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SECTION 16950

TESTING AND COMMISSIONING


PART 1 - GENERAL
1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS
A. General provisions of Contract, including General and special Conditions and Division-1 (General
requirements), apply to wor of t!is section.
". General #rovisions for $lectrical %or &ection 1'(1(.
1.2 DESCRIPTION OF WORK
A. %or includes providing all materials, equipment and accessories, required for testing and
commissioning of all systems, equipments and services relating to t!e electrical wors.
1.3 QUALITY ASSURANCE
A. &tandards Compliance ) Comply wit! requirements of applica*le local codes, a!ramaa regulations,
si+t! may ,((-, D./01D$, .$C, /$C, /$2A, A/&. and .$$$ &tandards, pertaining to t!e testing
and commissioning.
". .n case of conflict among t!e referenced standards and codes, t!e more stringent provision will
govern.
C. 3esting and commissioning of all electrical wors s!all *e performed *y qualified organi4ation for
testing as detailed on part ,.
1.4 SUMITTALS
A. $quipment Data) &u*mit manufacturer5s data for testing and commissioning model /o., type, si4e,
range, ... etc.
". 3esting &!eets) &u*mit a recommended test and commissioning s!eets as per .$$ wiring
regulations 1't!. $dition, and /$3A international electrical testing association ./C.
PART 2 - PRODUCTS
2.1 QUALIFICATION OF TESTING ORGANI!ATION AND PERSONNEL
A. 3esting 6rgani4ation
1. 3!e testing organi4ation s!all *e an independent, t!ird party entity w!ic! can function as an
un*iased testing aut!ority, professionally independent of t!e manufacturers, suppliers, and
installers of equipment or systems *eing evaluated.
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,. 3!e testing organi4ation s!all *e regularly engaged in t!e testing of electrical equipment
devices, installations, and systems.
-. 3!e testing organi4ation s!all use tec!nicians w!o are regularly employed for testing
services.
#A93 1 - An organi4ation !aving a :;ull 2em*ers!ip< classification issued *y t!e
.nternational $lectrical 3esting Association meets t!is criteria.
#A93 , - 3!e testing organi4ation s!all su*mit appropriate documentation to demonstrate
t!at it satisfactorily complies wit! t!ese requirements.
". &uita*ility of 3est $quipment
1. All test equipment s!all meet t!e requirements and *e in good mec!anical and electrical
condition.
,. ;ield test metering used to c!ec power system meter cali*ration must *e more accurate
t!an t!e instrument *eing tested.
-. Accuracy of metering in test equipment s!all *e appropriate for t!e test *eing performed.
C. 3est instrument Cali*ration
1. 3!e testing organi4ation s!all !ave a cali*ration program w!ic! assures t!at all
applica*le test instruments are maintained wit!in rated accuracy for eac! test instrument
cali*rated.
,. 3!e firm providing cali*ration service s!all maintain up-to-date instrument cali*ration
instructions and procedures for eac! test instrument cali*rated.
-. .nstruments s!all *e cali*rated in accordance wit! t!e following frequency sc!edule)
a. ;ield instruments) Analog, ' mont!s ma+imum. Digital, 1, mont!s ma+imum.
*. =a*oratory instruments) 1, mont!s ma+imum.
c. =eased specialty equipment) 1, mont!s ma+imum.
>. Dated cali*ration la*els s!all *e visi*le on all test equipment.
8. 9ecords, w!ic! s!ow date and results of instruments cali*rated or tested, must *e ept up-
to-date.
'. Cali*rating standard s!all *e of !ig!er accuracy t!an t!at of t!e instrument tested.
D. 3est report
1. 3!e test report s!all include t!e following)
a. &ummary of pro?ect.
*. Description of equipment tested.
c. Description of tests.
d. 3est data.
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e. Analysis and recommendations.
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,. 3est data records s!all include t!e following minimum requirements)
a. .dentification of t!e testing organi4ation.
*. $quipment identification.
c. @umidity, temperature, and ot!er conditions t!at may affect t!e results of t!e
tests0cali*rations.
d. Date of inspections, tests, maintenance, and0or cali*rations.
e. .dentification of t!e testing tec!nician.
f. .ndication of inspections, tests, maintenance, and0or cali*rations to *e performed and
recorded.
g. .ndication of e+pected results w!en cali*rations are to *e performed.
!. .ndication of :as-found< and :as-left< results, as applica*le.
i. &ufficient spaces to allow all results and comments to *e indicated.
-. 3!e testing organi4ation s!all furnis! a copy or copies of t!e complete report to t!e owner
and consultant.
$. 3esting #ersonnel
1. 3ec!nicians performing t!ese electrical tests and inspections s!all *e trained and
e+perienced concerning t!e apparatus and systems *eing evaluated. 3!ese individuals s!all
*e capa*le of conducting t!e tests in a safe manner and wit! complete nowledge of t!e
!a4ards involved. 3!ey must evaluate t!e test data and mae a ?udgment on t!e continued
servicea*ility or non-servicea*ility of t!e specific equipment.
,. 3ec!nicians s!all *e certified in accordance wit! A/&.0/$3A $33-,(((, &tandard for
Certification of $lectrical 3esting #ersonnel. $ac! on-site crew leader s!all !old a current
certification, =evel ... or !ig!er, in electrical testing.
2.2 DI+ISION OF RESPONSIILITY
A. 3!e Contractor
3!e contractor s!all *e responsi*le for all power switc!ing of equipment and for providing
equipment in a ready-to-test condition. 3!e contractor s!all provide t!e testing organi4ation wit!
t!e following)
1. A s!ort-circuit analysis, a coordination study, and a protective device setting.
,. 3!e most current set of electrical drawings and instruction manuals applica*le to t!e scope of
wor relative to t!e equipment under test.
-. An itemi4ed description of equipment to *e inspected and tested.
>. A determination of w!o s!all provide a suita*le and sta*le source of electrical power to eac!
test site.
8. &ite-specific !a4ard notification and safety training.
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". 3!e 3esting 6rgani4ation
3!e testing organi4ation s!all provide t!e following)
1. All field tec!nical services, tooling, equipment, instrumentation, and tec!nical supervision to
perform suc! tests and inspections.
,. &pecific power requirements for test equipment.
-. /otification to t!e contractor and consultant prior to commencement of any testing.
>. A timely notification of any system, material, or wormans!ip w!ic! is found deficient on t!e
*asis of maintenance tests.
8. A written record of all tests and a final report.
2.3 WORK TESTS
A.3!e consultant s!all inspect and test at t!e maers5 wors, during manufacture and after completion,
all or any particular manufactured material, apparatus or equipment ordered *y t!e contractor for
incorporation in t!e wors, in order to prove t!at t!e material, apparatus or equipment meets t!e
requirements of t!is specification. 3!e contractor s!all notify t!e 6wner5s aut!ori4ed representative
in advance of all suc! inspections and tests.
3!e contractor must arrange on !is e+penses for wors tests to *e attended *y t!e 6wner5s
consultant for all tests specified in different sections of specifications.
".3!e Contractor s!all su*mit to t!e 6wner5s aut!ori4ed 9epresentative, at t!e time of issue, t!ree
copies of eac! and every order for *oug!t in material, apparatus and equipment intended for
incorporation in t!e wors.
$ac! suc! order s!all clearly state w!et!er t!e item(s) w!ic! it covers is or are su*?ect to inspection
or test *efore dispatc! to site.
C.Apon completion of manufacture, or *efore dispatc! in t!e case of stoc items, all material, apparatus
and equipment intended for incorporation in t!e wors s!all *e su*?ected, to t!e tests specified in
t!e relevant /ational &tandard or elsew!ere in t!is specification toget!er wit! suc! additional tests
as may *e required in order to prove compliance wit! t!is specification. %!en no relevant "ritis!
&tandard e+ists, or t!e appropriate /ational &tandard fails to specify tests, t!e Contractor s!all
su*mit !is proposals for t!e tests !e requires to provide compliance wit! t!e specification.
D.3!e results of eac! and every test carried out in accordance wit! t!e provisions of t!is specification
s!all *e accurately and compre!ensively recorded on a form of test certificate signed *y t!e person
in c!arge of t!e testing procedure and countersigned *y t!e contractor and four copies of every
suc! test certificate s!all *e su*mitted to t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative.
$.$very test certificate s!all include, in addition to all ot!er requirements t!e date and time of t!e test,
t!e am*ient conditions, a fully detailed description of t!e test(s) carried out, t!e results o*tained,
and any relevant performance curves.
;.3!e Contractor s!all *e responsi*le for ensuring t!at t!e 6wner5s aut!ori4ed 9epresentative is
advised in writing w!enever material, apparatus or equipment is ready for inspection or test at !is
own or !is suppliers5 premises. At least seven days notice s!all *e given, and due allowance s!all
*e made for t!is period of notice in drawing up t!e program of wors.
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G..n cases w!ere t!e manufacturer or supplier of material, apparatus or equipment relies upon type
tests to prove, eit!er w!olly or in part, t!e suita*ility of !is product(s), t!en t!e Contractor s!all
arrange for triplicate copies of certificates giving t!e results of suc! type tests to *e su*mitted to t!e
6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative at t!e time t!e order is placed.
@./o material, apparatus or equipment, from w!atever source, s!all *e dispatc!ed to site until t!e
6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative !as !ad t!e opportunity to inspect it or !as given written
aut!ori4ation for dispatc!.
../o inspection or testing *y t!e 6wner5s Consultant nor t!e witnessing of satisfactory tests nor t!e
aut!ori4ing of dispatc! to site s!all in any way relieve t!e contractor of any of !is o*ligations under
t!is contract, nor s!all it in any way limit t!e rig!t of t!e 6wner5s aut!ori4ed representative to re?ect
suc! items after delivery to site if t!ey su*sequently prove to *e defective or unsatisfactory or
unsuita*le for t!eir intended purpose.
B.%!en t!e contractor !as ordered equipment from a manufacturer w!o, in turn, !as *oug!t-in ma?or
components from a secondary supplier, t!e 6wner5s Consultant s!all !ave t!e rig!t to elect to
inspect suc! components at t!e wors of t!e secondary supplier, and t!e contractor s!all ensure,
w!en placing !is orders, t!at suc! rig!ts are secured.
;or t!e purposed of t!is clause, inter-departmental orders wit!in t!e same organi4ation s!all *e
treated in t!e same manner as orders involving separate organi4ations.
C.3!e 6wner5s Consultant s!all !ave t!e rig!t to waive, at !is sole discretion, t!e requirements relating
to !is inspection of materials, apparatus, and equipment at t!e maers5 wors. 3!e e+ercise *y t!e
6wner5s aut!ori4ed 9epresentative of t!is rig!t s!all not in any way relieve t!e contractor of !is
o*ligation to carry out t!e prescri*ed tests and to su*mit test certificates.
=./o wor s!all *e painted or ot!erwise prepared for dispatc! until it !as *een inspected *y t!e 6wner5s
Consultant, or inspection !as *een waived and dispatc! !as *een aut!ori4ed.
2.%!en one or more of t!e Contractor5s purc!ase orders covers t!e supply of a num*er of lie
components or items of equipment, t!e 6wner5s aut!ori4ed representative s!all !ave t!e rig!t to
select t!at one item or component of eac! type and rating *e su*?ected to type tests as descri*ed
in t!e relevant /ational &tandard. 6t!er similar items may t!en *e su*?ected only to routine tests.
2.4 SITE TESTS
A. 3!e Contractor s!all carry out all necessary c!ecs and tests to prove t!at t!e completed
installations fully comply wit! specified requirements.
". Apon completion of t!e electrical installation, or any su*stantial section t!ereof, t!e installation, or
any su*stantial section t!ereof, t!e installation or t!at section and all of t!e associated electrical
equipment s!all *e su*?ected to t!e tests specified in t!e relevant /ational &tandards and in t!e
.$$ %iring 9egulations, toget!er wit! suc! ot!er tests as may *e specified in order to prove
compliance wit! t!e &pecification.
C. All of t!e required c!ecs and tests s!all *e carried out in accordance wit! a program to *e agreed
wit! t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative, and facilities s!all *e made availa*le for t!e 6wner5s
Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative to *e present at all suc! c!ecs and tests if !e so desires.
D. 3ests not carried out in t!e presence of t!e 6wners5 Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative s!all not *e
regarded as valid for t!e purpose of t!e Contract, unless t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative
s!all !ave aut!ori4ed t!e Contractor to proceed wit! t!e testing process in !is a*sence.
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$. $very test certificate s!all include, in addition to all ot!er requirements, t!e date and time of t!e test,
t!e am*ient conditions, a fully detailed description of t!e test (s) carried out, t!e result o*tained,
and any relevant performance curves.
;. /o material, apparatus, equipment, or installation s!all *e covered or ot!erwise permanently
concealed from view until t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative !as !ad t!e opportunity to
inspect it, given written aut!ori4ation for covering to proceed.
G. /o wor s!all !ave a final paint finis! until it !as *een inspected *y t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed
9epresentative or painting !as *een aut!ori4ed, unless t!e final paint finis! is necessary to provide
t!e necessary climate protection.
@. /o apparatus, equipment, plant, or installations will *e recogni4ed as complete until all of t!e
specified inspections and tests !ave *een satisfactorily carried out.
.. 3!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative s!all !ave t!e rig!t to waive, at !is sole discretion, t!e
requirements relating to !is inspection of materials, apparatus equipment and installations and t!e
witnessing of tests t!ereon. 3!e e+ercise *y t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative of t!is rig!t
s!all not in any way relieve t!e Contractor of !is o*ligations to carry out t!e prescri*ed tests and to
su*mit test certificates.
2.5 TALES
3!e following ta*les s!all *e used for inspection and test procedures item mentioned under eac!
specification section.
TALE 1
.nsulation 9esistance 3est 1alues
$lectrical Apparatus and &ystems
/ominal 9ating
of $quipment in 1olts
2inimum 3est 1oltage, DC
9ecommended 2inimum
.nsulation 9esistance in
2ego!ms
,8( 8(( ,8
'(( 1,((( 1((
1,((( 1,((( 1((
,,8(( 1,((( 8((
8,((( ,,8(( 1,(((
D,((( ,,8(( ,,(((
18,((( ,,8(( 8,(((
,8,((( 8,((( ,(,(((
-8,((( 18,((( 1((,(((
>',((( 18,((( 1((,(((
'7,((( and a*ove 18,((( 1((,(((
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.n t!e a*sence of consensus standards dealing wit! insulation-resistance tests, t!e &tandards 9eview Council
suggests t!e a*ove representative values.
3est results are dependent on t!e temperature of t!e insulating material and t!e !umidity of t!e surrounding
environment at t!e time of t!e test.
.nsulation-resistance test data may *e used to esta*lis! a trending pattern. Deviations from t!e *aseline
information permit evaluation of t!e insulation.
TALE 3
2aintenance 3esting
3ransformer .nsulation 9esistance
3ransformer Coil
9ating 3ype in 1olts
2inimum DC 3est 1oltage
9ecommended 2inimum
.nsulation 9esistance in 2ego!ms
( - '(( 1((( 8((
'(1 - 8((( ,8(( 8(((
Greater t!an 8((( 8((( ,8(((
.n t!e a*sence of consensus standards, t!e /$3A &tandards 9eview Council suggests t!e a*ove
representative values.
/63$) &ince insulation resistance depends on insulation rating (1) and winding capacity (C1A), values
o*tained s!ould *e compared to manufacturer5s pu*lis!ed data.
PART 3 - E,ECUTION
3.1 E+ALUATION OF ELECTRICAL WORK DRAWINGS
A.As soon as possi*le after award of contract, t!e testing qualified organi4ation carefully e+amine a set
of electrical drawings wit! respect to routing of services and location of electrical equipment, and
s!all report t!e results of t!e evaluation in writing to t!e consultant.
".3!e set of drawings e+amined *y t!e origination s!all *e returned to t!e consultant wit! t!e
evaluation report, mared-up to indicate locations for electrical equipment, ca*le routing, any
required revision wor.
3.2 SITE +ISTIS DURING CONSTRUCTION
C.After careful review of t!e electrical wor drawings and specifications, t!e testing organi4ation s!all
visit t!e site at frequent, regular intervals during construction of t!e electrical system to o*serve
routing of services. =ocations of electrical equipment, wormans!ip, and anyt!ing else w!ic! will
affect testing, ad?usting t!e system.
D.After eac! site visit, t!e organi4ation s!all report results of t!e site visit to t!e consultant, in writing,
wit! a copy to t!e owner, indicating t!e date and time of t!e visit, and detailed recommendations
for any corrective wor required to ensure proper ad?usting t!e system.
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3.3 COMMISSIONING
A.;ollowing t!e satisfactory conclusion of inspections and tests on completed sections of t!e %ors, t!e
Contractor s!all duly commission eac! section of t!e electrical installation and leave it in full
woring order. 3!e term 5Commissioning5 s!all *e deemed to include)
1.3!e energi4ing of electrical distri*ution circuits and equipments w!ic! !ave previously *een
inspected, tested, found to *e satisfactory and capa*le of *eing energi4e wit! complete
safety.
,.3!e setting of electrical protective devices and systems, w!ere relevant, in accordance wit! t!e
directions of t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative or, failing suc! directions, in
accordance wit! sound electrical engineering practice.
-.3!e starting up of all electrically powered plant and equipment.
>.3!e verification of t!e performance of all suc! plant and equipment *y t!e carrying out, w!ere
required, of furt!er tests and t!e maing of all necessary ad?ustments so as to o*tain
optimum performance.
".Compliance wit! t!e requirements of t!is &ection of t!e &pecification s!all not, *y itself, in any way
relieve t!e Contractor of any of !is o*ligations under t!e Contract.
C.3!e Contractor s!all ensure t!at all connections and ad?ustments are made correctly, and t!at t!e
installations and equipment are in a completely safe and satisfactory condition.
D.All activities carried out *y t!e Contractor in pursuance of t!e requirements of t!is section of t!e
&pecification s!all *e carried out, or continuously supervised, *y a competent and e+perienced
commissioning engineer.
$..f considered necessary, t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative will set up a Commissioning #anel
to oversee all activities relating to commissioning of installations, plant and equipment. 3!e
Contractor s!all provide appropriate representatives as mem*ers of t!e #anel to act in an
advisory capacity assisting t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative in all matters relating to t!e
commissioning process.
;.3!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative s!all !ave power to appoint and independent Commissioning
$ngineer to act on !is *e!alf in t!e control of all activities relating to t!e commissioning process,
and in suc! matters t!e said Commissioning $ngineer s!all *e deemed to *e and aut!ori4ed
representative of t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative
G.3!e Contractor s!all *e w!olly responsi*le for ensuring t!at all switc!ing operations and all wor on
electrical circuits and equipment w!ic! !ave once *een energi4ed are carried out in a t!oroug!ly
safe manner and s!all operate, and rigidly ad!ere to, an approved 5permit-to-wor5 system. ;or
t!is purpose, t!e Contractor s!all appoint an 5aut!ori4ed person5 as defined in t!e $lectricity
(;actories Act) &pecial 9egulations, and s!all communicate t!e name of suc! person in writing to
t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative.
@..n appropriate cases t!e Contractor s!all nominate a particular employee as 5&witc!gear 6perator5
and s!all ensure t!at all switc!gear operations are carried out *y t!e nominated person and t!at
suc! person is always availa*le for t!is duty w!en required.
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..3!e Contractor s!all prepare a commissioning sc!edule detailing t!e plant to *e commissioned, t!e
operations to *e carried out, t!e time scale, wit! e+act dates for specific operations, details of
requirements for power services, and attendance or provisions *y ot!ers. 3!is commissioning
sc!edule, in draft from, s!all *e su*mitted not less t!an four wees in advance of t!e date on
w!ic! commissioning is to commence.
B..f required *y t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative, t!e Contractor s!all present t!e information
from t!e commissioning sc!edule in t!e form of a flodiagram or a #$93 (Critical #at!) c!art.
C.3!e procedures to *e followed *y t!e Contractor for commissioning t!e electrical equipment and
installations s!all *e as directed *y t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative or, in t!e a*sence of
suc! directions, s!all *e proposed *y t!e Contractor and su*mitted to t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed
9epresentative for approval.
=./o connections or ad?ustments s!all *e made to plant or equipment w!ic! !as already *een
commissioned and set to wor, e+cept wit! t!e prior consent of t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed
9epresentative.
2./o plant or equipment s!all *e c!arged, energi4ed or operated wit!out t!e prior approval of t!e
6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative. All applica*le test certificates s!all !ave *een first su*mitted
to t!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative.
/.All commissioning procedures s!all *e carried out in a safe and satisfactory manner and in
accordance wit! t!e provisions of t!e ;actory Acts, t!e @ealt! and &afety at %or etc. Act, and
t!e $lectricity 9egulations.
6.;ollowing completion of commissioning, eac! item of equipment or, w!ere several items of
equipment are interdependent, t!e complete plant s!all operate continuously and satisfactorily
under normal operating conditions for a period of E, !ours wit!out defect of any ind. .n t!e event
of any defect or mal-operation *ecoming apparent during t!is period t!e Contractor s!all fort!wit!
determine t!e cause and rectify it *y means of repair, replacement, ad?ustment or modification
and t!e relia*ility run s!all *e re-commenced. All materials, equipment and la*or required to
locate and rectify any suc! defect s!all *e provided *y t!e Contractor at !is own e+pense.
#./o plant, equipment or installation will *e considered as complete until t!e prescri*ed commissioning
procedures !ave *een satisfactorily carried out and t!e relia*ility run !as *een completed wit!out
untoward incident.
F.3!e 6wner5s Aut!ori4ed 9epresentative s!all !ave power to require t!at t!e w!ole of t!e plant,
equipment and installations, or selected parts t!ereof, *e re-inspected and, if necessary, re-
tested immediately *efore t!e end of t!e contractual maintenance period, and t!e Contractor
s!all *e responsi*le for maing all necessary arrangements wit! t!e 6wner.
END OF SECTION 16950
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