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SOLUTE SOLVENT INTERACTION STUDIES OF AMINO ACIDS

IN AQUEOUS TERTIARY-BUTYL ALCOHOL SOLUTIONS


Thesis Submitted to

SRI KRISHNADEVARAYA UNIVERSITY


In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of

DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
In

CHEMISTRY
By

Mr. Nagaraj. S M. Sc
Under the supervision of

Prof. M.C.S. Subha


Dept. of Chemistry
Sri Krishnadevaraya University
Anantapur 515003, A.P. India

April -2010

Contents

Chapter - 1: GENERAL INTRODUCTION


1. Introduction
2. Amino acids, peptides and proteins
3. Their Properties, classification, general and bio synthesis
4. Their structural features
5. Various inter and intra molecular interactions observed in amino acids
6. Study of the molecular interactions using experimental methods
7. Solute solvent interactions
8. References

CHAPTER

2: PHYSICAL TECHNIQUES USED FOR THE


STUDY OF SOLUTE-SOLVENT INTERACTIONS

1. Introduction to physical techniques employed in this research


2. Brief discussion about density, viscosity, refractive index and ultrasonic velocity experiments

CHAPTER - 3: MATERIALS AND EXPERIMENTAL METHODS


1. Description of the chemicals and apparatus used
2. Density measurements using pyknometer
3. Viscosity measurements using Ubbeholds viscometer
4.

Ultrasonic velocity measurements using Ultrasonic interferometer

5. Refractive index measurements using Refractometer


6. References

CHAPTER
1. Introduction

4: VISCOSITY STUDIES

2. Theory and principle


3. Measurement of viscosity and relative viscosities for the solutions of
Glycine, Alanine, Valine and Arginine in water-tertiary butyl alcohol system
4. Determining viscosity co-efficients A and B using JONES-DOLE Equation
5. References

CHAPTER -5: density studies


1. Introduction
2. Theory and principle
3. Measurements of density, apparent molar volume and its constant for solutions of
Glycine, Alanine, Valine and Arginine in water-tertiary butyl alcohol system
4. References

Chapter

6: refractive index studies

1. Introduction
2. Theory and principle
3. Measurement of refractive indices for the solutions of
Glycine, Alanine, Valine and Arginine in water-tertiary butyl alcohol system
4. Calculation of diamagnetic susceptibility using Subbaiahs equation
5. References

CHAPTER

7: ULTRASONIC VELOCITY STUDIES

1. Introduction
2. Theory and principle
3. Measurement of ultrasonic velocities for the solutions of
Glycine, Alanine, Valine and Arginine in water-tertiary butyl alcohol system
4. Calculation of Raos number, adiabatic compressibility, apparent molar compressibility and its
constant and relaxation strength of these solutions
5. References

CHAPTER

8: CONCLUSION

1. Discussions on density studies of Glycine, Alanine, Valine and Arginine in


Water-tertiary butyl alcohol binary system

2. Discussions on viscosity studies of Glycine, Alanine, Valine and Arginine in


Water-tertiary butyl alcohol binary system
3. Discussions on refractive studies of Glycine, Alanine, Valine and Arginine in
Water-tertiary butyl alcohol binary system
4. Discussions on ultrasonic studies of Glycine, Alanine, Valine and Arginine in
Water-tertiary butyl alcohol binary system
5. Final conclusion based on the experiments performed.