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OSPI-May 2005

Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions


Grade 5 Health and Fitness Vocabulary Words and Definitions
Activity-the state of being actie and !oing
Activity Pyramid-a pyramid of activities that can help develop a fitness plan
Addiction-the condition of being habitually or co!"ulsiely occu"ied #ith or inoled in so!ething$
e%a!"les include ga!bling& cleaning& sho""ing
Adolescence-the ti!e "eriod bet#een the beginning of "uberty and adulthood
Aerobic Exercise- steady actiity in #hich the heart can su""ly all the o%ygen the !uscles need
Affect-to bring about change or influence 'ho# s!o(ing affects the health)
Aility-the ability to change the "osition of your body *uic(ly and to control your body+s !oe!ents
Air-a colorless& odorless& tasteless gaseous !i%ture& !ainly nitrogen 'a""ro%, -./) and o%ygen 'a""ro%,
20/)
Alcohol-the drug in #ine& beer& and li*uor that causes into%ication
Alcoholism-a disease that causes a "erson to lose control of his or her drin(ing behaior$ a "hysical and
e!otional addiction to alcohol
Anaerobic Exercise-"hysical actiity done in short& fast bursts in #hich the heart cannot su""ly blood and
o%ygen as fast as !uscles use it
Aner-a strong negatie feeling to#ard so!eone or so!ething that is caused by a sense of being hurt or
#ronged
Aner !anaement-the ability to constructiely deal #ith anger
Example of a Five "tep !odel#
0, 1ela%& ta(e a dee" breath
2, 2al! do#n
3, 4aluate the o"tions
5, Sole the "roble! using good #ords
5, Wal( a#ay if no resolution
Artery-a blood essel that carries blood fro! the heart to other "arts of the body
Asthma-a disorder that causes the air#ays that carry air into the lungs to beco!e narro# and to beco!e
clogged #ith !ucus
Asymmetrical-if you cut your body in t#o& each side #ould loo( different
$alance-the ability to (ee" an u"right "osture #hile standing still or !oing
$alanced Diet-eating and drin(ing the right a!ount of nutrients for a health balanced diet
$asal !etabolic %ate&'$!%(&the a!ount of energy the body uses 6ust to (ee" liing
$ehavior-the #ay a "erson chooses to res"ond or act
$ehavior %is)-a situation that #ill increase the li(elihood of in6ury& disease* or other health problems
$end-!oe!ent that causes the for!ation of a cure
$eneficial-"ro!oting a faorable result
$enefit-so!ething "ro!oting #ell-being
$ody +omposition-all of the tissues that together !a(e u" the body$ bone& !uscle& s(in& fat& body organs
$ody !ass ,ndex '$!,(&a ratio that allo#s you to assess your body si7e in relation to your height and
#eight
$ody "ystems-a grou" of organs that #or( together to co!"lete a s"ecific tas( in the body
$one-a liing organ of the s(eletal syste! that is !ade of bone cells& connectie tissues& and !inerals
+aloric Expenditures-the a!ount of calories used during daily actiities and e%ercise
+alorie-a unit of energy found in food
+ancer-a disease caused by uncontrollable gro#th of abnor!al cells
+apillaries-tiny blood vessels that connect arteries to veins
+arbohydrate-a nutrient contained in sugars and starches that "roides energy
+ardiorespiratory Endurance-the ability of the heart& lungs& and blood essels to use and send fuel and
o%ygen to the body+s tissues during long "eriods of !oderate-to-igorous actiity
+ardiovascular Disease '+VD(&a disease that results fro! "rogressie da!age to the heart and blood
essels
+ardiovascular "ystem-body syste! that includes the heart& blood essels& and blood* and functions by
carryin oxyen and nutrients to cells and removin cell -astes
OSPI-May 2005
2
Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions
+areer&a chosen "rofession or occu"ation
+atch-ability to ca"ture an ob6ect that is thro#n& (ic(ed or batted
+atchin +ues#
./rac).# 8rac( the ball #ith your eyes all the -ay into your hands
.%each.# 1each ar!s to#ards ball
.Give.# Gie #ith ball as ball hits hands to ma)e it a soft catch
.Pin)ies and /humbs.# Pin(ies toether if ball is belo- -aist0 thumbs toether if ball is above
-aist
.1uic) Feet.# Moe your feet *uic(ly to get into position to catch the ball
+haracter-*ualities or features that distinguish a "erson
+hase-go after #ith the intent to catch
+hemical Dependency-"hysical or e!otional need to continue ta(ing a drug
+hemical /oxins-a "oisonous substance that is "roduced by liing cells or organis!s and is ca"able of
causing disease #hen introduced into the body
+holesterol-a fat-li(e substance found in ani!al cells and so!e foods such as !eats& dairy "roducts& and
egg yol(s
+hores-a daily or routine 6ob
+irculatory-the heart and the syste! of blood essels in the body& including the arteries& ca"illaries& and
eins
+irculatory "ystem-is your body+s internal trans"ort syste! #hich !oes blood through the body
+omplex ")ills-co!"osed of t#o or more s)ills* i2e2 hoppin and s)ippin* thro-in and catchin
+omponent-anything that belongs to a set 'a "art of so!ething)
+omponents of Fitness-see 9ealth-1elated :itness or S(ill-1elated :itness
+onflict-any disagree!ent& struggle& or fight
+onflict %esolution-noniolent ste"s to deal #ith an argu!ent
Example of a Four "tep !odel#
0, 2larify
2, 2hoice
3, 2onse*uences
5, 2hoose
+onfusion-a lac( of clear and orderly thought and behaior
+onse3uences-are the results of your actions and decisions
+onsumer-a "erson #ho buys "roducts or serices
+onsumption- the "rocess of ta(ing food into the body through the !outh 'as by eating)
+ontract-a #ritten agree!ent bet#een t#o or !ore "eo"le
+ool do-n-a series of actiities to hel" the body recoer after a #or(out$ usually consists of a heart cool-
do#n 'movements done at a slo-er pace than the -or)out to slo- the heart( and a muscle cool&do-n
and stretch 'stretching e%ercises$ stretch #ithout bouncing)
+ooperation-#or(ing together for the good of all
+oordination-the ability to use your senses together #ith your body "arts& or to use t#o or !ore body
"arts together
+riteria-a standard& rule& or test on #hich a 6udg!ent or decision can be based
+url&ups4"it&5ps-a !easure!ent of strength and endurance of the abdo!inal !uscles
Dairy-relating to !il( or !il( "roducts
Dance-ta(ing a series of rhyth!ical ste"s 'and !oe!ents) in ti!e to !usic
Decision !a)in ")ills-ste"s used to ealuate choices and conse*uences before !a(ing a decision
Example of a "ix "tep !odel#
0, State the "roble!
2, ;s( *uestion<Gather infor!ation
3, 2o!"are alternaties
5, I!agine the conse*uences<Values
5, Decide and act
=, 4aluate the decision
Deficiencies-a lac( or shortage& es"ecially of so!ething essential to health0 vitamin deficiency
OSPI-May 2005
3
Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions
Dehydration&lac( of ade*uate a!ount of #ater
Dental health-care or condition of your teeth
Detection-to discoer or deter!ine the e%istence$ >early detection can often lead to a cure?
Development-stages of gro#th
Diabetes-a disease in #hich a "erson+s body cannot regulate the leel of sugar
Diet-a selection of foods
Dietary Guidelines-suggestion deelo"ed by the @,S, De"art!ent of ;griculture for follo#ing healthful
eating and actie liing
Diestive "ystem-brea(s do#n food into the nutrients your body needs
Disease-any har!ful change in the state of health of the body or !ind
Disease /ransmission-ho# diseases are "assed fro! one "erson to another<or ani!al to "erson
Distress-negatie stress
Dode-!a(e a sudden !oe!ent in a ne# direction so as to aoid
Dribble- the "ro"ulsion of a ball by re"eated ta"s or (ic(s
Dru Addiction-a condition in #hich a "erson can no longer control his or her drug use
Eatin Disorders&an e%tre!e& har!ful eating behaior that can cause serious illness or een death
Emotion-is the feeling that is "roduced in res"onse to life e%"eriences
Emotional Health-is e%"ressing your e!otions in a "ositie& nondestructie #ay
Employment-the #or( in #hich one is engaged$ occu"ation
Endocrine "ystem-a body syste! #hose !ain function is to regulate gro#th and deelo"!ent
Endurance- the ability of the !uscles to "erfor! "hysical tas(s oer a "eriod of ti!e #ithout beco!ing
fatigued
Enery $alance-the a!ount of food energy you ta(e in is e*ual to the a!ount of energy you use
Enery Expenditure-the a!ount of calories<fuel used u"
Enery "ource-the a!ount of energy in a certain food de"ends on ho# !uch carbohydrate& fat& and
"rotein the food contains
Environment-the liing and nonliing things that surround an organis!
Environmental Health-is (ee"ing your air and #ater clean& your food safe& and the land around you
en6oyable and safe
Essential 6utrients-carbohydrates& fats& "roteins& ita!ins& !inerals& and #ater
+arbohydrate-a nutrient contained in sugars and starches that "roides energy
Fat-is a nutrient that "roides energy& hel"s gro#th and re"air cells& and carries certain ita!ins to
cells
Protein-a nutrient that builds and re"airs body cells
Vitamin-a nutrient needed in s!all a!ounts for gro#th and re"air of body cells
!ineral-a nutrient that "erfor!s !any functions in regulating the actiities of cells
Water-a clear& colorless& odorless& and tasteless li*uid #hich is essential for almost every
function
that )eeps you alive
Eti3uette-rules goerning socially acce"table behaior
Eustress-"ositie stress
Excretory "ystem-re!oes har!ful #astes fro! your body and !aintains the body+s #ater and salt
balance
Exercise-"ur"oseful "hysical actiity that is "lanned& structured& and re"etitie and that i!"roes or
!aintains "ersonal fitness
Exercise "taes#
0, Warm 5p-any activity that ets the body ready for exercise and helps prevent in7ury
2, "tretch- any activity that loosens muscles and increases flexibility
3, Wor)out-"hysical actiity to i!"roe your fitness
5, +ool do-n-a series of actiities to hel" the body recoer after a #or(out$ usually consists of a
heart cool-do#n 'movements done at a slo-er pace than the -or)out to slo- the heart(
and a muscle cool&do-n and stretch 'stretching e%ercises$ stretch #ithout bouncing)
Expectations-"rescribed guide for conduct or action
Exposure-to allo# to be sub6ected to a dangerous condition-the condition of being e%"osed
OSPI-May 2005
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Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions
F,// Principle# ; for!ula in #hich each letter re"resents a factor i!"ortant for deter!ining the correct
a!ount of "hysical actiity :A:re*uency& IAIntensity& 8A8i!e& 8A8y"e
Fre3uency-ho# often you do the actiity each #ee(
,ntensity&ho# hard you #or( at the actiity "er session
/ime&ho# long you #or( out at each session
/ype&#hich actiities you select232=50B-5,doc
F,// Principle for +ardiovascular Endurance
Fre3uency- e%ercise 3-5 ti!es "er #ee(
,ntensity&ho# hard you are #or(ing your heart
/ime-20-=0 !inutes each time
/ype-any aerobic actiity
F,// Principle for Flexibility#
Fre3uency&daily stretching
,ntensity&stretch !uscles and hold beyond its normal lenth at a comfortable stretch
/ime& hold stretch for 00-05 seconds #ith the stretchin -or)out lastin 85&9: minutes
/ype&use stretches that allo# the body to !oe through the full range of !otion
Fact-so!ething belieed to be true or real
Fat-is a nutrient that "roides energy& hel" gro#th and re"air cells& and dissole and carry certain ita!ins
to cells
Fear-"rotects us fro! danger
Fitness- the ability of the body to "erfor! daily "hysical actiities #ithout getting out of breath& sore& or
oerly tired
Fitnessgram-a grou" of "hysical fitness assess!ents deelo"ed s"ecifically for youth
Fitness Goals-ste"s used to improve one;s physical fitness
Fitness <o-a noteboo( used to record one+s fitness actiities
Flee-run a#ay *uic(ly
Flexed Arm Han-iso!etric e%ercise that tests the endurance of so!e ar! and shoulder !uscles
Flexibility-the ability to !oe the 6oints through a full range of !otion
Food Guide Pyramid-a tool for choosing a healthy diet by selecting a reco!!ended nu!ber of serings
fro! each of the food grou"s
Food <abel-a label found on the outside "ac(ages of food that states the nu!ber of serings in the
container& the nu!ber of 2alories in each sering& and the a!ount of nutrients in each sering
Fre3uency-ho# often you do the actiity each #ee(
Fruit-a "art or an a!ount of such a "lant "roduct
Gallop-a t#o-beat stride during #hich both legs are off the ground si!ultaneously* either riht foot stays
bac) and left foot is for-ard or left foot stays bac) and riht foot is for-ard* /oe&to&heel2 =ne foot
al-ays chases the other
Germ-a !inute life for! 'es"ecially a disease Ccausing bacteriu!)
Goal-somethin that you -or) to-ard and ta)e action steps to achieve
Goal "ettin-a "lan to deter!ine ahead of ti!e #hat is e%"ected to be acco!"lished and ho# it can be
acco!"lished
Grains-foodstuff "re"ared fro! the starchy grains of cereal grasses
Hand Washin-2ount to ten #hile rubbing your hands in hot& soa"y #ater and then rinse #ell
Wash hands before eating and "re"aring a !eal
;fter handling uncoo(ed !eats or ra# egetables
;fter going to the bathroo! or changing a baby+s dia"er
;fter touching or "laying #ith ani!als or #or(ing outdoors
;fter you snee7e or cough into your hand
;fter co!ing into contact #ith a sic( "erson
Happiness-being satisfied or feeling "ositie
Harmful-ca"able of causing in6ury or har!$ inoling or causing danger or ris(
Health-state of #ell-being in #hich all of the co!"onents of healthD "hysical& e!otional& social&
!ental4intellectual* spiritual* and environmental are in balance
OSPI-May 2005
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Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions
Physical Health-refers to the #ay your body functions$ "ro"er nutrition and slee"& regular
e%ercise& reco!!ended body #eight
Emotional Health-is e%"ressing your e!otions in a "ositie& nondestructie #ay
"ocial Health-is the *uality of your relationshi"s #ith friends& fa!ily* teachers* and others you
are
in contact #ith
!ental4,ntellectual Health&is the ability to recogni7e reality and co"e #ith the de!ands of daily
life, It is the ability to en6oy learning and (no# that striing for infor!ation and understanding
can be an e%citing& life-long "rocess,
"piritual Health&is !aintaining har!onious relationshi"s #ith other liing things and haing
s"iritual direction and "ur"ose
Environmental Health-is (ee"ing your air and #ater clean& your food safe& and the land around
you en6oyable and safe
Health Education-the "roiding of accurate health infor!ation to hel" "eo"le !a(e healthy choices
Health Enhancin-ability to i!"roe your health
Health&%elated Fitness# "arts of "hysical fitness that hel" a "erson stay healthy$ includes body
co!"osition* cardiovascular fitness* flexibility* muscular endurance* and muscular strenth
$ody +omposition-all of the tissues that together !a(e u" the body$ bone& !uscle& s(in& fat& body
organs
+ardiorespiratory Endurance- the ability of the heart& lungs& and blood essels to use and send
fuel and o%ygen to the body+s tissues during long "eriods of !oderate-to-igorous actiity
Flexibility&the ability to !oe the 6oints through a full range of !otion
!uscular Endurance&the ability of the !uscles to "erfor! "hysical tas(s oer a "eriod of ti!e
#ithout beco!ing fatigued
!uscular "trenth-the a!ount of force a !uscle can e%ert
Hearin <oss-da!aged "arts of inner ear
Heart Disease-a disease that results from proressive damae to the heart and blood vessels 'also
)no-n as cardiovascular disease&+VD(
Heart %ate-the nu!ber of ti!es the heart beats "er !inute
!aximum /aret Heart %ate '!H%(&is the !a%i!u! nu!ber of ti!es your heart should beat
"er !inute #hile doing any "hysical actiity
%estin Heart %ate '%H%(&the nu!ber of ti!es the heart beats "er !inute #hile at rest
/aret Heart %ate '/H%(-a heart rate that should be reached durin exercise to ain
cardiorespiratory health benefits
/aret Heart %ate >one-the heart rate range that should be reached during e%ercise to gain
cardiorespiratory health benefits* ?:&@5A of your maximum heart rate
Heredity-characteristics that are "assed from parents to their children
Hop-to ta(e off and land on the sa!e foot
Hydration-a sufficient a!ount of #ater$ to restore<maintain fluid balance
Hyiene-a condition "ro!oting clean* sanitary practices0 Bpersonal hyieneC
,mmune "ystem-protects you from disease
,ntellectual4!ental Health-is the ability to recogni7e reality and co"e #ith the de!ands of daily life, It is
the ability to en6oy learning and (no# that striing for infor!ation and understanding can be an e%citing&
life-long "rocess,
,ntensity-ho# hard you #or( at the actiity "er session
Do-a slo# steady run
Dump-to ta)e off usin t-o feet and land usin one or t-o feet
<abels-an ite! used to identify so!ething or so!eone
<eap-to 6u!" off one foot and land on the o""osite foot& e%tending legs in air #hile haing both feet off the
ground
<eisure-ti!e to s"end on an en6oyable actiity i,e, #al(ing& gardening& hi(ing& golfing& cycling
<eisure Activity-choosing an actiity for en6oy!ent i,e, #al(ing& gardening& hi(ing& golfing& cycling
<ife Goals-the ability to set e%"ectations for a healthy life
<istenin-the act of hearing attentiely
<ymph-the clear& yello#ish fluid that lea(s fro! ca"illaries& fills the s"aces around the body+s cells& and is
collected by the ly!"hatic essels and nodes
OSPI-May 2005
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Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions
<ymphatic "ystem-a net#or( of essels that carry a clear fluid called ly!"h throughout the body
!aintenance-to (ee" the same
!arch-to #al( steadily and rhythmically in step -ith others
!aximum Heart %ate-is the highest number of times your heart should beat per minute -hile doin
any physical activity
!ental4,ntellectual Health-is the ability to recogni7e reality and co"e #ith the de!ands of daily life, It is
the ability to en6oy learning and (no# that striing for infor!ation and understanding can be an e%citing&
life-long "rocess,
!etabolism-the a!ount of energy re*uired to !aintain the body of an indiidual in a resting state
!ineral-a nutrient that "erfor!s !any functions in regulating the actiities of cells
!onitorin-the act of obsering so!ething
!otivation-i!"elling to action
!uscular Endurance-the ability of the !uscles to "erfor! "hysical tas(s oer a "eriod of ti!e #ithout
beco!ing fatigued
!uscular "trenth-the a!ount of force a !uscle can e%ert
!uscular "ystem-accounts for all of the #ays that the "arts of the body !oe& "rotects 6oints& and hel"s
create heat to (ee" body #ar!
!yth-a fictitious story& "erson& or thing
6ervous "ystem-body+s control center and co!!unications net#or($ it consists of the brain* spinal cord*
and nerves
6icotine-addictie drug found in tobacco leaes
6oise-a sound that is loud& un"leasant& une%"ected& or undesired
6on&+ommunicable Disease-a disease that is not trans!itted by another "erson& or a ector& or fro! the
eniron!ent
6on&Verbal +ommunication-body language i,e, facial e%"ressions& gestures& and "osture
6utrient-a substance in food that "roides energy or hel"s for! body tissues and that is necessary for life
and gro#th
6utrition-the study of foods and ho# they nourish the body
6utritional Facts-food label indicating alue of contents
=besity-a Eody Mass Inde%& EMI& score greater than 30
=ccupational Health-ste"s ta(en to ensure a healthful and in6ury-free #or("lace
=fficiatin-so!eone #ho ad!inisters the rules of a ga!e or s"ort
=ne !ile /est-a test for cardioascular fitness
=steoporosis-a disease in #hich the bones deteriorate and beco!e #ea(
=verhand-'see thro-(&executed -ith the hand brouht for-ard and do-n from above the level of the
shoulder# an overhand pitch0 an overhand stro)e
PA+E%-stands for Progressie ;erobic 2ardioascular 4ndurance 1un and is a test for cardioascular
fitness
Participation-the act of ta(ing "art or sharing in so!ething
Pass-to transfer a ball or ob6ect to a tea!!ate
Pathoen-any agent that causes disease
Peer Pressure-is a feeling that you should do so!ething because that is #hat your friends #ant
Physical Activity-!oe!ent using the larger !uscles of the body$ includes s"orts& dance& and actiities of
daily life$ !ay be done to acco!"lish a tas(& for en6oy!ent& or to i!"roe "hysical fitness
Physical Best-the educational co!"onent of a co!"rehensie health-related fitness education "rogra!
#hich is to hel" young "eo"le deelo" the s(ills& (no#ledge& attitudes& and behaiors that lead to "hysically
actie& healthy lifestyles
Physical Education- providin of accurate information that teaches about physical activity in -hich
students learn* practice and are assessed on developmentally appropriate motor s)ills* social s)ills*
and )no-lede
Physical Fitness-the ability of the body to "erfor! daily "hysical actiities #ithout getting out of breath&
sore& or oerly tired
Physical Health-refers to the #ay your body functions$ "ro"er nutrition and slee"& regular e%ercise&
reco!!ended body #eight
Play-to ta(e "art in a ga!e or s"ort
Po-er-the ability to !oe strength *uic(ly
OSPI-May 2005
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Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions
Presidents Challenge-a grou" of "hysical fitness assess!ents deelo"ed s"ecifically for youth by the
President+s 2ouncil on Physical :itness and S"orts
Prevent-to (ee" fro! ha""ening
Prevention-the act of "reenting or i!"eding
Protein-a nutrient that builds and re"airs body cells
Puberty-the ti!e of life #hen se% glands beco!e functional
Punt-a (ic( in #hich the ball is dro""ed fro! the hands and (ic(ed before it touches the ground
Push&5p-an assess!ent that !easures strength and !uscular endurance of ar!s& chest& and shoulders
%DA-'1eco!!ended Dietary ;llo#ances)-reco!!ended nutrient inta(es that #ill !eet the needs of
al!ost all healthy "eo"le
%ane of !otion '%=!(&a!ount of !oe!ent one can !a(e in a 6oint
%eaction /ime-the ability to react or res"ond *uic(ly to #hat you hear& see& or feel
%ecommended Dietary Allo-ances-'1D;)-reco!!ended nutrient inta(es that #ill !eet the needs of
al!ost all healthy "eo"le
%ecord Eeepin- a noteboo( used to record one+s actiities
%ecreation-actiity that refreshes and recreates$ actiity that rene#s your health and s"irits by en6oy!ent
and rela%ation
%efusal ")ills-a strategy to aoid doing so!ething you don+t #ant to do
Example of a "ix "tep !odel#
0, Say FGO?
2, ;s( *uestions
3, State the "roble!
5, Hist the conse*uences
5, Suggest alternaties
=, Moe& Sell& Heae the door o"en
%esistance-the force that acts against a !uscle
%esolution-an e%"lanation& as of a "roble!$ a solution
%espectful-sho#ing "ro"er ad!iration& honor& or estee! to a "erson or "ro"erty
%espiratory "ystem-brings o%ygen in and lets carbon dio%ide out of the body
%est-"eriod of inactiity
%estin Heart %ate '191)-the nu!ber of ti!es the heart beats "er !inute #hile at rest
%hythm-the "attern of !oe!ent through ti!e
%hythmic-haing rhyth!
%is)-any entureso!e underta(ing es"ecially one #ith an uncertain outco!e #hich could be negatie Fshe
#as drin(ing and driing and got in an accident? or "ositie Fhe tried out for a tea! and !ade it?
%is) Factor-anything that increases the li(elihood of in6ury& disease& or other health "roble!s
%ules-directions that define the #ay a ga!e or s"ort is to be conducted
%un-to !oe s#iftly on foot so that both feet leae the ground during each stride2 $all of foot touches
round first0 arms move opposite les
"afe-free fro! danger or in6ury
"afety-the condition of being safe$ freedo! fro! danger& ris(& or in6ury
"edentary-not ta(ing "art in "hysical actiity on a regular basis
"elf&esteem-"ride in oneself$ self-res"ect
"ervin "iFe-reco!!ended a!ount of food to consu!e-a "ortion si7e
"it&and&%each-a !easure!ent of fle%ibility
"it&5ps-a !easure!ent of strength and endurance of the abdo!inal !uscles
")eletal "ystem-gies your body sha"e and su""ort& "roides "rotection for ital organs& and "roduces
blood cells
")ill-a "art of a !oe!ent found in s"orts and actiities that re*uire certain *ualities of agility& balance&
coordination& "o#er& reaction ti!e& and<or s"eed
")ill&%elated FitnessD Si% areas of "hysical fitness that are often associated #ith ga!es and s"orts
Aility-the ability to change the "osition of your body *uic(ly and to control your body+s
!oe!ents
$alance-the ability to (ee" an u"right "osture #hile standing still or !oing
OSPI-May 2005
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Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions
+oordination-the ability to use your senses together #ith your body "arts& or to use t#o or !ore
body "arts together
Po-er-the ability to !oe strength *uic(ly
%eaction /ime-the ability to react or res"ond *uic(ly to #hat you hear& see& or feel
"peed-the ability to "erfor! a !oe!ent or coer a distance in a short "eriod of ti!e
")in %ash-any red brea(ing out or eru"tion of the s(in
")ip-step&hop2 Hop on left foot* riht le bent and lift into the air* land on riht foot* left le bent
and lift into the air* continue pattern
"leep-a fra!e of ti!e in #hich the body is in a state of !etabolic rest and re"air
"lide-stand #ith shoulder facing the #all& right foot e%tends to the side a#ay fro! body and left foot
crosses !id-"lane to#ard right foot2 "ide&toether2
"mo)in-the act of s!o(ing tobacco or other substances
"ocial Health-is the *uality of your relationshi"s #ith friends& fa!ily& teachers& and others you are in
contact #ith
"ocial ")ills-s"ecific strategies to interact #ith fa!ily& friends and others
"peed-the ability to "erfor! a !oe!ent or coer a distance in a short "eriod of ti!e
"piritual Health-is !aintaining har!onious relationshi"s #ith other liing things and haing s"iritual
direction and "ur"ose "port-an actiity inoling "hysical e%ertion and s(ill that is goerned by a set of
rules or custo!s and often underta(en co!"etitiely,
"portsmanship-fairness in follo#ing the rules of the ga!e
"tep /est-a !easure!ent of cardioascular fitness
"trenth-the a!ount of force a !uscle can e%ert
"tress-is the body+s and !ind+s res"onse to a situation& "ositie or negatie
"tressor-so!ething that causes stress0 example* traffic 7am
"tretch-any actiity that loosens !uscles and increases fle%ibility
"ubstance Abuse-e%cessie and addictie use of drugs
"upport "ystem-fa!ily& friends or others that hel" #hen it is needed
"-ay-!a(e s!all !oe!ent side to side or front to bac(
"-in-!a(e big& free movements -ith your arms and body
"ymmetrical-if you cut your body in t-o0 each side -ould loo) the same
/aret Heart %ate '/H%(-a heart rate that should be reached durin exercise to ain
cardiorespiratory health benefits
/aret Heart %ate >one-the heart rate range that should be reached during e%ercise to gain
cardiorespiratory health benefits* ?:&@5A of your maximum heart rate
/echni3ue-a #ay of doing so!ething& es"ecially a syste!atic #ay$ i!"lies an orderly logical arrange!ent
'usually in ste"s)
/hro--to "ro"el through the air #ith a !otion of the hand or ar!
+ues for the =verhand /hro-#
B"ide to taretC# Point non-thro#ing side<shoulder to the target 'i,e,& if left handed thro#er& "oint
right shoulder<side to#ards target)
BArm -ay bac)C# 8hro#ing ar! #ay bac( behind head
B"tepC# Ste" #ith your o""osite foot to#ards target 'i,e,& if thro#ing #ith left hand& ste" to#ards
target #ith your right foot)
BFollo- throuhC# :ollo# through by letting your thro#ing ar! co!e across the o""osite side of
your body
+ues for the 5nderhand /hro-#
BFace the taretC# Eelly button should be "ointing to the target
B"tepC# Ste" #ith your o""osite foot to#ards the target 'i,e,& if thro#ing #ith right hand& ste"
to#ards target #ith your left foot)
B$o-l the ballC# @se a "endulu! ar! !otion #ith the ar! you are thro#ing #ith 'i,e,& li(e you are
bo#ling),
BFollo- throuhC# :ollo# through to the s(y or ceiling #ith hand your thro#ing hand
/ime-ho# long you #or( out at each session
/urn-S"in li(e a to"I
/-ist-!oe "art of your body one #ay& and !oe "art another #ay
OSPI-May 2005
B
Grade 5 Vocabulary Words and Definitions
/ype-#hich actiities you select
5nderhand /hro- 'see thro-(&executed -ith the hand brouht for-ard and up from belo- the level
of the shoulder0 underarm# an underhand pitch
5nsafe-inoling or causing danger or ris(
Vaccination-ta(ing a accine as a "recaution against contracting a disease
Veetable-the edible "art of a "lant
Veins-blood essels that return blood bac( to the heart
Vitamin-a nutrient needed in s!all a!ounts for gro#th and re"air of body cells
Wal)-alternating feet& right and left-heels touch round first0 arms move opposite les
Warm&5p-any actiity that gets the body ready for e%ercise and hel"s "reent in6ury
Water-a clear& colorless& odorless& and tasteless li*uid #hich is essential for al!ost eery function that
(ee"s you alie
Weiht /rainin-the lifting of #eights to build strength$ also called resistance training
Wellness-a state of being that enables a "erson to reach his or her highest "otential in all si% co!"onents of
health$ "hysical& e!otional& social& !ental<intellectual& s"iritual& and eniron!ental
Wor)out-"hysical actiity to i!"roe your fitness
Wor)place Health-"ro!oting safe and healthful conditions in the #or("lace or "lace of e!"loy!ent
"uested !uscles by Grade 5# "uested ")eletal by Grade 5#
;bdo!inals 2raniu!
Eice" 2laicle
8rice" Sternu!
Pectorals Vertebra
9a!string 1ibs
Juadrice" Pelis
Gluteal 9u!erus
Eac( !uscles @lna
1adius
:e!ur
8ibia
:ibula
Patella
OSPI-May 2005
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