17 views

Uploaded by Shashank Mishra

fem

- 325 - 12-07 - elasticity - 43-51
- Soil Stiffness_3.ppt
- Comparison of soil test data, obtained with different probes
- modelingbamboo
- PG-2011
- Stress Strain Young Modulus and Shear Stress
- Finite Element Modeling of Composite Materials Usi
- 2X10X5.5 MNB
- Poisson Ratio Negative
- C1_1 Lab Report
- Analysis of Cracked Laminates_A Variational Approach
- CVEN2301 Past Final 2015
- Mec 323 Final
- soil stiff
- Assignment #1 Solution - Spring 2014(1)
- 13540.calcs
- Effects of Different Implant_abutment Connections on Micromotion and Stress Distribution_ Prediction of Microgap Formation
- An Approximate Analysis Procedure for Piled Raft Foundations
- Explantion Plate Staad_5
- Explantion Plate Staad_3

You are on page 1of 25

Mechanics of Light Weight Structures

2

Chapter 1

In-plane loaded plates in Cartesian

coordinates

1.1

A rectangular plate is xed at a rigid wall and it is carrying a triangularly dis-

tributed total load Q in accordance to the gure below. Dene the boundary

conditions along all four edges. Plane stress conditions can be assumed. The

length of the plate is L, the height H and the thickness t.

x

Q

y

L

H

1.2

A rectangular plate of length L, height H and thickness t is loaded by a bending

moment. Show that the stresses in the plate can be derived from an Airys stress

function

(y) =

2M

tH

3

y

3

(1.1)

Check that both the boundary conditions and bi-harmonic dierential equation

are fullled.

3

4 1. In-plane loaded plates in Cartesian coordinates

x

y

L/2 L/2

H/2

H/2

M M

1.3

A rectangular plate of length L, height H and thickness t is loaded in accordance

to the gure below. Determine the unknown constants A

2

to D

3

used in the

Airys stress function (x, y) below so all boundary conditions are fullled.

(x, y) =

2

(x, y) +

3

(x, y) (1.2)

where

2

(x, y) =

A

2

2

x

2

+ B

2

xy +

C

2

2

y

2

(1.3)

3

(x, y) =

A

3

6

x

3

+

B

3

2

x

2

y +

C

3

2

xy

2

+

D

3

6

y

3

(1.4)

x

y

p

p

qy

qy

5

1.4

A rectangular plate is xed at a rigid wall and it is carrying a shear stress

0

along its upper boundary. Determine the unknown constant C used in the Airys

stress function (x, y) below.

(x, y) = C(axy xy

2

xy

3

/a + by

2

+ by

3

/a) (1.5)

Hint: Focus on how to at least fulll the bending stress situation along the left

vertical boundary from an equilibrium point of view.

x

y

b

a

a

0

1.5

A rectangular plate is loaded in accordance to the gure below. Determine the

unknown constants C and D used in the Airys stress function (x, y) below so

that the bending stress is approximated as good as possible. The thickness of

the plate is t.

(x, y) = Cy

2

/2 + Dy

3

/6 (1.6)

x

y

L L

H

H

P P

6 1. In-plane loaded plates in Cartesian coordinates

1.7

A triangular plate is exposed to a linearly increasing pressure shown in the gure

below. The pressure is q

0

at x = a. A proper choice of an Airys stress function

(x, y) is given below. The thickness of the plate is t.

(x, y) = Ax

3

+ Bx

2

y + Cxy

2

+ Dy

3

(1.7)

Determine the constants A to D and calculate the stresses along the xed bound-

ary. The results can be compared to a FE-analysis.

x

y

a

a

q(x)

Chapter 2

In-plane loaded plates in polar

coordinates

1.12

A thin arc-shaped plate, shown in the gure below, is loaded by a bending mo-

ment M. Plane stress conditions can be assumed. Calculate the stresses! A

polar coordinate system is most conveniently used. The thickness of the plate is

t. The stress function (r) to be used is

(r) = a

0

lnr + b

0

r

2

+ c

0

r

2

lnr

b

a

M M

r

7

8 2. In-plane loaded plates in polar coordinates

1.13

An innite plate is exposed to a uniform tensile stress

0

i the x-direction. In

the plate there is a hole with a radius a. Calculate the stresses, especially close

to the hole and compare it to the stress level

0

! A polar coordinate system is

most conveniently used.

r

x

y

2a

0

1.16

A semi-innite plate is exposed to a concentrated force P acting perpendicular

to the boundary as shown i the gure below. The force P is distributed as a

uniform line load across the thickness t. Calculate the stresses.

r

P

9

1.17

A semi-innite plate is exposed to a concentrated force P acting parallel to the

boundary as shown i the gure below. The force P is distributed as a uniform

line load across the thickness t. Calculate the stresses. Study especially the

maximum shear stress.

r

P

1.18

A sector of an innite plate with an opening angle is exposed to a concentrated

force P acting perpendicular to the symmetry line through the material as shown

in the gure below. The force P is distributed as a uniform line load across the

thickness t. Calculate the stresses.

r

Chapter 3

Plates in Cartesian coordinates

2.1

A rectangular plate is xed at rigid walls along its shortest edges. The shortest

edges has a length a which is much smaller than the longest edge of length b.

The thickness t is much smaller than a. That is b a t.A uniform pressure

p is applied on the entire plate. Calculate the largest displacement in the plate.

The Youngs modulus E and the Poissons ratio are known entities.

x

y

b

a

p

t

2.2

A rectangular plate is simply supported along all its edges. A uniform pressure

p is applied to the entire plate. Calculate the displacement w(x, y) in the z-

direction. The Youngs modulus E and the Poissons ratio are known entities.

11

12 3. Plates in Cartesian coordinates

x

y

b

a

p

x

z

t

2.3

Calculate the maximum stresses in the center of the plate from example 2.2.

2.5

A rectangular plate is simply supported along all its edges. The geometry is the

same as in example 2.2. In this case the loading is a concentrated point load

P acting in the center of the plate. Calculate the displacement in the center of

the plate under the load. The Youngs modulus E and the Poissons ratio are

known entities.

Chapter 4

Plates in polar coordinates

2.6

A circular plate of radius a is simply supported along the outer edge. A uniform

pressure p is applied on the plate. Calculate the displacement w(r), the maximum

value of w(r), the stresses and the slope at the edge. The Youngs modulus E

and the Poissons ratio are known entities.

p

r

z

a

t

2.7

A circular plate of radius a is simply supported along the outer edge. A linearly

varying pressure p(r) is applied. Calculate the largest displacement w(r), the

stresses and the slope at the edge. The Youngs modulus E and the Poissons

ratio are known entities.

p(r)

r

z

a

t

p

0

13

14 4. Plates in polar coordinates

2.8

A circular plate of radius a is clamped along the outer edge. A linearly varying

pressure p(r) is applied. Calculate the largest displacement w(r). The Youngs

modulus E and the Poissons ratio are known entities.

p(r)

r

z

a

t

p

0

2.9

A circular plate of radius a is clamped along the outer edge. A constant pressure p

is applied. Calculate the largest displacement w(r). The Youngs modulus E and

the Poissons ratio are known entities. Hint: Use superposition of handbook

formulas.

p

r

z

a

t

2.10

A circular plate of radius a is simply supported along the outer edge. A uniform

pressure p is applied on the entire plate. In the center of the plate there is a

support on a distance . Select the distance so that this support in the center

will carry half of the total load.

p

r

z

a

t

Chapter 5

Axi-symmetric shells

3.1

An axi-symmetric shell has a radius of curvature R = 2a in the vertical plane

and a radius a in the horizontal bottom plane. The structure is exposed to a

vertical concentrated load P along the symmetry line. Calculate the membrane

stresses at the bottom plane. The thickness of the shell is t.

P

r

z

a

R=2a

15

16 5. Axi-symmetric shells

3.2

A innite conical section has a top angle 2 and the thickness of the shell is t.

The density is . Calculate the membrane stresses in the cone on a distance s

from the top due to the dead load.

r

z

2

s

3.3

A spherical roof has a radius R, an opening angle and the thickness of the shell

is t. The density of the roof is . Calculate the membrane stresses in the roof

due to the dead load.

r

z

R

17

3.4

A thin half spherical shell has a radius R and the thickness t. The shell is lled

by a liquid having the density . Calculate the largest membrane stresses in the

shell due to the load from the liquid. The support do not generate any bending

stresses.

z

R

r

3.5

A innite cone has the opening angle and the thickness t. The cone is lled by

a liquid having the density to the height h,. Calculate the membrane stresses

in the cone due to the load from the liquid. The support do not generate any

bending stresses.

r

z

2

h

18 5. Axi-symmetric shells

Chapter 6

Circular cylindrical shells

3.6

A long pipe (L a) has very sti gables and it is loaded by an internal pressure

p. Calculate the radial displacement w and the bending stresses as function z.

The thickness of the pipe is t. The Youngs modulus E and the Poissons ratio

are known entities.

r

z

p

L

a

t

3.7

A short pipe has very sti gables and it is loaded by an internal pressure p.

Calculate the radial displacement w and the bending stresses as function z. The

thickness of the pipe is t (t a). The Youngs modulus E and the Poissons

ratio are known entities.

r

z

p

L/2

a

L/2

t

19

20 6. Circular cylindrical shells

3.10

An innite pipe (L a) is loaded by force T

0

per unit length around the cir-

cumferential of the pipe. Calculate the radial displacement w(z). The thickness

of the pipe is t (t a). The Youngs modulus E and the Poissons ratio are

known entities.

r

z

T

0

a

t

3.12

A cylindrical oil tank has a radius R = 15.m and a height H = 20.m. Which wall

thickness t is required if the axial bending stress must not exceed 200.N/mm

2

.

The density of the oil is = 800.kg/m

3

.

r

R

p(z)

z

t

H

6.1. Answers: 21

6.1 Answers:

1.1

Boundary conditions are:

x = 0 u(0, y) = v(0, y) = 0

x = L

x

(L, y) =

xy

(L, y) = 0

y = H/2

y

= 2Qx/tL

2

,

xy

= 0

y = H/2

y

= 0,

xy

= 0

1.2

x

(x, y) =

2

(x, y)

y

2

=

12M

tH

3

y

y

(x, y) =

2

(x, y)

x

2

= 0

xy

(x, y) =

2

(x, y)

xy

= 0

H/2

H/2

x

tydy =

H/2

H/2

12My

2

/H

3

dy = M

1.3

Boundary conditions are:

y = H/2

y

= p,

xy

= 0

x = 0, L

x

= qy,

xy

= 0

(x, y) = px

2

/2 + qy

3

/6

1.4

C =

0

/4a

1.5

C = P/2tH

D = 3P/2tH

2

1.7

A = q

0

/6a, B = 0, C = q

0

/2a, D = q

0

/3a

x

= q

0

(2y/a 1)

xy

= q

0

y/a

22 6. Circular cylindrical shells

1.12

r

(r) =

4M

ct

(

a

2

b

2

r

2

ln

b

a

+ b

2

ln

r

b

+ a

2

ln

a

r

)

(r) =

4M

ct

(

a

2

b

2

r

2

ln

b

a

+ b

2

ln

r

b

+ a

2

ln

a

r

+ b

2

a

2

)

r

= 0

where

c = (b

2

a

2

)

2

4a

2

b

2

(ln

b

a

)

2

1.13

r

(r) =

0

2

(1

a

2

r

2

+ (1 4

a

2

r

2

+ 3

a

4

r

4

) cos 2)

(r) =

0

2

(1 +

a

2

r

2

(1 + 3

a

4

r

4

) cos 2)

r

=

0

2

(1 + 2

a

2

r

2

3

a

4

r

4

) sin2

If r = a we have

max

(r) =

0

(1 2 cos 2) = 3

0

That is, the stress concentration factor is equal to 3!

1.16

r

(r, ) =

2P

rt

sin

(r, ) =

r

(r, ) = 0

1.17

max

(r, ) = |

r

2

| =

2P

rt

| cos |

1.18

r

=

2P

rt

sin

sin

2.1

w

max

=

pb

4

384D

2.2

At a general position in the plate the displacement is dened by

w(x, y) =

16p

6

D

m=1

n=1

1

mn((

m

a

)

2

+ (

n

b

)

2

)

2

sin

mx

a

sin

ny

b

where m and n are odd integer numbers

6.1. Answers: 23

2.3

In the center of the plate at x = a/2 and y = b/2, we have

x

max

=

12M

x

t

3

t

2

=

96p

4

t

2

m=1

n=1

((

m

a

)

2

+ (

n

b

)

2

)

mn((

m

a

)

2

+ (

n

b

)

2

)

2

sin

m

2

sin

n

2

y

max

=

12M

y

t

3

t

2

=

96p

4

t

2

m=1

n=1

((

n

b

)

2

+ (

m

a

)

2

)

mn((

m

a

)

2

+ (

n

b

)

2

)

2

sin

m

2

sin

n

2

xy

= 0

where m and n are odd integer numbers

2.5

At a general position in the plate the displacement is

w(x, y) =

48(1

2

)P

4

Eabt

3

m=1

n=1

sin

m

2

sin

n

2

((

m

a

)

2

+ (

n

b

)

2

)

2

sin

mx

a

sin

ny

b

where m and n are odd integer numbers

2.6

At a general position in the circular plate the displacement is

w(r) =

pa

2

32D

(3 + )

(1 + )

(a

2

r

2

)

a

2

2

+

r

4

2a

2

w(r = 0) = w

max

=

pa

4

64D

(5 + )

(1 + )

The stresses are

r

(r, z) =

12z

t

3

M

r

(r);

(r, z) =

12z

t

3

M

(r);

r

= 0

where the moments are

M

r

(r) =

(3 + )p

16

(a

2

r

2

)

M

(r) =

p

16

((3 + )a

2

(1 + 3)r

2

)

The slope (r) is for small rotations

(r) =

dw(r)

dr

=

pa

2

32D

2r

3

a

2

2r

(3 + )

(1 + )

(r = a) =

pa

3

8D

1

(1 + )

2.7

w

max

=

p

0

a

4

150D

(6 + )

(1 + )

24 6. Circular cylindrical shells

2.8

w

max

=

43p

0

a

4

4800D

2.9

w

max

=

pa

4

64D

2.10

The support should be pushed the distance

=

pa

4

64D

above the undeformed position!

3.1

The in-plane stress resultants N

(r) and N

(r) are

N

(r) =

P

2r

; N

(r) =

P

4r

3.2

The stresses are

(s) = g

1

2 cos

s

(s) = g

sin

2

cos

s

3.3

The stresses are

() = gR

1

(1 + cos )

() = gR

(sin

2

cos )

(1 + cos )

3.4

The maximum stress is found in bottom

max

=

gR

2

2t

3.6

The outward radial displacement of the wall w(x) are

w(x) = (1

2

)

pa

2

Et

(1 exp

nx

(sin nx + cos nx))

and thus the bending moment M

x

(x) is

M

x

(x) = (1

2

)

2pa

2

n

2

D

Et

exp

nx

(sinnx cos nx)

6.1. Answers: 25

3.7

3.10

The outward radial displacement of the wall w(x) is

w(x) =

T

0

8n

3

D

exp

nx

(cos nx + sinnx)

where

n

4

=

3(1

2

)

a

2

t

2

; D =

Et

3

12(1

2

)

3.12

The thickness t of the wall has to be at least 22. mm.

- 325 - 12-07 - elasticity - 43-51Uploaded byBradley Nartowt
- Soil Stiffness_3.pptUploaded byYesika Rosiana Dewi
- Comparison of soil test data, obtained with different probesUploaded byGennadii Boldyrev
- modelingbambooUploaded byMohinuddin Ahmed
- PG-2011Uploaded byAbderrahim HAMDAOUI
- Stress Strain Young Modulus and Shear StressUploaded byFirdaus Zakaria
- Finite Element Modeling of Composite Materials UsiUploaded byGuillermo Tubilla
- 2X10X5.5 MNBUploaded byRudra Sharma
- Poisson Ratio NegativeUploaded byIsmael Angel Nieto
- C1_1 Lab ReportUploaded byNg Hai Woon Alwin
- Analysis of Cracked Laminates_A Variational ApproachUploaded byn_kosmas
- CVEN2301 Past Final 2015Uploaded byRafa Clay
- Mec 323 FinalUploaded byJihadHejazi
- soil stiffUploaded byVenkataLakshmiKorrapati
- Assignment #1 Solution - Spring 2014(1)Uploaded byDeepak Kumar
- 13540.calcsUploaded byRafael Del Toro
- Effects of Different Implant_abutment Connections on Micromotion and Stress Distribution_ Prediction of Microgap FormationUploaded byEsteban Llanos
- An Approximate Analysis Procedure for Piled Raft FoundationsUploaded byNicky198
- Explantion Plate Staad_5Uploaded bysatya_jayanti
- Explantion Plate Staad_3Uploaded bysatya_jayanti
- Bulk modulus table.pdfUploaded byhjded
- 16419_48_43.pdfUploaded byvijjikewlguy7116
- U girder.pptxUploaded byAnkit Jain
- Dialnet SineresisCaracteristicasReologicasYConsistenciaSen 4657864 (5)Uploaded byFrancisco
- rptInstructionPlan (1)Uploaded byBala Gangadhar Reddy
- XXX Taffesdsse2017 XXXUploaded byRibeiro Elias Concursos
- GATE Mechanical Engineering SyllabusUploaded bydeepakkumar2626
- 1954_Gunn_Ultrasonic Defect Detection InUploaded byKvvPrasad
- analisis de tanque GLP.docxUploaded byMarlon Zare
- som set 3Uploaded byShanmuga Ramanan

- Multi Stage CompressorUploaded byShashank Mishra
- t Axi Readme OldUploaded byShashank Mishra
- Article 370Uploaded byPK Vats
- FLUENT MDM Tut 04 Gear PumpUploaded byRajeuv Govindan
- GWEC Global Wind Report 9 April 2014Uploaded byShashank Mishra
- World Energy Balance 2013 EnerdataUploaded byShashank Mishra
- Lid Driven CavityUploaded byShashank Mishra
- 1.pdfUploaded byclimax1364
- Chapter 1Uploaded bynannupn
- Falkner skan mathematica analysisUploaded byShashank Mishra
- Numerical study of six bladed savonius wind turbineUploaded byShashank Mishra
- 17 Lagrange Interpolation Mathematica ProgramUploaded byShashank Mishra
- 2010 Camaro Body TutorialUploaded byAndeeje
- Euler Method using MathematicaUploaded byShashank Mishra
- catia feaUploaded byMob Tuks
- SolidWorksAerofoilGuideUploaded bysalman1566
- Oil whirlUploaded byShashank Mishra
- Basics of Vibration AnalysisUploaded bybagusindarto
- Asymptotic Check for SingularityUploaded byShashank Mishra
- Fourier Series Transformation using MathematicaUploaded byShashank Mishra
- Fourier Series Transformation using MathematicaUploaded byShashank Mishra

- PhysicsUploaded byGillianTapitTorlao
- Researchpaper Relationship Between Double Laplace Transform and Double MellinUploaded bysijyvinod
- Circle (Part 1)Uploaded bySachin Kumar
- Ex-4-3-FSc-part2-ver-2-4-4Uploaded bySikandar Khan
- Math Grade 3 CGUploaded byChel Gualberto
- Assign 1Uploaded byyfronto
- Dynamics of Wing FlapUploaded byparamarRaj333
- Solution Set for Mathematics Proficiency 2Uploaded byJen Canlas
- Practice Test 08-Mathematical AptitudeUploaded byrajatgupt
- math standardsUploaded byapi-240741796
- tessellations - art and math unit plan - ss1 2015Uploaded byapi-242345831
- Unit 1 testUploaded bysuehere_shehata
- cabrieng-1.pdfUploaded byRonald Cuenta Mamani
- Realistic Cable Modeling in Prestressed Concrete StructuresUploaded bykhamis
- Integral Calculus - ExercisesUploaded byKenneth Mayor
- 0580_w02_qp_2Uploaded byShiwanka Handapangoda
- How to Draw RobotechUploaded byJoe Detwattananun
- Rotational Motion WorksheetUploaded byHamad Hamad
- practice-test-math-grade-8Uploaded byapi-232511936
- Boundary Representation - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded bykranthi142434
- Prison Where is Thy VictoryUploaded byMosi Ngozi (fka) james harris
- Midpoint Distance WorksheetUploaded byNurul Pasda Azahari
- Discrete Metric SpaceUploaded byMiliyon Tilahun
- TrigonometryUploaded byteena127
- Selenocentric Coordinates and TransformationsUploaded bycdeaglejr
- spring break practice diagnosticUploaded byapi-292065337
- Fisika Linear MotionUploaded byHarjono Jn
- Design of Bevel GearUploaded byshahzadali0786
- ch14Uploaded byBayley_Navarro
- 10.1.1.89Uploaded bySonali Agarwal