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Design Calculations

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Demo
T123

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C:\Users\...\Tank\Tank.emvd
(2014-05-16)

Description :
Drawing No :

T123

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

procal V33.2.1.8

1 prodia2 V33.1.0.8

2014-06-03
Revision :

Bentley Systems, Inc.

My Company

Design Calculations

My Address
My City

AutoPIPE Vessel (Microprotol)

Demo
T123

procal V33.2.1.8

2 prodia2 V33.1.0.8

2014-06-03
Revision :
C:\Users\...\Tank\Tank.emvd
(2014-05-16)

Bentley Systems, Inc.

Table of Contents

Codes, Guidelines and Standards Implemented.


Pressure vessel design code:
API 650 12th Ed. 2013-03
Wind design code:
ASCE/SEI 7-05
Anchor design method:
Thompson
Standard of flange ratings:
ASME B16.5-2009
Standard for pipes:
ASME B36.10M-2004/B36.19M-2004
Material standard(s) and update(s):
ASME II 2013
SA516GR60
Units:
SI
g = 9.80665 m/s2 [ Weight (N) = Mass (kg) g ]

Plate

Design Conditions.
Internal pressure :
Required MAWP :
Design Temperature :
Height of liquid :
Operating fluid spec. gravity :
Corrosion :
External pressure :
External temperature :
Test Pressure :
Test fluid spec. gravity :
Insulation Thickness :
Weight/density of insulation :
Construction Category :
Nominal stress :

Compartment 1
0.05 MPa
30 C
11,500 mm
1
2 mm

1
0 mm
35 kg/m3

/
/
/
/
/
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/
/
/
/
/
/
/

/
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/
/
/
/
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/

Allowable stresses and safety factors


API 650 - 5.6.2
S
ST
SY

Allowable tensile stress.


Minimum value of tensile strength.
Minimum value of yield strength at design/room temperature

Excluding
bolting

Bolting

Materials
Carbon steel
Austenitic stainless
steel
Copper
Aluminium
Nickel
Titanium
Carbon steel
Austenitic stainless
steel

Allowable tensile stress S


Normal Conditions
Exceptional and test conditions
MIN{ (ST 0.4) , (SY 0.67) }
MIN{ (ST 0.43) , (SY 0.75) }
MIN{ (ST 0.4) , (SY 0.67) }

MIN{ (ST 0.43) , (SY 0.75) }

MIN{ (ST 0.4) , (SY 0.67) }


MIN{ (ST 0.4) , (SY 0.67) }
MIN{ (ST 0.4) , (SY 0.67) }
MIN{ (ST 0.4) , (SY 0.67) }
MIN{ (ST 0.4) , (SY 0.67) }

MIN{ (ST 0.43) , (SY 0.75) }


MIN{ (ST 0.43) , (SY 0.75) }
MIN{ (ST 0.43) , (SY 0.75) }
MIN{ (ST 0.43) , (SY 0.75) }
MIN{ (ST 0.43) , (SY 0.75) }

MIN{ (ST 0.4) , (SY 0.67) }

MIN{ (ST 0.43) , (SY 0.75) }

Hydraulic Test Pressure


F.4.4 : pt = 0.5 p = 0.025 MPa
p = Design Pressure
pt = test pressure

Hydrostatic Pressure

Type of
compone
nts

Operating
Specific
Gravity

Test

liquid level

hydrostatic
height

Hydrostatic
pressure

(mm)

(mm)

(MPa)

Specific
Gravity

liquid level

hydrostatic
height

Hydrostatic
pressure

(mm)

(mm)

(MPa)

Shell(s)
0
1

44

0.00

11,500.00

0.1128

0.00

11,500.00

0.1128

0
2

31.05

3,000.00

11,500.00

0.1128

3,000.00

11,500.00

0.1128

0
3

31.06

3,000.00

8,500.00

0.0834

3,000.00

8,500.00

0.0834

0
4

31.07

3,000.00

5,500.00

0.0539

3,000.00

5,500.00

0.0539

0
5

31.08

2,500.00

2,500.00

0.0245

2,500.00

2,500.00

0.0245

0
6

45

0.00

0.00

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.0000

Tank Design
Shell design
5.6.3 Calculation of Thickness by the 1-Foot Method
4.9 D( H 0.3) G
4.9 D( H 0.3)
+ CA
Sd
St

tt =

td =

td = Shell thickness
H = Liquid Level
Sd = Allowable stress at Temp.
CA = Corrosion allowance
D = Nominal Diameter = 18.5 m
Course
1
2
3
4

H (m)
11.5
8.5
5.5
2.5

G
1
1
1
1

tt = hydrostatic test shell thickness


G = Liquid Specific Gravity
St = allowable stress for the hydrostatic test condition
tmin = 5.6.1.1 Minimum thickness
Sd (MPa)
147
147
147
147

St (MPa)
165
165
165
165

CA (mm)
2
2
2
2

td (mm)
8.907
7.057
5.207
3.357

tt (mm)
6.153
4.505
2.857
1.209

tmin (mm)
6
6
6
6

tuse (mm)
9
8
6
6

Bottom plate design


5.4.1 Bottom plate thickness
Minimum thickness required excluding CA = 6 mm
Minimum thickness required including CA = 8 mm

CA = Corrosion allowance = 2 mm
Provided Bottom Plate Thickness = 8 mm

5.5 Annular bottom plate


Effective product height = HG 23 m
Stress product = (td /as constructed t exclusive of CA) (Sd) = 145.04 MPa
Hydrostatic Test Stress = (tt /as constructed t) (St) = 112.8089 MPa
Table 5-1 Annular Bottom Plate Thickness tb = 6 mm
Provided Annular Bottom-Plate Thickness = 8 mm
Minimum outside radial width = 50 mm
215tb
0.5
( HG ) Required radial width = = 507.2 mm
Minimum inside radial width = 600 mm
Minimum radial width of annular plate = 659 mm
Provided radial width of annular plate = 659 mm
Provided outside radial width of annular plate = 50 mm
Provided inside radial width of annular plate = 600 mm

Supported Roof
tn = thickness = 7 mm
D = Nominal Diameter = 18.5 m
CA = Corrosion allowance = 2 mm
Insulation : thickness = 0 mm ; Density = 35 kg/m3

q = angle of cone elements to the horizontal = 12


tmin = Minimum thickness required excluding CA = 5 mm
r = Density = 7,850 kg/m3

5.2.1
Lr = Minimum Roof Live Load
DL = dead load
S = Snow load
5.2.2

Pe = External Pressure
Sb = 0.84S
Su = 1.5Sb

e1 = max{ DL + max( Sb ; Su ; Lr ) + 0.4 Pe

}
e 2 = max{ DL + Pe + 0.4 max( Sb ; Su ; Lr )}
Pe (kPa)
0
0

Operation
test

S (kPa)
0
0

Lr (kPa)
1
0

DL (kPa)
0.5389
0.5389

Sb (kPa)
0
0

Su (kPa)
0
0

e1 (kPa)
1.5389
0.5389

e2 (kPa)
0.9389
0.5389

Top Stiffener (Internally Set) = L80x10 80 10 (Z = 15,796 mm3) ; Location = 11,500 mm ; Material = SA516GR60
Minimum Top Angle Size
5.1.5.9 (e) : L75x75x10 (Z = 13,782 mm3)
5.9.3 : L65x65x6 (Z = 6,444 mm3)
5.10.4.1 : the slope of the roof (tan q = 0.2126) shall be 1:16
5.10.4.4 Rafter spacing
bmax = actual roof plate span = 2,010.619 mm
12
b = t (1.5Fy p )
bmax min( b ; 2,100 mm)
t = corroded roof thickness
b = maximum allowable roof plate span
Fy = specified minimum yield strength of roof plate
p = uniform pressure as determined from load combinations = max(e1,e2) (5.2.2)
t (mm)
5
7

Operation
test

Fy (MPa)
221
221

p (kPa)
1.5389
0.5389

b (mm)
2,320.652
5,490.294

Rafter design (Brownell & Young)


wR = la p + wu

wu = weight of rafter per unit of length


la = Rafter spacing

Average load per unit of length :

lR = Length
M max = wR lR2 8 b = vM max I

Maximum Bending
Moment :
Fb = allowable bending stress

Maximum bending stress : shall be Fb

Rafter (A) : 20 (UPN140)


la (mm)
Operation
test

wu
(daN/mm)

1,001.181
1,001.181

I (mm4)

0.016
0.016

6,050,000
6,050,000

wu

I (mm )

Rafter (B) : 30 (UPN140)


la (mm)
Operation
test

1,635.87
1,635.87

(daN/mm)

0.016
0.016

6,050,000
6,050,000

Material = SA516GR60
wR
v (mm)
70
70

(daN/mm)

(daNmm)

0.17
0.07

869,240.7
356,636.3

Material = SA516GR60
wR
v (mm)
70
70

lR = 6,400 mm
Mmax

sb (kPa)

Fb (kPa)

100,573.3
41,263.7

147,000
165,000

lR = 2,886 mm
Mmax

(daN/mm)

(daNmm)

0.267
0.104

278,442.9
108,128.4

sb (kPa)

Fb (kPa)

32,216.54
12,510.73

147,000
165,000

Girder design (Brownell & Young)


wG = wR + wu

Average load per unit of length :

wu = weight of girder per unit of length

lG = Length

wR = Average load of supported rafters per unit of length

M max = wG lG2 8 b = vM max I

Maximum Bending
Moment :
Fb = allowable bending stress
Girder (B) : 5 (UPN300)
wR
Operation
test

wu

(daN/mm)

(daN/mm)

2.964
1.183

0.045
0.045

Column design (ASD E2)


Fa = allowable compressive stress
E = modulus of elasticity
r = radius of gyration
Fv= total load supported by column
Q = Reduction Factor = 1
Cc =

I (mm )
4

Material = SA516GR60
wG
v (mm)

80,300,000
80,300,000

150
150

lG = 7,524 mm
Mmax

(daN/mm)

(daNmm)

3.009
1.228

21,292,290
8,688,749

sb (kPa)

Fb (kPa)

397,739
162,305.3

147,000
165,000

Fy = Yield stress at Temp.


l = unbraced length of the column
K = effective-length factor = 1
Maximum compressive stress : sc = Fv / A

22 E
Fy

( Kl r ) 2
Q 1
Fy
2Cc2

Fa =
3
5 3( Kl r ) ( Kl r )
+

3
3
8Cc
8Cc
Fa =

Maximum bending stress : shall be Fb

Kl/r Cc

Kl/r > Cc

122 E
2
23( Kl r )

Columns (A) : 1 (DN200)


A (mm2)
Operation
5,305.52
test
5,305.52

r (mm)
74.689
74.689

Material = SA516GR60
E (MPa)
Fy (MPa)
202,350
221
202,350
221

l = 12,786 mm
l/r 180
Cc
sc (MPa)
Fa (MPa)
134.437
20.4796
35.5547
134.437
8.4025
35.5547

Columns (B) : 5 (DN200)


A (mm2)
Operation
5,305.52
test
5,305.52

r (mm)
74.689
74.689

Material = SA516GR60
E (MPa)
Fy (MPa)
202,350
221
202,350
221

l = 11,126 mm
l/r 180
Cc
sc (MPa)
Fa (MPa)
134.437
42.6713
46.9557
134.437
17.4129
46.9557

Frangible Roof
5.10.2.6 (a)
The slope of the roof should not exceed 2:12. (false) (0.2126 > 0.1667)
The support elements of the roof must not be attached to the roof. (unknown)
The roof is attached to the top angle with a single continuous fillet weld on the top side (only) that should not exceed
5 mm. (unknown)
The Roof-to-Top angle compression ring is restricted to details a-e in Figure F-2. (true)
The roof-to-shell joint cross-sectional area is less than the limit: DLS / (2Fytan). (false)
The roof joint is not frangible

Wind Girders
D = Nominal tank diameter

V = design wind speed

ASCE/SEI 7-05 + API 5.9.7.1 NOTE 2a


Category = 1
Exposure = B
qZ = 0.613K Z K Zt K d IV 2

p=

= 0.38 kPa

qz G

5.9.6 Top Wind Girder


Zmin = required minimum section modulus
D H2 V

17 190 Z =
min

I = 0.87
G = 0.8513

Kd = 0.95

V = 113.5 km/h

H = H2 = Total height

5.9.7 Intermediate Wind Girders


H1,max = Maximum unsupported height
3

KZ = 0.748
KZt = 1

wshell = contributing width of shell


wshell = Figure 5-24

Z = actual section modulus

Pratio = pressure ratio (Note 2d)

t 190
9.47t
Pratio Eratio
D V
H1,max =

Eratio = module of elasticity ratio (M.6)

t = tuniform = thickness of the thinnest shell course


p = velocity pressure = 0.32 kPa

Wtr = height of the transformed shell


Pe = External Pressure = 0 kPa

t
W uniform
t actual

W = transposed width of each shell course


tr

W = actual width of each shell course


tactual = Shell thickness
Zmin = required minimum section modulus

wshell = contributing width of shell


wshell =
H = H1 = vertical distance between intermediate wind
girders

D 2 H1 V

0.5
17 190 13.4( Dt ) Z

t
(m
m)
Op
erat
4
ion
Course
1
2
3
4
Girde
r
top

min

D
(m)

V
(km
/h)

Pratio

H1,ma

18.5

113.
5

Eratio

(m)

tactual (mm)
7
6
4
4

10.6
69

1
W (mm)
3,000
3,000
3,000
2,500

Wtr =

Wtr
(m)
7.32
9

Wtr (mm)
740.502
1,088.662
3,000
2,500

H (m)

wshell (mm)

Zmin (cm3)

Z (cm3)

11.5

144

95

18.4

Overturning Stability
V = design wind speed = 113.5 km/h
P = Design pressure = 50 kPa
tins = Insulation Thickness = 0 mm
H = Height = 11.5 m
D = Diameter = 18.5 m
tb = corroded thickness of the bottom plate = 6 mm
Fby = yield stress of the bottom plate = 221 MPa
HL = Height of liquid = 11.5 m
G = Fluid specific gravity = 1
Wb = Weight of the tank bottom = 165,544.1 N
ASCE/SEI 7-05
ps = qz G Cf = 0.26 kPa ; Cf = 0.8 ; G = 0.851
pr = qz(GCpGCpi) = 0.36 kPa ; GCp = -0.765 ; GCpi = 0.18
5.11.1 + 5.2.1(k)
Pws = design wind pressure on vertical projected areas of cylindrical surfaces
Pws = ps = 0.26 kPa
Pwr = design wind pressure uplift on horizontal projected areas of conical or doubly curved surfaces
Pwr = min( pr + P ; 1.6 PF4.1 ) P = 0 kPa
Aps = vertical projected area of shell = H (D+2tins) = 212.75 m2
Apr = horizontal projected area of roof = p(D/2)2 = 268.803 m2
Xws = moment arm of wind force on shell = H /2 = 5.75 m
Xwr = moment arm of uplift wind force on roof = D/2 = 9.25 m
Mws = moment of wind force on shell = Pws Aps Xws = 314,109.2 Nm
Mwr = moment of wind force on roof= Pwr Apr Xwr = 0 Nm
MHu = Overturning Moment (user defined) = 0 Nm
MVu = Overturning Moment (user defined)= 0 Nm
5.11.2
DLS = nominal weight of the shell and any framing (but not roof plates) supported by the shell and roof = 510,426.1 N
DLR = nominal weight of roof plate plus any attached structural components = 148,087.1 N
FP = pressure combination factor = 0.4
Mw = overturning moment from horizontal plus vertical wind pressure
Mw = Mws + Mwr = 314,109.2 Nm
MPi = moment from design internal pressure
MPi = p(D/2)2 D/2 P = 124.3212106 Nm
MDL = moment from the weight of the shell and roof supported by the shell which is not attached to roof plate
MDL = DLS D/2 = 4,721,442 Nm
MDLR = moment from the weight of the roof plate plus the structure
MDLR = DLR D/2 = 1,369,806 Nm
wL = weight of band of liquid at the shell

min 59tb Fby H ;140.8HD

)w

L = = 17,846.3 N/m
MF = moment from liquid weight = p D wL D/2 = 9,594,263 Nm
Criteria 1 : 0.6Mw+MPi MDL/1.5+MDLR
Criteria 2 : Mw+FP MPi (MDL+MF)/2+MDLR
Criteria 3 : Mws+FP MPi MDL/1.5+MDLR
5.11.4
Fws = Wind load = Pws Aps = 54,627.7 N
FHu = Equivalent horizontal load (user defined)= 0 N
WL = weight of liquid = p(D/2)2 HL G = 30,314,600 N
Sliding friction criteria : Fws 0.4 ( DLS + DLR + Wb + WL ) = 12,455,460 N
An anchorage is required per 5.11

Appendix F
Figure F-1 Decision tree
P = internal pressure = 50 kPa
Does tank have internal pressure ?
Does internal pressure exceed weight of roof plates ?
Does internal pressure exceed the weight of the shell, roof and attached framing ?
Does internal pressure exceed 18 kPa ?
Use API 620
An anchorage is required per Appendix F
Appendix F Figure F-2 Detail a
ta = thickness of angle leg
tb = thickness of bar
tc = thickness of shell plate
wc = 0.6 (Rc tc)1/2
Rc = inside radius of tank shell
Le = 250ta / (Fy)1/2
Aa = stiffener area
Ar = roof area

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

th = thickness of roof plate


ts = largest shell thickness
tf = ta + tc
wh = min{ 0.3(R2 th)1/2 ; 300 mm}
R2 = Rc / (sin q)
Fy = minimum specified yield strength
As = shell plate area
A = Aa + As + Ar

Operation
test
Operation

ta (mm)
8
10
10

tb (mm)
0
0
0

tc (mm)
4
6
6

th (mm)
5
7
7

ts (mm)
0
0
0

tf (mm)
12
16
16

Rc (mm)
9,246
9,244
9,244

R2 (mm)
44,470.8
44,461.18
44,461.18

Operation
test
Operation

wc (mm)
115.387
141.305
141.305

wh (mm)
141.463
167.364
167.364

Le (mm)
134.535
168.168
168.168

Fy (MPa)
221
221
221

Aa (mm2)
1,216
1,500
1,500

As (mm2)
461.55
847.83
847.83

Ar (mm2)
707.32
1,171.54
1,171.54

A (mm2)
2,384.87
3,519.37
3,519.37

F.4.1
A = area resisting the compressive force = 0.002 m2
Fy = lowest yield strength of the materials in the roof-to-shell junction = 221 MPa
q = Angle = 12
D = Diameter = 18.5 m
DLR = nominal weight of roof plate plus any attached structural components = 148,087.1 N
AFy tan
200 D 2

0.00127 DLR
D2
PF4.1 = = 2.19 kPa

F.4.2
D = Diameter = 18.5 m
DLS = nominal weight of the shell and any framing (but not roof plates) supported by the shell and roof = 510,426.1 N
DLR = nominal weight of roof plate plus any attached structural components = 148,087.1 N
Mw = overturning moment from horizontal plus vertical wind pressure = 314,109.2 Nm
0.000849 DLS 0.00127 DLR 0.00153M w
+

D2
D2
D3
PF4.2 = Pmax = = 1.74 kPa

F.4.3
Pmax 0.8 Pf
F.5.1
A = total compression area required at the roof-to-shell junction = 2,384.87 mm2
Pi = internal pressure = 50 kPa
DLR = nominal weight of roof plate plus any attached structural components = 148,087.1 N
D = Diameter = 18.5 m
Fy = lowest yield strength of the materials in the roof-to-shell junction = 221 MPa
q = Angle = 12

0.00127 DLR

200 D 2 Pi

D2

Fy tan

AF5.1 = = 72,057.18 mm2

F.6
P = under internal pressure = 50 kPa
DLR = nominal weight of roof plate plus any attached structural components = 148,087.1 N
D = Diameter = 18.5 m
1.6 P

0.000746 DLR
D2
Pf = = 79.68 kPa

Summary
[01]
[44]
[45]

Shell
Bottom Plates
Roof

Summary of Stiffeners.
Stiffener
1

Location
(mm)

Area
(mm2)

11,500.0

1,500.00

Inertia
(mm4)

Type and dimensions


(mm)

889,833

Remarks

L80x10 80 80 10

Summary of Geometry.
Type
Tag

Diameter
outside
(mm)

Length

Cumulativ
e height

Thickne
ss

Ang
le

Mass

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

()

(kg)

Flange
s
ratings

Speci
fic
Gravi
ty

01[44 44
18,500.0
0.0
0.0
8.000
0 16,880.
7.85
]
8
02[01 31.05
12,312.
18,500.0
3,000.0
3,000.0
9.000
0
7.85
]
4
03[01 31.06
18,500.0
3,000.0
6,000.0
8.000
0
10,945
7.85
]
04[01 31.07
18,500.0
3,000.0
9,000.0
6.000
0 8,209.6
7.85
]
05[01 31.08
18,500.0
2,500.0
11,500.0
6.000
0 6,841.3
7.85
]
06[45 45
15,100.
18,500.0
0.0
11,500.0
7.000
12
7.85
]
7
Angle : half angle at apex for a concentric cone ; maximum angle between cone and cylinder for an eccentric cone.

Material

SA516GR60
SA516GR60
SA516GR60
SA516GR60
SA516GR60
SA516GR60

Material: (N) = normalized


NB: Italic line indicates an element for which the calculation under pressure has not been done.

Summary of Foundation Loads


Tank parameters
Nominal Diameter
Total height
Liquid height
Anchor bolts
Bolt Circle Diameter

18.5 m
11.5 m
11.5 m
0 0 mm
0 mm

Weight
Shell
Bottom
Roof
Nozzles
Rafter
Girder
Column
Top Stiffener
Stiffeners
Ladder & Stair
Platforms
Anchor
Insulation
Weight of liquid
Total empty weight

new
37,568 daN
16,554 daN
14,809 daN
0 daN
3,370 daN
1,703 daN
2,794 daN
671 daN
0 daN
708 daN
11,416 daN
0 daN
0 daN
3,031,460 daN
89,593 daN

Corroded
27,284 daN
12,416 daN
10,578 daN
0 daN

70,940 daN

additional weight
0 daN
0 daN
0 daN

Operating weight
Hydrostatic test weight
External Force & Moment
Equivalent horizontal load
Overturning Moment
Equivalent vertical load
Overturning Moment

3,121,053 daN
3,121,053 daN

FHu =
MHu =
FVu =
MVu =

0 daN
0 daNm
0 daN
0 daNm

Wind loads
Base Shear Force
Base Moment

Fw =
Mw =

5,463 daN
31,411 daNm

Seismic loads
Base Shear Force
Base Moment
Base Moment

V=
Mrw =
Ms =

0 daN
0 daNm
0 daNm

3,102,400 daN

List of customisable files.


Materials
Shapes
Brackets
Saddles
Anchoring
Gussets
Legs
Reinforcing pads
Projection of nozzles
Tubes
Pipe fittings
Trade thickness
Flanges
Gaps for exchanger
Bolts

C:\Users\Public\Documents\Microprotol\Ficmod\Material.emdm (?)
C:\Users\Public\Documents\AutoPIPE Vessel\Config\dimsha.doc (Thu Mar 27 16:28:42
2014)
C:\Users\Public\Documents\AutoPIPE Vessel\Config\dimsha.emsd (Thu Mar 27 16:28:42
2014)
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Summary of Errors and Warnings.


No.

Explanation
( the number is used for technical support support@bentley.com)
Error (s) :
811
ROOF : insufficient girders.
776
WIND (Top Girder): section modulus not maintened.
799
Overturning Stability : an anchorage is required per 5.11
Warning (s) :
768
ROOF: the roof is not frangible.
Total: 3 error(s) and 1 warning(s).