Sunday evening, 32-year-old Kong Channeang approached his family. Startled at his unexpected presence, they ran away in abject terror.

The reaction was more than under- standable. Channeang had, after all, turned up at his own funeral. Suffering from an unidentified men- tal illness, he had gone missing five days earlier from his home in Svay rieng province’s romdoul district.

On Sunday, a decomposing and bloated body was spotted by villagers

in a nearby river. His family, satisfied the corpse was likely their son, proceeded to hold a funeral for him.


mation when Channeang turned up.

“All of us were scared and ran away immediately. We thought that we were being haunted, since it was a little bit dark at 6:30pm when he showed up at the funeral,” Orn Song, the chief of Svay Chek commune, said. Kong Vanny, Channeang’s 63-year-

old father, told the Post yesterday that while everyone was running away, his son had shouted for him to return. “When i heard him call me, i just went to him and grabbed his hand. i

Continues on page 4


THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014



B’bang farmers desperate for local river water

Laignee Barron and Mom Kunthear

WITH barely a drop of rain falling on their parched fields, Battambang farmers are pleading with a construction company to stop blockading the local river so their recently planted crops don’t dry out. The Asian Development Bank-funded bridge connect- ing Battambang and Banteay Meanchey has blocked the river since construction be- gan in December, according to Bavel district’s Sang Rang village chief. Local farm- ers went ahead and planted hundreds of hectares of rice in April anyway, anticipating the rainy season. But the rains haven’t come. “Last year, there was too much flooding, and this year, there is too much drought,” said Saloeun Linh, executive director of Association Coop- eration for economic Devel- opment, which assists farm- ers. “The crops are dying.” Villagers and the commune chief have asked the district governor to intervene and get water flowing through the irrigation canal again. Yes- terday morning, the bridge construction company let out more water, but not enough to reach all the village rice fields. “The water is flowing slowly over a shallow area; it cannot spread to places which are far from the bridge,” village chief So Savorn said. “My own rice field and my children’s are about 4 hectares. They will

be completely damaged if they do not have water within the month. We used about 1 tonne of rice seed.” Savorn said 405 families in his village were affected by the drought and the bridge’s damming of the river. In addition to blockages of water, locals are concerned that the $55 million bridge construction is contributing to river pollution by dumping cement and other waste. “The water is very dirty- looking and the smell is not so clean,” Linh said. Families without an al- ternative water source have continued drinking from the river, he said, leading to many complaints of diarrhoea and stomach pains. ADB country director eric Sidgwick said yesterday that the bank had not received any letter of complaint from the villagers but would send a team to investigate on Wednesday. When the provincial agri- culture department visited Bavel yesterday, it noted that the river’s water level was at an all-time low due to the bridge. “In july, August and Sep- tember, the lower water level won’t be a problem, but in june, with a drought, no water reaching the canal is a prob- lem,” Oudam Panh, deputy director of the provincial ag- riculture department, said. “Without intervention, all the dry season crops could

be damaged.”

intervention, all the dry season crops could be damaged.” IDEA president Vorn Pov is dragged along
intervention, all the dry season crops could be damaged.” IDEA president Vorn Pov is dragged along
intervention, all the dry season crops could be damaged.” IDEA president Vorn Pov is dragged along

IDEA president Vorn Pov is dragged along a road at Phnom Penh’s Yakjin factory in January, moments before being kicked in the head. poSt StAFF

Medical trips await 9 of 23

Meas Sokchea

n Ine of the group of 23 workers and la- bour activists who were released from

custody and given suspended sentences on Friday over to january’s garment employee protests will receive medical care in Thailand, rights group Licadho said yesterday. A number of the men were beaten by security forces during the demonstrations, which saw authorities clash with protesters, and say they received poor medical care while in police custody over the past few months. Last month, a garment worker who was severely beat- en by police on Veng Sreng Boulevard on january 3 died, with his family blaming head trauma inflicted by authori- ties months before. Am Sam Ath, senior investi- gator at Licadho, said that the nine men would be sent to a hospital in Bangkok for check-

ups and treatment to ensure they are not masking more se- rious conditions. Sokun Sambath Piseth, from labour rights group CLaRi- Cambodia, has already arrived in Bangkok and will receive surgery for hand fractures that

care of them properly,” Sam Ath said. “Most importantly, we think of their lives and want to avoid something more serious occurring.” Licadho will cover all medi- cal costs. “I still have headaches and

cover all medi- cal costs. “I still have headaches and I still have headaches and feel

I still have headaches and feel dazed. We must receive more check-ups because the paratroopers beat our heads

more check-ups because the paratroopers beat our heads doctors say require an urgent operation, Sam Ath

doctors say require an urgent operation, Sam Ath said. Two more workers will travel in the next two days, while Vorn Pov, of the Indepen- dent Democracy of Informal economy Association, Theng Savouen, of the Coalition of Cambodian Farmers Com- munity, and Boeung Kak lake activist Chan Puthisak, among others, will head west later this month to receive treatment. “Their wounds are still pain- ful, that’s why we must take

feel dazed. We must receive more check-ups, because the paratroopers beat our heads and kicked us, causing inter- nal injuries,” Vorn Pov said yesterday. Separately, the european union issued a statement on Sunday that appeared to warn the government that policy makers in Cambodia’s largest export market were keeping a very close eye on the labour situation. The statement welcomed

Friday’s release of workers and unionists and said that the eu hopes “this latest development indicates a positive shift in the recently deteriorating situation of the freedom of assembly in Phnom Penh and the recurrent harassment of trade unionists”. “The eu is the largest mar- ket for Cambodia’s exports, especially for the garment sec- tor. The eu and its citizens at- tach a great importance to the respect of fundamental rights such as the freedom of assem- bly and the workers’ and trade unions’ rights,” it added. “The eu encourages the Royal Government of Cam- bodia to accelerate the resto- ration of these fundamental rights and to release the re- sults of the investigation of the killings of early january.” The statement comes a week after global brands warned that instability in the garment sector could lead to Cambodia losing “its status as a strategic sourcing market”. ADDITIONAL RE-


could lead to Cambodia losing “its status as a strategic sourcing market”. ADDITIONAL RE- PORTING BY
could lead to Cambodia losing “its status as a strategic sourcing market”. ADDITIONAL RE- PORTING BY
could lead to Cambodia losing “its status as a strategic sourcing market”. ADDITIONAL RE- PORTING BY
could lead to Cambodia losing “its status as a strategic sourcing market”. ADDITIONAL RE- PORTING BY

THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014




Mistaken for wildlife, teen shot dead: police

Phak Seangly

WHILe illegally hunting in a Mondulkiri community for- est late on Saturday night, the nephew of a high-ranking provincial official allegedly mistook a sleeping teenager for wildlife, shooting and kill- ing him with a gun believed to have been stolen. Yeun Yorn, the 26-year-old nephew of Mondulkiri pro- vincial Deputy Governor Svay Sam Ieng, was poaching rab- bits and other wildlife in Koh nhek district, accompanied by a friend and a handful of other village hunters, accord- ing to district police officials. The victim, Phar nuth, 18, had entered the forest to look for timber with a crew of illegal loggers. nuth and the others were sleeping in hammocks when Yorn stumbled across their encampment, according to district deputy police chief Khlout Sophea. Yorn, who was hunting by flashlight, claimed it was easy to confuse the blurred shapes of human figures with wild- life at night and from a long distance. Thinking the sleep- ing loggers were some kind of wild animal, Yorn shot an AK rifle he had allegedly stolen

from a local plantation a few days earlier. “The victim was shot in the thigh [and the bullet] went through him, [exiting near the hip on the other side], causing him to die immedi- ately,” Sophea said. Yorn and his friend were ar- rested on Sunday and taken to the provincial police station. Police said they detained Yorn’s friend as a potential ac- complice to murder, though they declined to provide his name yesterday. Both are scheduled to be transferred to court today for questioning. “The perpetrator is sus- pected of two crimes,” Sou Sovann, provincial deputy po- lice chief, said. “One is killing a human unintentionally and the other is illegal possession of a weapon.” Sovann added that Yorn con- fessed to both the shooting and to finding and stealing the rifle from a local plantation five days before the incident. Police confiscated the rifle when they arrested Yorn on Sunday. The provincial deputy gover- nor told police yesterday that he would not be intervening on his nephew’s behalf, and asked the court to take proper

legal action.

behalf, and asked the court to take proper legal action. Sentinel page drops photos Alice Cuddy

Sentinel page drops photos

Alice Cuddy

L eSS than two weeks after a major rights group lambasted the uS’s training of Cambodia’s “abusive armed forces”, allegedly incrimi-

nating photographs have been removed from the official Facebook page of the joint training exercise. On May 20, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a statement hitting out at uS forces for providing “training that would assist Cambodia’s military in government crack- downs on the political opposition and civil society activists”. The group also suggested that Angkor Sentinel 2014 may have been in violation of uS law, something the uS embassy categorically denied. Days after the statement, Angkor Sen- tinel’s official Facebook page was taken down. now back up and running, the page is missing the images identified by HRW as evidence of direct military training. One of the photographs that used to appear on the page, under the caption “a proper vehicle search technique in an urban environment”, showed a Cambo- dian soldier stopping a vehicle by stand- ing in front of it with his assault rifle aimed at the windshield. At the time, uS embassy spokesman Sean McIntosh told the Post that such photos showed “Cambodians being trained to respond properly to the threat of improvised explosive devices, a persis- tent danger in Cambodia’s peacekeeping operations throughout the world”. This week, McIntosh reiterated his de- fence of the training.

week, McIntosh reiterated his de- fence of the training. Royal Cambodian Armed Forces personnel under supervision

Royal Cambodian Armed Forces personnel under supervision from US forces participate in a military exercise during Angkor Sentinel 2014 in Kampong Speu province in April. photo SUppLIED

“All Cambodian individuals and military units that participate in Angkor Sentinel exercises are thoroughly vetted in compli- ance with the Leahy Amendment, which requires the Department of State to ensure there is no credible information suggest- ing participating individuals or military units have committed gross violations of human rights,” he said by email. When asked why the photographs were removed, McIntosh said that the uS Army Pacific, which he says manages the page, “routinely updates its website platforms”.

uS Army Pacific did not respond to re- quests for comment. Phil Robertson, deputy director of HRW’s Asia division, said he hoped the photographs’ removal meant the uS had decided to investigate the training. “uS military-to-military programs are supposed to inculcate human rights values rather than teach partners how to more ef- ficiently abuse human rights – and I expect they were embarrassed that some of the photos showed that the training was hardly

living up to that principle,” he said.

they were embarrassed that some of the photos showed that the training was hardly living up
they were embarrassed that some of the photos showed that the training was hardly living up


THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014



K Krom anniversary quieted

Chhay Channyda

P LAnS to commemo- rate 65 years since France recognised formerly Kampuchea

Krom provinces as part of Vietnam were scaled back by City Hall yesterday. Representatives of the Khmer Kampuchea Krom Community (KKKC) were told that plans to hold a pub- lic forum on Wednesday had been rejected, while approval was granted for a ceremony at Samaki Rainsey pagoda in Meanchey district. “We will not allow them to hold the public forum, be- cause we know that if we can- not control it well, it will incite people to hate other races and neighbouring countries,” City Hall spokesman Long Diman- che told the Post. During the ceremony at Sa- maki Rainsey pagoda, a sym- bolic offering of food will be made to 1,949 monks to mark the 1949 anniversary. City Hall will reconsider al- lowing the KKKC to hold the public forum, which stood to draw 2,000 attendants, at a later date, officials said follow- ing the meeting. KKKC president Thach Setha said he had agreed to the re-

KKKC president Thach Setha said he had agreed to the re- Khmer Krom monks gather at

Khmer Krom monks gather at Phnom Penh’s Por Sen Chey district last year to commemorate the anniversary of France turning over Kampuchea Krom provinces to Vietnam. hONG MENEA

strictions, but felt the ban vio- lated freedom of expression. “They are afraid of us at- tacking [Vietnam], that’s why they do not allow it; that is si- lencing our rights. Cambodia does not have full indepen- dence, because we are afraid of yuon ,” he said, using a term considered by some to be derogatory towards Viet- namese people. Ang Chanrith, executive di-

rector of the Minority Rights Organization, said the an- niversary is “important not only for Khmer Krom but for Khmer”.

“People living over there [are now considered] indigenous

and face persecution

the Cambodian government does not pay much attention to supporting them.” Chanrith, whose group will be monitoring the anniversa-


ry events, said that he is wor- ried that if the restrictions are not abided by, “police or mili- tary police [will be sent in] to block them”. According to a letter to Setha on May 27 signed by Deputy Prime Minister Kong Sam Ol, this year’s ceremony will be at- tended by Samdech Sisowath Pongneary Monypong, min- ister of the Royal Palace. ADDI-


of the Royal Palace. ADDI- TIONAL REPORTING BY ALICE CUDDY Villagers won’t swap land for apartments

Villagers won’t swap land for apartments

Khouth Sophak Chakrya

VILLAGeRS who claim a devel- opment project in Russey Keo district has already taken a bite out of their land said yesterday that they fear the plan will swallow the rest of their prop- erty, as they filed petitions and met with local authorities. Members of 80 families who own land in Prek Leap com- mune’s Kean Khlaing village thumb-printed a petition ask- ing the district and munici- pality to keep their village off limits to the Overseas’ Cambo- dian Investment Corporation (OCIC) satellite city project, a community representative, Reth Dyna, said. The requests – filed with commune, district and Phnom Penh City Hall officials – asked for the project’s area to be re- valuated, rather than stopped, Dyna said. “In reality, we are pleased with the development, which will have commercial build- ings, resorts and supermar- kets,” Dyna said. “But we do not want to exchange our land and homes with the company.” Dredging that began in Kean Khlaing last week kicked off the Chroy Changvar develop-

ment project, a joint venture between the city and OCIC. But villagers who live there and others who own land to grow rice and vegeta- bles say sand dumped near their property has already ruined a pond they used for agriculture. Commune officials met with and encouraged local residents yesterday morning to trade their land for nearby apart- ments, said Hom Sith, who attended talks. If not, officials advised attendees to gather land titles, family books or any other evidence they could find that proves they legally own the disputed plots. “The authorities want us to swap our land for a 4-by-12- metre apartment nearby that [OCIC] already built,” Sith said yesterday. “But the trade does not balance out with the amount of land we would give up.” Asked about the dispute yesterday, OCIC general man- ager Touch Samnang said that finding a resolution falls on the municipality. “Any problems will have to be resolved by Phnom Penh authorities,” Samnang said. “The company is just operat-

ing the project.”

said. “The company is just operat- ing the project.” Locals block bulldozers, fence Sen David FIFTY-SeVen
said. “The company is just operat- ing the project.” Locals block bulldozers, fence Sen David FIFTY-SeVen

Locals block bulldozers, fence

Sen David

FIFTY-SeVen families embroiled in a decadelong land row with a company owned by the wife of Minister of Mines and energy Suy Sem faced off with the firm’s security guards yester- day in Kampong Chhnang’s Kampong Tralach district. The villagers in April rejected an offer from KDC Internation- al, which is owned by Sem’s wife, Chea Kheng, while 33 other families accepted the offer. no clashes were reported yes- terday, and guards withdrew from the area without incident.

Om Sophy, 35, a community representative, said that the vil- lagers had blocked the com- pany’s bulldozers from clearing the land and prevented KDC employees from building a fence around the property. “The company agreed to give [from $250 to $1,500] to each family, but it is too little,” she said. “With this money, we can- not buy new land or houses.” Reach Seima, another vil- lager, said the company should not bulldoze the area while the families still live there. “The villagers have a war of words with the company and

block their bulldozers, but they are not violent,” he said. Thai Hy, a KDC representa- tive, could not be reached for comment. HolVeasna, KampongTralach district police chief, said the


ity in order to find a solution”. The protracted dispute has resulted in arrests for a few of the residents, one of which ended with the sentencing of a villager to six years in prison. The row started in 2002, when KDC cleared about 140 hectares

of land granted to villagers as a

farming concession.

of land granted to villagers as a farming concession. ‘Dead’ man scares at own funeral Continued

‘Dead’ man scares at own funeral

Continued from page 1

realised that he was not a ghost and I told the villagers and authorities to return to the funeral and to not be afraid of him because he was actu- ally alive.” The unidentified body was handed over to authorities, who buried it at a local pagoda. According to Vanny, three members of his immediate family suffer from a hereditary men- tal illness that Cambodians call sabour. Before Channeang “went crazy” a few years ago, he was an industrious builder, he said, but now, he becomes aggressive and leaves the house for long periods of time. “His condition is like a spirit comes and con- trols his body. Sometimes he is normal, and sometimes he is not normal and he has prob- lems with other people. Sometimes, I shackle his legs in order to stop him from attacking any- one in the village.” When Channeang ran away on May 27 his legs had been chained but he managed to set himself free. Chaining relatives suffering from mental illness remains a common practice in the Kingdom, despite being decried by rights groups. “The condition affecting my wife and sons

usually occurs on days where there is a full moon and on the last day of the month. Apart from these days, they are normal and can work,” Vanny said. “I have never taken them to the psychologist.” Dr Chhim Sotheara, executive director of the Transcultural Psychosocial Organization, said

that it is common in Cambodia for people to explain mental illnesses in spiritual or supersti- tious terms. “Mental health is pretty new in the Cambo- dian context. Psychiatry in particular is really new. In general, Cambodian people have their own explanatory model to explain behaviours or [mental states] or attitudes of people,” Sotheara said. “The explanation is based on cultural beliefs, religious beliefs and maybe based on experi- ences from their parents’ generation. It’s very common that Cambodians explain this kind of psychological reaction as a kind of spirit posses-


or what we call sabour, a kind of craziness

running in the family. “But if we look at an explanation based on Western psychiatry, we can see clearly that these people meet criteria for mental disorders [such as] schizophrenia [or] psychosis.” ADDITIONAL


meet criteria for mental disorders [such as] schizophrenia [or] psychosis.” ADDITIONAL REPORTING BY KEVIN PONNIAh

THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014




Drug case

KR ‘forced minorities to wed’

Stuart White

Court seeks answers on smuggling

T HREE foreign nationals and a Cambodian wom- an arrested in February

were brought to Phnom Penh Municipal Court yesterday to answer questions about the drugs they are accused of helping to smuggle, accord- ing to investigating judge Lim Makaroan. Makaroan said that Nige- rians Michael Sunshine, 31, and Emmanuel Thankgod, 33, along with Cambodian Meng Sinoun, 30, and Filipina Macoy Mavill Villamore, 42, were accused of colluding to smuggle more than 2.5 kilograms of cocaine into the country from Brazil. Anti-Drug Police Colonel Soeung Nol said that Villamo- re was arrested at the airport with the drugs on February 12, while the others were arrested the next day in a police sting. Peng Heng, a lawyer for Sunshine, Thankgod and Sinoun, maintained their innocence, saying they didn’t recognise the package of drugs. Villamore, who is wi- thout representation, declined to comment yesterday. BUTH


A S A part of their bru- tal experiment to

create a totally ho- mogenous Cambo-

dian society, the Khmer Rouge targeted ethnic minorities for sexual violence and forced intermarriage, at least partly in an effort to breed them out of existence, a new report re- leased yesterday maintains. Sexual violence under the Khmer Rouge has been well documented, and the issue of forced marriage is due to receive attention in upcom- ing Case 002/02 at the Khmer Rouge tribunal. But Rochelle

One of the many forced weddings that took place under the Khmer Rouge. DC-CAM

One of the many forced weddings that took place under the Khmer Rouge. DC-CAM

“Certainly, from the docu- ments we read and conversa- tions we had with people in the communities, it seems they wanted to breed out those communities.” Testimony from some of Braaf’s interviewees seems to bear this conclusion out. “Dur- ing that period, they forced us not to marry with Cham, when we are Cham,” one respondent is quoted as saying. According to the woman, cadres told her she “need[ed] to have a Khmer” husband, and that under Democratic Kampuchea “all people are Khmer”. Court prosecutor nicholas Koumjian, who attended the launch of the report, declined to comment on how the pros- ecution would approach the charge of forced marriage in Case 002/02, but agreed with Braaf’s assertion that the practice could, theoretically speaking, constitute genocide – another charge slated to be heard in the upcoming case. “If you’re preventing births [among an ethnic group], then, yes, that’s a form of genocide,” he said. “And one way of pre- venting births is impregnating women [by men] from outside

Braaf, the author of Sexual Vi- olence Against ethnic Minori- ties During the Khmer Rouge

Regime, said yesterday that research focusing specifically on minorities was lacking. Her findings, the product of interviews with 105 ethnic mi- nority survivors of the period, show that while the abuses suffered by minorities bore many similarities to those in- flicted on the general popula- tion, there were also impor- tant distinctions. Some minority women were singled out for rape while ethnic Khmers weren’t, mul-

tiple respondents, including

500 women who lived with

the urban bourgeoisie – have been documented, the prac- tice took on a tinge of ethnic cleansing when it came to the forced intermarriage of groups like the Cham, who practise Islam, with ethnic Khmers. “It would certainly appear that they were very keen to expunge anyone” practising religion, Braaf said yesterday.


Kampuchea Krom woman,

me. All of them were taken out to be killed within three days. I saw many women were taken from my working unit some- where and then they were all

said. And when minorities were targeted for purges, their

women were typically singled out for rape first, according



raped before being killed.” While forced marriage be- tween the rural poor and the so-called “new people” – those perceived to come from

“These young women were Kampuchea Krom,” a differ- ent Khmer Krom respondent said. “There were about 400-


the ethnic group.”

  the ethnic group.”
were Kampuchea Krom,” a differ- ent Khmer Krom respondent said. “There were about 400-   the





PoliCe bloTTer



PoliCe bloTTer

Carpenter’s crime gets spanner in the works

CARPENTER by day, drug dealer by night. A clearly overworked 25-year-old Viet- namese national was arrest- ed on Sunday after getting caught delivering drugs in Chamkarmon district, police said. He was waiting for cus- tomers when patrolling police officers spotted him. He ran but evidently didn’t have a third job as an athlete as he was easily caught. The cops seized two packs of yama from him and he confessed to being a pusher. NokoRwAT

Carpenters caught up in mystery shooting

THERE was no shortage of

crime involving carpenters in Chamkarmon district on Sat- urday. In another case, two furniture makers were shot during what might have been


botched robbery or a

revenge attack. According to police, they were riding home

from a restaurant when they were pursued by four men on

bikes. when they didn’t stop, they shot them in the legs. Some friends heard the gun- fire and chased the suspects


member of the Caodai temple opens a rotunda where an image of Jesus hangs. SCoTT HowES

Temple offers sanctuary from storm



Big bully picks on the wrong kid in Sambou

Continued from page 1

sor of religion at Williams Col- lege in the US, the temple has constantly been “on the edge

dissolution because of anti-


agement Committee is also responsible for informing the two governments on issues

pertaining to religious life and to the position of Vietnamese in Cambodia,” she added. The temple’s importance to its congregation has only in- creased since last July’s elec- tion, according to Ang Chan- rith, director of the Minority Rights Organization [MIRO]. “Considering the violence

where an empty crypt sleeps alongside a mash-up of reli- gious iconography, starring Jesus Christ and Chinese revo- lutionary Sun Yat-Sen. This collection of revered historical figures – among

them the author Hugo – is be- lieved to have been selected by spirits communicating to Cao- dai priests during seances. Caodai, which means “high abode” or “roofless tower”, originated in the 1920s in the south of Vietnam, a country where more than a million people currently practise the religion. According to Caodai lore, in 1920, the Venerable Cao Dai instructed Ngo Minh Chiu,

pers say that the temple is open to everyone. “We welcome all because we want peace and happiness for all,” said 56-year-old Seng Bun

Hong, adding that Caodaists believe that once an individ- ual finds internal tranquillity,

AN 18-YEAR-oLD village bul-


was arrested on Sunday

of unease into many lives and, at times, descended into violence. In February, a 30-year-old Vietnamese Cambodian was beaten to death by a mob in Phnom Penh’s Meanchey district after a confrontation erupted between a group of ethnic Vietnamese and by-

standers at the scene of a traf- fic accident. The incident came little more than a month after an- gry crowds at the height of

after he beat up a kid in kra- tie’s Sambou district. The 7-year-old was waiting for his aunt when the teenager approached and asked if the boy could procure a mobile

Vietnamese Khmer national-

ism in Cambodia”. “The Caodai Vietnamese are much more vulnerable

than other non-Caodai Viet- namese to anti-Vietnamese rhetoric in Cambodia,” she wrote in an email. “Caodaists have been forced


more harmonious world be-

phone for him. The kid said

comes viable. “It would be against our faith

to discriminate against any in- dividual, religion or even a po- litical party,” adds Tran Minh, who has been living on the temple grounds along with 16 others for the past two years. Some, however, have sug- gested Vietnamese authori- ties control the temple, which,

no, but the bully started to coerce him, and when the kid resisted, the spineless older boy pummelled him into unconsciousness. He would later get his revenge, howev- er, as the lout was arrested.



practise their faith under-

that has occurred here in the past with anti-Vietnamese rhetoric, places in Cambodia where safety can be found have certainly grown in im- portance,” he said.

Combined forces

ground or drastically alter their religious rituals.” Despite this, the temple


garment strike looted and

itself has assumed a peace- ful place in Cambodian so-

ciety, partly due to it serving


trashed several shops owned by ethnic Vietnamese. As tensions have become

The smile of a trickster can be very deceiving


peaceful “mediating role



true, could pose a threat to


FRIENDLY fraudster was

more overt, the temple has proven a safe zone for its peo- ple, even amid suggestions

between the two countries”, Ninh documents in an article “God Needs a Passport”.

When the Post visited the temple, a group of men and women clad in white robes knelt before their represen- tation of God – an image of an electric blue eye, hanging above an altar festooned with technicolour banners. Vietnamese chanting swal- lowed up the sounds of the city as a gong reverberated throughout the small garden


Vietnamese civil servant

groups persecuted in Vietnam that take refuge there. “According to our research,


working for the French colo-

all smiles when he asked to borrow his buddy’s bike on Sunday. But after the 26-year-old trickster per-

nial administration, to create


is under the direct control

“The temple has become a meeting ground for Cambo- dian and Vietnamese politi- cians, who visit regularly, not only to express friendship and financial support, but also to share news and dis- cuss political matters. “In turn, the temple’s Man-


doctrine fusing elements of

the Caodai temple is strictly controlled by the Vietnam- ese government through the Vietnamese Associations in Cambodia, despite it being located in Cambodia,” said MIRO’s Chanrith. Temple director Vo Quang

of Vietnamese authorities. The last incident of targeted violence at the temple was minor and took place back in 1995. Even then, only a rock was thrown. But according to academic Thien-Huong Ninh, a profes-

Taoism, Confucianism, Chris- tianity and Buddhism – in the name of world peace. Some of the traditions asso- ciated with Caodaism are veg- etarianism, gender equality

and the belief that all deserve

suaded his friend to lend him the bike for a trip into the province, he made a beeline for the pawn shop and short-


after a local casino had

burned a moto-shaped hole in his pocket. Police arrested the suspect after he tried to evade his friend when he came hunting for the bike.



proper burial regardless of

Minh said he “follows direc- tions from the Holy See”, which is controlled by the Vietnamese government. The Overseas Vietnamese Association declined requests for an interview, while Nguy- en Yaing Min, the associate director of the Cambodia- Vietnam Federation in Kam- pong Chhnang, said that his association followed only “the rules and directions of the Cambodian authorities”.

religious background. The epicentre of Caodaism, also known as the Caodai Holy See, is about

religious background. The epicentre of Caodaism, also known as the Caodai Holy See, is about 60 miles north- west of Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam’s Tay Ninh province. While Cambodia’s Caodaists number only about 2,000, the temple in Phnom Penh, which

was founded in 1927, holds an impressive claim to fame. It was once the resting place of Pham Cong Tac, also known

Dodgy deal goes awry for gambling student

DowN on his luck, a 23-year- old Russey keo district man turned on his friend yester- day. The student, having thrown all of his money away on cards, took matters into his own hands, borrowing a bike from his 19-year-old classmate. The suspect

demanded $800 in return for


followers as the “Defender

Either way, the ethnic Viet-


the Faith”, who sought asy-

namese community at the

lum in Cambodia in 1959 after South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem took power. According to temple author- ities, his remains were repatri- ated to Tay Ninh in 2006.

temple say they have nurtured


place of peace, tucked away

from any of the troubles their

people may face. “We live here peacefully, and we welcome all. We just want peace for the Khmer and Vietnamese. That is what Cao- daists hold the most close,”

the bike. But instead of a fist- ful of cash, the suspect was met by the long arm of the law after the victim called in

Open to all

the police.



framed image of the Divine Eye hangs on a wall at a Caodai temple in Phnom Penh as devotees of the

Although the religion’s roots are in Vietnam, its worship-

Translated by Phak Seangly

religion pray last month. SCoTT HowES


Minh said.

Minh said.



THE PHNOM PENH POST JunE 3, 2014 7 Indicative Exchange Rates as of 29/5/2014. Please contact
THE PHNOM PENH POST JunE 3, 2014 7 Indicative Exchange Rates as of 29/5/2014. Please contact

Indicative Exchange Rates as of 29/5/2014. Please contact ANZ Royal Global Markets on 023 999 910 for real time rates.


0.8495 1.673
1.2547 32.71

Thai gamblers drop after coup

Chan Muyhong

T HE number of Thai visitors crossing the border to place bets at Cambodian ca-

sinos has fallen since that country’s military staged a coup late last month. Kim Ledaro, managing di- rector of Crown Resorts Co, which operates three Crown- branded casino resorts in Bantey Meanchey province’s Poipet town, said there had been a 40 per cent decline in visitors since May 22, when the Thai military announced that it was taking over the run- ning of the country. The coup followed six months of politi- cal turmoil. “On average, we receive more than 200 [Thai] visitors per day, but now the number has dropped to only a little over 100,” Ledaro said. “Maybe it is because they are concerned for their securi- ty, which causes them to want to stay at home.” Almost 99 per cent of Crown Resort Co’s patrons are Thai, according to Ledaro. Statistics from the Poipet In- ternational Checkpoint show the number of people passing through the border crossing per day had declined from an aver- age of about 1,500 prior to the coup to about 700 yesterday. The chief of the Poipet checkpoint, Ang Vannak, said that he was wary of the de- cline and its effect on border- town businesses. “Business activity has slowed since fewer tourists

“Business activity has slowed since fewer tourists People pass a casino in the border town of

People pass a casino in the border town of Poipet. Casinos have seen a downturn in Thai patrons since the coup last month. Hin Pisei

and casino visitors have been travelling. They usually come with money to spend in our country, so when they do not come, it makes business hard- er for people here,” he said. A sustained lull in the num- ber of Thai gamblers has al- ready resulted in one casino operator folding its business in the border town of Pailin.

In January, Entertainment Gaming Asia, a subsidiary of Macau gaming giant Melco Group, announced that it was walking away from its Pailin casino operation, which opened in May 2012. The firm wrote off its initial $2.5 million investment in the venture, citing a failure to lure gamers from across the border.

Ros Phirun, spokesman for the Ministry of Economy and Finance’s casino division, said that declining Thai visi- tor numbers at border casinos would not have a lasting im- pact on Cambodia’s economy. “Yes, casinos at the border depend on Thai gamblers for income; if the number of Thai gamblers decreases, it auto-

matically means less income to Cambodia,” he said, add- ing that Cambodian casinos generate about $25 million in domestic revenue annually. “[But] income from the casino industry is relatively small compared to income from other industries, which make the impact on the whole

economy small.”

which make the impact on the whole economy small.” Insurance law reform under way Hor Kimsay

Insurance law reform under way

Hor Kimsay

THE Council of Ministers last week approved a raft of chang- es to the country’s insurance laws, a move that industry insiders hope will better reflect the sector’s current state. The draft law, which was pre- pared by the Ministry of Econ- omy and Finance, has an addi- tional 14 chapters and 114 articles aimed at regulating general, life and micro insur- ance products. Youk Chamroeunrith, gen- eral manager of Forte Insur- ance, said the reforms were overdue and that the original insurance laws, which were drafted more than a decade ago, were no longer reflective of the industry. “It’s time to revise our laws to answer the market’s change,” he said. “It will help to increase consumer confidence.” Cambodia’s insurance indus- try began in 1990 with one gen- eral insurance provider, state- backed Cambodian national Insurance Company. Today, there are 11 insurers offering insurance products, which are limited by coverage ceilings of $5,000 and are targeted at those in rural areas. In Meatra, director-general of Cambodian Life, said the revised law would assist in reg- ulating the industry’s growth. “The collaboration between regulators, operators and con- sumers is needed to make the industry grow smoothly,”

Meatra said.

collaboration between regulators, operators and con- sumers is needed to make the industry grow smoothly,” Meatra
collaboration between regulators, operators and con- sumers is needed to make the industry grow smoothly,” Meatra


THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014



Pigs out

Indonesian deficit surprises

I nDOneSIA unexpectedly posted a huge trade defi-

cit in April as a controver- sial ban on mineral ore

exports weighed on Southeast

Asia’s biggest economy, official data showed yesterday.

Origin joins PetroChina gas project

ORIGIn energy Ltd has agreed to buy Karoon Gas Australia Ltd’s stake in a ConocoPhillips natural gas project for about $800 million, giving the seller’s shares the biggest gain in more than five years. ConocoPhillips, the third- largest uS oil company, is oper- ator with 40 per cent, while PetroChina Co holds the bal- ance of the project in the Browse Basin off Western Australia. Origin, Australia’s largest energy retailer, is already Cono- coPhillips’s partner in the Aus- tralia Pacific liquefied natural gas venture in Queensland state, one of seven export developments going ahead in the country to tap Asian demand. Origin, whose stock fell 3.6 per cent, also plans to sell about $1 billion in shares to refinance the acquisition. “Having strong venture part- ners like Conoco, PetroChina and now Origin give this project a very good chance at being developed,” evan Lucas, a mar- ket strategist at IG Ltd said yes- terday by phone from Singa-

Choccie bars cleared after pork scare

F URTHER tests on Cadbury chocolate bars found no traces of pig

DNA, a Malaysian minister said yesterday, after earlier positive results of the halal- certified confectioneries sparked a scare in several Muslim countries. Cadbury pulled its Dairy Milk hazelnut and Dairy Milk roast almond products from shelves in Muslim-majority Malaysia last week after a health ministry routine test found the chocolate con- tained traces of pork. Pork is strictly banned in Islam, and the test results caused Malaysian Muslim consumer groups to call for a boycott of Cadbury, and Muslim countries Indonesia and Saudi Arabia to start to test the products too. But Malaysia’s Islamic affairs minister, Jamil Khir Baharom, said in a state- ment yesterday that 11 chocolate bar samples from Cadbury’s factory tested negative for pork DNA in tests by Islamic authorities. However, the halal certi- fication for the two types of bars will remain suspended until further tests and in- vestigations can be done, he added. afp


jump in imports in the

country ahead of the Rama- dan holy month, when people

spend more on festivities, also contributed to the deficit of $1.96 billion.


was the biggest short-

fall since july last year and compared to a $673.2 million surplus in March, the Central Statistics Agency said. econo- mists had expected a surplus of more than $200 million. “exports fell due to the min- eral policy, which caused min- eral ore shipments to reach nearly zero,” said agency chief

fell due to the min- eral policy, which caused min- eral ore shipments to reach nearly

A worker stands in front of a detoxification tank at a mine in Pongkor, West Java, Indonesia. bloomberg

Suryamin, who like many In- donesians goes by one name. He added that lower palm oil prices had also hit Indone- sia, the world’s top producer of the commodity, and con- tributed to the disappointing trade figures. Indonesia imposed a ban on exports of some unprocessed mineral ores – including bauxite, nickel and copper –

on january 12, as well as high- er taxes on some commodities that can still be shipped. The move is one of a series of industrial policies pushed by nationalist politicians who argue foreign firms reap an inordinate share of the profits from exploiting resources and business opportunities in the

fast-growing economy. “The nearly $2 billion deficit practically wipes out the sur- pluses in the past two months,” Bank Central Asia economist David Sumual said, describing it as “very worrying”. The trade figures will add to worries about the current ac- count deficit, a major concern

of investors last summer when they pulled funds out of Indo- nesia, prompting heavy falls on the stock market and in the value of the rupiah. On a more positive note in- flation, which surged last year after a hike in fuel prices, was steady in May at 7.32 per cent

on-year, the data showed. afp

on-year, the data showed. afp

pore. bloomberg

on-year, the data showed. afp p o r e . bloomberg

Getting a decent wage for Thai rice farmers


Sriwipa Siripunyawit


AFTeR six months of political drama and negative economic reports, the recent bulletin about rice farmers being paid for their pledged rice was a rare bit of good news. Smiles from poor rice farmers gave many Thais a momentary respite from a torrent of woe. The national Council for Peace and Order (nCPO) won admiration for its decision to make long-overdue pay- ments to farmers. Within a week, some 40 billion baht ($1.2 billion) was paid to nearly 400,000 farmers. nCPO promised to pay for all pledged rice by next month. TheYingluck Shinawatra government owed 92.4 billion baht ($2.8 billion) to more than 850,000 farmers from its infamous rice-pledging scheme, which

tion allegations as well as massive loss of an estimated 500 billion baht. But what’s next? Farm economists said one option is to end subsidies and simply let the mar- ket work. Below is their advice on how to help rice farmers. nipon Poapongsakorn, a rice econo- mist at the Thailand Development Research Institute, and Somporn Isvi- lanonda, an economist at the Knowledge network Institute, agreed the next gov- ernment should not intervene in the market except for limited subsidies to poor farmers. So who are poor farmers? Somporn said the government should subsidise only those farmers owning less than 10 rai (1.6 hectares) of land, while nipon suggests farmers with less than 10 tonnes of rice production per household should be subsidised. nipon said the subsidy, if needed,

tion. The government could set up a reasonable subsidy per rai to be paid directly to poor farmers. “This subsidy could be considered a minimum wage for poor farmers. It can be calculated based on the actual number of rai the farmers own times the subsidised amount per rai.This method is free from market intervention as it doesn’t involve pricing,” nipon said. Somporn also proposed implementa- tion of “option pricing” or a price insur- ance program. Thailand’s rice production cost is higher than that of its neighbouring countries. The Thai Chamber of Com- merce recorded Thailand’s rice produc- tion cost at an average of 9,763 baht per tonne, while Myanmar’s stands at 7,121 baht and Vietnam 4,070 baht. Higher cost is one of the key factors hindering Thailand from competing with other

use of chemical substances, pesticides and fertilisers to a minimum as they take up 15-20 per cent of total costs, said Somporn. Farmers would also save more if they manage their own rice farms without hiring anyone. Organic farming is the ideal option, as total cost per rai is typically about 4,000 to 5,000 baht lower per rai than chemical farming, he said. “Over the medium to long term, increasing yield per rai is a smart choice for farmers,” said Somporn. According to both economists, Thai- land should focus on quality. “We no longer have to be the world’s no. 1 rice exporter by volume, but we need to be number one in quality,” nipon said. “If we want to make good money then we need to sell good rice. If we want to have good rice then we need to have good seeds. And we will only achieve these goals through research and stud-

Tech wrap-up

Android, Windows meet for 5-in-1 Asus hybrid

leaDIng taiwanese tech firm asus yesterday unveiled a hybrid device that combines a laptop, tablet and mobile phone in what it hailed as a “world first”. In a further attempt by the company to diversify into the mobile market, the device has five modes – as a laptop and detachable tablet running both android and Windows operating systems, and as an android phone. the five-inch phone docks into the tablet and promises speeds up to four times faster than 3g. as a laptop, one “hardware button” switches between the two operating systems. afp

was heavily criticised for severe mis- management and mounting corrup-

should be in the form of direct payment to farmers without any price interven-

countries efficiently. Farmers should consider reducing the

ies. bangkok post

any price interven- countries efficiently. Farmers should consider reducing the i e s . ” bangkok

Latest Samsung phone drops Google OS for own

japanese car sales a relief


samsUng announced yesterday the launch of a new smartphone based on its own operating system, in a step towards independence from the google android platform that dominates its popular handsets. the samsung Z, which has been specially developed to run on the tizen platform, will go on sale in russia in the third quarter of this year before reaching other markets, samsung said in a statement. the vast majority of samsung’s devices, including its flagship galaxy s smartphones, use the android operating system. Its first homegrown operating system – named bada and launched in 2009 – largely flopped on a lukewarm response from app developers. afp

jAPAn automobile sales fell in May by less than the previous month, suggesting concerns a tax rise would hurt consumer spending were overblown. Vehicle deliveries last month slipped 1.2 per cent to 363,370, the japan Automobile Dealers Association and japan Mini Vehicle Association said. The decline followed a 5.5 per cent drop in April, the month after japan raised its sales tax for the first time since 1997. Carmakers led by Toyota Motor Corp entered this fiscal year bracing for a year-long slump in the third-biggest car- buying nation, with the indus- try’s trade group forecasting a record 16 per cent sales plunge. The narrower declines in the

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s efforts to rein in the world’s big- gest debt burden without harming economic growth. “People’s expectation for future income is not as bad as in 1997,” Masahiko Hashimoto, an economist at Daiwa Insti- tute of Research Ltd, said. “This kind of sentiment would have an impact on their consump- tion behaviour.” Capital spending is adding to optimism that Asia’s second- largest economy will weather the first sales levy increase in 17 years. expenditures climbed 7.4 per cent in the first quarter from a year earlier. Toyota, the nation’s largest listed company, last month said it planned ¥500 billion

ending in March, a 4.6 per cent increase from a year earlier. Fumihiko Ike, chairman of the japan Automobile Manu- facturers Association and Hon- da Motor Co, told reporters last month that the effect of japan’s consumption tax would be less drastic than in 1997, when the levy was last raised and helped spur 21 consecutive months of declining domestic car sales. japan’s automotive industry is being buoyed by demand for minicars, with sales climbing from a year earlier for 11 con- secutive months. “Things are not really as bad as people recently expected,” Koji endo, a Tokyo-based ana- lyst, said. “It’s very reasonable to expect a relatively soft mar- ket during the first six months”

Aussie home prices fall by the most since 2008

AuSTRALIAn dwelling prices fell by the most in almost five and a half years as spend- ing cuts and tax increases in last month’s federal budget weighed on homebuyers. Average home prices in the nation’s eight biggest cities fell 1.9 per cent in May, the biggest monthly drop since December 2008, according to the RP Da- ta-Rismark Home Value index. All major cities except Darwin and Canberra saw declines, with Melbourne seeing the biggest drop of 3.6 per cent. “With affordability becom- ing more challenging and rent- al yields substantially com- pressed across Australia’s two

moderated further over the year,” Tim Lawless, research director at RP Data, said. Last month’s decline in home prices was the first drop in a year. It came as consumer confidence fell to its lowest lev- el since August 2011 after the government’s budget flagged spending cuts and a new tax on high-income earners. “Weakness in sentiment has flowed through to weaker housing market sentiment,” said David Cannington at Aus- tralia & new Zealand Banking Group Ltd. “It’s softened clear- ance rates and taken some of the heat out of the market.” The top 25 per cent of the market had the biggest fall in

first two months of the fiscal year are a positive sign for

($4.9 billion) in domestic spending for the fiscal year

after the tax rise. bloomberg

for the fiscal year after the tax rise. bloomberg largest cities, we wouldn’t be surprised if

largest cities, we wouldn’t be surprised if the growth trend

the three months. bloomberg

after the tax rise. bloomberg largest cities, we wouldn’t be surprised if the growth trend the

THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014


Markets Business



THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014 9 Markets Business Paid advertisement

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Air profits‘mask thin margins’

Christopher Jasper and Andrea Rothman

A IRLINEindustryearn-

ings that are forecast

to reach a record this year on surging US

gains mask margins too thin to provide any real resilience to economic setbacks, the In- ternational Air Transport As- sociation has said. Carriers will earn $18 billion in combined net income in 2014, IATA chief executive of- ficer Tony Tyler said yesterday at the group’s annual meeting in Qatar. That’s $700 million less than previously forecast and represents a margin of just 2.4 per cent on projected sales of $746 billion, or $5.42 per passenger. “We have seen consolida- tion and international coop- eration between airlines assist in this movement upwards, but it’s still very vulnerable to any number of shocks,” Tyler said, adding that the historically unprofitable in- dustry “can afford to be a little bit optimistic”. Mergers including the for- mation of American Airlines Group Inc out of AMR Corp and US Airways Group Inc have seen three main network operators emerge in both the US and Europe, helping to rein in capacity and bolster fares. At the same time, fuel prices remain high and airlines in the Gulf and Asia are ordering vast new wide-body fleets that re-

and Asia are ordering vast new wide-body fleets that re- People watch a plane take off

People watch a plane take off from the Santos Dumont airport in Rio de Janeiro. bloomberg

quire sustained global growth in order to avoid a glut of ex-

cess seats. The forecast global profit for this year would rep- resent a 70 per cent gain on last year’s $10.6 billion.

A surge in North American

earnings underpins the ex- pected improvement, with the continent forecast to post net income of $9.2 billion, slightly more than 50 per cent of the global total. The figure trans- lates into a retained profit of $11.09 per passenger, com-

pared with only $2.83 as re- cently as 2012. Other regions will fare less well, with the forecast reflect- ing a “slight downgrade” from one for a $18.7 billion profit

issued in March in light of slowing trade and a slide in business confidence tied to concerns over China, IATA said. “The level of profitabil- ity is on an upward path and that’s good, but it’s still very thin,” Tyler said. Setbacks like an economic

reversal, natural disaster, surge in fuel costs or outbreak of an epidemic could all erase profit, and while the industry is structurally stronger, mar- gins still don’t cover the 7-8 per cent cost of capital, he said. Gulf carriers such as Dubai- based Emirates and Qatar Air- ways Ltd, which is helping to host the IATA meeting, repre- sent significant competition for more established airlines, though those companies can and will respond, he said.

Tyler said that while the in- dustry is particularly exposed to China both as a burgeoning travel market and driver for the global economy, his time leading Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd in Hong Kong gives him confidence in the country’s economic resilience. “I don’t think we need to be too concerned about a hard landing,” he said. “I believe the government will manage its way through the current eco-

nomic issues.” bloomberg

its way through the current eco- nomic issues.” bloomberg ETIHAD NEARs ALITALIA DEAL A litalia is


A litalia is celebrating a breakthrough in talks with

Etihad which could see the UaE carrier buy up to 49 per cent of the stricken italian flag carrier. the proposed deal to save the airline, which would otherwise risk bankruptcy, “is excellent for alitalia, this investment will ensure financial stability”, alitalia chief Gabriele Del torchio said, without revealing the details of the latest proposals. the go-ahead came in the form of a letter to alitalia, which Etihad said “specifies the conditions and criteria for the proposed capital investment”. afp

AIRbus mAy buy boEINg’s 747-8

b oEinG Co is talking to Emirates, the world’s

biggest operator of the airbus a380 superjumbo, about a potential sale of its rival 747-8, in what would be a major boost for a program that’s struggled to gain customers. Emirates’ need for better fuel burn on its largest jets has opened a window of opportunity for Boeing, which has begun discussions about the 747-8. While neither the a380 nor the 747-8 are major commercial hits, sales of the Boeing model have been particularly lackluster, forcing the manufacturer to slash production rates. bloomberg

Volatility gives Putin pause

VLADIMIR Putin’s territorial ambitions are bumping up against financial markets. As the Russian president plots his next move on Ukraine, investors are giving his inner circle pause for thought. Since Putin annexed Crimea in March in the teeth of international outrage, Russian stocks have become the most volatile since 2009. Swings in the ruble against the euro are now the most extreme on record while expectations for fluctuations in the currency against its emerg- ing-market peers are at the highest in two years. That’s making investors more reluctant to gamble on a coun- try that is already close to a recession and dependent on natural resources to lead eco- nomic growth. While Putin is motivated more by the desire to assert his nation’s power in the world,invadingeasternUkraine would have provoked harsher international sanctions and risked accelerating the flow of money out of Russia. Crisis-hit Ukraine won a vital reprieve from Russia yesterday when Moscow pushed back a possible gas-shipment cut, which would also impact parts of Europe, until next week. But tensions in the region remain high. “We got to the point where the market speaks and politicians are forced to listen and adjust,” Mansur Mamma- dov, a money manager at Kaz- imir Partners Ltd in Moscow, which oversees $300 million in

emerging-market equities,

said. “The volatility was like a tsunami and it would be just logical to assume that it made the politicians realise the cost of Russian expansion in Ukraine was too much for the slowing economy.”

A gauge of price swings in

Russian stocks jumped to a more than four-year high com- pared to shares of developing nations. Historical volatility for

to shares of developing nations. Historical volatility for Putin is feeling blowback from his annexation of

Putin is feeling blowback from his annexation of Crimea. bloomberg

Moscow’s benchmark Micex index hit 29.7 per cent on May 30, nearly three times the level of the MSCI Emerging Markets Index and up from 12.7 per cent at the end of February. Moves in the ruble also amplified after the US and the EU imposed sanctions includ- ing travel bans and asset freez- es on Putin allies in Russia and Ukraine. The currency’s three- month historical volatility rose to 11.3 per cent from 7 per cent at the end of 2013. That com- pares with 4.4 per cent for the

euro as the gap between the two gauges reached 6.92 per- centage points on May 30, the widest since the euro was intro- duced in 1999. With the economy reeling and the threat of further sanc- tions looming, Putin toned

down the rhetoric in the imme- diate aftermath of billionaire Petro Poroshenko’s victory in Ukraine’s May 25 presiden- tial election. Russia said it respects the outcome and is ready to nego- tiate with the new leader. A pullback of troops from the Ukrainian border continued, with the US reporting that the majority of forces had been withdrawn as of Thursday. “Putin very clearly got the signal that sanctions had sent,” Vadim Bit-Avragim, who helps oversee about $4.1 billion at Kapital Asset Management LLC in Moscow, said. “He realised that it’s better not to aggravate the rest of the world and turn the country into a pariah and lead it to isolation. This won’t benefit him at all.” Ilya Kravets, the New York- based director of investment research at Daniloff Capital LLC, said: “Eastern Ukraine became an expensive idea and it seems Russia doesn’t want it anymore. “There would be serious sanctions if Russia were to annex more territories from Ukraine, and the market reac- tion to that would be even more

severe. bloomberg

would be even more s e v e r e . ” bloomberg What Apple’s Beats

What Apple’s Beats buy might mean for iTunes’ 800M users


ing subscriptions. Remotely controlled home electronics. These are the changes con- sumers are likely to see as Ap- ple Inc buys Beats Electronics for $3 billion, giving the world’s most valuable company a hip, upscale line of music products and a nascent streaming ser- vice to rejuvenate its iTunes business and sell existing cus- tomers even more products and services. The key is Apple’s 800 mil- lion registered iTunes users. With credit cards on file at the

company, they are always just a click away from a purchase, whether it’s a beatbox portable speaker or a new generation of linked products for the home. That may have been part of what Apple executive Eddy Cue was referring to last week when he said in an interview that “We’ve got the best prod- uct pipeline that I’ve seen in my 25 years at Apple.” The deal has set off specula- tion about how Beats products and services will be integrated and where Apple itself is head- ed. Here’s what consumers might expect:


Apple probably will incorpo- rate Beats Music into software that links to non-Apple devic- es, such as wristbands, head- bands and wireless speakers, analysts say.

Selling new devices with built-in access to iTunes Music and the Beats Music subscrip- tion service would give Apple

a leg up on competitors, said

james McQuivey, an analyst at Forrester Research. That could pressure Sam- sung Electronics Co to follow suit and roil companies like Sonos Inc, the leader in the $10 billion global wireless au- dio speaker market. Owners

of speaker systems like those made by Sonos are 2.5 times more likely to pay for a digital music subscription. Apple plans to introduce a health-tracking app at its de- velopers’ conference this week, the New York Times reported. The product will initially work with third-party devices. Apple

is expected to release a smart-

watch this year.

Internet of things

Consumer electronics com- panies regularly create mo- bile applications that control products remotely, whether it’s a pay-TV service or home security system. Apple will probably announce as early as next week a drive to use its mobile devices as remotes for everything from wireless- equipped light bulbs to smart thermostats and speakers. Apple’s iPads and iPhones could become the remote control for many consumer products. Its AppleTV device

could output photos to TV screens, and Beats’ speakers could handle the sound – an often overlooked category in

digital homes.

Lower streaming prices

Apple, with about $151 bil- lion in cash, could market the Beats Music service at a loss and pressure Spotify Ltd and Pandora Media Inc, the lead- ing music streaming and in- ternet radio companies. Both offer paid subscriptions and free ad-supported services, with Spotify at $4.99 to $9.99 a month and Pandora at $4.99. Beats Music is $9.99. Apple knows how to com- pete in low-margin businesses like streaming, which has yet to demonstrate profitability.

Early on, the company barely broke even on music purchas- es after subtracting infrastruc- ture costs and other expenses from its 30 per cent cut of sales. It more than made up for any loss by commanding premium margins on its hardware. The first step is grabbing more market share in a stream- ing business expected to grow to $5 billion by 2017. Beats co-founder jimmy Iovine said the service has signed 250,000 subscribers since the debut in February. That’s just a 5 per cent conversion of the 5 mil- lion downloads he said has been made at Apple’s App

Store. bloomberg

a 5 per cent conversion of the 5 mil- lion downloads he said has been made

the phnoM penh post june 3, 2014


Markets Business



For broker, wagers are a safe bet

Scott Eden

I nSIDe a nondescript office building in central London, a roomful of men and women sit at computer screens and talk

over Skype with people in faraway places. Sharp-edged Cantonese fills

the air, and a flat-screen TV emits

a continuous din. It’s the chanting,

singing Midlands crowd at Birming- ham, england’s Villa Park Stadium:

Liverpool at Aston Villa. The match has just kicked off. The name of the company – Sam- vo entertainment Ltd – offers little insight into the business being con- ducted here. Samvo is a brokerage firm – a bet brokerage firm – with clients who are among the richest

professional sport gambling syndi- cates in the world. Four screens rise from each desk, with lists of prices updated in real time. And right now – 3pm on a Saturday – Samvo’s brokers are filling orders from the firm’s clientele. Founded a decade ago by a for- mer Hong Kong investment banker named Frank Chan, Samvo acts as

a middleman. It seeks the most-

favourable odds at bookmakers around the world, places bets on behalf of its customers and takes a

fee for its efforts. The average bet of

a Samvo client is perhaps £25,000

(about $42,000), according to Yan Tang, 31, the firm’s general manager. However, bets often exceed £1 mil- lion, Chan says. That kind of action requires a mar- ket liquid enough to swallow it. For- get Las Vegas. Forget Ladbrokes Plc or William Hill Plc, the traditional

Forget Ladbrokes Plc or William Hill Plc, the traditional Asian markets handle more money in several

Asian markets handle more money in several days for soccer than does the entire sport-book industry of nevada in a year for all the sports in which it deals. bloomberg

bookmakers that operate chains of betting shops all over Britain. Forget even the innovative British betting

exchanges, such as Betfair Group Plc, that allow punters to post their own odds on a sporting event and bet among themselves. What Samvo and a handful of

other Western bet brokerage hous- es are truly selling is access to the Asian markets, bookmakers oper- ating out of places such as Ho Chi Minh City, jakarta, Manila, Phnom Penh, Taipei and Vientiane. During the past decade, the Asian markets have become among the largest, most liquid bookmaking opera-

tions the world has ever known. It’s not unusual for globally popular teams in high-profile tournaments to draw more than $1 billion in bets for a single match, says eaton, who, as FIFA’s former and Qatar’s current top match-fixing investigator, is in a position to know. To put that in perspective, the Asian markets handle more money in several days for soccer alone than does the entire sport-book industry of nevada in a year for all the sports in which it deals. Given the growth rate of sports betting globally, when the World Cup opens in Brazil on june 12, the Asian markets will likely

see more action than at any previous time in their history. Chan’s business began with a flash of recognition: The odds on english Premier League soccer matches dif- fered considerably from bookmaker to bookmaker. Like the spread be- tween the prices of a dual-listed company’s shares trading in London and new York, the discrepancies rep- resented market inefficiencies and, hence, arbitrage opportunities. Weekend days during soccer sea- son are by far Samvo’s busiest, and the action always starts precisely at 5 am London time – that’s when the Asian markets lift the limits on bet sizes. All is quiet, and then, as if responding to some imaginary opening bell, the instant messages start piling up from clients across the globe. By midafternoon on this day, the talk has turned to the match at Villa Park. earlier, several syndicate cli- ents had instructed Samvo to bet on the underdog home team, Aston Vil- la. This time, however, the company won’t be passing these wagers along to other bookmakers. Instead, Tang, 31, announces nonchalantly: “We’ve decided to lay those bets because we prefer Liverpool.” To put it in Tang’s terms, the model believes that the market has mis- priced the value of a Liverpool vic- tory. As Tang is explaining this, Liv- erpool scores. A proprietary trader named Sam Fleming, who has been at his desk for the past 14 hours, whoops in celebration. The goal came off the foot of striker Daniel Sturridge, and Fleming effuses, “He’s

a genius!” bloomberg

and Fleming effuses, “He’s a genius!” bloomberg International commodities Energy CommodIty UnIts PrICE

International commodities






% ChAngE


Crude Oil (WTI)






Crude Oil (Brent)






NYMEX Natural Gas






RBOB Gasoline






NYMEX Heating Oil






ICE Gasoil











% ChAngE


CBOT Rough Rice






CME Lumber







Cambodian commodities


(Base rate taken on January 1, 2012)

Food -Cereals -Vegetables - Fruits


Construction equipment












Rice 1




-0.71 %

Steel 12




3.33 %

Rice 2




3.64 %





2.63 %





2.22 %






1.25 %



Maize 2




4.00 %

Cashew nut




5.50 %










-40.00 %





3.81 %





1.82 %





1.96 %





7.06 %

Mud Fish




3.33 %





0.00 %





15.56 %





-11.63 %





0.77 %





8.33 %


0.77 % Charcoal Baht 1200 1300 8.33 % Markets Vacancy Announcement Announcement No: EC-AN-14-0593
0.77 % Charcoal Baht 1200 1300 8.33 % Markets Vacancy Announcement Announcement No: EC-AN-14-0593
Vacancy Announcement Announcement No: EC-AN-14-0593 Location: The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia

Vacancy Announcement

Announcement No: EC-AN-14-0593


The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of

Cambodia (ECCC), Phnom Penh.

Closing Date:

June 16, 2014 @ 4.00 pm.

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) is seeking highly qualified applicants for the position of Legal Consultant.

For more details of the TERMS OF REFERENCE (TOR), please visit the ECCC website at http: www.eccc.gov.kh/en/about-eccc/jobs

Submission of Applications

Qualified candidates may submit their applications, including a letter of interest, Curriculum Vitae indicating personal and technical skills, academic qualifications and experience in similar assignments along with the duly completed and signed ECCC Application Form for Employment available in the above website to:

Human Resources Section (National) National Road 4, Chaom Chau Commune Porsenchey District, Phnom Penh, Cambodia The ECCC gate B or Email: personnel@eccc.gov.kh P.O Box No.71

Please note that incomplete applications or applications received after the closing date will not be considered. Only those candidates that are short-listed for interviews will be notified.

Applications from qualified female candidates are strongly encouraged to apply.


THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014

1 2 THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014 World Kiev: five rebels dead in ferocious
1 2 THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014 World Kiev: five rebels dead in ferocious


Kiev: five rebels dead in ferocious east battle

Kiev: five rebels dead in ferocious east battle State of happiness  

State of happiness


uKrainian forces killed five rebels yesterday while repel- ling an attack by 500 pro-rus- sian gunmen on a federal bor- der guard camp in the

strife-torn separatist east, Kiev officials said. The border guard service said seven of its servicemen were wounded when “around 500 terrorists” attacked one of its units stationed outside the industrial city of Lugansk. The rebels are“not only using mortar, grenade launchers and machine guns, but also firing from residential apartments and rooftops, using civilians as human shields,” the border guard service said.


supporter gestures while clad


body paint bearing the name of

newly formed Telangana state’s first Chief Minister K Chan- drasekhar Rao during the state’s Formation Day celebrations in Secunderabad, the twin city of Hyderabad, yesterday. Celebrations erupted in southern

India to mark the June 2 creation


the new state of Telangana,

the culmination of a campaign stretching back nearly six decades. AFP



spokesman for ukraine’s

self-proclaimed “anti-terrorist


operation” said the border guards eventually received air cover from fighter bombers that managed to destroy “two mortar crews of militants”. “after the aircraft returned to base, we received information that fighting around the Lugan- sk border unit resumed,” Vla- dyslav Seleznyov told Kiev’s iCTV television. ukraine’s Defence Ministry said on Friday that the seven- week eastern insurgency had

claimed the lives of 49 ukrain- ian servicemen and 128 civil- ians and separatists. russia has accused ukraine of breaching the 1949 Geneva Conventions protecting civil- ians in wartime by killing peaceful citizens.

uS plans 30 per cent carbon cuts

T He uS yesterday proposed ordering cuts of up to 30 per cent in carbon emis-

sions from power plants in President Barack Obama’s most ambitious action yet on climate change. The environmental Protec- tion agency gave states the leeway to choose their own plans but said they must in- clude enforceable restrictions to curb emissions by a na- tional average of 30 per cent by 2030 from 2005 levels.

The move comes amid mounting signs of climate change. a un panel of scien- tists warned in april that pol- luters needed to act urgently to avoid worst-case scenar- ios, which could include in- creased droughts, storms and coastline destruction. “For the sake of our families’ health and our kids’ future, we have a moral obligation to act on climate,” said Gina Mc- Carthy, the agency’s admin- istrator. The environmental regulator said the cuts would prevent up to 6,600 prema- ture deaths and up to 150,000 asthma attacks in children. Boosting the message that the plan is good for public health, Obama was scheduled to speak later yesterday on a conference call of the ameri- can Lung association.

“This is not just about dis- appearing polar bears or melting ice caps. This is about protecting our health and our homes. This is about pro- tecting local economies and jobs,” McCarthy said. Obama has turned to execu- tive action on climate change as he sees little prospect of ac- tion in Congress. a proposal to mandate greenhouse gas cuts died in the Senate in 2010. Obama’s plan was swiftly denounced by lawmakers of the rival republican Party, which is friendly with the energy industry. republicans accused Obama of raising energy bills for low-income families, although the ad- ministration predicts that the proposal would reduce costs by increasing energy efficien- cy and reducing demand.

Senator Mitch McConnell, the republican leader in the Senate who represents the coal state of Kentucky, said that the plan amounted to a “unilateral dismantling of our own economic supremacy and the self-imposed destruc- tion of one of our nation’s main competitive advantages in the global economy.” “These new rules will cheer the far-left patrons of Wash- ington liberals, but there is simply no question that our competitors around the world will eagerly replace whatever industry we lose as a result of these new rules,” he said. representative Fred upton, chairman of the House energy and Commerce Committee, noted the uS economy shrank for the first time in three years in the third quarter.

“Why in the world is the president pushing regulations that will serve to increase util- ity rates for consumers, send manufacturing jobs overseas and hamstring our economic recovery?” upton said. With states required to sub- mit plans during the 2016 election season, republican governors may try to throw legal challenges to the plan, although the Supreme Court has held up the environmental Protection agency’s authority


regulate carbon dioxide.


piled further diplomatic

Power plants account for some 40 per cent of uS emis- sions of carbon dioxide, the most common greenhouse gas contributing to climate change. Cuts are politically sensitive as coal, among the dirtiest energy sources, re- mains a major uS industry.

The regulator’s proposal

pressure on Kiev by announc- ing that it would submit a draft resolution to the un Security Council later yesterday demanding an immediate end to fighting and the creation of a corridor to allow civilians to escape the affected areas. ukraine has previously rejected the need for such an “aid corridor” out of fear russia might want to send in troops to supervise the evacuation. “in the draft resolution will be demands to immediately create an aid corridor along which peaceful citizens can leave the regions where mili- tary activity is happening if they want,” Lavrov said The resolution calls for “eve- ry assistance to the activities of the red Cross and other inter- national humanitarian organi- sations in southeastern ukraine,” Lavrov added. He said that the draft resolu- tion was deliberately “depoliti- cised” and aimed at “taking measures to allow the immedi- ate easing of the suffering of the peaceful population.” “We hope that the humani- tarian direction of our initiative will be correctly received by the un Security Council and the resolution will be taken up and acted upon immediately,” Lav-

would go into effect after a public review period. States would be required to submit


plan to Washington by the

end of june 2016, although they would have more time if they work on programs with

other states. AFP

other states. AFP

Heroin returns to region’s ‘Golden Triangle’

POPPy cultivation has rapidly expand- ed in the Myanmar and Laos parts of the Golden Triangle, to feed new demands for heroin, chiefly in China, according to a report released yesterday. “after a decade of decline, Southeast asia is now once again a major opium growing region,” it claims. The report said opium production has spread into northern india for the first time, and that chances of a “drug free aSean” by next year are slim at best. The Transnational institute (Tni), a Dutch-based nGO active in the region, said in a new 115-page report that new markets in China and india have cre- ated fresh demand for heroin. But it noted that cross-the-board attempts to ban opium cultivation have “driven hundreds of thousands of families deeper into poverty”. One conclusion of this “relapse in the Golden Triangle” is that attempts by China to replicate Thailand’s crop sub-

stitution programs have failed. until regional governments and the interna- tional community properly address poverty, conflict and rising demand for heroin in China, opium bans and erad- ication will continue to fail,” said Tom Kramer, lead author of the report. He echoed his report, saying that crop substitution in the region has so far failed to support farmers forced or attracted back to opium farming. “alternative livelihood options need to be firmly in place before communi- ties can be expected to abandon illicit cultivation,” he said if the findings of the Tni report are confirmed in coming months, it will mark a major setback for efforts to end the decades-old opium growing and heroin manufacture in areas next to Thailand. Tni recommended yesterday a com- plete reform of the anti-narcotics poli- cies by all regional governments, up to

and including the un. Policies must be “more humane, with a focus on health, development and human rights rather than on repression and law enforce- ment,” the report said.

Tni has long been a leader in calling for such reform, with a strong empha- sis on elimination of the death penalty for any type of drug trafficking. according to the group, the Thai part of the Golden Triangle is not involved in the recent resurgence in poppy pro- duction. Tiny plots used to grow opium poppies in Thailand itself have stayed at around 200 to 300 hectares, mostly for local consumption and medical

use, “opium cultivation

overall has

more than doubled from an estimated 24,000 hectares in 2006 to some 58,000 hectares in 2013,” according to the Tni

figures. in Thailand especially, anti-drug measures in recent years have focused mainly on the methamphetamine


trade, in an effort to interdict more of the estimated one billion ya baa tablets

that flow from Burmese pill factories

into Thailand. almost unnoticed, the opium and heroin revival in the rest of the Golden Triangle, has spread east to india. That was so unexpected that the chief agen- cy involved, the un Office on Drugs and Crime (unODC) does not even measure opium production in india. Tni said that growing regions have shifted in Myanmar and Laos because local warlords, under central govern- ment pressure, banned growing pop- pies in traditional areas. The main poppy growing areas in Myanmar, says the report released Monday, are in the southern Shan state, close to the Thai border. Lao production is centered in Phongsali and Houaphan provinces, which bor- der China and Vietnam respectively.

rov said. AFP

rov said. AFP
rov said. AFP  

THE PHNOM PENH POST june 3, 2014




Aus refugee ‘in fear’ sets self on fire, dies

Continued from page 1

be deported. “The immi- gration officials have been harassing him on many oc- casions where they wanted him to voluntarily leave,” he claimed. “There was no doubt the Australian government’s cruel and inhumane policy has pushed him to do this. It wasn’t a choice for him.” Morrison said Seemanpillai was given “no indication that he was being removed any- where or that he hadn’t been found to be a refugee or for that matter that he had”. Seemanpillai, who arrived by boat in Australia in janu- ary 2013, was receiving com- munity mental health support and his refugee application was still being processed, Morrison added. “I can also advise that the last case worker contact with

Mr Seemanpillai was on Fri- day, May 30, and I am advised there was no concern or indi- cation of any suicidal inten-


While most boatpeople come to Australia via Indone- sia, many have also attempted the difficult trip from Sri Lan-

at that time,” he said.

ka, where they claim persecu- tion over the country’s Tamil separatist conflict. Australia has sent back dozens of Sri Lankan nationals who tried to enter the country illegally. Seemanpillai’s death came as activists said seven Ira- nian asylum seekers sewed their lips shut on Sunday in a mass hunger-strike at an im- migration centre on Christ- mas Island. Activists said about 400 asy- lum seekers were refusing food as part of a protest against the death of Iranian Reza Barati, who was killed in a riot this year at another Australian de- tention centre on Manus Is- land in Papua new Guinea. under Australia’s tough ref- ugee policy, asylum seekers who arrived by boat after july 2013 have been sent to deten- tion centres on Manus Island or nauru in the Pacific. According to the immigra- tion department, more than 24,000 asylum seekers are liv- ing in Australia on bridging visas of the type Seemanpillai was on. A further 2,450 asy- lum seekers are being held on nauru and Manus Island and another 823 are detained on

Christmas Island. AFP

and another 823 are detained on Christmas Island. AFP Four arrested in France after Brussels shooter’s

Four arrested in France after Brussels shooter’s detention

F RenCh police arrest- ed four people sus- pected of links with jihadist networks

yesterday, three days after de-

taining a man for last week’s deadly attack on a jewish mu- seum in Brussels. Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve announced the sweep on europe1 radio but did not specify if the arrests in the Paris region and south- ern France were linked to the Brussels shooting suspect Me- hdi nemmouche. “There are those who recruit jihadists,” Cazeneuve said. “As we speak there have been ar- rests in the Ile-de-France and in the south of France.” The minister said he would not elaborate further at this stage but a police source said three of detainees were sus- pected of recruiting fighters. nemmouche, 29, who was arrested by customs agents on Friday in the southern French city of Marseille, is believed to have recorded a claim of responsibility for the May 24 Brussels attack in a 40-second video found in his posses- sion along with a Kalashnikov

video found in his posses- sion along with a Kalashnikov A man takes pays his respects

A man takes pays his respects at the World Jewish Congress yesterday after the killings at the Jewish museum in Brussels. AFP

and a handgun. however Van Leeuw added: “We can’t guar- antee that it is his voice heard on the recording.” Paris prosecutor Francois Molins said the “repeat of- fender” explains in the film that he had attached a GoPro camera to his bag to record his shooting rampage, but it had not worked. Instead nemmouche later

“filmed his weapons and said he carried out the attack against the jews in Brussels”, Belgian prosecutor Frederic van Leeuw said. nemmouche was being grilled yesterday but has said little during his detention. Described as a “lone wolf” by the Paris prosecutor, nemmouche became radi- calised in prison and left for

Syria on December 31, 2012, just three weeks after his re- lease from jail. he is believed to have fought there alongside fighters from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) – Syria’s most extremist group – and returned to europe in March this year.

Some 780 people are thought to have left France to fight with jihadists in Syria, according to government estimates. Cazeneuve yesterday evoked the problem of inmates being indoctrinated into radical Is- lam in French prisons, saying:

“We have to react to this.” “As a start we can send prop- erly trained imams who know the true spirit of Islam and its culture and who can go to prisons and explain this in prisons,” he said. A lone gunman entered the jewish museum in the heart of Brussels last Saturday, re- moved an automatic rifle from

a bag and opened fire through

a door before leaving. An Israeli couple and a Frenchwoman died on the scene and a 24-year-old Bel- gian man is in critical condi-

tion. AFP

An Israeli couple and a Frenchwoman died on the scene and a 24-year-old Bel- gian man
An Israeli couple and a Frenchwoman died on the scene and a 24-year-old Bel- gian man


the phnom penh post june 3, 2014


World Spain’s king steps down in favour of son, Felipe SPANISH King Juan Carlos announced his

Spain’s king steps down in favour of son, Felipe

SPANISH King Juan Carlos announced his abdication yesterday in favour of his son Prince Felipe, ending a 39-year reign that guided Spain from dictatorship to democracy but was later battered by royal scandals. The 76-year-old monarch, crowned in November 1975 after the death of General Francisco Franco, is stepping down dogged by health woes and with his popularity deeply eroded by scandals swirling around him and his family. AFP

Clashes in Sudan over


AT lEAST 41 people have been killed in clashes between rival Sudanese clans over the ownership of land being explored for oil in West Kordofan state, a tribal source said. Another 13 people were seriously wounded in the fighting that raged through to Sunday between the Zurug and Awlad Amran clans of the powerful Misseriya tribe, the source said. A witness, who declined to be named, said the fighting broke out as each group claimed ownership of a

plot of land where drilling for oil

is under way. Militias, rebel

splinter groups and armed tribes operate in the region, but

fighting between tribes is frequent in Sudan, and often breaks out over grazing rights. The Misseriya is a semi- nomadic Arab tribe that raises cattle. AFP

Indonesia-bound Thai tanker believed hijacked

A THAI tanker is thought to

have been hijacked on its way from Singapore to Indonesia, the International Maritime

Bureau said Saturday, following

a number of pirate attacks in

Southeast Asian waters. The diesel oil tanker MT Orapin 4,

with 14 crew aboard, lost contact with its owner after departing the city-state last Tuesday, IMB’s Kuala lumpur-

based Piracy Reporting Centre said. “It’s a possible hijacking,” the centre’s head Noel Choong said, adding that pirates recently had attacked a number

of vessels in the area, usually to

siphon off cargo. The centre urged other vessels to keep a look-out for the tanker. AFP

Aboriginal land nuclear waste dump trial begins

THE earmarking of a remote Australian outback area as a nuclear waste dump was invalid because officials failed to con- tact all Aboriginal landowners affected, a Melbourne court

heard yesterday. Muckaty Station in the Northern Territory was nominated in early 2007 as

a site to store radioactive waste

under a deal negotiated with the Aboriginal Ngapa clan. At the time, the Northern land Council, the indigenous organisation that helped negotiate the deal on behalf of Aboriginal landholders, said the millions received would benefit generations. But opponents have fought against the dump for years, with the trial starting yesterday alleging Muckaty’s nomination was invalid due to a failure of the government and the land council to obtain the consent of all Aboriginal owners. AFP

to obtain the consent of all Aboriginal owners. A F P   Nishant Saxena Cops water
to obtain the consent of all Aboriginal owners. A F P   Nishant Saxena Cops water
to obtain the consent of all Aboriginal owners. A F P   Nishant Saxena Cops water
to obtain the consent of all Aboriginal owners. A F P   Nishant Saxena Cops water

Nishant Saxena

Cops water cannon gang-rape protesters

BJP demonstrators argue with policewomen during a protest against the recent gang rape and murder

BJP demonstrators argue with policewomen during a protest against the recent gang rape and murder of two girls in Lucknow yesterday. AFP

un’s resident coordinator for India.

“Violence against women


human rights issue,” Grande added in a statement. India brought in tougher

not a women’s issue, it’s a

rape laws last year after the fatal gang rape of a student on


have failed to stem the tide of sex attacks across the country.

bus in new Delhi but they

There was widespread out- rage when the initial protests over the Delhi gang rape were

broken up with the use of water cannon, but police re- sorted to similar methods on Monday in uttar Pradesh’s state capital lucknow. “We’re not going to sleep,

we’ll be here, they have to stop this [violence against women],” one protester told

the nDTV network during the demonstration in luck- now before the crowd was drenched by police. The father of one of the girls who was gang raped and then hanged in rural uttar Pradesh last week has accused local police of refusing to help find those responsible because they belonged to a low caste. The two cousins, reported in some media as aged 14 and 12, had apparently gone into fields last Tuesday night to re- lieve themselves because their home, like most in the state’s Badaun district, did not have toilets. Police have arrested five people in connection with the attacks on the girls and a federal police investigation has been ordered. But rights activists and poli- ticians have said the latest case showed authorities in uttar Pradesh, which is run by the socialist samajwadi Party, were “not serious” about tack- ling sexual crimes. asked at a news confer- ence last week about the in- cidence of rapes in the state,

uttar Pradesh Chief Minister akhilesh Yadav told a female reporter: “You haven’t been harmed, have you? no, right? Great. Thank you.” The head of uttar Pradesh’s ruling party, Mulayam singh Ya- dav, who is the chief minister’s father, sparked uproar during the recent election campaign when he said rapists should not receive the death penalty be- cause “boys will be boys”.

The two Yadavs have been widely criticised for failing to visit the village of Katra shaha- datganj where the attacks took place. speaking on a visit to Katra shahadatganj yesterday,


eral government again hit out


minister in India’s new fed-

the state administration.

“If you are not being able to provide the right to life, then what kind of government is this?” said Food Minister Ram Vilas Paswan in com- ments reported by the Press Trust of India.

is the basic right

of every citizen and every gov- ernment has to provide that,” he added. AFP


greatly damaged our national case,” said abbas. “This black page in history has been turned forever,” he pledged in remarks echoed by the outgoing hamas government in Gaza. hours earlier, a dispute over the fate of the prisoners’ ministry raised fears the government could be delayed, but the issue was resolved after the parties agreed the portfolio would be held by Prime Minister Rami hamdallah. he will also head the Interior Ministry. The new cabinet, which was pieced together by Fatah and hamas, counts 17 ministers, all of them political inde- pendents. Technocratic in nature, the new government will not have a politi- cal mandate. The government includes three wom- en and five ministers who come from Gaza. Over the weekend, Israel blocked

three of the Gazans from travelling to Ramallah for the oath-taking.

abbas has pledged that the new administration will abide by the princi- ples laid down by the Middle east peace Quartet: recognise Israel, reject violence and abide by all existing agreements. under terms of a deal inked on april 23, the Fatah-led Palestine liberation Organisation agreed to work with hamas to establish an interim govern- ment of independents that would organise long-delayed elections. The surprise agreement sought to end years of bitter and sometimes bloody rivalry that had seen the establishment of rival Palestinian administrations, with the West Bank ruled by the Fatah- dominated Palestinian authority, and Gaza under hamas authority. On sunday, us secretary of state john Kerry telephoned abbas to express “concern about hamas’s role in any such government,” the state Depart- ment said.

There was no immediate reaction from Israel, which has made no secret of its opposition to the unity agreement with hamas, whose charter calls for the destruction of the jewish state. “I call on all responsible elements within the international community not to hurry to recognise the Palestinian government that hamas is part of,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin netan- yahu said on sunday. again yesterday, he hit out at europe for demonstrating “ambiguity” to the idea of unity with hamas, which is blacklisted by the european union and Washington as a “terror organisation”. Israel’s security cabinet met overnight to discuss the new government, recon- firming an april decision to halt nego- tiations with any government backed by hamas, newspapers reported yester- day. There was no comment from

netanyahu’s office. AFP

day. There was no comment from netanyahu’s office. AFP not know whether the journal- ists’ work

not know whether the journal- ists’ work had endangered national security, or if their equipment was unlicensed – contradicting arguments they had made in writing. Defence lawyers argued this showed clear discrepancies between the committee’s oral and written evidence. Khaled abou Bakr, representing Fah- my, told the judge: “They have broken their oath and their evi- dence is null and void.” each of the three committee members still maintained that footage found with the journal- ists had been edited in a biased manner. But under cross-ex- amination, they repeatedly failed to name a single exam- ple, saying that they had forgot- ten the specific instances. shouting from the defend- ants’ cage, Fahmy claimed the trio’s contradictory testimony

showed they did not know what had been written in their report.The case was adjourned until Thursday, when the lead prosecutor will be allowed to sum up his case. The trial has sparked global outcry. But inside egypt – where al jazeera, and in particular its arabic channel, is seen as biased towards the ousted president Mohamed Morsi – many see the case as fair. There are some signs, however, of a limited shift in public opinion:

several public figures, includ- ing the former government minister amr Moussa, have signed letters of support for Mohamed Fahmy. In a separate case, a fourth al jazeera journalist, abdullah el- shamy, has been in prison without charge since august and on a hunger strike for over

100 days. THE GUARDIAN

strike for over 1 0 0 d a y s . THE GUARDIAN Fresh clashes in

Fresh clashes in libya’s Benghazi kill 10 people

Clashes between Islamists and libyan troops loyal to a rogue general pressing an of- fensive against jihadists killed 10 people Monday in the res- tive eastern city of Benghazi, medics said. The Islamists, including ansar al-sharia militants, at- tacked a base of elite special forces who support renegade general Khalifa haftar, trig- gering the fighting, said the commander of a Benghazi air base who has also sided with him. Officials at two hospitals in the area said at least eight soldiers and two civilians were killed, and 15 people wounded. Fearing the vio- lence might spread, hospitals called on citizens to donate blood, while the education ministry closed schools, forcing the postponement of scheduled final exams.

Colonel saad al-Werfelli said ansar al-sharia mili- tants backed by fighters from two other Islamist groups “bombarded base 21 early on Monday, killing and wounding soldiers who were trapped inside”. The libyan air force retali- ated by launching strikes on the assailants, the officer added. The air base and the elite special forces unit in Beng- hazi have thrown their sup- port behind haftar who last month launched an offensive against Islamists accused of repeated violence in the city. The latest bloodshed comes a day after haftar’s forces launched fresh air raids on Islamists in Beng- hazi, including a meeting of ansar al-sharia, said Gener- al saqr al-jerushi who heads

air operations. AFP

in Beng- hazi, including a meeting of ansar al-sharia, said Gener- al saqr al-jerushi who heads

I nDIan police fired wa- ter cannon yesterday at a group of mainly women protesting against the

gang rape and lynching of two girls in the country’s larg- est state. several hundred protesters were demanding an end to violence against women at the protest outside the office of the chief minister of the state of uttar Pradesh, when riot police tried to disperse the crowd by hosing them, footage broadcast on Indian television showed. The protests came amid

growing uproar over last week’s killings in uttar Pradesh, with the un say- ing violence against women should be regarded as a mat- ter of basic human rights. “There should be justice for the families of the two teenage girls and for all the women and girls from lower caste communities who are targeted and raped in rural India,” said lise Grande, the


new Palestinian unity government sworn in

lOnG-aWaITeD Palestinian unity

government was sworn in before presi- dent Mahmud abbas yeserday after a landmark reconciliation deal with the Islamist hamas that has infuriated Israel.

Following a ceremony at the Muqataa presidential compound in Ramallah, abbas hailed “the end” of a bitter and sometimes bloody divide between his Fatah movement and the rival hamas,

which rules Gaza. hamas also applauded the new gov- ernment as representing “all Palestini- ans”, saying it was a “turning point” in

its formerly bitter relations with Fatah. It is the first Palestinian unity govern- ment to take office in seven years, and the first fruits of a landmark reconcili- ation deal signed in april. “Today, with the formation of a nation-

consensus government, we announce

the end of a Palestinian division that has

al jazeera trial: ‘prosecution witnesses contradict claims’

The case against three al jazeera english journalists on trial in egypt was compromised on sunday after a group of key prosecution witnesses contra- dicted several of their own major allegations previously

provided to the court in written testimony. journalists Mohamed Fahmy, Baher Mohamed and the aus- tralian Peter Greste have been jailed in Cairo since last Decem- ber on charges of endangering national security, aiding terror- ists, doctoring footage and operating without licence. The prosecution’s case was largely based on allegations made in a report written by a committee of technical experts from egypt’s state TV network. But under cross-examination in the trial’s 10th hearing on sunday, the committee’s three representatives said they did

the phnom penh post june 3, 2014




How disaster inspired lifesaving invention

W itH soil sliding in from the banks, leaf litter collecting from overhanging trees

and japanese koi producing waste, the pond outside the production facility of Lifesaver Systems was perfectly filthy. Dipping into the water what ap- peared to be an outsized plastic water bottle, Michael Pritchard scooped up some of the brownish gunk, sealed the bottle with a screw- able base and pushed its pump a few times. When he opened the teat at the top of the bottle, clear water sprayed out, leaving behind the pond detritus. “that,” he said sipping the liquid from a glass, “is clean, sterile drinking water.” the 750 millilitre Lifesaver bottle was the first product in a range cre- ated by Pritchard eight years ago that uses filtration technology pre- viously applied only in industrial sectors. With sales worth about $16 mil- lion expected this year, the bottles, handheld cans and tanks have been used by hill walkers and Brit- ish soldiers in Afghanistan as well as communities in the developing world blighted by natural disas- ters that have disrupted the flow of clean safe water. After the 2004 Boxing Day tsu- nami, Pritchard was frustrated by images of people at risk when they found themselves surrounded by

of people at risk when they found themselves surrounded by A man drinks water as he

A man drinks water as he sits among debris in Ule Lhee, Indonesia, in January 2005, three weeks after a devastating earthquake and tsunami swept the region and helped inspire Lifesaver’s bottles. AFP

water but unable to drink it. eight months later the uS was hit by Hur- ricane Katrina. “i thought this was a first-world country, they will have it licked,” he said. “they were trucking water in. i felt this drive to do some- thing more and said: ‘i am going to find a solution to this.’” Water cleansing techniques had fo- cused on chlorine tablets, which ran the risk of people mistaking them for medicine and eating them. there were also traditional ceramic filters, but these could not filter out viruses

such as polio – which measured 25 billionths of a metre (or 25 nanome- tres) in diameter, he said. Pritchard described a “technical brick wall” that had not been resolved because water could not be forced through a filter with such minute pores. How- ever, industrial facilities had tech- nology where water was forced, with power, through membranes with 15- nanometre widths. “You can’t do it by hand because you can’t generate the pressure, so i knew if i could get [compressed]

air to work, then air could generate enough pressure needed to force the water across,” he said. the outcome was the Lifesaver bottle, which uses a handheld pump mechanism to force water from the outside to the inside of a narrow coiled tube inside the device. the tube parts have pores that are 15 nanometres wide, small enough to filter out bacteria and viruses. the bottle was launched at a de- fence and security equipment show in 2007 and 1,000 units were sold in two days. On the back of the same show, a $1.6 million contract to sup- ply the bottles to British soldiers in Afghanistan was won after the technology was cleared by the Lon- don School of Hygiene and tropical Medicine. in the aid community – the original intended audience for the system – agencies “weren’t get- ting it”, said Pritchard. So an 18.5-litre jerry can was launched using the same technol- ogy, and was then taken to Pakistan by Medecins sans Frontieres. Other agencies balked at the unit price of $150. A third product, a five-litre “cube”, was designed for women and children to carry; it could be stacked efficiently on pallets for shipping. A 750-litre tank with multiple taps was also created with the assistance of the Malaysian government. A third of Lifesaver Systems’ busi- ness is directed towards the mili- tary and the leisure sector (aimed

at campers and trekkers), with the remainder catering to humanitarian bodies, which get products at dis- counts that still give the company a profit. Pritchard said some within the aid community were resisting change. “it is about what you are de- livering. Am i delivering long-term, sustainable, resilient technology that works, that is lifting people out of water poverty? they get it. And that is why they are buying it,” he said. Military customers could save money by not having to ship water into battle areas, while families in the developing world who might have spent their medicine money on bottled water now had more dis- posable income through using the devices, Pritchard said.

How it works

the smallest bacteria are about 200 nanometres in diameter while the smallest viruses are 25 nanometres. the holes in the membranes used by Lifesaver are 15 nanometres wide, blocking bacteria, viruses, cysts and waterborne pathogens from getting through. Dirty water can can be left in the unit until it needs to be cleaned. the cartridge in the bottle is re- placed after through-put of 4,000 or 6,000 litres, while the jerry can lasts for between 10,000 and 20,000 litres. towards the end of the life of the unit, more pumps are needed. When the pumps no longer work, the filters

have to be replaced. THE GUARDIAN

longer work, the filters have to be replaced. THE GUARDIAN Job Opportunities Crédit Mutuel Kampuchea (CMK),
Job Opportunities Crédit Mutuel Kampuchea (CMK), opened by Crédit Mutuel , the second  Experience

Job Opportunities

Crédit Mutuel Kampuchea (CMK), opened by Crédit Mutuel, the second

Experience with banking or microfinance sector or other

- Manage loans

largest cooperative bank in France through the Centre International

related experience.

- Lead social life

du Crédit Mutuel (CICM), is the 1 st financial cooperative group in Cambodia which belongs to its members that share common interests.

At least 2 years working experience related to core banking system or ATM installation, maintenance and troubleshooting.

- Control loans, financial, and operational risks of non-compliance and responsibility enforcement

As part of its development, CMK is looking for enthusiastic, talented

Ability to Administer Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Databases.

- Represent CMK in the district where the Branch is located.

and motivated staffs wishing to join a fast growing business, people who are flexible and who crave the intense satisfaction that comes

Knowledge of programming language and web development using Joomla and other tools.

Requirement/ Skills:

from being personally responsible for satisfying the customers.

Basic Knowledge of Accounting.

Strong interpersonal communication, management and


At least bachelor degree in field of Finance and Banking or relevant Field

Credit Agent & Debt Collector (1 Position, Phnom Penh)

problem solving skills; and willingness to learn new things for


Minimum one year experience working with MFI or Bank

Responsibilities: Support Branch Officer in Credit Activities



Knowledge in Accounting/Finance

and Report to Credit Manager:

Perfectly bilingual in English is mandatory - French is a plus.


Good English or French appreciated

Honesty, Initiative, commitment and attention on details.


Computer knowledge in Microsoft Office

- Collect the necessary information from borrowers in order to


High commercial and communication skills

get the good loan analyzing

Project & Training Assistant (1 Position, Phnom Penh)


Honesty, Initiative, Rigor, Organizing, Autonomous

- Assess and advise borrowers on loan request

Main Responsibilities:


Interpersonal skills

- Manage and develop Credit Portfolio

Commercial Skills


Willingness to improve the community.

- Minimize loan late repayment and bad debt loan

Ensure CMK projects requiring a special follow up


- Coordinate and attend credit activities meeting with Credit Committee

- Participate in commercial development


- At least bachelor degree in field of Finance and Banking or Relevant field

- Minimum one year experience with MFI or Bank

- Knowledge in Accounting/Finance

- Good English or French appreciated

- Computer knowledge in Microsoft Office

- High commercial and communication skills

- Honesty, Initiative, Rigor, Organizing, Autonomous

- Interpersonal skills

- Willingness to improve the community.

IT & Monetic System Officer (1 Position, Phnom Penh) Main responsibilities:

Support end users on core banking and IT related issues.

Test, Install and update core banking software.

Managing the project of Monetic System installation and maintenance.

Support Monetic System related task.

Checking cards status and monitoring.

Train end users on core banking software and other IT related software.

Perform database backup and recovery.

Develop internal applications and maintain CMK Website.

Create and maintain up-to-date documentation of all computer systems.

Ensure the security, quality and confidentiality of Information Systems.

Performed other related tasks as required.

Qualifications and Experience:

At least Bachelor Degree of Information Technology or other related fields is required.

Handle relationship with the universities and CMK partners

Ensure a regular and transparent communication with the persons in charge of the project

Define the strategy to study, release and follow up the loan

Settle the appropriate tools to follow up the loan released and update it on a regular basis

Define the most appropriate communication strategy towards the universities, the NGOs, the high school and the students

Complete and follow up the monitoring partnership document

Find innovative solution to adapt the monitoring tools to the current needs of the project

Prepare and update the training of CMK staffs and corporate partners

Train and follow up each branch staffs understanding

Requirement/ Skills:

At least two years experience in project and training section is preferred.

Ability to coordinate with multi-partnerships projects

Good organizing and planning skills

positive attitude and interpersonal skills

Bachelor Degree in a related discipline

Good level of English (both writing and speaking) is required and French is a plus.

Willing to travel for mission and partner visits

Dynamic, honest, initiative and flexible

Good at computer literacy (Microsoft office, Outlook and Email)

Branch Officer (8 Positions, Phnom Penh and Provinces) who will attend our “Branch Officer School” Main Responsibilities:

- Ensure commercial and memberships’ development of Branch

- Organize and lead the team

- Financial management in the branch

Branch Assistant 1 position, Siem Reap Province:

Main responsibilities:

Welcome members

Ensure counter’s and Branch’s operations

Provide information and activity participate to the commercial development


Bachelor degree in Banking and finance

Experience related in service, hospitality, banking or MFI is preferred

Good communication and positive work attitude

Good level of English or French

Salary: The salary will be discussed, plus 13 th month of salary, social benefit, health and personal accident insurance, Seniority Bonus and other.

Application information:

Interested candidates are invited to submit CV, Cover Letter mentioned your expected salary and relevant documents to CMK Head Office in Phnom Penh, HR & ADMIN Department, or via e-mail at: hrd@cmk.com.kh. Applications will not be returned and only short-listed candidates will be notified.

Contact Detail:

CREDIT MUTUEL KAMPUCHEA, Head Office #81, St. 163, Sangkat Toul Svay Prey1– Khan Chamkarmorn, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

PO Box 1102. Visit


Deadline: 14 th June 2014


the phnOm penh pOst june 3, 2014


More than 2.5 billion people do not have access to a toilet, forcing women and
More than 2.5 billion people do not have access to a toilet, forcing women and

More than 2.5 billion people do not have access to a toilet, forcing women and girls to walk to dark and dangerous places to find the privacy they need. BLOOMBERG


editorial personnel

Publisher Chris Dawe Editor-in-Chief Chad Williams Editor-in-Chief Post Weekend Alan Parkhouse Editor-in-Chief Post Khmer Kay Kimsong Managing Editor Post Khmer Sam Rith Chief of Staff Cheang Sokha Deputy Chief of Staff Chhay Channyda National News Editor Shane Worrell National Assignment Editor Joe Freeman Digital Media Director David Boyle Deputy News Editor Vong Sokheng Business Editor Post Khmer May Kunmakara Property Editor Pisei Hin Foreign News Editor Joe Curtin Sports Editor Dan Riley Picture Editor Scott Howes Lifestyle and 7Days Editor Poppy McPherson Deputy Head of Lifestyle Desk Pan Simala Chief Sub-editor Michael Philips Sub-editors Laignee Barron, Daniel de Carteret, Alice Cuddy, Will Jackson, Eddie Morton, Bennett Murray, Kevin Ponniah, Daniel Pye, Shane Rothery, Sean Teehan, Sam Wheeler, Stuart White, Emily Wight, Amelia Woodside Reporters Khouth Sophak Chakrya, Sen David, Hor Kimsay, Buth Reaksmey Kongkea, Mom Kunthear, Khoun Leakhana, Lieng Sarith, Kim Sarom, Phak Seangly, Meas Sokchea, Chhim Sreyneang, May Titthara Photographers Heng Chivoan, Pha Lina, Hong Menea, Sreng Meng Srun, Vireak Mai Web Editor Leang Phannara Webmasters Uong Ratana, Horng Pengly

Be angry, not embarrassed


siem reap bureau

Bureau Chief Peter Olszewski Office Manager Thik Skaline Distribution Manager Seng Sech Reporters Thik Kaliyann, Miranda Glasser Marketing Executive Sophearith Blondeel


Pradesh, because they had no toilet at home. They were never to return, found hanging from a tree after being brutally attacked. A report in the Times of India in February this year quoted the police in another district of uttar Pradesh as saying that 95 per cent of cases of rape and molestation took place when women and girls had left their homes to “answer a call of nature”. But this is certainly not just an Indi- an problem. one in three people

and the Solomon Islands. Being forced to defecate by rivers, in fields or in alleyways not only puts women and girls at greater risk of sex- ual violence and harassment; it is also a major public health risk. The practice pollutes natural water- ways and spreads diseases, notably diarrhoea, a major cause of death in children in the developing world. every day, around 1,400 mothers will lose a child to this disease, brought about because of a lack of access to basic sanitation, clean water and hygiene services. Research estimates that just putting an end to open defe- cation worldwide would see this fig- ure drop by over a third. This is a problem that can be solved, and the first step is getting over our squeamishness. The deputy secretary-general of the united nations, jan eliasson, called on the world last week to “break the diplo- matic silence on open defecation”. The deputy secretary-general’s words and the launch of his cam- paign come at a crucial time. Gov- ernments are now negotiating a new poverty reduction framework to replace the Millennium Develop- ment Goals. Access to clean water and sanita-

tion currently ranks as the fifth high- est priority for people voting in the un’s global My world survey, in which millions of people around the world have taken part, joining the international debate around the new Sustainable Development Goals. In India, voters put it as their fourth highest priority for a better life. waterAid, unIceF and the world Health organization, along with hun- dreds of other organisations around the world, are calling for a new Sus- tainable Development Goal that would commit countries to ensuring that everyone everywhere has access to basic sanitation, clean drinking water and hygiene by the year 2030. For these two teenage girls in India, a new goal for universal access to san- itation has come too late. But their case illustrates in the starkest terms why access to sanitation and water are fundamental human rights – and why a lack of these services is putting hundreds of millions of children, girls and women at risk each and every


services is putting hundreds of millions of children, girls and women at risk each and every

Barbara Frost, Winnie Byanyima, Corinne Woods and Nick Alipui

production & printing

Head of Desktop Publishing Nhim Sokphyrak Desktop Publishing Suon Savatdy, Chum Sokunthy, Aim Valinda, Danh Borath

T wo teenage girls have been

gang-raped and killed after

doing what half a billion

women and girls are forced

to do every day – go outdoors to try to find somewhere discreet to go to the toilet. A toilet, bathroom, powder room – whatever you want to call it – at home, at school, at work, in the shop- ping mall, is something many of us take for granted and cannot talk about without feeling embarrassed. But we must: because the lack of toi- lets is costing women their lives. Today, 2.5 billion people live with- out access to a toilet, forcing women to walk to dark and dangerous places to find the privacy they need – those same dark and dangerous places where men wait to attack them. So we must stop blushing when we talk about open defecation because it is not something to be embar- rassed about: it is something to be angry about. Those two cousins, just 14 and 16 years old, had left their homes in the Indian village of Katra, in uttar

graphic designer

Tep Thoeun Thyda, Hafisoh, Borin, Meng

graphic designer Tep Thoeun Thyda, Hafisoh, Borin, Meng head office   Post Media Co, Ltd. 888,

head office

head office  

Post Media Co, Ltd. 888, Building F, 8th floor, Phnom Penh Center, Cnr Sothearos & Sihanouk Blvd, Chamkarmon, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Tel: 023 214 311, 0214 311-017 Fax: 023 214 318

ninety-five per cent of cases of rape and molestation in Uttar pradesh took place when women and girls ‘answered the call of nature’

cent of cases of rape and molestation in Uttar pradesh took place when women and girls

siem reap


No 629, Street 6 Dangkum Commune Tel: 063 966 290, Fax: 063 966 590

around the world lack access to basic sanitation, while 1 billion of those – that is, 15 per cent of the global popu- lation – practise open defecation. A waterAid study in the slums of Lagos in nigeria showed that a quar- ter of women who lacked access to sanitation had first- or second-hand experience of harassment, threats of violence or actual assault linked to their lack of a safe, private toilet in the last year. Amnesty International has released similar studies from Kenya

Chief Executive Officer Chris Dawe

sales department

National Sales Director Borom Chea Account Directors Chap Narith Post Khmer Sales Manager Toun Chanreaksmey Digital Sales Manager Soy Sontery

barbara frost is chief executive of Wateraid; Winnie byanyima is executive director of oxfam international; corinne Woods is director of the un millennium campaign; and nick alipui is director of programs at unicef.

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Circulation Director Sophea Kalvin Heng Circulation Supervisor Chally, Rithy Distribution Manager Meas Thy

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HR Manager Pich Socheat HR Executive Neang Sopheap Assistants to HR Manager Lay Sopanha Financial Director Heang Tangmeng Chief Accountant Sren Vicheka Treasurers Sok Sophorn, Yon Sovannara, Cheam Sopheak

IT Manager Seng Nak, Vong Oun







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the phnom penh post

JuNE 3, 2014


the phnom penh post JuNE 3, 2014 17 LifestyleLifestyle Screen stars celebrate film heritage, reveal next
the phnom penh post JuNE 3, 2014 17 LifestyleLifestyle Screen stars celebrate film heritage, reveal next


Screen stars celebrate film heritage, reveal next steps


In brief

Thai novelist Nongchanai Prinyathawat dies, 93

NoNgchaNai Prinyathawat, a novelist and “national artist” of Thailand, died of old age at her home in chanthaburi on Friday. She was 93. Sakchai Prinyatha- wat, Kanchana’s son, aged 61, told reporters that his mother told him to prepare her a coffin two days before she died. “My mother had been practising dharma and meditation and was always conscious of her actions. She died peacefully,” Sakchai said. Nongchanai, whose pen name is Kanchana Nakhanan, wrote many well- known Thai literary classics such as Phoo Yai Lee gab Nang Ma (“Village headman Lee and Miss Ma”), Toranee Ni Nee Krai Krong (“Who own This Land?”) and Phoo Kong Yod Ruk (“My Dear captain”). The culture Ministry honoured her as a national artist in the literature category in 2012. baNgKoK PoST

Anne B Davis of Brady Bunch dies at age 88

EMMY-WiNNiNg actress ann b Davis, who became america’s favourite and most famous housekeeper as the devoted alice Nelson of The brady bunch, died on Sunday at a San antonio hospital at age 88. bill Frey, a retired Episcopal bishop and a longtime friend of Davis, said she suffered a fall Saturday at her San antonio home. bexar county, Texas, medical examiner’s investigator Sara horne said cause of death was not yet known. an autopsy was due yesterday. Producer Sherwood Schwartz’s The brady bunch debuted in 1969 and aired for five years. but like Schwartz’s other hit, gilligan’s island, it has lived on in reruns and sequels. Maureen Mccormick, who played teenager Marcia brady, said in a statement that Davis “made me a better person. how blessed i am to have had her in my life. She will be forever

missed.” ThE WaShiNgToN PoST

Emily Wight

ern Vietnam that the French colonised between 1862 and

French screen siren Catherine Deneuve sits in a room at the Raffles Hotel Le Royal.

French screen siren Catherine Deneuve sits in a room at the Raffles Hotel Le Royal. chaRLoTTE PERT


tor Rithy Panh has

revealed details of

his new colonial-era


Deneuve, a guest of honour at the film festival, is well- known for her starring role in Indochine, a 1992 film in which she played a planta- tion owner witnessing the end of the colonial era and the rise of Vietnamese na- tionalism. The actress said her visit to Cambodia brought back memories of when she was filming Indochine in Vietnam and Malaysia. “The heat, the flowers, the trees, the roofs – all that re- ally reminded me of Vietnam

where I was 20 years ago,” Deneuve said. The actress is the second cast or crew member from Indochine, which won an Oscar and earned her a nom- ination, to visit the country

documentary during a star- studded week of film that also brought French screen siren Catherine Deneuve to the city. Speaking a few days after the opening of the second annual Memory Interna- tional Heritage Film Festival, Panh said Cochinchine will feature footage of the co- lonial era from Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and some Af- rican countries.

“I want to explore the im- ages from this time: how people work, how people live, how people are shown on film,” he said, adding that he is interested in how images have evolved from

the 1800s to today’s ‘selfie generation’. The film is named after Cochinchina, the European title for a region in south-

this year. The director, Regis Wargnier, came to Cambo- dia in January to film an ad- aptation of Francois Bizot’s Khmer Rouge memoir Le

Regis Wargnier, came to Cambo- dia in January to film an ad- aptation of Francois Bizot’s

Portail (The Gate). While Deneuve was ru- moured to be among the cast members, she confirmed she was not and that her next project will be La Tete Haute (Head Up) with French fe-

male director Emmanuelle

to maintain a relation with other cultures.” Of Panh’s most recent film, The Missing Picture, which was nominated for an Oscar this year, she said: “I was so moved. It’s really so very im-

the heat, the

a French actress. Panh, who praised Deneuve as a “great actress”, said he hopes young Cambodians will be drawn to the festival because of the cultural edu- cation it can offer them.

“Even if you have a very

Bercot. Filming starts this summer. The actress said she was honoured to be at Memory International Film Festival because she believes the res- toration of classic films to be very important. She said: “I feel I have to do something, as a reward to cinema. I try to travel with my films. French is a far away language today in the world, so it’s a way of trying

away language today in the world, so it’s a way of trying flowers, the trees, the

flowers, the trees, the roofs – all that reminded me of Vietnam

the trees, the roofs – all that reminded me of Vietnam good diploma from a univer-

good diploma from a univer- sity, if you have never read or watched a film or never listened to classical music – this is all part of education too. If you have no culture you really cannot develop the country.” Memory International Her- itage Film Festival will run until Sunday. For informa- tion including the full sched- ule visit memoryfilmfestival.

pressive, and so personal, and very original – it’s a very interesting film.” She added that although she would love to work with Panh, he is focusing more on documentaries in Cambodia where there is little need for

Director Rithy Panh at the Bophana Center. chaRLoTTE PERT


Director Rithy Panh at the Bophana Center. chaRLoTTE PERT org.  
Cambodia where there is little need for Director Rithy Panh at the Bophana Center. chaRLoTTE PERT


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