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PROJECT :

CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Retaining Wall Design Based on ACI 530-99 & ACI 318-02

INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY


SPECIAL INSPECTION ( 0=NO, 1=YES )
TYPE OF MASONRY ( 1=CMU, 2=BRICK )
fm'
MASONRY STRENGTH
=

Yes

CMU

1.5

ksi

Yusuf Montang:
Fill your parameter only in
the green box

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'

4.5

ksi

REBAR YIELD STRESS

fy

60

ksi

LATER SOIL PRESSURE

Pa

30

pcf (equivalent fluid pressure)

PASSIVE PRESSURE

Pp

400

psf / ft

SURCHARGE WEIGHT

ws

100

psf

SERVICE LATERAL FORCE

wLat

20

psf

FRICTION COEFFICIENT

0.3

ALLOW SOIL PRESSURE

Qa

ksf

THICKNESS OF TOP STEM

tt

in

THICKNESS OF KEY & STEM

tb

12

in

TOE WIDTH

LT

ft

HEEL WIDTH

LH

ft

HEIGHT OF FENCE STEM

HF

ft

HEIGHT OF TOP STEM

HT

3.3

ft

HEIGHT OF BOT. STEM

HB

5.5

ft

FOOTING THICKNESS

hf

12

in

KEY DEPTH

hk

12

in

SOIL OVER TOE


TOP STEM REINF. (As,1)

hp

12

in

[THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.]

#
6
@
As,1 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)

16

in o.c.

at each face

BOT. STEM REINF. (As,2)

#
7
@
As,2 LOCATION (0=at soil face, 1=at middle, 2=at each face)

in o.c.

at each face

TOP REINF.OF FOOTING (As,3)

20

in o.c., (Caution > 18" o.c. max. ACI 7.12.2.2)

BOT. REINF.OF FOOTING (As,4)

14

in

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.44

kips

0.29

kips

1.80

kips

0.24

kips

0.63

kips

5.39

kips

1.50

kips

0.15

kips

0.54

kips

0.61

kips

ANALYSIS
SERVICE LOADS
Hb = 0.5 Pa (HT + HB + hf)2
Hs = ws Pa (HT + HB + hf) / b
Hp = 0.5 Pp (hp + hf + hk)2
HLat = wLat (HF + HT + HB - hp)
W s = ws (LH + tb - tt)
W b = [HT (LH + tb - tt) + HB LH] b
W f = hf (LH + tb + LT) c
W k = hk tb c
W w,t = tt (HT +HF) m
W w,b = tb HB m
FACTORED LOADS
Hb = 1.6 Hb
Hs = 1.6 Hs
HLat = 1.6 HLat
W s = 1.6 W s
W b = 1.2 Wb
W f = 1.2 W f
W k = 1.2 W k
W w,t = 1.2 Ww,t
W w,b = 1.2 Ww,b

=
=
=
=

2.30 kips

=
=
=
=
=

6.47 kips

0.47 kips
0.38 kips
1.01 kips

OVERTURNING MOMENT
H

Hy

H y

Hb

1.44

2.30

3.27

4.71

7.53

0.18 kips

Hs

0.29

0.47

4.90

1.44

2.30

0.64 kips

HLat

0.24

0.38

7.90

1.86

2.98

1.97

3.15

8.01

12.82

1.80 kips

0.73 kips

RESISTING MOMENT
W

Wx

Ws

0.63

1.01

6.83

4.33

6.92

Wb

5.39

6.47

6.94

37.38

44.86

Wf

1.50

1.80

5.00

7.50

9.00

Wk

0.15

0.18

3.50

0.53

0.63

W w,t

0.54

0.64

3.33

1.78

2.14

W w,b

0.61

0.73

3.50

8.81

10.83

W x

2.12

2.54

53.64

66.09

OVERTURNING FACTOR OF SAFETY

SF =

Wx
=
Hy

6.70

>

1.5

[Satisfactory]

CHECK SOIL BEARING CAPACITY (ACI 318-02 SEC.15.2.2)

L = LT + t b + L H

q MAX

10.00

e=

ft

6e
W 1 + L

, for e

=
BL

W
, for e >

3B(0.5L e )

L
6
L
6

0.79

L Wx Hy

2
W

ksf

<

Qa

### ft

[Satisfactory]

CHECK FLEXURE CAPACITY FOR MASONRY STEM (ACI 530-99 SEC.1.8.2.1, & 2.3)
3

At top srem

At base of bottom stem

y
y ws
M = Pa + Pa
+ M Lat
6
2 b

0.88

ft-kips ,

6.20

ft-kips

P =W w

0.54

kips ,

1.14

kips

1
kd
kd

te kd
te
M allowable = MIN b wkd F b d
P d , A sF s d
+ P

3
2
3

2 3
2
At top stem
where

7.63 in ,

11.63

in

d
bw

4.41 in ,

8.33

in

12

in

Fb

0.495

ksi

Fs

ksi ,

24

ksi

As

0.33 in2 ,

0.9

in2

0.006

Em

1350 ksi ,

1350

ksi

Es

29000

ksi ,

29000

ksi

21.48

21.48

0.40

0.46

Mallowable

1.64 ft-kips ,

6.42

and

At base of bottom stem

te

>

12

in ,

0.495 ksi ,
24

0.009

ft-kips

>

[Satisfactory]

M
[Satisfactory]

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY FOR MASONRY STEM (ACI 530-99 SEC.2.3.5.2.2)


At top srem

y
y
V = P a + w s P a + V Lat
2
b
V allowable = d bwMIN

'
f m , 50

At base of bottom stem

0.41

kips ,

1.66

kips

2.05

kips ,

3.87

kips

>

>

[Satisfactory]

[Satisfactory]

CHECK HEEL FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,3, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-02 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

0.85 1 f 'c 87
MAX = 0.75

87 + f
fy

0.023

MIN =

0.0018 h f
2
d

0.001

L
LH ( q u ,3 + 2q u, heel ) b L H , for
wf
eu
L
6
6

L
H w s + wb +
2
M u ,3 =
LH
2 ws + wb +

'
M u ,3
0.85 f c 1 1

2 '

0.383bd f c

=
fy
where

d
eu
S

( A S, 3 ) required

=
=
=

= 8.35 ft-kips

2
L
q bS
LH
w f u ,3
, for eu >
L
6
6

0.002

8.63 in

qu, toe

0.08 ft

qu, heel

=
=
=

qu, 3

n/a
0.22

in2 / ft

A S, 3

<

1.14

ksf

1.03

ksf

0.83

ksf

[Satisfactory]

CHECK TOE FLEXURE CAPACITY, AS,4, FOR FOOTING (ACI 318-02 SEC.15.4.2, 10.2, 10.5.4, 7.12.2, 12.2, & 12.5)

0.85 1 f 'c 87
MAX = 0.75

87 + f
fy

M u ,4 =

(q

u ,4

+ 2q u ,toe ) b LT2
6

LT w f
2L

0.0018 h f
4
=
MIN = MIN ,
2
d
3

0.023

3.95

ft-kips
where

'
M u ,4
0.85 f c 1 1

2 '

0.383bd f c

=
fy
( A S, 4 ) required

0.13

in2 / ft

<

0.001

d
qu, 4

=
=

### in
### ksf

0.001

A S, 4

[Satisfactory]

CHECK KEY CAPACITY FOR FOOTING


1.5 (Hb + Hs + HLat) =

2.96 kips

Hp + W =
<
[Satisfactory]

4.44

kips

Techincal References:
1. "Masonry Designers' Guide, Third Edition" (MDG-3), The Masonry Society, 2001.
2. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering Reference Manual", Professional Publications, Inc, 2001.
3. Alan Williams: "Structural Engineering License Review Problems and Solutions", Oxford University Press, 2003.