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Axia College Material

Appendix H

Identifying Anatomical Structures Ch. 6, 7, & 14:

Complete activities I, II, & III, and post to the Individual forum.

I. Use the diagrams on p. 297 to complete sections A & B.


A.
1 Eosinophil
2 Neutrophil
3 Lymphocyte
4 Basophil
5 Monocyte
B.
1 Tonsils and Adenoids
2 Axillary lymph nodes
3 Mediastinal lymph nodes
4 Celiac lymph nodeses
5 Appendix and Peyer’s patches
6 Inguinal lymph nodes
7 Cervical lymph nodes
8 thymus
9. spleen
10. Mesenteric lymph nod
11. Red bone marrow

Determine the primary function of the following system components.

Structure Function- What is the purpose of the body part?


1 Spleen Destroys old erythrocytes and stores whole blood.
Has cytoplasm that contains granules that stain dark blue to purple. It has
2 Basophil a nucleus with more than one lobe.
Has cytoplasm that contains granule that do not readily stain with either a
3 Neutrophil red or blue dye. It has a nucleus with 3 or more lobes.
4 Lymphocyte Has little cytoplasm with nearly invisible granules and a round nucleus.
Has a cytoplasm that contains granules that stain bright pink to red. It has
5 Eosinophil a nucleus with 2 lobes.

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II. Use the diagrams on p. 347 to complete section A.
A.
1 Hair shaft
2 Pore
3 Sebaceous gland
4 Hair follicle
5 Duct of sweat gland
6 Vein
7 Artery
8 Nerve
9 Sweat gland
10 Epidermis
11 Dermis
12 Subcutaneous gland

Determine the primary function of the following system components.

Structure Function- What is the purpose of the body part?


Blood vessel that returns deoxygenated blood, carbon
dioxide, and waste products away from cells and back to
1 Vein heart.
2 Artery Blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
3 Epidermis Is a thin, outermost layer of the skin.
4 Dermis A thick layer beneath the epidermis
Is a loose, connective tissue directly beneath the dermis of
5 Subcutaneous tissue the skin.

HCA 220
III. Use the diagrams on p 768 to complete section A.
A.
1 Parathyroid glands
2 Thyroid gland
3 Pineal gland
4 Hypothalamus
5 Pituitary gland
6 Thymus
7 Pancreas
8 Adrenal gland
9 Ovary
10 testis

Determine the primary function of the following system components.

Structure Function- What is the purpose of the body part?


1 Pancreas Secretes insulin, Glucagon, and somatostatin into the blood.
4 endocrine glands on the posterior lobes of the thyroid gland.
2 Parathyroid glands They produce and secrete parathyroid hormone.
Endocrine gland in the brain that lies posterior to the pituitary
3 Pineal body gland.
4 Ovaries Endocrine glands near the uterus.
5 Testes Endocrine glands on the either side of the scrotum.
6 Pituitary gland Is located in the brain just posterior to the sphenoid sinus.

HCA 220