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VISION

Excellence in research and development on environment and natural resources.

MISSION
To provide relevant technology and information through research towards sustainability
and enhanced productivity of the natural resources and protection of the environment for
the improvement of the quality of life of the Filipino people.

PROFILE
The Ecosystems Research and
Development Bureau (ERDB)
is the principal research and
development (R & D) agency of
the Department of Environment
and Natural Resources (DENR).
Its R & D and extension activities
are focused on the five major
ecosystems of the Philippines
which include forests, upland
farms, grassland and degraded
areas, coastal zone and
freshwater, and urban areas.
The ERDB was created in June
1987 under Executive Order
(EO) 192 that merged the
functions of the former Forest
Research Institute (FORI)
and the National Mangrove
Committee. Its headquarters
is located at the University
of the Philippines Los Baos,
College of Forestry and Natural
Resources (UPLB-CFNR) campus
in the municipality of Los Baos,
province of Laguna, Philippines
about 65 km south of Manila.

MANDATES/FUNCTIONS:
Formulates and recommends
integrated research programs relating
to Philippine ecosystems and natural
resources;
Assists the DENR Secretary in
determining a system of priorities
for the allocation of resources to
various technological programs of the
Department;
Generates technologies and provides
scientific assistance in the R & D of
technologies relevant to sustainable
use of Philippine ecosystems and
natural resources;

Provides technical assistance in the


implementation and monitoring of
research programs;
Coordinates all technological resources
undertaken by all regional research
offices of the DENR; and
Assesses and translates all
recommendable findings into
understandable language and
presentation and disseminates these
findings to all users and clientele.

2009
ERDB

CONTENTS
Message
Executive Summary
List of Acronyms

5
7
15

Research, Development, and


Extension Programs and Projects

17

Regularly Funded RDE Programs


and Projects

17

Regularly Funded and


Other Priority RDE Projects
Externally Funded RDE Projects

Technology Transfer Programs


General Administration
and Support Services
Support to Operations
Gender and Development
Annexes
Annex 1. Watersheds assessed from 2007-2009
Annex 2. Watersheds currently in various stages of vulnerability assessment

Annex 3. Carrying capacity (CARCAP) of selected protected


areas for ecotourism and CBFM sites (December 2009)

Annex 4. Verified and assessed seed sources in ten (10) regions


ERDB Annual Report 2009

27
37
47
55
59
65
66
67
68
69
71

73
73
74
75
76
78
81
82
82

CONTENTS
Annex 5. Validated sites of selected species among the regions
Annex 6. Plant species assessed for effects of acid deposition

in urban Metro Manila
Annex 7. Trainings conducted on charcoal briquetting
Annex 8. Charcoal briquetting equipment fabricated and distributed to different

offices
Annex 9. Lectures conducted by ERDB technical staff
Annex 10. ERDBs linkages with other institutions
Annex 11. ERDB Monthly Technical Seminar Series conducted for CY 2009
Annex 12. ERDS ongoing RDE Programs/Projects for CY 2009
Annex 13. Summary of ERDS RDE programs/projects presented
during in-house Review

MESSAGE
We can do so much in
ecosystems RDE.
Providing scientific solutions to
problems on ecosystems and natural
resources, ERDB stands true to its
mission of conducting research and
producing technologies that will
narrow the gap between generation
and application.
ERDB is proud to report that for
2009, we were able to implement
forty-nine (49) RDE programs/
projects, broken down into eleven (11)
banner programs and thirty-eight (38)
other priority RDE projects. These
undertakings were made possible
through our collaborative efforts
with the Ecosystems Research and
Development Services (ERDS).
Our banner programs also served as
channels in responding to the growing
global issues of climate change.
To make research more meaningful,
ERDB built bridges between
researchers and end-users through
the use of various communication
media such as print and audio-visual.
Partnerships were pursued with
various agencies to venture into
new projects that can create bigger
impacts. Along with ERDBs RDE
systems and procedures in general
administration, ERDBs planning,
project monitoring and reporting,
including the repair and reconstruction

of office premises and general


housekeeping were carried out.
All of the accomplishments we reaped in
Year 2009 could be accounted from the
hard-working personnel and innovative
minds in the Bureau.
We would like to acknowledge the
contributions of our partners in sixteen
(16) regional ERDS offices. We also
acknowledge our project funders and
the DENR bureaus and attached
agencies for the fruitful collaborative
undertakings. Also, we wish to cite our
clients and end-users who utilized our
research information and technology.
They provide inspiration because their
utilization of our outputs give greater
value to what we accomplish. Our
research outputs and technology would
be useless without people who believe
and support the utilization of ENR
information.
As another new year starts for ERDB,
we hope that the lessons learned,
issues settled and problems answered
in 2009 will serve as an impetus for
us to aspire for a better tomorrow. To
end, I am posing a challenge to every
ERDB personnel to work harder so that
we can continue to strive for greater
achievements and better public services.

ADELUISA G. SIAPNO, Ph.D., CESO II


Director

ERDB Annual Report 2009

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

orty-nine (49) RDE programs/


projects were implemented
during the year, which included
eleven (11) banner programs and
thirty-eight (38) other priority RDE
projects. Eighteen (18) of the other
priority RDE projects were externallyfunded and the rest were ERDBfunded.

Regularly-funded RDE Programs


and Projects
1. Vulnerability assessment of
priority watersheds in the
Philippines (BP1)
Technical assistance were provided
in implementing twenty-three
(23) new vulnerability assessment
(VA) projects. Evaluation of fifteen
(15) VA reports were completed
and a technical symposium cum
workshop was held from 23-26
November 2009 in Bohol province
where experiences in project
implementation served as inputs in
the refinement of the VA guidelines.
2. Determination of carrying
capacity for various areas/
sites for resource conservation,
ecotourism, and sustainable
development (BP 2)
Twenty-six (26) terminal reports
were assessed out of twentyeight (28) completed CARCAP
projects conducted in nineteen
(19) protected areas and nine
(9) Community-Based Forest
Management (CBFM) sites. The
assessment of ecological carrying
capacity of seven (7) freshwater
lakes was in various stages of
implementation.

The rehabilitation plans for ten


(10) sites was completed and six
(6) pilot demonstration areas were
established.

4. Development of strategies for the


production of quality planting
materials (BP 4)
Out of the seventeen (17)
protocols for the production of
quality planting materials targeted,
eleven (11) were 75% complete,
while the protocols for the six (6)
species were continuously worked
on.
5. Determination of appropriate
extension strategies to facilitate
adoption of ENR technologies
(BP 5)
The guidelines on ENR technology
assessment, selection of site
and clientele, and the analysis of
extension strategies for selected
technologies were applied by five
(5) pilot regions. The results of
project implementation are being
gathered for the preparation of
project completion report.
6. Adaptation strategies to climate
change impacts on the upland and
coastal ecosystems (BP 6)
Activities on the documentation
and policy review of adaptation
strategies to climate change
impacts on the upland and coastal
ecosystems were implemented in
four (4) regions.

BP1

BP2

BP3

BP4

BP5

7. Mitigation strategies and measures


on climate change (BP 7)
Mitigation strategies and
environmental initiatives were
documented in seven (7) regions.

3. Rehabilitation and ecological


restoration of degraded and
marginal landscapes and
seascapes (BP 3)

BP6

ERDB Annual Report 2009

BP7

8. Survey, inventory, and


documentation of selected biofuel
species (BP 8)
The Bureau, in coordination with
the regional ERDS, documented
the growth potentials of ten (10)
biofuel species and the location
of determined species as sources
of seeds and propagules for GIS
mapping.
9. Developing ecotourism strategies
for biodiversity conservation and
livelihood opportunities (BP 9)
Initial data gathering and analysis
were conducted. An ecotourism
management plan was drafted for
Region 7, while an architectural
plan for the Los Baos Experiment
Station (LBES) was completed.

BP8

BP9

BP10

BP11

10. Carbon stock, biomass, and


volume assessment of forest
plantations in the Philippines (BP
10)
Provincial, regional, and national
databases of volume and
biomass for bagras (Eucalyptus
deglupta), falcata (Paraserianthes
falcataria), mahogany (Swietenia
macrophylla), mangium (Acacia
mangium), and yemane (Gmelina
arborea) were developed. GIS
mapping of the plantations
surveyed was done.
11. Promoting biosafety and
biosecurity emphasizing on
environmental risk/impact
assessment of Genetically
Modified Organisms (GMOs) and
Potentially Harmful Exotic Species
(PHES) (BP 11)
Standardization of procedures
on biosafety and biosecurity
measures emphasizing on
environmental risk/impact
assessment of geneticallymodified organisms (GMOs)
and potentially harmful exotic
species (PHES) were conducted to
capacitate ERDB staff and regional
implementors.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Regularly Funded and Other


Priority RDE Projects
1. Development of Pest Surveillance
System for Forest Invasive Species
in the Philippines
Two draft policies were prepared:
1) DENR Administrative
Order: Guidelines on Pest and
Disease/ Forest Invasive Species
Surveillance, Monitoring and
Reporting System for Forest
Plantation and Agroforestry; and
2) DENR-DA Joint Administrative
Order: Rules and Regulations
Governing the Quarantine of
Important Logs, Lumber, and Other
Forest Products.
2. Determination of Possible
Management Options for Selected
Government Reforestation
Projects
Volume tables for plantation
species were prepared for possible
management options in selected
government reforestation projects.
3. Development of Guidelines and
Criteria for Successful Earthballing,
Transporting, and Transplanting of
Live Trees
A policy draft was prepared for
the earthballing, transporting, and
transplanting of live trees.
4. Production of Malunggay
(Moringa oleifera) Seedlings Using
Tissue Culture Techniques
Developed a protocol for mass
production of malunggay using
tissue culture.
5. Socio-Economic and Policy
Assessment of Foreshore Areas in
the Philippines
Extensive literature review on
foreshore areas was conducted to
identify the gaps and issues that
will serve as the main agenda for a
stakeholders forum in 2010.

6. Ecological Analysis of the Lamao


Forest Reserve as Ecotourism Site
for Biodiversity Conservation in
Bataan, Philippines
Data gathering for the biological
and social component within the
Lamao Forest Reserve in Limay
and Mariveles, Bataan was carried
out.
7. Generation of Appropriate
Technologies for Jatrophabased Agroforestry Schemes for
Uplands
Two (2) studies were conducted:
1) Effect of soil amelioration and
cropping combination on the
growth and yield of Jatropha and
selected intercropped species,
and 2) Cost and return analysis
of Jatropha-based plantation
intercropped with high value
crops and other biofuel producing
species.
8. Genetic Evaluation of Forest Trees
and Non-Wood Forest Species
Routine laboratory procedures
for determining genetic variation
among populations of palasan,
limuran, tagiktik, and benguet pine
were made and the preliminary
results were presented in
international and local symposia.
9. Acid Deposition: Adverse Impacts
on Plants and Soils in HeavilyPolluted Zones of Metro Manila
Seventy-eight (78) plant species
were analyzed from seventy-six
(76) sites in twenty-two (22)
cities and municipalities for acid
deposition study.

11. Production of Alternative Fuel and


Stove for Domestic Use in Urban
Areas
Five (5) stove prototypes were
studied for fuel efficiency and
a fast carbonizer was designed
under the Charcoal Briquetting
Technology (CBT).
12. Bio-ecological Characterization of
Migratory Waterbirds at Urban
and Peri-urban Wetlands in
Relation to Climate Change
A draft policy that will institutionalize
bird migration researches was
prepared.
13. Mangrove-Friendly Nipa
Aquaculture System as an
Alternative Livelihood Option
Preliminary reconnaissance
survey, site assessment and
characterization in collaboration
with the Aurora State College of
Technology (ASCOT) and the LGU
of Baler, Aurora for mangrovefriendly aquaculture system were
conducted.
14. Community-Based Butterfly
Farming at the Los Baos
Experiment Station (LBES) Mt.
Makiling Forest Reserve
Maintained the butterfly farming
area as a demonstration facility
for community-based livelihood
option.
15. Methods/Schemes in the
Propagation of Malunggay
The terminal report of the project
is under preparation.

10. Rationalization on the Disposition


of Pasture and Grazing Lands in
the Philippines
An assessment instrument
was formulated and pretested
for grazing and pasture land
assessment.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Externally Funded RDE Projects


1. Determination of Growth,
Structure, and Composition of
Third-Growth Dipterocarp Forest
in Areas Under Active TLA/IFMA
The volume and basal area
tables and prediction tables
were produced to determine
the growth, structure, and
composition of third growth
dipterocarp forest in selected
timber license agreement (TLA)
areas.
2. ERDB S&T Interventions on
the Nursery Establishment and
Propagation of Commercial and
Ornamental Bamboo Species
The project constructed five
(5) nurseries which produced
quality planting stocks of different
commercial and ornamental
bamboo species, using or applying
different S & T interventions in five
(5) sites.
3. Development and Management
of Pilot Bamboo Plantation in
Lumban, Laguna
Established pilot bamboo
plantations to serve as
demonstration areas for the
application of technologies in
bamboo clump development and
management.
4. Silvicultural Management
Practices for the Sustained
Production of Quality Rattan
for the Furniture and Handicraft
Industries
A study on the silvicultural
management practices of rattan
was conducted and robust growth
of canes was observed.

10

ERDB Annual Report 2009

5. Malapapaya-Agroforestry
Production Technology for Coconut
Farms
Several agroforestry systems were
tested: a) malapapaya-coconut,
b) malapapaya-coconut-pineapple,
c) malapapaya-coconut-banana,
and d) malapapaya-coconutpapaya.
6. Financial Analysis of MalapapayaCoconut Agroforestry Systems
Documentation and data gathering
were conducted on malapapaya
under coconut agroforestry
systems.
7. The Philippine Independence Park
cum Ecotourism and Mangrove
Rehabilitation Project: A Scoping
Study
The Bureau gained significant
experiences in planning and
designing development plans for
ecotourism sites under two (2)
related projects.
8. Comprehensive Diagnostic
Assessment to Enhance Ecotourism
in Barangay Kinabuhayan and
Taytay in Mt. Banahaw-San
Cristobal Protected Landscape
The project accomplished a
compendium of ecotourism-related
legislations, policies and regulatory
framework and drafted policies
or legislation on ecotourism
development.

9. Community Vulnerability
Assessment to Environmental
Changes in the Watershed of Sta.
Maria, Laguna
Vulnerability assessment was
conducted in twenty-five (25)
barangays of the area. Results
of the study revealed that the
extent of off-site communities
susceptible to flooding and
flashflood was moderate to very
high while on-site communities in
upstream areas were highly to very
highly susceptible to rain-induced
landslide.
10. Ecosystems Approach in the
Assessment of the Impacts of
Herbicide Tolerant Corn on Wild
Biodiversity in Corn Production
Systems in Luzon, Philippines
(ERDB-PBS-BBI)
A project on herbicide tolerant
corn farming system completed its
data gathering on the vegetation,
avifauna, above ground arthropod
and physical environment
components. Data analysis is
ongoing.
11. Demonstration and Application
of Production and Utilization
Technologies for Rattan
Sustainable Development in the
ASEAN Member Countries
For 2009, 216.5 hectares of rattan
pilot demonstration areas in
Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR,
Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand,
and Vietnam were established.
A training on rattan production
and utilization technologies was
conducted in Myanmar.

12. Research Investigation on the


Bioecology and Sustainable
Use of the Janitor Fish
(Pteregoplichthys sp.) in Laguna
Bay
The LLDA-funded project on
bioecology and sustainable use of
the janitor fish (Pteregoplichthys
sp.) in Laguna Bay looked at the
distribution, growth pattern,
and reproduction of the species.
Damages and possible control
measures were also studied.
13. Ecology and Stand Dynamics of
Kandelia candel (L.) Druce
The ecology and stand dynamics
of Kandelia candel (L.) Druce
project generated biological
and ecological data sets in the
Philippines for genetic protection
and preservation.
14. Biodiversity Assessment of Pasig
River and its Tributaries - Phase
One
The first phase of biodiversity
assessment of Pasig River indicated
that the river was not biologically
dead. The projects second phase
was approved for funding and will
focus on biodiversity assessment
and generation of bioremediation
strategies for the four (4) major
tributaries and selected esteros of
the river.
15. Mass Production of Jatropha
curcas through Tissue Culture
The Bureau conducted research
on developing a protocol for mass
production of Jatropha curcas
through tissue culture.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

11

16. Tree Domestication Strategies


Using Indigenous Mycorrhizal
Application
Three (3) mycorrhizal isolates were
applied to ten (10) indigenous tree
species.
17. Rehabilitation Strategies and
Ecotourism Development of
Mine Tailing Areas in Bagacay,
Hinabangan, Western Samar
Ecological succession strategy,
rapid biophysical assessment,
introduction of possible
rehabilitation strategies, rapid
resource assessment, and
socio-demographic survey were
conducted.
Management Innovations
Side by side with research
undertakings, 2009 has been a year
for management innovations at ERDB
with the aim of providing better
service delivery and improved RDE
implementation.
1. Document preparation and paper
trails were systematized.
2. The use of ATM cards for salaries
was institutionalized, saving
resources, time and effort.
3. Allocation of office space was
optimized.
4. A researchers and visitors lounge
and worship room were set-up.
5. The ERDB Director introduced
improvements on general
housekeeping of the ERDB
building, office rooms, and the
natural illumination of corridors to
save electricity by replacing wood
doors with glass.

12

ERDB Annual Report 2009

6. The Bureau improved the Special


Projects Area and the guest house.
7. Provided access to drinking water
through the installation of water
dispensers.
8. Weekly senior staff meetings were
held to maintain transparency and
keep the ERDB personnel abreast
with various developments.
9. The compilation of abstracts of
completed researches from 1978
to 2007 was transmitted to the
Undersecretary for Staff Bureaus
and other sectoral bureaus of the
Department of Environment and
Natural Resources (DENR) for their
information and reference.
10. Preparation and submission of
division consolidated work and
financial plan, physical and monthly
reports, substantial travel report
and the removal of the Study were
systematized and Fund Schedule
document was adopted.
11. ERDB developed four (4) webbased information systems: ENR
RDE Information System (ERDIS),
the Technology Generated
Information System (ETGIS), the
Library Resources Information
System (LRIS), and the Document
Tracking System (DTS).

Technology Transfer
Alongside its Banner Program 5
(Extension Strategies), the ERDB was
engaged in the production of RDE
materials and other Information,
Education, and Communication (IEC)
activities to ensure that clients and
potential users needs are served:
1. 700 copies of Vol. 17, Nos. 1 &
2 issues of Sylvatrop Technical
Journal of Ecosystems and Natural
Resources
2. 2000 copies of Volume 34, nos.
1-6, 2008 (combined issues) of
Canopy International
3. 3 issues of Research Information
Series on Ecosystems (RISE)
4. 200 copies of Volume 3, Nos.
1, 2, 3, 4 Series of 2009 ERDB
Newsletter
5. 2000 copies of ERDB information
brochure and pocket folder
6. Nine (9) media releases which
were submitted to national
newspapers; six (6) news articles
on ERDB R and D projects were
published
7. ERDB participated in exhibits to
raise public awareness on ENR
RDE projects in environmental
occasions
8. Two brochures related to climate
change R and D were produced
and disseminated:
l Trees: Carbon Dioxide
Absorber and Carbon Storage
l Species-site Compatibility
Assessment Software for
Forest Trees
9. Production and distribution of GAD
IEC materials

10. Use of demonstration areas at


the Los Baos Experiment Station
(LBES) to showcase technologies
on:
l bamboo
l palms
l agroforestry
l butterfly
l bayuko
l medicinal plants
l ornamentals
l clonal propagation of tree
species.
Support to Operations
The monitoring and evaluation (M & E)
system for ongoing RDE programs and
projects was developed. Two hundred
ten (210) programs/projects (46
from ERDB and 164 from ERDS) were
evaluated during the agency in-house
reviews.
ERDB also collaborated with other
agencies as it spearheaded the
formulation of The National Research
and Development Priorities Plan
(NRDPP) for the environment and
natural resources (ENR) for 2010
2016.
For the years culminating activity,
the Director led the Bureau in paying

ERDB Annual Report 2009

13

tribute to two (2) outstanding former


officials of the Forest Research
Institute (FORI), now the Ecosystems
Research and Development Bureau
(ERDB). The awardees were Dr.
Filiberto S. Pollisco, for his outstanding
leadership as first FORI-ERDB Director
and for his pioneering works in
forestry research; and Dr. Rolando
L. Metin, FORIs first administrative
officer who became a DENR
Undersecretary and made outstanding
achievements in his career as a public
servant and environmentalist.
The Bureaus operations were made
possible through its human resources
comprised of 186 technical and 147
non-technical employees. To sustain
enhancement of manpower capability,
selected technical personnel attended
local and international trainings,
seminars and workshops on various
fields. The Bureau regularly conducted
a Monthly Technical Seminar Series
(MTSS) where completed studies
were presented and subjected to peer
reviews.
Finance and Administration
The Bureau operated on its
regular budget from the General
Appropriations amounting to Php
123,208,000.00 which was 36% higher
over FY 2008 budget.

14

ERDB Annual Report 2009

ASCOT

LIST OF ACRONYMS

Aurora State College of


Technology
BNP
Bicol National Park
CARCAP Carrying Capacity
CBFMP Community-Based Forest
Management
CBT
Charcoal Briquetting
Technology
CENRO Community Environment and
Natural Resources Office
CLUPS Comprehensive Land Use
Plans
DAP
Development Academy of the
Philippines
DFA
Department of Foreign Affairs
DOH
Department of Health
DOST
Department of Science and
Technology
DTI
Department of Trade and
Industry
DTS
Document Tracking System
EANET Monitoring Network in East
Asia
EMB
Environmental Management
Bureau
ENR
Environment and Natural
Resources
ERDB
Ecosystems Research and
Development Bureau
ERDIS
ENR RDE Information System
ERDS
Ecosystems Research and
Development Services
ERSL
Ecosystems Research and
Service Laboratories
ETGIS
ERDB Technology Generated
Information System
FCR
Fuel Consumption Rate
FLAs
Foreshore Lease Agreements
FLGLA Forest Land Grazing Lease
Agreement
FLGMA Forest Land Grazing
Management Agreement
FMB
Forest Management Bureau
FMS
Forest Management Sector
FORI
Forest Research Institute
FPRDI
Forest Products Research and
Development Institute
GADFPS Gender and Development
Focal Point System
GIS
Geographic Information
System
GMOs Genetically Modified
Organisms

GPS
IAA
IAS
IDC

Global Positioning System


Indole Acetic Acid
Internal Auditing System
Industries Development
Corporation
ITTO
International Tropical Timber
Organization
LAMB
Land Management Bureau
LAMP
Land Administration and
Management Project
LFR
Lamao Forest Reserve
LGUs
Local Government Unit
LLDA
Laguna Lake Development
Authority
LRIS
Library Resources Information
System
MANCON Management Conference
MGB
Mines and Geosciences
Bureau
MH
Merchantable height
MOA
Memoranda of Agreements
MRF
Material Recovery Facilty
NAA
Naphthalene Acetic Acid
NAMRIA National Mapping and
Resources Information
Authority
NPC
National Power Corporation
NRDPP National Research and
Development Priorities Plan
OIWS
Olango Island Wildlife
Sanctuary
PAMB
Protected Area Management
Bureau
PASu
Protected Area
Superintendent
PCARRD Philippine Council for
Agriculture, Forestry, and
Natural Resources Research
and Development
PCCRD Presidential Coordinating
Council to R and D
PDED
Planning, Development and
Evaluation Division
PENRO Provincial Environment and
Natural Resources Office/r
PHES
Potentially Harmful Exotic
Species
PMISU Planning and Management
Information Services Unit
PRRA
Participatory Rapid Rural
Appraisal
PRRC
Pasig River Rehabilitation
Council

ERDB Annual Report 2009

15

PSP

Permanent
Sampling Plots
RTD
Regional Technical
Directors
SBMA
Subic Bay
Metropolitan
Authority
SPA
Special Projects
Area
SUDECOR Surigao
Development
Corporation
TE
Thermal Efficiency
TH
total height
UDP
Upland
Development
Program
TINMR Taklong Island
National Marine
Sanctuary

Taytay falls, main attraction in the ecotourism site in Majayjay, Laguna.

Research, Development, and


Extension Programs and Projects
F

or CY 2009,
Table 1. ERDB RDE Programs and Projects, CY 2009.
the ERDB
coordinated and
ERDB Funded Project
implemented a total
Ecosystem
Banner Other R&D Related RDE
of forty-nine (49) RDE
programs and projects

Program Projects
Activities
which included eleven

(11) banner programs
Forest
2
6
and thirty-eight (38)
other priority RDE
Coastal
2
3
projects and studies
Grassland
3
3
(Table 1). Six (6) out
Upland
3
3
of the forty-nine (49)
RDE programs/projects
Techno Transfer 1
5
were completed during
Total
11
15
5
the year. The banner
programs and twenty
(20) other priority
The accomplishments of the different
projects and activities were regularly
banner programs are presented as
funded by ERDB while eighteen (18)
follows:
were funded by external sources. A
number of RDE programs and projects
Banner Program 1
address the concerns on climate
Vulnerability assessment of
change.
priority watersheds in the
Philippines

Regularly-Funded
RDE Programs and
Projects

The Bureau, in collaboration with the


sixteen (16) Ecosystems Research
and Development Services (ERDS),
implemented 11 banner programs
during the year. Six (6) programs
started during the 2nd quarter of
2009.

Vulnerability assessment (VA) of


priority watersheds in the country
are vital inputs in developing
Integrated Watershed Management
Plans. Comprehensive VA reports
are packaged and presented to
concerned Local Government
Units (LGUs) to formulate local
ordinances and resolutions. These
are also useful in the formulation of
their Comprehensive Land Use Plans
(CLUPs).

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Externally
Funded
Project

Total
R&D

4
3
5
5
1

12
8
11
11
7

18

49

A massive landslide caused by the


continued road construction in Cabalisian
sub-watershed, a portion of the lower
Agno River.

17

Mt. Apo National Park, a protected landscape in Region 11.

For this year, the Bureau


provided technical
assistance to regional ERDS
to implement projects in
twenty-three (23) new
watersheds where thirteen
(13) have counterpart funds
from ERDB. Fifteen (15)
completed vulnerability
assessment reports from
Regions 1, 4B, 5, 6, 7, 8,
10, 11, 12, and NCR were
evaluated by the Bureau and
comments on these were
forwarded to concerned
regions for appropriate
action.
To further capacitate the
regional project teams, a
five-day national training
workshop on GIS Application
using Manifold was held in
Los Baos, Laguna on 30
March to 3 April with thirtynine (39) participants. A
technical symposium cum
workshop on vulnerability
assessment of watersheds
was also attended by twelve
(12) DENR field offices on
23-26 November 2009 in
Bohol. The activity enhanced
the technical capability of the
participants in implementing
the program, and in
reviewing and refining the VA
guidelines.
From CY 2007 to 2009, the
program has already assessed
thirty-five (35) watersheds
(Annex 1) while thirty (30)

Sea wall of the Boracay Island, a CARCAP site.

watersheds are in various stages of


the vulnerability assessment process
(Annex 2).
Banner Program 2 Determination
of carrying capacity for various
areas/sites for resources
conservation, ecotourism, and
sustainable development
The Carrying Capacity (CARCAP)
Assessment of Community-Based
Forest Management (CBFMP) Sites,
an old CARCAP program, determined
the number of families that can
be productively and comfortably
accommodated in a CBFM area. On
the other hand, CARCAP Assessment
of Protected Areas (PAs) aims to
establish the number of visitors that
can be accommodated within the
ecotourism facilities of a PA.
As of December 2009, a total of
twenty-eight (28) sites were assessed.
The sites consist of nine (9) CBFMP
areas, nineteen (19) PAs and small
islands (Annex 3). Twenty-six (26)
of the twenty-eight (28) CARCAP
completed reports were evaluated
and integrated by ERDB.
From the results of the completed
projects, CARCAP models were
prepared, one each for PAs and small
islands and CBFM area. The results
will now serve as inputs in formulating
the national guideline for CARCAP
assessments.
In Boracay, the project on the physical
carrying capacity was started in April
2009 in collaboration with ERDSRegion 6. The project identified the

18

ERDB Annual Report 2009

optimal number of infrastructures and


used units that can be raised and built
in Boracay Island. From the secondary
data gathered and using Boullons
formula, the recorded existing area of
establishments covering 529.017 ha
was larger compared to the prescribed
area of 478.3742 ha. The computation
based on initial data sets revealed
that the physical carrying capacity
of Boracay Island was exceeded by
10.59% (50.6428 ha). This situation can
result in unpleasant living conditions
and a slow down of business
potentials.
Meanwhile, the new CARCAP program
determines the carrying capacity
of selected lakes for appropriate
development planning and sustainable
resource use. The program aims to:
1) identify the impacts of resource use
on the health of the lake ecosystem,
2) develop appropriate model, and
3) formulate guidelines on the
ecological carrying capacity of Laguna
Lake, Taal Lake, Sampaloc Lake, Paoay
Lake, Lake Buhi, Danao Lake, and Lake
Sebu.
Based on computations, the total
volume of fish in Taal, Laguna, and
Sampaloc Lake was estimated to be
29.37B m3, 2.3B m3, and 23.4M m3,
respectively. The number of fishes
in a 1 m3 cage can stock 300 fishes
weighing 500 g each. Given this, Taal
Lake can only contain a maximum
of 8.81T; Laguna Lake, 702B; and
Sampaloc Lake, 7.02B fishes.
The maximum volume of cages in
Taal Lake can occupy 633.26M m3,
while in Laguna and Sampaloc Lakes,
cages can occupy 2.34B m3 and 2.7M

An abandoned mine waste in Mogpog, Marinduque.

Banner Program 3 Rehabilitation


and ecological restoration
of degraded and marginal
landscapes and seascapes
Fish cages in Lake Sebu.

m3, respectively. The ideal carrying


capacity of Taal Lake was estimated
to be 190B fishes (2.16% of the
maximum number of fishes it can
contain). For Laguna Lake, 675B
fishes (96.15% of the maximum
number of fishes) and for Sampaloc
Lake, 811.2M fishes (11.56% of the
maximum number of fishes it can
contain) considering the absence of
limiting factors.
BP 2 is in collaboration with other
stakeholders such as DENRs FMB, EMB,
PAWCZMS, PAMB, and Planning Units
of LGUs, NGOs, and POs. The meetings
conducted resulted in achieving a
clear grasp of the objectives and
methodologies and identification of
roles between ERDB and ERDS on the
implementation of the program and
collaboration with state universities and
private funding agencies for technical
and financial support.
Note:
M - Million
B - Billion
T - Trillion

To verify the effectiveness of identified


scientifically-based and successful
rehabilitation strategies for mine
waste, degraded coastal areas, and
critical watersheds, the program was
conducted by seven (7) regions in the
country, including:
Region 4B (Consolidated Mining
Corp., Mogpog, Marinduque)
Region 6 (Maricalum Mining Co.,
Sipalay City, Negros Occ. and
Maasin Watershed)
CARAGA (Manila Mining Co.,
Placer, Surigao del Norte and
Caguyao, Bislig Bay, Surigao del
Sur)
Region 1 (Pudoc West, Tagudin
Ilocos Sur)
Region 7 (Sibonga, Cebu)
Region 2 (Diadi Watershed)
Region 11 (Paas Watershed).
The said regions were set as the
new targets in rehabilitating critical
watersheds.
The rehabilitation plan of a threehectare flat gold/copper mine waste
area in CARAGA and two-hectare
mine tailing area in Region 6 were
completed. Both regions have also
employed vegetative rehabilitation
using nitrogen-fixing tree species and
creeper species; use of mycorrhiza
as inoculants; liming and/or organic

ERDB Annual Report 2009

19

Spores of endomycorrhiza being


mass-produced in pure culture at
ERDB.

Newly completed rockwalls constructed


in Sibonga, Cebu at the coastal pilot
demonstration site.

Through this study, the compendium


for the six (6) damaged ecosystems
such as: 1) mining areas; 2) critical
and marginal watersheds; 3) urban
areas; 4) marginal grasslands;
(5) marginal uplands; and 6) coastal
areas were completed.

macrophylla), Narra (Pterocarpus


indicus), Pili (Canarium luzonica),
Tangal (Ceriops tagal), Teak (Tectona
grandis), Tindalo (Afzelia rhomboidea),
and Yemane (Gmelina arborea).

Onions used as trap plants in the


nursery.

fertilization; and soil media


amendments (ranges from 0.3
m3 to 1 m3 in various regions)
in planting holes.
For coastal rehabilitation,
bakawan babae and bakawan
lalake were planted in a onehectare pilot demonstration
area in CARAGA. Pototan
(Bruguiera gymnorrhiza),
Api-api (Avicennia marina),
Bitaog (Calophyllum
pentapetalum), Camachile
(Pithecellobium dulce), and
Bani (Polyscias cumingiana)
were planted in Region 1 while
Bakawan bato (Rhizophora
stylosa) and Bungalon
(Camptostemon philippinensis)
were planted in Region 7.
Three (3) trainings were
also conducted on Standard
Protocol for the Establishment
of Pilot Demonstration Area
for Critical Watersheds
in Maasin, Iloilo City,
Diadi, Nueva Vizcaya, and
Nabunturan, Compostela
Valley on 12-13 May, 1718 May, and 27-28 May
2009, respectively. The
training capacitated the
regional participants in the
standard protocols for site
selection, characterization,
establishment, and impact
assessment.
For 2009, the development of
rehabilitation plan for critical
watersheds and mine waste
area is 90% complete for
Regions 2, 6, 11, and 4B.

Banner Program 4 Development


of strategies for the production
of quality planting materials

This program sustained supply
of quality planting materials
for biodiversity conservation,
rehabilitation, and commercial
production. The strategies used
include identification, verification,
and assessment of existing and new
seed stands/sources; development
of propagation protocols; and
provenance/progeny testing of
indigenous forest tree species.
This year, seventeen (17) existing
and newly identified seed stands
in ten (10) regions were verified
and assessed (Annex 4). These
regions include Regions 3, 4B, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and CARAGA.
There were 629 observed plus
trees composed of twenty-four
(24) species such as: Akleng parang
(Albizia procera), Mangium (Acacia
mangium), Bitanghol (Calophyllum
obliquenervium), Dao (Dracontomelon
dao), Almon (Shorea almon), Bagtikan
(Parashorea malaanonan), Mayapis
(Shorea palosapis), Narig (Vatica
mangachapoi), Manggasinoro (Shorea
assamica), White Lauan (Shorea
contorta), Yakal (Shorea astylosa),
Tangile (Shorea polysperma), Falcata
(Paraserianthes falcataria), Ipil
(Intsia bijuga), Kamagong (Diospyros
discolor), Magtalisay (Palaquium
philippinense), Mahogany (Swietenia

20

ERDB Annual Report 2009

In developing the propagation


protocol, regional ERDS and ERDB
worked on seventeen (17) target
species such as: Akleng parang (Albizia
procera), Apitong (Dipterocarpus
grandiflorus), Ayangili (Acacia
confusa), Bagalunga (Melia azedarach),
Balinghasay (Buchanania arborescens),
Balitbitan (Cynometra ramiflora),
Bani (Polyscias cumingiana), Bantigi
(Pemphis acidula), Busain (Bruguiera
gymnorrhiza), Dao (Dracontomelon
dao), Kamagong (Diospyros discolor),
Libas (Garuga floribunda), Nato
(Palaquium luzoniense), Petroleum
Nut (Pittosporum resiniferum), Sangilo
(Pistachia chinensis), Tindalo (Afzelia
rhomboidea), and Yakal (Shorea
hopeiafolia).

Falcata seed source located in


Mandakpan, Butuan City.

(L) Manggasinoro and (R)White Lauan


plus trees in Maharlika, Bislig City,
Surigao del Sur.

Red lauan

Falcata

Development of the propagation


protocol for the eleven (11) species
is ongoing and 75% complete. The
different experiments on propagation
protocol may include one or
more trials on rooting of cuttings,
percent survival of potted wildlings,
marcotting, and seed germination. For
provenance/progeny trials, Regions 4A
(Narra), 7 (Molave) and 11 (Yemane)
performed continuous observation on
growth and development.
Determination of appropriate
extension strategies to facilitate
adoption of ENR technologies
(BP 5)

Almon

Manggasinoro

materials for Bamboo and Tiger grass;


4) farmers cross visit for Mamalis,
Tiger grass, and Pagatpat; 5) field
coaching applied by the Extension
Service Providers (ESP) of Region 8
on Tikog; 6) development of support
communication and production of
IEC materials harnessed by the ESP of
Region 11 on Pagatpat.
The Training for ESP for Effective
Service Delivery and Adoption of
ENR Technologies was conducted
on 23-25 June 2009. The activity was
participated by DENR-ERDS, PAWS,
PENRO, CENRO, and ERDB. It provided
knowledge, attitudes, and skills on
how to improve performance of tasks,

Narra

and mainstream gender


concerns in extension service.
Meanwhile, to serve as bases
in modifying and refining
the three (3) procedures,
the progress in applying the
procedures were closely
monitored in the five (5) pilot
regions. The generated data
and information in evaluating
the extension strategies
will be used as a technical
database for extension
undertakings of the Research
Sector and other DENR
offices.

BP 5 aims to strengthen the extension


service capacity of the Research Sector.
The program involves pilot testing of
the developed guidelines on:
a) technology assessment, b) selection
of site and clientele, and c) selection of
extension strategies.
Five (5) regions pilot tested the
above guidelines in the application
of technologies on: 1) Production of
Potted Bamboo Cuttings (Region 4A),
2) Tikog Production and Utilization
(Region 8), 3) Propagation of Mamalis
(Region 10), 4) Mass Propagation of
Pagatpat Through Seeds (Region 11),
and 5) Tiger Grass Production (CAR).
Various extension strategies were
employed in the pilot testing. These
include: 1) training/seminar with
hands-on activities to promote
Bamboo, Tikog, Pagatpat, Mamalis, and
Tiger grass technologies; 2) technology
demonstration for Bamboo, Tikog,
and Mamalis; 3) distribution of IEC

Participants in the Training on Propagation of Kawayan Tinik in Mamala I, Sariaya, Quezon


held on June 30, 2009.

Quote

Participants of the training for Extension Service Providers for Effective Service at ERDB,
College, Laguna on June 23-25, 2009.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

21

Reconnaissance survey of mangrove forests in Puerto Princesa, Palawan. (a) the old-growth mangrove forest in Brgy. Bahile and (b) the mangrove
plantation in Brgy. Macarascas.

Banner Program 6
Adaptation strategies to
climate change impacts
on the upland and coastal
ecosystems (BP 6)
The program aims to craft
and recommend adaptation
options on coastal protection,
retreat, and accommodation
strategies of coastal
communities vis--vis coastal
perturbations attributed to
climate change.
Nine (9) sites in four (4)
regions (Regions 3, 5, 8, and
11) were selected purposely
to monitor the impacts of
climate change. These sites
were: 1) Pontian, Baler,
Aurora; 2) Zabali, Baler,
Aurora; 3) Tres, Bacacay,
Albay; 4) Buang, Ligao,
Albay; 5) Amtic, Tabaco,
Albay; 6) Diamante, Prieto
Diaz, Sorsogon; 7) Urdaneta,
Lavezares, Samar; 8) Zone
1, Catarman, Samar; and
9) Lavigan, Gov. Generoso,
Davao Oriental. Collection
of field data and baseline
information, physical and
socio-economic profiling were
done to monitor the impacts
of climate change.
Results showed that the
respondents were aware of
the coastal perturbations
particularly the coastal
flooding that commonly occur
in their areas. In order to cope
with the situation brought by
climate change, respondents
plant mangroves and locate

their houses to safer grounds to avoid


the wrath of adverse environmental
conditions.
Banner Program 7 Mitigation
strategies and measures on
climate change
This banner program which started
in the second quarter of CY 2009
focuses on three (3) components. The
first component aims to document
and synthesize relevant regional
information, experiences, cultural
and indigenous practices, research
findings, and successful strategies
that mitigate the impacts of climate
change.
The second component focuses on
mitigation by increasing carbon storage
particularly on carbon sequestration
potential of mangrove tree species.
Meanwhile, the third component
examines the phytoremediation
potentials of selected plant species on
heavy metal contaminated soils along
urban and industrial riparian corridors.
To ensure the smooth implementation
of the projects activities, a levelling
off workshop was held last 12-13 May
2009. Thirteen (13) participants from
the seven (7) regions (Regions 3, 4A,
4B, NCR, 6, 7, and 8) were present.
The workshop established a common
understanding on the projects
direction and delineation of roles and
functions among the project staff and
regional focal persons.
For Component 1, data sources were
shortlisted and each region came
up with a profile enumerating their
measures and strategies in mitigating
climate change. Afterwards, the
Bureau analyzed and integrated the

22

ERDB Annual Report 2009

regional profiles.
For Component 2, site assessment and
selection of mangrove forests were
conducted. The Subic Bay Metropolitan
Authority (SBMA) mangrove forest in
Region 3, Barangays Macarascas and
Bahile, Puerto Princessa in Region
4B and two (2) sites in Pinamacdao,
Western Samar in Region 8 were
selected and assessed as project sites.
The criteria used in the site selection
were: proximity and accessibility;
aggregate size of not more than three
(3) hectares (either an old growth
natural stand or established ten year
or older plantation); and preferably an
inventoried stand. Computations for
initial carbon and biomass densities
were done based on the available data.
For Component 3, Regions 4A, 7, and
NCR have already selected and validated
experimental sites and planting
materials for the phytoremediation
study. Annex 5 shows the validated sites
and selected species among the regions.
In Region 4A, collected soil samples
were analyzed for heavy metals.
Analyses showed the presence of
arsenic, cadmium, and lead. NCR has
submitted the soil samples at MGB for
analysis while Region 7 will conduct the
soil analysis in the ensuing year.

Survey, inventory and


documentation of selected
biofuel species (BP 8)
This program aims to generate data
on selected biofuel species, package
the compendium, and produce a
map showing the species location
and distribution. It determined the
awareness of local communities on the
economic potentials of the species.
Ten (10) priority biofuel species were
identified and surveyed nationwide.
The ten (10) biofuel species include:
Botong (Barringtonia asiatica),
Kapok (Ceiba pentandra), Malunggay
(Moringa oleifera), Petroleum Nut
(Pittosporum resiniferum), Bitaog
(Calophyllum inophyllum), Kalumpang
(Sterculia foetida), Kalantas (Toona
calantas), Lumbang (Aleurites
moluccana), Bani (Pongamia
pinnata), and Bagilumbang (Reutealis
trisperma).
Developing ecotourism
strategies for biodiversity
conservation and livelihood
opportunities (BP 9)
BP 9 aims to formulate ecotourism
strategies and guidelines that will help
conserve biodiversity and provide
livelihood opportunities. The program
involves Taklong Island National
Marine Reserve (TINMR) in Regions
6, Olango Island Wildlife Sanctuary
(OIWS) in Region 7, and the Los Baos
Experiment Station (LBES) in ERDB as
the model sites.
Data gathering and initial analysis
were undertaken. Gender was also
mainstreamed in this program. Initial
results revealed that in all sites, the

Kalumpang, a plant included in the list of priority biofuel species.

communities
welcome
ecotourismrelated
development
projects as
source of
additional
income.
In Region 6,
focus group
discussion
(FGD) was
Petroleum nut, a plant included in the list of priority biofuel species.
conducted with
the residents of
Barangay San Roque, Nueva Valencia,
Guimaras. GPS mapping was also
undertaken along Taklong-Tandog
Island.
In Region 7, the ecotourism
management plan for Olango Island
Wildlife Sanctuary (OIWS) was initially
drafted for presentation to the
stakeholders. For LBES, designs of the
whole architectural plan including the
designs of facilities to be renovated
were completed. For this year, repairs
of administration building and tree hut
were started.

b
ERDB researchers meet with project
teams from Region 6 (a) and
Region 7 (b) for the leveling off
meeting.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

23

Carbon stock, biomass, and


volume assessment of forest
plantations in the
Philippines (BP 10)
The program which started in January
2009 determined the estimate of
carbon stocks of existing forest
plantations in the country that will
guide the government and wood
industries in their management and
decisions in addressing climate change.

It has the most amount of carbon


stored at 154,963 kg/ha.
The program also produced a draft of a
brochure titled Trees: Carbon Dioxide
Absorber and Carbon Storage as an
IEC material for dissemination.

A total of 334 plots of Bagras


(Eucalyptus deglupta), Falcata
(Paraserianthes falcataria), Mahogany
(Swietenia macrophylla), Mangium
(Acacia mangium), and Yemane
(Gmelina arborea) were
established in Regions 9,
10, 11, 12, and 13. Tree
measurements such as
diameter at breast height
(DBH), merchantable height
(MH), and total height (TH)
including basal diameter
(BD) were gathered for the
computation of carbon stock
and volume of the stands.
Provincial, regional, and
national databases for the
Measuring the diameter at breast height of Mangium.
five (5) species mentioned
above were developed.
Likewise, GIS mapping of the
plantations surveyed were
done to show the location
and distribution of the
plantations by species and
age.
Among the five (5)
plantation species studied,
mangium has the highest
fresh weight and oven dry
weight at 576,463 kg/ha and
313,880 kg/ha, respectively. Measuring the basal diameter of Mangium.

24

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Promoting biosafety and


biosecurity emphasizing on
environmental risk/impact
assessment of Genetically
Modified Organisms (GMOs)
and Potentially Harmful Exotic
Species (PHES)
The program builds capabilities,
standardizes procedures, and
provides scientific basis in the
environmental risk and impact
assessment of GMOs and PHES as
inputs to biosafety and biosecurity
regulations.
Implemented in May 2009, the
program conducted two (2)
training events on Biosafety and
Biosecurity Approaches in Relation
to the Release of Genetically
Modified Organisms (GMOs) and
Introduction of Potentially Harmful
Exotic Species (PHES). The training
for the Luzon Group was convened
at the ERDB, Los Baos, Laguna
on 17-20 August 2009 while the
Visayas-Mindanao Group training
was conducted in Cagayan De Oro

Field Practicum of BP 11 Training Participants at Monsanto Demo Farm, Opol, Misamis


Oriental (Region X).

City on 7-10 September 2009. There


were 100 participants in both trainings.
ERDB also conducted a training
on Capability Building of DENR
Biosafety Unit on Environmental Risk
Assessment and Post-Commercial
Monitoring of GMOs last 16-18

Biosafety and Biosecurity Training for DENR Staff - Luzon Group.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

25

November 2009 at the


Protected Areas and Wildlife
Bureau (PAWB), Quezon City.
The training oriented the focal
persons on the environmental
risk/impact assessment tools
for GMOs, survey instruments
and post-commercial
monitoring procedures.

Mangroves act as protection against soil erosion, storms, and sea level rise.

Regularly Funded
Other Priority RDE
Projects

Development of Pest
Surveillance System for
Forest Invasive Species in the
Philippines
The project drafted policies and
guidelines to prevent the entry of
pests and diseases associated with
imported forest species and forest
products.
Data on lumber importers and
dealers, phytosanitary certificates of
imported forest products, certificates
of registration of lumber importer and
dealers, certificate of inspection, and
list of sawmills were gathered and
validated. Surveillance was considered
as the key factor in preventing pests,
diseases and invasive species in
entering the Philippines. As such,
these were considered as inputs in
the draft DENR Memorandum on pest
surveillance system for forest invasive
species vis--vis pests and diseases
of imported forest products. The
document is being evaluated by the
ERDB Policy Technical Working Group.

A stockpile of sawn lumber from Sarawak,


Malaysia.

In the inventory of the planted trees, diameter, merchantable and/or total height are
determined to come up with volume tables.

Determination of Possible
Management Options for
Selected Government
Reforestation Projects
The project which started in April
2009 aims to come up with possible
management options on the
silvicultural treatments for selected
government reforestation projects.
Three (3) old government reforestation
projects were selected for the project,
namely: the Nassiping Reforestation
Project (established in 1939) in
Gattaran, Cagayan; the Marinduque

Data on the volume and


structure of the stands
were gathered including
the associated vegetation
or those that have grown
with the plantation species.
Volume tables for the major
plantation species in each
of the three (3) selected old
government reforestation
projects were prepared.

A pile of imported lumber ready for delivery.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Reforestation Project
(established in 1937) in Boac
and Torrijos, Marinduque;
and the Paraiso Reforestation
Project (established in 1930)
in Piddig, Ilocos Norte. The
criteria used in the site
selection were: a) presence of
mature stands of Mahogany
(Swietenia macrophylla),
Yemane (Gmelina arborea),
Mangium (Acacia mangium),
Narra (Pterocarpus indicus),
and other plantation species;
b) accessibility; and
c) recommendation from the
concerned Regional Office.

27

Development of Guidelines
and Criteria for Successful
Earthballing, Transporting, and
Transplanting of Live Trees

A tree almost devoid of roots lifted


using a payloader.

Transplanting of acacia leaving just


8-10 ft of the trunk.

Multiple shoots from nodal explants of


malunggay (Moringa oleifera).

This project implemented in April,


formulated policy guidelines to
save trees affected by commercial
expansion, roadways construction,
and other urban/industrial
developments.
Based on interviews and
documentations, some respondents
do not follow proper earthballing
procedures. The common practices
observed were balling with much less
than the suggested root ball diameter
and canopy size. Some trees were
even transplanted bare with foliage.
Based on literatures, trees to be
transplanted should have a root ball
ten (10) to twelve (12) times of the
trunk diameter and the canopy to be
removed should not exceed 30% of
the trees original size. Transplanted
trees in Clarkfield, Pampanga got
53.60% survival after nine (9) months.
A policy draft on earthballing,
transporting, and transplanting of
trees was prepared based on data
gathered. The policy draft is subject
to refinement upon completion of
the study.
Production of Malunggay
(Moringa oleifera) Seedlings
Using Tissue Culture
Technology

Moringa oleifera plantlets after one


month in rooting medium containing
sand and soil.

Tissue culture is an alternative means


of propagation that is done under
laboratory conditions to produce
large quantities of planting materials.

28

ERDB Annual Report 2009

One month after planting in the


media treatments with Butyric Acid
(BA) plus Naphthalene Acetic Acid
(NAA), Indolebutyric Acid (IBA)
or Indole Acetic Acid (IAA), the
elongation of the terminal shoots
and formation of two (2) to seven (7)
shoots on cotyledonary nodes were
observed. The media containing 5
parts per million and 2.5 parts per
million BA resulted in profuse callus
formation which hindered further
growth of the shoots.
The treatments with 5 and 2.5 ppm
kinetin in combination with either NAA,
IBA, and IAA resulted in profuse callus
formation with no shoot multiplication
and the cultures became chlorotic. The
treatments with 1 ppm kinetin plus
NAA, IBA, and IAA resulted in growth
of one (1) shoot which had dark green
stem and leaves.
After one week in the rooting medium
with IBA and NAA, callus formation
was observed on the base of the
microshoots and this was followed by
formation of soft white roots. After one
month, 100% rooting was observed on
all treatments including the control.
After acclimatization, 77% to 80%
survival was observed for plantlets
that were rooted without rooting
hormones.
Socio-Economic and Policy
Assessment of Foreshore Areas
in the Philippines
This project assessed the current
conditions of foreshore areas under
different lease types in the Philippines
and harmonized national management
strategies with Local Government
Units (LGUs) land use plans. It focused
on rationalizing and streamlining

the procedures in the issuance


of foreshore lease agreements
(FLAs). Implemented in June 2009,
initial consultations with the Land
Administration and Management
Project Phase 2 (LAMP2) staff and
with the Land Management Bureau
(LAMB), as research collaborators,
were conducted.
To identify the research gaps and
issues in foreshore management,
an extensive literature review was
conducted. These gaps and issues will
be the main agenda for a stakeholder
forum in 2010. A survey instrument
was also prepared for the project.
Ecological Analysis of the
Lamao Forest Reserve as
Ecotourism Site for Biodiversity
Conservation in Bataan,
Philippines
Implemented in the second quarter
of CY 2009, this project assessed
the Lamao Forest Reserve (LFR) as a
site for ecotourism and biodiversity
conservation. Sheet maps and digital
images of the forest reserve were
gathered and the details were discussed
with the concerned personnel of the
National Mapping and Resources
Information Authority (NAMRIA) and
FMB. Boundaries of the forest reserve
were also clarified with FMB.
Coordination works with the CENROs
of Bagac and Pilar, Bataan were
conducted. Prior to data collection, a
Gratuitous Permit was acquired from
the DENR-Region 3 in San Fernando,
Pampanga. A reconnaissance survey
conducted in Mariveles, Bataan
revealed that the proposed site was
more accessible through the Pilar and
Limay, Bataan sides.

Data gathering for the biological


component showed that Bataan
fig (Ficus bataanensis), Isis (Ficus
cumingi), and Santol (Sandoricum
koetjape) (9 trees) followed by
Taluto (Pterocymbium tinctorium)
and Tangisang bayawak (Ficus
variegata) (8 trees), and Ilang-ilang
(Cananga odorata) and Tual (Syzgium
longissimum) (6 trees) were the
dominant species. There were a total
of twenty-two (22) bird species in the
area. These include, among others,
three species such as Luzon endemic
Red-crested Malhoca, Tarictic Hornbill,
and Luzon Striped-Babbler. The
dominant species are the Mountain
white-eye and Wattled bulbul.
Meanwhile, the dominant species
of bats was the Common Short-nose
Fruit Bat. There were also reported
presence of reticulated python and
water monitor lizard by the local
guides in the area. Several families of
insects were gathered: a) thirty-five
(35) collected through sweepnets;
b) thirty-one (31) families including
arthropods were collected through
soil/leaf litter; and c) fifteen (15)
families through light trap.
The geographic locations of the
identified flora, vertebrates, and
arthropods were overlayed on the
map of LFR using GIS. LFR covers two
barangays in Limay, namely Alangan
and Lamao and the nearest barangays,
Alion and Batangas II in Mariveles,
Bataan. To determine the perception
and acceptability of the proposed
establishment of LFR as ecotourism
site, primary and secondary data
gathering using interview schedule
were conducted. Data from the 588
respondents of the four (4) barangays
were processed.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

29

Generation of
Appropriate Technologies
for Jatropha-based
Agroforestry Schemes for
Upland
The project addressed
the issue on the alleged
deprivation of the production
of other important
commodities because
of planting Jatropha. It

Wattled bulbul

Common short-nose fruit bat

Mountain white-eye

Five-month-old Jatropha curcas intercropped with


dragon fruit and sweet potato.

also identified the best cropping


combination with Jatropha to optimize
land use and productivity. Thus, the
project involved two studies:

Flowering Jatropha

12) topsoil + chicken manure +


compost planted with Jatropha +
Malunggay + Sweet Potato.
l

3-month-old Jatropha in Plot 1


(control)

3-month-old jatropha in Plot 3


(top soil with chicken manure
and compost)

Study 1. Effect of Soil


Amelioration and Cropping
Combination on the Growth
and Yield of Jatropha and
Selected Intercropped
Species

From April to December 2009, the


project had established about 1.2
hectares of land situated at the
Philforest Site, Pilar, Bataan. A total
of thirty-six (36) plots were prepared
out of the three blocks considered in
the study. Each block measures about
3,240 m2 (45m x 3m x 24 plots) to
include the twelve (12) isolation strips
in between the experimental plots to
represent the twelve (12) treatment
combinations as follows: 1) topsoil
planted with Jatropha + Sweet Potato;
2) topsoil planted with Jatropha +
Dragon Fruit + Sweet Potato; 3) topsoil
planted with Jatropha + Calamansi +
Sweet Potato; 4) topsoil planted with
Jatropha + Malunggay + Sweet Potato;
5) topsoil + chicken manure planted
with Jatropha + Sweet Potato;
6) topsoil + chicken manure planted
with Jatropha + Dragon Fruit + Sweet
Potato; 7) topsoil + chicken manure
planted with Jatropha + Calamansi
+ Sweet Potato; 8) topsoil + chicken
manure planted with Jatropha +
Malunggay + Sweet Potato; 9) topsoil
+ chicken manure + compost planted
with Jatropha + Sweet Potato;
10) topsoil + chicken manure +
compost planted with Jatropha +
Dragon Fruit + Sweet Potato;
11) topsoil + chicken manure +
compost planted with Jatropha +
Calamansi + Sweet Potato; and

30

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Study 2. Cost and Return


Analysis of Jatropha-based
Plantation Intercropped with
High Value Crops and Other
Biofuel Producing Species

Data on the material and labor


requirement of establishing jatrophabased agroforestry plantation through
the use of twelve (12) treatment
combinations were gathered. Based
on the preliminary analysis using
the time and motion data gathered,
approximately P40,679 will be
needed to establish one-hectare of
Jatropha-based agroforestry plantation
excluding outplanting. Bulk of the
costs were from digging holes which
accounts for about 62.68% of the
total labor requirement. For the
planting/outplanting of Jatropha
with Sweet Potato intercropped with
Calamansi, Jatropha or Malunggay,
labor requirement would need about
P6,120/ha.
To determine demand and supply
of petroleum products, interviews
were conducted with users of diesel,
gasoline, and other petroleum products
in Pilar, Bataan. Sixty (60) respondents
were interviewed, including tricycle
drivers, jeepney operators, bus
companies, and LGU from Pilar on their
monthly consumption of diesel and
gasoline including the use of lubricants
in the past two (2) years of operation.
Based on the interview, diesel fuel oil
and assorted lubricants were used in
their operation. One of the crushing
plants consumed an average of
3,850 liters of diesel per week to run
their equipment and trucks. Around

200-250 liters of diesel fuel per day


were consumed for both the heavy
equipment and eight (8) units of
trucks.
Furthermore, monthly monitoring
of three (3) gasoline stations serving
consumers in Pilar and other towns
in Bataan were continuously done to
get the average sale and consumption
of petroleum products. Data gathered
from one of the gasoline stations in
Pilar showed that volume of diesel sold
ranged from 32,147 liters to 44,125
liters with an average of 39,810 liters.
For gasoline, an average of 10,764
liters which ranged from 9,162 to
13,374 liters was sold. Given this
initial data, it can be observed that
consumption of diesel was almost
thrice as that of gasoline.
Genetic Evaluation of Forest
Trees and Non-wood Forest
Species
This project assessed the genetic
diversity of existing seed production
areas (SPAs) of indigenous forest trees
and non-wood forest species.

Isozyme analysis of leaf samples for


wood and non-wood species was
conducted using 299 samples of
Molave (Vitex parviflora), Benguet pine
(Pinus kesiya), and Narra (Pterocarpus
indicus).
On Narra, the Cebu provenance
has high genetic diversity among
the five (5) provenances which
connotes that high germplasm quality
makes it appropriate for plantation
development. A poster titled Genetic
Variation in Populations of Narra from
Ilocos Sur, Cebu, Iloilo, Marinduque,
and Quezon using Isozyme Analysis
was presented during the 27th
Annual Scientific Conference of the
Association of Systematic Biologists
of the Philippines in May 2009 and
in the International Symposium on
Forest Genetic Resources held in Kuala
Lumpur, Malaysia on 5-8 October
2009.
For the non-wood species, 236
samples of Palasan (Calamus merrillii),
Limuran (Calamus ornatus), and
Tagiktik (Desmodium heterocarpon)
were used for isozyme analyses.

Palasan
Tagiktik
Molave

B. pine

Narra

Limuran

Routine laboratory procedures for isozyme assay. (a) Cutting of frozen samples into fine strips;
(b) Grinding of samples using liquid nitrogen, samples in powdered form are placed in previously labeled
tubes to be used in isozyme and DNA analyses; (c) loading of individual samples, gel electrophoresis run
and slicing of gels into slabs; (d) Gel staining, fixation and scoring of bands produced.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

31

The analyses showed that


leaf samples of Palasan
from Bukidnon have high
genetic diversity, followed
by provenances from Bicol,

Quezon, and Nabunturan. Analysis for


Limuran leaf samples was started.

e
Nutrient deficiency symptoms
and abnormalities found in
trees close to roadsides and
parks near roads in twentytwo (22) cities. a) debarking,
b) mites infestation,
c) debarking, d) gall formation
in the buttress, and
e) Polyporus sp.

Acid Deposition: Adverse


Impacts on Plants and Soils in
Heavily Polluted Zones of Metro
Manila
This project identified the acid
deposition-sensitive plants in the
urban ecosystem and investigate
the ecophysiological effects of
acid deposition on plant and soil
environment. This initiative will
serve as a guide for the management
and decision-making in mitigating
atmospheric pollutants. Eighty-nine
(89) plant species from seventy-six
(76) sites in twenty-two (22) cities
and municipalities were identified
and documented using the following
criteria: a) frequency, b) relative
location from atmospheric pollutant
sources, and c) relative age categories
(mature and young).
A map covering a 25-kilometer radius
originating from Acid Deposition
Monitoring Network in East Asia
(EANET) Monitoring Station was
generated in preparation for
the scoping activity. Based from
observations, plants that are close
to roadsides and parks exhibited
nutrient deficiency symptoms and
abnormalities such as leaf chlorosis,
necrosis, stunting, twig-shortening,
hypertrophy, and gummosis. Fungi
causing the prevalent stem and root
rots were also noted. Debarking was
observed in ridge-type species like
Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)
and Narra (Pterocarpus indicus).
Meanwhile, the effects of acid
deposition were assessed on twentyfour (24) plant species (Annex 6)

32

ERDB Annual Report 2009

in urban Metro Manila and were


later compared to same species in
unpolluted areas. Basis of species
selection for project investigation were
as follows: a) frequency, b) relative
location from atmospheric pollutants
sources, and c) relative age categories
(mature and young). Parameters
assessed include: plant morphology,
anatomy, tissue nutrient content, and
plant bark pH. Plant health status and
corresponding soil samples collected
underneath the trees were analyzed.
Preliminary results revealed that acidity
(bark and soil) in the urban areas
were already at the acid deposition
levels (5.5 and below) compared to
the unpolluted areas. Based on initial
analysis, 70% of trees had nutrient
deficiencies and diseases. Anatomical
stomatal laboratory assessments were
started to correlate the morphological
observations with stomatal condition
to determine the sensitivity to acid
deposition.
Rationalization on the Disposition
of Pasture and Grazing Lands in
the Philippines
To rationalize the disposition of
pasture and grazing lands in the
Philippines, the project assesses the
current status of pasture and grazing

Part of the Abrajanos Ranch.

A pasture lease area in Cabangan, Zambales.

land leases and the renewal and


cancellation system being followed by
the authority.
After undergoing a series of critical
discussions and deliberations, a unified
standard assessment tool had been
developed, pre-tested, and revised by
the project staff from ERDB and FMB.
It was pre-tested in Abrajanos Ranch,
Cabangan, Zambales considering
the suitability, performance, and
sustainability of the grazing land.
To capacitate the twenty-eight (28)
representatives from the DENR-FMS
and ERDS of CAR, Regions 2, 3, 4A, 4B,
5, 6, 10, 11, 12, and CARAGA on the
adoption of the developed assessment
tool, a National Seminar-Workshop on
the DENR Assessment Procedures for
Grazing Lands was conducted at ERDB
on 30 June - 2 July 2009. Through the
supervision of the project staff from
ERDB and FMB, the workshop resulted
in revised standard assessment tool
which was used in the actual field
assessment of pasture and grazing
lands by ERDS and FMS.
Eighteen (18) Forest Land Grazing
Lease Agreement (FLGLA) and Forest
Land Grazing Management Agreement
(FLGMA) from Regions 1, 2, 3, 4B,
5, and 10 were selected as study

units using the following


criteria: a) expiration of
the agreement (those
expiring in 2009), and
b) leases with issues
and problems needing
immediate solution.
Based on the issues
raised and observed
during the field activities,
filled-up assessment
tools were reviewed.
Afterwards, initial policy
recommendations were then drafted.
Production of Alternative Fuel
and Stove for Domestic Use in
Urban Areas
High quality charcoal briquettes
from abandoned biomass can be
used as an alternative fuel. This can
serve as additional or alternative
livelihood source to alleviate poverty.
However, such production calls for
a need to develop a suitable and
efficient cooking stove to reduce
fuel consumption, alleviate indoor
pollution and maximize the heat
efficiency of charcoal briquettes.
Thus, five (5) prototypes of cooking
stoves were
designed,
namely: Briket
Stove A1, Briket
Stove A2, Briket
Stove B1, Briket
Stove B2, and
Briket Stove
C1. The models
were fabricated
and tested to
determine their
performance
in terms of the
For. Gregorio Santos Jr. demonstrates the process of carbonizing
total operating the rice hull.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

33

time, fuel consumption rate,


and thermal efficiency.
Stoves A2 and B2 showed
longer operating time with
107.00 minutes and 102.67
minutes, respectively. With
regard to fuel consumption
rate (FCR), stoves A2 and B2
got low FCR with 0.15 kg/hr
and 0.15 kg/hr, respectively.
In terms of thermal efficiency
(TE), the ratio of energy used
in boiling and evaporating
water to the energy available
and the fuel, Stove A2 had
the highest TE at 23.82%
followed by Stove B2 which
had 20.15% TE. These showed
that the consumption of fuel
was longer in these stoves
and would relate also to the
amount of water evaporated.
Briket Stove A2 and C1 are
the recommended stoves for
charcoal briquettes.
Three (3) sites were identified
as potential sources of
high quality clay for stove
production based on the
recommendations made by
the Department of Trade
and Industry (DTI). These
were Tiwi, Albay; San Juan,
Batangas; and San Felipe,
General Santos City.
After the series of trainings, it
was found out that six (6) out
of the ten (10) groups trained
on Charcoal Briquetting
Technology (CBT) are into
commercial production.
These include the following:
Peoples Organizations (POs),
Cooperative, Corporation,
Local government Units

(LGUS) and other organizations


namely: 1) Alay Buhay in Rodriguez,
Rizal; 2) Share an Opportunity (SAO)
Philippines Southern Luzon, Roxas,
Oriental Mindoro; 3) Share an
Opportunity Philippines Mindanao in
Silway, General Santos City; 4) Rabaja
Ranch Development Corporation in
Bansud, Oriental Mindoro; 5) Juan
Marquez M1 Agrofuel Ventures Inc.
in Balite I, Silang, Cavite; and 6) Bebot
Kimpo in Manukan, Zamboanga Del
Norte. To further encourage others
to adopt CBT, the technology was
explained to twenty-two (22) potential
adopters and/or producers.
A Prototype Fast Carbonizer was
designed and initial fabrication was
done at the charcoal briquetting facility
of ERDB. However, electric motor and
burner has to be installed to make it
functional. Engineering design for a
Screw-Type Biomass Briquettor was
also prepared. Necessary documents
for its fabrication are being processed.
Moreover, the Charcoal Briquetting
Facility and Material Recovery
Facility (MRF) at ERDB underwent
rehabilitation.
Bio-ecological Characterization
of Migratory Waterbirds in Urban
and Peri-urban Wetlands in
Relation to Climate Change
This RDE aims to develop guidelines
for the protection and management
of water birds and their habitat. To
gather information, bio-ecological
characteristics of migratory waterbirds
in urban and peri-urban wetlands
were studied. Initial activities of the
new project highlighted the adverse
impacts of climate change to birds and
wetlands.

In preparation for the bird migration


season in September 2009 and March
2010, pre-workshop activities with
local stakeholders and secondary data
collection from Las Pias-Paraaque
Critical Habitat and Lake Naujan were
undertaken. There was an attempt to
do the same in Laguna de Bay, however,
the Lumban Delta where water birds
congregate and feed was inundated due
to typhoon Ondoy.
Other activities undertaken during the
year include the survey of DENR staff
with trainings/skill on bird studies;
conduct of training for stakeholders;
community-based monitoring of
wetlands (e.g., Naujan Lake and Las
Pias-Paraaque Critical Habitat);
and field collection of biophysical
and socio- economic data using
Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRRA).
A draft policy that will institutionalize
bird migration research was likewise
prepared.
Linkages with the Society for the
Conservation of Wetland, Wildbird
Club, Nam Ngum river basin (Ministry
of Agriculture and Forestry or MAF,
Lao PDR), E-conserve and Yamashita
Institute of Ornithology were
established. Also, a lecture on migratory
birds and wetlands conservation was
conducted as per invitation of MAF
Lao PDR. The event was headlined
in Vientiane Times and garnered
interest from various non-government
organizations to tie up with the
Philippines in studies on bird migration
and wetlands characterization.
Mangrove-Friendly Nipa
Aquaculture System as an
Alternative Livelihood
This project focuses on establishing

34

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Mangrove plantation in Baler, Aurora where a reconnaissance


survey was conducted.

mangrove-friendly alternative
livelihood in coastal areas using nipa
(Nypa fruticans) and protection of
coastal or typhoon prone areas using
mangroves.
Initial activities included meetings
with the Aurora State College of
Technology (ASCOT), LGUs, POs,
DENR and other entities involved in
the project. Reconnaissance survey
of potential sites and the assessment
and characterization of the selected
project sites in Sitio Castillo, Barangay
Sabang, and Barangay Zabali in
Aurora, Quezon were undertaken.
Soil samples from the said sites were
collected and brought to the ERDB
Laboratory for physical and chemical
analyses. A draft Memorandum of
Agreement among ERDB, ASCOT,
Municipality of Baler, Aurora,
Barangay Council of Zabali was drafted
for signing by all parties involved.
Moreover, the dike needed for the
establishment of a one-hectare Nipa
aquaculture system (20:80), with a
size of 928 m2 was constructed and
planted with 120 nipa seedlings
at the selected demonstration
area. Afterwards, a livelihood
system compatible to the site was
formulated.
Community-based Butterfly
Farming at the Los Baos
Experiment Station (LBES) Mt.
Makiling Forest Reserve
This project revolves around the
importance of butterfly farming in
species conservation, environmental
protection, and as an alternative
source of livelihood. It involves

The butterfly farm at Los Banos Experiment Station (LBES).

propagation within a minimum


period.

the documentation, identification,


preservation, conservation, and
propagation of different butterfly
species and their host plants.
The flight area of the existing butterfly
house at LBES was expanded to
accommodate a number of species for
research. The layer species collected
using the stratified random sampling
were identified through dichotomous
key and butterfly monographs.
A total of thirteen (13) butterfly
species, eight (8) species of host
plants and seven (7) species of nectar
plants were identified, collected, and
propagated, respectively, at LBES.
Four (4) butterfly species were bred,
namely: Papilio polytes, Catopsilia
pomona, Catopsilia scylla, and Papilio
rumanzovia. The host plants cultivated
include the following: Ipomea batatas,
Citrus maxima, Dregea sp., Citrus
reticulata, Aristolochia tagala, Adenia
palmata, Asclepias curassavica,
Passiflora sp., Cassia alata, Annona
muricata, Litsea sp., and Cassia fistula.
The butterfly farming technology at
LBES attracted the interest of walk-in
clients to put up their own butterfly
farms. Trainings on community-based
butterfly farming in various barangays
of Los Baos were conducted in
coordination with Vice Mayor Procopio
Alipon.
Methods/Schemes in the
Propagation of Malunggay
Since the production of tissue-cultured
Malunggay (Moringa oleifera) proved
costly, this study sought to determine
cheaper alternative methods of

ERDB Annual Report 2009

35

Three (3) sites were selected


for the study. These are: the Los
Baos Experiment Station, the
Special Project Area (SPA) at
ERDB, and in Malinta, Los Baos,
Laguna. Results showed that
exposure to sunlight and speciessite suitability were important
factors to be considered for
the propagation of malunggay
cuttings. Extensive vegetation
which inhibit light penetration
attributes to the low survival
rate of the cuttings planted in
SPA and LBES. Direct planting
of malunggay cuttings was
done in Barangay Bagong Silang
and Barangay Malinta in Los
Baos, Laguna. More than two
hundred (200) potted malunggay
seedlings were prepared in the
Jamboree site. The survival
rate of cuttings planted in
polyethylene bags was also
observed.
In the ERDB-SPA, new shoots
were observed in the planted
cuttings after two (2) weeks.
However, on the fourth
week, the sprouts wilted and
eventually all the basal portions
of the cuttings rotted. This could
have been attributed to the
continuous rain and elevation of
the area. Also, competition with
the other vegetation in the area
limited the exposure to sunlight
on the planted cuttings.
The terminal report of the
project is under preparation.

A residual Dipterocarp stand inside SUDECOR, Carmen, Surigao del Sur.

36

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Externally Funded
RDE Projects
The first nine (9) projects discussed
in this section were funded by
the Department of Science and
Technology-Philippine Council for
Agriculture, Forestry and Natural
Resources Research and Development
(DOST-PCARRD), one of ERDBs
collaborators in RDE project and
implementation and funding support.
The rest of the projects were funded
by other local and foreign sources.
Determination of Growth,
Structure and Composition of
Third-Growth Dipterocarp Forest
in Areas Under Active TLA/IFMA
This PCARRD-funded project,
commenced in January 2005, aims to
develop the growth and yield models
for sound management of residual
dipterocarp and non-dipterocarp tree
species and determine the growth,
mortality, structure, and composition
of relogged residual dipterocarp
forest.
Three-hectare permanent sampling
plots (PSPs) were established in each
of the two project sites: the Surigao
Development Corporation (SUDECOR)
in Carmen, Surigao del Sur and the
Industries Development Corporation
(IDC) in Casiguran, Aurora. These PSPs
were subdivided into four (4) subplots
or a total of twelve (12) sub-sampling
plots per site. Data gathered were
concentrated on trees 5 centimeter
and larger in diameter at breast height
(DBH), 15 centimeter in dbh and up for
merchantable height (MH) and total
height (TH). There were 865 trees and
699 in SUDECOR and IDC, respectively.

In terms of species
composition, the stand
in SUDECOR was 28%
dipterocarps while
that in IDC was 36%.
Volume and basal area
tables were prepared
as well as prediction
tables were produced
using diameter
growth functions
from periodic annual
increments.
ERDB S&T
Interventions
on the Nursery
Establishment
and Propagation
of Commercial
and Ornamental
Bamboo Species

Trees measured within a Permanent Sampling Plot (PSP) in


SUDECOR.

Started in 2008,
this project
demonstrated
the effectiveness
of science and
technology (S&T) A 175-m DBH red lauan inside a Permanent Sampling Plot
(PSP) in SUDECOR.
in improving
quality bamboo planting stocks
and determining the profitability of
establishing a commercial bamboo
nursery for livelihood development.
The project constructed five (5)
nurseries which produced quality
planting stocks of different commercial
and ornamental bamboo species,
using different S&T interventions in
five (5) sites. Continuous propagation
of different bamboo species was
undertaken. Commercial bamboos
including Kawayan Tinik (Bambusa
blumeana) and Giant bamboo
(Dendrocalamus asper) were raised

ERDB Annual Report 2009

37

in Nagcarlan, Laguna and Lipa City,


Batangas. Ornamental bamboo
species including Black bamboo
(Gigantochloa atroviolacea),
Yellow bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris
var. striata), Running bamboo
(Phyllostachys aurea), and Wamin
bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris cv wamin)
were reared in Magalang, Pampanga
and Mangatarem, Pangasinan. Also,
a combination of commercial and
ornamental bamboo propagules
were raised in the nursery in Los
Baos, Laguna for the projects of
the municipality. Another Bamboo
nursery is being constructed in Kawit,
Cavite.
Development and Management
of Pilot Bamboo Plantation in
Lumban, Laguna
Started in September 2008, the project
served as a demonstration area for
technology application in developing
bamboo plantation and management.

The bamboo nursery established in


Lumban, Laguna.

The project completed the planting


of kawayan tinik and giant bamboo
in the three-hectare project area
in June 2009. They were fenced for
protection against stray animals.
Two (2) months after planting, these
bamboos were about
two meters in height
and were already
producing 2-3 shoots
when affected by the
two (2) typhoons that
hit the country. The
previously planted
bamboos which were
underwater for more
than three (3) months
were assessed. Most
of the giant species
died. Some portions of the area were

38

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Outplanting of a six-month giant bamboo seedling.

flooded, hence, complete monitoring/


assessment cannot be done.
Silvicultural Management
Practices for the Sustained
Production of Quality Rattan
for the Furniture and Handicraft
Industries
This project came up with a silvicultural
management system to ensure
sustainable cane production in rattan
plantations.
Quarterly and monthly schedules of
data gathering were conducted with
the different parameters. Regular
weekly readings of light intensity
were gathered in four (4) different
stations of every block for both sites.
Emerging new suckers (shoots) were
also recorded while their growths were
measured monthly. For both sites, a
total of eight (8) measurements/data
sets were gathered. Reproduction
plots in each block were assessed by
identifying and counting the number of
plant species within the plot.
Based from the study, rattan plants
that are mounded showed better

Mounded rattan species in the rattan plantation.

Sample canes of rattan with less than 10-cm


length.

performance in terms of incremental


length of mature canes and production
of new suckers. Meanwhile, better
results were attributed to the
penetration of light brought about
by the opening of the canopy in
treatments with higher harvesting
intensities. Also, the growth of
regenerations appears positively
affected by light intensity.
Malapapaya Agroforestry
Production Technology for
Coconut Farms
This project is a test system of mixing
malapapaya trees with annual and
biennial agricultural crops. It is
intended to come up with the most
appropriate agroforestry system
under coconut-based farm utilizing
malapapaya as intercrop.
Several agroforestry systems were
tested, such as a) malapapaya-coconut,
b) malapapaya-coconut-pineapple,
c) malapapaya-coconut-banana, and
d) malapapaya-coconut-papaya.
In its second year, result of the
growth measurements revealed
that malapapaya growth was most
favored by the absence of over
storey vegetation. However, the
coconut shade provided favorable

Malapapaya trees with annual and biennial agricultural crops.

micro-climate and soil condition for


malapapaya.

the prevailing market price


were recorded.

After one and a half years, crown


diameter of malapapaya almost fully
covered the intercrop area under
coconut plantation. Results showed
that pineapple was not a suitable
intercrop for malapapaya since its
crop yield was affected by shading.
On the other hand, banana and gabi
were initially observed as the desirable
intercrops. To lighten the crown weight
and prevent the tree from being blown
by the wind during typhoons, pruning
of the lower stems of malapapaya was
employed as a silvicultural scheme.

Likewise, data on the


production cost and return,
supply and demand were
gathered for financial analysis
of the various agroforestry
schemes. Complete cropping
cycles and time spent for
continuous maintenance and
protection of the plantations
were also considered in the
observation.

Financial Analysis of
Malapapaya-Coconut
Agroforestry Systems
The project analyzed the profitability
and cost-efficient harvesting technique
of pure malapapaya plantation and
malapapaya-coconut agroforestry
systems. Documentation and data
gathering on the maintenance and
harvesting were done both in Pagbilao,
Quezon and Luisiana, Laguna.
The costs involved in the area
development, operation and
maintenance, and overhead were
noted. Yield and prices of produce and

ERDB Annual Report 2009

39

The Philippine Independence


Park cum Ecotourism and
Mangrove Rehabilitation Project:
A Scoping Study

management plan and strategies for the


ecotourism development, conservation,
and protection of Mts. BanahawSan Cristobal Protected Landscape
(MBSCPL).

This project was conducted from


November 2008 to March 2009 in
six (6) barangays of Kawit, Cavite.
It established a scientific basis in
pursuing the Philippine Independence
Park cum Ecotourism and Mangrove
Rehabilitation Projects in Kawit, Cavite.

This project focused on the assessment


of the general conditions of Barangay
Kinabuhayan and Taytay. The community
and resource profile in Barangay Taytay
in Majayjay were gathered to serve as
the projects basis in developing the
ecotourism development plan.

Results showed that the project had


excellent potentials to enhance the
development of Kawit, Cavite. It
will serve as a scientific ecotourism
destination. However, there is still a
need for extensive feasibility study.
Likewise, it was recommended
that a Commission on Philippine
Independence Park under the Office
of the President should be created
to oversee, direct, and manage the
operations of the proposed project.

The prescribed facilities for


Kinabuhayan, Dolores site were already
designed and drafted. Mahogany
(Swietenia macrophylla), Narra
(Pterocarpus inducus), Tuai (Bischofia
javanica), Binunga (Macaranga
tanarius), Nangka (Artocarpus
heterophyllus), Lucban (Plumeria
accuminata), and Balete trees (Ficus
sp.) within the vicinity of the Office
of the Protected Area Superintendent
(PASu) at the Kinabuhayan site were
evaluated for their potential for canopy
walk or zip line.

The results and recommendations


were presented to Sen. Ramon Bong
Revilla Jr., and his staff, Mr. Ed Solis,
Project Coordinator of Kawit Sagip-Ilog
and Anti-Flood Group. Meanwhile, the
final report on the merits, potentials,
and viability of the proposed project
was presented to PCARRD, Kawit LGUs,
and other concerned stakeholders for
appropriate action.
Comprehensive Diagnostic
Assessment to Enhance
Ecotourism in Barangay
Kinabuhayan and Taytay in
Mt. Banahaw-San Cristobal
Protected Landscape
This project which started in July
2007 aimed to formulate ecotourism

40

ERDB Annual Report 2009

On 30 June 2009, a meeting cum


writeshop on the terminal report of the
project was conducted at ERDB. The
gaps and topics that needed extensive
analysis and discussion were identfiied
while appropriate packaging of the
terminal report vis--vis the established
timeline were determined.
The project has accomplished a
compendium of ecotourism-related
legislations, policies and regulatory
framework. It also drafted policies and
a management plan on ecotourism
development.

Community Vulnerability
Assessment to Environmental
Changes in the Watershed of
Sta. Maria, Laguna
This project assessed the
vulnerability of the local community
towards adverse impacts of
environmental changes in Sta. Maria,
Laguna.
Vulnerability assessment was
conducted in twenty-five (25)
barangays of the area. Results of
the study revealed that the extent
of off-site communities susceptible
to flooding and flashflood was
moderate to very high while on-site
communities in upstream areas were
highly to very highly susceptible
to rain-induced landslide. The
identified stressors and pressures
of environmental changes were
strong wind, changing rainfall
pattern, occurrence of flashflood and
flooding, soil erosion, and nutrient
loss. These stressors had negative
social impacts such as displacement
of people, loss of income and
livelihood, increase in health
problems and diseases, insecurity in
land tenure, and conflict in the use
and access of resources.
Using spatial analysis, the study
found that the communities that
were susceptible to flooding and
flashflood were J.P. Rizal, Tungkod,
Bagumbayan, Inayapan, and
Macasipac. On the other hand, the
barangays that were susceptible
to rain-induced landslide include
mostly the highland areas of Cueva,
Matalingting, Laurel, Pao-o, Parang
Buho, and J. Santiago.
The various coping mechanisms

identified were: social preparedness


for the occurrence of natural hazards,
awareness of the consequences and
risks of environmental changes, and an
education program on the conservation
and protection of the forest.
Ecosystems Approach in the
Assessment of the Impacts of
Herbicide-Tolerant Corn on Wild
Biodiversity in Corn Production
Systems in Luzon, Philippines
(ERDB-PBS-BBI)
This project determined the dynamics
of plant succession and changes in
wild biodiversity associated with
commercial propagation of Herbicidetolerant (HT) corn. This project is
intended to serve as a basis for
developing holistic and local based
management approach for biosafety
regulation in the Philippines. Data
on the assessment of weeds, avian
fauna, arthropods, and biophysical
condition for the sixth and last season
of corn growing were gathered in the
conventional hybrid and experimental
(RR) corn fields in Tigaon, Camarines
Sur and Arayat and Magalang,
Pampanga.
Demonstration and Application
of Production and Utilization
Technologies for Rattan
Sustainable Development in the
ASEAN Member Countries
This project, started in April 2006
and funded by the International
Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO)
based in Japan, strengthened ASEAN
collaboration in promoting the
sustainability of rattan resources
through demonstration and
application of rattan products and
utilization of technologies to uplift

ERDB Annual Report 2009

41

the socioeconomic status of local


communities.
Under the research component,
one (1) of the four (4) ongoing
studies which dealt on the grading
rules for rattan in the ASEAN region
was completed. On networking, a
memorandum of agreement with
Camarines Norte State College and a
scheduled visit to Bicol National Park
(BNP) were finalized.
For the database component, regular
updates of the project website,
including the uploading of rattan
species information and monitoring of
website visits were conducted.

of six (6) live species of janitor fish,


maintained in the ERDB Experimental
Station, were documented during a
10-month sampling period. Technical
assistance was given to the fishermen

Janitor fish being weighed.

Under the Freizillah Fellowship Grant,


the printing of the Philippine Rattan
Guidebook was supported by ITTO.
Research Investigation on the
Bioecology and Sustainable Use
of the Janitor Fish in Laguna Bay
Funded by the Laguna Lake
Development Authority (LLDA), this
project assessed the distribution,
seasonal fluctuation, growth pattern,
and reproduction of janitor fish
(Pteregoplichthys sp.) in Laguna Bay.
The project also aims to determine the
nature and extent of damages brought
about by the species and control
measures.
Based on the data gathered, it is
alarming to note that the janitor fish
comprise 60% to 95% of the total fish
catch in downstreams and upstreams.
However, there is low janitor fish catch
in open lake and river fishing.
The reproductive and growth
performances, and mortality rate

42

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Data collection on body parts of Janitor fish.

cooperators and barangay officials in


the experimental sites.
Ecology and Stand Dynamics of
Kandelia candel (L.) Druce
The project was funded by EC-ORSTOM
to generate biological and ecological
data sets of Kandelia candel in the
Philippines for its genetic protection
and preservation.
Growth performance of the outplanted
seedlings was monitored in the two
sites at the Mangrove Experimental
Areas in Palsabangon, Pagbilao,
Quezon.

A seedling of Kandelia candel outplanted in the


Pagbilao Mangrove Forest.

Results showed that trees in the


seaward portion were taller and
produced abundant flowers compared
to those in the landward.
Biodiversity Assessment of
Pasig River and Its Tributaries
(Phase One)

The project generated baseline
information and recommendations
for plan and policy formulation
in improving the environmental
condition of the Pasig River. This
project was funded by the Pasig River
Rehabilitation Council (PRRC).
One hundred eighteen (118) plant
species of ninety-four (94) genera and
forty-two (42) families were identified
in the study area. Mango, Banana, and
Ipil-Ipil were the dominant species at
the right embankment of Pasig River.
Eight (8) species were observed and
identified. The Manila sea catfish
(Arius manillensis) was the only
endemic species recorded. Surface and
benthic macroinvertebrates, as well
as plankton abundance and diversity,
were low. These were attributed to the
polluted condition of the river.
Two (2) workshops on the ERDB-PRRC
Pasig River Biodiversity Project were

News release on the Pasig river in the Inquirer.


net.

held to present the projects terminal


report and the Phase Two research
proposal. The first workshop was held
30-31 July 2009 at Makiling Highlands,
Pansol, Calamba City while the other
workshop was held 21-22 May 2009
at the Development Academy of the
Philippines (DAP), Tagaytay City. Based
on the findings of the multi-disciplinary
team of ERDB, the completed project
provided indications that the river is
not at all dead. Life forms still exist
although most of them were pollution
tolerant forms.
For the Phase Two of the project, ERDB
and PRRC signed the Memorandum
of Agreement on 18 August 2009.
The one-year project shall assess
the biodiversity status of the main
Pasig River including its four (4)
major tributaries and representative
esteros from among the municipalities
traversed by the Pasig River.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

43

Mass Production of Jatropha


curcas Through Tissue Culture
This project was implemented from
September 2006 to February 2009 and
was funded by the Philippine Forest
Corp. This obtained quality planting
stocks using tissue culture of Jatropha.
Multiple shoots from leaf and nodal
explants of aseptically germinated
seedlings were attained under four
(4) treatments. Results showed that
shoots from nodal explants were
formed under the medium with 5
ppm BA and 0.01 ppm NAA, although
they appeared water soaked and were
vitrified. The medium with 1 ppm BA,
1.5 kinetin, and 0.01 ppm NAA gave
the highest number of shoots.
Tree Domestication Strategies
Using Indigenous Mycorrhizal
Application

Multiple shoots from leaf and nodal


explants with indolebutyric acid.

Multiple shoots from leaf and nodal


explants with naphthalene acetic
acid.

The project which started in January


2009 determined the best mycorrhizal
isolates for ten (10) indigenous tree
species. This was a collaborative
effort between ERDB and De La Salle
University-Canlubang.

Three (3) mycorrhizal isolates were
applied to ten (10) indigenous tree
species, namely: Malapapaya (Polyscias
nodosa), Molave (Vitex parviflora),
Narra (Pterocarpus indicus), Ipil (Intsia
bijuga), Batino (Alstonia macrophylla),
Kamagong (Diospyros philippinensis);
Dungon (Herritiera sylvatica),
Bitaog (Calophyllum inophyllum);
Akleng parang (Albizia procera), and
Laneteng gubat (Kibatalia gitingensis).
Mycorrhizal isolates were: M1
Glomus sp. from Narra (Quezon
National Park); M2 Glomus sp. from
Narra (Bansud, Camarines Norte);
and M3 Glomus sp. from Mahogany

44

ERDB Annual Report 2009

(Dacanay Reforestation Project, La


Union). Seedlings without mycorrhizal
organism (M0) served as the control
treatment.
Three and six months after outplanting,
diameter at root collar and height
were measured. Results of the 6th
month measurement showed varied
responses of the ten (10) indigenous
species to mycorrhizal application. In
terms of average height measurements
Dungon, Malapapaya, Bitaog, Narra
and Kamagong responded well to M1
(Glomus sp. from Narra) while, Batino
and Akleng parang responded well
to all Glomus species (M1, M2, and
M3). On the other hand, Molave and
Ipil responded to Glomus sp. from
Mahogany (M3) while Laneteng gubat
responded well to M2 (Glomus sp. from
Narra).
In terms of diameter growth,
Malapapaya obtained the highest
increase with an average of 0.97 cm
followed by Bitaog (0.83 cm) and Narra
(0.72 cm). Of the ten (10) species
tested, Narra achieved the tallest
height measurement with an average
of 51.06 cm followed by Laneteng
gubat (50.54 cm), Bitaog (47.37 cm),
and Molave (42.21 cm). One hundred
(100%) percent survival was noted for
Kamagong and Molave.
Rehabilitation Strategies and
Ecotourism Development of
Mine Tailing Areas in Bagacay,
Hinabangan, Western Samar
Funded by the Mines and GeoSciences Bureau (MGB), this project
aims to: 1) develop phytoremediation
measures and techniques in minedout areas of Bagacay, Hinabangan,
Western Samar, 2) determine tolerant

plant species with high heavy metal


absorption capability, 3) conduct
economic analysis of remediation
measures in rehabilitating minedout/waste dump areas, and
4) restore productive potential and
aesthetic value of the site.

Para sa Bayan was produced.


A forum was also conducted at
Sangguniang Bayan Session Hall in
Hinabangan, Samar by the DENR and
MGB to present the background of
the project.

The result of the ecological


succession strategy in the
remediation of mined-out areas
showed that Vetiver grass (Vetiveria
zizanioides) obtained almost 100%
survival as compared to other
primary vegetation species such as
Talahib (Saccharum spontaneum),
Pinto peanut (Arachis pintoi), and
Wedelia (Wedelia trilobata). Rapid
Biophysical Assessment, Rapid
Resource Assessment, introduction
of possible rehabilitation strategies
and socio-demographic survey were
also conducted.
More than 5,000 seedlings were
produced in the temporary nursery
for rehabilitating the area. Seedlings
of potential indigenous species
such as A. auri, Agoho species,
Patsaragon, Hambabalod, and
Kulipapa were raised in the nursery.
To ensure the high survival of
seedlings, irrigation of seedlings,
weeding, shading, and fertilization
were done. Under the sociodemographic component, the data
on the respondents demographic
information, migration pattern
and economic profile, health and
sanitation, support services, social
and political structure, and psychosociological information were
gathered.
To promote further awareness, an
IEC material titled Rehabilitasyon
ng Bagacay Mines: Luntiang Minahan

Surviving species of vetiver grass formerly established in the mined-out area.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

45

Technology Transfer
This section presents the various
technology transfer and extension
activities of the bureau. These include
the production and dissemination
of publications, news releases,
participation in exhibits, conduct
of trainings for clientele, rendering
technical assistance, use of project
demonstration areas as show window
for technology application, and other
advocacy IEC activities.
In complementation with the Banner
Program 5 on Determination of
Appropriate Extension Strategies for
ENR Technologies (see page 19), RDE
publications were produced.

Publications

printing.
CANOPY International Volume 34,
Nos. 1-6, 2008 (Combined issues)
were printed with 2000 copies.
Articles include: Landscaping and
biofuel potentials of bani, Towards
better policies for sustainable
mangrove management, Stunning
wildflower from the forest, Gender
roles in agroforestry marketing: the
Cavite and Batangas experiences,
The Molave Forest Park of Puerto
Galera, Oriental Mindoro, and
Left over rice: a cheap and practical
compost enhancer. Volume 35, Nos.
1-6 has been packaged and is ready
for printing.
Three issues of RISE,
Research Information
Series on Ecosystems
were produced at
2000 copies each.
These feature: 1)
Molave and Mollucan
sau,
2) Vermicomposting,
and 3) A. mangium

The following technical and semitechnical publications were produced


and distributed to various recipients
and subscribers:
SYLVATROP, The Technical Journal
of Philippine
Ecosystems
and Natural
Resources
Volume 17,
Nos. 1 and
2 issues was
printed with
700 copies.
These were
distributed
to regular
subscribers
and walk-in
clients. Volume 18, Nos. 1 and 2
has been packaged and is ready for

and E. urophylla.
ERDB Newsletter Volume 3, Nos. 1, 2,
and 3, Series of 2009 were produced
with 200 copies each issue.
Media Releases
As part of ERDBs information
dissemination work, nine (9) articles
on RDE activities were prepared and
submitted to various newspapers and
six (6) were published.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

47

Exhibits
Enhancing public awareness
along environment and natural
resources is done through visual
displays. The Bureau, for CY 2009,
prepared sixteen (16) posters and
participated in twelve (12) exhibits
which include:
Eco-Products Trade Fair (EPTF),
19-22 March 2009 at the SMX
Convention Center, Mall of Asia
Joint Exhibit with Community
Environment and Natural
Resources (CENRO) Los Baos and
ERDB at the Earth Day Celebration
at SM Sta. Rosa on 22-30 April
2009
DENR Charcoal Briquetting
Technology (CBT) Exhibit at the
DENR Booth, Quirino Grandstand,
Luneta, Manila on 11-12 June
2009
Philippine International Flora and
Fauna at World Trade Center on 1619 July 2009
Syensaya 2, in celebration of the
Los Baos Science Community
Foundation, Inc. (LBSCFI) and
National Science and Technological
Week on 21-24 July 2009
Baamos Festival at Paciano Park,
Baybayin, Los Baos, Laguna on 1619 September 2009
2nd Philippine Water Expo 2009 at
SM Megamall, Mandaluyong City on
15-17 October 2009
5th National Biotechnology Week,
SM Mall of Asia, Pasay City on 22-29
November 2009

48

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Charcoal Briquetting Technology


(CBT) exhibit at Dusit Hotel during
the Rotary Club International
Conference on 26 November 2009
ERDB Lobby exhibit on ENR
Technologies.
Production of ERDB Brochure
and Publication Folder
The updated ERDB Brochure and the
ERDB Pocket Folder was produced with
2,000 copies each.
Production and Dissemination of
IEC Materials on Climate Change
R&D
This project involved the production
of information brochures and
dissemination of information to
different clientele. Two (2) brochures
were produced and disseminated
related to climate change: Trees:
Carbon Dioxide Absorber and
Carbon Storage and Species-site
Compatibility Assessment Software
for Forest Trees. Each brochure was
printed in 2000 copies.

Aside from ERDB, the sixteen (16)
regional offices of ERDS also produced
brochures on climate change R and D.
The Bureau facilitated this endeavor.
A total of thirty-three (33) technology
transfer personnel from the ERDS
were provided the Training on the
Production of IEC Materials on Climate
Change held on 3-5 June 2009 at the
ERDB Auditorium. They were given
lectures and exercises on writing,
layouting, and pretesting of brochures.
Thirty-two (32) brochures on climate
change R and D were prepared and
disseminated in regional forums

a.)

b.)

c.)

d.)

a.) Director Adeluisa G. Siapno, b.) Forester Levi Florido, c.) Engr. Santiago Baconguis and d.) Forester Gregorio Santos as resource persons during
the CBT Trainors Training held on May 7-8, 2009.

attended by different stakeholders.


Other publications in progress:
Coffeetable book on 1:4 Pooc
Agroforestry System
A coffeetable book on the 35-yearold agroforestry technology in Pooc,
Silang, Cavite, also known as 1:4 Pooc
Agroforestry System, was drafted. The
coffeetable book featured the best
practices on cropping combinations
and stages of agroforestry farm
developments and processes. The
publication is undergoing review and
revision.
Updated Guidebook on the
Development and Management
of Forest Plantations in the
Philippines
ERDB is working on the updating of
the Guidebook on forest plantations
which was first published in 1997. The
updates include information derived
from recent research results such
as verified seed production areas
(SPAs) and seed sources, propagation
protocols, species-site compatibility,
biomass and carbon sequestration, and
economics of forest tree plantation
species.

(Diospyros philippinensis),
Mahogany (Swietenia
macrophylla), Narra (Pterocarpus
indicus), Teak (Tectona grandis),
Bagras (Eucalyptus deglupta),
Falcata (Paraserianthes falcataria),
Kalantas (Toona kalantas),
Mangium (Acacia mangium),
and Yemane (Gmelina arborea). ERDB staff shows the participants at Baler,
Aurora how to operate the briquettor.
The manual is under revision for
submission to its funding agency,
PCARRD.
Recycling of Agricultural and
Forest Waste Products Using
DENR Charcoal Briquetting
Technology (CBT)
Consistent with the DENRs efforts to
reduce forest degradation and provide
alternative livelihood opportunities
to upland
communities,
ERDB has
embarked on
the production
of charcoal
briquettes
through
recycling of
agricultural and
forest

A CBT Training in Sison, Pangasinan


on April 17-19, 2009.

IEC on Forest-Based Raw


Materials Production for the
Furniture and Handicraft
Industries
A manual on nursery and plantation
establishment of ten (10) traditional
and alternative tree species was
drafted for the benefit of the furniture
and handicraft industries of the
Philippines. The species were Dao
(Dracontomelon dao), Kamagong

Director Siapno in the CBT Training held in Sta. Rosa, Laguna on


e
April 24, 2009

ERDB Annual Report 2009

49

a.)

waste products. Substitution of


traditional charcoal with the DENR
charcoal will not only provide
abandoned biomass and agroforestry
wastes with economic value but
mitigate carbon dioxide emission in
the atmosphere.
It was estimated that for every ton of
briquettes produced, about eightyeight (88) trees with approximately
10-cm diameter and 5-m height were
conserved.
The project has three (3) major
activities as follows:
Advocacy and Promotion of Charcoal
Briquetting
To promote the CBT, there were four
(4) interviews aired in the following
broadcast stations: DZLB (14 May
2009), DZMM (9 February 2009), DZEZ
(9 February 2009), and ABS-CBN (9
February 2009). Furthermore, four (4)
interviews were made at the Philippine
News Agency (PNA) (30 June 2009),
Mindanao Times (30 June 2009),
Business Mirror (30 June 2009), and
World News (30 June 2009).
Television appearances also became
part of the promotional activities.
CBT staff were involved in eight (8) TV
appearances: ABS-CBN (9 February
2009 ), NET 25 (9 February 2009), GMA
7 (9 February 2009), NBN (9 February
2009), ABC 5 (9 February 2009), Davao
Sky Cable 15 (30 June 2009), ABS-CBN
(16 September 2009), and Unang Hirit
(9 October 2009).
Demonstration of the CBT was also
carried out at the DENR Central Office
while three (3) technology fora on
charcoal-making and climate change

50

ERDB Annual Report 2009

were held at Philippine Airforce Clark


Field, Pampanga; Sta. Rosa Watershed;
and Davao City.
Among the IEC materials prepared
to create public awareness were:
Charcoal Briquetting Technology
(CBT) Information Guide in English,
Tagalog, Ilocano, and Cebuano
versions; Operation Manual for
Charcoal Briquetting Equipment; Liquid
Smoke Collection and Utilization;
Charcoal Briquetting Production
Process; Profitability of Charcoal
Briquetting Enterprise; Heating Values
of Different Biomass; How to Use
Charcoal Briquettes; Specifications of
CB Equipment; Engineering Design of
Charcoal Briquetting Equipment and
Cook Stoves.
Five thousand three hundred (5,300)
copies of CBT Information Guide were
produced and 5,205 copies were
distributed to its various clients.
Furthermore, a three-part training
course was designed to educate
extension personnel immersed in the
CBFMP area or community, DENR field
personnel, Bantay Gubat members,
LGUs, P0s, and NGOs involved in solid
waste management programs. The
course was intended to increase the
stakeholders knowledge and skills in
providing information to the upland
farmers and other target beneficiaries.
Seven (7) trainings on CBT were also
conducted in Regions 1, 3, 4A, 4B, NCR,
5, and 12. A National Trainors Training
on CBT was conducted on 7-8 May
2009 at ERDB, College, Laguna
(Annex 7).

ensure the availability of planting


stocks for the Bureaus R and D
activities, other partners, and
clientele.

Community-Based Charcoal
Briquetting Production and Enterprise
Development
Tanay, Rizal and Calamba, Laguna were
selected as project sites. Meetings and
workshops were conducted in Looc
Resettlement Area, Calamba City to
identify implementation strategies
and orient the city government and
the community leaders about the CBT.
Raw materials such as rice hull, straw,
trimmings, and buko wastes were
provided by the local government of
Calamba, Laguna with the cooperation
of the 2nd Infantry Division of the
Philippine Army. One (1) set of
CB equipment was fabricated for
Malacaang MRF.

Papaya, Pineapple,
Pepper, Mabolo, Coffee,
Rambutan, Durian, and
Lanzones were also
planted to maximize the
use of the land and check
soil erosion.

Palm Plantation
Fifteen (15) species of palms were
maintained at the palmetum
demonstration area. Continuous
collection and propagation were
done to increase the diversity
of species and to sustain the
production of good quality
planting stocks.

Butterfly Garden
Six (6) species of butterfly
were reared in the
garden. Host and nectar
plants were collected
and propagated to

Sixteen (16) sets of CB equipment


were distributed (Annex 8). One (1)
set each is composed of hot metal
plate carbonizer with receiver, drumkiln carbonizer, grinder, manual mixer,
seven (7) ports ram-type manual
briquettor, and mechanical dryer.
Demonstration Areas
ERDB maintained its Demonstration
areas in the following places:

Los Baos Experiment Station


(LBES)
The following were showcased at the
LBES:
l

Bamboo Plantation
Forty-two (42) species of
introduced and indigenous
bamboo species collected from
different parts of the country were
maintained. Bamboo planting
materials were propagated to

Amitis flower (Thunbergia mysorensis) found at the


ornamental area inside LBES.

Agroforestry
Fully grown Black pepper plants
were planted using Kakawate
(Glericidia sepium) trellises at
the agroforestry demonstration
area. Regular pruning of Kakawate
plants were done to facilitate
sunlight penetration. Cash crops,
forest and fruit trees like Cassava,

ERDB Annual Report 2009

51

attract more butterflies


to ensure the diversity of
species, and to augment
the supply of food for
caterpillars. Different host
and nectar plants were
planted within the cage
to ensure survival of the
newly hatched pupa. Eggs
within the vicinity were
collected to increase the
number and diversity of
the species.

and planted with Gumamela


(Hibiscus rosa) to prevent soil
erosion. Labels indicating the
scientific, common, and family
names, and curative value of the
species were prepared. Another
area adjacent to the genebank
was prepared for the ten (10)
medicinal plant species. Collection
and propagation of the medicinal
plants were done to enhance the
plant diversity.

Bayuko
Forty (40) bayuko (forest
snail) were bred in
captivity to monitor and
observe their feeding
habit, reproduction, and
life cycle. They were fed
with fresh leaves of Gabi
(taro) and golasiman and
dried leaves of Magabuyo
and Ipil. They were also
protected from predators.
l

It was found that an


individual bayuko lays
an average of 6 to 8 eggs
but dies 4 or 5 days after
laying eggs. Most of the
newly hatched eggs did
not reach maturity and
last for only about 5
to 6 days for unknown
reasons.
Further study of the
species using open space
as breeding area was
considered. In this study,
open areas within the
station with sightings of
bayuko were enclosed
and subjected for
observation.
l

Medicinal/Herbal
Genebank
A total of 165 species
of trees, shrubs,
herbs, vines, grasses,
palms, and ferns with
known medicinal value
were maintained at
the genebank. The
area was terraced

Ornamental Area
Ornamental plants were
propagated to provide host and
nectar for the butterflies.

Demonstration Area at the Jamboree


Site, Los Baos, Laguna
The demonstration area at the
Jamboree Site includes a nursery for
the production of indigenous species
like Bagtikan, and some species of
Bamboo. This served as the repository
of planting materials produced at
LBES for easy access of clients. A
clonal propagation facility was also
established within the area.

52

Damaged bamboo poles and other


vegetation were cleared. The poles
were used in the construction of new
facilities, repair, and improvement
of the existing structures. Additional
concrete slabs leading to the rattan
demonstration area were also
constructed. Wild boars and golden
tilapia were taken care of. Planting of
ornamental plants and landscaping
were also done.

Nursery Area
The nursery area was established
and developed to house the
collected and propagated quality
seedlings of indigenous and exotic
forest trees (such as Bamboo
species) prior to outplanting.
These seedlings were raised to
ensure the availability of planting
stocks to address the needs of
government and non-government
partners in the forest conservation
and reforestation.

Other Activities

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Technical Assistance
ERDBs commitment to serve its clients
was manifested through the technical
assistance extended to individuals,
organizations, agencies, academe,
LGUs, POs, and other government and
NGOs along the following concerns:
Nipa stand assessment for Econol
Fuel Center in Polilio Island,
Quezon
Mangrove and beach forest species
identification and documentation
in El Nido, Palawan
Development of the Seaweed
Health Management Program for
Farmed Eucheumatid Species in
the Philippines
Monitoring of tree surgery
conducted in Baguio and Bulacan
Monitoring of alleged poisoned
Narra trees in SBMA
Clonal propagation of indigenous
forest tree species
Tiger grass production

Identification of different palms


Identification of alternative raw
materials for basket weaving
Production of ten (10)
recommended medicinal plants
Usage and preparation of
medicinal plants
Bamboo propagation and
plantation establishment
Botanical garden establishment
Site assessment and forest park
development
Tissue culture and vegetative
propagation of tree species
Demonstration on the preparation
of plant materials, sterilization,
medium techniques and
inoculation of tissues to medium
Plant preservation and taxonomy

Trainings and
Lectures
ERDB provided
comprehensive
discussions that
promote better
understanding of
various ENR issues
through trainings
and lectures. ERDB
technical staff served
as lecturers or
resource persons in
various trainings held
locally (Annex 9).
Linkages and
Networking
ERDB established
linkages and
maintained networks
through provision of
technical assistance, collaborative
project implementation, information
exchange, and other forms of
collaborative undertakings (Annex
10).

Seed testing of various tree


species
Insect and animal identification
Plantation establishment of Batino
and Malapapaya.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

53

General Administration and


Support Services
Human Resources

Human resources is ERDBs most


valuable asset in achieving its mission.
As of December 2009, ERDBs total
personnel complement was 333 with
186 technical and 147 non-technical
personnel. Of the three hundred
three (333), one hundred ninety-two
(192) were regular, nine (9) were
co-terminus, twenty-four (24) were
casuals, and one hundred eight (108)
were employed through contract of
services (Table 2).
Staff Development
To develop the capacity of personnel,
fifty-six (56) researchers attended local
and international trainings, seminars,
and workshops on various areas of
concern. The Bureau also conducted
ten (10) Monthly Technical Seminar
Series (Annex 11) wherein completed
studies were presented and subjected
to peer reviews. Attendance to
trainings, seminars, and workshops
provided the personnel with the
opportunity to engage in information
exchange and gain insights on project
planning and implementation.

with the PCAMRD-DOST


Scholarship to pursue a Ph.D.
program in Marine Biology at
Siliman University, Dumaguete
City starting second semester
of school year 2009-2010.
Office Policies and
Innovations Introduced
To improve office procedures
and operations, the Director
introduced various innovative
ideas. The preparation of
comprehensive division work
and financial plan, submission
of divisions monthly physical
accomplishment reports,
removal of the Study Fund
Schedule Documents
gave full responsibility
and accountability to the
division/unit head in RDE
management within his/her
jurisdiction. Use of ATMcard
for withdrawal of salaries
were also systematized and
institutionalized in the Bureau.
Use of office rooms was
optimized, and a researchers
cum visitors lounge and a
worship room were put up.

One technical staff was granted


Table 2. ERDBs Manpower Resources by Status of Appointment.

Status of Appointment

Technical
Non-technical
Total

8
1
24
9
24

Classification of Regular Co-terminus Casual Contract of Total


Personnel
Service

128
64
192

ERDB Annual Report 2009

55

50
58
108

186
147
333

Before...

After...

Other physical improvements


were: general housekeeping of the
ERDB building, rooms and vicinity;
replacement of wooden doors with
glass for natural illumination of
corridors and saving of electricity;
demonstration areas at the back of
the building; guest house for use of
transients and ERDS and DENR field
personnel; and installation of water
dispensers in strategic places in
the building to give access to clean
drinking water.

transparency and to keep the


ERDB personnel abreast with the
developments in ENR operations and
management.

Moreover, weekly senior staff


meetings were held to maintain

For the years culminating activity and


the first of its kind for ERDB, a tribute

56

ERDB Annual Report 2009

A compilation of 1978 to 2007 research


abstracts were produced for reference
of ERDB researchers and other sectoral
bureaus. This was acknowledged and
appreciated by the Undersecretary for
Staff Bureaus and other sectoral bureaus
which helped pave the way for more
collaborative undertakings with them.

environmentalist. Audiovisual
presentations on their achievements
and contributions were shown
during the awarding ceremony.

Charter in compliance with RA


9485 were also facilitated.

The 36-inch trophy given to the


awardees is a miniature of the
Mother Nature statue at the faade
of the ERDB Building. It symbolizes
the capacity to perpetuate the
abundance of natures blessings.

The Bureau operated on


its regular budget from the
General Appropriations
amounting to
P 123,208,000 which is
distributed as follows:
48.67% (P 60,848,000) for
Personnel Services, 49.4%
(P 59,960,000) for MOOE,
and 1.94% (P 2,400,000) for
Capital Outlay.

The Bureau sourced out
its funds from eleven (11)
external sources such as
National Power Corporation
(NAPOCOR), PCARRD, PRRC,
MGB, and Western Michigan
University amounting to
P 3,830,544.93 .

Meanwhile, to further strengthen


ERDBs internal auditing service,
the Director revived the Internal
Audit Service (IAS), concurrently
headed by the Legal Officer. Thirty
(30) Memorandum of Agreements
(MOAs) with different government
agencies and private entities were
reviewed with the end-view of
protecting the interest of the ERDB.
Review of contracts of services
entered into by the Bureau, abstracts
of canvass, and preparation of
legal communications and Citizens
Former Director Filiberto S. Pollisco and Dr. Rolando
L. Metin receiving their individual trophies from
Director Adeluisa G. Siapno and OIC-Assistant
Director Levi V. Florido.

was given to two (2) outstanding


former officials of Forest Research
Institute (FORI), now ERDB , during
the Employees Year-End Assembly
last 18 December 2009 at the ERDB
Auditorium. The awardees were:
Dr. Filiberto S. Pollisco, noted for his
outstanding leadership as the first
FORI Director and for his pioneering
works on forestry research; and Dr.
Rolando L. Metin, for being FORIs
first administrative officer and former
Undersecretary for Management
and Technical Services of the DENR,
also known for his outstanding
achievements in his professional
career as a public servant and

ERDB Annual Report 2009

57

Financial Resources

Centerpice of DENR Exhibit participated by ERDB on Philippine Flora and Fauna at the World Trade Center, July 1619, 2009.

Support to operations
Formulation and Monitoring of
ENR Sector Policies, Programs,
and Projects
Updating of RDE Framework on
ENR
The ERDB, in collaboration with various
agencies engaged in ENR management
prepared the National Research and
Development Priorities Plan (NRDPP)
on ENR for 2010 to 2016. This will be
the basic document in the updating of
the RDE Framework on ENR for 2007 to
2010.
The Bureau, representing the DENR,
was assigned by the Presidential
Coordinating Council on Research and
Development (PCCRD) to chair the
Technical Working Group on ENR that
formulated the NRDPP on ENR. The
PCCRD, created through Executive
Order No. 604 dated 16 February
2007 is chaired by the President
of the Philippines and is tasked to
unify all government-funded R and D
programs.
Consultative Meetings, Fora and
Sectoral Conferences
Three (3) consultative meetings/
fora were held for the year. The first
consultative meeting with the sectoral
bureaus and attached agencies was
held at the ERDB on 29 January
2009 to discuss the RDE concerns
on forestry, protected areas, lands,
environment, mines and geosciences,
coastal and water resources including
policy and other thematic concerns.

Several research
projects were
identified to
address sectoral
needs and
facilitate the
complementation
between and
among sectoral
bureaus. Some
of these were
implemented by
the ERDB for the year in collaboration
with other sectoral bureaus.

Consultative meeting with the


sectoral bureaus and attached
agencies at ERDB Auditorium.

The second consultative meeting cum


workshop was with the DENR Planning
and Finance Division representatives
held on 19 February 2009. The activity
provided a better understanding and
appreciation of the plans and programs
of the Research Sector for CY 2009.
It also levelled-off the identification
of performance indicators and unit of
work measurements for programs and
projects.
On 26 May 2009, an RDE forum
attended by senior staff, program and
project leaders was conducted at ERDB
as an offshoot for the FY 2010 Budget
Proposal presentation in Tagaytay
City. The forum was facilitated by Ms.
Marlyn S. Siapno, technical adviser of
the Land Administration Management
Project (LAMP). The activity served as
a reorientation for the participants in
relation to why ERDB exists, its clients,
its major functions, how it works, and
how it provides technical assistance to
requesting parties.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

59

Dir. Siapno during the


Consultative meeting with
sectoral bureaus and attached
agencies.

Consultative meeting cum


workshop with Ms. Lilia Raflores
and Forester Juliet Texon of DENR
Planning Division.

The review of the four-year


RDE plan on ENR for 2007 to
2010 was also tackled which
identified the priority thematic
concerns for CY 2010 with
emphasis on water crisis. It
Director Siapno sharing some insights during the forum with the RTDs.
also clarified the
roles of ERDB in terms of
Research Sector in the Implementation
program/project implementation
of the Upland Development Program;
either direct implementation,
and 2) CY 2009 Work and Financial
collaboration, coordination, and/or
Plan for the three (3) major activities
integration.
of the Sector in the implementation
of the UDP for funding under the
The Bureau also spearheaded
Economic Stimulus Fund.
the conduct of three (3) sectoral
conferences. The conferences served
Another sectoral conference cum forum
as venues for the Sector to assess RDE
with the Regional Technical Directors
implementation, identify priorities,
(RTDs) for Research was conducted on
plans and programs, clarify issues
23 April 2009 at the Splash Mountain
and concerns, and come up with
Resort in Lalakay, Los Baos, Laguna.
agreements and proposed actions that
The activity provided updates and
redound to the better management of
clarified issues and concerns on the
the ENR RDE System.
implementation of the CBT in support
of the UDP of the DENR. Updates on
The first Research Sector Management
the other two (2) components of the
Conference (MANCON) was
UDP, namely, production of quality
participated by ERDB and ERDS
planting materials and technology
officials at the Bayview Park Hotel
transfer and extension were also
in Malate, Manila on 17-19 March
discussed.
2009. Among the major issues and
topics discussed were: a) priority
The conference cum forum enlightened
RDE plans and targets for CY 2009; b)
the RTDs for Research on the issues
updates on the implementation of the
and concerns and advantages of
banner programs on climate change;
CBT in terms of its origin, marketing,
c) roles of the Research Sector in the
patenting, and uniqueness. The
implementation of the Upland
participants agreed to stand firm and
Development Program (UDP);
be committed to perform the three
and d) other vital issues and
(3) major roles of the Research Sector
concerns on the management
in the implementation of the UDP on
and operation of the Sector.
the aspects of 1) technology transfer
and extension; 2) production of quality
Two (2) of the significant
planting materials; and 3) the CBT as
outputs of the Conference
a livelihood enterprise for the upland
were: 1) formulation of
people.
the DENR Memorandum
Circular on Guidelines and
Director Siapno presenting the priority R&D
The third MANCON was held at the
programs of the Research Sector for 2009.
Procedures on the Roles of the
Manila Grand Opera Hotel on 3-4

60

ERDB Annual Report 2009

November 2009. It focused on


revisiting the Sectors mandates and
clarified the roles of ERDB and ERDS
on RDE management. It also assessed
the status of accomplishments of RDE
banner programs and other priority
researches. In the same venue,
the NRDPP on ENR as submitted to
the PCCRD and the RDE plans and
programs for CY 2010 were presented
and identified, respectively. Other
vital issues and concerns affecting
the operations and management of
the RDE System were also discussed.
These include the pending cut on the
FY 2010 budget allocation for the RDE
program implementation, fine-tuning
the functions of ERDB, streamlining
of programs and projects based on
the budget cut, and the refocusing of
RDE programs and projects on climate
change issues.

the draft DENR Memorandum


on Pest Surveillance System for
forest invasive species vis--vis pest
and diseases of imported logs was
evaluated by the ERDB Policy
Technical Working Group.
Meanwhile, the DENR Unified
Assessment Procedure for
Grazing Lands was adopted
by the ERDS and Forest
Management Sector of
Regions 1, 2, 3, 4B, 5, and 10
in the actual field assessment
of pasture and grazing lands.
An offshoot of using this
assessment tool was the formulation
of initial policy recommendation
relative to rationalizing the disposition
of pasture and grazing lands in the
Philippines.

Planning and Reprogramming


Activities

Monitoring and evaluation activities


of the Bureau were strengthened by
regular submission of different reports
(monthly physical accomplishment,
quarterly narrative accomplishment,
travel and statistical reports) by
different technical divisions/units.
On the other hand, regional ERDS
accomplishments were monitored
and evaluated based on submitted
quarterly narrative and
statistical reports and
conduct of regional agency
technical in-house reviews of ongoing
and completed RDE programs/
projects.

The Bureau, represented by the


Director and the Planning and Finance
Officer, attended the Planning and
Budget Reprogramming Workshop on
27 April to 1 May 2009. The Bureaus
Work and Financial Plans were revised
based on reprogrammed budget.
The Work and Financial Plan of the
sixteen (16) regional ERDS were also
evaluated.
Policy Formulation
For the year, the Bureau formulated
three (3) policies and tools in support
to ENR management and RDE
systems operations. These include
the interim policy on the earthballing
and transplanting of trees which
were endorsed to the FMB for their
reference and refinement. Moreover,

Monitoring and Evaluation

As of December 2009, sixteen (16)


regional ERDS have implemented a
total of 172 programs/projects being
monitored by the Bureau (Annex 1213).

ERDB Annual Report 2009

61

USEC Manuel D. Gerochi summons the


Research Sector to translate research
results into effective policies.

Director Siapno presented the


functions of the ERDB and ERDS
during the Management Conference
at the Manila Grand Opera Hotel.

As a feedback mechanism,
observations and
comments made on
various technical and
narrative accomplishment
reports were provided to
the concerned offices/
divisions/units through a
memorandum. Other urgent
concerns and reminders were
conveyed through follow-ups
and phone calls.
To validate the veracity of the
reports and provide technical
guidance and remedial
measures and ensure the
smooth implementation of
the RDE banner programs,
particularly those with the
Bureaus counterpart financial
support, the program leaders
and technical staff conducted
field visits and ocular
inspections.

Conduct of Agency In-House


Review
To assess and provide
technical guidance in
programs and project
implementation of the
entire Research Sector, ERDB
spearheaded the conduct of
the Annual In-House Review
of all ongoing and completed
RDE programs/projects
from May to September
2009. A total of 210 RDE
programs/projects were
evaluated during the review
(Table 5). For ERDB, fortysix (46) programs/projects
were evaluated last 24-25
September 2009.
On the other hand, RDE and
other priority RDE programs/
projects of ERDS Regions
CAR, NCR, 1, 2, 3, 4A, 5, 6, 7,
8, 10, 12, and CARAGA were
subjected for evaluation.
The Program Managers
from ERDB, Director of
the UDP, representatives
from the PCARRD, DENRPlanning, Development and

Evaluation Division (PDED), MGB,


and ERDB served as evaluators for
ERDB RDE programs and projects.
Meanwhile, the ERDB technical team,
representatives from DENR - PDED and
regional consortium acted as evaluators
for the in-house review of ERDS. The
Bureau consolidated and forwarded the
in-house review outputs to respective
regions to improve the implementation
of their programs/projects.
Proposals and Terminal Reports
Evaluation
Seventy (70) terminal reports (22 from
ERDB and 48 from ERDS) and forty-five
(45) proposals (26 from ERDB and 19
from ERDS) were received for evaluation
during the year. Evaluation of the fortythree (43) terminal reports and fifteen
(15) proposals were completed. The
results were sent to the proponents
in the regions and in ERDB for their
appropriate action. The evaluation of the
rest of the terminal reports and proposals
are still in progress.
Attendance to Local/Global Fora

In several occasions, ERDB personnel


attended local and global fora in line
with the countrys
commitments to
various multilateral
environmental
agreements.
Documents on
draft bilateral
and multilateral
environmental
cooperation referred
by the DENR were
reviewed and the
Bureaus opinions
were sent through
RED Joselin Marcus Fragada delivers an
appropriate offices of the DENR and the
inspirational message during the In
House Review of DENR ERDS Region V. Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA).

62

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Data Management Including


Systems Management and
Maintenance
The Bureau continued to develop and
enhance its information systems to
facilitate an easy access, exchange,
and transfer of relevant information
on ENR RDE related projects and
generated technologies.
In order to perform its role more
effectively in RDE management and
in support to the information needs
of other sectors of the DENR and
other clientele, ERDB developed four
(4) information systems, namely: 1)
ENR RDE Information System (ERDIS);
2) ERDB Technology Generated
Information System (ETGIS); 3) Library
Resources Information System (LRIS);
and 4) Document Tracking System (DTS).
The ERDIS captures the inventory of
all proposals, ongoing, and completed
programs/projects. The ETGIS archives
all technologies and information
generated by the Research Sector
in various levels of development
(technology generation, verification,
pilot testing, dissemination, and
commercialization). LRIS catalogues
books and other reference materials
for easy access of library users while
the DTS is an online database which
keeps track all documents being
processed and acted upon by the
Bureau. These information systems
are all web-based and can be accessed
through the local area network.
To fully operationalize the information
systems, the Bureau procured one
database server based at the Planning
and Management Information
Services Unit (PMISU). Fifteen
(15) workstations and five mobile

workstations were also distributed


to all technical divisions/units.
Focal persons for each division/unit
were designated to take charge in
populating the information into the
different databases.
The ERDB website is regularly
updated with the latest issues of
ENR publications, news briefs,
library acquisition, and bids and
awards. Network configuration were
completed, setting up static internet
protocol (IP) addresses. Workgroups
are also assigned to avoid IP address
conflicts and to easily identify the
workstations connected to the
network. Twelve (12) more computer
units at the different divisions and
units were connected to the network.
Library Services
ERDB maintains a library that serves
not only ERDB researchers but other
clients as well. For CY 2009, seventeen
(17) new books were acquired. Ten
(10) books were acquired through
donation or publication exchange
with national and international
agencies. A total of 2,149 information
were encoded into the LRIS as part
of the Bureaus goal to easily access
information on library holdings.

The Bureau also provided the sixteen


(16) regional offices with a list of its
monthly library acquisitions to keep
them updated with the available new
library materials.
Laboratory Services
The Ecosystems Research and
Service Laboratories (ERSL) consists
of seven (7) laboratories, namely:
Seed, Pests and Diseases, Botany,
Zoology, Analytical, Biotechnology,
Microbiology and the Special
Projects Area (SPA). The SPA
conducts research on wood and
non-wood forest species. As of
December 2009, the ERSL received
216 soil samples for physical and
chemical analysis and analyzed
in situ twenty-seven (27) water
samples collected in San Cristobal,
San Juan watershed in Calamba City,
Laguna. Soil samples collected from
SBMA were analyzed to determine
the cause of alleged tree poisoning
in the area.
A poster of process flow of laboratory
operations and services and standard
methodologies in laboratory analyses
were displayed in each laboratory
room for information of researchers
and guidance of walk-in visitors.
Meanwhile, maintenance of the
laboratories and collection and
preservation of
plants and animals
including insect
specimens were
continued. Other
activities include:
IEC material
preparation;
development
of protocol on

ERDB Annual Report 2009

63

oil extraction of biofuel


species; vegetative
and tissue culture;
propagation and seed
testing of indigenous tree
species. For CY 2009,
the Bureau acquired a
spectrophotometer and a
flame photometer for the
laboratory.

Gender and Development


T

he ERDB-Gender and
Development Focal Point
System (GADFPS) focused
its activities under two (2) major
components: 1) Production/
Reproduction/Distribution of GAD IEC
materials and 2) Maintenance of the
Focal Point System.
For the Gising Diwa program, a
series of lectures were conducted at
Kinabuhayan Elementary School and
the Dagatan National High School
in Dolores, Quezon. Seventy-seven
(77) elementary pupils from grades
4-6 attended. The LGU of the said
community was also made aware
of the importance of water and the
impacts of climate change to the
environment.
For the 2009 Womens Month
Celebration, the theme Babae: Yaman
ka ng Bayan, highlighted the critical
role of women in nation-building and
recognized the women as an important
resource to reduce poverty. To launch
the celebration, the Bureau held a
tianggehan with Usec. Teresita
Samson-Castillo as the special guest.
Similarly, other activities were carried
out such as: health consciousness
program, livelihood seminar, art
contest, and a seminar demonstration
on Hydrophonics.
The maintenance of the GADFPS
prioritized the monitoring and
evaluation of the ERDB GAD R and
D,mainstreaming gender concerns on
the different banner and non-banner
RDE programs and projects. Series of
meetings and leveling off workshop
were conducted on 14-15 May 2009
to discuss and finalize the activities
and prepare materials for the gender

mainstreaming activities of the


eleven (11) banner programs.
Field visits, including focus group
discussions (FGD) and one-onone interviews were likewise
conducted relative to the gender
concerns in the banner programs.
The GADFPS provided technical
assistance to various clientele
which include DENR-EMB,
DENR-Region 9, LMB and LLDA.
The focal point also served as
resource person to the writeshop/
workshop Support to Micro and
Small Enterprises: The Community
Livelihood Assistance Program
(CLASP) under the FMBs GREAT
WOMEN Project on 2-4 December
2009 at Lucban, Quezon and
to the DENR GAD Trainors
Enhancement Workshop on 7-11
December 2009 at the Camelot
Hotel, Quezon City.
GAD sponsored two trainings on
Charcoal Briquetting Technology
held last 23-24 March 2009 and 26
March 2009 at PESO, Los Banos,
Laguna and 26 March 2009,
respectively.
Meanwhile, the pilot testing of
DENR GAD Harmonized Guidelines
was done with the project
on Community Vulnerability
Assessment in Environmental
Changes in Sta. Maria, Laguna.
The activity formed gender
advocacies and promotion
activities.
The ERDB-ERDS R and D
Compendium was also started in
September. The compendium is a
compilation of various completed

ERDB Annual Report 2009

The participants of the workshop


Support to Micro and Small Enterprises:
The Community Livelihood Assistance
Program (CLASP) under the FMBs GREAT
WOMEN on December 2-4, 2009 at Batis
Aramin Resort and Hotel Corporation, Bo.
Malupak, Lucban, Quezon.

Conduct of levelingoff cum meeting


between ERDB CARCAP Banner Program
Research Team and DENR ERDS Region 1
headed by RTD Lourdes Calacal.

The CARCAP Banner Program Research


Team and GAD Focal with the Assistant
PASu Jose Ramil Narciso conducting ocular
observation of Lake Danao, Ormoc City.

Gender-based researches/
projects/studies from the ERDB
and the ERDS Regional Offices
nationwide.

65

Annexes

Annex 1. Watersheds Assessed from 2007-2009.


Watersheds Assessed/Reviewed
2007 - 2008
2009


Region

ERDB



CAR



1

Tignoan
Pudong
Mt. Makiling
Bayudan
Lusuac
Camcamalog
Lower Agno River

Buaya Watershed

3
Bunga Sub-watershed

4A
Lagnas

Ylang-ylang

Binahaan

Mabacan

Yaganak

Balanac

4B

Kisloyan sub-catchment

Yabo-Naga

Mambusao
Panakuyan
Bago

Luyang
Mananga

Guinabasan

Taft

Daguitan

10

Bubunawan
Liangan
Dioyo

11

Tagum-Libuganon

12
Upper Allah (Parcel I)

Upper Allah (Parcel II)


Kabulnan

CARAGA
Ojot

Casilayan

NCR

La Mesa

Total

15

20

ERDB Annual Report 2009

67

Annex 2. Watersheds currently in various stages of vulnerability assessment.


Region

Old Sites (2007-2008)

New Sites (2009)

ERDB

San Cristobal

CAR

Bued
Naguilian

Amburayan

Lower Magat

Kirang
Cabanglasan

Pinulot

4A

Maragondon
San Antonio
Kanan

4B

Ibolo

Tubugan

Bito

Aganan

Buhisan
Hilabangan

Bito

Pasonanca
Salug-Diut

Sibuguey-Dipili
Salug-Daku

10

Tagaloan

Manupali

11

Saug

Naboc

12

Banga

13

Tago
Andanan
Taguibo

Sub-Total

Total

68

ERDB Annual Report 2009

23
30

Annex 3. Carrying capacity (CARCAP) of selected protected areas for ecotourism and CBFM sites

(December 2009).

CARCAP Project/Site
Region

Total
Area
(ha)

Carrying
Capacity

Community-Based Forest Management Areas (CBFMA)


1 CBFM areas in Balong & Tabuk,
Kalinga

CAR

96

19 families

2 Kabulinawan, Puncan, Nueva Ecija

R-3

1,474

68 families

3 Guadalupe-Julita CBFM, Libacao,


Aklan

R-6

523

93 families

4



5


6

Arthurs Farmers Organization


(AFO), Minglanilla and Talisay,
Cebu City

R-7

1,374

Gaboc Hill, Lingion, Manolo


Fortich, Bukidnon

R-10

210

35 families

Langaon, Baungon, Bukidnon

R-10

1,474

31 families

7 NABIMA, Opol, Misamis Oriental

R-10

631

115 families

8


9

Kapanal T'boli Multi-Purpose


Cooperative (KTMPC)

R-12

5,375

204 families

Lantuyan, Baco, Oriental


Mindoro

R-4b

294

323 families

48 families

Protected Areas (Parks, Small islands and Seascapes)





1 Mt. Pulag National Park, Bokod,
CAR
11,550
3,159 visitors/day
Kabayan, Benguet
3,525 trekkers/day

2 Manleluag Spring Protected
R-1
1,935
226 visitors/day
Landscape
3 Mt. Arayat National Park

R-3

3,715

676 swimmers/day

4 Mt. Mayon Volcano National Park


R-5
5,487
383 campers/day

1,809 hikers/day

15,925 ecotourists or
birdwatchers/day

1,474 trekkers or

mountain climbers/day

566 campers or
trekkers/day

ERDB Annual Report 2009

69

Annex 3 Continued...
Protected Areas (Parks, Small islands and Seascapes)

5 Boracay Island, Boracay,
R-6
1,007
Kalibo, Aklan

10,116 swimmers/day
16,703 beach users/
day
14,674 diners/day

6 Mt. Kanlaon National Park


R-6
24,558

578 trekkers/day
42 campers/day

7 Mt. Manunggal Camping


R-7
5,257
Area, Magsaysay,

sq.m.
Balamban, Cebu

58 hikers/day
155 campers/day
44 site-seers/day
133 picnickers/day

8 Apo Island Protected


R-7
74
Landscape and Seascape,
Dauin, Oriental Negros

17 divers/day
12 snorkelers/day
199 site-seers/day

9



10





11




12






13

Agutayan Island CEP,


Aguatayan Island, Jasaan,
Misamis Oriental

R-10

100 visitors/month

Mt. Timpoong, Hibok-hibok


Range Natural Landmark
Monument at Tupsan,
Mainit, Catarman, Benhaan,
Mambajao, Camiguin

R-10

2,226

332 trekkers/day

Initao-Libertad Seascape
R-10
1,425
and Landscape at Tubigan
& Gimaylan, Initao-Libertad,
Misamis Oriental

290 campers/day
137 cavers/day

Mt. Apo National Park in


Kapatagan, Sta. Cruz,
Digos City; Tamayong,
Makilala, Kanapawan City
& Bansalan, Magpet,
Davao del Sur

4,232 mountaineers/day

R-11

64,053

Mainit Hot Spring Protected


R-11
3
Landscape, Mainit, Nabunturan,
Compostela Valley, Province

70

ERDB Annual Report 2009

1,864 steambathers/day
213 swimmers/day
668 jacuzzi users/day

Annex 3 Continued...
Protected Areas (Parks, Small islands and Seascapes)
14


Mt. Matutum Protected


Landscape in Tupi, Palmokm
Tampakan, South Cotobato &
Malungon, Sarangani

R-12

14,008

116 campers/day

15 Mt. Guiting-guiting National Park,


Sibuyan Island, Romblon

R-4b

15,475

17 trekkers/day

16 Mt. Banahaw, Tiaong, Quezon

R-4a

11,133

6,579 campers/day

17 Siargao, Island

R-10

278,914

1429 viewers/day

18 Pujada Bay, Agusan del Sur

R-11

19 Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife


Center

NCR

Annex 4. Verified and assessed seed sources in ten (10) regions.


Region

Species

No. of Plus trees

CAR

Benguet Pine,
Narek, Agoho,
Tuai, Almaciga

Yemane, Narra
284
Mahogany, Red
Gum ,etc.

Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Ilocos Sur,


La Union

Mahogany, Yemane
Red Lauan, Mayapis,
etc.

Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino

Yemane, Acacia
242
Narra, Molave, etc/

Tarlac, Bataan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga


Zambales

4A

Mahogany, Philippine 512


Teak, Molave, Dao, etc.

Quezon, Batangas

4B

Ipil, Mindoro Pine,


Narra

Palawan, Occidental Mindoro

Pili, Bakauan
360
Bato, Sambulauan,
Bakauan Babae, etc.

267

699

137

Site
Apayao, Benguet

Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, Albay

ERDB Annual Report 2009

71

Annex 4 Continued...
Region Species

No. of Plus
Tress

Site

Rain Tree,
418
Narra, Mountain
Agoho, Pagatpat, etc.

Iloilo, Aklan, Negors Occidental,


Antique, Guimaras


7




8

Talisay Gubat,
704
Eucalyptus, White
Lauan, Yemane

Siquijor, Cebu, Negros Oriental

Falcata, Tangal,
Almon, Mahogany,
etc.

Eastern Samar, Leyte, Southern Leyte

Narra, Almon,
146
Mahogany,
Tanguile, etc.

Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte


Zamboanga Sibugay

10

White Lauan,
518
Molave, Saplungan,
Mahogany, etc.

Bukidnon, Camiguin, Misamis Oriental


11

White Lauan,
Lumbang, Yemane,
Bagras, etc.

278

Davao del Sur, Comval Province

13

Falcata, Bagras,
Lanipau,
Manggasinoro

172

Surigao del Sur, Butuan, Agusan del Sur

570

Total

5, 454

72

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Annex 5. Validated sites of selected species in NCR, Region 4A, and 7.



Region

Validated Sites
Urban

NCR 1. Hawili 2. Tibig 3. Bangkal


4. Ipil-Ipil 5. Bamboo 6. Vetiver

Dela Pena,
Marikina

Santolan, Pasig

Region 4A 1. Napier 2. Para grass


3. Kawayang Tinik 4. Acacia
5. Bani 6. Kakawate

Iyam River Brgy 1,


Lucena City

Malabanban Sur,
Candelaria, Quezon

Region 7 1. Wedelia
2. Napier 3. Talahib 4. Carabao
grass 5. Vetiver `
6. Wild Sunflower

Mananga River, Brgy


Dumlog and San
Isidro

Luyang River, Carmen.


Copper Corp.
Lutopan, Toledo City

Industrial

Annex 6. Plant species assessed for effects of acid deposition in urban Metro
Manila.
Common Name

Scientific Name

Narra
Mahogany
Talisai
Rain tree
Gmelina
Acacia
Indian lanutan
Fire tree
Mangga
Golden shower
Ipil-ipil
Neem tree
Bo tree
Molave
Caimito
Bagras
Banaba
Fringon
Nangka
Santol
Kamagong
Sampalok
African tulip
Agoho

Pterocarpus indicus Willd.


Swietenia macrophylla King
Terminalia catappa L.
Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.
Gmelina arborea Roxb.
Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex. Benth.
Polyalthia longifolia Benth. & Hook. f.
Delonix regia (Boj. Ex. Hook.) Raf.
Mangifera indica L.
Cassia fistula L.
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit
Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Ficus religiosa L.
Vitex parviflora Juss.
Chrysophyllum cainito L.
Eucalyptus deglupta Blume
Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.
Bauhinia monandra Kurz.
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
Sandoricum koetjape (Burm.f.) Merr.
Diospyros blancoi A. DC.
Tamarindus indica L.
Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
Casuarina equisetifolia Forst.

ERDB Annual Report 2009

73

Annex 7. Trainings conducted on charcoal briquetting.


Organization/Participant

Date

A. National
1. National Trainors' Training
May 7-8, 2009
B.







Local Government Units (LGUs)


1. Lidlida, Ilocos Sur
April 14-16, 2009
2. Sison Pangasinan
April 17-19, 2009
3. Sta. Rosa City
April 24, 2009
4. Sariaya, Quezon
April 16, 2009
5. San Fernando, Romblon
May 20-22, 2009
6. Koronadal, S.Cotabato
April 29-30, 2009
7. Brgy. Concepcion, Malabon City
November 5, 2009
8. Marilao, Bulacan
March 27, 2009

C. Academe
1. Aurora State College of
May 11-13, 2009
Technology (ASCOT)
2. Don Bosco Youth Development
June 8, 2009
Center
D. Other Government Agencies
1. Malacaang, MRF
June 19, 2009
2. DENR Central Office Commission March 23, 2009
on Solid Waste Management
3. PAWB
Nov. 6-7, 2009
4. Camp Nakar, Lucena City
Nov.18, 2009
5. Civil Service Commission,
Aug. 28, 2009
Quezon City
E. Non-Government Organizations (NGOs)
1. Samahan ng Kababaihan, Manila July 30, 2009
2. Bondoc Peninsula Multipurpose
Cooperative
August 6-7, 2009
3. New Mulanay Multipurpose
Cooperative
4. Looc Resettlement Village
July 29-30, 2009
Association, Calamba City
5. ARB Multipurpose Cooperative,
Nov. 25, 2009
Rizal

No of Participants
30
27
45
30
15
15
36
141

72
15

11
25
25
33
34

25
37
27
12

74

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Annex 8. Charcoal briquetting equipment fabricated and distributed to different offices.


Fabricator

Recipient

Date Delivered

1. Tipon-tipon Welding Shop



Turn-over to
Engr. William A. Enriquez,
Director of Malacanang MRF*

June 19, 2009

2. Tipon-tipon Welding Shop


Received by RED Jose Andres Diaz, July 27, 2009


DENR-NCR

3. Tipon-tipon Welding Shop



Delivered to the DENR Central


Office Region 6 (for MRF Brgy.
Balabag, Malay, Aklan)

August 28, 2009

4. MCTROSS Enterprises

Brgy. Concepcion, Malabon City

October 9, 2009

5. Tipon-tipon Welding Shop

Region 4-B (LGU Sablayan, Mindoro) October 27, 2009

6. Lambs Agri Mechanical



Delivered to DENR Central Office


for Region 3 Mexico, Pampanga
under RED Ricardo L. Calderon

November 10, 2009

7. Tipon-tipon Welding Shop



Delivered to DENR Central Office


for Region 3, Florida Blanca,
Pampanga

November 19, 2009

8. Tipon-tipon Welding Shop

Delivered to EMB Region 3

November 26, 2009

9. Lambs Agri Mechanical



Pampanga

for Sta. Rita and Guagua,

ERDB Annual Report 2009

75

Annex 9. Lectures conducted by ERDB technical staff.


Resource Person

Title of Training/Topic

Date

Place

Cristina A. Roxas
Bamboo Orientation Training on March 19, 2009
Paulino A. Umali, Jr.
Bamboo Propagation Techniques
Lucas L. Gonzales

FMB, Diliman,
Quezon City

Cristina A. Roxas
Bamboo Propagation
June 30, 2009

Sariaya,
Quezon

Paulino A. Umali
Bamboo Propagation and
August 19, 2009
Lucas L. Gonzales
Utilization

Luisa Ridge,
Pansol, Calamba
City, Laguna

Romana A. Mauricio
Pedro C. Atega
Honorato G. Palis


Gising Diwa: Ang Kalinisan at


March 10, 2009
Kahalagahan ng Kapaligiran;
Ang Galaw at Kahalagahan ng
Tubig and Impact of Climate
Change to the Community and
Environment

Kinabuhayan
Elementary
School,
Dolores,
Quezon

Monette S. Santos
Vienna O. Austria

Training Workshop on
April 27-28, 2009 Lagos del Sol
Gender Tools and Analysis for
Resort, Cavinti,
LLDA Employees
Laguna

Rosalinda S. Reaviles




PCARRD S and T-Based Farm on


Malapapaya (Nursery and
Plantation Establishment of
Malapapaya for the Mabitac
Malapapaya and Tissue Cultured
Lakatan Farmers Association)

Mabitac,
Laguna

Leuvina M. Tandug

Design and Analysis of Forestry


May 20, 2009
Experiments

PCARRD, Los
Baos, Laguna

Honorato G. Palis
Training on IEC Banner Program
June 3, 2009


Climate Change Impact and
June 30, 2009

Mitigation in the Upland/

Watershed and Coastal areas,

1st Green Technology and

Climate Change R and D Forum

76

ERDB Annual Report 2009

ERDB, College,
Laguna
SM Davao City

Annex 9 Continued...
Resource Person

Title of Training/Topic

Date

Monette S. Santos






DENR-GAD Harmonized
June 25, 2009
Guidelines for Project
Identification, Implementation
and M and E on
Training for Extension Service
Providers on Effective Service
Delivery and Adoption and ENR
Technologies

Leuvina M. Tandug
1st Regional Youth for
August 8, 2009

Environment

(YES-O) Echo Camp 2009


Angelito B. Exconde






Angelito B. Exconde




Place
ERDB, College,
Laguna

Koronadal
National
Comprehensive
High School,
Koronadal City

Information, Education,
November 19, 2009 Hinabangan,
Communication (IEC) forum on the
Samar
project Rehabilitation Strategies
and Ecotourism Development for
Mine Tailings Areas in Bagacay
Hinabangan, Western Samar
5th National Biotechnology
November 24, 2009 Mall of Asia,
Week Scientific Forum Pasay City
Paper Presentation on the
project Phytoremediation of
Mined out Areas in Bagacay,
Hinabangan, Samar

Cristina A. Roxas
Bamboo Propagation and
October 6, 2009
Paulino A. Umali, Jr.
Plantation Development
Lucas L. Gonzales

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Municipal
Covered Court
Dolores, Quezon

77

Annex 10. ERDBs linkages with other institutions.


Agency

Nature of Linkage

DENR UNITS



DENR Provincial Environment and


Natural Resources Office and
Community Environment and
Natural Resources Office

Collaborative work in the mplementation of


the projects/studies in their respective
provinces.


DENR Regional Offices

Funding support and collaborative works in


the implementation of the Banner Programs


Laguna Lake Development Authority



Financial support and technical collaborative


work in the implementation of the project
titled Research Investigation on the Bio-
ecology and Sustainable Use of the Janitor
Fish (Pterygoplichthys sp.) in Laguna de Bay.


Environment & Management Bureau
Collaborative work in data collection and
monitoring of study sites (project on acid
deposition).

Pasig River Rehabilitation Commission
Funding support and technical collaboration
in the implementation of the study

titled Biodiversity Assessment of Pasig
River and Its Tributaries : The Ecosystems
Approach


MOA for the Multi-tripartite Monitoring

Team (MMT)

Technical Assistance in the review and
evaluation of (PGI) proposal

National Mapping Resource Information


Authority and UP Diliman

Collaborative work in obtaining topographic


maps and satellite images


Mines and Geo-Sciences Bureau
Funding support and technical

collaboration in the implementation of

the study titled ERDB-MGB Cooperative
Project on Ecosystems Reconstruction and
Phytoremediation of Mined-out Lands
OTHER AGENCIES

Department of Agriculture, Bureau of
Collaborative work in the implementation

Agricultural Research, NCBP
of the project titled: Ecosystems

Approach in the Assessment of the

Impacts of Herbicide Tolerant Corn on Wild

Biodiversity in Corn Production Systems in

Luzon, Philippines (ERDB-PBS-BBI)


Collaboration in the preparation of training

modules
Coordination for the action plan on alien

invasive species

78

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Annex 10 Continued...

Philippine Council for Agriculture


Forestry & Natural Resources
Research and Development (PCARRD)

Financial support in the implementation of


ten R and D Projects

Forest Products Research and


Development Institute (FPRDI)

Collaborative work in the implementation of the


project on Charcoal Briquetting


National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR)




Financial support in the implementation of the


study ERDB-NPC Research Project Installation and
Operation of Hydrometeorological Station for
Watershed Planning/Management in support
to NAPOCOR Watershed Rehabilitation and
Conservation Program

Southern Tagalog Resources Research and Membership to the Consortium


Development Consortium
Scholarship grants

Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Collaborative work in the collection of monthly


Astronomical Services Administration
rainfall data needed in the various projects
(PAG-ASA)

Department of Science and Technology


Philippine Forest Corporation (PFC)
Financial support in the implementation of the study


Mass Production of Jatropha curcas through tissue
culture
LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS














Lake Management Office


Implementation of the projects in their
Municipality of Muntinlupa
respective areas of jurisdiction.
Municipality of Los Baos, Laguna
Municipality of Majayjay, Laguna
Municipality of Kawit, Cavite
Municipality of Dolores, Quezon
Municipality of Olango Island, Cebu
Muncipality of Guimaras, Bohol
Municipality of Tagum, Davao del Norte
Municipality of Baler, Qurora
Municipality of Governor Generosa, Davao Oriental
Muncipality of Catarman, Samar
Muncipality of Bacacay, Albay
Muncipality of Prieto Diaz, Sorsogon
Municipality of Tigaon, Camarines Sur

ACADEME

UPLB College of Forestry and Natural


Resources


Museum of Natural History, UPLB

UPLB - BIOTECH

Training Center for Applied Geodesy and

Photogrammetry (TCAGP), UP Diliman


UP College of Agriculture

Collaborative works in the implementation of


Ecotourism Project at LBES
Collaborative works in the implementation of the
study on biosafety

Technical cooperation and exchange of information


on ENR concerns

ERDB Annual Report 2009

79

Annex 10 Continued...

Marine Science Institute


Technical assistance on the review of project


proposal titled Development of Seaweed
Health Management Program for Fame
Eucheumatic species in the Philippines


De La Salle University, Canlubang Financial support and technical collaboration in

the implementation of the study titled Tree

domestication strategy using selected indigenous

Species and Mycorrhizal Application



Ifugao State College of Agriculture


Provision of reading materials on agriculture and
and Forestry forestry from ERDB
Tarlac Agricultural College
Cavite Adventist University

NON-GOVERNMENT OFFICES

Partnership in Environmental
Management for the Seas

Membership to the organization

Philippine Wood Producers Association

Technical collaboration in the data collection


Surigao Development
Technical collaboration in the collection of data

Corporation (SUDECOR) for the study Determination of the growth,

Clean and Green Foundation structure and composition of third-growth

Bantay Kalikasan Foundation
dipterocarp forest in areas under active TLA/

IFMA.

PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS

Country Flower Farm, Tagaytay City


Technical collaboration in the establishment of


bamboo plantation

First Philippine Industrial Park, Sto. Tomas, Technical collaboration in the development of
Batangas
forest park

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES



International Tropical Timber Organization

(ITTO)


Financial support and technical collaboration


in the implementation of the project
Demonstration and Application of Production
and Utilization Technology for Rattan Sustainable
Development in the ASEAN Member Countries


Program for Biosafety Systems

Biotechnology Biodiversity



Financial support and technical collaboration


in the implementation of the study Ecosystems
Approach in the Assessment of the Environmental
Impacts of Herbicide-tolerant (Ht) Corn on Wild
Biodiversity in Corn Production Systems in Luzon,
Philippines

Financial support and technical collaboration in


the implementation of the study Ecology and
Stand Dynamics of Kandelia Candel (L) Bruce

European Commission - Institut


Franais de Recherche Scientifique
pour le Dveloppement en Coopration
(EC-ORSTOM)

80

ERDB Annual Report 2009

Annex 11. ERDB Monthly Technical Seminar Series Conducted for CY 2009.
Presentor

Title

Date

1. Liberty E. Asis
Writers Guidelines for Canopy

International

Veronica O. Sinohin
Determination of Appropriate Extension

Strategies to Facilitate Adoption of ENR

Technologies
Eliseo M. Baltazar
Technology Assessment Procedure

2. Lizelle S. Palacios
Personal Care and Nutrition
Araceli T. Oliva

February 18

3. Fe T. Ociones

Biophysical Characterization of
Puerto Galera Bay

April 28

4. Editha P. Eusebio

Gina C. Tocino

Paul M. Sarmiento

The Newly Developed ENR R and D


June 1
Information System (ERDIS) and
Library Resources Information System
(LRIS): Tools for ENR R and D Management

5. Angelito B. Exconde


Los Baos Experiment Station


Audio-Visual Presentation plus
an added attraction
New Global Influenza A H1N1 Epidemic

June 10

6. Alfredo G. del Rio


Orientation on the ARTA (R.A. # 9485)


and Formulation of the Citizens Charter

July 15

7. Ma. Lourdes Q. Moreno








8. Editha P. Eusebio


Gina C. Tocino

Paul M. Sarmiento

Participatory Governance of Barangay


Fisheries and Aquatic Resources
Management Council (BFARMC) for
the Well-Being of Fisherfolk in
Palakpakin Lake, San Pablo City
(Ph.D. Dissertation)

August 5

Technology Generated and Document


Tracking Information Systems:
Tools for ENR RDE Operations and
Management

September 29

March 13

9. Jose Isidro Michael Padin Freshwater Fish Identification:



A Look Into The Pasig River Fishes

Dr. N. Tawatao
Species Diversity and Functional Group

Composition of Ground-Dwelling

Ants In Fragmented Forest

10. Evangeline T. Castillo
Adverse Effects of Acid Deposition on

Plants And Soils in Urban Metro Manila

October 28

11. Editha P. Eusebio



Juan B. Ebora

Lolita P. Villanueva

November 27

Seminar to Address Erroneous


Computations In Submitted
Physical Accomplishment Reports

November 26

ERDB Annual Report 2009

81

Annex 12. ERDS Ongoing RDE programs/projects for CY 2009.


Region

No. of projects

CAR
R-1
R-2
R-3
R-4A
R-4B
R-5
R-6
R-7
R-8
R-9
R-10
R-11
R-12
CARAGA
NCR

Total

14
12
7
11
9
5
9
23
15
9
9
10
11
7
16
5
172

Annex 13. Summary of ERDS RDE Programs/Projects Presented during In-House


Review
Office/Region

Other RDE
Projects

Total

ERDB
ERDS- CAR

R-1

R-2

R-3

R-4A

NCR

R-5

R-6

R-7

R-8

R-10

R-12

CARAGA

11
12
8
2
5
13
6
9
14
15
3
9
7
14

35
6
3
3
4
0
2
2
6
3
8
3
2
5

46
18
11
5
9
13
8
11
20
18
11
12
9
19

82

Banner
Program

128

82

210

Total

ERDB Annual Report 2009

ERDB Annual Report 2009


Produced by the Officials and Staff of the Ecosystems
Research and Development Bureau, College, Laguna
Official Citation:
Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau.
Annual Report 2009. ERDB, College, Laguna. 82 pp.