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Miller 7th Ed.

Chapter 1. Introductory Topics
1. Which part of the sinewave expression cannot be varied in accordance with the low-frequency intelligence to create a modulated
a. Phase
b. Frequency
c. ime
d. !mplitude
". #ommunication systems are most often categori$ed by what characteristic?
a. %odulation frequency
b. #arrier frequency
c. ransmission distance
d. &nformation transmitted
' (oltage gain in decibels is

a. 1) ln
b. 1) log
c. ") ln
d. ") log
* Which expression indicates a measurement using a 1-W reference

a. d+m,1-
b. d+1
c. d+W
d. d+,W-
. !n amplifier operating over a "-%h$ bandwidth has a /. input resistance. &f it is operating at ""0 # and
has a voltage gain of '))1 the noise produced at the output of this amplifier would be approximately

2 Which of the following is not an example of external noise
a. Fluorescent light
b. 3olar emission
c. 4esistor noise
d. 5ightning
/ !n amplifier6s output signal has ". m( p-p of desired signal mixed in with *. ( rms of undesired noise. he load impedance is .) .
What is the amplifier6s output 378 level in d+?
a. "".9 d+
b. .*.9 d+
c. *..9 d+
d. .1.9 d+
: Why does a .-;<$ square wave require a greater bandwidth than a "-;<$ sinewave?

a. he square wave has a larger frequency than the sinewave.
b. he square wave has an infinite number of harmonics1 whereas the sinewave has only one.
c. he square wave is much easier to cover by noise.
d. he square wave must also include an offset ,dc- voltage1 whereas the sinewave does not.
9 he relationship between information and bandwidth is called
a. &nformation theory
b. Fourier analysis
c. FF
d. <artley6s law
1) !liasing can be defined as errors occurring when
a. he input frequency exceeds the sample rate.
b. he bandwidth is less than the input frequency.
c. he type of modulation has been incorrectly identified.
d. he sampling signal has been incorrectly identified.
11 Which of the following does not hold true for a parallel resonant circuit?
a. !t the resonant frequency the impedance of the circuit is a minimum.
b. &f =>1)1 the resonant frequency is the same as it would be if it were a series.
c. &t is commonly referred to as a tan; circuit.
d. !t the resonant frequency1 the circuit draws minimum current from the constant-voltage source.
1" he oscillator design that uses a third capacitor in the tan; circuit for swamping out the effect of the
transistor6s internal capacitances is the
a. <artley design
b. #lapp design
c. #olpitts design
d. #rystal design
1' he ability of a crystal to oscillate at its resonant frequency is due to
a. he flywheel effect
b. +ar;hausen criteria
c. he pie$oelectric effect
d. Frequency synthesis
1* he +ar;hausen criteria has to do with
a. 4eceiver noise
b. Fourier analysis
c. ?scillation
d. roubleshooting
1. Which of the following can be called a troubleshooting plan?
a. 3ymptoms as clues to faulty stages
b. 3ignal tracing and signal in@ection
c. (oltage and resistance measure
d. 3ubstitution
e. !ll the above
Chapter 2. Amplitude Modulation: Transmission
1. &n a modulated system1 the low-frequency intelligence signal is not called the

a. %odulating signal
b. &nformation signal
c. %odulating wave
d. #arrier
". ! /.)-%h$ carrier is modulated by a voice signal that has three frequency components of 1)) <$1
")) <$1 and ')) <$. What three frequencies comprise the lower sideband?

a. 2.999/ %h$1 2.999: %h$1 and 2.9999 %h$
b. 1)) <$1 ")) <$1 and ')) <$
c. 2.9999 %h$1 /.)))) %h$1 and /.)))1 %h$
d. /.)))1 %h$1 /.)))" %h$1 and /.)))' %h$
'. he total output power of an !% transmitter is measured to be :.) W. What is the total output sideband
power if it has a percent modulation of 1))A?

a. *". W
b. :.) W
c. ":'.' W
d. 1*1.2. W
*. ! 1))-;<$ carrier is modulated by a ")-<$ B ";<$ signal. he upper sideband is

a. 1)" ;<$
b. 1)).)" ;<$ to 1)" ;<$
c. 1)1 ;<$
d. 1)).))" ;<$ to 1)" ;<$
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
.. ?ne full revolution of a phasor generates which percentage of a full sinewave?

a. ".A
b. .)A
c. 1))A
d. "))A
2. !n !% waveform at maximum is 1)) ( p-p and at minimum is *) ( p-p. he modulation percentage is

a. ".)A
b. *)A
c. ".A
d. '/..A
/. ! transmitter having a 9))-W carrier transmits 11:: W when modulated with a single sinewave. &f the carrier is simultaneously
modulated with another sinewave at 2)A modulation1 calculate the total transmitted power.

a. 1):* W
b. 11/) W
c. 1'.) W
d. 1""* W
:. 5ow-level modulation is

a. he most economic approach for low-power transmitters.
b. #haracteri$ed by the use of ClinearC power amplifiers to amplify the !% signal.
c. #haracteri$ed by having the carrier and the intelligence signals mix at low power levels
d. !ll the above.
9. he main advantage of a high-level modulation system compared to a low-level system is that it

a. !llows more efficient amplification.
b. !llows use of low-powered intelligence signal.
c. Provides higher modulation percentage.
d. &s more economical.

1). What is the purpose of a buffer amplifier stage in a transmitter?

a. &t prevents transmitters from producing spurious frequencies in the output signals.
b. &t provides power amplification with high efficiency.
c. &ts high input impedance prevents oscillators from drifting off frequency.
d. &t amplifies audio frequencies before modulation occurs.
11. he purpose of an antenna coupler is to

a. %atch the output impedance of the transmitter with the antenna6s impedance to provide maximum
power transfer.
b. !llow the transmitter to be connected to several antennas at the same time.
c. Filter out the carrier frequency from the transmitter6s !% output signal.
d. #ause the transmitter to operate at more than one carrier frequency at the same time.
1". he main reason for using a dummy antenna is to

a. Prevent damage to output circuits.
b. %inimi$e damage to the regular antenna.
c. Prevent overmodulation.
d. Prevent undesired transmissions.
1'. ! spectrum analy$er is

a. !n instrument that displays amplitude versus frequency on a #4.
b. ?ften used to determine if a transmitter6s output signal is free from any spurious signals.
c. #an be thought of as a radio receiver with broad frequency range.
d. !ll the above.
1*.he strategy for repair of electronic equipment includes the following.

a. (erify that a problem exists.
b. &solate the defective stage.
c. &solate the defective component.
d. 4eplace the defective component and hot chec;.
e. !ll the above.
1.. ! technique that helps you understand how a carrier and sideband combine to form the !% waveform

a. he tangential method.
b. Phasor representation.
c. Deying.
d. 8one of the above.
Chapter 3: Amplitude Modulation: Reception
1. he main problem with the 4F design is

a. 5ac; of selectivity in receiving all !% stations
b. Poor demodulation of an !% station
c. Frustration in tuning to receive more than one station
d. 5ac; of sensitivity in receiving all !% stations
". he sensitivity of a receiver has to do with its ability to

a. Withstand shoc;
b. 4eceive one station versus another
c. 4eceive wea; stations
d. !ll the above
'. When the input to an ideal nonlinear device is an !% waveform consisting of a carrier and its
sidebands1 the output of nonlinear mixing produces the original intelligence because
a. he intelligence signal is one of its inputs.
b. ! dc component is also produced.
c. he difference between the carrier and its sidebands is the original intelligence frequency.
d. he intelligence frequencies are the upper and the lower sideband frequencies.
*. !n !% signal having a carrier frequency of 9*) ;<$ is to be mixed with a local oscillator output signal in
order to produce an intermediate frequency of *.. ;<$. !t what should the 5.?. frequency be set?

a. *.. ;<$
b. 1'9. ;<$
c. 91) ;<$
d. 1:.) ;<$
.. Eiodes that have been specially fabricated to produce a capacitance that varies inversely proportional to
the amount of reverse bias are called

a. (aractor diodes
b. (aricap diodes
c. ((# diodes
d. !ll the above
2. he image frequency for a standard broadcast receiver using a *..-;<$ &F and tuned to a station at 2:)
;<$ would be

a. 11'. ;<$
b. "". ;<$
c. 1.9) ;<$
d. 1:1. ;<$
/. Eouble conversion is used to overcome the problem of

a. &mage frequency
b. rac;ing
c. Eiagonal clipping
d. Poor sensitivity
:. !n auxiliary !F# diode

a. 4educes selectivity
b. &ncreases sensitivity
c. Eecreases sensitivity
d. !ll the above
9. Which of the following would occur in a receiver not having !F#?

a. he spea;er output level would drastically change while tuning from a wea; signal to a strong signal.
b. 5ocal stations would easily produce distorted signals in the spea;er.
c. here would be a constant need to read@ust the volume control as the weather and ionosphere change.
d. !ll the above
1). he only roadbloc; to having a complete receiver manufactured on an integrated circuit is

a. uned circuits and volume controls
b. #ost
c. Phase-loc;ed loops
d. #eramic filters
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
11. he decibel difference between the largest tolerable receiver input signal and its sensitivity is called

a. he decibel power gain of the receiver
b. !utomatic gain control ,!F#-
c. he dynamic range of the receiver
d. he &F amplifier gain
1". he simplest !% detector is the

a. 3ynchronous detector
b. Product detector
c. <eterodyne detector
d. Eiode detector
1'. rac;ing in a superhet receiver is accomplished using a

a. rimmer capacitor
b. Padder capacitor
c. (aricap diode
d. a and b
e. !ll the above
1*. &f no stations are pic;ed up on the lower half of the !% band1 the li;ely problem is

a. 5ow 4F gain
b. Poor !F# operation
c. &F selectivity
d. 5? trac;ing
1.. &f no sound is heard from a receiver1 the most li;ely problem area is the

a. Power supply
b. 4F section
c. !udio amplifier
d. !F# diode
Chapter 4: SingleSide!and Communications
1. !n 33+ signal with a maximum level of ")) ( p-p into a .) load results in a PGP rating of

a. ")) W
b. .) W
c. 1)) W
d. :)) W
". 3tate the chief advantage,s- of a standard 33+ system.

a. %aximum signal range with minimum transmitted power
b. Gasy carrier reinsertion
c. Glimination of carrier interference
d. a and c
'. he noise advantage of 33+ over !% is

a. 'B. d+
b. .B/ d+
c. :B1) d+
d. 1)B1" d+
*. What is the difference between a balanced modulator and a regular modulator?

a. here is no carrier produced in the output of a balanced modulator.
b. &n a balanced modulator1 there is 1:)H phase shift between the upper and lower sidebands.
c. &n a balanced modulator1 only one sideband is produced.
d. &n a balanced modulator1 harmonics of the sidebands are suppressed.
.. &n a balanced-ring modulator1 the carrier suppression is accomplished by

a. ! dual-gate FG having symmetry
b. #enter-tapped transformers causing canceling magnetic fields
c. he nonlinearity of the diodes that are used
d. 3ymmetrical differential amplifier stages
2.Which cannot be used successfully to convert E3+-3# to 33+?

a. #rystal filter
b. #eramic filter
c. %echanical filter
d. an; circuit
/. !nother term for ripple amplitude for a ceramic filter is

a. he shape factor
b. he pea;-to-valley ratio
c. he insertion loss
d. he quality factor
:. Which of the following is not an advantage of the phase method over the filter method in producing 33+?

a. he design of the 9)H phase-shift networ; for the intelligence frequencies is simple.
b. 5ower intelligence frequencies can be economically used1 because a high-= filter is not necessary.
c. &ntermediate balanced modulators are not necessary1 because high-= filters are not needed.
d. &t is easier to switch from one sideband to the other.
9. ?nce an 33+ signal has been generated1 it must be amplified by

a. ! nonlinear amplifier to conserve bandwidth
b. ! nonlinear amplifier to conserve energy
c. ! linear amplifier to conserve bandwidth
d. ! linear amplifier to avoid distortion
1). he advantages provided by carrier elimination in 33+ do not apply to transmission of

a. #ode
b. %usic
c. 8oise
d. !ll the above
11. Provide the approximate Coutside-of-passbandC attenuation of a +utterworth filter.

a. '-d+ slope per octave
b. '-d+ slope per decade
c. 2-d+ slope per octave
d. 2-d+ slope per decade
1". !n 33+ receiver recreates the original intelligence signal by

a. %ixing the I3+ with 53+ signals and filtering out the resulting different frequencies
b. Filtering out the difference between either sideband and the internally generated carrier signal
c. Filtering out the harmonics of the received sideband signal frequencies
d. !mplifying the dc term produced by mixing action
1'. #ommon types of balanced modulators include

a. 4ing modulator
b. Phase modulator
c. 5attice modulator
d. !ll the above
1*. Eescribe the oscilloscope waveform of an 33+ transmitter6s balanced modulator if it exhibits carrier

a. rape$oidal wave
b. 3inewave
c. F% wave
d. !% wave
1.. he two-tone test is used to

a. est carrier suppression
b. est filter ripple
c. est amplifier linearity
d. 8one of the above
Chapter ": #re$uency Modulation Transmission
1 !ngle modulation includes the following types of modulationJ
a. F%
b. P%
c. !%
d. !ll the above
e. a and b
" he amount of frequency increase and decrease around the
center frequency in an F% signal is called the
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
1 !ngle modulation includes the following types of modulationJ
a. &ndex of modulation
b. Frequency deviation
c. Phase deviation
d. +andwidth of the F% signal
' he amount of frequency deviation is dependent on the
intelligence frequency in
a. !n F% signal
b. ! P% signal
c. +oth F% and P% signals
d. 8either F% nor P% signals
* !n F% signal has an intelligence frequency of " ;<$ and a
maximum deviation of 1) ;<$. &f its carrier frequency is set at
12".* %h$1 what is its index of modulation?
a. 1)
b. .
c. "
d. ")
. he amount an F% carrier frequency deviates for a given
modulating input voltage level is called the
a. Frequency deviation
b. &ndex of modulation
c. Eeviation constant
d. Eeviation ratio
2 3tandard F% broadcast stations use a maximum bandwidth of
a. 1.) ;<$
b. ")) ;<$
c. /. ;<$
d. 1. ;<$
/ #arson6s rule is used to approximate the necessary
a. Frequency deviation
b. +andwidth
c. #apture ratio
d. %odulation index
: !n F% transmitter has an output power of .)) W when it is not
modulated. When intelligence is added1 its modulation index is
".). What is its output power with a modulation index of ".)?
a. ".) W
b. .)) W
c. 1))) W
d. "))) W
9 !nother way to describe the modulation index is using the
a. Eeviation ratio
b. Eeviation constant
c. #apture ratio
d. %aximum deviation
1) he inherent ability of F% to minimi$e the effect of undesired
signals operating at the same or nearly the same frequency as
the desired station is ;nown as the
a. #apture effect
b. 3ignal-to-noise ratio
c. 8oise figure
d. +essel function
11 &n a #rosby F% transmitter1 an F% signal having a center
frequency of ".)* %h$ and a deviation of 29 <$ is passed
through four cascaded frequency multiplier stagesJ two triplers1
one doubler1 and one quadrupler. What type of signal appears at
the output of the last multiplier stage?
a. #enter frequency of ".)* %h$ and deviation of *.92 ;<$
b. #enter frequency of 1*2.:: %h$ and deviation of *.92 ;<$
c. #enter frequency of ".)* %h$ and deviation of 29 <$
d. #enter frequency of 1*2.:: %h$ and deviation of 29 <$
1 !ngle modulation includes the following types of modulationJ
1" he circuitry used to increase the operating frequency of a
transmitter up to a specified value is called the
a. %ultiplier
b. Gxpander
c. Pump chain
d. !ll the above
1' he purpose of the matrix networ; in a stereo F% broadcast
transmitter is to
a. %ix the ':-;<$ pilot carrier with the 5 B 4 audio
b. #onvert the 5 and 4 channels to 5 K 4 and 5 B 4 channels
c. 3eparate the left channel from the right channel
d. %odulate the 5 K 4 and 5 B 4 signals with the carrier signal
1* !n F% signal has an intelligence frequency of . ;<$ and a
maximum deviation of ". ;<$. &ts index of modulation is
a. 1".
b. )."
c. .
d. 2
1. Frequency multipliers
a. !re used to multiply the frequency of the carrier signal of an
F% signal
b. #onsist of a class # amplifier followed by a tan; circuit that
filters out a single harmonic
c. !re used to multiply the frequency deviation of an F% signal
d. !ll the above
Chapter %: #re$uency Modulation Reception
! difference between !% and F% receiver bloc; diagrams is that
the F% version includes a
a. 5imiter
b. Eiscriminator
c. Eeemphasis networ;
d. !ll the above
!n F% receiver rarely wor;s satisfactorily without an 4F amplifier
a. F% receivers typically wor; with smaller input signal levels due
to thei noise
b. F% receivers have a narrower bandwidth.
c. F% receivers do not have very much gain in their &F amplifier
d. F% receivers need 4F amplifier stages to be able to decode
stereo signals.
! certain F% receiver provides a voltage gain of 11' d+ prior to
its limiter. he limiter6s quieting voltage is *)) m(. &ts sensitivity is
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
1 !ngle modulation includes the following types of modulationJ
he use of dual-gate %?3FGs in 4F amplifier stages
a. ?ffers increased dynamic range over those of LFGs
b. Produces higher-frequency responses than do LFGs
c. Produces higher values of voltage gain than do LFGs
d. &s not compatible with !F#
he Foster-3eely detector design is superior to the ratio detector
in that it
a. Eoes not respond to any undesired amplitude variations
b. !lso provides an output !F# signal
c. ?ffers superior linear response to wideband F% deviations
d. Eoes not need a limiter stage
5ocal oscillator reradiation refers to radiation through the
a. 4eceiver6s wiring
b. &F transformer
c. !ntenna
d. !ll the above
Which is not one of the three stages in which a P55 can be

a. Free-running
b. #apture
c. 5oc;ed7trac;ing
d. 3earching
! P55 is set up so that its (#? free-runs at :.9 %h$. he (#?
does not change frequency unless its input is within /. ;<$ of
:.9 %h$. !fter it does loc;1 the input frequency can be ad@usted
within 1") ;<$ of :.9 %h$ without having the P55 start to free-
run again. he capture range of the P55 is
a. /. ;<$
b. 1") ;<$
c. 1.) ;<$
d. "*) ;<$
3lope detection is seldom used due to
a. 8onlinearity
1 !ngle modulation includes the following types of modulationJ
b. !ttenuation
c. #omplexity
d. !ll the above
&n an F% stereo receiver1 what is the purpose of the "'B.'-;<$
a. o filter out the 3#! signal at the output of the discriminator
b. o filter out the 5 B 4 signal at the output of the discriminator
c. o filter out the 5 K 4 signal at the output of the discriminator
d. o produce separate 5 and 4 signals from the 5 K 4 and 5 B
! dual audio amplifier is rated to provide 2. d+ of channel
separation. &f the right channel has * W of output power1 how
much of this power could be due to the left channel intelligence?

a. * W
b. /9 nW
c. 1."2 W
d. ".". mW
he hold-in range for a P55 concerns the
a. 4ange of frequencies in which it will remain loc;ed
b. !llowable range of dc voltage
c. !llowable range of ac input voltage
d. 3atisfactory range of operating temperatures
he input signal into a P55 is at the
a. (#?
b. 5ow-pass filter
c. #omparator
d. Phase detector
he square-law relationship of the FGs input versus output
a. !llows for greater sensitivity in an F% receiver
b. Provides improved noise performance
c. 4educes shot noise
d. %inimi$es cross-modulation
When troubleshooting a stereo demodulator1 the input signal
should be abouto
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
1 !ngle modulation includes the following types of modulationJ
c. 1 m( rms
d. 1)) m( rms
Chapter & Communication Techni$ue
1 Why are image frequencies somewhat less of a problem
in F% receivers than they are in 33+ or !% receivers?
a. 33+ uses less bandwidth than does F%.
b. F% signals have a capture effect characteristic.
c. F% mixer stages are square-law devices.
d. F% receivers do not use the superheterodyne design.
" he tuned circuits prior to the mixer in a superheterodyne
receiver are called the
a. Front end
b. uner
c. Preselector
d. !ll the above
' he signal-strength meter that shows the relative signal-
strength level is called the MMMMMMMM .
a. 3 meter
b. 3ignal meter
c. 3trength meter
d. !ll the above
* !n !% broadcast receiver has two identical tuned circuits
with a = of .) prior to the &F stage. he &F frequency is
*2) ;<$ and the receiver is tuned to a station on ..) ;<$.
he image-frequency re@ection is
a. *1 d+
b. '2." d+
c. /".* d+
d. :" d+
. !n !F# that causes a step reduction in receiver gain at
some arbitrarily high value of received signal in order to
prevent overloading the receiver is ;nown as
a. !rbitrary !F#
b. !uxiliary !F#
c. Eelayed !F#
2 Ip-conversion offers the following advantage,s-J
a. 5ess expensive filters
b. Food image-frequency re@ection
c. %inimi$ed tuning range for the 5?
d. .b and c
/ he range over which the input to a receiver or amplifier
provides a usable output is called the
a. 5evel of acceptability
b. Eynamic range
c. Eegree of usefulness
d.3pecified input
: ! receiver has a ')-d+ noise figure1 a 1.. %h$ bandwidth1
a 2-d+m third intercept point1 and a '-d+ signal-to-noise
ratio. &ts sensitivity is
a. B9* d+
b. B:"." d+
c. B/9." d+
d. B:1 d+
9 wo-modulus dividers are used in the synthesis of
frequencies into the (<F band due to
a. &ts ability to wor; at practical power consumptions
b. &ts ability to wor; at practical speeds
c. he insufficient speed and power of the basic
programmable divider designs
d. !ll the above
1) he disadvantage of direct digital synthesi$ers ,EE3- over
analog frequency synthesi$ers is
a. &ts complexity and cost
b. &ts limited maximum output frequency
c. &ts higher phase noise
d. !ll the above
11 he F.G. Phoenix radio is an example of
a. !n <F amateur transceiver using !% and 33+
modulation modes
b. ! (<F commercial transceiver using the F% modulation
mode and a channel guard function
c. ! military transceiver using all modes on <F
d. ! cellular telephone transceiver
1" he type of radio transmission that uses pseudorandomly
switched frequency or time transmissions is ;nown as
a. 3ynthesi$ing
b. Facsimile
c. 3pread spectrum
d. #ompression
1' he acronym #E%! refers to MMMMMMMM.
a. #arrier-division multiple-access systems
b. #apture-division multiple-access systems
c. #ode-division multiple-access systems
d. #hannel-division multiple-access systems
1* ! typical problem encountered when troubleshooting a
frequency synthesi$er is
a. ! small frequency error
b. ! large frequency error
c. 8o output
d. !ll the above
1. ! transceiver is
a. ! transmitter that can be tuned to several bands of
b. ! transmitter that transmits digital data
c. ! receiver that receives digital data
d. ! transmitter and receiver in a single pac;age
Chapter ' (igital Communication : Coding Techni$ue
1 he advantage,s- of digital and7or data communications
over analog include
a. 8oise performance
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
b. 4egeneration
c. Eigital signal processing
d. !ll the above
" &n a 37< circuit1 the time that it must hold the sampled
voltage is
a. !perture time
b. !cquisition time
c. Flat-top time
d. Emin
' Grror signals associated with the sampling process are
a. Foldover distortion
b. !liasing
c. 8yquist rate
d. a and b
* Which of the following is not a common 4N code?

a. 4N-unipolar
b. 4N-bipolar
c. 4N-%
d. 4N-!%&
. &n an asynchronous data system
a. +oth sender and receiver are exactly synchroni$ed to
the same cloc; frequency.
b. Gach computer word is preceded by a start bit and
followed by a stop bit to frame the word.
c. he receiver derives its cloc; signal from the received
data stream.
d. !ll the above.
2 ! #E audio laser-dis; system has a frequency bandwidth
of ") <$ to ") ;<$. he minimum sample rate to satisfy
the 8yquist criteria is
a. ") <$
b. ") ;<$
c. *) <$
d. *) ;<$
/ With respect to converter circuits
a. E!#s include an !E#
b. !E#s include a E!#
c. E!#s and !E#s are virtually identical
d. !ll the above.
: he type of modulation that uses sampling on one of the
parameters of the transmitted and received signal is
;nown as
a. Phase modulation
b. Pulse modulation
c. !mplitude modulation
d. Frequency modulation
9 !n alphanumeric code for representing the decimal values
from ) to 9 that is based on the relationship that only one
bit in a binary word changes for each binary step is ;nown
a. !3#&&
b. G+#E&#
c. +audot code
d. Fray code
1) he quanti$ing error of P#% systems for wea; signals can
be made less significant by
a. #ompanding
b. Ising time-division multiplexing
c. Ising frequency-division multiplexing
d. Filtering out the alias frequency
11 When the message and the +## are transmitted as
separate parts within the same transmitted code1 it is
called a,n-
a. 3ystematic code
b. #4#
c. ,n1;- cyclic code
d. &nterleaved code
1" he value left in the #4# dividing circuit after all data
have been shifted in is the
a. =uantile interval
b. #odec
c. +##
d. 3yndrome
1' Which of the following is not an example of code error
detection and correction in a data communication

a. Parity
b. Frequency-shift ;eying
c. +loc;-chec; character
d. <amming code
1* Grror-correcting techniques that allow for correction at the
receiver are called
a. #yclic redundancy chec;s ,#4#-
b. +loc;-chec; characters ,+##-
c. Forward error correcting ,FG#-
d. Parity
1. #odes producing random data that closely resemble
digital noise are
a. 3ystematic codes
b. P8 codes
c. Pseudonoise codes
d. b and c
Chapter ) (igital Communications Transmission
1 Ising an oscilloscope to display overlayed received data
bits that provide information on noise1 @itter1 and linearity is
called a,n-

a. #onstellation pattern
b. 5oopbac;
c. 3tatistical #oncentration
d. Gye pattern
" Why isn6t %orse code well suited to today6s telegraphic
a. &t uses an automatic request for repetition.
b. &t has excessive redundancy built into the code.
c. he parity bit is difficult to detect.
d. Eiffering between various widths of the pulses is an
extremely complicated process.
' ! special digital modulation technique that achieves high
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
data rates in limited-bandwidth channels is called
a. Eelta modulation
b. Pulse-coded modulation ,P#%-
c. =uadrature amplitude modulation ,=!%-
d. Pulse amplitude modulation ,P!%-
* F3D systems are much superior to two-tone amplitude-
modulation systems with respect to
a. 8oise performance
b. +andwidth requirements of the channel
c. &onospheric fading characteristics
d. Power consumption
. Which is not a type of pulse modulation?
a. Pulse-amplitude modulation ,P!%-
b. Pulse-width modulation ,PW%-
c. Pulse-frequency modulation ,PF%-
d. Pulse-position modulation ,PP%-
2 PP% and PW% are superior to P!% systems in
a. 8oise characteristics
b. +andwidth characteristics
c. 3implicity in design
d. Frequency response of the intelligence signal
/ <alf-duplex operation involves communication
a. &n one direction only
b. &n both directions1 but only one can tal; at a time
c. Where both parties can tal; at the same time
d. !ll the above
: ! procedure that decides which device has permission to
transmit at a given time is called
a. 5ine control
b. Protocol
c. Flow control
d. 3equence control
9 he technique that uses the +P3D vector relationship to
generate an output with logical )s and 1s determined by
comparing the phase of two successive data bits is
a. #3I7E3I
b. E%
c. #(3E
d. EP3D
1) Ising radio to transmit gathered data on some particular
phenomenon without the presence of human monitors is
;nown as
a. 4adio teletype
b. 4adio multiplexing
c. 4adio facsimile
d. 4adio telemetry
11 he bit error rate is
a. he number of bit errors that occur for a given number
of bits transmitted
b. he most common method of referring to the quality of
a digital communication system
c. (irtually the same as the error probability
d. !ll the above
1" he ma@or difficulty faced by delta modulators is
a. Gxcessive noise producing errors
b. 3lope overload
c. &nsufficient frequency response of the intelligence signal
d. #omplexity of design
1' he capacity of a telephone channel that has an 378 of
")*/ if its bandwidth is '.. ;<$ is
a. ')1))) bits per second
b. ''1))) bits per second
c. ':1.)) bits per second
d. '.1))) bits per second
1* he !O 1 lines
a. Ise 12-bit P#% code and include "* voice channels
b. Ise delta modulation and include *: voice channels
c. Ise :-bit P#% code and include "* voice channels
d. Ise delta modulation and include "* voice channels
1. ! digital transmission has an error probability of
and is long. &ts expected number of error bits is
Chapter 1* +et,or- Communications
1 !n interconnection of users that allows communication
with one another is ;nown as a
a. %odem
b. I!4
c. 8etwor;
d. Protocol
" ! complex 5# filter that removes delay distortion from
signals that are traveling down long transmission lines is
called a,n-
a.. Eelay equali$er
b. I!4
c. !ttenuation distortion filter
d. run; switcher
' Which of the following is not a way that designers of
telephone equipment are adapting to the increasing use of
computers and digital coding in telephone communication
a. he use of shorter transmission lines
b. he use of computers in finding unused portions of
multiplex systems to maximi$e use
c. he application of digital switching theory to increase
channel capacity
d. 3haring of communication lin;s by voice and data
* he advanced mobile phone services ,!%P3- is an
example of
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
a. ! cellular telephone system
b. ! telephone system that uses frequency reuse
c. ! cell-splitting telephone system
d. !ll the above
. Which is not a ma@or function of a protocol?
a. Framing
b. 5ine control
c. Flow control
d. opology
e. 3equence control
2 he 5!8 that was developed by Perox1 Eigital Gquipment
#orporation1 and &ntel in 19:) is called
a. &GGG-*::
b. Gthernet
c. ?3&
d. #3%!7#E
/ ! device interconnecting two networ;s that use different
protocols and formats is called a
a. +ridge
b. Fateway
c. 4outer
d. 8ode
: ! device interconnecting 5!8s together that usually have
identical protocols at the physical and data lin; layers is
called a
a. +ridge
b. Fateway
c. 4outer
d. 8ode
9 &n telephony1 traffic is defined in
a. <undred-call seconds
b. !verage number of calls in a specific period of time
c. Grlang
d. !ll the above
1) he &nternet and the WWW are
a. he same thing
b. #ompletely different
c. 4elated
d. 5ocal area networ;s
11 &n a telephone system1 the grade of service is
a. he ratio of calls lost to calls offered
b. he ratio of traffic lost to traffic offered
c. he ratio of calls offered to calls lost
d. he ratio of traffic offered to traffic lost
e. a and b
1" he following term is not a ma@or concept in cellular phone

a. Frequency reuse
b. #ell reuse
c. #ell splitting
d. <andoff
1' &n local area networ;s1 the following topology or
topologies are seldom used.
a. 3tar
b. 4ing
c. +us
d.a and b
1* he following numeric describing data rates for copper
coax and twisted pair is rarely used
a. 1) +ase "
b. 1) +ase .
c. 1) +ase
d. 1)) +ase FP
e. a and b
1. he xE35 service with the highest pro@ected data rate is
a. (E35
b. 3E35
c. <E35
d. &E35
e. !E35
Chapter 11 Transmission .ines
1 he chief advantage of coaxial cable over open-wire line
a. %inimi$ed radiation losses
b. 5ow cost
c. 5ow noise pic; up
d. 5ow resistive losses
" Inshielded twisted-pair cable is
a. 3eldom used due to noise problems
b. &ncreasingly used in computer networ;ing
c. %ore costly than coaxial cable
d. !ll the above
' he ratio of actual velocity to free-space velocity is called
a. (elocity factor
b. 4elative dielectric constant
c. (elocity of propagation
d. Eelay time
* &n a balanced line1 the same current flows in each line but
a. *.H out of phase
b. 9)H out of phase
c. 1:)H out of phase
d. "/)H out of phase
. What is the length of a quarter-wavelength section of 4F-
:!7I coaxial cable at a frequency of 1**." %h$ if its
velocity factor is ).29.
a. .".1 cm
b. '..9 cm
c. 1*'.2 cm
d. ".): m
2 ! nonlossy transmission line that is terminated with a
resistive load that is equal to the characteristic impedance
of the line
a. <as the same impedance at all points along the line
b. <as a (3W4 of 1J1
c. <as the same voltage at points along the line
d. <as a reflection coefficient at the load equal to $ero
e. !ll the above
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
/ ! flat line indicates
a. 8o reflection
b. (3W4 Q 1
c. 8o physical imperfections
d. a and b
: ! nonlossy transmission line terminated with a short circuit
has an
a. &n-phase reflected voltage that is equal in magnitude to
the incident voltage
b. ?pposite-phase reflected voltage that is equal in
magnitude to the incident voltage
c. &n-phase reflected voltage that is smaller in magnitude
than the incident voltage
d. ?pposite-phase reflected voltage that is smaller in
magnitude than the incident voltage
9 ! manufacturer6s specification dealing with crosstal; and
attenuation is
a. !#4
b. #!3
c. #!!
d. !!#
1) ! .)- transmission line that has a load impedance of
')) has a (3W4 of
a. 2J1
b. 1J2
c. ).222J1
d. 1..J1
11 he input impedance of a quarter-wavelength section of a
.)- transmission line that is terminated with a short is
a. .)
b. ) ,a short-
c. &nfinite ,open-
d. 1))
1" ! device that is used to match an unbalanced
transmission line to a balanced transmission line is called
a. =uarter-wavelength matching transformer
b. +alun
c. 3horted-stub section
d. 3lotted line
1' ! .)- transmission line with a '))- load impedance
has a reflection coefficient of
a. 2
b. ).122
c. )./1*
d. 1.*
1* ! cable has an inductance of 1 n<7ft and capacitance of 1
nF7ft. he delay introduced by a 1-ft section is
a. 8ot able to be calculated with the given information
1. ! transmission line can be used as a,n-
a. &nductor
b. #apacitor
c. Filter
d. %atching section
e. !ll the above
Chapter 12 /a0e 1ropagation
1 !n antenna can be thought of as a,n-
a. ?scillator
b. #apacitor
c. ransducer
d. Frequency multiplexer
" ! wave that is characteri$ed by having its direction of
propagation perpendicular to its oscillation is ;nown as
a. &sotropic
b. ransverse
c. Polari$ed
d. 4efractive
' Which is not an effect of our environment on wave
a. 4adiation
b. 4eflection
c. 4efraction
d. Eiffraction
* ! point in space that radiates electromagnetic energy
equally in all directions is called
a. ransverse
b. &sotropic point source
c. ?mnisphere
d. 3hadow $one
. he process of waves1 which traveling in straight paths1
bending around an obstacle is
a. 4adiation
b. 4eflection
c. 4efraction
d. Eiffraction
2 Which is not one of the basic modes of getting a radio
wave from the transmitting to receiving antenna?
a. Fround wave
b. 3hadow wave
c. 3pace wave
d. 3atellite lin;
e. 3;y wave
/ he type of wave that is most affected by the E1 G1 and F
layers of the ionosphere isJ
a. Fround wave
b. 3pace wave
c. 3;y wave
d. 3atellite
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
: he largest frequency that will be returned to earth when
transmitted vertically under given ionospheric conditions is
called the
a. #ritical frequency
b. %aximum usable frequency ,%IF-
c. ?ptimum wor;ing frequency ,?WF-
d. 3;ip $one
9 he characteristic impedance of free space is
a. 8ot ;nown
b. &nfinite
c. .)
d. '//
1) he area between the point where the ground wave ends
and first s;y wave returns is called the
a. =uiet $one
b. 3;ip $one
c. 8ull None
d. !ll the above
e. a and b
11 he refraction and reflection action of a s;ywave between
the ionosphere and ground is ;nown as
a. 3pace diversity
b. 3;ip
c. ropospheric scattering
d. Fading
1" ! satellite communication system used by companies
such as D-%art to quic;ly verify credit cards and chec;
inventory data is called
a. (3!
b. %3!
c. 3!#?%
d. WG3!4
1' ! common type of radio wave interference is
a. G%&
b. Fading
c. 4eflections
d. !ll the above
1* Eiversity reception does not includeJ
a. 3pace diversity
b. ime diversity
c. Frequency diversity
d. !ngle diversity
1. When installing a receiving antenna1 you can often
overcome diffraction problems by finding a
a. 8ull $one
b. Eownlin;
c. <ot spot
d. 3;ip $one
Chapter 13 Antennas
1 he process of interchangeability of receiving and
transmitting operations of antennas is ;nown as
a. Polari$ation
b. 4eciprocity
c. Gfficiency
d. #ounterpoise
" ! half-wave dipole antenna is also ;nown as
a. %arconi antenna
b. <ert$ antenna
c. (ertical antenna
d. Phased array
' !n antenna that is a quarter-wavelength long connected
such that the ground acts as a reflecting quarter-
wavelength section is called a
a. <ert$ antenna
b. Eipole antenna
c. %arconi antenna
d. !ll the above
* he angular separation between the half-power points on
an antenna6s radiation pattern is the
a. +andwidth
b. Front-to-bac; ratio
c. 5obe distribution
d. +eamwidth
. he input impedance at the center of a dipole antenna is
a. '2.2
b. .)
c. /'
d. '))
2 !s the height of a half-wavelength antenna is reduced
below a quarter-wavelength1 the radiation resistance
a. &ncreases
b. Eecreases
c. 4emains the same
d. !ll the above
/ ! dipole antenna is being fed with a ')) transmission
line. &f a quarter-wave matching transformer is to be used
as the non-resonant matching section1 what must be the
characteristic impedance of the cable used in the
matching transformer?
a. 1:2..
b. 1)'.9
c. 1""..
d. 1*/.9
: !n impedance-matching device that spreads the
transmission line as it approaches the antenna is called a
a. Eelta match
b. =uarter-wave matching device
c. Eirector
d. #ounterpoise
9 ! loading coil is often used with a %arconi antenna in
order to
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
a. une out the capacitive reactance portion of the input
impedance of the antenna
b. une out the inductive reactance portion of the input
impedance of the antenna
c. 4aise the input impedance of the antenna
d. Eecrease the losses of the antenna
1) 3tandard !% broadcast stations usually use what type of
transmitting antennas?
a. Eriven collinear array
b. %arconi array
c. Ragi-Ida
d. 5og-periodic
11 he type of antenna often found in small !% broadcast
receivers is a
a. Ferrite loop antenna
b. Folded dipole antenna
c. 3lot antenna
d. 5og-periodic antenna
1" he folded dipole antenna has
a. Freater bandwidth than a half-wave dipole
b. ! "::- input impedance
c. 5ess bandwidth than a half-wave dipole
d.. a and b
e. b and c
1' he Ragi-Ida antenna consists of
a. ! driven director and parasitic reflector
b. ! driven reflector and parasitic director
c. ! parasitic director and reflector
d. !ll the above
1* ! grid-dip meter measures the resonant frequency of
tuned circuits
a. +y connection in series with the inductance
b. +y connection in parallel with the inductance
c. Without power being applied to the tuned circuit
d. +y connection in series with the capacitance
1. When troubleshooting antennas1 the level of (3W4 that
indicates a problem is
a. Freater than 1
b. 5ess than 1
c. Freater than 1..
d. 5ess than )..
Chapter 14 /a0eguides 2 RA(AR
1 !t a frequency of 1 Fh$ and transmitter-receiver distance
of ') mi1 which is the most efficient device for energy

a. ransmission lines
b. Waveguides
c. !ntennas
d. 8one of the above
" he most efficient means of transmitting a 1-Fh$ signal
1.)) ft would typically be
a. ransmission lines
b. Waveguides
c. !ntennas
d. 8one of the above
' he dominant mode for waveguide operation is
a. G1)
b. G)1
c. %1)
d. %)1
* he propagation velocity of the signal in a waveguide1
when compared to the speed of light is
a. larger
b. smaller
c. the same velocity
d. either b or c
. 4idged waveguides are advantageous over rectangular
waveguides in their
a. cost
b. attenuation
c. ability to wor; at lower frequency
d. ease of construction
2 ! circular waveguide is used for
a. Gfficiency reasons
b. Gase of manufacture
c. 4otating section applications
d. Freater bandwidth
/ (ariable attenuators are used in waveguides to
a. &solate a source from reflections at its load so as to
preclude frequency pulling.
b. !d@ust the signal levels.
c. %easure signal levels.
d. !ll the above.
: he coupling in d+ of a directional coupler that has :.
mW into the main guide and ).*. mW out the secondary
guide is
a. "".:
b. 1:.9
c. 1::.9
d. *..2
9 he resonant frequency of a cavity may be varied by
changing the cavity6s
a. (olume
b. &nductance
c. #apacitance
d. !ll the above
1) he guide wavelength is
a. Freater than free-space wavelength
b. Gqual to free-space wavelength
c. 5ess than free-space wavelength
d. !ll the above
11 he process of employing radio waves to detect and
locate physical ob@ects is ;nown as
a. he Eoppler effect
b. 4adar
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
c. Eirectional coupling
d. #avity tuning
1" he use of two grounded conductors that sandwich a
smaller conductive strip with constant separation by a
dielectric material on a printed circuit board for use at
frequencies above .)) %h$ is ;nown as
a. !rtwor; traces
b. Eielectric waveguide
c. %icrostrip7stripline
d. %&#s or %%&#s
1' 3econd return echoes are
a. Gchoes produced when the reflected beam ma;es a
second trip
b. Gchoes that arrive after the transmission of the next
c. Gchoes caused by the P4 being too long
d. !ll the above
1* he characteristic wave impedance for waveguides is
a. /.
b. '//
c. Eependent on frequency
d. Eependent on waveguide shape
e. c and d
1. ! dielectric waveguide is
a. Gnclosed by a conducting material
b. ! waveguide with @ust a dielectric
c. Eependent on the principle that two dissimilar
dielectrics can guide waves
d. b and c
Chapter 1" Micro,a0es 2 .asers
1 Which is not a type of horn antenna design for microwave
a. Parabolic horn
b. #ircular horn
c. Pyramidal horn
d. 3ectoral horn
" #assegrain feed to a paraboloid antenna involves a
a. Eipole antenna
b. Point-source antenna
c. 3econdary reflector
d. !ny of the above
' #alculate the beamwidth of a microwave dish antenna with a 2-m
mouth diameter when used at . Fh$.
a. ).*90
b. *.90
c. /0
d. )./0
* Noning refers to
a. ! method of producing a radome
b. #hanging a spherical wavefront into a plane wave
c. #reating a polar radiation pattern
d. Fading into nonreality
. Which microwave oscillator has high gain1 low-noise
characteristics1 and wide bandwidth?
1 Which is not a type of horn antenna design for microwave
a. raveling wave tube oscillator
b. Funn ?scillator
c.Dlystron oscillator
d. %agnetron oscillator
2 Which is not an advantage of the Funn gallium arsenide
a. Gase of removing heat from the chip
b. 3mall si$e
c. 4uggedness
d. 5ac; of filaments
e. 5ow cost of manufacture
/ he i in P-&-8 diode refers to
a. &ndium
b. &mpact
c. &ntegrated
d. &ntrinsic
: Which is not a typical application of a ferrite in a microwave
a. attenuator
b. amplifier
c. isolator
d. circulator
9 ! low noise microwave amplifier that provides amplification via
the variation of a reactance is ;nown as a
a. %aser
b. 5aser
c. Rig
d. Parametric amplifier
1) he ma@or difference between a laser and a maser is the
a. Frequency of the signal being amplified
b. !mplitude of the signal being amplified
c. +andwidth of the signal being amplified
d. Phase of the signal being amplified
11 5asers are useful in
a. &ndustrial welding
b. 3urgical procedures
c. Eistance measuring
d. #ompact disc players
e. !ll the above
1" he following semiconductor is not used as a microwave deviceJ
a. P&8 diode
b. +aritt diode
c. Nener diode
d. unnel diode
1' Which of the following represent typical failure mode,s- for a W
a. 5ow gain
b. 3purious modulation
c. Poor frequency response
d. 5ow 4F output
e. !ll the above
1* Which of the following is not used as a microwave antenna?
a. Patch antenna
b. %arconi antenna
c. 5ens antenna
d. <orn antenna
1. #ompared to linear power supplies1 switching power supplies are
a. 5ess efficient
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
1 Which is not a type of horn antenna design for microwave
b. %ore efficient
c. 3impler
d. <eavier
Chapter 1% Tele0ision
! television transmitter actually transmits two signals at once.
hey are
a. !n amplitude-modulated video signal and frequency-modulated
audio signal
b. wo amplitude-modulated signalsJ video and audio
c. !n amplitude-modulated audio signal and frequency-modulated
video signal
d. wo frequency-modulated signalsJ video and audio
he most widely used type of ( camera is the
a. #harge couple device
b. (idicon
c. &mage orthicon
d. &conoscope
3ynchroni$ing pulses that consist of equali$ing pulses1 followed
by serrations1 followed by more equali$ing pulses at a rate of 2)
times per second are called
a. #olor synchroni$ing pulses
b. <ori$ontal retrace pulses
c. (ertical retrace pulses
d. Gight-cycle bac;-porch pulses
he frame frequency for I.3. television broadcasts is
a. ') frames per second
b. *) frames per second
c. 2) frames per second
d. 1)) frames per second
#hannel 1" on I.3. television extends from ")* to "1) %h$. he
channel 1" carrier frequency is
a. ")*.. %h$
b. ")..". %h$
c. "11.". %h$
d. "11./. %h$
he length of time an image stays on the screen after the signal
is removed is termed
1 Which is not a type of horn antenna design for microwave
a. 4etention
b. Flic;er
c. Persistence
d. +ac; porch
Which is not part of the tuner section of a ( receiver?
a. he rf amplifier stage
b. he mixer stage
c. he local oscillator stage
d. he video-detector stage
he stage in a ( receiver that filters out the vertical and
hori$ontal retrace pulses from the video signal is the
a. (ideo detector
b. (ideo &F amplifier
c. 3ync separator
d. 3ound detector
he winding around the #4 yo;e that deflects the electron beam
with its magnetic field is called the
a. #oil
b. Ro;e
c. Eeflector
d. %agneto
! cumbersome series of ad@ustments to a color ( receiver in
order to ma;e sure that the three electron beams of the picture
tube are positioned exactly on their respective color dots on the
face of the picture tube is called
a. !lignment
b. #onvergence
c. &nterleaving
d. &nterlacing
! faulty ( receiver having symptoms of normal sound and raster
but no picture must have a problem in the
a. <ori$ontal or vertical oscillator or high-voltage power supply
b. %ain power supply
c. (ideo amplifiers following the sound ta;eoff
d. 4F1 &F1 or video amplifiers prior to the sound ta;eoff
4aster refers to
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
1 Which is not a type of horn antenna design for microwave
a. #4 illumination by scan lines when no signal is being
b. #4 resolution
c. #4 aspect ratio
d. !ll the above
he high voltage for the anode of the #4 is obtained from the
low-voltage power supply using
a. &ts power-line transformer
b. he yo;e coil
c. he vertical oscillator
d. he flybac; transformer
he introduction of digital television in the Inited 3tates has been
hampered by
a. Eelays in chip designs
b. 3hortages of appropriate chips
c. #ustomer re@ection
d. 5ess than ideal regulatory climate
When a digital picture free$es even when there is motion in the
video1 it is
a. due to bandwidth problems
b. #alled a pixelate
c. Eue to noise
d. b and c
Chapter 1& #i!er 3ptics
Which is an advantage of optical communication lin;s over using
transmission lines or waveguides?

a. 3mall si$e
b. Gxtremely wide bandwidths
c. &mmunity to electromagnetic interference ,G%&-
d. 5ower cost
e. !ll the above
he most common light used in fiber-optic lin;s is
a. &nfra-red
b. 4ed
c. (iolet
1 Which is not a type of horn antenna design for microwave
d. Iltraviolet
he optical band designation,s- include
a. 3
b. #
c. 5
d. a and b above
e. !ll the above
&n the telecommunications industry1 the most commonly used
fiber,s- are
a. .) micron
b. 2".. micron
c. .) and 2".. micron
d. 1". micron
he abrupt change in refractive index from core to cladding of
fiber-optic cable is called the
a. otal internal reflection
b. 8umerical aperture
c. Eispersion
d. 3tep index
! technique that is used to minimi$e the pulse dispersion effect is
a. Ise a higher frequency light source
b. Ise plastic cladding
c. %inimi$e the core diameter
d. !ll the above
he loss ,attenuation- of signal in optical fiber is due to
a. 3cattering
b. !bsorption
c. %acrobending
d. %icrobending
e. !ll the above
#alculate the optical power 1)) ;m from a ).. mW source on a
single mode fiber that has ).1) d+ per ;m loss.
a. .) nW
b. .)) nW
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
1 Which is not a type of horn antenna design for microwave
c. . uW
d. .) uW
Which is not an important characteristic of a light detector?

a. 4esponsitivity
b. Ear; current
c. Power consumption
d. 4esponse speed
e. 3pectral respons
he dispersion in fiber optics is termed
a. %odal
b. #hromatic
c. Polari$ation mode
d. !ll the above
e. a and b above
Fiber optic connections suffer high loss due to
a. !ir gaps
b. 4ough surfaces
c. !xial misalignment
d. !ngular misalignment
e. !ll the above
Fiber optic technology is used in applications of
a. 5ocal area networ;s ,5!8s-
b. #able ( ,#!(- systems
c. elephone networ;s
d. !ll the above
he dispersion of light in fiber-optic cable caused by a portion of
the light energy traveling in the cladding is called
a. %odal dispersion
b. %aterial dispersion
c. Waveguide dispersion
d. #able dispersion
4ecent laser developments for fiber optic communication include
a. Eistributed feedbac; ,EF+-
1 Which is not a type of horn antenna design for microwave
b. <etero@unction
c. (ertical cavity surface emitting ,(#3G5-
d. a and b above
e. a and c above
he following consideration is important when deciding between
using a diode laser or an 5GE
a. 4esponse time
b. Power levels
c. emperature sensitivity
d. Failure characteristics
e. !ll the above
Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer
R 1 2 3 4 " % & ' ) 1* 11 12 13 14 1" 1%
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