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spreedsheet for Steel pipeline crossing railroads. to be used with "Steel Pipelines Crossing Railroads and Highways" seventh edtion 2002

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You are on page 1of 18

published by API

Pipe and operational characteristics

Outside diameter

Operating Pressure

Steel Grade

Specific Minimum Yield Strength

Design Factor

Longitudinal Joint Factor

Installationn Temperature

Maximum or minimum operating Temperature

Temperature derating Factor

Wall Thickness

Installation and Site Characteristics

Depth

Bored Diameter

Soil Type

Modulos of Soil Reaction

Resilient Modulos

Unit Weight

type of longitudinal wield

Distance og Girth Weld from Track Centerline

number of tracks 1 or 2

Rail Loading

Other Steel Properties

Youngs Modulus

Poissons Ratio

Coeffiecient of thermal expansion

****this should be used together with Steel Pipeline Crossing Railroad and Highways Seventh Edition, Dec 2007 published by API

values units

D 12.75 in

p 1000 psi

X42

SMYS 42000 psi

F 0.72

E 1

T 0

T 0

T 0

tw 0.281 in

H 6 ft

Bd 14.8 in

loose sand

E' 0.5 ksi

Er 10 ksi

120 lb/ft

3

0.06944444

erw

L

G

0 ft

N

t

2 tracks

e-80

Es 30000 ksi

v

s

0.3

T 0.0000065 /F

lb/in

3

Step 1

Check allowable Barlow Stress

pD/2t

w

F*E*T*SMYS

pD/2t

w

= 22686.83274

FETSmys 30240 ok

Step 2 Circumferential Stress Due to Earth Load

using tables to obtain

K

He

3024

figure 3 use

t

w

/D= 0.02

E= 0.5

B

c

1.09

figure 4 use

H/B

d =

4.9

soil type loose sand

E

e

1.11

figure 5 use

B

d

/D= 1.16

S

he

=K

He

B

e

E

e

D= 3239.50725 psi

Step 3 Impact Factor, F

i

, and Applied Design Surface Pressure,

w

F

i

1.72

Use Figure 7 for railroads

H= 6

refer to section 4.7.2.2.1

w=P/A

p

13.9 psi

railroad loading e-80

Sttep 4 Cyclic Stress

Cyclic Circumferential Stress

S

Hr

= K

Hr

G

Hr

N

H

F

i

w 8634.364637 psi

K

Hr

332

figure 8 use

t

w

/D 0.02

E

r

10

G

Hr

0.98

figure 9 use

D 12.75

H 6

section 4.7.2.2.3 and figure 10

N

t

2

N

H

1.11

Cyclic Longitudinal Stress

S

LR

= K

LR

G

LR

N

L

F

i

w 7427.25928

K

LR

317

Figure 11 use

t

w

/D 0.02

E

r

10

G

LR

0.98

figure 12 use

D 12.75

H 6

from Section 4.7.2.2.3 and fig. 13

N

t

2

N

L

1

Step 5

Circumferential Stress Due to Internal Pressurization, S

Hi

S

Hi

=p(D-t

w

)/2t

w

21686.83274

Step 6

Principal Stresses, S

1

,S

2

,S

3

T 0

T 0

Es 30000

v

s

0.3

T 0.0000065

S

1

=S

He

+S

H

+S

Hi

32353.59927

S

2

=S

LH

-E

s

T

(T2-T1)+v

s

(S

He

+S

Hi

) 14905.16128

S

3

=-p -1000

S

eff

=[0,5((S

1

-S

2

)2+(S

2

-S

3

)2+(S

3

-S

1

)

2

]

0,5

28895.36925

Allowable Effective Stress = F x SMYS 30240

Step 7

Check Fatigue

Girth Welds

From table 3 use

SLr/N

L

or R

F

SL

r

/N

L

= 7427.25928

S

FG

= 12000

R

F

1

S

FG

x F= 12000

Longitudinal Welds

From Table 3

SH

r

/N

h

7778.70688

S

FL

= 21000

F= 0.72

SFL x F= 15120

Depth of burial, H <4ft <12m D 12in 305mm

PAVEMENT TYPE CRITICAL AXLE CONFIGURATION

FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT TANDEM AXLE

NO PAVEMENT SINGLE AXLE

RIGID PAVEMENT TANDEM AXLE

Depth of burial, H <4ft <12m D 12in 305mm

PAVEMENT TYPE CRITICAL AXLE CONFIGURATION

FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT TANDEM AXLE

NO PAVEMENT TANDEM AXLE

RIGID PAVEMENT TANDEM AXLE

steel grade smys min. Ult. Tensile strength S

FG

seamless/erw saw

A25 25000 45000 12000 21000 12000

A25 30000 48000 12000 21000 12000

B 35000 60000 12000 21000 12000

X42 42000 60000 12000 21000 12000

X46 46000 63000 12000 21000 12000

X52 52000 66000 12000 21000 12000

X56 56000 71000 12000 23000 12000

X60 60000 75000 12000 23000 12000

X65 65000 77000 12000 23000 12000

X70 70000 82000 12000 25000 12000

X80 80000 90000 12000 27000 12000

type of weld

erw

seamless

saw

CRITICAL AXLE CONFIGURATIONS FOR DESIGN WHELL LOADS OF PS=12Kips (53.4kN) and Pt= 10 Kips(44.5kN)

S

FL

AND H4FT FOR ALL DIAMETERS

CRITICAL AXLE CONFIGURATIONS FOR DESIGN WHELL LOADS OF PS=12Kips (53.4kN) and Pt= 10 Kips(44.5kN)

Pipe and operational characteristics values units

Outside diameter D 12.75 in

Operating Pressure p 1000 psi

Steel Grade X42

Specific Minimum Yield Strength SMYS 42000 psi

Design Factor F 0.72

Longitudinal Joint Factor E 1

Installationn Temperature T 0

Maximum or minimum operating Temperature T 0

Temperature derating Factor T 0

Wall Thickness tw 0.281 in

Installation and Site Characteristics

Depth H 6 ft

Bored Diameter Bd 14.8 in

Soil Type loose sand

Modulos of Soil Reaction E' 0.5 ksi

Resilient Modulos Er 10 ksi

Unit Weight 120 lb/ft

3

0.06944444

type of longitudinal wield erw

Design Wheel Load from single axle Ps 0 kips

Design Wheel Load from tandem axle Pt 2 kips

Pavement Type e-80

Other Steel Properties

Youngs Modulus Es 30000 ksi

Poissons Ratio v

s

0.3

Coeffiecient of thermal expansion T 0.0000065 /F

Allowable Barlow Stress

Shi FxExTxSMYS or FxExSMYS

S

Hi

= 22686.8327 psi ok

FxExSMYS= 30240 psi

Allowable Effective Stress

Seff SMYS x F

Seff= 28895.3692 psi ok

SMYS x F = 30240 psi

Fatigue

Girth Welds

SLH SFG x F

alternate units

SLH= 7427.25928 psi ok

SFG x F= 12000 psi

Longitudinal Welds

SHh SFL x F

SHh= 7778.70688 psi ok

SFL x F = 15120 psi

lb/in

3

alternate units

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