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The Title should be clear and precise. It has an objective or purpose. It should not be written
too long or too short. By just reading the title, you can determine what the investigative study is
all about.
The Abstract should be one or two paragraphs only. It includes your research problems, the
method or procedure that you used and the findings or conclusion of the study.
Chapter I

1. Introduction and Its Background
The Introduction is about one page only wherein it includes the background of the study and its
rationale. It usually leads into the research problem.
2. Statement of the Problem
The Statement of the Problem has two categories namely: the general problem and specific
problems. Usually, one general problem and three specific problems which derived from the
general problem. The research problems should be specific, reliable,valid, measurable,
objectively stated. It can be a question form or in a declarative statement.
3. Formulation of the Hypothesis
The Formulation of the Hypothesis has two types namely: the null hypothesis and affirmative
hypothesis. Hypotheses is a scientific guess which intends subject for thorough investigation. It
is recommended to use null hypothesis in your research project.
4. Significant of the Study
The Significant of the Study indicates how important is your investigatory project for the people,
environment and community as a whole. It is really relevant in the changing world or global
impact into the field of technology.
5. Scope and Delimitation of the Study
The Scope and Delimitation of the Study covers the range of your research. It includes the
period of research, the materials and equipment to be used, the subject of the study or the
sample of the study, the procedure and the statistical treatment to be used.
6. Definition of Terms
The Definition of Terms has two types: the Dictionary-derived definitions and the Operational
definitions which derived from how these terms were used in your research.
Chapter II

Review of Related Literature and Studies

Related Literature
The Related Literature are statements taken from science books, journals, magazines,
newspapers and any documents from authorized scientists, Science experts or well-known
Science agencies. These statements can support your study through their concepts, theories,
principles and laws. Footnoting is important on this part.
Related Studies
The Related Studies are those researches which may be local and foreign studies who can
attribute to your research or can support your investigation scientifically. Footnoting is also
important on this part.
Chapter III
Methodology has several parts namely: the subject of the study, the procedure and the
statistical treatment

1. The Subject of the Study
The Subject of the Study includes your population and the sample. It applies the sampling
techniques to obtain a good sample of the study. Your sample should be valid and reliable.
2. The Procedure
The Procedure is the step by step and systematic process of doing your research. It includes
the materials with right amount of measurements, the appropriate equipment to be used in
doing the scientific investigation. It consists of several trials with control variables, independent
variables and dependent variables. Gathering of data is essential in any kind of research. It is
recommended to use control and experimental set-ups to arrive at valid conclusion.
3. The Statistical Treatment
The Statistical Treatment comes in various ways. It can be mean, median, mode, percentage,
Chi-square, standard deviation, T-test, Pearson r, Spearman rank or Anova I or Anova II. It is
recommended to use T-test in any experimental research.
Chapter IV

Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data

1. Presentation of Data, Analysis and Interpretation of Data
The data gathered should be presented in order to be analyze. It may be presented in two forms
namely: through table or graph. You may use both of them if you want to clearly figure out your
data. A table has labels with quantity, description and units of measurement. Graph has several
types namely the line graph, bar graph, pie graph and pictograph. Choose what type of graph
that you prefer to use. Analyze the data that had been gathered, presented in table or graph
scientifically. You interpret the data according to what had been quantified and measured. The
numerical data should be interpreted clearly in simple and descriptive statements.
2. Results
Results show the findings or outcomes of your investigation. The result must be based
according to the interpreted data.
Chapter V

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

1. Summary
The Summary briefly summarizes your research from Chapter I to Chapter IV which includes
the research problems, methodology and findings. It consists of one or two paragraphs only.
2. Conclusion
The Conclusion is the direct statement based on findings or results. It should answer your
hypothesis and research problems.
3. Recommendation
The Recommendation is given based on your conclusion. You may give few recommendations
which you think can help the fellow Science students, researchers, consumers or the entire
community where people live in.
4. Bibliography - a list of references used in guiding the research work and writing the paper.