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API Clause no.

Type of Defect
Parameter Individual
9.3.1 Inadequate Penetration without Hi- Low (IP) Length 25mm
9.3.2 Inadequate Penetration due to Hi- Low (IPD) Length 50mm
9.3.3 Inadequate Cross Penetration (ICP) Length 50mm
9.3.4 Incomplete Fusion (IF) Length 25mm
9.3.5 Incomplete Fusion (IF) due to Cold Lap (IFD) Length 50mm
9.3.6 Internal Concavity (IC) Density
9.3.7.2 Burn Through (BT) 6mm
Thinner WT
9.3.8.2 Elongated Slag Inclusion (ESI) Length 50mm
Width 1.6mm
9.3.8.2 Isolated Slag Inclusion (ISI) Length
Width
Nos.
ESI + ISI Length
9.3.9.2 Porosity (P) 3mm
25% of TWT
9.3.9.3 Cluster Porosity (CP) Dia. 2mm
Length
9.3.9.4 Hollow Bead (HB) Length 13.0mm
9.3.10 Crack Size
9.3.11 Undercut - External/ Internal (EU/IU) Length
9.3.12 Accumulation of Imperfections Length
Individual 6mm & separated by less than 50mm
Crack Shall be consider a defect should any of following condition exists
The crack , of any size or location in the weld , is not a shallow crack or star crack
The crack is a shallow cratewr crack or star crack with length that exceeds 5/32 in. (4mm)
Not Allowed at all -as per EWPL -505
As per 20th Edition
Dia.
Dia. & Density
Density of IC exceed that of the thinnest adjacent parent material then 9.3.7.2 will follow
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA OF RADIOGRAPHY TESTING
Aggregate
25mm in 300mm of continuous weld OR 8% of weld length in any weld less than 300mm in length
75mm in 300mm of continuous weld
50mm in 300mm of continuous weld
25mm in 300mm of continuous weld OR 8% of weld length in any weld less than 300mm in length
50mm in 300mm of continuous weld OR 8% of weld length in any weld less than 300mm in length
Density exceeds that of the thinnest adjacent parent material
Sum of max dimensions of separate BTs 13mm in any continuous 300mm of weld, whose density exceeds that of the thinnest adjacent parent material.
50mm in continuous 300mm of weld
13.0mm in continuous 300mm of weld
3.0 mm
4 Nos. with max. width 3mm in continuous 300mm of weld length
8% of the total weld length
TWT = Thinnest Wall Thickness
Dia. Of Cluster 13mm
13.0mm in continuous 300mm of weld
50mm in continuous 300mm of weld
OR 8% of the weld length
50mm in continuous 300mm of weld OR 1/6 of the weld length
50mm in continuous 300mm of weld OR 1/6 of the weld length
Individual 6mm & separated by less than 50mm
Crack Shall be consider a defect should any of following condition exists
The crack , of any size or location in the weld , is not a shallow crack or star crack
The crack is a shallow cratewr crack or star crack with length that exceeds 5/32 in. (4mm)
Not Allowed at all -as per EWPL -505
As per 20th Edition
Density of IC exceed that of the thinnest adjacent parent material then 9.3.7.2 will follow
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA OF RADIOGRAPHY TESTING
Sum of max dimensions of separate BTs 13mm in any continuous 300mm of weld, whose density exceeds that of the thinnest adjacent parent material.