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WIR Users Manual 1

Electrical Load Calculator for Single Family Dwelling


of Less Than 50 Square Meter

Researcher
Michael B. Tomas
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
Major in Power System

The significance of a safe electrical design could not be denied. In the Philippines alone,
hundreds of electrical related accidents were recorded and even took several lives and destroyed
properties.
Knowledge of determining the capacity of the main circuit breaker and size of wire are
required to prevent electrical accidents. More often the need to refer from appropriate handbooks
is necessary for knowing the correct sizes and capacity of electrical fixtures which from the fact
that certain individuals were not aware of the danger pond be installing additional electrical loads
in their houses or installing electrical wiring without any prepared electrical plans that were
designed, signed and sealed by a licensed professional electrical practitioner.
In the Philippines, preparation of electrical plan was one of the basic requirements for
any electrical wiring installations as mandated by RA 7920 or known as the New Electrical
Engineering Law. The details of the said electrical plans were also specified in Article 2 of the
Philippine Electrical Code (Part 1).
These electrical plans served as basis for cost of material estimates, a blueprint guide
during installation and safety precaution document before and during actual wiring installations.
Sophisticated software for electrical engineering applications particularly on electrical
plan preparation were made available in the international market but with a very high cost. An
alternative way was to use a simple excel format but it came with limited capacity in relation to
working on electrical load calculations, generating riser diagrams, determination of proper size
of wire, conduit, breaker, etc.
This technical paper was prepared with the aim of presenting computer-based software
entitled Electrical Load Calculator for Single Family Dwelling of Less than 50 Square Meters.
It also presents how the system generates an electrical layout plan having all the design aspects
for residential electrical installation such as computation and schedule of loads, riser diagram,
legend, size of feeder wire and rating of over current protection devices including wiring
inspection report similar to what TARELCO I requires.
The Research and Development cycle was employed in coming up with the computer-based
system. To realize its usefulness, an experts evaluation and validation of the system was
solicited. To assume of the legitimacy of the Registered Professional Engineer was sought.
The following presented the summary of the findings on the development of the proposed
system based on the ratings given by the users:
1. The system performs the computations automatically and shows summary of results
including the riser diagram. It has also the capability of saving, editing opening, and
printing of results.
2. The result of the study was found relevant and useful to the electrical engineering
profession.
3. The system has the capability to allow users to revise and retrieve data stored.

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4. The system can do accurate computations.
5. Symbols for electrical fixtures are provided, making the system user friendly.
The report shows that the system performs excellent for low cost houses single dwelling
up 50 square meter floor area generating results, including saving, opening and editing. As
reflected in the Evaluation of Experts.
Based on the findings and conclusions of the study, the following recommendations are
offered:
1. Upgrading of the developed program for industrial applications.
2. A system should be developed to have it available in handheld device or integrate it
in mobile phones as an added feature to make it more available and handy.
3. The developed system is bound for small dwelling buildings only.

System Requirements
Before installing EWIR, make sure your system meets EWIR hardware requirements.


Hardware
Desktop Computers
Windows XP or Vista
Microsoft Office with Microsoft Access 2000
Pentium 4 or Higher
1 GHz or later
256MB
20 MB Disk space
CD-ROM Drive

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The EWIS Environment
Main Window
Its the first window to open when you run the program.

Parts of the Main Window


1. New Applicant Button
2. Save Button
3. Edit Button
4. Open Buttons
5. Settings Button
6. Close Button
5
2
1
3 4
6

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New Applicant/Edit Window
This window is used for new application or to edit existing applicants data.
To open as new application, click the New Applicant Button
For editing, (this option is only enabled when there is already existing data from the main
window), click the Edit Button

Parts of New Applicant/Edit Window

1. First Name Box
2. Last Name Box
3. Address Box
4. middle Name Box
5. Type of Consumer Selection Box
6. Lighting Outlet Settings Box
7. Convenience Outlet Settings Box
8. Refrigerator Settings
9. Air Conditioning Unit Settings
10. Other Load Settings
11. Type of Protection Selection Box
12. Main Wire Type Selection Box
13. Done Button
14. Cancel Button
4
1
2
3
6
8
9
10
11
5
7
12
14 13

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Open Window
This window is used for opening existing applicants from the database of the program.

To open the Open Window; click the Open button from the main window

Parts of Open Window


1. Search Option Box
2. Search Box
3. Search Button
4. Remove Button
5. Open Button
6. Cancel Button
7. Refresh Button
8. Preview Window
1
8
6
5 4 3
2
7

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Settings Window
This window is used to customize the settings of the form that will be printed out. You can
change the company logo, company name, name of the inspector etc

To open the Settings Window click the Settings button from the main window.

Parts of Settings Window



1. Company Name Box
2. Company Branch Box
3. Company Address Box
4. House Wiring Inspector Name Box
5. Electrician Name Box
6. Electrician BE Number Box
7. In-Charge of Installation Name Box
8. In-Charge PRC Number Box
9. In-Charge PTR Number Box
10. PEE Name Box
11. PEE PRC Number Box
12. PEE PTR Number Box
1
2
6
3
4
5
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

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13. Company Logo Preview
14. Company Logo Button
15. Save Button
16. Cancel Button

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Logo Browser Window
This window is used to customize the settings of the form that will be printed out. You can
change the company logo, company name, name of the inspector etc

To open the Settings Window click the Settings button from the main window.

Parts of Settings Window




1. Address Bar
2. Directories Box
3. Drive Box
4. File Box
5. Use Image Button
6. Cancel Button
7. Picture Preview Box

1
2
3
4 5
6
7

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Desktop Features
The desktop interface


Main Window

This window is the main window where the user can start by selecting the New Applicant
button and input the applicants data or open existing data.


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New Applicant/Edit Window
By selecting the new applicant or open button this window will open. In this window the user
can input or edit applicants data.


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Table View

Riser Diagram View
Result View Window
After inputting or editing the applicants data result window will appear, you can toggle your
view in this window in table or riser diagram view.


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Settings Window

The Settings Window is used to customize settings of print output of the program. In this
window the user can change the name of the company, name of the electrician, etc. and even the
company logo.


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Printing Reports

The EWIR printing reports includes two print output, layout was based on the form of
TARELCO 1 it includes Applicant Information, Table Result and Riser Diagrams.

First page


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Second Page

Evaluation of Experts on the Software
Software Evaluation Criteria
Averag
e
Descriptive
Rating
Verbal
Interpretatio
n
1. Relevance and usefulness (Composite Mean: 4.64)
1.1 Highly suitable for electrical
engineering practice
4.8
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.2 Can be contribute to make design
easier
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.3 Highly recommended for distribution
utilities
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.4 Can make the process of application
for electric service faster
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.5 Relevance to the need of customers 4.6 Very Acceptable

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Satisfactory
2. Efficiency of the software in (Composite Mean: 4.56)
1.6 Making copies/replication of plan
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.7 Making revisions of plan
4.4
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.8 Processing data to obtain printed
output
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.9 Making backup copies in case of
corrupt files
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.10 Displaying graphic images
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
3. Accuracy of computations (Composite Mean: 4.56)
1.11 Values agree with the PEC
Standard
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.12 Dimensions are accurate in terms
of margin, symbols used and text.
4.4
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.13 Size of wire and conduit sizes are
match properly
4.8
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
4. User-friendliness (Composite Mean: 4.6)
1.14 Can be learned by first time user
in minimal time
4.4
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.15 Gives comfort and enjoyable
4.6
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
1.16 Suited to every age of electrical
practitioners
4.8
Very
Satisfactory
Acceptable
Table 1


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BIBLIOGRAPHY
PEC 1 Philippine Electrical Code 2000, IIEE Philippines
Walance Wang, Visual Basic for Dummies, IDG Books worldwide Inc.
Jeremy Crawford, Visual Basic 6.0 Complete, SYBEX Inc.
Dumalag, Marilyn D., Menor, Annabelle A., A Computerized Electrical Power System Design
for Low Cost Houses. Undergrad Thesis, Tarlac State University
Richelle S. Banting, Shirley S. Dela Cruz, Custer T. Ochava, A Prototype Computer Integrated
Control System, Unpublished Thesis College of Computer Studies of Tarlac State University
http://imet.csus.edu/imet1/denyer/mhs_denyer/index.htm
http://www.vabuk.com/ebooks/philippine-electrical-code-pec-1.html